II., No. 232.]
191. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
The French have appointed to relieve Arde with victuals, and, at the
same time, if the country of Brednok is left unguarded, to storm the
church of Ouderwyk and fort of Hannewaynes. It is important to you that
that fertile country should not be devastated, and to us that the road from
Calais to Gravelines should not be infested by the enemy; and therefore
the King thinks that Hannewaynes should no longer be defended by
peasants but by veteran soldiers. If your men are deterred by the expense,
he asks permission to furnish it with his own men. Credence for bearer,
who can describe the site of the fort. Woodstock, 16 Sept. Signed by
Westminster, Wriothesley, Browne and Winchester.
Lat., p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 98.
192. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Perceives by Henry's letters, dated Woodstock, 14 Sept., that he is
to set forth among the King's friends in Scotland the contents of the letter
to Angus; but the chief point is not feasible, for the Cardinal and Governor
dare not come to Edinburgh and are gone to St. Andrews, as appears by
Sir George Douglas's letter to the lord Warden (forwarded to the Council).
Will, however, move them to raise forces and get Edinburgh castle into their
hands; and advises bestowing some money among them. Suggests devising
a proclamation for them to make at Edinburgh and elsewhere, so as to
make a clear breach with the other party. If they refuse, it will be known
that they either lack power or good will; and, therefore, any exploit far
within the country will require an army able to withstand the whole realm.
As to the enterprise upon the Governor and Cardinal in Edinburgh; seeing
that they dare not come there, defers making ready the ships and raising
men, but prepares provision. And as to the army of 16,000 men to enter
half by the Berwick and half by the West Borders, will consult this day
and to-morrow with the lord Warden and some of the East Borders, and with
Wharton and some of the West. The burning of Edinburgh with only
8,000 men is impossible, for the Scots can in time raise a far greater force
to let it. As soon as the King's army begins to assemble they will join all
together to oppose it. Begs remembrance of draughts for ordnance and
costrelles filled with beer; for carriage of victuals must be on horseback—
wains will not serve in that country at this season. A proclamation, with
the entry of a main army, will make many revolt to the King's purpose.
Sends herewith a letter from Sir Wm. Eure to the lord Warden enclosing
one of lord Hume's. Darnton, 16 Sept.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : xvijo (sic) Septembris 1543.
193. Suffolk to Sir Richard Riche.
As there is a matter depending between Sir John Candysshe and
Chr. Lassells, and I have stayed Candysshe here on the King's service,
please direct the King's writ of commission to my lord President and
Council in these parts to determine the matter. Darnton, 16 Sept.
P. 1. Add. : Chancellor of Augmentations. Sealed.
194. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 9th. It is since reported that the Turks are withdrawn
from Albaregal to Buda. The Turk's death is reported from
Pectovia but not believed. Doria is arrived in Geane with 30 galleys and
1,500 Spaniards, who have joined Guasto's army of 14,000 soldiers marching
towards Nisa; but Barbarossa has burnt the town and departed,
carrying off many men of Nisa and Provence and certain French captains.
Some conjecture that he will return to Constantinople by way of Africa,
and attempt to take Tonys. The French ambassador, Moluke, has declared
to the Signory letters from the French King, of 27 Aug., alleging that the
prince of Melphi and Mons. de Brisake have undone 800 horsemen and
2,000 footmen of Henry's and the Imperial army in Henault, and that
there was such disorder between English and Flemings about precedence
that they are severed. The said Ambassador and the Bishop of Rome's
legate have bruited, by letters from the French court of the 5th inst.,
"that the Scottish Cardinal with his faction there hath taken arms
against your Majesty's fawtors and put all Scotland in tumultuation."
Against these "impudent lies" there lack no "grounded arguments."
At Mirandola 500 footmen have been made, to succour Maran, and embarked
at places of the duke of Ferare and the Bishop of Rome. Venice,
16 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
32,652, f. 101.
195. Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall to the Council.
