Henry VIII
November 1543, 1-10


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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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'Henry VIII: November 1543, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 18 Part 2: August-December 1543 (1902), pp. 186-203. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76774 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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November 1543, 1-10

1 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 2. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 81.
328. Sadler to Suffolk.
Informs their "lordships" (fn. 1) that this evening between 4 and 5 p.m. Maxwell and Somervile were committed to Edinburgh castle. Maxwell and his wife have lain here this 5 or 6 days with a small number of servants, and Somervile came hither this day, intending, as far as Sadler knows, to repair to the King. This day also came the abbot of Pastle, with 60 horse, and, having desired Maxwell and Somervile to come speak with him, walked with them in the High Street, talking, where, at the Castle Hill, a serjeant at arms met them and arrested Maxwell and Somervile in the name of the Queen and Governor. This shows that, however negligent they have been, "the other party sleepeth not"; and now, it is thought, the game will begin. Edinburgh, All Hallows Day, at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
1 Nov.
Epp. Reg. Sc., II., 166.
329. Scotland and Portugal.
Letters of reprisal granted by Mary Queen of Scots to [John Bertoun] to exact compensation from the Portuguese for the goods of which his grandfather John Bertoun was despoiled in coming from Flanders; in which matter the late King, last year, sent a herald (fn. 2) to Spain to the King of Portugal, whose proctor, Gaspar a Palpha, returned hither with him, and, upon enquiry, agreed that 12,000 cr. should be paid within twelve months, or in default the heir should be at liberty to seize Portuguese goods. As this is now the sixteenth month since that conclusion, and no mention of the debt has been made, the Queen can no longer refuse these letters of reprisal. Ex regia Edinburgensi, kal. Nov. 1543.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
Royal MS. 18 B. VI., f. 25, f. 156b and f. 221b, B. M. 2. Three letter-book copies of the above, undated.
Lat., pp. 2.
1 Nov.
R. O.
330. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
The bearer Sir James Melvil, a Scottishman beneficed in Rome, "pretending love and devotion towards your Majesty, and also declaring to have served the same in certain secrets communed with Mr. Pachet, your late orator in France," has required letters of the writer as a means to come to Henry's speech. "The man appeareth to have good learning and to abhor from the Bishop's part; and also to know many things of importance worthy to be communicate with the same secretly." Venice, 1 Nov., 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
2 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX. 532.
331. The Privy Council to Bonner and Bryan.
The King has received theirs of the 26th ult., showing their declaration of Mr. Bryan's charge and the Emperor's answer thereto. Upon notice, lately given by Wallop to the Emperor's lieutenant in the camp, of the approaching end of the four months for which Henry's army is obliged by the treaty to serve, it appears, by their said letters, that the Emperor wishes it to serve at Henry's charge for 14, 15 or 20 days longer, and has sent to his ambassador to labour for this. They are to tell the Emperor that, upon motion made by him and Granvelle and by the Ambassador in England for this, the King's answer is :—That, although the treaty covenanted that neither party should be chargeable for aid given for more than four months in one year, and the Emperor knows that Henry has fully accomplished his part, yet, using to choose as his friend only "such as in whom" he expects love and "a desire to contend with him in reciproque feats of friendship," he cannot refrain from doing more than covenant binds to show his friend pleasure. True, the French King having drawn away all his strength from this side, Henry has special commodity for some exploit if, now at the end of the four months, he had Wallop's band ready; but he can forget that, and, seeing the French King there with so great a force to rescue Landreses that the withdrawing of Henry's band might encourage the enemy and abash the Emperor's army, and expecting like kindness in return if need be, he will entertain his aid for 20 days longer after the last of October, on which day the four months ended, and trusts that the Emperor will dismiss them home before the end of this month. Praying the Emperor that, as the King believes that both he and the Regent desire to have all things correspond to the treaty, he will charge his ministers to have better eye to this than hitherto, and to persuade himself that, as he finds friendship now, so, if he work frankly, he shall find it hereafter.
They have already had charge to "enter somewhat" with the Emperor touching the Scots, and shall now declare "more at length how barbarously, inconstantly and disloyally the same have proceeded." Their King entered hostility against his uncle, the father and protector of his infancy and a dear and tender friend since, and, "in the midst of his brulery," died leaving his young child in "the hands of a sort of wolfes," many of his nobles captive in England and his realm void of all rule. Albeit then, having occasion and cause with fire and sword to bring them "low to knowledge their bounden duties of allegiance," the King could not only find it in his gentle heart to forget their unkindness and hear their suit for peace, but also (he minding then to enter a straiter amity with the Emperor), that they three might join against the French King, to conclude an amity with them; which was concluded by the young Queen's Commissioners here, ratified before the King's ambassador in Scotland by the Governor and noblemen at a solemn mass, in presence of notaries, proclaimed in the Market place of Edinburgh, and "the ratification with th'enacting of the notaries" sent to Henry under the Great Seal of Scotland by the hands of the lord of Fife. This treaty should have been to the quietness of the young Queen and realm and commodity both of Henry and the Emperor, but, when it came to the doing of some things bound thereby, which things "touched nother the honor nor the profit of no man, state or person of any degree within that realm," by the malice of their Cardinal (who sowed dissension among the nobles and spread fair promises out of France) and by the inconstancy of the Governor and some others, the Scots "clearly swerved" from the treaty; and, although since their first slipping they have divers times repented and given hope of reconciliation, now, by "the coming of this patriarch (fn. 3) and an ambassador (fn. 4) out of France with a little money," they have clearly revolted, invading the King's realm, arresting his subjects and ships, and staying his ambassador (fn. 5) with them. Bonner and Bryan shall therefore require the Emperor to declare the Scots common enemies, to be taken wherever found; and report the Emperor's answer with diligence. Have written by bearer to Wallop for his longer abode as above. Ampthil, 2 Nov.
P.S.—In moving the Emperor to take the Scots as common enemies, Henry means not those Scots to whom he has given safeconduct, for there are certain noblemen and others who are his friends, but those of the Cardinal's faction and that take the part of France, who shall be known by having no safeconduct.
