32,652, f. 191.
II., No. 60.
269. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has seen his letters of the 5th and 6th to Suffolk and the
Council in the North (points recapitulated). The Cardinal being fled with
the Dowager to St. Andrews, and the Governor ere this come in to the
King's friends, who have won to their side such a number (as they have
written) that they may do what they list, the King marvels that they put
so many impossibilities to things which are feasible enough. Sadler shall
tell Douglas or Angus that, if certain of them desire licence to visit the
Queen, her guardians will doubtless grant it, as they have done to the
Cardinal and Dowager; and, once inside the castle, they may, with such of
her guardians as are their friends, find means to get her into their
hands. They have good cause to desire a sight of her, as she may be
conveyed away and another child kept in her place. Such jugglery has
been seen before. As to the strongholds; the King desires much to
have Dumbar and Dunbritayn, to cut off access by water from their
enemies. If Linoux has such desire to serve the King and so
fervent love for the King's niece, Lady Margaret Douglas, he will not
stick to deliver Dunbritayn, which is not his inheritance. These points
are to be set forth with dexterity, to the intent that they may answer
them in the resolution which they intend to send the King.
To Casselles he shall say that the King takes in thankful part his desire
for the apprehension of the French ships about Dumbarton, and would be
glad of his advice how best to send his (the King's) ships to the West of
Scotland for that purpose. If they perceive that the money and munition,
if brought a-land, could not be kept from the Cardinal and his complices;
Casselles, Glencarn and Linox should keep the ships from landing either
legate, ambassador, James Stuard, or munition, until the King's ships (if
Casselles advise the enterprise) arrive. Sadler shall write to Glencarn that
the King thanks him for his readiness to win the money and munition
brought for the French party; and require him, if Linox appear scrupulous
to lay hands on the Legate, to take him prisoner to his own use, for he is
very wealthy and will give much for his ransom.
Finally, Sadler shall advise Angus and the rest not to show too much
"good semblant" to the Governor, lest Linox conceive suspicion and revolt
again to the Cardinal, having such commodity by the arrival of James
Stuard, who will not fail to persuade him again to the French party.
Draft, pp. 20. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Sadleyr, xjo Octobris 1543.
270. H. Lord Mawtravers to the Council.
Whereas their letters of the 7th signified that the writer should
avoid all French strangers out of the town and marches, and that Sir Edw.
Wotton and Mr. Ant. Rous, treasurer and comptroller, should sell their
goods to the King's profit; letters have since come to Mr. Ryngeley to sell
such goods within the county of Guysnes, and deliver the proceeds to Mr.
Palmer, treasurer of the crew at Guysnes. Wotton and Rous had already
taken into their hands the goods of some of the inhabitants of Guysnes,
who are but few, and, as treasurer and comptroller, can do so with "less
suspicion of the final intent" than Ryngeley, who must show special
commission. Ryngely, besides, for his charge of the castle of Guysnes and
"his v . . . legg, is unmeet to travail for the execution thereof" and
seems willing to be rid of it. Begs to know the King's resolution. Cales,
11 Oct. 1543.
Hol., pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.
271. H. Lord Mawtravers to Paget.
Upon the Council's letters of the 7th, for the expelling of all
strangers born under the obeisance of the French king, and confiscation, by
the Treasurer and Controller here, of their goods, there arise certain doubts.
1. In the case of children born within the Pale, "those that be above the
age of viij years I intend to reserve and set in work"; but those under that
age must be fostered if they remain, and if removed with their parents they
may hereafter return and claim the benefit of Englishmen. 2. The
removing must be done by proclamation, and if the penalty of breaking the
same be less than death many of the strangers will venture to return.
Begs to know the King's resolution with speed, "because the said strangers
are upon the point of th'avoiding." Calais, 11 Oct. 1543. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
34 Hen. VIII.
"King's letter commanding Sir Anthony Saint Leger, deputy of
Ireland, to repair to the King's presence, and appointing William Brabazon,
vice-treasurer, justiciary of Ireland during his absence."—Oct. 12, 35o.
Morrin's Calendar, p. 95.
*** Another enrolment to the same effect in 36 Hen. VIII. m. 4d. See
Morrin's Calendar, p. 113.