Wharton and the expert gentlemen of the West Borders, and also
the expert men of the East and Middle Borders brought by the lord Warden,
have, after long debate and delivery of a bill (herewith) subscribed by those
of the West showing what victual and carriage is there and that no army
can enter that way, subscribed another bill (herewith) showing what they
think a main army can do to annoy the King's enemies in Scotland who
will not perform the late treaties, and what garrisons must be laid on the
Borders. If a main army enters, Suffolk will leave a sufficient number
to guard the Borders, use their horses for carriage, and send for them in the
event of a battle. Enclose a proportion, drawn by Mr. Shelley, of bread
and beer for 16,000 men for seven days, and a book showing what grain
and victual, carts and horses are at Berwick; also a bill of the master of
the ordnance, showing what ordnance and artillery at Berwick may be
spared for an army. If a main army is to enter, the draughts for
ordnance and 3,000 costrelles filled with beer for which Suffolk wrote
must be sent, for carts cannot in winter serve in that country.
Mr. Shelley, having the said costrelles, can shortly provide
bread and beer for 16,000 men for 10 days. With a main
army Suffolk will enter at Wark, "upon assemblaunce to enter into
Tyvidale upon the Carres and Humes"; and, when at Kelso, will, with the
whole army on horseback, ride in a night to Edinburgh (but 26 miles of
fair way as Sandy Pringle says), and summon the town to find means to
have the castle delivered to him within 3 or 4 hours or else he will put them
to the sword, man, woman and child, and burn the town. If they deliver
the castle, he will put in a garrison and take 30 or 40 townsmen as hostages
for it; and if not, he will sack and burn the town, and return, wasting the
countries of such as are not the King's friends. Darnton, 17 Sept.
P.S.—It is thought that, if a main army should not invade, 2,000 will
suffice to garrison the Borders, unless the Scots enforce their Borders with
great garrisons. The King may consider the cost of this garrison, and what
little hurt it can do the enemies, with the cost of a main army and the hurt
which it could do; and also the likelihood of such an army compelling
many to the King's devotion, and what little charges the King shall be at
after its return. If they fall to treating, Suffolk prays God they may
proceed with better faith than hitherto. Enclose a letter from Sadler to
the Council, and a letter of Bothwell's to the lord Warden with the copy of
Pp. 5. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
2. An opinion of certain Borderers that upon the West Marches
victual and carriages cannot be had for 12,000 men, nor for above 3,000,
except horsemen provided for a night or two, because :—1. In that country
is but "bigge and haver"; for wheat is supplied thither from Newcastle,
the bishopric of Dureme and Richmontshire. 2. There are no vessels nor
ovens to bake and brew; nor cask to carry beer, for all the country use
"pottes and standes with wide mouthes," except three or four gentlemen.
3. The carriages are "but evil wains with weak oxen, and no horse carts
there." 4. In the West Marches of Scotland are very straight and
dangerous passages and no victual, "and, in the same, mountains and
mossy country most barren without woods." 5. No trust is to be given to
any Scottish men within their realm. Signed : Thomas Whartton :
Thomas Curwen : John Lowther : Thorn's Sandffort : X'pofer Crakanthorpe :
P. 1. Endd : "Sir Thomas Wharton's divise, etc."
3. An opinion of certain Borderers that, if war is to be made this winter
against Scotland, such an army as entered Scotland with my lord of
Northfolke last year, able to meet the whole power of Scotland, is necessary
if it is to abide there above three days. It should enter by the East and
Middle Marches and should, if the power of Scotland be not assembled,
march in two battles near enough to unite if attacked; and within ten
days the Scots will either give battle or make "humble suits and offers,
and especially, we think, the Borderers will offer bonds for service." With
the necessary carriage and victuals, and seasonable weather, such an army
would do far more than a continual garrison. The garrison in the East
and Middle Marches of 700 horsemen and 100 workmen at Warke
should be increased by 200 horsemen; for, on learning the intention to
invade, the Scots "will be most cruel to do exploits afore the invasion."
During the invasion, my lord Lieutenant may send certain of the garrison
to the army if required; and afterwards, if no bond be taken of the
Scottish borderers, and if great waste be made by the army, 600 horsemen
will suffice for garrison. If trust be given to any Scottishmen "let experiment
be used" by appointing them to do some "anoysaunce" in Scotland
before the invasion. Signed : Thomas Whartton : Rauff Eure : Thomas
Curwen : John Lowther : Thom's Sandffort : Robert Collyngwod : John
Horsle : Xpofer Crakanthorpe : John Thomson.
Pp. 3. Endd. : "The divise of Sir Tho. Wharton, etc."
32, 652, f. 106.
196. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
Have seen his letters to the King, containing his opinion of the
enterprise to be made with 8,000 horsemen, the requisites for a main army
(including costrelles of beer from hence) and how the Governor and
Cardinal dare not come to Edinburgh, and that a proclamation should be
made in Scotland the specialties whereof he does not declare. Desire him
to take in good part that they speak more plainly to him than otherwise
they would gladly do. For where he dissents from their device, of an
enterprise with 8,000 horsemen as not sufficient to burn Edinburgh, they
think that all Scotland, upon sudden warning, is not able to encounter
with 8,000 horsemen well furnished; and, the Borders being able to make
so many horsemen as his certificates show, means of secrecy may be devised,
on pretence of raids and defeating of the garrisons which the Scots have
lately laid there. Doubt not that he will agree that this manner of exploit
would be more terrible, for the suddenness of it, than the invasion of a
main army, which now has one impediment more than may be hereafter,
viz., the conveying of drink by costrelles. Point out the usefulness of carts,
the number of men occupied in carrying by costrelles, and that the beer
would be sour ere it came there. If he persists in his opinion, they ask to
what purpose are the practices with the abbot of Passeley for the castle of
Edinburgh, with Sir George Douglas for Black Nasshe and with Angus for
Tentallon if the taking possession of them requires a main army? An
addition of 2,000 footmen would be useful for assaulting and burning;
but, for an encounter with the Scots, they think he will, on reflection, be of
their opinion. Being in the place of lieutenant, it is not meet that
Suffolk himself should adventure his life in this enterprise, but
he is to devise means of secrecy, and furnish victual for it when the King
shall see opportunity; for, since the Cardinal and Governor dare not come
at Edinburgh, whose apprehension was the ground for this invasion,
and whose fear to come thither argues some power in the King's friends,
the King thinks good to put over this enterprise, but to have all ready for
it in case the holds may be attained, or else the town of Edinburgh
misentreat his ambassador, or (from Douglas or other) the King shall learn
some good opportunity. Douglas is not to be made privy to any such
enterprise, but only communed with, according to the King's former
letters, of what his friends intend or desire. Suffolk should touch to him
the interception of the posts to and from Mr. Sadleyr, which, being done so
near Coldingham, cannot have been without the knowledge of his friends,
whereby they deserve no such restitution as he sues for; and should also
show him that the lord of Bronstone, in speaking of this, showed the King
that Douglas's friends might convey Sadleyr's letters, one to another,
between Edinburgh and Berwick as quickly and more surely than an
express post. If Douglas undertakes this, Sadleyr should be warned to
write important letters in cipher. Where Suffolk mentions a proclamation,
but no specialities of it, they can write nothing in that behalf. That the
Governor and Cardinal dare not come to Edinburgh is a token of the
strength of the King's friends.
Draft, pp. 14. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suffolk, xviijo Septembris
32,652, f. 104.
197. [Wriothesley] to Sadler.
Has not written for a good season because, through sickness, he was
absent from the Court, to which he returned a little before the King's late
removing from Ampthill. Communing for Sadler's safety from the fury of
those wretched people, found the King willing that he should withdraw to a
place of surety and surprised that he had not already done so, when some
strong place was offered by Maxwell and Somervil. Advises him to withdraw
to Tentallon till the King devises for his return.
Draft much corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 2. Endd : Mynute to Mr. Sadleyr,
xviijo Septembris 1543.
St. P., V. 340.
198. Sir Anthony Browne's Instructions.
Where the King was provoked to enter war with Scotland by the late
King of Scots, who died, after God had given the King great victory,
leaving an only daughter, his Majesty's pronepte, he, "of his gracious and
godly nature," both stayed his sword and hearkened to the suits of the
nobles of Scotland (and afterwards of the Governor and nobles there) for
peace and the marriage of the young Princess to my lord Prince. Which
peace and marriage were concluded by persons authorised by their whole
Parliament; but, after ratifying them, the Governor, seduced by the Cardinal,
has not put in the hostages required nor kept his other promises. The
King, considering that, where words and writings will not serve, the sword
must constrain such unfaithful people to reason, thinks it more than
necessary that, unless the Scots, without desiring any alteration of the said
treaties, make humble petition to the King (with offer of acceptable
assurance) to pardon their remissness and accept their suit, he should daunt
them by force. For the furniture of this force, Suffolk, Parr and Durham,
his Councillors in those parts, must be consulted; and Sir Ant. Browne is
addressed to Suffolk to inform him of that determination and consult with
the said Council within what time the 8,000 horsemen and 2,000 footmen
may be assembled; and thereupon to signify to the King within how many
days the entry into Scotland may be actually made when ordered.
