Vesp. F. XIII.
467. John Lord Dudley to Cromwell.
Is marvellously deceived for the payment of 400l. which he was promised
by his kinsman. His day of payment is tomorrow between 9 and 12.
If Cromwell will make this payment for him, his wife and he will assure him
Netherpen, Overpen, Oxley, and Rowley, her jointure, worth 40l. yearly,
and no part thereof sold to Sir John Dudley. Westm., 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Unto the Right Worshipful Mr. Cromewell, of the King's
468. A[nne] Lady Oxford to Cromwell.
Begs that her servant, Foster, the bearer, may be excused from
attending on the King's council to take up knighthood. He has only been
her serving man for 20 years, and his land is not more than 38l. per annum.
Castle Campys, 11 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right Worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
St. P. I. 394.
469. Bedyll to Cromwell.
Thinks it would have been better for the ladies Norfolk and Guildford
to be examined here in consequence of the changing of the place of judgment,
which necessitated a new citation of the lady Catharine and a delay of
15 days. However, by the testimony of Brian to her words and behaviour
at the citation served upon her by Lee, she is declared contumax, without
any new citation, and a commission has been sent down to examine the
said ladies in London. Sends his servant, Thos. Argall, with the writings
of what was done on the first day, Saturday, and the second day, this Monday,
in order that Cromwell may inform the King. Will send the acts every day.
Thinks the process will be somewhat shorter than it was devised before
the King. My lord of Winchester and all others study diligently to have the
whole case handled consonant to law, so far as the matter will allow. My
lord of Canterbury handles himself very well and very uprightly. No one
has yet appeared for lady Katharine. Dunstable, 12 May.
Hol. Add. : Master Cromwell, of the King's Council.
St. P. I. 394.
470. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
I have received your letter dated at Greenwich, 11 May. On Saturday
last the noble lady Katharine was, for non-appearance that day before
me, and upon such certificate as the mandatary only made to me upon his
oath, pronounced contumax. This Monday, on depositions made and taken
before me by Mr. Briane, Gage, and Vaux, my fellows, your Grace's servants,
and upon the words spoken by her at the serving of the monition, I have
pronounced her vere et manifeste contumacem ; so that she is, as the counsel
informed me, precluded from more monition to appear. I shall therefore
make further acceleration in my process than I thought I should. I desire
credence for Mr. Brian, to whom I have declared my further mind. Dunstable,
12 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : 12 May 25 Hen. VIII.
151, f. 352.
471. The Divorce.
Treatise on the divorce, addressed to Philip and Mary.
Begins : Agebatur igitur salutis humanæ annus 1528 ab inchoato in
Anglia Henrici VIII. imperio plus minus vigesimus. Pp. 74.
Ends : Sed in ægritudinem, quæ illi ultima futura erat, incidens, simul ac
desperatam salutem suam vidit, Benefeldum honestissimæ integerrimæque
vitæ hominem, penes quem familiæ suæ gubernandæ et omnes rationes subducendi
moderamen, rege ita decernente, diu stetisset, ad se evocans.
The papers in this volume were evidently collected for the purpose of
writing this treatise.
151, f. 201.
2. "Matrimonii cujusdam quod olim, obtenta pontificis dispensatione, cum
illiberis fratris uxore contractum fuit, et nunc tandem quarundam academiarum
censuris impetitum patrocinantibus, item quibusdam doctissimis et
illarum sententiam variis argumentationibus explicare intentibus brevis
Begins : Oppugnatores hujus matrimonii propositionem quandam proponunt.
Ends : Illud autem unum etc. usque in finem.
Lat., pp. 276.
Headed : Johannis episcopi Roffensis responsum ad libellum impressum
Londini, 1530. (fn. 1)
Reference is made to the decision of the university of Paris, which was
given in July 1530.
25 Hen. VIII.
m. 32 d.
