24 Hen. VIII.
m. 24 d.,
Rym. XIV. 446.
73. The Great Seal.
Memorandum that on the 26th Jan., "anno predicto," (fn. 1) about 3 p.m.,
in a chamber near the oratory at East Greenwich, in presence of Thomas
duke of Norfolk, Thomas Cranmer, elect of Canterbury, Thomas earl of
Wiltshire, Stephen bishop of Winchester, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of
the Household, Sir Wm. Poulet, comptroller of the Household, Thomas
Crumwell, Ralph Paxhall, John Croke, and John Judd, the King took the
Great Seal from the custody of Thomas Audeley, and, after holding it a
quarter of an hour, returned it to the custody of the same Thomas Audeley,
appointing him Chancellor of England. Thereupon the said Chancellor sealed
a subpœna upon one John Gilbert, in presence of the King and nobles, and
returned the Great Seal into its bag, which he sealed with his own seal.
74. For Anne, Marchioness Of Pembroke.
Commission to George Tayler, John Smyth, and Wm. Brabazon to
take possession, in her name, of the lands in North and South Wales,
lately granted to Anne marchioness of Pembroke. Greenwich, 26 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII.
75. Nicolaus to Cromwell.
I have performed the duties of reader, bestowed on me by the King,
and for greater advantage I have added public lectures ; but I have received
no remuneration, for those who distribute the King's gifts do so arbitrarily.
I have often requested aid in vain. Mr. Baxton retains the profits of my
benefice, and has not paid me the money due Michaelmas last. I must,
therefore, resort to you for aid in this matter. 26 Jan. 1532. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
76. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his comfortable words to his servant Will. Sembarbe.
Hopes by Cromwell's favor to get the better relief of his righteous causes.
Has found such courtesy and truth in Cromwell that he is bound to him for
ever, and will be completely at his command. Desires only his aid against
the crafty collusions of his adversaries ; of which the bearer, his servant,
Ric. Verney, will deliver a writing, and which will be explained to Cromwell
by Mr. Yorke, serjeant in the law, and Humph. Wynkefelde. Wade,
26 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To his singular beloved friend, Mr. Cromewell. Endd.
77. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Reminds him that, touching his (Bunolt's) benefice of Olderkerke,
Cromwell wrote that he had the sight of another presentation, but that the
case was wholly committed to him, and that he hoped to order it to Bunolt's
satisfaction. Thanks him for his continual goodness towards his preferment
in his old days. Understands by Dr. Lye's letter that the suit made to
Cromwell has been on Mr. Baschurche's behalf ; "and where he putteth one
inch to your determination and ordering, I do sumitte my body, my will,
my mind, wholly to your pleasure and determination," as Clarencieux will
explain. Calais, 26 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. [Crom]well, councillor to the King's highness and
master of his jewels.
Account of wages of artificers, &c. engaged in the fortifications at
Calais from 30 Dec. to 26 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
One clerk at 13d. gr. per diem ; two tilers "working with the tiler of the ordinary
wages upon the ordnance houses and also upon the King's wardrobe within the town of
Calais," at 10d. gr. per diem ; 3 laborers serving them at 6d. gr., and 7 at 5d. gr. ; 24
laborers at 6d. gr. "working upon the East Jutty, as removing the chalk and great stones
out of the said jutty for the carpenters, setting in of great posts, binders, needles, anchors ;"
15 working on the seabanks, and 3 "digging of seaturf in the floo marke beyond Newnham
bridge for the foresaid sea bank," also at 6d. gr. ; and 11 carters at 6d. gr. "carrying
of sea turf and sea clay from the floo marke beyond Newnham bridge unto the seabanks
between both sluices going from Calais to the said Newnham bridge."
"Empchons." 3 new bolts of iron for the King's great playte ship, weighing 20 lb., at
2d. per lb. ; ¼ of a 100 great spikes 6s. ; "2 pair of gemeuus for doors in the King's
storehouse called the Armitage," 2s. ; locks, &c. for the doors of that and the
King's bakehouse ; 5 pair of "gemuses" for the windows of the day watch-house at
Guisnes Castle, weighing 10 lb. ; a great hanging lock for the middle drawbridge at
Calais Castle, 2s. ; a great bolt for the wicket of the Bray gate ; bolts, staples, and hinges
for doors in the King's carpentry ; an iron sledge for the carpenters to work with, 2s. ;
78 bolts of iron for mending the East Jutty and 3½ hundred of spikes ; bolts, forelocks, and
keys for a stone gin. To Bocham Bocket and his company "for cutting and making of
3,500 of burras in the King's wood named Collway for the seaworks at Calais, at 5d. gr.
the 100." For 8,000 lath nails "occupied with the tilers" upon the ordnance and artillery
houses ; 1,500 6d. nails for boarding the new house at Risebank, at 6d. gr. the 100 ; 4½ doz.
green maunds, 13s. 6d. ; 4½ lb. of barows' grease, 18d. ; "a new pane of painted glass
set in the payhouse in the King's exchequer, containing 5 foot at 12[d.] gr. the foot,
5s. gr." For taking down 2 panes of old glass in the Council chamber, and setting in
new lead at 2½d. gr. the foot, 3s. 1½d. ; 2 panes of new glass, containing 18 feet, for the
great tower of Rysebancke, 7s. 6d. ; 16 pieces of painted glass for stopping the chapel
windows in Calais Castle ; 20 new "quarelles" of glass in the Council chamber, 1d. gr.
each ; and 24 for the wardhouse at Rysebancke. Total, 72l. 19s. 1¾d. Signed : Edmund
Vit. B. XIV. 89.
79. [Aug. De Augustinis] to Cromwell.
"Humillima commendatione [præmissa], ...
copiose scripseri[m] ...
attamen pro veter ...
observantia præs ...
ad Magnificentiam vestram scribere ...
trimestrem gerente uteru[m] ...
huic nostræ contiguam, et ...
mansiones parari jussit ad ...
in ejus etiam gratiam a nobilibus hujus aulæ hastilud[ium] ...
præparantur, in die proximæ Purificationis Deiparæ celebr[andum ; de quo
scribam] alias fusius, si mihi otium scribendi, et Magnificentiæ vestræ
"Cæsar adhuc ferme ad proximum mensem hic permanebit, ob non co[mmodam]
navigandi tempestatem nisi mense Martio. Andreas Auria ...
