134. Chapuys to Charles V.
This morning received his of the 29th ult. with the documents
annexed. As to the men sent to the assistance of the Low Countries
there is no appearance that the King will revoke them before the end of the
four months unless it were necessary that Arschot and De Roeulx should
retire, for he shows a wish to observe all that he has capitulated. It is
true, as the Emperor would learn by the Council's letter which Chapuys
lately sent to Granvelle, that the King thought the number of the
Emperor's men with his very small, so that they dared not attack the
enemy who were close by; but when Chapuys said that if that were the
case the French were to be blamed for not raising the siege of Landressies,
where, besides their men in the fields, they had 3,000 men, and therefore it
was evident that the Emperor's men were much more numerous; and yet
it would be inconsiderate in the Emperor's army to raise the siege in order
to go to fight their enemies, whom they ought rather to constrain to seek
them, and it was thus that the King acted before Therouanne. To this the
Council could not answer. As to the complaint, in the said letter, touching
the ships, it was pointed out to them that those equipped in Flanders had
done more damage to the enemy than theirs, and that Captain Maidre, in
his last going towards France, saw nothing of the King's army in the
Downs, and therefore passed on to France, so as not to lose time as the
five ships of the Admiral of Sluys did, a little before, at Dover; and,
although the treaty did not import that the said ships should join theirs,
the Emperor and the Queen would agree thereto, but it seemed necessary
that the Admiral of Flanders should first be advertised what enterprise the
King would make, that the ships might be provisioned accordingly; and,
although in the said ships of Zealand and Sluys there was not the number
of men capitulated, it must be considered that there were several ships in
Holland which were equipped, by the advice of the King's Council, to
oppose the Danes, and, elsewhere, if they would count, as they ought, the
men of Don Alvaro de Bassan, they would find that the Emperor had on
the sea twice as many as he was bound to, leaving apart the army of the sea
of Italy which, by the words of the treaty, might satisfy the obligation.
To the King's complaint that all things were not confidentement communicated
to him it was answered that the Emperor, learning from Chantonay
that the King would not make the great enterprise this year, had not sent
any reply thereupon, thinking it expedient, meanwhile, to see what facility
or difficulty there would be in his passage before coming to a resolution,
but Chapuys was sure that the Emperor would not fail then to advertise
the King of everything. With these representations, which were a little
sharp, as the letter merited, they showed themselves quite satisfied.
Advertised the King five days ago of the taking of Dure, upon what the
Queen had written to him upon it. As he wrote yesterday to Granvelle,
both King and Council rejoiced thereat; and therefore there is no great
need to justify the Emperor's enterprise. Will however, by a servant whom
he is just despatching to the Court (which is hunting 60 miles from here),
send them what the Emperor writes of it, and also the summons made to
Dure, which the King desired to see. Is sure that the King will rejoice to
see the tenor of the letters patent addressed to the people of Julliers and
Cleves and the sentence against the rebels of Dure, but, above all, at the
Emperor's writing that, after opening the ways, he would send advice of
what should be done.
The King seems always desirous of making some enterprise by sea, as he
continues equipping his ships; and by land he intends to hinder the
revictualling of Ardres, as the Emperor will have heard from Granvelle.
The French ships which were in Scotland, on the very morning that this
King's arrived, found means to depart from the place where they were
arrested; but in their flight five were taken and the rest fled asse? esbiffee
into France. London, 6 Sept. 1543.
French, pp. 4. Modern transcript from Vienna.
135. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Wrote yesterday, and this morning received the Emperor's letters
of the 29th ult. in answer to which he has touched upon the representations
he heretofore sent to be made [to] the King's Council. His man spoke so well
as quite to confuse them. Charged his man to say, with all moderation, some
things which he would not hare said himself, for, besides writing graciously of
the insufficiency of the messenger, it was always in his power to disarow or
interpret what was said : but they took all in good part, as Granvelle will know
by Chapuys' last letter but one. London, 6 Sept. 1543.
French, p. 1 Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 47.
II. No 16.
136. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter received this morning from Mr. Sadleyr, a letter of
the lord Warden's, a Scottish letter and a letter of Sir Wm. Eure containing
espial news. Darnton, 6 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Memorandum that, in the castle garden at Carlisle, 6 Sept.,
35 Hen. VIII., Thos. Harmstrang lard of Mayngerton, Chr. Armstrang
called Braide Crystell, Paton Armstrang, Archibald Armstrang, Sym
Armstrang called Reide Sym, Ector Armstrang, Renyan Harmstrang, Wyll
Armstrang called Wyll of ye Gyngles, Davy Armstrang called Davy ye Lady,
Sym Armstrang Whyntyn son, Yngrye Armstrang, Joke Routlege, Cristy
Armstrang John son, Arche Armstrang Hew son, George Forster of Grenow
and Cristy Armstrang Whyntyn son, personally, before Sir Thos. Wharton,
deputy warden of the West Marches, took solemn oath that they, "their
sons, kin, friends and clannes whose names are expressed in a schedule unto
this present bond annexed," and all other their kin, friends, and clannes will
henceforth serve the King and his officers of the Marches; and appointed
sixteen persons (named, with their fathers' names and abodes) to lie in
pledge for this. Signed : Thomas Whartton.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed Copye of the bande for ye Leddesdalles.
