32,653, f. 2.
II., No. 81.
328. Sadler to Suffolk.
Informs their "lordships" (fn. 1) that this evening between 4 and 5 p.m.
Maxwell and Somervile were committed to Edinburgh castle. Maxwell and
his wife have lain here this 5 or 6 days with a small number of servants,
and Somervile came hither this day, intending, as far as Sadler knows, to
repair to the King. This day also came the abbot of Pastle, with 60 horse,
and, having desired Maxwell and Somervile to come speak with him, walked
with them in the High Street, talking, where, at the Castle Hill, a serjeant
at arms met them and arrested Maxwell and Somervile in the name of the
Queen and Governor. This shows that, however negligent they have been,
"the other party sleepeth not"; and now, it is thought, the game will
begin. Edinburgh, All Hallows Day, at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
329. Scotland and Portugal.
Letters of reprisal granted by Mary Queen of Scots to [John Bertoun] to
exact compensation from the Portuguese for the goods of which his grandfather
John Bertoun was despoiled in coming from Flanders; in which
matter the late King, last year, sent a herald (fn. 2) to Spain to the King of
Portugal, whose proctor, Gaspar a Palpha, returned hither with him, and,
upon enquiry, agreed that 12,000 cr. should be paid within twelve months,
or in default the heir should be at liberty to seize Portuguese goods. As
this is now the sixteenth month since that conclusion, and no mention of
the debt has been made, the Queen can no longer refuse these letters of
reprisal. Ex regia Edinburgensi, kal. Nov. 1543.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
18 B. VI.,
f. 25, f. 156b
and f. 221b,
2. Three letter-book copies of the above, undated.
Lat., pp. 2.
330. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
The bearer Sir James Melvil, a Scottishman beneficed in Rome,
"pretending love and devotion towards your Majesty, and also declaring to
have served the same in certain secrets communed with Mr. Pachet, your
late orator in France," has required letters of the writer as a means to
come to Henry's speech. "The man appeareth to have good learning and
to abhor from the Bishop's part; and also to know many things of
importance worthy to be communicate with the same secretly." Venice,
1 Nov., 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
St. P., IX. 532.
331. The Privy Council to Bonner and Bryan.
The King has received theirs of the 26th ult., showing their
declaration of Mr. Bryan's charge and the Emperor's answer thereto.
Upon notice, lately given by Wallop to the Emperor's lieutenant in the
camp, of the approaching end of the four months for which Henry's army
is obliged by the treaty to serve, it appears, by their said letters, that the
Emperor wishes it to serve at Henry's charge for 14, 15 or 20 days longer,
and has sent to his ambassador to labour for this. They are to tell the
Emperor that, upon motion made by him and Granvelle and by the
Ambassador in England for this, the King's answer is :—That, although
the treaty covenanted that neither party should be chargeable for aid given
for more than four months in one year, and the Emperor knows that Henry
has fully accomplished his part, yet, using to choose as his friend only "such
as in whom" he expects love and "a desire to contend with him in reciproque
feats of friendship," he cannot refrain from doing more than covenant binds
to show his friend pleasure. True, the French King having drawn away all
his strength from this side, Henry has special commodity for some exploit
if, now at the end of the four months, he had Wallop's band ready; but he
can forget that, and, seeing the French King there with so great a force to
rescue Landreses that the withdrawing of Henry's band might encourage
the enemy and abash the Emperor's army, and expecting like kindness in
return if need be, he will entertain his aid for 20 days longer after the last
of October, on which day the four months ended, and trusts that the
Emperor will dismiss them home before the end of this month. Praying
the Emperor that, as the King believes that both he and the Regent desire
to have all things correspond to the treaty, he will charge his ministers to
have better eye to this than hitherto, and to persuade himself that, as he
finds friendship now, so, if he work frankly, he shall find it hereafter.
They have already had charge to "enter somewhat" with the Emperor
touching the Scots, and shall now declare "more at length how barbarously,
inconstantly and disloyally the same have proceeded." Their King entered
hostility against his uncle, the father and protector of his infancy and a dear
and tender friend since, and, "in the midst of his brulery," died leaving his
young child in "the hands of a sort of wolfes," many of his nobles
captive in England and his realm void of all rule. Albeit then, having
occasion and cause with fire and sword to bring them "low to
knowledge their bounden duties of allegiance," the King could not only
find it in his gentle heart to forget their unkindness and hear their
suit for peace, but also (he minding then to enter a straiter amity
with the Emperor), that they three might join against the French King,
to conclude an amity with them; which was concluded by the young
Queen's Commissioners here, ratified before the King's ambassador in
Scotland by the Governor and noblemen at a solemn mass, in presence of
notaries, proclaimed in the Market place of Edinburgh, and "the ratification
with th'enacting of the notaries" sent to Henry under the Great Seal of
Scotland by the hands of the lord of Fife. This treaty should have been
to the quietness of the young Queen and realm and commodity both of
Henry and the Emperor, but, when it came to the doing of some things
bound thereby, which things "touched nother the honor nor the profit of
no man, state or person of any degree within that realm," by the malice of
their Cardinal (who sowed dissension among the nobles and spread fair
promises out of France) and by the inconstancy of the Governor and some
others, the Scots "clearly swerved" from the treaty; and, although since
their first slipping they have divers times repented and given hope of
reconciliation, now, by "the coming of this patriarch (fn. 3) and an ambassador (fn. 4)
out of France with a little money," they have clearly revolted, invading the
King's realm, arresting his subjects and ships, and staying his ambassador (fn. 5)
with them. Bonner and Bryan shall therefore require the Emperor to
declare the Scots common enemies, to be taken wherever found; and report
the Emperor's answer with diligence. Have written by bearer to Wallop
for his longer abode as above. Ampthil, 2 Nov.
P.S.—In moving the Emperor to take the Scots as common enemies,
Henry means not those Scots to whom he has given safeconduct, for there
are certain noblemen and others who are his friends, but those of the
Cardinal's faction and that take the part of France, who shall be known by
having no safeconduct.
Draft, pp. 28. With corrections and last eight pages in Paget's hand.
