1. Sir Edward North to Mr. Denny.
Your suffragan (fn. 1) remains the same man as you left him; wherefore I
have caused him to write his "determinate mind" that you may hereafter
show the letter to the King. No doubt, upon reading thereof you will
"conceive some merry device" to be set forth when time shall serve. At
the end of next week suit will be made to you for the deanery of
Peterborough; (fn. 2) whereby you shall be discharged of your pension of 40l. a
year and have 100l. for your favour. "I am not able as yet to write the
certainty of his living, nor to satisfy your expectation in the rest of his
quality[s], but ye shall certainly know within 10 days at the furthest the
truth of them, and in the meantime ye nede not to make report of the
Suffragan's answer." Mr. Chancellor is in good hope "of the end of his
suit at this time to be done." Mr. Chancellor says the King is resolved
upon the sale "of the howsys and quyllettes of landes;" which makes me
trust his Highness takes all very well. 14 Jan.
Hol. P. 1. Add.
2. Sir Edward North to Mr. Gates, of the Privy Chamber.
Please tell Mr. Dennye that the dean of Peterborough is dead, as I
hear, and that he might remember his old chaplain the suffragan of Ipswich
for it. If he do obtain it he should not tell the suffragan "until I may
somewhat work with him for the same." If any of the prebendaries of
Peterborough are preferred to it Mr. Dennye might get his prebend
for the dean of Westminster. The prebends are but 7l. unless resident,
"and the dean of Westminster was born there." You will both find him a
thankful man. If you get the deanery for the suffragan I will make you
an honest bargain. "Written in haste, but not fully so hasty as the
suffragan would be ready to receive the deanery if he might obtain the same."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
3. Sir Edward North to Mr. Gates.
Good Mr. Gates, I send you the form of the bill for the deanery of
Peterborough. Shew it to Mr. Dacres, and if he approve it I will have it
ready and send it to you to-morrow morning. Where you and I communed
yesterday about my self I will to-morrow explain my mind more clearly to
Hol., p. 1.
VII. I., 25-6.]
4. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary. (fn. 3)
By his last of the 28th ult. advertised her amply of occurrents.
The following day this King's deputies came to him, and, after other talk,
spoke of affairs of Scotland to the effect that, although the King did not
obtain quite all he desired there (of which however there was still hope),
nevertheless, it was certain that during the King's life there would be no
fear of invasion from Scotland, and therefore it seemed reasonable that, in
recompense of the Emperor's discharge from the defence in treaty, some
privilege should be given (Von debrroit fere quelque prerogative). Told them,
among other things, that he thought that demand a little exorbitant and
would not like it to reach the Emperor's ears, who might presume that the
King sought this amity too much for his own profit; and that, if they
remembered what he formerly told them, they had more need than
ever of the alliance and assistance of the Emperor, and that in the
time of Robert Brugius of Scotland and Edward II. of England
affairs of Scotland were worse than at present, the whole country except
la sylre Caledonia being subdued to the English; and the confederation in
treaty was not only for the present but for perpetuity; and as for the
reciprocal, of which they spoke, presupposing that the Scots did not stir
when the King wished to enterprise the war in France, they might be
equally sure that neither would the king of France assail the Emperor's
Low Country knowing of their mutual intelligence, and so they would
sustain no expense for its defence, especially if the Emperor made friends
with the Duke of Cleves who (Chapuys hoped) would one way or another be
shortly brought to reason. After conversing together, the Deputies then,
covertly and as of themselves, suggested that, at the least, in recompense
as above, their King ought to be exempt from the defensive contribution
of Flanders for two years. Showed them that that was a small thing for
their King, besides being (as aforesaid) very ill founded. They spoke
together and then told Chapuys that in their Council was one
who had put forward that, to-morrow or the day after, the
Emperor, in extreme necessity, to resist the Turk, might make
appointment with France and leave their King blank as to his
pensions, and it ought to be capitulated that in such a case the Emperor
would pay them. This however they did not insist upon, but passed to a
more substantial point, saying that, to render this amity perfect, mutual
assistance should be capitulated for the conquest of Gelders for the Emperor
and of Scotland for the King. On his saying that they might as well add
Denmark, and pointing out how easy it would be to chase out the duke of
Holstein, they opposed that; but, seeing that Chapuys had no commission
to pass such an article, and that to suspend the other affairs in the meantime
would be too long and dangerous, they decided that it would be better
to finish the matters in question, and afterwards the Scots, Danes and
Gueldrois might be named common enemies. And because, at the
beginning of these affairs, the Emperor wrote that nothing should be
done against the treaties between him and the late King of Scotland,
Chapuys was unwilling to condescend to such a nomination.
