Henry VIII
May 1533, 11-20


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'Henry VIII: May 1533, 11-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6: 1533 (1882), pp. 211-228. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77550 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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May 1533, 11-20

11 May.
Vesp. F. XIII. 120 b. B. M.
467. John Lord Dudley to Cromwell.
Is marvellously deceived for the payment of 400l. which he was promised by his kinsman. His day of payment is tomorrow between 9 and 12. If Cromwell will make this payment for him, his wife and he will assure him Netherpen, Overpen, Oxley, and Rowley, her jointure, worth 40l. yearly, and no part thereof sold to Sir John Dudley. Westm., 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Unto the Right Worshipful Mr. Cromewell, of the King's Council.
11 May.
R. O.
468. A[nne] Lady Oxford to Cromwell.
Begs that her servant, Foster, the bearer, may be excused from attending on the King's council to take up knighthood. He has only been her serving man for 20 years, and his land is not more than 38l. per annum. Castle Campys, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right Worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
12 May.
R. O. St. P. I. 394.
469. Bedyll to Cromwell.
Thinks it would have been better for the ladies Norfolk and Guildford to be examined here in consequence of the changing of the place of judgment, which necessitated a new citation of the lady Catharine and a delay of 15 days. However, by the testimony of Brian to her words and behaviour at the citation served upon her by Lee, she is declared contumax, without any new citation, and a commission has been sent down to examine the said ladies in London. Sends his servant, Thos. Argall, with the writings of what was done on the first day, Saturday, and the second day, this Monday, in order that Cromwell may inform the King. Will send the acts every day. Thinks the process will be somewhat shorter than it was devised before the King. My lord of Winchester and all others study diligently to have the whole case handled consonant to law, so far as the matter will allow. My lord of Canterbury handles himself very well and very uprightly. No one has yet appeared for lady Katharine. Dunstable, 12 May.
Hol. Add. : Master Cromwell, of the King's Council.
12 May.
R. O. Cranmer's Letters, p. 241. St. P. I. 394.
470. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
I have received your letter dated at Greenwich, 11 May. On Saturday last the noble lady Katharine was, for non-appearance that day before me, and upon such certificate as the mandatary only made to me upon his oath, pronounced contumax. This Monday, on depositions made and taken before me by Mr. Briane, Gage, and Vaux, my fellows, your Grace's servants, and upon the words spoken by her at the serving of the monition, I have pronounced her vere et manifeste contumacem ; so that she is, as the counsel informed me, precluded from more monition to appear. I shall therefore make further acceleration in my process than I thought I should. I desire credence for Mr. Brian, to whom I have declared my further mind. Dunstable, 12 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 12 May 25 Hen. VIII.

Ar. MS. 151, f. 352. B. M.
471. The Divorce.
Treatise on the divorce, addressed to Philip and Mary.
Begins : Agebatur igitur salutis humanæ annus 1528 ab inchoato in Anglia Henrici VIII. imperio plus minus vigesimus. Pp. 74.
Ends : Sed in ægritudinem, quæ illi ultima futura erat, incidens, simul ac desperatam salutem suam vidit, Benefeldum honestissimæ integerrimæque vitæ hominem, penes quem familiæ suæ gubernandæ et omnes rationes subducendi moderamen, rege ita decernente, diu stetisset, ad se evocans.
The papers in this volume were evidently collected for the purpose of writing this treatise.
Ar. MS. 151, f. 201. B. M. 2. "Matrimonii cujusdam quod olim, obtenta pontificis dispensatione, cum illiberis fratris uxore contractum fuit, et nunc tandem quarundam academiarum censuris impetitum patrocinantibus, item quibusdam doctissimis et illarum sententiam variis argumentationibus explicare intentibus brevis apologia."
Begins : Oppugnatores hujus matrimonii propositionem quandam proponunt.
Ends : Illud autem unum etc. usque in finem.
Lat., pp. 276.
Headed : Johannis episcopi Roffensis responsum ad libellum impressum Londini, 1530. (fn. 1)
Reference is made to the decision of the university of Paris, which was given in July 1530.
12 May.
Close Roll, 25 Hen. VIII. m. 32 d.
472. The Abbot Of Westminster.
Oath taken in Chancery, 12 May 25 Hen. VIII., by Will. Boston, abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, to observe the covenants in the indenture made between Henry VII. and John Islipp, the late abbot, dated 16 July 19 Hen. VII., for singing masses for that King's soul, &c.

R. O.
473. Henry Lord Stafford to [Cromwell].
Please to move the King for such evidences as concern my lands remaining at Thornbury. It is not unknown to you what wrong Corbet did me ; for since by my Lord Chancellor's award he was my farmer, he claims divers parcels of Hope, as Knetmore and Millfield, and will not let me enter unless I show evidence. The abbess of Polesworth has recovered 20 marks a year out of a benefice of mine, whereas for 200 years she had only ten, till I find evidence to the contrary. Fitzherbert knows this matter. The evidences of Thornbury are many cartloads, and will be put in great disorder if removed. If brought up to London much time will be wasted. If the King will send one of his Council, I will defray the cost, and take all the evidences belonging to my land. Signed.
Pp. 2.
13 May.
R. O.
474. Henry Lord Stafford to the Duke Of Norfolk.
I received your letter desiring me to take my Lady, your wife, into my house. I thought I had laid such considerations before you that you would never have renewed your request. Now you will compel me to speak more than I thought to have done, or else I must grant what will be my utter undoing. I cannot stop her wild language, but it might be prejudicial to me who have never deserved it. In this matter you know by long experience I can do no good. Stafford, 13 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 May.
