107. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
I have received of my brother Richard, your servant, 3,000l., and indented
with him for it. After the payment of 500l. to my lord Dacres, of 250l. for
the costs of the last 1,500 men at 3s. 4d. each, of the wages of the first 1,000
men due on March 5, and of the last 1,500 men on the 5th Feb., there will
remain in his hands about 150l. So the said supplement will cry for their
wages beforehand. Reminds him of the contents of his long letter from
Newcastle on Jan. 18. Regrets the great charge the King is put to, "being
so good and gracious Lord as he is every way," and no exploits done against
the enemies ; 5,000l. has been spent since anything has been done worth
writing. During this stay at York has written several times to my lord of
Northumberland that the garrisons should be doing something. At his
arrival on the Borders, will urge my Lord and the Council to do some
notable act at the full of the moon next week. Afterwards the King might
send for Sir Richard Tempest, and Lawson would be glad to come with him
to explain the state of affairs. Has shown part of his mind to the bearer,
Richard, your kinsman. Begs him to send money for the 1,500 men, to
make them equal in their month's wages with the first 1,000 men, that the whole
of the garrisons may be paid to the 5th March. Hears that divers persons
have bought corn in Holderness, intending to send it to London,—corn being,
as he has written, as cheap in the North as the South. Begs a letter may
be sent from the King to the customers of Hull, to allow no corn to go out
of these parts, except to the King's use, without special licence. York, at
my departure northward, 1 Feb.
P.S. in his own hand.—Thinks the abbeys should bear more of the charges
in these parts. God's service might be as well maintained, and yet the
King's highness might have a good part of what the abbots and priors
prodigally spend. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, and of the King's most honorable
108. Thomas, Prior Of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his letter received this morning, and for the pains
he has taken in the matter about which he wrote. Sends a commission
sealed, as Cromwell recommended, with a blank space for the name which
the King may please to insert as president of Convocation. Canterbury,
Saturday, 1 Feb.
Sends a poor token by his servant. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor.
Vit.B. XIV. 94.
109. [Aug. De Augustinis to Cromwell.]
"Humillima commendatio[ne præmissa], ... sub literis
equitis ... scribere volui p ...
Cæsar qui ad ...
[præ]ter omnium opi[nionem] ...
summus Pontifex ...
res se habeat, ego ...
edoctus, firmiter credo ...
ad minus discessum suum ...
agro Mediolanensi, ubi do ...
det, postquam vero in Hispaniam ...
riam cum ipsa classe, et omnibus militibus ad Peloponnesum ...
Coronensi præsidio, et ad bellum Turcaicum ulterius prosequendum ...
(qnamvis et in rem suam hoc faciat) non solum a Pontifice,
sed etiam ab aliq[uibus] ... quorum numero jactant esse ducem
Ferrariensem, ut Hispanos hic dic ... circiter iiijm ad tuendam
tranquillitatem Italiæ, et totidem ex German [ia] ... adducat :
qui quidem Hispani ab ipsis confœderatis alentur, verum q ...
dimittat hic aut non dimittat milites, classem remittat vel non ...
[Pelo]ponessum, ut meum tenue est judicium, opinor ipsum non magni
... in præsentiarum prosecuturum, sed solum Coronum tutaturum,
adeo quod rex Tu[rcarum] ... implicitus, bellum ipsi Cæsari neque mari,
neque terra inferre poterit ... moveant, singula non recenseo,
hoc dixero, Cæsarem ipsum neque totum ... suas vires velle,
aut posse in præsens ad tale bellum applicare : aliorum etenim ...
respectus eum alia cogitare compellunt.
"Quemadmodum superioribus meis scripsi Magnificentiæ vestræ, quadrimestres
illæ indu[ciæ] ... armis percussæ sunt inter regem
Romanorum duntaxat, et regem Joa[nnem] ... judices arbitri,
rex, scilicet, Poloniæ et dux Georgius Saxoniæ, Cr[acoviæ, quæ est me]tropolis
Poloniæ, conveniant, ac de ista controversia pronunci[ent] ...
eventum cardinalis Tridentinus a Cæsare extorsit per literas Fucarorum
e[t aliorum] mercatorum, ut regi præfato Romanorum cm florenorum
Rhene[nsium] ... Quo peracto nudius tertius, qui fuit ultimus
Januarii prænom ... hinc ad regem suum discessit
Œnipontem, Hyspruck vulgu ... exceptus est publico
consistorio, ut absens possit gaud[ere] ... Romana
curia, præcipue videlicet exemptione ... Eadem
etiam die * et inferius perstringam ut ...