Draft, pp. 28. With corrections and last eight pages in Paget's hand. Endd. : "Mynute to the bishop of London and Sir Francis Bryan, ijo Novemb. 1543."
3 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 4. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 82.
332. Wharton to Suffolk.
On the 31st October, at night, his servants Edw., Wm. and Fergus Storie, with 12 Scottishmen, set fire in the market place of Selkrig; but the watchmen beat them out of the town "and ridded the fire." They then burnt 8 great corn stacks outside the town and a grange of Bukcleughes called Huntley, two miles on this side of Selkrig, and came home safe although sore chased. The same night 30 of the Armestranges of Ledisdaill burnt the laird of Farnyhirst's grange called Farnyhirst and slew a Scottishman. Wyrkyntone, 3 Nov., where he is at the death of his brother-in-law Sir Thos Curwen.
Encloses a letter for Sir Ant. Broun notifying the death of his said brother in law, who had the stewardships of Sherefhutton and Fourneis. Would be glad if his son, Mr. Broun's servant, had these offices, and begs Suffolk's favour in this. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
4 Nov.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 254.]
333. Chapuys to Charles V.
On the 28th ult. received his letters of the 22nd, with those to this King and the documents therein mentioned; and, not being well enough to go to Court, despatched them to the King, who rejoiced at the Emperor's continued confidence in him and execrated the duke of Orleans's practices.
On the 30th the King sent him, in all haste, the Emperor's letters of the 25th, and he at once asked for audience, to make the necessary representations as to the pay of the Englishmen there. Without noticing the other affairs, the King's Council wished to persist that no complaint should be made if the King refused to continue the pay, seeing the expiration of the time comprised in the treaty, and that what was said to Chantonnay was conditional, and their message to Chapuys (that in case of battle their King would like to have a great many men there, cost what it might) was only affectionate language and not binding. However, in the end, they have sent to tell Chapuys that the King was despatching about this to his ambassadors, and the Emperor would have occasion to be satisfied and recognise that the King was his perfect friend.
The King is greatly satisfied with the Emperor's reception of the earl of Sorey, whose father has expressed great obligation to the Emperor. The gentleman of Scotland who was here has left with a present of 400 ducats; and the ambassadors expected from Scotland are not yet arrived. London, 4 Nov. 1542 (sic).
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. endd. : receues en Cambray, xiiije dud. mois 1543.
4 Nov.
Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 255.
334. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Encloses his letter to the Emperor, together with one from this King answering the Emperor's of the 25th ult. In it she will see a paragraph about the pay of the forces the King has sent over, which matter is referred to the Privy Councillors, who do not seem inclined to decide it equitably. London, 4 Nov. 1543.
Original at Vienna.
4 Nov.
R. O.
335. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Has received her letters of the 23rd ult. concerning the affair of the exemption of the English from the impost of one per cent.; upon which those here have said nothing. Also they have made no mention of the small number of the ships of Flanders, apparently taking the excuse she mentions as legitimate, of which Mr. Bryant, who saw part of the shipwreck, could witness.
The Council have sent to say that their King has despatched in haste to his ambassadors resident with the Emperor, who, they thought, would have occasion to be satisfied touching the prolongation of the pay of the King's men there, and would recognise that the King was his perfect friend. The gentleman of Scotland who was here has left with a present of 400 ducats, and the ambassadors expected from Scotland are not yet come. London, 4 Nov. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
4 Nov.
Granvelle Papiers d' Etat, II., 683.
336. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
In pursuance of what he wrote yesterday morning, when he came to the camp, a league from the enemies, the day before yesterday, the enemies made skirmishes in which they lost some gentlemen and others without doing any hurt. Describes how yesterday he marched out in battle array and drove them into their trenches, and has since lain in the open field to see whether they would recover courage after all their brags. No men could be more determined and willing than his, whatever nation they belonged to (voire et de toutes les nations); and as for the enemies all that have been seen have fled except those taken and slain. Will to-morrow see what to do further. Reminds her of the provision of victuals. Camp near Novely, 4 Nov. 1543. Signed.
4 Nov.
Lanz, II., 408.
337. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
The other letter is to be communicated to ambassadors and to his subjects as shall seem convenient, and is the pure truth, although the enemies will everywhere publish otherwise. Having so amply repressed the boasting of the enemies, has this day held a Council at which were present the lords of Spain, the princes and generals of the Almains, Don Ferdinand and the other lords of these parts, and also the general of the English [and] the duke of Norfolk's son. All agreed that the insolence of the enemies being repressed, and they in a strong place where they could neither be forced nor starved, considering also the changeable weather and the season, the army should go towards Crevecuoeur, since it cannot be disbanded until we see what the enemy will do. To-morrow they will sleep at Solen; and victuals should be sent to Solen and Crevecueur. Camp near Neuvely, 4 Nov. 1543.
4 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX., 537.
338. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on 20 Oct. It has since been reported that Barbarossa left Tolon with 30 galleys to "rescontre" Janetin Doria with 20, or else to go to Alger or Spain. The Turks at Tolon "entreateth the Frenchmen inhumanly." Guasto gave battle to Mondovi in Piemont, but failed. It is thought he "will withdraw his camp, and the sooner, being sore agrieved with the ague." The Turk returned to Constantinople on 20 or 25 Oct., leaving 40,000 Turks in Hungary; while 15,000 of Ferdinando's men remain on his confines, and the rest, including the Bishop's 4,000 Italians, are gone home. Frenchmen rumored here that the Emperor was greatly "indommagid" at Guisa, but now the truth is known that he is like to prevail at Guisa and Landresay both. The Bishop's party triumph at the rebellion of the French faction in Scotland. The Bishop has sent money for the subornation of the Scots. Venice, 4 Nov. 1543.
P. S.—Letters from Naples mention that the King of Tonis passed to Africa with 2,000 Italians to recover his realm from his son, but was defeated and all his men slain and wounded, and himself taken. The son then sent to the captain of the Goletta to say that the quarrel was between him and his father, and he would obey the Emperor as his father did; so that the league is like to be renewed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
5 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 6. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 83.
