32,652. f. 7.
II., No. 3.
108. The Privy Council to Sadler.
"Post Scripta.—Upon the occasion of this garboyle and sending of money
to the Governor's aid," you shall learn whether the Governor will be content,
seeing that the Cardinal makes this insurrection against him, to have the
Humes and Carres, and other enemies on the Borders, harried; and, if so,
you shall notify Suffolk and the lord Warden, who prepare for it. Also,
seeing the danger of conveying money through the Governor's enemies, you
shall move him to deliver Dunbar Castle to the King; that his Highness
may make his staple of money there, and also see that the Governor "will
likewise render the rest, according to his promise, if the case shall so
Draft in Wriothesley's hand. Endd. : A post scripta of a lettre to Master
Sadleyr, primo Septembris 1543.
II., No. 214.]
109. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Wrote yesterday. This morning received hers of 28 Aug., and sent
for Sir John Gressam, who has promised all diligence in transporting the
3,000l. st. in ready money (2,000l. of which is in angellots, double ducats
and ducats of Hungary, and the rest will be changed into the same money)
and will help that the Staplers may advance payment of the 2,000l.
Gressam has taken great pains, and it will be a spur to him another time if
she lets him know that he has done her service. Begs her to order
acquittance to be made of the 20,000 ducats paid by Gressam and his
brother Richard, if it is not already done. Is sending her news to the King;
and is sure he will be pleased with it, especially the offer to join the
Flemish war ships with his.
Meanwhile, begs her to have compassion on his own affair, and despatch
his man who has waited there over two months. London, 1 Sept. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
110. Suffolk and Tunstall to Parr.
We enclose a letter from Anguisshe with the copy of a licence
granted to certain merchants of Scotland to repair into England for one
year; but we believe that "he" [qu. Lisle ?] had no authority to grant it, as he
holds his office only during pleasure. He had no licence in his patent to grant
such safe-conducts, which include not only merchants named but their
servants unnamed. Sure espial may be had in the frontiers by such
pedlars going to gentlemen's houses, and suffered to retail, which is
against the laws and hurts the country and the market towns. Your
deputy wardens should refrain from such licences, which cannot be justified
by the treaty nor by the law. I, Suffolk, have answered Anguisshe that I
would not meddle in another man's office and have remitted him that
brought the letters to your lordship for answer; for though you may, upon
reasonable cause, license any merchant to repair into your wardenry for a
small season, no man can grant it for a year but the King, "whom we have
seen right circumspect in granting such licences." Darnton, 1 Sept.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,652, f 4.
II., No. 2.
111. Sadler to Henry VIII.
The despatch of the laird of Brunstone has been delayed by the
Governor's preparations to resist this rebellion. Now he is despatched, to
declare how the miserable state of this realm empeaches the accomplishment
of the treaties, and to beg a respite. Private credence he has touching the
marriage of the Governor's son with the lady Elizabeth (which he confesses to
be greatly to his honor, but cannot at present accomplish), and touching
the promises he made in case of non-performance of the treaties, which
promises Sadler could by no means induce him to write, and which he now
seems inclined to slip from, especially that touching the strongholds, by
which he now says that he meant they should be in his and his friends'
hands ready to do Henry service. Thinks these men here are of the nature
of Frenchmen, who "offer largely that all shall be à rotre commandement
when indeed they mind to depart with nothing." Assuredly the Governor
promised no less than Sadler wrote, and both Cassils and Brunstone have
heard him say the like. Can get nothing more of him than what he has
written with his own hand and the credence he has committed to Brunstone,
which is that he will travail, by force or otherwise, to make his adversaries
concur in the performance of the treaty, and, failing that, will concur with
the rest of Henry's friends here against them; and, though he cannot now
conclude the marriage nor deliver his son, he will do so when time serves.