(fn. 1) Mtia vestra exceptus est inquam ...
ad hunc scilicet modum adduct ... denti præsentatus
pm ejus pedi ... enarum umbræ adjunxit
ac ... reorum circiter cc. quam ...
orator regis Portugalliæ ...
præsentavit literas credentiales ...
quod ipse etiam orator Presbyteri [Joannis] ...
literas principis sui ad pontificem, ac ei legen ...
[d]uctus est, ubi stetit aperto capite quousque literæ ...
quidem protinus a Blosio secretario pontificis alta voce lectæ
sunt in Lati[num ex Por]tugallensi traductæ, in quod prius versæ fuerant ex
Chaldaico idiomate. [Quum literæ] longissime fuerint, et spatio trium horarum
vix perlectæ, et quia cum nunc impr[imuntur] nolui laborem insumere in eas
exscribendas, sed proxima septimana per primum ta[bellarium e]as impressas
ad Magnificentiam vestram mittere curabo. Summa earum tamen fuit ferme
talis ... David rex Æthiopiæ, (fn. 2) &c., qui fuit filius talis regis, &c., qui
traxit originem ab illa [Candac]e regina Æthiopum de qua in Actis Apostolorum,
cujus eunuchus fuit baptizatus [a Philippo] ; cum Dei gratia sit
princeps tot amplissimorum regnorum, quæ partim enumerat non in ...
onem sed ob honorem et exaltationem fidei Christianæ, miratur, quod
a tempore concilii Fl[orentini] qui fuit sub Eugenio XI., anno ab hinc
circiter cxxx, quando Græci et [ec]clesia orientalis unita est occidentali
ecclesiæ, quemadmodum ex literis patentibus videri potest, hoc tamen obiter
dictum sit, memini me legisse Wintonii in Novo Collegio cum sigillo tum
Piscatoris, tum Patriarchæ Constantinopolitani, ab una parte Græcis literis,
[ab altera La]tinis, hoc exordio conscriptis, ευφανωζοσαν οι ουρανοι και αγαλλιαζητω η
[γη (fn. 3) , Lætentur] cœli, et exultet terra, quod ille pariet, qui
dirimebat ecclesias orientalem et occidentalem ... pore missit suos
oratores ad pontifices romanos, nunquam de aliquo pontifice quicquam potuit
... nisi sub Sixto ejus nominis iiij. ab hinc ferme xxx. annis, qui
ad eum missit [quosdam] ... Franciscanos, quamobrem hortatur
eum, ut ad se mittat aliquos nuncios, præterea ut [con]veniat fides ejus cum
Romana, rogat ut ad se mittat viros aliquot doctos, ... æ ulteriusque
ad se etiam mittat artifices multorum generum, viz., aurifices, arch ...
[a]rmamentarios, ut possint suos populos instruere, et
illis magna præmia prof ... archibusarios, ut illic Christianum
nomen magis propagetur, ultimo eum ho ... principes ecclesiæ
occidentalis, ut junctis viribus ab hac parte, et ipso a parte Ægy[ptiæ] ...
Mahumetanos et ab eorum manibus eripiant sepulcrum Salvatoris m
... a cum nostra infamia tenetur in potestate eorundem,
in omnibus ... entiam, pietatem, religionem
regis Portugalliæ in fidem *
Quibus sa ... Portugallensi
... dixit se nomine ...
illuc venisse ...
Petri Apostoli in c ...
ex se esset ex ...
dominum nostrum pro sal ...
alta voce expressit ...
illi respondere qui ...
pio affectu in Sedem Apostolicam ...
surus erat, et missurus or ... dux
Sabaudiæ, sicuti scripsi die xxvij. præteriti, ... non die
post Dux uxor ejus (fn. 4) est civitatem ingressa Cæsare ... familiis Pontificis
et Cardinalium illi occurrendæ ferme ad 2m lapid[em] ...
equitatem usque ad palatium perduxit, in quod ipsa descendit ...
inibi inhabitat, ipso duce in domo nostræ contigua inhabita ...
multum distante. Hastiludia illa et ludicra certamina o ...
præfatæ ducis, evanuerant ob causam, ut præ se ferrunt, morti[s] ...
patrui regis Portugalliæ, imperatricis et prænominatæ Ducis, se ...
pecuniarum parsimoniam. Causa ducis Ferrariæ adhuc est in ...
[nec de adven]tu suo huc ullum adhuc verbum.