R. O.
475. Henry Lord Stafford to Cromwell.
I received your letter today, by my lord of Norfolk's servant, touching the taking of my lady of Norfolk into my house, whereby you reckon that with my good counsel tranquillity may be established between my Lord and her. To be assured of that, I would not only receive her but fetch her on my feet at London. But the redress of this stands not in the advertisement of her kin, of which she has had plenty, nor in the pitiful exclamation of her poor friends, praying her to remember what honor she has come to by her husband, and what possibility of doing her friends good if she had followed the King's pleasure, who showed her so great favor as might have won any alien's heart, besides the gentle advertisement he has sent her divers times, of which he has made me privy. What more could her enemies wish than this continual contention with her husband, which makes him forsake her company, and, besides the obloquy of this world, brings her into the King's displeasure, which to every true heart is death. But since, in spite of all these things and the gentleness of her husband, she cannot be induced to break her sensual and wilful mind, and she takes me, and all others who have advised her to conformity, to be flatterers and liars, I trust you will not reckon that I can do any good in this matter, but I should incur great jeopardy from her wild language. It is my shame and sorrow, being her brother, to have to rehearse all this. Stafford, 13 May. Signed.
P.S.—I desire you to have my bill in remembrance for the evidences.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
13 May.
Camusat, 127 b.
476. Montmorency to the Bailly Of Troyes.
The King intends to be at Lyons on the 22nd or 23rd inst. Norfolk should, therefore, start as soon as possible. Sends letters of credence to Norfolk. The King has appointed persons to accompany him. M. du Biez will conduct him to Abbeville or Amyens, where Mess. d'Humyeres, de la Rochepot (the writer's brother), de la Hargerie, and other gentlemen of Picardy will meet him. Desires the Bailly to write to them when Norfolk starts. Serilly en Bourbonnoys, 13 May.
Sends an extract from a letter from the cardinal de Tournon. He will see whether it is advisable to show it to the king of England.
13 May.
R. O.
477. John [Blake], Abbot of Cirencester, to Sir William [Denys?] (fn. 2)
I send to your mastership the depositions of certain words spoken at South Serney touching treason. I have [put] the secular man into jail till I hear further of your pleasure. Circeter, 13 May.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.
13 May.
R. O.
478. Dover And Calais Passage.
Mandate to lord Lisle, as deputy of Calais, to put John Bartelet and Adrian Dogen in possession of the passage between Dover and Calais, granted to them by patent 13 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, p. 1.
13 May.
R. O.
479. Ranulph Wodnut, Priest, to Strete, Archdeacon of Salop.
Ralph Donne caused Ric. Wittour and me to appear in the Exchequer on Saturday last, stating that whereas it pleased Mr. Escheator to admit his son Richard Donne to be bailly of Tervyn, and receive the rents, for which his father and other friends were bound in 100l., yet when the said Ralph came to receive the rents in his son's name, Wittour and I had given warning in the church to pay them to nobody but us. Being asked by Ric. Leyftwyche, deputy escheator, whether we had done so, we answered that what we had done was by your commandment, and showed him your last letter. Although you were general surveyor for the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield, he told us that Chester is a county palatine, and that the King's writ was directed to his master, commanding him to make process to the sheriff, and due inquisition at Chester, of the death of Geoffrey, late bishop ; that the Escheator is charged with all the temporalities, and intends shortly to keep courts at Tervyn and Wibbunbery. Copnall, 13 May.
Mr. Massy and Mr. Thorneton were sent for because they would not pay their rents.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Strete, archdeacon of Salop, and residentiary at Lichfield.
15 May. R. O. 480. Cromwell's Bonds.
A brief register of such specialties as now, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII., remain in my master Thomas Cromwell's hands, concerning the appearance of certain persons before the Council.
July (fn. 3) 24 Hen. VIII.—Bond of Roger Gyfford and Rob. Lutton to Sir John Gage and Cromwell in 200 marks for their appearance in oct. St. Martin in winter.
Aug.—Bond of Geo. Gore, Ric. Abberford, and Will. Marr, to Sir Will. Poulett and Cromwell in 100 marks for Gore's appearance at Mich. Of John Felde, Ric. Allger, and Ric. Manchester, in 100 m. Of Edw. Hewett, John Enderby, and Thos. Whyte, in 100 m. Of Octavian Talbot in 100 m. Of Thos. Ketyll, Rob. Porte, and Rob. Knevett, in 50 m. Of John Purser, Jas. Spenser, and Rob. Smyth, in 100 m. Of Fyrmyn de Bes, Roger Yong, and Jas. Nycolson, in 100 m. Of John Enderby, Will. Vyneyarde, and John Rutter, in 100 m. :—all to Poulett and Cromwell, or to the latter only.
Sept.—Of John Melsham, John Horwood, and Nic. Woodhouse, in 100 m. Of Ric. Smythe, Rauf Holgrave, and Ric. Waleys, in 200 m.
Oct.—Of Roger and Humph. Holte and Thos. Verdon, in 100l., to Poulett, Tuke, and Cromwell.
Nov.—Of Geo. Carewe and Rob. Lutton in 100l.
Feb.—Of Rob. Redman in 500 m. that he shall not sell the book called "The Division of the Spiritualty and the Temporalty," nor any other book privileged by the King.
Pp. 7. The heading in Wriothesley's (?) hand.
R. O. ii. A brief register of such specialties as now, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII., remain in my master Thomas Cromwell's hands, supposed to be forfeited to the King for carrying out of corn and victuals.
March 19 Hen. VIII.—Bond of Will. Merche and Ric. Brice, his factor, to Will. Bonde, controller at Pole, and Oliver Lawrence, customer there, for delivery of 150 qrs. barley malt at Calais, 100l.
March 20 Hen. VIII.—Of John Palmer to Oliver Lawrence, customer of Pole, and Will. Knight, controller there, for delivery of 90 qrs. of malt at any place in England, 40 mks.
Jan. 21 Hen. VIII.—Of Robt. Coke and Thos. Gorre to Lawrence and Knight, at Pole, for delivery of 30 qrs. wheat, 20 qrs. barley, and 20 qrs. malt at Rye, 40 mks.
March 21 Hen. VIII.—Of John Ryve and Wm. Davy to Lawrence and Knight, at Poole, for 7 qrs. barley, to be delivered at Brixham, 10l.
Oct. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Richard Mongeham to Thos. Alcock, chief customer of Kent, for delivery of 18,000 billets and 4 qrs. wheat at Calais, 10l.
Nov. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Robt. White of Lynne to John Pace, customer there, for delivery of 120 qrs. barley and 60 qrs. malt at Calais, 10l.
Dec. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of John Daniel and Ric. Salle, for delivery of 160 qrs. grain at Southampton, 10l.
