372. Thomas Bilney.
1. Copy of a book consisting of two homilies, both apparently
unfinished, written by Thos. Bilney while imprisoned in the Guildhall at
Norwich, after he was given over to the secular power, and delivered on the
day of his death. The copy sent to the duke of Norfolk by the mayor of
Norwich, 16 Aug. 1531.
2. Copies of the two parts of the above.
3. Speech of Thos. Bilney at his execution at the Lollards' Pit, without
Bishopsgate, Norwich, from the recollection of Edw. Rede, of Norwich.
Denies that the four orders of friars are to blame for his death, and exhorts
his hearers to extend their charitable alms to them.
Has never taught heresy to the "Lady Ankeres" of the Black Friars.
Was sworn not to preach without licence of his ordinary, and is sorry that he
broke his oath. Has said that the Pope's curse has only cursed him outwardly
and not before God, but he exhorts them to fear the sentence of the Church
and be obedient thereto. Protests that he believes Ecclesiam Catholicam.
Once said unadvisedly that he did not believe the Church as it is now used;
exhorts the people to believe in the Church. Leaves the marriage of priests
to be disputed by Mr. Doctor, his ghostly father, and other doctors in universities,
after his death. Has always said that virginity and chastity are
greatly meritorious. Denies that he disapproved of fasting, and wishes that
prelates would use more of it, following Christ's example.
Foxe, IV. 633.
373. Bilney to Tunstall, Bishop of London. (fn. 1)
Is glad to be called to examination before Tunstal, who is esteemed of
so much wisdom and integrity. Tunstall knows well there will never be
wanting a Jannes and a Jambres who will resist the truth, or an Elymas to
subvert it; and others will rise up like Demetrius, saying, "This heretic
seduceth the people, &c." Gives an account of his conversion, which arose
from reading Erasmus's New Testament.
Foxe, IV. 636.
ii. Same to Same.
Impugning "that learning which hath so long time reigned," and desiring
that Tunstall will bring him before the tribunal of my lord Cardinal.
iii. Same to Same.
Another letter in the same vein, in the end of which he says he stops for
want of paper, and desires a personal conference with Tunstall. Signed
as "Your prisoner and humble beadman to God for you."
Pocock, II. 660.
374. Clement VII. to Henry VIII.
Asks for aid against the Turks, who have invaded Dalmatia, and have
given indications that they mean to make an expedition in the spring. Rome,
18 Aug. 1531.
375. Chapuys to Charles V.
The King, under pretence of hunting about Windsor, has ordered the
Queen to dislodge and retire to More, a house belonging to St. Alban's, and
the Princess to Richmond. Many think this very strange, and think it an
extreme determination for the divorce. I think it is only grimacing, to induce
the Queen to consent that the cause may be tried here; of which she takes
no heed, for all their tricks. The king-of-arms of Mons. de Savoy has been
sent to the earl of Wiltshire to know if, according to the charge which he
undertook in passing by Chambery, he had showed the King Mons. de Savoy's
claim to the kingdom of Cyprus, &c. Wiltshire, on hearing of his arrival,
to prevent his seeing the court, retired from it, and sent for the herald, and
then charged him with having gone to visit the Queen; and hearing it was
not so, was very glad. He then told him the King had come to no resolution
on the matter, and the Council were dispersed, &c. He then proceeded to
insist greatly on the power of France, and that M. de Savoy had been wrongly
counselled to accept the county of Ast, and that the Electors of the Empire
intended to revoke the election of the king of the Romans.
The Court here express pleasure at the new marriage of the duke of
Orleans; and this, I think, both for the hope of gaining favor with the Pope
and to be quit of the promise of the Princess. They report that the Pope,
in contemplation of the said marriage, was going to give Parma and Placentia,
and other things, which has a bad look; but this, I think, they do only to
defame him, or to induce the prelates and others to believe that he is on bad
terms with your Majesty, and that the said treaty of marriage has been made
in spite of you.
Joachin stopped only one night at court, and has since returned to Dover
more disgusted than ever. I know not, as yet, what he was about. The
elect of Amiens arrived here when Joachin went away, and is closeted with
the duke of Suffolk.
London, 19 Aug. 1531.
Fr., hol., pp. 2, from modern copy.
376. Expenses Of A Divorce.
Indenture between Thos. Sothehill, Esq., and Ric. Bowier alias
Stirley, notary, by which the latter undertakes to solicit a "matter of
delegacy" in suit before Dr. Cox, judge delegate, between Eliz. Savell,
plaintiff, and Henry Savell, defendant, and to bring it to a sentence of
divorce from bed and board, for a sum of 20l., out of which he will pay all
expenses to the judge, doctors, proctors, and other scribes, in the Court of
Arches. Witnesses : Thos. lord Darcy, Gawen Ascue, John Chauntrell, with
others. Dated 19 Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.
Signed and sealed by Bowier.
Otho, E. IX.