339. Wharton to Suffolk.
According to his letters and those of the Council, received at Carlisle, 31 Oct., with the King's letters to Angwes, Cassills and Glencarne, sent the credence with his cousin Thos. Sandfurthe and Alex. Apulby, the King's servants, instructed to help each other, considering the lack of order in that realm; as Apulby will show, who returned here, this 5th Nov., at midnight, with a letter to the King. With him came a servant of Robert Maxwell, bringing two letters (enclosed) to the Master of the Horse and to Wharton. Begs to know by Friday next what to reply to Maxwell, to whom he now writes (copy enclosed). Sends a letter to the Privy Council in reply to theirs in this affair.
Describes exploits in Scotland, viz., on 1 Nov., by the Nycsons, burning of the laird of Redall's grange of Lyntobank, 35 miles within Scotland; and by Wharton's servant, Robin Foster, and the Litles, Scottishmen, burning at Cowterellers half a mile from lord Flemyng's castle of Bygare of the lands of John Mynyous, Fleming's receiver, and one Lindsay; and on 2 Nov., by James Routlege, Davy Blakburn and John Foster, of the Humes' towns of Sonnyside, Lathome and Wowfferes on the water of Rowllie. Carlisle, 5 Nov., at 1 o'clock after midnight. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
5 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 8. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 83 (1).
340. Wharton to Robert Maxwell.
Has by Ryneane Grame received his letters of the 5th inst. "in the night," and is sorry to hear that his father and Somervell are so troubled. Where he desires to know "what supply I will make you with these under my rule"; is "evil pleased" that Maxwell's father, "being a noble wise man of great experience," should have put himself among his enemies; but, if Maxwell will resist (and Anerdaill, Eshdaill, Ewsdaill and those in his father's offices are true to him, with the fortresses of Loughmaben and others), the Governor cannot enter his father's offices without a great power; which will require preparation, and meanwhile the King or the lord Lieutenant will take order for his defence. If any mean power, under 3,000 men, come (and Maxwell's men will not resist them, as they may do three times as many), Wharton will, if put in surety from hurt by those within the Maxwells' rooms, so "search the others" that they shall have small profit of any offices there. If Maxwell will do displeasure to any enemy, within 40 miles or further from the Border, which may be done by 100 or 200 light horsemen, Wharton will send him Englishmen and Scottishmen who will "avow the act to be theirs when it is done." Carlisle, 5 Nov.
Encloses a letter which came in a packet from the lord Lieutenant, and another letter to the laird of Bremstone to be forwarded.
P. 1. Headed : "Copie of a lettre from Sir Thomas Wharton, knight, to Robert Maxwell, the vth of November."
5 Nov.
Granvelle Papiers d' Etat, II., 685.
341. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
She would learn by his letters written yesterday morning, by Thoison d'Or, how on Saturday he offered battle to the king of France, but, after a great troop of men of arms and horse arquebusiers had been driven into their trenches with loss, they never showed themselves again all that day or the next. Seeing that bridges were being made to approach him, the King has this night departed in great fear and with great precautions (described) to ensure secrecy. All are surprised at his departure, for he held a strong entrenched position. As Granvelle has to-day written, the Emperor, upon learning their retreat, pursued them for five leagues but could not overtake them. The King is gone towards Guise. Some horsemen who still followed them skirmished with and defeated their rear guard and lost several killed and taken. Returned hither an hour after nightfall and weary, and must stay here to-morrow for the army to recover. Chasteaul en Cambresis, 5 Nov., 8 p.m.
5 Nov.
Lanz, II., 409.
342. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
The letter herewith is made in order that she may communicate it, like that of Saturday, for it is certain that the French will disguise the account. She should send copies to Almain, Italy, &c. Remains here all day; and begs her to forward victuals. Chateau en Cambresis, 5 Nov. 1543.
Has nothing else to write than is in the other letter. If messieurs of this castle had warned me when the last Frenchmen left their camp, which was three or four hours before I knew it, or if I had not had to do with a foolish bishop of Cambray, or even if some stray horses (cheveaulx desvades) had not foolishly gone further than they were commanded, the gain would have been [even greater], for most of the King's army, or at least Mons. de Vendosme and the rearguard, would have remained on the ground (y demeurast). Still, he thanks God for what He has given; "en faut remedyer aulx faultes que ces coquins ont fayt."
6 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 11. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 85. Sadler State Papers, I. 329.
343. Sadler to the Council.
Was ready to depart out of Edinburgh when one Sandforde, a kinsman of Mr. Wharton, brought him the Council's letters of 27 Oct., with the copy of those to Wharton, saying that he and one Apulby went, according to their instructions, and conferred with Angus alone (because none of the other lords were with him), whose answer was despatched forthwith by Apulby. Cannot tell what Angus and the rest will do now upon the apprehension of Maxwell and Somvervell, which ought to stir them; but, before, they said they were not able to do what the King required, neither to apprehend the Governor and Cardinal nor to get the young Queen into their hands. As far as Sadler can perceive, they will have enough ado to save themselves from their enemies; and as neither party is able to seek the other within their own bounds, and they will certainly never fight the field, whatsoever they brag, if the King's godly purposes are to be accomplished, it must be with his own power, for here is no aid to be trusted. Although Angus and the rest be as well dedicate to the King as they pretend, yet, considering the malice of this nation towards England, they cannot be sure of their own servants; as any one, who has continued here as long as Sadler has, might see "though he had but half an eye." Somerwell is removed from Edinburgh castle to Black Nasshe, and Maxwell remains, who, some think, was taken by his own consent, "which, if it be true, declareth him a most unfaithful man." He and Somervell used much folly to come so slenderly furnished among their enemies; for the castle of Edinburgh is in the Governor's hand, and the town (say what they will) wholly at the Cardinal's devotion. Cannot tell whether Angus and the rest will send another in place of Somervell; but Sir George Douglas has sent word that he will forthwith repair to Darnton to show Suffolk what Somervell had in charge. Parliament is appointed at Edinburgh for the beginning of December, which Angus and his side say they will empeach. Lynoux appears to have revolted from Angus, at the persuasion of the Dowager and Cardinal, who labour to make him and the Governor friends. It is said that the Governor shall continue in that office and Lynoux shall be made lieutenant general of the realm. Temptallon, 6 Nov.
