Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 26 Oct. 35 Henry VIII. :—Brief declaration
of Uvedale's account.
Showing that at his declaration on 27 Sept., he had (whereof, broken
and refuse gold 107l. 8s. 8d., in a bill of prest of the earl of Rutelande 100l.,
in a bill of prest of Sir Robt. Bowes 66l. 13s. 4d.) 3,092l. 6s. 5½d. Whereof
By Suffolk's warrants :—Suffolk's diets, and the wages of 100 men in
his retinue for the month ending 20 Nov., 233l. 6s. 8d. Wages of
Angus and Geo. Douglas and their 200 men for the month
ending 19 Nov., 207l. 4s. Prest to Angus, 100l. Petrus Franciscus,
trumpeter, wages at 18d. a day for two months to 19 Nov., 4l. 4s.
By lord Parre's warrants :—Parre's own diets and the wages of 100 of his
men for the month ending 19 Nov., 176l. 8s. Wages of 460 men now in
garrisons for the month ending 19 Nov., 475l. 10s. 8d. Nic. Throkemarton,
servant to Parre, for rewards given by Parre to sundry persons, 30l.
He has also disbursed (sums detailed) for coats, conduct money to
Newcastle, and wages, from their arrival at Newcastle until 19 Nov., of the
following captains, each with 100 men, viz., George Soulbie who arrived
at Newcastle 23 Sept., and Jasper Owen and Kenelm Throkemarton who
arrived 6 Oct., 622l. 3s. 5d.
Remainder 1,243l. 9s. 8½d.
Memorandum that diets of Suffolk and his 100 men, wages of Angus and
Douglas and their 200 men, diets of the lord Warden and his 100 men, and
the 760 men now lying in garrisons will exhaust monthly 1,399l. 15s. 4d.
Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
Large paper, p. 1.
32,652, f. 249.
308. Nicholas Throkemorton to Suffolk.
This morning, on arriving from Berwick, received a letter to the
lord Warden from Mr. Dowglas (enclosed). As he omitted on the 24th
to write all occurrents at the last exploit in the Marshe, and now finds
the lord Warden gone to Court, this is to advertise Suffolk that John
of Blaketer, after his first onset, before daylight, continued during their
abode in Scotland to pursue them. By the captain of Norham's advice
(considering that this was contrary to Mr. Douglas's promise when he received
the lord Warden's assurance) (fn. 1) sent George Selbie to him with a message
warning him to desist. On coming to Blaketor's company Selbie found
that he had withdrawn to Lord Hume's company, further off, but declared
the message to one of Mr. Douglas's household servants; who answered
that they could not find in their hearts to see their neighbours spoiled and
not defend them, adding "that England might well fill their bellies, but the
sa[me] should not daunt their hearts." One of Blakettor's servants among
the prisoners taken said, at Berwick, (words given) that the Douglasses
would ere long manifestly abandon England, or else Angus would be
appointed a ruler in Scotland and George Douglasse would get him committed
to prison, as though for his constancy to the King. Will repair to
Suffolk with diligence. Warkeworthe, 26 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
309. Scotch Raids.
"The persons of Scotland that were at the rode the xviijth day of
October," viz., Master Howme, the lord of Ayton, the lards of Wetherborn,
Cokborn, and Blaketer, the old lard of Blenarn, "all assuryd" (fn. 1) ; Alex.
Home of Wetherbourn. Household servants to Sir George Duglasse :—The
young lards of Redepethe and Blenarn, Robyn of Cokborn, Thome Karre,
Jorde Karre, one of them taken, Sandy Lydel, Henry Lydel that slew the
captain of Norham's man. James Glenwhyme, servant to the lord of
In another hand :—In the East end of the Marshe (fn. 2) , the baronies of
Coldingham, Bonkle, Folden and Langton, the lordships of Blaketer,
Weddirburne and Cockburne, and Easte Nyesbeth, Weste Nyesbeth and
Swynton lie between Berwick and any ground of lord Hume's, "saving
Kelloo that was brent," whose nearest town is Fogoe, 14 miles from Berwick.
"These persons met all together at Fogoe, in the Marse, the xxvjth day
of this instant October," viz., the lord Hume, the lards of Langton (fn. 3) ,
Colden Knowes, Spote, Wedderburne (fn. 3) , Aytton (fn. 3) , Cockburne (fn. 3) , Swynston (fn. 3) ,
Wederly, Spottes Wodde, Edmerston, Thornedykes, Comlyche (fn. 3) , Myllestons
and Repethe (fn. 3) ; Alex., Patrick and Robyn Hume, brethren.