377. Sir Edw. Guldeford to Cromwell.
"... which was detayned ... the same
Lubyks with him at their ... of Rye were brought into my
howse at W ... two Hispagnyards which were sent unto
m ... othre Inglisshemen were there with me claymy[ng] ...
to be taken by them, and there before me I ...
Hispayngyards and Inglisshemen to see what they ... the said
capitaynes, which was not denyed but ... goodes they have,
and oon Fysshemonger of Lon[don] ... made unto him at Rye of
all his goods, sauff x. b ... for recompence, whereof to be made by
the Stylyarde ... wrote to the Stylyard, and the said Stilyarde will
..." The Captains have promised to restore all ships and
goods taken from the King's subjects in his streams, and for the sooner
despatching of them and of the plaintiffs has sent "the said ...
my servants to my lieutenant to the castle of Dover ... Hispagnyards
and other being in their compaynyes, where [they be] very well
intreated, and they be very glad to goo thith[er], as their shippes be nigh
theim there, so as they ma[y] make restitution." If they will do so, they
may go peaceably to their ships; if not, they will be sent back to Guldeford,
unless the King commands the contrary. Thinks they will make restitution
with diligence, as they wish to be in their ships, for doubt of the Hollanders
preparing their navy. Thinks that this captain, Marks Majeur, is the chief
of them next [to the] Admiral, who is one of the 24 aldermen of ...
He goes in the ship with the Admiral, and has charge of all the soldiers;
he is a goodly young man, and well spoken. Hears that Cowche, of Dover,
and Thos. Gyggs, of Barkyng, are their lodismen. They shall be detained till
he knows the King's pleasure whether they shall be lodismen or not. "I do
assure you the captain was very * * * and so by the advice of the h ...
fro the Downes to stay the Lubiks ships ... f
presuppose that they of the Stillyarde ther ... Hispagnyards
and other plaintiffs shall myte at the ... Dovor, and there shall
take order for the restitution." Asks, on behalf of Rye and Winchelsea, that
they may have half a dozen pieces of ordnance from the Tower, that may be
carried from place to place, with powder and shot. Asks also that the blockhouses
may be made up according to the plot, "and I will be wourthe to the
King 40l. in the do[ing] of it." It will be a great safety to the towns and
country adjoining. Nothing will be safe without this, as his neighbour
Fletcher will show when he goes to London. ... 21 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add. : To the right worshipfull and myn assured
frende Maister Cromwell.
28,583, f. 351.
378. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Has received the Emperor's letter of 25 July. The vacation has prevented
any further progress in the cause of the queen of England. Mai has
ordered me to read? (pasar) the bishop of Rochester's apology, which has just
been sent from England, in which he answers the two chapters of the book
composed in favor of the King. He has shown the true way which ought to
be taken, and omits little that could be added.
Hoping to hold a public discussion, I have not thought fit to print what
I have written, so as not to show my arms to the enemy.
Sepulveda has given me a book which he has composed in the Queen's
favor. It will be printed, by my advice. Rome, 22 Aug. 1531.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
Declaration of John De Melton, mariner, of Grimsby, Linc.
On Aug. 23, 23 Hen. VIII., when Kellwanton (?), a pirate, was taken in the Isle of
Man, De Melton, who was in his company, fled with others in the ship to Grimsby, "and
tha ... De Melton wass a rastett, and the shepp allsso, be one Master John
Hannages," by whose order all the goods were taken out and given into the keeping of
Bryan Cortes, viz., 189 of "watte," 1,200 pieces of pitch and rosin, 8 bows, 10 sheaves of
arrows, 3 cross-bows, 10 pieces of ordnance and their chambers, 1 firkin of gunpowder, the
ship of Borden (Bordeaux?) of 50l. with all her apparel ...
P. 1. Endd. : Robertus Boty, Angelus Mylanes, Gregory Blot, Rafe Gardyner, of
1231, f. 1.
380. Sir John Rudstone.
1. Will of Sir John Rudstone, citizen and alderman of London, dated 16 Aug. 1530.
Ib., f. 7 b.
2. "1531. Hereafter followeth buying of pewkes and blacks, cloths for gowns, which
were given and bequeathed by Sir John Rudstone, late knight and alderman of London,
which deceased from this transitory life, 23 Aug. ao. dicto."
Ib. ff. 14, 45.
3. Papers relating to his funeral expences, &c. in 1531 and later.
Pp. 12, 15.
Ib., f. 43.
4. Parcels of plate and ready money delivered 23 Nov. 1538, by Nic. Rudstone
to Sir Edw. Wotton, for the use of the five orphans of Sir John Rudstone.
381. Victualling Of Calais.
List of persons "bound by obligation to the use of our sovereign lord
king Henry VIII. for conveying of victual to Calais and other places before
the King's letters to the customers and other officers within the port of
London directed." Dated 9 April 22 Hen. VIII.
14 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII.—Thos. Turnboll, of London, fishmonger, and Hen.
Smyth, of Brekelsey, Essex, mariner, 36 ways baysalt, 2 lasts pitch, 1 last
soap, 4 tons iron, 8 tuns wine, to Berwick,—200l.
