367. Sadler to Arran.
Perceives, by his letters of the 10th inst., that he understands that
Sadler daily receives and directs writings "privately fro and to sundry
great and small men within this realm" (which is very suspicious and,
war now standing, cannot be permitted), and desires, if Sadler's commission
continues, to hear his charge; and, if it be expired, is constrained by his
strange behaviour to pray him to depart the realm. Sadler's behaviour
digresses from no part of his office, nor has he received or written any other
letters to or from any great or small men than he would that Arran and
the whole realm were privy to. His commission endures until the King
revokes him. Seeing such daily changes here, knows not to whom to
declare the King's mind, and receive answer from, until he knows the
King's pleasure. Temptallon, 11 Nov.
Copy in the hand of Sadler's clerk, p. 1. Address copied : To the right
honorable th'erle of Arrayn. Endd.
18 B. VI.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
368. Mary Queen Of Scots to Charles V.
Although, doubtless, the Emperor will maintain the treaty he made
with her father, she is emboldened by the friendship that was ever between
the Emperor and her father to claim his benevolence as of hereditary right.
As some Scottish ships are going into Lower Germany for trade, it seems
meet, at this time when there is war with the English, to beg him not to
permit them, in favour of the enemies, to be hardly treated. En regia
nostra Edinburgensi, 11 Nov. 1543. Signed : Jacobus Gubernator.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
18 B. VI., 222.
2. Another copy.
Lat., p. 1.
[Sp. Cal. VII.
3. Modern copy from Vienna Archives.
18 B. VI. 157.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
369. Mary Queen Of Scots to the Lord Of Veere And Beures.
The friendship that was between her father and him, which
she wishes to maintain, moves her to signify things by which he may
promote it. Now that the Scots have war with England, some of their
ships are going to Lower Germany for trade, and the English King boasts
that, by a new treaty he has made with the Emperor, the enemy of the one
is to be held enemy of the other. The Scots fear that if they go uncommended
they may be unfriendly treated, but she does not doubt but
that the Emperor will observe the treaty he made with her father. Begs
him to see that they suffer nothing contrary to the ancient friendship and
the treaties. Ex regia nostra Edinburgensi, 11 Nov. Signed : Jacobus
Lat. Copy, pp. 2. Add. : Domino Verrarum ac Bavier.
18 B. VI., 222.
2. Another copy.
Lat., pp. 2.
32,653, f. 40.
II, No. 95.
370. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.
Has seen his letter of the 8th inst. to the Council, with the letter
which Sir George Douglas wrote him, for money and for redress to his
friends on the Borders, and his answer. Where he has promised the
King's answer to Sir George's desire, he shall himself declare it, if Sir
George repair to him, as often promised, or else send it by a discreet
messenger to Sir George and his brother. It is :—
Albeit the promises made by them, both here and since their departing,
and the munificence which they have received at his hands, make him
think them his own, their deeds have been far discrepant from their words.
The arrest of their friends, and their own danger from the Governor and
Cardinal, have come of their ensuing their own devices and not following
his. Advised them to keep the Cardinal when he was prisoner, to set upon
him after the convention at Lythco when he lay at Stirling with his private
family, to keep the young Queen at Edinburgh, to take or burn the ship that
brought Lynoux out of France, to work wisely with Lynoux for the
guard of Donbarton and the restraining of the Patriarch and French
ambassador from liberty; but all availed nothing. Giving credit to the
crafty practises of the Cardinal, and thinking to bring their purposes to
pass by way of pacification, they have brought themselves into great danger
and hindered the King's affairs; who, upon their promises, sequestered the
execution of what he could have done himself. Let them now see whether
Maxwell and Somervell will escape so easily as the Cardinal did. And
what end is come to the promises which the Cardinal made to Sir George
at their secret conferences, and the great embracings between them and
the King's enemies at their convention ! Let them extend their forces for
the redemption of their friends and revenge of the false proceedings with
them of Arran and Lynoux, and also of the Cardinal. The day has been
when they were able to make a battle, "and yet then living the King their
master," at which battle Lynoux's father was slain. "They have not
sticked to take upon them to us to set the Crown of Scotland upon our
head." Where is now their force and courage? Will they say, when it
comes to their own defence, as they used to say when we required them to
act for our affairs "We are not able, our friends will leave us, our own
men and servants will forsake us"? If so, what meant they, to undertake
so much? Let them do some exploit and then we will aid them, both
with money and men. (Which Suffolk shall say is ready; as indeed 4,000l.
shall be sent him with diligence.) Until they have done some notable
exploit (as Angus told Apulbye that he would do if the two lords
prisoners were not delivered before the Friday following) or else have laid
hostages that they will do so within a time to be limited by Suffolk, the
King, having spent so much without seeing any good effect, is loth to defray
more till he sees old practises laid apart and a plain breach with the other
party. As to their friends upon the Borders, they should account no man
their friend who cannot also be the King's—or at least not the King's
enemy, as most of their so called friends have shown themselves, as Angus
and Sir George will have perceived by the Council's late letter to them.
Can no longer trust bare words, but looks to have personal hostages for performance
of the conditions prescribed by the Council's said letter.
The above is to be declared, likewise, to the rest of the King's friends if
they demand aid. As soon as they have done any notable enterprise, or
have laid the hostages for it, 1,000l. of the said 4,000l. is to be delivered
for the common aid of them all. And, upon knowledge of their continuance
to annoy the enemy, the King will send his further pleasure for their
furniture. Suffolk shall tell Sir George that, as the Cardinal and Governor
go about to take the holds belonging to Angus and him, the King's advice
is that (seeing Angus is too far off) he should provide that Tyntallon and their
other fortresses are stored with men and munition; for if they lose
Tyntallon (as no doubt the Governor will essay to surprise it) it will be
hard to recover; and if Sir George is unprovided with men and munition
for its defence the King will appoint a trusty man, with a sufficient
garrison for its defence, and furnish it by sea with artillery.