Neapoli terrestri itinere veniebat, jussu Cæsaris, ut classem
c ... quæ hodie existimatur esse Genuæ, per civitatem Lucensem
"Cardinalis Tridentinus adhuc non discessit, cæterum ab eo laboratur
et ... Regis Joannis Ungariæ, ut compromissio illa in rege Po[loniæ]
... Georgio Saxoniæ prosequatur, (fn. 2) cui rei dilationem dedit post
mi ... a Cæsare in Germaniam retentio mandati regis Joannis a rege
R[omanorum] ... hac in re tota difficultas vertitur, si rex Turcarum
hujuscemodi ... turam compositionem ratam voluerit, prodiit tamen
hodie non ex infim ... [quadrime]stres inducias percussas mari terraque
inter regem Turcarum et regem [Ungariæ ex una] parte, et Cæsarem et
regem Romanorum ex alia parte, quod nescio p ... conveniat,
nuncio superioribus diebus habito ex Constantinopoli, prout literæ ex ...
urbe testificantur ;—Regem scilicet Turcarum Constantinopoli bellum
indixisse ... Hic Magnificentiæ vestræ recensere supersedeo
horum Cæsarianorum jactabundos sermo[nes] ... Psophy illo rege
Armenorum et Persarum magnam fiduciam, et ad ho[c] ... illius
cum Cæsare arctissimum fœdus : quo mihi jam videtur de Tu ...
quæ sane omnia ortum habuere a quodam Prancestre Anglo n[ato ?] ...
qui missus a Cæsare ad Psophy prænominatum quadrienni ...
Cæsari occurrit ex Germania, multa miranda dicens,
et ... mis, et vivus post functam legationem,
et post longissim ... sus est ... va potius
fabulæ * itaque Magnificentiam vestram
toto corde ... meas apud illam serenissimam Majestatem
... um, si illa voluerit,
... e xx. lib. st. termini
... Natalis Domini illud appellet
... multum perpendo, adeo omnium
... arbitror, (quemadmodum toties ad
... felicissime valeat Magnificentia
vestra, cui suppli[co] ... Datæ Bononiæ
MDXXXII. [xxvj. die Janua (fn. 3) ]rii.
... sunt ex Ferraria reverendissimi Cardinales Grandimontis et
Bituricensis, ubi commo ... biduum (ut aiunt) invisendi
gratia Renatam ducem Carnutorum, Ciartres ... [v]ocat, filiam
regis Ludovici xij. nuptam ducis Ferrariensis primogenito : de qua ...
scire cupit Reverendissimus olim Eboracensis, tam magna
in sui ruinam concepit ... uere de ... [p]osset,
nescia mens hominum fati, sortisque futuræ."
Mutilated. Hol. Add. : "... Cromwell [sermi Regis Angliæ]
consiliario meritissimo ... semper observandissimo." Endd. : ...
80. John, Abbot Of Peterborough, to Cromwell.
I have received your letter for granting a lease to John Rudde of our
manor of Scottor, which I cannot do by reason of a promise made to a servant
of Mr. Page three years ago, as I beg Rudde to inform you. He caused my
lord of Wiltshire to write to me for the same farm a twelvemonth since. The
promise of an honest man ought to be as sure as his seal. Let him move
Mr. Page to stay his suit, and then I am discharged. If Mr. Page will
release me of my promise, some other thing convenient shall be devised for his
servant. Peterborough, 26 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Sealed.
81. Roger Knyghte to Cromwell.
I have been in company with some of the most "worshipples" men of
this shire of Salop. Amongst other things, we talked of the loan money
given to the King. It was stated that 300 mks. were concealed from the
King, of which I certify you, as I am the King's servant. Bridgenorth,
the morrow after St. Paul's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
At the foot, in Cromwell's hand : "Item, to remembre to wryt hym a letter."
82. John [Stokesley], Bishop of London, to Cromwell.
As the King's surveyors have already granted to the bearer, my old
friend, the farm of Greene Hampster in Gloucestershire, and the indentures
are already sealed, and as it is commodious, being near his house, and he
would suffer not only loss but reproach if he were now put from his rights,
I beg you will be content that he should enjoy his grant. I trust to your
favor and to justice not to promote any other, as it will seldom be my chance
to aid him. The other suitor has a kinsman called Edw. Tyndale, brother
to Tyndale the arch-heretic, under-receiver of the lordship of Berkeley, who
daily promotes his kinsfolks to the King's farms. Fulham, 26 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Privy Council. Endd. by Wriothesley.
83. John Bishop Of Exeter, and others, to Cromwell and
We received of late a commission from you and others of the Council,
to inquire in Raither Gwerthronyon, and Comotether, in the marches of Wales,
of certain extortions and misdemeanors of officers there. The bearer, Jas.
Vaughan, the King's old servant, has done very good service in preferring
the King's interests, as Mr. Russell and Mr. Holte, then commissioners, can
inform you, and we think no man more devoted. Ludlow, 27 Jan. Signed :
John Exon—Willm. Thomas—Richard Hassall.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell and Mr. Dance,
two of the King's most honourable Council.
According to information presented to Sir J. Daunce, the King's general
surveyor, by Ric. Jones and John ap Jevan ap Eigneon against the deputy
steward, and lieutenant of Elwell, for embezzling the King's duties, a commission
was directed to John bishop of Exeter to inquire into it, before whom
10 articles were proved, declaring that they had embezzled 150l. on fines,
forfeits, heriots, &c. There are 40 more articles to be presented.
P. 1. Broadsheet. Endd.
85. Sir John Talbot to Cromwell.
I have received this day the King's letters, with a monition for
certain gentlemen in Salop to appear before you, or send such sums of money
as are nominated in the schedule, the day after the Feast of the Purification.
This I will perform, though the letters came to me but lately. Two of the
gentlemen, Thos. Scryven and Will. Leighton of Plasche, are dead.
Albryghton, 27 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council.
86. Lawson to Cromwell.
Has received the King's commissions and Cromwell's letter. Waits
at York for money to defray the King's charges. Will then go with all speed
to the Borders. Desires him to be good and special friend to the abbot of
St. Mary's, who is going up to the Parliament. It is necessary for him to be
at York to receive the King's money due at Candlemas within the province.
He has paid Lawson 5,000 mks. by the King's warrant, since the beginning
of these wars. The remainder of his receipt is yet in his hands. York,
27 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, and of the King's most honorable
87. John Bentley.
The confession of Sir John Bentley, vicar of Uppe-otery in Devonshire,
against Harry Evesham of Ilbrueres, Somers., yeoman, before Sir Nich.
