Vit. B. XIII.
Burnet, VI. 47.
1547. Sir Gregory Casale to Henry VIII.
I followed the French king to Compiegne. As I had been informed
that the Pope would shortly meet the Emperor, Francis thought it good that
letters should be written to the two Cardinals at Paris to hasten into Italy.
I urged him also to instruct the Cardinals to remember Card. de Monte, and
promise him the pension of 3,000 g. cr. out of the 40,000 g. cr. that he was
willing to distribute. I saw the secretary upon the matter, who told me
that there were no funds at present for De Monte, but a promise for the
future; on which I remonstrated. I write the news to Guron, and I think
that Benet is writing to the duke of Norfolk. Gives an account of arrangements
made by the Emperor with his brother Ferdinand, and of a disaffection
in the army, of which Peter Maria de Rubeis is accused.
The meeting of the Emperor and the Pope is sure to be at Bologna,
whither the Pope is hurrying. I have urged my brother Francis to call on
De Monte to urge the Pope to determine nothing in the King's cause till
he returns again to Rome, and if this cannot be obtained the Cardinal should
go to Bologna, where, they say, the Pope will tarry till March or April.
When I left Calais the secretary of the Nuncio told me he had letters from the
Nuncio intimating his intention of writing to the Pope to do nothing before
my return. You will learn from the bishop of Winchester what follows
on the refusal of the French king to keep his promise respecting De Monte's
pension, as I have written to the Bishop. Compiegne, 16 Nov. 1532.
Lat. Add. Endd.
Titus, B. I.
1548. Cromwell's Remembrances.
The rental of Greenwich and Dartford, and the collection of the
revenues. The mitre of the bishop of Chester. The Convocation of the
Clergy, and what shall be the King's pleasure therein. To remember Lord
Mordaunt for Thos. Spencer's heir of Bedfordshire, the King's ward, pur
cause de garde. To speak with my lord of the Great Seal for the Merchants
of the Staple and the Merchants Adventurers. To speak with Mr. Villiers
for my lord of Rocheford's man. To devise a commission for Christ Church. (fn. 1)
A commission to be sent to Calais to pull down the ditches late inned by
Sir Robt. Wingfield. The articles for the orders of Calais to be perfected.
To speak with the King for Mr. Seymer's daughter for Elderton. To
remember my lord of Canterbury's best mitre to be demanded in lieu of the
King's legacy. A new collar of Garters to be made for my lord of Norfolk
for the one given to the Great Master. Hardyng's bill to have the next
avoidance of a Baron of the Exchequer. The abbot of St. Osythes.
Mr. Treasurer's pardon for his debt. The Parliament book. A cupboard
for my lady Marchioness (fn. 2) out of the Tower by Draper. Lord Rutland, for
the borrowing of 200l. Robt. Dell Woode and Griffith Reede. The signature
of Jennyn the jeweller's bill. (fn. 3) Lord Sandes' licence for wine. (fn. 4) Dr.
Pooley's bill for the prebend in Warwy[k]. Sir Walter Stoner. The
striking of sovereigns. The "plate" (map) of Dover haven. The determination
for Calais, and the articles of the same. The letters and instructions
for Denmark. The letters for Ireland. The licence of denizen for
Partly in Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
1549. John Grevyll to Sir Will. Paulet.
I thank you for your kindness to my brother, Fulke Grevill. As you
are master of the King's woods, I send you a bill of the waste done in
Hendley parks, Warwickshire, and of the deer. If Sir Edw. Willoughby,
their keeper, continue in his room, the woods will be clearly undone.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Sir William Poulet, knight and controller of the King's
1550. Sir Robt. Croftes to Sir Giles Russell, Commander of
Battysforde and Dyngley.
I have deman++ded tithe apples from the chantry of Sir Thos. Garneys,
who answers that he will not deny me any, nor he will not pay me any, and
that he ought to receive tithes from me, as well as I ought from him, and
that I am not bound to visit him, "but if he give me for my labour." I have
obtained a citation from the chancellor of the bishop of Norwich, but will
not serve it till I know your pleasure. The Chancellor marvels that you
suffer him to sing in your church. Send me your mind in writing, for some
will neither pay ducks nor apples. Mrs. Poley will pay neither tithe pears nor
tithe walnuts. If I suffer them this year, they will not pay any next year,
"for I think they will pay no tenth to Almighty God." Badley, 17 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1551. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Has received his letter of the 1st ult. notifying the recall of the
bearer, Dr. Cranemer, his ambassador, and that he has sent Dr. Hawkyns,
archdeacon of Ely, to succeed him. Commends Cranemer's diligence in his
charge. Mantua, 18 Nov. 1532. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1552. Robert Chapman, Mayor of Cambridge, to Cromwell.
Has received a letter from the King's attorney not to allow John
Hassenor, Peter Harryson, and John Neale, aliens and cordwainers, to
depart or embezzle their goods, as an information has been laid against them
in the Exchequer by John Molde of this town. As these parties have been
anxious to become denizens, would be glad if these aliens might be rated to
such a number of servants that the English residents may have convenient
living, and not be driven away. Cambridge, 18 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
1553. Thomas Arundell to Cromwell.
I beg you to have my father's cause in remembrance. My father's
servant has brought your patent, which, though simple for you, I hope you
will be satisfied with for old acquaintance. My father, I hope, is over
suspicious, but fears some knowledge of his suit might come to Sir Ric.
Greynfeld. I am ashamed to trouble you about so small a thing, but it will
ease my father's mind. If it be not passed, pray let not Sir Ric. Greynfeld be
sheriff of Devonshire; "for sith I cannot have it myself, I am so full of
charity that I would be right glad that he should go without it." Westm.,
Has sure knowledge that Sir Francis Briand was Sir Richard Grenfeld's
friend in this cause; so Cromwell must act according to his discretion.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, of the King's
most honorable Council.
1554. Sir Thomas Elyot to Cromwell.
Hearing of the safe return of the King is the most joyful thing that
ever happened unto me. When I heard that he intended to pass the seas
I was bereft of my sleep. God is my witness I speak without flattery, and I
have prayed to Him for the King more than I ever did for myself. I am
glad that your excellent wit augments the King's good opinion of you.
When the King commanded me to serve him as his ambassador I was loth
to go, knowing my inability; but after I heard his determination, I resolved
to serve him no less than any bachelor knight his ambassador had done.
At my coming to Brussels, showed myself as was becoming the King's
ambassador, who is the second king in Christendom. How I used myself
in my replies to the Emperor, God is my judge. I have seen him change
countenance, which, as they know that have been with him, is no small
thing; but, by watching my opportunity, and using him with silken words,
I attained such familiarity that he used more abundant words with me than
he had done to any other ambassador. He is a prince who by long travail
in Council is become of a marvellous deep and assured wit. That journey
is now grievous unto me, as I have incurred a debt of 600 marks beyond
my allowance; and, as I perceive, the King's opinion of me is diminished,
for many are advanced to be councillors whose services were not so important
as mine. I would rather live in quiet and study than have as much
as any king could give me. If my creditors were not importunate I would
pay the King the 100 marks I borrowed. I was allowed 20s. a day, and
spent 40s., and lost also by the exchange. I spent money to gain knowledge,
especially to those by whom I trusted to apprehend Tyndall according
to the King's commandment. I beg the King will forgive me my debt, or
make good my losses. I am named for sheriff of Cambridgeshire, but if I
am appointed I shall be wholly undone, as no man escapes from that office
by less than 100 marks. I beg to be excused. I know nothing of that
country beyond three miles from my house, and have little acquaintance
there. Carlestowne, 18 Nov.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1555. Lady Lisle.
Account addressed to "your honorable ladyship" (lady Lisle) of the
charges of repairing her balinger, named the Sunday, from 27 May till the
day of her departure, 9 July.