As it is supposed that he will find Sir George Douglas with
Suffolk, the said Council shall enter frankly with Sir George to know
what he and his brother Angwish will do now, reminding him how
Angwish, a little before going into Scotland, "said he durst undertake to
set the Crown of Scotland upon his Majesty's head before Midsummer then
following," and how Sir George and others have continually sued to the
King to "bear and tolerate," and all things would succeed to his purpose,
whereas they have gone evermore from worse to worse. Reminding him
also of the bond, which he and his brother and other noblemen made, to
serve the King if the Governor should revolt, as he now has, or the young
Queen be taken from her keepers appointed by Parliament, who is now at
the order of her mother and the Cardinal (which bonds Browne shall carry
with him); and tasting whether he and the rest will make and execute a
proclamation in Scotland, of which Browne has the draft. If he seem
"slack and full of casting perils," they shall declare that the King will no
longer feed them with money unless he see some fruit; but if he answer
that he and his brother and their friends will do their duties, in refusing
to come to the Cardinal and in executing the King's commands, he must
be required to write the names of their friends of whom he is sure to take
their part "and if they use themselves otherwise, then to be taken as no
When Sir George is departed, they shall devise to put ready secretly 8,000
(altered from "eight or six thowsand") horsemen and 2,000 light footmen, to
enter suddenly into Scotland with the victual at Berwick and devastate the
country of the enemies even to Edinburgh gates, or (fn. 1) make further enterprise
of the town of Edinburgh if feasible. Having foreseen the provision of
victuals, assembling of men, description of captains and order to be kept, they
shall defer the actual execution, awaiting the King's pleasure. In the enterprise
the lord Warden shall enter as chieftain, with Browne, as the King's
Councillor, to advise and help him. And Suffolk shall take order that
garrisons be laid from time to time on the Borders for defence.
Browne shall devise with Sir George Douglasse to convey Mr. Sadler to
Tentallon, to be in surety from the King's adversaries.
Draft with corrections by Gardiner, and a few by Wriothesley, pp. 19.
2. Fair copy of the first paragraph of the preceding, headed "Instructions
given by the King's Majesty to," &c., Sir Ant. Browne, master of the
Horses, whom he sends "at this time into the North parts for the purpose
199. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
This King hearing that the French, 8,000 foot and horse, would,
within ten days, revictual Ardres, and considering, by his experience of
Frenchmen, that such a band would at the same time make other enterprises,
caused his Council to write me a letter (copy enclosed) and show me by a
map that unless the two places mentioned in the letter are not surely
guarded the French would spoil the Emperor's country and the King's
between Gravelines and Calais and stop all traffic that way. The Grand
Porter of Calais and another gentleman who brought the map prayed
Chapuys to write to her to provide experienced men to guard these places;
or else to let his men guard them, if she will put some artillery there and
command the neighbouring peasants to aid in making the necessary
ramparts. As there is no time to send and send again, the King desires
her to advertise his deputy of Calais of her intention therein. London,
18 Sept. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
200. Melancthon to Alesius.
A Pannonian guest is going thither (an honest and learned man,
pastor of the Church of God in the city of Corona (fn. 2) ), that he may hear the
churches of these parts, for he wishes his church to be joined with ours.
I gave him the pages of our last disputation, about which I much desire to
speak with you. O that we may hand down a plain and incorrupt doctrine
to posterity! This is my chief wish. Let others contend for power and
Latin. Add. : "Reverendo viro, eruditioni et virtuti præstanti D.
Alexandro Alesio, doctori Theologiæ in inclyta Academia Lipsica.
201. Melancthon to J. Snegius.
John Turstenius has been called to teach the church there, but
cannot at present leave this, so they have exhorted Master Johannes Anglus
to go. Commends him highly. He is an Englishman but has long lived
among the Germans. 18 Sept. 1543.