They then reviewed the copy of the treaty drafted by them and asked if
it did not seem to him that the generality comprehended all. Said Yes.
They seemed satisfied, and he thinks that it was chiefly to clear up this
point that they came to him.
Incidentally, the Deputies did not forget to touch upon the French
practises and offers, especially for the Princess; and Chapuys gladly took
the occasion to blasonner the arms of the French and to praise them (the
Deputies) as men scarcely inclined to that side.
Some days ago nine French ships going into Portugal or Africa with
canvas and other linen worth a great sum were driven to enter the
port of Anthonne. (fn. 4) Among them (as the English say) was one Scottish
ship which was half taken by the men of a bulwark of the King's; but,
night coming on, the other French ships brought the said Scottish ship out
of the port in safety. The said ships were therefore all arrested, and so
remain. For this cause the French ambassador was in Court on the 18th,
as Chapuys wrote in his last, and had very meagre despatch, whatsoever
anger or pride he could show.
This morning sent to remind (remantuer) the said Deputies, who told his
man that they will be with him within two days with full resolution. God
grant that it may suit the affairs of the Emperor and her! Would know
her will touching the aforesaid nomination and expression, and also as to
the new offensive which has been proposed. London, 2 Feb. 1543.
Fr. Modern transcript from Vienna, pp. 4.
5. Wriothesley to [Lord William Howard].
I doubt not but your Lordship is advertised how my lord of Norfolk
has made suit "for a state of inheritance in the house of Lambethe (fn. 5) lately
appertaining to the Duchess dowager, his mother in law," whereupon some
question has arisen about your interest in it, and in your absence I have
answered that I thought your lordship would not stick in the matter,
"considering your interest is but for a time or at pleasure." Assures him
that in making this answer he thought to do a friend's duty; and thinks
his Lordship should write to my lord of Norfolk, "taking knowledge
hereof," and, by giving place to his desire, give him cause of thanks.
Westm., Candlemas Day.
Hol., p. 1.
6. Francis I. and the Swiss.
Statement of things moved by the French king's ambassadors in the
Diet (conventus) of Switzerland which he convoked at Baden, 4 id. Feb.;
viz. the neutrality of the county of Burgundy; the deferring of the annual
payment due at Candlemas until May next, and with it the wages due for
the Perpignan expedition; the injuries done him by the Emperor and the
malicious rumors spread in Germany and [refusal to admit] his embassy
there, upon which he begs their assistance. At the conclusion of the Diet
it will be known what the Swiss decide to do.
Latin, p. 1. Slightly mutilated.
7. The Order of the Garter.
Statutes of the Order of the Garter "reformed" by Henry VIII.
king of England, France and Ireland, F.D., Supreme Head of the Church
of England and Ireland.
A vellum MS. with the Arms of the Order emblazoned at the commencement,
but with the same singular error as occurs in the Statutes as printed
by Ashmole in the Appendix to his "Order of the Garter," viz. the date
23 April, 1522, is called the 8th year of Henry VIII instead of the 14th,
and in the 19th Article a decree is cited made in the 32nd year for turning
masses into pecuniary sums. This, however, is not the MS. from which
Ashmole transcribed; for the King's style, as given by him, is only "King
of England and of France, Defensor of the Faith and lord of Ireland," &c.;
whereas here it is "King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the
Faith and in Earth Supreme Head of the Church of England and Ireland."