Wadham, 27 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
That on the 21 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII., Evesham, with Jas. Notte and
Ant. Wevyll, his son-in-law, lay in wait for the deponent at Northcottmore,
between Honyngton and the house of the said Sir John at Uppeotery, and
the said Harry took his mare by the bridle as he came from Honyngton, and
bade him stand, saying he should speak with Mr. Notte ere he went. He
answered, that he would do so with a good will, but he would speak with his
master, Sir Will. Carewe, first. But they took him and set him on the said
Harry's horse, binding his legs under the horse's belly, and brought him two
miles on the road to London, whither they said they would bring him before
the King's Council, having a special commandment from Mr. Cromwell. The
said James then told Evesham that he should unbind him, as he was an old
man, and set him on his own mare ; which was done. Jas. Notte then
departed to his own house, and the other two brought Sir John that night,
against his will, to Ilbrueres Park, 15 miles from where he was taken, and
locked him in a chamber from Saturday night till Monday morning, when
Evesham showed him that he should depart. Sir John would have ridden
his own mare, but Evesham put him on a horse of his, binding his feet under
the horse's belly, and carried him to Lamporte, three long miles. He then
said to him, "Here ye have friends, and here ye may borrow money ; ye
cannot stick for 20l. in this town. And if ye do go up without money ye
are but cast away, for there ye shall surely lie in irons." Sir John said he
could borrow none. At Lamporte Sir John's servant came to him, and, by
consent of both parties, was sent back for his mare, which he brought to Sir
John's house, but could not have her delivered. When Evesham and Sir
John had taken their repast at Lamporte inn, and resumed their pretended
journey towards London, the former would have bound Sir John's legs again
under the horse's belly, but the honest men of the town, knowing Sir John's
honesty, entreated them to the contrary ; yet Evesham persisted till John
Glyster, one of the most honest men of Lamporte, offered to be bound for
him. Being asked his pension of St. Decon's, he refused, and also to part
with any money. Then he was told that if he knew how sore Master Cromwell
was against priests, and how grievously he handled them, he would
rather spend all the goods he had than come before him, for he was a man
without any conscience against priests. And further, Harry said to him,
"I am sorry for you, as the King has gone over, and Master Cromwell has
gone before to provide for him ; so I must needs put you in prison till he
returns." Being, therefore, in dread of coming before Cromwell, he promised
Harry 40s., but could not recover his mare, which was worth 40s., and
Harry sent him word by one Henley, of Uppe-otery parish, that he should
have her again as he behaved himself. Signed.
88. John Johnson alias Antony to Allen Frognall.
Yesterday my lord Prior received your letter sent by Johnson of the
palace, by which he sees that you have no direct answer as to his staying
from this present Parliament. He begs you will resort to Mr. Cromwell,
Mr. Bedell, and baron Halys to obtain information by Tuesday night of this
matter, and to urge it as much as you can. If you cannot, he desires that
you will have a boat to meet him on Thursday night at Gravesend. If he
tarries at home until the Monday after Candlemas, convocation will begin
the next day after ; which is too short time. He desires you to tell Mr. Cromwell
of his coming. Recommend me to Mr. Cromwell, and if it had not been
for such "wracckes" as have chanced on my lord Prior's grounds, of which I
have the oversight, I should have seen him before this. Monday before
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his assured friend Alyn Frognall, servant unto my
lord prior of Christchurch in Canterbury, be this delivered at London.
89. Chapuys to Charles V.
Three days ago received the Emperor's letters of the 27th ult., concerning
the visit of the Emperor and the Pope to Bologna, and the exploit
of the prince of Melphi. Communicated part of it to the duke of Norfolk,
to be reported to the King, who was in the country. The Duke was pleased
with the news, and thanked me for my good offices, saying they would
be as agreeable to the King as to himself. I told him your Majesty was
very desirous to preserve friendship, and had such confidence in the King
that you would not conceal any of your affairs ; you were pleased to hear
that the two Cardinals were coming to Italy at the King's instance, and had
put off treating with the Pope until their arrival. Said this partly on
account of their refusal to allow ambassadors at the interview at Calais, but
chiefly because the French ambassador had said that your Majesty wished
to settle everything before the Cardinals arrived, but the Pope refused.
Norfolk praised your intention, and said the Cardinals had already arrived
at Bologna, and were honourably received. He spoke of the sumptuousness
of their train, and wondered how they could assemble so great a company
in so short a time, as it was agreed by the Kings that they should only take
24 horses between them. When I tried to find out the cause of their mission,
he excused himself as before by his illness, which prevented him from attending
to business. He said he wished the Emperor had been at St. Omer at the
same time, for then the interview would not have been without his presence.
I replied, that I thought they did not want many witnesses, as they prevented
ambassadors from coming. He said the reason of this was that the object
was not to make treaties, but only enjoyment, and it was not worth while
to give ambassadors the trouble of coming, but that the presence of your
Majesty's would have been the cause of proposing many important matters.
I suggested that, perhaps, the Cardinals had orders to put forward what the
Kings had wished to treat with your Majesty, and, if it was feasible, they
might remedy your Majesty's absence at the inverview. The Duke hoped
this would happen, and said that though the Cardinals were good men, and
privy councillors of the French king, they only knew the outside of affairs, and
everything was in the hands of the Chancellor, Grand Master, and Admiral,
all of whom he praised, but especially the Admiral. The Grand Master he
liked least of the three.
On my asking about Scotch affairs, he said the Scotch king was anxious
for peace, but the terms were rather against his master's honor. The
French king at Calais was very urgent for peace, and the Scotch king wrote
daily the most courteous letters, but his acts did not agree therewith. The
universal pride of the Scotch, and the young and bad councillors of the King,
whom he named, will endanger the kingdom ; but if the war lasts till Midsummer,
their pride will be put down, and they will be so bridled that they
will not attack in future. He would be sorry for this, as the King is nephew
of the king of England, and on account of his friendship with persons there.
Notwithstanding the war, a present of eight dirks (pugnard) has been sent
thence to him. He showed them to me, and gave me half. Though he had
formerly liked war, he said he now hated it, and wished for nothing but peace,
not only with Scotland, but universal. He would give one of his hands for
the old friendship between the King and your Majesty. Said to him that
formerly he did not hold with your Majesty. He said that then he only
held with the Pope, who, for fear of your Majesty and the exaltation of his
relations, would not do his duty in this affair. "Les beau beau" which the
Pope makes to your Majesty must not be attributed to goodwill, but only to
Asked the Duke if it was true that the King had sent to Germany for
Philip Melanchthon, Simon Grynæus, and other Lutherans. He said he
knew nothing about it, and the King would not communicate such matters
to him, knowing his hatred to the sect. Six months ago the King had
shown him a letter from a German prince, a relative of the King's, saying
that Melanchthon wished to go to England, and asking the King to treat him
well, which might result in his return to the Catholic faith. He thought
the King should not let him come, as jealousy, heresy, and frenzy were
incurable diseases. Perhaps the King has not told the Duke anything about
it ; but I know that Paget, who went last year to Melanchthon and the other
Lutheran doctors, has written, by the King's order, pressing them to come.