"Sed cum jam tot magis Magnificentiam vestram fatigaverim res meas
breviter perscri ... re, se velle dare illas xx. libras sterlingorum
Freschobaldo, quod tamen nunquam f ... serma vult mihi
providere de aliquo beneficio : quorum quidem alterum ... sit ad
kalendas Græcas, jam enim vertitur annus, et quo facta ...
verbo regio, et nihil adhuc video ; alterum autem Magnificentia vestra videtur
... et solutionem talem trahere, usque ad provisionem beneficii :
qua facta nih[il] ... quod certe si ita esset, quod nullo pacto
mihi persuadere possum, in ... ni animi, Magnificentiæ vestræ,
et celsitudini cogitationum suarum, atque indig ... ralitati,
atque sæculis nostris inauditæ, necnon in utraque hac aula fer ...
[po]tentissimi regis, qua semel, et uno tempore donavit liberos
regis Chr[istianissimi] ... millibus coronatorum. Quare
Magnificentiam vestram humillime rogatam velim, ut tandem ...
nem abrumpat, quæ R. Eboracensem, virum alioqui
nunquam satis lauda[tum,] ... invisum, et ipsum etiam
Cæsarem apud omnes reddit odiosum, et quo ad ...
butionem illorum episcopatuum, nam Deus novit quando illud erit in ...
alia via cito, et facile providere, quam non est
meum ... quo non ad pensionem i[s]tam *
* melius m ... esset tacere ...
nam suspicionem Cæsarianis incidis[se] ... non
solum ea tentaret, sed perficeret ...
ans quam vera fuit fama quod huc ...
[i]nsequentur atque ibidem permanebunt ...
[hest]erna nocte Cæsarem allocuti ... qui erat a
confessione Cæsaris ... ssam in sacello
pontificis una cum ... consiliarius
Cæsaris brevi futu ... amicis
suis plurimis circumvallatum.
"... um relatum in publico consistorio jam
veniam ... [m]ercatores fuere, quorum alter pereget
profi ... florenorum alteri : qui cum paulopost incideret
in mor[bum] ... huic deposito cum ob ægritudinem illud
minus posset servare, ad se ... abbate Benedictino ; qui ei
erat a confessione, et omnibus opinione sanctitatis venera[ndæ] ...
depositum servandum tradit, habito prius ab eo in rei testimonium autographo
... præfatus abbas paucos post dies cogitavit sibi ipsi depositum
servare, ac vene[no mercatorem] sustulit, ac postea proprium famulum,
veneni ministrum, suis manibus strangulavit [ut facin]us esset occultum,
et sic scriptum suum recepit, quod protinus igni mandavit. [Post]
... menses rediit alter frater ex longinquo itinere, nihil de morte
fratris suspicans ... literas habens, quas ille ante mortem ad eum
misserat, de tradito deposito prædicto [abbati. Cum] itaque in præsentia
cognovit mortem fratris, recta quam primum ad abbatem contendit, petens
[deposit]um ac literas fratris ostendens. Ille audacissime negat, ac fratrem
ejus delyrando ea scripsisse asserit ... nullum habens evidens
argumentum, quo abbatem convinceret, crucifixum quendam ligneum ...
in veritatis testimonium advocat, et se jus suum prosequi affirmat, et
sic discedit ... lce consciam sibi timens et impulsus diabolo ; qui
sicut est causa scelerum, ita est ... dignis eorum, eum crucifixum
ne ante judices veritatem testificaretur, cremandum ... quod cum
rescitum esset, tortura postea omnia ad unguem confessus est.
"... alias scripsi, verum quia Bremensis civitas recepit suum episcopum,
et Constantia et ... er Helvetios, necnon civitas Norimbergensis
aliquas constitutiones nuperri[me fecit] : redolentes pristinos ritus, non sane
propter obedientiam Sedis apostolicæ, sed potius ut ... licentiosam
libertatem populorum suorum, quæ spectabat ut omnes essent æquales, et ut
... ia, mirum dictu quantum erigerunt cornua isti pontificii indies
magis frequentates (sic) interim ... nia et cartharum lusus,
ne graviora dicam, ac talibus exemplis ecclesiasticorum ...
tionem pollicentur : mittitur tamen in Germaniam nuncius apostolicus Petrus
... us, qui hac septimana iter suum arripiet.
"... ie, Carniolæ et Carinthiæ in compensationem vastationis factæ
a Tur[cis] ... indultum receperunt, ut præfatæ provinciæ de
proventibus abbatiarum et aliorum ... necessaria alimenta
possessorum, sublevari debeant.