Endd. : "Mynute to the bishop of London and Sir Francis Bryan,
ijo Novemb. 1543."
32,653, f. 4.
II., No. 82.
332. Wharton to Suffolk.
On the 31st October, at night, his servants Edw., Wm. and Fergus
Storie, with 12 Scottishmen, set fire in the market place of Selkrig; but
the watchmen beat them out of the town "and ridded the fire." They
then burnt 8 great corn stacks outside the town and a grange of
Bukcleughes called Huntley, two miles on this side of Selkrig, and came
home safe although sore chased. The same night 30 of the Armestranges
of Ledisdaill burnt the laird of Farnyhirst's grange called Farnyhirst and
slew a Scottishman. Wyrkyntone, 3 Nov., where he is at the death of his
brother-in-law Sir Thos Curwen.
Encloses a letter for Sir Ant. Broun notifying the death of his said
brother in law, who had the stewardships of Sherefhutton and Fourneis.
Would be glad if his son, Mr. Broun's servant, had these offices, and begs
Suffolk's favour in this. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
333. Chapuys to Charles V.
On the 28th ult. received his letters of the 22nd, with those to this
King and the documents therein mentioned; and, not being well enough
to go to Court, despatched them to the King, who rejoiced at the Emperor's
continued confidence in him and execrated the duke of Orleans's practices.
On the 30th the King sent him, in all haste, the Emperor's letters of
the 25th, and he at once asked for audience, to make the necessary
representations as to the pay of the Englishmen there. Without noticing
the other affairs, the King's Council wished to persist that no complaint
should be made if the King refused to continue the pay, seeing the expiration
of the time comprised in the treaty, and that what was said to
Chantonnay was conditional, and their message to Chapuys (that in case
of battle their King would like to have a great many men there, cost what
it might) was only affectionate language and not binding. However, in
the end, they have sent to tell Chapuys that the King was despatching
about this to his ambassadors, and the Emperor would have occasion to be
satisfied and recognise that the King was his perfect friend.
The King is greatly satisfied with the Emperor's reception of the earl of
Sorey, whose father has expressed great obligation to the Emperor. The
gentleman of Scotland who was here has left with a present of 400 ducats;
and the ambassadors expected from Scotland are not yet arrived. London,
4 Nov. 1542 (sic).
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript of a Vienna MS. endd. : receues en
Cambray, xiiije dud. mois 1543.
334. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Encloses his letter to the Emperor, together with one from this King
answering the Emperor's of the 25th ult. In it she will see a paragraph
about the pay of the forces the King has sent over, which matter is referred
to the Privy Councillors, who do not seem inclined to decide it equitably.
London, 4 Nov. 1543.
Original at Vienna.
335. Chapuys to the Queen Of Hungary.
Has received her letters of the 23rd ult. concerning the affair of the
exemption of the English from the impost of one per cent.; upon which
those here have said nothing. Also they have made no mention of the
small number of the ships of Flanders, apparently taking the excuse she
mentions as legitimate, of which Mr. Bryant, who saw part of the shipwreck,
The Council have sent to say that their King has despatched in haste to
his ambassadors resident with the Emperor, who, they thought, would have
occasion to be satisfied touching the prolongation of the pay of the King's
men there, and would recognise that the King was his perfect friend. The
gentleman of Scotland who was here has left with a present of 400 ducats,
and the ambassadors expected from Scotland are not yet come. London,
4 Nov. 1543.
French, pp. 2. Modern transcript from Vienna.
336. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
In pursuance of what he wrote yesterday morning, when he came to
the camp, a league from the enemies, the day before yesterday, the enemies
made skirmishes in which they lost some gentlemen and others without
doing any hurt. Describes how yesterday he marched out in battle array
and drove them into their trenches, and has since lain in the open field to
see whether they would recover courage after all their brags. No men
could be more determined and willing than his, whatever nation they
belonged to (voire et de toutes les nations); and as for the enemies all
that have been seen have fled except those taken and slain. Will to-morrow
see what to do further. Reminds her of the provision of victuals. Camp
near Novely, 4 Nov. 1543. Signed.
Lanz, II., 408.
337. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
The other letter is to be communicated to ambassadors and to his
subjects as shall seem convenient, and is the pure truth, although the
enemies will everywhere publish otherwise. Having so amply repressed the
boasting of the enemies, has this day held a Council at which were present
the lords of Spain, the princes and generals of the Almains, Don Ferdinand
and the other lords of these parts, and also the general of the English [and]
the duke of Norfolk's son. All agreed that the insolence of the enemies
being repressed, and they in a strong place where they could neither be
forced nor starved, considering also the changeable weather and the season,
the army should go towards Crevecuoeur, since it cannot be disbanded
until we see what the enemy will do. To-morrow they will sleep at Solen;
and victuals should be sent to Solen and Crevecueur. Camp near Neuvely,
4 Nov. 1543.
St. P., IX., 537.
338. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on 20 Oct. It has since been reported that Barbarossa left
Tolon with 30 galleys to "rescontre" Janetin Doria with 20, or else to go to
Alger or Spain. The Turks at Tolon "entreateth the Frenchmen inhumanly."
Guasto gave battle to Mondovi in Piemont, but failed. It is
thought he "will withdraw his camp, and the sooner, being sore agrieved
with the ague." The Turk returned to Constantinople on 20 or 25 Oct.,
leaving 40,000 Turks in Hungary; while 15,000 of Ferdinando's men
remain on his confines, and the rest, including the Bishop's 4,000 Italians,
are gone home. Frenchmen rumored here that the Emperor was greatly
"indommagid" at Guisa, but now the truth is known that he is like to
prevail at Guisa and Landresay both. The Bishop's party triumph at the
rebellion of the French faction in Scotland. The Bishop has sent money
for the subornation of the Scots. Venice, 4 Nov. 1543.
P. S.—Letters from Naples mention that the King of Tonis passed to
Africa with 2,000 Italians to recover his realm from his son, but was
defeated and all his men slain and wounded, and himself taken. The son
then sent to the captain of the Goletta to say that the quarrel was between
him and his father, and he would obey the Emperor as his father did; so
that the league is like to be renewed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
32,653, f. 6.
