130. The Scotch Borders.
Warrant under the King's sign manual to Cromwell, to send to Sir
George Lawson 3,000l., to be spent on the King's affairs in the Marches of
Scotland. Westm., 6 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII.
Warrant under the King's sign manual to Cromwell, master of the
Jewels, to receive of Thos. Alvarde, gentleman usher of the Chamber, the
sum of 2,000l. ; of which he is to pay 1,000l. to Hen. Norres, esquire for the
Body, into the privy coffers to the King's use, and the other 1,000l. to
Dr. Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury elect, "which thousand pounds
we have advanced to him by way of prest and loan." Westm., 6 Feb.
24 Hen. VIII.
Royal MS. 18,
B. VI. 189 b.
132. James V. to Odulph Of Burgundy, Lord Of Bevres And
Thanks him for his good will and the trouble he takes in Scotch
affairs, as reported by the dean of Glasgow,† for whom he desires credence,
in letters to the King's secretary. Holyrood, 6 Feb. 1532.
Lat., p. 1, copy.
†Marginal note by the copyist : "Hic fuit Mr. Jo. Scrimgeour, aviæ meæ
ii. Another copy.
133. Nic. Poyntz to Cromwell.
Both before Christmas, and since, I have been very ill, as my servant
Parry can tell you. I am sorry I can find nothing here to send you.
Whereas the King gave Thos. ap Gwillyms the keepership of Micklewood
Chase in Gloucestershire, but afterwards, at your desire, gave it to me for
term of my life ; (fn. 1) I beg you will let me know what is the King's pleasure
concerning Gwillym's grant. I suppose I should have obtained it by
gentleness, but do not like to meddle therein without knowing your further
pleasure. Acton, Thursday after Candlemas Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor.
28,585, f. 217.
134. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letter of 20 Jan.
Has heard nothing of the effect of the brief, except that there is a closer
affinity between the King and Ana, in consequence of his previous connection
with her sister, than between the King and Queen, whose marriage with
Arthur was not consummated. Some time ago he asked for a dispensation to
marry her notwithstanding this affinity, and the Emperor asked Sir Gregory
Casale (who told him that the King was procuring this divorce on conscientious
grounds) how this could be while he was living with Ana before sentence
was given, or he had married her ; and how he could deny the validity of
the dispensation for his marriage with the Queen, and demand a similar
dispensation to marry this woman.
It is said that Madame de Alanson is much displeased at the King's
intention to marry, and that the French king rebuked him for it at the late
The Emperor has written to the Card. of Seville and the Council of the
Inquisition for the remission of the penance imposed on Frai Francisco Ortiz,
his brother. Bologna, 7 Feb. 1533.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
135. John Robyns, Canon of King's College, Oxford, to Cromwell.
A letter of compliments. Offers his services. King's College, Oxford,
vii. Id. Feb. 1532.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. : A secretis consiliis, Londinii.
136. Lord Darcy.
Indenture, dated 8 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII., between Ric. Wraye and Philip,
his son, on the one part, and Thos. lord Darcy on the other, touching lands
in Richmond, Surrey.
With an endorsement in Darcy's hand. Sealed.
Vesp. F. XIII
Works, p. 237.
137. Cranmer to Cromwell.
"Maister Crumwell." Desires him to be good master to his old
friend, Master Newman, in his suits. Has suits of his own to move to
Cromwell at their next meeting, which he forgot when they met ; but he is
so much beholden to Newman that he leaves them till another time. Chanon
Rewe, in Westm., 8 Feb. Signed : Thomas electe of Cant'.
138. John Bunolt to Lord Sands.
Parnell, your woman, has been with me today, "and not sithens your
departing out of this town." She says the news in that country is that the King
of Scots is to marry the eldest daughter of the king of Denmark, who is now
prisoner, giving him for her marriage "the right and title that he pretendeth
in the kingdom of England," with all the arrears due of old time. Also, the
son of him that keeps now the kingdom of Denmark is to marry by dispensation
the second daughter of the said King prisoner. Also, the Emperor and
Francis have come to an agreement, and he (Francis?) has abandoned his
intended journey into Italy. The Emperor intends to banish a great number
of Spaniards, and send them to Scotland, to assist James in his war against
England, saying that Englishmen shall be well beaten this next summer.
The lord Nassow is come to be Regent in Flanders. Women shall no more
rule in those parts. The Queen of Hungary is going to the Emperor in
Italy, and will take with her his bastard daughter to be married to the Pope's
son. "Now, my lord, ye may perceive the gentle alliance made with
bastards." Parnell desires you to remember a gown that you promised her.