See Grants in October, No. 12.
273. Granvelle to Chapuys.
Received yesterday his letters of the 7th, of the King of England's
refusal of safe-conduct for the French fishery and instance for the equipping
of the ships here, and at once showed it to the Queen; who said she had
already written to Mons. de Beures, as admiral, and others in Holland and
Zelande to prepare the said ships and thought them already at sea, but she
made them a re-charge. The King has done marvellously well to refuse
the safe-conduct and may be assured that none will be given here. The
Emperor's army is before Landreschies and will, it is hoped, carry it shortly.
Will keep him advertised of what succeeds, and of the King of France's
approach, who brags always that he will give battle. Has furthered the
payment which Chapuys's man solicits here. Binche, 12 Oct. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
St. P., V. 347.
274. Suffolk to [Angus].
I perceive by your lordship's letter, dated Edinburgh 9th inst., that
a great part of the Carres, etc., of Tyvidale are lately become "your men
and servants" (whose names are in a memorial sent therewith), and that
your brother Sir George gave me a bill to have the Rudderfurdes and
Turnbulles your servants, with others, as Fernehyrst. As the King wishes
your friends forborne, so he looks to have them join, and not be against,
his subjects and garrisons in exploits against his or your enemies; and
albeit Sir George gave me a memorial of such as he would have forborne,
as Hunthill, Hundelee, Bone Jedworthe, Fernehyrst and others, Hunthill
and Hundelee have ridden in England as enemies, and Bone Jedworth has
defended the enemies. Nevertheless they and the others shall be
forborne, if they take no part against us, except Fernehyrste,
who lately laid his son with 400 men in wait for ours returning
from an enterprise upon Bukclewgh, and divers were hurt and
slain on both sides. Since, under colour of your brother's protection, he
has done you this villainy I must take him as the King's mortal enemy.
Darnton, 13 Oct.
Copy in the hand of Suffolk's clerk, pp. 2.
32,652, f. 202.
II., No. 61.
275. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Upon the contents of Henry's letter of 30 Sept., has had conferences
with Angus, Cassels, Maxwell, Somervell and Sir Geo. Douglas; but not
with Glencarne, who departed hastily with Lynoux to Donbretayne upon
the arrival of the French ships, as Sadler wrote to Suffolk and the Council
at Darnton. Angus and the rest appeared willing to the things which
Henry's letters required; but yet they made difficulties, especially Maxwell,
who desires to know what Henry, being now at open war with Scotland,
intends, swearing great oaths that, since he saw Henry and tasted his
liberality, he has wished that he were king of Scotland. All said that if
they knew whether Henry would indelayedly send in a main army or make
frontier war this winter they could better determine how to serve him; and,
considering the barrenness and natural strength of the country, they
thought an army at this season could do little. Advised them to declare to
Henry what they would do; and they asked for articles in writing, which
they would answer, and these Sadler gave as in the schedule enclosed.
After five or six days' deliberation, they said that the daily alterations among
them, specially through the coming of the French ships, made it impossible
for them to give a direct answer; but they would shortly send some one to
the King with their whole mind.
Afterwards, Douglas came and discoursed of these things, alleging that
it was impossible to declare what they could do, seeing what daily
alterations chanced, and how the Governor, who had been wholly for the
King, had revolted to the other party, and Lynoux, who came as ambassador
for the French king, had joined the King's friends. The world was so
full of falsehood he knew not whom he might trust! Yet he thought Lynoux,
although young, was more constant than the Governor, but that he would
require two things of the King, viz., (1) the marriage of Lady Margaret
Douglas, with a convenient living in lieu of that which he will lose in France,
and (2) assistance in attaining his title to this realm which the Governor now
usurps the government of, which realm (Douglas thinks) he will take at the
King's hands. Douglas thinks the marriage should be granted; but, for the
other, another way should be taken, which is, that, passing over the winter with
communication or frontier war, Henry should next summer make conquest
with a main army (when his friends would put all this side of the Frythe
into his hands), and, by suppressing the monasteries and giving them to
such noblemen as will serve him, win all the noblemen and gentlemen on
both sides of the Frythe to his devotion. Douglas says that Lynoux should
be entertained, because he is of great power here, and if assured to the King
will do good service; wherefore (as he and Glencarne are now at Donbretayne)
Angus, Cassells, Maxwell, Somervell, the sheriff of Ayr and Douglas mean to
ride westwards to him, to establish his good determination towards the King
and see the money and munition from France kept from the Dowager and
Cardinal. They have word from Lynoux and Glencarne that the money
and much of the munition is already in Donbretayne castle, with the
Legate and French ambassador; and they intend to persuade Lynoux
to repair to the King to see lady Margaret, and will send with him
some other of the King's friends. (fn. 1) And this day they are ridden westwards
for the above purpose.
