laud. C. III.
1502. Knights Made.
"Knights made in Calais on All Hallowen Day, A.D. 1532, in the 24th
year of the reign of the King."
Sir Thos. Darcy of Essex, Sir Humph. Forster of Berkshire, Sir John
Ackett of Waterton, in Ireland, Sir Geo. Somersett of Northampton, Sir
Geo. Gryffith of Staffordshire, Sir Will. Neweman of Northampton, Sir Edw.
Aston of Staffordshire.
Sir Thos. Palmer, captain of Newenham bridge, was dubbed by the King,
From a later MS.
t. P. VII. 382.
1503. Benet to [Norfolk].
Don Peter de la Cova arrived on the 27th ult. The Emperor has written
to the Pope that he is contented to come to Bologna. It was intimated that he
would leave on the 10th. He will not tell the French ambassador or myself
the day, because this night a courier was despatched to the Emperor to see if
the Emperor would come to Rome. Describes the Emperor's arrangements.
The Legate left, making great journeys of 40 or 50 miles a day, and at last
came to a town where he had an interview with the count of St. Secondo,
who was arrested by a Spaniard the next day, and the Legate was kept at the
town house three days, and was then released by order of the Emperor. He
is now at Venice. The Count commanded 7,000 Italians, who mutinied, after
the Emperor left Vienna, for lack of wages. Gives a further account of the
proceedings of the arrest.
Hol., draft. Headed : 1 Nov. 1532.
1504. The French Pensions.
Money received by Robert Fouler to the King's use :—For the King's
ordinary pension of France, due 1 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII., 47,368 cr. For the
ordinary pension of salt, due the same day, 5,000 cr. For the arrears of salt,
due the same day, in full payment, 7,500 cr. "For the clear rest of the
Emperor's debt," besides 50,000 cr. discharged by the King, 46,785 cr.
Total, 106,653 cr.
Whereof paid to De Vaulx by warrant, 1,000 cr. Also to him, for his
reward for the King's ordinary pension, 300 cr.; and for the Emperor's debt,
200 cr. To the legate and chancellor of France, for his half year's pension,
1,000 cr. To the great master of France, for his, 1,500 cr. To the admiral
of France, for his, 1,000 cr. To the bishop of Paris, for his, 300 cr.
Leaving 99,353 cr. = 23,182l. 7s. 4d.
Whereof paid to Mr. Crumwell in England, 666l. 13s. 4d. To the retinue
of Calais, for April payment 24 Hen. VIII., 3,789l. 13s. 10d. Left at
Calais, for the King's works, 2,000l. Balance to be delivered to the King,
16,726l. 0s. 2d.
Pp. 2. Endd.
1505. The French Pensions.
1. Receipt for 46,785 cr. of the sun, paid by Joachim de Passano, sieur
De Vaux, at Calais, being the final instalment of the sums of 150,000 cr.,
40,000 angels, and 35,000 cr. of gold, formerly due by Charles V. to the
King, and now by Francis I., according to the treaty of Crevecœur. Westm.,
1 Nov. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
2. Similar receipt for 5,000 g. cr. paid by De Vaux at Calais, on behalf of
Francis I., in lieu of the contribution of salt, according to the treaty of
Hampton Court. Westm., 1 Nov. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
3. Similar receipt for 7,500 crowns of the sun, paid by sieur De Vaux at
Calais, being the final payment for the three years' arrears of the salt contribution.
Westm., 1 Nov. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
4. Similar receipt for 47,368 cr. of gold of the sun, 16 sous, due on certain
bonds, &c., by treaty. Westm., 1 Nov. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
5. Similar receipt for 48,571 g. cr. of the sun, 18 sous, as the true value
of 10,000 angels, 35,000 cr., to be paid at this term in completion of the
payment of 150,000 cr., 40,000 angels, and 35,000 cr. of g., formerly due by
the Emperor, &c. Westm., 1 Nov. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
6. Undated receipt for 7,500 crowns, for the arrears of the salt pension.
1506. John Abbot Of St. Werburg's, Chester, to Cromwell.
The abbot of Whalley, collector of the subsidy, has divers times sent
to me for 50l. due to the King. I have paid him 30l., and as soon as I can
after Christmas I will pay the residue. My tenants are very poor, and have
been sorely treated in my absence by such as were deputed into my room to
pay incomes and fines which were never asked before. Chester, the feast of
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
Vit. B. XIII.
1507. Henry VIII.
Promise to translate Benedict de Accoltis, card, of [Ravenna], whom
the King has already nominated to the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield,
to the see of Ely, when it falls vacant. Calais, 2 Nov. 1532.
Draft, p. 1. Lat.
1508. Walter Walssh to Cromwell.
I am thankful for your return home, beseeching your favor to meet
my friends as in times past. Give credence to my brother, the bearer, in such
causes as I have willed him to trouble you with. 2 Nov., "at Wynchecombe,
going towards the place that I was born at, hoping that the air there will
help me to get some more strength than I yet have."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council, and Master of his Jewels.