24 Dec.—Cornelys Johnson, of London, beer-brewer, and Wm. Adryan,
of Flushing, mariner, 10 tuns of beer, to Calais,—200l.
Raymond King, of Wakering, Essex, mariner; Wm. Wright, of London,
salter; Cosyan Johnson, of Flushing, mariner; Henry Bleke, of London,
beer-brewer; Adrien Shomaker, of Newhaven in Flanders, mariner; and
Giles Haryson, of London, beer-brewer, and many other tradesmen and
mariners; some having been bound since the King's letters of 9 April
22 Hen. VIII., and before his letter dated 25 Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.
Total : Beer, 246 tuns 5 p.; billet, 19,000; malt, 26 q.; rye, 250 q.;
mastlyn, 200 q; cheese, 18 ways; tallow, 8 ways; herrings, 3 lasts
5 barrels; baysalt, 105 ways; Lusborne (Lisbon?) salt, 12 ways; pitch and
tar, 2 lasts; soap, 1 last; iron, 4 tons; wine, 8 tuns; winesack, 1 butt,—
Pp. 7. On the flyleaf are memoranda, crossed out, of money paid for
repairs at "le Muse," and for other purposes.
l. XXIV. 19.
382. Erasmus to Reginald Pole.
Having returned from England, Simon Grynæus has expostulated
with me not a little for having omitted to write to you, who deserve a principal
place among my friends. But this was neither owing to forgetfulness
nor to laziness. I supposed you had returned to those literary pursuits
which I heard you had unwillingly abandoned when you left Padua. Your
Chrysostom is safe, and I will send it at this fair if I know to whom to give
it; for the whole MS. was copied some time ago by my secretary. The whole
of Chrysostom in Greek was promised me two years ago by Ghiberti, formerly
datary, now bp. of Verona, but I see nothing of it. Frobenius, at my
suggestion, is going to print the Greek St. Basil. I think Leonicus must
be dead by this time; he was despaired of four months ago. I hear Lupset is
dead also. (fn. 2) I was glad to hear of your health and prosperity from Grynæus.
Friburg in Brisgau, the morrow of St. Bartholomew, 1531.
28,583, f. 354.
383. Muxetula to Charles V.
The bishop of Auxerre has told the Pope that if he will not conclude the
marriage of his niece with the duke of Orleans, the kings of France and
England will renounce his obedience. His Holiness is perplexed, for he
knows he ought not to conclude the marriage, but he is afraid that the
French king may act madly. * * * Rome, 25 Aug.
Sp., pp. 12, modern copy.
384. Francis I. to the Bishop Of Auxerre.
Has found out that the bishop of Paris (François de Poncher), during the
King's imprisonment in Spain, made plots to prevent his return, and to deprive
his mother of the Regency, using words derogatory to their honor. Has
arrested him, and wishes to have a bull empowering the card. of Grammont,
the president "des Enquestes" of the Parliament of Paris, and Jacques de la
Barde, provost of Puy, to try him. He is to communicate this to Albany,
who will assist him in procuring the bull. Fontainebleau, 27 Aug. 1531.
385. William Wogan to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness. I received your letters desiring to
know whether I am minded to leave my interest in my farm of Bradwell.
I have married an aged gentlewoman, and the living I have by her is only
for term of her life; and I have no other place except there where is the best
part of my living. I beg I may keep it still, as you helped me to it. Banbury,
29 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
386. Lawrence Stubbs to Cromwell.
Desires the continuance of his favor, and that Cromwell will find
means to discharge him of the suit of Rob. Barfote, of London, mercer, now
in the Common Pleas, for 13l., as executor of Thos. Hannibal, late Master
of the Rolls. Was never executor. Dr. Taylor, now of the Rolls, was sole
executor, "and caused his chaplain, Sir Rob. Batie, to minister under him to
such time as my lord Cardinal's grace claimed debt of him for Mr. Hannibal;
whereupon the said Mr. Taylor delivered to my Lord's use, by inventory,
certain stuffs and some money, of the which part come to my hands as receiver
general to my said Lord's grace, for the which I have accounted." Cromwell
had promised to discharge him of this suit. If he cannot do this, begs
that the suit may be removed into Chancery. Will find him grateful.
Kingston on Thames, 30 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the worshipful Mr. Thos. Cromwell.
387. Assault On Stokesley, Bishop of London.
Bill filed in the Star Chamber by Christopher Hales, Attorney
General, against Sir Will. Gibson, Sir William Stoderd, Sir John Smyth,
Sir John Geffreyson, Sir — (fn. 3) Blag, Sir — (fn. 3) Parker, Sir Christopher
(no surname given), Sir Will. Doffen, Sir Will. More, Sir Peter
Baudewyn, Sir Baptist —, (fn. 3) Sir John Coudrey, Sir Hen. Cox, Sir
Hen. Coldenell, Sir Patrick —, (fn. 3) Sir Thos. Kyrkeham, Sir Will.