Some say they are asked to come to oppose the Queen ; others, for the
reformation of the Church, especially in taking away temporal goods.
The Duke said nothing else about Rome, nor about the brief which has
been executed there, of which the King has been already informed. In
conclusion, he spoke again of the great good which would result from the
union of the Emperor with the King. Acknowledged all that he said, and
added several benefits which would spring from this union. Did this in
order to show the folly of giving up these advantages for such a slight reason
and for a fancy (une affection), to say nothing of the scandal to Christendom
and the authority of the Church. If this union were accomplished, there
would be no cause of offence left among Christian princes, except the Vayvode,
who was not of much consequence. He replied that he left the right or
wrong of the King's desire to the doctors, for he knew nothing about it, and
would not read any books on the subject, however the King pressed him. As
to there being no cause of offence left between the Princes, he said he did
not know,—implying that France would still grumble ; and shortly after he
assured me that the Vayvode would get no help from England, which he
could not promise for the others. After this conversation he took me into
his inner room (riere chambre), and showed me certain books and other
things. On leaving he gave me the dirks, of which I spoke before, and
accompanied me not only out of the chamber but to my barge. Besides a
thousand other civilities he begged me to allow him to do for me, not pleasure,
but, as he said, service. Though this is unimportant, it is unusual,
and shows some affection for your Majesty.
Dr. Cremmer, late ambassador with your Majesty, had not been here a
week, before the King, to the great astonishment of everybody, promoted
him to the archbishopric of Canterbury. One of the causes of the general
surprise is, that the King usually leaves benefices vacant for a year for the
sake of the revenues, which then belong to him, and this archbishopric has
not yet been vacant four months. Besides, the King has advanced the
money for the expedition of the bulls, so as to have no delay. It is suspected
that the object of this haste is, that the Archbishop, as Legate of the kingdom,
may authorize the new marriage in this Parliament, judging this divorce
It is reported that he, being taken for a Lutheran, will renounce all the
temporalities of his benefice to the King, which is a good way of forcing the
rest to do the same. In spite of the prohibition of the last Parliament that
only the tenth part of the previous sums should be paid as annates to Rome,
the King has ordered the entire payment as usual. Many think there is some
secret intelligence between the King and the Pope. I know he thinks he
has nearly gained his Holiness, or, at least, he gives those of his chamber to
understand so. Two days ago he said the Pope had told your Majesty
plainly that he had delayed remitting the decision here out of regard for you,
but he could no longer refuse justice. I do not know whether he makes up
such stories to please the Lady, or whether his ambassadors feed him with
such sweetmeats, but it is far from likely.
I do not think much notice will be taken here of the brief for the removal of
the Lady, of which May and Ortis have informed me, as it is neither precise,
nor is it the excommunication threatened by the first (reaggravatoire du
premier) granted at Bologna. They will hope that the Pope will give a
secret relaxation of this as he did of the other.
It seems that as the process is rife for referring the sentence, this is done
only to satisfy your Majesty. The Pope might have given sentence, but has
preferred to decree this brief, so that he can revoke it at his pleasure, which
would not be the case with the sentence. This he continually defers so as
keep your Majesty and the King in subjection and uneasiness (garboille).
The King has often said that, considering the friendship between your
Majesty and the Pope, he would have been condemned 100 times if he had
been in the wrong, and that, notwithstanding that he is in the right, friendship
for and fear of your Majesty makes the Pope do many things.
Unless his presumption and hope is taken away by the sentence, he will
care little for anything else. Since writing the above, your Majesty's letters
of the 5th have arrived. I have consulted with the Nuncio about the best
means of bringing the matter to pass (rendre la matiere). Cannot find out
who has proposed the affair to the Nuncio, but I hope to do so shortly.
London, 27 Jan. 153.
P.S.—Since writing the above, the courier has been delayed, and the
Nuncio has spoken to "son home," whom he has not yet made known to me.
From what he says, the said man at the beginning changed his tune, demanding
that not only the trial of the case but the definitive [sentence] should be
delegated away from Rome. Now he has returned to his former footing,
to remit the definitive to the Pope, though he asked for eight days in which
to give an answer,—I suppose, in the hope of having news from the Cardinals.
He considers Cambray as imperial and not neutral, and wishes the place
to be in the power of the king of France, whom he considers neutral. They
wish also to have neutral judges, and I think they will accept none but
French. Nothing has been said about the condition of obeying and observing
the brief, and it does not seem necessary until the answer is given. As I
have only just heard of all this, I have not informed the Queen, which I will
do to morrow, 29 [Jan.]
I fear that this overture is only to cause delay, and to break the shock of
the sentence, which they see is imminent. The King and the Lady's relatives
apparently care for nothing but gaining time and continuing this life. There
are two disadvantages in this proposal. One is, that if the King wishes to
"calumpnier," he may make the affair immortal. Some reasonable time
should, therefore, be assigned to the commissaries. The other is, that the
deputies may, perhaps, annul the examination of witnesses for the Queen.
This would be an almost irreparable injury, and must be expressly reserved.
Fr. From a modern copy.
[Cal. E. I. II.?]
90. Francis I. to Henry VIII.
Being on this frontier and so near Henry, despatches to him the
bailly of Troyes, his maitre d'hotel, with his compliments, and to tell him
certain things which the perfect friendship between them requires to be
Hol. Fr. Mutilated. p. 1. Add.
91. Francis I.
Instructions to the bailly of Troyes, his ambassador to Hen. VIII.
He is to say that on the 20th Francis received letters from the cardinals
of Tournon and Grammont, dated Bologna the 14th, concerning their good
reception. Many points already almost conceded by the Pope have been
set back, and rendered more difficult than before ; his Holiness taking heart,
and speaking with less fear of the Emperor. They have obtained the
concession of the meeting between the Pope and Francis, but the Pope
desires it to be kept secret, as the Emperor knowing of it would delay his
return to Spain. The Pope hopes that at the meeting he will be able to
advise some good mean in Henry's affair. He spoke of the league which
is now being negociated in Italy, and thought that Francis ought to consent
to it, and that, if the comprehension of the Genoese did not injure him,
none of the other articles would do so. He desired Francis to pass over
at present what the Genoese had done, without making war on them, and to
make his Holiness arbitrator. He desired prompt answer, considering the
importunity of the Emperor through his people and servants for the conclusion
of the said league ; and the Cardinals urged Francis to answer at
once, without previously advertising Henry, the English ambassadors being
of the same opinion. Francis accordingly answered that he thought the
meeting should take place at the end of May next, and should be kept
secret ; that the Cardinals should spread a rumour that, as soon as the
Emperor shall have embarked for Spain, they are charged to return to
Francis ; that they should follow the Pope wherever he goes ; that as
Francis has not been invited [to join] the proposed league, nor to [interfere]
in the other affairs of Italy, he leaves it to the Pope to conclude it or not,
but thinks he will do nothing which will prevent him keeping what he
has promised the two Kings concerning the marriage of his niece with the
duke of Orleans, and other matters ; for if Francis consented to the league,
although at liberty, it would be conceding what he never freely agreed to
during the captivity of himself and his children. That more than two
years ago the Emperor endeavoured to persuade him to adjust his quarrels
with the Genoese, but he never would do so ; yet, out of respect for his
Holiness, he will pass them over till the end of May.