310. Wallop to Paget.
Sent him packets of letters on the 21st and 20th. That of the 20th
contained a packet directed in Latin to my lord of Winchester, with a
private letter of Wallop's, and was sent to Tychet at Calais; the other went
by the Emperor's post to his Ambassador. Paget wrote on the 17th to
give timely knowledge to the Emperor's lieutenant of the term of the four
months, &c. (recited), "alleging that th'Englishmen are wont to be paid
always their wages for a month beforehand." Therein, has written to the
King the Emperor's answer, who would fain have them remain at the
On the 24th was taken a Frenchman that came out of Landersey with
letters in his purse, and another letter in cipher sewed in his coat. The
letters in the purse were full of the usual brags, saying they had plenty of
victuals. Knows not yet what was in the cipher. The man declared
that, if not revictualled in 10 days, they must give over. Of wine
they have only a pint a day for the gentlemen and sick men. They
have not corn to make bread for a longer time, their beer is made
of oats, and their water is naught and wood very scarce. The
Emperor's 21 cannon and the Duke's 17, "all shooting at the castle
and at a round tower that flanketh, have so well battered that the marquis
of Maryllon, master of the Emperor's ordnance, sent word to the Duke
this morning that by to-morrow he will make such a breach as shall be
'saultable.'" Great scarcity of boots in the town, where gentlemen offer
10 cr. for a pair. The Almains would have overthrown the bulwark but
for the rain filling their works. In mining they followed the King's
advice, and also in the shooting of mortars. The mortar that shoots
artificial bullets, of which he wrote to the King, shot last night in presence
of the duke of Arschot, my lord of Surrey, Mr. Carew and others, "who
say that it was a strange and dreadful sight to see the bullet fly into the
air spouting fire on every side; and at his fall they might well perceive
how he leaped from place to place, casting out fire, and within a while after
burst forth and shot off guns out of him an hundred shot every one
as loud to the hearing as a hacquebut à crocq, whereof they counted
well four score; and what hurt it hath done I know not yet." Thinks
this "fantasy" would please the King, and that the Emperor would
let the maker go to him. He seldom shoots the "bullets artificial," but
the 7 mortars all shoot common bullets often. Thus the King's device is
followed, all except the platforms. Shots that miss the wall fall in the
The town is so trenched that no one can enter or issue; yet the French
boast that they will revictual it. Last night looked for the Dauphin's
coming with 8,000 horse to do so, and had both camps, Fernando's and
theirs, ready to receive him. This night he is looked for again. Trust not
to return to England until they have Landercy or else some victory. In
the assault, will follow the King's advice and let other men assay whether
there be fire artificial in the trenches; "which shall be hard for me to do,
our Englishmen be of so great a courage." But for them there had been no
battery made; for the pioneers all fled for fear of the gunshot, which killed
divers of them. Lends the Duke every day 60; and to-day began to lend
Maryllon 100, who had as many Almains who, because one lost his arm and
another was killed, all fled away, so that Maryllon sent to Wallop for more
aid, offering to pay men 6½d. a day nightly as the Duke does. Fernando de
Gonzago said yesterday that "he wished of God to have us with him if he
should fortune to fight."
Begs him to show Norfolk that my lord of Surrey has lost no time.
Such a siege of a town of strength has not of long time been seen in these
parts, and, although slow, it grows now to good perfection. Commendations
to the lord Privy Seal, Winchester, Hertford and Admiral. The
camp before Landersey, 26 Oct.
P.S.—Could get here 40 or 50 Albanoys for the King, who, "with the
Northern men at Gwysnes, should do good service, for they be skilful, and
can do hurt and save themselves." Begs to know what answer to make to
the Almain who keeps prisoner the Scot, Alexander Gordon, brother to the
earl of Huntly. Had him stayed by the Emperor's command, or he had
been gone these two days.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
II., No. 253.]
311. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
By the copy of the letters herewith she will see the instance which
the Council here make for the sending of the ships of Flanders, besides
what the King lately said to Chapuys's man. Begs her to hasten the affair
which she knows to be very necessary.
"Madame, il se dict que du coustel d'Escose (de mot à mot comme dans
la lettre à Granvelle du 27 Oct.), etc., etc." (See No. 312.)
French. Modern extract and note from Vienna headed : Chapuys a la Reine,
27 Octobre 1543."
II., No. 250.]
312. Chapuys to Granvelle.
His letters of the 12th could not have arrived at a better time to
answer those of the Council of the 20th (sent herewith); but nevertheless
they have again made Chapuys a recharge touching the equipping of the
ships of Flanders, as appears by their letters of the 25th. Both the Council
and the King (who spoke to Chapuys' man) took in good part Granvelle's
care to send continual news; and they approve the revoking of those who
were before Guyse. As to the mishap of the Sieur Francisco d'Ast they
are sorry, but think and hope, as Granvelle writes, that sometimes it is well
to sacrifice to fortune, as was customary in the wars of the Romans and
has been proved in the Emperor's affairs. The King's inclination to the
Emperor seems always to increase and he would like, if a battle took place
there, to have in the Emperor's camp 15,000 more men, even if he had to
give them four pays apiece. He has not taken in good part a foolish letter
written by the earl of Sorey, of which Chapuys will send Granvelle the duplicate,
who has been commanded not to make such reports; but no sign of knowing this
need be made to him there, especially for the risk to those who informed Chapuys.
It is said that a great embassy will shortly come from Scotland—wherefor
the Council know not, nor any certainty touching Scottish affairs.
Thanks for favour shown to his man. London, 27 Oct., 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
32,652, f. 261.
313. Henry VIII. to Arran.
Since the arrival of this bearer, sent from you whiles you occupied
the place of Governor, as ambassador from that realm, we have heard that
you, forgetting your duty to that realm, your honor and your secret
promises to us, have "submitted yourself to the government of your
enemies and surrendered the state which, you bare us in hand, was given
you by Parliament." This appeared when the Cardinal, "your new
recounted friend," in presence of our ambassador, affirmed, in your hearing,
that our covenants with Scotland "were passed by private authority;"
thus accusing you of untruth to that realm and to us, in sending the
ambassadors, and showing you that he esteemed for no Parliament the
convention wherein you were named Governor and the said ambassadors
appointed. And you have so behaved that the covenants passed by your
mediation are broken. If you could then, in public audience, keep silence
whiles you were so charged, you must be content to hear your blame
from us, and the rather as we speak the truth and the Cardinal
powdered his tale with lies. We have proceeded princely, "minding
the conservation of your young Queen, the wealth of that realm,
and your own particular benefit and advancement." We esteem that, as
with fair words, you sent this bearer, so by your unseemly deeds you have
revoked him; remitting to his declaration what disposition we were of and
how your doings have altered us. Ampthill, 27 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Copy, with corrections and date in Paget's hand, pp. 2. Endd. : The King's
Majesty to th'earl of Arren, 27 Oct. 1543.