The Dowager, Governor, Cardinal, Huntley and Bothwell are at
Stirling, devising how to get thither the Legate and French ambassadors,
with the money and munition, which is 50,000 cr., 3 cannons, 2 double
cannons, 40 falcons, 80 light field pieces called here quarter falcons, and
300 half hakes, with shot and 30 last of powder. The French ambassador
is Monsieur la Brochey, and with him is come a councillor of Roan.
Cannot learn the Legate's name, but he is said to be a patriarch and
come to set unity between the lay people and the clergy. As soon
as Lynoux departed, the Governor came hither, upon trust, as a
mediator, to persuade Angus's party to a convention with the Dowager and
Cardinal and that party at Stirling. Angus and his sort answered that, as
long as the Cardinal was in place or council, they would not meddle. So
the Governor departed, promising to return in 3 or 4 days; but now he has
sent to Angus and Maxwell to speak with him at Lythcoo, which, being in
their way towards Donbretayne, they will do. The Governor says openly
that he will not be of the same party as Lynoux, unless Lynoux "confess
his title to be second person of the realm"; which Lynoux, claiming like
title, will never do. Angus, Lynoux, Cassells, Glencarn and the rest came
hither with no great force, only household servants; and, ere they were all
assembled, news of the French ships brake their purpose, and they despatched
Lynoux and Glencarne to Donbritayne. Now they intend to make a
new assembly at Glasco, and, having put the money and munition in safety
and heard the French ambassadors and the Patriarch, they will despatch some
noble person (if possible Lynouz himself with some other) to confer with
Henry. Edinburgh, 13 Oct. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 8. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 207.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
Pp. 2, large paper.
Ib. f. 206
3. "Certain heads and articles to be answered by the earl of Anguishe
and other the King's majesty's friends here," wherein he desires resolute
answer, viz. :—
Whether they will deliver the Governor and Cardinal to the King, or
else deprive them, or what they will do? Whether they will establish such
a council as the King named? Or appoint such noblemen to the custody
of the Queen? What they will do to get Stirling, Edinburgh, Dunbar and
other strongholds? Now that the King is in open war with Scotland,
what they will do in case the King only make frontier wars this winter, or
in case he invade with a main army?
In cipher, p. 1.
Ib. f. 208.
4. Decipher of § 3.
32,652, f. 210.
II., No. 62.
276. Sadler to the Council.
Has received from Suffolk and others of the Council at Darnton a
copy in cipher of the Council's letters of 6 Oct., of which they, probably,
keep the original because not in cipher, for it is much ado to convey letters
surely. Has communed with Angus and the King's friends upon the
contents of the said letters, which they will execute to their utmost power.
The Governor came to Sir George Douglas at Dalkeith "upon trust," and
likewise has since been here with Angus and the rest; so that to lay hands
on him would have dishonoured themselves, which they trust the King will
not require of them.
Has spoken with the Provost and others touching the ships and goods
stayed; whose answer was that they would advise and repair again to
Sadler with their resolution. The last Provost left office at Michaelmas and
Sir Adam Otterbourn, who has been ambassador in England, is now chosen
Provost; who is noted to be of the Cardinal's faction, and yet, to Sadler,
pretends the contrary, alleging that his trouble in the late King's time was
"because he was suspected to be over good an Englishman." Cannot hear
where the Faulcon and other ships of Depe chased into Montrose and
Dundee by the King's navy are become. The Faulcon was conveyed away
from Montrose three weeks ago by the mariners and soldiers, leaving the
captain behind, who is here and says he knows not where she and her
fellows, being but two small boats, are. Edinburgh, 13 Oct. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 211.