472. The Abbot Of Westminster.
Oath taken in Chancery, 12 May 25 Hen. VIII., by Will. Boston,
abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, to observe the covenants in the indenture
made between Henry VII. and John Islipp, the late abbot, dated 16 July
19 Hen. VII., for singing masses for that King's soul, &c.
473. Henry Lord Stafford to [Cromwell].
Please to move the King for such evidences as concern my lands
remaining at Thornbury. It is not unknown to you what wrong Corbet did
me ; for since by my Lord Chancellor's award he was my farmer, he claims
divers parcels of Hope, as Knetmore and Millfield, and will not let me enter
unless I show evidence. The abbess of Polesworth has recovered 20 marks
a year out of a benefice of mine, whereas for 200 years she had only ten, till
I find evidence to the contrary. Fitzherbert knows this matter. The
evidences of Thornbury are many cartloads, and will be put in great disorder
if removed. If brought up to London much time will be wasted. If the
King will send one of his Council, I will defray the cost, and take all the
evidences belonging to my land. Signed.
474. Henry Lord Stafford to the Duke Of Norfolk.
I received your letter desiring me to take my Lady, your wife, into
my house. I thought I had laid such considerations before you that you
would never have renewed your request. Now you will compel me to speak
more than I thought to have done, or else I must grant what will be my
utter undoing. I cannot stop her wild language, but it might be prejudicial
to me who have never deserved it. In this matter you know by long
experience I can do no good. Stafford, 13 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
475. Henry Lord Stafford to Cromwell.
I received your letter today, by my lord of Norfolk's servant, touching
the taking of my lady of Norfolk into my house, whereby you reckon that
with my good counsel tranquillity may be established between my Lord and
her. To be assured of that, I would not only receive her but fetch her on
my feet at London. But the redress of this stands not in the advertisement
of her kin, of which she has had plenty, nor in the pitiful exclamation of her
poor friends, praying her to remember what honor she has come to by her
husband, and what possibility of doing her friends good if she had followed
the King's pleasure, who showed her so great favor as might have won any
alien's heart, besides the gentle advertisement he has sent her divers times,
of which he has made me privy. What more could her enemies wish than
this continual contention with her husband, which makes him forsake her
company, and, besides the obloquy of this world, brings her into the King's
displeasure, which to every true heart is death. But since, in spite of all
these things and the gentleness of her husband, she cannot be induced to
break her sensual and wilful mind, and she takes me, and all others who have
advised her to conformity, to be flatterers and liars, I trust you will not
reckon that I can do any good in this matter, but I should incur great
jeopardy from her wild language. It is my shame and sorrow, being her
brother, to have to rehearse all this. Stafford, 13 May. Signed.
P.S.—I desire you to have my bill in remembrance for the evidences.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
476. Montmorency to the Bailly Of Troyes.
The King intends to be at Lyons on the 22nd or 23rd inst. Norfolk
should, therefore, start as soon as possible. Sends letters of credence to
Norfolk. The King has appointed persons to accompany him. M. du Biez
will conduct him to Abbeville or Amyens, where Mess. d'Humyeres, de la
Rochepot (the writer's brother), de la Hargerie, and other gentlemen of
Picardy will meet him. Desires the Bailly to write to them when Norfolk
starts. Serilly en Bourbonnoys, 13 May.
Sends an extract from a letter from the cardinal de Tournon. He will see
whether it is advisable to show it to the king of England.
477. John [Blake], Abbot of Cirencester, to Sir William
[Denys?] (fn. 2)
I send to your mastership the depositions of certain words spoken at
South Serney touching treason. I have [put] the secular man into jail till
I hear further of your pleasure. Circeter, 13 May.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.
478. Dover And Calais Passage.
Mandate to lord Lisle, as deputy of Calais, to put John Bartelet and
Adrian Dogen in possession of the passage between Dover and Calais,
granted to them by patent 13 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, p. 1.