Finally Wharton is to learn, from Donbarton or thereabouts, what is
become of the French ships that brought the Patriarch and munition, and
of the ten ships which were sent from Bristow to encounter them. Ampthil.
P.S—In case Angus and Sir George, being unable to furnish Tyntallon,
are content that the King lay a garrison there, Suffolk shall send ships,
with a sufficient garrison and munition, from Newcastle; with a gentlemen
of stomach to be captain and take guard of the castle, and not re-deliver
it to any person until he knows the King's pleasure.
Draft with corrections in Paget's hand, pp. 23. Endd. : M. the King's
Majesty to the Duke of Suffolk, xijo Novembr. 1543, at midnight.
Bill of receipt by Ric. Brok of Broxston, 12 Nov. 35 Hen. VIII.,
from Sir Nic. Styrley, of Styrley, of 3l. for his half year's rent of Broxston.
Signed with a mark.
Small paper, p. 1.
32,653, f. 57.
II., No. 98.
372. Sir Wm. Eure to Suffolk.
On Sunday night, 11th inst., Robt. Collynwode and John Horseley
with the garrisons of the East Marches made a journey in Scotland; and
Eure sent with them Thos. Carlile and Wm. Buckton and 100 horsemen of
Berwick. Upon daylight on Monday morning they burnt two towns in
Tyvidale, viz., Morbotle, belonging to Walter Carr of Sesforthe, and Prymsid,
and brought away much goods and cattle, and took some prisoners.
Berwick, 12 Nov., 9 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 55.
373. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Yesternight received a letter from Arran (enclosed, with copy of his
answer). Begs instructions. Temptallon, 12 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
32,653, f. 54.
II., No. 96.
374. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Encloses letters for the King, with Arran's "letter to the same."
Some say that the Governor will besiege Temptallon, which is strong
enough and meetly well furnished with artillery, but slenderly furnished with
victual, especially wheat and malt, and coal; so that unless their lordships
help to furnish them by sea, "which may be done maugre all Scotland,"
they will lack fire and be famished. Temptallon, 12 Nov. 1543. Signed.
Partly in cipher, p. 1. Add. Endd.
Ib. f. 53.
2. Decipher of the above.
375. Wotton to Henry VIII.
The letter of this date printed in State Papers, IX. p. 547, will be
found under the date of 12 December.
376. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
Wrote on the 4th. An ambassador has come from the Turk to
declare his victory in Hungary and return to Constantinople, and to hear
news of Barbarossa, who left Tolon with 30 galleys and is not since heard
of. Janetin Doria returned to Geane with certain Turkish foists; and the
galleys of Naples, Sicily and the Religion are returned to Puglia, from
Turkey, with 300,000 cr. worth of prey. Mondovi in Piedmont taken by
Guasto; which will be a great impediment to Turin. The Turk left only
10,000 horse for the presidy of Hungary, in addition to the old company of
7,000, and demanded a four years' truce of Ferdinando, who refuses it
without restitution of Hungary. The Frenchmen report that the Emperor's
host is withdrawn from Landersey and that they have succoured it, "which
are reputed fables with men of judgment." Venice, 12 Nov. 1543.
P.S.—Here is reasoning that the Bishop of Rome will send Pole to
Scotland, with 4,000 men, next spring. The Signory have just made
Stefano Tiepolo, their late general, ambassador to the Turk. A man of
such estimation is not likely to be sent for a light matter. Ferdinando has
sent a great personage to the Bishop, to signify that, unless he declares
against the French king, at this next diet of Spire, the Empire will proceed
against him. The Bishop "will curse all them in Spayne that hath
consented to the Pragmatica." Both the Bishop and these men fear the
Emperor's victory in France.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
32,653, f. 66.
II., No. 101.
377. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Sir George Douglas has been here, with whom Suffolk has debated
at length of the present state of Scotland. In the end Suffolk asked him,
if he were of the King's Council, as the King reputed him to be his trusty
servant, what advice he would give. He replied in a long discourse, the
articles whereof (sent herewith) have been read over to him and subscribed
by him. He advises 1,500l. to be distributed among the King's friends in the
West, East and North, that they might invade the King's enemies and theirs,
and the King might, as he saw cause, minister further aid, or leave it off—
it were but loss of so much money; whereas his friends in Scotland,
lacking his aid and seeing their enemies and his set on such pride by money
and munition out of France (as they now are, having soldiers
hired with the French crowns), could not assemble sufficient power,
but the opposite party prevailing would drive his brother and him,
and peradventure some others, to flee into England. This their enemies
boast they will do, and cease not to practise with the King's friends by
offers of pensions and rewards of France to win them to their party.
Advise that aid of money and letters of courage should be sent. No
man could in words show himself more addict to the King than Sir George
does, saying that the practise they went about before was to win Scotland to
the King sooner and with less expense, and, since fair means cannot prevail,
they must henceforth trust to force, wherein their power may fail, but not
their good will. Beg to know the King's pleasure with all speed, lest all
spent hitherto when the need was not so great as now, be in vain. Sir George
says that the sum of money sent shall be kept secret, but bruited to be many
thousands, so as to encourage their friends and discourage the French party.
On their asking where his brother was, he showed a letter of his brother's
sent to him since this ruffle began, by which (sent herewith) it appears that
his brother means good faith, "and is moved." Darnton, 13 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 59.
II., No. 99.