2. Decipher of part of the preceding.
277. Sadler to the Council.
The letter of this date printed in Sadler State Papers, I. 315, is of
the 13th. See No. 276.
278. Francis I. to Christian III.
Thanks him for his friendly mind declared through the French
ambassador John Fraxinei. (fn. 2) Christian must remember that they have a
common enemy, and the least misfortune to one of them must affect the
other. Wonders therefore not a little that his confederate the Duke of
Cleves has made such a surrender to his enemies, &c. Is pleased with
Christian's answer to the King of England, &c. Folembrazy, 14 Oct. '43.
Low German translation of a Latin letter.
279. The Privy Council to Chapuys.
Have received his letters of the 10th, with those of the Emperor to
him and the credence of Simon, the bearer of the same. In reply, the King
commands them to signify that he is pleased that the answer sent by Mons.
de Chantonay was agreeable to the Emperor and that, as shown both by
Chapuys and Wallop, the Emperor was resolved to proceed against the
enemy, and, most of all, that the Emperor is convalescent. Can write
nothing certain about Scotland, such is the instability of that nation.
Have written to the Drapers for his lodging and taken order for the arrest
of the soldiers fugitives from the Emperor's camp.
French, p. 1. Endd. : "Mynute to th'Emperor's ambassador, xvjo Octob.
280. [Paget] to Wallop.
Thanks for remembrance in his letter to Mr. Treasurer. After the
closing of the Council's letter to Wallop, the King willed the writer to
signify, by this private letter, that, considering the plot of Landresey, both
written and printed, it appears not to be "prenable" by assault without great
loss, seeing that the French king has so great a force to levy the siege.
The King thinks that two mounts of earth should be made where the ground
is highest, and from these ordnance to beat the houses and scour the streets
continually, while the mortars from the camp shoot day and night such shot
as will break of itself and scatter abroad. He supposes this might be done
easily, the Emperor having so much ordnance and artillery; and commands
Wallop to suggest it to Mons. de Rieulx or other the Emperor's lieutenant
there, but does not thereby mean to prescribe to those who are on the spot
and can best judge. In an assault Wallop must not be too hasty to put his
men forward; and likewise if the Emperor and French king join battle
"you must desire in anywise to have the Spaniards as near your men as
Finally you shall take occasion to inform the Emperor's lieutenant of the
approaching "term" of the four months, desiring that, in case the Emperor
requires you longer, order may be taken for payment of your wages on that
day, for you have received wages only for the four months and Englishmen
are wont always to be paid their wages for a month before. You "shall
return at your day, except th'Emperor will entertain you at his own cost."
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 6. Endd. : "Mynute to Mr. Wallop,
xvjo Octob. 1543."
32,652, f. 219.
II., No. 65.
281. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
An espial called John Moore, surgeon, a Scottish man who has long
dwelt in England, whose letter of news they lately sent to the Council, is
returned, showing as follows :—Angus departed from Edinburgh westwards
on Friday last. John Barton has three ships ready, the Mary Willughbye,
Lyon, and another, prepared at the cost of the burgesses of Edinburgh,
nominally to make war against the Portingales, but really to make prey of
Englishmen to recompense their losses. In coming by Newcastle, Moore
warned Mr. Uvedale thereof, who caused the mayor to stay two merchant
ships that were ready to sail. Moore spake with Glencarne and Lynoux in
Donbretayne castle; where all the money and munition brought from
France is in Lynoux's hands (the money being but 10,000 cr.), so that if
Lynoux now stick fast to Angus they may do what they will; howbeit
Lynoux demands, with lady Margaret, to be heir to Angus's earldom
though he have children by the wife he has now married, to which Angus
will not agree. The Cardinal has divorced Bothwell from his wife, by
whom he has many children, to the wonder of all Scotland. Mr. Sadleyr
cannot escape from Edinburgh, where Sir Adam Ottyrburne is lately made
provost. Moore counselled Sadleyr to get out of the town with Angus.