1509. Thomas Alvard to Cromwell.
I have received divers letters from you, much to my comfort. Your
household are well, including your mother-in-law, your brother-in-law and
his wife, and your trusty servant Williamson, who takes great pains to
accomplish your pleasure. Your brother-in-law also calls on the workfolks
daily. The steward and the rest of your servants do their duties well. Is
glad to hear of the King's good health, and longs for his return. God send
him a fair passage. As I wrote, the death is swaged, and there is good rule
kept, for Sir Hugh Vaughan takes pains in his office, like an honest gentleman.
I pray you be good master to him. Am glad the King has you in
such favor, and the French king also. "Also of your housekeeping, it is
showed me there is never an Englishman, the King's grace except, that doth
keep and feast Englishmen and strangers as ye do." I pray God to send you
ten times as much as ye have to the maintenance thereof. Is sorry that
gentle Mr. Norres is sick. God send the King and my lady (Anne Boleyn),
and all the ladies and gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and you, well to
return to England. Westm., 2 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most hon.
Council, this be delivered, at Calais.
"The interruptions of the liberties and privileges of the Charter."
1. The mayor has been often interrupted in his criminal jurisdiction;
and of late, for an offence done within the Latern gate, the offender was
had to prison on the walls, in custody of the marshal, where he still remains,
though the mayor has frequently claimed his custody. 2. The marshal
has also put in prison upon the walls an officer of the mayor's, for arresting
a certain foreign person, not a soldier, in discharge of his duty, and kept
him in prison six days and six nights. 3. As the staplers do not occupy
as amply as formerly, many woolhouses and dwelling-houses become vacant;
and as no money comes from them to pay your garrison as of old, the
burgesses are delayed the payment of their credits. 4. The restraint made
in England against victuals coming to this town, without the King's patent
or placard, is injurious. 5. The mayor ought to name and admit the
serjeants of the scunage as officers under him to execute summonses, &c.,
but they pretend to be under the exclusive command of the bailly of Colne,
whose jur[isdiction is] not within the scunage, but only as rec[eiver of
the] King's rents. 6. Your place called the Exchequer, and the place
called Staple Inn, and other places in this your town, ought to bear the
charge of certain watches for the surety of the town, which has been
thrown of late years on the burgesses. [7. Divers persons, not burgesses,
keep herbigage in the town contrary to the charter. (fn. 1) ]
ii. Thomas Tate, mayor. (fn. 2) Agreed, 3 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. by Mr. M[ayor?]
Henry Plankney, John Massingberd, William ..., Chr. Conwey,
Will. Snawdon, Ric. Ponti ..., Griffith Appenrith, Thos. Holland,
Will. Johns[on], and Rob. Baynam, aldermen, that the three articles written
"in the next leaf of paper before," shall be presented with the supplication
to the King, and when it shall be requisite "the afore[written] 6 articles
of the interruptions to be showed f ..."
Pp. 2, mutilated.
Titus, B. I. 57.
1511. The King's Plate and Jewels.
Commission to Rob. Draper, Jo. Bedill, and Jo. Halile, of the
Jewel-house, to convey from Calais the jewels and plate lately used by the
King at his interview with the king of France. Calais, 4 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
1512. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.
I have received your letters dated 26 Oct. Let us have some small
remembrance of you, and certify us of your return. Though your house
is not complete, I hope you will be pleased with it. This Monday I
received from Mr. Gyldon, of Lincolnshire, 2 doz. live knotts, and 2
cranes, which I would have sent you had I been sure of your tarriance.
London, 4 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1513. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his favor. Is happy to hear that the King has
been very fortunate in all his affairs. Will be glad to know of his return.
If God has been gracious to the King there, as Cromwell writes, he is not
less so here. The realm was never in better order. Tregonwell desires his
recommendations. Westm., 4 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
1514. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
The King has this afternoon determined to prorogue his Parliament
till 4 Feb. next, and that letters go forth to the sheriffs as usual. Thinks it
a very good time, being about the middle of Hilary term, when the days
will be improving, and "it was much my suit to bring it to that time."
Did not like to ask his Highness himself for the reversion of Toby, but hopes
Cromwell will do it, who knows in what case he stands, "few worse in the
realm if I should chance to return backward by sudden chances." The
King is willing to grant him the licence to retain and have chaplains, of
which he spoke to Cromwell at Windsor, but would not grant him the reversion
of Peksall's office for Pope till he had ascertained its value. Begs
Cromwell to advance his suit therein. It is but 20l. fee, and a great charge
of writing, with not more than 100 marks for keeping three or four clerks.
"I fear I cannot speak with you or ye go at any leisure. I intend to be at
the court on Wednesday, and take my leave of the King." "Scribbled this
afternoon." Signed : Thomas Audeley, k., custos sigilli.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his loving and hearty friend, Master Cromwell.
Harl. Ch. 43,
Commission by Henry VIII. to Edw. archbp. of York, Sir Thos.
Audeley, keeper of the Great Seal, and Robt. earl of Sussex, in consequence
of the King's absence at Calais, to prorogue Parliament on this next Monday
until 4 Feb. next. Westm., 4 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Titus, B. I.