We have lost knowledge of many things by not entertaining the man of
France. The expense was not great for such a man. Calais, 8 Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : My [Lor]d Chamberlain. Endd.
[ (fn. 2) 8 Feb.]
Vit. B. XIV.
139. [Benet to Henry VIII.]
"Pleasith ... xxviij. of ...
dated t ... the Pope ...
considering ... his Holiness
... letter, that your ...
as he had with us in your Highness ... Holiness hath approved
your cause and ... of the same in manner openly, which thing
... done no other but altered him sore, and ch ...
from the good mode that he is in, and cause ... forbear hereafter
to disclose his mind so frel[y] ... as he did at that time, and also to
desist [from the] good office which he hath begun in, to th[e detriment]
of your Highness' cause ; wherefore we tho[ught it good] not to deliver your
Highness' letter to his Ho[liness]. Yet to the intent that the same should
confirm [such] things as his Holiness showed to us touching [the] justification
of your Highness cause, we did ... very words in the same form
that his H[oliness] ... them, and as we did write them to you [r Highness]
and the same we accommodating our words [to] the effect of your Highness'
forsaid letter to h ... e the credence according ...
s did not only take ... things touching ...
according as we afore ... his Holiness in the ...
sposicion. Afterward we ... king of the General Council
... [Em]peror doth now so much solicit, did incidently ... the
General Councils, Nicence and Cartaginens [an]d other, showing to his
Holiness what was determined [in] them concerning the diffinition of your
Highness' cause within the provinces, inferring of the same that his Holiness
could do nothing better than to suffer this your Highness' cause there, by the
Metropolitan alone, or with his comprovincials, according to the determinations
of the foresaid councils, and so his Holiness should best rid himself of the
matter, and, as we thought, to your Highness satisfaction, and suffering the
diffinition of the cause there after this sort, nothing might be opponed
against him, having the General Councils for the justification thereof ; and
here we showed to his Holiness again most copiously [th]e benefits which
undoubtedly should ensue to his [H]olyness in satisfying your Highness,
and contrary wise the [incom]modities which should follow to him and See
[Aposto]lique if his Holiness should not study to satisfy your High[ness]
... him se[lf] ...
and be ... purpose to ...
satisfaction ... auctorite of th ...
Bennet, that I ... that he made unto me many
d ... when I moved his Holiness to suff[er the archbishop] of
Canterbury to diffine this cause, the ... that the exclamation of
the part adverse for ... against it, should be so great and just
[that his] Holiness might not deny that remedy w[hich the] law would he
should grant, and justly h ... might not deny the remedy, which
the ... should grant ; (fn. 3) and said moreover that the [Emperor]
having an inkling that process should be [made before] my lord of Canterbury,
did obtain of his H[oliness two] years passed or thereabouts an inhibition (fn. 4)
... We replied and said that we were sorry [that his] Holiness
should take our motion so displesa[ntly, for] that we made it to a good end, and
... his Holiness wealth which might grow ... of your
Highness upon so great ground ... that they
were not ... his learned council ... e
fearing lest his ... Highness should intend ...
Holiness should conceive ...
Highness would not accept ... which Master Bonner and his
ambassador ... me made to your Highness on his Holiness behalf ;
which thing should be very dangerous, now chiefly, the Emperor being with
him, we thought therefore best to speak no further in it. Now of the
premises your Highness may gather what hope is to be conceived that his
Holiness would wink or look through the fingers if process should be made
"As touching the matter excusatory, and in what point it standeth now,
[ver]yly, Sir, the Pope by signing the commission to the dean of the Rote
to proceed in the principal cause, which his Holiness did in October last,
did thereby tacite reject the said matter excusatory, whereby your Highness
may perceive that by this excusatory, process in the principal cause shall not
be differred. And albeit the Queen's proctor here caused divers citations to
be read in the contradicte against your Highness ...
deane ... signa ...
I think ... to say that ...
principal caus[e] ... hence, at
which tym[e] ... th ... go forth unless your Highness
... made to your Highness concerning the com ...
the which offer your Highness hath as ... admission of the matter
excusatory con ... Highness by the law.