Charges of victualling at Portsmouth, including flesh that my Lord bought and victuals
fetched from the castle and from Sobarton. Charges for ropes, iron, &c., and victuals for
the voyage, 4 marks apiece to Thos. Persey, master, John Morres, pilot, for the voyage,
4 nobles each to 3 mariners, and other payments to 5 others. 3l. received of Thos.
Hawxworth, sent by my Lady in 8 angel nobles, which is not sufficient.
Pp. 4. Headed : "Jh's, ao 1532, the 27 day of May, in Porchestar." Endd. : For my
2. Account of money due "to your Ladyship (lady Lisle) for this voyage."
For freight of certain barrels due by Will. Fysshar, Ric. Bennat, Thos. Persey, the
master, John Morres, Mr. James, and the writer, John Norton.
Headed : "Jh's, ao 1532, the 18 day of Novembar."
ii. "Here followeth the average of a balinger named the Sunday, of Porchester, which
average was made the 28 day of October." For "skoppars and skoppar nayls," 16d.;
for the pilots' wages, 53s. 4d.; for the coopers' wages, 16s. Total, 3l. 10s. 8d.
Account of 151 barrels of herring to be disposed of to my Lady and other, at 5½d. ½ q. the
Pp. 3. All in the same hand as § 1.
3. "A bill of lading made the 29th day of August, in the Isle of Man." (Headed :
"Here followeth my Lady's copollment."—Laid in, 3 hogsheads, 2 "humbarbarels," and
18 herring barrels. At Carlingford, 16 Sept., 7 barrels; 23rd, 2 barrels, &c.
With similar bills of lading for Mr. Fysshar, Bennet, and the master, John Morres,
Mr. Jamys, John Norton, and the mariners.
Pp. 4. In Norton's hand like the two preceding.
1556. John Lord Husey to Cromwell.
I am desired to write for your favor to the abbot of Holme. According
to right and conscience, whatever was amiss in the late Abbot's days
shall be reformed to your contentment. The present Abbot will satisfy you,
I heartily thank you for this bearer when he was with you at Calais.
Otford, 19 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1557. Margaret Marchioness Of Dorset to Cromwell.
I know not how to thank you for your great pains heretofore taken
for me in my "enorme businesses," and your goodness to me and mine of
late for quieting the poor house of Tiltey, which otherwise would have been
destroyed. I have no remedy but to make to you continual requests as my
only hope. My yearly payments have been so great, and will increase
during my son's minority to 500 marks yearly; also to the earl of Arundel,
whose daughter my son refused, 300 marks yearly until 4,000 marks had
been paid; to my cousin, Sir John Willoughby, 200 marks, and other
charges. So that, without your loving help with the King that a motion
may be made to the Earl that he will be content to receive 100l. stg. yearly,
I shall not be able to marry my poor daughters nor keep my house. The
Earl refused to take my son when the King's grace was contented that he
should have had him after his refusal. I desire that 1,000 marks due to
him may be remitted, because if my son, the lord Mawtravers, had
refused the marriage of my daughter his wife, the said Earl should have paid
to my late lord only 3,000 marks. I sent my warrant to Ric. Phellipps to
pay you 40l.; but as he told me that he had heard nothing of the said
warrant, and was not assured that you would be in London when he was, I
send you the said sum by my son Medeley. Tyltey Abbey, 19 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my very loving friend, Master Cromwell.
St. P. IV. 623.
1558. James V. to Henry VIII.
Since the receipt of Henry's letters presented by Dingwall pursuivant,
explaining that the "vageouris" were sent to the Borders, not to annoy the
Scots, but to protect Henry's subjects, and to recover goods taken in depredations
for lack of justice, James has forborne to do anything more. Being
advertised of Henry's leaving the realm, he had given special charge to his
wardens to redress complaints, and had sent his controller, Jas. Colvil, of
East Wemis, and Thomas Scot, of Petgorno, bearer hereof, to be with his
officers in doing so. They were there 20 days, during which time the
English officers refused a meeting, and Northumberland wrote to Murray
that he was forbidden to keep one. Doubts not Sir Ric. Tempest, Sir Arthur
Darcy, and Sir Will. Eueris will testify to this. The men of Tynedale,
Riddesdale, and Berwick, accompanied by the Douglases, now commit greater
outrages than ever, on purpose, apparently, to break the peace. Edinburgh,
20 Nov. 20 Jas. V. Signed.
Calig. B. VI. 24.
St. P. IV. 625.
1559. [Northumberland] to [Henry VIII.]
On Wednesday, the 20th of this month of November, received his
letters directed to him and the Council here. The same day the Scots
assembled to the number of 3,000, crept upon them at the close of night,
"and kest of yaire forray to the number of 300 men, and tuke up a town
called Rosse, and laid their bushment in the edge of Cheviot." On the
meeting of the ambush and foray they cast off two others. One ran down the
water of Bremish, and took up four towns, Inggram, Reveyl, Brandon, and
Fawdon; the other the water of Aylle, taking up two towns, Ryle and Prendewyke;—
seeing which the country rose with a garrison, and pursued them to
Oswall Forde and Parish Stamble, four miles within English ground. Here
they saw three standards displayed, the lairds of Sesforth's, Buccleugh's, and
Farnyhirst's, and a muster of 5,000 men. The writer says he knew from
Englishmen and Scotchmen they were no less than 3,000, with their captains,
the laird of Sesford, warden of the Middle March, the laird of Buccleugh,
John Care, son and heir to David Ker of Farnyhirst, Mark Care, with all
the hedsmen of the forest of Atrik, with all Teviotdale on horseback and
foot, 400 tried men from the west, and all the inhabitants of the forest of
Gedworthe (Jedburgh), and all the tried men of Moorehowseland and
Lawtherdaill. They carried off into Scotland "divers prisoners, with great
number of horse, nolt, and sheep." Thinks that due notice ought to be taken
of this thing, as the king of Scotland had made proclamation on Saturday,
9 Nov., pardoning all offenders, except the earl of Angus, his uncle, his
brother, and their adherents; but on Tuesday the 19th, that no Scotchman
should speak with an Englishman on pain of death, and if he possessed land
or goods, half to go to the lord warden, half to the informer. Begs the
King may remember him, that he may be better able to serve him. The ship
at Berwick hath taken a certain Scotch ship which was driven by stress of
weather into Hull, and there detained by the mayor. On the writer sending
a warden serjeant with proper authority, desiring him to give up the ship,
he contemptuously refused. Begs that as he has the same authority as
Dacres in the West Marches, this injury may be redressed.
Contemporary copy, pp. 3.
1560. Kildare to My Lord Of The Great Seal.
[The letter of which an abstract appears in vol. IV., No. 4958, and
which is there supposed to have been addressed to an Irish official in 1528,
was probably written in 1532, and addressed to Sir Thomas Audley as keeper
of the Greal Seal of England.]
1561. John Wellysburn to Cromwell.
I thank you for speaking to the abbot of Osney, for wa[ter?] of
Myxbury, with the sheep's pasture and pond, as you showed me at Canterbury
when the King went to Calais. On sending my friend Mr. Wescot
and my brother to the Abbot, he answered he had granted nothing of the
foresaid parcels, but made you such an answer as contented you. I desired
him to give me 20 oaks within a mile, wherein I began the repairs of the
farm of Osney. He said they were all too small; so that I am disappointed
in all things I desired. I intend to live in rest among my neighbours, which
now cannot be. Let me know whether you advise me to go to the Abbot for
these things or not, and what I shall say to him. I have been sore sick
since I saw you last, and though my body is recovered, the disease of my
mind is as strong as ever. In 20 days I expect to be at the Court, if money
come in. Fulwell, Oxon, 20 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1562. Sir Will. Morgan to Cromwell.
I am glad to hear that the King has given you the hundred of
Rompney in co. Wenlloke. (fn. 5) I send you information as to the customs
of the said county. A high court, called a shire, is held at Newport, where
all the freeholders are bound to attend to serve the King in all causes pertaining
to him; also, a certain number of your tenants, being custom-holders,
give their attendance to convey such persons to the gallows as are condemned
to die; also, to bring forms, stools, and cushions to the justices in eyre. Let
me know your pleasure touching the same. 21 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1563. Thomas Bagarde to Cromwell.
