841. The Duchess Of Buckingham.
Inquisition taken at Newport, in the commote of Wentloke, on the
death of Eleanor Stafford, widow of Edward Stafford late duke of Buckingham,
who died 13 Feb. 22 Hen. VIII., her manors coming to the King by
her husband's attainder. Dated 1 March 23 Hen. VIII.
Copy, large paper, pp. 10.
Receipt, dated 1 March 23 Hen. VIII., by Thos. Cromwell, to the
King's use, from the duke of Norfolk, by the hands of Robt. Holdyche, his
treasurer, of 40l., being two years' annuity due by the Duke from the lands
of the late priory of Felyxstowe, and other lands in Falkham, of which sum
13l. 6s. 8d. is allowed to the Duke.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, written on both sides of a scrap of paper.
Galba, B. X.
843. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
Two days ago I wrote of the search and enquiry which the Emperor
hath made a ... Holland as Brabant and Flanders, amongst the
people, [to kn]ow what griefs they find against the English merchants, and
the liberties granted to them here. I hear many have been found, which
will be laid sore to the charge of the King's commissioners. The King
should therefore depute wise men of great learning, for the importance of
the matter requires it. Hacket is a discreet gentleman, [bu]t is no man
profoundly to reason a matter of great weight, ne more is thother, except
They complain that bills and obligations made here and elsewhere in
Flemish and other money are not playnable in England, which I think
reasonable. They complain of our false packing of wools, and false making
of cloths and other things.
I hear that Agrippa has written a book in favor of the King's great
matter, which has not yet come forth. I do not greatly believe it. Within
eight or ten days I will depart homewards. Andwerpe, 1 March 1531.
The Brabanders fear lest this treaty of the intercourse will cause their
common weal to decay.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
St. P. IV. 603.
Instructions to Carlisle herald, whom the King sends to the king of
He is to repair to the Scotch court, and, after delivery of the King's letters,
say that Henry, having received James's letters of 11 Jan., and considering
his good will therein expressed to the maintenance of peace, has not only
liberated James's subjects with their ship and goods, but has sent him
(Carlisle) specially for these two purposes : first, to desire James to appoint
new Commissioners to meet on the Borders for redress of attemptates; and,
secondly, to refer the dispute touching Canaby to other Commissioners to be
appointed on both sides. He is also to request James for the deliverance of
the ship and goods of John Horwell to Sir Tho. Clifford.
Endd. Signed at the head.
255, f. 355.
St. P. IV. 600.
845. [Henry VIII. to James V.]
Has received his letters of the 12th Jan., desiring a safe-conduct for
his two ambassadors going into France, which the King sends herewith; and
also his former letters of the 11th Jan., complaining of injuries done to his
subjects by the earl of Northumberland, warden of the East and Middle
Marches, and desiring to know whether they have been done by the King's
consent. Has always caused due inquiry to be made into James's complaints,
and justice to be done, as James must be well aware; nevertheless, open-day
forays are made into England by some of James's subjects, even by some of
his wardens. Has always been willing, however, to impute the want of
redress to the negligence of James's officers according to his letters. In the
same spirit the King has now called the said warden before him, and
examined him as to the treatment of the Scots. Finds the ship at Tynemouth
was arrested for payment of customs according to the laws of the
realm. The Scotchmen at Warkworth were arrested by the sheriff of
Northumberland, not by the warden, and because they had no safe-conduct.
The King has, however, ordered them and their goods to be delivered at
Tynemouth. Sends Carlisle instructed with the King's further mind touching
Desires that the ship and goods of John Horwell, a merchant of Newport,
Isle of Wight, which James professed he would always be ready to deliver,
be delivered to Sir Thos. Clifford, capt. of Berwick. Westm., 2 March
23 Hen. VIII.
Fair copy, not signed or addressed.
I. f. 18.
Coll. of Arms.
2. Another copy.
28,584, f. 229.
846. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote by the last post that after the Pope had seen the minute I
gave him, he ordered his secretary to make a shorter one, and show it to the
cardinal of Ancona. When I brought it back I do not know what had
happened, but the Pope considered it a severe measure to send the King a
brief of excommunication without first admonishing him, and therefore
determined to send a brief admonishing him to treat the Queen as his true
and lawful wife, and leave the society of that Anna, until sentence had been
pronounced. This brief and a copy have been sent to the Emperor, so that,
if he think fit, he may order it to be sent on to the Nuncio in England for
presentation to the King. If he does not obey it the Emperor will order
the brief of excommunication to be sent.
The English ambassador (Benet) has returned with no articles or despatch,
except that he still persists that the King is not bound to appear or send a
mandate, as the Rota had already determined.
The excusator has produced certain conclusions, which I would send with
the copy of the brief, but the Ambassador tells me that this post will only
take a couple of letters.