378. Sadler to the Council.
Yesterday Brunstone came to say that the Governor, at the Cardinal's
instigation, was determined to have wars with England; for which La
Brochey, the French ambassador, promises them 6,000 lance-knights out of
Denmark, at the French king's wages, to be landed either in England or
Scotland, and also money to wage 10,000 Scottishmen, and all aid both by
sea and land. This makes them so proud that the Cardinal has said to
Brunstone that the King should not have the honor to begin the war, for
they would begin. The King's friends, as Angus and all the Douglases,
Cassells, Glencarne, the sheriff of Ayr and lord of Donelanerik, shall be
chased into England or fight for it ere long, as the Governor and Cardinal
have said to Brunstone. The Governor is very extreme against Somervile,
and will put him to tortures unless he confess his credence to the King
from Angus and the others. As there was a saying that Maxwell was taken
by his own consent, Brunstone asked the Governor; who sware it was not
so, and that Maxwell was taken against his will, as he trusted to take more
ere long. Brunstone desires Sadler to write in favour of the sheriff of Ayr,
who can do much but lacks money (as Sadler thinks they all do, or they
would not sit so still); and says that John a Barton, who is the principal
man of Leith, is much dedicate to the King, and, having goods in France,
sends 5 or 6 ships, whereof the Mary Willughby is one, thither; but tarries
himself at home, by Brunston's advice, intending hereafter to trade only
into England. Brunston says he will himself write to the King.
The Governor and Cardinal are gone over the Frythe into Fyffe and
Angus, to do some exploit upon the earl of Rothers and lords Graye,
Ogleby and Glammes, or else win them from their devotion to Angus,
whose sitting so still is a mean to encourage his enemies and lose his
friends. The still sitting of all the King's friends seems to be for lack of
money; for, with money, "they might wage men enough to take their part
in their own private quarrels." Suggests that a little more money might
be bestowed to induce them to debate the matter with the sword among
themselves, and so be the easier for us to deal with next year. Temptallon,
P.S.—The letters he sent to the King would show that he is charged
either to repair to the Governor or depart the realm. If, thereupon, the
King charges him to repair to the Governor, he will not be suffered to
return to Temptallon, but despatched the next way into England. The
Governor is much offended with his being here; and Angus has lost
friends by it, for it is universally said that he has rendered his house to
Englishmen. Here he may remain maugre the Governor and all his
party, and, if the passage by land be stopped, the King may send hither
by sea, Angus, "being our friend, as undoubtedly I think him to be."
In cipher, pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd. : Mr. Sadleyr to the duke of
Ib. f. 61.
2. Decipher of the above.
Large paper, pp. 2.
32,653, f. 63.
II., No. 100.
379. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Encloses letters to the Council. This day came one from Lord
Somervile to desire him to write to Suffolk to get his eldest son home
upon pledges, to revenge his persecution. Somervile trusts to find means
to escape, and has offered the captain of the Black Nasshe, where he is
prisoner, 10l. land and 200 angels for it, and finds the captain comformable.
Temptallon, 13 Nov. Signed.
Mostly in cipher, p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
Ib. f. 64.
2. Decipher of the above. P. 1.
St. P.,IX., 549.
380. Brian to Henry VIII.
Reports conversation (at the Emperor's being in Cambray) with
Grandvell, who said that the Emperor had a treaty with the Scots, but, if
Henry should be at war with them, he might be sure his enemies should
not be the Emperor's friends; that he suspected the Duke of Lorrayne's
coming was by means of the Frenchmen (which duke was now at Semy, a
town of Arskott's son, the Prince of Semy, and had been told that "he
might return because of his disease, and that the Emperor removeth daily");
and that the Emperor would do nothing without Henry's advice.
After Wallop and the other captains departed, the Emperor asked Brian
if he was to tarry here, who replied that, now the wars were done, he was
in doubt about it. The Emperor garrisons Crevecure, Shatevo Cambersaye
(where the French king fled by night, playing "the owl's part," as the
Emperor says) and Cambray. It is here thought that this breach of the
neutrality will undo Camberseys; also that the Emperor will make a strong
castle here, whereat the French are not pleased. Mons. de Lorayn is now
come to a castle beside Avanys, and will come to Vallentian and speak first
with the Queen and then with the Emperor. Will be present, if not
countermanded. It is bruited that Lorayn comes for a treaty of peace.
The duke of Naygeres, Don Louis Davayll and others go to Spain, through
England, to levy 5,000 Spaniards against next year. Grandwell says that
Lorayn's son, who married the duchess of Milan, comes with his father, and
is Imperial. Dowaye, 13 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. : 1543.
381. Adrian De Croy [Sieur De Roeulx] to Wallop.
Is sorry he could not say adieu, as he had to depart suddenly from
Cambray. Hopes to come and see him at Guisnes in the beginning of
spring. Has a horse for him. Is very sorry not to have been able to take
leave of the gentlemen with him; and begs to be recommended very
humbly to the King. Vallenciennes, 13 Nov. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
382. Wages and Conduct Moneys.
Newcastle upon Tyne, 14 Nov. 35 Hen. VIII. :—There remained in
the hands of John Uvedale, treasurer, on 27 Oct., 1,243l. 9s. 8½d., whereof
he has paid since : To Thos. Petit, prest for workmen's wages at Warke
100l. My lord lieutenant, for wages and diets of Sir Ant. Browne, 80l., and
spial money, 7l. 14s. 8d. Kenelm Throkmerton, money given by lord
Parre in rewards and spial money, 10l. Steph. Metcalf, late trumpeter
with lord Parre, wages and conduct money to London, 4l. 0s. 6d. Gilb.
Swynehoo, for watches, 7l. 3s. 4d. Thos. Rothereforde, for watches, 4l. 6s.
Fras. Norton,—(blank) Staples, and John Ogle, captains of 50 men
each, wages for 21 days, 39l. 4s. each. Coats at 3s. 4d. for the said 150
men, 25l. 10s.; and conduct money to 100 of them, 17l. 2s.