479. Ranulph Wodnut, Priest, to Strete, Archdeacon of Salop.
Ralph Donne caused Ric. Wittour and me to appear in the Exchequer
on Saturday last, stating that whereas it pleased Mr. Escheator to admit his
son Richard Donne to be bailly of Tervyn, and receive the rents, for which
his father and other friends were bound in 100l., yet when the said Ralph
came to receive the rents in his son's name, Wittour and I had given warning
in the church to pay them to nobody but us. Being asked by Ric. Leyftwyche,
deputy escheator, whether we had done so, we answered that what
we had done was by your commandment, and showed him your last letter.
Although you were general surveyor for the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield,
he told us that Chester is a county palatine, and that the King's writ
was directed to his master, commanding him to make process to the sheriff,
and due inquisition at Chester, of the death of Geoffrey, late bishop ; that
the Escheator is charged with all the temporalities, and intends shortly to
keep courts at Tervyn and Wibbunbery. Copnall, 13 May.
Mr. Massy and Mr. Thorneton were sent for because they would not pay
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Strete, archdeacon of Salop, and residentiary at
480. Cromwell's Bonds.
A brief register of such specialties as now, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII.,
remain in my master Thomas Cromwell's hands, concerning the appearance
of certain persons before the Council.
July (fn. 3) 24 Hen. VIII.—Bond of Roger Gyfford and Rob. Lutton to Sir John Gage and
Cromwell in 200 marks for their appearance in oct. St. Martin in winter.
Aug.—Bond of Geo. Gore, Ric. Abberford, and Will. Marr, to Sir Will. Poulett and
Cromwell in 100 marks for Gore's appearance at Mich. Of John Felde, Ric. Allger, and
Ric. Manchester, in 100 m. Of Edw. Hewett, John Enderby, and Thos. Whyte, in 100 m.
Of Octavian Talbot in 100 m. Of Thos. Ketyll, Rob. Porte, and Rob. Knevett, in 50 m.
Of John Purser, Jas. Spenser, and Rob. Smyth, in 100 m. Of Fyrmyn de Bes, Roger
Yong, and Jas. Nycolson, in 100 m. Of John Enderby, Will. Vyneyarde, and John
Rutter, in 100 m. :—all to Poulett and Cromwell, or to the latter only.
Sept.—Of John Melsham, John Horwood, and Nic. Woodhouse, in 100 m. Of Ric.
Smythe, Rauf Holgrave, and Ric. Waleys, in 200 m.
Oct.—Of Roger and Humph. Holte and Thos. Verdon, in 100l., to Poulett, Tuke, and
Nov.—Of Geo. Carewe and Rob. Lutton in 100l.
Feb.—Of Rob. Redman in 500 m. that he shall not sell the book called "The Division
of the Spiritualty and the Temporalty," nor any other book privileged by the King.
Pp. 7. The heading in Wriothesley's (?) hand.
ii. A brief register of such specialties as now, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII.,
remain in my master Thomas Cromwell's hands, supposed to be forfeited to
the King for carrying out of corn and victuals.
March 19 Hen. VIII.—Bond of Will. Merche and Ric. Brice, his factor, to Will. Bonde,
controller at Pole, and Oliver Lawrence, customer there, for delivery of 150 qrs. barley
malt at Calais, 100l.
March 20 Hen. VIII.—Of John Palmer to Oliver Lawrence, customer of Pole, and
Will. Knight, controller there, for delivery of 90 qrs. of malt at any place in England,
Jan. 21 Hen. VIII.—Of Robt. Coke and Thos. Gorre to Lawrence and Knight, at Pole,
for delivery of 30 qrs. wheat, 20 qrs. barley, and 20 qrs. malt at Rye, 40 mks.
March 21 Hen. VIII.—Of John Ryve and Wm. Davy to Lawrence and Knight, at Poole,
for 7 qrs. barley, to be delivered at Brixham, 10l.