II., No. 83.
339. Wharton to Suffolk.
According to his letters and those of the Council, received at
Carlisle, 31 Oct., with the King's letters to Angwes, Cassills and Glencarne,
sent the credence with his cousin Thos. Sandfurthe and Alex. Apulby, the
King's servants, instructed to help each other, considering the lack of order
in that realm; as Apulby will show, who returned here, this 5th Nov., at
midnight, with a letter to the King. With him came a servant of Robert
Maxwell, bringing two letters (enclosed) to the Master of the Horse and to
Wharton. Begs to know by Friday next what to reply to Maxwell, to
whom he now writes (copy enclosed). Sends a letter to the Privy Council
in reply to theirs in this affair.
Describes exploits in Scotland, viz., on 1 Nov., by the Nycsons, burning
of the laird of Redall's grange of Lyntobank, 35 miles within Scotland;
and by Wharton's servant, Robin Foster, and the Litles, Scottishmen,
burning at Cowterellers half a mile from lord Flemyng's castle of Bygare
of the lands of John Mynyous, Fleming's receiver, and one Lindsay; and
on 2 Nov., by James Routlege, Davy Blakburn and John Foster, of the
Humes' towns of Sonnyside, Lathome and Wowfferes on the water of
Rowllie. Carlisle, 5 Nov., at 1 o'clock after midnight. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 8.
II., No. 83 (1).
340. Wharton to Robert Maxwell.
Has by Ryneane Grame received his letters of the 5th inst. "in the
night," and is sorry to hear that his father and Somervell are so troubled.
Where he desires to know "what supply I will make you with these under
my rule"; is "evil pleased" that Maxwell's father, "being a noble wise
man of great experience," should have put himself among his enemies;
but, if Maxwell will resist (and Anerdaill, Eshdaill, Ewsdaill and those in
his father's offices are true to him, with the fortresses of Loughmaben and
others), the Governor cannot enter his father's offices without a great
power; which will require preparation, and meanwhile the King or the
lord Lieutenant will take order for his defence. If any mean power, under
3,000 men, come (and Maxwell's men will not resist them, as they may do
three times as many), Wharton will, if put in surety from hurt by those
within the Maxwells' rooms, so "search the others" that they shall have
small profit of any offices there. If Maxwell will do displeasure to any
enemy, within 40 miles or further from the Border, which may be done by
100 or 200 light horsemen, Wharton will send him Englishmen and
Scottishmen who will "avow the act to be theirs when it is done."
Carlisle, 5 Nov.
Encloses a letter which came in a packet from the lord Lieutenant, and
another letter to the laird of Bremstone to be forwarded.
P. 1. Headed : "Copie of a lettre from Sir Thomas Wharton, knight,
to Robert Maxwell, the vth of November."
Etat, II., 685.
341. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
She would learn by his letters written yesterday morning, by Thoison
d'Or, how on Saturday he offered battle to the king of France, but, after a
great troop of men of arms and horse arquebusiers had been driven into
their trenches with loss, they never showed themselves again all that day
or the next. Seeing that bridges were being made to approach him, the
King has this night departed in great fear and with great precautions
(described) to ensure secrecy. All are surprised at his departure, for he
held a strong entrenched position. As Granvelle has to-day written, the
Emperor, upon learning their retreat, pursued them for five leagues but could
not overtake them. The King is gone towards Guise. Some horsemen who
still followed them skirmished with and defeated their rear guard and lost
several killed and taken. Returned hither an hour after nightfall and
weary, and must stay here to-morrow for the army to recover. Chasteaul
en Cambresis, 5 Nov., 8 p.m.
342. Charles V. to the Queen Of Hungary.
The letter herewith is made in order that she may communicate it,
like that of Saturday, for it is certain that the French will disguise the
account. She should send copies to Almain, Italy, &c. Remains here all
day; and begs her to forward victuals. Chateau en Cambresis, 5 Nov.
Has nothing else to write than is in the other letter. If messieurs of
this castle had warned me when the last Frenchmen left their camp, which
was three or four hours before I knew it, or if I had not had to do with a
foolish bishop of Cambray, or even if some stray horses (cheveaulx desvades)
had not foolishly gone further than they were commanded, the gain would
have been [even greater], for most of the King's army, or at least Mons.
de Vendosme and the rearguard, would have remained on the ground
(y demeurast). Still, he thanks God for what He has given; "en faut
remedyer aulx faultes que ces coquins ont fayt."
32,653, f. 11.
II., No. 85.
343. Sadler to the Council.
Was ready to depart out of Edinburgh when one Sandforde, a kinsman
of Mr. Wharton, brought him the Council's letters of 27 Oct., with
the copy of those to Wharton, saying that he and one Apulby went, according
to their instructions, and conferred with Angus alone (because none of the
other lords were with him), whose answer was despatched forthwith by
Apulby. Cannot tell what Angus and the rest will do now upon the
apprehension of Maxwell and Somvervell, which ought to stir them; but,
before, they said they were not able to do what the King required, neither
to apprehend the Governor and Cardinal nor to get the young Queen into
their hands. As far as Sadler can perceive, they will have enough ado to
save themselves from their enemies; and as neither party is able to seek
the other within their own bounds, and they will certainly never
fight the field, whatsoever they brag, if the King's godly purposes are
to be accomplished, it must be with his own power, for here is no
aid to be trusted. Although Angus and the rest be as well dedicate
to the King as they pretend, yet, considering the malice of this
nation towards England, they cannot be sure of their own servants; as any
one, who has continued here as long as Sadler has, might see "though he
had but half an eye." Somerwell is removed from Edinburgh castle to
Black Nasshe, and Maxwell remains, who, some think, was taken by his
own consent, "which, if it be true, declareth him a most unfaithful man."