Is in peaceable possession of his office under the bishop of Worcester,
obtained by Cromwell's favor. Thanks him accordingly. Worcester,
21 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : One of the King's Council.
St. P. VII. 386.
1564. Nicholas Haukins to Henry VIII.
Has not hitherto been able to write, as he has never met with a post
for England. Having obtained licence from the King at Greenwich on
Wednesday (2 Oct.), arrived at Calais on Saturday, and reached Italy five
weeks after. Had an audience on Saturday six weeks (16 Nov.), of the
Emperor at Mantua, who dismissed Cranmer, and admitted me in his place,
as you will understand by Cranmer himself. Rœulx, the grand master, and
Granvelle, after thanking you for your letters, proffered their services. I
have not yet delivered your letters to the King elect of the Romans (Ferdinand),
nor to the Princes of Germany, as there are none with the
Emperor, nor had I yet spoken with Cranmer to discover their inclinations,
and also because the Emperor has dismissed his army, and departed into
Italy, and goes thence to Spain. To know the certainty thereof I rode
post to Ausbroke, where I heard that he would not depart this winter.
Gives a more detailed account of his journey. At Gravelines he was
received by the captain, who desired peace between the two countries.
At Cologne the people were much afraid of the interview between the two
Kings, lest they should invade the country during the Emperor's absence.
The further he got into Almain, the less popular he found the Emperor, chiefly
because his soldiers have been left unpaid. They are also sore displeased
with him because of his Spaniards and Italians, whom they hate worse than
the Turks, for their cruelty, and for destroying their towns and cities, and
abusing their wives and daughters, as I was told by a Fleming; who said he
would not give a penny for all the goods and lives of the Spaniards or others
that should pass by Frankfort, Nuremberg, &c., to Vienna, nor for mine if
I went the same way. He showed me that in High Almain, a Spaniard and
his servants were cut to pieces; that the inhabitants felled great firs across
the ways, and digged pits in them. A gentleman of the duke of Milan told
Cranmer and me that the Almains had slain 110 out of 170 Italians. In
Italy the grudge against the Emperor is not so great. Here they call him
"misero," and say he does many ungodly things for money, and that he and
his brother were the cause of the coming in of the Turk, because they would
make no terms with the Waywode for the Crown of Hungary, and therefore
they think the Pope should be left to defend his own country. I have
turned half of your dialogue (fn. 6) into Latin, but I would most humbly desire you to
consider "whether it be best that those complaints on your Highness' people,
and to them made of their unkindness and unnaturalness, and such other, be
turned into any other language than ours or no."
At the end of the month the Emperor proposes to leave for Ferrara, and
so to Bologna, to meet the Pope. Wishes to know if he is to follow by sea.
Is a bad seaman, as Aldrige can inform the King. Begs the King will excuse
his handwriting, and will be glad if one who could write fair were sent him.
When he left England, Thomas (Soulemont) was anxious to have gone with
him; but as he writes the King's letters in French, and was necessary at
the interview at Calais, Hawkins would not press it.
Would be glad now if he could be joined with him. No ambassador here
is without a secretary. My lady marquess of Pembroke (Anne Boleyn)
showed me it was your commandment that I should seek out books here
treating de potestate Papœ. I have sent one by Cranmer, which, as Rinke of
Cologne tells me, is substantially written; only Cromwell must find an interpreter.
He also tells me that the bishops of Cologne and Treves have been
excommunicated for collating their benefices. Cranmer left on the 19th.
By his prudent and gentle demeanor he has procured much benevolence in
the Court and out of it, especially with other ambassadors, who judge him
worthy to be in high favor with you. He has delivered me your plate and
other things. He has returned only upon my word and sight of my instructions.
Mantua, 21 Nov. 1532.
Hol. Add. Endd.
1565. John Lo[ngland], Bishop of Lincoln, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his kindness. Sends him, by his chaplain, his fee of
53s. 4d. Begs him to be good master to the poor house of Huntingdon,
which is left almost as poor as Job by the negligence of the late prior. At
the Old Temple, 21 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my right worshipful friend, Master Cromewell, one
of the King's most honorable Council.
28,585, f. 175.
1566. Mai to Cobos.
The Pope left Rome on the 18th. The Pope refused the appeal of
the English, and at the time the Pope left they appealed against his refusal,
until the Emperor was out of Italy. He (the Pope) told me that Benet
made the excuse "con el (the Pope?), diciendole que es obra del excusador."
I answered I feared that there was some trick between them; of which the
Pope showed himself to be sure. Trusting in his goodness, I am going to
procure a reply. I do not know if it is necessary to "criar la otra parte," if
at my instance they have to give apostyles, as the Datary says, although I
shall be contented with what they give me, without so much solemnity.
As to the brief of separation, Blosio tells me that Cuevas spoke to him in
Rome about some other brief, for which it was necessary to delay till arriving
at Bologna. Terni, 21 Nov. 1532.
Cardinals Matera, Santa Cruz, Sanctiquatro, Cesis, Ridolfo, Mantua,
Siguença, Burgos, de Guddi, and Cesarino are coming hither.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 193.
1567. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Two days before the Pope left Rome, while the Cardinal of Siguença
was with him, I asked to be shown the copy of the brief, and that it might be
sent off, as he had so often promised. He said he was content with it, and his
secretary had orders. Told the Pope the secretary would do nothing, and
always denied that he had licence from his Holiness. He then called the
Secretary, and rebuked him for not having shown the minute of the brief to
the Ambassador; but the Secretary afterwards assured me that it was not his
fault. The next day the Ambassador received a copy, and approved of it.
He told me that they had to date it on that day, and that as he was satisfied
with it, I should be so too; that he had promised the Pope not to use it till the
Nuncio had spoken with the King. I suppose he could not obtain it without
that condition. I told him I was grieved at this delay, because, though the
brief was dated now, the time of using it would coincide with the Pope's
interview with the Emperor, which is not so suitable as during the meeting
between the kings of England and France. The kingdom of God should
vindicate justice by intimating this brief at a time when Satan has shamelessly
planted his banner by the pernicious example of this woman.
The Ambassador will have written about the Pope's journey. If the brief
has not yet been sent, there is no reason why it should not, as what is
required by justice is never out of season.
The Ambassador tells me that all difficulties concerning the excusator are
removed, and that the conclusion given in Consistory has been confirmed by
the Pope's decree. Since the Pope's departure from Rome I have followed
him to Bologna.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
Ib., f. 195.
2. English abstract.
1568. Margaret Marchioness Of Dorset to Cromwell.
I beg the continuance of your favor as concerning the assignment of
the two quondam pensions out of this poor house. I beg you to consider its
poverty. I have sent you by my son Medley your 40l. in part recompense of
your goodness shown to me. Tyltey, this Thursday, 22 (fn. 7) Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1569. John Bennolt to Cromwell.
Could not do his duty to Cromwell as he desired, by reason of the
"rageous and stormy weather," which has continued since Cromwell left.
Sends 9 good partridges without heads. Hopes shortly to obtain more, which
he will send either by his "cryker" or some other person. The day Cromwell
left, a disease broke out on the head of his little spaniel. Begs him to
be good master to his man Henry Holland, for the signature of his bill of
6d. a day, "for my lord Debite (fn. 8) ys oblyviouse." Hopes to obtain shortly
Cromwell's candles from St. Omer's, and send them by the next mariner
that goes to London by long seas. Calais, 22 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromwell, Master of the King's Jewels House.