32,091, f. 136.
2. Original of the above letter. Dated Ampthil, 27 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Signed at the head.
Pp. 2. Add. : To the erle of Arren.
32,652, f. 251.
314. The Privy Council to Wharton.
As the King has matters of importance to declare to Angus,
Casselles and Glencarne, and knows not where Mr. Sadleyr is, Wharton is
to appoint some man of experience and wit to carry the enclosed letter of
credence to the said earls; and repair first to Mr. Sadleyr, if he be with
them, and, if not, to declare by mouth to the said earls as follows :—
Learning that the Cardinal, Arren and Huntley [with the legate from
the Bishop of Rome and ambassadors of France] (fn. 4) are within Stirling
castle with the young Queen, whose keepers have thereby infringed the
order taken by Parliament, and the Cardinal and Arreyn are evidently
seeking to convey the young Queen out of the realm, the King has thought
good (seeing them occupied with other affairs for his purposes) to remind
them what honest ground they now have to take the Cardinal, Arren, and
the rest of that faction at Stirling. If they object that it would be
noised throughout the realm that they intend to besiege the young
Queen and violate the act of Parliament for her custody, whereby they
should lose the noblemen who have lately accrued to them and incur the
hatred of the commons; the King thinks they should make sudden
proclamation that, whereas Parliament ordered that none should remain in
the castle with the young Queen save her guardians and the Dowager, with
a certain number, there are now entered into the castle the Cardinal,
Arren, Huntley, [Legate and French ambassadors,] (fn. 5) with a great train,
intending by force or policy to convey the young Queen into France, for
which they have ships ready, whereby the Queen will be brought in great
danger and the realm undone, and therefore Angus and the rest intend to
do what they can to redeem their young mistress out "of the hands of
those traitors the cardinals and their faction." Such a proclamation made,
and their force laid about Stirling castle, it must very shortly yield, when
so many are within and so little victual. And what the earls intend to do
the said bearer shall report with all diligence; who is to see and hear
what he can of their proceedings, and is to be furnished according to
his quality. Suffolk is written to to repay Wharton's charges in this.
Ampthil, 27 Oct. 1543.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 17. Endd. : Mynute, &c. from the Council.
2, f. 2.
315. Gardiner and Sir Edm. Pekham to the Bishop of Bath.
Give direction for the payment of the money collected, in the parish
churches of his diocese, for the defence of Christendom against the Turk,
to the sheriffs of the counties, to be by them paid to Sir Edm. Peckham,
cofferer of the King's Household. Ampthill, 27 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Enclose letters to the sheriffs, to be directed to such sheriffs as are
within his bishoprics.
Pp. 3. Add. : To our very goode lorde the bishop of Bathe.
442, f. 193.
316. Michaelmas Term.
Mandate to the sheriff of Hertfordshire [to make proclamation] that
whereas, the city of London being sore infected with the pestilence, the
King adjourned this term of St. Michael from the Utas thereof until
Crastino Animorum, in hope that the plague would by that time cease, now,
as it still continues, he is determined to adjourn the said term from
Westminster to St. Albans, there to begin Crastino Sancti Martini next.
Walden, 28 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
II., No 251.]
317. The Privy Council to Sir Francis Brian.
The King requires him to declare to the Emperor that, considering
how events, whether prosperous or adverse, concern them both, he has
studied how best to proceed against the common enemy; and thinks that,
as the French king has been at importable charges this year and will be
unable to re-assemble such forces next year, the Emperor should defer
joining battle with him at present, unless at manifest advantage or if
unable in honor to avoid it. The King expects that, next year, he on the
one side and the Emperor on the other will compel the enemy, deprived of
the friends and forces he now has, to endure such loss as will never be
recovered. He, however, remits the whole to the Emperor's experience and
wisdom, who is near enough to his enemy to see what honor and advantage
can be gained without loss. Ampthill, 28 Oct. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from [a translation at] Vienna, headed :
"Copie. Le Conseil d'Etat du Roi d'Angleterre a l'Admiral Bryan."
32,652, f. 263.
318. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Sadleyr's to the Council, with the unciphering of
it, and another to the writers, partly in cipher, also unciphered. As he
writes that John a Barton is ready to come forth with 9 or 10 ships, they
have sent to Mr. Shelley to warn the King's ships. Enclose also a letter of
John Moore, Scottishman, an espial of Suffolk's; also two of Wharton's,
with one of Robt. Maxwell's asking what to answer lord Johnston, who sues
to come in to the King. Whereas Wharton has assured the Elwodys until
Christmas, have written to him to give up that assurance unless they will
lay hostages like the Armestranges. Enclose also a letter of Sir Ralph Eure,
with a bond of the Crosiers to take part against the King's enemies. Where
Eure asks for letters to be written to the sheriff of Northumberland and
mayor and sheriff of Newcastle for certain prisoners, Suffolk has already
written to them. Darnton, 28 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Their order touching the Elwodys is because they think all should
serve the King in like manner.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
32,652, f. 265.
319. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Sir Wm. Eure, with a schedule of names who
have conspired to annoy England, among them seven of those assured (fn. 6) as
Sir George Douglas's friends. How the Carres and Buckcleughes of
Tevidale are minded against England Nic. Throgmorton's late letter
would show. As the frontier garrison is but 700, besides 100 footmen,
[and] workmen at Warke, and as the King of Scots' bastard son is
coming to Moorehouse (fn. 7) with 200 horsemen, Suffolk would know whether
to increase the garrison to 1,000. At next light, will attempt a great
raid if weather serve. Seeing that the Scots have now been greatly
damaged and the King's subjects little hurt, that the Scots may soon
flock in great number and make dangerous incourses, and that, if
the assurance of the King's friends stand, the King's enemies cannot
be annoyed (for those near the Borders have been sore plucked at
and those far off cannot be touched without an army), the writers
advise that a truce should be taken on the Borders, at the request of the
King's friends and the Borderers, during which the King should save
much of the cost of the garrison and his friends in Scotland should
practise to help on his affairs against the time of making war. Hitherto
none of the King's friends in Scotland have showed in deeds any enmity to
his enemies; except the Armestranges, Crosiers and others, who, for lack of
living, spoil under the King's wing. If no truce is taken a lord warden
should lie at Warkwourthe or Alnewik, to oversee the captains of garrisons
and the country men; who should there do better service in one day than
Suffolk here can do in twenty, so that Suffolk's tarrying here would then
be an unnecessary charge.
Wrote to them lately for the King's pleasure touching the man of
Norway who sues to have his goods restored. They promised answer, but
it has never come. Darnton, 29 Oct. Signed.
P.S.—Have received theirs of the 27th from Amptyll, with letters to
Sadleyr and Wharton which are forwarded.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd.
St. P. IX., 530.
320. Wallop and Brian to Henry VIII.
This 29 Oct., moved to a new camp ordained for the battle against
the French King. Were in council with the Viceroy, the Great Master and
others, when letters came from the Emperor to Arschot, signifying that an
ambassador from the duke of Lorraine had asked that that Duke, who was
at Meziers, might speak with the Emperor; who had replied that it would
be hard for the Duke, who was aged and gouty, to come to the Emperor,
and that if he came for the affairs of France or brought with him any
friend of the French king, the Emperor would not admit him. The letters
required this to be shown to Brian, as the Emperor would communicate no
affairs without informing the King.
Describes an alarm given by the French this morning in Fernando
Goonzago's camp, whereupon all the troops were drawn off from Landersey
except 4,000 Almains and 7 ensigns of Walloons. The skirmish grew very
hot and was well handled by the Spaniards and 800 Almain horse
from beside Lubeck. Divers Frenchmen were killed, among them
a gentleman very richly armed. Six gentlemen were taken prisoners,
one called Seyntmayn, whose father was in England with Admiral Bonyvet.
By noon to-morrow the bands of the count of Beures, duke of Arschot and
Mons. de Rieulx, who remain before Landersey until the ordnance is
brought away, will join this camp; and also the household men of arms of
the Emperor and Regent, and 600 horsemen with Mons. du Prat's son.
The army numbers 40,000 foot and 8,000 horse. Fernando says the
Emperor's pleasure is that if the French do not give battle they are to be
pursued. "From the renewed camp ordained for the battle half a league
from Landersey," 29 Oct. Signed : John Wallop : Ffranssys Bryan.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
321. Wallop to Paget.
Wrote to him on the 25th, by Francisco, of the great battery made
by ordnance of the Emperor and duke of Arschot and the saying of the
marquis of Maryllion, master of the Emperor's ordnance, that next day
"there should be a breach 'saltable," so that Fernando de Gonzago and
the Council fixed Sunday, 2 p.m., for the assault with 2,000 Italians, 2,000
Spaniards, 2,000 Almains and 1,200 English. These were ready (fn. 8) and
Wallop was with Fernando and the Council when news came that French
horsemen were approaching the new trenches which the Great Master was
making for the camp if the French king should give battle, and that the
French king and his whole army was at Chasteau en Cambresis. It was
at once decided to give up the assault, withdraw the ordnance and bring
Fernando's company over the river to us. The Emperor will be here
to-night, and Landersay re-victualled to-night or to-morrow, to
the glory of the French king. (fn. 8) The Frenchmen made a very
good skirmish at the trenches and had five men taken. They
numbered 1,000 horse, 200 of whom were hacquebuttiers. After they retired
into the wood 40 Northern horsemen pursued the stragglers and took three
Italian hacquebuttiers and some horses. The French king will, at
Chasteau en Cambresis, await the return of those who revictual the town.
Hints that some cowardice has been shown in thus drawing together and
giving over Landersey, and that the talk of giving the French battle is
only to satisfy those who are displeased. Is ashamed to write these news
to the King. Our army daily increases and the French is not so great as
reported. Is "weary" to write further. Commendations to Norfolk and
the rest of the Council. "From the camp before Landersey, long time
lost," 29 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
2. Statement of the arrangement and numbers of the Imperial and
French armies, headed "Pour le jour de la bataille," viz. :—
Imperial.—Vanguard : if the Emperor comes not, to be led by Arschot
with 1,000 High Almain horse, the bands of himself, Ligne, Lalaing,
Hoochstrate and Licques, and two High Almain regiments of colonels
George de Regenspurg and George de Saltzburg, and five ensigns
of Erasmus Vand[er] Hauben. Battle : Captain General Don Fernande,
with the Emperor's household, the horsemen of the Queen, the
English, the rest of the High Almains and the bands of De Roe[ulx],
Egmont, Wismes, Bignicourt, Marle, Aix, Brias; and the English,
the two regiments of Duke Wolfganc and Sche . . . . , the four ensigns
of High Almains two of which have been with De Roeulx and two coming
from Artois. Rearguard : the count of Buren with the bands of himself,
Mansfelt and Rogendorf, Praet, Apembroeck and George Liester; the 12
ensigns of the said Count and 9 ensigns of Walo[ns]. About 8,000 men
of arms and 40,000 foot.
French :—Vanguard : Mons. du Sainct Poll and Maréchal Hannyball
with 8,000 Almains, 4,000 Italians, and 4,000 horse. Battle : The King
and Dauphin with 12,000 Swiss and Grisons and 4,000 horse. Rearguard :
Mons. de Vandosme with the French foot of the arriere bande. The
number we know not, but the French say they are 50,000 foot and 15,000
French, pp. 2.
