32,653, f. 83.
410. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
The King has received his of the 16th and seen the letters sent with
it, and takes thankfully his wise consideration of affairs, as appears by the
appointment of his device for the aid of money and for comfortable letters;
which he will have, ere this, learnt from the Council's letters. To discourage
the Scottish of the French party, he should bruit "how the French king
ran away," as may be gathered from the copies lately sent him "from me
William Paget." Where Sadler wrote of Somervile's desire for the entertainment
of his son, and his hope to escape by corrupting the captain of the
Blacknesse; Suffolk shall send for the Master of Somervile and entertain
him gently. If the captain may be won by reward, Sadler might, if he can
get a fit messenger to Somervile, practise with him what may be done with
the captain for delivery of the castle to the King for "any reasonable
reward." This is to be written to Sadleyr, with proviso that, unless he can
get a trusty messenger to do this by mouth, without danger of being taken,
he shall not venture it.
Copy, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to the Duke of Suffolk, xxjo Novembris 1543.
32,653. f. 78.
II., No. 106.
411. Sadler to Suffolk and Tunstall.
Has nothing important to write, but is loth to let the posts sit idle,
and would gladly hear from their lordships. Angus and the others, who
were determined to come to Edinburgh on Monday last, have changed their
purpose, as appears by the copy in cipher (herewith) of a letter from Angus.
Temptallon, 21 Nov. Signed.
Partly in cipher, p. 1. Add.
Ib. f. 79.
2. Decipher of the above. P. 1.
32,653, f. 85.
II., No. 109.
412. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.
Intended to revoke him home before Christmas, as he desired; but
the state of affairs in Scotland is now suddenly driven into such terms that
a personage of reputation must be in those parts to comfort the King's
friends and keep enemies in awe. Desires him, as he has already travailed
so much there, to take some more pain therein, until it appear what this
variety of things in Scotland will grow to; and his service will both please
the King and turn to his honour. Ampthil, 21 (sic) Nov. 35 Henry VIII.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd. : Mynute to the duke of Suffolk, xxijo Novembris
32,653, f. 87.
II., No. 110.
413. The Privy Council to Suffolk.
By the King's letter herewith he will perceive some alteration
touching his return, which is due to the King's good opinion of his service,
who has sundry times spoken earnestly that he would gladly see him. Trust
that his stay will not be long, as the King intends to establish two wardens
there. Whereas such Scots as are the King's enemies boast that, next year,
they will have 10,000 Scots at the French King's charge and 4,000
lansknechts out of Denmark; Suffolk shall bruit abroad that the French
King, whom the King and the Emperor mean to assail next year both by
sea and land, having no friend in Christendom, is like to be so strained as
to have neither men nor money for his friends in Scotland, nor yet sufficient
for himself, and also, for this year's wars, has been constrained to let out
his salt garners for two years' rent beforehand. The French King's friends
in Scotland will not only lack help next year, but be restrained from traffic
with the Emperor's countries, who, as by treaty bound, will take them for
enemies; whereas the King, thank God!, has treasure enough for himself
and his friends, whom he will succour both by sea and land. As the King is
informed that John a Barton's ships are already passed into France, a safeconduct
is sent, by bearer, only for himself to come to the King. Suffolk
shall write letters of thanks to the sheriff of Ayr and Dunlanrik; and cause
Wharton to declare to Dunlanrik that the King means to show him favour.
Here is no news but that the Emperor and French King have dissolved
their armies, and Mr. Wallop, with the King's men, is by this time arrived
at Calais; missing very few men, and no gentlemen save Sir George Carew,
Sir Thos. Paulmer and Mr. Bellingham, who are prisoners, but well.
Draft, pp. 4. Endd. : Mynute to the Duke of Suffolk, xxijo Novembris
32,653, f. 89.
II., No. 111.
414. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Suffolk perceives, by theirs of the 19th, that he is to bruit in Scotland
how the French king ran away; which is already done and the copy
of the news sent to Sadler, and also to Sir George Douglas, who has
returned word that he will so bruit it among friends and enemies that the
Governor's and Cardinal's ears shall be full of it. As to sending for Master
Somervell and giving him good entertainment; that, without licence to
return and help his father, will be little to his comfort, and considering
Angus's and Douglas's suit to have him home (to lead his father's men,
who will be ruled by no other), and offer of other hostages, Suffolk once
minded to let him go, seeing his father imprisoned for the King's cause,
but tarried for the King's answer; for those that are the King's friends
"will somewhat regard the goodness that they have found in him," and
those that are not will care little how long their pledges lie, for Scots do
not love their children as Englishmen do, "but seem to care little for
them." Suffolk therefore forbears to send for Master Somervell, who
would perhaps repute it "to be to keep him more safely," and albeit the
man is "not most personable, yet he is noted to be a man of courage."
Give reasons against the practise, by Sadler, with lord Somervell for
delivery of the castle*; both because of the difficulty of it (Sadler being
suspected to be against the Governor and Cardinal, and commanded to
avoid, and proclamation since made in Edinburgh that no man
shall victual Temptallon) and the danger of it (seeing that the
messenger must be a Scottishman, and should have great profit
in disclosing it). Besides the danger to Somervell and Sadler and the
unlikelihood of success, its disclosure would make many in Scotland forsake
the King's friends. If the King's friends now prevail, the most they intend
"is to get the marriage and the peace to hold, with laying in of hostages
for it"; but they never durst tell their friends that they go about to make
a party for Englishmen, which can only be made after deadly feud among
themselves drives them to seek succour of England, as Sir George Douglas's
discourse showed. Few Scottishmen will help the King to conquer any
part of Scotland unless forced thereto; and if the King's enemies prevail
his friends must either join them, "like untrue gentlemen," or else flee to
him for succour. Their friends help them in their own quarrel, but not for
England, and will desert them if it come abroad that the King goes about
to get holds in Scotland. Upon the success of the aid of money now
ministered, the King will shortly know how to trust his friends. Forbear
therefore to write to Sadler. To write to Angus to send his chaplain, who is
his chief secretary, would make him suspect the chaplain; who himself says
that, unless Winchester sends for him he will not come, as appears by his
late letter. As for the 100l. for Angus above his wages, besides the 1,500l.
now advanced, it shall be ready for him if demanded. Enclose two letters
of Wharton's, one of Gilbert Swynnew's and one of Sir Ralph Eure (the
effect of which Suffolk has written to Sir George Douglas); also a bill, from
my lord President, of receipts now in the receivers' hands. Of the 4,000l.
which Mr. Stannehop shall bring, after the aid paid to the King's friends
and this month's wages to the garrisons, little above 1,200l. will remain.
Darneton, 22 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Suffolk has stayed the money in the receivers' hands, and thinks
it should be put in the lord President's keeping, so that, if the King will use
it here, carriage may be saved. A servant of Sadler's has been here for
money. Despatched him, with word to his master to repair to Edinburgh
at the King's friends' being there, where he may learn practices and do
better service than where he is.
Pp. 8. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P., IX. 559.
415. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
No news here in Upper Germany. The Emperor's commissioners
are at Spires with the delegates of the Catholics and Protestants about the
reformation of the judgment of the Chamber. Explains the quarrel about this.
The Emperor lately wrote letters to the republic of Cologne and to the
city of Metz warning them to persist in the old religion; and commanded
the Hildeshcimers, who had joined the Protestant confession and expelled
the monks, to restore things to their former state. The noble canons of
Cologne had had themselves absolved, by the Bishop of Rome, from their oath
to their Bishop; (fn. 2) and the Emperor is said to resent that Bishop's attempted
change of religion. The Emperor's harbingers are at Spires to assign
lodgings for the coming Diet. Three weeks ago the Emperor sent Count
William a Furstenberg, with six ensigns of foot, into Luxembourg, which
is devastated by the French king. Spires, 22 Nov. 1543.