He and Somervell used much folly to come so slenderly furnished among
their enemies; for the castle of Edinburgh is in the Governor's hand, and
the town (say what they will) wholly at the Cardinal's devotion. Cannot
tell whether Angus and the rest will send another in place of Somervell;
but Sir George Douglas has sent word that he will forthwith repair to
Darnton to show Suffolk what Somervell had in charge. Parliament is
appointed at Edinburgh for the beginning of December, which Angus and
his side say they will empeach. Lynoux appears to have revolted from
Angus, at the persuasion of the Dowager and Cardinal, who labour to make
him and the Governor friends. It is said that the Governor shall continue
in that office and Lynoux shall be made lieutenant general of the realm.
Temptallon, 6 Nov.
P.S.—The captain of Temptallon castle, who yesterday tarried behind
Sadler in Edinburgh, arrived this morning, saying that the Governor,
Cardinal and Bothwell came yesternight to Edinburgh—indeed the
Governor has been coming for these 10 or 12 days, and appears to have put
off because Sadler was there. Whereas the King would have him reside
where Angus and the other lords are, he is told that their houses are scantly
furnished for themselves and are near no town where he could be in surety.
Temptallon though "but easily furnished, and slender lodging in it" is so
strong that he need not fear enemies. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib, f. 14.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
32,653, f. 9.
II., No. 84.
344. Sadler to Sir Anthony Browne.
Thanks him for being a suitor to the King (as Mr. Pagett's letters
report) for a safeconduct for such merchants as Sadler wrote for to pass into
France with merchandise, and bring back wines to Scotland. Thanks him
eftsoons for getting Mr. Avery licence to come hither; and now begs him
to get further licence for Avery to remain as long as Sadler abides here,
which he dare not do without licence as his "waiting time" is at Christmas.
Avery's company will be a great comfort to him, "for you know what it is
to live in a strange country alone without some good companion."
Temptallon, 6 Nov.
Hol. p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 538.
345. Wallop to Henry VIII.
To report proceedings since 29 Oct. last; on Friday, 2 Nov.,
levied their camp and marched towards the enemies, skirmishing with them
all day. That night the Emperor came to the camp, armed, upon a
little Turkey horse, and in answer to the salute of Sir Fras. Brian and
Wallop said "Dieu mercy, je suis tout guari pour combatre les ennemyes."
Next day marched towards the Castle in Cambresis, skirmishing all day,
and finally driving the French into their entrenched camp there. The
Northern horse, led by Ralph Boulmer and Richard Bowis, were among
the best skirmishers; and Sir Robert Bowis' ordering of them in the manner
of the Scottish border was much praised. Describes how, when they
approached the French camp and expected battle, the Emperor "showed
signs of a noble and valiant courage." Saturday night was cold and
windy; and on Sunday morning Wallop with my lord of Surrey and Sir
Fras. Brian attended a council in the Emperor's chamber, where were also
the viceroy of Cicile, dukes of Alberkerk and Nagers, duke of Brunswick,
dukes Maurice and Philip of Saxony, duke of Arschot, Marquis of Bransbourghe,
marshal of the Empire, Mons de Rieux, the count of Bures,
Mons. de Grandville, Mons. du Prat, Mons. du Bousche, grand esquire, and
Mons. du Rye, le premier gentilhomme de sa chambre. Three proposals were
made, viz., to assail the French camp, to march between it and France
to intercept victuals, or to dissolve the army. The first two were
negatived; and, upon the third, it was thought that, although the Emperor
(having offered battle) might with honor dissolve the army, it were best,
next day, to march along the enemy's flank to Soyllan and lie there
a night or more; for the French king could not long conserve
his great army together here. That Sunday was no skirmishing;
but the French King, before midnight, "discamped his army" and marched
all night towards France, without our knowledge until, in the morning,
Englishmen of the scout notified it. Thereupon the horsemen, the
Emperor with them, pursued 6 or 7 leagues France ward; the footmen
following. Some straggling footmen were taken, and such as were subjects
of the Empire killed; also the enemy left carriages with wine, tents, gunpowder,
&c. The chase followed to a wood in which they had a sharp
skirmish with the enemy, and there Sir George Carew, Sir Thos. Palmer
and Edw. Belyngham were either taken or slain. Carew and Bellingham
are said to be slain, but Wallop has sent a trumpet into France to make
sure. Before the chase came to the other side of the wood the Frenchmen
were so far and the night so near that it was stopped, and all returned to
the French king's camp.
Francisco arrived to-day with a letter from the Council, of 2 Nov., but
the Emperor was so weary with his travail yesterday that Wallop could not
speak with him. Perceives by De Rieux that his ambassador has reported
the contents of the said letter. Trusts that within 5 or 6 days this army
shall be dissolved and part of the 20 days saved. To-morrow the Emperor
intends to take Crevecueur and garrison it and Chasteau en Cambresis,
and also Cambray town; not of himself, but as of the Empire. He will
burn all the country about Becquenyng and perhaps take Corbe and garrison
it with Almains and Spaniards, sending the rest of the Almains to take
Luxembourghe if they can, and, if not, to return home for the winter.
Chasteau en Cambresis, 6 Nov., 4 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
346. Wallop to Paget.
This day received his letter by Francisco. These 2 or 3 days past,
"have been very busy to offer battle unto the Frenchmen, giving them
sundry hot skirmishes"; whereupon the French king dislodged on Sunday
at midnight, "commanding all the muleteers to take away the mules' bells,
for making any bruit, as also the carters to make any yerk with his whip
(if they did they were sore beaten); trumpet there blew none, ne yet stroke
with drum." Had they known of this departure two hours sooner they
might have taken part of the French ordnance before it was through the
wood, "in the which wood they left certain carts laden with wine, powder,
bards for horses and tents, which declareth they made great haste."
Writes other proceedings to the King, "some sweet and some sour, fortune
de la guerre." Could tell my lord of Norfolk about their chase after the
Frenchmen, wherein was some disorder although the Emperor was present;
and begs to be commended to him and my lords Privy Seal and Winchester
and Sir Ant. Browne, with thanks for their writing to him now by
Francisco. Commendations to Wriothesley, "unto whom I pray God send
good health with long life." From our camp at Chasteawe in Cambreses,
6 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
347. Oudart Du Bies to Wallop.
Has received his letter, and replies that yesterday he saw Mr. Carevo,
unwounded, in the hands of an Italian of the Count de Sansegond's band,
and thinks he will be well treated, for their men are not accustomed to kill
prisoners who have surrendered. As to your saying the Emperor was sorry
that the day was not longer yesterday, and he would have chased us further,
if you had seen what I saw you would have been sorry if it had lasted longer.
