Henry VIII
October 1543, 26-31

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1902

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'Henry VIII: October 1543, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2: August-December 1543 (1902), pp. 173-186. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76773 Date accessed: 02 October 2014.


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October 1543, 26-31

26 Oct.
R. O.
307. Garrisons.
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 26 Oct. 35 Henry VIII. :—Brief declaration of Uvedale's account.
Showing that at his declaration on 27 Sept., he had (whereof, broken and refuse gold 107l. 8s. 8d., in a bill of prest of the earl of Rutelande 100l., in a bill of prest of Sir Robt. Bowes 66l. 13s. 4d.) 3,092l. 6s. 5½d. Whereof paid :—
By Suffolk's warrants :—Suffolk's diets, and the wages of 100 men in his retinue for the month ending 20 Nov., 233l. 6s. 8d. Wages of Angus and Geo. Douglas and their 200 men for the month ending 19 Nov., 207l. 4s. Prest to Angus, 100l. Petrus Franciscus, trumpeter, wages at 18d. a day for two months to 19 Nov., 4l. 4s.
By lord Parre's warrants :—Parre's own diets and the wages of 100 of his men for the month ending 19 Nov., 176l. 8s. Wages of 460 men now in garrisons for the month ending 19 Nov., 475l. 10s. 8d. Nic. Throkemarton, servant to Parre, for rewards given by Parre to sundry persons, 30l.
He has also disbursed (sums detailed) for coats, conduct money to Newcastle, and wages, from their arrival at Newcastle until 19 Nov., of the following captains, each with 100 men, viz., George Soulbie who arrived at Newcastle 23 Sept., and Jasper Owen and Kenelm Throkemarton who arrived 6 Oct., 622l. 3s. 5d.
Remainder 1,243l. 9s. 8½d.
Memorandum that diets of Suffolk and his 100 men, wages of Angus and Douglas and their 200 men, diets of the lord Warden and his 100 men, and the 760 men now lying in garrisons will exhaust monthly 1,399l. 15s. 4d. Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, p. 1.
26 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 249. B. M. Hamilton Papers II., No. 74.
308. Nicholas Throkemorton to Suffolk.
This morning, on arriving from Berwick, received a letter to the lord Warden from Mr. Dowglas (enclosed). As he omitted on the 24th to write all occurrents at the last exploit in the Marshe, and now finds the lord Warden gone to Court, this is to advertise Suffolk that John of Blaketer, after his first onset, before daylight, continued during their abode in Scotland to pursue them. By the captain of Norham's advice (considering that this was contrary to Mr. Douglas's promise when he received the lord Warden's assurance) (fn. 1) sent George Selbie to him with a message warning him to desist. On coming to Blaketor's company Selbie found that he had withdrawn to Lord Hume's company, further off, but declared the message to one of Mr. Douglas's household servants; who answered that they could not find in their hearts to see their neighbours spoiled and not defend them, adding "that England might well fill their bellies, but the sa[me] should not daunt their hearts." One of Blakettor's servants among the prisoners taken said, at Berwick, (words given) that the Douglasses would ere long manifestly abandon England, or else Angus would be appointed a ruler in Scotland and George Douglasse would get him committed to prison, as though for his constancy to the King. Will repair to Suffolk with diligence. Warkeworthe, 26 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
26 Oct.
R. O.
309. Scotch Raids.
"The persons of Scotland that were at the rode the xviijth day of October," viz., Master Howme, the lord of Ayton, the lards of Wetherborn, Cokborn, and Blaketer, the old lard of Blenarn, "all assuryd" (fn. 1) ; Alex. Home of Wetherbourn. Household servants to Sir George Duglasse :—The young lards of Redepethe and Blenarn, Robyn of Cokborn, Thome Karre, Jorde Karre, one of them taken, Sandy Lydel, Henry Lydel that slew the captain of Norham's man. James Glenwhyme, servant to the lord of Sesford.
In another hand :—In the East end of the Marshe (fn. 2) , the baronies of Coldingham, Bonkle, Folden and Langton, the lordships of Blaketer, Weddirburne and Cockburne, and Easte Nyesbeth, Weste Nyesbeth and Swynton lie between Berwick and any ground of lord Hume's, "saving Kelloo that was brent," whose nearest town is Fogoe, 14 miles from Berwick.
"These persons met all together at Fogoe, in the Marse, the xxvjth day of this instant October," viz., the lord Hume, the lards of Langton (fn. 3) , Colden Knowes, Spote, Wedderburne (fn. 3) , Aytton (fn. 3) , Cockburne (fn. 3) , Swynston (fn. 3) , Wederly, Spottes Wodde, Edmerston, Thornedykes, Comlyche (fn. 3) , Myllestons and Repethe (fn. 3) ; Alex., Patrick and Robyn Hume, brethren.
Pp. 2.
26 Oct.
R. O.
310. Wallop to Paget.
Sent him packets of letters on the 21st and 20th. That of the 20th contained a packet directed in Latin to my lord of Winchester, with a private letter of Wallop's, and was sent to Tychet at Calais; the other went by the Emperor's post to his Ambassador. Paget wrote on the 17th to give timely knowledge to the Emperor's lieutenant of the term of the four months, &c. (recited), "alleging that th'Englishmen are wont to be paid always their wages for a month beforehand." Therein, has written to the King the Emperor's answer, who would fain have them remain at the King's charges.
