1229. Henry Thornton to Cromwell.
As touching dan Thomas Ine, monk of Mechelnay, "unless that
your master cleve (fn. 1) accordingly my lowly and meek suit before this made
unto you in his favor, he shall have so much wrong in such a matter" as
ever poor religious man had. He is 25 years old, which can be proved by a
hundred besides the 14 names I sent you. He was born in the parish of
Ilmyster. Great labors are made in more ways than one, and perhaps with
larger offers, the whole burden of which must in the end rest on the
monastery. There is none so able to be abbot there. To any greater offer
that has been made to you for the King's profit or otherwise, I will equal
the best. If Ine fails, my credit will fail also. 16 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Add.
1230. Henry Thornton to Cromwell.
If you knew in what fear I am of being shamed in the country touching
the house of Mychelney, I think you would feel some remorse. Hitherto
I have lived without shame in this country.
P.S.—I should be glad if, at your leisure, one of your clerks would write.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my worshipful good master, &c.
1231. Sir Edw. Guldeford to Cromwell.
In reply to your inquiry, it has been the ancient custom, time out of
mind, that the Five Ports should have 40 days' warning when the King
intends to cross the sea to Calais, and that a writ should be directed to the
warden that he may give 40 days' warning to the mayors, bailiffs, and jurats
of those ports to prepare ships and other necessaries; as you will see by
some writs formerly issued in like case, which I send by the bearer. I have
called before me the mayors, bailiffs, and certain jurats of each of the said
ports, except Rye, where they die sore of the plague; who came to Halden
on Thursday last. I told them the King intended on his return from his
progress to be at Dover, and view the place where the haven shall be made,
and that perhaps he might visit Calais and see what fortifications were
expedient. I asked them, what ships they could provide in that case for
transport. They said that, for want of notice, many of their ships had gone
to Iceland, the Isle of Man, and Scarborough, and others had been got ready
for the herring fishing at Yarmouth; that if they were restrained from the
fishing they would be undone for a year after; but that, as humble subjects,
they would do their best. Advises that if the number of persons transported
do not exceed 1,000 or 1,200 they should be shipped over at one tide, so as
not to interrupt their fishings. As for horses, the passengers of Dover and
other places, could ship about 300 the day before or after. If the horses
must be shipped all at once, some hoys might be restrained. Wishes to know
if the King means to lodge in Dover Castle, for in that case the bridge and
his lodging must be repaired. Halden, 16 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Right worshipful.
4,900, f. 46.
1232. The King's Visit to Calais.
Warrant to Sir Thos. Wryothesley, Garter king-of-arms, to be ready
at Canterbury on 26 Sept. to attend the King to his interview with the
French king at Calais in October, and to warn the other kings-of-arms,
heralds, and pursuivants to do the same. Their servants are to be dressed
in light tawny coats, with their device upon the sleeve, and red Milan
bonnets. Langley, 18 Aug.
Vellum, copy. (fn. 2)
1233. Lord Leonard Gray to Cromwell.
Desires him to remember the land, which the King has given him
through Cromwell's help, and to help to rid it forthwith. Hears that there
is a letter from the King out for him to attend upon his Grace at Calais with
12 persons. This will be no small charge to him. Has spoken to the abbot
of Leicester and the prior of Wolvescrofte touching the communication he
had with Cromwell at Auncelope Lodge. Has told the Abbot he is not likely
to continue abbot for such causes as the Bishop will allege against him,
and that Cromwell would be his friend, at the writer's desire, if he would
order himself as Cromwell thought good. Both the abbot and the prior of
Wolvescrofte are contented to abide by Cromwell's order. Bewmanour,
19 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1234. William Brabason to Cromwell.
On coming to Lichfield I went to Mr. Strete with your letters, and
consulted with him about the office to be found for the suppression of
Calwiche; then to Mr. Sheriff, who promised to be impartial, but refused to
affirm the panel Mr. Strete thought indifferent, and returned some of the
best of my lord of Shrewsbury's gentlemen, whose indifferency Mr. Escheator
challenged. Their evidence was in favor of the Earl for a small portion as
the gift of his ancestors; "which somewhat moved the quest to take day
unto the Monday next after the Exaltation of the Cross," when I think they
will give a verdict for the King. Mr. Strete and I urged my Lord's council to
suffer the office to be found without interruption, but they refused. Two or
three others "laid in for their masters to be like benefactors," but were
disregarded. "Some of the quest showed to me they durst not give verdict
immediately, but at their next meeting they intend to find according to our
books." My Lord's servants showed me my Lord would immediately send to
you, so that the King's interest should not be staid by him. Lichfield, 19 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Council.
1235. Abbey Of Muchilney.
See Grants in August, No. 7.
1236. Rowland Lee.
See Grants in August, No. 8.
1237. Interview of Henry VIII. and Francis I.
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the jewels,
to deliver to Cornelis Hayes various parcels of plate particularly described, to
be broken and new made according to devices to be worn at the interview
between the King and Francis I. at Calais. Greenwich, 20 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII.
1238. John Lord Huse to Cromwell.
In favor of his son-in-law, Sir Walter Hungerford, who desires Cromwell's
acquaintance, and sent him by Mr. Button, the writer's friend, a patent
for 4 marks a year. Oking, 20 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1239. Norfolk to Cromwell.
I wrote to you that you should provide crimson velvet for three
countesses. The King's pleasure now is that no robes of estate shall be now
made but only for my wife. I send you the pattern. Garter must be at
Abingdon on Saturday. Langley, 21 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the Jewel-house.
1240. St. Thomas's Hospital at Rome.
See Grants in August, No. 9.
28,585, f. 77.
1241. Francis I.
"The memoir which was sent to Rome.
The ambassadors who went to Switzerland write that the king of France
has excused himself, saying that he had not asked the Swiss to send him
troops in order to oppose the war with the Turks, but only to defend
Provence if the Turks should attack that province. He assures that he is
concerting with the king of England means how to make war on the Turks.
