32,652, f. 74.
169. Henry VIII. to Angus.
As the revolt of the Governor and his familiarity with the Cardinal
indicates displeasure to be wrought against him and his brother Sir George
Duglas, the King has laid to heart his preservation. Wrote before to him
and other friends, by advice of Sir George, to encourage them; and now
eftsoons writes to him apart further advice, to be declared to the rest by
mouth without letting them know the receipt of this letter. He shall
assemble such of the King's friends as he thinks meet, and (upon the
occasion of the King's former letters, reminding them how the Cardinal
has "compassed" the Governor to his own purpose, and to their confusion
if they likewise put themselves into his hands, and how they are assured of
aid if they keep promise to the King), without delay approach Stirling or
Edinburgh, where the Governor and Cardinal shall chance to be, and take
Stirling, the Governor, the Cardinal and the young Queen into their hands.
If their forces are not together they should set forth towards Stirling with
their household servants and such as they can presently gather, leaving
friends secretly to bring to them the rest of their forces, and should "parliament"
with the Governor and Cardinal about hostages for their surety if they
come in, until able to go through with their purpose; thus using the same
policy as the Cardinal used to confound them. The King will aid them
with money, and, as Sir George has advertised him, will send 2,000 or
3,000 men by sea to Tentallon, if he will let the King for the time have
the use of it, and also send 8,000 or 10,000 men by land; which will
make them so strong that the Governor and Cardinal with all their adherents
shall not be able to "defend them."
ii. "[And as ye shall find our said friends affected in this matter, and
what your mind is concerning Tentallon and the delivery of it into our
hands for this purpose, we require you to advertise us with diligence, to the
intent we may put all things in execution accordingly.] Signifying unto
you that we have already put things in such arredynesse as without any
tract of time we shall furnish you and them of men and money as is before
written; whereunto ye may assuredly trust."
iii. [Henry VIII. to Suffolk.] (fn. 1)
[—"for the ordering of themselves, either they be or shortly may be of
such force and strength as shall be able to surprise the said Governor and
Cardinal, and suddenly, or they can prepare strength to resist them, to
work our desired purpose and their own surety, we think it now most
expedient and necessary that they call to remembrance] how the Cardinal
hath compassed the Governor to his own purpose and to their confusion,"
&c. (as above in i. to the end).
[This should not be written but signified to them by mouth at Douglasse
by some person to be sent with your letter of credence. You shall send for
George Douglas to express the same to him by mouth. If it appears that
they will follow our counsel, you shall prepare 8,000 or 10,000 men, and
we shall put our seamen ready. If they shrink from it "we shall the
rather decipher what they intend towards—] (fn. 2)
"As to the help which George Douglas privately demandeth,—
"Aid to the rest.
"Garrisons for the East Marches.
"Delivery of Sir Thomas Wharton's prisoners into the inland.
"The rode for the lord Hume."
Corrected drafts, the first sheet containing i. and ii. being in Gardiner's hand,
and § iii. in Wriothesley's, pp. 8. Endd. : Mynute to therle of Anguish,
xjo Septembris, 1543.
32,652, f. 67.
170. Suffolk to the Council.
Has received their letters dated Grafton, 9th inst., showing that in
case the Scots will not wholly agree to the performance of the treaties, an
army of 16,000 is to enter Scotland, half by the West Borders and Carlyle
and half by Barwycke, and that Wharton shall provide victuals and carriage
for 12,000 men. Has sent for Wharton and four or five of the wisest
there, to know their opinions touching the victuals and carriage, and what
exploit may be done considering the time of year. Has also sent for the
lord Warden to bring 5 or 6 of the wisest men, to advise what may be done
by those who enter in by Barwycke, and to know what the Borderers may
do in victualling the army. Has also sent to Mr. Shelley to know what
victuals and carriage he can get. Advised that some of the King's friends
in Scotland should meet with him and the lord Warden to give their advice;
and still thinks this most necessary, and that the King should write to them
to do so. Darnton, 11 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
171. Suffolk and Tunstall to [Parr].
Enclose a packet of letters to be conveyed to Mr. Sadleyr with all
possible speed; not opening it, for the four copies herewith, sent to Suffolk,
show the contents of the despatch, which copies they beg him to return
with his next letters. Sandy Pringle, whom, at your suit, the King has
accepted to his service, should be pricked forward to perform his promise
("that a certain of his surname should be ready at all times to serve the
King") and the King "ascertained" what service to expect of him.