Remainder 870l. 14½d. which, after deducting refuse gold and two prests,
leaves in ready money but 595l. 19s. 2½d. Signed : Jo. Vuedale.
32,653, f. 68.
II., No. 102.
383. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
On receipt of a letter from Angus (copy forwarded lately in cipher),
wrote again to him to devise with the rest of the King's friends how to
execute the things lately declared, on the King's behalf, by Mr. Saunforde,
Wharton's kinsman; or at least to revenge the injuries now attempted
towards them, but to keep themselves out of the hands of their adversaries,
who "did all their feats more by policy than by any power." Yesternight
had another letter (enclosed) from Angus, showing that money shall make
and mar all. Sadler thinks that the slow coming of it may hurt the King's
affairs. Wrote lately that Brunstone would send an express messenger to
the King. He now sends bearer with letters to the King and to Suffolk,
desiring that a placard may be given him for post horses to accelerate his
journey to Court. The haste he makes, and his assurance that he will
carry his letters safe, emboldens Sadler to write this out of cipher. Would
be glad of letters out of England. Temptallon, 14 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX.,550.
384. Wallop to Henry VIII.
On Sunday (fn. 1) last, he and Seymour, and the rest of the Council here,
took leave of the Emperor, who protested his affection for Henry and
gratitude for the grant of 20 days more than the treaty. Has all the King's
ordnance and munition here, not minding to send it to Antwerp or elsewhere,
as it will be needed next year, but to bring it to Calais, if he can
get cart horses, with the bows and arrows to be mended against next
spring. Asks whether any horsemen or footmen shall remain in garrison
at Guisnes; for most of the footmen will be on Friday or Saturday at
The Emperor remains in Cambray, which he garrisons, as well as
Chasteau en Cambresis and Crevecueur, the Daulphin's town. He will
make a castle in the highest part of Cambray called Mount St. Gery.
Thinks he will stay there until Lorraine and his son arrive at Valenciennes,
where the Regent is with Arschot, Du Rieux and most of the noblemen.
All the King's captains here have done their duty well. Was never in
a war where there was so much for youth to learn, both at the being before
Landersey and then at the Emperor's coming with horse and foot of all
nations. Divers chiefs of Spanish footmen and Italian and Almain horse
and foot offered to serve the King next year. Has kept their names.
"Drouncelades," fifers and gunners to shoot in mortars are promised by
Mons. du Bures, who is anxious, if the Emperor give him leave, to serve
the King next year with the 5,000 tall footmen and a great number of
horsemen which he had at this time with him. Douay, 14 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
385. Wallop to the Council.
In the Council's letters of the 8th, he and Sir Thos. Seymour are
directed to confer with the best Clevoys captains, to learn how the Emperor
was served by them, and, if they would agree upon a less price than in a
"rate" sent therewith, to declare this to one Gymynyck, bringer of the said
letters; and to know where he would be found if the King required him,
who has given him 200 cr. pension. Received these letters no rather than
yesterday, when the whole army was dissolved and the Clevoys captains
could not be spoken with. Gymynyck says that, in case the Emperor has
retained Clevoys at a lower price than in the rate, he will serve the King at
the same "salair," upon two months' warning. About the truth of the
said rate will write to the Great Master, who is always ready to do the King
service. Gymynyck says he dwells at Gymnyhe castle, two Flemish miles
from Colayne, and that his kinsman, the King's servant Arnolde, a very
honest man who came with him, and has served all this year in the field,
knows it well. The King can always have Clevoys horsemen, for Wallop
practised with them, especially with the Count du Bures, who promised
horsemen, footmen, gunners for mortars, drumslades and fifers as many as
the King shall need. Two other captains of the Low Parts, Joergen van
Lesken and Borges van Monche, offered to serve, each with 300 or 400 horsemen;
who abide at Gotten and served the Emperor this journey, One who
was captain of the Noyre Bende has just arrived in this town to offer service,
bringing the Emperor's letters of commendation. As for footmen, the
Count de Mansfeld, dwelling in Saxony, offered to serve with 5,000 or
6,000 when required. And out of Italy the duke of Mantua's bastard, Alex.
Gonzaga, offered to serve with 4,000 Italian footmen, and 300 mounted
harquebuziers, upon two months' warning. Has made a book of these
names. "As for the Italians, it is evil meddling with them, having had
good experience thereof this year to be either too wise or too false." Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : "Mr. Wallop to the Council touching th'entertainment of Clevoys."
386. Brian to Paget.
As "this messenger was departing even as I received the news I
send you here inclosed, I have now no time to write you longer, but of the
news it may please you to participate with the King's Majesty and your
friends as you shall see ca[use]." Doway,  Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Faded. Add. Endd. : xiiijo Novemb. 1543.
32,653, f. 70.
II., No. 103.
387. Suffolk to Henry VIII.
Yesternight received Henry's letters of the 12th and thereby
understood what he should have declared to Sir George Douglas, who
departed the morning before. Recapitulates the points. As Sir George's
declaration of the state of Scotland and subscribed opinion are sent to the
King, Suffolk forbears to declare this to Angus and the rest until further
instructions; for surely it would put them in despair and make them yield
to the other party, who not only use force but promise great pensions and
rewards out of France to win them. Sir George confesses their folly, but
that cannot help them or advance the King's affairs. Henry writes that
when they have done some notable enterprise, or given hostages to do it,
Suffolk is to deliver for their common aid 1,000l. Humbly offers his
opinion that the demand of hostages would make them think they were no
longer reputed as friends, and thereupon help themselves from their
desperation by leaning to the party of France, who asks nothing of them
but to join in defence of their own realm and liberty, without demanding
hostages. Where Henry would have Temptallon furnished against surprise;
asked Sir George, because of Mr. Sadleyr's letters, how it was furnished,
who said he thought it was well furnished and all the substance of his
brother and friends within it, with ordnance that would shoot two miles,
but he would write to his brother to see it surely furnished forthwith.