And as touching the Young Man, he is con ... a copy of the
Old Man's writings, which ... custody signed with his hand. Also
your H[ighness] known by his letter unto the same and [also by] report
of Master Bonner that the opinion [of the Old] Man in your Highness' cause
is in favour of ... and so the Young Man hath showed [unto us]
already, and when time shall be he [will produce] it in the Consistory, and
the Pope hath ... commanded him to keep it secret, an[d show
it] to no man living till that time. As ...
opinion of the ... [excu]satory was to be
... inacion of the general ...
could by no reason ...
nyng always that ... all things in the service
... may stand with his truth and ... d s ...
that he thinketh verily that if [he] should show to the Pope that the Old
Man was in the opinion that the foresaid matter was to be admitted upon that
ground, he should thereby utterly lose his credit, and give an occasion to the
Pope, which is light of conjecture, to smell the practise that we have with
him, which should be his utter ruin and destruction of your Highness' cause,
for as he said, the Pope is so persuaded of the Old Man that in all matters
wherein his Holiness consulted with him he did ever show to his Holiness
his opinion freely, whether it was with him or against him. And that by
force he would show it to the Pope, he would very substantially study the
thing. And he said that he knoweth most surely that the Old Man did at the
beginning of the said matter excusa[tory] ... sens
t ... if he ...
Old Ma[n] ... matter excus[atory] ...
considered the ...
was that the ... admitted, he knoweth
for ... would never believe him, but think
... he did speak it, being made for the ...
he saith one of the chief causes wh ... the Pope to believe his
relation of the Old [Man] ... in the principal cause is because the
... the Old Man always speak in conformity ...
now he said if he should say to the Pope ... that the Old Man
had always spoken ... would take it for a feigned thing,
... he said he was absent from Rome tw ...
before the Old Man died, and he said ... that the Pope in the
meantime did ... Old Man to know his opinion towch[ing]
... General Councils, and that the Old [Man sent] to his
Holiness his opinion therein ... not for the matter, as he
believeth ... to
wrote to him ... list that the Old [Man]
... not in no wise ... es,
for we should ... which we would ...
process in the principal ...
if this be true, and he ... affirm the contrary to the Pope, he should not
[se]rve your Highness' purpose therein, nother yet in the principal cause, and
be sure to be ruinate thereby, and finally said, to what purpose should he
put the cause and himself in this danger, considering that your Highness
hath by the offer which the Pope hath made to your Highness for committing
of the cause ad locum indifferentem, which is as much as the admission of
the foresaid matter could give to your Highness ; and so, notwithstanding all
our persuasions to the contrary, we could never press him to do it.
Sir, we are in a great perplexity what to do when the Young Man shall offer
to us the foresaid writings, [for] we think verily that he woll never deliver
[the]m to us without the money, and if we should refuse ...
while ... make ...
he would ... not hear of
h ... be fulfilled, and so he should ...
that conceit, and if he should sh ... to make report of
the Old Man's opy[nion] ... Consistory effectually, other
to bring for[th] ... writings being in his custody what
... may do thereby to your Highness cause, y ...
hath those things which hath been ... and showed to your
Highness by Master ... consider.
Sir, the Emperor as most desirous to know [in whose] favor the foresaid
vote is, hath used all ... and means possibly both by him se[lf]
... to know it of the Young Man, insom[uch that he] lately offered
him freely the advowson o[f the bishopric] of Mineva, being of value vjm
du[cats ... the Young Man ...
... y refusal thereof ...
the Emperor to suspect ... ight by doing the
... Highness' purpose the better ...
the Old Man's vote into [the King's Highness'] favour, and against
the Queen and ... [ag]ainst the Emperor's mind, it shall be of more
[c]redence, reputation, and authority, and so taken in every man's opinion and
judgment ; howbeit the said Young Man said that he thinketh when he shall
so do that the Emperor woll not keep his promise. But, Sir, we think that if
he should continue in this jealousy that he seemeth to be in now, that he shall
be deceived in conclusion of those things which are promised on your
Highness' behalf, like as the Emperor's promise of the foresaid bishopric
being so openly known shall cause the report of the foresaid vote against
themperor's mind to be of more credit ... we believe if he should
not be satisfied of ... money, now being persuaded to be finally deceived
... of the ...
the Emperor ... that ...
writings ... may so order ...
your Highness proposition of ...
words only tell your Highness ... (as we shall do our uttermost
in it ... verily that we shall do a great a ...
most humbly we beseech your Highness ... may have shortly
answer from the [same].