We were in no hurry to make a greater journey than the King had appointed.
We were five days within the country of the Empire, lodged near you, and
the King, having done what he intended, which was to levy the siege of
Landressis and revictual it, retired without loss in sight of your camp.
St. Quentin, 6 Nov. 1543. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
348. Lisle to Paget.
Received his of the 6th here, at the King's house at Depforthe, on
the 7th, at 10 a.m.; and also a letter from Wm. Wodhouse showing that
the King will have the Pansey and Lesse Gally sent with speed to Woodhouse.
Consulted with Mr. Gonson and Edw. Watters, and finds that
rigging, victualling and manning of the ships, now in Colne Water, would
require three weeks, "by which time the chief fishing of the herring fleet
wilbe past and th[us] his Majesty's (?) enemies thereof in the meantime
to have their full pleasure, to their no little gain and profit." Thinks
the King should know this difficulty and the probable hindrance to his
purpose if the enterprise stay upon the coming of these two ships. As
Wodhouse's letters do not show what company of ships is in his charge
for the said enterprise of the herring fishing, encloses schedule of their
names now "upon the coming away of the Swepstake, which was sore
infected with the plague." The number is 10 sail, which is sufficient to
disturb their fishing; for the Frenchmen dare not set forth any ship for
wafting of their herring fishing which may not in all tides and weather
"easily [enter] into [the] havens for succour," i.e. not above 60 or 80 ton.
For any other enterprise, will prepare the said two ships with diligence. The
only other ships on this side Colne Water are the Jenet, Lyon and Dragon
and "the new ship that came last off the stocks and three of the prizes
[which] ca[me out] of the West country; all which ships their furniture
will also prolong much time to set any of them forth, specially for any
enterprise that may be done upon the said herring fishing." Have, instead of
the Swepstake, sent the ship that was Artigo's, a tall bark, well appointed.
"The r[est] of [the] prizes that came in with her must have some
reparations before they [shalb]e able to go to the sea." Trusts to be at
Court on Saturday next. Any answer to this should be addressed to Keyo,
as he is just taking horse to return thither where he tarried one night.
Mr. Gonson here did as much as could be done for the setting forth of
Artigo's ship. Wednesday, 7 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Mutilated. Add. Endd. : 1543. Docketed as delivered at
London, 7 Nov., at 6 p.m.
32,653, f. 17
II., No. 86.
349. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Alex. Apulbye, of the West Border, sent into Scotland with Thos.
Sandefurth, by Wharton, with the King's letters of credence to Angus,
arrived this morning with letters (herewith) from Angus to the King,
Wharton to Suffolk, Robt. Maxwell to Wharton (with copy of Wharton's
answer), Wharton to the Council and Sir William Eure to Suffolk. Apulbye
says that Angus was "much moved" with the taking of Maxwell and
Somervell; especially for Somervell, because he (Angus) counselled
Maxwell to go strong and offered to lend him 100 men, and yet he went
with but five persons and tarried in Edinburgh from the Friday until the
Thursday night. The abbot of Pasley with 60 men in red bonnets with
steel bonnets under their cloaks, came to Maxwell's house, where Somervell
and 30 of his servants were; and Maxwell came down the stair to
the Abbot, and walked up the street to the Castle, where was a
company of 80 more. Seeing these, Somervile said to Maxwell
"Treason ! we are betrayed, let us help our self"; but Maxwell answered
"I will not disobey the Queen's authority." A sergeant at arms then
arrested them. In his return, Apulbye everywhere heard folk say that
Maxwell was taken by his own consent, and curse him, many wishing
that they were under England to live in peace, and trusting that Maxwell's
son would rule better. Angus said that if Maxwell was not delivered before
Friday they would take some other for him, and "it would come to blood
shedding." Sir John Penman, chaplain to Angus, showed Apulbye that
he had things to show the King, and suggested that Suffolk should write
to him, advertising his master thereof, that the bp. of Winchester wrote
that he had, at the King's request, promised a benefice for the said chaplain,
which, if he came not to take possession, he was like to lose. Suffolk has
accordingly written to the said priest and Angus; for the priest says the
matters are of such secrecy and importance that he dare not write them.
Has sent Wharton word that his answer to Robert Maxwell was good; and
"not to pass the compass thereof" till he knows the King's pleasure.
Darnton, 7 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Sir George Douglas is not come, and yet his assurance is continued
to his friends. But for his assurance and his brother's the Scottish
Borders had been much more destroyed. If he come not, the writers would
know what articles those who will give hostage shall be bound to. If the
West Borders had not been assured by Maxwell they had been in evil case.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 20.
II., No. 87.
350. Sadler to Suffolk.
This morning received a letter from the lord of Brumston (copy in
cipher enclosed) showing what game is now like to begin. To verify it, has
news that, this night, the Governor has taken Dalketh castle belonging to
the earl of Morton. Sir George Douglas's son (fn. 6) who is Morton's heir, being
in the castle, still keeps a dongeon of it, but, without rescue, cannot hold
it; for he is without victual and artillery. The Cardinal has said that
"it shall cost him his life but he will drive" out all the Douglasses. The
Governor and Cardinal have devised to beset all the passages to Temptallon;
but Sadler will still venture the sending of letters in cipher when he can
get Scottish messengers. Temptallon, 7 Nov. 1543. Signed.
[*** The P.S. appended here in Sadler State Papers belongs to a letter
of 29 Nov.]
In cipher, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Ib. f. 22.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
32,653, f. 21.
II., No. 88.
