206. Sir William Paston to the Countess Of Rutland, his
Daughter. (fn. 1)
Sends on John Calle, and he and his wife will follow as fast as they
may. Scribbled in haste this St. Matthew's Day in the morning.
P.S. in his omi hand.—Prays her to remember that if she foolishly casts
away herself it will both displease God and hinder my lord and her children.
32,652, f. 122.
207. Suffolk to the Council.
Has received theirs dated Woodstock, 18 Sept., rehearsing certain
points in his last letters to the King. As to his opinion that 8,000 men
was too few for the enterprise of Edinburgh, he will gladly follow the
King's pleasure and give place to their opinion. As to the army and the
costrelles, wrote it because of their letter conveying the King's determination
to enter Scotland with 16,000 men. Quotes the passage,—to the
effect that, unless the Scots observe the treaties, the King will invade with
16,000 men, by Berwick and by the West Marches, and desires Wharton to
be warned that they shall be 24,000 (for he would have it known to none
but his Council) and commanded to prepare victual and carriage for 12,000
to pass by Carlisle, even though this purpose take no effect and it is sold
again at a loss; and that, as for the things for which Suffolk has written,
all haste is made, and more brewers shall be sent if necessary. Afterwards,
came the King's letters for the enterprise of Edinburgh, not declaring that
the other determination was dissolved; and thereupon Suffolk thought the
time meet to invade with an army, both for the exploit of Edinburgh, the
destruction of the Marches and Tyvidale and the gaining over of those who
are now enemies. Agrees that carriage of victuals in carts is better than
in costrelles on horseback, if good carriages could be had here; but, after
last years' experience, advised costrelles, and thought the Council held the
same opinion when they wrote that all haste was made in the things he
wrote for, which where chiefly costrelles. There should have been no lack
of carriages to close the camp with, seeing that noblemen and captains
would bring strong carriages for their tents and baggage, which could pass
better than the weak carriages of this country. Upon the determination
for the army to invade, took opinions of what it might do, and about
garrisons, and caused Shelley to declare what victuals he could get. Is
grieved that, whereas he was appointed to the enterprise of Edinburgh,
now they think it not expedient to put him to this sudden travail.
Protests that he could do it as well as younger men, and fears that his
tarrying would be imputed to want of good will or courage. Wrote that
the Governor and Cardinal were afraid to come to Edinburgh, upon
authority of Sir George Dowgles's letters which he sent up. Darneton,
21 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 126.
208. Parr to Suffolk.
This night, received a letter from Brian Layton declaring that, on
Wednesday night, lord Hume sent 80 Scots over the water and laid a bushment
of 400 within Scotland. They spoiled Urde and departed. Alex.
Hume was in the bushment. Layton thereupon sent 16 men to Hume's
town of Slymprin in the Marse and lay himself in a bushment with 120;
but the Scots drove back his 16 men, so that he had repair to them. He
left 4 or 5 Scots in peril of death, took 10 prisoners and 24 horses and
burnt a "strong bastell." Has also received from Sir Ralph Eure a letter
(herewith) declaring the report of one Trumbull, lately taken prisoner,
touching proceedings of the lords of Scotland. If it be true that Lennox is
coming to the Borders with a garrison, the English garrison lately appointed
should be increased. On Wednesday night certain of Tindale took Sir
Robert Scot's towns of Appiltre and Chauerbenton, 10 miles within
Scotland, and brought away spoil (detailed). Warkwourthe, 22 Sept., in
the morning. Signed.
P.S.—Here have been Sir Robt. Ellercar, Robt. Collingwod and John
Horseley to confer of the laying of the 200 soldiers. They say that other
places besides those appointed need garrisons; and they will make their
certificate of victuals for the army in five days.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 128.
209. Sir Thomas Wharton.
"A remembrance of exploits done in Scotland," by command of Sir
Thos. Wharton, from 18 to 22 Sept. ao 35 Hen. VIII.
Being a note of spoils taken by the Fosters and Armstrongs (leaders
named) at lord Flemyng's town of Claide on 19 Sept., and from
Bukcleughe's kinsmen at Mydshopp and Thyrlstone, and Bukcleughe
himself at Eldynnope upon Yarrow, on 21 Sept. Signed : Thomas
P. 1. Endd.
St. P., IX. 512.
210. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Everything was prepared here at Brussels to receive the Emperor on
Wednesday last, (fn. 2) and the Queen had departed from Andwerpe hitherwards,
when the Emperor fell sick of the gout at Diest and she went to him there.
