Henry VIII
December 1532, 1-15


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'Henry VIII: December 1532, 1-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5: 1531-1532 (1880), pp. 670-681. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77500 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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December 1531, 1-15

1 Dec.
R. O.
1599. Sir Anthony Wylughby to Cromwell.
I would have come to speak to you but for the gout. Therefore, I have sent my wife to you, desiring you to solicit my matter to the King, that some end may be taken, or else I am utterly undone. I will gladly fulfil the promises I have made you. Wader, 1 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
1 Dec.
R. O.
1600. Receipts and Payments.
"Received for the King's pension for the Emperor" due 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., 50,000 cr. For the King's ordinary pension due 1 May 24 Hen. VIII., 47,368 cr. For the arrears of salt due 1 May, 7,500 cr. For the pension of salt due 1 May, 5,000 cr. Total, 109,868 cr., which, at 4s. 8d. each = 25,635l. 17s. 4d. "Whereof paid to Mons. de Vaulx, in reward for the debt of the Emperor" due 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., 200 cr., and for the ordinary pension due 1 May 24 Hen. VIII., 300 cr. For making of racks and mangers in Wolhouses, 33l. 6s. 8d. To the Council of Calais, for cloth for coats of the retinue there with the King's devices, 380l. 6s. 8d. Delivered to the King at Calais at sundry times, 6,000l. To Master Cofferer by the King's warrant, 3,000l. To Master Nich. Hawkins, archdeacon of Ely, going in embassy to the Emperor, for his diets at 30s. a day, for one year, paid in advance, 447l. 10s. To Edw. Aglyonby and Edw. Horsley, for the reward of 100 Northern men, at 3d. a day each, paid by Mr. Tuke (35l.), and for one month's wages paid at Calais, 183l. 8s. To Thos. Williams, riding to the court of Rome, 120 cr. To Sir Gregory de Cassalys, by warrant, 700l. To the same in reward 500 cr., and to his uncle 300 cr. To Mr. Crumwell, for money spent in the King's affairs at Calais, 350l., and other payments. To Wm. Gonson in prest, for transport of the King between England and Calais, 240l. To Sir John Wallop, going to the French king, a year's diets, beginning 11 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII., at 26s. 8d. a day, 486l. 13s. 4d. To the same, for post money, 9l. 2s. To lord Berners, deputy of Calais, in loan, 500l. For the charges of the French king's train lodged and victualled at Calais, as appears by a book signed by Sir Will. Paulet and Mr. Crumwell, 939l. 6s. 3½d. To the duke of Richmond's council, to be repaid at Candlemas, 333l. 6s. 8d. To the council of Calais, for provision of malt and oats against the King's coming thither, 400l. To Hen. Lacy, for his interest in a mansion adjoining the Exchequer in Calais, 40l. To Jas. Wadyng, for his interest in a brewhouse and five tenements, 130l. To Sir Ric. Whetehyll, for his interest in a yearly rent of 60s. Calais money, 36l. To Edw. Jenkins and Jane his wife, for their interest in five tenements and a woolhouse, 60l. To the heirs of Thos. Hewys, for their interest in three tenements, 20l. To lord Sandys, for his interest in a stable and barn, 20l. To Mr. Hackett, for his diets, at 20s. a day, from 5 Sept. to 1 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., and for a half year beginning 1 Dec., with 15l. for postage of letters, in all to be received of Mr. Tuke, 283l. 15s. 2d. Paid to Tuke by John Williams at Calais, to be received again, 200l.
Total payments, 15,131l. 13s. 1½d., leaving 10,504l. 4s. 2½d. to be delivered to the King.
Pp. 4. Endd.
2 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 391.
1601. Benet to the Duke Of Norfolk.
Bonner will be despatched in two or three days for England, who will explain all; but what he says must not be divulged to the French ambassador. Tomorrow cardinals Tournon and Grammont will be here. Bologna, 2 Dec. 1532.* Signed.
Add. Endd. One clause in cipher.
2 Dec.
R. O.
1602. [Wriothesley] to Cromwell.
