120. Chapuys to Charles V.
The Jew called hither, finding his first opinion not accepted, has forged
another equally illfounded, and says it is indeed lawful to marry a brother's
widow, provided it is done with the will and intention to raise issue for the
deceased brother; but without such intention the marriage is unlawful, and
that God has reproved such unions by the mouth of Moses, so that issue
shall not proceed of them, or shall not live long; and that it has been seen
that the male children the King had of the Queen scarcely lived at all; from
which he inferred that the King had not the said intention, and consequently
that the marriage is unlawful. The Parliament continues, but has done
nothing, as I am told, and it is supposed the King keeps it sitting for some
mysterious purpose. Everybody is tired of it; and every day some one asks
leave of absence, which is never refused to those who take the Queen's part, so
that it is expected that the divorce will be treated of, and that the King is only
waiting for favorable news from France. By feasting La Guiche, who is still
here, they will probably get all they want. He banquetted this Shrovetide
in company with the Lady and several others, when the King drank to him
in the name of his master, and repeated that if he could be always assured of
the reciprocal friendship between the king of France and him, he would not
fear any others. The King had not yet been at the Parliament since it
recommenced, till late yesterday, when he remained an hour and a half or two
hours in the House of Lords, and did not go down to that of the Commons. He
expressed to them his desire for justice and the defence of the kingdom; and
afterwards desired them to take into consideration certain liberties of the
Church in this kingdom by which malefactors had hitherto full immunity.
He also called their attention to the matter of the bishop of Rochester's cook,
a very extraordinary case.
There was in the Bishop's house about ten days ago some pottage, of which all
who tasted, that is nearly all the servants, were brought to the point of
death, though only two of them died, and some poor people to whom they had
given it. The good Bishop, happily, did not taste it. The cook was immediately
seized, at the instance of the Bishop's brother, and, it is said, confessed
he had thrown in a powder, which he had been given to understand
would only hocus (tromper) the servants without doing them any harm. I
do not yet know whom he has accused of giving him this powder, nor the
issue of the affair. The King has done well to show dissatisfaction at this;
nevertheless he cannot wholly avoid some suspicion, if not against himself,
whom I think too good to do such a thing, at least against the lady and her
father. The said bishop of Rochester is very ill, and has been so ever since
the acknowledgment made by the clergy, of which I wrote. But, notwithstanding
his indisposition, he has arranged to leave this tomorrow by the
King's leave. I know not why, being ill, he is anxious to go on a journey,
especially as he will get better attendance of physicians here than elsewhere,
unless it be that he will no longer be a witness of things done against the
Church, or that he fears there is some more powder in reserve for him.
If the King desired to treat of the affair of the Queen, the absence of the said
Bishop, and of the bishop of Durham, late of London, would be unfortunate.
I have learned that Tallebout (the earl of Shrewsbury) keeps in his hands,
as belongs to his office, the queen of England's crown; and since neither he
nor any of his house ever incurred reproach, he would take care not to allow
it to be put upon any other head; in which opinion, I believe, he will persist,
both for the sake of his own honor and for the affection he bears to the
Queen. In this he will also be supported by his great friend the Chancellor, (fn. 1)
who, as I have formerly written, has conducted himself most virtuously in
this matter of the Queen, and certainly showed himself as well inclined to
your Majesty as could be. He is the true father and protector of your
Majesty's subjects. Whenever any man of my suite has been at court, he has
broken off conversation with everybody else to attend to our business, and
every one whom I have recommended to him he has despatched with a
At Calais lately they opened all the letters that came from Rome, even that
which was addressed to the cousin of Gregory Casale resident here, of which
some have been detained two or three days. It is thought that in them there
has been some disclosure of intelligence of the late Cardinal's physician, (fn. 2) who,
since the receipt of the said letters, has been kept in a chamber in the duke of
Norfolk's lodgings, for what reason is not yet known. I have today obtained
a copy of certain articles drawn up on the King's part to be notified to
the Parliament, I know not to what effect exactly, but certainly not to the
advantage of the Pope. You will learn by them more than I can write.
London, 1 March.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4, from a modern copy.