Brunstone's despatch has been made since the departure of the King's friends,
who left on Thursday to prepare their forces and then told Sadler that the
Governor was well minded, presently, to send his son to Henry. Sir
George Douglas thinks that, now when this division is likely to be ended
only by the sword, the Governor is so faint-hearted that he will never
abide the extremity, but will rather put himself into the hands of his
enemies, to his own confusion; and therefore Douglas thinks that Henry
should write to all the noblemen his friends here to stick together and he
will aid and advance them (the letters to be so written that they may be
shown to assured friends); and that unless Henry, taking the peace as
frustrate because not observed in time, will send a main army this year
(for which the season is very late), he should bear with the Governor for a
time, and meanwhile the war and division here will make them easier to
deal with next year. Douglas has asked him to write this, and also that,
if it come to force, he trusts to make Henry as many friends here as any
other will. Brunstone has commission to entreat for release of the
Scottish ships stayed because laden with victual and hostile to the
Governor, the stay of which has so enraged this town, both men and
women, that they swear they will set Sadler's house on fire and burn both
him and his, and say that the Governor has "coloured a peace" only to
undo them. "Th [us] is the unreasonableness of the people, which live here
in such a beastly liberty that they neither regard God nor Governor, ne
yet justice or any good policy doth take place amongst them." Unless
these ships are delivered, he cannot abide here without danger.
The Cardinal, Lennox, Huntley and Bothwell are already at Stirling and
expect their accomplices within two days, save that Argile must, if he
come, leave his whole power at home for defence. It is said that they
intend to crown the young Queen, make four regents of the realm and
deprive the Governor. Edinburgh, 1 Sept.
P.S. in his own hand.—Commends Brunstone for his affection to the
King. Cassells and the sheriff of Ayr are thoroughly agreed; for which
the sheriff thanks Henry and prays him to write a letter of thanks to
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 2.
II., No. 1.
112. Sadler to Parr.
Mr. Douglas, who now repairs to the Borders to levy his forces to
serve the Governor in this ruffle, desires Sadler to write to Parr to see that
his friends are not, in their absence, harried at home by Englishmen. If
Parr would make an errand near the Borders, Douglas would wait upon
him and show what parts of the Borders should be harried. Otherwise, he
desires to speak with the deputies of the East and Middle Marches and the
Captain of Norham. Edinburgh, 1 Sept.
P.S.—Has received his of 31 Aug. Douglas will to-morrow night be at
Coldingham and, upon knowledge of Parr's pleasure, will come to Berwick
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 493.
113. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Yesterday evening the Regent sent Mons de Corbaron to say that
Schepperus was at last come with tidings that, after the taking of Duren,
the men of Gulik all fled, except a prisoner of this country and a fool, and
the women sent the keys to the Emperor, who willed them to send for their
husbands and promised to preserve their privileges. It was well fortified
and furnished, and is now garrisoned by the Emperor; as also is Duren,
which, however, is mostly burnt. Grevenbrooke, Berckhen and Herclens
have brought their keys to the Emperor, who goes straight to Rumonde,
leaving Sittaert behind.
Later, the Regent sent word that Rumonde had yielded and the garrison
of Sittaert fled. Thus all Juliers is subdued; and few towns of Cleves can
resist such an army. Cannot tell what Venlo will do, but thinks that,
being wealthy, it will not risk losing all; and, that gone, "I see no
resistance again till they come to Nymmeghe," so that the town of Cleves
and all the country on this side the Rhine will be at the Emperor's
commandment. This taking of Duren has made them all afraid.
Hearing that the Queen would depart this day, asked her about it; and
she said that she meant, with a few of the Court, to draw near the
Emperor for 4 or 5 days, but left most of her Council and train here, where
she desired Wotton also to tarry. When Corbaron brought the news of
Rumonde he said that the Emperor had sent her word by Mons. de
Brabanson to come to him. The Regent said that the Emperor, trusting
to have Rumonde and thus find the rest more easy, meant to send
a reinforcement to the camp in Hainault; also that the French king was
going towards Luxembourg, leaving Vendome on the Hainault frontier;
that Barbarossa and the Frenchmen had taken Villafrancha, and had
suborned one in Nyse to slay the Duke of Savoy's son there, being about
14 years of age, but the plot failed; also that the Turk had, with great
loss, taken a tower at Strigoigne and compelled the town to yield, but King
Ferdinand with an army of Moraves and Boemes intended to approach the
Turks, who, although numbering 125,000, have but 60,000 fighting men,
and a fortified island in the river (fn. 1) still held out. Lovain, 1 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