32,652, f. 45.
II No. 15.
138. Sadler to Suffolk.
Has received his letters of the 3rd inst., but cannot execute them, as
Angus, Glencarne and Cassells, with the rest of the King's friends, are in
their own countries, 10 or 50 miles apart, and, now that the Governor has
revolted from them, will probably keep at home, fearing that the Governor
and Cardinal may now conspire against them, and Sadler "dare not go, nor
almost send" out of his doors, much less travel abroad to seek them.
Cannot say whether they will keep their promises to the King, but if,
notwithstanding the Governor's revolt, they remain not constant to do
whatsover the King wishes, they are the falsest men on earth. Their
power is not able to daunt the rest of Scotland, but they can defend themselves
all this winter, until the season of the year serves the King to send
in a main army. The abbot of Pastle, who arrived here yesternight, came
this afternoon to Sadler's lodging to say that the Governor, hearing of the
stir in this town, sent "him hither, principally because he understood that
I was inquieted here through the lewdness of the people, which he prayed
me to take in good part, and to ascribe the same to the rudeness, ignorance
and beastliness of the common people." The abbot excused the Governor's
sudden revolt; and said that all would now concur for the accomplishment
of the treaties. If they do so concur, Sadler would know whether the King
(considering that they have broken the treaties by not laying the hostages
in time) will accept it; and, if not, what is to be practised with his
Highness's friends. The Governor and the Cardinal and his acomplices
are together at Stirling, with only their household servants; and on
Sunday next they intend to crown the young Queen. Edinburgh, 6 Sept.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
139. The Cardinal of Scotland and Others to Angus.
Having consulted here for the common weal, for setting forth their
Sovereign lady's authority, and for justice and policy to be had among her
lieges, they sent certain articles to my lord Governor and received others
from him which they gladly subscribed; and, thereupon, his Grace came
and met the Cardinal and earl of Murray. With them he agreed so well
that he has come to this town, and knows their unfeigned mind to appease
all discords; as, they believe, the lord Governor has written to Angus.
Exhort and pray him to set aside "all scruple of displeasure" and, the
coronation of our Sovereign lady being deferred to Sunday, 9 Sept., be here
against that day. Stirling, 6 Sept. Original signed by the Cardinal, the
Chancellor, P. bp. of Murray, George earl of Huntley and the earl of Argyle.
Headed : From the Cardinal and his faction to the earl of Angus,
6th September 1543.
St. P. IX.,
140. Wotton to Henry VIII.
The Regent met the Emperor at Hoerne and, after long conference,
went to Rumonde and returned to Hoerne; where she probably awaits the
conclusion of this matter of Venlo, although President Score, who is with
her, sends Wotton word that she will he here on Friday next. All Juliers
is sworn to the Emperor, and of Gelders the towns of Rumonde, Herclens,
Nieustadt, Montford, Wachtendonk, Strale and Geldre. The garrison in
Venlo intend to defend the town, but the townsmen would fain yield.
"The Emperor is full determined to tempt the fortune again at Venlo, and
to make battery on three sides of the town." Doubts whether it will make
much defence, although strong; for the Duke's men are discouraged, as
shown by Maynard van Hame, their best captain, abandoning Sittaert
which might well have been defended. Many towns of Cleves have brought
their keys to the Emperor, as Cleves (which is not defensible) and Goch,
which is strong. Mons. de Bure and Mons. de Brederode have been in the
Velow. or lower part of Gelderland, where they might now do the Emperor
great service. "The old lady Duchess of Cleves is departed this world
raging and in a manner out of her wits (as it is reported) for spite and
anger of the loss of her country." Coming from her burial, the Duke "fell
out with certain of his Council and would have slain one or two of them."
The French ambassador with him, a Spaniard of the house of Mendosa
whom the Emperor appointed to wait upon the French Queen, is in great
danger; for the Duke, Council and all the people cry out upon him for
promising that the French king would be with them before the Emperor's
arrival. The Emperor has now too many with him for Geldreland, and
intends to send part of his men to oppose the French king in Luxembourg.
Shepperius, passing this way yesterday from the camp in Hainault,
reported that the army had left their camp, marched 7 or 8 leagues into
France, and besieged Bohain, a town of Madame de Vendosme, which surrendered
to the Spaniards, so that when the Englishmen and lantzknechts
entered by the breach on the other side they found the Spaniards in
possession. They have burnt it and retired. Lovain, 6 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
32,652, f. 49.