The Emperor then commanded the Estates to meet him at Lovain; but,
his disease increasing, he has sent for them to Diest. This sickness and
this moist weather may hinder his purposes. The duke of Cleves is at
Diest. Nimmeghe made difficulty about receiving the men-of-war, but the
Prince (fn. 3) insisted and they have suffered it. Amersfort is redelivered to the
Emperor. The Frenchmen have taken the town of Lutzenburch, but not
the castle, and have besieged Tyonville. Yesterday came letters to the
Master of the Posts out of Hungary and Italy, reporting the loss of
Albaregalis alias Stulwissenburgh, Guasto's departure from Milan on
the 4th inst., with 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, to succour Nice
castle, besieged by Barbarossa and his friends, and Doria's arrival at Genoa
on the 6th, with 30 galleys. Bruxelles, 22 Sept. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
28,196, f. 3.
211. The King's Printer.
Warrant of Henry VIII. to Sir Edw. North, treasurer of
Augmentations, for payment to Thos. Berthelett, his printer, of
117l. 0s. 6½d. due to him as appears by the book herewith. Wodestooke,
24 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Signed at the head.
Parchment. Subscribed with note of receipt of the money by Berthelet,
29 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII.
ii. Account, attached to the preceding, of printing work for the King,
from 9 Dec. 1541 to 12 June 1543, viz. :—
Delivered to the lord Chancellor, 9 Dec. 1541, 33 Hen. VIII.,
20 proclamations "for the enlarging of Hatfeld Chace printed in fine
vellum at vj d. the piece." To the King, 30 Dec., a New Testament in
English and Latin of the largest volume, 2s. To the King, 6 Jan., a
Psalter in English and Latin covered with crimson satin, 2s.; a Psalter,
the Proverbs of Salomon and other small books bound together, 16d.;
also "for a little Psalter taking out of one book and setting in another
in the same place and for gorgeous binding of the same book xijd.,
and to the goldsmith for taking off the clasps and corners and setting
on the same again xvjd." To the King, 15 Jan., "a New Testament in
Latin and a Psalter, English and Latin, bound back to back in white
leather gorgeously gilted on the leather : the books came to ijs., the
binding and arabaske drawing in gold on the transfile iiijs." To the
King, 18 Jan., a book called Enarrationes Exangeliorum Dominicalium
bound in crimson satin, 3s. 4d. To the King, 23 Jan., a Psalter in English
and Latin and the Enarrationes gorgeously bound back to back, 5s. To
Mr. Hynwische for the King "a paper book of vj quires royal, gorgeously
bound in leather," 7s. 6d. To the lord Chancellor, 25 Jan., 600 proclamations
concerning the King's style each containing a leaf of bastard
paper, 50s.; and, 4 Feb., 600 concerning eating of white meats, each
containing one whole leaf of Jene paper 25s.
The account is continued in the same minute way throughout, almost
all the items described as delivered to the King, as follows :—25 Feb.
Ambrosius super Epistolas Saneti Pauli, a Psalter in English and 2 little
Psalters. 28 Feb., Summaria [in] Evangelia et Epistolas ut leguntur, 12
copies. 3 March, Summaria in Evangelia et Epistolas (one copy gorgeously
bound); two books entitled Conciliaciones locorum Althemeri; one Opus
Zmaragdi. 5 March, one Novum Testamentum. 9 March, one Novum
Testamentum bound with Summaria super Epistolas et Evangelia. 12 March,
Authoritas allegabiles (sic) Sacre Scripture bound with the Summaria; Sedulus
in Paulwn; Petrus Lumberdus in Epistolas Sancti Pauli; Homelie Ven.
Bede in Epistolas Dominicales; Questiones Hugonis super Epistolas Sancti
Pauli. 15 March, Thomas de Aquino in Evangelia Dominicalia and
Homelie Bede bound together with others; Psalters in Latin and English;
Arnobius super Psalmos; Haymo super Psalmos; Jo. de Turre Cremata
super Evangelia; Omelia Haymonis super Evangelia. 16 March, Arnobius
super Psalterium bound with other books. 18 March, Arnobius super
Psalterium and a Psalter in English. 19 March, Homilie Bede Hyemales
bound with his homilies on the Epistles; Homilie Bede Aestivales.