Came to Dover this Monday, 2 Dec., at 5 in the morning. Hired Tovy's boat, which brought Cromwell over from Calais, which will depart with him at 7, if possible, for Boulogne,—if not, for Calais. Trusts this present Monday to be at Boulogne before midnight. Will not forget Cromwell's letter to Master Fowler, whichever way he goes. Will write from every place, if he can find a messenger. Dover, going to seaward, 9 o'clock a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his right worshipful Master Crumwell.
2 Dec.
R. O.
1603. Dr. John London to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness shown to me and to all your beadsmen of my lord of Winchester's college. The mayor and aldermen have told me that for your sake I shall have my desire in Candiche and my other suits, and they are coming up to you for the same. I hope for your help in the matter. They shall have sufficient recompense in lands and rent, and your pains will not be employed on an ungrateful person. Oxford, 2 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. : One of the King's council. Endd. : "L.— Lettres ao xxiiij. et xxv. R. H. viij." Also by Wriothesley, inaccurately, "The bishop of London."
[2] Dec.
R. O.
1604. John Davy to Lady Lisle.
Sends accounts and court rolls of Womberlegh and Whitechapel, with a rental of the Berton of Womberlegh. Bery's debt appears upon the account. Will send the books of Tehedy by Ric. Harris, sealed. He owes for Tehedy 20l. 9s. 2¾d., and the manor of Marshall is 5l. 13s. 7½d. No man will meddle with the Berton, because Mr. Dygory's stuff is in it. Your timber this year is somewhat better than last year. I am ill-treated in these parts, as the bearer can show you. Womberleigh, Monday after St. Andrew's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
3 Dec.
Poli Epp. I. 402.
1605. James Sadolet to Reginald Pole.
I was glad to be assured by your letters of your good health, for your man Thomas wrote to me from Avignon that you had had a relapse of your old complaint at Venice. Another advantage I obtained from reading them, which was still more agreeable, though perhaps not so necessary for me,— that I learned how highly I was thought of by one so learned, kind, and universally beloved. Fears, however, Pole is partial. Further compliments in reference to Pole's acknowledgment of his hospitality, and remarks upon his book. Has heard from Bembo. Said nothing expressly of theology, as it was included in philosophy. Carpentras, iii. non. Dec. 1532.
3 Dec.
R. O.
1606. Calais.
Release by Sir Richard Whetehill and Eliz. his wife, to Powlett, Cromwell, Norris, Henedge, and Rob. Fouller, of his interest in the tenements described in No. 1581. 3 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Sealed with the seals of Sir Richard, of his wife, and of the mayoralty of Calais, the last being affixed by Thomas Tate, mayor. (The third seal mutilated.)
Endd. like No. 1537.
5 Dec.
R. O.
1607. Calais.
Grant by Edw. Jenkyns, soldier of Calais, and Joan his wife, for a sum of money paid by the King, to Powlett, Cromwell, Norris, Henedge, and Fouller, to the King's use, of their interest in four tenements and a house called a Wolhouse, with void land, in the town of Calais, which, by reason of their ruinous condition, came to the hands of Henry VII., and were by him granted on lease for 70 years to Thomas Barton, merchant of the Staple of Calais. The premises abut on the highway called St. Nicholas' Street on the south; on a tenement and void place, formerly in the tenure of John Huberd, and now in the King's, on the north; on a house called a Wolhouse, formerly in the tenure of Will. Cope, Esq., on the east; and a street called Sholane on the west. They are 100 ft. long from east to west on the north side, and 102 ft. on the south; 70 ft. broad at the east end, and 63 ft. 6 in. at the west. 5 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Sealed with the seals of Jenkyns, his wife, and the mayoralty of Calais, the last being affixed by Thos. Tate, mayor. (The second seal is gone, and the third a little mutilated.)
Endd. like No. 1537.
5 Dec.
R. O.
1608. Henry Lord Stafford to Cromwell.
I send you by the bearer, Master Fuller, the King's auditor, 20l. for my fine to be excused from being knight of the Bath. Stafford Castle, 5 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council.