6,074, f. 41.
2. Duties to be paid by every knight of the Garter after their estates
and degrees, to the College at Windsor.
Duties to be paid for the soul's health of every of the noble knights of
the noble order of the Garter after their degrees.
Charges belonging to the King's lieutenant at the feast of St. George.
6,074, f. 45.
3. The oath of the King of arms at the time he shall be crowned.
Corp. Ch. Coll.
8. William Buckmaster to Dr. Edmunds, Vice-Chancellor of
When I last went out of office I sent, by Mr. Sherwode, all such
writings as I had before in my hands pertaining to the University to Dr.
Malett, my successor; among them the obligation you sent for to me by
Mr. Baynbrige. If it were not delivered you shall not fail to receive it of
my hands shortly. Mr. Wakefeld, whom you have now abiding with you,
was executor to his brother, one of them that were bounden, and promised
to have paid 5l. long before this, &c.
London, 14 May (below in another hand : 1543).
Hol., p. 1. Add.
9. Hugh Poulet (fn. 6) to Lisle.
This day at Basyngstoke I received from my deputies of the
Admiralty in Somerset and Dorset the certificate herewith, wherein if any
requisite is omitted I will further advertise you at my repair thither.
Written 14 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, etc., "lord Lysle, high admiral of Englonde."
Endd. : "Hugh Pawlettes certificate concerning ships and mariners within
the precinct of his commission for Somersett and Dorcett shires."
10. Anthony Denny to the Bp. of Ipswich.
Acknowledges receipt of letters which he will attend to; as he has
asked his "brother" Gates to signify at more length. Hampton Court,
30 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11. Sir Edward North to Mr. Gates.
Desire Mr. Denye to move the King to grant to the suffragan of
Ipswich, Little St. Bartholomew's hospital in London, now void, in
recompence of the deanery of Colchester. If he could also get the prebend
of St. Stevyns which Dr. Brerton had he would be discharged of his
pension. My desire is to help him out of these payments and out of the
King's debt for his 1,000l. if I can. Monday at 9 o'clock.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12. Hurley Priory.
Indenture of lease of Hurley priory by Charles Howarde to Leonard
Chamberleyn, 12 June 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by Howard.
Parchment. Seal lost.
13. Anthony Bourchier.
Bond given by Ant. Bourchier, of London, to Wm. Buxsted, bowyer,
25 June 35 Hen. VIII., for payment of the rent of a house in the parish of
St. Stephen within the city of [London] let to him by Buxsted.
2. Bond given by Anthony Bourchier to leave a tenement in repair at his
"departing out" of it, referring mainly to the keys to certain locks and the
glass in the windows, which is all whole except "one pane in the parlour
and another in the study being in the garden." Signed : per me, Anthonium
P. 1. Seal defaced.
14. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
London, 28 June 1543 :—No doubt your quails and your wife's
saddle are safely come, with my letter mentioning 4l. that I would send to
Mr. Ant. Cave, your uncle, for you; which I now send, by my brother
Ric. Johnson, all in good gold. The rest of your money I have not as yet
of Mrs. Fayrey, but your other remembrances are all performed, save the
having your cap from Wm. Streat. Encloses letters from Calais received
News came to Court on Monday that the prince of Orenge has "given the
Gelders and Cleaveriers an overthrow that were in siege before Hainseberghe."
The Court here seemed to rejoice much at the tidings. "The
Lord's will be done"
Saw, in a letter from Calais, of the 26th inst., that the Frenchmen have
lost 600 of their men in Hennowe, but no particulars. Guisnes, the
pursuivant, says the French king is about le Chatteau Cambrasy with a
great number of men. Conjecture is that he will break the neutrality of
Cambray and make himself lord of it. "As I think, he shall not find the
commons' minds much dissenting from him. The Lord's will be done."