News has just come that Furstenberg has taken Arla and two neighbouring
castles, but the cold hinders further operations.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
416. Mary Of Guise to Paul III.
Received by the Patriarch of Aquileia, his letter and brief, which
was quite a proposito to aid the affairs of this realm; and has, from the
Patriarch, learnt his Holiness' good will to the Queen her daughter, and to
her and to this realm. Need not write of affairs, of which she has fully
informed the Patriarch, except to advertise him that since the King's death
the realm is marvellously seduced and spoiled by the Lutheran sect, as well
by the King of England as by the greater part of the subjects of this
realm, so that it is in the way of being lost altogether. Begs him to succour
it. Will herself do what is possible; and assures him that her cousin the
Cardinal of St. Andrews has done his duty well. "Scritta in Essilinga
(qu. misreading of Esterlinga?) a 22 di Novembre, 1543."
Italian. Modern transcript from a Vatican MS., pp. 2. Original endorsed :
A N. Sre, la Regina di Scotia.
32,653, f. 94.
II., No. 112.
417. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Enclose a letter of Sir George Douglas's and one of Symple's sent to
Wharton. Where Douglas writes that promise was made him by Suffolk
for the lord of Mowe; Suffolk made no promise, and so has answered
Douglas; albeit, Mowe's son lying in pledge for him, and Douglas bound for
his re-entry, if he might be won to serve the King, it were well to let
Douglas have him. Desire to know the King's pleasure in this, and for
Master Somervell "whose father lieth in durance for the King's sake."
Where Douglas writes to have the coming of the King's money to Berwick
kept secret, and he to have the conveyance of it; Suffolk wrote to Shelley
to deliver it to such persons as Angus, Casselles, Glencarne and Douglas
should send with "bills of their hands," so that if Douglas bring all these
bills he shall receive all. Hope that Somervell, being in hold, will not be
forgotten among them, for he is well dedicate to the King and needs help.
Where Douglas writes that he should meet the English Commissioners at
the Bounde Rode at Berwick for redress of harms done to and by persons
assured by him, who, he prays God, will hereafter stand of as good will as
himself; Suffolk has written to him that, if he pray God that his friends
may be as himself, the prayer implies that he mistrusts them, and therefore
he should cause them to lay in hostages, for surely if they break their
promise they shall smart for it. His writing that he will keep promise, not
doubting but by Suffolk's help to "have the countrepayne," seems to mean
to have Suffolk's promises to him kept, which were that if he proceeded
truly to serve the King "he should lack none aid, neither of men nor money."
Suffolk promised that if overset by his enemies he should have ready aid;
and for this 1,200 men are prepared. Darnton, 23 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—Douglas has promised to bind himself by letter for the re-entry of
Mowe, besides his hostage.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. : 1543.
St. P. IX., 561.
418. Henry VIII. to Charles V.
Sent Brian to him to communicate things concerning the continuance
of the amity, and to reside with him while he remained with his
army in the field. Hearing now that, after the flight of the enemy, the
army shall repose, as the season requires, recalls Brian and the bp. of
London; and sends in their place the bearer, Dr. Wootton, dean of
Canterbury, who has been lately resident with the Regent, and who is
replaced by Dr. Layton, dean of York, who shall start with all diligence.
Begs credence for Wootton. "A notre—(blank) d'Ampthill, le—
(blank) jour de Novembre, 1513."
French. (fn. 3) Draft, broadsheet, p. 1. Corrected by Wriothesley. Add.
Endd. : Mynute to the Emperor.
II., No. 261.]
2. Original letter of which the above is the draft. Dated Ampthill,
24 Nov. 1543.
French, p. 1. Modern transcript from Vienna.
II., No. 262.
419. Henry VIII. to the Queen Of Hungary.
Has determined to recall his ambassador Dr. Wotton and send him
to the Emperor to replace the bp. of London, who is revoked. Ampthill,
24 Nov. 1543.
Original at Vienna.
2,442, f. 34.
420. Charles V.
"Instructions given to Mr. Doctor Wotton towards (sic) the Emperor,
to remain there as ambassador lieger in the place of the bishop of
London and Sir Francis Bryan."
The King, having determined to revoke the bp. of London and Sir Fras.
Brian, now his ambassadors with his good brother and ally the Emperor,
has appointed "you the said Doctor Wootton" to supply their place.