Darnton, 11 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
St. P., v. 336.
172. Suffolk to [Parr].
As the King minds, if the Scots will not observe the treaties, to
invade Scotland with a great army, Suffolk has sent for Wharton, because
half that army should enter by the West Borders; and requires Parr to
bring hither on Sunday next some of the most expert men of his Borders,
to consult how the army may be furnished with victuals and carriage, and
what may be done "considering the time of the year." He must leave
some person to forward letters out of Scotland, and also captains on his
Borders. Please send the letter herewith to Mr. Shelley that he may come
with you. Darnton, 11 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost.
32,652, f. 85.
No. 30 (1).
173. Wharton to Parr.
According to Parr's command, and his own letter of the 9th,
appointed men, as in the schedule herewith, to annoy with fire and sword
the head of the Ledesdalles. Through lack of numbers, bad weather and
ill rule, they have not done their enterprise as it was intended—as his
cousin and deputy, Sir John Lowther, who was with them, reports. The
men of these Marches are not, through "untruth, pride and disdain," in
due order to serve the King, nor "as they were afore Seynt Kateryne eve
last." Carlisle, 11 Sept.
P.S.—One whom he sent to Mr. Symple in Scotland for news was,
in his return, robbed beside Anande of his horse and goods, and letters of
Mr. Symple taken from him. Symple told him to say that Wharton
"should trust no Scottish man for any strength by them." There are
"spoils and robberies and open day forrays" in Anerdale. Has written to
Maxwell "for reformation of that robbery, with their names that did the
Pp. 2. Add. : To, etc., lord Parr, lord Warden of all the Marches foranent
Scotland. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 86.
2. "The numbers appointed by Sir Thomas Wharton, knight, to burn
and waste with fire and sword all in the head of Ledesdall, the xth of
Sir John Louther, with 220 horsemen of Wharton's; Jake Musgrave for
Becastledaill, Thos. Blanerasset for Gilleslande, Ricchie Grame and his
brethren for Heske and Levin, and Kyrklington, horse and foot; the
bailiff of Burghe 100 horsemen, the bailiff of Graystoke 60, John Bost for
Kyrkoswald 20, the bailiff of Skaylby 30, Thos. Falofelde of the Quens
Hames 100, and the bailiff of Blekell 20. Many of these came not. They
burnt 19 houses, slew two men and took three, and brought away 12 score
nowt and much insight. They left 95 of the nowt with the Elwades upon
surety. Signed : Thomas Whartton.
32,652, f. 69.
Papers, I. 287.
174. Sadler to Henry VIII.
To feel whether the Cardinal and his complices had altered the
Governor's inclination to the King and the performance of the treaties, and
also to learn proceedings at Stirling, sent Henry Raye, pursuivant of
Berwick, to him with a letter (copy and the Governor's answer enclosed).
By mouth the Governor said he would do his best to observe the treaties,
and more he could not do. Concludes that the Cardinal and his complices
would interrupt the peace and win the Governor; who, however, would
gladly slip from them, but they keep a watch upon him. If he come to
Edinburgh as his answer purports, Sadler will learn more.
Angus, Glencarn, Casselles, Maxwell, Somervile and Sir George Douglas,
with their friends, as lords Ogleby, Grey, Glammes, &c., notwithstanding
letters of the Governor and of the Cardinal and his complices containing
fair words and requests to come to Stirling to the Coronation of the Queen,
refuse to join them unless they will "conform themselves to the accomplishment
of the said treaties." Angus has assembled, at his house of Dowglas,
Glencarne, Casselles, Maxwell, Somervile, the sheriff of Ayer and laird of
Donlaneryke, who have subscribed a bond to abide together and sent it to
the rest of their friends to subscribe. Yesterday, Maxwell and Donlaneryke
came to Sadler from the others to declare this and require him to notify the
King that they would stick together to him, trusting that he would aid
them. They beg to know soon the King's pleasure what they shall do, and
meanwhile will keep themselves from the malice of their enemies. Angus
("who is much moved with the Governor's revolt") keeps a great company
at Dowglas. Encloses letters from him, and from him and Glencarn and
Casselles jointly. The young Queen was crowned on Sunday last, at
Stirling, with the solemnity used here, "which is not very costly." Hears
that they are about to choose a Council of 8 temporal and 8 spiritual men
of those now assembled at Stirling. Edinburgh, 11 Sept., at night. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
32,652, f. 72.
175. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
This day, received theirs of the 9th, with those from "the Council
above." For news refers to his letters, herewith, to the King. As to
the French ships, which, as they hear, are arrived at Donbreteyn; that has
been often bruited here by such as would fain have it so, but none are
arrived, "nor I think will not this year." Is so well here intreated that the
Provost sends two messengers daily to pray him to keep himself and his
folks within his house, as the people so rage against him. Yesterday one
of his servants went into the town without his knowledge, and a villain,
sent to pick a quarrel with him, called him English dog and spoke such despiteful
words of the King as no Englishman having a heart in his stomach
could bear; whereat he drew his dagger and strake the villain overthwart
the face, and would have killed him but for a Scottish man. Whereupon,
20 drawn swords were about his said servant, who was wounded in sundry
parts, and had been killed if he had not defended himself like a man. He
is sore wounded in the head, but the surgeons think he will live. Is
threatened to have as much himself. "Under the sun live not more
beastly and unreasonable people than here be of all degrees." Edinburgh,
11 Sept., at midnight. Signed.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., v. 335.
176. Sadler to [Parr].
Received his letters of the 10th; and now sends herewith letters to
the King and to Suffolk and Durham, to be forwarded. Where Parr desires
to know how he is entreated; never so noble a Prince's servant was so evil
entreated, and "never man had to do with so rude, so inconstant and
beastly a nation as this is, for they neither esteem the honor of their
country ne their own honesty, ne yet (which they ought principally to do)
their duty to God, and love and charity to their Christian brethren." Parr
can conjecture how pleasant a time he has, and this packet to Suffolk and
Durham will show how he has been handled. Edinburgh, 11 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Fly leaf, with address, lost.
St. P., IX. 508.
177. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Forwards copy of a letter which the Regent sent him, showing what
the Emperor will do with his army. They are already sent, in three
companies, to invade France. This unlooked for success in Gelderland
and sudden invasion of France will trouble the French king's reckonings;
and although the season is far spent, the Emperor hopes to do some notable
exploit before the winter.
This day the Emperor is at Nieumay or Nimmeghe, the chief town of
Geldres, where the three estates of Geldres and Zutphan make their
submission. Those who kneeled with the Duke of Cleves were Duke
Henry of Bruynswyke, the earl of Schawenburgh, coadjutor to the bp. of
Coleyn, the earl of Newenare and Dr. Groper, of Coleyn. The Emperor
has commanded the three estates of these Low Countries to be at Bruxelles
on Saturday next, where, probably, he himself and the Regent will be.
By conjecture one of the causes will be a subsidy. The Regent comes from
Weerdt by way of Andwerpe, to borrow money. Yesterday the Emperor
caused mass to be said here for the souls of his soldiers slain at Duren.
Many Spaniards attended (partly of the company of the duke of Neigerez,
who came hither diseased, and partly of the bp. of St. James in Compostella
and other spiritual men, who were sent from the camp before), for the loss
was chiefly of their countrymen. Lovain, 11 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 513.
178. Charles V. to the General Of The English Army In
Received his letter of the 5th containing his conversation with
Scepperus; and, although Arschot and De Roeulx will have informed him
of the Emperor's determination to come thither, writes to assure him that
he (Charles) will be in that quarter on the 24th or 26th hist.; and prays
him, as the term is short and a good effect probable, to remain until then.
Has sent a gentleman to the King about this and is sure he will be content.
Venlo, 11 Sept. 1543. Signed.
French, p. 1. Countersigned :Bave. Add. : A notre treschier et bien
ame, le chief et capitaine general de l'armee du Roy d'Angleterre, Mons.
notre bon frere, estant en nos Pays d'embas, et en son absence an mareschal
de ladite armee. Endd.
II., No. 229.]
2. Original draft of the preceding.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from a Vienna MS., headed : Minute.
II., No. 230.]
179. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Wrote on the 29th ult. To advertise the King of England,
according to the perfect amity between them, of what has happened since,
despatches the Sieur de Chantonay, gentleman of his mouth; from whom
Chapuys will learn his charge. Venlo, 12 Sept. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
28,173, f. 313.
d'Etat, II. 678.