351. The Laird of Brunston to Sadler.
This is to advertise your lordship of sik business as is here;
desiring you to advertise all friends with haste, and that I be not forgotten
in your writings. The Governor and his assistence are determined to have
war with England and to put out, or else in hold, all that desire peace;
and this night they have taken out of their beds three of the principal of
George's friends in Edinburgh, and think to take all the houses and
strengths they have. There is no remedy but to provide for the worst. I
wot you will write to George.
In cipher, p. 1. Headed : The copie of the lorde Brunston's lettre to
Ib. f. 23.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
St. P., IX. 543.
352. Wallop to Paget.
Wrote of the receipt of his of the 2nd, the contents of which are
put in use no further than that Wallop has spoken with the Emperor "for
the master gunner that made the mortar with bullets artificials;" who is
content that the King shall have him, and grateful for the grant of 20 days,
saying that he reckons not to charge the King with more than 5 or 6.
Declared to him that the 20 days began on 1 Nov., and he took it so. For
the rest of Paget's letters, about "drumslades, fifers, horsemen and footmen,
Clevoys and Allemen and master gunners of shooting in mortars," will
see to it, but has little leisure, as they march daily. From our camp
2 leagues from Cambrey, called Lyney, 7 Nov.
P.S.—No certainty yet whether Mr. Carew, Mr. Palmer and Belyngham
are alive or dead. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 25.
II., No. 89.
353. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Has received theirs of 4 Nov. requiring news of what follows the
taking of Maxwell and Somervell, and where Sir George Douglas is. His
letters to the Council on the 6th and to them on the 7th show what he
knows. Sir George was at Berwick on Tuesday last. This morning the
Governor has sent men to besiege his house called Penkey. Hears that his
son holds the dongeon of Dalketh castle, and that James Douglas of the
Parke Hedge and Alex. Drommond, two hardy gentlemen, are with him.
If they had artillery they could soon beat their enemies off; or, if they have
victual, they will defend the dongeon until rescued. The country about
daily resorts to the siege, by the Governor's command. Cannot learn what
Angus intends; only that he, Casselles, Glencarne and the sheriff of Ayr
are assembled to devise how to revenge these injuries to their friends.
Temptallon, 8 Nov. 1543. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
Ib. f. 26.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
St. P., IX. 542.
354. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Credence for the Sieur de Herbais, gentleman of his chamber, whom
he sends to report his prosperity against the enemies (and bring news of
Henry and the Queen), although he supposes that Henry's men, who do
good service, advertise all that passes. From our camp, 8 Nov. Signed.
French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Countersigned : Bave. Add. Endd.
[Sp. Cal., VI.
II., No. 256.]
2. Undated draft of the above.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
VI. II, No. 257]
355. Charles V. to Chapuys.
Is despatching the Sieur de Herbois, gentleman of his chamber, to
declare to the King of England the enemy's shameful flight. Sends copy
of two letters which he wrote of it, the day before yesterday, to the Queen
his sister. Has charged Herbois to pass by her and learn what to say to
the King of her diligence in causing the Emperor's vessels of war to join
his. Ligny, 8 Nov. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
356. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarius. (fn. 7)
Is annoyed that he cannot find the letters of the Duke of Prussia
which he was about to send to Alesius; for Staphylus is going thither and
says he will go into Prussia if Alesius refuses. He says he will give place
to Alesius because he knows that a man skilled in scholastic doctrine is
required. Is ashamed to have lost the letters, but signifies the Prince's
wish to Alesius.
2. Another letter announcing that he found the Duke of Prussia's letters
to Alesius just after the messenger left yesterday.
28,593, f. 249.
357. Chapuys to the Prince Of Spain.
Received his letter of 25 Aug., with the duplicate of 10 Sept., which
could not be answered sooner for lack of a messenger. The King was glad
to hear of the good order taken in Spain against attack, and also of Don
Alvaro de Baçan's victory, the news of which came very apropos as
the English were complaining that the Emperor had not armed the
stipulated number of ships. The Princess returns his commendations. In
the former despatch the passage about Xantonay's mission was accidentally
omitted by Chapuys' clerk. Xantonay's mission then was to inform the
King of the Emperor's forces and plans, and he has since been here to
report the conquest of Gueldres.
The Cardinal of Scotland lately deposed the Governor and took the
government to the Queen and himself; but, hearing that the King was
preparing to invade Scotland, he has retired from Court, and many
Scottish lords and gentlemen have declared for the King; and English
borderers have entered Scotland and despoiled certain lords of the opposite
party. News has now come that seven French ships, carrying the patriarch
of Aquileia and the captain of the Scottish guard of France, have arrived
in Scotland; and that the Estates there are to be convened and the contract
with England abrogated.
The French have requested that fishing may be permitted, but with this the
King refuses to comply. Ambassadors are daily expected from Scotland.
London, 9 Nov. 1543.
Spanish. Modern transcript from Simancas, pp. 4. See Spanish Calendar,
VI. II., No. 258.
32,653, f. 223.
II., No. 91.
358. Suffolk to Sir George Douglas.
Perceives by his of the 7th the case in which he and his brother
and the King's friends are, and how his friends and his castle are taken
and his son besieged in the tower thereof. Doubts not but that the King's
friends will stick to the King and themselves. Where he writes to have
his friends and Maxwell's spared; Suffolk had already written for their
forbearing, and has now eftsoons written. For things done already, if
Douglas will send two honest men to Berwick, Mr. Evers will take order
with them; and restitution shall be made for anything that may chance
meanwhile. Has written to the King his request for money to aid the
King's friends; and where he would have the King's captains on the
Borders warned to assist them at need, Suffolk has ordered the captain of
Berwick to send aid if required.
Now, if his brother and he and other the King's friends unite, they may,
with the King's aid, bring all Scotland to the water of Frythe to the King's
devotion and theirs, except the strongholds, which will not long hold out
when they see the country gone. They should first see the Borders brought
in or put down, and then if the King's forces and theirs aid each other, the
enemies cannot withstand them. Begs to know how he likes this opinion;
and that he will, as shortly as convenient, repair hither for weighty affairs
too long to write.
P.S.—Doubts not but that his brother and he will take such order with
their friends as the King's letters to them purported.
Copy, pp. 3. Headed : The copye of my lord of Suffolkes lettres sent to
Sir George Duglas.