Neither the heretical nor the Christian cantons of Switzerland will send
troops to the king of France. On the contrary, they are decided to help the
duke of Savoy. The Emperor can take them into his pay if he likes. The
Swiss will hold a diet on the 3rd of September in Baden, and expect there an
Imperial ambassador or commission.
"Endd. : The memoir which was sent to Rome together with the
disputes of 21 Aug. 1532."
Modern English abstract from contemporary copy in Spanish at Simancas.
28,585, f. 78.
1242. Ortiz to Charles V.
After the interview with the Pope and the cardinal of Ancona, of
which I wrote lately (28 July), they have not given me audience, but I hope
to obtain this second brief. The Pope is indignant with me for what I said to
him, but I prefer his indignation to that of God. He will commit a great sin
and offence against God if he does not excommunicate the King. If he will
not give me audience soon, I think of asking the Ambassador to take me
with him, though I should prefer being alone, as the Pope might talk to the
Ambassador about other subjects. I believe his Holiness has informed the
opposite party of my demand, which ought to have been kept secret.
I fear that this delay is partly for the purpose of giving the King information,
and that the Queen is being badly treated; but the cardinal of Burgos
tells me not to be troubled, for he is certain that she will now be more
After writing thus far, the Pope gave me audience. He is still pale and
weak. Reminded him of his promise to excommunicate the King. He said
he was no lawyer, and such a thing could not be done without advice. Told
him that he knew the King was in sin; that he had already threatened him,
and had ordered his Nuncio to remonstrate with him; it was his duty to bring
back the schismatic into the fold, and if he neglected his duty neither the
cardinal of Ancona nor any other could defend him in the Day of Judgment;
adding other arguments. He replied that to excommunicate him now
would prevent his sending a mandate for the principal cause after the vacation.
Replied, that, even if he did send a mandate, the Pope was bound to
move him from his sin, or excommunicate him; and if the King would not
obey the Pope in this, he would not obey him in the principal cause. He
answered that though he judged that the King was in mortal sin, others
might say that it was the custom in England for princes to converse with
ladies, and he could not prove that there was anything worse than that in
this case; and he might allege his conscience as a reason for not treating the
Queen as a husband should. As to the first point, I remarked that it was a
bad custom to allow fire and tow to be together and to cause such scandal; and
as to the second, all I asked for was Katharine's honorable treatment as a
queen during the suit. The Pope replied that I was a lawyer, and he could
not dispute with me, but confessed that it was as I said. Replied that his
Holiness should always keep before his eyes Christ crucified, from whom he
derives his authority, and consider nothing but the honor of Our Lord and
the Church, which require the excommunication of the King. He then told
me to draw up a minute; but I replied that I had done so, and shown it to
him eight months ago, and that the cardinal of Ancona had approved of it,
but as it contained some harsh expressions Blosio had made a fresh one, of
which the cardinal of Ancona had again approved, but it was left that the
milder brief might be sent first.
He told me that this minute must be seen again by cardinals Ancona and
Monte; so I asked him to order them to keep it secret, which he promised to
do. Related this interview to the Ambassador, and asked him to speak to the
Pope on the subject at the first opportunity; to which he agreed. I have
been three times to the secretary, who says he cannot find such a minute,
and mine is worth nothing, as it must come from his pen.
Asked him to make one at once; and he said he would do so if he could
not find the other; but I see there will be some delay, and I shall have to
speak to the Pope several times, as he does not see how he is offending Our
Lord by his delay. I think this a very convenient time to ask for it, and
do it, but the Ambassador orders me to act with moderation. Read to the
Pope a letter from Master Abel, who has been persecuted for maintaining the
justice of the Queen's cause, and asked him for a brief forbidding any one
to preach against her marriage during the suit, and appointing Abel an
apostolic preacher, so as to give him a faculty to preach, which he has been
unjustly prevented from doing.
He has ordered the minute to be drawn up, and I have furnished the
memorial for it.
Thanks for the allowance of 300 cr. of which he has heard from the
Comendador Mayor Covos. Rome, 21 Aug. 1532.
Sp., pp. 12. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 84.
1243. Dr. Ortiz to Cobos.
Has received his letters of 21 June and 2 Aug. Thanks him for having
obtained from the Emperor that he shall not be called to account for the
300 cr. sent him from Flanders.
The Queen's cause is in the same state as before, as he will see by Ortiz's
letter to the Emperor. Rome, 21 Aug. 1532.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
1244. Henry VIII.'s Tomb.
Receipt given by Giovanni da Maiano and Benedetto da Rovezano,
Florentine sculptors, 22 Aug. 1532, to Cromwell, for 12l. 11s. 8d. for their
labor and expence on the King's tomb in July last.
Also, 29 Sept., for 12l. 7s. 10d, received from Cromwell for their labor
and expence in August; and further, on 8 Oct., for their labor and expence
in September. Not signed.
Ital., p. 1. Endd. : Benedik.
1245. Gardiner to Cromwell.
Sends by John Godsalve the treaty with France, and a commission
signed ready to be sealed; "to the doing whereof ye must necessarily help, or
it shall, I fear me, be undone." Begs him also to send Dr. Oliver or Dr. Lee
to be with the King on Sunday as notaries at the taking of the oath. From
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Crumwell, one of the King's privy
St. P. IV. 611.
1246. [Northumberland to Henry VIII.]