121. Sir Gregory Casale to Cardinal Grandmont.
By the last letters of Gambaro from Germany, it seems that the affair
of the Council was rather cooled, because the Emperor did not solicit it so
strongly. The news of the Turk's preparations by land and sea have caused
much fear, but a brigantine, which was sent to Ragusa by cardinal Colonna,
reports that the preparations are not so great as was said. The Hungarian
ambassador torments the Pope to make a cardinal for money to help his King
against the Turk (chel faccia Card. per danari per ajutare, &c), so that
many people think his Holiness will do it in the end, to the great displeasure
of the other cardinals, who are so poor that they are dying of hunger (si
moiono di fame), and are obliged to take the wages of other princes, that is,
of the Emperor, who has more to give in a month than the Pope in a year.
As to "our" affairs, are working to procure a delay, which cannot be obtained.
Have found means to put forth an "excusatorio" in the King's name, which
has not succeeded. Are waiting for some good resolution which the French
king and the Cardinal may bring forward (qualche buona resolutione &
partoriscano le M. Chr. & V. S. R.)
Desires his brother, captain Franc[isco], to enter the French service.
Wishes to be recommended to Mons. di Cosserano. Rome, 4 March 1531.
St. P. VII. 287.
122. Benet to Henry VIII.
Since their last of the 13th ult., nothing was done in your cause till
after Ash Wednesday.
Give an account of the process, and of the difficulties in reference to the
execution of his office by Kerne. Details their conversation with Capisucchi
on certain points of law. Were surprised that he made process contrary to
his promise, and did not cite Kerne. He excused himself. Use their
endeavours to win time.
Imperfect, hol., draft.
123. North Wales.
"Articles containing the effects of certain indictments found against
Rauff Birkenhed, afore John Glyn, clerk, and John Pole, late the King's
commissioners in North Wales."
Birkenhed is indicted by inquisitions taken at Pullely, the Saturday after
St. David's Day, at Caernarvon, Tuesday after St. Chadde's Day, and at Hardlagh,
4, 5, and 6 March 22 Hen. VIII., for extortion, concealment of felony,
and embezzlement of fines from 6 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Endd.
124. Chapuys to Charles V.
After the last courier left, the Queen sent me letters for you, which
I have kept till now, both for want of a messenger, and in expectation that
the Queen would have written to the Pope; but she has not yet been able,
and is less so now than ever, being engaged in entertaining the Princess, who
came yesterday to visit her for five or six days. The Queen is very desirous
for the examination of the witnesses of whom the president of Castile wrote
to you, for that would be a complete answer to her opponents; but she does
not wish any delay on this account in the definitive [sentence], for fear of the
consequences that might ensue.
The clergy are more conscious every day of the great error they committed
in acknowledging the King as sovereign of the Church, and they are urgent in
Parliament to retract it; otherwise, they say, they will not pay a penny of the
400,000 cr. What will be the issue no one knows. They are discussing the
enactment of the sumptuary laws and the prohibition of the pastime of crossbows
and handguns, especially to foreigners, to whom they wish also to forbid
the use of the bow. Nearly the whole time of the Parliament has been
occupied with these pretty matters (les dits belles besongncs), and with complaints
between different towns and villages, and also complaints, for the most
part feigned, against the priests.
Three days ago the King had letters from France, and with them others
from Rome of the 13th ult.; neither of which, I understand, have been much
to his satisfaction. It has been declared by the Rota that the cause ought to
be decided at Rome. The King is disgusted, and says he will make the
Pope feel his displeasure. The French seem to him too cool. He told
La Guiche they did not pay as much regard to his interests as he did to
theirs. London, 8 March.
Fr., hol., pp. 2, from modern transcript.
28,583, f. 63.
125. Mai to Charles V.
Fourteen years ago the cardinal of Ancona was protector (prothetor),
in this court, of the kings and kingdom of Scotland, and for four or five years
the cardinal of Ravenna has held the office, in which he has gained great
credit, and is consulted not only in spiritual and ecclesiastical matters, but
also in temporal affairs and the government of the kingdom.