On the 24th was taken a Frenchman that came out of Landersey with letters in his purse, and another letter in cipher sewed in his coat. The letters in the purse were full of the usual brags, saying they had plenty of victuals. Knows not yet what was in the cipher. The man declared that, if not revictualled in 10 days, they must give over. Of wine they have only a pint a day for the gentlemen and sick men. They have not corn to make bread for a longer time, their beer is made of oats, and their water is naught and wood very scarce. The Emperor's 21 cannon and the Duke's 17, "all shooting at the castle and at a round tower that flanketh, have so well battered that the marquis of Maryllon, master of the Emperor's ordnance, sent word to the Duke this morning that by to-morrow he will make such a breach as shall be 'saultable.'" Great scarcity of boots in the town, where gentlemen offer 10 cr. for a pair. The Almains would have overthrown the bulwark but for the rain filling their works. In mining they followed the King's advice, and also in the shooting of mortars. The mortar that shoots artificial bullets, of which he wrote to the King, shot last night in presence of the duke of Arschot, my lord of Surrey, Mr. Carew and others, "who say that it was a strange and dreadful sight to see the bullet fly into the air spouting fire on every side; and at his fall they might well perceive how he leaped from place to place, casting out fire, and within a while after burst forth and shot off guns out of him an hundred shot every one as loud to the hearing as a hacquebut à crocq, whereof they counted well four score; and what hurt it hath done I know not yet." Thinks this "fantasy" would please the King, and that the Emperor would let the maker go to him. He seldom shoots the "bullets artificial," but the 7 mortars all shoot common bullets often. Thus the King's device is followed, all except the platforms. Shots that miss the wall fall in the town.
The town is so trenched that no one can enter or issue; yet the French boast that they will revictual it. Last night looked for the Dauphin's coming with 8,000 horse to do so, and had both camps, Fernando's and theirs, ready to receive him. This night he is looked for again. Trust not to return to England until they have Landercy or else some victory. In the assault, will follow the King's advice and let other men assay whether there be fire artificial in the trenches; "which shall be hard for me to do, our Englishmen be of so great a courage." But for them there had been no battery made; for the pioneers all fled for fear of the gunshot, which killed divers of them. Lends the Duke every day 60; and to-day began to lend Maryllon 100, who had as many Almains who, because one lost his arm and another was killed, all fled away, so that Maryllon sent to Wallop for more aid, offering to pay men 6½d. a day nightly as the Duke does. Fernando de Gonzago said yesterday that "he wished of God to have us with him if he should fortune to fight."
Begs him to show Norfolk that my lord of Surrey has lost no time. Such a siege of a town of strength has not of long time been seen in these parts, and, although slow, it grows now to good perfection. Commendations to the lord Privy Seal, Winchester, Hertford and Admiral. The camp before Landersey, 26 Oct.
P.S.—Could get here 40 or 50 Albanoys for the King, who, "with the Northern men at Gwysnes, should do good service, for they be skilful, and can do hurt and save themselves." Begs to know what answer to make to the Almain who keeps prisoner the Scot, Alexander Gordon, brother to the earl of Huntly. Had him stayed by the Emperor's command, or he had been gone these two days.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
27 Oct.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI. II., No. 253.]
311. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
By the copy of the letters herewith she will see the instance which the Council here make for the sending of the ships of Flanders, besides what the King lately said to Chapuys's man. Begs her to hasten the affair which she knows to be very necessary.
"Madame, il se dict que du coustel d'Escose (de mot à mot comme dans la lettre à Granvelle du 27 Oct.), etc., etc." (See No. 312.)
French. Modern extract and note from Vienna headed : Chapuys a la Reine, 27 Octobre 1543."
27 Oct.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI. II., No. 250.]
312. Chapuys to Granvelle.
His letters of the 12th could not have arrived at a better time to answer those of the Council of the 20th (sent herewith); but nevertheless they have again made Chapuys a recharge touching the equipping of the ships of Flanders, as appears by their letters of the 25th. Both the Council and the King (who spoke to Chapuys' man) took in good part Granvelle's care to send continual news; and they approve the revoking of those who were before Guyse. As to the mishap of the Sieur Francisco d'Ast they are sorry, but think and hope, as Granvelle writes, that sometimes it is well to sacrifice to fortune, as was customary in the wars of the Romans and has been proved in the Emperor's affairs. The King's inclination to the Emperor seems always to increase and he would like, if a battle took place there, to have in the Emperor's camp 15,000 more men, even if he had to give them four pays apiece. He has not taken in good part a foolish letter written by the earl of Sorey, of which Chapuys will send Granvelle the duplicate, who has been commanded not to make such reports; but no sign of knowing this need be made to him there, especially for the risk to those who informed Chapuys.
It is said that a great embassy will shortly come from Scotland—wherefor the Council know not, nor any certainty touching Scottish affairs.
Thanks for favour shown to his man. London, 27 Oct., 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
27 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 261. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 76.
313. Henry VIII. to Arran.
Since the arrival of this bearer, sent from you whiles you occupied the place of Governor, as ambassador from that realm, we have heard that you, forgetting your duty to that realm, your honor and your secret promises to us, have "submitted yourself to the government of your enemies and surrendered the state which, you bare us in hand, was given you by Parliament." This appeared when the Cardinal, "your new recounted friend," in presence of our ambassador, affirmed, in your hearing, that our covenants with Scotland "were passed by private authority;" thus accusing you of untruth to that realm and to us, in sending the ambassadors, and showing you that he esteemed for no Parliament the convention wherein you were named Governor and the said ambassadors appointed. And you have so behaved that the covenants passed by your mediation are broken. If you could then, in public audience, keep silence whiles you were so charged, you must be content to hear your blame from us, and the rather as we speak the truth and the Cardinal powdered his tale with lies. We have proceeded princely, "minding the conservation of your young Queen, the wealth of that realm, and your own particular benefit and advancement." We esteem that, as with fair words, you sent this bearer, so by your unseemly deeds you have revoked him; remitting to his declaration what disposition we were of and how your doings have altered us. Ampthill, 27 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Copy, with corrections and date in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : The King's Majesty to th'earl of Arren, 27 Oct. 1543.