The Bailly is to state that the Emperor does his utmost to persuade the
Princes to enter the league, with the comprehension of the Genoese, and
has contrived to send the duke of Urbin to persuade Venice to agree, but the
Signory will observe the treaties made at Bologna, and excuses herself on
account of the Turk, who, if she entered the league with the Genoese, would
attack her, because Andrew Doria is of that nation. The Emperor has pressed
the Pope to conclude the marriage of the duchess of Urbin, his niece,
with the duke of Bar, but the Pope answered that the matter was already
arranged with Francis for the duke of Orleans. The Emperor is greatly
desirous of returning to Spain, which it is said he will do as soon as
Andrew Doria arrives with his galleys at Genoa. The Imperialists are
practising to make a captain general in Italy, and most of them demand
Anthony de Leve ; especially the duke of Milan, who says that the marquis
of Gouasto is "trop large et habandonné à despendre." Ennet (Anet?),
27 Jan. 1532. Signed by Francis ; countersigned by Breton.
92. Card. Tournon to Francis I.
The Pope is determined to conduct the affair of the king of England,
when he meets you, so dexterously that no harm will be done to him,
though his Holiness must use certain forms to show that he is not partial.
He will, however, do all in his power for the King, for your sake. He
requests you to let the King know it discreetly. I feel sure that the Pope
will comply with your request.
93. William Parr to Cromwell.
I beg you to excuse me for having so long delayed your request for
the feefarm of Malmesbury by reason of my mother's will, who disposed
of it ; but, considering how hot you are set upon it, I am content to part
with it to you, begging that you will suffer Thos. Pekeryng to have the
occupation of it till Michaelmas next. Give credence to my uncle Will.
Parre in this and other matters. Stanstede, 28 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
94. Ro. Lord to Cromwell.
Thanks him for the promise of a farm late belonging to the monastery
of Christ's Church, London, which, being in Cromwell's hands, was solicited
for him by his "old master and founder," Mr. Daunce, who brought him
up. Is not able to do service as formerly by reason of sickness and
illtreatment. Took first a cold at Calais when he was one of the commissioners
of the ships for conveying my lord Cardinal over, whose soul God
pardon, who promised divers times to recompense him, and doubtless would
have done it if God had prospered him. Would like to have in farm the
lordship of Broughhynge in Hertfordshire, or else two of the other small
farms of the monastery, as Mylkeley and Brykholt, or Canon Halle and
Bromesfeld. Hopes, through Cromwell's good report, the King will be
favorable to him, "being half a lame man that hath served the noble King
his father," and also himself all his days under Mr. Daunce, and of late
both in the North parts, Calais, and elsewhere, as my lord of Norfolk can
tell, under whom he was as clerk of the wars. Had great charges in the
North while his Grace was the King's lieutenant there, and had never
reward or fee except one poor office, "which I bought to my great pain, and
of no great value." Lacks a special friend to speak for him. No man ever
sustained loss through him, though he has had in his charge under Daunce
and Mr. Magnus above 800,000l. ; "which true service, methinketh,
required to have had some poor living or recompense on their behalf."
Sends by the bearer a token, which he beseeches Cromwell to wear on his
account, to have him in favorable remembrance. Wishes it were worth
1,000l. From my poor house, 28 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Master Cromwell, one of the King's honorable Council.
95. John [Stokesley], Bishop of London, to Cromwell.
I beg you will not be displeased at my returning to my last suit
to you in behalf of Ric. Griffen, to whom Sir John Dauncy granted the
farm of Grene Hampster before you sent to him for it, which was published
to divers as done at my suit, here where it lies, to my great reproach.
If, magre my head, Edw. Tyndale should put my servant from that grant,
my friends would think that he had more influence with you than I, which
I trust you would be loth should be. I beg you will allow Dauncy to
perform his grant to me, and this bringer shall deliver you 20 nobles.
London, 29 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Privy Council. Endd. by Wriothesley.
96. The Subchanter and Vicars Choral Of Lichfield to
Whereas it has pleased you to write to this poor Company of Vicars
Choral to desist from their suit in the Arches against Mr. Verney and
others, and submit it to the hearing of friends : we thank you. But as the
parties, when the cause might have been so decided more easily, made no
such proposal, but have continued their forged delays and unjust vexation,
and the suit is now at issue, it may please you to let the law take its course
as a perpetual memorial of our right. As to the question of costs, we are
willing to abide by any order of friends chosen by both parties. Lichfield,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
97. Will. Aëdon to Cromwell.
The writer, who describes himself as a poor and despised young
man, appeals to Cromwell's mercy, extolling his wisdom, eloquence, and
grace of person, in a lengthy Latin preamble, and then states his case in
English. He had lost at mumchance during the Christmas holidays 2s.,
"whereof two groats were lead," and, being greatly in debt, delivered them
to a justice of peace for his discharge. Nevertheless, his enemies, wishing
to put him out of his office, had his apparel seized when he left the town,
and he himself was sent to prison on a charge of having coined the leaden
groats. Describes buying a pound of old pewter before Christmas, and
melting it in a borrowed pan, with the view of casting a rose and garnishing
it with round glass "made to the fashion of a pearl," for a token. Never
had instruments of coining. 29 Jan.
Wrote to him more plainly on the 14th Jan.
