62. John Salysbury to Cromwell.
I proceed in the indictments of the bp. of St. Asaph and Mr. Rob. ap
Rice, although they have brought writs of certiorari out of the Chancery,
which I do not execute ; for which reason they are bringing a subpœna
against me. I shall be glad to know from you how I am to proceed. Rice
is indicted for extortions on the King's tenants ; others of his affinity were
indicted three years ago for maintaining thieves, and have not been punished,
because the indictments were removed into Chancery. Denbigh, 21 Jan.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council.
Vit. B. XIV. 87.
63. Aug. De Augustinis to [Cromwell].
Humillima commendatione ...
fama in utraque h ...
multis habear ...
Magnificentiam vestram distinctius ...
de retroacta vita ...
viro gravissimi co ...
sui habitudine, prout ...
monibus interrogent q ...
perspicuas quasdam imagines ...
Rmum S. Eboracensem recolendæ memoriæ ... cov ...
de quo Cæsar ipse dicere aliquando non abstinuit, se invenisse ...
viros certe quam plurimis notissimos ob administratam rerum su ...
potentissimos principes ; quibus præterea Magnificentia vestra corporis
h[abitudine] multum est absimilis : verum prudentia et rerum experientia
sin ... tum, et judicii soliditate, mea sententia, utrisque præferrendus ...
his duobus, aut fortuna aut hominum inclinatio sibi
parti ... hoc tamen uno illis utrisque extra controversiam antestare
deb[et quod] nemo (quemadmodum ad nos perfertur) tam tristis
tam amari an[imi ad eam] accedit, quin vel non obtenta gratia ab ea
lætus recedat, ad ... dexteritate omnibus satisfacit, et juxta
Solomonis proverbium i ... cunctis est æquanimis ; 'Responsio'
inquit, 'mollis frangit iram ; [sermo du]rus suscitat furorem.' Hoc itaque
solum suum est, hæ suæ partes ... hocque totum sibi ipsi vendicat.
Addo in expediendis negotiis inci ... promptitudinem (sed hoc
mea experientia verius loqui vellem) ... optimo ad id dignitatis,
et nominis provecta est. 'Vidisti [(inquit] Solomon) virum velocem in opere
suo, coram regibus stabit, n[ec erit ante igno]biles.' Sed dicet forsan
Magnificentia vestra quare ista tam frequenter ... aliam certe
causam (ita me Deus amet) quam quia mihi ... scripsi, quodammodo
particeps esse gloriæ suæ ; utpote cum h ... laudes in suos
clientulos, et servos soleant redund[are] ... repeto, cum mihi
eorum perjucunda sit recordatio, et re ... vobis nihil prorsus
haberem in * * * meis datis xiij. præsentis
... aliquando aucupio, et
... principium proximi mensis
... hoc anno non iret in
... ii videre videor maxibonam
... Cæsaris fortunam.
... ebunt nova fœdera, aut conducis,
... sed corpore inutilis ad
... quocunque res cadat, Italia erit
præ ... sentio et forsan his qui se declarare nolunt, mani ...
et vereor ne iste ignis non solum in Italia sed alio orbe Chri[stiano
e]xardeat et adeo exardeat, ut postea non sit in arbitrio autorum [illum
ex]stinguere, utcunque initia dolorum sunt hæc.
[Orator i]lle regis Turcarum, qui Venetias venerat congratulatum de
in ... et felici reditu principis sui in patriam, quem etiam
Cæsariani time ... e Venetiis tanquam explorator permaneret,
superioribus diebus illinc ad sua dis[cessit].
"[De Genera]li Concilio, quod jam biennium prædixi Magnificentiæ vestræ
nunquam futurum, princi[pibus et] statibus Germaniæ responsum erit per
quandam dietam in Germania co ... prout eis Cæsar promisit in
recessu Ratisbonensis, spatio vj. mensi[um] ... fine belli Turcaici,
cum pontificem allocutus fuerit. Hoc est, nunc conci[lium ten]eri non posse
ob discordias principum, sic itaque causa rejicitur in ... principes ;
contra illi coram Germanis rejecerunt, et rejicient in eos, ... [a]utem
juste rejicit, opus esset petita et responsa principum super hac materia
jam ... [judic]io Magnificentiæ vestræ recensere, ac postea recto judicio
judicare ; quorum alterum ... mum esset, nec literarum capax,
alterum autem non minus difficile quam periculosum ... Presbyteri
Joannis tandem fide interveniente regis Portugalliæ ... t a Pontifice,
publico tamen consistorio non est exceptus, sicuti solent oratores ...
[p]rincipis excipi, sed ut magis ostendatur fastus et pompa Ecclesiæ ...