Add. MS. 32,091, f. 136. B. M. 2. Original of the above letter. Dated Ampthil, 27 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Signed at the head. Pp. 2. Add. : To the erle of Arren.
27 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 251. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 75.
314. The Privy Council to Wharton.
As the King has matters of importance to declare to Angus, Casselles and Glencarne, and knows not where Mr. Sadleyr is, Wharton is to appoint some man of experience and wit to carry the enclosed letter of credence to the said earls; and repair first to Mr. Sadleyr, if he be with them, and, if not, to declare by mouth to the said earls as follows :—
Learning that the Cardinal, Arren and Huntley [with the legate from the Bishop of Rome and ambassadors of France] (fn. 4) are within Stirling castle with the young Queen, whose keepers have thereby infringed the order taken by Parliament, and the Cardinal and Arreyn are evidently seeking to convey the young Queen out of the realm, the King has thought good (seeing them occupied with other affairs for his purposes) to remind them what honest ground they now have to take the Cardinal, Arren, and the rest of that faction at Stirling. If they object that it would be noised throughout the realm that they intend to besiege the young Queen and violate the act of Parliament for her custody, whereby they should lose the noblemen who have lately accrued to them and incur the hatred of the commons; the King thinks they should make sudden proclamation that, whereas Parliament ordered that none should remain in the castle with the young Queen save her guardians and the Dowager, with a certain number, there are now entered into the castle the Cardinal, Arren, Huntley, [Legate and French ambassadors,] (fn. 5) with a great train, intending by force or policy to convey the young Queen into France, for which they have ships ready, whereby the Queen will be brought in great danger and the realm undone, and therefore Angus and the rest intend to do what they can to redeem their young mistress out "of the hands of those traitors the cardinals and their faction." Such a proclamation made, and their force laid about Stirling castle, it must very shortly yield, when so many are within and so little victual. And what the earls intend to do the said bearer shall report with all diligence; who is to see and hear what he can of their proceedings, and is to be furnished according to his quality. Suffolk is written to to repay Wharton's charges in this. Ampthil, 27 Oct. 1543.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 17. Endd. : Mynute, &c. from the Council.
27 Oct.
Lansd. MS. 2, f. 2. B. M.
315. Gardiner and Sir Edm. Pekham to the Bishop of Bath.
Give direction for the payment of the money collected, in the parish churches of his diocese, for the defence of Christendom against the Turk, to the sheriffs of the counties, to be by them paid to Sir Edm. Peckham, cofferer of the King's Household. Ampthill, 27 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Enclose letters to the sheriffs, to be directed to such sheriffs as are within his bishoprics.
Pp. 3. Add. : To our very goode lorde the bishop of Bathe.
28 Oct.
Harl. MS. 442, f. 193. B. M.
316. Michaelmas Term.
Mandate to the sheriff of Hertfordshire [to make proclamation] that whereas, the city of London being sore infected with the pestilence, the King adjourned this term of St. Michael from the Utas thereof until Crastino Animorum, in hope that the plague would by that time cease, now, as it still continues, he is determined to adjourn the said term from Westminster to St. Albans, there to begin Crastino Sancti Martini next. Walden, 28 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
28 Oct.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar VI. II., No 251.]
317. The Privy Council to Sir Francis Brian.
The King requires him to declare to the Emperor that, considering how events, whether prosperous or adverse, concern them both, he has studied how best to proceed against the common enemy; and thinks that, as the French king has been at importable charges this year and will be unable to re-assemble such forces next year, the Emperor should defer joining battle with him at present, unless at manifest advantage or if unable in honor to avoid it. The King expects that, next year, he on the one side and the Emperor on the other will compel the enemy, deprived of the friends and forces he now has, to endure such loss as will never be recovered. He, however, remits the whole to the Emperor's experience and wisdom, who is near enough to his enemy to see what honor and advantage can be gained without loss. Ampthill, 28 Oct. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from [a translation at] Vienna, headed : "Copie. Le Conseil d'Etat du Roi d'Angleterre a l'Admiral Bryan."
28 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 263. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 77.
318. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Sadleyr's to the Council, with the unciphering of it, and another to the writers, partly in cipher, also unciphered. As he writes that John a Barton is ready to come forth with 9 or 10 ships, they have sent to Mr. Shelley to warn the King's ships. Enclose also a letter of John Moore, Scottishman, an espial of Suffolk's; also two of Wharton's, with one of Robt. Maxwell's asking what to answer lord Johnston, who sues to come in to the King. Whereas Wharton has assured the Elwodys until Christmas, have written to him to give up that assurance unless they will lay hostages like the Armestranges. Enclose also a letter of Sir Ralph Eure, with a bond of the Crosiers to take part against the King's enemies. Where Eure asks for letters to be written to the sheriff of Northumberland and mayor and sheriff of Newcastle for certain prisoners, Suffolk has already written to them. Darnton, 28 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Their order touching the Elwodys is because they think all should serve the King in like manner.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
29 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 265. B.M. Hamilton Papers II., No. 78.
319. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Sir Wm. Eure, with a schedule of names who have conspired to annoy England, among them seven of those assured (fn. 6) as Sir George Douglas's friends. How the Carres and Buckcleughes of Tevidale are minded against England Nic. Throgmorton's late letter would show. As the frontier garrison is but 700, besides 100 footmen, [and] workmen at Warke, and as the King of Scots' bastard son is coming to Moorehouse (fn. 7) with 200 horsemen, Suffolk would know whether to increase the garrison to 1,000. At next light, will attempt a great raid if weather serve. Seeing that the Scots have now been greatly damaged and the King's subjects little hurt, that the Scots may soon flock in great number and make dangerous incourses, and that, if the assurance of the King's friends stand, the King's enemies cannot be annoyed (for those near the Borders have been sore plucked at and those far off cannot be touched without an army), the writers advise that a truce should be taken on the Borders, at the request of the King's friends and the Borderers, during which the King should save much of the cost of the garrison and his friends in Scotland should practise to help on his affairs against the time of making war. Hitherto none of the King's friends in Scotland have showed in deeds any enmity to his enemies; except the Armestranges, Crosiers and others, who, for lack of living, spoil under the King's wing. If no truce is taken a lord warden should lie at Warkwourthe or Alnewik, to oversee the captains of garrisons and the country men; who should there do better service in one day than Suffolk here can do in twenty, so that Suffolk's tarrying here would then be an unnecessary charge.
Wrote to them lately for the King's pleasure touching the man of Norway who sues to have his goods restored. They promised answer, but it has never come. Darnton, 29 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Have received theirs of the 27th from Amptyll, with letters to Sadleyr and Wharton which are forwarded.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd.
29 Oct.
R. O. St. P. IX., 530.
320. Wallop and Brian to Henry VIII.
This 29 Oct., moved to a new camp ordained for the battle against the French King. Were in council with the Viceroy, the Great Master and others, when letters came from the Emperor to Arschot, signifying that an ambassador from the duke of Lorraine had asked that that Duke, who was at Meziers, might speak with the Emperor; who had replied that it would be hard for the Duke, who was aged and gouty, to come to the Emperor, and that if he came for the affairs of France or brought with him any friend of the French king, the Emperor would not admit him. The letters required this to be shown to Brian, as the Emperor would communicate no affairs without informing the King.
Describes an alarm given by the French this morning in Fernando Goonzago's camp, whereupon all the troops were drawn off from Landersey except 4,000 Almains and 7 ensigns of Walloons. The skirmish grew very hot and was well handled by the Spaniards and 800 Almain horse from beside Lubeck. Divers Frenchmen were killed, among them a gentleman very richly armed. Six gentlemen were taken prisoners, one called Seyntmayn, whose father was in England with Admiral Bonyvet. By noon to-morrow the bands of the count of Beures, duke of Arschot and Mons. de Rieulx, who remain before Landersey until the ordnance is brought away, will join this camp; and also the household men of arms of the Emperor and Regent, and 600 horsemen with Mons. du Prat's son. The army numbers 40,000 foot and 8,000 horse. Fernando says the Emperor's pleasure is that if the French do not give battle they are to be pursued. "From the renewed camp ordained for the battle half a league from Landersey," 29 Oct. Signed : John Wallop : Ffranssys Bryan.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
29 Oct.
R. O.
321. Wallop to Paget.
Wrote to him on the 25th, by Francisco, of the great battery made by ordnance of the Emperor and duke of Arschot and the saying of the marquis of Maryllion, master of the Emperor's ordnance, that next day "there should be a breach 'saltable," so that Fernando de Gonzago and the Council fixed Sunday, 2 p.m., for the assault with 2,000 Italians, 2,000 Spaniards, 2,000 Almains and 1,200 English. These were ready (fn. 8) and Wallop was with Fernando and the Council when news came that French horsemen were approaching the new trenches which the Great Master was making for the camp if the French king should give battle, and that the French king and his whole army was at Chasteau en Cambresis. It was at once decided to give up the assault, withdraw the ordnance and bring Fernando's company over the river to us. The Emperor will be here to-night, and Landersay re-victualled to-night or to-morrow, to the glory of the French king. (fn. 8) The Frenchmen made a very good skirmish at the trenches and had five men taken. They numbered 1,000 horse, 200 of whom were hacquebuttiers. After they retired into the wood 40 Northern horsemen pursued the stragglers and took three Italian hacquebuttiers and some horses. The French king will, at Chasteau en Cambresis, await the return of those who revictual the town. Hints that some cowardice has been shown in thus drawing together and giving over Landersey, and that the talk of giving the French battle is only to satisfy those who are displeased. Is ashamed to write these news to the King. Our army daily increases and the French is not so great as reported. Is "weary" to write further. Commendations to Norfolk and the rest of the Council. "From the camp before Landersey, long time lost," 29 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
R. O 2. Statement of the arrangement and numbers of the Imperial and French armies, headed "Pour le jour de la bataille," viz. :—
Imperial.—Vanguard : if the Emperor comes not, to be led by Arschot with 1,000 High Almain horse, the bands of himself, Ligne, Lalaing, Hoochstrate and Licques, and two High Almain regiments of colonels George de Regenspurg and George de Saltzburg, and five ensigns of Erasmus Vand[er] Hauben. Battle : Captain General Don Fernande, with the Emperor's household, the horsemen of the Queen, the English, the rest of the High Almains and the bands of De Roe[ulx], Egmont, Wismes, Bignicourt, Marle, Aix, Brias; and the English, the two regiments of Duke Wolfganc and Sche . . . . , the four ensigns of High Almains two of which have been with De Roeulx and two coming from Artois. Rearguard : the count of Buren with the bands of himself, Mansfelt and Rogendorf, Praet, Apembroeck and George Liester; the 12 ensigns of the said Count and 9 ensigns of Walo[ns]. About 8,000 men of arms and 40,000 foot.