"... Hispania, imperatricem pervenisse Barchinonam præstolans
adventum ... Magnificentia vestra accipiet, quod
sibi videbitur, reli ... calamum
de cartha tollere." * [Bologna, 2 Feb.
1532.]" (fn. 5)
110. Montpesat to Francis I.
Was sent for yesterday by the duke of Norfolk. Found him with the
ambassador of the Pope, who was showing him letters in cipher he had
received from his Holiness. The Duke said they contained good offers, and
desired him to inform Francis that nothing could induce him to consent to
them, for he had too little trust in his Holiness. The king of England
never speaks to him without assuring him of his friendship for Francis,
but he is determined to entertain the Pope with good words until he sees
how he will conclude his affair. Sends a copy of deciphered letters from
Italy, given him by Norfolk, who requests Francis to communicate to the
king of England the news he receives from Italy more often than he does,
for Wallop writes that the answer of the Cardinals [Tournon and Grammont]
arrived ten days ago. He has been delaying a courier with an answer to the
Pope's message, until he hears what the Cardinals have done. The King
has also complained. Told him that the reason of the delay was that Francis
wished to send it by the bailly of Troyes, who could not be despatched in
a hurry as he was intended to stay for a long while, but that he would be at
The King spoke of his dissatisfaction with Gregory Casali, and Norfolk
has the same feeling. Thinks he will have but little credit here, though
there are a few councillors who still support him, and the King will continue
him in his service for some time. The King is in good health, and will open
Parliament at Westminster tomorrow. London, 3 Feb.
111. Montpesat to Montmorency.
Received today his letter, dated Annet, 27 Jan., concerning the
despatch of the bailly of Troyes with news from Italy, from the cardinals of
Tournon and Grammont, for which the King is very anxious, as he heard
from Wallop that their reply had arrived ten days ago. Wishes the Bailly
were already here, not in consequence of his desire to leave England, but
to satisfy the King, who talks of it every day, and has kept a courier for
Italy waiting for six days. Showed him today Montmorency's letters about
the Bailly's coming, and, in compliance with his request, has sent a man to
hasten him. Norfolk complains that Montmorency has not kept his promise
of sending news, though Norfolk has always told Monpesat of anything
He also desired him to say that he wished Francis could find some means
of reconciling the kings of England and Scotland, but he desires this to be
kept secret. He wished the King had charged the Bailly to tell the king of
England that he would not be sorry if he practised for a peace with Scotland.
Told him, in answer to this, that the Bailly was already on his way. Things
will be difficult to settle, as raids are daily made on the Borders, and the
English have again invaded Scotland. The French who go there are not
welcome, and the Flemings boast that the country is devoted to the Emperor,
and has quitted the alliance with France.
As the Imperial Ambassador lately showed him a letter from Italy about
his master's honor and triumph, which he also showed to Norfolk, he made
another to the honor of the French king, showed it to the king of England
and Norfolk, and will send it tomorrow to the Ambassador in revenge.
Wishes all that is contained in it was in the King's coffers. The King
comes to this town tomorrow to open Parliament. The duke of Suffolk and
all the nobility will be there. London, 3 Feb.
112. T. Lord Monteagle to Cromwell.
I have received a command to attend Parliament, but as the King
has licensed me to remain for divers causes in my country, I cannot at once
be ready, which I beg you will explain to the King. It is no marvel that
I am not precisely ready, considering how I have been ordered, which I
am very glad is now like to come to light. I trust the King will not suffer
me or any other baron of his realm to be suppressed, other than the laws will
fortify. Hornby, 3 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. : Right worshipful.
113. Sir Richard Tempest to Henry VIII.
Since the departure of Sir Ralph Ellerker towards your Highness,
my spies have informed me that Murray lies at Edinburgh, intending,
towards the light of this moon, to be at Holme Castle, and Sir Jas. Hammylton
with him. "And their saliours liyth at Kelsall (Kelso) and other placez
neight apon the Borders of Scotland," but in what numbers I know not. I
hear the Earl intends to defend the Borders, and not invade. The French
king's messenger now in Scotland intends to come to England in four days.
Sir Ralph Fenwyck offers to burn Kelsall if the King will give him wages
for 300 men, and such surnames as he will take in Northumberland. Sir
Ralph Ellerker has promised the Council here to report to you the causes of
misorder in this country. Norham, 3 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
114. John, Abbot Of St. Osith's, to Cromwell.
I have received a letter from you, of the same tenor as your last, and
beg you will not be offended at my reply. I am ready to oblige you in
everything that will stand with my honesty, but if I granted this request to
your friend Darby, and you withdrew it, he would think himself ill-treated.