1516. David Cyssyll to Cromwell.
Asks Cromwell to move the King, according to his promise, that
Cyssyll may lose nothing by his office as sheriff of Northamptonshire. Will be
a great loser unless he may have the same office next year. London, 4 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, one of the
King's most honorable Council.
6,989, f. 52.
1517. Edw. Mountagu to Cromwell.
"Right worshipful Master Cromwell." Asks him to be good
master to David Cycyll, sheriff of Northampton, in his account, wherein
he is likely to be a great loser without Cromwell's help. Advises his continuance
as sheriff next year, as the King's matters concerning Spenser and
Mauntel's lands are not yet found. Westminster Hall. Monday after All
Souls Day. Signed.
Titus, B. I.
1518. Sir Thos. Audeley, Custos Sigilli, to [Cromwell].
This 4th Nov. Parliament is prorogued by himself, the abp. of York,
and the earl of Sussex, till the 4th Feb. Present in the Upper House the
bishop of Carlisle, lord Darcy, the lord of St. John's, and the abbot of
Waltham. The Commons are delighted at the amicable interview between
the King and the king of France, and Henry's personal trouble therein.
All pray to God to send him a safe return. Today, after the prorogation of
the Parliament, the lords of the Council, and all the justices and barons of
the Exchequer, and the Master of the Rolls, assembled in the Exchequer to
nominate three persons for each sheriffwick. Encloses a list of the names.
A similar list is sent to the King to prick. Since your departure, there has
been much ado for Spencer's matter. The offices in "Northshire" and
Warwickshire will not be yet found. It is thought that Mr. Throgmorton
is not so hearty in Warwickshire as he might be. Tomorrow is the appearance
of the jury before the Exchequer again, where there is great counsel and
friends made to be there against the King. Though Knyghtley, the serjeant,
will not openly show himself in this matter, yet I hear that all is done by
his counsel. At the last appearance of the jury, his servant Beyny gave
evidence as he was "learned" by his master. I have provided that if it
appears to those who are there for the King that the jury are so labored
that they will pass against the King, that then the Exchequer shall have a
supersedeas and take no verdict. If the King suffer wrong herein, it will
be an ill precedent, and a great wrong to other shires. In Northamptonshire
the jury have "taken day." David Cecyll, the sheriff, has endeavoured
himself uprightly for the King, and shows me there is no doubt in the jury,
but that the King shall be truly served. He has been sheriff there not more
than three months. If I might have put him in the bill again, he would
surely have been in, but the judges said that he might not. I have put him
in for Rutlandshire. Recommends Sir Wm. Parr, who is named as one of
the sheriffs for Northamptonshire, unless the King will make Cecyll sheriff
again, and give him his pardon. Recommends Walter Smyth or John
Grevyll for Warwickshire and Leicestershire. Sends a bill of names for
escheators in Warwickshire and Leicestershire. Asks him to move the
King or duke of Norfolk about it. Monday, 4 Nov.
Asks him to keep the bill of sheriffs to himself till the King has published
Hol., pp. 3.
Writ to the keepers of the spirituality of the archbishopric of Canterbury
during the voidance of the see, to prorogue Convocation to the
5th of Feb. following, in the manner set forth in a writ 19 Aug. 21 Hen. VIII.
addressed to the late Archbishop; the said Convocation having already been
prorogued to the 5th Nov. by virtue of a writ 15th May last, directed to
28,586, f. 47.
1520. Katharine Of Arragon to Charles V.
Congratulates him on his victory in Hungary, and his going to meet
the Pope at Bologna. I hold it certain it is God who, by means of your
Highness, has sought to benefit the whole of Christendom; from which all
this kingdom and myself have certain hope, that, with the grace of God, his
Holiness will slay the second Turk, which is the business of the King, my
lord, and my own. I call it the second Turk,—because the ills which have
followed, and still follow every day, owing to his Holiness not putting an
end to this cause in time, are of so great and such evil example, that I
do not know which is the worst, this business or that of the Turk. Is
sorry to importune Charles so often, the delay has occasioned her so much
suffering. For the love of Christ, continue your good work, otherwise my
remedy will remain with God, and I shall enter another purgatory, from
which I hope to be released if it be your will. If his Holiness say he will
do it in the absence of your Highness, recollect what he promised you at
another time in that same city, and what he has done. I certify you that,
whether your Majesty is present or absent, it is all one. The truth is
known here. By thus destroying the hopes of those who persuade my
King and Lord to make this a perpetual case, all will be at an end. And
believe me, your Highness, that there is no one who knows this better than
I do. Artford (fn. 3) (Hertford), 5 Nov. Signed.
Sp. Modern copy, headed : "5 de Nov. 1533 (segun la carpeta)." (fn. 4)
28,585, f. 163.
1521. Katharine Of Arragon to Francis De Los Covos, Commander
The benefits conferred by your sovereign on Christendom show the
importance of persevering in good works, and you cannot do a better than to
urge him to lose no opportunity that his Holiness may make an end in the
business between the King and me. Vichefarfil (Bishop's Hatfield?),
P.S.—For want of peace of mind I have not strength of hand to write
what I would, that if the remedy of his Majesty fail me, when he is with
the Pope, I am unassisted.
Sp. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
St. P. VII. 384.