Oct. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Richard Mongeham to Thos. Alcock, chief customer of Kent,
for delivery of 18,000 billets and 4 qrs. wheat at Calais, 10l.
Nov. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Robt. White of Lynne to John Pace, customer there, for
delivery of 120 qrs. barley and 60 qrs. malt at Calais, 10l.
Dec. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of John Daniel and Ric. Salle, for delivery of 160 qrs. grain at
Jan. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of John Browne of Lynne to Robt. Polvertoft, customer of
Boston, for delivery of 180 qrs. wheat at London, 80l.
Feb. 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Ric. Short and John Love to Allcock, customer of Kent, for
delivery of 40 qrs. barley at Calais, 10l. ; and another of the same amount. Of James
Page and Robt. Peche to Allcock, customer of Kent, for delivery of 40 qrs. barley at
Calais, 7l. ; and another for delivery of 100 qrs. there, 20l.
March 22 Hen. VIII.—Of Jas. Barowe and Steph. Harenden to Alcok, customer of
Kent, for delivery of 60 qrs. barley at Calais, 13l. Of John Petite and Thos. Myrable to
Alcok, for delivery of 50 qrs. barley and 50 qrs. oats at Calais, 20l. Of Chr. Coo to
John Pace, customer of Lynn, for delivery of 100 qrs. wheat and 100 qrs. barley at
May 23 Hen. VIII.—Of Christopher Coo to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace,
customer of Lynn, for delivery of 200 qrs. wheat at Calais, 66l. 13s. 4d. Of Fras. Nowche
and Chr. Coo to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace, for delivery of 260 quarters barley
malt and 60 qrs. maslyn at Calais, 84l.
July 23 Hen. VIII.—Of Henry Dinely and Wm. Kyddale of Kingston-on-Hull, to
Robert Wood and John Lambert, customers there, for delivery of 220 qrs. wheat at Calais,
200l. Of Thos. Horne and John Manning to Robt. Wood and John Lambert, customers
of Hull, for delivery of 80 qrs. wheat at Sandwich, 200l.
July 23 Hen. VIII.—Of James Smyth and Wm. Ustwayte to Robt. Wood and John
Lambert, customers of Hull, for delivery of 80 qrs. wheat and 30 qrs. barley at Calais,
200l. Of Thos. Thomson and Ric. Wood to the same customers of Hull, for delivery of
200 qrs. wheat at any English port, 200l. Of John Smyth and Ric. Hardynge to Alcok,
chief customer of Kent, for delivery of 10 tuns beer and 6 wey of cheese at Calais, 20l.
Aug. 23 Hen. VIII.—Of John Rugley to Alcok, customer of Sandwich, for delivery of
30 qrs. barley at Rye, 10l. Of Thos. Bland to Wood and Lambert, customers of Hull,
for delivery of 10½ qrs. wheat, 8 qrs. rye, 22 qrs. barley, 1 qr. beans, and 127 qrs. malt, at
any port, 200l. Of Thos. Miller to the duke of Norfolk and John Pace, customer of
Lynn, for delivery of 100 qrs. malt and 80 qrs. wheat at Calais, 20l.
481. Tunstall to Cromwell.
His letters of the 25th April were delivered on the 12th by a
pursuivant with the King's writ to warn all who could spend above 40l.
to go up and receive knighthood. Has used all possible diligence, and
sends by the bearer to the Lord Chancellor the return and certificate
required. Begs him to be good master to the gentlemen therein named,
for this year they have been at great expence providing soldiers for the
Borders, and in case of a Scotch invasion they are bound to attend the
captain general at their own cost. The rest of the gentry are either knights
already, or their lands are out of their hands, and these in the return "be
very mean gentlemen, all save two of the first." Aukeland, 15 May.
P. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Master Cromwell.
482. Tunstall to Sir Thos. Audeley.
To the same effect. Auckland, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Sir Thos. Audeley, lord chancellor. Endd.