Pp. 2. Add. : To his right worshipful good master, Mr. Cromwell, in
98. Sir Anthony Wylughby to Cromwell.
I have received your letter of the 25th Jan. I shall follow your
counsel, desiring that you will not be displeased that I did not write to
you when I last sent my servant. I was in such pain with the gout that
I could not. I am now better, and trust to be in London on Wednesday
after the Purification. All such promises as I have made you I will truly
perform and keep with the largest. Brodmerston, 30 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
99. R. Hylls to Cromwell.
I beg you will pardon me, "so vyly an abjecte of the world," for
writing to you. My father and mother live on London Bridge, and I was
apprenticed to a good merchant called Nich. Cossyn, at the sign of the
Anchor on London Bridge. It pleased God to give me some knowledge
of his Son Jesus Christ ; and on one Sunday afternoon when I was idle I
thought I would go about some good thing, to keep me from idleness ; and,
as a young man once asked me to show him my mind on that part of
St. James' Epistle, how Abraham was justified by works, I made this
treatise which I have sent you, all in my own hand. My master sent me
over, six days before Christmas, to be made free in Flanders, when I heard
that the bishop of London had my treatise in his hands,—which my master
confirmed, and as he was loth "to forsake my service," he wept and
exhorted me to revoke, and got another merchant to examine me. They
asked me if I thought that I was wiser than all other men? I replied, I
counted myself altogether naught, and desired to conform my wit to
Scripture. They continued this course, calling me "opynatyffe ;" and I
replying that I hoped God would not allow me to dishonor his truth.
Gives a further account of a similar conversation. In conclusion my
master said he would not, for 100l., help me with one penny, for fear of
the Bishop. I am now going to Paris, and my master hopes that I shall
return again from Christ, and then be his servant. But he must miss of
his purpose. None would take me into their service for fear of the Bishop.
I therefore desire to serve some merchant out of England. My master
would gladly employ me in France. The man who brought this over did
not give me two hours' warning. If my father and mother would labor
for me, I pray you show them your favor. Roone, 31 Jan. 1532.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
100. Elizabeth Hylles to [Cromwell].
I beg you will remember my poor son, Ric. Hilles, who sent you a
letter from Roone, and send for his master Cossyn, who dwells on London
Bridge, of the fellowship of Merchant Tailors. He stands in much more
fear than I trust he needs of retaining him. I wish my son to serve him
or some other of the same craft, that he may keep his term and not lose
his freedom. He has no help where he is now, and goes from town to
town without succour.
St. P. VII. 410.
101. Boner to Benet.
On leaving Bologna on the 8th, had no stop till he came to Lyons
and again at Paris, by reason of Wallop. Had a very bad passage. Arrived
at Rye, and thence to Westminster, and had an interview with the King
on the 25th. If the Pope could gratify the King, he will do all that he
can to please his Holiness. If not, the Pope will be in great danger here
As my lord elect of Canterbury, Dr. Cranmer, a man of singular good
learning, virtue, and all good parts, sends his bulls, it would be advisable
that he should be gently handled in the charges, and especially the annates
otherwise the matter of the annates, which is now only stayed by the King's
goodness, will be determined to the disadvantage of the court of Rome
They are to use all their efforts that the King's matter be committed to
England ; and the King thinks that if it be skilfully handled, it may be
accomplished. Has great reason for urging this, as divers things are now
taken in hand "beyond your expectation and mine."
As the cause simply stands upon the question whether the Queen were
cognita or not cognita, there is greater reason for the judgment to be given
in England ; but there must come more, and of other sort than has yet
come, from the court of Rome, if the King is to be satisfied, though it
appeared otherwise to you and to me. They must do their best, and use
all celerity, for many things hang upon it. "I know well ye will marvel
at these letters, and, beside that, look for some resolute answer from the
King," which I have not yet been able to obtain. The King desires to
hear from the Pope what he will do for him, and an answer to the letter
he sent him. Though I have been but little time here, I have seen many
things I never saw before, and have learned that the Queen was cognita,
by the treaty concluded betwixt her father and Henry VII. I understand
from Gregory's letter of the 26th that all the divines conclude against the
Pope ; and though canonists hold that he may dispense, it is only in cases
of extremity, and not in such a case as this.
Gives various quotations from the treaty, &c. on this point. Is surprised
that the remissorials were not sent to England.
Desires his remembrance to Bianchet, their host. Greenwich, ult. Jan.
Copy by Boner. Endd. by Wriothesley.
Burnet, (fn. 4) VI.
102. Henry VIII. to his Ambassadors at Rome.
Understands, not only by the report of Dr. Bonner, but by certain
instructions delivered to the same by Sir Gregory de Cassalis, containing
certain overtures made by the Pope, [corrected in the King's hand, "but also
by certain letters written by Sir Gregory afore the despatch of Dr. Bonner
upon the lively communications had by the Pope to the Emperor in justification
and favor of our cause,"] that his Holiness, savouring the justice of
Henry's cause, now shows himself willing to consent to the following terms,
which Sir Gregory has also sent by way of instructions to Bonner ; viz., if
the King will send a mandate for the remission of the cause to an indifferent
place, he will send thither a legate and two auditors, reserving judgment to
himself, or, if the King agrees to it, inducing the French king also to
accept a general truce for three or four years, to indict a General Council to
which the cause would be remitted by the Pope. These proposals have been
also set forth by the Pope's nuncio here, and in a letter to him, as if they had
been asked of his Holiness by Sir Gregory in the King's name, and agreed to
by the Pope for his satisfaction, although the King never gave Sir Gregory
any commission to that effect, but quite to the contrary. Nevertheless, from
Bonner's report, and the behaviour of the Pope's ambassador, the King has
better hope than he has had hitherto that the Pope, pondering the justice of
his cause, will endeavour to put him in quietness. You are therefore discreetly
to tell his Holiness we take these overtures in good part, and thank him for
them, trusting that his Holiness, considering the King's past benefits to the
Holy See, conferred without any desire for favor, but only justice at his
hands, will now, in discharge of his duty to God, put away all delays, and
help to bring the King's cause to a more speedy conclusion than those
overtures do purport. (fn. 5)
As to the general truce, although the King is naturally much inclined to
it, two things compel him to withhold his consent : (1) that, being troubled
in conscience, and his realm greatly perplexed thereby, he cannot suddenly
resolve to renew peace with others till he can obtain sincere peace in his own
heart, which his Holiness may soon confer upon him, as it is "only will and
unkind stubbornness, with oblivion of former kindness, which be occasions
of the let of the speedy finishing of our cause" : (2) that, being united in an
indissoluble amity with the French king, he cannot consent to such a thing
without the knowledge and assent of him and other confederates. Nevertheless,
if his Holiness think the King can do him any service in this matter,
Henry will, on its being notified to him, do all that may stand with his
honor, if the Pope show "correspondence of kindness" in the King's just
As to a General Council, although the King sees many reasons to think it
necessary at this time, and has no doubt that his cause, if referred to it, would
soon be determined according to his wish, yet, being now in good hope that
the Pope, seeing its justice, will either admit the excusatory, or remit both
the knowledge of the fact and the final decision into this realm where it was
begun, according to the old sanctions of General Councils and divers of his
predecessors' assents, "and as he himself confesseth in his commission given
unto the Cardinal for this purpose," he therefore suspends his consent to it
upon two respects : (1) that it must depend on the consent of his said good
brother and other confederates, neither of them being at liberty to consent to
such an act by himself ; and (2) that in the present state of the world "the
Emperor is in manner compelled by the importunity of the Germans and the
Lutheran sect to cause the Pope to indict the said Council," and the Pope
knows how the said Germans feel towards him and the Holy See.