Upon receipt of these instructions, and two letters from his Majesty sent
herewith, to the Queen Regent for your revocation from attendance upon her
and to the Emperor for your acceptation, you shall declare to the Queen
Regent the King's determination, adding that Mr. Dr. Leighton shall be forthwith
sent to replace you, then take your leave and depart to the Emperor's
Court. There, after conferring with the Bishop and Sir Francis, you
shall make access, together with them, deliver the King's letters and declare
his Majesty's resolution, adding that Dr. Layton, dean of Yorke, is to
replace him with the Regent.
Whereas letters were lately written to the Bishop and Sir Francis to
require the Emperor to take the Scots for enemies, except such as had the
King's safe conduct, you shall eftsoons, after the departure of the Bishop
and Sir Francis, purchase that the Scots may be published common
enemies; and, as it is covenanted that the King and Emperor shall next
year invade the French king's country, you shall likewise move the
Emperor and Granville to devise order for consultation thereupon. Where
the duke of Lorraine has been lately at the Emperor's Court and made
overture for peace or truce between the Emperor and French king, as Mr.
Brian has advertised, you shall learn from Mr. Brian the whole state of
that affair, so as to be the riper to commune with the Emperor or his
Council, who will probably confer with you therein, because, by the
24th article of the treaty, neither prince shall treat without the other's
consent. The King refused to hear the French ambassador before his
departure hence because his overture was not communicated to the Emperor's
ambassador, and therefore you shall learn how they have proceeded
there and all their occurrents of Italy, Spain, France and Almayne.
Finally, where it is covenanted between the King and Emperor that
either prince should send certain ships to the seas, wherein the King has "all
this year long" performed his part, but the Emperor has not accomplished
his (notwithstanding that both you and Sir Thos. Seymour, to the Regent,
and the bp. of London and Sir Fras. Brian, to the Emperor and Mons.
Grannevill, have eftsoons moved the same), and for answer has always
"shifted the fault unto his ministers, using still a redubbe therein"; in
case the Emperor do not forthwith furnish his navy upon such motion as
the bp. and Brian at their departing shall make therein, you shall eftsoons
solicit the same again.
Modern copy made (apparently from the original in the Tower) for King
Charles II., pp. 3.
297, f. 60.
2. Another modern copy.
5,935, f. 80.
3. Another modern copy.
421. Heir of Richard Leftwich.
Record of proceedings in the Court of Wards and Liveries upon an
order to Kath. Leftwiche, late wife of "the said" Ric. Leftwiche, dec., to
deliver her son and heir to the feodary of co. Chester. She answered that
her son and heir was dead leaving a daughter and she had only a younger
son called Rauffe Leftwiche; who came into this Court, 24 Nov. 35 Hen. VIII,
and showed his title (described) to certain lands (named); and, being 29
years of age, was dismissed. Margaret, the daughter and heir general of
Ric. Leftwiche, the younger, is within age and entitled to lands in Awsyng,
Chesh., after Eliz. Bulkeley, widow.
Large paper, pp. 3. Mutilated.
32,653, f. 99.
II., No. 114.
422. Wharton to Suffolk.
This 24 Nov., met Robt. Maxwell and declared the coming of the
money to Angus and the rest, and the advice contained in Suffolk's letter
of the 19th. He said they would have done things ere this had they had
money to keep their men together; and, unless they could assemble their
men before the Parliament (appointed for Monday, 3 Dec.), it would "let
their great purpose." Wharton asked what was done for his father's
liberty. He answered that the Governor required his father to be bound to
leave his bond to England and lay his son Robert in hostage; which he
refused to do. And Robert Maxwell added that, if they would refuse
England, they "might have enough," and he trusted England would not
refuse them. Wharton said that, if they stood to their promises, they need
not doubt to have aid. He answered that he would never break promise;
he had seen the Governor's charge, in writing, to Angus to put away
Mr. Sadlier, who (it stated) was there to adhere Scottishmen to the King
against their duties; and he gave news such as contained in the laird
Dunlangrik's letter which Wharton forwarded yesterday, save "that he
thought the ships would shortly depart," and said that the Governor had
commanded him and other gentlemen on the Borders not to meet Wharton
or any other of England without leave. Since the laird Johnston did not
come with Maxwell, as appointed, Wharton will send for him; and has
told Maxwell that if this is refused Johnston shall suffer. Hears that
Johnston has great offers from the Governor and Cardinal. Like others
there he is "needy and covetous." Will know in four days what he will
do. Maxwell desired Thome the Laird and another of the head of the
Armstrangis to be sent to him to-morrow at Langhollm. Has appointed
the Laird and his son, "a proper man," to go. Continued the assurance
to 16 Dec. and parted, Maxwell again desiring him to write to Suffolk to
hasten the money.