23 March, Homilie Bede, Pars Estivalis bound with his homilies on the
"Pistols"; Enarraciones Sancti Thome de Aquino super Evangelia bound
with Bede's homilies on the Epistles. 25 March, a "Psalter in Latin
of Colines (fn. 4) print and one in English bound together"; Arnobius super
Psalterium bound with a Psalter in English; St. Thomas de Aquino super
Matheum. 26 March, Cathena Aurea Divi Thome de Aquino in Evangelia
Dominicalia; Postilla Gulielmi Pariensis. 28 March, Enarraciones Sancti
Thome de Aquino bound with Bede's homilies on the Epistles "ut per totum
annum leguntur in templis"; a Psalter in Latin bound with Arnobius;
Faber super Epistolas Catholicas; Dydimus Alexandrianus "with Beda
upon the Epistolas Catholicas"; Catanus super Evangelia. 30 March, Cathena
Aurea Divi Thome super Evangelia; Dionysius Caith. (sic) qu. "Carth."?)
and Faber Stape, (fn. 5) super Epistolas Catholicas; Dydimus Alexandrinus
and Beda super Epistolas Catholicas. 2 April, Thomas de Aquino in
Evangelia Dominicalia and Beda super Epistolas bound together; Homilie
Johannis Chrysostomi in Matheum; Homilie Jo. Chrysostomi in Johannem, Marcum
et Lucam. 11 April, "Dionysium (sic) Carthus. in Evang. in viij bound
in ij." 11 and 16 April (to the lord Chancellor); proclamations concerning
stealing hawks' eggs and keeping "sowre" hawks. 20 April, (to the lord
Chancellor) Acts printed in proclamations as follows :—Counterfeit tokens;
buying fish upon the sea; folding cloths in North Wales; pewterers; keeping
of great horses; crossbows and handguns; conveyance of brass, &c. over sea;
conjurations, witchcrafts, &c.; maintenance of artillery, debarring unlawful
games; execution of certain statutes; butchers; murder and malicious
bloodshed within the Court; lordships translated from Denbigh to Flint;
false prophecies; translation of sanctuary from Manchester to Westchester;
worsted yarn in Norfolk; continuance of certain acts; making of kerseys;
shipping of cloths. Binding "two primers written and covered with purple
velvet and written about with gold," 6s. 6 May, 12 of the statutes made in
Parliament holden in 33 Hen. VIII. 11 May, (to Mr. James, Mr. Dene's
servant, for the King) a great book of paper imperial bound after the
fashion of Venice, and another bound after the Italian fashion. 14 June,
(to Mr. Daniell, servant to Mr. Deny, for the King) two books of paper
royal bound after the Venetian fashion. 5 Nov. (to Mr. Secretary
Wrysley) 3 dozen "books of the declaration of the King's Highness' title to
the sovereignty of Scotland." 30 Dec., (to Mr. Jones, servant to Mr. Deny)
five Tullius de Officiis bound in paper boards and one gorgeously gilted for
the King. Binding and gorgeous gilding of a paper book delivered 14 Jan.
to Mr. Turner. 7 Feb. (to Mr. Hynnige) a great book of royal paper bound
in Venetian fashion. 9 Feb., (to the lord Chancellor) proclamations for
white meats. 6 March, (to the Council) three "books of the Institution of
a Christian Man made by the clergy." 6 April, (to Mr. Hen. Knyvett) a
"bridgement of the statutes gorgeously bound." 8 April, (to the Council)
3 little books of the Statutes, 3 books of the Six Articles, 3 of the proclamations
against Anabaptists, 3 proclamations of ceremonies, 3 of the
injunctions and 3 of holy days. 4 May, (to the lord Chancellor) proclamation
concerning price of sugar. Binding "a book written in vellum by Master Turner
covered with black velvet." 31 May, (to the Chancellor) proclamation of
the following Acts, viz. :—For the advancement of true religion; explanation
of the statute of wills; bankrupts; preservation of the river Severn;
collectors and receivers; making of coverlets in York; assize of coal and
wood; "that persons being no common surgeons may minister outward
medicines;" authorising certain of the Council to set prices on wines;
making of pins; making of friezes and cottons in Wales; paving streets
in London and Westminster; knights and burgesses in Parliament for the
county palatine and city of Chester; for certain ordinances in Wales.
1 June, 24 books entitled A Necessary Doctrine for any Christian Man;
also 24 more on the 3rd, and again on the 4th June. 12 June (to Mr.
Stokeley) proclamations of the Acts for the advancement of true religion,
explanation of the Statute of Wills, bankrupts, Severn, collectors and
receivers, coverlets, surgeons, pricing of wines, pins, and friezes and cottons.