... in proxima missa papali intererit, quæ erit in die
Purificationis ... inter cætera potissimum hoc petit, ut a
Pontifice illuc mittantur ... archibusarii, ad latius Christianum
nomen propagandum contra ... arbitror
ad magis augendum monopolium aroma[tum] ...
puto hunc oratorem missum fuisse * * *
causa Ducis fer [rariæ?] ...
sita : quæ etiam ips ...
ipsum huc veni ...
De rebus meis ...
necessitas ad id ...
pro sua humanitat[e] ...
divi Joannis ultimo ...
transmittendas, ut meæ ...
cum illa ser. Majestate compensat ...
futuram si Magnificentia vestra voluerit, cujus ...
ra ab ea possit obtinere, præcipere nunc vacant ...
eratus : ad quos qui promovebuntur more vestro et lauda ...
resignent sua beneficia. Interim ego (ut alias sæpius scripsi ...
discessu istuc me conferam, ut res meas egomet procure[m] ...
quin mihi videntur in nihilum redigendas. Bene valeat ...
humillime rogo atque etiam oro, ut res meas velit utcunque expedire : qu.
servitus, et singularis mea in eam fides expostulat.—Datæ Bon[oniæ,
M]DXXXII. die xxj. Januarii."
Mutilated. Add. : "... Regis Angliæ ...
dignissimo domino meo ... et observandissimo." Endd. : "[Ab]
Augustino de Augustinis, medicus Venetus, Mantuanus."
64. The Cardinals of Tournon and Grammont to Francis I.
We have received five letters from you, dated on the 2nd, 4th, and
7th instant, with the power you have despatched, like that which the king of
England has sent to his ambassadors, with whom we immediately communicated,
to learn if we had omitted doing or could do anything for their master.
All three of them have resolved that it is best not to do anything at present,
and to let this Emperor pass out of Italy. Dr. Bennet especially is of this
opinion, to whom alone we have spoken of the meeting, which he thinks is
greatly advantageous for the affairs of his master. As to the powers, have
shown the ambassador the second, but not the first. Will not use the powers
except jointly, as Francis commands. If the ambassadors are as satisfied as
they seem to be, they will have written nothing to their master but what
pleases him. The Pope, the Emperor, and all others here must know that
their masters are great friends. Believe they will have no great trouble in
employing their powers, for the Emperor does not hasten to put anything
forward ; if he did, it would be something little to Francis' advantage.
The Emperor, and those who conduct his affairs, seeing the Pope resolved to
abide by his promise to Francis touching the marriage, dare not urge him to
do the contrary, and say that the Emperor is too great a friend of the Pope
to dissuade him from the marriage, which is very advantageous to him ; but
he states that he is assured that Francis does not desire it, and that, if the
Pope do not take care, he will be deceived. The Pope confessed he is so
greatly honoured by Francis that he cannot but be in doubt ; but, till Francis
fails him, he will not seek a marriage elsewhere. If he failed Francis, he
would give him occasion for being displeased. To this the Emperor knew not
what to answer. Next day his Holiness was told that if he wished to know
whether what we say is true he should urge us to make the contract and
articles of the said marriage. The Pope—who dared not acknowledge
that the articles were already made, because he thought that those which
Francis sent by Grammont contained the secrets which Grammont conveyed
to Francis on his part concerning certain towns—pretended to
agree with the Emperor's advice. Yesterday, therefore, he spoke to the
writers, and desired that Francis should send them a power to make
the contract, which he will show the Emperor. Think there is no danger
in sending it. If Francis is willing that they should re-enter upon the
articles contained in the treaty of marriage which Mons. the Legate drew
up, of which they have the duplicate, they will present them ; for the secret
articles have always been kept apart. Think that the Emperor has acted
thus in order to see if they will demand the duchy of Milan or anything else
in Italy. Think Francis will find the Pope favorable when they meet,
the Emperor and all his army having quitted the country. Have spoken to the
cardinal of Mantua. He has lost his reputation with the Imperialists, chiefly
because of the offence he has given, more to him (the Emperor) than to you.
If he had little authority in this college as your servant, he has still less now.