5 Dec.
R. O.
1609. S. Vaughan to Cromwell.
Came to Dover on Sunday, the day he parted with Cromwell. Took passage on Monday at 10 o'clock, and arrived at Whitesand Bay, 12 miles on this side of Boulogne, at 10 o'clock at night. Could not get a horse for any money, the roads being so dangerous; for the snow that fell was immediately frozen. Walked 12 miles, "not scaping mo falls than I have fingers." At Boulogne took post horses—the most dangerous riding he ever saw, and arrived at Paris on Thursday morning. Lost half a day by a fall he and his horse had near Abbeville, by which he hurt his leg, and was scantly eased by an application put on at Amiens. Trusts it will be well in six or seven days.
Has heard nothing of the man during his journey. A post who came from Lyons today had met with no such person. Will set forward tomorrow to such places as he was instructed. Paris, St. Nicholas' Even.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell be this yoven in London.
6 Dec.
R. O.
1610. Honor Lady Lisle to Cromwell.
Compliments from my Lord. I thank you for your kind letter, which I have several times perused, and for your great kindness in lending my Lord 20l. when he was far from home. I return the money by this messenger, by whom you will also receive two cheeses and such wildfowl as I can get. Subberton, 6 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council. Endd.
6 Dec.
R. O.
1611. Calais.
Deed by which Thos. Jacson, soldier of Calais, and Marion his wife, late wife of Thos. Hues, burgess of the same, Henry Montney, soldier of Calais, and Katherine his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of the said Thos. Hues, and Eliz. Hues, another daughter, grant to Powlett, Cromwell, Norris and Henedge, and Rob. Fouller, a tenement in Sholane, in the parish of St. Nicholas, Calais, viz., between the said lane on the west, the street of old called the Corn Market (Mercatum Grancrum) on the north, and a tenement late of Sir Ric. Whetehill, late in the tenure of Jas. Wading, and now in that of the King, on the east and south; to hold to the King's use. 6 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
On parchment. Seals of the grantors and of the mayoralty of Calais attached. Endd. as registered in the town hall of Calais.
7 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 392.
1612. Edward Karne to Henry VIII.
Since the departure of the ambassadors and Mr. Boner, nothing has been done in your great cause here, except that on the 28th ult. a citation was read against your Highness in the audience of the Contradictes, at the instance of the Queen's proctor, before Capisuccha, dean of the Rota. Called the King's counsel together, to devise how to stay Capisuccha; and it was decided, if he proceeded, to appeal. Attended next morning in the Audience, but no man appeared "for the parte adverse;" so that the citation came to nothing, and the appeal was unnecessary. Rome, 7 Dec. 1532.
Hol. Add. Endd.
R. O.
Pocock, II. 344.
2. Copy of citations by the auditor of the Rota to the King and his ambassadors, the bishop of Worcester, and Benet, dated 4 Nov. 1532.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 3. "Copia citationis de xxviij. Novembris."
P. 1. Endd. as above.
R. O. 4. "Copia appellationis interponen' Romæ," viz., of the appeal prepared by Karne above referred to.
Pp. 2. Endd. as above.
R. O. 5. "Copia petitionis pro revocatione commissionis." 7 Nov. 1532.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 6. "Copia appellationis a repositione interposita a decano Rotæ."
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 7. "Copia appellationis a Capisuccha."
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 8. "Copia primæ appellationis interpositæ a Papa."
Pp. 3. Endd. as above in the same hand. And in another hand : A copy of the first appeal exhibit to the bishop of Rome.
R. O. 9. "Copia responsionis Pontificis ad primam appellationem ab eo interpositam," delivered to Karne, 18 Nov. 1532.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 10. "Copia secundæ appellationis interpositæ a Pontifice," exhibited by Karne on Monday, 18 Nov. 1532.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 11. "Copia appellationis," viz., of another appeal by Karne against the citation.
Pp. 2. Endd. as above. The above documents are printed by Pocock, vol. II. pp. 344 et seqq.
7 Dec.
R. O.
1613. Thomas Mynternus to Cromwell.
The favor he received from Cromwell in England he finds here from Wrisle, the King's ambassador. His studies have been so much disturbed that he has been able better to remember than to perform his obligations. The coming of Wrisle to Brussels is very agreeable to him. Louvain, ex Collegio Juristarum, vii. id. Dec.
Lat., p. 1. Add. : Consiliario.