French :—Vanguard : Mons. du Sainct Poll and Maréchal Hannyball with 8,000 Almains, 4,000 Italians, and 4,000 horse. Battle : The King and Dauphin with 12,000 Swiss and Grisons and 4,000 horse. Rearguard : Mons. de Vandosme with the French foot of the arriere bande. The number we know not, but the French say they are 50,000 foot and 15,000 horse.
French, pp. 2.
29 Oct.
Lanz, II., 403.
322. Charles V. to Queen Mary of Hungary.
You will see by Don Ferdinand's letter and the instruction of the gentleman whom he sent hither, who arrived between 10 and 11 p.m., what has happened since the Sieur de Granvelle left the camp, and how the enemies display a wish to give battle. I am despatching the secretary Ydiacques to learn Don Ferdinand's conclusions with the duke of Arschot and count du Roeulx, by whose advice and the English general's he, yesterday, resolved not to assault and to withdraw the artillery. I am sending the quarter master to the camp to see to my lodging in case the King of France marches in person. Avesnes, 29 Oct., 1543.
French.
30 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 270. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 79. Sadler State Papers, I., 325.
323. Sadler to the Council.
Since his last, has had no matter worth writing; but now Maxwell and the sheriff of Ayr are arrived saying that, with Angus, Glencarne, Casselles, Somervile and Sir George Douglas, they kept their convention at Douglas Castle, on Thursday last, but Lynoux brake promise and came not. They have no great trust in Lynoux; for he has been at Stirling with the Queen, Cardinal and French ambassador, and is one of the commission appointed by the French king to distribute money and munition and bestow yearly pensions among the noblemen; howbeit he sent word to excuse his absence and assure them that he would perform his promises. Somervile is appointed to repair in post to the King; and will depart with diligence, as appears by his letter to Sadler (enclosed). The French ambassador, who remains with the Dowager at Stirling, labours to interrupt the marriage between the Prince and young Queen, to win noblemen to the devotion of France, and to make extreme war between these realms; promising every aid next year, besides great rewards and pensions as aforesaid. The Dowager and Cardinal set forth these things and labour to unite the Governor and Lynoux with them on the French party. The whole realm seems inclined to France, saying that France requires nothing of them but friendship, and has always aided them with money and munition, whereas England seeks only to bring them to subjection and have dominion over them, "which universally they do so detest and abhor as, in my poor opinion, they will never [be] brought unto it but by force." Though the noblemen who pretend to be the King's friends could be content with that dominion, none of them has two servants or friends who would take their part in that behalf. Fear, which he calls force, can alone make them yield to it.
The Provost and sundry honest merchants yesterday came to say that, understanding that Somervile was going to the King, they would send an honest personage to sue for restitution of their ships; and they prayed him to write in their favour. Reminded them that he had told them upon what condition the King will restore the ships, and daily looked for their answer. They said that the man whom they would now despatch should have commission to declare their mind. Begs the Council to favour them, considering their gentleness to him ever since the King wrote to them. Edinburgh, 30 Oct.
P.S.—Sir George Douglas, being at Lyth, sent to desire Sadler to ride out into the fields to speak with him. Did so, and Douglas told him of Lynoux and the French practises and Somervile's despatch very much as written above. He said he would accompany Somervile to Darnton, in order to speak with Suffolk, both touching Somervile's charge and the Borders, where he complains of damage done to such as, he says, are the King's friends. He said that the Dowager and Cardinal intended to send the Lyon into France; and she was now rigging, but not ready to depart. He would give Sadler notice of her departure in time for the King to provide for her apprehension; and he advised the sending to take the French ships at Donbretayne, which were seven, and the greatest not past 180 or 200 [tons]. Douglas said that he and Angus could devise no place more meet for Sadler than Temptallon; for, in the West he must lie in an open town, which was unsafe when the country was so broken, and yet would be 20 miles from Angus, whereas at Temptallon he would be within 12 miles of Sir George, and could always send and have word from Angus within 40 hours. Has resolved with him to go to Temptallon as soon as the house can be made ready. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 273. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
Pp. 3.
31 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,652, f. 274. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 80.
324. The Privy Council to Suffolk and Others. The King has heard theirs of the 29th, and albeit he thinks the truce cannot yet be practised with his honor (for the first desire thereof would appear to proceed from him) he likes well the rest of their letter. The answer is :—
1. Where it appears that the King of Scots' bastard son comes to Meures with 200 horse, and certain lairds of Scotland named in a schedule have combined to annoy England; the garrison is, before the next light, to be increased by 300, to make up 1,000. Order should be taken with the inhabitants of the Bishopric to be ready to serve, and to send some of them with every exploit in Scotland, to harden them for service abroad. 2. Their opinion is accepted that a warden should lie on the Borders, and so ease the King of the charge of Suffolk's being there; who should have been revoked long ago had matters in Scotland been brought to a certain point, wherein indeed the King is longer delayed "than he looked for at some of their hands in Scotland." The King will apppoint a warden on receiving their opinion who is meetest for it. 3. As it appears that persons assured at the request of Angus and Sir George Douglas have, not only not aided the King's men in Scotland, but done their utmost to annoy them, the King has written a letter (enclosed, with copy) to Angus and Douglas; and as they make no great haste to answer letters sent to them, this is to be sent by an express messenger, who can bring their resolute answer. If they who, under the wing of Angus and Douglas, desire to be assured, refuse to put in pledges for performance of the conditions of the said letter, and persist in annoying the King's subjects, they are to be so whipped as to force them to sue for a truce; whereunto the King may perhaps condescend, as advised, when no place is "left near hand whereupon his men may be set awork." 4. Wrote the King's determination touching the man of Norway, which doubtless they have received ere this. 5. The King is content to receive the laird of Johnston to his service, provided he be sworn and put in band as others do. 6. As to money, will take opportunity to move the King and satisfy them by next letters.