Jan. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of John Browne of Lynne to Robt. Polvertoft, customer of Boston, for delivery of 180 qrs. wheat at London, 80l.
Feb. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Ric. Short and John Love to Allcock, customer of Kent, for delivery of 40 qrs. barley at Calais, 10l. ; and another of the same amount. Of James Page and Robt. Peche to Allcock, customer of Kent, for delivery of 40 qrs. barley at Calais, 7l. ; and another for delivery of 100 qrs. there, 20l.
March 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Jas. Barowe and Steph. Harenden to Alcok, customer of Kent, for delivery of 60 qrs. barley at Calais, 13l. Of John Petite and Thos. Myrable to Alcok, for delivery of 50 qrs. barley and 50 qrs. oats at Calais, 20l. Of Chr. Coo to John Pace, customer of Lynn, for delivery of 100 qrs. wheat and 100 qrs. barley at Calais, 10l.
May 23 Hen. VIII.—Of Christopher Coo to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace, customer of Lynn, for delivery of 200 qrs. wheat at Calais, 66l. 13s. 4d. Of Fras. Nowche and Chr. Coo to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace, for delivery of 260 quarters barley malt and 60 qrs. maslyn at Calais, 84l.
July 23 Hen. VIII.—Of Henry Dinely and Wm. Kyddale of Kingston-on-Hull, to Robert Wood and John Lambert, customers there, for delivery of 220 qrs. wheat at Calais, 200l. Of Thos. Horne and John Manning to Robt. Wood and John Lambert, customers of Hull, for delivery of 80 qrs. wheat at Sandwich, 200l.
July 23 Hen. VIII.—Of James Smyth and Wm. Ustwayte to Robt. Wood and John Lambert, customers of Hull, for delivery of 80 qrs. wheat and 30 qrs. barley at Calais, 200l. Of Thos. Thomson and Ric. Wood to the same customers of Hull, for delivery of 200 qrs. wheat at any English port, 200l. Of John Smyth and Ric. Hardynge to Alcok, chief customer of Kent, for delivery of 10 tuns beer and 6 wey of cheese at Calais, 20l.
Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.—Of John Rugley to Alcok, customer of Sandwich, for delivery of 30 qrs. barley at Rye, 10l. Of Thos. Bland to Wood and Lambert, customers of Hull, for delivery of 10½ qrs. wheat, 8 qrs. rye, 22 qrs. barley, 1 qr. beans, and 127 qrs. malt, at any port, 200l. Of Thos. Miller to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace, customer of Lynn, for delivery of 100 qrs. malt and 80 qrs. wheat at Calais, 20l.
Pp. 13.
15 May.
R. O.
481. Tunstall to Cromwell.
His letters of the 25th April were delivered on the 12th by a pursuivant with the King's writ to warn all who could spend above 40l. to go up and receive knighthood. Has used all possible diligence, and sends by the bearer to the Lord Chancellor the return and certificate required. Begs him to be good master to the gentlemen therein named, for this year they have been at great expence providing soldiers for the Borders, and in case of a Scotch invasion they are bound to attend the captain general at their own cost. The rest of the gentry are either knights already, or their lands are out of their hands, and these in the return "be very mean gentlemen, all save two of the first." Aukeland, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Master Cromwell.
15 May.
R. O.
482. Tunstall to Sir Thos. Audeley.
To the same effect. Auckland, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Sir Thos. Audeley, lord chancellor. Endd.
15 May.
R. O.
483. Sir J. Russell to Cromwell.
I perceive you have moved the King in the matter between Sir Thos. Cheyny and me. Whereas he is surprised it has not been long since settled, the fault is not mine. My wife brought me from you 40l. for paling More park, informing me that I should receive of your servant Candishe another sum of money of the revenues of the More for the same. The gardener has almost destroyed the garden there, and will keep it no longer for 6d. a day. If the King will allow 8d. a day, and give me the appointment, I will keep it as well as I can, though it will cost me as much again. Charlelye Wood, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
15 May.
Vesp. F. XIII. 118 b. B. M.
484. John Lord Scrope, of Bolton, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his favors. Hears from his uncle, Sir Thomas Clyfforde, and from his servant, that Cromwell has been too busy with the King's great matters to finish his matter. Asks Cromwell to pardon his importunity ; but if he is put off this summer, Lord Conyers, who is not his friend, will purposely destroy the game and other things, and he has sent up his servant, Vincent Metcalfe, to the duke of Norfolk and his other friends, "to make stop in the same." Requests him to write to lord Conyers not to meddle with the game or other royalties of the lands. Will do him what pleasure he can. Desires credence for his servant. Bolton Castle, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., Master Thomas Cromewell, councillor to our most sovereign lord the King's highness. Endd.
15 May.
Cal. B. VII. 182. B. M.
485. James V. to [Beauvais].
Has received his letter and another answer sent by his colleague Deinteville, touching the truce with England. Has considered Northumberland's letter to the Ambassador touching the conservation of order on the Borders. Would willingly write, at the instance of the King his master, to Henry VIII., having been always desirous for the good of peace, but that he has already written letters since the renewal of war by a gentleman of his household, and others afterwards, of the most amicable tendency, which have never been answered. Will write when he is assured his letters will be received and answered. Is willing that the place for treating shall be in England. Has given such orders meanwhile to his officers on the Marches that no disorder has occurred, or shall, unless provoked by England. On Monday last, 12 May, the garrison of Norham made an inroad as far as the land of Hauteborne (Otterburn?) quite unprovoked, notwithstanding what Northumberland has written. Stirling Castle, 15 May 1533, 20 Jac. V.
Fr. Copy, pp. 3.
15 May.
Cal. B. III.168. B. M.
486. Magnus to Cromwell.
The King's causes have proceeded well. The clergy have acted like loving subjects, as Dr. Lee, the bearer, will show him. Begs credence for him, and to the Lord Chancellor for him, if needed. Sends him a present of 5l. for a poor token. York, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To t[he ri]ght worshipful and mine own [goo]d master, Mr. Cromwell.