II. No. 17.
141. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose letters received this morning from Mr. Sadleyr, to the
King and to the writers, and a Scottish letter of news. Darnton, 7 Sept.
P.S.—The Scottish letter was sent to Brian Layton, and from him to
the lord Warden.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1543.
St. P. IX.,
142. Bonner to Henry VIII.
Having written on the 24th ult. and 3rd inst., and being ready to depart
to the camp, word came that the duke of Cleves had come, with the duke of
Bruneswicke, from Thisteldorf and submitted to the Emperor, and thereupon
the Emperor's camp before Venloo ceased operations, while the
Emperor's Council and the Duke's meet at Gladbach monastery, between
Rocrmunde and Venloo, to draw articles of peace. The Emperor is to
enjoy wholly Gelders and Zutphanie, and the Duke his hereditary lands of
Cleves, Berges and Marcka, and a conditional investiture of Guilich from
the Emperor. The Emperor first spoke with the Lady Regent at Horne
near Roermunde. Most of the Court here tarry the Emperor's further
pleasure; some saying he will go with the duke of Cleves into Gelders to
receive their oath, some that he will go to Flanders to order the war against
France, some that he will settle things hereabouts and return to the Diet
at Spiers, or hither, where his jewels and most of his ordnance remain.
The Emperor acts wondrous closely and Grandvele says all is written to
their ambassador. It is said that Barbarossa and the French have been
thrice repulsed at Nice with great loss, and thereupon are recrinuinations
between the French king and the Turk. Another report is that Barbarossa
has won the town, which the inhabitants set on fire and abandoned, but
the castle is prepared for a long resistance. Colen, 7 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
2. Another copy, headed by Bonner "Copia literarum de data vijo Sept.,
Pp. 2. Add.
1074, f. 229.
143. The Duke Of Cleves.
English translation of the petition of his ambassadors to the Diet
(see Part I. No. 341). With pedigree at the end.
ii. Conditions under which the Emperor received the duke of Cleves into
favor at the request of his brother Ferdinand, the bp. of Cologne and the
duke of Brunswick.
Lat., p. 1.
iii. "Certain articles (fn. 1) concerning the duke of Cleve, for his deliverance,
ao r.r. H. VIII. xxxvto."
That the said Duke shall conserve his subjects in the Catholic Faith and
reform error. That henceforth he will be loyal and obedient to the Emperor
and the king of the Romans, renouncing all leagues against them with the
French king, duke of Holst, or other princes. That he renounces all title
to Gelders and Zutphen and transfers to the Emperor any right that he
could pretend thereto. He will at once dismiss his soldiers out of Gelders
and Zutphen, and render Derenberch (fn. 2) castle to the lord Derenberch (fn. 2) and
Hansforthe (fn. 3) to the Emperor. And other articles providing for his delivery
of other places, restoration to him of the duchy of Julierse, &c., pardon of
partisans and release of prisoners.
English translation, pp. 2.
32,652, f. 51.
II., No. 18.
144. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter from Sir George Douglas to the lord Warden,
received this morning. Darnton, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 53.
II. No. 19.
145. Suffolk to the Council.
Perceives by theirs of the 6th that the King likes his opinion for the
appointment of the noblemen and gentlemen he named "to have charge in
case of entry to be made into Scotland." Begs them to thank the King on
his behalf. Has taken order, as required, to brew as much beer at Berwick
as cask can be gotten for, and to bake biscuit, and has written therein to
Mr. Shelley. Perceiving by Sir George Douglas's letter that he wished
letters of comfort written to the King's friends in Scotland, Suffolk wrote
to him to exhort them to stick to the King, a prince who would not suffer
his friends to lack assistance, but would maintain them to subdue all their
adversaries, to their great profit; praying him, further, to send to his friends
in Edmburgh to help Mr. Sadleyr, whom the men of Edinburgh threaten
for the ships lately taken (about which, he might say, they should have a
satisfactory answer), and also to find means to convey Sadleyr to his
brother's house of Tyntalon, 16 miles thence. The Council wrote lately of
3,000l. to be sent by Mr. Lee, but hitherto is no word of him. Darnton,
8 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—Where Sir George Douglas wrote to the lord Warden concerning
the laying of strong garrisons on the Border this winter, Suffolk thinks that
three or four of the King's friends (or at least two), Douglas to be one,
authorised by the residue, should, immediately, meet Suffolk and the lord
Warden to give their advice for this winter and next summer.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 55.
II No. 20.
146. Parr to Suffolk.
Forwards a letter from Sadler. Has also received a letter from
Brian Layton, declaring his exploit in Tividale and how, because Tweed
"will not yet be ridden," he has attempted no act upon lord Hume (who,
considering his malice to the King and realm, should be sharply requit);
and a letter from the Captain of Berwick advising that, as in last wars the
East Borders were unable to "defend" the enemies, garrisons should be laid.