1522. Norfolk to Benet.
Urges that the bishop of Worcester be made a cardinal, for whom the
King is as anxious as he was before. Calais, 6 Nov. Signed.
Add. Endd. : Rec. 19 Nov. 1532.
28,585, f. 164.
1523. J. Hannart to the Empress.
Wrote from Paris on the 8th, sending a copy of a letter from the
captain who defended Guns for 25 days against the Turks.
Accompanied the French king on his way to the interview; but at Abbeville,
17 leagues from Boulogne, the King told the ambassadors they must
go no further, as the king of England had sent to say that he would not bring
any ambassadors with him, and he wished to act likewise. Hannart and the
ambassador in England both sent secret persons to the interview, from whom
they learnt that the two Kings met on the confines of the county of Boulogne,
at three leagues from Calais, on Monday, 21 Oct. They treated each other
as brothers, and returned to Boulogne. At a league from the town, the
cardinal of Sans, the Dauphin, and the two other princes met them. The
king of England showed them much affection; and they, much respect to him.
They feasted in the town for three days. The French king presented Henry
with six horses and six suits of clothes, and the latter presented Francis with
six hanaceas (harnesses?) and a camp bed (cama di canpo). It is said that he
presented the Princes with all the money their father owed him by the treaty
for the liberation. A council was held with three persons on each side : for
France, the Legate, the Grand Master, and the Admiral; and for England,
the dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk, and a bishop who is chancellor. Does
not know what was done. They spent the same time at Calais, and then
While at Abbeville, received a despatch of 11 Oct., with news of the
Emperor's victory. When I told the King of it, he said that the interview
was about the Turk, and that the king of England was ready to assist. The
Queen is well, and with the King at a castle three leagues off. Mians, in
Picardy, 6 Nov. 1532.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
Lanz, II. 21.
1524. Charles V. to Mary Of Hungary.
Touching his arrival in Venetian territory, his expected interview
with the Pope, &c.
Has received the packets she sent him from the ambassadors in France
and England. Must wait the issue of the meeting between Francis and
Henry VIII. Cannot believe the report that Henry will be so blind as to
marry Anne Boleyn during that meeting, or that Francis would pander to
his sensualism so far. Has, however, written to his ambassadors at Rome
to show the Pope how the king of England has scandalously brought the
said Anne with him to Calais, treating her like a wife, in contempt of
ecclesiastical authority, so that his Holiness may be the more disposed to do
speedy justice. Mantua, 7 Nov. 1532.
Cleop. E. IV.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
1525. Ric. Lyst to Cromwell.
I, your poor beadman, as yet unknown to you, heartily have me
recommended, being glad to hear of your prosperous comfort and consolation,
both spiritual and temporal. Father Forest, who neither loves nor favors
you, has labored to supplant father Larans, the King's true subject, and bring
him out of favor with the King, and our fathers and brethren, and to expel
him from the convent of Greenwich. The chief cause is that he knows he
will preach the King's matter whenever he is commanded; which Forest will
neither do himself, nor suffer Larans to do. If you hear that Larans is
commanded to go from Greenwich to any other place, it would be well for
you to obtain an order from the King for him to remain, which would be
more to the King's honor and the comfort of us that favor his cause. If the
King knew Larans' good qualities, both in learning, preaching, and politic
wit, he would not esteem him little; and that he will well know, when he
hears him preach, for he has a common custom in his preaching ever to draw
the hearts of the King's subjects to favor his Grace. I trust that he will do
the King as much honor and pleasure as fathers Peyto, Elston, Forest, and
his fellows have done dishonor and displeasure. Wrote about Forest to "my
lady marcas of Penbroke," who, I suppose, has told the King and you. I
have heard him say that you durst not displease him, lest he should bark
against you and your deeds in his preaching, and that he would never take
the King's part, nor favor his cause. The more shame and confusion to him;
for I have heard the King himself say that he promised to preach for him.
I suppose you heard of his last indiscreet sermon at St. Paul's Cross, where
he used himself more like barking and railing than preaching, "speaking
and railing over large of the decay of this realm, and of pulling down of
churches." He spoke also of the matter between Dr. Lee and his wife,
knowing nothing of it but from her complaint. He has divers times
reported that you are the maintainer of Dr. Lee against his wife. I think
the chancellor of London should be spoken to no more to assign father Forest
to preach at Paul's Cross. Our fathers have often assigned me to accompany
him, supposing me to possess intelligence and learning. Many a time when
he has preached, I have sitten under the pulpit with a pair of red ears,
because I have heard him so often break Master Precyen's (fn. 5) head. It is more
convenient for him to sit at home with his beads than to go forth and preach.
Recommend me meekly to "my lady marcus of Penbroke," to whom I and
my poor mother are much bound by her charitable benefits. There are other
things about our religion, known to very few, which I intend to show to you
or the King at convenient time and place. Send me word secretly if you
have received this letter. Greenwich, 7 Nov.
Ric. Lyst, lay brother among the Observant Friars at Greenwich.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : [Mr.] Cromell, nowe beynge in Calys. Endd.