Signed by lord Chancellor Audeley.
Book of 22 pages, of which 5 are blank. Endd. : Bartlettes book, the
King's printer. Docketed in Sir Ric. Riche's hand : "Paye thys."
32,652, f. 129.
212. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
To decipher the Governor's determination, the King once purposed
to write him a letter as in the mynute enclosed; but, considering that the
Governor might use it to his own advantage, now thinks that Suffolk and
the Council there should send a personage secretly to him, with a letter of
credence, to declare the very tenor of the said mynute and press for answer
in writing. This personage, if examined of it by others, is to utter in
general terms the first part of it, leaving out that which touches the
Cardinal and the enterprise, and denying that he spake it if the Governor
"would avouch it unto him."
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of
Suffolk, xxiiijo Septembris 1543.
lb. f. 131.
2. The mynute.
Remembering how things have passed between my King and you, and
how you now stand by the circumvention of such as seek their own commodity
and your ruin, for the good will I hitherto conceived of you, I
remind you of "the extreme danger whereunto you be brought " (as doubtless,
by this time, you perceive), how far your late proceedings vary from
your former promises to my Sovereign, both by letter and to his ambassador
there, and with how gentle a prince you have had to do; who, undoubtedly,
minded your great benefit, and by whom, "such is his most benign and
gentle nature," if you leave this trade to which you have been led by your
secret mortal enemies and let me know, by your letters, that you repent it
and eftsoons desire his favour, you may still be received and I will be a
suitor for you.
If you intend to follow this advice, I desire you to let me know it by
letter; and I think you should, forthwith, send for your friends secretly to
repair to you, at Edinburgh, in such force as to apprehend the Cardinal
and the chief circumventors and take Edinburgh Castle, in which to save
yourself until aid come from the King. But if you resolve to "ensue still
the aveugling of your enemies," I pray you to keep this motion to yourself,
lest I might thereby incur displeasure, and let me know your resolve
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 7.
32,652, f. 135.
213. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Yesterday at 3 p.m. the Queen Dowager, Governor, Cardinal and
other lords here, as Murrey, Huntley, Argile, Bothwell, Mountrosse,
Flemyng, &c., and the bps. of Glasco, Murrey, Orkeney, &c., sent for him;
and the Cardinal declared to him that, whereas a treaty had been passed
between Henry and the Governor and other lords here, and also proclaimed,
upon assurance of which merchants here sent their ships to sea, the said
ships were not only taken in England but incourses, burnings and spoils
made in the Borders of Scotland as in open war; and they desired Sadler to
tell the cause of the taking of the ships, and help to their restitution.
Replied that the Governor knew as much of the stay of the ships as he
did, which was because they were laden with victuals into France, contrary
to the treaties, and because such as were in the ships spoke slanderously of
the Governor; and the disorder on the Borders was first provoked by their
Borderers. The Cardinal said these causes were not sufficient for stay
of the ships, for they carried no victual, except it were fish, which
was their common merchandise, and, by the treaties, the subjects of
both realms might use their accustomed traffic with such merchandise
as they have been wont to transport; and, as to unseemly words, the
punishment of them pertained to the Governor. Sadler answered
that, by the treaties, they might not send victuals or any kind of aid
to the King's enemies, and fish could not be denied to be victual. The
Cardinal, praying him to help to the restitution of the ships and goods,
left that matter and said that, whereas the Governor ratified the treaties and
delivered them to Sadler, who delivered them again to the laird of Fyf, who
carried them into England to obtain the King's ratification of them, the King
had not ratified them as required. Sadler replied that the laird of Fyf was
sent (as the Governor knew) not only to receive the ratification but to sue
for respite of the conditions of the treaties; whereunto the King had
answered that, perceiving them to proceed faithfully, he would bear with
them for a time, and, "as the hostages were not laid, which was the
principal knot of the treaties," he deferred the ratification. The Cardinal
then demanded whether, if they conformed to the laying of hostages and
accomplishment of the treaties, Sadler could promise that the King
would accept it, restore the ships and redress attemptates done on the
Borders since the abstinence (as they for their part would do); for otherwise
it were vain for them to devise upon the perfection of the treaties.
Sadler answered that, considering how the time was past for performance of
the conditions and what alterations daily arose here, he could not promise
that the King would do all this; but, knowing the King's affection to the
weal of this realm and the tranquillity of both realms, he supposed that, if
the King saw them proceed to the effectual execution of the treaties, he
would accept it and also restore the ships and redress the attemptates.