114. Christian III. Of Denmark to Henry VIII.
Received his letters by bearer showing that Henry had undertaken
war against the French king and was informed that Christian had appointed
a naval expedition against him (Henry), which he thought to be only a
rumor spread by the French, but desired to know the truth. All Christendom
knows of the strife between the Emperor and Christian. To compose it, he
has often sent ambassadors into Lower Germany and to Diets of the Empire,
empowered to conclude peace or a long truce, but the conditions of peace
proposed were too unequal to be accepted and the truces were only for brief
periods and not binding to all the Emperor's dominions. Last year at
Bremen, and this year at Campen, Christian's commissioners tried to obtain
extension of the time and reciprocity of obligation, but failed; and therefore,
when the Low Germans, the truce elapsed, brought their ships through
Christian's seas he detained them with a view to further treaty. Thereupon
Queen Mary caused the Emperor's admiral to publish letters of reprisal,
seized some of Christian's ships and imprisoned the men, putting one and
another of them to death and placing their dead bodies on wheels
(in rotis) in sign of ignominy. Not content with these atrocities she sent
her fleet to Norway, where they took booties including a ship laden with
silver. Has therefore, in defence of his subjects, been forced to prepare his
Had not before heard of Henry's war with the French king; and is sorry
for it, considering the wars in Christendom and the threatening of the Turk.
Offers mediation, as a confederate of the French king, and is hopeful that
his influence would induce Francis to peace with Henry, who might then
mediate a concord between the Emperor and Francis.
Repeats that he has only sent out his fleet in self defence, and that the
danger of the Turk is imminent; and offers to submit his own cause to the
discussion of all impartial men. Ex oppido nostro Kyll, cal., Sept. 1543.
Signed : "Vester bonus frater et amicus, Christianus rex."
Lat., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
32,652. f. 24.
II. No. 5.
115. Henry VIII. to Arran.
By bearer, the laird of Fife, received his letters of the 25th ult. and
heard his credence. Next day, learned from his ambassador there the new
commotion intended by the Cardinal (which ought for ever to show what he
intends and what credence is to be given to any man who labours for him),
and the laird of Fife thought that he could do better service there, having been
an agent with some who heretofore favoured the Cardinal, and that Arran
could not now attend to sorting of the hostages. Has, therefore, given him
leave to return; and prays that, when this garboyle is over, he may be sent
back, to have the honour of the ratification.
Draft, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to therle of Arran, ijo Septembris 1543.
Ib. f. 26.
2. Memorial delivered to the laird of Fife.
Upon the new commotion in Scotland intended by the Cardinal, "both
we and the said laird of Fyf," think that he should repair thither, since
"the ratification cannot be here shortly expedited" and he may do service
there. He shall declare to the Governor the three points of his credence
(recited, viz., a brief rèsumè of those in No. 116).
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
32,652. f. 9.
II., No. 4.
116. Henry VIII. to Sadler.
On Friday morning arrived his of the 26th ult. written to the
Lieutenant and others of the Council in the North. The same day arrived
the laird of Fife with the ratification and credence from the Governor, viz.,
1. To excuse the delay of the ratification and laying of pledges; 2. That,
to reserve about him the pledges of prisoners assured to the King and him,
the Governor would have taken as hostages lord Flemyng's son, lord
Oliphantes son and young Erskyn; 3. That, lacking the relief which the
Kings of Scotland had from the clergy, the Governor desired aid at need.
To these the King answered :—1. That he was not so precise with his
friends as to exact over straitly things to which they were bound, so as he
perceived them faithful and willing; and he had such an opinion of the
Governor that he "would rather bear with him for a small time" than
either press him to do more than he might or grant anything not agreeable
to the treaty. 2. That he liked the Governor's intention to retain about
him the pledges of prisoners who were trusty to him; but he could not
accept the three named. Erskyn was not a personage able, by the treaty, to be
a hostage; and, considering what Flemyng and Olyphant were, it was more
meet that their sons should remain pledges for their ransoms than be freed
and return to Scotland at the end of six months, when their fathers should
be out of all stay, and might act against the Governor, and yet the burden
of their ransoms rest on his neck. Advising him rather to essay to get the
earl of Arrel, or the earl Marshal, or lord Furbus' son, or others that were
lately of the Cardinal's faction. And, as this is the knot of the whole treaty,
the King writes this to Sadler, and requires the laird of Fife to write the
semblable, to accelerate the putting in of the hostages; for until that is
done "the confirmation must be deferred." 3. That the King would be
loth to see the Governor lack, but, yet, would not spend his treasure
fruitlessly. Hitherto the Governor has so proceeded that many seem
neither to love nor fear him. Now he is with the Cardinal and may, if he
can win and keep him, recover like commodity of the spirituality as others
in authority have had; but if he cannot recover the Cardinal he must
prosecute him, take Stirling castle, replace the keepers of the young Queen
who are not dedicate to him by others of those appointed by Parliament,
declare the Humes, Bothwell and others traitors and give away their rooms
and goods, expulse Linux and put Dunbritayn castle in the hands of
Cassilles or Glencarn, and so be lord on this side the Fryth and hold the
key of the North. To aid him, Henry will send a sufficient mass of money,
provided he deliver some sure place, as Dunbar or Tentallon, to lay it in
(for Berwick is too far off), and will, if necessary, send experienced men to
advise him. But he must "leave his delays and parliaments, and follow
his matters more quickly," or he will undo himself and spend Henry's
money in vain.