1526. Reynold Lytylprow, Mayor of Norwich, (fn. 6) to Cromwell.
The bearer is in suit for grain, as are many more, and he desires your
favor as he is very poor. Never saw these parts in so much poverty and
idleness. People can get no wool, and all commodities made of it are decayed
in these parts. I doubt not that you will be able to find a remedy. Corn is
dear in these parts, wheat being 10s. a qr. and barley 6s. 8d., owing only
to the regraters, who are great farmers, and others who have corn to sell.
Some remedy must be provided. 8 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1527. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I am glad to hear of the amicable entertainment between the King's
highness and the French king. Nothing is so much desired now as the
King's return. Mr. Salter is dead. I think that Mr. Pakyngton would be
a meet man to be preferred to the justiceship of North Wales. On your
own matter of which you write concerning the ward of Courtney, I have not
seen Mr. Arundel since his coming into England, and therefore can serve you
no otherwise than by making scrutiny. The plague is abated. Chancery
Lane end, 9 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor and Master of the Jewels.
1528. Thomas, Prior Of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for the favor shown to him and his brethren in the
matters concerning their church. Has received the King's letter for presentation
of the benefice of Olderkirke, in the marches of Calais, to John
Benolt, secretary of Calais. Sends, as Cromwell desired, the institution to
the same; at the making of which Dr. Gwent, dean of the Arches, and
Dr. Petir were present. Offers Cromwell a lodging at his coming over from
Calais. Canterbury, Sunday, 10 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1529. Duke Of Richmond to the Prior Of Tutbury.
I am required by the King to repair from hence tomorrow to France,
and it is determined that such of my servants as remain behind in England
shall be established in religious places, to have meat and drink for themselves,
horse-meat for their geldings, and chambers for their lodgings; of
whom Robt. Amyas, clerk of my Jewel-house, is appointed to abide at your
monastery. Calais, 10 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
1530. R. Gwent, of the Arches, and Peter Ligham, Commissary,
Whereas the King directed his letters of late to the prior of Canterbury
for the preferment of John Benolte to the living of Olderkerke at
Calais : the prior sent for us for advice, as the incumbent is yet alive, and has
not resigned. Also, he who came with the presentation had no procuracy
for Benolte to accept institution. As you wrote so urgently, we have conveyed
a procuracy in his name, and caused one to be instituted for him, and
we pray you to keep the institution in your hands till the incumbent be
called before some judge, and deprived, or, by some good policy, driven
to resign. For any man in possession of a spiritual benefice must be
deprived by process before another man can be instituted; and this procuracy
is not allowable unless a man "do ratify it as it cometh to his knowledge."
Besides, by the law of the realm, no man being in possession six months can
be deprived, except by a writ of right. Begs he will protect their "poor
honesty." Canterbury, 10 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1531. Chapuys to Charles V.
Since the King's departure, at which he did not choose to have
Chapuys present, nothing has happened worth writing. Has heard several
times from the man whom he sent with the King, but supposes the Emperor
will hear from the Ambassador in France.
Received yesterday the Emperor's letters of the 3rd and 11th, with
letters of credence to the King, which shall be delivered at his return. Will
notice his behaviour on hearing of the good news contained in the said
letters; for which all Christendom ought to be thankful, and to pray for the
continuance of the Emperor's prosperity. The people here will acquit
themselves well in this respect. Three weeks ago Norfolk wrote the
substance of these news to Brian Tuke, for the information of the Council,
adding that the Emperor had dismissed all his army. As he did not mention
the reserve who would stay for the conquest of Hungary, the Council thought
this was bad; but Tuke altered their impression, and convinced the ignorance
and malice of those who would not believe that the Emperor was paying for
the army under the prince of Melphi, whose exploits they wished to compare
with the Emperor's. Tuke, who seems well inclined to the Emperor's service,
assured him that he did not know that there was anything new in the
league lately sworn at Windsor by the King and French ambassador, except
some explanation of obscure points, and assurance for this assembly, which
was arranged principally to consider the affairs of the Turk, and incidentally
The King keeps the Ambassadors so far off, and has told them so little of
the cause of his voyage, that there has been no need to speak of causing
them to abstain from making a league during the assembly, but Chapuys
has always imparted to the Ambassadors what he thought conducive to
friendship and alliance.
There is no opportunity of proceeding with the proposals made by the
French ambassador in presence of the Venetian, as he has obtained leave to
resign, and the seigneur de Montpesant has been appointed in his place,
Jocquin having refused. The news of the mutiny of the Italians in the
Emperor's letters comes at a suitable time, for it is the article of which the
King will think most.
La Marquise de Exces has sent Chapuys a letter, not signed, but either from
her husband or the Grand Esquire, saying that he had heard from Gregory
Casale, who has been negociating with cardinals Grammont and Tournon,
whom the two Kings are sending to Rome, that one of their principal charges
is to summon the Pope to declare immediately that the divorce should be
pronounced, which he had formerly promised to do when in prison, or ("il," qu.
error for "ou") to remit the cause here, otherwise the two Kings were determined
to abrogate the Papal authority in their kingdoms, and Henry would
have the case decided by the prelates of his own kingdom. Further,
Gregory said that he was half certain, from promises which the Pope had
made to him, that the sentence would not be given while the Emperor was
in Italy (par de la), but that when he was in Spain the Pope would show
the King the wish he has to gratify him. The King was much pleased at
the Emperor's journey to Spain. Advises the Emperor to consider this, and
to procure the decision of the process on which depends the liberation of the
Queen from purgatory, and the welfare of the kingdom and Christendom.