The Cardinal, on behalf of the rest, required him to write for the King's
pleasure in this. Replied that he would do so with a good will, and thought
they should declare whether, if the King would grant it, they would indeed
concur to perform the treaties; so that he might write that too. They
answered that "the matters were weighty, and they must needs have time
to devise upon the same." Told them that he doubted not they had
sufficiently devised thereupon, and had resolved what they would do; but
could get no more of them. There was some question of the validity of
the treaties, which they alleged to have been passed privately, and Sadler
replied to the contrary.
On Saturday night, (fn. 6) arrived lord Somervile, the sheriff of Ayr and the
lord of Donelanerik with letters of credence from Angus, Cassells, Glencarne,
Maxwell and Sir George Douglas, to the effect that, unless the
Governor, Cardinal, &c., would concur to perform the treaties, they would
come to no convention but stand to the performance of the treaties, as a
thing which the Governor and the Three Estates had promised. Yesterday,
after many high words used by the Governor and Cardinal and their
complices, they answered that, if Angus and his partakers will perform the
conditions "and lay the first hostages of themselves and the prisoners,"
they will concur. So that, as Somervile says, if the King will accept prisoners
for the most part, or the half, of the pledges, the treaties will doubtless
be performed; and, when Sadler answered that the King would certainly
not accept any of the prisoners, Somervile said there was then no way
but force and the King must prepare for war. Somervile told him, further,
that Angus and the rest had made answer to the King's letters and would
send it by the West Borders. As far as he can perceive, they are determined
to stand to their promises.
When yesterday with the Queen Dowager, Governor and the rest, Sadler
demanded delivery of his post and the letters as promised. They answered
that the post was a soldier of Berwick and had stolen goods of Patrick
Hume, who, therefore, took him for a lawful prisoner. Replied that,
though he were one of the garrison of Berwick, he was an ordinary post
appointed to serve at this time and, coming with the King's letters, ought
not to be intercepted. The letters were sent to Sadler within an hour afterwards.
Understands that they kept them here two or three days to prove
their cunning in deciphering them, but failed. The packet contained
nothing else but a letter from Suffolk and Durham, with a copy of a letter
from the King to Angus which he will set forth. Edinburgh, 24 Sept. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 8. Add. Endd.
lb. f. 140.
2. Decipher of part of the preceding.
Pp. 2. Endd.
32,652, f. 141.
214. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
The King's letters herewith show how things stand. Yesterday, at
his being with the Queen, Governor, Cardinal and other lords here, they
required him to write for the stay of the continual raids on the Borders,
and they would likewise write to their wardens to keep good rule. Thinks
this should be done, until it appear whether they will perform the treaties—
of which there now seems more hope, the only difficulty being that they
would, now at the first, lay some of the prisoners for pledges; which Sadler
thinks the King will not admit, but would gladly know his determination
therein. The post of Berwick who was taken is not delivered; but the
letters were sent to Sadler yesternight, viz., theirs of 13 Sept. signifying
receipt of his of the 11th inst. to the King, with others, and desiring to
know whether he had advanced the 100l. to Angus (which he has not done,
as he has already written), and a copy in cipher of the King's letters to
Angus; the original whereof is probably detained by the Governor and Cardinal,
if the post that was taken carried it to Sir George Douglas at Coldingham, for
he was taken before he came to Coldingham, and indeed all the danger of
interception is between Berwick and Coldingham. Edinburgh, 24 Sept.
Hol., partly in cipher, pp. 2. Add. Endd.; 1543.
2. Decipher of part of the preceding, with a note in Tunstall's hand
that "Mr. Sadler mistrusteth without cause the interception of my lord of
Anguish letter, for his brother Sir George hath written that he had read it
and would deliver it, as appeareth by his letter."
Motion made (to gratify the English ambassador) in the Venetian
Council, 24 Sept., 1543, to license Mr. William Cobham and Mr. John
Schiere with their three English servants (named) to wear weapons. Not
St. P., IX.513.