Sir, an answer is come from the French [king concerning] the interview
of the Pope and him, [which is] that the French king is contented to come
[to Nice], (fn. 5) and hath appointed the time to be [the month of May*] next, the
Pope writeth to the French k[ing] ... that his Holiness thinketh both
the [place and] time convenient, but your Highness m[ust keep] it secret, for
if the Emperor should have ev[en] an inkling of it, the Pope thinketh [that]
the Emperor will never depart out of [Italy?] ... letter to
the Pope of ... that he is contented ...
[wi]ll marry the ... [acco]mplishment of that
... will bring the said ...
him to the interview ... [to]wching the league
which the Emperor soliciteth ... for the defence of Genoa, the French
king woll neither consent, neither dissent, but remitteth the thing wholly to
the Pope to do what he will.
The French king by the same courier wrote a letter to the cardinals
Turnon and Gramont, wherein he willed them no less cure of your Highness
cause than of his own proper affairs. And so they offered themselves to do
anything that we should require them to do, and that they woll do it with no
less diligence and affection than if it were their own master's affair. We
answered them, seeing that it was seen to them to forbear the execution of
their commission for certain respects [ti]ll the Emperor were departed, we
had no particular ... as now to desire them to do, or any to the Pope,
b ... how t ...
cause ... unless his
... Highness herein ...
the French king ...
Highness in your cause, his h ... thereby win
both your Highness and ... King assuredly to his Holyness
wh ... redound to his Holiness honour and prof[it] ...
is thought that the Emperor will depart ... hence about the end of
In Tuke's hand. Mutilated.
140. Clement VII. to John Scot.
Brief permitting him to visit the Holy Sepulchre, along with one
religious man and another Scotchman as his interpreter, to be chosen by
himself, and exhorting all abbots, priors, &c. to receive him kindly ; the
said Scot having been put in prison by rivals who laid claim to his lands,
and lived there 33 days without food or drink, by the aid of our Lord, the
Blessed Virgin, and St. Ninian ; and after his release, being obliged to
take refuge from his enemies, he remained in the monastery of Holyrood,
St. Andrew's dioc. without food or drink, for 106 days. Meanwhile he took
a vow that, if released from his troubles, he would visit the Holy Land and
also the relics of St. Ninian at Whithern (Candida Casa). As his powers,
nevertheless, are not equal to the journey, indulgences of seven years, and as
many Lents (quadragenas), are promised to every one who supplies him and
his companies with needful food and clothing. Bologna, vi. Id. Feb. 1532.
18, B. VI. 18.
141. James V. to Francis I.
Was troubled that the long stay of his Ambassadors in France produced
no result, and that Francis deferred concluding matters on account
of a false suspicion. However, the letters he sent by the Scotch ambassadors
on their return gave James hope that matters would be settled in
accordance with the treaty on the arrival of Stephen Aqueus, Francis'
servant ; and on seeing the letters and credence entrusted to him, Francis
will find that his suspicion is unfounded, and that James gave no occasion of
war to England. Will send an ambassador to him. Holyrood, 8 Feb. 1532.
Lat., Copy, p. 1.
142. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote last on the 29th. Though the Nuncio was put off eight days
for an answer, he returned to the duke of Norfolk the day I wrote last,
and was with him a long time, though he told me nothing of it. Early the
next morning he went to Greenwich, and was nearly all day with the King
and Council, going from one to the other. Heard of this from a servant
of the Queen, and went to the Nuncio to find out the mystery ; but he
would not repeat what had passed, as he had been accustomed to do, and
concealed having spoken to the King and Council. When I said to him
that since he had been put off to a certain day for his answer, as the nature
of these people is to go further back the more they are pressed, he might
injure his business instead of advancing it, he replied that he was a poor
gentleman, living by his service, and it was right for him to act thus. I
do not quite understand what he meant by this, unless that he pretended he
could mend the affair somehow (que ainsi faisant il pourroit a quelque fin
que tombat l'affere amender de ceulx cy.) He says that for a year they
have made him large offers, if he would favor the divorce. Could get
nothing out of him but that he had gone to Greenwich to find the man who
had fixed the term of eight days for his answer, and being there did not
omit to visit the duke of Norfolk. It seems probable from this dissimulation
that the Nuncio was the promoter of these practices. Yesterday morning
the King sent for him to give him his answer, and to take him to Parliament.