The Dowager, Cardinal, Murrey, Huntley, Argile and Bothwell are at Stirling,
and, if these French ships had not come, were agreed to perform the
treaties and lay hostages. Darnton, 16 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—The said espial, whom they have sent back to Angus to learn
more, says that if the legate from the bp. of Rome should come to Edinburgh
they would kill him, for the townsmen and 10,000 more in Scotland are
against the Bishop, and have assaulted certain "freereges" which the
friars had to defend by force.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 213.
II., No. 63.
282. Sadler to the Council.
Has received a copy in cipher of theirs of 11 Oct., with the King's
command to confer eftsoons with Angus and the other lords; which he
cannot do, as they are departed westwards and it behoveth him not to ride
about, the open wars and great damage daily done to the Scots so stirring
the people against him that he cannot remain here without danger, and is,
by means of Angus and Douglas, to be conveyed to Temtallon within these
3 or 4 days, unless this town detain him (indeed they are loth that he should
depart, as his presence keeps them in hope of recovering their ships), as he
is secretly informed that they will.
Touching the obtaining of the young Queen; was told, before receipt of
their said letters, that it was impossible to get her out of Stirling castle by
force. Cannot see that the policy expressed therein could prevail; for her
guardians are "all undoubtedly of the adverse party" and suspect that Angus
and the King's friends wish to convey her to England; and they suffer none
of the nobles to enter with more than one or two servants, saving the Dowager,
who, by Parliament, is admitted to be resident with a certain number. They
said plainly that they knew not how to come by the strongholds, and
that, when they were here, the Captain of the Castle kept all his ordnance
mounted and charged, to have beaten them out of the town if they had made
proclamations or acted in derogation of the Governor's authority. Dunbar
castle is held by a stout man who bears no affection to England and would
not deliver it to the Governor or any one else. Lynoux would as lief
depart with his right hand as with Donbretayne castle, and to move it to
him were the next way to make him revolt to the adverse party, with the
French money and munition; and therefore Sadler's advice is not to be
over hasty for that till it be seen whether he will repair to the King. The
sending of ships to apprehend the French ships at Donbritaine is
disappointed now that the money and munition, Legate and Ambassador,
are landed, and the ships brought into the haven; so that Sadler need not
confer with Cassells therein. Sees not that they intend to take the Legate
and Ambassador prisoners, but to honor them as ambassadors, for which
purpose, now that they have the money and munition in Donbretayne
castle, they will convey the ambassadors to Glascoo, where they may be
better entertained. The Dowager, Governor and Cardinal sent strait
command to Lynoux to convey the Legate and Ambassador, money and
munition, to Stirling; but he refused. He may send the Legate and
Ambassador to Stirling, but Sadler is sure he will not soon part with the
money and munition. Edinburgh, 16 Oct. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 215.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
32,652, f. 217.
II., No. 64.
283. Sadler to Suffolk and Others.
Has received theirs of the 13th with the clause of Sir Ralph Evers'
letters to the lord Warden and the copy in cipher of the Council's letter
(answer herewith). Where they desire him to commune with Sir George
Douglas touching such as he desires to be assured on the Borders as his
friends; cannot now speak with him, but, at his departure hence, he said
he would shortly be on the Borders and speak with the lord Warden.
Where they are informed that John a Barton sets to sea the Mary
Willoughby and five other ships; he has long been intending, against the
will of his friends, to venture with them to Bordeaux for wines, and the
ships, which are "half merchants and half men of war," have been so
long laden that they must venture or the goods will perish. Yesterday,
the wind being north, John a Barton was aboard the Mary Willoughby to go
forward, but the wind turning into the south, he came a land again, and
some say he will not go at all; but it is thought that, as soon as wind
serves, he will venture, having said himself "that if God will, he shall
escape and perform his voyage, and if not he knoweth the worst."
Edinburgh, 16 Oct.