1570. Lady Lisle to Cromwell.
My lord and I thank you for our good supper on All Hallows Day, and
for many other kindnesses. I have sent you a "tecke" because I would
know of your safe return to England, for my lord and I were in great peril
for lack of a good pilot. From my lord's manor of Subberton, 22 Nov.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
Deed by which Henry Lacy, late of Calais, alderman, and Ric. Blont,
son and heir of Alice late wife of the said Henry, release to Sir Will. Powlett,
controller of the Household, Thos. Cromwell, master of the Jewels,
Henry Norrice and Thos. Henedge, gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and
Rob. Fouler, vice-treasurer of Calais, to the King's use, a great tenement
with garden and ground in the parish of St. Nicholas, in Farthingstrete alias
Escheaquourstrete in Calais, viz., between the said street on the east, the
tenement of Sir Ric. Whetehill and the land of Hugh Norton on the south,
Cowlane on the west, and the King's land on the north; length on the east
side from north to south, 233 feet 8 inches; on the west, 232 feet 6 inches;
breadth at the north end, 117 feet 2 inches; at the south, 135 feet 2 inches.
23 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Signed and sealed.
Parchment. Endd. : "Irrotulatur de recordo in Registro novo glauco
cartarum magnæ aulæ villæ Caleis tempore Thomæ Tate majoris ibidem
ao 24 regni Regis H. VIII."
1572. Richard Croke to Cromwell.
Wishes to know the author of a report told him by Mr. William that
Cromwell had informed the King's highness that Croke was not content to
accept this his most gracious gift and college. Desires that if there be any
report of him he may be allowed to answer it in person. Oxford, 23 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right honorable.
1573. [Cromwell] to the Abbot Of St. Edmund's Bury.
Desires to have a house in Essex, near Honysdon, and requests the
Abbot to let to him the farm of Harlowebery for 60 years, the lease of which
to Malery and his wife is almost expired. Will do what he can for the
monastery. Asks for an answer by the bearer. Has agreed with Malery for
the remainder of his lease. Eltham, 24 Nov.
P. 1. Add.
1574. Thomas Twesell to Cromwell.
As Tamworth, the auditor, is sore sick at Sion, I beg I may be one of
the King's auditors, as you promised me. What I have now is not 50l. a
year, for I had 20l. of my lord of Northumberland, and now I have nothing,
as the possessions are dispersed. Winchester, 24 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, London. Sealed.
1575. John Hastings to Cromwell.
Wrote to him before his departure over sea, promising to write somewhat
in the King's matter. Has done so, and he shall have it this week or
next. Oxford, 24 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Crumwell.
At the foot, in Cromwell's hand :—A letter to Geo. Lawson. A letter
to the abbot of Fountans. A letter to the abbot of Fernes. A letter to the
inhabitants of Scarborow and Bamborow.
1576. Priory Of Spalding.
Examinations taken, 24 Nov., touching a sum of money stolen from the
prior of Spalding.
Eight interrogations are proposed, and seven witnesses examined upon
John Boston, sub-prior, says the sum stolen was 500l., which he thinks
was taken within the last quarter of a year; that he has heard nothing of
its restitution; that the abbot of Swyneshed visited the monastery three weeks
ago, for what cause he knows not; that he heard nothing said in the convent
about the theft, and suspects no one; that John Beyston, a servant of the
prior, lately made a pilgrimage to Walsingham by order of his mother; and
that the abbot of Swyneshede once said to him, "Be of good cheer, and make
no business for it; for, by the leave of God, it will come again."
Dan Robert Pynchebeke alias Woode deposes nearly to the same effect,
but adds that Hen. Smyth, a student, was in the monastery within a quarter
of a year, and it was said in the parish that he came to discover the stolen
money by magic (causa revelandi hujusmodi pecunias per artem). He says
also, that "infamia laborat in patria contra famulos domini Joh'is Hussy
Thos. Spalding says the abbot of Swyneshede came several times to the
monastery this year, and that the sub-prior one day ordered the monks not to
talk about the loss of the money; that the father and mother of John Beyston
died very lately, and that he went a pilgrimage after their death. John
Spalding says the abbot of Swyneshede was two weeks in the monastery on
his way from Northampton.
John Beystone says that 400l. were stolen, and that the Prior missed the
money immediately after Easter last; that the abbot of Swyneshed was there
last Monday; and that one Mr. Smyth, priest, was at Spalding three or four
times, and told the Prior that he would recover the money; that his father
and mother had come to Spalding, and there died, and that he was commanded
by them to go a pilgrimage for them.
Dan Nich. Pynchebek also says that the money was missed after Easter,
and that he was told by Wm. Peresy, the Prior's servant, that 20l. had been
returned; also that Hen. Sewesmyth of Cambridge came once or twice to
the prior of Spalding in the summer preceding, and said, "he would find
means to bring the money again;" that the abbot of Swyneshed came this
term from London, and talked with the Prior; and that many others, both
religious and secular, know more than he does about it, especially Thos.
Spalding, jun., the Prior's late captain (nuper capitaneus Prioris.)
The sub-prior Boston, Pynchebek, and John Spalding are again examined
on some points. John Atkinson, servant, says that he heard, about the feast
of the Invention of the Holy Cross, that 200l. had been stolen from the Prior,
but never heard of their restitution; that a priest came to the monastery, who
was said to be a "calculator," but what he did he knows not.
Pp. 6. Endd. by Wriothesley.
1577. Marino Di Martines Di Gozi, in Crogna, to Jeronimo Molino.
Requests him to send a deputy to receive some wines for him. 1532,
24 Nov. "A Chrugni" (Corunna). Signed.
Ital., p. 1. Add. : Jeronymo Molino, fo (fattore?) de M. Marino — in
1578. Christopher Wellyfed to Cromwell.
I thank the Lord for having preserved you in this journey, to the
comfort of us your poor kinsmen. I write to certify you of my expences,
which I hope you will not think very sumptuous nor unbefitting a scholar.
My "newe" (nephew?), your son, is in good health, and prospers more at
his book in a week than he did before in a month. Barttlow, 26 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his right worshipful uncle, Mr. Thomas Cromwell.
1579. Chapuys to Charles V.
Since writing last, the King has returned. He stayed a few days at
Dover and on the neighbouring coast to consult about the construction of
harbours, or at least to make a pretence of doing so, that he might have an
excuse for demanding money from his subjects, to repay the expences of his
voyage. He arrived the day before yesterday at Eltham, which is seven
miles off. Sent a man to ask for an audience, which was granted for
10 o'clock yesterday with much courtesy. After commanding the duke of
Norfolk to tell the messenger of the appointment, the King told the man
himself in presence of the French ambassador and the company. Went
thither at the time assigned, in company with the Venetian ambassador, who
was soliciting a licence for wool for the galleasses which were coming next
year. In my lodging I found the dean of the chapel, (fn. 9) who was ordered to
conduct me to the court. In the first hall I met the earl of Wiltshire, who
led me into the dining hall, where the duke of Norfolk was waiting for me.
Ill as he was, he had come to receive me. Asked him the cause of the delay
of the Cardinals and Gregory, who, it was said, had not yet passed Paris. In
order to get something out of him, said that I was displeased at their slowness,
as I supposed that their journey would conduce to the quiet of
Christendom, and I thought that as the two Kings were sending the Cardinals
to inform the Pope of what they had treated at the interview, they would
also send suitable persons to the Emperor, as friendship, honor, and the
common weal demanded. I had no doubt about this, knowing the affection
and friendship of the King to the Emperor, and the handsome way in which
the French king had spoken of him at Calais, about the resistance to the Turk
and other things. The Duke did not answer for a time, and then spoke of
his illness, which had prevented him attending to business at Calais. He
said that some suspected that the meeting of the Kings was to invade Flanders,
of which there was no fear, and he hoped that other princes would be no more
ungrateful to the King than he had been to them. To this I rejoined, that
if he meant the Emperor, he must know that there was no prince who would
do more for the King than he would, provided it was a reasonable and honorable
thing, as I had often told both the King and the Duke. I asked him
to consider how the Emperor could, in accordance with conscience and
honor, comply with the King's complaints,—that is, the divorce. After his
customary sighs, he asked for news of the Turk, and said the Emperor's
fleet must be in need of victuals. On hearing of the Emperor's success, he
said it was very good, but it would have been better to have prevented the
Turk's coming at all, and it was very ill-advised for Christian princes to
interfere in Hungarian matters for either party. Showed him the great
injury which would follow if Hungary were in the power of the Turk, as it
would be if the Vayvode held it. He did not know what to answer to this;
and indeed, there was no opportunity, for I was summoned to table, and his
illness caused him to retire. From this conversation I suspect that the
Cardinals have instructions to speak to the Pope in favor of the Vayvode, on
the plea of the repose of Christendom, and that his Holiness favored his
election and authorized his coronation, as La Pommeraye said in excusing the
aid given him by his master.