Wynsterly, Sir Nich. Wytwange, priests, for conspiring to murder John
bishop of London, and evade payment of the clerical subsidy voted at
the last Convocation. The Bishop having, on the 26th Sept. last, given
monition to divers curates and stipendiary chaplains to appear before him
at St. Paul's to have their benefices assessed, the above priests assembled
riotously at the Grey Friars' Church on the 30th Aug. 23 Hen. VIII., and,
along with others, both priests and laymen, made an assault upon the Bishop's
palace at Paul's, where they continued an hour and half, and from thence
returning to the chapter house, made a new assault on the Bishop and his
officers, whom they put in fear of their lives.
28,583, f. 361.
388. Mai to Charles V.
"The duke of Albany behaves very courteously towards him, and
endeavours to enter into negotiations with him. Avoids them.
Met the Duke the other day at the papal palace. The Duke told him he
would come to his house and speak with him. Being ordered not to carry
on negotiations with the Duke, he asked Andrea del Burgo to go to the
Duke, who at once began to speak of affairs of State. These things, he said,
must be remedied; viz., 1, the affairs of Hungary. The king of France
would gladly concert the Vayvod with the king of the Romans. The 2nd
affair, he said, was the divorce cause of the king and queen of England.
The king of France did not say that the Emperor had not justice on his
side, but it would be well to allow some delay, and thus we might have it
settled. The 3rd thing that must be changed are the relations of the king
of France to Italy. The King could do still great evil if he chose. Andrea
del Burgo answered that he was glad to hear what the Duke said about
Hungary, but the Vayvod was declared a partisan of the Turks by the
Apostolic See. As far as the cause of England is concerned, Andrea del
Burgo continued, neither the Emperor nor the king of the Romans have ever
been disinclined from a friendly arrangement; but this proposal, he said, was
against God, against justice, and against honor. The delays in this cause
have already been too great. As to the threat of doing much evil, Andrea
del Burgo answered as a valoroso baron.
"Negotiations concerning the marriage of the niece of the Pope, &c."
English abstract from original at Simancas.
Ib., ff. 364
2. Two copies of a "relacion" of the above letter, and another of 1 Sept.
28,583, f. 363.
389. Mai's Letters.
"Relacion de cartas de Micer Mai de postrimero de Agosto."
"The bp. of Oserra (Auxerre) has arrived as ambassador. The first
thing he has asked of the Pope was the marriage of his niece with the
duke of Orleans.
Asked the Pope whether this ambassador was asking anything of
what Tarbes was negociating. The Pope said he did not know anything
besides what he (Micer Mai) had already written; viz., that the duke of
Albany, speaking of the friendship between the Emperor and the king of
France, said that such an alliance would produce a very good effect in
Germany. Now he (the bp. of Auxerre) has said that he did not know
how these affairs could be arranged. If the Señores in Germany retain
the property of the churches, those of France and England will imitate
them. For this reason it would be good for the Emperor to come to a
Modern abstract from original at Simancas.
Ib., f. 360.
2. Copy of this portion of Mai's letter.
390. Welsh Borders.
"The names off dyverse lordys marchers in Wales, per estimacionem."
The duke of Richmond; the earls of Arundel, Salop, Derby, and Worcester;
lords Stafford, Dudley, Powes, Bargevenny, and Audeley; the bishops
of Hereford and St. Davids; the prior of Lantonye; Rice Gryffyth, Sir
Thos. Cornwall, Sir Ric. Cornwall, — Mytton, Jas. Vaughan, Jas.
391. Export Of Corn.
A register of various bonds for the conveyance of corn from different
ports to other ports in England or to Calais. These bonds are of various
dates, from 2 Hen. VII. to Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 19. Endd. : "A boke of certein obligacions wherein certain persons
stondith bounden to the King's highness by several obligations whereof the
days of payment be expired and not paid, together with other obligations for
the conveying of corn and other victuals out of this realm contrary to the
King's high commandment, which shall be put in suit this term."
392. Grants in August 1531.
1. Henry Johnson. To be a gunner in
the Tower of London, with 12d. a day. [In
English.] Monastery of Waltham, 21 Sep.
23 Hen. VIII. Del. 1 Aug. (fn. 4) —P.S. Pat. p. 1,
2. Robert Burton. Grant of all the messuages,
&c. called "le chauntre landys of Bodyngton,"
in Byfeld and Bodyngton, in the
hundred of Wardon (Northt.), which came
to the King's hands by the forfeiture of
Thomas cardinal of York. Farnham Castle,
3 Aug. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Aug.
P.S.—Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
3. Thomas Wescat, chaplain. Presentation
to the parish church of Highbray
(Exeter dioc.), void by death. Windsor,
7 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 5 Aug.
—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
4. Henry Norres, esquire of the Body,
Grant of the manor of Levynge alias Perlaunt
(Bucks), and the park of Parlaunt in
Langley, Bucks, commonly called Parlaunt
park, with the deer therein; and the advowson
of the chantry of Colbroke chapel in
Colbroke (Bucks); with all the issues of the
premises from Mich. 4 Hen. VIII. Hampton
Court, 27 June 23 Hen. VIII. Del.