The Armstrangis and other riders who serve the King complain that
those within Angus's assurance resett the enemies, both bodies and goods.
Has written of this to Angus, for here are many proper men to annoy the
Describes raids by Elwads and Armstrangis on 19 Nov. upon John
Dawson's house of Over Howden in Lawderdaill, on 21 November at Over
and Nether Crissope in Ettrick Forest belonging to Michael Scott,
Bukcleugh's chief counsellor, and on 23 Nov. upon the laird of Sesfurth's
town of Newtoun in Tividale. Carlisle, 24 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 97.
II., No. 113.
423. Suffolk and Tunstall to the Council.
Sir George Douglas here complained much of attemptates done
to his friends assured by the lord Warden; and, thereupon, Suffolk commissioned
Sir Thos. Hilton and George Bowes to go to the Borders for
redress of harms done both to and by the persons assured. Gave this
commission to them rather than to the deputy warden, because Sir George
thought he would be partial, the harms being done by the men of Berwick
and other garrisons under him. The commissioners have met, and both
they and Sir George have written to Suffolk what they stick at (letters
and copies of the answers enclosed). Suffolk has also written another to
Sir George apart, to move his friends to be more reasonable; but if they still
"look to have credence given unto them against a plain truth," the
commissioners are to take day to the 4th of next month. Suffolk asks
what to do in case they cannot agree; for Sir George says it is impossible
to induce his friends to lay hostages, although they would hinder no
English exploits against the King's enemies and his, and that his brother
wrote to him that, if they broke their assurance, they should both lose it
and make redress.
Enclose a letter from Sadler to them, with copy of one from Angus to
Sadler, in cipher, with the "unciphering"; also a letter from Wharton and
one from Donelangrig to Wharton. Darnton, 25 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—By Donelangrig's letter and otherwise, it appears that many in
Scotland would join the King's friends if they might perceive that the
King meant only the peace and marriages, without conquest of any part of
the realm, to which few will agree.
Pp. 3. Add. Sealed, Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 101.
II., No. 115.
424. Sir Wm. Eure and Others to Suffolk.
This Sunday afternoon, Sir George Doglas said before them that he
had message forth of Scotland, on Saturday night, that, if he would meet the
Governor or Cardinal, with four with them, and refuse England, he should
have an abbey to him and his heirs, 20 score crowns out of another abbey,
and a pension of France; also he said that Scotland would "not be won
but with great strokes and many of them," and all Scots favour France
better than England, but "if all his friends refuse him he would serve the
King with himself and a boy." He said he had advertised the King of
these sayings. Berwick, 25 Nov., 8 p.m. Signed : Will'm Eure : Thomas
Hylton : George Bowes.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 1543.
32,653, f. 104.
II., No. 116 (1).