II., Nos, 227-8.]
2. Charles V.'s "instruction a vous, le sieur de Chantonnay, nostre
gentilhomme de la bouche, de ce qu'aurez a dire, remonstrer et poursuyr
devers le roy d'Angleterre, nostre tres cher et bon frere et cousin, ou presentement
To go, with all speed, to the Ambassador there resident, present the
Emperor's letters and declare his own charge; in order that he may, by
his advice, and jointly with him, deal with the King and Council. Then,
presenting to the King the letters of credence for both, he shall say that the
Emperor supposes that the said Ambassador has declared the Emperor's
progress hither, as late as last letters of 29th ult., and now sends him to
give a more ample account, and also to relate events since, such as the
taking of Remonde, the surrender of the towns of Julliers, the siege of this
town of Venlo, and the coming of the duke of Cleves, accompanied by the
Coadjutor and other ambassadors of the elector of Cologne and by the duke of
Brunswick, to make submission and offer surrender of Gueldres and
Zutphen, with the substance of the treaty made. He shall add that the
Emperor now awaits the coming of the deputies of Gueldres to give their
oath of fidelity; and shall point out what a blow the reduction of the said
Duke of Cleves will be to France, who will thereby also lose the alliances of
Denmark, Sweden and other "princes et villes australes," to the advantage
of the coasts of England and Scotland as well as of Spain and the Low
Countries. The Emperor's aim has always been to correspond with the
King against the common enemy; and, therefore, he has received the Duke
with clemency (in spite of his misdeeds in joining with France to aid
the Turk) so as to be free on this side, while the season
yet lasts, for some good exploit upon France, who has occupied
towns in Luxemberg and also Landreschies, and is now making every effort
to assemble men of war, French, Italian and Swiss, against the Emperor;
who, however, hopes, before the winter, to occupy some places in France
towards the joint enterprise of next year. As to the Englishmen here, the
Emperor prays the King (as he has also written to their captain and
marshal), that they may await his coming to them; when he will decide
what to do, and the King may either use them in that or in some exploit on
Picardy, or withdraw them. But, as this expedition will greatly further
the future enterprise, Chantonnay shall beg the King to assist the Emperor
with one month's pay of this army, only 150,000 cr. Would not trouble
him with this were it possible to get money in Germany or the Low
Countries; but the Emperor could not procure so much ready money, though
he had expected to be assisted here, as he would have been but for the great
cost to these countries of this war of Cleves (sic) and against the said duke of
Cleves. If the King withdraws the said English, he will avoid the expense
in which the Emperor must still continue for the common benefit; which
the Emperor trusts that the King will regard, since he is well able to assist
with the said sum. And Chantonnay shall make the Emperor's affectionate
recommendations to the lords and good personages about the King and
commend this request to them, and return as soon as he can. Done in
our camp before Venlo, 12 Sept. 1543. Signed : Charles. Countersigned :
ii. [Private instruction.]
Besides what is contained in his instruction, which may be shown to
the King of England if required (although it would be a bad precedent to
show despatches unless to avoid giving rise to suspicion, and in that case what
should not be shown shall be written apart), Chantonnay and the ambassador
shall try to induce him to furnish the sum mentioned gratuitously; and,
failing that, shall ask it as a loan to be repaid in four or five months, when
money can be had from Spain, of that which is come from the Indies, or
obtained in the Low Countries. Signed : Charles. Countersigned : Bave.
French. Modern transcript from Brussels, pp. 11.
28,593, f. 242.
3. Another modern transcript of § 2. from Brussels.
French, pp. 6.
32,652, f. 79.
180. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose letters from Sadler to the King and to the writers, a copy of
Sadler's letter to the Governor and the Governor's answer, letters to
Sadler from Angus, and from Angus, Glencarne and Casselles jointly, a
letter from Sir George Douglas to the lord Warden, and one from the lord
Warden to Suffolk, with a letter and schedule sent from Wharton to the
The Council's letters of the 11th directed Suffolk to send for Sir George
Douglas and declare the effect of the letter to Angus, grope what his
resolution will be therein, and feed him with money though it cost 200l. or
300l. Has sent for Douglas. Sadler's letters show that the King's friends
stick to their promise; and, as they are too poor to retain the men they
need, Suffolk means to put a little more to that which is to be employed
about Sir George Douglas, so as to let them have some money amongst
them at this beginning, for money has hitherto allured them to the King's
purpose; but he will not be lavish till he knows the King's pleasure. Will
promise Douglas, at his coming, the aid of the King's garrisons, and take
order with the lord Warden therein. Darnton, 13 Sept. signed.