Here is daily preparing of men of war; and, about 12 July, 14,000 or
15,000 are to be at Calais, with my lord Warden as captain general, and
under him Sir Edw. Bainton, Sir Arthur and Sir Thos. Darsey, Sir Ric.
Cromewell, Sir Thos. Palmer, and divers "pensioners and other gallants, as
men call them. The Lord's will be done."
More privy news, of what was said by the Council to the French
ambassador, the day of your departure hence, Mr. Cave can declare upon the
information of Mr. Ambrose, his brother. Commendations to Mrs.
P.S.—Thos. Hoeghton tells me that Davy Sanderson's wine and other
goods came to Calais on Monday last, enough to lade two ships of 80 tons.
"I would it were yours and mine here in London : But the Lord's will
"Ralph Hill is come home out of France, privily as I understand, and I
fear that that shall cause poor Bassingborne and other Englishmen to fare
the worse there. I can have none answer from my master what I shall do
with our Frenchmen at Calais."
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : merchant of the staple at Calais, at Sebertofte or
15. L'Artigue. (fn. 7)
Detailed account of the various parts of a galley, with the names and
duties of its officers, made by "Lortigha del paeze de Franza."
Three or four galleys may be made in 100 days; and in these two ships
which are come from Venice will be found men to manage them, and also
some carpenters and calkers. The aforesaid Lartiga thinks that such
galleys made a little higher than in the Levant would do great service. Six
galleys of France were in the sea of Brittany and Normandy under captain
Pre Gioanne, (fn. 8) whose lieutenant and nephew the said Lartiga was. He was
Pre Gioanne's lieutenant for seven years; and in that time made more than
a dozen galleys in Genoa and Marseilles. A galley fully equipped costs
no more than 600 cr. The wood for them was brought to Marseilles from
Dauphiné, more than 50 leagues, by the rivers Lixar and Roano. (fn. 9) Lartiga
has made many ships, galleons and galleasses since he was vice-admiral
of Brittany. He thinks it well to cut much wood within the next month
and a half, because the winter has been colder than for twenty years past,
so that the timber will be better, and the longer it is kept the easier it is to
work. A ship or galley made of green wood does not last and costs much,
and wood cut in fine weather like this is always best. In Venice timber is
kept ready cut for ship building, some kinds at the bottom of the sea, but
all their carpenters' work is done under cover because working in the rain
is only loss of time and money. They also make cordage in a covered
place and keep victuals ready, compelling the people to buy such as begins
to spoil. Also they send young gentlemen to sea for certain years to learn
to be captains. The King might rear certain gentlemen in the same way—
being gentlemen they would be the more faithful, and youth learns best.
The said Lartigua petitions to be taken into the King's sea service, and
to be examined as to his knowledge of sea matters, and other greater things
which he will tell his Majesty.
Italian, pp. 7. Endd. : Lartiques boke for the furniture of a galee.
16. Sainct Aulbie to L'Artigue.
The man you sent to me was long in coming, as, because of the
closing of the ports in England, he dared not venture to pass, for fear that
he might be searched and your letter to me found. I received it safely
and sent it forthwith to the Cardinal, (fn. 10) together with the copy of the advice
which you have delivered there as to the course which an army by sea
should take, to be reported to the King; and, I have answer that you have
done him good service and he will make provision at the places you write.
He has also sent other advertisements for you which I dare not write, but
I will wait at the place you formerly wrote of for news of you, and think it
very necessary that you should send me some sure man to whom I might
tell all. I have sent your man to Paris for the 1,200 cr. which the
Cardinal gives you. Sainct Wallery, 29 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. : A Mons. de Lartigue estant pour le present en
Angleterre. Endd. : A l're to Lartique.