The King went by water, and during the journey praised the Nuncio
for his conduct, and thanked him for the affection and goodwill which he
showed to his service. He asked him not to take it in bad part, if he gave
him no other answer about the proposal he had made to him ; the reason
was not distrust, but because it would be a useless waste of time, as the
whole must be referred to the Pope, and he would send his ambassadors full
instructions and powers. The Nuncio told him that as the affair would not
admit of delay, if the instructions and powers were not in proper form the
Pope would be constrained to proceed to the sentence ; for this reason it
would be well to communicate the whole to him, and to cause the Queen to
send a similar power. To this the King would not consent. The Nuncio
told him that if this agreement took effect he must recall the Queen, and treat
her more cordially. The King replied that he had already given him an
answer about this, and he would do nothing of the kind, and for good
reasons, her disobedience and extreme severity to him.
On hearing this the Nuncio did not declare the condition which your
Majesty sent me, partly because he had not been informed of it by the Pope,
and partly because he judged it impossible to induce the King to leave the
Lady, without whom he cannot live for an hour. He feared also incurring
the displeasure of her, the King and her relations.
Yesterday, for the second time, the King went to the House of Parliament.
He took his seat on his throne, the Nuncio being on his right and the
French ambassador on his left. Behind there were all the Lords dressed
like the King in their scarlet Parliament robes (chappez). The deputies of
the Commons, also in scarlet, presented to the King a lawyer, who had been
elected as Speaker (fn. 6) (parlamenteur aux estatz), the office being vacated by the
promotion of the new Chancellor. The King received him, and conferred on
him the Order of knighthood. Nothing else has been done since Parliament
met on the 3rd. When the King left, the Nuncio and Ambassador accompanied
him to the water, and then were taken back by the dukes of Norfolk
and Suffolk to the house, where they dined with the Lords of the Council,
and were shown over the house. After dinner the Nuncio came to tell me
of the King's answer to him. The Nuncio was not asked to this assembly
without a purpose (sans mistere). Perhaps it was intended to awe the
prelates by showing them that the King has intelligence with the Pope ; to
change the opinion of the people about excommunication, or to make your
Majesty and the Queen jealous.
Whenever the Nuncio has spoken with me, I have tried to find out what
benefit, either public or private, can arise from the scheme he proposes ; but
he always in conclusion agrees with me, that the best and most sure way
not only to settle this affair, but to remove all difficulties between the
Princes, would be a speedy sentence. He says he has written thus to the
Pope more than 1,000 times, but he is not listened to. Even if he had
thought otherwise he would hardly have dared to say so, for previously he
has always spoken in this manner. A fortnight ago he said that there was
no other means of detaching the King from his connection with France,
except the settlement of this affair, for his friendship with France is caused
only by his expectation of support from them in this case. Reminded him
of having said this ; and he did not deny it ; but he excuses his prosecution
of this practice by his ignorance of the necessity and disposition of the
affairs treated by your Majesty and the Pope.
One of the reasons for my suspicion that the Nuncio himself proposed this
scheme is, that he has always been trying to find means that the cause
might be decided elsewhere, saying to the King that the Pope had greater
desire to be released from it than the King himself, and there was nothing
in the world he would not do to be freed from the burden.
The repetition of such words by the Nuncio has made the King persist
so obstinately in the remission of the cause, being sure that the Pope
would help it as much as he could.
As I did not expect the scheme to take effect, I almost thought it better
not to say anything about it to the Queen ; but at the request of the Nuncio,
who had heard that she had some inkling of it, I informed her of it at
length, giving her good hopes and confidence, though there was no need of
this, as she would not lose hope in anything that is passing through your
Majesty's hands. On hearing of it, she was much astonished and vexed at
the Pope, who, after keeping her waiting for three years and a half, instead
of giving sentence, had begun a new practice to cause more delay, and
make her die of grief, with the reputation of having lived as the King's
concubine, leaving her daughter in continual perplexity and misery. Such
means, she said, would not make matters better, but the reverse ; for as long
as the King has some remains of hope, he will not cease doing the worst he
can against your Majesty, the Pope, and herself ; and that to avoid so many
evils, to say nothing of her own interest, she would not consent to such a
proposal, unless indeed it was your Majesty's will. Even if the King promised
to obey the brief, he would make her lead a worse life than before,
and in a short time recall the Lady. She therefore begs your Majesty to
urge the decision of her process, assuring you, as she knows the King better
than any one else, that no war nor slander will result, but great good, both
for your Majesty and herself ; there would be no difficulty about the King's
obeying it, and, even if there were, she would live and die consoled, when
justice was declared for the discharge of her conscience and the assurance
of the Princess's succession.