Sadler shall declare these things to the Governor, as coming from one
who knows the world; assuring him that unless he follow this advice he
will shortly lose all, for even in Edinburgh there are [men] assured to the
P.S.—Here arrived Sadler's letters of 28 Aug. declaring the sudden
mutation of the new assembly of the Cardinal; whereupon bearer, thinking
that the Governor could not now attend to hostages, desired to repair
home to serve with his own force and some of his friends but lately
reconciled to the Governor. To this Henry consented, and has written for
his return for the ratification.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 28. Endd. : Mynute to
Master Sadleyr, ijo Sept. 1543.
117. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Since His Last, Of Yesterday, Sir John Gressam has made such
diligence that the 3,000l. st. is made up in angellots and ducats and delivered
to bearer. It remains for her to make an acquittance for it to the profit of
Sirs Michael Dormer, mayor of the Staple of Calais, Ralph Warren, John
and Richard Gressam. Will solicit the advancement of the other 2,000l.,
in which her good word to the bearer would be of service. London, 2 Sept.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 27.
II. No 7.
118. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Has received letters from the Privy Council that he shall put ready
16,000 or 20,000 men, picked out of the whole number within his commission,
and that the King thinks he will gladly go with them. Thanks
him; and will go with a good will, trusting that the King will appoint in
his company such as may help him, and one to supply his room in case of
sickness. Would gladly have my lord Admiral captain of the foreward and
my lord of Darby captain of the rearward with Mr. Comptroller, lord Parre
marshall of the army and captain of the horsemen, Sir Arthur Darcy undermarshall,
Sir John Haryngton treasurer, and Ric. Candishe master of the
ordnance. Darnton, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 29.
II. No. 8
119. Suffolk to the Council.
Perceives, by their letters dated Antylle 31 Aug., that he is to put
ready 16,000 or 20,000 picked men out of his commission. Doubtless they
consider what time of year it will be before the army is ready to enter
Scotland and what lack of furniture there is if it should go far in, which is
almost impossible unless the Governor and lords there provide victual. If
they keep not promise to victual the army and deliver the strongholds, it
will be known within three days (for which time provision can be made),
and they shall get such a buffet upon their Border as shall make them
repent it, seeing that their corn is now in houses and stacks. Thinks the
King will not send his army upon trust of promises, but will have hostages.
If the army shall pass into Scotland the following must be sent with all
diligence, viz., 2,000 or 3,000 costrells of good beer, 200 double draughts
for horses, 300 single for the draughts of the ordnance; also 6 double
cannon for battery, and good gunners for them and for other 24 field pieces,
for none can be spared out of Berwick. Asks whether to brew beer and
bake biscuit at Berwick and Newcastle; in which there can be no great loss,
as it can be uttered into Flanders. Darnton, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 31.
II. No. 9.
120. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Have received theirs of 31 Aug., touching the grain at Berwick and
the putting ready of an army of 16,000 or 20,000, in which Suffolk will
write his opinion. Touching the Armestranges, have written the King's
pleasure to Wharton. Where they write that, touching the stewardships
of Hexham and Langley, the writers mistook the Council's letter of 25 Aug.,
they now quote the words of that letter. The lordship of Hexham,
belonging to the archbishop of York, and the lordship of Langley, belonging
to the King, are distinct from Tynedale and Redisdale, lying on this side of
the Tyne, and were never under the governance of the keeper. The
stewardship of Hexham, void by the death of Sir Reynold Carnaby, is
already given, by my lord of York, to his brother, who has made Sir Cuthb.
Ratclif his deputy. The office of Langley is at the King's disposal and
contains no hold, only the walls of a castle remain; and Hexham has no
strength but the abbey, where the King's farmers dwell. Holds within
Tyndale and Redisdale are none but Harbottell castle in Redisdale, in sore
decay, belonging to Lord Talebusshe, and in Tyndale Sir John
Witherington's house called Hawghton, "wherof the walls scantly do stand,"
as they wrote in their last. John Heron's house of Chipchace is near to
Tynedale, only the water of Tyne running between. If the King will
dispose of Langley to another than the governor of Tyndale, his servants
dwelling nearest it are Sir Cuthbert Ratclif, Sir Thomas Hilton, Nic.