Chelsea, 6 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
5. Ric. Vaughan, mercer of London. Protection.
Esthampstede, 6 Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.
—P.S.—Memorandum below, that a protection
was issued, in pursuance of this warrant,
on the 14th Aug.
6. William Castyll, clk. Presentation to
the parish church of Pachcote (Linc. dioc.),
void by death, and at the King's disposal by
reason of the minority of George Vernon, son
and heir of Richard Vernon, deceased. East
Hampstead, 10 Aug. 23 Hen. VIII. Del.
Chelsea, 14 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
7. William Moreton, one of the pages of
the King's chamber. Grant of the office of
bailiff of the manor of Harrold, and keeper
of Harrold park (Beds), lately belonging
to Sir William Compton, deceased, during
the minority of Sir Peter Compton, son and
heir of the said William; with fees of 2d. a
day as bailiff of the lordship, and 3½d. a day
as keeper of the park; on surrender (on
account of invalidity) of patent 8 April
21 Hen. VIII. (fn. 5) , which was to the same
effect. Guildford, 16 July 23 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 17 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2,
8. Thomas Lestraunge, of Hunstanton
(Norf.), alias of Thorpe Molyneux (Suff.),
alias of— (fn. 6) Warw., knt. Exemption from
serving on juries, and from being made
sheriff, escheator, bailiff, or constable of
a borough. East Hampstead, 7 Aug.
23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 19 Aug.—
P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
9. Thomas Alvard, one of the gentlemen
ushers of the King's chamber. Grant in fee
of the site, &c. of the late monastery of
St. Peter, Ipswich (Suff.), containing by
estimate 6 acres of land, the messuage adjoining,
in which William Capon, clk., late
dean or master of the late college, called
"Cardynalles College" of St. Mary, in
Ipswich, lately dwelt, (except the advowsons
of the churches of St. Peter, St. Nicholas,
St. Mary ad Clavem, and St. Clement); and
all other lands, &c. in Ipswich, which came
to the King's hands in consequence of the
judgments against Thomas cardinal of
York, &c. Ewelme, 13 Aug. Del. Chelsea,
23 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
Calig. E. I. 50.
393. Instructions to Sir Francis Bryan and Foxe.
... "we greet you [well] ...
letters from you Sir Francis Bryan ... and
considered the contents of the sa[me] ... yther the
departure of the lady Regent from ... e the repair of the
Queen to the Emperor if ... we. And forasmuch as,
being the Lady Regent ... tude and favourable to the avancement
of ... [w]e would gladly let and empeche her departure
fr[om ... g]rounded upon displeasure, and not of infruite (?) ...
it may per case be, we have thought good in d ...
these our letters towards to the intent that ye, [Sir Francis] Bryan
with the Great Master, and ye our Almone[r with the] Chancellor, should
upon knowledge of our my[nd aid an]d set forth the same accordingly.
And to instr[uct you more pla]ynly, thinking of the said lady Regent's
departure, [we co]nsider it must of necessity be either for debility
[and weakn]es of body, not able to travail and sustain [such jour]neys
in the King our good brother's removing, and so as ... [th]e world
doth draw to rest and quietness ... [in w]hich case there is no
rem[edy] ... of displeasure and misconten[t] ...
of the diminution of the love of ... by that
means the decay of her auct[ority] ... if it be true, then, is
there plainly sum ... undermining, like hereafter to touch
other besi ... And being thus, though the said lady['s departing
may] not per case be revoked, yet this matter spoken of in time [peradventure
shall] cause such our friends as depended upon her [to have the] better
eye (fn. 7) and regard to themself, so as they be [not] overturned or they perceive
it. Wherefore our p[leasure is] that either of you severally, ye Sir Francis
Bryan with [the Great] Master, and ye our Almoner with the Chance[llor,
taking] occasion to speak of the said Lady Regent, do fi[rst with your usual]
dexterity endeavour yourself to know the certain[ty on] what ground
and cause she is departed, which y[e may very well d]o, lamenting her
absence, and commending her wis[dom and t]he great stay she hath been
to them, and how fre[ndly] ... and loving unto us, and that ye know
well we will * * * thereof, and much more sorry ...
of any cause not necessary." If they manifestly speak of it as
arising from debility of body, in such sort as they ... mean, the
ambassadors will have nothing further to say, [except] to accuse, for
manners sake, the universal decay of nature, and express their sorrow for
her disease. But if they do not earnestly excuse her absence by her
disease ... ly overtly as loth to confess their master's fault, then
they may first say, "as it were ... ye be afraid our good brother
hath had some ghostly [father] that hath told him the Scripture, Propter hoc
[relinq]uet homo patrem et matrem, et adhœrebit uxori. [Thu]s speaking
as of yourself, ye may say that in your [opinion] it is good to take heed
thereunto, and to search out [who th]at ghostly father is, for it seemeth
what soever ... his intent is not satisfied to have the mother ...
but he should seem rather to take away * * * the chief post, to the
intent ... should afterward decay ...