7 Dec.
R. O.
1614. Henry Thornton to Cromwell.
I perceive by my servant, who staid in London till your return from abroad, how ye reckon small kindness upon many considerations in the abbot of Michelney. He will never be able to requite your kindness, but you will find him of such honesty as I shall prove to you at my next resort to London. If I be justified in what I have heard, the King shall take profit. I hear you are dissatisfied with the leases of beans and pulse in Brentmarsche and Martock. Explains the usage. Brockland, 7 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's council.
8 Dec.
R. O.
1615. Calais.
Deed by which Thos. Jacson and Marion his wife, &c., release to Powlett, Cromwell, Norris and Henedge, and Rob. Fouller, to the King's use, the tenement in the parish of St. Nicholas, in Calais, described in No. 1611. Sealed with the seals of the grantors and of the mayoralty of Calais. 8 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII.
On parchment. Six seals have been attached, but only two remain. Endd. as registered.
8 Dec.
Camusat, 116.
1616. Montmorency to the Bishop Of Auxerre.
* The king of England has sent hither his bastard son, and the son of the duke of Norfolk, who are being brought up with the King's children. The Dauphin is nearly as tall as the writer. * Paris, 8 Dec. 1532.
8 Dec.
Titus, B. I. 371. B. M. Ellis, 1st Ser. II. 113.
1617. Sir Thomas Elyot to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his wise advertisements and counsels in the letter he received by Mr. Raynsford, but if Cromwell knew the causes of his discomfort he would pity rather than blame him, "if your old gentle nature be not changed." Knows well his duty to the King, which, God knows, he cordially discharges from no interested motive, but from admiration of "the incomparable good qualities both of his person and wit." Is, nevertheless, "cruciate" in his mind when he considers his infelicity and loss of time in unprofitable study, though he owns it is for lack of wisdom, having been too little time studious of philosophy. Soon after his father's death he unexpectedly came into the possession of the land he now has in Cambridgeshire, but his title was disputed; and though he was comforted by the late lord Cardinal, who had it enrolled before him, and heard himself the first covenants between Elyot's father and his cousin Sir Wm. Fynderne, the suit was prolonged a year and a half by his adversary, whose daughter was married to Mr. Porte, the justice, and cost him above 100l. My lord Cardinal afterwards promoted him, unasked, to be clerk of the Council. "Then was there newly delegate from the Star Chamber all matters of the North parts and Wales, as ye know." The few that remained were mostly complaints of beggars; and against the will of his clerks he set a moderate rate of fees. Was also clerk of the assizes westward, which was worth to him 100 marks yearly, but Wolsey induced him to give it up that he might attend the Council, taking only 200l. for it. At the end of the year he sued to Wolsey for a patent of the office, which he believes was made out, but he could never get it. Dr. Cleyburgh and others opposing him. Thus for six years and a half he served the King in the Star Chamber, and in some things pertaining to the clerk of the Crown and to the secretaries, without fee or even thank of the King. All that he got was the colic and the stone, and almost continual rheums. Finally, on my Lord's death his patent was cancelled, and he was only rewarded with knighthood, "honorable and onerous," when he had less to live on than before. Had a little before paid to Dr. Naturess, executor of Sir Wm. Fynderne, 348l. to redeem a yearly charge upon his land.
Thus, without office or fee (for he refused fees to serve the King without suspicion), without farm or cattle, except 400 sheep, has kept a poor house equal with any knight of the country. Has spent in the King's messages 540 marks above the King's allowances (of which he does not repent if the King is pleased); but now, when he hoped to live quietly, repay his creditors, and pursue his old studies, he is called to that office (fn. 1) "whereunto is, as it were, appendant loss of money and good name." Of the one he is certain; the other is hard to escape, strict justice being everywhere odious. Since his coming over, has discharged five honest and tall personages that he might recover from debt; but now he must augment his household. Carleton, 8 Dec.
