1456. R. Strete, Priest, to Cromwell.
The office of Calwich is passed for the King. Mr. Longford owes
46l. 5s. 2d. due at the feast of the Annunciation. He has in his hands the tithes,
13l. 3s. 4d.; also the last Michaelmas rents, 11l. 16s. He promises to bring
it you. Lichfield, 21 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Treasurer of the Jewels.
ii. Memorandum of the above sums, in Cromwell's hand, at the bottom of
1457. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
Certifies him of the death of Dr. Cleyton, who had from the King the
living of Ribbesford or Rybchester, and a prebend in Lichfield, of which he
does not speak again, as he does not know whether Cromwell has received
his letters. There has been better rule in London since the search on Sunday
se'nnight, and since the King's departure no enormities have been committed.
All things are quiet, except the sickness. There have died in the plague
99 persons, and from other causes 27. The number of those in places about
London is unknown. Tregonwell desires his remembrances. Westm.,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1458. Edmund Walsyngham to Cromwell.
The people here are quiet, as far as I can learn, except the simple people,
who will not give over their babbling tales. You wished me charitably to handle
your gentle chaplain, Curtoyse by name, mild in countenance and crafty in
conditions. This I have done; for he says mass every day, "and prayeth
for you as I think Dr. Coke and Abell see one of them another at the church
some time, but they speak not together." Abell would fain have one of the
books in answer to his, but without your consent I will deliver none. The
old monk lieth with Dr. Coke; the other three, as yet, lie together. Two of
them wear irons. Frythe wears none. Although he lacks irons, he lacks not
wit nor pleasant tongue. His learning passes my judgment. As you said,
it were great pity to lose him if he may be reconciled. Our greatest comfort
here is to hear of the King's health. God send him a safe return. At the
Tower, 21 Oct.
P.S.—Have in remembrance Dr. Coke, Chr. Coo, Will. Umpton, and other
prisoners remaining in the Tower. Umpton has been here 15 months.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
28,585, f. 156.
1459. News From Rome.
"Relacion de las cartas de Roma," 20 and 21 Oct. 1532.
There is news from France and England that the Kings were about to
meet; that the king of England had given to Mrs. Anne an estate of 5,000
ducats a year, which is taken as a good sign that he intends to marry her to
some one. He will press on the case as much as possible. He does not hope
it will he finished this winter.
The French ambassador was confused, and fears the Emperor's arrangements
in Italy. Salviati allows a courier to be sent to France and England
with news of the Emperor's arrival in Italy, saying this would either break
off the interview between the Kings, or make it less injurious. The Ambassador
thinks he carries some other message (algo mas).
Sp., pp. 14. Modern copy.
Calig. B. VII.
St. P. IV. 618.
1460. [Northumberland to Henry VIII.]
On Monday, 7 Oct., came to Berwick, as he had already written;
and with "my brother Clifford," Sir Arthur Darcy, and Sir Richard Tempest,
consulted with Angus, whom they all find true to the King. The Scotch
king is in such fear of his own subjects that he cannot raise a large army;
and if the opportunity be taken, they will allure to the King's purpose many
of the nobles, and great part of the Merse and Tevidale. George Douglas,
however, fears that if those of Lyddersdale have not some comfort of the
King, they will accept a pardon from James. Several of the Merse and
Tevidale have promised to give warning of any road made by the Scots,
and to stand aloof when it takes place. Angus and his friends think that
if the King take this opportunity, he may do what he pleases with Scotland;
but if it be let slip, it will be hard hereafter to bring them to the lure, for
the Scotch king is in great poverty, the Emperor, whom he reckons his chief
friend, is busy with his wars, and the French king is friendly to England :
and though the Controller of Scotland and Thos. Scott have delivered
Beamond, owner of Charlton, who was taken prisoner, and gives him a
coat of velvet in compensation for his hard treatment, yet they detain his
brother, with all the other men, goods, and "insight" taken at the same time.
Nor do they offer any redress for your subjects then slain. They have
made no forays, however, since the coming down of your garrison; but
Tynedale and Ryddesdale join with Liddersdale for the annoyance of Scotland.