15 May.
R. O.
487. Cuthbert Marshall to Cromwell.
According to Cromwell's desire has not only condescended to the passing of certain conclusions in the convocation here, but has endeavoured to remove the scruples of others. Was not moved to this by any arguments he had heard or read, for he learned nothing from the persons or books sent hither, but at Cromwell's loving request informed his conscience according to his bounden duty. Desires credence for Dr. Lee. Begs Cromwell to defend his right, for of late he has suffered many wrongs, amongst others from John Daunye, Esq., here in Yorkshire, who has enclosed great part of a common at Carlton within Marshall's prebend, which will cause the town to decay. No remedy is to be had here ; the gentlemen are so allied and friended. Daunye is now in London, and I have sent one of the poor men of the town with muniments and writings to be a suitor to you. I beseech you to treat him so that we may enjoy our rights peaceably. York, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Thos. Crumwell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
15 May.
R. O.
488. Edward Besteney to Cromwell.
Sends by Brankyn, the King's pikemonger, 3 great pikes, to take them where your pleasure shall be. Is arranging with him to deliver Cromwell from time to time as many as he likes. All things here are at his disposal. Thanks him for his letters written to the bishop of Ely, now deceased, "in favor of my priest." Soham, Thursday, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Hol. in another hand, p. 1. Add.
15 May.
R. O.
489. John Coddryngton, Prior of Malmesbury, to Cromwell.
Has received his compendious letter of the 13 May, desiring him to send up the chamberer for one of those to certify the Abbot's death to the King. Before his letter came the chapter had already agreed to send up two of the brethren for that purpose. Maunsbere, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Thomas Cromwell, chancellor of the Exchequer, and one of the King's honorable council, ... in London. Endd.
15 May. 490. The Nuncio Ubaldini.
See Grants in May, No. 32.
15 May.
R. O.
491. Edward Leyghton, Priest, to Cromwell.
The King's questions were determined and answered in the Convocation at York on Tuesday last according to his expectation, with as much towardness as ever I saw in my life, thanks to the labors of Dr. Lee. One of the lord Scrope's servants will be with you on Tuesday or Wednesday next. My lord Conyers repents his indiscreet answer, and will now be ordered at the King's pleasure. Tucksforthe, 16 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right hon.
16 May.
R. O.
492. Will. Popley to Cromwell.
I wrote to you last for the promotion of a cousin of mine, dan Water Jay, "cosyner" of Malmesbury, and my brother brought me word that you would do the best you could. Since then I have word that the chamberer of the house should be sent up with a certificate of the death of the abbot. Therefore, to prevent any mistake, I have sent up my brother again to you, as this is important for me who live near the same monastery away from all my friends. My brother is an honest man, and will prove a good husband to the house. I find that Mr. Pole left my letter behind. I send it you now with a copy of the confession, that you may call any of the thieves before the King's council. Ciscetour, 16 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's council. Endd.
16 May.
R. O.
493. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I received your letter of the 13th May, showing that the King is satisfied with my services. Before I received your letter I was on my way to London from York, having finished the King's affairs without any dissatisfaction. For the muniments of the University, no one is more meet to see them safely delivered than I. Trusting to sup with you on Tuesday night, I bring with me Master Leghton and the two honest friars, Tuxford in the Clay, Friday, 16 May.
I come home by my house at Ashden.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Crumwell, at the Austin Friars, in London.
17 May.
R. O.
494. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
After my letter yesterday from Tuxfurthe, I received, this Saturday, at Stamfurthe, a letter from the abbot of St. Mary's, showing that he will be at London on Whitsunday next. The messenger delayed, for it was Thursday last before his Lordship (the Abbot) received his letter. Considering the shortness of the time, his charge in receipt of the King's money, his benevolence to you and me, I beg of you to make his excuse. Stamford, 17 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my right entirely beloved friend, Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
17 May.
R. O. St. P. I. 396. Cranmer's Letters, 242.
495. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
Your Grace's great matter is now brought to a final sentence to be given on Friday next. I cannot assign a shorter time, as every day next week shall be ferial, but trust to do then as becomes me. Dunstaple, 17 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : From the bishop of Canterbury, at Dunstable, the 17th day of May, the 25th year of your reign.
17 [May].
Otho, C. X. 166. B. M. Cranmer's Letters, 242.
496. [Cranmer] to Cromwell.
I thank you for your two [letters]. I trust I have satisfied the King's expectation. I never yet went about to ... willingly any man living, and would be loath now to begin ... my prince, and defraud him of his trust in me. I have brought the matter to a final sentence to [be] given on Friday next. I cannot assign any shorter time, as every day will be ferial, except Friday and Saturday. I trust to endeavour myself further as shall become me to do to the pleasure of Almig[hty God] and the mere truth of the matter.
I pray you, think no unkindness in me that I have not [written to] you. I have not even written to the Queen, and to no one but the King, for I think it expedient that ... and the process be kept secret for a time. "I pray you to make no relation thereof, as I know w[ell you] will not, for if the noble lady Catharine should, by th[e bruit of] this matter in the mouths of the inhabitants of the [country, or] by her friends or council hearing of this bruit, be [moved, stirred,] counselled or persuaded to appear afore me in the ty[me or afore] the tyme of sentence, I should be thereby greatly staye[d and let] in the process, and the King's grace's council here pre[sent shall be] much uncertain what shall be then further done the[rein. For a] great bruit and voice of the people in this behalf [might] move her to do that thing herein which peradventure [she would] not do if she shall hear little of it ; and therefore I [desire you] to speak as little of this matter as ye may, and t[o beseech the] King's highness in likewise so to do for the consyd[eration afore] recited." Dunstaple, 17 [May]. Signature mutilated.
P. 1. Mutilated.
[17] May.
Otho, C. X. 165. B. M. Pocock's Records, II. 475.
497. [Thos. Bedyll to Cromwell.]
Sends an account of the third court held on 16 May. This day the Archbishop will demand of the King's proctor to produce anything that he has conducing to the cause, and will inquire if any one purposes to say anything on behalf of the lady Katharine. Secondly, he will take possession of all the writings. Thirdly, he will admonish the King's proctor to be present on Friday, the 23rd, when sentence will be given in the King's favor. Had it not been for Rogation days, sentence would have been pronounced three or four days earlier. Dunstable, [17] May.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated.