I beg you will consider the poor man to whom I have given it at the
instance of Master Hales, Sir Will. Pyrton, and Sir John Sencler ; and so
the matter has passed my hands. St. Osys, 3 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Sealed.
E. IV. 28*.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
115. Ric. Lyst, lay brother among the Friars at Greenwich, to
I wrote to you of a certain chance happened among us here, since
which I have sent word thereof to the King and your father privily by
Dr. Goodryche. I marvel that the matter is so slenderly looked upon as
yet. I heard, more than a year ago, that the King was minded to move us
from Greenwich to Christchurch in London, and make this place a college.
I think it may be done without any offence against God or great note of the
people, considering how some of our company have used themselves against
God, the King, and you. If there had been a place of our religion in
London, many inconveniences would have been avoided. It would be a
meritorious deed if you could help to bring it to pass. I was in some trouble
by reason of the piteous chance happened amongst us, and my trouble
increases so, that I can scarcely take my natural rest two nights a week. If
it continues I fear disease will ensue. I beseech you to pray for me, for I
do daily for you. By God's grace and prayer I trust to have remedy, for
I have some learning and intelligence. I have often spoken and answered
in the King's cause and yours, for which I have suffered rebuke and trouble,
but it has been rather comfort than otherwise, and so it should be to every
true lover in the cause of his friend. I have often been called in derision
your chaplain, but I have not yet taken priest's orders, though I intend to
do so, and trust, within two years and less, to say 100 masses for your
prosperous state, spiritual and corporal. I am now at liberty to be a priest,
for a young woman to whom I was made sure by way of marriage before I
came to religion, is departed to the mercy of God. I am 40s. in debt for
clothes and other things necessary for my mother, but I am half ashamed
and more to beg any more of you, because you have been so good to her in
times past. Nevertheless, if it shall please you to remember her, the alms
can be delivered either to Dr. Goodryche, one of the King's chaplains, or to
Master Cole, sub-dean of the Chapel Royal. 4 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : "[To the mo]st onerabyll lady [marquesse] of Penbroke."
E. IV. 30*.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
116. Richard Lyst to Cromwell.
I have written to the King and you, and sent word by Dr. Goodryche
of a certain chance and business happened among us, and I marvel that it
is so superficially and slenderly looked upon : first, considering the offence
against God and our neighbour or brother, that men should be so punished
and treated among us, and for so light a cause to be put in jeopardy both of
soul and body ; and secondly, considering the offence done against the King
and my lady Marcus of Penbroke by some of our family, as fathers Peyto,
Elston, Forest, and others. It grieves me sore to see Forest's unkindness
and duplicity against the King, considering how good the King has been to
him and his poor friends for a long time. I can tell all his behaviour, if you
and the King wish to know. On Monday last he was with the King, and he
said that he was with his Grace more than half an hour, and was well received ;
that the King sent him a great piece of beef from his own table, and that my
lord of Norfolk took him in his arms and bade him welcome. I understand
that he advised the King to send beyond the sea for father Hey, who was
our commissary, but this would not be to the King's honour, for he was ruled
by Forest when here last, and so did little good amongst us, neither to the
King's honor nor to the profit of the religion. As far as I can perceive,
he is on the Queen's part. I understand that Forest is to attend on the
King on Saturday to receive writings for Hey. If the King and you were
to send for father Hurlston, a preacher of our house, and me, we could tell
the King how Forest has used himself against the King's honor and your
worship. I wish we could speak with the King before he sees Forest again.
I have heard reported for more than a year that the King intended to remove
us from Greenwich to Christchurch in London. The King could do this
without any offence against God or great note of the people, and could put
this place to some other use. If there had been a place of our religion in
London, many inconveniences that have chanced by our brethren against the
observance of our rule would have been avoided, and should be in future. I
sent the King the copy of the indiscreet direction of brother Raynscroft, who
died in prison. If the King had followed my advice, that matter would have
been more substantially handled to the King's honor and the avoidance of
all such cruelty and unmercifulness in time to come ; for the foresaid matter
is very piteous and suspicious, considering the suspect proofs after the deed
was done, and the manner of the deed. My trouble in consequence of this
piteous chance rather increases than diminishes, so that I can take my
natural rest scarcely two nights in a week, and I fear sickness. Father
Larans sent me word that he was ready to preach the King's matter whenever
he or you commanded him. In my judgment he is more able to do
the King honor and you worship than three such as father Forest. I
beseech you to be good to my mother, who has been wronged by a merchant
of London. 4 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : [Master C]romwell. Endd.