Copy, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suffolk, &c., ultimo Octobris 1543.

R. O.
325. Wallop and Others to the [Council].
A young man named Robt. Tucfeld, five years past, being servant to the lord Chancellor, passed a licence for bell metal, without warrant, and, in fear of correction, fled hither. He has since been in France and the Emperor's dominions. Upon rumour of war with the French king he withdrew from the duke of Vandosme's service to Cambray, and at the coming of this army made suit to be admitted to it, was accepted and has done diligent service. Beg the Council's intercession with the King for his pardon. Signed : John Wallop : T. Seymour : Rich. Crumwell : G. Carew : Robert Bowis : J. Seynt John.
P. 1. Begins : "It may please your good lordships."

Balcarres MS. Adv. Lib. Edin. II., 13.
326. Anthoinette De Bourbon to [the Queen Dowager of Scotland].
Since writing, has received her letters of 1 Oct. Is glad to find she is not without the hope which all should have in God, who will never desert those who trust in Him, especially when it is a question of maintaining His faith. Desires her not to lose courage. Her cause is just. Doubts not the King will give her all the help he can. "Vostre frere Daubmalle et moy vous y servyrons de solliciteur." Hopes to be at Fontainebleau "annuyt (a nuit) au gyste." Has written the rest of the news in her other letters. Writes this merely to desire her always to take pains to serve Him who is Almighty to defend her "et cette poure (pauvre) petite Rayne que sy june (jeunc) lon veut oultrager." I will unite my prayers with yours to give you such aid that His faith may be kept, and you and she maintained in your just right.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Endd. : Madame de Guise. Begins : "Madame, depuys mes lestres escriptes."
327. Grants in October, 1543.
1. Wm. Horsseley and Thos. Horsseley, one of the grooms of the Butlery. Grant, in survivorship, of the offices of bailiff of the lordships of Cropton in Pykering Lith and Skyrtenbek, Yorks., and of a forester in Gawtres Forest, Yorks., with fees of 30s. 4d. and 33s. 4d. a year and 4d. a day respectively. On surrender by the said William of pat. 15 Aug. 6 Henry VIII. to him, as yeoman of the Guard, of the said office of bailiff, and pat. 25 June 15 Hen. VIII. to him, of the said office of forester in reversion after Wm. Hogeson, one of the yeomen of the Butlery, who is now dead. Grafton, 12 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
2. Hen. Hall, clk. Presentation to the perpetual vicarage of Grenewiche, Kent, Rochester dioc. Hampthill, 28 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 1 Oct.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
3. Thos. Horner and John Horner, jun. Licence to alienate Nonney manor, Soms., which belonged to Glastonbury mon., and the advowson of Nonney rectory; to Sir Wm. Poulett lord Seynt John and Eliz. his wife, in fee to the said Sir Wm. — (place blank) 1 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 22.
4. John Curwen, one of the King's serjeants at arms. Grant of the office of serjeant at arms which Edw. Goldesborowe, dec., had; with 12d. a day from 31 May last. Woodstock, 18 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 1 Oct. — P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
5. John Hynde, King's sergeant at law, of the King's Council. Grant, in fee, for 762l. 4s. 4½d., of the manor of Girton, Camb., which belonged to Ramsey mon., and the manor of More alias More Barnes, Camb., which belonged to Barnewell priory; with appurtenances in Girton, More alias More Barnes, Madingley and Cambridge. Also the advowson of Girton rectory, which belonged to Ramsey, and the house, &c., of the late Black Friars in Derby, with two meadows and nine cottages in the parish of St. Werburge, Derby, and rent of a tenement in Olaston, Derb., late in tenure of Sir John Porte, dec., which belonged to the said Friars. Except advowsons, other than the above, and lead roofs of the Friars. Sonnynghill, 8 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 1 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
6. Wm. Reskymer, a page (garcio) of the Chamber. To be havenator or keeper of the ports of the duchy of Cornwall in cos. Cornw. and Devon, with 10 mks. fee, as enjoyed by Benedict Killigrew or John Thomas. Guldeforde, 2 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 2 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 16, m. 29.
7. Thomas Arderne, of Faversham, Kent. Licence to alienate Elynnden manor, Kent, and woods called Tongewood (5 ac.) and Elynnden Grove (10 ac.), in Seasalter in Whitestaple, and certain fields &c.(named) in Hernehill parish, all which the said Thos. has by the King's grant; to John Nedam of Parva Wymbley, Herts, and Avisia his wife and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder, in default, to Jas. Nedeham of Parva Wymbley, father of the said John, in fee simple. Walden, 3 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 5, m. 23.
8. The Staple of Bristol. Confirmation of the election of Thos. Pacy, as mayor of the staple of wools, leather, wool-fells and lead ordained at Bristol, and Ric. Abyngton and John Repe as constables, for one year, as certified by the late mayor and constables and the merchants. Westm, 4 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 17.