Begs Suffolk to write to the King to fortify the said Borders with garrisons.
Meanwhile a general raid, leaving the Borderers at home for defence, may
be made against lord Hume and others, and should be victualled for four
or five days. This would violate no promises, because the treaty, by their
not laying the hostages in time, "is as of their behalf frustrate." Awaits
Suffolk's advice. Has no knowledge from Wharton and Sir Ralph Eure
of their exploits. Warkwourthe, 8 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 57.
II. No. 21.
147. Parr to Suffolk.
Forwards letters to Wharton from Maxwell and to Maxwell from
Angus (received this day in a packet from Wharton), showing that "upon
the change of the Governor," they and others of his party defer setting
forward, and have appointed this day to meet at Duglasse and take counsel.
Begs Suffolk to despatch these letters to the King. Wharton has at
Carlisle the larde Rashe, the King's prisoner, Alex. Erskyns and John
Liesle, pledges, and desires, for the surety of the town and risk of their
escaping, that they may be sent to some inward part of the realm.
Warkwourthe, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 59.
II No. 22.
148. Parr to Suffolk.
This night at 11 o'clock, upon receipt of Suffolk's letter to George
Douglas, which is dispatched, came a letter from Douglas answering one
that Parr wrote to him (that, at this revolt of the Governor, it was to be
seen that he and other noblemen who professed honor and knew what the
breach of it deserved would, abjecting all affections or promises by Governor,
Cardinal or others, stick to their promises to the King). He writes, as
Suffolk will perceive in the letter herewith, that he is bent to the acceleration
of the King's affairs; and, as he requires relief in money, for detaining
and comforting his friends, Parr begs Suffolk to "advertise up his said
letter" to the King. Touching the redress of goods which he requires, has
already taken order that none of his friends shall be spoiled and that if,
negligently, any such thing happen redress shall be made. Warkwourthe,
8 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
St. P, V. 333.
149. Sadler to Arran.
Hearing sundry reports of his sudden departure to Stirling which,
if true, might touch his honor; and remembering the constancy he has
shown to the King and the accomplishment of the late treaties, to which he
has sworn, besides such private promises as he has made to Sadler, sends
these letters by express messenger to require him to signify how he remains
towards the King and the accomplishment of his oath. Albeit assured that
he has respect to the duty of a Christian prince and to his own honor, yet,
hearing sundry tales thereof, begs to know the truth, so as to write it to the
King before any sinister or wrong informations alter his Highness's good
opinion of Arran. Credence for bearer. Edinburgh, 8 Sept.
P. 1. Headed by Sadler : Copie of my l're to the Governor.
28,593, f. 238.
150. Charles Duke Of Orleans to the Landgrave Of Hesse.
Begs credence for his secretary Ant. Marllet. Reims, 8 Sept. 1543.
ii. Instructions for Ant. Marllet's declaration to the duke of Saxony,
Landgrave of Hesse and other Protestant lords now about to assemble at
To state that the duke of Orleans has long desired to have the Gospel
preached throughout France, and would ere this have had it preached in
his duchy of Orleans but for respect of his father and elder brother, and the
probable opposition of the Pope, the Emperor and others; but in the
duchy of Luxemburg, which he hopes that his father will allow him to
retain, he means to have it preached, and desires, therefore, to be admitted
into their confederacy. The assembly at Francfort is to take notice that
from the day that this preaching begins in Luxemburg the Duke will
consider himself their confederate. Reims, 8 Sept. 1543.
French. Modern transcript from a contemporary copy at Simancas, pp. 3.
151. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Late yesterday it began to be noised that the duke of Cleves had
come to the camp before Venlo to submit to the Emperor; and Wotton sent
to Mons. Nigri, the chancellor of the Order, to ask the truth. He answered
that as yet there was no certainty, but a gentleman who left the camp the
day before had seen the Duke, with 12 horses, all in mourning, come to the
camp with Granvelle. Sent then to the master of the Posts, who said that,
at noon, he received a letter from the camp that the Duke "arrived there
the day before under safe-conduct" (but he was loth to speak of it because
the Council here had no certainty of it) and that the count of Regendorfe,
who arrived at 4 p.m., with letters to be forwarded to king Ferdinand, had
seen the Duke ride in. If these tidings prove true, the Emperor and the
Duke will probably "fall to some agreement." Venlo ventured to send out
400 or 500 footmen and some horsemen to skirmish with the Spaniards and
Italians, but they were chased back and "had much ado to get into the gates
again." Lovain, 8 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P. IX.,
152. George Everat to Henry VIII.
Received, on 21 July, his two letters directed to the kings of
Denmark and Swethyn, and brought them hither to Lubeck on 3 Aug.