Will not say more, as the Emperor knows the importance of the matter,
and the Queen has written.
Paget returned eight days ago. He has visited several Lutheran doctors,
to persuade them for write to the King. He has also been to the doctors
(duke?) of Saxony, "et vers le filz," and also to the Lansgrave, but has not
been well received.
The man whom Chapuys sent to the interview has written that the
duke of Norfolk had complained of the soldiers who had come to the frontier,
though he had told Chapuys that it was not intended to treat of anything
injurious to the Emperor. He complained also of some article which the
captain of Gravelines had caused to be drawn up, but was satisfied with the
Parliament, which was to meet on the 4th inst., is prorogued till 4 Feb.
The object of the delay is to hear the result of the mission of the cardinals.
Raids have been made into Scotland by the English garrisons for the last ten
days. Several villages and abbeys have been burnt. The Council are displeased
at this, but there is no talk of reparation. London, 10 Nov. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
28,585, f. 166.
1532. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
The case of the queen of England has again been committed to the
Rota. Monday, 4 Nov., was the day on which the King's mandate should
have been presented, but this has not yet been done up to today the 9th. Two
citations have been issued, but the other side always opposes them, saying
that the conclusion given by the Consistory must first be examined. The
Pope, says that, notwithstanding their opposition, the case shall go on.
The Pope will have the brief dated now, but will not have it used till after
he has seen the Emperor. He is hindered by this meeting between the
kings of England and France. If I acted on my own judgment, as the
meeting between the Pope and Emperor is determined on, I should speak to the
Pope with rigour, as I know that he fears, not me, but my reasoning, to which
he has not replied. The Emperor has, however, ordered me to defer to the
Ambassador's opinion, and he will not take me to have an interview with the
Pope, and thinks that I am usurping his functions. The cardinal of Siguença
thinks the Ambassador is in fault, but advises me to leave the matter until
the Emperor has been consulted. For this reason, spoke mildly to the Pope,
saying that when Christ gave supreme authority to Peter, He asked him
three times if he loved Him more than all others, meaning that in exercising
this authority he should consider nothing but the love and honor of God,
without respecting princes; and his Holiness should therefore not delay to
excommunicate a sinner like the king of England. The Pope replied that
the brief would be dated now, and used when he had seen the Emperor.
Urged him not to wait. He said he would look at the minute, and send
it if he thought proper. The Ambassador thinks I have exceeded my duty.
I am much pleased at the coming of the Comendador Mayor de Alcantara,
don Pedro de la Cueva, for he has seen the falsity of the charges against me.
Rome, 10 Nov. 1532.
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy.
Ib., f. 169.
2. English abstract of the above.
28,585, f. 171.
1533. Chapuys to Comendador Mayor De Leon (Cobos).
Hopes the Emperor will have a pleasant voyage to Spain. The
queen (Katharine) wished to send a man to ask the Emperor, if he saw the
Pope, to urge him to decide her case, but has instead written this letter to
Cobos. London, 10 Nov. 1532.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
26,056, f. 4.
2. Modern copy of the paragraph relating to queen Katharine in the preceding
1534. Mai to Charles V.
Extract from a letter dated Rome, 10 Nov. 1532.
Late yesterday letters came from France. The interview between the
kings of England and France was being held, the English being at Calais,
and the French at Boulogne. [The cardinal of] Tournon and the bishop of
Tarbes were going to the Pope on matters of great importance. * * *
Hyeremia, the secretary of the king of the Romans, has just arrived with the
Emperor's letters of 4 and 5 Nov. The Comendador Mayor of Alcantara,
Andrea del Burgo, and Mai, went to the Pope, and spoke about the mistress
of the king of England, of whom they had already spoken several times.
He said he would order the cause to be despatched, and would give them a
brief for the separation of the King and his mistress. It is several days
since Mai asked for this. Hopes there may be more haste than before.
There has been as much delay as possible.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
1535. Pedro De La Cueva, Comendador Mayor Of Alcantara,
to the Comendador Mayor Of Leon (Los Cobos).
In the matter of the queen of England I have told the Pope and the
auditors what the Ambassador said to me. It is thought shameful that in
such an important case there should be so much delay. Some blame the
Ambassador; but others, as well as he, lay the whole blame on the Pope.
Rome, 10 Nov.
Sp., p. 1. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 173.
1536. Katharine Of Aragon to Charles V.
After writing the letter which the Emperor will see, she was informed
by a friend of what the kings of England and France had determined at
their interview to procure from the Pope by means of the Cardinals who
were there. Refers the Emperor to the report of his Ambassador in France,
and asks that what she writes in her [other] letter may be done. The
thunders of this land do not cast thunderbolts except to strike her. Asks
the Emperor to encourage the Pope, and procure the benefits which England
and herself expect from him and the Emperor.