Offered to help him, "but he said he trusted it was well enough."
Darnton, 15 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Encloses a letter from Wharton just received.
Pp 5. Add. Endd. : 1543.
388. Sadler to Angus.
Has received his writings by his servant John Douglas, and perceives
that he will show himself a man of honor in this busy time, not
doubting but God will give him the upper hand of his adverse party. Had
already written to the King to the effect he desires; and has now written
again. The Governor, on Sunday last, sent a herald with letters charging
Sadler either to repair to him or depart the realm. Would fain be at home;
but, so long as the King would have him remain, he may with Angus's
favour "abide an charge more of the Governor," having so good a house
as this, where neither the Governor nor the Cardinal will seek to do him
any great displeasure for disobeying their charge.
Headed : To the lord of Angus, 15th November, 1543.
389. Philip De Croy, [Duke of Arschot], to Wallop.
That the Emperor despatched him from Cambray, at 4 o'clock at
night, towards the Queen is his excuse for not saying adieu to Wallop, and
thanking him for his friendship, whom he will always take for his good
father and friend. Begs Wallop to make his very humble recommendations
to the King. Vallen., (fn. 2) 15 Nov. 1543.
Commendations to the Sieur Cremuel, the Sieur Treasurer and other
gentlemen of his band. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add.
Letters I. 242
390. Richard Hilles to Henry Bullinger.
As he cannot write Latin well and is ignorant of German,
requests Bullinger to deliver and explain his answer to Henry Falckner,
who inquired the price of his cloth, and if Falckner return it, begs
Bullinger to keep it till John Burcher arrives. Cannot part with it for
a less sum than stated. Could make more money, if he were intent
only on gain, by 1,000 fl. on other wares, especially in this war time,
but has in mind 1 Tim. vi. 17. Wrote about the 4 fl. merely to know
if the letter of Francis Warner, the young man in his house, had been
delivered, for he often inquires about it. That letter treated of some
ungodly laws then enacted by our Parliament.
My wife sends good wishes to you and your wife. On the 2d inst. she
had a son, whom I have named Gershom, quite large enough, the women
say, for a mother of tall stature. As your wife has so many fine children
herself she would pray for the wife of Master Megander, that she also may
have a family. Strasburg, 15 Nov. 1543.
391. John Coope to John Johnson.
"J'hus ano 1543 the xvjth in Novemb., at Ascheby" :—I have
received yours of 6 Nov., and have accordingly provided 100l. in Lo
(London) with my friend Mr. Gerrade, to be paid at sight if the worst fall,
which I trust shall not need, "seeing there is now no L . . Hollenders
in Calles then v. companies." Describes other commercial matters and
desires him to remember four barrels of herring "when these Hollenders
Hol., p. 1. Much mutilated. Add. : merchant of the Estaple in Calles.
392. Sadler to Henry VIII.
Henry commended the bearer, Mr. Richardson, to the Governor,
who received him and maintained him and others in setting forth the Word
of God. Now that the Governor, who was a supporter of good preachers,
is (through the counsel of the Cardinal "for whom he hath forsaken both
God and man") become a persecutor of them, Richardson is forced to fly
this country, where the Cardinal's malice towards him (for his preaching
and his zeal to England) makes it dangerous for him to abide. Commends
Headed : To the King's Majesty, 16th November, 1543.
393. The Laird Of Brunston to Sadler.
Has been long in writing, for the time is so dangerous. Prays to
be excused to the King, whom he thanks for his gentle letter. Cannot get
letters carried as oft as he would, but will write to the King the conclusions
made in this Parliament. Showed Sadler that he had caused John a
Barton to remain at home, than whom no man in Scotland more desires to
further the King's godly purpose. His ships have been divers times at sea,
but aye returned by contrary wind. That they may not "stir" the King's
lieges, sends his servant, the bearer, with them; and begs Sadler to give
him a letter, that they may be used as the King's friends and servants. It
is believed that Angus will come to the Parliament, "and sends the sheriff
of Ayr and laird of Drumlanrig (which are looked for this Saturday) to
dress his way." Bothwell aud Murray have been this Friday in the castle
and spoken with Maxwell, through whom, the writer fears, they draw in
Angus "by George." Thinks Sadler should warn George against receiving
displeasure by Lord Home. Wots that Sadler knows that they intend to
summon him (George) for treason; which will be the main work of this
Parliament, if they make not four regents as before. Credence for bearer.
Musselburgh, Saturday morning.
P.S.—Asks for news; and to be commended to Mr. Aevery. Be
circumspect in sending letters, for the ways are straitly kept. "When
your Lordship hath seen these other letters, close them within another
letter and send me them again."
Headed : From the laird of Brunstoun to Sir Ralph Sadler, 16th
32,653, f. 73.
II., No. 104.
394. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
Have received his letters, with Wharton's, describing his proceedings
with Robt. Maxwel and the Elwoodes. Wharton is to advertise Robt.
Maxwel that order is taken for the 1,500l. to be delivered for aid of Angus
and the rest of the King's friends in Scotland. As, upon theirs of yesterday,
Suffolk has already written letters of comfort to Angus and the rest, there
is no need to write from hence. Where Robt. Maxwel desired to know
what the wages of the lord of Johnston should be, Wharton is to ask what
wages he means, and tell him that if he means Johnston to serve the King
here, "he shall have such wages as the rest shall have when they come to
his Majesty's service." The King has received Suffolk's letters showing
why he stayed the declaration, and is content that further declaration of
their slackness be forborne, as Sir George has confessed it already. The
King eftsoons desires him to make shift, according to the Council's letters
of yesterday, to deliver the 1,500l., without requiring hostages, but only
writing letters of comfort as devised in his post scripta, adding that the
French king cannot aid them but by stealth, whereas the King is always at
hand and cannot be let to aid them, as he will do if they show themselves
men and do as they promise. Mr. [Stanhope] is despatched with the
Draft mostly in Paget's hand, pp. 3. Endd. : Mynute to my l. of Suff.,
xvijo Novembris 1543.