P.S.—The captain of Temptallon castle, who yesterday tarried behind Sadler in Edinburgh, arrived this morning, saying that the Governor, Cardinal and Bothwell came yesternight to Edinburgh—indeed the Governor has been coming for these 10 or 12 days, and appears to have put off because Sadler was there. Whereas the King would have him reside where Angus and the other lords are, he is told that their houses are scantly furnished for themselves and are near no town where he could be in surety. Temptallon though "but easily furnished, and slender lodging in it" is so strong that he need not fear enemies. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib, f. 14. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
Pp. 3.
6 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 9. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 84.
344. Sadler to Sir Anthony Browne.
Thanks him for being a suitor to the King (as Mr. Pagett's letters report) for a safeconduct for such merchants as Sadler wrote for to pass into France with merchandise, and bring back wines to Scotland. Thanks him eftsoons for getting Mr. Avery licence to come hither; and now begs him to get further licence for Avery to remain as long as Sadler abides here, which he dare not do without licence as his "waiting time" is at Christmas. Avery's company will be a great comfort to him, "for you know what it is to live in a strange country alone without some good companion." Temptallon, 6 Nov.
Hol. p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
6 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX. 538.
345. Wallop to Henry VIII.
To report proceedings since 29 Oct. last; on Friday, 2 Nov., levied their camp and marched towards the enemies, skirmishing with them all day. That night the Emperor came to the camp, armed, upon a little Turkey horse, and in answer to the salute of Sir Fras. Brian and Wallop said "Dieu mercy, je suis tout guari pour combatre les ennemyes." Next day marched towards the Castle in Cambresis, skirmishing all day, and finally driving the French into their entrenched camp there. The Northern horse, led by Ralph Boulmer and Richard Bowis, were among the best skirmishers; and Sir Robert Bowis' ordering of them in the manner of the Scottish border was much praised. Describes how, when they approached the French camp and expected battle, the Emperor "showed signs of a noble and valiant courage." Saturday night was cold and windy; and on Sunday morning Wallop with my lord of Surrey and Sir Fras. Brian attended a council in the Emperor's chamber, where were also the viceroy of Cicile, dukes of Alberkerk and Nagers, duke of Brunswick, dukes Maurice and Philip of Saxony, duke of Arschot, Marquis of Bransbourghe, marshal of the Empire, Mons de Rieux, the count of Bures, Mons. de Grandville, Mons. du Prat, Mons. du Bousche, grand esquire, and Mons. du Rye, le premier gentilhomme de sa chambre. Three proposals were made, viz., to assail the French camp, to march between it and France to intercept victuals, or to dissolve the army. The first two were negatived; and, upon the third, it was thought that, although the Emperor (having offered battle) might with honor dissolve the army, it were best, next day, to march along the enemy's flank to Soyllan and lie there a night or more; for the French king could not long conserve his great army together here. That Sunday was no skirmishing; but the French King, before midnight, "discamped his army" and marched all night towards France, without our knowledge until, in the morning, Englishmen of the scout notified it. Thereupon the horsemen, the Emperor with them, pursued 6 or 7 leagues France ward; the footmen following. Some straggling footmen were taken, and such as were subjects of the Empire killed; also the enemy left carriages with wine, tents, gunpowder, &c. The chase followed to a wood in which they had a sharp skirmish with the enemy, and there Sir George Carew, Sir Thos. Palmer and Edw. Belyngham were either taken or slain. Carew and Bellingham are said to be slain, but Wallop has sent a trumpet into France to make sure. Before the chase came to the other side of the wood the Frenchmen were so far and the night so near that it was stopped, and all returned to the French king's camp.
Francisco arrived to-day with a letter from the Council, of 2 Nov., but the Emperor was so weary with his travail yesterday that Wallop could not speak with him. Perceives by De Rieux that his ambassador has reported the contents of the said letter. Trusts that within 5 or 6 days this army shall be dissolved and part of the 20 days saved. To-morrow the Emperor intends to take Crevecueur and garrison it and Chasteau en Cambresis, and also Cambray town; not of himself, but as of the Empire. He will burn all the country about Becquenyng and perhaps take Corbe and garrison it with Almains and Spaniards, sending the rest of the Almains to take Luxembourghe if they can, and, if not, to return home for the winter. Chasteau en Cambresis, 6 Nov., 4 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
6 Nov.
R. O.
346. Wallop to Paget.
This day received his letter by Francisco. These 2 or 3 days past, "have been very busy to offer battle unto the Frenchmen, giving them sundry hot skirmishes"; whereupon the French king dislodged on Sunday at midnight, "commanding all the muleteers to take away the mules' bells, for making any bruit, as also the carters to make any yerk with his whip (if they did they were sore beaten); trumpet there blew none, ne yet stroke with drum." Had they known of this departure two hours sooner they might have taken part of the French ordnance before it was through the wood, "in the which wood they left certain carts laden with wine, powder, bards for horses and tents, which declareth they made great haste." Writes other proceedings to the King, "some sweet and some sour, fortune de la guerre." Could tell my lord of Norfolk about their chase after the Frenchmen, wherein was some disorder although the Emperor was present; and begs to be commended to him and my lords Privy Seal and Winchester and Sir Ant. Browne, with thanks for their writing to him now by Francisco. Commendations to Wriothesley, "unto whom I pray God send good health with long life." From our camp at Chasteawe in Cambreses, 6 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