Ridley and one Thurlewall, a man of mean lands, who caused the taking of
the Armestranges "and dwells in the uttermost part of those frontiers."
Suffolk will see if he can, by letter, stay Angus from making such
demands for money. Darnton, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
121. Tunstall to [Parr].
My lord Lieutenant sends you a letter from the Council to Mr.
Sadleyr, for you to peruse and forward. Where, in your last letter to him,
you desire to know whether your letter with news of the ships of Denmark
reached him; it came, and was forthwith sent to the Court. In the
common letter that came to my Lord and you at Newcastle you perceived
the King's pleasure to accept Sandy Pringle to his service. The sooner
that offer is taken by Pringle, the better it is for him; and doubtless you
will give him a good lesson to deserve it. Darnton, 2 Sept., at midnight.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
122. Wriothesley to [Parr].
Received his Lordship's letter of the 27th ult., by bearer, with the
letters of the dean and chapter of Duresme to the King. The King's
answer is that, albeit, upon suit made, he had written in that matter,
thinking the thing void and the person meet for it, now, perceiving that it is
already granted to a personage of approved wisdom and honesty, "which
my lord of Winchester did also specially and privately set forth to his
Highness," he will in nowise interrupt him, nor would prefer the other, even
if it were not already in Mr. Dean's just possession. Parr shall signify
this to him; and if Todde make any further suit "he shall be answered as
appertaineth." Offers services. Ampthill, 3 Sept.
Hol. p. 1. Flyleaf with address lost. Endd. in the hand of Parr's clerk.
123. Tunstall to Parr.
My lord Lieutenant sends a letter of advice to Mr. Sadleyr, which
please peruse and forward; and signify in your next how you like it. My
lord has sent Mr. Sadleyr's letter to you up to Court because it contained
more than was in the King's letter or his. I enclose a clause out of our
common letter concerning Sandy Pringle, "[to] th'intent your lordship
may cause him to perform his promise made in his submission, which the
King looks for." Darnton, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
Agreement made with the Cavanaghs at Ross, 3 Sept., 35
Printed in extenso in Morrin's Calendar Vol. I., p. 43 (enrolled, apparently,
out of place).
125. H. Lord Maltravers to Henry VIII.
Sir John Benolde, the King's French secretary here, is dead. By
reason of his infirmity and age, he had compounded with Armigill Wade,
clerk of the Council, to help him, who has thereby had two years' experience
of that office. Begs Henry to confer the room of French secretary upon
Wade, with the wages which Laverock had, who preceded Benolde; so
that he may maintain a clerk or two, and the two rooms will be better
administered than if furnished by two persons. Calais, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
St P., IX. 495.
126. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Encloses copies of his letters of 24 Aug. sent by Brante, who came
with young Dennye. The same day the Emperor took Duren "by force of
the Spaniards and Italians (to whom it was given in prey), and the same in
conclusion all burnt saving two small streets and a church of the Grey
Friars." Describes how the terror of this has caused Juliers, Lynnicke,
Erclens, Wassenberg, Sittart castle and Ruremonda all to surrender; the
Emperor passing meanwhile by Nedertzier, Cuerersich, Cursebeck, Heynesburg,
and Ruremonda to Venlo, which he now besieges. The Prince of
Orange has now won Mon Joye. It is here thought that the Duke of Cleves
must submit. The Emperor has banished Bucerus from Bonne, whither
the abp. of Colen had called him, and likewise banished Pistorius, that
preached at Tuitium (fn. 2) opposite Colen, which grieves the Duke of Saxony and
Landgrave of Hesse, and chiefly the abp. of Colen, who is said to be gone to
Maguntia to speak with the Landgrave. The Count of Vueda "that is
coadjutor to the bishop," the count of Newennar, and Count William of
Nassaw are gone to the Duke of Cleves at Thisteldorf, (fn. 3) and thence to the
Emperor to make suit for him. The Duke's mother died of grief on
29 Aug., his people are brought to more mildness, and the people of Colen,
who at first favoured them, begin now little to esteem them. When the
Court first came nigh here few durst go abroad, and one of Bonner's
servants, taken alone, was almost killed. Departs hence, by Mons.