or speak frankly unto them ... cannot be withstanded
in the mother's per ... look to go easily forth against other,
and ... say the common experience of the world ...
as upon a change of one chief councillor ... ensued a change
of other, which hath ... of him. Ye therefore considering
this matter ... how sorry we would be to fear ...
chance in their persons, have thought as of your[self, good to] commen
with them therein, and though they be of the ... and can perceive
what is what, yet ... [ye] cannot forbear to say unto them that ye
think and ... good saying, Cœcus si viam monstret, aspice t ...
and in this ye may say ye think to see evidently wo (who) have laboured to
diminish and decay the ... of the mother will labour to diminish
ther * * * not been difficile for ... ose against her,
it will be much ... them. Wherefore if they [by all the] means
possible compass the ... n of the said Lady Regent, they ought
... and they shall have many honourable causes ... as well
for that she is naturally mother, as ... and wise mother having more
experience [in affai]res than any other hath, whose counsel [if it had]
been always followed, our good (fn. 8) had [not com]en into the dangers he hath
been in, and [by who]se counsel the affairs have been brought [to the goo]d
point they be in. And after all this labour [and] travail sustained, to be
contemned in age [is not] honourable :—with such other good words as
[ye cann]e devise and excogitate to that purpose ... the Great
Master, ye Sir Francis Bryan [shall say]e that we in our opinion take
and repute many ... either in his absence, or without his knowledge
* * * henne he is present ... and that he excuseth the
sa ... him, we know him and take [him to be our] perfect friend,
and one who meaneth to ... our good brother his master doth; and
b[eing such] a man as he is, we cannot suppose in [him such] negligence
as to forget so long to participat[e] ... in time such matter unto us
as com[ing to our] knowledge very late might give cause to fr ...
where as the same known before should ha[ve given no] cause of suspicion;
as is now the meat[ing of] the Queen with the Emperor, which we long
before the ... had of the Emperor's meeting with the French king
... Mons de Vaulx, though it took not effec[t] ... yet the
Queen with the King's counsellers sh ... with the said Emperor;
whereof yet from thence ... have no such knowledge. And then of
yourself ... add that now we shall understand of the la * * *
... e of her authority w ... that the said Great Master's
decayeth also ... we desire him that we being ... grue
of amity with our said good [brother] ... the same is in the high degree
of ... [a]nd cannot as we trust be augmented ... expedient
that where is no ground ... of suspicion there be given no ...
outward appearance of suspicion ... al affairs be sincerely and in
time ... [a]s we do for our part, concealing nothing t ... de
Draft, mutilated, pp. 7.
Titus, B. I. 486.
St. P. I. 380.
394. Instructions for Cromwell.
The Attorney is to proceed against Adam Travers, (fn. 9) Robt. Cliff, (fn. 9)
Thos. Pelles, John Parker, and Rowland Phillips, who have confessed to
being guilty of prœmunire; also against Peter Ligham, (fn. 9) who stands on
his defence; also against Charles [Booth] bp. of Hereford, if he does
not agree; also final assurance to be made of the King's exchange with
the abbot of Westminster, the prior of the Charterhouse, Christ's College,
Cambridge, the Lord of St. John's, the abbots of St. Albans and Waltham,
and the provost of Eton. To proceed against the owners of certain ships at
Hampton, and against Sir Thos. Seymour if he will not otherwise agree.
All obligations to be recalled for conveying corn. Inquiries to be made for
the seizure of the manor of Fendon, Sussex, and process against Sir John
Dudley for the profits. Communication to be had with Lord Montague
for clearing lands given to the duke of Richmond. To call for Nanfan's
book touching the duchy of Cornwall. Communication to be had with Sir
John Dudley and Lord Berkeley respecting the manor of Berkeley Horns.
The bill of Augmentation of Treasons to be ready against Parliament. For
the conveyance of kersies into Flanders. For the payment of customs for
the importation of sweet wines. For a bill of primer seisin to be ready
for Parliament; also of Servers and Apparel. Also for the recognizance
of 10,000l. due to the King from the earl of Northumberland. Process
against the executors of Thos. Fitzwilliam for a recognizance. Communication
with the executors of the old earl of Derby, for 800l. due to the King.
Item, diligent process against the King's debtors. Other proceedings of less
importance. For a bill to be devised for every spiritual person holding
promotion and resident without the King's licence in the Court of Rome,
to divide his revenues into three parts; one for himself, the second for
reparation of manors, &c., the third for charity. For orders against regrating
of corn. To call upon the abbots of Tower Hill and Beaulieu for 1,000
marks, supposed to be in their hands, levied to the late Cardinal's use, of the
order of Cistercians.
Headed : Instructions, &c., by the King to his trusty counselier, Thos.
Cromwell, to be declared to the Council, and undelayedly put in execution
this Michaelmas term, 23 Hen. VIII.
Endd. by the King.