Lanz, II., 403.
322. Charles V. to Queen Mary of Hungary.
You will see by Don Ferdinand's letter and the instruction of the
gentleman whom he sent hither, who arrived between 10 and 11 p.m.,
what has happened since the Sieur de Granvelle left the camp, and how the
enemies display a wish to give battle. I am despatching the secretary
Ydiacques to learn Don Ferdinand's conclusions with the duke of Arschot
and count du Roeulx, by whose advice and the English general's he, yesterday,
resolved not to assault and to withdraw the artillery. I am sending
the quarter master to the camp to see to my lodging in case the King of
France marches in person. Avesnes, 29 Oct., 1543.
32,652, f. 270.
Papers, I., 325.
323. Sadler to the Council.
Since his last, has had no matter worth writing; but now Maxwell
and the sheriff of Ayr are arrived saying that, with Angus, Glencarne,
Casselles, Somervile and Sir George Douglas, they kept their convention at
Douglas Castle, on Thursday last, but Lynoux brake promise and came not.
They have no great trust in Lynoux; for he has been at Stirling with the
Queen, Cardinal and French ambassador, and is one of the commission
appointed by the French king to distribute money and munition and bestow
yearly pensions among the noblemen; howbeit he sent word to excuse his
absence and assure them that he would perform his promises. Somervile is
appointed to repair in post to the King; and will depart with diligence, as
appears by his letter to Sadler (enclosed). The French ambassador, who
remains with the Dowager at Stirling, labours to interrupt the marriage
between the Prince and young Queen, to win noblemen to the devotion of
France, and to make extreme war between these realms; promising every
aid next year, besides great rewards and pensions as aforesaid. The
Dowager and Cardinal set forth these things and labour to unite the
Governor and Lynoux with them on the French party. The whole realm
seems inclined to France, saying that France requires nothing of them but
friendship, and has always aided them with money and munition,
whereas England seeks only to bring them to subjection
and have dominion over them, "which universally they do so detest
and abhor as, in my poor opinion, they will never [be] brought
unto it but by force." Though the noblemen who pretend to be the
King's friends could be content with that dominion, none of them has two
servants or friends who would take their part in that behalf. Fear, which
he calls force, can alone make them yield to it.
The Provost and sundry honest merchants yesterday came to say that,
understanding that Somervile was going to the King, they would send an
honest personage to sue for restitution of their ships; and they prayed him
to write in their favour. Reminded them that he had told them upon what
condition the King will restore the ships, and daily looked for their answer.
They said that the man whom they would now despatch should have
commission to declare their mind. Begs the Council to favour them,
considering their gentleness to him ever since the King wrote to them.
Edinburgh, 30 Oct.
P.S.—Sir George Douglas, being at Lyth, sent to desire Sadler to ride out
into the fields to speak with him. Did so, and Douglas told him of Lynoux
and the French practises and Somervile's despatch very much as written above.
He said he would accompany Somervile to Darnton, in order to speak with
Suffolk, both touching Somervile's charge and the Borders, where he complains
of damage done to such as, he says, are the King's friends. He said
that the Dowager and Cardinal intended to send the Lyon into France; and
she was now rigging, but not ready to depart. He would give Sadler notice
of her departure in time for the King to provide for her apprehension;
and he advised the sending to take the French ships at Donbretayne, which
were seven, and the greatest not past 180 or 200 [tons]. Douglas said
that he and Angus could devise no place more meet for Sadler than
Temptallon; for, in the West he must lie in an open town, which was
unsafe when the country was so broken, and yet would be 20 miles from
Angus, whereas at Temptallon he would be within 12 miles of Sir George,
and could always send and have word from Angus within 40 hours. Has
resolved with him to go to Temptallon as soon as the house can be made
Partly in cipher, pp. 6. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 273.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
32,652, f. 274.
324. The Privy Council to Suffolk and Others.
The King has heard theirs of the 29th, and albeit he thinks the
truce cannot yet be practised with his honor (for the first desire thereof
would appear to proceed from him) he likes well the rest of their letter.
The answer is :—
1. Where it appears that the King of Scots' bastard son comes to
Meures with 200 horse, and certain lairds of Scotland named
in a schedule have combined to annoy England; the garrison
is, before the next light, to be increased by 300, to make up
1,000. Order should be taken with the inhabitants of the Bishopric to be
ready to serve, and to send some of them with every exploit in Scotland, to
harden them for service abroad. 2. Their opinion is accepted that a
warden should lie on the Borders, and so ease the King of the
charge of Suffolk's being there; who should have been revoked long
ago had matters in Scotland been brought to a certain point, wherein
indeed the King is longer delayed "than he looked for at some
of their hands in Scotland." The King will apppoint a warden
on receiving their opinion who is meetest for it. 3. As it appears
that persons assured at the request of Angus and Sir George Douglas
have, not only not aided the King's men in Scotland, but done
their utmost to annoy them, the King has written a letter
(enclosed, with copy) to Angus and Douglas; and as they make no
great haste to answer letters sent to them, this is to be sent
by an express messenger, who can bring their resolute answer.
If they who, under the wing of Angus and Douglas, desire
to be assured, refuse to put in pledges for performance of the
conditions of the said letter, and persist in annoying the King's
subjects, they are to be so whipped as to force them to sue for a truce;
whereunto the King may perhaps condescend, as advised, when no place
is "left near hand whereupon his men may be set awork." 4. Wrote the
King's determination touching the man of Norway, which doubtless they
have received ere this. 5. The King is content to receive the laird of
Johnston to his service, provided he be sworn and put in band as others
do. 6. As to money, will take opportunity to move the King and satisfy
them by next letters.