Hol. Add. : To the right worshipful and mine assured friend, Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
8 Dec.
R. O.
1618. Rob. Bishop Of Chichester to Cromwell.
I am sorry to hear I have been misreported to you. I pray you not to think otherwise of me than becomes a man of my vocation, but to think as well of me as I have done of you since I knew that by your prudent counsel and charitable words the priory of Hardham, which was to have been suppressed, still stands and prospers. I beg to know who is my accuser, for I am sure there is no cause given. Aldingborne, 8 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
8 Dec.
R. O.
1619. Edward Boughton to Cromwell.
Will it suit you to be at Lesenes on Monday or Tuesday to view the King's lands? If so, "I most heartily require you to take a breakfast in my poor lodging, or your lodging over-night, if it shall please you." Woelwiche, Our Lady Day the Conception.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
9 Dec.
R. O.
1620. S. Vaughan to Cromwell.
I arrived at Lyons 9 Dec., the ways being so perilous by the frost that I never expected to come home without a broken leg. I had a fall at Amiens, as I wrote you from Paris. At Lyons I met an Englishman who had come from Mr. Cranmer, who was 10 leagues off, and is expected here. The news will please the King.
I wrote this at night, intending early in the morning to ride towards Cranmer, whom I will conduct in safety, or die by the way. There is no news here that I have been able to collect. I trust by Christmas we shall be in England, although Mr. Cranmer is disposed only to make small journeys. Lyons, 9 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's councillors.
9 Dec.
R. O.
1621. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Sends by Cromwell's servant 24 partridges and 6 plovers. Begs him to obtain the King's signature to the bill for 6d. a day which he delivered to Cromwell; also to befriend Thos. Knight in his matter against Dr. Vagham, in which Cromwell remembers a decree was passed by the Council. Calais, 9 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Crumwell, councillor to the King's grace and master of Jewels House.
9 Dec.
R. O.
1622. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Since his other letter was closed, the passage has been unfavorable. Has therefore caused the stuff to be drawn that Cromwell may have it sweet. Begs him to procure for the garrison of Calais payment of their half year's wages due 6 Oct. last, for they have great need; also to be good master to the water bailly in his matter. Calais, 9 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. like preceding. Endd.
9 Dec.
R. O.
1623. Will. Popley to Lady Lisle.
Has written to my lord "about certain wrongs and vexations that John Raven hath in this country about a tenement that he late held of my good lord his master which I have bought of him." Begs her to further his suit. Ciscetor, 9 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 Dec.
R. O.
1624. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I beg your favor in the matter of which I wrote to you concerning the parsonage of Dreyton Bassett. I doubt not, if you will send for Robynson, and desire him to be ordered therein by you, he will stick to his presentation, and so will Sir John Dudley. Thus it will fall into the King's gift by lapse. "And other mean I cannot devise to bring the matter to pass." Pardon me for not coming to you, as I must depart at next tide. I will wait on you at the beginning of next term. "I pray you, have an eye to your servant Brygenden, that he fall not to folly out of your house this Christmas. I am a great debtor of yours for him. I pray you think not long for recompense." Greys Inn, 10 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
10 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 180. B. M.
1625. Card. Of Siguença to Cobos.
The Pope says that the two Cardinals who come from France will ask for judges away from Rome for the English affair; they have signatures from many lawyers. The French king has suspended the convocation of the clergy till February, so as to put the screw on the Pope (por hazer torcedor al Papa), and prevent him doing anything at this interview injurious to France or England.
The king of England wished these two French cardinals to go to Rome to support his injustice, but the Pope thinks they may have come about French matters. They are lodged in the house of the Counts de Populis, where the Marshal intended to quarter the writer. Bologna, Tuesday night.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy. Endd. : 10 Dec. 1532.
10 Dec.
R. O.
1626. Sir Clement West to Sir Giles Russell.
Since your departure my house was infected with sickness, and I lost a nephew of mine. I wonder you have not sent your kinsman to be admitted, as you said you would. I put off my voyage as long as I could for his sake. I left Hamton 15 Oct. and arrived at Calais, 1 Nov.; on the 11th under sail, arrived at Alygant the 17th; "the 21 at seyll, and befors of wynd sorgyd at Melaws the 17, and the 29 seylyd to the entre off the Fare, and surgyd tyll the fyrst off thys present, and then enteryd and a ryvyd here both schyppys yn saffte." The Emperor has put back the Turk, and has now come to Italy. Some say he will into Spain, and some to Rome and to Constantinople. Howbeit, here are 40 galleys going to him to Gene. These, with other ships and galleons to the number of 100 sail, chased 130 sail of Turks, and have taken and fortified Corea and Petras. They beat677 down two castles by Lepanto, "and killed all, except one of them rendered, and let all go free. Much good artillery got they there. My lord master and the convent fares well, as says he that came thence." Myssena, 10 Dec. 1532.