Grandvele's advice. Colen, 3 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 33.
II. No. 10.
127. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Yesterday afternoon the Governor rode out of this town with but 3
or 4 persons, alleging that he rode to the Black Nasshe, where his wife
laboured of child and was in danger. Forthwith arose a bruit that he was
gone to Stirling to the Cardinal, and Sadler sent down to the Abbey and
had answer from David Panter that he was gone to Black Nasshe, and
would return within 6 or 8 hours. The Master of Kilmawres, Glencarne's
son, who came to supper, confirmed this; but, this morning, betimes, the
sheriff of Lythcoo came from the master of Kilmawres to assure Sadler that
the Governor was gone to Stirling and had revolted to the other party. Sent
thereupon to the Abbey; but found that the abbot of Pastle, David Panter,
the master of Kilmawres, and the rest whom the Governor left there, are
ridden this morning to Black Nasshe or Lythcoo to seek him. Begs them
to notify this to the King; and if it prove otherwise he will send another
post. Angus, Casselles, Glencarne, and all other the King's friends are
away preparing their forces, so that Sadler remains alone in the midst of
his enemies, whom the stay of their ships in England has so moved that
he and his dare not go into the streets. If any ruffle happen he is the first
that shall be sacked. Edinburgh, 4 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
32,652, f. 35.
II. No. 11.
128. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Wrote, this day, of the Governor's departure. Learns now that,
last night, at midnight, came letters from the Governor (being at Blacke
Nasshe with his wife) to the abbot of Pastle and David Panter to repair to
him, the messenger saying that the Governor and Cardinal should meet
to-day at Culrouse abbey or the Lord Levenston's house, between Lythcoo
and Stirling; but whether he be revolted to the Cardinal is not certain.
The town of Dundee has risen and sacked the houses of the Black and
Grey Friars; and "another company of Good Christians, as they call them
here," has sacked Landorse abbey in Fyffe and Anguish. The Governor's
sudden departure has so amazed people that, this day, there has been a
great gathering here; and the captains of the footband, with part of the
Governor's retinue, going to sack the Black Friars, were prevented by the
whole town, both men and women, assembled by the ringing
of the common bell. Never saw people in such fury as they
be now; and all the realm is in commotion, and great
slaughter said to be in the Highland, where Argile is forced to
abide at home. The Cardinal has not past 5,000 with him at
Stirling, and, "being a wily fox," will likely enough devise some appointment
whereto the Governor, being very simple and faint-hearted, is facilly
induced when the great men and Sir George Douglas are absent, and none
present but the abbot of Pastle and David Panter, who "are thought to be
of the other faction." Edinburgh, 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
129. Sir Thos. Seymour and Others to Henry VIII.
During the 12 days they abode in the camp at Anglefountayne no
reinforcement (as promised to Seymour by President Score, in the Regent's
behalf) came; nor was any enterprise done, but they remained destroying
the forage of the peasants and paying so dear for other victuals that the
soldiers might scarcely live on their wages. On Friday, 31 Aug., the duke
of Arscotte and Great Master, replacing with parcel of the garrison of
Avannes those lost at the journey of Bowgheny under Mons. Lyques,
determined to move towards Bowghan castle. Were on the point of moving
that Friday morning, when Henry's letters of — (blank) Aug. arrived.
Their captain, Mr. Wallop, being diseased with an ague and unfit to travel,
was carried in a litter to Valencyane; where they now hear he "doth well
amend." Came that night to a village in Cambresis called St. Suplere,
where they declared to the Duke and Great Master the effect of Henry's
letters. Were answered that the Emperor's resolution was looked for hourly,
and shown letters from the Lady Regent promising this. Marching forward,
burning the French villages, came on Saturday night, 1 Sept., to Bekeney
within a league of Bowghan. On Sunday morning, the Great Master with
1,000 horse and 2,000 Almains and Spaniards, and Seymour with 200 horse
and 1,600 foot, marched to the castle with 2 cannons and 2 half cannons
of the Duke's and 4 of Henry's greatest pieces; and, surrender being
refused, plied the shot so diligently that in 5 or 6 hours two breaches were
made (yet scarcely 'saltable) and those within, 212 persons, offered to give
it up. The Great Master refused to take it except by assault, and
appointed the Spaniards and Almains (who were provoked by the death of
a captain slain by the shot of a "hake") to assault, while Henry's men
stood to resist any sudden coming of the French to levy the assault.