Copy, pp. 5. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suffolk, &c., ultimo
325. Wallop and Others to the [Council].
A young man named Robt. Tucfeld, five years past, being servant
to the lord Chancellor, passed a licence for bell metal, without warrant,
and, in fear of correction, fled hither. He has since been in France
and the Emperor's dominions. Upon rumour of war with the French
king he withdrew from the duke of Vandosme's service to Cambray,
and at the coming of this army made suit to be admitted to it, was
accepted and has done diligent service. Beg the Council's intercession
with the King for his pardon. Signed : John Wallop : T. Seymour : Rich.
Crumwell : G. Carew : Robert Bowis : J. Seynt John.
P. 1. Begins : "It may please your good lordships."
Edin. II., 13.
326. Anthoinette De Bourbon to [the Queen Dowager of
Since writing, has received her letters of 1 Oct. Is glad to find
she is not without the hope which all should have in God, who will never
desert those who trust in Him, especially when it is a question of maintaining
His faith. Desires her not to lose courage. Her cause is just. Doubts
not the King will give her all the help he can. "Vostre frere Daubmalle
et moy vous y servyrons de solliciteur." Hopes to be at Fontainebleau
"annuyt (a nuit) au gyste." Has written the rest of the news in her
other letters. Writes this merely to desire her always to take pains to
serve Him who is Almighty to defend her "et cette poure (pauvre) petite
Rayne que sy june (jeunc) lon veut oultrager." I will unite my prayers
with yours to give you such aid that His faith may be kept, and you and
she maintained in your just right.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Endd. : Madame de Guise. Begins : "Madame, depuys
mes lestres escriptes."
327. Grants in October, 1543.
1. Wm. Horsseley and Thos. Horsseley,
one of the grooms of the Butlery.
Grant, in survivorship, of the offices of
bailiff of the lordships of Cropton in
Pykering Lith and Skyrtenbek, Yorks.,
and of a forester in Gawtres Forest, Yorks.,
with fees of 30s. 4d. and 33s. 4d. a year
and 4d. a day respectively. On surrender
by the said William of pat. 15 Aug.
6 Henry VIII. to him, as yeoman of the
Guard, of the said office of bailiff, and
pat. 25 June 15 Hen. VIII. to him, of the
said office of forester in reversion after
Wm. Hogeson, one of the yeomen of
the Butlery, who is now dead. Grafton,
12 Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
1 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
2. Hen. Hall, clk. Presentation to
the perpetual vicarage of Grenewiche,
Kent, Rochester dioc. Hampthill, 28 Aug.
35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 1 Oct.—
P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
3. Thos. Horner and John Horner,
jun. Licence to alienate Nonney manor,
Soms., which belonged to Glastonbury
mon., and the advowson of Nonney rectory;
to Sir Wm. Poulett lord Seynt John
and Eliz. his wife, in fee to the said Sir
Wm. — (place blank) 1 Oct. Pat.
35 Hen. VIII., p. 6, m. 22.
4. John Curwen, one of the King's
serjeants at arms. Grant of the office of
serjeant at arms which Edw. Goldesborowe,
dec., had; with 12d. a day from
31 May last. Woodstock, 18 Sept. 35
Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 1 Oct. — P.S.
Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
5. John Hynde, King's sergeant at
law, of the King's Council. Grant, in fee,
for 762l. 4s. 4½d., of the manor of Girton,
Camb., which belonged to Ramsey mon.,
and the manor of More alias More Barnes,
Camb., which belonged to Barnewell
priory; with appurtenances in Girton,
More alias More Barnes, Madingley and
Cambridge. Also the advowson of Girton
rectory, which belonged to Ramsey, and
the house, &c., of the late Black Friars in
Derby, with two meadows and nine
cottages in the parish of St. Werburge,
Derby, and rent of a tenement in Olaston,
Derb., late in tenure of Sir John Porte,
dec., which belonged to the said Friars.
Except advowsons, other than the above,
and lead roofs of the Friars. Sonnynghill,
8 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden,
1 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
6. Wm. Reskymer, a page (garcio) of
the Chamber. To be havenator or keeper
of the ports of the duchy of Cornwall in
cos. Cornw. and Devon, with 10 mks. fee,
as enjoyed by Benedict Killigrew or John
Thomas. Guldeforde, 2 Aug. 35 Hen. VIII.
Del. Walden, 2 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 16,
7. Thomas Arderne, of Faversham,
Kent. Licence to alienate Elynnden
manor, Kent, and woods called Tongewood
(5 ac.) and Elynnden Grove (10 ac.),
in Seasalter in Whitestaple, and certain
fields &c.(named) in Hernehill parish, all
which the said Thos. has by the King's
grant; to John Nedam of Parva Wymbley,
Herts, and Avisia his wife and the heirs
of their bodies, with remainder, in default,
to Jas. Nedeham of Parva Wymbley,
father of the said John, in fee simple.
Walden, 3 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 5,
8. The Staple of Bristol. Confirmation
of the election of Thos. Pacy, as
mayor of the staple of wools, leather,
wool-fells and lead ordained at Bristol,
and Ric. Abyngton and John Repe as
constables, for one year, as certified by
the late mayor and constables and the
merchants. Westm, 4 Oct. Pat. 35
Hen. VIII., p. 4, m. 17.