Sends this post, as letters go safe now. Hopes for a good answer. Arforde
Castel, 11 Nov.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
Grant by Henry Lacy, late alderman of the town of Calais, for a sum
of money paid him by the King, and by Ric. Blont, son and heir of Alice,
late wife of the said Henry, for a grant made to him by the King,—to Sir
William Powllett, controller of the King's household, Thomas Cromwell,
master of the Jewels, Henry Norice and Thos. Henedge, gentlemen of the
Privy Chamber, and Rob. Fouller, vice-treasurer of Calais, to the King's
use, of a great tenement, with curtilages, &c., in the parish of St. Nicholas,
Calais, in Farthing Strete otherwise called Eschequour Strete, having that
street on the east, a tenement of Sir Ric. Whetehill and lands late of Hugh
Norton on the south, a street called Cowlane on the west, and land of the
King on the north. The length of the premises on the eastern side is 233 feet
8 inches, on the western 232 feet 6 inches; breadth at the northern end
117 feet 2 inches, at the southern 135 feet 2 inches. Calais, 11 Nov.
24 Hen. VIII.
Two seals attached. Endd. as enrolled in a register of the town of
Calais during the mayoralty of Thos. Tate, 24 Hen. VIII.
28,585, f. 174.
1538. Capt. Thouard to M. D'Yre.
Capt. Matute arrived this evening.
Hears from him that the king of England came to France (par deça) to
marry his Lady, but it has been delayed, to the advantage of the Emperor.
The Kings have determined to ask the Emperor for a part of the portion of
the queen of France (la part et portion), comprising Artois, Tournay, and
part of Burgundy. They have sent two Cardinals to Rome about the tenth
which they have begun to collect; and if it is not granted, the king of England
will raise it entirely in his kingdom on rents and other lands. The King's
solicitor at Rome, Jeronimo del Cæsar, (fn. 7) was at Calais, and has been ill-treated
by the Lady for not managing her affair better; for she had
hoped to be married in the middle of September. Cæsar told the Lady that
the Pope had delayed the sentence for fear of the Emperor. On hearing
this, the two Kings sent two Cardinals to make him hasten. It is thought
that the king of England is practising this tenth, so as to manage the Pope
at his pleasure. It is hoped that the Emperor will cause the sentence to be
given before the Cardinals arrive.
Fearing this, the Kings have sent Jeronimo in post. Hears that the French
king has sent a gentleman to England, since the interview, for the letters
and quittances of the present and "mercède" that the king of England
has given to his sons. If these letters are sent they will send with them the
King's bastard son, and the son of the duke of Norfolk, with 60 horse, who
will remain in France for the greater security of the treaty.
It is said that they are much displeased at the Emperor's prosperity, and
intend to do the worst they can to him, especially in Italy, before he leaves.
Advises good guard to be kept. 12 Nov. 1532.
Fr., modern copy, pp. 2.
1539. Margaret Marchioness Of Dorset to Cromwell.
Whereas you should have from me at Christmas next 116l. 13s. 4d. for
which my good friend and councillor John Holt is bound unto you by
statute, I am so charged with divers payments between this and Christmas,
that I beg of you to spare this money till Lady Day, out of your kindness
to me and my late Lord, and not trouble Holt for the same. Tyltey
Abbey, 13 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my very loving friend, Mr. Cromwell.
1540. John [Bunolt], of Calkwell, to Cromwell.
Robert Portecolix arrived this afternoon, and brought me a box, in
which were two letters directed to you, and with them the institution and
induction of Olderkerke. The official of Canterbury has written a joint
letter with another doctor, "and, as I showed your mastership this morning,
he bendeth with Baschurch." I send another letter which was in the box,—
I suppose from my lord of Christchurch, Canterbury. Cannot thank Cromwell
sufficiently for his benefits. Will defer taking possession of the benefice till
Sunday or Monday next, as he must do his duty in receiving the King's
money tomorrow and Friday. Begs him to stay the official and Mr. Baschurch
as his wisdom can imagine. Calais, 13 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Crumwell, the King's councillor.
1541. Francis I.
Instructions to cardinals Tournon and Grammont.
After presenting to the Pope the King's cordial recommendations, the
Cardinals shall tell him that at the late interview between the kings of
England and France at Boulogne, great complaints were made of his
Holiness's conduct in the matter of the two tenths granted to the French
king for the defence of Christendom; and the new exactions placed on the
expedition of bulls. Full instructions are given for their remonstrance on
They shall also say that the two Kings are so closely united that the
interests of both are the same, and if the Pope provokes them into undertaking
anything against him, great damage may ensue. Once they had
intended to do so, but have decided to request reparation first; and in case
of delay, which will be taken for refusal, they will demand a General Council
in eight months, or, if that cannot be done, in three months after that. If
the Pope will not, they will hold the Council themselves. All princes and
kingdoms will adhere to them, and especially the princes of Germany,
Lutherans, and others. The Kings' subjects will be forbidden to send
money to Rome directly or indirectly.
If the Pope uses censures, and the King is forced to go to Rome for
absolution, he will go so well accompanied that the Pope will be very glad
to grant it. The Cardinals must represent to the Pope the state of Christendom,
and the evils which would result from the Kings being separated from
the Church by lack of justice.