After dinner, went to the King, who was in a short coat, ready for hunting
in the park. He received me as courteously as ever.
Presented to him your Majesty's letters, which he did not read at the time,
as they were only for credence. Told him of your Majesty's success against
the Turk, and kept back nothing, as he seemed to take pleasure in it. Told
him confidentially of your voyage to Spain. He said that he was very glad
of the Emperor's success and good health; he always thought the Turk's
enterprise a foolish one, for even if men had not resisted him, time would
have compelled him to retreat, with great shame, without performing any
exploit. He implied that his retreat had only been occasioned by time; but on
my telling him that he had suddenly retreated after the defeat of his vanguard
(ses coureurs), which he had forbidden to be published, the King gave the
credit to men, and not to time. He considered the journey to Spain very
reasonable, but he thought it could not be so soon, on account of the unsuitableness
of the season, and that Andrea Doria could not be at Genoa at the
time stated, for it was not known where he was. He said what had been
reported about the taking of Modon was a fable; it was true, no doubt, about
[Co]ron, (fn. 10) but he heard it was [not?] proposed to keep it. He had heard from
Venice that your Majesty had written to the Signory, wishing the mutinous
soldiers who had retreated into their territory to be punished, which the
Signory had refused. He thought it was a disgrace to your Majesty to
provide for the passage of the said soldiers, as they deserved punishment;
but seeing your letters of the 22nd, he praised your virtue. He had heard
that the Pope thought of meeting your Majesty at Bologna, but he thought
the Pope's health would not allow him to take the journey. He evidently
was not as pleased at the meeting of the Pope and your Majesty as at your
return to Spain.
Waited some time to see if he would say anything about the interview; but
as he made no signs of doing so, I began by saying that God had favored
their meeting by giving them such fine weather,—and rightly so, as the cause
of it, as far as had been published, was for the service of God and the welfare
of Christendom; and I thought that your Majesty, who only sought the union
of Christendom, could not have greater pleasure than to see the continuance
of the friendship of these two princes, whose quarrels would be enough to
trouble the whole of Christendom, as was shown in the time of Philip of
France and Richard of England, whose dissensions caused the loss of the
Holy Land. Said this about your Majesty in order to disabuse the King of
the opinion mentioned by the French ambassador, that you were not pleased
with the assembly. The King replied, that they could not have wished for
better weather; that the meeting was only for the good of Christendom;
that his friendship with the French king was likely to continue without prejudice
to any one, for they intended to do no injury to any one, nor break old
treaties; they thought the Emperor would not wish to infringe them; and
that the French king was a good prince. Finally, he said he was very glad
to have news from the Emperor, as he had had none from his ambassadors for a
long time, and he would shortly answer your Majesty's letter, and send news.
Mons. de Montpesat, the French ambassador, has continually followed the
King, and been in Court until yesterday, when he left to come here, a little
before I arrived. The Queen has been informed that the more La Pommeraye
solicits the divorce, the more he dislikes it. This is beginning to be perceived,
for he has not obtained the favor of lodging in this town in the
King's house, which the other ambassador did. Will visit him and show him
confidence. I write rather too lengthily, as your Majesty has desired me to
advertise you amply of the doings of this Court, and that you may know that
they have not diminished but rather increased their courtesy in consequence
of this assembly. London, 26 Nov. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
Deed of William lord Sands, K.G., captain of the town and castle of
Guisnes, granting to Powlett, Cromwell, Henry Norice, Thos. Henedge,
and Rob. Fouller, to the use of the King, a tenement and land in the parish
of St. Nicholas in Calais, between the street called Old Haven on the east,
St. Nicholas Street on the south, a tenement of the heirs of John Page on
the west, and a tenement late in the tenure of Jas. Wading on the north.
Calais, 26 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Signed and sealed by Sands, the seal of the mayoralty of Calais being
also appended, at his request, by Thos. Tate, mayor.
Grant by James Wading, brewer of Calais, for a sum of money paid
by the King to Powlett, Cromwell, Norice, Thos. Henedge, and Rob.
Fouller, to the King's use, of the tenements, gardens, &c. in Calais, in the
parish of St. Nicholas, in Castelstrete, viz., between that street on the north,
the street called Pennystrete or Old Haven on the east, a tenement of lord
Sandes and a tenement of the heirs of John Page on the south, and the street
called Showlane on the west. 26 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Sealed with
Wading's seal, and with that of the mayoralty of Calais, affixed by Thos.
Tate, mayor, at his request. (The second seal lost.)
Endd. like No. 1537.
1582. John Davy to Lady Lisle.
I have received your letter with credence by Mr. Dygory, and will do
the best I can. I have sent to Mr. Yeo to come to the next court to choose
a reeve after the old custom. I think they will be loth to do it, for they are
charged more rent than before, and I wish to know whether you will discharge
it or not. It is 5s. 11d. as appears by the book of accounts. Bery
says he will pay his receipts to you, and to none else. He is sorry for your
displeasure. I will send your books under seal. Bery's debet for Womberlegh
is 11l. 17s. 1d. I would have sent the debet of Tehedy and Marshall,
but I had not the books. When Richard Harrys comes I will send again.
Thanked be God for the safe coming home of my Lord and your Ladyship,
for here was great discomfort. Womberlegh, the morrow of St. Katharine's
The mill is in decay, and must be repaired, or it will hurt your fishing.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1583. John Gardener to Master Mynne.
Gives an account of killing a fox with greyhounds, and enlarges on
the goodness of his hounds.
I would have been with you before this, but I tarry till my Lord be stalled,
for I must wait upon my lord of Lincoln (fn. 11) when he cometh thither. Master
Cheyne had fully purposed to have brought in suits (?), but now all that
matter is past. I beg Master Copwood and you to excuse me till I come.
Messenden, Wednesday after St. Katharine's Day.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated and defaced. Add.
Lanz, II. 28.
1584. Queen Mary Of Hungary to Charles V.
Having sent by the grand falconer Vara a gerfalcon and tarselet to
the king of France, he being there (on the borders) with the Queen, the
Grand Master and others, they told him they wished much that the interview
between the Queen and me should take place in Picardy or Champaigne.
The Queen also refers to it in a letter to me,—desiring, however, that it be
kept secret. I have only given a general answer, till I know your mind, that
it is one of the greatest desires I have in this world to see her.—Gives the
arguments of her council for and against it, some being suspicious of the
French, others thinking it would intimidate the English and Gueldres.
Mons, 27 Nov. 1532.
1585. Margaret Marchioness Of Dorset to Cromwell.
I have received your letter by Adyngton's servant, the skinner, who
claims certain duty owed him by my late Lord, and in whose favor you write
earnestly; but I would have you know how I am handled by him. He
keeps my Lord's creation robes of crimson velvet, and I cannot know where
they are, and therefore till he informs me I refuse to pay him. I beg you
will summon him, and learn what he has done with them, and name the
person to whom he delivered them, and I will be glad to arrange with him.
No one living has more need of your help than I. Is overwhelmed with
payments. Tylty Abbey, 28 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
28,585, f. 177.
1586. Mai to Charles V.
The Pope tells him that he shall arrive at Bologna on Saturday
Told his Holiness that the news that the French king is about to send an
embassy to Scotland, and marry his daughter to the King, is more a sign of
fear than a threat;—with which the Pope agreed, saying it would be a good
thing "que pusiessen el seso en su lugar." It is reported that the duke
of Cleves is dead, and the duke of Lorraine (el de lorheno) claims his estates.