Latin. Add. : Reverendo, &c., D. Magistro Joanni Snegio, pastori
ecclesiæ Heidensis in Ditmarsia. (fn. 3)
32,652, f 114.
202. Sadler to Henry VIII.
On Monday night (fn. 4) last, arrived here the Dowager, Governor, Cardinal,
Murrey, Argile, Bothwell and their complices, except Lenoux and Huntley,
who are said to have joined Angus's party—and indeed Lenoux will not be
on the side that the Governor is of. Glencarn has sent word that Lenoux
would leave his affection to France and gladly ally with Angus, by the
marriage of the lady Margaret, in which case he hopes (as Sadler hears) for
the King's aid in the recovery of his title to this realm, which (he says) the
Governor usurps. Yesterday the Dowager sent lord Ryvan, (fn. 5) on behalf of
the Governor and Council here, to pray Sadler to speak with them. Found
them, in the Cardinal's house, set at a long board, the Dowager at the
board's end, with the Governor on her right and Murray on her left, the
Cardinal next the Governor, and the rest in order. When Sadler was, at
the Queen's request, seated, the Cardinal declared that they sent for him
for two causes, viz., (1) that they had seen letters from the King to the
Provost and inhabitants of this town, which were so sharp that they
thought the King must have been untruly informed, and, as the principal
occasion of them seemed to be that Sadler was not well treated, doubtless
he could show some specialty wherein he was mistreated, and they would
both punish it and provide for his due treatment hereafter; and (2) that,
where they learnt from him that one of his posts bringing letters was
detained by the Humes, they prayed him to impute it only to the
wildness of the Borders, and they would have the post delivered. In
reply, Sadler so set forth the ungodly violence of these townsmen to
him and his, and their vile railing on the King, that all seemed
sorry to hear of it, promising to punish it and prevent it hereafter.
As to the post, told them that the man was taken by Patrick Hume,
who has laden him with irons like a thief and threatened to hang
him with his letters about his neck; and duly engrieved the nature
of the default. They prayed him to ascribe it to the disorder caused by the
daily raids in Scotland by Englishmen. He retorted that like attemptates
had been made by Scots in England, which Englishmen would not suffer
unrevenged, and if peace was not observed the fault lay in themselves. The
Cardinal prayed Sadler "to garr him understand how the default should be
in them." Sadler said he would; and declared in order how, upon the
decease of their late King, Henry not only stayed his sword but, in zeal to
the wealth of both realms, was content to treat a peace and marriage, which
they concluded and swore to perform—the non-performance of which within
the time limited was the only cause of this disorder of the Borders. The
Cardinal replied that the greatest part of the nobility was not present nor
consenting to the conclusion of the treaties; doubtless, Henry was a prince
of such wisdom as would rather seek direct means for the authentic and
honorable conclusion of them than private ways which could not stand;
and the noblemen present minded no less to satisfy the King than the others
who had privately treated with him did, "in all things reasonable standing
with the honor and surety of their Sovereign Lady, and the honor, liberty
and common wealth of her realm." Sadler answered that they could not
say the King had privately treated with them, for their ambassadors were
instructed by Parliament and the treaties solemnly ratified by the Governor
in the name of the whole realm; which if they would perform should
redound chiefly to their own benefit, and if they listed to digress from them
the dishonor should be theirs. The Cardinal replied that doubtless the
King was a prince of such honor as would press them to nothing contrary
to the wealth, honor and liberty of the realm (and anything not repugnant
to the same they would gladly do), and if, "for not granting to that which
cannot stand with the honor and liberty of this realm," the King persecuted
his own kinswoman, an infant, it could not stand with his honor. Told
him he should not be judge of the King's honor; and bade him persuade
himself that, as the King had friendly proceeded to the conclusion of things
which undoubtedly tended to "the weal, honor and surety of his pronepte,"
so he would prosecute interrupters of the same as her enemies; and, if they
minded to begin any new treaty, they should but deceive themselves, for,
assuredly, the King would not relent in anything that was concluded—
indeed, at the time Sadler came here he durst have laid his right hand that
the King would never condescend so far—and therefore they should either
conform "out of hand to accomplish the treaties or else to declare plainly
their utter minds in that behalf." The Cardinal answered that they did
not send for him on purpose to talk of this matter; but when all the lords
were come, which should be very shortly, they would advise what to do in
it, "not offending the honor and liberty of the realm."