Meanwhile those within, crying piteously for grace, set open a postern, by
which certain Spaniards and Englishmen entered and took them
prisoners, and so saved their lives, while the Almains with great
difficulty entered by the breaches of the broken wall. Burnt
castle and town. One English gunner, the said Almain, and
a Spaniard were slain, and 10 or 12 hurt. Not expecting to win it so
soon, the Great Master sent to the Duke of Arscotte, who remained at
Bekeney, to bring up the whole camp, and Seymour sent to Crumwell,
St. John and others left in charge there to do the like. The Duke
however countermanded the army not to repair to Bowghan that night,
and also stayed the sending of victuals thither, so that those there, after
being all day without victuals, were forced to return late in the evening to
Bekeney where their cabins and lodgings had been burnt at their departure.
This "precise and wilful opinion" of the Duke might, but for the fortunate
winning of the castle, have hindered the enterprise.
That Sunday came, to Bowghan, Cornelius Skypperus, councillor of the
Emperor, with letters of credence from the Emperor and Regent addressed
to the chief captain of Henry's army. In Wallop's absence Seymour
opened them and required the credence; which was that the Emperor
desired them to continue with Arscotte and the Great Master and this army
for ten days, within which time they should be joined with such a puissant
army that they might invade the enemy's country. He was answered that
such promises had been made twice before, and yet they were still kept
more like a garrison to defend the country than an army to invade the
enemy according to the league, and, although Henry had twice been content
to suffer them to remain thus wasting his treasure, they durst not
take upon themselves to put him to such a vain expense, but would refer to
him; also requiring that, meanwhile, they might lie within France, doing
such damage as they might, seeing that the French king is withdrawn
towards Luxenburgh. To this they have no answer as yet, but think
Arscotte is rather inclined to retire them into Heynalte again.
Ask instructions, and, if within the 10 days the Emperor do not
furnish a sufficient army to invade, but makes further delays in order to
keep them still as a garrison, whether to repair home or tarry; and also
what to do if the Emperor come with a sufficient army and require them
to besiege Laundryssy or to pass into Brabande towards Cleves or
Gelderland; and also, if it be purposed to invade France, what part
thereof Henry would have them "the raythest to annoye."
At the battery of Bowghan and the razing of the towers at Lesgnes
abbey, and elsewhere, their powder and shot is much spent. The
bowstrings sent are so evil that they break with bending the bows, which
bows are so weak that the soldiers complain. If the army shall continue
any time, they will need stronger bows and better strings, and also
gunpowder and shot. Bekeney, 4 Sept. 1543. Signed: T. Seymour, Rich.
Crumwell, G. Carow, J. Seynt John, Robert Bowis.
Pp. 8. Add. Endd.
130. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
The King and his Council showed marvellous pleasure at the news she
last sent, touching Hungary and the offer of the ships of Flanders, but,
principally, at hearing of the Emperor's health and the beginning of his
exploit, desiring (as they say) his good success. They make no sign of
compassion for the Duke of Cleves; but desire to see the summons made to
Duren, and the answer. Had already informed them of the booty made by
Captain Maicre, but until her confirmation they scarcely believe it, as also they
did in [the matter of] the prize which Don Alvaro de Bassain took off
Gallicia, near Muros, of several French armed vessels. Now that they are
certified, they show great pleasure at both. The Council have sent no word
touching the coming of the ships of Flanders, perhaps trusting to what
has been said, or thinking that the season no longer serves; but they have
renewed their charge to him to supplicate her for the assistance of which
he last wrote, and to get the Emperor and her to keep their master
advertised, confidentially, of occurrents and of the Emperor's designs,
"surquoy ne seroye (qu. n'oseroye ?) dire davantaige de ce qu'en ay cy devant
escript, aussi est ce chose trop excusee, puisque voz majestez scavent trop
mieulx que cela emporte que nul aultre."
A gentleman (fn. 4) is come from Scotland to whom the King makes a great
reception. Will advertise her when he learns something of the gentleman's
charge. London, 5 Sept. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 38,
II. No. 12.
131. Parr to Suffolk.
Upon letters from Sadler that he should keep the Carres, Humes,
Bukclough, and their friends waking, so as to diminish the Cardinal's
power, had appointed three several raids to be made at one time; but, upon
another letter from Sadler declaring that Sir George Douglas was on the
Borders and would speak with one of the deputy wardens, rode to Norham
and sent for Douglas. Douglas came on Monday morning, and gave the
names of lairds and townships to be spared; and, thereupon, Parr has
appointed Wharton to invade the Ledisdales, Sir Ralph Eure the Tividales,
and Bryan Layton and John Carre of Wark the Marse, so that "if
Tweed be not up," between this and Monday, the Cardinal's adherents
shall be sharply pursued. Promised assurance to Douglas's "said lairds
and townships" only on condition that they make no resistance to raids
upon the Cardinal's adherents.