17 May.
R. O.
498. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Begs him to remember the despatch of his servant, and to send his mind about Lawson's letter and articles sent by him. The beginning of next month's wages is on the 29th inst. Will be at York at the end of next week to await the sending of money. There is at present within Berwick above 2,000 qrs. of corn, besides much more that is coming, of which a good portion is beans and oats for horsemeat. Corn is much cheaper here than in the South, and if the garrisons be discharged there will be a great loss in the same corn. For news refers him to the bearer, George Douglas, who, with his brother Angus and his uncle, has been most diligent to serve the King. One Selby, late mayor of this town, intends to complain of Master Captain to my lord of Norfolk, and the Captain has written an explanation to my said Lord. Begs that no credit be given to Selby. Berwick, 17 May.
Begs him to speak to Tuke to respite any suit against Lawson, and also the payment of the money till Christmas next.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
17 May.
R. O.
499. Will. Abbot Of York to Cromwell.
I send you the grant of an annuity of 10l. for your life. I wish it were of more value, but our monastery is sore charged. I will send you the lease of Rudstone next term, with your half year's fee, as I am now at a point with Redeman for the same. I have paid Sir Geo. Lawson the 4,000l. I received of you at London. I beg credence for Dr. Legh, the bearer. St. Mary's, 17 May.
P. 1. Add. : Mr. Thomas Cromwell, Esq., treasurer of the Chamber unto the King's highness. (fn. 4)
17 May.
Vit. B. XXI. 87. B. M.
500. Gervays Warin to Francis I.
By my last letter I have declared the conclusion which the Princes con[federate have] taken together in their diet of Nuremberg, w ... ben together last sent. They require that the 100,000 scuttes should be consigned, deposit or sequestered, in the hands of my lords of Bavary, whom I have visited. I am now returning, but by small journeys, as my horses are tired. I am now with your ambassadors at Soleuure. The said lords of Bavaria are contented until you send them your intention touching the conclusion at the diet. Did not go to the Landgrave, as he remitted all to them, except that he thought the money should be delivered to them on the condition that duke Ulrich should be restored. The estates of the League of Swave are assembled at Augspurg, to see whether the league shall be continued or dissolved. Some princes and towns will leave it ; and the lords of Bavaria have practised with the Imperial towns and others, so that it is agreed that the duchy of Wirtemberg shall no more belong to the league, as they have had much trouble and expence to preserve the dukedom of king Ferdinand, and have derived no good therefrom. They will do nothing to hinder the restoration of the Duke, and Ferdinand cannot resist the confederate princes. The people of the duchy desire to be out of the Spanish captivity, and to have their natural prince again. There will, however, be some difficulty whether the father or the son shall be restored. The notable men favor more the son, and the evil knaves the father. I understand from the lords of Bavaria that if you will deliver the 100,000 cr. for the restoration of the young Duke, it will be most agreeable to them, and they will go about it as soon as you think good, a ... that when the son shall be restored to the said dukedo[m] ... They shall not oppose themselves, but shall help also to ..... restore the father if it be possible. They think this will strengthen the confederate princes, and weaken king Ferdinand, because he has no lordship in his country of Osterich, from which he got so much money and such good men-of-war as Wirtemberg.
The said lords desire me to tell you that the Turk and Ferdinand are not yet agreed. The former will yield all Hungary to Ferdinand, keeping "the places limitrophes (limitotrophi), and of fronters," as Belgrado, Quroque, Wistemburg, &c., by which he might recover Hungary when he would, but yet Ferdinand would have agreed to it. He also demands the surrender of the places taken by Andrew Doria ; whereto the Emperor will not agree ; and if he would, Doria perhaps would not, as he requires recompense for his great expences. The lords of Bavaria say that it is necessary to prevent the Turk or king John from agreeing with Ferdinand, who is nowhere so busy as towards Hungary, and will do much with the Turk to have peace on that side. Ferdinand is sending an embassy to Constantinople. If he agree with the Turk, he will make war against the Confederates, with the help of the Emperor and some of the German princes : for the Emperor is believed to have said that all the princes of Almain shall obey his brother as king of the Romans, if it cost him Spain. It is certain that if Ferdinand agrees with the Turk, he will try, either by practice or war, to make the Confederates acknowledge him. For this reason Wurtemberg must be taken from him, and king John prevented from agreeing with him. If this be done, he will never enjoy Osterich peaceably as long as he lives, "which is the capital article for to let always Ferdinando and the Emperor."
Recommends speedy action, or the lords will agree with Ferdinand, who makes them reasonable and fair offers. The Emperor is evil beloved of every man in Almayn. He has promised "montes of merveilles," but touching the Faith, he has left them in worse case than before his coming. The Bishop, and the towns and princes who are not Lutheran, know that he promised the duke of Saxony and the Landgrave [to allow them] to live after the doctrine of Luther, or of any other worse than he, if they would acknowledge his brother for the king of the Romans ; so that it is clear that he has no interest in religion, and intends only the particular profit of himself and his brother.
The Almayns are in as great danger of the Turk as they were before. They thought the Emperor would try to recover some of the places taken from Christendom, but he has retired without either battle or appointment, and has done nothing but provoke the Turk to come another time. Many men think he has done it so that the Turk may come again and chastise the Germans. His Spaniards and Lombards have done more harm than the Turk. They are also discontented at the non-fulfilment of his promise of a council.
The Germans have great trust in you and your brother, the king of England, in consequence of the recent treaty between you. They know well that, if the Turk comes again, the Emperor will not send a penny out of Spain to help them.
He has brought many men by fair words from Germany to Mantua, Milan, Bologna, and Genoa, where all the creditors and men of war thought to have been paid, and has sailed away to Spain without paying a penny, "but he ... them to Barcelona, which is to say they shall n[ever have] a penny of it, whereby many gentlemen and other be in g[reat] misery and desperation, having not one penny for the great services which they have done, and sayen for conclusion that the same is an Hispanische feith." It would be very easy to get men of war from Almain. Some captains to whom I have spoken say that they have not as yet found such master as ye be.