The king of Scotland has sent a secretary here about the Council and
Scotch affairs. He spoke to the card. of Ravenna of their complaints of the
French and English, and said they (the Scotch) would go to any extreme to
part their friendship.
The Cardinal advised a treaty with the Emperor, to which he found the
Scotchman well disposed. He said it had been intended to propose this at
Cambray, but they were not in time, and since then there is a new reason
in consequence of the little account the French king makes of them in the
said treaty of Cambray, so that they would rather avenge themselves of the
French than do anything else, as the French have tricked and illtreated them
in many ways. This man, who is said to take much part in the Government
there, is very wise. He was a scholar at Pavia when Granville and I were
there. His name is Thomas Ersquin. The card. of Ravenna told all this to
me, saying he did not wish it to be published unless it could take effect.
Told it to Card. Osma, and told Ravenna I should speak of it to Don Pedro.
Don Pedro and I met him [the Scotch ambassador] at dinner, with the
cardinal of Ravenna. He said he [James] would be contented with any
marriage your Majesty wished, either sister or niece, as his desire is to be
allied (llegarse) to your Majesty, on whom he knows that the whole of the
world will depend. It seemed good to Don Pedro and myself, as we did not
venture anything thereby, to praise his judgment, and assure him of your
goodwill to his King. We told him we would write to your Majesty, and
though there remained more for him to do here, he departs in post to hasten
the negotiation. Reports some suggestions made on this subject by Erskine,
who thought he might be commissioned to speak about it in Flanders to the
lord of Vere, in whom the Scotch put much confidence.
This treaty will be of great service to the Emperor, as it will weaken
France and England. Thinks particularly that it would contribute to the
quietness of Flanders, and the restitution of the king of Denmark, and also
be useful in the case of suspicious persons, if the king of England is not wise
enough to do right (no tenga el seso que es menester). The secretary dwelt
upon this particularly, and for this effect has despatched a post to his King
not to confirm the truce or alliance with England, which finishes now, until
the receipt of what he may send to Scotland.
One inconvenience there is, that the Scots do not endeavour to better their
position with the French and English. They say that if they knew of this
practice [in Scotland], they would give them carte blanche; but he assures
us that it will be a very good thing for them, the card. of Ravenna being
the medium, in whom they have great confidence.
Thinks the negotiations should be carried on there (in Flanders). Wishes
for instructions, as the Scotch will not endure delay. Rome, 10 March 1531.
Sp., pp. 5, modern copy.
Ib., f. 120.
Extract from this letter.
28,583, f. 66.
126. Charles V. to the Empress.
"After Bonavidis (?) had left, he read once more his last letter and
the memoir of the council of war.
"Galleys. Enterprise in Algiers, &c. Has paid much attention to what
she has written about procuring provisions in England for his fleet which is
to sail to Africa. Has given orders to his ambassadors in England and to
merchants in Antwerp. As soon as he gets an answer from them, he
promises to inform her. Bugia, (?) &c. Brussels, 10 March 1531."
English abstract from original at Simancas.
28,583, f. 67.
127. Charles V. to the Empress.
"Money is much wanted. She must see how to procure it, but the
1,000,000 scudos of the ransom of the princes of France must not be
touched upon, as he has destined them for other purposes. The galleys of
Andrea Doria must be paid, &c. Is satisfied with the diligence she has
shown in the affairs of the queen of England. The President (of the Council
of Castile) has already sent the opinions from Spain. Has ordered them to
be examined. They are found to be good, and are already on their way to
Rome. As justice is on his side, it is to be hoped that God will give him
the victory. Artillery, &c. Brussels, 10 March 1531."
English abstract from original at Simancas.
128. Bristowe Park.
Lease by Wm. archbishop of Canterbury to Sir John Gage, of
Bristowe Park, Surrey, for 80 years; the deer therein being reserved to the
Archbishop till the following Christmas. Rent, 11l. a year. 11 March
22 Hen. VIII.
ii. Ratification of the lease by Thos. prior of Christ Church, Canterbury.
Pp. 3. Add. : To Sir Antony Browne, knight for the Body, and one of
the King's Privy Chamber.