Commend me to your brother and the Knights.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Sir Gylys Rossell, k., commondyr off Battysford and Dyngle [at] Seynt Johns Jerusalem, yn Inglond. Endd. : R. on Ester Day the xiij. day of Aprell 1533.
11 Dec.
Calig. E. I. 42. B. M.
1627. Richard Tate to Cromwell.
My lords of Richmond and Surrey (fn. 2) have been well welcomed in their journey toward the French court, with presents of wine and other gentle offers. My lord of Richmond has been in good health, and finds the country "very natural unto him." Surrey has suffered from an ague which he had before he left Calais, but it is hoped the worst is past. On arriving at the Court, which was at Chantely, the Great Master's house, the King embraced my lord, and made him great cheer, "saying that he thought himself now to have four sons, and exty[med] him no less." After the Daulphin and his brethren and all the noblemen had embraced him, he was taken into the King's privy chamber, where the King told him he should always be as one of his chamber. In Paris he has lodging in the Daulphin's own lodging, and sups with him and his brethren. Has found the Great Master and other governors to the Daulphin tractable and willing. Writes secretly that he finds great fault in setting forward my Lord's train, "which as yet is out of fr[ame]." Hopes things will in time be better established. Paris, 11 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Mutilated. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Thos. Cromwell, councillor of the Privy Council.
[12 Dec.]
R. O.
1628. John Davy to Lady Lisle.
There was a fault found in the book of account, which I corrected in my coming home. I send the books of Tehedy and Marshall with a paper of all the tin. Treunwith promised to have written up the Court rolls. Ric. Harrys has put in his allowance Mr. Saintaubyn's fee. Womberlegh, Thursday after Conception of Our Lady.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
13 Dec.
R. O.
1629. Dacre to Cromwell.
Has received his letter showing that the King desires to be advertised concerning the repairs of the town and castle of Carlisle. The King was pleased, on sundry representations by Dacre of the decay of the fortifications, to send down Master Candishe, Christopher Morice, and others, to view the same; upon which they made a "platt." Requests that the "platt" be called before his Highness. Nawarde, 13 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Maister Thos. Crumwell.
14 Dec.
R. O.
1630. Sir George Lawson to Henry VIII.
Received at York, from Master Cromwell, on Saturday, 7 Dec., 2,500l. in gold; and on Monday, the 9th, took it to my lord of Northumberland, the warden, to pay the conduct money and wages of the 1,500 men lately arrived in these parts. In the King's letters there is no mention of payment for wages and coats; so he has only paid their conduct money to Newcastle, and wages for 20 days, waiting till he hears the King's further pleasure.
Considering that this garrison of 1,500 men will remain till more damage can be done, though this raid was very successful, and that the payment of the former garrison of 1,000 men begins on the 12th, informs the King, as Norfolk desired him, that about 150l. will remain in his hands, and it will be necessary to send more money in time.
The beerhouses, bakehouses, mills, &c. in Berwick and Holy Island are marvellously in ruin for lack of keeping, and it is necessary that they should be repaired, as well as the castle and town of Berwick, and the tower of the White Wall, which has been damaged by tempest. Wishes for orders. Berwick, 14 Dec. Signed.
. 1. Add.
14 Dec.
R. O.
1631. William Brereton to Cromwell.
Did not keep his appointment at Leson, knowing that Cromwell's occupations were so great, else he would have gone to Mr. Page. Mr. Boughton has showed him the marshes laid out for the King. Likes the selection. Cannot say whether the King has his full number of acres. They will appoint some persons. The writer, with his friend Swifte, will see that the King has no loss. Would have sent some fowls, but his fowler is very ill. Leson, 14 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Sealed.