Has "established" the county of Northumberland, as the King commanded,
causing all the gentlemen who lay within Newcastle to lie at their
own houses to keep watch and ward. Kept a warden court at Newcastle,
where Hector Armestrange and Andrew Armestrange his son were arraigned
and judged to death. Hector is a tall personage, son to Mykyll Sym. Has,
however, respited his death on account of the King's last letters concerning
them of Lyddersdaill. He has offered sureties to keep good rule among the
Scots, about which the writer wishes to know the King's pleasure. Armestrang
was taken by Sir Ralph Fenwyke, who came through Bewcastyldale
with 60 persons to burn a town of the Earl's on the Tyne. Remains at
Warkworth on his charge. When the gentlemen repaired to Newcastle, Dan
Car of Graydon, being a deputy of the Marches of Scotland, and Mark Car's
eldest son, with 700 men, ran an open-day foray into Norhamshire, and took
a town called Felkynton, which the country rose to rescue by the Earl's
commands, though the head gentlemen were at the assize. Yet your subjects
there remaining skirmished with the Scots. Several of the former were taken,
and three shamefully murdered, notwithstanding the peace. Has written to
the Scotch king of these and other attempts before his coming, but has yet
Regrets that his espials did not enable him to warn the King of the 4,000
Scotchmen with Machonell, whose arrival in Ireland is mentioned by Sir
William Skevyngton. Has done his best to procure information; not that
Machonell does any hurt there. "The ferre distance of Machonell from
Edinburgh, the secrets that he hath to do in Ireland being in secret articles
devised by the archbishop of Glasgow, the bishop of Aberdeen, Henry Kemp,
and Davy Wod, no more being privy thereto, which articles were delivered
unto John Canois at his departure from the Scottish king; at which time
the said Scots king did make him knight :"—owing to these two causes it is
very difficult to get information about Ireland. Learns, however, that the
Scotch king has had letters from Machonell within these eight days, which
are kept very secret and thankfully taken, and James has sent him 500
archers from the Out Isles in great haste. Hopes soon to get at the secrets
of Scotland, and on knowing the King's pleasure will let slip Tynedale and
Redesdale to join with Liddersdale to the annoyance of Scotland.
On Monday, 19 Aug., the Rutherfords, Carrs, Davisons, &c., came in at
Belles in Tynedale in the close night, and on Tuesday at sunrise ran an openday
foray at Hawtwesill. Sixscore of the inhabitants came to the rescue,
with Thos. Errington, "constable of my poor baronry of Langley," Alex.
Fetherstonehalgh, and others. The Scots, being in so great number, set upon
them, but were defeated by your subjects, about sixscore being wounded to
death, and 12 taken, who will suffer execution on Sunday next, the 25th,
according to the laws of the Marches. The shout and cry came to Bewcastilldale
and Gyllesland before it reached Langley, but not a man of these
two dales came to help. Is suspicious of Tynedale men, though the country
was never in better order, as the Scots passed through Tynedale both going
and coming. Is sure Liddersdale would not have let them pass. Hexham,
Add. : To the right worshipful and my singular good friend Mr. Almoner.
Begins : Pleaseth it your most gracious Highness. Endd. : A letter to the
1247. [Archbishop Warham.]
Draft of a speech apparently intended to be delivered in the House of
Lords. (fn. 3)
Protests he means to say nothing to the King's prejudice. As to the
prœmunire, he is charged with consecrating the bishop of St. Asaph before he
had exhibited his bulls to the King. Urges in reply :—(1) that archbishops
are not bound to know, and have never been accustomed to examine bishops
requiring consecration, whether they have exhibited their bulls or not; and
that it would be a serious burden on them to be obliged to ascertain.
(2.) Many bishops have been consecrated before they sued out their temporalities
during the last 200 years, as Thos. Bredwarden, archbishop of Canterbury,
Wm. Wittelsey, and others, who sued for their temporalities a long time
after. (3.) If archbishops had been bound in times past to ascertain if a
bishop [to be consecrated had exhibited his] bulls to the King, the fact that
they had so ascertained would have appeared on record by certificates to that
effect. (4.) Moreover, the wise princes in times past would have punished
cases of neglect. (5.) If the archbishop cannot give the spiritualities to one
who is pronounced a bishop at Rome till the King has granted him his temporalities,
the spiritual power of the archbishops will depend on the temporal
power of the prince, and thus would be of little or no effect,—which is against
God's law. (6.) The archbishop has no right to keep the spiritualities in his
hands after an elect is pronounced a bishop. (7.) If he were to wait till the
King granted the temporalities, there have been kings who would keep these
in their hands many years, as king Henry [II.], and so the elect would be
deprived of both. This argument Warham uses against his own profit, for
the longer the King kept the temporalities, the more profit would the archbishop
have of the spiritualities, if he could have them with good conscience.
(8.) The King is not injured by the consecration of a bishop before he has
exhibited his bulls and done homage, for he can still keep the temporalities
in his hand. There have been many archbishops and bishops, like bishop
Pekham, who have had their temporalities detained a long time. (9.) A
man is not made bishop by consecration, but is pronounced so at Rome in Consistory;
and he has no jurisdiction given him by consecration, but only the
rights of his order, viz., consecrating of children, &c. If the King by detaining
temporalities could cause consecrations to be deferred, the Church
might have no bishops at all, and consequently no priests, and sacraments
would cease. (10.) By the same reasoning, the Pope should not be consecrated
or crowned till he had sued out his temporalities of the Emperor
which Constantine gave to the see of Rome; so that there would be no Pope
but at the Emperor's pleasure. (11.) Apart from law, a spiritual man ought
first to seek what is necessary for his spiritual functions, and not temporal
things; (12.) and give his oath of obedience to the Pope before his temporal
prince. (13.) In consecrating the bishop of St. Asaph, Warham was but the
Pope's commissary, and the act was the Pope's act. Warham only did what
he was bound by oath to do.
Proceeds further to show that the point for which the King contends was
one of the articles which Henry II. sought to extort at Clarendon, which
St. Thomas died a martyr to oppose, and which Henry II. himself afterwards
gave up. Warham would be sorry to do anything prejudicial to the King's
authority, especially as it was he who anointed him King, and put the Crown
upon his head; but if no damage can be done to the Crown even by an ill
act, such as killing a man in the King's presence, much less can it be by the
consecration of a bishop, which is a good deed. The liberties of the Church
are guaranteed by Magna Charta, and several kings who violated them, as
Henry II., Edward III., Richard II., and Henry IV., came to an ill end.
Refers to a brief of Pope Martin to Henry IV. touching a prœmunire against
the liberties of the Church, and warns the Lords (in answer to a threat held
out that they would defend the matter by the sword) of what befell the
Knights who drew their swords against St. Thomas,—whose punishment
remains to this day in their blood and generation. Would rather be hewn
in pieces than confess this article, for which St. Thomas died, to be a prœmunire.