129. Dr. Crome.
"The answer of the parson of St. Antonyn's (Antholin's) parish
in London, made to certain questions demanded of him by divers prelates
of the Church, in the presence of our Sovereign Lord king Henry VIII., in
the year of our Lord God 1530, (fn. 3) and the 11th day of March."
1. Thinks some souls are punished and purged in purgatory. 2. That
holy martyrs, apostles, and confessors now departed are to be honored and
prayed to. 3. That saints in heaven, as means, do pray for us. 4. That
pilgrimages and offerings may godly and meritoriously be done at the tombs
and relics of saints. 5. That Lent and other fasts are to be kept, except
when need otherwise requires. 6. That it is to be believed, upon necessity
of soul health, that God gives grace to those who receive the seven sacraments.
7. Images in churches are profitable. 8. That the dead in purgatory
profit by the prayers of those still alive. 9. That men may merit by
fasting and deeds of pity. 10. That persons prohibited by the bishop as
suspect of the Faith, ought to cease from preaching and teaching till they
have purged themselves before their superiors. 11. That kings and
governors are not bound upon necessity of salvation to deliver the Holy
Scriptures to the people in their mother tongue, so long as truth necessary
to salvation may be known to the people otherwise. 12. That it is lawful
for kings and governors for a reasonable cause to forbid the reading of the
Scriptures in the vulgar tongue. 13. Approves of consecrations. 14. Has
always thought these opinions true.
p. ii. 192.
2. Fuller declaration respecting the said articles.
28,583, f. 68.
130. Mai to the Archbishop Of Santiago, - President of the
Council of Castile.
Has replied to his last of the — Feb. After the excusator was
repelled on account of not having a mandate for the whole cause, he appealed
against the repulsion, and is preparing to put in refutatorias, but the illness
of the commissary is causing delay. Hopes he will be again repelled, and
before this is done will not try to get the remissoria, so as not to put it in
dispute. The articles have been reformed here according to your order, with
two exceptions; viz., those which state that the Queen did not sleep with
prince Arthur more than five or six nights; and that after his death the
English king and Council wished to bind themselves (?) with France (adeudar
con Francia). Our lawyers do not wish to state the first, and the second
would be beside our purpose. It would spoil our case if we said that the
others thought it well to bind themselves to France. However, if you think
this ought to be stated, the articles are so general that the witness may well
say it, without digressing from the article. I am soliciting the expedition
of the cause in the absence of the other party (por contraditas), because
they give me the remissoria sine retardatione processus quatenus nullus compareat
ex adverso. I am causing it to be despatched, and will send it to you
by a special courier. Rome, 12 March 1531.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
28,583, f. 70.
131. Fr. Ludovicus Carvajalus to John Medina, Minister of
the Province of Andalusia (Bethica).
Sends his opinion on twelve questions concerning the marriage of the
king of England. Cordova. Dominica tertia quadragesimæ 1531.
Lat., pp. 60, modern copy.
28,583, f. 100.
132. Cardinal Of Ravenna to Charles V.
His uncle the cardinal of Ancona was protector of Scotland for
fourteen years, and he has held the office for three years. The King has
lately sent his chief secretary, Thos. Erschin, to consult with him about his
affairs. Has advised a treaty with the Emperor, and conferred on the
subject with Pedro de la Cueva and Mai. Has now sent back Erschin to
his master, and Cueva and Mai will write to the Emperor the particulars.
Rome, 12 March 1531.
Ital., pp. 2, modern copy.
28,583, f. 101.
133. Dr. Garay to Charles V.
Has received the Emperor's letter bidding him not to write concerning
the cause of the queen of England, on account of the danger of the
letters being intercepted, and to do nothing without communicating with the
Imperial ambassador in France. Has carried out the Emperor's orders, and
communicated everything to him, the Queen, and Madame que Santa Gloria
aya (Margaret of Savoy). There is nothing to do here but procure the acts
and writings which have been made from the beginning in this faculty,
which depend on the will of the King. Paris, 12 March.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
134. Monastery Of St. Giles, Barnewell.
Election of prior. See Grants in March, No. 27.