Hearing that the king of Denmark was in Holste, went thither to Godrope
castle on the 8th, and there asked the King's brothers, dukes Hans and
Olphe, for passport to the King; which they refused, and commanded him
to abide the King's coming at Sledyswyke. After 14 days the King arrived
and sent for Everat, and read the letters, but said that, until his Council of
Denmark came, he could not reply. Four days later he met his whole
Council at Raynesborch and, with them, decided to write a loving and
friendly letter as Henry had done. One of the Privy Council, Petrus
Suavenius, who had been in England and received great rewards from
Henry, reported this; and, of him, Everat asked for an early answer to
Henry's letters and liberty for Henry's subjects to pass through the Sonde,
the Belte and the Skuawe for their trade with Dansick and Lubeck.
Describes how, on 20 Aug., the King and his gentlemen, in yellow cloaks
trimmed with black velvet, rode, escorting the ladies of his family in gilt
wagons, from Kiel to a nunnery six miles off, where they met the duke of
Mekelbroch, with his men in red cloaks trimmed with white and blue
satin, and other gilt wagons; and all returned together to Kiel, where, next
day, the Duke was married to the King's eldest sister. Next the King
went the French ambassador, Johannes Fractinius, who is reported to have
brought the King 30,000 French crowns for his wars. The triumph and
jousting lasted six days. Describes how the King then sent for him, gave
him the letter herewith, protested his friendship for Henry, embraced and
dismissed him; and sent Suavenius to say that Henry's subjects might
sail through the Sonde, Belte and Skawe, provided they carried no corn
and put in sureties at Elsanor to convey their merchandise only to England,
Scotland or Cleveland, for the King had been deceived often by those
whom he licensed to pass carrying corn and victuals to his enemies the
A fleet of 48 ships, 21 of them Scots, has left Denmark for Zelond, but
is detained in Norway by contrary wind. It was said in the Court of
Denmark that the French had slain 14,000 Englishmen, but this is contradicted.
Here they say the Emperor has won Duren, in Gullik, with
the loss of 3,000 men.
Is about to depart for Sewethen with Henry's letter and therefore sends
John Ellyot with this. As soon as he gets answer in Sewethen, will
return with it to England. Lubek, 8 Sept. 1543.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
32,652, f. 63.
II. No. 23 (1)
153. Henry VIII. to Angus and Others.
Understanding that the Governor, by the crafty persuasions of the
Cardinal, has withdrawn from Edinburgh and put himself into the hands
of the Cardinal and others who made all the risings against him, while you
were absent from him preparing forces for his defence, whereby his departure
must needs be the more displeasant to you, we let you know that, persisting
like a true gentleman in the things you promised to us, now that your
power is up and strong and theirs weak, we shall assist you either with
money or a main army as you may desire. Praying you to advertise us
with all diligence, and meanwhile to join yourself speedily with the rest
that be faithful and true.
"This clause following added in Sir George Douglas letters" :—We have
not written (as you desire) to Dunlaneyk, because not thoroughly acquainted
with him; but you may assure him that, showing himself an honest true
gentleman, he shall have cause to be glad of it.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed : "Copie of the lettres to th'erles of Anguishe,
Casselles, and Glencarn, the lordes Maxwell, Somervile, Graye, Sir George
Douglas and the sheref of Ayere; from Grafton ixo Septembris 1543."
St. P., V. 334.
154. Henry VIII. to the Town Of Edinburgh.
Hearing that his ambassador there, whose chief charge is to solicit
the accomplishment of the treaties concluded by the Governour and Three
Estates of that realm, has been threatened with violence by some of their
town, upon pretence that Henry has stayed certain ships of Scotland (the
staying of which he can justify), reminds them that injury to an ambassador
is never left unpunished, and admonishes them to "beware and eschew that
outrage," both for all men's detestation of it and "for fear of the revenge
of our sword to extend to that town and commonalty and all such
p[articular] . . . . . as shall by any means hereafter come into
our hands to . . . . . . . . . . th'extermination of you
to the third and fourth generation." Out of zeal for the quietness of both
realms, has condescended to the treaties, and means to continue the same
with such as show themselves content therewith, and will handle them
friendly and restore their ships and goods; but such as show themselves of
a contrary faction, and either misintreat his ambassador or infringe the
treaties (altered from "aid our enemies with victuals or counsel"), he will
use as enemies to both realms. It shall be wise of them to foresee their
danger and expel the malicious sort, so that the King may know to favour
them as well disposed to the treaties.
Draft in Gardiner's hand, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute
of the letter to the town of Edinburgh, ixo Septembris 1543.
32,652, f. 61.
II., No. 23.
155. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has received his letters of the 5th inst. showing the revolt
of the Governor and his own evil handling. As to the Governor, the King's
determination appears by the copies of such letters as are now sent to
Suffolk, and to the lords and others in Scotland well minded to the King
and the amity, the contents whereof Sadler shall set forth to such as he
may speak withal, to accelerate their answer. As to himself, the King has
written letters of thanks to the Provost for defending him and letters of
warning to the whole town (copies herewith); "assuring you, in case your
finger should ache by their means all Edinburgh shall rue it for ever after."
Sadler shall show the laird of Fiff the good opinion which the King has
conceived of him, and desire him now to show himself according to his
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to Master Sadleyr,
ixo Septembris 1543.
156. Chapuys to Charles V.
The man last despatched to advertise the King and Council of the
Emperor's news has just reported that the King showed great joy at the
Emperor's good success, and praised his manner of proceeding in the
patents published in Cleves and Juliers, the summons to Dure and the
subsequent sentence and condemnation, and was glad to be so amply
advertised and to have learnt the motives which constrained the Emperor to
this enterprise. The King desires the enterprise finished in order the sooner
to know what remains to be done. The king of France's practice to kill
the prince of Piedmont he finds strange and execrable.
Learning that at St. Malo in Brittany 150 sail are preparing and that
about Denmark many are ready, the King has equipped all his ships to the
number of 25, besides merchants and adventurers, and much desires those
armed in Zealand and Sluys to come hither and consult for a joint enterprise.
The Council are vexed that the captains of their men before
Landrechies answered Scepperus a little angrily, who was sent to them
from the Emperor. They (the captains) are not altogether discreet, for
they have dared to write to the King that the Emperor's men showed themselves
cowards, afraid to seek the enemies, and that had it lain with them
they would have already gained all. Such dealings must not cause
astonishment. It is their nature. Does not think that they will withdraw
before the time prefixed, and, even if the King had thought of revoking
them, the Emperor's success would change his mind. The Princess has
been very ill of a colic, and no medicine has more assisted her cure than
the good news of the Emperor. London, 9 Sept. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS. endd. : receues le
xvje dud. mois 1543.
157. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Can only add to what he writes to the Emperor that, the more the
Emperor's affairs prosper, the more confidence and courtesy should be shown to
those here; otherwise they will think that there is no further need of them, and
that they are not esteemed. And it must be supposed that the enemies are not
asleep, to suborn them. London, 9 Sept. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
158. Chapuys To the Queen Of Hungary.
By the copy herewith she will learn the few events since his last.
Begs her to order the ships of Flanders to come hither and join the King's,
in pursuance of her offer. London, 9 Sept. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 65.
II., No. 24.
159. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter from Sadler to Suffolk. What he writes of the lords
of the King's party being in their own countries, so that he cannot
communicate with them, refers to a letter Suffolk wrote him, upon news of
the Governor's revolt, to practise with them to stick to their promises to
the King. Enclose also a letter of the lord Warden's, with letters which
Wharton sent him, viz., from Angus to Maxwell and from Maxwell to
Wharton, showing that the King's friends intended meeting at Douglas to
consult; also a letter of the lord Warden's with letters from the captain of
Norham and Sir Wm. Eure showing what is done for annoyance of the
enemies. Beg to know the King's pleasure upon the laying of garrisons on
the East and Middle Marches, of which Eure writes, and the great raid, of
which the lord Warden writes, and the hostages lying with Wharton at
Carlisle. Darnton, 9 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—Another letter is come from the lord Warden, with one from Sir
Geo. Douglas to him (sent herewith). Dr. Lee has arrived with 3,000l.
(lacking 40l. which the Council wrote that he should have for his costs)
which he carries to Duresme to Mr. Uvedale. Suffolk desires instructions
in case the King's friends in Scotland, or any of them, demand aid of men
or money; as Sir George Douglas now does.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
160. Suffolk and Tunstall to Parr.
Both his letters sent hither this night, containing advertisements
from Wharton and from Sir. Wm. Eure and Bryan Layton, are sent to
the Court, with Mr. Sadleyr's letter. As to garrisons to be laid on the
East Borders, have written for the King's pleasure; and, meanwhile, he
may remove his garrison about Tyndale and Redisdale, leaving a certain
number with Mr. Evers, and lay them on the East and Middle Borders,
with the counsel of the Borderers; which should be done with speed.
Darnton, 9 Sept. Signed.
P.S.—Pray peruse and forward the enclosed letters to Mr. Sadleyr.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
161. Sir Thos. Seymour to Charles V.
On the 8th inst. I received your Majesty's letters, by the duke of
Ascott and Mons. de Roeus, with credence, which rejoiced me more than
anything could have done except a like victory to the King, my master.
Where you wish us to remain longer here; on the 2nd inst., your Councillor,
Cornelius Scepperus, showed us that you wished us to wait here eight or ten
days, within which you would send 10,000 or 12,000 men in our place.