If this Act be a law of the land it was drawn up at Clarendon (fn. 4)
400 save 31 years ago, and it was never put in execution against any archbishop,
though many have infringed it.
Will not refuse the lay counsel offered him, though he expects little from
it, for two reasons :—1. Because laymen advance their own laws, rather than
those of the Church. "And in this behalf I understand that such temporal
learned men as have been assigned of counsel with spiritual men lately in cases
of prœmunire (as it was surmised) for the advancing of their temporal laws,
and for the derogation of the laws of the Church, have counselled them and
induced them to confess and grant a prœmunire, whereto peradventure they
would advise me in likewise; which, if I were so minded to confess, I needed
not to have their counsel." 2. Because he understands that temporal men
defending their clients, when they have spoken anything against the minds of
the King's council, have been called fools and put to silence; and he would
be sorry that they should be so rebuked in defending him. As the matter is
spiritual, desires spiritual counsel.
Declines also to give sureties, citing St. Thomas's authority. Sureties are
for persons whose flight is feared; but if he had been disposed to flee, he
might have done so before. St. Anselm, St. Edmund, and other archbishops
of Canterbury were never compelled to give sureties. And whoever lays
violent hands on a bishop and imprisons him is accursed, and can only be
assoiled by the Pope, except in mortis articulo; and the place where a bishop
taken is kept is interdicted, and the two dioceses next adjoining.
Pp. 14. Mutilated.
All Souls Col.
1248. Archbishop Warham.
[The following letters of archbishop Warham are of uncertain date, but the first is not
later than 1525.]
1. Warham to Wm. Broke, Warden of All Souls College.
I am informed that Mr. Leycetur, fellow of All Souls College, being beneficed, claims
to hold his fellowship with his benefice, contrary to the statutes; and that other fellows
make a like claim. I marvel at their demeanour. My mind is that upon examination you
order Mr. Leycetur and others in like case, according to the statutes. If they make any
further business in the law, I shall so provide that they shall take little pleasure or advantage
by so doing. Loth would I be to suffer the mind of your founder to be defrauded or
broken concerning the observance of the statutes. If this should be suffered to continue,
every fellow being beneficed will try to keep his place, whereas in his room another scholar
might profit and do good. If any of them make any appellation in the matter, they will
run into express perjury by reason of their oath to keep the statutes, for they have renounced
such appeals in vim pacti. By this they will not only lose their places in the
college, but be "inhabled" to hold their benefices. I am sorry that the fellows have
greater regard to their own minds than to their oaths. I desire you to show this to the
persons, and if they fall to the plea of the law I will bear the costs. Knoll, 28 Oct.
P. 1. Add.
All Souls Col.
2. Warham to the Warden and Fellows of All Souls College.
Understands that the majority of fellows at the late election gave their votes in favor
of Robt. Harrys and Nicholas Freman, students in arts, and John Sterteoute, student in
law, to fill the vacant fellowships; and that nothing was wanting to the election, except
the presence of the Dean of law, who contumaciously absented himself, although ordered
by the Warden to be present.
By this the election devolves upon Warham, but, to prevent this pernicious act of the Dean
being used as an example, he ratifies the election. Hears that they elect persons into the
college, with regard to their family, not to their virtue or learning,—which produces contention
at every election. Exhorts them to follow the footsteps of Christ, and regard
neither family nor person, but elect men of virtue and learning. If they disregard this
warning, he will consult with the Pope as to removing this plague by express statute.
Lambeth, 10 Nov. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6,148, f. 151 b.
1249. Ambrose Potter to Dr. Welles.
"Sir, the love that every good Christian man is bound to bear to his
Creator and Maker, take remorse how damnably and piteously ye have
spoiled, devoured, and destroyed me, my company, our wives, our children,
servants, goods, and good names, contrary to all law and true justice. And
also how unmeet it is for a doctor in divinity to be a calcar, a tormentor, an
hangman, a gaoler, a sheriff, or an escheator, as some be, not only in their
own persons, but by their deputies. An escheator is called in civil Sacratissimus
errarius, and errarius is called Saccus sine conscientia in quo omnia
mala bursantur. Sir, for the love of God, let the escheator have still his
name and office. Take it not from him, and remember the saying of Christ,
who said in these words, Vœ homini illi per quem scandalum venit, &c.
Whereunto good regard would be taken; for I believe that false accusers,
defamers, and devourers of innocents and their blood, shall have a shameful end.
Also ye keep in prison my servant and (sic) innocent idiot, who is near hand
destroyed and dead with cruel imprisonment, and without cause. For God's
sake call to your remembrance how ye stand charged in conscience, and
murder no moo men. And thus fare ye as ye have deserved, and he that
hath most right unto you have you in his keeping."
Copy, p. 1. Headed : To Dr. Welles, with my lord Warham, the archbishop
of Canterbury. By Ambrose Potter.
1250. Bidding of Beads.
The beads declared by a priest in his parish church, mentioning the
pope of Rome, the archbishop of Canterbury, my lord of N. our diocesan, the
abbot of Westminster, the King and Queen, &c.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
1251. Robert Norwych to Cromwell.
I beseech you to be good master to a neighbour of mine, John
Holland, chaplain to my lord of Oxenford, to be master of the college of
Playsee, now void and in the King's gift. He is much esteemed as an honest
priest of good conversation. If I had been near Waltham forest I should have
endeavoured to have better accomplished your desire. I shall not, however,
fail to remember you to your satisfaction. Colme, Friday next before
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's council.
1252. [Thomas] Whalley to Cromwell.
I have discharged the farmer of Little Crowley. He has left a letter
for you at your coming home, boasting he can pacify you with a little money.
One of the college tenants there heard him speak these words : "that Cromwell
should not meddle there, no other reverence done; which ill did become
him." Recommends one Latymer. A gentleman came from Master Dean
this week, and I made him privy to your letter, for which he gave you great
thanks. Let not Jonson have any grants. I will send the stuff by Brabizon
shortly. Lathbury, St. Bartholomew's Day. Signed : Your servant
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1253. Francis I. to the Bishop of Auxerre.