The queen of England has written to the Pope to complain of the delay,
and has ordered me to do the same, which I have often done. Rome,
3 March 1532.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
847. Henry Lokwod to Cromwell.
Without your help we are utterly undone. Since my administration
of Christ's College I never moved suit for any other help, either for this
exchange of lands with the King, (fn. 1) nor for such debts as I have had, but
trusted only in you. I should be sorry to apply to any other if I could bring
the college into better frame, which I hope to do within two or three years.
We are at a final end with our exchange; therefore help us, and we shall
look to your pains. Christ's College, 4 March.
Have me in remembrance in convenient time, and you will not find me
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
848. Ric. Strete to Dr. Lee.
I wonder I have not heard from you what you have done with
Mr. Cromwell for the escape of Rob. Bukley and John Walchman, who broke
prison in Eccleshall, Sept. twelvemonth. The matter must be speedily followed,
lest the executors make some way with the King for it, or cause some
of their friends to ask it. The Walchman was clerk attainted. I hear from
the bailey of Tervyn in Cheshire that the escheator has sat upon an office on
the death of the late Bishop, intending to gather all the rents there. He
shall have none till I know Mr. Cromwell's pleasure. If the Chamberlain
account, it will be only after the old rent, to the King's loss. I have warned
the tenants to make no payments except to me. Send me my commission.
Mr. Cromwell will accept these letters for his information. Write to me his
mind. Lichfield, 4 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : In Paternoster Row, London. To the right worshipful
Mr. Doctor Lee, chaplain to the King's grace, and in his absence to
Mr. Thomas Cromewell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
849. Roger, Abbot Of Furness, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his loving letters. Was elected by the last Convocation
at York to receive the second part of the King's subsidy granted by
Act of Parliament within the diocese of Richmond. Has many times since
sent to Master Seyton, now farmer of the church of Aldyngham in Furness,
to pay his assessment, which he has heretofore refused unless the Abbot will
take much less than he is charged with. Caused him to be cited to York.
Seyton has since railed against him, and said he would complain of him to
Cromwell and other of his friends. Begs Cromwell to command him to pay
the subsidy, and to make any complaints in writing, that the Abbot may
answer them. Furness, 4 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., Master Cromewell, one of the King's most hon.
850. Chapuys to Charles V.
Received yesterday the Emperor's letter of the 18th ult. The Queen
is pleased to hear of the arrangements made to defeat the sinister practices
of Dr. Bonart. Has already written amply about the Vayvode's man.
Having no information nor instruction about the descent of the Turk, has
not started any conversation about it; and his replies have been forced from
him by the continual proposals made to him, and also to justify the Emperor,
as the King had said several times at supper that it would be a very ill deed,
and not at all Catholic, if the Emperor and king of the Romans endangered
Christendom by their covetousness for the kingdom of Hungary. In order
to correct this erroneous idea of covetousness, mentioned the duke of Milan
and the Venetians. La Pommeraye can take no advantage of what Chapuys
said to him about the Swiss, without concealing the truth, as Chapuys said
four times that he was suspicious on account of the damages done by them
to Geneva, and their desire to infect it with Lutheranism.
The Parliament is discussing the abolition of the authority of archbishops
over bishops, and the transference thereof to the King. The earl of Wiltshire
is one of the principal supporters of the proposal, and has ventured to
say that he would maintain with his body and goods that no pope nor prelate
had power to exercise jurisdiction or make any law or constitution. No
surprise need be felt at this, for he and his daughter are considered as true
apostles of the new sect.
The duke of Norfolk went four days ago to Dover to consider about
making a harbour there, and to prevent the town being damaged by the sea.
Does not know whether anything has been done about the fortifications, but
he had with him some of the persons who surveyed the fortresses on the
Scotch borders. Supposes it will be a pretext for getting money. The Duke
will return to day with the bishop of Winchester, who has not been altogether
satisfied in France. One of the King's council said that if the Bishop continued
speaking as he had done about France, the Queen's affairs would go
on very well. The King was only waiting for his return to send Maystre
Valopt (Wallop), captain of Calais castle, as ambassador to France. Does
not know whether he goes there to reside, or on a special mission. London,
6 March '32.
Fr. From a modern copy.
Vit. B. XIII.
851. The Divorce.
Proceedings in the Consistory at Rome.
Objections and answers by the advocates of the King and Queen before the
Pope in Consistory, 6 March, touching the admission of the excusator.
852. The Divorce.
Articles by the King's excusator against the King's being compelled
to appear at Rome; and three conclusions drawn from them by the Consistory
in the King's favor, on the 6th of this month, with arguments in justification.
Lat., pp. 10. Endd. : Allegata pro parte excusatoris, vjto Martii.
853. Abbey Of St. Alban's.
Lease by Robert abbot of St. Alban's to Richard Raynshawe, yeoman
of the Guard, of the manor of Pratis or Pray, Herts, with messuages and
lands adjoining. Dated 7 March 23 Hen. VIII.