117. Wm. Lord Dacre to Cromwell.
Received on the 3rd his letter, dated London, 26 Jan. intimating that
500l. will be paid to him by the King's treasurer, Sir Geo. Lawson, and
desiring him to employ it to the utmost annoyance of the King's enemies.
In the King's last letters two alternatives were given to Dacre, viz., of 300
persons to lie in garrisons continually, or 150 workmen for the repair of the
town and castle of Carlisle, and 150 persons able for war. On this Dacre
gave his opinion, but has had no reply as yet. Begs that a paymaster be
appointed for the moneys to be spent either in building or garrisons, and a
deviser of strengths for the same, as the gentlemen of the country would bear
Dacre a grudge. Naward, 4 Feb. Signed.
Add. : Master Cromwell, master of the King's Jewel house.
118. John Coke, Secretary to the Merchants Adventurers, to
Thanks him for declaring to Mr. Locke, mercer, the favour he bears
to Coke. Barrowe upon the Zome, 4 Feb. 1532.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
Rolls of Parl.
Held by prorogation at Westminster, 4 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII.
Admission of —, abbot of Burton, to his seat by virtue of a writ of
summons dated 30 April 24 Hen. VIII.
Acts passed on the following subjects :—
1. In favor of Walter Walshe.
2. Letters patent to the town of Hull cancelled.
3. The tanning and currying of leather.
4. The dyeing of wools.
5. Flesh to be sold by weight.
6. Sowing of flax and hemp.
7. "Where a man killing a thief shall not forfeit his goods."
8. Sale of wines.
9. Act renewed against killing calves.
10. "Where defendants shall not recover costs."
11. Against killing young beasts called wendlings.
12. To destroy choughs, crows, and rooks.
13. For paving the Strand.
14. Appeals to Rome forbidden.
15. Against excess in apparel.
16. Butchers licensed to slaughter cattle within London.
"Billes dependyng in the Comen Hous syns the last prorogacion."
"Twice read.—The bill of primer seisin. The bill of bankrupt. The
bill of regrating of corn. The bill for the saving of young spring of woods.
The bill of portions in the lieu of mortuaries. The answers of the
Once read.—The statute of apparel. (fn. 6) The resumption of the liberties,
&c. of the prelates. The oaths of the prelates. The bills of the tithes in
London. The bill for cardmakers, wiredrawers, pinners, and others. The
bill of Broun versus Shaa. The bill of the Chancery and Cheker. The
bill of the decay of the towns. The bill of the highways in the Weald of
Kent to be mended. The bill that beef and mutton to be sold by weight. (fn. 7) "
P. 1. Endd.
2. Draft Act of Parliament to restrain bishops from citing or arresting
any of the King's subjects to appear before them in cases of heresy, unless
the bishop or his commissary be free from any private grudge against the
accused, and there be three or at least two credible and indifferent witnesses ;
a copy of the libel to be in all cases delivered to the accused with the
names of his accusers.
Corrected draft, pp. 3.
3. Draft of the Act for the growing of flax and hemp. [24 Hen. VIII
Large paper, pp. 3.
4. Draft of the Act for the destruction of crows, choughs, and rooks.
[24 Hen. VIII. c. 10.]
Large paper, pp. 4. With corrections in Cromwell's hand.
5. Another draft of the same, corrected by Cromwell.
Large paper, pp. 2.
E. VI. 185.
6. Draft of the Act forbidding appeals to the Court of Rome. [24
Hen. VIII. c. 12.] It differs considerably from the printed Act, and has a
few corrections by the King and others.
Pp. 14. Originally a roll. Imperfect.
7. Six copies or drafts of the Act against appeals to Rome.
[24 Hen. VIII. c. 12.]
8. Another draft of a portion of the same.
Large paper, pp. 6.
9. Draft and fair copy of a fragment of section 3 of the same Act.
Large paper, pp. 5.
F. I. 86.
121. Ecclesiastical Appeals.
Suggestions concerning the regulation of appeals in ecclesiastical
cases. Incip. :—"By the law of civil no man can appeal afore sentence."