9. John Marbecke, of New Windsor, organ player alias yeoman. Pardon for his offence of the late statute against heretics in that, 10 March 34 Hen. VIII, at New Windsor, he wrote against the Sacrament of the Altar, affirming contemptuously "That the hooly masse when the preiste dooth consecrate the bodye of Or Lorde is polluted, difformed, sinfull and open roberie of the glorie of God, from the whiche a X'pen harte ought booth to abhorre and flee; and the eleevacion of the Sacrament is the similitude of the setting upp of images of the calves in the Temple buylded by Jeroboam, and that it is more abhominacion then the sacrifies doon by the Jewes in Jeroboams temple to those calves; and that certain and sure it is that Christ himself is made in this masse mens laughing stock"; and other erroneous words in derision of the said Sacrament and to the pernicious example of other heretics, as appears in the record of his indictment before John bp. of Sarum, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Humph. Foster, Wm. Frankelyn, clk., John Latton, Thomas Benette and other commissioners. Woodstock, 24—(month omitted) (fn. 9) 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 4 Oct.—P.S. (filed under 24 Oct.) Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
10. Thos. Bulkeley, B.C.L., King's chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of Llam Dewsantte, Bangor dioc. void by the promotion of Arthur bp. of Bangor to his bishopric. Woodstok, 28 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 4 Oct. —P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
11. John Gate, of Garnettes, Essex, the King's servant. Grant, in fee, for 810l. 5s. 11d., of Catmerhall manor, Essex, which belonged to Marg. countess of Sarum, attainted; the manor of Mysendon don alias Mysenden alias Meseden, Herts and Essex, which belonged to the mon. of St. Mary of Graces next the Tower of London, with the advowson of Mesenden rectory, Herts., and woods of 33 ac. called Hall Woodde coppies and Smale Woodde coppies in Mesenden; the manor of Langley Hall, Essex and Herts, which belonged to the priory of St. Bartholomew in Westsmythfelde, London, with the wood of 3 ac. called Langley Hall Grove; the rectory of Magna Wendon alias Wenden, Essex, which belonged to Barnewell mon., Camb., with advowson of the vicarage; and all appurtenances of the premises in Catmerhall, Lytelbury, Wenden Magna, Wenden Parva, Stratehall, Walden, Langley and Clavering, Essex, and in Meseden, Brent Pelham and Ansty, Herts. Also a water mill and site of a water mill in Lytelbury, Essex, and messuage there beside the house of the rector of Lytelbury, between the highway and a meadow in tenure of John Berners, and the rectory of Lytelbury, extending towards the north as far as a meadow belonging to the rector of Strathall, and all lands in tenure of Benedict Burton in Lytelbury, Chippyng Walden and Strathall, Essex; also three shops in the Market Place of Chippyng Walden (position described), all which belonged to Tyltey mon., Essex. Woodstocke, 26 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 6 Oct. —P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 22.
12. Ireland. Licence to Sir Ant. Sentliger, deputy of Ireland and gentleman of the Privy Chamber, to repair to the King about the affairs of Ireland; and appointment of Wm. Brabazon, vicetreasurer of Ireland, as justice of Ireland during his absence. Woodstock, 8 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 12 Oct.— P.S. In English. Pat p. 3, m. 22. Enrolled also in 36 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 4, and p. 9, m. 4.
13. Geo. Dynham. Licence to alienate a moiety of a third part of Weston manor and lands in Weston, Sutton and Dyngley; to Thos. Dynham. Westm., 12 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 18, m. 3.
14. Joan Taylour, widow. Licence to alienate a messuage, &c., in tenure of Thos. Parker (boundaries given) in St. Helen's parish, London, which belonged to St. Helen's priory; to John Larke, son of Thos. Larke, of London, merchant tailor. Walden, 14 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, p. 12, m. 8.
15. John Gates, of Garnettes, Essex. Licence to alienate Catmerhell manor, Essex, which belonged to Marg., countess of Sarum, attainted, with appurtenances in Catmerhall, Lytylbury, Wenden Magna, Wenden Parva, Stratehall and Walden, Essex; to Wm. Bradbury, junr., and Ellen his wife, in fee to the said Wm. Walden, 14 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, p. 12, m. 17.
16. Sir Ric. Riche, chancellor of Augmentations, and Eliz. his wife. Licence to alienate the manor of Fawcett alias Fawcet Forrest, Westmld., with lands (extent given) in Fawcett alias Fawcet Forrest, Bannandesdale, Bannandesdalehed, Borowdale, Borowdalehedde and Capull in the parishes of Kendall and Shappe, Westmld., and the manor of Gladfen alias Gladfen Hall, Essex, with lands (extent given) in Gladfen and Halsted; to Sir Wm. lord Parre. Westm., 16 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 4.