I am now going to Lyons, having heard that you will be there shortly. Soleurre, 17 May 1533.
English translation, pp. 7. Mutilated.
18 May.
R. O.
501. W. Benet to Cromwell.
Though I cannot write to you of some good resolution in our master's great cause, "yet I trust, after the fume be past, which they here roke off the last news from thence," they will be more easy to be intreated and conducted to every good purpose. Howbeit, I dare promise no more of them than I shall see them do. I will do what I can.
The marquis of Montferrate is dead ; and the marquis of Saluce, who claims that estate, has taken two towns belonging to it. The citizens of Casale, the head city, are in arms to defend their city both from the marquis of Saluce and the marquis of Mantua, who claims it by right of his wife, until the Emperor's pleasure be known. Five days ago Florianus, Campeggio's secretary, died, leaving vacant a prebend in Salisbury. I would be much bound to you if you would get it for my brother, seeing that you shall have the advowson of Barnake for your friend, which I intended to have given to my brother. When you shall see time, remember me to the King. Beside you, I think I have few there that will speak for me. Rome, 18 May 1533.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
18 May.
R. O.
502. Sir Gregory Casale to the Duke of Norfolk.
Wrote lately to Guronus, and informed the Duke of the Pope's going to Nice, and why it was determined on. The Pope has now abandoned that intention, from cowardice I believe. He would like a meeting very much, both to satisfy Francis, and because it would be for his own honor ; but the Emperor is opposed to it, thinking it would give the King an opportunity of making just complaint. The Emperor is accustomed to treat with the Pope separately. The more prudent cardinals are also against it, unless they could be sure it would conduce to peace ; and how it should do so I cannot see. I have communicated to Benet and the French cardinals all that has occurred to me on this subject. I have no doubt, if the French are prudent, the thing will take effect, but not before the end of August. Rome, 18 May 1533.
I beg you will get Guronus to bring, on his return, the despatch of the favor granted me by the King.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : Letters sent to the duke of Norfolk and the earl of Wiltshire.
18 May.
R. O.
503. Sir Piers Eggecombe to Cromwell.
By a letter enclosed, which came to me on the 17th May, you will see the matter charged against John Mayow, of High Clekar. He denies having spoken anything contrary to his duty to the King. Wishes to know what is to be done with him. Has taken security for his appearance. From my poor lodge of Cuthayll, 18 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
18 May.
R. O.
504. Thos. Solubriensis, Prior of Carswell, (fn. 5) to Lady Lisle.
Her servant Worth has been with him at a poor lodge, but would not tarry. Was glad to hear that she was merry. Carswell, 18 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Lady Honor.
18 May. R. O. 505. Serjeant Huxley to Cromwell.
I have received the King's letters to be at the crowning of the Queen's grace. I do not know whether I should come with my lord Bishop to London or tarry here. Please let me know. Dunstable, 18 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Sealed. Endd.
18 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 456.
506. Benet to Henry VIII.
Since the despatch of Francis the courier on the 5th a citation has been issued against you, and executed against the bishop of Worcester and myself, of which I send a copy. We went to the Pope, lamenting that he should suffer such a thing, especially as the Congress was not yet fully resolved on. He told me secretly that the Imperialists had earnestly urged the process against you, saying that without it they despaired of obtaining justice. He replied that the matter must not be precipitated, especially with so honorable a member of Christendom as yourself, and that he would not proceed to excommunication, which they urged, until the Emperor had prepared an army, whereby your Highness, standing in contempt, might be compelled to obey. He also insisted on your friendship with the king of France, and therefore war with you would be impossible, and all Christendom be troubled. He told them, therefore, that to proceed against you would be very dangerous, and it would be better "to let pass this contempt" than revenge the same. So the Pope told us he put off the Imperialists for the time ; but we could not prevail upon him to stop the process. Are waiting for the answer to the brief sent to the French king, as he wrote in his last. Rome, 18 May 1533.
All in Boner's hand but the last sentence. Add.
ii. Copy of the citation referred to.
18 May.
Le Grand, III. 623.
507. Preaching in France.
Francis I. to the bishop of Senlis, M. Pierre de l'Estoile, Leonard de la Givonniere, and Fras. Tabary. Desires them to keep the result of their examination of the charges of preaching and sedition brought against Dr. Gerard Roussel, Fras. Picquet, bachelier, Frere Geoffroy, Thomas Cordelier, and Frere Louis le Sendrier, Mathurin, until his return. Roussel is to be kept in custody by the queen of Navarre. The others, as well as Dr. Beda, proctor of the faculty of theology, are forbidden to come within 20 leagues of Paris. Moulins, 18 May 1533, 19 Fras. I. Fr.
18 May.
Vienna Archives.
508. Chapuys to Charles V.
Although the King's Council had promised me an answer to my letters within three days, they delayed to call me for more than six. On Tuesday last the duke of Norfolk and others invited me to dinner, which I thought it right to decline under the circumstances, especially not to increase the suspicion that your Majesty has consented to this detestable proceeding. After dinner I went to them ; and there, for innumerable reasons, they wished to persuade me that I ought not to interfere with the jurisdiction of the archbishop of Canterbury, both on account of their late law, and also for the insufficiency of my power, against which they raised several objections. Having fully replied to them on these matters, they, instead of answering me, begged me to consider the little good, and, on the other hand, the danger, that would arise from what it was proposed to do. I showed them again the utility of it, and the necessity which compelled me to proceed according to my charge ; and both on this and on the other matters we had a long conversation, of which it is needless to report the tenth part, as all the points depended one upon another.