Has received his letters of the 17th and 18th ult. and 5th inst., and
has heard the account of the Commandeur de Villiers, who has just returned.
Gives him directions how to act towards Italians who offer their services.
If he comes to Italy, will bring such a force that he will need no other help.
If anything is said about the approaching interview between the kings of
England and France, he may say, after consultation with the English
ambassador, that the Kings have heard of the great preparations of the Turk,
and intend to provide some remedy, as Languedoc and Provence are as much
exposed as Naples. Has been here for some time, and has suffered slightly
from fever, but is recovered. Nantes, 24 Aug. 1532.
Calig. B. I. 129.
St. P. IV. 615.
1254. Henry VIII. to Angus.
Whereas Archibald earl of Angus has, by writing signed by him,
25 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII., promised by oath that if the King should make war
on the king of Scotland, he will serve him to the best of his power, Henry
promises in that case, and if the Earl swear allegiance to him as supreme lord
of Scotland, to pay him yearly 1,000l. until he has been restored to his
lands in Scotland. 25 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
Copy by Wriothesley.
1255. St. Andrew's Priory, Northampton.
See Grants in August, No. 15.
1256. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote on the 11th about the intended interview between the kings of
England and France. The preparation of ships, and of the persons who are
going, is being hurried on. Nearly all the nobles, the bishops of London,
Bath, Lincoln, and Winchester, and 200 or 300 gentlemen, are ordered to be
ready at Canterbury on Sept. 25. The whole train will number 3,000 or
4,000 persons. The French ambassador asserted that no ladies would be
present. Thinks, however, that lady Anne will be there, considering the
preparations of ladies and servants to accompany her, of which the Queen
has informed him. It is reported that the first meeting will be at Boulogne,
and the next at Calais, where they will not stay long, for the English purveyors
are ordered to victual Calais only for four days. Has not been able
to get more information about what they will treat there than what he wrote
in his last, except that there is a little more open speaking about the marriage
of the King and the eldest French princess. (fn. 5) Some French merchants offer
heavy wagers on it. If the French really have such a hope, either they will
be disappointed, or the lady, who wrote a week ago to one of her principal
favorites that she expects what she so long desired will be accomplished at
this journey. Has told the Nuncio what an injury it would be to the
Apostolic See, and what a disgrace to his Holiness, if either of these marriages
took place at the interview; for the French king would make himself
an accomplice, and the Pope would be forced to do an injustice to the Queen
and all her adherents, or have the two Kings for enemies. This danger arose
solely from the Pope's delay, and the sovereign remedy was an immediate
sentence, which would give the French king an excuse for not complying
with the King's wishes, or else the issue of briefs, penal or gracious, to
prevent these treaties. The Nuncio approved of what Chapuys said, and
wrote express by two ways. It would be easy to prevent the interview by a
show of arming ships in Flanders; for while the English were ascertaining
the truth of the report, and reinforcing their fleet, the season would be
The duke of Norfolk came hither five days ago with only four servants.
Today he supped with the French ambassador, and said to him that the
French king could not do him a greater kindness than to give him some
troops, and send him against the Emperor. The following day he returned
to Court. Understands that he came to persuade the farmers of the customs
to furnish 100,000 cr. for this voyage. He told the Nuncio that it was not
quite settled, and the King was going to Dover to see about the proposed
mole, and then to Calais to see some forts which are already built, and to
order others. The French king would be returning from Brittany about the
same time; and as they would be near, he expected that they would probably
meet, but would not treat of anything injurious to the repose of Christendom.
The Dean of the chapel, (fn. 6) who now is one of the Privy Council, spoke in the
same way three days ago, and seemed to regret that the King had not contributed
to the subsidy against the Turk, but it was not hopeless that both
Kings would act as they ought. He asked if it would be difficult to cause
Syria to rebel, and to gain possession of it; which made Chapuys suspect
that some such enterprise might be discussed at the interview. He said that
though England had not given the Emperor corporeal aid, it had given
spiritual aid by continual prayers for his success. Contrary to his custom,
the King has lately praised the Emperor's virtues, and his efforts to resist
the Turk; perhaps to produce an impression that the interview is not undertaken
to plot against the Emperor. Whatever he says, he cannot make the
interview liked, for all who are going will do so unwillingly, and the people
talk of it savagely. The King has not settled who is to remain here as
governor. Lords Fienatre (Fitzwalter) and Burguen (Abergavenny) are
spoken of. The Queen is in a house of the bishop of Ely, 17 miles from
London, and it is not known whether the King will remove her. She is
much grieved at the arrest of a chaplain of hers, who has been sent to the
Tower for printing a book in English in her favor. The King is trying
to procure all the copies which have been sold, and has had the book
examined by the university of Oxford, but they do not know what to take
hold of, and it is certain that if the book had not been prohibited there
would have been a danger of commotion. London, 26 Aug. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
1257. John Prior of Merton to Cromwell.
I beg your favor to my brother John Bowle, servant to the late
abp. of Canterbury, to help him to the collectorship of Wingham, in the King's
hands. It was granted to my brother, as the late archbishop's surveyor can
tell. I shall be glad to recompense your pains. Paul's, London, 27 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
28,585, f. 85.
1258. The Diet at Ratisbon.
"Quod per oratorem (fn. 7) Ser. Regis Angliæ exhibitum fuit Ratisponæ,
28 Aug. 1532."
The king of England is deeply grieved that any cause should be given to
provoke the Turk, especially in these times, to carry out his premeditated
hatred against the Christians. He is quite ready to protect Christendom to
the utmost of his power, and would have sent 30,000 of his subjects; but he
was sure, from their nature and bringing up, that they would not stand the
hardships of such a long journey. He hears also that such preparations have
been made in these countries that if the Turk attacks them, he will be
repulsed, and therefore thinks it unnecessary to send further aid thither.