17. John Belloo and Robt. Brokelsbye. Grant, in fee, for 946l. 16s. 8½d., of the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Glentworthe, Linc., in tenure of the said Robert, which belonged to Newsome mon.; the rectory and advowson of the vicarage of Laughton, Linc., in tenure of Geo. Sheffeld, which belonged to Thorneholme priory; lands (specified) of two tenants named in Saxilbie, Linc., which belonged to Brodeholme priory, Notts.; two copyhold messuages, &c., in Yngham, Linc., (tenant named) which belonged to Bullington priory; rents and lands (many tenants named, including Thos. Herte, provost of the church of Burton) in Burton, Linc., which belonged to Bardeney abbey; lands in Tevilbie and Ludforde, Linc. (two tenants named) which belonged to Sixhile priory; the grange or manor of Screysbye alias Screpulbye, Linc., which belonged to St. Katharine's priory beside Lincoln, with appurtenances in Screylsbye alias Screpulbye, Dalderbye and Halton, Linc., in tenure of the rector of Dalderbye; the site &c. of the late house of Grey Friars of Grymesbye, Linc., with gardens and fields (named) which belonged to it in tenure of the relict of Thos. Hatcliff (except bells and leaden roofs); lands in Axhaye, Linc., of 16 tenants named (including Robt. Magott, priest of the chantry there, and John Robinson, late prior of the Charterhouse) which belonged to the priory of Newstede upon Ankholme; the manor of Holme, Linc., which belonged to Welloo mon., and certain tithes (tenants named) of the manor and in the parish of Clee, Linc., which belonged to Welloo; lands in Nettilton, Linc. (4 tenants named), which belonged to Sixhill priory; lands in Braunceby, Linc., which belonged to the preceptory of Willoughton and St. John's of Jerusalem (8 tenants named); the manor of Swallowe, Linc., which belonged to Welloo mon., with lands of six tenants named in Swallowe; rent and service of four tenants named in Saxby and Yngham, Linc.; lands in tenure of eight tenants named in Upton, Saxby and Yngham, and the chief messuage of the manor of Tealby, Linc., and lands leased with it to John Clerke, which belonged to Willoughton preceptory and St. John's; lands in tenure of Robt. Dighton in Fillingham, Linc., which belonged to Newboo mon.; the lordship or manor of Urebye, Linc., which belonged to Sir Francis Bigot, attainted, in tenure of Wm. Lambert; and the advowson of the rectory of Gresmer, Westmld., which belonged to St. Mary's mon. beside York. Grafton, 19 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 21 [Oct.].—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
18. Roger Apowell, of London, weaver or merchant. Fiat for a protection as going in the retinue of Henry lord Mautravers, deputy of Calais. Walden, 26 Oct. French roll 36 Hen. VIII. m 3.
19. John Sewester. Grant, in fee, for 901l. 13s. 4d., of Odesey manor, Camb., Herts and Beds, and Odesey grange in the parish of Gylden Moredon, Camb., which belonged to Wardon mon.; and all appurtenances in Gylden Moredon, Steple Moredon, Meldebourne, Melrethe, and Sheperethe, Camb., in Ashewell and Kelshall, Herts, and in Eyworth, Beds; and all lands in these places in tenure of Wm. Sewester which belonged to the said mon.; and the messuage in Wymple, Camb., in tenure of Robt. Broke, which belonged to the same. Also Halston manor, Salop, which belonged to St. John's of Jerusalem, and the site and chief messuage of the late preceptory of Halston with its gardens and certain lands (named) in Halston; and the lands of nine tenants (named) in Halston leased to Wm. Whorwodde and Ric. Mytton, all which belonged to St John's. Also the lands in tenure of Hen. Darbye in Steple Moredon and Gyldenmorden, Camb., which belonged to Anglesey priory. Also the rectory of Horemeade Magna alias Hormeade le More, which belonged to Waltham Holy Cross mon., Essex, with appurtenances in Magna Horemeade, Anstye, Brent Pelham, Leyston, and Alstewyke, Herts, in tenure of Thos. Hawke, and the advowson of the vicarage. Also the rectory of Mytton, Yorks., which belonged to Cokersande mon., Lanc., with appurtenances in Mytton parish, Yorks. and Lanc., in tenure of Thomas Burgoyn; and the advowson of the vicarage. Grafton, 13 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Royston, 29 Oct. —P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 7.
20. John Cooke, one of the King's footmen. To be bailiff of the manor or lordship of Oveston, Ntht., parcel of "Richemondes Landes," with 2d. a day from Michaelmas last. Woodstock, 16 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampthill, 31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 23.
21. Thos. Ireland. Grant, in fee, for 292l. 6s. 9d., of Albrighton manor, Salop, which belonged to Shrewsbury mon., and all appurtenances in the parish of St. Mary in Shrewsbury and elsewhere, and several messuages, &c. (described and tenants named), in the parish of St. Mary in Shrewsbury, which belonged to Shrewsbury mon. Also the messuage and lands in tenure of Roger Vaughan and Eliz. his wife in Shippynfeld, Badesbroche, Stytfelde, and Pulderbache, Salop, and a pasture called Ducke lesowe in the parish of Stut alias Stit, Salop, in tenure of Ric. Higgyns, which belonged to Haughmond mon. Amptill, 26 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Ampthill, 31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
22. Jane Flemmyng alias Jane Maunxell, wife of Dyas Flemmyng of the parish of Lanttwytt, co. Glam. Pardon for offences against the late Statute of the incontinency of priests and women committed on the 30 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII. Grafton, 20 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Hamphill, 31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 14, m. 6.
23. John Mounteyn, the King's servant. To be keeper of a certain garden within the manor of Grenewiche called the Quenes Garden, with 4d. a day and 22s. 6d. a year for livery; from 24 June 34 Hen. VIII., since which time he has exercised the office. Oteland, 23 July 35 Hen VIII. Del. Ampthill, 31 Oct.— P.S. Pat. p. 14, m. 7.

Footnotes

1 See No. 131.
2 The Merse of Berwickshire.
3 Marked in the margin, probably to indicate that they are "assured" persons
4 Cancelled.
5 Cancelled.
6 Nos. 131 and 309.
7 Melrose.
8 The portion between these asterisks will be found printed in St. P., IX. p. 531.
9 Apparently the month must have been September, when the King was at Woodstock.