15 Dec.
R. O.
1632. Richard Croke to Cromwell.
There is no way but one with Mr. Dean, (fn. 3) for he has lain speechless this 20 hours, and purges insensibiliter both ways. His goods are all conveyed to Magdalene, Corpus, and New College, on which he has bestowed large sums, but nothing to this college, where he had his promotion. He had received since its suppression, besides salt and other necessaries, 180l. in ready money. Cannore is his executor. Long since he had granted away by advowson all his promotions but Witney and the prebend of Melton. On a crafty surmise made by Dr. London, that Carter, Leghton, and I should be at London to sue for the avoidance of Melton, he has resigned it to London, who is, by common report, an impugner of the King's cause, and an enemy of all that favor it. I have sent my servant to you with this information, forced by my fidelity to the King, who otherwise would be deceived. Oxford, 15 Dec.
Recommends Dr. Legh.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right honorable. Endd.
15 Dec.
Vienna Archives.
1633. Chapuys to Charles V.
Nothing important has happened since his last letter of 26 Nov., but he would not have delayed writing except for want of a messenger.
On receipt of the Emperor's letters of the 27th ult., sent to communicate their contents to the duke of Norfolk, that he might inform the King of them. The last time Chapuys saw the King he had asked him to do so, as his ambassador had not written for two months. Wished also to tell the King of the good conduct of the Venetians concerning the Emperor's passage, which he had attributed to fear. He was not pleased with this news, and still less with the charge of the prothonotary Gambara, concerning the Emperor's interview with the Pope, of which he had already heard, and had sent to France and Rome to hinder it.
Soon after Montpesant's arrival, went to welcome him, and found him well disposed toward the Emperor and the preservation of peace. He assured Chapuys that the treaties made at the interview at Calais concerned nothing but resistance to the Turk, and that the Cardinals who were said to have been sent by the King about the divorce were going on their own account, without any charge, and without their expences being paid; but it was understood that if they were required by the King's agents to solicit the divorce they would do their best to assist them. Three days after, he told Chapuys that if he would dine with him, he would show him what had been agreed at the interview. Went to dinner accordingly, but he excused himself from fulfilling his promise on account of the company present.
Whatever the Ambassador may say, the Queen has informed him that the King has given the two Cardinals 9,000 marks, which is worth nearly 30,000 crowns, either to distribute in Rome or for their expences. This, coupled with the fact that the King is practising more than ever with the Parliament (les gens de ses estatz), causes the Queen to fear what he boasted at Boulogne and Calais—that he will succeed in his attempt.
A gentleman who is a great favorite of the lady, and intimate with the duke of Norfolk, said that he knew the French king was making war upon the Genoese, in consequence of his treatment in Spain. He could do nothing more without breaking the treaties, and expected the Emperor would assist them, and thus give a pretext for contravening the said treaties.
Ten days ago the French ambassador went to see the King at the Tower, whither he had gone to view the building. The King showed him all the treasure. Four days afterwards the King returned thither with a small company to show the Lady the whole; and the Ambassador, who had received letters from France, went thither also. In answer to a question from the King, he said before the company that the news was good, and that Andrea Doria had sent back two ships of wounded men, and that the count of Tende had been despatched from the Court [of Savoy?] into France; and then told the King the rest in private. In return for his news the King gave him a gilt cup (une des belles couppes dorees que fut a la trouppe). On his return the Ambassador told a certain soldier that it was time to prepare himself, for he would bet that the noise of arms and drums would be heard in France before May.
He has often said to Chapuys that he wished the Emperor was in Spain, for his sake, and that of the queen of France. Perhaps there are also other reasons.
The Nuncio has received letters of the 10th ult. from the Pope, to exhort the King to send a power for his cause, and to remove the King's distrust of him. He sent to Greenwich to ask for an audience, and was told that he must wait till the King came to London. On going to Court, thinking that he should see the King, he was conducted to the room of the duke of Norfolk, where the Privy Council and others were met. He was told that the King, who had taken some pills, could not give audience, and had ordered them to hear what he had to say. They all said that the Pope had done very ill not to remit the cause here, and the King would never send a power. As he was leaving, Norfolk told him that the King would send for him when at leisure; which he has not yet done. The King had taken no medicine. Thinks he feared the presentation of some executive brief, and wished to show the Pope that his Council is more determined than himself.
A fortnight ago a young man came here who has served for three years in the fortress of Gravelines. As he draws well, the King's artillerists and engineers are trying to get from him a plan of the fortress. Will try and prevent it.