The Pope has had news from England that they wished to celebrate the
marriage in presence of the French king, but refrained in consequence of
the Emperor's victory; that the Cardinals bring proposals for the English
affair (medios para esto de Anglaterra) to waste time. Asked him to give
us the necessary remedy. Spoke to his Holiness of the reported fear of insurrection
in England, which showed the groundlessness of his apprehensions
of scandal arising from the sentence. Asked him to answer the last
schedule of the English, but I fear it will not be obtained till we arrive at
Wrote in my last that the brief of separation would not be sent till we
arrived at Bologna, as they wish to mention in it the monitions and briefs
which have been already despatched. Asked the Pope, as he was willing to
send it, to despatch the one that had been agreed upon, and that he should
give us the one containing reference to the briefs above mentioned. With
this he was content. I did this to save time, because the Pope said that he
wished, before the brief was published on the part of the Queen, to have
another sent him by his Nuncio, and that we might keep the other here; and
if the King would not have it presented, or would not answer, that then,
with the blessing of God, ours should be presented. To gain time, I solicit
the despatch of the other.
The Pope has just heard of the impossibility of providing hay, &c. at
Bologna, and advises the Emperor to bring as few people as possible.* * *
Del Burgo, 28 Nov. 1532.
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy.
1587. Merchants Of The Hanse.
Informations exhibited before the Barons of the Exchequer, in Trinity
and Michaelmas terms 24 Hen. VIII., against certain merchants of the Hanse
in respect of woollen cloths [for violations of the statute 22 Hen. VIII. c. 1.
against aliens buying wools]. The names of the merchants are given, and
the amount and value of the wools for which each is proceeded against.
1588. Sir John Mablisteyn to Sir Giles Russell, Commander
of Badisford and Dyngley.
In answer to his question whether any money may be recovered "of
the spoil and mortuorum or vacant for Sir Nicholas Hussey;" told him
before that there would be nothing of the two former, as the responsions for
the mortuorum are unpaid to the amount of 60l.; but of the vacant there
may be a good sum.—Will be glad to have the responsion due last Midsummer,
for Mr. Turcoplyer when he departed left the treasury all unstored. Will
send on his letters. London, 29 Nov. 1532. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : R. 2 Dec. 1532.
1589. The King's Jewels.
Signed bill for the allowance to Robert Draper, John Bedill, and
John Halile, officers of the Jewel-house, for attending at the Tower of
London, and conveying jewels and plate thence to Calais and Boulogne,
at the meeting of the French and English kings, and back again. From
20 Sept. to 30 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII., 50 days, at 2s. apiece, 15l. Sealed.
1590. The Scotch Borders.
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the jewels,
to convey to Sir Geo. Lawson 2,500l. to be employed on the marches of
Scotland. Greenwich, 30 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Cleop. E. IV.
1591. John Lawrence to [Cromwell].
Thanks him for his kindness at Bullane. I have had such information
concerning our father commissary since my return to England that I
greatly doubt his fidelity towards our Sovereign, and his returning. However,
it may be otherwise. I hope that my commending him will not cause me
to incur the King's displeasure if he does not keep touch according to his
promise. If he do come, in my opinion it will be necessary for you to
counsel him to beware of father Forest, who boasts that he will rule the
Commissary at his pleasure. He greatly rejoices that he put the King beside
his purpose at our last chapter, saying that if he had not been there, the
King would have destroyed our whole religion. Other things necessary for
you to know, I will tell you when I next speak with you. I enclose a letter
just received from a brother of Greenwich, both a priest and a preacher,
showing his deceitful illusions and crafty hypocrisy. I had brought divers
of our convent to favor the King and his cause, but he has so dissuaded
them, that, through fear, and through his flattering, they are now for the most
part of a contrary opinion. I trust, through your wisdom and aid, the matter
will be shortly redressed. Have compassion on my poor brother, the bearer,
and help him to obtain his right against this good time. If he do not obtain
it, or get help some other way, he will be constrained to give up his occupation.
Desires to be recommended to the King, whose commandments he
will be ready to accomplish. Richmond, 30 Nov.
Hol., p. 1.
Report by Sir John Gaynsford, justice of the peace for Surrey, of
examinations taken by him touching the murder of Robert Grame, collier,
committed at Crowherst on the night of Friday, 30 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.,
showing circumstances of strong suspicion against John Comport, the younger,
and his servant John Benson, who were in consequence sent up for further
examination before the Privy Council. In the course of this statement it
appears that after Benson had undergone some examination, Gaynsford
locked him up in his own house; but he escaped in the night, and fled to his
master Comport, who with him left home an hour before day, and went to
the earl of Wiltshire at Penshurst in Kent, complaining that Gaynsford had
taken his servant on a light suspicion about a man that was found dead.
Comport then offered to give bail for his servant, but the Earl brought both
master and man back from Penshurst to Gaynsford for further examination.
Gaynsford reports it as his opinion that Comport and Benson killed Grame,
and no others. The examinations before him were taken in Oct.
"Item, what further examination or confession hath been had before the
Council since my coming away, I cannot tell; but, notwithstanding all that
was done before, the said Comport is at liberty, and is come home to his house.
How he is delivered I cannot yet tell."
Pp. 18. Endd. In the margin the word "Nota" occurs opposite several
1593. Richard Cromwell, Sadler, and others.
"The hoole resceite of William Brabazon." Of Williamson, at his
going to Cance, 40s.; of Ric. Crumwell, 3l. 4s. 8d.; of Rauf Sadler, at
divers times, 9l. 2s.—14l. 6s. 8d.
Brabazon's expences, 13l. 2s. 10d. Remainder, 23s. 10d.; which I paid
to John Williams.
P. 1. Defaced.
2. To the smith, for 11 shoes and 2 "remevez," 2s. The moyle's
tramells, 2s. Cord when the horse went into France, 12d. Shoeing two
geldings, 16d. Horse-bread to the ship, 2s. Meat and drink for 2 horse-keepers
lying without Calais walls, 2s. Reward to the shipmen, 4s. 8d.
Two boats at the landing at Dover, 2s. 4d. The portage of my master, his
men and mails, 3s. 3d. Supper at Dover : 3 doz. bread, 3s.; 2 capons,
2s. 4d.; 2 shoulders of mutton, 8d.; a neck of mutton, 3d.; apples, 1d.;
sugar, 5d.; salt, 1d.
November, Thursday, 14th.—Dinner at Dover : a quarter of mutton, 8d.;
a loin of veal, 6d.; a pig, 6d.; butter, 4d.; vinegar and verjuice, 2d.; 4 lb. of
candles, 6d.; apples, 2d.; 2 lb. sugar, 18d.; "sawcygez," 2d. Reward to
the master cook's servant for bringing a present, 4d. Paper, 1d. To the horse-keeper,
for horse-meat at Sandwich, 3s. 4d. The horsekeeper's supper, 2d.
At Dover, 3 shoes for my master's horses, 6d. To the barber of Dover, for
"slygyng" of 2 horses, 20d.
Friday, 15th.—At Dover. 2 doz. bread, 2s.; a pint of malvesey, 2d.; 2 mail
girths, 8d.; a cod, 10d.; whiting, 6d.; eggs, 4d.; 3 doz. butter, 18d.;
white herring, 6d.; red herring, 2d.; 80 apples, 12d.; vinegar and verjuice,
2d.; mustard, 2d.; and 2 lb. candles, 3d.
Saturday, 16th.—A quart of malvesey, 4d.; butter, 2d.; 2 lb. sugar, 18d.;
eggs, 3d.; 2 lb. candles, 3d.; white salt, 4d.; 6 dishes of butter at night, 3d.;
½ lb. dates, 4d.; onions, 1d.; 1½ doz. bread, 18d.; whiting, 3d. For Est, 1d.