That I signified to the King my master, who expects us thereupon to return;
and, if we have no other commission between this and the end of the said
days, we pray you to give us such escort back to our countries that we may
be able to return and do you service another time. Camp at the Pennerou,
9 Sept. 1543.
Copy, French, p. 1. Endd. : "Copie of Mr. Seymer's letter to
2. Modern copy of the above taken from the original at Vienna.
[Spanish Calendar VI. ii. No. 224.]
French, p. 1.
St. P., IX. 505.
162. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Yesterday came Chancellor Nigri to show that the Duke of Cleves'
coming to the Emperor was confirmed by letters from President Score;
who wrote also that he hoped within four days to send good tidings. The
Emperor would grant no safeconduct, but the Duke came upon safeconduct
of the Viceroy of Sicily, the Emperor's captain general. The master of
the Posts sends word that, now, one who carries letters into Germany says
he saw the Duke brought in by the duke of Bruynswyke and other great
men, who all kneeled before the Emperor, and the Duke confessed his
offences, and all desired pardon, and that yesterday Venlo and the rest of
Geldreland yielded. It is one of the strangest things that chanced these
many years that, for one town cowardly lost by assault, so great and strong
a country should be lost without stroke striking. Cæsar may now write,
as Cæsar did, Veni, vidi, vici. Surely God has blinded the French king,
who, with a small assistance to the Duke, might have done the Emperor
more displeasure than he himself could do with four times as many, and
now is likely to have his own country destroyed. Expects that one point
of the agreement will be that the Duke shall renounce the marriage of
Navarre; and, perhaps, take one of the King of Romans' daughters, for
"posts go apace that way." Lovain, 9 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 506.
163. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote, 20 Aug., and has since received the Council's letters of the
12th. Rejoices at Henry's success in Scotland; and hopes to see him
conquer his patrimony of France, for both by water and land the French
appear much his inferiors. The Signory rejoiced to learn that Scotland
was reduced and the French faction there quenched; also to hear of the
jousts at Terroane, "lauding greatly the valour and indomable stomachs of
The Turk's ambassador is departed. His request was to have regular
news of Barbarossa and Christendom and payment of the 150,000 ducats
due by the Venetians, who are inclined to satisfy him. Nisa yielded to the
French and Turks on the 22nd; but the castle is not likely to be taken,
especially as seven traitors of the town have been discovered and hanged
upon its walls. The Castle artillery fired upon the town with great
slaughter both of enemies and townsmen. Thinks Barbarossa and the
French will abandon it on learning Guasto's approach with 10,000 men.
The loss of Strigonia, a great "propugnacle against Turks,"
is said to be due to Italians. The Turk will go to Alba
Regal, or else return to Buda and Constantinople. The King of the
Romans is in the field with 40,000 men. It is lamentable that
Germany has so deserted him. All hope for Christendom seems now to
rest in Henry and the Emperor. A Turkish raiding party about Segna, a
town of Ferdinando's adjoining Sclavonia, has been destroyed by Curvates
and others of those confines. Ferdinando's men continue to besiege
Maran, which is likely to be lost unless succoured soon; but the Venetians
will not suffer Ferdinando's men to come upon their confines for fear of
provoking the Turk.
The duke of Florence has made 6,000 men against the Turks and French,
"whom he suspecteth, with the Stroci, not meanly;" and Senis has joined
him. Although the Bishop of Rome lately granted the French king 4,000
men against Henry, he dare not do it for fear of the Emperor, whose
orator urges him to declare against the French as openly conjoined with
the Turks. But the Bishop, being partial to the French, has declared himself
neutral, "with much rhetorical excuses upon England, as is reported."
The patriarch Grimany, who was made Legate for Scotland and sent to
France, babbles about going to Scotland with eight ships. Although the
man is of no moment, it is well to be circumspect against the hate and
machinations of the Roman bishop and clergy. Venice, 9 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
164. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
We have received a letter from Wharton showing that he has released
the Armestranges, upon hostages, and written to your lordship, at their
suit, for George Armestrange, now prisoner at Alnwik, whom we think you
should let to liberty. Four pledges are but few for "such a great and wild
sort"; but we have written to Wharton to cause them to raid lord
Bothwell's lands, who shows himself the King's enemy, "whereby a feade
(feud) shall be brought betwixt them and make them more sure to serve the
King's highness." Darnton, 10 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
St. P., III.
165. Sir Ant. St. Leger to Henry VIII.
Profuse thanks for licensing him, by letter, to come over for two
months. As to nominating a locum tenens; a recent Act provided that the
Deputy's room, when vacant, must be supplied by an Englishman who is
not a spiritual person. The Chancellor and Vice-treasurer are the only
choice, and the former, although a right wise man, is somewhat unwieldy
for martial affairs. Thinks Brabazon very meet for the room.