As to the defence of other parts of the Christian world, the King perceives
from history and his own experience, that those of his ancestors who have
gone on expeditions against the Turk have been successful, while those who
have merely sent contributions have not only done no good, but have
afforded means for carrying out bad plans. He has, therefore, determined
that as soon as he hears on good authority that the Turk has invaded
countries which cannot defend themselves without help, he will go thither in
person with the greatest speed, furnished with everything necessary for war.
He and the French king have signified their intentions to the Pope.
Lat., pp. 4. Modern copy.
1259. John Laurence to Henry VIII.
I certify you of what was done at our provincial chapter. Father
Robynsone is chosen "discrete" for our convent of Richmond to the said
chapter by the majority, although, your pleasure considered, he had neither
my voice nor consent, nor the favor of others whom I could prevent.
When he was thus elected, I persuaded him as much as I could not to
accept the office till he knew your pleasure, and to submit himself, knowing
his offence, by which you might receive him again to favor, alleging the
many occasions he had given for your displeasure. He replied, "I will never
acknowledge no fault for anything I have said or done. I have never preached
or said anything which I will not prove and defend to the fire." He desired
I would not motion you to promote him to any office, for he would never take it
by your assignment. He lacks that meekness in his heart which he pretends
Father Cursone is chosen "dyscrete" for the convent of Southampton.
Your pleasure is, therefore, not justly pondered. Cursone desires to remain
at Greenwich this year, saying he is diseased. It will not be expedient, as
it is founded on a false pretence. I know nothing of the acts to be passed.
Our father minister leans too much to the counsel of some of our fathers,
and you will be deceived by their crafty illusion. I am in great default for
the attaching of two brethren who came from father Peytoo and Ellstone;
also for the letters which our father minister did send to our minister
general for correcting and restraining the said Peytoo and Ellstone. Some
of them have spoken contemptuously of me, saying that, if it had not been
for my enticing, the minister would never have written so extremely to their
confusion. Thus the blame is laid wholly on me, which I hope you will
consider when you see a time convenient. Richmond, the Decollation of
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1260. [Friar Laurence] to Cromwell.
Is forbidden to write to the King or Cromwell under pain of imprisonment.
His minister has taken offence at him without cause. Has
frequently counselled him to be faithful to the King, as the King placed
confidence in him; but this counsel he has taken grievously, complaining to
some of our fathers, who are not lovers of the King, that the writer would
put him under the King's feet, to whom he says he will never be subject.
He is not the man the King took him for. (fn. 8) Dares not write all he knows,
but will report it at his next coming to Cromwell. He is familiar with those
who are opposed to the King and his just cause. By their counsel he means
to complain to the King of the writer, and obtain licence to punish him;
after which they will accuse him of revealing to the King the secrets of the
religion, and will imprison him, and then delude his Grace. The minister
has now gone to Court for the purpose.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right hon. Master Crumwell.
1261. Stephen Vaughan to Crumwell.
Sends by the bearer, Mr. Long, Crumwell's two warrants, which came
to Wykham an hour after he had left. Newhelme, 28 Aug.
Wants some of the King's books when he next comes. Will set them
forth as well as he is able.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
1262. Priory of Montacute.
See Grants in August, No. 18.
1263. Thos. Steele to Cromwell.
I sent your letters to my lord of Norwich the Sunday after Bartilmewe
Day, and on Monday sent to him for his answer. He little regarded it, and
after many displeasant words said he would send you an answer at leisure.
I shall have no other remedy at his hands but lose my corn and tithe of
Wyssett. I shall lose my labor and suit made to you at Oxford and elsewhere,
which cost me 3l. I was obliged from sickness to take a horse
litter, "in compyned with to mene" (accompanied with two men). Begs
he will send a process against a priest whose name is Sir William of Wyssett.
I do not know his other name, but if there be a space left will fill it up, if
I can get the other name; also against John Tasborowh;—the two parsons
who have dispossessed me. I am informed that the priest thrashes out the
corn, and intends to go into another country. I cannot wait upon you, as I
am in no case to ride. Romsborwe, Friday after St. Bartholomew's.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Councillor.
1264. Wolsey's Debts.
Indenture by which Thomas Crumwell, master of the Jewels, on behalf
of the King, consigns to Hen. Posyer, grocer, London, in payment of a debt
of 46l. 18s. 7d., owed to him by the late cardinal Wolsey, (1) an obligation
wherein John Pennand, LL.D. canon residentiary of Wells, and Geoff.Chamber,
of the parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate, stood bound to the Cardinal
in 20l. for payment of 16l.; (2) an obligation wherein Ant. Dracott, parson of
Dracott, Staff., stands bound to John Hughes, LL.B., in 10l. for payment of
6l. 13s. 4d., of which half has been paid; (3) a bill obligatory wherein Jas.
Sheffeld, clk., stands bound to Wolsey in 26l.; (4) another wherein John
Grevell, of Drayton, Oxon., and Rob. Verney, of Penley, Herts, stand bound
to Jo. Hughes, to the use of Wolsey, in 4l.; (5) a bill obligatory of the said
Jo. Grevyll for 4l. 20d.; (6) another wherein Ric. Bayneham, of Malden,
Essex, stands bound to Hughes in 4l. 4s.; (7) also 6l. wherein the abbot of
Hayles was indebted to Wolsey; 3l. 6s. 8d. owed to him by Edmund Haltman,
parson of Cassalton, Surrey; and 20s. owed to him by Thos. Knolles, president
of Magdalene College, Oxford. 30 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII. Seals lost.
2. Draft of the preceding, with corrections in Cromwell's hand.
Large paper, pp. 5.
28,585, f. 91.
1265. [Dr. Ortiz to Secretary Cobos.]
Since he came here has never written to Cobos, nor to any one of
the Court, except to the card. Compostelano. Complains of the conduct
of the Ambassador (Mai), who tells him he has no commission to speak to
the Pope about the English case. If not, he has a right to speak as unus
de Ecclesia Dei Sancta, as the excusator of the King, though without a
mandate, speaks sicut unus de populo, and has always been heard.