I think they are only entertaining this practice to gain time, and wait
for an opportunity for obtaining from the Pope an absolute dispensation to
marry again, without a process, which they say Lewis XI. and Ladislaus of
Hungary had. I believe that if the King once gains the point of not being
bound to appear at Rome, a most unreasonable demand, he (the Pope) will
have less shame in granting the said dispensation by absolute power, as it is
made out that the King's right is so evident, and if his Holiness will not
grant this, instead of baffling the King, he will find the King more inimical
than ever. (fn. 7)
I do not know by what paths the Pope expects to lead the King and
separate him from France, seeing what he has already done and continues
to do against the authority of the Church, unless there has been some
collusion between them. I think that as the King has already made some
profit out of Church matters, and is now touched with avarice, considering
also the persons he has about him, it will be difficult to prevent him treating
his ecclesiastics badly without regarding the Holy See. The lady and her
father, who are perfect Lutherans, abet him in this (le mectent en cecy),
and the Pope must not think to have any influence over the King while
the lady and the present Council reign, unless he will give the dispensation
A sentence is the sovereign and only remedy, and the Queen says that
the King would not struggle against it, if only from fear of his subjects,
who are not only well disposed to your Majesty and the Queen, but for the
most part good Catholics, and would not live in excommunication and under
an interdict. The King would, therefore, be forced to obey the sentence.
If a tumult arose, I do not know if the Lady, who is hated by all the world,
would escape with her life and jewels. If the Pope does not take care, and
that soon, he will lose his authority here little by little, and his censures will
not be regarded. Besides, the sentence could not come at a better time than
now, when there is war with Scotland ; for if, in consequence of the interdict,
they could have no intercourse with Flanders and Spain, there would be
such excitement against the King and his Council as never was before.
Would not have written thus, as your Majesty knows the importance of
affairs better than any one else, but the Queen commanded me to do so.
It appears clearly that the King only demands the remission of the cause
to cause delay, and make it immortal ; for while it was before the Cardinals
here, he took no trouble to produce witnesses or instruments, but only insisted
on a sentence, as the process must have ended in a sentence in his favor.
What can he add now, except that he wishes to examine witnesses as to
the consummation of the first marriage, for which there would be no reason
to insist on the scheme proposed, as the Rota would grant demissoria to
examine them here, if he wished?
As to what the Pope said to your Majesty, that if the King wished to
appear at Rome, he would be heard, notwithstanding his previous contumacy,
and his Holiness would be obliged to give him long delays :—this is true and
reasonable, but, on the other hand, there is a point which the King well
knows, and which counterbalances nearly everything else, as the King knows.
It is this : if he appears and demands such things, he must first obey the
brief. On this hangs the key of the whole matter.
To increase the Queen's suspicion that the sudden promotion of the
archbishop of Canterbury was for the purpose of attempting something
against her, she has recently been informed that the King boasted more
than twice that, if the Pope did not grant what he sent Dr. Bonart to ask,
who is going tomorrow, he would have his case tried directly the bulls
arrived here. She has also heard that four days ago one of the King's chief
councillors had assembled several doctors, both clerical and lay, and had
proposed to them, on behalf of the King, that the opinion of all theologians
was that if the first marriage was consummated, the second was null ; and
that to prove the consummation, besides the presumption the King had
found an instrument, which he showed them, containing an assertion thereof
by the King Catholic and the King's father. Having seen this, the whole
company said that it only remained for the King to proceed to his purpose
by the authority of the archbishop of Canterbury. Since the Queen heard
of this, and of the King's joy since the Nuncio has begun to treat of the
proposal already mentioned, she has been in the greatest perplexity, and
yesterday sent me three messengers one after another, and today two, to
urge me to send off the present courier, and write about these matters, as
she could not do so herself in consequence of the perturbation of her spirits.
The remedy would be for the Pope to defer the expedition of the bulls till
the sentence is given or nearly given. I think pretext enough may be found
to do this, or an express condition can be put in the bulls, or the form of
oath which he has to take, not to hinder the affair. I have spoken to the
Nuncio, who says he has previously informed the Pope, and has just done
so again. If the Pope knew the report that was current here about the
new Archbishop being a Lutheran, he would not be too hasty to admit and
confirm him. I hear that he has taken into his service two priests who
have several times preached against the Queen, in recompense of the
certain danger they were in of being burnt, if it had not been for the lady's
There is nothing new about Scotch affairs since my last letter, except that
the King is always sending money to his people. Ten days ago 50,000
ducats were sent. The King is also equipping four ships to send against
the Scotch ships and stop their trade.