Advises that no appeal should be allowed for any grief before judgment,
except in cases allowed by the civil law, nor from any sentence but once ; that
no man should appeal from the bishop or archdeacon or other inferior judge to
the Pope, but only to the next superior judge ; and that a penalty be imposed
on frivolous appeals. Complains of the sum (26s. 8d.) charged for a sentence,
and considers that the statute restraining the number of proctors causes
delay, and that if they are removable at the judges' pleasure the judges will
rule every matter in the courts at their pleasure.
F. II. 249.
A paper complaining of the heaviness of the tithe paid by tillers as
compared with graziers. If it be true that the charges of cultivation stand the
ploughman in 13s. 4d. an acre of wheat, as is mentioned in a bill once read
in the House, it seems that the curate has half the poor man's gains by the
name of a tenth. He who keeps his ground in pasturage pays but 8d. of
the noble, which is not full two groats for six acres of land ; whereas the
tiller may pay 10s. for six acres, and if his crop is a loss he still has to pay.
If this inequality were remedied, tillage would marvellously increase, to the
setting on work of many or all the vagabonds, and to the great wealth of the
Fiat for writs of summons as follows :—
i. Geo. Boleyn, lord Rocheford, to be present in Parliament this Wednesday.
Westm., 5 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII.
ii. Similar writ to Hen. lord Mautravers. Dated as above.
iii. Similar writ to Francis Talbot, son and heir apparent of Geo. earl of
Shrewsbury. 17 Feb.
Signed at top by the King.
124. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Arrived at Warkworth, where my Lord Warden lies, on Monday the 3rd.
His rotinue of 400 men, with that of lord Conyers and Sir Ralph Fenwyke, with
Tyndale and Riddesdale, were that night engaged in a "rode" at Teviotdale.
Has remained in order to take the musters, and pay them their wages and
coats ; after which he will proceed to the Borders to do the same. Left at
Newcastle the 500l. to be delivered to Dacres, and sent a post to let him
know of it. After payment of this, and of the coats and wages of the last
1,500 men to the 5th of this month, and of the first garrison to the 5th
March, there will remain in his hands 150l. besides the 500l. sent for
provision of victuals. It is not true that horsemeat and victuals are scarce
in these parts. Plenty of hay, straw, and oats came to Berwick, and in
Bamboroughshire there is much corn standing in stacks unthrashed. Master
Captain of Berwick has a ship that came to Berwick 20 days ago laden with
beans and malt, and Lawson had another, of which part is yet unsold. If
God send wind, plenty more will come to Berwick shortly ; the prices are
lower here than in the South. When the ships arrive Lawson will rate the
King's charges, and set such a price that the King may lose as little as may
be. As to the complaint of the Council that their wages and coats had not
come to hand, Lawson came hither from York as soon as he had received the
money. Wishes the captains were as ready to do exploits as he to pay
them. Thinks they resent his calling for musters, and objecting to northern
men. The Scots have set forth from Leith one Walles, with three ships of
war of no great burden. One or two ships should be appointed to keep this
coast. Will do his best for the repair of Wark castle, and furnishing it with
artillery. There ought to be a store of gunpowder at Newcastle for the
supply of Wark castle, the Cawe Mills, and Berwick. Thinks more captains
should be appointed for the 2,500 men. The earl of Murray is at Edinburgh,
and is coming to the Borders at the full moon, and with him Sir Jas.
Hamilton and others. My Lord Warden meditates a great "rode" in Tevidale.
The poor soldiers of Berwick make many excursions into the Mershe in
Scotland, in companies of 30 or 40, for which they deserve good thanks.
Remember money. Sir Thos. Wharton, Sir Rauf Fenwyke, Reynold Carnaby,
and John Horsley, with the companies mentioned in the beginning of this
letter, were sent by my Lord Warden against the laird of Bekklowgh in West
Tevidale, who has always been a common thief and maintainer of theft.
They have burnt his granges and steads of corn to his gates, with two towns
adjoining, and taken 400 head of cattle, 40 or 60 prisoners, and as many
horses, and have come home in safety. Nothing like it has been done so far
with such a company. Warkworth, 5 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, and of the King's most
Calig. B. VII.
125. [Northumberland] to Henry VIII.] (fn. 8)
My Comptroller and Reynold Carnaby, having obtained my licence to
invade Scotland, met on Monday before night, the 3rd inst., at Wauhop on
North Tyne water, above Tyndaill, to the number of 1,500 men. They
entered Scotland at Whele Causey at 8 o'clock, and before 11 sent out a foray
of Tyndaill and Ryddisdaill, and laid the rest in a bushment. They attacked
Branxham, where the lord of Buclough dwells, and set a train for him, "like
to his accustomed manner in rising to all frays," but he was not at home.