483. Sir J. Russell to Cromwell.
I perceive you have moved the King in the matter between Sir
Thos. Cheyny and me. Whereas he is surprised it has not been long since
settled, the fault is not mine. My wife brought me from you 40l. for
paling More park, informing me that I should receive of your servant
Candishe another sum of money of the revenues of the More for the same.
The gardener has almost destroyed the garden there, and will keep it no
longer for 6d. a day. If the King will allow 8d. a day, and give me the
appointment, I will keep it as well as I can, though it will cost me as much
again. Charlelye Wood, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
Vesp. F. XIII.
484. John Lord Scrope, of Bolton, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his favors. Hears from his uncle, Sir Thomas
Clyfforde, and from his servant, that Cromwell has been too busy with the
King's great matters to finish his matter. Asks Cromwell to pardon his
importunity ; but if he is put off this summer, Lord Conyers, who is not
his friend, will purposely destroy the game and other things, and he has
sent up his servant, Vincent Metcalfe, to the duke of Norfolk and his
other friends, "to make stop in the same." Requests him to write to lord
Conyers not to meddle with the game or other royalties of the lands. Will
do him what pleasure he can. Desires credence for his servant. Bolton
Castle, 15 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., Master Thomas Cromewell, councillor to our most
sovereign lord the King's highness. Endd.
Cal. B. VII. 182.
485. James V. to [Beauvais].
Has received his letter and another answer sent by his colleague
Deinteville, touching the truce with England. Has considered Northumberland's
letter to the Ambassador touching the conservation of order on the
Borders. Would willingly write, at the instance of the King his master, to
Henry VIII., having been always desirous for the good of peace, but that
he has already written letters since the renewal of war by a gentleman
of his household, and others afterwards, of the most amicable tendency,
which have never been answered. Will write when he is assured his letters
will be received and answered. Is willing that the place for treating shall
be in England. Has given such orders meanwhile to his officers on the
Marches that no disorder has occurred, or shall, unless provoked by England.
On Monday last, 12 May, the garrison of Norham made an inroad as far as
the land of Hauteborne (Otterburn?) quite unprovoked, notwithstanding
what Northumberland has written. Stirling Castle, 15 May 1533, 20 Jac. V.
Fr. Copy, pp. 3.
Cal. B. III.168.
486. Magnus to Cromwell.
The King's causes have proceeded well. The clergy have acted
like loving subjects, as Dr. Lee, the bearer, will show him. Begs credence
for him, and to the Lord Chancellor for him, if needed. Sends him a present
of 5l. for a poor token. York, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To t[he ri]ght worshipful and mine own [goo]d master,
487. Cuthbert Marshall to Cromwell.
According to Cromwell's desire has not only condescended to the
passing of certain conclusions in the convocation here, but has endeavoured
to remove the scruples of others. Was not moved to this by any arguments
he had heard or read, for he learned nothing from the persons or books
sent hither, but at Cromwell's loving request informed his conscience
according to his bounden duty. Desires credence for Dr. Lee. Begs
Cromwell to defend his right, for of late he has suffered many wrongs,
amongst others from John Daunye, Esq., here in Yorkshire, who has
enclosed great part of a common at Carlton within Marshall's prebend,
which will cause the town to decay. No remedy is to be had here ; the
gentlemen are so allied and friended. Daunye is now in London, and I
have sent one of the poor men of the town with muniments and writings
to be a suitor to you. I beseech you to treat him so that we may enjoy
our rights peaceably. York, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Thos. Crumwell, one of the King's most
488. Edward Besteney to Cromwell.
Sends by Brankyn, the King's pikemonger, 3 great pikes, to take
them where your pleasure shall be. Is arranging with him to deliver
Cromwell from time to time as many as he likes. All things here are at
his disposal. Thanks him for his letters written to the bishop of Ely, now
deceased, "in favor of my priest." Soham, Thursday, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Hol. in another hand, p. 1. Add.