As I have already informed your Majesty, my obstinacy in this course has not been with a view to execute what I threatened, for no good could arise from it, but only to have occasion to show them a number of things, and to obtain some influence with the King and his Council by gratifying them in this ; and thereby at last to secure somewhat better treatment of the Queen and Princess, of whose ill-usage no one here dare speak a word for fear of the Lady, and if I had proceeded as above they would have made it worse. The Queen has also strongly approved of this course. On the said Tuesday, after having discussed the whole matter, nothing came of it but that I intended to proceed to the execution of my charge, unless the King made me an answer by writing to the aforesaid letters with more urgent reasons than they had alleged ; and if they hesitated to make this report to the King, I would write to him again ; and thereupon, they having undertaken to do so, I came away. On Wednesday evening I sent to ask Cromwell to come and speak with me next morning ; to which he consented very readily ; but having at the same time informed the King, who wished to speak to him first, he sent to excuse himself for that day. Yesterday morning he came to me, and declared the said cause of his delay ; and after much talk I gave him to understand the good service I had always done to maintain peace between your Majesty and the King his master, and that he was no good servant either of the one or the other who did not do all in his power to that effect ; and, considering the disorder of this new marriage, hoping that in time the King his master would remedy it himself when his passion had cooled and he had discovered the truth, I would not embitter matters and throw oil instead of water on the fire. For this reason, considering that the execution of my charge would irritate the King, and for other reasons which I forbore to explain, to testify my desire for the preservation of the amity, I intended not to proceed until I saw some new complication in the affairs of the Queen, or received some new command from your Majesty, and that the King and his Council, having made such disorder, ought to forbear to irritate your Majesty by little things, such as the maltreatment of the Queen in changing her name and diminishing her attendance, and taking away her arms from her barge, and those which were engraved in stone in the gate of the great hall of Westminster,—ignominies which have not hitherto been used except towards those attainted of treason. Cromwell praised my goodwill towards his master, and thanked me for those last suggestions about the arms, of which he said he had heard nothing, adding that he firmly believed the King had not been informed of it, and would be displeased at it. As to the Queen's household, so far as he was informed, the King had no intention to diminish it. I told him I thought he was so much inclined to the said amity that I believed he had done good service in this matter, and would continue to do so ; for the principal affair, which the King would cover under pretence of conscientious scruple and to leave male successors, would discover itself by these petty iniquities and annoyances. This I protested, I said to him, more as a servant of the King his master in that matter than of your Majesty or the Queen. He appeared to take it all in good part. He then began to recount the great benefits the King his master had conferred not only on you but on the emperor Maximilian and the late King Catholic, and he thought your Majesty was so great a prince that though the Spaniards, being very courageous and not mindful of his honor, wished to stimulate him to war against the King, the memory of those favors and the common good of both countries would restrain you, besides that the English would not allow themselves to be beaten without resistance. He afterwards attempted to excuse what the King had done so precipitately, that it was only because they knew the Pope would not do him justice ; and with this he uttered two or three taunts against his Holiness, and exalted very much the learning of his master, by which he had found that he had been able to do what he had done, and having thereby satisfied his conscience, he thought no one had a right to blame him, although he confessed that neither the King nor all Christian princes, nor even the preachers, could persuade the world that the King had not been influenced by passion ; but, as already remarked, it was enough that he satisfied his own conscience. I asked him, as I had also asked others, of the time, place, and witnesses of this new marriage, but could get no particulars. The duke of Norfolk told me that he was not present at it, but that there could be no doubt it was done, for there were men in the Council who had witnessed it ; but he would not tell me who, nor anything else, although I told him, to draw him out, that it was incredible, seeing that they would not publish the form, and that it would be very strange that such a prince with such loyal subjects did such an act in a corner (soub la cheminee), which would make the world all the more suspect and speak of it. On my asking their news from Rome, Cromwell told me, I know not whether by dissimulation, that the Pope, being informed of this affair by the King's ambassadors, was very much grieved and a little angry, saying he would find a remedy. He told me he did not know when the duke of Norfolk was to depart.
As I was reading your Majesty's letter of the 25th ult., reporting your prosperous arrival in Spain, for which all your subjects and even all true Christians ought to thank God, Cromwell entered my chamber, and I showed him the charge I had to notify to the King his master, which I begged him to do for me, as I did not think it becoming, under present circumstances, to go to the King. He accepted it willingly. I showed him also the article touching the offers of the count of Tenda on the part of the French king, and added a few words of my own about the prospect of friendship continuing in that quarter. Cromwell assented to my words, but showed no great joy at the news, and took leave, promising to do his best to prevent cause of offence being given to your Majesty. If I can, by this or other means, prevent them from doing anything more to the Queen and Princess, it will be the utmost that any one can do here. Although I have said that I meant to pass over the arguments that I used to the King's Council, I think your Majesty ought to understand that having proved to them by several reasons that the statute made against the Queen was of no validity, because by old alliances it is unlawful either for your Majesty or the King to make laws to the prejudice of each other's subjects, and, moreover, it was in direct contravention of the last treaty of peace, and although the Queen was here a subject, as they wished to affirm, still her natural subjection could not be abolished by the accidental, and that if for an injustice done to a poor seaman, or for the stealing of a horse on foreign territory by consent of one of the Princes, peace would be violated, it would be still more so in this case, the injury being so great, and the person to whom it is done more than a subject. To this and the confirmations which I adduced they knew not what to reply. I have thought right to inform you of this, that if the Pope would not do his duty touching the delay of the affair, your Majesty may consider if you cannot take the remedy into your own hands without infringing the treaties, which the English have already violated.
You cannot imagine the great desire of all this people that your Majesty should send men here. Every day I have been applied to about it by Englishmen of rank, wit, and learning, who give me to understand that the last king Richard was never so much hated by his people as this King. Nevertheless, he was chased out by two or three thousand Frenchmen, their leader being not only not so much loved as your Majesty, but hardly known ; and, moreover, he had not the favor of a Queen and Princess and their adherents, who comprehend nearly the whole kingdom ; but it was impossible, without the aid of foreigners, that they should dare to declare themselves, and that if you wish to strengthen yourself with the favor of the Scots and of this people also, it would be necessary to set agoing the rumour that your Majesty desired the marriage of the king of Scots. I had not intended to enter so much into this matter, seeing that I have already written more than became me, but for the importunity of several persons.