32,653, f. 28.
II., No. 90.
359. Sadler to the Council.
In favour of Hugh a Dowglas, a kinsman of Angus, who has here
suffered much persecution for his sake, to have restitution of his goods in
the Scottish ships lately taken in England. He is as much dedicate to
the King as any Dowglas in Scotland and has shown Sadler much kindness.
He is no merchant, but his wife, having before been a merchant's
wife of Edinburgh, now and then adventures goods in other men's ships.
Now that the Governor begins to persecute the Douglases he has removed
out of Edinburgh to lie in the Mershe and take such part as Angus
takes. Edinburgh (sic), 9 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 29.
2. Note of amounts of hides, wool, salmon and cloth in the ships of
Archibald Pennycuk, Walter Patersoun, Archibald Dawsoun, James
Lychtman, the Feroneire and the Post. Total in English money 96l. 8s.
360. Fotheringhay College.
Two cancelled bills of receipt given 10 Nov. 35 Henry VIII. by
John Russell, master of Fodryngay college, for rents of Newent and
32,653, f. 37.
II., No. 94.
361. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter they have received from Sadler and a letter of
Brunston's to Sadler, with the uncipherings of them. Also a letter from
Angus to Suffolk, who cannot answer it till he knows the King's pleasure,
for the treasurer has not past 1,000 mks. to pay the next month's wages,
of the garrisons and other, due in twelve days. The bringer of Angus's
letter, Thos. Sandeforde, was sent by Wharton to declare, with Apulbye,
the message which Mr. Sadleyr should have done had he been there.
Angus told him that he must have aid of money but not of men, for their
men and ours could not agree. Angus had sent for the other lords, to
consult together this day. Darnton, 10 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Leaving Angus, Sandforde came in company of Robert Maxwell
by a castle called Crawforth John, sometime the late King's and now kept
by one of the Hamiltons, 6 miles from Douglas, out of which 7 or 8 pieces
of ordnance were shot at them, "which lit very near unto them."
Sandeforde marvelled at Maxwell's bringing them that way, and Maxwell
said it was only paper shot to fray them; but his servant answered that
they were stones and he saw one alight which he would fetch if they would
tarry—"but they rode fast away." Robert Maxwell "took much thought"
lest the King should think his father was taken by his own consent, as was
everywhere said. Sandforde says that Maxwell had a suit to the Governor
for lord Herryes heir, and Somervell sued to him to know what he should
say to the King for restitution of the ships of Edinburgh. The Governor
said he would send answer by the abbot of Pasley, who came to Edinburgh
and committed both to ward. Somervell is charged with undertaking a
message to the King without the Governor's licence, and Maxwell with
taking part against the Governor. Sandforde lay "that night" at
Donelanerik's house, who said that Maxwell had marred all by putting
himself into the hands of his takers; who would also have taken him and
the sheriff of Ayr, being that day in Edinburgh, but they escaped.
Sandeforde counselled Donelanerik (as he had Angus) to send some other
man to the King, now that Somervell was taken, and wished that he might
be the man. He answered that he had been often in council with them
but nothing was done, and "it was none honest part to take gear of men
and promise much and do nothing;" they would now all meet at Douglas
to consult, and, if aught was done indeed, "he could be content to go;"
and he would let Wharton know their conclusion within 24 hours.
Donelanrik said that great variance was fallen between Glencarne and lord
Mongumbrye, a hot young man whom they would fain win. Robert
Maxwell's coming to his own country was to see what those under his
father's rule would do.
P.S.—Before closing this, came another letter from Sadler (enclosed, with
the unciphering of it). James Douglas of the Parke Hedge is not in the
dongeon at Dalketh, as he writes, but rode from Edinburgh to Douglas with
Sandforde, albeit his lodging at Edinburgh was sought for him.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
362. Wark Castle.
Paymaster's accounts for works at Wark Castle, upon Tweed, set
out, fortnight by fortnight, from 12 Feb. 34 Hen. VIII. to 10 Nov.
35 Hen. VIII.; showing the names, wages, days worked and (in some
cases) occupations of masons, rough layers and wallers, quarriers, carpenters,
smiths, limeburners, labourers (at the busiest season, both men
and women), carters, &c., and the cost of cart hire and purchase of
necessaries. Each account signed by Thomas Gower and Thomas Pettyt.
Total charges 1,846l. 16s. 7d.
A bound volume of 332 pages.
32,653, f. 35.
II., No. 93.
363. Arran to Henry VIII.
We have received your Grace's writings, given at Ampthil, 27 Oct,
bearing in effect that we, forgetting our duty to this realm, honor, and
secret promises to you, have revolted to our adversaries and "surrendered
our estate of governance;" with other unseemly words which we were loth
to answer in semblable terms, but, "sen we have been too far provoked
thereto, we maun be pardoned to defend," the rather because we perceive
you untruly informed. Our "ganging" to Striveling was no revolt to our
enemies, but passing to the most and wholest part of the nobility of Scotland,
faithful subjects of the Queen; no breaking of promise to you, for we
made no promise but of such friendliness as might stand with the weal and
liberty of Scotland; no surrendering, but rather establishing of the estate
we bear, and shall do, albeit some men, regarding more to satisfy your
pleasure than their duty, have attempted to alter the estate of this realm.
Where you write that the Cardinal ("whom you call our new reconciled
friend and is indeed our old friend and kinsman") should say, before your
ambassador, that the treaties have been done by private authority, truth is,
he showed in Council that, above the direction given in plain Parliament,
certain your petitions had been condescended to by persuasion of private
persons, whom at the time we trusted to have been well affected to the
common weal of this realm. We answered nothing, because, of truth,
the whole nobility was not present when the last commission was
accorded, and because the treaties were already broken by you (in
delaying to confirm them after the taking of our oath and seal
from our Commissioner (fn. 8) depute thereto, and tholing the subjects of this
realm to be so heavily hurt by sea and land as had been hard to do
if they had not been abused through belief of peace). We meant no less
truth towards you than you did towards this realm, and cannot find that
we have given you other cause of grudge, except it grieve you that we
suffered not such extremity of battle to be used among the subjects of this
realm as would have made them of small power to defend invasion, whereby,
if your meaning was so princely for the conservation of our young Queen
and realm as you write, you have occasion to rejoice, and also to render our
ships and recompense the subjects of this realm for the harms sustained
under pretence of peace, which should redound no less to your honor than
the profit of this realm. Edinburgh, 10 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Two seals. Endd.