Sunday, 17th.—A pint of malvesey, 2d.; vinegar and verjuice at dinner, 2d.;
2 "sawcygez," 2d.; onions, 1d.; a pig, 5d.; butter 6d.; veal, 4d.; verjuice
at supper, 1d.; candle, 3d.; beer, 2 barrels, 4s.; wood at Dover, 8s.; horse-meat
at Dover, 11s. 5d.; 12 gallons wine, 8s.; ½ doz. bread, 6d.
Monday, 18th.—Wine at breakfast at Dover, 6d.; a pint of malvesey, 2d.
Reward to the house, 2s. 8d.
For one to help in the kitchen at Dover, 10d. Horse-meat for Mr. Attorney's
horses, 12d.; their dinners, 10d. Reward for bringing a present at Sandwich,
12d. Received of Rauf, 5l. Received of Ric. Crumwell by the
horse-keeper, 4s. 8d.
Tuesday, 19th.—At Sandwich : supper on Monday, and breakfast on
Tuesday, 20s. Reward in the kitchen, 12d.; horse-meat, 4s. 1d.; the
Wednesday, 20th.—Horse-meat at Feversham, and the horsekeeper's supper,
6s. 5d. Reward to the maidens there, 20d.
Thursday, 21st.—Received of Rauf, 40s. A pint of malvesey, 2d. Reward
to Prowce, 14s. Rhenish wine at Gravesend, for dinner, 2s.; fire, 6d.; bread,
beer, and ale, 12d.; the kitchen, 2s. 6d.; horse-meat, 12d.; the watermen
there, 8d.; shoeing at Canterbury, 20d.
Pp. 6, commencement lost.
1594. John Bond to Cromwell.
Thanks God for Cromwell's passage and safe return. Respecting an
order made by Cromwell that the writer should pay Clement Kyllyngeworth
7l. and 24s. 6d. for his costs in the Fleet. Has sent for the said Clement,
who refuses to come, but as a fantastical person resorts to Cromwell, as if he
were undone, while the writer has been imprisoned 17 weeks, and is in
danger by two exigents.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1595. Christopher Coo to Cromwell.
I am glad of your return, and your noble liberality in your plenteous
house, which has not failed of a universal knowledge to your high laud. I
am much "coacted" by doings of certain persons in this my trouble, and
desire you to move the King for mercy to be shown to me, that my liberty
and goods may be secured. I put myself in your hands.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right noble Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's
most honorable Council.
1596. Christopher Coo to Cromwell.
Begs he will take in good part his importunity. It is most expedient
in these causes, whereunto divers personages be called, whom, as he hopes,
Cromwell will move to pity. Hopes Cromwell will forget his many follies,
and that his submission may be taken in its true meaning, which was
only to obtain the King's remission by his benign help. Wishes to have
a hearing, as he is driven to utter undoing without his pitiful consideration.
Begs he will command this bringer to take a token to Mr. Lieutenant [of
the Tower] that the writer's servant may repair to him. Is bound to make
a request for the poor Doctor. (fn. 12)
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right noble and his singular Master Cromwell.
1597. The Divorce.
The substance of the Emperor's answer is that he will comply with
whatever the Pope decides in this matter, but his Majesty ought first to consider
whether the Pope's decision will be such as an honorable prince can
agree to, seeing that the things the Pope has already done are most unjust.
First he sent two sentences to the King, declaring that he ought to depart
from his former marriage, and contract a new one, and that the children
born of the second wife would be legitimate, giving the strongest assurance
that the cause should be tried within the kingdom and never revoked.
Afterwards he revoked the cause to Rome, a place most suspected, and where
the Pope was himself a party, as the matter concerned his power. He
required the King to name a proctor, against the privileges of the kingdom;
and when a certain lawyer, the King's subject, then at Rome, replied that
the King could not lawfully be compelled to do so, he was told the Pope in
his own conscience judged it lawful, although such a view could not be
defended by any law. Whatever the Pope could have done in that cause,
after such an excuse, was but the most open injustice. Yet, notwithstanding
the opinions of universities and lawyers, and even his own, the Pope proceeded
to the cognizance of the cause, and is said to have given a sentence
diametrically opposed to former sentences; yet, if we are to believe the Pope
himself, it is not he that has done so, but the Emperor; for whatever was
asked of him in the King's name, he always answered he would be glad to do
it if the Emperor would agree. Thus the Emperor is judge, and not the
Pope; and it is no wonder if the Emperor say he will abide by the Pope's
decision, when the Pope himself confesses it is the Emperor's doing, and not
his own. Yet I wonder the Emperor can defend such manifest injuries done
to such a friend. On the other hand, the King is so thoroughly satisfied
of the justice of what he himself has done, that neither sword nor persecution,
death nor life, &c., can drive it out of his breast; for the King will
neither change his mind, nor the people the law, nor will he forfeit the
privileges of his country. So, if the Pope attempt to force the King to what
is against his conscience, he is not only unjust, but he labors in vain, and to
the detriment of his own fame, opposing the Word of God, and creating
trouble in Christendom.
Draft, in Croke's hand. Lat., pp. 2.
1598. Grants in November 1532.
1. The duke of Norfolk. Licence to import
12 tuns of wine for the use of his household,
presented to him by his friends. Calais,
2 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
2. Charles Alexander of Kenton, Devon,
clk. Reversal of outlawry, sued in the Common
Pleas on a writ de eo quod reddat by
Peter Wilford; the said Charles having surrendered
to the Flete prison, as certified by
Sir Robert Norwiche, C.J. Westm., 5 Nov.
—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
3. Will. Sulyard, one of the King's councillors,
Ralph Waren, alderman of London,
Rob. Wrothe, attorney of the duchy of Lancaster,
Rob. Chydley, John Judde, and Will.
Wylkynson, mercer, of London. Licence, at
the request of Edw. Northe, to alienate a
moiety of the manors of Edelmeton, Saysbury,
and Constans, Middx., &c., and a moiety
of the lands called Claveryngs, in Edelmeton,
to Stephen bp. of Winchester, John Bell,
clk., Thos. Clarencieux king-at-arms, Ric.
Watkyns, proctor of the court of Canterbury,
Ric. Nele, salter, of London, and John Devereux,
notary public, to the use of Balthazar de
Guercii, surgeon to the Queen Consort.
Westm., 9 Nov.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2,
4. Chr. Danby of Farneley, York. Exemption
from serving on juries, and from
being made sheriff of Yorkshire, &c. Del.
Westm., 14 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
5. John Sayntjohn. Constat and exemplification
of the enrolment of patent 21 Dec.
3 Hen. VII., granting to Oliver Sayntjohn
the manors or lordships of Depford, Kent,
Garsyngton, Oxon, Hatfeld Peverell, and
Tremynys, Essex. Westm., 14 Nov.—Pat.
24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
6. Lionel Talmage. Licence to alienate
the manor of Bentley, Suff., to Lionel Bokkyng,
Hen. Blosse, Lionel Wythe, Lionel
Fosdik, Lionel Hering, Will. Hoxon, John
Wythe, jun., Thos. Gibbon, Thos. Clerke,
John Felgate, jun., Will. Lorde, and Will.
Butte. Westm., 16 Nov.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, m. 11.
7. Wm. Blesely. Licence to alienate the
manor of Kaylesthrop and lands in Kaylesthrop,
Grymelthorp, Byskerthorp, Cateby,
and Welton, near Louth, Linc., to John
Madyson, Will. Rooper, Chr. Rooper, and
John Angewyn, to the use of Edw. Madyson.
Westm., 18 Nov.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, m. 7.
8. Wm Hall, burgess of Calais. Reversion
of the next soldier's place that shall fall
vacant in the King's retinue there, with 8d. a
day. Addressed to the lord Barners, deputy
of the said town, and the lord Edm. Howard,
comptroller there. Calais, 7 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 18 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
9. Anth. Seyntleger alias Selinger, of
Ulcombe, Kent. Exemption from being
made escbeator or sheriff of Kent or Middlesex,
or serving on juries, &c. Dover,
16 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Nov.