395. Debts to the King.
Debts of the earl of Northumberland to the King. For his father's
debt, upon an obligation payable 10 May 1527, for the ward and marriage
of one of the daughters of Sir John Thwaytes, 66l. 13s. 4d. For his own
livery, all payable at days past, 316l. 13s. 4d. For Antony Bonvyse's debt,
8,062l. 9s. 6d. For Castelyn's debt, 120l. For the redemption of the
manors of Poynynges, Perchinge, Preston Poynynges, Asshecombe, Waldren,
Chyntynge, and Pengeden, in Sussex, from Sir Edw. Seymour, paid by
Thos. Cromwell, 1,604l. = 10,169l. 16s. 2d.
2 July, anno '23. Lease of Ponynges, &c., for 69 years, for 144l. 11s. a year.
The Earl owes at Midsummer 1535 and 1536, 210l. in exchange of three
obligations of Hugh Clopton. Total 10,389l. 16s. 2d.
A paper roll.
A note of obligations and securities.
"An obligation of the bishop of Hereford's and other" for 200l.; one of
Sir Thomas Seymer of 500 marks; one of Peter Ligham's clerks for 100
marks; a statute of Griffith ap Howell for 400 marks, and one of the duke
of Norfolk for 200 marks.
397. The King's Revenues.
"A memorial for the King's highness, declaring the kind of things
wherein riseth yearly as well his certain revenues as his casual revenues,
and who be officers to his Highness in that behalf."
The treasurer of England : the yearly revenues and profits of the customs
and subsidies accounted for in the Exchequer by the customers.
The Master of the Wards; the surveyors of the Liveries; the butler of
England; the surveyors of the vacations of bishoprics and abbacies; the
surveyors of the restitution of temporalities of bishops, abbots, and priors;
the surveyors of the King's woods; the clerk of the hanaper for the Great
Seal, for writs of entries, fines, and other writs : the profits of the above
offices are accounted for before the general surveyors. The Chancellor of
the duchy of Lancaster : the profits of the receivers general and particular,
accounted before the auditors of the duchy. The general surveyors : the
profits of the receivers general and particular, and other officers of Warwike
lands, Spencer's lands, Buckingham's lands, the duchy of Cornwall, the
chamberlains of Chester, North and South Wales, and the whole principality.
The Exchequer : fines, amerciaments, and recognizances in the Chancery,
Starred Chamber, King's Bench, and Common Pleas; outlawries and
escheats; the profits of the sheriffs; recognisances, fines, and amerciaments
before justices of assize, justices shewers, justices of the peace, quorum and
oyer determiner; recognisances forfeited before the treasurer, chamberlain,
and barons of the Exchequer, of customers, receivers, alnegeours, gaugers,
farmers, sheriffs, escheators, and other officers, are all accounted for in the
Exchequer. The general surveyors : recognisances forfeited before them
should be accounted for, and what they amount to at this day. The Chancellor
of the duchy : the yearly profits of recognisances, fines, &c. must be known.
The Exchequer : obligations for employment of merchandise brought into
the realm taken by the customers; what is due now from customers,
escheators, and other accountants in the Exchequer. General surveyors :
what is due now from particular receivers and other accountants before the
surveyors. The Chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster : what is due now
from debts of particular and general receivers, bailiffs, &c. General surveyors :
what is due from forfeited recognisances in the county palatine of
Chester; the debts of receivers there; recognisances, fines, issues, amerciaments,
and debts of officers in N. and S. Wales and Pembrokeshire; the
debts of the King's officers in the duchy of Cornwall, wherein it is thought
the King is much deceived; the profits and debts of officers in Calais,
Guisnes, Hammes, Marke, Oye, and the Marches; and who be the debtors,
so that levy might be made thereof speedily. The warden and masters of
the King's Mint : the profits of the Mint in the Tower and elsewhere must
be inquired into for six years past. The King's learned counsel : the
revenues from penal statutes, and ends taken with the King by obligation,
indenture, and otherwise, must be declared by a book.
Pp. 6. With a few additions by Cromwell.
398. Archbishop Of Dublin.
Account by John archbishop of Dublin, of 100l. of the King's money,
given to him in the 20th year, by Sir Brian Tuke, by order of the late lord
Cardinal and the duke of Norfolk, when the said John was first [made]
archbishop of Dublin and then Chancellor of Ireland, and was sent thither
At Chester, in Jan., to Hugh Oldgrave, to go with letters from justice
Bermyngeham and others of the Council in Ireland to the King, the late
lord Cardinal, and Norfolk, 4l. (not allowed). For the expences of the
mariners at Chester, where the Archbishop and the lord of Kilmainham lay
from Christmas to Candlemas, waiting for wind, 11l. 7s. (not allowed). To
Sir Thos. Fitzgerald, at his going to England by Wolsey's and Norfolk's
order, 40l. (respectuatur). To Mr. James Sheffeld, a special messenger,
with letters to the King, 6l. (not allowed). To John White, serjeant-at-arms,
for repairs at the castle and Court of Chancery, 20l. 11s. 1½d. (11s. 1½d.
not allowed). Copy of the Archbishop's letter to Norfolk, recounting the
above expences, and stating that he found the Chancery in Dublin Castle
more like a swine-sty than a stable. Total paid by him, 108l. 11s. 5½d.