489. John Coddryngton, Prior of Malmesbury, to Cromwell.
Has received his compendious letter of the 13 May, desiring him to
send up the chamberer for one of those to certify the Abbot's death to the
King. Before his letter came the chapter had already agreed to send up
two of the brethren for that purpose. Maunsbere, 15 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Thomas Cromwell, chancellor of the
Exchequer, and one of the King's honorable council, ... in London. Endd.
490. The Nuncio Ubaldini.
See Grants in May, No. 32.
491. Edward Leyghton, Priest, to Cromwell.
The King's questions were determined and answered in the Convocation
at York on Tuesday last according to his expectation, with as much
towardness as ever I saw in my life, thanks to the labors of Dr. Lee. One
of the lord Scrope's servants will be with you on Tuesday or Wednesday
next. My lord Conyers repents his indiscreet answer, and will now be
ordered at the King's pleasure. Tucksforthe, 16 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right hon.
492. Will. Popley to Cromwell.
I wrote to you last for the promotion of a cousin of mine, dan Water
Jay, "cosyner" of Malmesbury, and my brother brought me word that you
would do the best you could. Since then I have word that the chamberer
of the house should be sent up with a certificate of the death of the abbot.
Therefore, to prevent any mistake, I have sent up my brother again to you,
as this is important for me who live near the same monastery away from all
my friends. My brother is an honest man, and will prove a good husband
to the house. I find that Mr. Pole left my letter behind. I send it you now
with a copy of the confession, that you may call any of the thieves before the
King's council. Ciscetour, 16 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's council. Endd.
493. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I received your letter of the 13th May, showing that the King is
satisfied with my services. Before I received your letter I was on my way
to London from York, having finished the King's affairs without any dissatisfaction.
For the muniments of the University, no one is more meet to
see them safely delivered than I. Trusting to sup with you on Tuesday
night, I bring with me Master Leghton and the two honest friars, Tuxford
in the Clay, Friday, 16 May.
I come home by my house at Ashden.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Thomas Crumwell, at
the Austin Friars, in London.
494. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
After my letter yesterday from Tuxfurthe, I received, this Saturday,
at Stamfurthe, a letter from the abbot of St. Mary's, showing that he will
be at London on Whitsunday next. The messenger delayed, for it was
Thursday last before his Lordship (the Abbot) received his letter. Considering
the shortness of the time, his charge in receipt of the King's money, his
benevolence to you and me, I beg of you to make his excuse. Stamford,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my right entirely beloved friend, Mr. Thomas
St. P. I. 396.
495. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
Your Grace's great matter is now brought to a final sentence to be
given on Friday next. I cannot assign a shorter time, as every day next
week shall be ferial, but trust to do then as becomes me. Dunstaple, 17 May.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : From the bishop of Canterbury, at Dunstable, the
17th day of May, the 25th year of your reign.
Otho, C. X. 166.
496. [Cranmer] to Cromwell.
I thank you for your two [letters]. I trust I have satisfied the
King's expectation. I never yet went about to ... willingly any man
living, and would be loath now to begin ... my prince, and defraud
him of his trust in me. I have brought the matter to a final sentence to
[be] given on Friday next. I cannot assign any shorter time, as every day
will be ferial, except Friday and Saturday. I trust to endeavour myself
further as shall become me to do to the pleasure of Almig[hty God] and the
mere truth of the matter.
I pray you, think no unkindness in me that I have not [written to] you.
I have not even written to the Queen, and to no one but the King, for I
think it expedient that ... and the process be kept secret for a time.