Draft, large paper, pp. 2.
Calig B. II. 3.
St. P. IV. 600.
854. Norfolk to Carlisle Herald. (fn. 2)
Sends letters from the King to the king of Scots, on delivering
which he is to ask licence to declare his charge. He is to desire James on
the King's behalf, as Henry has already done several times before, to show
himself more gracious to Angus, and to say that the King has appointed
that Northumberland and Lord Dacres, his wardens, shall, on their repair to
the North, after the breaking up of this Parliament, send to the king of
Scots to appoint a day for Commissioners to meet on both sides. After this
he is to take leave of James and return. Worcester Place, 7 March.
6069, f. 97.
2. "A memorial credencial given by the King's highness to his trusty and
wellbeloved servant Carlisle, herald-at-arms, now by his Highness sent to his
good brother and nephew the king of Scots, of certain things to be showed to
the same King as followeth."
The King writes his mind and determination to the king of Scots
plainly and frankly, and trusts he will conform himself to reason, justice,
and confirmation of good amity. He has given this memorial to Carlisle,
that in case the king of Scots should show himself glad and desirous "to
thacceptivis made in the Kinges highnes lettres now sente," and to proceed
to the whole redress according to their purport, then Carlisle shall agree on
the King's behalf that his Commissioners for redress shall meet within
40 days from Carlisle's leaving,—the king of Scots doing the like. If the
other Commissioners to examine the title pretended in Cannabye are named
to Carlisle, the King will appoint others to meet them in 50 days.
If Carlisle do not perceive conformity in the king of Scots, he shall not
declare this, and return with all speed with his answer.
Copy, p. 1.
3. Another copy.
Royal MS. 18,
B. VI. 17 b.
855. James V.
Commission to John duke of Albany to conclude the marriage between
James V. and Magdalen, daughter of Francis I. Striveling Castle, 8 March,
1531, 19 Jas. V.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
Ib., f. 189.
2. Another copy.
Citation by the curate of Flyntham of Master William Hussey and
Anne his wife to appear before the official at York, in answer to Adam
Langley. York, 8 March 1531.
P. 1, Lat.
857. Lord Berners to Cromwell.
On the 9th March I received your letter dated London, 27 Feb.,
stating that you have shown the King my demand for my interest in the
lease of Pete Caleys; that the King supposed I would make no such price
of so small a thing as 10 acres; and that you esteem the house but little,
alleging that I could never spend 100l. on it. I cannot tell how many acres
there are, though I should think over 20, but I consider the cost I have laid
out on it. When I first took it, it was a marsh ground and lay all open.
The drainage has cost more than 100l. and the ground is 2ft. higher than it
was, for it was overflowed at every tide. The garden is raised more than
three feet, and the paling of the ground and about the house has cost me
50l. though the timber was my own. I also built anew the outer gatehouse,
stable, and barn, at a cost of 50l. at least; and other repairs and expences,
the summer before I came away, cost me over 100l. The upper house and
ground I bought of Antony Lee for 50l., and I doubt not the King will give
me 400l. ready money. No other man living should have it for that price.
If I would have let out my years I might have had for them 10l. a year
clear. When I come to London I have no other house to put my head in.
Calais, 10 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : To my right wellbeloved Thos. Cromwell.
858. For John Bourghchier, Lord Berners.
Bill, not signed, for a grant to him, his heirs and assigns, of the
manors of Sende, Wilts, Haughton alias Halton, Doxsey and Offeley, Staff.;
with the issues of the same from 20 March 15 Hen. VIII. (fn. 3)
Bill, not signed, for a grant to him, his heirs and assigns, of the manors of
Okeham, Essyngham, Chepstede and Waldyngham, Surrey; messuages and
lands called Porteley, Upwode, Halyngbury, and Gaters, in Caterham; rent
in Caterham; rent from the manor of Tytsey, Surrey; rent from land and
tenements called Derylonde, in Etenbrige, in the parish of Westerham, Kent;
the manors of Stratton-Audeley, Oxon, Knoke, Wilts, and Uppeclatford,
Hants;—with the issues of the same from 20 Sept. 6 Hen. VIII.
859. Latimer to the Archbishop Of Canterbury.
I cannot come to you by reason of a sickness of long standing. The
pain of my head prevents me from expostulating with you for detaining me
so long from my cure. I had liberty to present myself to you, but not to
depart and extricate myself. I was summoned to appear before the bp. of
London, and yet the whole process was carried on before you, and my examination
seemed to be endless. I am considered untractable for refusing
compliance with what I deem to be unjust; yet I never preached anything
contrary to the truth or the Fathers. I own it is lawful to make use of
images, to go on pilgrimage, to pray to saints, to be mindful of purgatory.
But these things are voluntary, and are to be moderated by God's commands
of necessary obligation, on which I hitherto stand fixed. I dare not subscribe
the bare propositions you require of me, not wishing to countenance