The Governor then took Sadler apart, and said that these men were very
stiff against the treaties, but he remained the same man as ever. Told him
he was sure that the King had once a very good opinion of him but
uncertain what was now conceived, upon his sudden revolt from the
noblemen by whom he might have wrought these men to his will; and as
to the treaties he could not with honor digress from them. He answered
that it lay not in him to perform them; but, when the other lords came,
he would declare himself as he had promised.
Here Murrey interrupted the communication. Evidently they were loth
that Sadler should talk long with him; and indeed they "use him like a
man of his wit," but fear his revolt from them. So Sadler departed.
Wrote in his last that lord Flemyng and the abbot of Pastle were sent to
persuade Angus, Cassells and Glencarn to a convention here. These lords
and Somervile have sent Sadler word, by James Dowglas of the Parke
Hedge, that their answer was that they must first advise with their friends
north of the Frythe; and also that to-morrow they all meet at Dowglas to
answer the King's late letters to them. They mean to answer the lords
here that they will come to no convention unless all concur to the
performance of the treaties, as appears by the enclosed letter from
Somervile to Sadler, showing his suit to have his son home. Maxwell
labours to have Angus and the rest come to this convention, upon a trust
that, when all are together, they will agree to perform the treaties. Sees
no likelihood of it, and knows not what he means by this solicitation.
This day he was here and spoke with the lords, but departed without
speaking to Sadler, to whom he sent word that this convention could do
no hurt and would show who were with, and who against, the treaties, and
that Angus would be as safe here as at Dowglas. No other of Angus's
party seems willing for this convention.
Encloses letters from the Provost of this town in answer to the King's.
Is now used more courteously, and has received a small present of
wine. Edinburgh, 20 Sept., at night.
P.S.—Huntley has arrived here (so the report of his revolt to Angus is
untrue); but a servant of Lenoux has just brought two letters (herewith)
from my lord of Glencarn, one to be addressed to lady Margaret Douglas
and one to Sadler. The servant's credence was that Lenoux had left the
Governor and Cardinal and, from being a good Frenchman, is become a
good Englishman, and will shortly despatch a servant to the King and lady
Margaret with his full mind. Signed.
Pp. 9. Add. Endd. : 1543.
*** The portion of the above letter after the beginning of Sadler's reply
about the post, is printed in Sadler State Papers, I. 294.
32,652, f. 120.
203. Sadler to Suffolk.
Refers to his letters to the King, which, because posts are taken on
the Borders, he sends by Henry Ray accompanied by an officer of arms
appointed by the Governor and Cardinal, who say that the posts are taken
against their will and promise him his letters untouched. Sees not that
the treaties will be observed unless for fear of war, and some think that the
Kirkmen desire war. Hears to-day that they intend to despatch him into
England, by giving him a resolute answer within 3 or 4 days; but unless
they force him to depart with their answer, he will await the King's
pleasure. Edinburgh, 20 Sept., at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed, Endd. : 1543.
204. H. Lord Maltravers to the Council.
According to their letters, has taken bonds of all French subjects
within this town and "faulxbourghe," the Skunage, and the bailiwicks of
Marke and Oye, Colham and Sandgate. Asks whether they are to be put
to ransom and remain or to have their goods seized and be expelled.
Sends his own reasons for thinking they should be "amoved." Calays,
20 Sept. Signed.
ii. "That it were good to amove out of the town and marches of Calays
the strangers born under the French king's obedience."—In this and all
other previous wars, French incursions into the Pale have always been
guided by Frenchmen who have been resident in it; and therefore it is to
be supposed that those who remain are not to be trusted, and will be so
still less "when they shall he exactioned." Better to amove them and
have them as open enemies than remaining as spies. There will be more
profit of their goods the sooner they are seized. And where the King
desired me to devise means for gradually amoving strangers and increasing
the number of Englishmen, this seems a good opportunity, and the example
would make other strangers more willing to depart hereafter.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
205. Trade with Flanders.
Note, by Hen. Bostoke, of the despatch of "Gentyshe clothe"
from Antwerp 30 Aug. 1543, and, by Otwell Johnson, of its receipt in
London 20 Sept., with the cost of custom, portage "to my house in
Lymestrete" and freight.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. by Bostoke : "at Mr. Cave's in Lyme Street."