6 Nov.
R. O.
347. Oudart Du Bies to Wallop.
Has received his letter, and replies that yesterday he saw Mr. Carevo, unwounded, in the hands of an Italian of the Count de Sansegond's band, and thinks he will be well treated, for their men are not accustomed to kill prisoners who have surrendered. As to your saying the Emperor was sorry that the day was not longer yesterday, and he would have chased us further, if you had seen what I saw you would have been sorry if it had lasted longer. We were in no hurry to make a greater journey than the King had appointed. We were five days within the country of the Empire, lodged near you, and the King, having done what he intended, which was to levy the siege of Landressis and revictual it, retired without loss in sight of your camp. St. Quentin, 6 Nov. 1543. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
7 Nov.
R. O.
348. Lisle to Paget.
Received his of the 6th here, at the King's house at Depforthe, on the 7th, at 10 a.m.; and also a letter from Wm. Wodhouse showing that the King will have the Pansey and Lesse Gally sent with speed to Woodhouse. Consulted with Mr. Gonson and Edw. Watters, and finds that rigging, victualling and manning of the ships, now in Colne Water, would require three weeks, "by which time the chief fishing of the herring fleet wilbe past and th[us] his Majesty's (?) enemies thereof in the meantime to have their full pleasure, to their no little gain and profit." Thinks the King should know this difficulty and the probable hindrance to his purpose if the enterprise stay upon the coming of these two ships. As Wodhouse's letters do not show what company of ships is in his charge for the said enterprise of the herring fishing, encloses schedule of their names now "upon the coming away of the Swepstake, which was sore infected with the plague." The number is 10 sail, which is sufficient to disturb their fishing; for the Frenchmen dare not set forth any ship for wafting of their herring fishing which may not in all tides and weather "easily [enter] into [the] havens for succour," i.e. not above 60 or 80 ton. For any other enterprise, will prepare the said two ships with diligence. The only other ships on this side Colne Water are the Jenet, Lyon and Dragon and "the new ship that came last off the stocks and three of the prizes [which] ca[me out] of the West country; all which ships their furniture will also prolong much time to set any of them forth, specially for any enterprise that may be done upon the said herring fishing." Have, instead of the Swepstake, sent the ship that was Artigo's, a tall bark, well appointed. "The r[est] of [the] prizes that came in with her must have some reparations before they [shalb]e able to go to the sea." Trusts to be at Court on Saturday next. Any answer to this should be addressed to Keyo, as he is just taking horse to return thither where he tarried one night. Mr. Gonson here did as much as could be done for the setting forth of Artigo's ship. Wednesday, 7 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Mutilated. Add. Endd. : 1543. Docketed as delivered at London, 7 Nov., at 6 p.m.
7 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 17 B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 86.
349. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Alex. Apulbye, of the West Border, sent into Scotland with Thos. Sandefurth, by Wharton, with the King's letters of credence to Angus, arrived this morning with letters (herewith) from Angus to the King, Wharton to Suffolk, Robt. Maxwell to Wharton (with copy of Wharton's answer), Wharton to the Council and Sir William Eure to Suffolk. Apulbye says that Angus was "much moved" with the taking of Maxwell and Somervell; especially for Somervell, because he (Angus) counselled Maxwell to go strong and offered to lend him 100 men, and yet he went with but five persons and tarried in Edinburgh from the Friday until the Thursday night. The abbot of Pasley with 60 men in red bonnets with steel bonnets under their cloaks, came to Maxwell's house, where Somervell and 30 of his servants were; and Maxwell came down the stair to the Abbot, and walked up the street to the Castle, where was a company of 80 more. Seeing these, Somervile said to Maxwell "Treason ! we are betrayed, let us help our self"; but Maxwell answered "I will not disobey the Queen's authority." A sergeant at arms then arrested them. In his return, Apulbye everywhere heard folk say that Maxwell was taken by his own consent, and curse him, many wishing that they were under England to live in peace, and trusting that Maxwell's son would rule better. Angus said that if Maxwell was not delivered before Friday they would take some other for him, and "it would come to blood shedding." Sir John Penman, chaplain to Angus, showed Apulbye that he had things to show the King, and suggested that Suffolk should write to him, advertising his master thereof, that the bp. of Winchester wrote that he had, at the King's request, promised a benefice for the said chaplain, which, if he came not to take possession, he was like to lose. Suffolk has accordingly written to the said priest and Angus; for the priest says the matters are of such secrecy and importance that he dare not write them. Has sent Wharton word that his answer to Robert Maxwell was good; and "not to pass the compass thereof" till he knows the King's pleasure. Darnton, 7 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Sir George Douglas is not come, and yet his assurance is continued to his friends. But for his assurance and his brother's the Scottish Borders had been much more destroyed. If he come not, the writers would know what articles those who will give hostage shall be bound to. If the West Borders had not been assured by Maxwell they had been in evil case.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
7 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 20. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 87. Sadler State Papers, I., 332.
350. Sadler to Suffolk.
This morning received a letter from the lord of Brumston (copy in cipher enclosed) showing what game is now like to begin. To verify it, has news that, this night, the Governor has taken Dalketh castle belonging to the earl of Morton. Sir George Douglas's son (fn. 6) who is Morton's heir, being in the castle, still keeps a dongeon of it, but, without rescue, cannot hold it; for he is without victual and artillery. The Cardinal has said that "it shall cost him his life but he will drive" out all the Douglasses. The Governor and Cardinal have devised to beset all the passages to Temptallon; but Sadler will still venture the sending of letters in cipher when he can get Scottish messengers. Temptallon, 7 Nov. 1543. Signed. [*** The P.S. appended here in Sadler State Papers belongs to a letter of 29 Nov.]
In cipher, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Ib. f. 22. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
P. 1.
[7 Nov.]
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 21. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 88.
351. The Laird of Brunston to Sadler.
This is to advertise your lordship of sik business as is here; desiring you to advertise all friends with haste, and that I be not forgotten in your writings. The Governor and his assistence are determined to have war with England and to put out, or else in hold, all that desire peace; and this night they have taken out of their beds three of the principal of George's friends in Edinburgh, and think to take all the houses and strengths they have. There is no remedy but to provide for the worst. I wot you will write to George.
In cipher, p. 1. Headed : The copie of the lorde Brunston's lettre to Mr. Sadleyr.
Ib. f. 23. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
P. 1.
7 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX. 543.