9. John Marbecke, of New Windsor,
organ player alias yeoman. Pardon for
his offence of the late statute against
heretics in that, 10 March 34 Hen. VIII,
at New Windsor, he wrote against the
Sacrament of the Altar, affirming contemptuously
"That the hooly masse when
the preiste dooth consecrate the bodye of
Or Lorde is polluted, difformed, sinfull
and open roberie of the glorie of God,
from the whiche a X'pen harte ought
booth to abhorre and flee; and the eleevacion
of the Sacrament is the similitude of
the setting upp of images of the calves in
the Temple buylded by Jeroboam, and
that it is more abhominacion then the
sacrifies doon by the Jewes in Jeroboams
temple to those calves; and that certain
and sure it is that Christ himself is made
in this masse mens laughing stock"; and
other erroneous words in derision of the
said Sacrament and to the pernicious
example of other heretics, as appears in
the record of his indictment before John
bp. of Sarum, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir
Humph. Foster, Wm. Frankelyn, clk., John
Latton, Thomas Benette and other commissioners.
omitted) (fn. 9) 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden,
4 Oct.—P.S. (filed under 24 Oct.) Pat.
p. 6, m. 35.
10. Thos. Bulkeley, B.C.L., King's
chaplain. Presentation to the parish
church of Llam Dewsantte, Bangor dioc.
void by the promotion of Arthur bp. of
Bangor to his bishopric. Woodstok, 28
Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 4 Oct.
—P.S. Pat. p. 6, m. 35.
11. John Gate, of Garnettes, Essex,
the King's servant. Grant, in fee, for
810l. 5s. 11d., of Catmerhall manor,
Essex, which belonged to Marg. countess
of Sarum, attainted; the manor of Mysendon
don alias Mysenden alias Meseden, Herts
and Essex, which belonged to the mon. of
St. Mary of Graces next the Tower of
London, with the advowson of Mesenden
rectory, Herts., and woods of 33 ac. called
Hall Woodde coppies and Smale Woodde
coppies in Mesenden; the manor of
Langley Hall, Essex and Herts, which
belonged to the priory of St. Bartholomew
in Westsmythfelde, London, with the
wood of 3 ac. called Langley Hall Grove;
the rectory of Magna Wendon alias Wenden,
Essex, which belonged to Barnewell
mon., Camb., with advowson of the
vicarage; and all appurtenances of the
premises in Catmerhall, Lytelbury, Wenden
Magna, Wenden Parva, Stratehall,
Walden, Langley and Clavering, Essex,
and in Meseden, Brent Pelham and
Ansty, Herts. Also a water mill and site
of a water mill in Lytelbury, Essex, and
messuage there beside the house of the
rector of Lytelbury, between the highway
and a meadow in tenure of John Berners,
and the rectory of Lytelbury, extending
towards the north as far as a meadow
belonging to the rector of Strathall, and
all lands in tenure of Benedict Burton in
Lytelbury, Chippyng Walden and Strathall,
Essex; also three shops in the
Market Place of Chippyng Walden (position
described), all which belonged to
Tyltey mon., Essex. Woodstocke, 26
Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 6 Oct.
—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 22.
12. Ireland. Licence to Sir Ant.
Sentliger, deputy of Ireland and gentleman
of the Privy Chamber, to repair to
the King about the affairs of Ireland; and
appointment of Wm. Brabazon, vicetreasurer
of Ireland, as justice of Ireland
during his absence. Woodstock, 8 Oct.
35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden, 12 Oct.—
P.S. In English. Pat p. 3, m. 22.
Enrolled also in 36 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 4,
and p. 9, m. 4.
13. Geo. Dynham. Licence to alienate
a moiety of a third part of Weston
manor and lands in Weston, Sutton and
Dyngley; to Thos. Dynham. Westm.,
12 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 18, m. 3.
14. Joan Taylour, widow. Licence to
alienate a messuage, &c., in tenure of
Thos. Parker (boundaries given) in St.
Helen's parish, London, which belonged
to St. Helen's priory; to John Larke, son
of Thos. Larke, of London, merchant
tailor. Walden, 14 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen.
VIII, p. 12, m. 8.
15. John Gates, of Garnettes, Essex.
Licence to alienate Catmerhell manor,
Essex, which belonged to Marg., countess
of Sarum, attainted, with appurtenances
in Catmerhall, Lytylbury, Wenden Magna,
Wenden Parva, Stratehall and Walden,
Essex; to Wm. Bradbury, junr., and
Ellen his wife, in fee to the said Wm.
Walden, 14 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII,
p. 12, m. 17.
16. Sir Ric. Riche, chancellor of
Augmentations, and Eliz. his wife.