The Pope told them that, while talking with the Emperor, they came upon
the subject of the town of Coron, taken by Andrew Dorie, who has written
to the Emperor for succour. The Emperor was resolved to abandon the town,
which the Pope has requested him not to do, as the Order of Rhodes would
perhaps defend it, and could more easily remove their convent thither than
to Malta. To this the Emperor has agreed ; he will succour the town till the
Grand Master's pleasure be known, who, the Pope says, will do nothing
without Francis' advice. Recommend M. de Cosme. Bologna, Tuesday,
21 Jan. 1532.
65. John Tomson, Parson of St. James, to Cromwell.
At your last being at Dover I informed you of certain things,
especially of the great poverty that has long continued amongst us. The
reason is that God is not honoured, as men spiritual and regular observe no
rule. Also since the King's departure no ship or crayer obtained a penny ;
but once or twice small boats have passed, to the great danger of the
passengers. Twelve ships have been lost this winter on the sands with
divers merchandise ; and, when men of the port have gone out for their safeguard,
the servants of the Lord Warden have taken from them their
"fundalls," contrary to their liberties. Certain kyntletts were found by
divers persons, and were taken from them ; and only a crown was given them
as a reward, though some of these kyntletts were full of wine and gold, and
they are supposed to be treasure ships. All this has been withheld from the
owners. When men have been found on the sea sand, their garments and
their purses have been taken from them, and their bodies left unburied, and
eaten by hogs and dogs. We hear that there is war with the Scots,
and many have passed at Dover without the King's licences, and resort to
Scotchmen's houses in Dover while waiting for convenient passage. I hear
that at Dieppe and Hunflete divers Scotch ships intend to go to the market
at Rawyne before Candlemas. Edw. May, pilot, and I, have built a ship of
40 tons for the King's service. Dover, St. Vincent's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd
66. Thomas Lord Berkeley.
Account of the executors of Thos. Berkeley, lord Berkeley, deceased
22 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
Debts owing by specialties.—Sir Nic. Poyntz, John Arnolde, Esq., Wm. Bottery of
London, mercer, Hen. Coldwell of London, goldsmith, Ric. Owen of Tetbury, Walter
Sewell of Tetbury, Jas. Berkeley, Thos. Harcourte, clk., Jeynkyn Conwey, Robt. Fowler
of Calais = 679l. 1s. 6d.
Debts owing without specialties.—Thos. Lane of Gloucester, gent., Thos. Key,
parson of Coldaston, Robt. Coldewelle, clk., Maurice Vaghan of Gloucester, Margaret
Edwards of Bristow, Ric. Morse of Bristow, baker, Edith Hiscok of Magnersfelde,
Johanne Fawkener, for boarding of John Berkeley, Wm. Were of Derham, Wm. Deryett,
John Wynter of Manyngfordebruse, Thos. Rippe of Bristowe, Thos. Bewley of Bristowe,
John Shipman, John White, Wm. Reede of Sherehampton, John Reede of Henbury, John
Fuller of Westerley, Geo. Chaterton, John Teysande of Berkeley, Thos. Cooke of Laffordes
yate, John Smyth, the prior of the Friars Augustins, Bristow, John Tyler of Shotwood, —
Broke of Henbury, Wm. Olyffe of Magnersfelde, the Chamber of London, for
the rent of a house at Lambert's Hill in London, the church there, Wm. Woode of
Deynton, John Arnolde, John Berde, tailor in Fleet Street, Ric. Walsh = 103l. 18s. 1½d.
Wages due to his servants before his death.—Edithe Marten, Dorothe Weston, Sir Thos.
Harcourte, Edw. Caple, Hen. Wykes, John Fawkener, Wm. Jamys, John Stone, John
Shepister, Edw. Churcheman, Thos. Smyth, John Whytyngton, Wm. Grace, Thos.
Stephyns, Wm. Atkyns, keeper of the conies, John Benett, Thos. Webbe, larderman,
Thos. Walker, Chr. Beynam, Hen. Hubert, Lewis Cater, Thos. Semondes, Margaret
Busshe, Isabel Heynes, Wm. Heth, Ric. Horsman, John Skaye, John Baker, milner,
John Postren, Robt. Smyth, swineherd, Thos. Carter, child in the kitchen, Thos. Lightfoote,
John More, John Viele, John Conwey, Wm. Milner, Thos. Bewley, Henry Parker
= 19l. 6s. 10d.
Funerals.—To priests, from 22 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII., the day on which Lord Berkeley
died, to 19 Feb., on which day was kept the month's mind = 8l. 0s. 8d.
Divers other necessaries belonging to the said funerals.—To Nic. Thorne of Brystowe,
for wine, 27s. To Ric. Morse, baker, 4l. For the household, kept for a month, 32l. 12s. 8d.
To Ryppe of Bristow, for spices, 20s. 6d. 15 scutcheons of arms for the hearse, 10s. 8d.