Asked what would be done if the Cardinal's power assembled and
crowned their Princess before the Governor's party had their forces
gathered, Douglas answered that, if the Cardinal came not to Edinburgh,
they would go towards Stirling; and on Friday next would be there or at
Litheco, and would, by burning and spoiling, draw their enemies to
give them battle; but the Governor was so faint and inconstant that either
he or his brother must be ever with him to keep him stedfast to the King,
and now, when both were absent, Douglas dreaded his instability. If it be
as appears by Mr. Sadleyr's last letters, his suspicion was just. Douglas's
opinion was that, as winter was approaching, the King should not send an
army royal into Scotland; but, now when their corn was inned or at the
point of inning, if it was destroyed and the Scots sharply pursued they must
either submit or flee and live in penury; and for this good garrisons upon
the Borders would do as much as a main army; and thereby the King's
friends might be strengthened and their adversaries' power diminished
against next summer. Warkwourthe, 5 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—Encloses a letter from Mr Sadleyr to Suffolk, which he has
perused, and two other letters of news to himself.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd : 1543.
32,652, f. 41.
II. No. 13.
132. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Has received two letters from the Council of 31 Aug. and 1 Sept.,
but cannot now execute the contents; for the Governor, being left here
with only the abbot of Pastle and David Panter (who are suspected to be
of the Cardinal's faction), is now revolted to the Cardinal. On Monday
last, after Sir John Cambell of Lundie and the abbot of Pytterwene had
been here with letters from the Cardinal, the Governor departed
with three or four attendants to Blacke Nasshe, "to his wife
that (as he said) laboured of child," and yesterday he rode to
lord Levenston's house, between Lythcoo and Sterlyng, where the Cardinal
and Murrey met him, and after friendly embracings, all departed together
to Sterlyng, the abbot of Pastle and David Panter being sent back to
Lythcoo, to despatch (as it is supposed) letters to the noblemen who were
gathering forces for the Governor to cease their gatherings, and be here on
Monday next at a convention of all parties. The gentleman who told
Sadler the above says that, when he perceived that the Governor would go
to Sterlyng, he declined to serve him longer; "whereunto the Governor
answered, even shortly, that his going to Sterlyng should be for the best,
for he should make all well." Some think that they will now concur to
observe the treaties, if the King will dispense for the time already omitted;
others think that the noblemen who have hitherto adhered to the Governor
will not now trust him so much as to come to any convention. Notified
the first inkling of the Governor's revolt to Sir George Douglas at Coldingham,
6 miles from Berwick, who wrote again the letter enclosed. Edinburgh,
5 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 43.
II. No. 14.
133. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Encloses a letter for the King, showing the truth of the Governor's
revolt, and another received from Sir George Douglas upon Sadler's notification
of it to him. This town have stoutly defended their Friars, who else
had been sacked ere this; and they are much offended with Sadler, saying
that he counselled the captains of the footband to it and also those who
have done the like at Dundee and elsewhere. They say that the only cause
of Sadler's lying here is to put down the Kirk; and for that and the stay
of their ships in England, they are so moved that the Provost has much
ado to prevent their assaulting Sadler's house, and has prayed him to keep
himself and his folks within. They say that Sadler shall not leave this
town alive unless they have their ships restored. "This is the rage and
beastliness of this nation, which God keep all honest men from !"
Edinburgh, 5 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—Perceives by letters from the lord Warden that he intends to annoy
the Humes, Carres, and Scottes, which be of the Cardinal's party, between
this and Sunday. In view of this change (though, "seeing the Governor
was content therewith, it maketh no great matter though he whip them a
little") their lordships may stay the Lord Warden's purpose if they think
good. News came to-day that lord Gray, who is one of the King's prisoners,
and lord Ogleby have sacked the Cardinal's abbey of Arbrogh, and taken all
the ordnance out of the French ships that were chased into Dundee and
Montrose to besiege the abbey, intending likewise to proceed to the rest.
Cannot tell if this is true.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.