5,754, f. 85
395. The Privy Council to [the Bp. Of Carlisle and Sir Thos.
We have received your letters by bearer, Wm. Garfurth, and declared
their contents to the King, who answers that you, my lord of Carlisle, shall
pay 20l. 9s. 1d., therein mentioned, as due for buildings there since the
departure of Stephen van Hascenperg, and Garfurth's wages for the oversight
of the same. Also, as you request, bearer shall be "clerk of
th'ordnance, the works and store there." As to the finishing of works
there; upon the perfection of the works at Hull, John Rogers shall repair
both to Carlisle and Wark, upon whose certificate the King will determine.
As to the warrant you desire for lead taken at the late monastery of Shappe,
Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations shall be spoken with when he arrives
here. Ampthill, 17 Nov. 1543.
P.S. in Mason's hand.—The King's pleasure is that you Mr. Wh[arton]
in case you be executor to Sir Thos. Curwen, lately deceased, shall cause an
inventory to be made of the King's stuff in Sheriffhutton castle, whereof
Curwen had the keeping. If not, he is to order such as are executors to do
this and send it up. Signatures lost.
Pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.
5,754, f. 87.
2. "Costs, charges and expenses done in and about the King's Highness'
castle of Carlysle" from Sunday 27 May 35 Hen. VIII. to 17 Nov. next
A long list of small amounts paid to various persons for nails, hair for
plaster, candles and solder for glasiers, and for wages, for work done upon
the castle and bulwarks of Carlisle. Total 20l. 9s. 1d.
Rymer, xv. 10.
396. The Bishop of Worcester.
Notarial instrument witnessing the resignation by John bp. of
Worcester of his said bishopric, made in Hertleburye castle, Worc., 17 Nov.
1543, 34 r.r. Hen. VIII. in presence of Thos. Bagard, LL.D., Walter
Blounte and Ric. Ewer, S.T.B.
Notarial attestations appended of Wm. Warmstrye and Thos. Wemme.
St. P., V., 348.
397. Arran to Angus.
It being understood that Sir Ralph Saidleir, ambassador to the
King of England, daily directed and received private writings to and from
great men and small within this realm, the Ambassador was charged to
show his commission to us, if he had any, and, if it were expired, to depart
the realm. This charge was given him in your house of Temptallon, but
he still remains, corrupting by money and otherwise great men of this
realm. We pray you heartily to cause the said Ambassador to depart out
of Temptallon within a short space after the receipt of this and so eschew
the suspicion that is risen of you. Lendoris, Friday, 17 Nov (fn. 3) . 1543.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
32,653, f. 122.
II., No. 123 (1).
Mary Queen of Scots' commission to Rothissay herald —
(blank space left for other names) to charge Archibald earl of Angus to rid
Sir Ralph Saidlair, ambassador of the king of England, out of his house of
Temptallon, within 48 hours, on pain of being reputed a resetter of Englishmen
in time of war; it being understood by James earl of Arrane, protector
and governor, and the Council that Saidlair directs and receives private
writings to and from "sundry great and small men within this realm,"
and therefore should be charged to expone his commission (if he has any)
to the Governor or else depart the realm. Lundors, 17 Nov., 1 Mary.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
St. P., v. 349.
399. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Encloses in cipher a letter received from Angus this morning. Is
informed that the Governor and Cardinal, probably finding their intended
exploit upon the Northland lords not so facile as they supposed, have gone
to Stirling and will come strongly to Edinburgh, to keep their Parliament, if
not empeached by Angus's party. Temptallon, 18 Nov. Signed.
In cipher, p. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
2. Decipher of the above.
In the hand of Suffolk's clerk, p. 1
32,653. f. 80.
II., No. 107.
400. Angus to Sadler.
I am stopped of my purpose in coming to Edinburgh by my great
friends' advice, and will "supersede" it as yet. And shortly you shall
know my whole purpose and mind, as doubtless you know my brother's.
Douglas, 18 Nov.
Copy in cipher, p. 1.
Ib. f. 81.
2. Decipher of the above.
St. P. IX. 554.
401. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Need not make a long letter, as the earl of Surrey (conte de Sorey)
can tell occurrences here. He has shown whose son he is, and that he
means to follow his father and his predecessors. With his gentle heart and
dexterity, he needed no teaching, and Henry will command him nothing
that he cannot execute. Valenciennes, 18 Nov. 1543. Signed.
French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Countersigned : Bave. Add. Endd.
2. Draft of the above dated "de Valenciennes, xvijo de Novembre 1543."
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
St. P., IX. 552.
402. Wotton to Henry VIII.
Here has been little news save of the Emperor's camp at Landressy,
whereof Mr. Bryan and Mr. Wallop will have given advertisement. At
Mons with the Queen Regent, news came to him late; for, since my lord of
London and Mr. Bryan came, she has supposed that they and Mr. Wallop
would hear all from the Emperor and his Council. Lack of matter has,
therefore, caused his long silence.
The Council lately wrote that a Scotch ship taken by the Dykegrave of
Meidenblyke in Holland was good prize, and its taking a pleasure to Henry
and service to the Emperor. Notified this to the Dykegrave; who answered
that the Scots had already entered process against him in Holland and the
Regent had commanded him to release them unless he could show cause
why he should not so do; and he desired Wotton to obtain letters for him
to the Commissioners of the process. Obtained these letters from the Regent
and desired her to command the commissioners, in case sentence passed for
the Scots, to stay them until he might advertise Henry. This she promised.