32,653, f. 31.
II., No. 92.
364. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Yesterday morning came hither the master of Morton, Sir George
Douglas's son, saying that he had rendered Dalketh castle on condition
that he and his might go free with bag and baggage; which he was
constrained to do, being utterly without victual and artillery. He spoke
with the Governor, who said that if Angus and his brother would leave
their affection to England he would esteem them above all in Scotland.
The Master answered that he knew they had never failed in their duty to
their Sovereign lady, and so long as they did nothing prejudicial to the
realm they could not be enemies to England, having received such benefit
of the King. The Governor replied that he would all the world were
enemies to England, for he himself was the man that the King loved worst
of all men. The Master answered that, if so, he was himself the cause
thereof. The Governor's reply was that the King broke with him first, by
taking their merchant ships in time of peace; and he then told how Angus,
Casselles, Glencarne, Maxwell, Sir George Douglas and the Sheriff of Ayr
had despatched Somervell with letters and writings to the King, which
were taken upon Somervell and contained high treason, showing that they
intended to practise with the King the confusion of this realm, and also that
a credence was committed to Somervell, which he would not confess.
The Governor, at the Cardinal's persuasion, will destroy all who favour
England. Sir George Douglas's house of Penkey is taken, and the abbot
of Donferlinge (fn. 9) in possession. Hears not what Angus and his party will do;
nor which party Lynoux will adhere to, for it is said that the Governor and
he will not be of one party. It is said that the Cardinal has devised to
divorce the Governor from his wife and make a marriage betwixt him and
the Dowager, and, therewith, a contract betwixt the young Queen and
Lynoux, who shall be lieutenant general of Scotland and use the authority
while the Governor shall bear the name only with a yearly stipend. Cannot
say whether this is true; but surely the Cardinal and Dowager would gladly
make them friends and procure adherents to the French party. Brunston
sends word that he durst not come hither, and advises the King to
show some liberality to the sheriff of Ayr. Temptallon, 10 Nov. Signed.
P.S. (fn. 10) —Has received a letter from Angus (copy in cipher enclosed). If
Angus will, like a man, step to the revenge of these injuries, Sadler would
wish that he should not lack the King's aid; without which he and the
rest shall scant be able to resist the adverse party, for the Governor has
300 men in wages found him by the Kirkmen, besides his own band and
the assistance of the great men of that party always ready. The aid
promised by the French ambassador has made them so high that they
little esteem the King's force; and they have begun with his friends here,
who are like to be put to a great afterdeal. A second son of lord Somervell
has desired Sadler to find means to get his eldest brother home to revenge
his father's apprehension.
In cipher, pp. 5. Add. Sealed. Endd.
32,653, f. 34.
2. Decipher of the preceding.
St. P., IX. 543.
365. Wallop and Bryan to Paget.
"Post scripta :—Yesterday having my letter herein closed in areadiness
to be delivered unto Francisco, and marching in the field with my
men, he was suddenly despatched by Mr. Bryan, do (sic) now send the same
unto you." This afternoon the Emperor sent for me, with the other chief
captains, saying that, now the season was past, foul weather come, victuals
scarce and the French King's army dissolved and bestowed in garrisons, he
thought meet to do the same : to which all agreed. Yesterday Mons. de
Rieulx went forth to do the enterprise of Corbey, of which I wrote to the
King; but foul weather constrained him to return. The Emperor says
Vendôme is come into those parts, doubting the passing of the Englishmen
towards Calais. The Emperor thinks we shall return by Doya, for the
conveyance of our ordnance by water. He departs to-morrow for Cambray,
placing garrisons of Spaniards both there and here.
Trusts Carowe, Palmer and Bellingham are all alive, for Mons. de
Beez has replied to his letter that Carowe is unhurt and in the hands
of an Italian, and Palmer in the hands of Sieur Dampere, the Dolphin's
minion; advising Wallop not to make too much inquiry for Carowe or the
Italian will raise his ransom. Encloses de Beez's letter, and also what
Palmer writes. De Beez seems to excuse his King's hasty going from
Cambresis, but says nothing of its being by night. Will on next occasion
remind him of that. Expresses pleasure at hearing from Mr. Rous,
controller of Calais, that Rous is to replace Mr. Ryngeles in Guisnes castle
till Wallop's coming. At the breaking up of the camp many Spaniards
offered to serve the King. If the King wishes arquebusiers for this winter;
they are better than any other nation, "their desire is so much towards his
Highness." Has made preparation, as Paget directed, for great pieces,
drums, fifers, &c. Will convey the ordnance now with him, either through
Flanders or else by water, to Bruges or Antwerp; and asks whether it shall
remain on this side the sea. From our camp at Crevecure, 10 Nov.
P.S.—Almost forgot to write that the Emperor declared openly how
much bound he was to the King for allowing his army to remain
20 days longer than the treaty required.
P.P.S.—"Mr. Paget, for the short despatch of this letter, I have me
heartily commended unto you. Franssys Bryan."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : "Mr Wallop to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, xo Novemb.
Galba B. x.
366. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
You will have heard from the gentleman (fn. 11) of my chamber, whom I
last despatched towards you, the retreat of the enemy "et la menyere
dycelle." Seeing this and considering the season I have thought good to
dismiss my army and let your men return notwithstanding the prolongation
you granted. Although I wrote lately of the good offices which my ministers
report that they have done, I cannot omit to certify that the general, (fn. 12) the
principal personages and all the company have acquitted themselves well.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Slightly injured by fire. Begins : Mons. mon bon frere
2. Draft of the above, headed "Minute d'une lettre de l'Empereur au
French, p. 1. Modern transcript [from Vienna].