They burnt Branxham, Whichestre, Whichestre Helme, and Whetley, taking
prisoners several of the lord's servants who came out of his gates. They did
not leave one house, stack, or sheaf of corn unburnt, outside his gates, "and
thus scrymmaged and frayed, supposing the lord of Buclough to be within
three or four miles to have trained him to the busshement." At daybreak,
the foray and bushment met, and returned home westward, over Lyddesdaill,
intending that if warning had been given at Gedwurth, which is six miles
from the Whele Causay, the Scots might have further to come and be more
out of order. On their way through Lyddersdaill, thinking that the inhabitants
were "towards your Highness," and to make the King and Council of
Scotland suspect them, they made a proclamation of assurance to the
inhabitants, and passed through the country at about 10 on Tuesday morning.
Divers of the inhabitants offered their services to my said servants under the
said assurance. They arrived home about 12 o'clock, bringing with them above
40 Scotch prisoners,—one named Scot, of the kin of the lord of Buclough,—
300 nowte, and above 60 horses and mares,—without any loss on our side. A
town called Newbyggyns was also spoiled by divers footmen of Tyndaill and
Ryddesdaill, and two Scots slain, and many hurt. The English went 14
miles into Scotland and 60 miles from my house of Warkworth.
The towns burnt have not been "enterprised" in any wars at any time
within the mind of man. The lord of Buclough has always been a mortal
enemy to England, and said about 14 days ago that he would see who durst
burn him, with many other cruel words, of which my servants knew before
their enterprise. I beseech you to send thanks to those whose names are
enclosed, and to remember the painful and diligent service of my poor servant
Copy, pp. 3. Endd. by Wriothesley : Letters from the earl of Northumberland
in 24 and 25 Hen. VIII.
126. Ric. Byschoppe to Lady Lisle.
Thanks for their goodness to him. Wm. Lawse, one of the keepers of
Claringdon, promises that her letter shall speed of the best. Lady Anne's
servants had a buck and another small deer. The wives of B[ruto]n have
no venison as yet, but John Baker asked him to say that they shall have
some. The buck lady Lisle struck in Canford park was never recovered, and
the keepers said they would not kill another for 20 nobles. His master
sends thanks for venison. Mr. Gylberd, who is now at Bruton, desires to be
recommended. He is not yet admitted to his affidavit "to his amowntyd in
in the Kinges bookes to fowre markes or 5 markes."
Hears from one of their tenants that the prior of Wulspring (fn. 9) will shortly
be deposed. Encloses a letter about it. Asks lord and lady Lisle to write
for him to Dr. Creting or my lord of Bath. Bruton.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Slightly mutilated.
127. Henry VIII. to Lord Lisle.
Owing to Lisle's committing to others the custody of Claryngton park,
the King's deer and game are much decayed. If Lisle do not take better
care of them, he will be discharged. Westm., 5 Feb.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.
128. Anthony Coope to Cromwell.
Touching the King's title to be found for Spenser's lands, (fn. 10) I have
taken no little trouble. Such extreme labour has been made by my young
Lady and her friends, that it will be hard to bring it to pass unless we have
better assistance. If it pass against the King, he will lose above 5,000 marks.
It grieves me to find he has so few friends in either Warwick or Northamptonshire.
Mr. Throkmerton promised he would assist me, but secretly
works the contrary. My lady Spencer raises great slander everywhere that
we would rob her of her jointure, and this is the only colour they have to
undo the King's title, though I have promised her she shall enjoy it as fully
as before if she will not hinder the King's right. I marvel that she and her
friends are not ashamed to sue for the King's favor in that matter. I think
it would be well if the King would summon Sir Geo. Throkmorton for
Warwickshire, and Sir Will. Parre for Northamptonshire ; and after a few
quick words at the beginning, at last put them wholly in trust for the finding
of the offices. They cannot then for shame but faithfully cleave thereto to
purchase favor and thanks. My Lady boasts that she will obtain her mind ;
but our trust is in you to stay the King's grace for any sinister labor made
by her. I send you two cygnets and one doe. The swans are fat and good.
I hope the venison is not worse. Hardwyke beside Banbury.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell. Endd. :
129. Robert Hogan to Cromwell.
Sends him 2 pheasants, 2 dozen partridges, and would have waited
upon him, but he is diseased. Estbrodeham, 5 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's councillors.