216. The Privy Council to Bonner.
The King has received all his letters, the last dated 3rd inst. Mons.
de Chantonnay brought letters of credence in the Emperor's own hand and
declared the victory of the Emperor in Gelders and submission of the Duke,
and how, after setting Gelders in order, the Emperor, with an army large
enough to make two sufficient armies, intends to invade the enemy; and
thereto besought the King to give 150,000 cr., which should "wage his
sould for one month," as heretofore the King waged the Emperor
Maximilian. It was answered that the King congratulated the Emperor
on his victory and would gladly give the money, but could not do so
because of his own great charges in aiding the Emperor and king of
Romayns (to whom he advanced 10,000l.), maintaining forces beyond sea
and in Scotland (where, after consuming much treasure in reducing them,
the people are so unstable and so aided out of France, that it is doubtful
"whether he shall be fain again to daunt them wholly with force") and
preparing his main army to invade France next year; nevertheless, if the
Emperor would reinforce our men now there and permit them to repair to
Mutrel, Arde, or elsewhere at the King's appointment, he would entertain
his men for a month longer than the treaty bound him; and for more
ample declaration of these things he would shortly send a personage to the
Emperor. This answer Bonner shall repeat to Grandvele; and shall also
remind him that, whereas the treaty appointed the navies of both sides to
be abroad within a month after the indiction of war, and he has done his
part, they have not "done the semblable"; requiring them to take order
in this, for hitherto the King has defended all the coasts of the Low
Countries. Woodstock, 25 Sept. 1543.
Draft, pp. 2. Ending : "Your lordship's assured friends."
2. Copy of the 21st article (fn. 7) of the treaty of peace between Henry VIII.
and Charles V. [of 11 Feb. 1543] followed by a paragraph, headed
"Intentio," which sets forth that, seeing the instance which has been made
by Henry's ambassadors both to the Emperor and to Queen Mary for the
observance of that article, it is surprising that there has been so much delay on
their part. Henry's exertions alone have hitherto kept open the passage to
Antwerp and prohibited in great measure the French from fishing, whereas if
the Emperor's forces had co-operated, the French might have been prohibited
from fishing altogether. The Emperor is therefore to be diligently
besought to command his ministers to observe the article better hereafter.
Latin, pp. 2. Endd. : "Le memorial de l'ambassadeur d'Angleterre
touchant les navires sur la mer selon le contenu de xxj article de traicte."
3. Modern transcript of § 2 from a copy at Vienna.
Latin, pp. 2.
217. Suffolk, Tunstall and Browne to [Parr].
For causes to be declared by Sir Ant. Browne, we require you to
repair hither speedily, "with a few with you," bringing Sir Ralph Eure,
Robt. Colinwood and John Horseley, for a consultation, "leaving the
Borders in as good order as ye may." Darnton, 25 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Flyleaf with address lost.
218. Wallop to Henry VIII.
On 23 Sept., arrived Don Fernando de Gonzago, captain general of
the Emperor's army lately in Cleves, who rested the night in the Duke of
Arschecote's tent, and on the 24th, with the Great Master, viewed the town
of Landercy and then came to Wallop. He said the Emperor suffered
from gout in coming from Venelo, but was amended and would be here in
7 or 8 days; requiring Wallop to remain until his arrival. He also said it
was resolved that he with 8,000 Italians and Spaniards, 30 ensigns of
Allemen and a great band of horsemen should march straight to Guyse and
besiege the castle, wherein were the duke of Vandosme and Mons. de Bees;
where, being between the French king and Landercy, they should give
much terror to Landercy and provoke the French King to battle, which the
Emperor desires. Wallop replied that he had received the King's letters
directing him to remain with the Emperor's power, besieging Landercy or
invading France, and urged that the army before Landercy should not
depart without taking it, seeing that the French king had employed such
time and charge upon it that it was in reputation like Turyn in Pyemont.
He said this army should still remain and besiege it, reinforced with 6,000
Frysons under Mons. de Bures and 20 great battery pieces.
That night Gonzago departed, to conduct his army as devised, and it was
decided to besiege Landercy on both sides. The master of the Duke's
ordnance asked the aid of the King's master of ordnance and his pioneers,
who spent the night making a trench towards an old tower adjoining the
town gate, which trench shall be finished with another night's work. The
French king is at Cowcy castle, 6 miles from Vandosme's house called Le
Faire. His army that was at Tyemvile in Luxembourg is retired; and he
has sent for 4,000 Allemen and 400 men of arms to put within Merle, a
town of the duke of Vandosme's brother that is now with Barbarossa.
Yesterday three lanceknights brought a letter directed to Henry out of
Allemen; saying they were commissioned to carry it, but their money had
failed. Sends it, to save charge, "knowing them to be very covetous," and
has put them in wages here. Has just received a packet from Fernando
Gonzago containing a letter to Henry and one to himself. The latter
mentions his desire to do Henry service. Sends the other. Camp before
Landercye, 25 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.