—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 8. Undated.
10. Sheriff Roll.
Cumb. : John Lamplewe, John Legh, (fn. 13) Sir
Northumb. : Ingram Percy, Thos. Eryngton,
(fn. 13) Nic. Horseley.
Yorks. : (fn. 13) Sir Marmaduke Constable, sen.,
John Norton, Sir John Melton.
Notts and Derby : (fn. 13) John Hercy, Arthur
Eyr, Germain Pole.
Linc. : Sir John Thymolby, (fn. 13) Sir John
Markham, John Seynpoll.
Warw. and Leic. : (fn. 13) John Haryngton,
Walter Smyth, John Grevile.
Salop : (fn. 13) Thos. Lakyn, Thos. Newport,
Staff. : Philip Draycot, (fn. 13) John Vernon,
Heref. : Thos. Bodenham, Will. Clynton,
(fn. 13) Thos. Monyngton.
Glouc. : (fn. 13) Sir Will. Denys, John Arnold,
Oxon and Berks : Thos. Denton, John
Brome, (fn. 13) Humph. Foster.
North'ton : Sir Thos. Tresham, Thos.
Griffith, Sir Will. Parre, (fn. 14) Davy Cissell.
Camb. and Hunts : Sir Lawrence Taillard,
Ric. Sapcote, (fn. 13) Sir Thos. Elyot.
Beds and Bucks : Ric. Fermour, *Sir
Edw. Donne, Sir Rob. Ley.
Norf. and Suff. : (fn. 13) Sir Thos. Le Straunge,
Rob. Crane, John Spryng.
Essex and Herts : (fn. 13) Sir Philip Boteler,
Will. West, Thos. Peryent, sen.
Kent : Anth. Seyntleger, Sir Hen. Isley,
(fn. 13) Sir Will. Fynche.
Surrey and Sussex : John Palmer, (fn. 13) Chr.
More, Sir John Gaynsford.
Hants : Rob. Bulkeley, (fn. 13) Sir John Kaylwey,
Wilts : Will. Ludlowe, Rob. Baynard,
(fn. 13) John Erneley.
Somers. and Dorset : Will. Uvedale, *Sir
Thos. More, John Rogers.
Devon : (fn. 13) Sir Ric. Greynfeld, Andrew
Hillarsdon, Sir Will. Carewe.
Cornw. : (fn. 13) Hugh Trevanyon, Ric. Penrose,
Humph. Trevilian, (fn. 15) Sir Everard Dykyby.
Rutland : Anth. Colby, (fn. 13) Francis Broun,
Cheshire : Will. Damport, of Bromhall,
(fn. 13) Geo. Paulet, Edw. Litelton.
Westmor. : In feod.
Worc. : In feod.
—Del. Westm., 20 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Signed by the King at the beginning.
ii. Fiat appointing David Cecyll sheriff of
Northamptonshire. Signed by the King.
11. Will. Reskymer, one of the pages of
the King's chamber. To be bailiff of the
manor or lordship of Sherifhoton, and keeper
and paler of the park there, vice Laurence
Vacated on personal surrender, 10 May
30 Hen. VIII., in order that another patent
might be granted to Thos. Curwen. Windsor,
4 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
22 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.
12. Wm. Blakenhall and John Godsalve.
Grant in survivorship of the office of common
meter of all cloths of gold and silver tissue,
"tynsett," satin, damask, and other cloths
and canvas of aliens and others called
"foreyns" alias le "Stilliarde" in the city
of London, with the usual fees, payable by
the owners and buyers in equal portions
on the goods measured. Calais, 18 Oct.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 Nov.—
P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
(2.) Copy of grant in R. O.
13. Worcestershire. Commission to Walter
Blount and Thos. Acton, to make inquisition
p.m. on the lands and heir of John
Wasshebourne. Westm., 23 Nov.—Pat.
24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
14. Edw. Gryffyth. Livery of lands, as
s. and h. of Sir Will. Gryffyth; viz., of the
manors of Penryn and Penwullys, Carnarvon
and Anglesea, N. Wales, which are held of the
King as of the principality of Wales; and all
the possessions of Joan, widow of the said
Sir William, now living. Eltham, 21 June
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Nov.—
P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
15. Anth. Mighelson, a native of Brabant.
Denization. Greenwich, 5 Oct. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 25 Nov.—P.S.
16. Wm. Gwynne, clk. Presentation to
the canonry and prebend in the cathedral
church of Coventry and Lichfield, void by
death of Wm. Clayton, clk., and at the King's
disposal by the voidance of the see. Dover,
14 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 Nov.
—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
17. Thos. Heritage or Eritage, the King's
chaplain. Presentation to the office of precentor
in Lichfield cathedral, and to the
canonry and prebend of Bisshopeichyngton
in the said cathedral, at the King's disposal
by the voidance of the see. Addressed to
Will. abp. of Canterbury. Teste Westm.,
25 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2,
18. Rumbold Johnson, a native of Brabant.
Denization. Greenwich, 5 Oct.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Nov.—P.S.
19. The bishop of Winchester. Licence
to import 6 tuns of wine for the use of his
household. Calais, 3 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 26 Nov.—S.B.
20. Reginald Whiteacres, one of the
yeoman ushers of the King's chamber. To
be bailiff of the lordship or manor of Sutton
in Galtresse forest, Yorks., lately held by
Rob. Hogan, deceased. Dover, 15 Nov.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—
P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
21. The earl of Oxford. Licence to import
4 tuns of wine presented to him by his
friends. Calais, 10 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
T.R. Westm., 27 Nov.—S.B.
22. Lord Sands, the King's chamberlain.
Licence to import 4 tuns of wine
presented to him by his friends. Calais,
10 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. T.R. Westm., 17 Nov.
23. The marquis of Exeter. Licence to
import 4 tuns of wine, presented to him by
his friends for the use of his household.
Dover Castle, 14 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII. T.R.
Westm., 27 Nov.—S.B.
24. Thos. Lawe. To be wood-ward or
keeper of the King's woods in Wedgenok
and Fernehill, Warw., lately held by John
Knight, deceased, with the usual fees payable
out of the issues and profits, from which
Sir Edw. Belknapp, late occupant of the
office, took the same. Greenwich, 25 Sept.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—P.S.
Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
25. Arthur Hewar. Lease of all demesne
lands, meadows, and pastures, with
marshes, both fresh and salt, and the liberties
of all faldages, in Rysyng, Rydon, Northwotton,
Southwotton, and Bawsy, Norfolk,
belonging to the manor of Rysyng, parcel
of the duchy of Cornwall; with reservations;
for 21 years, at the annual rent of 51l., and
5s. of new increase, payable to the receiver
of the said duchy of Cornwall; on surrender
of patent 2 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII. granting a
similar lease to Thos. Thursby, of Bishop's
Lynne, Norfolk. Del. Westm., 28 Nov.
24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
26. Thos. duke of Norfolk, treasurer of
England. To have the custody of the person
and lands of Geo. White, son and heir
of Edw. White, deceased, an idiot. Del.
Westm., 28 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.
p. 2, m. 11.
27. Thos. Stynt. Licence to alienate a
messuage and lands in Thursley and Wytley,
Surrey, formerly of Gilbert de Hyfeld, to
John Cotton and Thomas May. Westm.,
28 Nov.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
28. To the King's Treasurer and Chamberlains.
Mandate for the payment to Sir Edw.
Nevile, to whom the office of King's standard-bearer
was granted by patent 23 Aug.
last, of the arrears of his annual stipend of
40l. Westm., 28 Nov.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, m. 8.
29. Sir Rob. Norwiche, C.J. of the Common
Pleas. Annuity of 17l. out of the
issues of the possessions of Edm. Shaa,
deceased, in Samwelles, Berkyng, Halstede,
and Horndon Market, Essex, during the
minority of Alice Shaa, d. and h. of the said
Edmund, with the wardship and marriage
of the said Alice. Del. Westm., 29 Nov.
24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 2.