Hol. pp. 2. Add. : To, etc., the duke of Suffolk, lieutenant, etc., "and
other the lords of his Majesty's Council resident at Darneton." Endd. :
284. Albert Duke of Prussia to Henry VIII.
Was glad to see by the King's letters that the falcons had arrived
safe and gave pleasure. Rejoices that they gave amusement to a mind
wearied with weighty and serious affairs. Would like to gratify him with
something better, but as his territories do not produce much, he again sends
12 falcons, more beautiful than the others. Commends his subjects who
come to England with their ships to Henry's care. Sent last year to
Henry's consort, of the line of the dukes of Juliers, a white osprey (nisus)
with letters, but his falconer brought no reference to the letters and reported
that Henry received them and the osprey. As Henry's letters do not
mention this, he does not know how far to trust his falconer, and begs the
King to write of it, and also to commend him to his said dearest kinswoman,
his consort. Centuries ago the Margraves of Brandenberg built a strong
citadel in Prussia to which they gave the family name of Brandenburgk,
but in the wars of recent times it was destroyed. Is exhorted to rebuild it
and begs Henry of his liberality to grant him some aid towards the work.
"Datæ ex Regiomonte" (Königsberg), 16 Oct. 1543.
Lat. Hol., pp. 3. Marked at the end in another hand "manu propria
ss'pttis (?)." Endd. : "The merques of Brandenbourough to the K's Mate,
xvjo Decemb. 1543."
(R. T., 149.)
2. Modern transcript from Königsberg of the above letter.
Lat., pp. 3.
32,652, f. 226.
II, No. 68.
285. The Privy Council to Sadler.
The King has received his of the 13th inst., and seen his private
letter to Wriothesley, showing that he remains in Edinburgh, after the
departure of Angus and the King's party, being in some perplexity whether
the town will suffer him to depart. The King marvels that he puts himself
in such hazard as to abide there behind (fn. 3) them, especially now that the
Governor has revolted to the King's adversaries. He can abide in no
surer place, nor where he can better serve, than with Angus and the King's
friends; for which indeed the King appointed him, if he saw need, to
repair to Tyntallon. He shall take the commodity of any of the King's
friends going to Angus to go with them; or else signify to Angus that he
is commanded to repair to him and desire escort.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to Mr. Sadleyr, xviijo
286. Chapuys to Charles V.
This King heard with great satisfaction the contents of the
Emperor's letters to Chapuys of the 2nd and those of Granvelle of the
4th inst., as will partly be seen by the Council's letters herewith.
Mr. Wallop will declare the rest, to whom the King sends instructions as
to the capture of Landrissy and progress of the war.
Briant will have related how the Cardinal of Scotland, hearing of the
King's preparations to invade Scotland, retired to a benefice of his, and
thereupon several there declared in the King's favour, and those of this side
of the Borders raided and harried lands of some of the Cardinal's adherents
and defeated with notable loss about 1,000 Scottish horse. News has since
come that seven French ships were arrived in Scotland with the Patriarch
of Aquilea and the captain of the Scottish Guard of the King of France,
with 500 soldiers, 50,000 cr., 10,000 pikes, 4,000 halberts, a great
number of arquebuses and much munition, and that the Patriarch had
already persuaded the assembling of the Estates in order to dissolve and
annul the treaty last made, offering them absolution of their oath. The
King will have to look well to it, as he means to do. London, 18 Oct.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
35,652, f. 221.
II., No. 66.
287. Suffolk, Parr and Tunstall to the Council.
Perceive by theirs from Grafton, of 16 Oct., that the King has
shipped 300 tun of beer hither, to be forestalled ere it come to Berwick and
uttered at places convenient. At Berwick is already 100 tun of beer,
"which cannot be uttered in this country, for here they care for no beer,"
but may serve for the King's ships that shall come hither, as they have
written to Mr. Shelley, to whom and to Newcastle they have also written
to send this beer now shipped back to Hull, and have written to Hull to
stay it until instructed whether to return it to London or utter it in
Flanders. Pray that it may not meet with the Scottish ships now ready to
set forth; of whose setting forth they have warned the coast as far as
Hull and Grymysbye. Where the King desires to know what ordnance is
at Berwick; they send herewith copy of the book lately sent up with Thos.
Sotehill, and have written to the captain of Berwick to send a book of all
that was in charge of the late master of the ordnance. Remind them that
Suffolk, at his first coming, six months ago, sent them a book of all the
ordnance, artillery and munition at Berwick, as well for the town as for an
army. Darnton, 18 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Enclose two letters received to-day from Mr. Sadleyr, one to the
Council in cipher, with the "uncypheringe of it," and another to the writers.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,652 f. 223.