Le Glay, Analectes
135. Marriage Of Henry VIII.
"Commission donnée par un auditeur de la Rota, député du Pape,
pour entendre à la cour de l'Empereur Charles V. les témoins que la reine
d'Angleterre voudrait produire afin de certifier la validité de son mariage
avec le roi d'Angleterre, Henri VIII. 13 March 1531. (fn. 4) "
28,583, f. 1052.
136. Mai to Charles V.
Negotiations concerning the General Council and the interview between
Charles and Francis. News of the Turk, &c.
Writes about English affairs to Granvelle.
The appellation was repulsed on the 10th, and apostolos refutatorios
granted. Will pursue our process, and send the articles and remissorias
thither (to Flanders) and to Spain. The president has sent him all he
wanted, and that could be got there. Rome, 13 March 1531.
Sp., pp. 9, modern copy.
28,583, f. 102.
137. Mai to Francisco De Los Cobos.
In the affair of England last Saturday they gave apostolos refutatorios
to the person who appeared for the king of England, and today they gave me
remissoria. The Datary is going hence, and has asked me to dine (?)
(messar) with him, because he came from the Pope, who, at the supplication
of the English ambassadors, will hear the excusator again. He has promised
me to do as good offices with the Pope. Every one here would give their
blood to prolong the case, and our work is to bring it to an end.
The duke of Bavaria and the Suaviau League are arriving. Rome,
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
28,583, f. 104.
138. Muxetula to Charles V.
"Contribution of money by the Pope for the maintenance of the
army. Milan, Lucca, &c.
"Has negotiated with the Pope concerning the creation of cardinals. The
Pope will create two cardinals, not those whom the king of England asks,
but those whom the Emperor has proposed. Naples, &c.
"Superscribed : To his Majesty, from Muxetula, 13 March.
"Abstract made for the Emperor. Sp., pp. 2."
English abstract from Simancas, p. 1.
139. John Roper's Will.
Depositions of Christopher Hales, the King's attorney, John Hales,
and Nicholas Rutland, touching the will of John Roper. That of John
Hales was taken on the 14 March 22 Hen. VIII.
28,582, f. 183.
140. The Abbot Of Llor to Francisco De Los Cobos.
"Has sent a letter of the cardinal Egidio with the courier, who has
been killed. The Cardinal spoke in that letter of the services he had rendered
in the divorce cause of England. Afterwards he has written more on the
"Takes much pains to learn on what grounds the adversaries found their
assertions. Has gained a great personage, who promises to give advice to the
Queen, and render other services in the divorce case.
"The persons there (in Rome) deserve little confidence, and give little
"Superscribed : To the Comendador Mayor, from the abbot of Llor.
23 Dec. and 14 March.
"Abstract made for the use of the Emperor. Sp., p. 1."
141. Will. Bank to Cromwell.
Has delivered his letter to Sir Peter Vavasour, who said he was glad
you were come to yourself. Despairs of his suit and his rent, and Vavasour
says he will have to bear the cost. Hopes to have the land according to
Cromwell's promise, as Vavasour will not be reasonable. Is suffering from
a disease in his knee, and cannot leave his servant. Begs Cromwell to
remember his long suit, which has put him in jeopardy of his life, and that he
will procure the evidences, especially that belonging to the chantry, out of
Vavasour's hands, who says that Cromwell has them in London. Baddesworth,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : The right worshipful Mr. Cromwell.
142. Sir James Worsley to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness to me and my son. Thos. Bradshaw,
priest, and Molde Petys (fn. 5) conspired to poison my wife. The said Thomas
and Molde, on the death of one of my servants, John Geffrey, whom they
had poisoned, were indicted and found guilty; but Bradshaw removed the
trial to the King's Bench, where he obtained bail, which had never been seen
before, through my lord Lile. Since that time he has taken the profits of
Bradshaw's benefice, and has continued to do so this three years. I desire
you to aid us in this matter. Give credence to my wife, the bearer. Isle of
Wight, 15 March. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. : Right honorable. Endd.