Has been refused an audience several times lately, while the opposite
party are frequently heard. The Ambassador tells him he should be contented
simply to ask, and say no more if his request is not granted. Replied
that it was necessary to use strong reasons to persuade the Pope. If he
does not obtain this excommunication, the money he spends will be wasted.
The Ambasssador often does not let him know what is going on, so that
he cannot inform the Empress or the Queen. Asks Cobos, if he writes to the
Ambassador about his conduct, to use mild language, lest he should be
irritated with Ortiz.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
1266. — to —.
I have already reported how far they have proceeded in the cause of
the king of Hungary. I have since had advices from his Majesty, who had
received your letters, and who, I think, by these last resents the injury he has
received from the Pope more than he did the others. He instructs me once
more that even if the Pope would revoke the censures against him, without
prejudice to the appeal he has made to the future General Council, I should
still proceed very slowly in such a business, because he wishes first to know
how France and England get on with his Holiness, and what end will be
arrived at in the cause of England. And to this effect he says he has sent
M. Andrea, his secretary. I have already written to his Majesty, according
to your opinion; and I suppose you have done the same. His Majesty says
he feels very secure of his position as regards the Turks, and that the grand
chancellor of Hungary had returned after receiving a favorable answer in
everything. I now wait only your letters; and you may be assured that, in
the cause of my King, matters are taking a different turn from what you
write. I have answered the archbishop of Colocz and of Sirimia, according
to your desire. I hear that the Lutheran affairs have made great progress
in Hungary, at the instance of many German lords of the King's affinity, "la
cui Mta ha in cio molto allargato la mano."
Ital., p. 1.
Vesp. F. I. 20.
Instructions might be given by Henry VIII. to his ambassador in
France for the support of John Zapol of Hungary against Ferdinand the
archduke, showing how the ruin of the latter would be for the good of Italy,
"per le ragione gia dette a v. Sa et molte altre." King John should be induced
not to make peace, but carry on the war bravely. His secretary should
be despatched forthwith, for accounts from Venice say that Ferdinand, ever
since the rupture of the Suabian league (legha di Suevia), has been urging
the coming of Gritti, and appears anxious for peace; so, perhaps, he sees what
we see. The secretary should be commissioned to promise king John the aid
of Francis (if peace be not made) in recovering his kingdom. The King might
offer to send, on behalf of king John (dal re Giovanni), prothonotary Casale,
his ambassador in Venice, who could go in the name of both Kings to negociate
these things in person, as he is highly esteemed by them both, and well
known in those parts and a friend of Gritti. He could also arrange that no
Turks should be employed by king John in the war, and that his army
should not have the name of being subsidised by the Turk.
Ital., pp. 2.
1268. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
Wishes to have back his book of the privileges of the church of
Canterbury, to see what privileges the said church hath, that the prior and
convent ("chapter" interlined) may call a convocation in the vacancy of
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1269. The Judges.
"For the Justices' fees of the Staple."
Sir John Fitz James, chief justice of the King's Bench, 24l. 7s. 2d. Sir
Robt. Norwyche, chief justice of the Common Pleas, 20l. 18s. 10d. Sir
Antony Fitzherbert, justice of the Common Pleas, 16l. 13s. 10½d. Chr.
Hales, attorney of the King, 4l. 3s. 7d.—66l. 3s. 5½d.
Lat., p. 1. Endd. as above.
1270. Grants in August 1532.
1. Rob. Carleton, M.A., incumbent of
Westmyll and Herdby, Linc. dioc. Licence
to be non-resident on the said two benefices,
provided that he reside upon one of them
for one month in every quarter of the year.
Amptehyll, 13 July 24 Hen. VIII. Del.
Berechurch, 2 Aug.—P.S.
2. To Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the
Chamber. Warrant for the annual payment
of 20l. to Stephen Vaughan as his fee
for the office of the writing of the King's
books, lately held by Thos. Hall, deceased.
Grafton, 6 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B.,
3. Rob. Draper, yeoman of the King's
jewels. To be keeper of the wood called
Westwood, in Lewisham, Kent, with fees
of 2d. a day out of the issues of the manor.
Del. Westm., 12 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
4. Galien Hone, glazier, a native of Holland,
in the Emperor's dominions. Licence
to keep in his service four journeymen or
covenant servants, besides the two allowed
by the statute 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. Greenwich,
2 July 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
15 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 17.
5. Ric. Bartlet, M.D. Annuity of 10
marks for life, out of the issues of the
manor of Thornebury, Glouc., parcel of the
lands of Edward late duke of Buckingham.
Ampthyll, 19 July 24 Hen. VIII. Del.
Westm., 16 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
6. Wm. Walwyn and Rob. Hennage.
To be auditors of the possessions late of
Edw. duke of Buckingham, in cos. Glouc.,
Somers., Wilts, and Hants, and in the lordships
of Newport, Wenllonge, Maughan,
Brekenoke, Haia, Huntyngdon, Cantercelly,
Penkelly, and Alexanderston, in South
Wales, and the Marches thereof, with fees
of 20 marks a year; on surrender of pat.
20 July 15 Hen. VIII., which granted the
office to the said William alone. Grafton,
2 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Aug.
—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21. — Vacated on
surrender by the said Robert, 11 Feb.
34 Hen. VIII., in order that another patent
might be granted to Anthony Newdegate.
7. Monastery of Muchilney, Bath and
Wells dioc. Congé d'élire to the prior and
convent, vice John Shirborn last abbot, resigned.
Del. Westm., 19 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
ii. Petition for the above by the prior and
convent. Dated in the Chapter House,
7 Aug. 1532 24 Hen. VIII.
8. Rouland Lee, clk., one of the King's
chaplains. Presentation to the parish church
of St. Sepulchre without Newgate, London.
The right of presentation was granted to the
King by a deed dated 28 July 24 Hen. VIII.
by Thos. Crumwell of London, who held
it in conjunction with Gregory Cromewell
of London, by grant of Will. Bolton, prior
of St. Bartholomew's in West Smythfeld,
London. Del. Westm., 19 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
9. John Borobryge, clk. Grant of the
house or hospital of St. Thomas the Martyr
in Rome. Del. Westm., 21 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23. (Rym. XIV. 439.)