30 ells of Brussels cloth to cere the corpse in, 22s. 6d. To the surgeon, for cering the
corpse, 13s. 4d. To the carpenters, for making the hearse, 12s. Colouring the frame of
the hearse, 8d. Making 12 gowns for poor men, 6s. Wax, wick, and making tapers and
torches, 6l. 14s. To ringers, from the death to the month's mind, 25s. 4d. 4 yds. of
white Bruges satin to make the cross on the hearse, 8s. 8d. Making the pit, 4d. Licence
to bury the corpse in the chancel, 6s. 8d. Black cloth given at the burial and month's
mind = 95l. 6s. 5d. Alms, 12l. 6s. 9d. = 158l. 19s. 6d.
Legacies.—To the mother church of Worcester, the prior of St. James, Bristol, the
Grey Friars in Gloucester, the four friar houses in Bristol, the prisoners in Gloucester and
Bristol, the repairs of Keynsham Bridge, and of the highway at Shortwood. To Katherine
Rowdon for malt, &c. To the abbot of St. Austin's, Bristol, to Bryggett Parys, niece to my
Lady, to Fraunces Roudon, in recompense for certain plate which Lord Berkeley sold in his
need, and converted to his own use, to the acting executor, and for a priest to sing
10 years. A pair of vestments to Magnersfeld church. The building of the cloister in the
Black Friars at Bristow. Making a tomb = 473l. 3s. 4d.
Legacies to 40 servants.—17l. 9s. 8d. annuities for life to John Arnolde, John Berkeley,
David Broke, and 12 others = 49l. 13s. 4d.
A paper roll, pp. 6.
67. The Cinque Ports.
Writ of Sir Edw. Guldeford, constable of Dover Castle and admiral
of the Cinque Ports, to the [bailiff and jurats] of the town and port of Hythe,
commanding them to send to the church of St. James, Dover, on the . . Jan.
inst., two barons of Hythe, empowered to [attend] the Council of the
Cinque Ports. Dover Castle, . . [Jan.] 24 Hen. VIII.
2. Reply of the bailiff and jurates to the above, naming Robt. Estday and
Thos. Goreham barons of Hythe, "ad consentiendum." Hethe, 22 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII.
68. A. Countess Of Oxford to Cromwell.
Your kindness is a greater pleasure to me, being as I am, than any
worldly good ; for without you how should I live in rest? There are lewd
persons near me, who, but for your help, would never leave me in peace. I
desire process of good abearing against Sir Alexander Irlam, parson of Otton
Belcham, who, in my husband's time, conspired with others to poison me, as
appears by his confession to my lord of Essex, who warned me not to let him
come near where I dwelt. But, for anything I can do to the contrary, he,
with William Walley, of Haverell, and Ric. Rogers, who have both been
indicted for riot, resort to the house of Thos. Crokston, under my park pale,
and kill and steal my deer. This they have been doing for three years,
though I never knew of it till my coming from London ; but as the same
Crokston is no tenant of mine, but dwells on a farm of the prior of Hatfield,
and I cannot prove that any deer was killed within my ground, I have no
remedy at law. Campys, 22 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
"Blakysley byll," made 22 Jan., 24 Hen. VIII.
Received of my Lady :—For 400 eggs 4s. ; 4 capons at 5d. ; 8 hens
at 3d,—abating 2d. in the whole. A flitch of bacon, 3s. 4d. Total, 10s. 10d.
P. 1. Endd.
70. Christopher Wellyfed to his Father and Mother.
I desire your blessing. In this shire of Cambridge there is a benefice
named Cotnam. He that has it is sore sick, and 80 years old. The advowson
is in the gift of the bishop of Winchester, which he had of my lord
Scrope and the abbot of Crowland. I hear that my cousin Richard (Williams)
is in great favor with the Bishop, and I desire you will make interest
accordingly. And whereas you said that if I had to my living 100l. per
annum, it would be too little for me ; I shall be glad if you will get me this
benefice, and I will allow you all the profits to find me books, raiment, and
necessities, and my brother at school with the same. Commend me to my
sister. Cambridge, 23 Jan.
Desire my cousin Richard and Mr. Candish to be favorable to the bearer
of this letter.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed : G. B.
71. Sir George Lawson to Henry VIII.
When he was at Berwick lately for payment of the wages, there fell
a piece of the town wall adjoining the Percy tower, and another piece inside
one of the towers within the castle. There are various other decays. The
town walls towards the haven, with the tower at the White Wall end, are sore
undermined by the water ; and the ice this winter has endangered the bridge,
which is all of timber, and driven away to sea many of the principal fenders
and posts of the same. York, 24 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
72. Thomas Berthlet to Cromwell.
As I have now been unoccupied since my Lord's (fn. 1) decease, and my
living is spent, I beg you take me into your service, or prefer me to some
other until you are pleased to dispose of me. Sevenocke, 25 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd. by Wriothesley.