As to the sending of a mandate to require that the cause might be heard
in an indifferent place, they are to say that, considering the Pope's toward
mind to the speedy finishing of his cause, the King, if he were a private
person, would nothing mistrust to consent to the said overtures, but it would
be contrary to General Councils, and to the liberty and jurisdiction of all
princes, especially to the royal prerogative and privileges of this realm, within
which, by ancient law and custom, all causes of matrimony there begun and
solemnized ought, when called in question, to be discussed and decided by
the English Church. The King also is bound by his coronation oath both
to observe the General Councils and to maintain the ancient laws of the
realm ; so that, without express consent of the realm, he could not suddenly
consent to submit himself to any foreign jurisdiction. Moreover they may
say that neither the King nor his realm have hitherto given the Pope any
occasion to violate the immunities of the latter, or to bring them into
dispute ; whereby the King might be compelled, in defence of them, to
declare many things, peradventure unknown, injurious to the Papal dignity,
which he would only do upon compulsion. Further, even by the Pope's own
law, the King being a common person is not bound in re ardua, as this is
to appear in his court ; and not being bound to appear, he is not bound to
send a proctor ; so that even his own law shows this matter ought not to be
determined by his court, but by the Church of England.
These reasons, the King trusts, will satisfy the Pope that the King cannot
consent to his request to send a mandate, or have the cause determined elsewhere
than in England ; for even if the King were inclined to do it, he could
not without the assent of Parliament, which would never agree to it. Nevertheless,
the King takes the Pope's offer in very good part as an evidence of
his desire to gratify him. But you must show the Pope that Gregory had no
commission to that effect, but rather the contrary ; and say that we are sorry
the overture was not more reasonable or consonant to our honor.
Further, we understand by letters lately sent by the said Sir Gregory that
the Pope said it was conceded by the lawyers opposed to us, that the Pope in
our case may not dispense without an urgent cause,—an opinion which his
Holiness thinks more calculated to advance our matter than the general
opinion of the divines on our side, that the Pope cannot dispense at all. The
Emperor alleges that at the time of the dispensation there was extreme war
between the King's father and king Ferdinand, to pacify which the dispensation
was obtained, This looks like an urgent cause ; but it is not true ;
and to satisfy his Holiness both on this point and as to the doubt whether
the Queen were cognita by prince Arthur, or no, you are to show him that
in the league between Henry VII. and Ferdinand, sealed and signed by
Ferdinand and Isabella, the two Princes are declared to be more firmly united
in friendship than any other princes in Christendom ; and the only cause
assigned for the marriage is for the augmentation of their amity, and for
the virtuous modesty and other qualities of the Queen. It is also declared
in two places in the said league that the marriage between prince Arthur and
her was solemnized and perfectly consummated ; and this fact is further
attested by the depositions of a great number of noble and honorable personages,
who have been examined thereupon. We send an authentic transumpt
of the league to show his Holiness.
Finally, you are to show that on the success of this our cause depends the
surety of our succession, and the tranquillity of all our realm ; and that if it be
protracted many dangers are likely to ensue, which the King is bound to look
to. It is therefore more reasonable that the cause should be determined by
those to whose damage or commodity the success of it may ensue, and not by
his Holiness, who can have no certain knowledge of the state of the same.
But if his Holiness will remit the final hearing of it to the English Church,
and ratify their sentence, he shall have of the King and his people Christian
obedience, and allay the disturbance of Christendom.
They are to inform the King what towardness they find in the Pope in
this behalf ; and are not to declare this as the King's resolute answer ; but
on further overtures, the King will endeavor to satisfy his Holiness if he
earnestly will apply himself to the acceleration of the end of the cause.
Draft, with corrections and additions in the King's own hand, pp. 26.
Endd. by Tunstall (?) "A minute off a lettre ;"—to which is added, in a
later hand, "Sent by the Kinge to his Embassador at Rome."
Vit. B. XIII.
2. Modern copy of the preceding, with a few slight variations, showing
that it was derived from a different source. Headed inaccurately :
"Instruckecion given to Sir Thomas Elliotte, being sent to the Pope towching
Mutilated, pp. 10.
f. 102 b.
3. Another modern copy, headed like the preceding.
103. Edmund Boner to Cromwell.
Sends him four Parmesan cheeses, which he himself brought from
Parma. From my chamber, this morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Privy Council. Endd.
104. Harry Isam to Cromwell.
I [showed] your letter to Master Not to take the pr[iest]. He
showed it to Sir Wm. Carro, who [was] the priest's friend, and desired him
that he would [not] meddle with him at that time. The next day the priest
was carried away to Thos. Carrose's house, and thence to Master Haydon's,
so that I and three men with me could not meet with him, from Whitsunday
till the King went over sea. I then took him within three miles of his
house, riding on a mare. He desired me to lend him a nag, and he put his
mare on the common. She strayed into a pasture of Richard Philips, called
Soke, and has been there ever since, till within the last fortnight. She shall
be at your command.
I brought the priest within 60 miles of this town, when I heard that you
had gone with the King. He offered me 10l. towards my cost, if I would tell
no man of it, nor let Master Carro know of it. I took the 10l. for costs and
charges, taking a bond for his appearance before your mastership, which I
have lost. I dare not arrest him without your further commandment. Let me
have your authority for this. They have taken out a latitat against me, and
turned my lord Dabyne against me.
Please be good master to me.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. at the head : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell,
105. Grants in January 1533.
1. Will. Baker of Newport Panyell,
Bucks, miller. Pardon for having broken
into the house of Nich. Barnewell at Hanslap,
Bucks, assaulted and beaten the said
Nicholas, and robbed him of money. Greenwich,
3 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
4 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
2. Rob. Donnyngton, soldier of Calais.
Grant of the reversion "of kepyng the plays
of hand oute and keyles" without the Lantern
Gate, Calais, on the next vacancy.
Addressed to Lord Berners, deputy of
Calais, lord Edm. Haward, comptroller
there, and all other officers. Greenwich,
3 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Jan.