10. John Scudamore, clk. Presentation
to the parish church of Sherncote, Salisbury
dioc., void by death. Langley, 19 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Aug.—P.S.
Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
11. Sir Edw. Nevyle. To be the King's
standard-bearer in England and elsewhere,
vice Sir Hen. Guldeford, deceased, with 40l.
a year. Hunnesdon, 13 July 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 23 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
12. Simon Sheperd. Presentation to the
parish church of Rydlyngton, Linc. dioc., void
by death. Langley, 19 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 23 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
13. Walter Luke, serjeant-at-law. Appointment
as one of the justices of the
King's Bench. Del. Westm., 23 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
14. Wm. Johns, one of the stewards of
the King's chamber. To be keeper of
Carlyon park, in the lordship of Uske or
Carlyon, parcel of the earldom of March, with
the herbage and pannage of the said park;
on surrender of pat. 6 Sept. 1 Hen VIII.,
granting the same, during pleasure, to John
ap Morgan. Greenwich, 2 July 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 25 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
15. Priory of St. Andrew, Northampton.
Congé d'élire on the resignation of Wm.
Ricknar, last prior. Woodstock, 12 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Aug.—P.S.
ii. Petition for the above by John Barryngton,
sub-prior and the convent. Dated
17 Aug. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
16. Sir Edw. Chamberlayne and Wm.
Fermour. Grant of the next presentation
to the parish church of Shypton under
Wichewode, Oxon, Linc. dioc. Woodstock,
16 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
26 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
17. Will. Davy. Licence to export 12
oxen, 40 sheep, 8 hogs, 24 qrs. of wheat,
12 qrs. of oats, 20 couple lings, 10 couple
haberdins, and 10 couple stockfisshes, for the
use of the household of Sir Chr. Garnyshe
at Calais. Ampthill, 25 July 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 26 Aug.—P.S.
18. For the monastery of SS. Peter and
Paul, Montacute. Restitution of temporalities
on the election of Robert Shirburn
as prior, whose fealty is to be taken by
Rowland Lee, clerk. Del. Westm., 29 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
ii. Petition for the above by the sub-prior
and convent. Dated 3 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
19. Roger Mathewe, clk. Presentation
to the parish church of Barneham Gregory,
Norwich dioc., void by the resignation of
Wm. Sparkman, clk., and at the King's
disposal by reason of the minority of Francis
Shyrley, s. and h. of Sir Ralph Sherley,
deceased. Ewelme, 27 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 30 Aug.,—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
1271. William Umpton, prisoner, late one of the grooms of the
King's Hall, to Cromwell.
Has been in prison in the Tower a year and two months, loaded with
irons, on the accusation of a deceitful person. The truth is, a pardoner of
St. Thomas's hospital at Woodstock said that St. Thomas of Canterbury
died for 52 points concerning the commonwealth; "which 52 your said
orator denied, one excepted for the clergy, and that the said 52 points were
a dance called Robin Hood." Then the pardoner asked him if he would
compare Robin Hood with St. Thomas before my lord of Lincoln; on which
he fortuned to ask the same pardoner why St. Thomas was a saint rather
than Robin Hood? For this he was accused of heresy, and other things
surmised he never thought of, but could have no indifferent hearing, as by
rude words he had displeased Mr. Treasurer and my lord of Winchester in
the consultation aforesaid; and my lord of Winchester said that he should as
well reason in the King's right and title of lands and goods forfeit to his
Highness by the offenders of his laws;—in which the petitioner is untruly
reported. Begs Cromwell to interpose.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
1272. Walter Weytt and Geo. Reve to Will. Freyurs, Mayor
Unless there be some remedy shortly, it little boots to live in Oxford.
Nothing so bad has been seen since you rode forth last. On Sunday last,
Harry Camper (?), going from Watur Wayttes, was like to have been slain.
On Monday, Thos. Bradley was struck down at Carfax, "and so carried him
to speak with the proctor as far as the Castle bridge, and said he should
speak with the proctor, and took from him his dagger." On Sunday they
beat Mr. Dr. Owen's servants, one being a night watcher. Mr. Commissary
knoweth them, and hath taken sureties for them. My mistress, your wife,
had some of your neighbours with her, and sent a light home with them to
John Williams's door. She was pelted with stones. They took a piece of
timber from Mr. Clare's door, and broke open with it Mr. Pyrry's door;
"and he heard them. And the one said to the other, 'Peace,' said he, 'for
if we make much noise, he hath a dog will wake him.' 'Peace,' said the
other, 'thow hart a folle, for one of his men and his dog is at Kyrttlynton
this night.' And so they were. So Mr. Perry, on the backside, called up
Rycsson," &c. Every night fourscore or more are out, and if any one speaks
to them out of the windows, they bid him go to bed, cuckold knave, or else
come down, and his horns shall be knocked in again. There is no town in
the King's realm so used, especially since you left; for your charge is so great
among the King's subjects they dare not stir, and they fear neither God nor
the King. Some remedy must be provided for by you. Roger Forster is
attached for the "langabull," and the College bids him lie in prison, and
spend there a noble a day, and they will bear his charges, and say they will
have a writ of error against you, if it costs them 20l. You shall receive gloves
by Rob. Davys, chamberlain. Smythe is departed. Oxford, "this present
Wednesday last past." "I pray you, speak of their guns and bows as they use."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
1273. [Henry VIII.] to the University Of Oxford.
Is informed that they will proceed to the election of a chancellor
before Pentecost. Desires them to elect the bishop of Lincoln, in as ample
a manner as the bishop of Canterbury, deceased, and afterwards to discuss a
question already sent to them concerning the power and primacy of the
bishop of Rome, and send their decision in writing under their common
seal. Desires credence for the bearer, their commissary, concerning the
above matters, and also concerning the controversy between the university
and the town.
P. 1. Draft. Endd.