Expenditure by the Archbishop of the half of 100 marks, delivered jointly
to him and the prior of Kilmaynan by Sir Wm. Skeffington, the King's commissioner :—
To John More, Skeffington's servant, to make provision for Sir
Wm. against Kilmantan, a rover of the sea, 20l., of which he repaid 9l. (11l.
not allowed). To Thos. Stephyns, for carts to the hosting, when Sir Thos.
Fitzgerrot was captain., 4l. 13s. 4d. (not allowed). For a boat to Beumarice
to know whether the King's army were come to the sea-side, 17s. 9½d.
(allowed). To Hugh Oldgrave, to go and come with the King's letters when
the Government was in the hands of the King's Secret Council here, for three
quarters of a year, 6l. (not allowed). For other messengers, by order of the
Secret Council, 9l. (not allowed). For the King's ships to convey Mr. Musgrave
with the army, 36l. 4s. 5½d. (allowed). The Archbishop is behind for
his fee of the Chancery for one year and one term, 50l. Irish.=33l. 6s. 8d.
Copy of a receipt by John Alen, Chancellor of Ireland, and John Rawson
(prior of Kilmainham), general receiver of the King's revenues, of 100l. Irish
= 100 marks, from Sir Wm. Skeffington and the King's Commissioner,
21 Nov. 21 Hen. VIII. (not allowed).
Copy of a letter from the Council to Sir Wm. Skeffington, informing him
that Kilmantan intends to attack him on his passage, and, by capturing him,
to obtain the King's pardon. Dublin, 4 Sept. Signed by the Archbishop,
Rawson and Bermyngeham.
Receipt by John More, Skeffington's servant, of 20l. from the archbishop
of Dublin, to provide a ship for the better security of Skeffington on his
voyage from Chester, of which sum he has returned 9l.
Copy of a portion of the King's letter to the Council, stating the reasons
of his sending Skeffington thither.
Copy of the receipt, by Thos. Stephens, of Dublin, bailiff, from the lord
Chancellor, by order of Baron Fynglas, of 4l. Irish for carts to convey
victuals to the hosting upon Omore, 5 March 21 Hen. VIII.; and also of
a receipt for 3l. Irish for the same purpose on Easter Eve.
Total paid, 101l. 2s. 3d., whereof the above 50 marks are to be deducted.
The Commissioners have disallowed 54l., besides 50 marks of which they
have discharged the prior of Kilmainham and charged the Archbishop, to
the intent the new Lord Deputy would put him to sue to the King. In
22 Hen. VIII. the Archbishop confessed that he had laid out for the King, for
ships, repairs, and hostings, including the unpaid fee of the chancellorship,
124l. 2s. 2½d. st.
Now 100 marks more of the fee are due, which Skeffington is bound to pay
him by obligation before Christmas 1532. Signed, John Dublin.
399. [Henry VIII. to the Bishops Of ...]
"... de father in God and reverend father in God our
right ... we grete you well. And where our trusty and
... justice of our chief place there presented unto us
... [f]ader in God our right trusty and right wellbeloved
... 166l. 13s. 4d. of our money delivered to his ...
manded of him. The contents and circumstances
... d and considered. As noted such sums of money
... our pleasure were known in that behalf. We at
... e considerations moving us and our Council ...
wise the sum of a 11l. 7s. in the second article ...
archbishop. Also where he desireth allowance ...
[ha]ve not allowed unto him for not expressing ...
also the secret causes and considerations of ... [touchi]ng
[the com]mandment of our Council given unto him our ...
ion in that behalf. Semblably ... lde in coming to us
and our Council with letters ... was sent hither with
causes of importance ... weight as the case then required
according ... bishop at his departure from us. We will
the ... [o]f the same Archbishop for 4l. 13s. 4d., and
... e wages of carts at an hostenge upon O'More ...
der therein than to cause payment to be made unto ...
hath been accustomed in like case, which we ...
[li]kewise where the said Archbishop (fn. 10) desireth ...
ffairs the time that he and certain other of ... governance
under us of that our land. For ... will that he be
allowed thereof. And indilate ... or treasure there as
either remaineth in the hands ... chancellor. Over this
as to the said Archbishop's ... [u]npaid of our fee
assigned unto him for the ... ll that if it shall appear
unto you the same to be ... like payment to be made
unto him thereof according ... And where ye charge the
said Archbishop to ... s. iiijd. whereof, as it is alleged,
the prior of ... We will and command you, that if it
may [appear upon reasona]ble and just cause that he ought to be accompt[able
unto the said Bish]op thereof. Finally, we eftsones will and
... s account such sums of money as he paid ...
eng the time he exercised the same roulme ...
ign of so much of the said fee as is not ... Easter
until the day of publication ... ile to accomplish all and
every of the premisses ... [Y]even under our signet at
York Place, the 10th ..."
P. 1, badly mutilated. Endd. : "... for the bishop of Dublin."