P.S.—The King's letter to Angus is already sent to Sir George Douglas
to convey, and the copy of it in cipher sent to Sadler. The hostages shall
be removed from Carlisle, and more men laid in garrison on the East and
Middle marches as directed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 81.
181. Parr to Suffolk.
Signified last night that by next despatch he would send Sandy
Pringill's report, which is :—
The Governor and Cardinal, on the 4th inst., met at Fawekirke and,
agreeing well, rode that night to Stirling, where Lennox, Huntley, Argile
and Bothwell met them and concluded that the Queen should be crowned
on the Sunday after, and the Governor agreed to deliver the castles and
holds of Scotland to the keeping of the Cardinal and the said earls. On
Friday before the coronation the Governor declared the things laid to him
on behalf of the King, including suppression of sundry abbeys and friars,
and said "that by his consent the Friars of Dundee was sacked." All,
thereupon, said that he was accursed; and on Saturday he was enjoined to
pass to the Friars of Stirling, with the said lords, where he "received open
penance and a solemn oath" never to do it again, but support the profession
"of monks, friars and such other," and was absolved by the Cardinal and
bishops, and received the Sacrament, Bothwell holding the towel over his
head. That afternoon the Governor remitted all his proceedings to the advice
of the Cardinal and others. On Sunday last, at 10 a.m., in the chapel of
Stirling Castle, they crowned their Queen, the Governor bearing the crown,
Lennox the sceptre, and Argile the sword. They were all determined to be
at Edinburgh this day, and to send for all noblemen to come thither who
were not at the coronation. They say generally that they will have no
peace with England but after the old sort, and will not deliver the Queen
according to the treaty. They heard nothing since midsummer of their
expected supply of ships and money from France. They doubted not but
all the noblemen in whom the King of England trusted would shortly
consider their duty to their country, unless it were Angus; and if he would
not obey them "they would put him in jeopardy of exile." Pringill heard
the Cardinal laugh when word was brought of the burning of the Carres
lands in Tividale, and say "Th'Englishmen saith that ever we begin with
them, but now they begin with us." And thereupon the Humes, Carres
and Bukclough were called before the Governor and Cardinal, and
undertook to annoy England and "defend their Borders till the coming
of the white coats." Pringill heard the Cardinal say that ere the
King of England had interest in Scotland he and many of the clergy
would die; and saw him ride in harness as if to battle. He heard Argile
report how he had burnt the isle of Glentire, (fn. 3) "which is one Makcannons," (fn. 4)
killed 10,000 oxen and kine, taken 1,800 horse and mares, and left his
brother Margregour to keep it till his return. Argile then turned to the
Governor and said "My lord, if ye had sticked still with the King of
England, your land lying as it doth, . . . . I would have left you
little or none of it standing unburned." Pringill came homewards by Craton
castle, lord Maxwell's, where Maxwell said "he was determined to enter, for
the saving of such lands as he hath of the Queen in Gallawaye, and to take
neither partie." When the Governor departed from Edinburgh to Black
Nash, he did on new harness, and his wife, one of the Douglasses, said
"'What ! go ye about to do that which ye have promised ? Though your
coat be sure and strong, your heart is dull and faint'—and therewith wept."
Pringill heard Argile say that if Casselles, Moungomerye and the sheriff of
Ayre "came not to him according to their band of manred" he would have
their lands. They intend still to treat with Mr. Sadleyr for peace, hoping
for the aid of France. The Dowager will give all her jointure in Scotland
to the lords who have guard of the Queen, for her, and depart into France.
The lord of Craggie is one of her chamber, and well esteemed.
The Cardinal told Pringill that, the 5th day after his committal, he gave
George Douglas 400 cr., and after that he was removed to lord Seton's
place; and Douglas and Seton, being brother and sister's children, devised
his loosing from thence upon agreement that Seton's two daughters should
marry the laird of Lastirryk and lord Hume's son and heir (one of whom is
married and the other shall be). They then let him go to St. Andrews, upon
the bond of four lords, whereof Seton was one, that he should not depart
thence without the Governor's leave; and thereupon Douglas and the laird of
Grange rode to St. Andrews and released him of that bond. The Cardinal
said he marvelled that Douglas was against his loosing and the cancelling of
the bond; and Douglas replied that that was true, but he did it because otherwise
it would have been done by others, and he would have the Cardinal
know "that it was none but he that loosed him."