Took opportunity, when she spoke of the "boasting and cracking that
Frenchmen used," to feign that he had heard that they bruited the coming
of the duke of Loreyne (then within a day's journey of this town) to be
procured by the Emperor who was weary of war. She wondered at it, and
said that surely it was not so; but that the French king procured it, and
sent twice or thrice to hasten the Duke, even although he was sick, and
the gentlemen who accompanied the Duke were favourers of the French.
As to the Diet, the Germans pressed the Emperor to go thither; and,
though it could not be so soon as they wished, she reckoned that he would
go. Valenciennes, 18 Nov. 1543.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
St. P., IX. 555.
403. Brian to Henry VIII.
On Saturday, the 17th, the duke of Lorraine and his son arrived at
Vallencia, with 200 horse; and, after dinner, had access to the Emperor
and the Queen. Next morning Chantonay brought the writer to his father's (fn. 4)
lodging, who made him sit down (there being present only himself and
Joys, one of the principal secretaries) and said he was commanded to declare
the duke of Lorraine's sayings, as follows. Details Granvelle's recital of
Lorraine's speech, who, after wearying the Emperor with praises, pointed
out that if the Emperor and French king continued at war, the Turk
would overcome Christendom, and that the Germans were not yet in order;
and after swearing, with his hand on his breast, that he "had no commission
from none alive" (an oath learnt, as Granvelle said, in France, where "so
they swear when they lie most"), said that Barbarosse should be sent out
of France when the Emperor would, and desired a peace or else some truce.
The Emperor replied, that, as to peace, since he had no commission it
would be waste of wind to answer him, and, as for Barbarosse, he "was not
a counsel for his coming" nor would "meddle with his going," thinking
his abode the more charge to his enemy; and that he was in league with
the King of England, without whom he would enterprise nothing. The
Duke then went to the Queen and had like answer.
The Viceroy came in while Granvelle was speaking, who repeated all to
him; and, as to the Emperor's doing nothing without the King, he said it
would not be to the Emperor's honor to do otherwise after the King had
done so lovingly to him. To that Brian pointed out the shame of such
craft; and Granvelle said "No, no, be ye sure, Mons. Ambassador, that this
knot is too fast knit to be unknit without both hands unknit it."
After dinner, Surrey, who had not had access since Wallop left, took
leave of the Emperor and can report his gentleness. The Emperor then
asked Brian if Granvelle had told him touching the duke of Lorrayne, and
said "'Heard ye ever a stranger sort of coming?' 'Sir,' quod I, 'ye saw
that at this present he had assembled all the power that he could make in
all his realm and elsewhere to fight against you, and yet durst not tarry it.
How will he do the next year when my master shall be of as great power
of his own partie?' 'Mary,' quod th'Emperor, 'I trust, undone.'
'Now, Sir,' quod I, 'the sticking to you of a faithful friend makes your
enemy to shrink.' 'And I,' quod he, 'never to fail my friend again.'"
Surrey and Brian then went to the Queen, whom they found sitting before
a fire, playing at cards with the duke of Lorraine. While Surrey spoke
with the Queen, Brian saluted the Duke, who sat, as he is lame, and asked
Brian, for their old acquaintance in France, to drink with him before he
departed. The Queen then called Brian, "saying, 'Mons. Ambassador,
heard you ever of so lean a message?' 'Madame,' quod I, 'if the broth be
no fatter it is not worthy the supping.' With that she laughed; so we
Was afterwards assured that Lorraine comes for peace, but the Emperor
will do nothing without Henry. The Imperials have in Pyemond taken
the marquis of Sallusse, whom the ambassador of Ferrar procures to have
in exchange for Don Francisco Deays. This Sunday night, came Sir
Thos. Palmer out of France, on his faith to pay 1,000 cr. ransom or else
return within 40 days. He says the French desire peace with Henry.
He was taken by young Damppeyer, the Dolphin's minion, from whom he
brought a message (enclosed). "Grandvell said unto Mons. de Lorrayn
We know that Mons. Lestrayng hath been with you three or four times
within this month. This Lestrange is a Frenchman and husband to
Lanjake." Palmer's letter shows how the French are inclined, and this
Court shows no less desire. To-morrow the Emperor departs to Brussels,
and Lorraine to the French king. Valencia, 19 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd.
St. P., IX. 558.
404. Sir Thos. Palmer to Brian.
"Sir, Mons. Daumper hath desired me to make his recommendations
to you and to Mr. Wallop," and to desire you to learn what the King would
demand of their King; thinking that anything reasonable would be
accorded if the King would grant safe-conduct to some honorable man to
come over. Thinks Daumper spoke his King's mind, for he came 10 leagues
to tell the tale and returned to Court the same night. Next day, met, at a
castle near Socion, a man of Loren, who said the Duke would repair to the
Emperor to treat of peace with the French king. Made the more haste
hither. All honest men in France pray for peace with Henry and esteem the
Emperor nothing; saying that, but for the English in the camp, they
would have given him battle; "and indeed if they show themselves no
better than they did the day I was taken they be not much to be feared."
The night I was taken, a gentleman, servant either of the King or the
Dolphin, said "he heard the French king wish that you had been with him
at Quyse, to make good cheer with him, and that you should not lose one
Hol., pp. 2. Enclosed in the preceding letter.