The French king will be willing to meet the Pope at Nice or Avignon,
as his Holiness sent word by the card. Grammont that he would meet the
King after the Emperor's departure from Italy. He will procure the king
of England to come also, so that all things may be arranged. The Cardinals
shall do what they can in the matter of the king of England, as if it was the
King's own affair. Amyens, 13 Nov. 1532.
Titus, B. I.
Ellis, 1 Ser.
1542. Sir Thomas Audeley, Custos Sigilli, to Cromwell.
We have no news but that the King has arrived in his own realm.
As we have been informed, by sundry letters, of his prosperous going and
return, we think we can do no less than give thanks to God for the same;
and tomorrow the Council, with the Lord Mayor, will be at Te Deum at
St. Paul's. Many of us would have attended the King, but dare not
approach him, as we "have been conversant in the air here." If I had not
devised a supersedeas into Warwickshire for Spencer's matter, it would have
been found against the King. London, 15 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Crumwell.
St. P. VII. 385.
1543. Sir John Hackett to Cromwell.
The bishop of Ross has left for Calais, intending to go to England,
and with him the Scotch Lyon king of heralds, who were ambassadors for
their king in France. The Bishop is desirous of making Cromwell's
acquaintance, to see the King and speak with Norfolk. Has sent letters to
lord Berners, deputy of Calais, to this effect. Newport in Flanders, 15 Nov.
1544. Sir Ric. Whettehill to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his goodness. Requests that the 10l. be paid to his
cousin Geoff. Lee, or to his son Gilbert, and that their quittance be taken
for it. Calais, 15 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, of the
King's most honorable Councillors.
1545. Clement VII. to Henry VIII.
Is grieved to see that the King, who has always hitherto been a pious
son to the Pope and Holy See, has changed his conduct for the last two
years without reasonable cause, though the Pope has not altered his affection
for him. Is sorry that his office and justice have compelled him to do anything
to displease him, whom he has always tried to gratify. Is he to
neglect justice and the salvation of the King's soul, or prefer their private
affection to public interests and the Divine will? Is bound to do not what
pleases the King at the present moment, but what he thinks consonant with
his honor and justice. Trusts that when this cloud of error has passed
from him, his former attachment will return, and he will confess that his
Holiness could do nothing but what he has done, and has sometimes been
over-indulgent. Reminds him of his committing the marriage case to the
two legates in England four years ago, at the King's request, though it
seemed to him rather unjust, until the Queen's appeal caused him to commit
it, not to the dominions of the Queen's nephew, or other places where she
might be favored, but to Rome, the auditory of the Rota, to be referred
to himself and the college of Cardinals. Meanwhile, though the King ought
not to have taken any new steps during the process, without waiting for a
decision, he removed the Queen from his company, and publicly cohabited
with a certain Anne. As this conduct was an injury to Divine justice, the
case, and the papal authority, wrote to him the letter dated Rome, 25 Jan.
1532, pont. 9, beginning "Quod pro nostra in te benevolentia, tuoque honore
et salute, falsum esse cupimus," &c. Is grieved to hear that he still continues
to separate himself from Katharine, and to cohabit with Anne. Again
exhorts him and warns him, on pain of excommunication, to take Katharine
back as his Queen, and reject Anne, within one month from the presentation
of this letter, until the papal sentence be given. If the King does not do
this, the Pope declares both him and Anne to be excommunicated at the
expiry of the said term, and forbids him to divorce himself from Katharine
by his own authority, and marry Anne or any other, such marriage being
invalid. Rome, 15 Nov. 1532, pont. 9. (fn. 8)
"Sic scriptum in calce partis interioris ejusdem brevis, die vigesima tertia
*** In the British Museum, Press mark C. 25, e. 15, are to be found
copies of three briefs, dated respectively 7 March 1530, 5 Jan. 1531, and
15 Nov. 1532. The first is for a general interdict in England; the second
is confirmatory of the first, and declaring all children by Anne Boleyn
illegitimate; the third is a copy of the preceding documents.
1546. Mai to Cobos.
Extract from a letter dated Rome, 15 Nov. 1532.
Yesterday the English made a protestation to the Pope about the process
of the cause.
Has managed to get a copy of it, and to prevent its doing harm.
Letters from France of 2 Nov. state that the interview is being held,
but nothing of importance, except the coming of the Cardinals. Each King
stayed for three days in the house of the other. The French king gave seven
horses to the king of England, who gave him in return a gold cross set with
stones, a "dozel," and a camp bed of "alioffar," and stones. He gave also
to the sons of the king of France the 300,000 ducats which their father owed
him. This last Mai does not believe.
Nothing has been said about the marriage of the duke of Orleans, or of the
princess of Wales.
At Calais no Council is held, but only banquets and good cheer. The
English [king] does not allow the Lady to have much communication with
the French, (no dexava tener mucha communicacion a la dama con los
Franceses). One night she was dancing disguised, with seven other ladies,
dressed in cloth of gold, and the French king managed to discover her, and
talked to her for a long time. The French ambassador writes that the Pope
was at the point of death.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.