Wrote that as many of the garrisons as could be spared were appointed
to aid Douglas, upon his requisition. Finds that the captains fear that,
being but a handful, they will be betrayed to their enemies; but they will
do as the King commands. Will bring Pringill with him, and meanwhile
the premises may be notified to the King to show the intents of the Scots,
which Pringill declares to be nothing but fraud. Warkwourthe, 13 Sept.
Pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
182. Queen Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
Although, by the Sieur de Chantonnay, gentleman of the Emperor's
mouth, bearer of these, Henry will learn the success in Gheldres, she cannot
refrain from imparting to him her joy (esjoyssement). Credence for
Chantonnay. Viersen en la campigne, 13 Sept. 1543. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed, Endd.
28,593, f. 245.
II., No. 231.]
183. Francis I. to the Landgrave of Hesse.
Wrote on the 10th inst. of his intention. Sent Orleans to Luxemburg,
and was to follow with the rest of his forces, to succour his relative
and free Germany from fear of the Tyrant. Now news has come from the
Emperor's camp that the duchy of Juliers has surrendered to the Emperor,
and that Henry duke of Brunswick has obtained for the Duke of Cleves
terms beyond expectation; that the Duke himself has replied with regret
that he desires no aid from Francis, and that he could give no hope of
supplies either in the bishoprics of Treves and Cologne, or even in his own
dominions. (fn. 5) If so, what is Francis to do ? Will, however, await with
troops the issue of conferences at Neuss ("Consiliorum Novesianorum,")
and persist in his intention if the Duke wishes it. This was one part of his
said letters, the other part concerns the Landgrave, and his friends, and
they will do well to ponder it in time. Writes for two reasons. (1) to tell
them that he would never have abandoned the Duke of Cleves. even though
he had to postpone victory over the English and Belgians; and (2) to offer
help to remedy the present evils. Datum ex urbe nostra Sancti Manehildis.
13 Sept. 1543.
Lat. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 2.
32,652, f. 88.
184. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.
Since his former letters signifying what he wrote to Angus (to
surprise the Cardinal and Governor),—which, he fears, will not be done as
earnestly as he wished, although they may follow his advice to come to a
place of surety nigh Edinburgh and there "parliament" with the
Governor and Cardinal,—remembering that Suffolk has put ready 15,000
spears and archers on horseback, 8,000 of which, assembled on pretence of
a raid upon the Humes and Carres, might pass through to Edinburgh,
with victual for 8 or 10 days, without resistance by the power of Scotland,
has debated with his Council and finds it feasible for 8,000 under Suffolk's
leading, with such captains as he may choose (whereof the lord Warden
may be one), either to surprise Edinburgh with the Governor and Cardinal
in it, or else to burn the town, and the country in their return, sparing the
King's friends. Lest they should fly by sea 5 or 6 ships must be
immediately sent from Newcastle and Berwick into the Frith; and if they
fly by Stirling the King's party may "let" them. As the Scots have not
observed the treaty the King may with honor punish them. The journey
is not past 40 miles from Warke. If they set forth in the evening, sending
for Sir George Douglas on pretence that the purpose is to harry the
Humes and Carres, they may rest the next day, and next evening set
forward to be at Edinburgh in the morning; and then only disclose
the whole enterprise to him, and make him warn the other lords
lest the Cardinal and Governor steal away by Sterling bridge. If
surprised in Edinburgh they (the Governor and Cardinal) must enter
into the castle, which for lack of victual must yield within four days.
In any case the town may be, at least, burnt in spite of the castle; and
that and the damage done in the return will be worth the charges of the
enterprise, which also shall be done without danger, as Scotland is so
divided. Little ordnance will be necessary, but some culverins, demiculverins
and fawcons should be carried, and "shifts of draughts" for
them taken, so as not to impede the enterprise.
This is to be executed incontinently if Suffolk can in anywise furnish it.
Copy, pp. 7. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suffolk, xiiijo Septembris
32,652, f. 169.
185. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
As the King perceives from him that the Scots go about to reinforce
their Borders and make exploits within this realm, like as the writers, in
former letters, declared the King's pleasure for augmenting the garrisons as
Suffolk and the Council with him should think expedient, so now Suffolk
is to make proclamations (1) that whatsoever Scottishman will come in to
the King's warden and give pledges that he and his shall make no raid into
England nor hurt any Englishmen invading Scotland shall have his lands
and goods saved harmless; and that no friend of the King's prisoners shall
join any raid into England or go against Englishmen in Scotland on pain
of immediate execution if taken prisoner. If Suffolk perceives that the
prisoners go not "upon a very straight foot" with the King, he shall call
for all to enter; but, if he perceives that such as are accounted the King's
friends act uprightly, he shall only call for entry of such as are of the
adverse party—fixing a day for their entry, on pain of the execution of their
pledges, and having a good eye that, on publication of these things, the
pledges do not escape. He shall immediately write to Angus, Clenkern,
Maxwell and Sir George Douglas to warn their friends against being doers
in the intended displeasures to England, and in no wise to rise against
Englishmen who enter Scotland; on pain of instant execution if taken or,
if they escape, of ever after being used as manifest enemies.
Draft in Mason's hand, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to
the duke of Suffolk.
32,652, f. 92.
No, II., 32.
186. Tunstall to Henry VIII.
Thanks for his letter dated Amptell, 4 Sept., and the six pasties of
red deer brought, with it, by his servants Ric. Smyth and Thos. Arundell;
which kind remembrance of his "humble and old servant" makes the
writer younger by ten years. "Where the hart is a beast of long life, the
flesh of him killed with a king's hand and sent by his servants with his
comfortable letters declaring that he remembreth his old servant, being so
far from him, must needs engender in him to whom it is sent a renewing of
old spirits." Darnton, 14 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 510.
187. Wallop and Others to Henry VIII.
Enclose letters from the Emperor received this 13th (sic) Sept.
Have not yet received Henry's answer to their letters of the 4th. This day
the Great Master showed Wallop letters from the Lady Regent containing
that Henry had written to her for certain arquebusiers to be sent to Calais;
the Great Master saying that he would see to it with speed. Have always
found him of a gentle demeanour and frank and valiant courage. Hope
that, at their return home, he may have the conduct of them, and thereby
to take Mustrell or burn Base Boleyn. Arschot, who is departed this day
to Quesno for a day or two to take medicine and repose, desires to be
commended to Henry.
Arschot and the Great Master are informed that the French king has written
to Vandosme, in case the Emperor repair into Picardy, to burn and destroy
his own country about Perronne and St. Quintyn, "like as they did at the
Emperor's coming into Provynce." Camp of Fountayne au Boys, a mile
from Landresey, 14 Sept. Signed : John Wallop, T. Seymour, Rich.
Crumwell, Robert Bowis. G. Carew, J. Seynt John, J.(?) R[ay]nsforth.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 94.
Papers, I. 290.
188. Sadler to the Council.
Has received the King's letters of 9 Sept., with copies of those to
Suffolk and to the well affected lords here, which last were delivered to
Sir George Dowglas at Berwick on Wednesday last. The old Queen
Dowager, Governor, Cardinal, Huntley, Murrey, Lenoux, Argile and
Bothwell intend to be here on Monday or Tuesday next. While at
Stirling, they have chosen a Council to direct the Governor; whereof the
Dowager shall be reputed principal, the rest being the Cardinal, the abp. of
Glasgow, who is Chancellor, the bps. of Murrey, Orkeney, Gallowaye and
Donbleyn, the abbots of Pastle and Cowper, the earls of Anguysshe,
Huntley, Murrey, Argile, Lenoux, Glencarn, Bothwell and the earl
Marshal. Yesterday lord Flemyng and the abbot of Pastle were sent to
Anguysshe, to declare how he is chosen one of the principal of the Council
and persuade him and the rest to convene here on Wednesday next.