Tomorrow the duke of Norfolk's horses and some of his company will leave this. He himself will follow in six days, to be at Nice at the beginning of July. As for news, the Pope's agent, who was here about the convocation of the Council, was referred from the court of France to this court for an answer to this charge, and the English have sent him back to the said court, remitting everything to the will of the French king. The King's Council say that the Pope is only trifling in this matter, and has no more wish for a Council than they have. The Pope's agent has been very well received with a present of 300 cr. They made court some days to the Nuncio to give the people to understand the intelligence they had with the Pope. They had the Nuncio here resident for this and other matters quite at their command, and he has done very poor service in the Queen's affair. Nothing is known yet to have been done by the French ambassador, who has gone to Scotland for the peace. Since he left here, he has received many letters from his own court ; which, I suspect, is owing to the urgency of the English, who desire peace very much. There have been here, for eight days, two young Frenchmen, who, the day before yesterday, returning from court, where one was made a knight, came to visit me with the French ambassador. They are sent hither by the grand master and admiral of France to be installed in the Chapel of the Order of the Garter at Windsor, in the name of those lords. The Londoners wish to make all the inhabitants contribute to the costs of the coronation, which will be a charge to them of about 5,000 ducats, of which 3,000 are for a present to the Lady, and the rest for the ceremonial. Formerly there was no opposition to the said contribution ; now they compel even foreigners to contribute ; but I hear they will have the decency in this case to exempt the Spaniards. The Easterlings, as being subjects of your Majesty, would like to be excused, but the great privileges they enjoy here prevent them from objecting. London, 18 May 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 6. From a modern copy.
19 May.
R. O.
509. Will. Popley to Cromwell.
I have written to you about my cousin dane Water Bristoll, cosyner (cuisinier?) of Malmesbury. If you wish my services please write to my brother. My wife's father, Giles Bassett of Yoley, Glouc., being possessed of 40l. lands, is warned by the sheriff to be at the court on Ascension Day (fn. 6) next to take up knighthood. My father is aged, and has so hurt himself by a knife that he is not able to travel. Ciscetour, 19 May.
I have written to one Pymme, of the Exchequer, who has married another of my father's daughters, to produce evidence of this statement. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
19 [May].
R. O.
510. Edw. Lord Stourton to Cromwell.
On the 17th day of this month M[ay] (fn. 7) there was delivered to me by a friend of mine, one of the monks of the Charterhouse of Wytham, Somersetshire, named Dan Peter Watts, who deposed that the prior of the Charterhouse, Henton, came in time past to the prior of Wytham in Lent, and said that the night before he had a marvellous vision ; that he saw a stage ry[all where]upon stood all the nobles of the realm, who by one consent drew up into the stage the Queen that now is, as he thought, by a line ; to which he put his hand, and so suddenly came again unto his remembrance, and sore repented his folly that he had so much done in prejudice of the law of God and Holy Church ; and further he said, striking himself upon the breast, God defend that ever I should consent to so unjust and unlawful a deed. The said Peter says he has other secrets concerning the King and Queen, which he reserves for their ears. I send him up to you. Bonnam, 19th of the month aforesaid.
I beg your favor for the prior of Sherborne. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
19 May.
Titus, B. IX. 89. B. M.
511. Ireland.
Statutes of the Irish Parliament, 19 May 25 Hen. VIII., as in the printed edition, I. 62.
Modern copy.
20 May.
R. O.
512. Richard Lyst, Lay Brother among the Freres, to Cromwell,
I think I shall not be delivered out of my troubles so long as I am among the friars. They arose, as I wrote to you, on the death of brother Ravynscrofte. I am fearfully troubled various ways in the night, and can get no rest. I think, therefore, I must change my state, for I think I shall serve God and save my soul better than I now do. I trust that the King and Queen will be gracious unto me, and you also, if I chance to need support. Father Forest, your little friend and less lover and mine, for all his great cracks, is now far enough away. The copy of the long epistle that I sent you concerning Forest was read and expounded before our new minister and all the fathers, and laid to Forest's charge, and so he was deposed and sent to another convent in the North. I have compounded three glasses with waters, and sent two to the Queen for a poor token. I send you the third. I was formerly my lord Cardinal's servant, and also dwelled in Cheapside, London, eight years, and made many waters for him, hypocras also, and served him with spice, being a grocer and an apothecary. These waters will keep their virtue two years. I beg you will recommend me to the Queen, and beg her to remember my poor mother. Greenwich, 20 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd. : Nil valent, 6 July 1613.
20 May.
Add. MS. 15,387, f. 253. B. M. St. P. VII. 459.
513. Henry VIII. to Clement VII.
Ubaldini, the nuncio, has delivered the Pope's brief. The King praises his desire for the good of Christendom, but will take counsel of the king of France before he makes any decision in so weighty a matter. Greenwich, 20 May 1533.
Lat. Modern copy.
Vit. B. XIV. 38. B. M. 2. Draft of the same letter, so far as can be judged from what remains of it. [Gren]wici, 18 May M[DXXXIII].
Lat. Vellum. Mutilated. Add.
[20 May.]
R. O.
514. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
Mr. Thos. Vernon desires to be excused from being knight. He lives in Wales, and his lands are barely worth 40l. a year. He has besides six children, which is a sufficient excuse for him. I have to wait upon you in another matter ; "but if it please you to put your mule out of her direct way of Westminster towards Gray's Inn, I will be at your commandment." Gray's Inn, Martis ante festum Ascensionis.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
20 May.
R. O.
515. Thomas Emson.
The answer of Thos. Emson to the certificate of Sir John Clerke, Ric. Cave, Will. Saunders, and Maurice Osborn, acting under the King's commission dated 20 May 25 Hen. VIII., touching the condition of the manors of Eston, Hulcote, Lychebaro, &c.
ii. The answer of Thos. Emson to the demands of Ric. Fermer.
Pp. 9. Endd.


1 Not the same as the book printed at Alcala in 1530.
2 The surname is lost by mutilation, but was doubtless Denys. Sir Will. Denys was sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1532-3.
3 Although these bonds are arranged in months, the specific date of each is given in the entries.
4 I find no other mention of Cromwell having held this office.
5 Thomas Chard. Dugdale says he was prior of Careswell in 26 Hen. VIII., i.e. 1534 or 1535 ; but he was probably so appointed when he resigned the priory of Montacute in July 1532 (see vol. v., 1207 (27)) ; for Careswell was a cell of Montacute, and the prior was not only appointed but removable by the prior of Montacute.
6 22 May in 1533.
7 The first two strokes of the M are alone visible.