The King and the Lady have never before spoken so much nor so openly
of the accomplishment of their matrimonial purpose. The other day the
Lady told a priest who wished to enter her service that he must wait a little
until she had celebrated her marriage with the King. She keeps the Queen's
jewels, and there is nothing said about returning them.
The month fixed in the brief sent to the King is nearly passed, and there
are no signs of his obeying it. A sentence only would be of effect. If,
meanwhile, the Pope would decree a good excommunication against the Lady
if she did not stay away from Court, the King would have less occasion to
complain than if it were decreed against himself, and the people more liberty
of speaking against her, and remonstrating with the King "se pouvant declairer
interdict partout ou elle passeroit" * * * 9 Feb.
Fr., pp. 12. From a modern copy.
St. P. IV. 632.
143. Clifford to Henry VIII.
Has sure knowledge that five ships of war set forth from Leith Haven
on the 28th Jan., which were obliged, by contrary winds, to return thither
on the 3rd. They were set forth by the king of Scots' knowledge, at the
sole cost of the owners, William Clapperton and John Ker, of Leith, John
Barton the younger, and others. The French ambassador now in Scotland
is not yet delivered. The King had appointed a meeting of his Council at
Edinburgh on the 8th inst., it was thought for the dispatch of the said
Ambassador. Believes that the King and Ambassador are dissatisfied with
each other. During the late darkness of the moon, put forth the garrison
on different nights, who burnt Chyrnside, the East Maynes, a great grange
of the lord Hume's, Kawklaw, a grange of the laird of Spottes, and the
Crakewawes. On Saturday the 1st, Clifford sent his deputy of Berwick
with the garrison and part of the late garrison, who burnt three towns in
the Merse, called Whitsom, Newton, and Ramrige, and took many prisoners.
The plans of expeditions have been made principally by Angus, his uncle
and brothers, who always help your affairs to the best of their powers.
On Friday, 7th Feb., had a great meeting with Northumberland according
to appointment made between him and other your councillors, at midnight,
at Crewkamer, where my Lord Warden said he was informed of the repairing
of three Scotch earls with a great force to the earl of Murray. Angus, his
brother and uncle, denied this, and sent four of their servants into Scotland
to ascertain the truth. They met us before our return into Scotch ground,
and confirmed the opinion of Angus and his friends. We accordingly set
forward into Tevidale at break of day, and burned Sesfurth, Dandlaw, Bentes,
Nether Whitton, Sesfurth Mayns, Mows Mayns, Cowboge, Otterburn,
Cavertone, Cavertone Myln, Cavertone Mayns, Hootehowse, the Maynhows,
the Newtowne, Trokden, Dunnerlaws, Sharperige, Lynton, Lynton Park,
Wyddyndenburnfoote, Crewket shawes, and the Stanke ford ; "with many
other by stedinges and demayn places." Destroyed all the corn which the
Scotch had removed from the towns for safeguard, and took the laird of
Grawden and other Scotchmen prisoners. Remained in Scotland on
Saturday till 4 p.m., and returned home without loss, except a man of the
earl of Angus slain, and one of Clifford's taken. Murray has lain this
month upon the Borders at Mulross, Gedworth, Kelso, and Home Castle.
It is said his company will go home except 200 foot, called the earl of
Murray's guard, which is under James Steward, brother to lord Mephen,
and that there is coming to the Borders a great number from the shires of
Angus, Strathearn, and Fife. Berwick, 9 Feb. Signed.
144. Sir Thos. Clifford and Sir George Lawson to [Hen. VIII.]
On Friday, the 7th, my Lord Warden, accompanied with your
councillors and garrisons, the earl of Angus, his uncle and brother, and a
part of the power of the country, entered Scotland in the east of Tevidale,
and burned a marvellous sight of corn, villages, steads, and granges. Thinks
as much harm has been done to Scotland as ever since the war began, except
the "rode" of Dunglas. Many Scots were taken, as Dande Carr of Gradon,
who, my lord of Norfolk knows, was taken two or three times in the last
wars, and who is in the keeping of Sir Ric. Tempest, at Norham.
Has written to Sir Ric. to detain him till he knows the King's pleasure.
Not one of your subjects was slain, but only a servant of the earl of Angus,
and the Scot that slew him is taken. The captain and soldiers of Berwick,
the earl of Angus, his uncle and brother, acquitted themselves very well.