"I pray you to make no relation thereof, as I know w[ell you] will not, for if
the noble lady Catharine should, by th[e bruit of] this matter in the mouths
of the inhabitants of the [country, or] by her friends or council hearing of this
bruit, be [moved, stirred,] counselled or persuaded to appear afore me in the
ty[me or afore] the tyme of sentence, I should be thereby greatly staye[d
and let] in the process, and the King's grace's council here pre[sent shall
be] much uncertain what shall be then further done the[rein. For a] great
bruit and voice of the people in this behalf [might] move her to do that thing
herein which peradventure [she would] not do if she shall hear little of it ;
and therefore I [desire you] to speak as little of this matter as ye may, and
t[o beseech the] King's highness in likewise so to do for the consyd[eration
afore] recited." Dunstaple, 17 [May]. Signature mutilated.
P. 1. Mutilated.
Otho, C. X. 165.
497. [Thos. Bedyll to Cromwell.]
Sends an account of the third court held on 16 May. This day
the Archbishop will demand of the King's proctor to produce anything that
he has conducing to the cause, and will inquire if any one purposes to say
anything on behalf of the lady Katharine. Secondly, he will take possession
of all the writings. Thirdly, he will admonish the King's proctor to
be present on Friday, the 23rd, when sentence will be given in the King's
favor. Had it not been for Rogation days, sentence would have been pronounced
three or four days earlier. Dunstable,  May.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated.
498. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Begs him to remember the despatch of his servant, and to send his
mind about Lawson's letter and articles sent by him. The beginning of next
month's wages is on the 29th inst. Will be at York at the end of next week
to await the sending of money. There is at present within Berwick above
2,000 qrs. of corn, besides much more that is coming, of which a good portion is
beans and oats for horsemeat. Corn is much cheaper here than in the South,
and if the garrisons be discharged there will be a great loss in the same
corn. For news refers him to the bearer, George Douglas, who, with his
brother Angus and his uncle, has been most diligent to serve the King.
One Selby, late mayor of this town, intends to complain of Master Captain to
my lord of Norfolk, and the Captain has written an explanation to my said
Lord. Begs that no credit be given to Selby. Berwick, 17 May.
Begs him to speak to Tuke to respite any suit against Lawson, and also the
payment of the money till Christmas next.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
499. Will. Abbot Of York to Cromwell.
I send you the grant of an annuity of 10l. for your life. I wish it
were of more value, but our monastery is sore charged. I will send you the
lease of Rudstone next term, with your half year's fee, as I am now at a
point with Redeman for the same. I have paid Sir Geo. Lawson the 4,000l.
I received of you at London. I beg credence for Dr. Legh, the bearer.
St. Mary's, 17 May.
P. 1. Add. : Mr. Thomas Cromwell, Esq., treasurer of the Chamber
unto the King's highness. (fn. 4)
Vit. B. XXI.
500. Gervays Warin to Francis I.
By my last letter I have declared the conclusion which the Princes
con[federate have] taken together in their diet of Nuremberg, w ...
ben together last sent. They require that the 100,000 scuttes should be
consigned, deposit or sequestered, in the hands of my lords of Bavary,
whom I have visited. I am now returning, but by small journeys, as my
horses are tired. I am now with your ambassadors at Soleuure. The said
lords of Bavaria are contented until you send them your intention touching
the conclusion at the diet. Did not go to the Landgrave, as he remitted all
to them, except that he thought the money should be delivered to them on
the condition that duke Ulrich should be restored. The estates of the
League of Swave are assembled at Augspurg, to see whether the league shall
be continued or dissolved. Some princes and towns will leave it ; and the
lords of Bavaria have practised with the Imperial towns and others, so that
it is agreed that the duchy of Wirtemberg shall no more belong to the league,
as they have had much trouble and expence to preserve the dukedom of king
Ferdinand, and have derived no good therefrom. They will do nothing to
hinder the restoration of the Duke, and Ferdinand cannot resist the confederate
princes. The people of the duchy desire to be out of the Spanish
captivity, and to have their natural prince again. There will, however, be
some difficulty whether the father or the son shall be restored. The notable