352. Wallop to Paget.
Wrote of the receipt of his of the 2nd, the contents of which are put in use no further than that Wallop has spoken with the Emperor "for the master gunner that made the mortar with bullets artificials;" who is content that the King shall have him, and grateful for the grant of 20 days, saying that he reckons not to charge the King with more than 5 or 6. Declared to him that the 20 days began on 1 Nov., and he took it so. For the rest of Paget's letters, about "drumslades, fifers, horsemen and footmen, Clevoys and Allemen and master gunners of shooting in mortars," will see to it, but has little leisure, as they march daily. From our camp 2 leagues from Cambrey, called Lyney, 7 Nov.
P.S.—No certainty yet whether Mr. Carew, Mr. Palmer and Belyngham are alive or dead. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
8 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 25. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 89. Sadler State Papers, I., 334.
353. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Has received theirs of 4 Nov. requiring news of what follows the taking of Maxwell and Somervell, and where Sir George Douglas is. His letters to the Council on the 6th and to them on the 7th show what he knows. Sir George was at Berwick on Tuesday last. This morning the Governor has sent men to besiege his house called Penkey. Hears that his son holds the dongeon of Dalketh castle, and that James Douglas of the Parke Hedge and Alex. Drommond, two hardy gentlemen, are with him. If they had artillery they could soon beat their enemies off; or, if they have victual, they will defend the dongeon until rescued. The country about daily resorts to the siege, by the Governor's command. Cannot learn what Angus intends; only that he, Casselles, Glencarne and the sheriff of Ayr are assembled to devise how to revenge these injuries to their friends. Temptallon, 8 Nov. 1543. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Ib. f. 26. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
P. 1.
8 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX. 542.
354. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Credence for the Sieur de Herbais, gentleman of his chamber, whom he sends to report his prosperity against the enemies (and bring news of Henry and the Queen), although he supposes that Henry's men, who do good service, advertise all that passes. From our camp, 8 Nov. Signed. French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Countersigned : Bave. Add. Endd.
R. O. [Sp. Cal., VI. II., No. 256.] 2. Undated draft of the above.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
8 Nov.
R. O. [Spanish Calendar, VI. II, No. 257]
355. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Is despatching the Sieur de Herbois, gentleman of his chamber, to declare to the King of England the enemy's shameful flight. Sends copy of two letters which he wrote of it, the day before yesterday, to the Queen his sister. Has charged Herbois to pass by her and learn what to say to the King of her diligence in causing the Emperor's vessels of war to join his. Ligny, 8 Nov. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.

Corpus Reform., v. 225.
356. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius. (fn. 7)
Is annoyed that he cannot find the letters of the Duke of Prussia which he was about to send to Alesius; for Staphylus is going thither and says he will go into Prussia if Alesius refuses. He says he will give place to Alesius because he knows that a man skilled in scholastic doctrine is required. Is ashamed to have lost the letters, but signifies the Prince's wish to Alesius.
Ib. 2. Another letter announcing that he found the Duke of Prussia's letters to Alesius just after the messenger left yesterday.
9 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,593, f. 249. B. M.
357. Chapuys to the Prince Of Spain.
Received his letter of 25 Aug., with the duplicate of 10 Sept., which could not be answered sooner for lack of a messenger. The King was glad to hear of the good order taken in Spain against attack, and also of Don Alvaro de Baçan's victory, the news of which came very apropos as the English were complaining that the Emperor had not armed the stipulated number of ships. The Princess returns his commendations. In the former despatch the passage about Xantonay's mission was accidentally omitted by Chapuys' clerk. Xantonay's mission then was to inform the King of the Emperor's forces and plans, and he has since been here to report the conquest of Gueldres.
The Cardinal of Scotland lately deposed the Governor and took the government to the Queen and himself; but, hearing that the King was preparing to invade Scotland, he has retired from Court, and many Scottish lords and gentlemen have declared for the King; and English borderers have entered Scotland and despoiled certain lords of the opposite party. News has now come that seven French ships, carrying the patriarch of Aquileia and the captain of the Scottish guard of France, have arrived in Scotland; and that the Estates there are to be convened and the contract with England abrogated.
The French have requested that fishing may be permitted, but with this the King refuses to comply. Ambassadors are daily expected from Scotland. London, 9 Nov. 1543.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 4. See Spanish Calendar, VI. II., No. 258.

Add. MS. 32,653, f. 223. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 91.
358. Suffolk to Sir George Douglas.
Perceives by his of the 7th the case in which he and his brother and the King's friends are, and how his friends and his castle are taken and his son besieged in the tower thereof. Doubts not but that the King's friends will stick to the King and themselves. Where he writes to have his friends and Maxwell's spared; Suffolk had already written for their forbearing, and has now eftsoons written. For things done already, if Douglas will send two honest men to Berwick, Mr. Evers will take order with them; and restitution shall be made for anything that may chance meanwhile. Has written to the King his request for money to aid the King's friends; and where he would have the King's captains on the Borders warned to assist them at need, Suffolk has ordered the captain of Berwick to send aid if required.
Now, if his brother and he and other the King's friends unite, they may, with the King's aid, bring all Scotland to the water of Frythe to the King's devotion and theirs, except the strongholds, which will not long hold out when they see the country gone. They should first see the Borders brought in or put down, and then if the King's forces and theirs aid each other, the enemies cannot withstand them. Begs to know how he likes this opinion; and that he will, as shortly as convenient, repair hither for weighty affairs too long to write.
P.S.—Doubts not but that his brother and he will take such order with their friends as the King's letters to them purported.
Copy, pp. 3. Headed : The copye of my lord of Suffolkes lettres sent to Sir George Duglas.
9 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 28. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 90.