A gentleman of Scotland, with whom the Earl and Clifford spoke at
Berwick, says the King is as much loved in Scotland as any of his predecessors,
and he has no doubt that when Northumberland displays his
banner, Tivedale will become subject to Henry. The Scots of Tivedale,
under Launce Carr, burned a town of the Earl's, called Alenam, on Thursday,
the 10th Oct.; and on Friday took another, called Newstede, with 200 cattle
and 26 prisoners, and murdered two young "spryngaldes," the elder not
above 15. Desires 20 light pieces of ordnance, such as were allowed to
Darcy. Information has been given by a Scotch gentleman against Sir
William Ewry, that he told the controller of Scotland that this war was
caused not only by the earl of Northumberland, but by the Douglases; yet he
trusted it should be peace, and then the Douglases should be voided out of
England. Learns from Tempest that the Scots asked Sir William Ewry, at
Cornell, to come and speak with them.
On Sunday the 13th Oct. 100 light horse came by night and took a town
called Lowrebotell. On Monday the 14th, James appointed the earl of
Murray in Parliament to be his warden of the East and Middle Marches,
promising him 3,000 men to lie upon the Borders, he himself lying at
Coldingham. On this, Mark Carr promised to burn a town of Northumberland's, (fn. 1)
three miles from Warkworth, "and give me light to put on my
clothes at midnight." He also said, as they had a governor on the Scotch
Marches as well as in England, he would keep Henry's instructions given
to the garrison about making day forays, for he and his friends would burn
enough in the night. On this, the Earl gave strict watch to be kept.
Nevertheless, on Thursday night 30 light horsemen came to Whitell, a
little village of the Earl's, lying toward Ryddisdale, on Shilbotell More,
which they would have burned, but they had no fire. They took a wife
great with child, and, saying "Where we cannot give the laird light, yet we
shall do this in spite of him," gave her three mortal wounds on the head and
another on the right side. The Scots escaped, though all the country rose
and gave warning by beacons. Having ascertained that this act was done
by men of the Mershe and Tyvidale, countenanced, it would seem, by the
earl of Murray, the Earl and Clifford let slip 500 horsemen of Glendale, with
some men of Berwick, to join Geo. Douglas, who came into England again
at dawn. Before their return they burned Coldingham, with corn worth
1,000 marks stg., and two towns adjoining, called Branerdergest and the
Black Hill, took fourscore prisoners, 60 horse, and 200 head of cattle. This
has stayed Murray's coming to the Borders, and deterred inland men from
venturing near. The tax that should have been granted for the 3,000 men
is refused; and the king of Scots has left Edinburgh, and gone to Stirling.
Has devised with Clifford to burn Kelsey within these four nights by the aid
of Tynedale and Riddesdale. Warkworth, 22 Oct.
1461. Thomas Heritage, Priest, to Cromwell.
Your building goes as well forward as any I have seen. Another of
the best of the Spensers, named Thomas Spenser, of Hodenell, is dead,
and has made my cousin, Thos. Spenser, that was with you, his heir. If I
thought he might have your good counsel, I would communicate with the
said Thos. Spenser's wife, to marry my said kinsman, for considerations I
forbear to write, because letters keep no counsel. Please let Ralph Sadler,
or some other of your clerks, write me three or four words. 22 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1462. T. Heritage to [Cromwell].
I beg you will write to the sheriff of Warwickshire, and thank him
for his goodness to Mr. Cruse. (fn. 2) Desire him to impanel an inquest for
finding of Thomas Spenser to be Master Spenser's heir of Hodnell, according
to his last will. (fn. 3) Signed.
1463. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
Has received his letters this Tuesday, 22 Oct. Assures Cromwell
he gave no credence to those who imputed the loss of the King's warrant to
his negligence. Believes it was due to Stokleye, servant to the clerk of the
Crown, who should have the custody of such warrants. No news since he
wrote by Geo. Hampton's servant. London, 22 Oct. Signed : Thomas
Audeley, custos sigilli.
P. 1. Add.
1464. John Wylliamsun to Cromwell.
On the 21st inst. I received a letter from you, dated the 15th, by a
shipper of Calais named Bowrynge, desiring me to send you Thos. Fermour
with your vials. Mr. Heretage, and Martin, his clerk, proceed diligently
with your house. For the sake of the former, be good to one Thos. Spenser.