Suggests, as he has written to Cromwell, that my lord of Northumberland
should lie for a season at Holy Island instead of Warkworth. Wishes 300
or 400 spears sent. The earl of Murray is at Edinburgh, and intends coming
to the Borders. Master Captain and Geo. Douglas make good espial.
Master Captain and Lawson have sent to Wark Castle two pieces of ordnance
ready trimmed, with gunpowder, bows and arrows, &c. The Castle has been
ill seen to, and is far out of frame. Better watches ought to be set upon the
fells and fords. Berwick, 9 Feb. Signed.
145. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Writes to the King of this last "rode" in East Tevidale, which, I
assure you, is greatly to be commended. Repeats his suggestions of the
Lord Warden's lying at Holy Island, and about having more captains on the
Borders. Sir Ric. Tempest ought to be sent for by the King, as he can
explain everything. Is informed by the purveyors in divers parts that a
great quantity of corn is shipped which ought to arrive here soon. Since the
beginning of the war has laboured sore in riding about the mustering of
these garrisons. For all he can do, many northern men are taken into wages
without his knowledge.
Since this last payment my lord of Northumberland has discharged divers
of his southern men, and taken northerners instead. Begs that the King
may direct letters of commandment to Sir Thos. Clifford, Sir Wm. Evers,
Sir Rauf Ellercar, and himself, to see to the continual mustering of the Earl's
retinue and other garrisons, and to allow no more northern men in wages
than his Highness shall appoint. Wark Castle has been ill ordered. Begs
him to move the King that he may know his pleasure about the wages of
himself and his servants, of which he has written to my lord of Norfolk.
Has been obliged to keep 20 servants, with horses, since the war began, and
six purveyors now for Berwick and these parts. Some ships of war should
be sent with diligence to these coasts, for there are two or three other ships
of war out of Scotland lying upon the Scate Rode and Tynemouth, of which
one Walles and Claperton are captains ; and it is said the French ships that
came to Scotland with wines lately, though of no great burden, are rigged
with men of war, and lie in wait for the corn ships. Berwick, 9 Feb.
P.S. in his own hand.—Encloses a copy of a letter written by Master
Captain Geo. Douglas and himself to my lord of Northumberland, showing
their opinions immediately after this "rode" of Tevidale.
Pp. 3. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, and of the King's most honorable
2. "The copie of the lettre sent to my lord of Northumberland from Sir
Thomas Clifford, George Duglas, and Sir George Lawson, after their rode
Apologise for not giving attendance upon his lordship on his return, as
they were occupied at his departure about the redemption and exchange of
prisoners. As the Scots will devise all they can to our annoyance, think
the watches should be carefully observed along the Borders. For lack of
the King's allowances to that end, have taken of every 100 in the King's
crews daily the wages of one person, amounting to 25 persons, to be paid at
8d. a day, and reckoned as of the number of the said retinues :—the watchmen
so paid to be severely punished if due knowledge be not given of any
invasion. Think it advisable at this time, considering the last light of the
moon was not spent to the King's satisfaction—and this moon is now passing
—that his Lordship should repair to Holy Island for a season, that they
might resort to him the more easily.
St. P. IV. 635.
146. Sir George Douglas to Henry VIII.
Thanks the King for his letters and reward sent by the Vice-Chamberlain
to his brother, his uncle, and himself. Has shown the news of Scotland
to the captain of Berwick. Was charged by Northumberland before
Christmas with the keeping of a tower in Scotland, called the Cawe Mills.
It is of small strength unless it be bigged and helped by your Highness ; but
it does great displeasure to Scotland, and ease to the Borders. Berwick,
9 Feb. Signed.
147. — to [Sir Giles Russell]. (fn. 8)
Asks him to receive as his tenant Ric. Fermer, who has bought lands
at Potters Perry, Northamptonshire, where there are lands of his commandry,
at the same rate as Thomas Emson and others in times past, who
have paid 3s. 4d. a year. London, 9 Feb. 1532.
Hol., p. 1.
The bp. of Lincoln's summons to his clergy to attend the Convocation
to be holden by prorogation at St. Paul's, on the 18th March
following, in obedience to letters addressed by Thomas prior of Christchurch
and the Chapter (in consequence of the vacancy of the see of Canterbury)
to the bp. of London, in pursuance of the King's writ, dated Westm., 28 Oct.
24 Hen. VIII. [See vol. V., No. 1519, where this writ is catalogued from
an undated copy.]