Whether they will come unless assured that the treaties shall be performed
is doubtful. Maxwell, believing that the Cardinal and whole nobility will
condescend to the treaties in all points rather than abide the extremity of
war, labours to bring this convention to pass, as Anguisshe and he and
their partakers may in this town safely convene with the adverse party,
and so feel their minds; but, if they cannot bring it to pass peaceably that
the treaties shall be performed, they will, as far as Sadler can perceive,
remain ready to serve the King according to their promise. If this convention
take effect it will appear within this sevennight whether the
treaties are to be performed; and, if not, Angus, Glencarn, Casselles,
Maxwell and Somervell and their friends will dissever themselves from the
rest; but they are not able, without the King's power, to repress the adverse
party, "wherefore, if, in case of non performance of the treaties (whereof I
have no great hope)," the King is driven to use force, he should send no
less a power than if he had no friends here at all. The Cardinal, Lenoux,
Huntley, Argile and Bothwell, with the whole rabble of the Kirkmen,
cannot agree that pledges should be laid in England for the marriage, or
that the Queen should leave the realm until of age to marry; so that it is
thought this convention will essay to induce the King to relent in these
points. Will meanwhile learn men's affections here and solicit answer to
the King's late letters to Angus, Glencarn, Casselles and the rest.
Received the King's letters to the Provost here and to the town, and had
them forthwith delivered to the Provost, who sent them to Stirling to the
Governor. Yesterday the Provost and four of the chief of the town came
to Sadler to offer services and assure him that things should be amended;
and the Provost apart thanked him for his good report to the King, and
seemed glad of the King's letter; so it seems that the letters have wrought
some good, though "the common people of this town are much offended
with the sharpness of the same." Trusts that now they will leave him in
more quietness, and the better if they have their ships restored, for which
some of the honest sort request him to write; and, indeed, if he is to tarry
here long, he would be a suitor for it. Edinburgh, 15 Sept., at night.
Pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd.
189. Wallop to the Council.
Yesterday we left Fonteine au Boys and are now encamped half an
English mile from Landersey; being saluted at our coming with shots of
many great pieces of ordnance divided among the Duke's camp, the Great
Master's and ours, which killed but one boy, Burgundian. Here we make
trenches and bridges awaiting the Emperor's coming. Encloses copy of a
letter from the Queen to the Duke, and also articles sworn between the
Emperor and duke of Cleves. Sends them by bearer, Wm. Browne, who
repairs into England for his necessary affairs; for the King's ambassador
might report them but not the news of Landersey. Landersey, 15 Sept.,
"at afternoon." Signed.
P.S.—This day they of Landersey have shot no ordnance, but have sent
away 30 carts. "At this present hour I received advertisement of the
Great Master that Ardre should have been revictualled on Thursday or
Friday last. The likelihood thereof I advertised my lord Deputy of Calais
twice within fourteen or fifteen days."
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
190. R. Fane to Sir Henry Knyvet.
Thanks for his letter of the 11th. Would have written by Nich.
Alysander, Mr. Captain General's servant, but he made great haste away
and there was no news to write. Have moved camp and now lie on the
north side of Laundercy, towards Flanders, for access of victuals. Describes
the position of Laundercy and of their camp, and the fortifications of the
town; which is garrisoned by 3,000 pioneers, who have made it "three times
stronger than when we came first towards it," and, if left now, would make
it invincible. We are making a bridge over the river, westward,—not to
move our camp (for that we leave to the Emperor's coming), but "to compel
them to enter into their mewe somewhat before the season of the year
require it." They are victualled for four months, "very liberal of gunshot,"
and "they hate us most of all nations."
This day came news from the Emperor's court to "Mouns. Gramater"
as follows :—On the 7th, a treaty was made between the Emperor and
duke of Cleves, the Emperor having all Gelders and Zutyfen, and restoring
Gulik except the strong towns of Isberg and Zytter, and receiving Ravestene
town and castle upon promise of recompense. The Emperor will be at
Brussels on Tuesday next, and at Valentian on the 23rd or 24th. Orleans
has besieged Lusenbourghe, and the Emperor has sent 20,000 men to levy
the siege. With the Emperor come 40,000 of his best soldiers.
It is thought that half the Emperor's force will invade France by Arras,
and the rest join us here. Does not vouch for this nor the "rest that is
transumed out of Mounsr. Gramater's letter." From the camp, 15 Sept.,
5 p.m. Signed.
P.S.—Commend me to Mr. Barklay, Mr. Philip Hoby, and Mr. George
Blage, otherwise called Tom Trubbe.
"I wish honor, long life and quiet minds unto my lady Margaret's (fn. 6) grace,
and my lady Richemont, and no less to my lord of Surrey."
Pp. 3. Add.