We have had no small cheer from Mr. Alwerd, Mr. Botry, Mr. Lysse,
Mr. Waryngton, Dyrycke, Mrs. More, and Mr. Polgrave. My mother,
Mr. and Mrs. Wellyfed, commend themselves to you. London, 23 Oct.
Mr. Pyerson, the pothecary, sends you a box by Swyfte. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Sealed.
1465. Thomas, Prior Of Christchurch, Canterbury, to
Hopes God and St. Thomas will reward Cromwell for his goodness to
him and his church. Received this day his letter dated Calais, 17 Oct.,
desiring him to give the commissaryship in Calais, now void by the Archbishop's
death, to Master Will. Peterson and John Benolte, clerk. Sends
a commission of the office accordingly. Canterbury, Wednesday, 23 Oct.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor.
1466. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I received your letter written at Calais the 19th inst., and will
commune with Mr. Brown as you desire. Mr. Ryche and I have had communication
with Mr. Mannok, owner of Chyngford; and by the aid of
Mr. Alyngton, who applied himself with diligence to prefer the King's
pleasure, we have concluded. The manor is tied with a jointure of marriage,
&c. Mr. Ryche and Chacye have written to my lord Scrope, but have had
no answer. My lord Norwich recommends himself to you, and says the
King was advertised, before he left Greenwich, that his house was visited
with sickness. On Sunday night there will be a search generally throughout
the realm in secret manner. The sickness is fervent, and many die. The
Temple and Inns in Chancery have broken term. Those who are not
citizens are much afeard. All are glad to hear of the King's prosperity, and
pray for his return. Greis Inne, 23 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Councillor and Master of the Jewels.
1467. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Has received, by his fellow Swyfte, Cromwell's letter dated Calais the
19th, by which he was glad to learn that he was in good health and merry.
Will do his best about the King's buildings in the Tower, which are in good
case. Has this day 400 persons at work, and all little enough. Next pay
day, Saturday se'nnight, will despatch most of them. The house is wondrous
foul. There is a thousand loads of rubbish to be taken out of the cellars and
kitchen. Your house goes well forward, and you will see a great change
when you come home. My mistress, your sister, your brother-in-law, and
all your household, are merry. The prior of Redyng, one of the prisoners
at the Tower, was removed three days after Cromwell left, from Frythe and
his fellows, to Beatcham Tower, "accompanied with the parson of Hony
Lane and Christopher Coo, to be converted." London, 23 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
1468. Archbp. Of Barri, De Praet, and Mai to Charles V.
Extract of a letter dated Bologna, 23 Oct. 1532.
Have been told that the English ambassador here has spoken to the French
king about the Turk, and that the French king says if the Emperor will
release him from half the ransom of his sons, he will spend the money against
the Turks, and makes other propositions.
A courier arrived yesterday from the Imperial ambassador in England
with letters from the Queen, saying that the King wishes the divorce case
to be decided by law, and does not consent to a citation or inhibition, except
in a certain manner, nor to the coming of Campeggio and the Auditor of the
Chamber, who did no good service to the Emperor in Spain, but rather
has confirmed the King and others in their suspicions about the brief being
forged. Bologna, 23 Oct.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
1469. John Aleyn to Cromwell.
The city is quiet. The plague reigns much as it did before Cromwell
left. Watch is duly kept from 8 p.m. to 2 a.m. The sheriffs have a running
watch through the city from east to west, both on the north side and the
south, "and at their meeting in the west cometh thorough the whole city, and
overseeth the watch in every ward, so that like watch was never seen, very
well appointed in their harness. General precession three days in the week,
with a great number of innocents praying for the good estate and safe
return of our Sovereign lord, with all his nobles and subjects. The Council
here as diligent, as well the highest as the least, as ever were men, and failed
no day since the King's grace departed; and at their assembly as willing
lords and agreeable as ever hath been. God continue it!" They have
assurances from all parts that the whole realm is quiet, but the plague has
been more severe than in London. Cromwell's household and friends are
well and merry, preparing "a new altered house," as the writer hears, which
will content him. London, 25 Oct. 1532. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell, one of the
King's honorable Council, this be delivered at Calais or elsewhere.