Will explain the reason of the enactment when he comes
over. Asks for the bill for two little mills which belonged
to Trym abbey, which the King granted him; and he will then sell
the rest of his lands here, to provide money to come over with; for he
has not here attained the great riches that some think. Begs for the
customary licence under the Great Seal to come over. Thanks for advancing
his brother to the keeping of Dungarvan, and for his goodness to Thos.
Agard in the parsonage of Trym, and for giving John Parkar, his secretary,
the reversion, after Sir John White who was then sick, of the constableship
of Dublin Castle. White is now dead and Parkar in possession. Is now,
with the Council, towards a journey to Limerick and Galway, to order the
fee farm, &c., at the special request of the earls of Thomond and Clanricard.
On their return, will answer the rest of the King's letters. Thanks for
promise of money for the reformation of Leinster already begun. Waterford,
10 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
32,652. f. 71.
II., No. 26 (1).
166. Arran to Sadler.
Received his letters by bearer. Being occupied in so great affairs as
were long to write, and purposing to be very shortly in Edinburgh, defers
all matters "while" their meeting. Sterling, 10 Sept. Signed : James G.
P. 1. Add. : To my lord ambassatour of Ingland in Edinburgh.
Endd. : 1543.
167. Sir Thos. Seymour to Henry VIII.
Since our last letter, the Emperor sent to me to give credit to the
Duke (fn. 4) ; whose request was that we would remain longer than the ten days.
I answered that we had remained 3 weeks more than the 15 days which
was required by the Queen, and durst not grant this, "considering that
Sckepperus did require the said time but till the Emperor's army might
repair to him," and that your Highness looked for our return. They asked
whether I would go with them during the time; and I said, "Into France
whither they would, for I had a discharge for it." They asked whether I
would not go to Landersey; and I answered that I would, if they pressed
it, but on condition that they would not summon the town nor prepare to
lay siege to it, for it would not be to our praise to depart after the summoning.
They asked if I would depart if I heard not from you within the ten
days; and I, fearing they might make the post come on foot, said I would,
but felt sure to hear before that. They went about to persuade me that
you were bound by the treaty; but I said that if 10,000 men were in their
country or in Landersey you were bound, but not for 500, and that since
the French departed you were bound to no aid, and what you had done was
of your own goodness and deserved thanks. They then brake off and said
the Emperor had written to me and required me to answer his Highness,
which I promised and did (copy enclosed). I require pardon if I went too
far (minding to remain until I hear from you, although they have no hope
thereof), for I was the more quick, knowing that some of our Council had
been won over by them and wished this matter to pass by the most
Describes how this day he, with my lord Warden's men and Mr.
Treasurer's, rescued 200 of his men who were found fighting with the
Frenchmen beside Landersey, and took 10 or 12 of the beginners who
were wounded and like to die, telling Mr. Treasurer that he would put
halters about all their necks and "havinge" (hang) two of them which
were most like to die, for breaking the proclamation, praying him that he
and other gentlemen would sue for pardon for the rest. When the gallows
were up and 1,000 persons met to behold the execution, two of the Council
said "I were not best to be too hasty in hanging of men, considering that
we should have need of them." I declared what I meant to do, and that
I had told it to Mr. Treasurer; and said further that, by speaking such
words where they did, they meant to put me in the infamy of all the
people and to get themselves in favour, and that they did not as it became
them, and that I would advertise your Highness thereof. I pardoned the
offenders for that offence, doubting whether I should have [been, word
omitted] suffered to put them to execution.
Never saw a town worse to approach than Landersey, "for no man can
trench thereunto but down the hill." Has practised with two Frenchmen
that were taken in Boghain, to lie, the one in Terwan and the other in
Montrell, to give news whenever he sends for it, and receive, the one 30 cr.,
the other 20 cr. a year. Camp beside Landersey, 10 Sept., "where
they will remain till their army come, and some of the Bourgoneons saith,
whatsoever they brag, they will not meddle with the town of Landersey,
beknowing it to be victualled for half a year." Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 508.
168. Queen Mary of Hungary to Wotton.
Since she spoke with him the other day she sent him word that
Ruremonde was surrendered to the Emperor; and soon afterwards the
Emperor sent for her, so that she hastened her departure. The duke of
Cleves, after humbling himself and asking pardon, has assured the Emperor
of the duchy of Gheldres and county of Zutphen and delivered Venlo; and
thereupon the Emperor has received him to grace. Nothing therefore
retards the enterprise against France, and the army is already on the road.
Prays him to notify this to the King and to his ministers who are now in
France with the duke of Arschot and count du Reux. The army against
France is increased by the soldiers of the duke of Cleves, whom, for their
relief, the Emperor has received to his service. Weerdt au pays de
Hornes, 10 Sept. 1543. Signed Marie and countersigned Despleghem.
French. Copy in Wotton's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : Copie of the Regentes l're
to Doctor Wotton.