II., No. 67.
288. Sadler to the Council.
The French ambassador[s] who lately arrived at Donbretayne came
on Tuesday night to Stirling, where the Legate came on Monday; so that the
King's advice to Glencarne to take the Legate prisoner came too late.
The Dowager, Governor, Cardinal and Huntley are all lodged in Stirling
castle, and dare not lie in the town for fear of Angus's party. Yesterday
the French ambassadors had access to the Dowager and Governor. Cannot
learn their message and legation, although it may be easily conjectured;
but the French money is in Lynoux's hands in Donbretayne castle, with as
much of the munition as could be landed "in so short a time." Angus,
Lynoux, Glencarne, Cassells and all that party are at Glascoo, save Sir
George Douglas, who lies very sick at Penkey, four miles hence. Has no
advertisement from them since they left; and espials who were ready to
serve him when the Governor was on our party are now slipped away
with their captain. Edinburgh, 18 Oct. Signed.
P.S. (fn. 4) in his own hand.—If he is to remain here he must have more
money. Spends the King's money to small purpose, and no little danger to
himself, for the war stomachs people against him.
In cipher except the postscript, pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 224.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
32,652, f. 228.
II., No. 69.
289. Henry VIII. to Angus, Cassillis and Glencairn.
Perceives by theirs of the 12th inst. their inclination to advance his
affairs as opportunity may suffer. Learns, from his Ambassador and from
them, the towardness shown by Lynoux, who, if his deeds correspond to
his promises, shall find great kindness at Henry's hands; but warns them,
seeing how they have been deceived by the craft of the Cardinal and the
inconstant and untrue dealing of the Governor, to work so substantially in
this new confederacy with Lynoux and all others, that their affection to the
advancement of Henry's affairs, with foresight for their own assurance,
may appear to all the world. Thinks that Anguisse, Lynouz, Cassall and
Clynkerne, with the advice of Sir G. Duglas, should alone take the direction
of affairs; for where many are of counsel things cannot be kept secret.
The money and munition brought from France, now in Donbarton castle,
should not be entrusted to one man alone. They should appoint men of
fidelity to oversee it and persuade Lynoux to consent, telling him that,
leaving the castle in one man's hands as he has done, he may peradventure
put a weapon in his enemies' hands; for the Cardinal will work by all
means to get it, and the inconstancy and unfaithfulness of men nowadays
they have themselves experimented in the foresaid earl of Arrayn.
Entertaining as they do this Legate and Ambassador, they should, still,
not suffer them much to go abroad to spread rumour among the common
Draft in Paget's hand, with many corrections in the King's own hand, pp. 9.
Add. Endd. : Mynute to th'earls of Anguishe, Casselles and Glencarn,
xixo Octobris 1543.
St. P., IX. 521.
290. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Since his last of the 7th, it is divulged that the Turk returns to
Constantinople, leaving 30,000 horse for the presidye of Hungary. He has
had incredible loss of men by pestilence. Both Turk and Christians
fortify their confines. Ferdinando, who has been in arms hitherto, will
not proceed further as the winter begins to be sharp. Barbarossa is
returned to winter at Tolon, licensing the corsairs to infest the seas,
against whom Doria has sent 20 galleys out of Geane. The galleys of
Naples and Sicily have infested the Archipelago and the Turk's lands in
Grecye, and spoiled Filipopoli, but the report of the taking of Rhodis is
vain. Guasto is at the obsidion of a French fortress in Piedmont. Maran
has been relieved. The Italians sent to Hungary by the Bishop are
returning, spoiling the country as they pass. The Bishop has set a tax
for 300,000 cr. of subsidy against Barbarossa, although hitherto has been
no enmity between the Bishop and Barbarossa. The Roman clergy rumor
that Scotland is rebelled against Henry. Practices are mentioned for
sending Pathis, Kildare, Brensetour and other rebels to Scotland by
the Roman bishop and French king, "but I cannot see to what use such
rascals can be." 12,000 Swiches have gone to the French king, only for
defence of France. Three or four of the cantons refused their consent.
That nation's reputation in arms is decayed. Italy is in expectation of the
success of this war against France. Venice, 20 Oct. 1543.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.