405. Charles V. to Chapuys.
In pursuance of what Granvelle wrote yesterday of the Duke of
Lorraine's coming, the Duke arrived the same day about dinner time, and
told the Emperor that he came to do his duty as a prince of the Empire,
and (considering the ills which daily succeeded in Christendom from this
war, and the danger of its entire perdition through the matter of religion
and the advance of the Turk) to beg the Emperor to listen to means of
peace; protesting, however, that what he said was of himself without
charge of the king of France or of any other. Replied that all Christendom
knew what he had always done to maintain peace, and that [the king of
France] had repeatedly commenced the war, and could make no promise
that might be trusted; and, as for the troubles in religion and the descent
of the Turk, all Christendom knew what he had done to prevent them, and
who was their cause and had incited the Turk. The Duke then offered to
go to the king of France and learn his intention; but the Emperor told
him there was no need, since he had no charge, and he himself would not
treat without due regard to the King of England and other allies and
Afterwards the Duke held the same language to the Queen and to
Granvelle; and the Emperor caused it forthwith to be declared to Briant,
and afterwards repeated it to him and the earl of Sorey who came to take
leave. At night the Duke returned to the Emperor and recommenced the
practice, offering again to return by France if the Emperor would propose
some means of peace or was inclined thereto. Answered as on the
preceding day, adding that he would make no overture, nor give the Duke
occasion to return by France, as the French were giving out that the Duke
came hither at his request. Will persist in this language until the Duke's
return, and if possible will depart to-morrow so as to give reason for his
brief return. Valenciennes, 19 Nov. 1543.
French, pp. 3. Modern transcript from Vienna.
406. Sir Thos. Pope to Mr. Clerke, Bailey of Whetstone, and
The Late Wife Of John Rolf, Collier.
Has received a letter from the Chancellor of the Augmentations
that the Church of Powlles is appointed to have the manor of Whetstone (fn. 5) in
exchange with the King for other lands, the timber and woods of the
said manor being reserved for the said church. Desires them therefore to
stay the felling of the woods sold to them, and they shall have as much
elsewhere. St. Albons, 20 Nov.
Hol. p. 1. Add. Mutilated.
32,653. f. 134.
II., No 126 (2).
407. Suffolk to Sir George Douglas.
According to the communications between him and Suffolk which
were put in writing and sent to the King (who has a firm trust in his
brother and him, and in Glencarne, Cassels, the sheriff of Ayr and other
lords in the North parts, that they will now show themselves like noblemen
against his enemies and theirs), the King commands Suffolk to deliver
them 1,500l.; which shall be sent with all diligence to Berwick and there
delivered to such as bring bills of the said lords and Douglas for receipt
thereof. Is further commanded to declare that, if they proceed as the
King expects, they shall lack no aid of another sort than France will give
to the other party; for France will have enough to do to help himself, and
the king of Denmark is in like case, and the King's aid is at hand.
Where Douglas said that he gave only his own opinion, but would declare
it to his brother and the rest, Suffolk desires to know their minds therein.
Assures him that the King has an "entire trust" in his brother and him
and would be glad to hear of their proceedings.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd. : "Copie of my l. of Suffolk lettre to Sir George
32,653, f. 75.
II., No. 105.
408. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Perceive by theirs of the 16th and 17th inst., that Suffolk shall
with all speed advance 1,500l. to the King's friends in Scotland, sending
to the King's receivers in these parts for it, to whom he has accordingly
written; but, as succour is needed forthwith, he also wrote to the mayor
and aldermen of Newcastle, who have advanced 1,000 marks; and, by
deferring the garrisons' wages, the sum is made up and shall be at Berwick
on Thursday night. Suffolk has advertised the King's friends thereof and
written letters of comfort to Angus and Sir George Douglas, of like effect
save that Douglas's letter mentions conversation had with him. Had twice
before that written encouraging letters to them, always bidding them
beware of fair words. The Council wrote that Suffolk should cause the
two ships which wafted the King's beer to look out for ships out of the
Frith, and warn the King's other ships in the Narrow Seas. Wrote to
Shelley to send one of them back to the Narrow Seas for that purpose, and
also to advertise them not to trouble John a Barton's two ships, having safe
conduct, although John a Barton himself comes by land. If they are not
both departed into Flanders to waft the King's beer, one shall waft the beer
and the other come to the Narrow Seas. Suffolk has advertised Sir George
Douglas that the King grants John a Barton's safeconduct. Enclose a
letter from Sadler to them, and the copy of one from Angus to Sadler, both
in cipher, with the "unciphering" of them; also a letter of Sir George
Douglas for Master Somervell to have licence to go home on pledges,
wherein Angus and Sadler have written to the Council heretofore, and the
writers have also twice written. As the father is in prison for the King's
cause, the request should be granted. Sir George writes also for the lord
of Mowe, who was taken breaking the truce and not as a prisoner of war.
Enclose a letter of Wharton's, with one of John Moores, Scottishman,
espial. Where the espial mentions great garrisons to be laid on the
Scottish borders; they think a lord warden should now be on the Borders
to direct exploits. Darnton, 20 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—In case the King's two ships are departed from Berwick to
Flanders (as Suffolk wrote to Sir George that John a Barton's safeconduct
should come by next post, and lest it be too late) the lord Admiral should
send word to the ships on the Narrow Seas to let John a Barton's two
ships pass. Have written to Wharton to advertise Robt. Maxwell of the
aid now given to the King's friends; and Suffolk has written to Sir George
Douglas that Robt. Maxwell, "among other, be remembered." Where the
King requires Suffolk to advertise Angus, Casselles and Glencarne of
Sir George's discourse; at Sir George's special request he forbore to do so,
but wrote to Angus that he had had a long discourse with his brother, who
no doubt would declare it to him. Has also written to Sir George "not to
forget to make his declaration" to the King's friends as he promised.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed. Endd. : 1543.
409. Town Of Ragusa to Henry VIII.
Profess gratitude for his innumerable benefits to their fellow citizens
trading in England, whom they again commend to his favour. Rhagusii,
20 Nov. 1543. Subscribed : "Devotiss., Rector et Consilium Rhagusii."
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.