359. Sadler to the Council.
In favour of Hugh a Dowglas, a kinsman of Angus, who has here suffered much persecution for his sake, to have restitution of his goods in the Scottish ships lately taken in England. He is as much dedicate to the King as any Dowglas in Scotland and has shown Sadler much kindness. He is no merchant, but his wife, having before been a merchant's wife of Edinburgh, now and then adventures goods in other men's ships. Now that the Governor begins to persecute the Douglases he has removed out of Edinburgh to lie in the Mershe and take such part as Angus takes. Edinburgh (sic), 9 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 29. 2. Note of amounts of hides, wool, salmon and cloth in the ships of Archibald Pennycuk, Walter Patersoun, Archibald Dawsoun, James Lychtman, the Feroneire and the Post. Total in English money 96l. 8s.
P. 1.
10 Nov.
R. O.
360. Fotheringhay College.
Two cancelled bills of receipt given 10 Nov. 35 Henry VIII. by John Russell, master of Fodryngay college, for rents of Newent and Dymocke. Signed.
P. 1.
10 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 37. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 94.
361. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter they have received from Sadler and a letter of Brunston's to Sadler, with the uncipherings of them. Also a letter from Angus to Suffolk, who cannot answer it till he knows the King's pleasure, for the treasurer has not past 1,000 mks. to pay the next month's wages, of the garrisons and other, due in twelve days. The bringer of Angus's letter, Thos. Sandeforde, was sent by Wharton to declare, with Apulbye, the message which Mr. Sadleyr should have done had he been there. Angus told him that he must have aid of money but not of men, for their men and ours could not agree. Angus had sent for the other lords, to consult together this day. Darnton, 10 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Leaving Angus, Sandforde came in company of Robert Maxwell by a castle called Crawforth John, sometime the late King's and now kept by one of the Hamiltons, 6 miles from Douglas, out of which 7 or 8 pieces of ordnance were shot at them, "which lit very near unto them." Sandeforde marvelled at Maxwell's bringing them that way, and Maxwell said it was only paper shot to fray them; but his servant answered that they were stones and he saw one alight which he would fetch if they would tarry—"but they rode fast away." Robert Maxwell "took much thought" lest the King should think his father was taken by his own consent, as was everywhere said. Sandforde says that Maxwell had a suit to the Governor for lord Herryes heir, and Somervell sued to him to know what he should say to the King for restitution of the ships of Edinburgh. The Governor said he would send answer by the abbot of Pasley, who came to Edinburgh and committed both to ward. Somervell is charged with undertaking a message to the King without the Governor's licence, and Maxwell with taking part against the Governor. Sandforde lay "that night" at Donelanerik's house, who said that Maxwell had marred all by putting himself into the hands of his takers; who would also have taken him and the sheriff of Ayr, being that day in Edinburgh, but they escaped. Sandeforde counselled Donelanerik (as he had Angus) to send some other man to the King, now that Somervell was taken, and wished that he might be the man. He answered that he had been often in council with them but nothing was done, and "it was none honest part to take gear of men and promise much and do nothing;" they would now all meet at Douglas to consult, and, if aught was done indeed, "he could be content to go;" and he would let Wharton know their conclusion within 24 hours. Donelanrik said that great variance was fallen between Glencarne and lord Mongumbrye, a hot young man whom they would fain win. Robert Maxwell's coming to his own country was to see what those under his father's rule would do.
P.S.—Before closing this, came another letter from Sadler (enclosed, with the unciphering of it). James Douglas of the Parke Hedge is not in the dongeon at Dalketh, as he writes, but rode from Edinburgh to Douglas with Sandforde, albeit his lodging at Edinburgh was sought for him.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
10 Nov.
Harl. MS. 1724. B. M.
362. Wark Castle.
Paymaster's accounts for works at Wark Castle, upon Tweed, set out, fortnight by fortnight, from 12 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII. to 10 Nov. 35 Hen. VIII.; showing the names, wages, days worked and (in some cases) occupations of masons, rough layers and wallers, quarriers, carpenters, smiths, limeburners, labourers (at the busiest season, both men and women), carters, &c., and the cost of cart hire and purchase of necessaries. Each account signed by Thomas Gower and Thomas Pettyt. Total charges 1,846l. 16s. 7d.
A bound volume of 332 pages.
10 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 35. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 93.
363. Arran to Henry VIII.
We have received your Grace's writings, given at Ampthil, 27 Oct, bearing in effect that we, forgetting our duty to this realm, honor, and secret promises to you, have revolted to our adversaries and "surrendered our estate of governance;" with other unseemly words which we were loth to answer in semblable terms, but, "sen we have been too far provoked thereto, we maun be pardoned to defend," the rather because we perceive you untruly informed. Our "ganging" to Striveling was no revolt to our enemies, but passing to the most and wholest part of the nobility of Scotland, faithful subjects of the Queen; no breaking of promise to you, for we made no promise but of such friendliness as might stand with the weal and liberty of Scotland; no surrendering, but rather establishing of the estate we bear, and shall do, albeit some men, regarding more to satisfy your pleasure than their duty, have attempted to alter the estate of this realm. Where you write that the Cardinal ("whom you call our new reconciled friend and is indeed our old friend and kinsman") should say, before your ambassador, that the treaties have been done by private authority, truth is, he showed in Council that, above the direction given in plain Parliament, certain your petitions had been condescended to by persuasion of private persons, whom at the time we trusted to have been well affected to the common weal of this realm. We answered nothing, because, of truth, the whole nobility was not present when the last commission was accorded, and because the treaties were already broken by you (in delaying to confirm them after the taking of our oath and seal from our Commissioner (fn. 8) depute thereto, and tholing the subjects of this realm to be so heavily hurt by sea and land as had been hard to do if they had not been abused through belief of peace). We meant no less truth towards you than you did towards this realm, and cannot find that we have given you other cause of grudge, except it grieve you that we suffered not such extremity of battle to be used among the subjects of this realm as would have made them of small power to defend invasion, whereby, if your meaning was so princely for the conservation of our young Queen and realm as you write, you have occasion to rejoice, and also to render our ships and recompense the subjects of this realm for the harms sustained under pretence of peace, which should redound no less to your honor than the profit of this realm. Edinburgh, 10 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Two seals. Endd.
10 Nov.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 31. B. M. Hamilton Papers, II., No. 92. Sadler State Papers, I., 335.
364. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Yesterday morning came hither the master of Morton, Sir George Douglas's son, saying that he had rendered Dalketh castle on condition that he and his might go free with bag and baggage; which he was constrained to do, being utterly without victual and artillery. He spoke with the Governor, who said that if Angus and his brother would leave their affection to England he would esteem them above all in Scotland. The Master answered that he knew they had never failed in their duty to their Sovereign lady, and so long as they did nothing prejudicial to the realm they could not be enemies to England, having received such benefit of the King. The Governor replied that he would all the world were enemies to England, for he himself was the man that the King loved worst of all men. The Master answered that, if so, he was himself the cause thereof. The Governor's reply was that the King broke with him first, by taking their merchant ships in time of peace; and he then told how Angus, Casselles, Glencarne, Maxwell, Sir George Douglas and the Sheriff of Ayr had despatched Somervell with letters and writings to the King, which were taken upon Somervell and contained high treason, showing that they intended to practise with the King the confusion of this realm, and also that a credence was committed to Somervell, which he would not confess.
The Governor, at the Cardinal's persuasion, will destroy all who favour England. Sir George Douglas's house of Penkey is taken, and the abbot of Donferlinge (fn. 9) in possession. Hears not what Angus and his party will do; nor which party Lynoux will adhere to, for it is said that the Governor and he will not be of one party. It is said that the Cardinal has devised to divorce the Governor from his wife and make a marriage betwixt him and the Dowager, and, therewith, a contract betwixt the young Queen and Lynoux, who shall be lieutenant general of Scotland and use the authority while the Governor shall bear the name only with a yearly stipend. Cannot say whether this is true; but surely the Cardinal and Dowager would gladly make them friends and procure adherents to the French party. Brunston sends word that he durst not come hither, and advises the King to show some liberality to the sheriff of Ayr. Temptallon, 10 Nov. Signed.
P.S. (fn. 10) —Has received a letter from Angus (copy in cipher enclosed). If Angus will, like a man, step to the revenge of these injuries, Sadler would wish that he should not lack the King's aid; without which he and the rest shall scant be able to resist the adverse party, for the Governor has 300 men in wages found him by the Kirkmen, besides his own band and the assistance of the great men of that party always ready. The aid promised by the French ambassador has made them so high that they little esteem the King's force; and they have begun with his friends here, who are like to be put to a great afterdeal. A second son of lord Somervell has desired Sadler to find means to get his eldest brother home to revenge his father's apprehension.
In cipher, pp. 5. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Add. MS. 32,653, f. 34. B. M. 2. Decipher of the preceding.
Pp. 3.
10 Nov.
R. O. St. P., IX. 543.
365. Wallop and Bryan to Paget.
"Post scripta :—Yesterday having my letter herein closed in areadiness to be delivered unto Francisco, and marching in the field with my men, he was suddenly despatched by Mr. Bryan, do (sic) now send the same unto you." This afternoon the Emperor sent for me, with the other chief captains, saying that, now the season was past, foul weather come, victuals scarce and the French King's army dissolved and bestowed in garrisons, he thought meet to do the same : to which all agreed. Yesterday Mons. de Rieulx went forth to do the enterprise of Corbey, of which I wrote to the King; but foul weather constrained him to return. The Emperor says Vendôme is come into those parts, doubting the passing of the Englishmen towards Calais. The Emperor thinks we shall return by Doya, for the conveyance of our ordnance by water. He departs to-morrow for Cambray, placing garrisons of Spaniards both there and here.
Trusts Carowe, Palmer and Bellingham are all alive, for Mons. de Beez has replied to his letter that Carowe is unhurt and in the hands of an Italian, and Palmer in the hands of Sieur Dampere, the Dolphin's minion; advising Wallop not to make too much inquiry for Carowe or the Italian will raise his ransom. Encloses de Beez's letter, and also what Palmer writes. De Beez seems to excuse his King's hasty going from Cambresis, but says nothing of its being by night. Will on next occasion remind him of that. Expresses pleasure at hearing from Mr. Rous, controller of Calais, that Rous is to replace Mr. Ryngeles in Guisnes castle till Wallop's coming. At the breaking up of the camp many Spaniards offered to serve the King. If the King wishes arquebusiers for this winter; they are better than any other nation, "their desire is so much towards his Highness." Has made preparation, as Paget directed, for great pieces, drums, fifers, &c. Will convey the ordnance now with him, either through Flanders or else by water, to Bruges or Antwerp; and asks whether it shall remain on this side the sea. From our camp at Crevecure, 10 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Almost forgot to write that the Emperor declared openly how much bound he was to the King for allowing his army to remain 20 days longer than the treaty required.
P.P.S.—"Mr. Paget, for the short despatch of this letter, I have me heartily commended unto you. Franssys Bryan."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : "Mr Wallop to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, xo Novemb. 1543."

Galba B. x. 129. B. M.
366. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
You will have heard from the gentleman (fn. 11) of my chamber, whom I last despatched towards you, the retreat of the enemy "et la menyere dycelle." Seeing this and considering the season I have thought good to dismiss my army and let your men return notwithstanding the prolongation you granted. Although I wrote lately of the good offices which my ministers report that they have done, I cannot omit to certify that the general, (fn. 12) the principal personages and all the company have acquitted themselves well. Signature mutilated.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Slightly injured by fire. Begins : Mons. mon bon frere et cousin.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above, headed "Minute d'une lettre de l'Empereur au Roy d'Angleterre."
French, p. 1. Modern transcript [from Vienna].


1 The plural is used throughout the letter, as though the writer had intended to address it to Suffolk and Tunstall like his other letters.
2 Snowdon herald. See Vol, XVII., No. 675.
3 Grimani.
4 La Brossé.
5 Sadler.
6 The word "son" is omitted in the decipher.
7 The Editor of the Corpus Reformatorum dates this letter about 8 Nov. 1543.
8 The laird of Fyvie.
9 George Durie.
10 This P.S. is wrongly appended in Sadler State Papers (I. 348) to a letter of 29 Nov.
11 The Sieur de Herbais.
12 Wallop.