A pursuivant of Frederick king of Denmark is here, but only to show that the death of 40 or 50 Englishmen, who were lately killed in Iceland, was due to their own fault. The King is satisfied as far as regards the Danes, but not with the conduct of the people of Hamburgh. He proposes sending a doctor and a herald thither to obtain satisfaction.
Since the King's return the garrisons on the Scotch border have been reinforced, as the truce is expired. Some think there will be trouble with Scotland. Thomas Scot, one of the principal persons in Scotland, arrived today, being conducted by Lord Darcy. He spoke very haughtily this morning to the King, who was three hours in Council afterwards. It is said that the news he brings is the beginning of troubles. Will try to find out the particulars of his charge. London, 16 Dec. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
15 Dec.
Simancas MS.
1634. Rodrigo Niño to Charles V.
Extract from a letter dated Venice, 15 Dec. 1532.
The Signory has received letters from their ambassador in Paris, of the 5th. The King was at Paris. The ambassador they have sent to take the place of the one now there on the 21st met Gregory Casale, who had overtaken the cardinal of Tournon at Montargis, and the cardinal of Tarbes at San Marturini. Both said that matters of great importance to Christendom had been considered at the interview, and they were going to inform the Pope thereof. Knows nothing else of what the courier brought. It is thought that the Cardinals will speak of the divorce, for the king of England is more abandoned than ever in this matter.
Sp., pp. 2. From a modern copy.

R. O. St. P. IV. 627.
1635. [Northumberland to Henry VIII.]
Having received the King's commands to invade Scotland, and being informed of the plenteous country of Lodyane, about Donglas, three miles from Dunbar, whither many of the Merse had removed with their goods and cattle, took advice of his brother Clifford and the other captains of the garrison here; and on Wednesday night, the 11th inst., invaded Scotland, accompanied by the whole garrison and a band of Northumberland men. On Thursday morning, before daybreak, sent forth two forays, wherein were George Douglas and Archibald his uncle, who, at daybreak, raised fires in Donglas, and destroyed the town and corn there; also the towns and corn of Aldhamstokes, Cobbirsbeth, Hoprygg, Old Camers, and Reidtlewes. Sent for their support, Sir Arthur Darcy, accompanied by 600 and above "in a fleying stale;" and for his relief, Sir Richard Tempest, with his retinue of 500, "being so near unto my battle that his strength did lie unto the said fleyng stale and me." Set forward, and burnt a town called Raynton; "and thus, thanks be to God, the forays, fleyng stale, and battle, safely, without loss or hurt, did meet at the hour of 12 of the clock, not being one pele, gentleman's house, nor grange, unbrynt and destroyed; and so reculed towards England." In our return we forayed all the country towards Berwick, and burnt and destroyed the towns of Conwodd, Honwodd, two Rustayns, Blackhill, and Hillend, two Atons, "and wan the Barmkyn there;" all which towns were in the Merse. Many Scotchmen have been taken prisoners, and there were seized over 2,000 "noyte," and 4,000 sheep, with all the insight, &c. Saw no power of Scotchmen assembled till they came in the Merse, where about 2,000 men were seen about 3 p.m. After day was gone, arrived at Berwick. Will shortly set forward in Tevidale, where the frosts are so severe as has not been seen. Desires thanks to be given to Sir Thos. Clifford, Sir Arthur Darcy, and Sir Richard Tempest, and to other inhabitants of this country, whose names he sends enclosed. The earl of Angus, his uncle Archibald, and his brother George, assisted in their persons. Understands the lord Home intended to have given us a setting on at Billy Myre, when Angus's friends said plainly they would not adventure their lives against a battle so well furnished. On this they all deserted lord Home, leaving him not more than 1,000 men, and he never ventured near your army. Is much pressed to advance men to knighthood, according to an old privilege of wardens founded on custom, but will not take it upon him till he know the King's pleasure. Sir George Lawson was with him on Monday the 9th, and has paid the soldiers.
Pp. 4.


1 Sir Thomas Elyot was sheriff of Cambridgeshire in 24 and 25 Hen. VIII.
2 See Calais Chronicle, 44.
3 John Higdon, dean of Christ Church.