425. The Laird Of Brunston to Sadler.
Since he last wrote, the Cardinal and Governor have been in Dundee;
where they sent for lord Gray and his company. They came, but would in
no wise speak with the Governor, except he put the Cardinal and Bothwell
out of his company, which he would not do. The Cardinal, thereupon, by
rewards and other false means, "dressed" most of the gentlemen who were
with Gray to his purpose, and caused the Governor to appoint a new tryst;
which they accepted and were betrayed. Gray, Rothers and Mr. Bannaves,
one of the last ambassadors, are taken. The Cardinal desired the custody
of Bannaves, "because he loved him worst of all"; and Rothwes is in the
Governor's house of Cragnetham, and Gray in Dalkethe. John Chartors, a
friend of Gray, escaped; and no man in Scotland is more able to trouble
them. The King should write to Charters promising friendship. Has
convened the laird of Calder and 12 or 16 of his neighbours, and induced
them to refuse the money they might have to be friends to France, with
the promises of pensions ("which I believe should have been evil paid,")
and be the King's friends; and thinks the King should write to Calder
thanking him for his willingness to join the King's friends, as reported by
Brunston. Albeit the King has been beguiled by untrue men, he must not
repute less those that are true, for, surely, if he "bide not the better by
those that be his friends" they cannot prevail, and there was never greater
appearance of trouble than now. The Cardinal and Governor took 7 or 8
of the honestest men of Dundee, on 21 Nov., for pulling down the Friars,
and departed to Stirling. This 24th (sic) Nov. they sent Bothwell to
Edinburgh (with proclamations for the town, castle, town of Leith and
country to obey him, but Brunston thinks "he will be evil served") to
keep the town until the Parliament. Believes that Lenoux is gone again
to the Earl of Angus. Will certify further occurrents, and begs to know
the King's pleasure. Brunstone, 25 Nov.
P.S.—"The Cardinal hath the Governor's son in pledge that he shall
bide at his counsel."
In cipher, pp. 3.
426. Wallop to the Council.
Describes the difficulty of the bringing home the ordnance and munitions.
In Hennault and Cambresis the ways were so foul that a double number
of beasts could hardly draw half a carriage weight; and they were further
hindered by the breaking of wagon ropes, which were rotten by "long
lying in the fields." At Douay, considering that the ways of Artois and
Flanders were still worse, and their beasts weak and faint-hearted from
living only on foggage and stubble, it was decided to leave all except the
bows and arrows, which were wet through their chests. By advice of
George Browne, master of the Ordnance here, left three gunners, two
smiths and two joiners at Douay to dress and mend the ordnance, morysche
pykes, bills and other munitions, which may either remain there all winter
or come by water to Antwerp and England, or by land to Calais if the ways
be dry. To provide for conveyance of their carriages, the Emperor at their
departure appointed Mons. de Vandeville, captain of Gravelines (who had
met them at Fynes at their first entry into France and gently conducted
them to Mons. du Rieux at Arras), who now, in their passage homewards,
was very attentive in mending ways that were spoilt by frost and snow and
in escorting them with the garrisons of Ayre and St. Omer's along the
dangerous frontier by Turwayn. At St. Omer's they had to unload and
carry the munitions in boats to Gravelines, and thence in wagons to Calais.
Wallop, Sir Robert Bowis, treasurer of the wars, Sir John Raynesforth,
George Browne and his company, Ralph Bulmer, Peter Meotas and 200
horsemen and as many footmen accompanied the munitions; so that,
although the rest of the army was at Calais ready to be transported on
19 Nov., they did not arrive there until Thursday, the 22nd, at night.
Lodged every night in good towns and were gently entertained with suppers
Upon examining the munitions, at their arrival, George Browne advised
that two bowyers and two fletchers should remain for a month drying,
setting and seasoning the said bows and arrows; and Wallop caused Bowis
to give them wages, as well as those left at Douay, for one month, after
which the eight artificers shall depart to England and the King be charged
only with the three gunners at Douay. Calais, 25 Nov. Signed.
P.S.—This 25 Nov., at 1 p.m., received their letter directing that the
ordnance at Douay be brought to Calais. It is impossible to bring it by
land until the ways dry; and by water it must go by Gaunt, Antwerp and
the sea, which is a great circuit, and there is danger of frost freezing the
river and also of stealing from the boats. Respites its conveyance until he
hears the King's further pleasure. If it is to be brought, requires them to
appoint who shall convey it, and money for its conveyance, for the Treasurer*
of the Wars will be departed to England before their answer comes.
Commends the said Treasurer highly, who was much esteemed by Arschot,
the Great Master, and others. In presenting the Emperor's reward to
Wallop, the secretary presented also a letter† of recommendation from the
Emperor to the King written with his own hand. Intended to present it
himself, but, as his coming to Court will not be so shortly as he thought,
sends it to them to deliver.
Pp. 7. Add. Endd. : 1543.