—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
3. Elisisius Lecestre, clk. Grant of the
mastership or fellowship in the collegiate
church of Wyngham, void by the death of
John Stodard, and at the King's disposal
by reason of the voidance of the archbishopric
of Canterbury. Greenwich, 4 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston, 5 Jan.—
P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
4. Thos. Lee and John Borough. Grant,
in survivorship, of the office of gunner in
the Tower of London, vice John Hartley,
deceased, with fees of 6d. a day. Greenwich,
22 Dec. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hogdesdon,
9 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
5. Ric. Coren, S.T.P. Presentation as in
vol. v. No. 1693 (7). Enrolment dated
6. Reyner Wolffe, a native of Dretunhe (?)
in Gelderland. Denization. Greenwich,
2 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 Jan.
—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.
7. Roger Horton of London, alias of Westminster,
one of the keepers of the gaol of Newgate,
London. Pardon for having, 17 Aug.
22 Hen. VIII., entertained and abetted Geo.
Hopye, Humphrey West alias Weston, and
James Michell of London, yeomen, knowing
them to have that day broken and entered
the parish ch. of St. Dunstan, Stepenhith,
Middx., and carried off certain articles belonging
to the parishioners, in the custody
of John Clyfton and Hugh Thomson, churchwardens ;
and also for having, along with
Ric. Worley of London, clk., 1 Feb.
21 Hen. VIII., broken and entered the house
of Thomas, abbot of the monastery of St.
Mary, Abendon, Berks, and taken away
100l. belonging to John Awdelett. Westm.,
11 Jan.—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
8. Hen. Coke of London, yeoman. Pardon
for having killed Rob. Reve at Wormeley,
Herts, 14 July 22 Hen. VIII. Greenwich,
3 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
11 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
9. Ric. Ambrose. To be one of the
King's gunners in the Tower of London,
with fees of 8d. a day ; on surrender of
pat. 1 Dec. 18 Hen. VIII., granting the same
to James Nedham. Greenwich, 26 Dec.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Jan.—P.S.
Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
10. To the men of St. Owen's, Rouen.
Inspeximus and confirmation of patent
8 Nov. 2 Hen. VIII., inspecting and confirming
pat. 12 May 12 Hen. VI., inspecting and
confirming (by the advice of Parliament
1 Hen. VI.) pat. 11 May 4 Hen. V., inspecting
and confirming a charter of Hen. I.,
granting exemption from toll to the ship
(navis, sing.), men and things of St. Owen,
Rouen. Hoggeston, 14 Jan.—Pat. 24 Hen.
VIII. p. 2, m. 32.
11. Sir Barth. Dyllon. To be Chief Justice
of the King's Bench in Ireland, vice
Patrick Bermyngham, deceased ; with the
same fees as the said Patrick enjoyed out of
the customs of the city of Dublin and the
town of Drogheda. Greenwich, 13 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston, 15 Jan.
—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.
12. Mons. de Montpesat, ambassador of
the French King. Licence to leave the
realm, with his servants, &c. Greenwich,
15 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. Thos. Crumwell, the King's servant
and councillor, and Gregory Crumwell his
son. Next presentation to the parish church
of Collome, in the marches of Calais, co.
Guisnes. Del. Westm., 17 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
—S.B. Enrolled in 25th year, p. 1, m. 44.
14. Hugh Haglun of London, capper, a
native of Normandy. Denization. Greenwich,
9 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
15. Rob. Collier, of the parish of St. Giles,
Oxford. Pardon for having killed John
Ferroe of Halifax, Yorks., yeoman, on the
highway between Oxford and Kidlington,
on the 16th July 24 Hen. VIII. Greenwich,
13 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Jan.
16. Thos. Cusake of Konsington. To
be chancellor of the Green Wax in Ireland,
in as full manner as Patrick Bremegham
held the office. Greenwich, 17 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Jan.—P.S.
17. Sir John Fulford. Grant of 1,000
acres of land, pasture and wood, in the
manor of Bushamzele, in the parish of
Dittesham, in co. Devon, and licence to enclose
the same as a park ; with free warren,
&c. Greenwich, 14 Nov. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 21 Jan.—P.S.
18. Hen. Atkinson. Licence to go beyond
the sea, with one person in his company,
and two horses, baggage, &c. Greenwich,
17 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston,
19. James Lore of Marke Lane, London,
tailor, a native of Scotland. Denization.
Greenwich, 12 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del.
Westm., 23 Jan.—P.S.
20. Wm. Barton and Ric. Williams of
Kyngesbery, Midd., yeomen. Reversal of
outlawry. Indicted of trespass against the
Crown in the King's Bench ; they surrendered
to the Marshalsea prison, as certified by
Sir John Fytzjames, C.J. Westm., 23 Jan.
—Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
21. Wm. Braban. Licence to have a
prebend or dignity within any monastery
or cathedral in England along with another
benefice, notwithstanding the Act of
21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII. — S.B. Endorsed : Apud
Grenewiche iiio die Februarii, anno R.R.
H. VIII. xxiiiito. Per Wrosthesley.
22. Sir John Gage of Westfyrles, Sussex.
Discharge of a recognizance, dated 29 Jan.
19 Hen. VIII., wherein he and others stand
bound to the King. Greenwich, 28 Jan.
24 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Add. : To John Tayler,
master of the Rolls.
23. Sir Francis Brian. Wardship of
Thomas, brother and heir of Rob. Tirringham,
with an annuity of 20l. from his manors
of Tirringham, Clapthorn, Tithmarsshe, and
Hatton, and from his lands in Croueley and
Farndiche, in cos. Bucks, Beds, Linc., and
Northt. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
24. Thos. Derbye, clerk of the Signet.
To be clerk of the Council, with the fee ot
20l. a year, as Ric. Eden or — Belous held
the same. Greenwich, 28 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
Del., Westm. 29 Jan.—P.S.
25. Sir Rob. Norwiche, C.J. of the Common
Pleas, Sir John Gage, Sir John Spelman,
one of the justices of the King's Bench,
Christopher Hales, Thos. Armorer, and
John Colbecke. Licence to impark 600
acres of land, meadow, pasture and wood,
in Esseborne and Midhurst, Sussex, to be
called the park of Cowdry, to have free
warren and fishery within the same, and to
build fortifications therein.—S.B. (Date
illegible.) Pat. Westm., 30 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, m. 3.
26. Reginald Bainbrigg, B.D. Licence
to sue to the court of Rome for a dispensation
of non-residence or plurality. Greenwich,
29 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
106. Robert Acton to Cromwell.
Has not been well since he came beyond sea, "but as your mastership
did see me at Calais, and many times much worse." Begs, therefore, his
forbearance, if possible, till he is able to ride ; but if Cromwell insists on
his coming to the Parliament, will do so, even at the risk of his life. Begs
him to remember his request at Calais. Owes a great sum both to Cromwell
and others. The bearer will wait on Cromwell to pay him.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell, one of the King's
most hon. Council. Endd.