Licence to alienate the manor of Fawcett
alias Fawcet Forrest, Westmld., with
lands (extent given) in Fawcett alias
Fawcet Forrest, Bannandesdale, Bannandesdalehed,
and Capull in the parishes of Kendall and
Shappe, Westmld., and the manor of
Gladfen alias Gladfen Hall, Essex, with
lands (extent given) in Gladfen and
Halsted; to Sir Wm. lord Parre. Westm.,
16 Oct. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII., p. 7, m. 4.
17. John Belloo and Robt. Brokelsbye.
Grant, in fee, for 946l. 16s. 8½d., of the
rectory and advowson of the vicarage of
Glentworthe, Linc., in tenure of the said
Robert, which belonged to Newsome
mon.; the rectory and advowson of the
vicarage of Laughton, Linc., in tenure of
Geo. Sheffeld, which belonged to Thorneholme
priory; lands (specified) of two
tenants named in Saxilbie, Linc., which
belonged to Brodeholme priory, Notts.;
two copyhold messuages, &c., in Yngham,
Linc., (tenant named) which belonged to
Bullington priory; rents and lands (many
tenants named, including Thos. Herte,
provost of the church of Burton) in Burton,
Linc., which belonged to Bardeney
abbey; lands in Tevilbie and Ludforde,
Linc. (two tenants named) which belonged
to Sixhile priory; the grange or manor of
Screysbye alias Screpulbye, Linc., which
belonged to St. Katharine's priory beside
Lincoln, with appurtenances in Screylsbye
alias Screpulbye, Dalderbye and Halton,
Linc., in tenure of the rector of Dalderbye;
the site &c. of the late house of
Grey Friars of Grymesbye, Linc., with
gardens and fields (named) which belonged
to it in tenure of the relict of Thos. Hatcliff
(except bells and leaden roofs); lands
in Axhaye, Linc., of 16 tenants named
(including Robt. Magott, priest of the
chantry there, and John Robinson, late
prior of the Charterhouse) which belonged
to the priory of Newstede upon Ankholme;
the manor of Holme, Linc., which belonged
to Welloo mon., and certain tithes
(tenants named) of the manor and in the
parish of Clee, Linc., which belonged to
Welloo; lands in Nettilton, Linc. (4
tenants named), which belonged to Sixhill
priory; lands in Braunceby, Linc., which
belonged to the preceptory of Willoughton
and St. John's of Jerusalem (8 tenants
named); the manor of Swallowe, Linc.,
which belonged to Welloo mon., with lands
of six tenants named in Swallowe; rent
and service of four tenants named in Saxby
and Yngham, Linc.; lands in tenure of
eight tenants named in Upton, Saxby and
Yngham, and the chief messuage of the
manor of Tealby, Linc., and lands leased
with it to John Clerke, which belonged to
Willoughton preceptory and St. John's;
lands in tenure of Robt. Dighton in
Fillingham, Linc., which belonged to
Newboo mon.; the lordship or manor of
Urebye, Linc., which belonged to Sir
Francis Bigot, attainted, in tenure of Wm.
Lambert; and the advowson of the rectory
of Gresmer, Westmld., which belonged to
St. Mary's mon. beside York. Grafton,
19 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Walden,
21 [Oct.].—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 8.
18. Roger Apowell, of London, weaver
or merchant. Fiat for a protection as
going in the retinue of Henry lord Mautravers,
deputy of Calais. Walden, 26 Oct.
French roll 36 Hen. VIII. m 3.
19. John Sewester. Grant, in fee, for
901l. 13s. 4d., of Odesey manor, Camb.,
Herts and Beds, and Odesey grange in the
parish of Gylden Moredon, Camb., which
belonged to Wardon mon.; and all appurtenances
in Gylden Moredon, Steple
Moredon, Meldebourne, Melrethe, and
Sheperethe, Camb., in Ashewell and Kelshall,
Herts, and in Eyworth, Beds; and
all lands in these places in tenure of Wm.
Sewester which belonged to the said mon.;
and the messuage in Wymple, Camb.,
in tenure of Robt. Broke, which belonged
to the same. Also Halston manor, Salop,
which belonged to St. John's of Jerusalem,
and the site and chief messuage of the
late preceptory of Halston with its gardens
and certain lands (named) in Halston;
and the lands of nine tenants (named) in
Halston leased to Wm. Whorwodde and
Ric. Mytton, all which belonged to St
John's. Also the lands in tenure of Hen.
Darbye in Steple Moredon and Gyldenmorden,
Camb., which belonged to Anglesey
priory. Also the rectory of Horemeade
Magna alias Hormeade le More, which
belonged to Waltham Holy Cross mon.,
Essex, with appurtenances in Magna
Horemeade, Anstye, Brent Pelham, Leyston,
and Alstewyke, Herts, in tenure of
Thos. Hawke, and the advowson of the
vicarage. Also the rectory of Mytton,
Yorks., which belonged to Cokersande
mon., Lanc., with appurtenances in
Mytton parish, Yorks. and Lanc., in
tenure of Thomas Burgoyn; and the
advowson of the vicarage. Grafton, 13
Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Royston, 29 Oct.
—P.S. Pat. p. 7, m. 7.
20. John Cooke, one of the King's
footmen. To be bailiff of the manor or
lordship of Oveston, Ntht., parcel of
"Richemondes Landes," with 2d. a day
from Michaelmas last. Woodstock, 16
Sept. 35 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampthill,
31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 23.
21. Thos. Ireland. Grant, in fee, for
292l. 6s. 9d., of Albrighton manor, Salop,
which belonged to Shrewsbury mon., and
all appurtenances in the parish of St. Mary
in Shrewsbury and elsewhere, and several
messuages, &c. (described and tenants
named), in the parish of St. Mary in Shrewsbury,
which belonged to Shrewsbury mon.
Also the messuage and lands in tenure of
Roger Vaughan and Eliz. his wife in
Shippynfeld, Badesbroche, Stytfelde, and
Pulderbache, Salop, and a pasture called
Ducke lesowe in the parish of Stut alias
Stit, Salop, in tenure of Ric. Higgyns,
which belonged to Haughmond mon.
Amptill, 26 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del.
Ampthill, 31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 5, m. 15.
22. Jane Flemmyng alias Jane Maunxell,
wife of Dyas Flemmyng of the parish
of Lanttwytt, co. Glam. Pardon for
offences against the late Statute of the
incontinency of priests and women committed
on the 30 Oct. 32 Hen. VIII.
Grafton, 20 Oct. 35 Hen. VIII. Del.
Hamphill, 31 Oct.—P.S. Pat. p. 14, m. 6.
23. John Mounteyn, the King's servant.
To be keeper of a certain garden
within the manor of Grenewiche called
the Quenes Garden, with 4d. a day and
22s. 6d. a year for livery; from 24 June
34 Hen. VIII., since which time he has
exercised the office. Oteland, 23 July
35 Hen VIII. Del. Ampthill, 31 Oct.—
P.S. Pat. p. 14, m. 7.