men favor more the son, and the evil knaves the father. I understand
from the lords of Bavaria that if you will deliver the 100,000 cr. for the
restoration of the young Duke, it will be most agreeable to them, and they
will go about it as soon as you think good, a ... that when
the son shall be restored to the said dukedo[m] ... They shall
not oppose themselves, but shall help also to ..... restore the father if it
be possible. They think this will strengthen the confederate princes, and
weaken king Ferdinand, because he has no lordship in his country of
Osterich, from which he got so much money and such good men-of-war as
The said lords desire me to tell you that the Turk and Ferdinand are not
yet agreed. The former will yield all Hungary to Ferdinand, keeping "the
places limitrophes (limitotrophi), and of fronters," as Belgrado, Quroque,
Wistemburg, &c., by which he might recover Hungary when he would, but
yet Ferdinand would have agreed to it. He also demands the surrender of the
places taken by Andrew Doria ; whereto the Emperor will not agree ; and if
he would, Doria perhaps would not, as he requires recompense for his great
expences. The lords of Bavaria say that it is necessary to prevent the Turk
or king John from agreeing with Ferdinand, who is nowhere so busy as
towards Hungary, and will do much with the Turk to have peace on that
side. Ferdinand is sending an embassy to Constantinople. If he agree with
the Turk, he will make war against the Confederates, with the help of the
Emperor and some of the German princes : for the Emperor is believed to
have said that all the princes of Almain shall obey his brother as king of the
Romans, if it cost him Spain. It is certain that if Ferdinand agrees with
the Turk, he will try, either by practice or war, to make the Confederates
acknowledge him. For this reason Wurtemberg must be taken from him,
and king John prevented from agreeing with him. If this be done, he
will never enjoy Osterich peaceably as long as he lives, "which is the
capital article for to let always Ferdinando and the Emperor."
Recommends speedy action, or the lords will agree with Ferdinand, who
makes them reasonable and fair offers. The Emperor is evil beloved of
every man in Almayn. He has promised "montes of merveilles," but
touching the Faith, he has left them in worse case than before his coming.
The Bishop, and the towns and princes who are not Lutheran, know that he
promised the duke of Saxony and the Landgrave [to allow them] to live
after the doctrine of Luther, or of any other worse than he, if they would
acknowledge his brother for the king of the Romans ; so that it is clear that
he has no interest in religion, and intends only the particular profit of
himself and his brother.
The Almayns are in as great danger of the Turk as they were before.
They thought the Emperor would try to recover some of the places taken
from Christendom, but he has retired without either battle or appointment,
and has done nothing but provoke the Turk to come another time. Many
men think he has done it so that the Turk may come again and chastise the
Germans. His Spaniards and Lombards have done more harm than the Turk.
They are also discontented at the non-fulfilment of his promise of a council.
The Germans have great trust in you and your brother, the king of
England, in consequence of the recent treaty between you. They know
well that, if the Turk comes again, the Emperor will not send a penny out of
Spain to help them.
He has brought many men by fair words from Germany to Mantua, Milan,
Bologna, and Genoa, where all the creditors and men of war thought to have
been paid, and has sailed away to Spain without paying a penny, "but he
... them to Barcelona, which is to say they shall n[ever have] a
penny of it, whereby many gentlemen and other be in g[reat] misery and
desperation, having not one penny for the great services which they have
done, and sayen for conclusion that the same is an Hispanische feith."
It would be very easy to get men of war from Almain. Some captains to
whom I have spoken say that they have not as yet found such master as ye be.
I am now going to Lyons, having heard that you will be there shortly.
Soleurre, 17 May 1533.
English translation, pp. 7. Mutilated.
501. W. Benet to Cromwell.
Though I cannot write to you of some good resolution in our master's
great cause, "yet I trust, after the fume be past, which they here roke off
the last news from thence," they will be more easy to be intreated and conducted
to every good purpose. Howbeit, I dare promise no more of them
than I shall see them do. I will do what I can.
The marquis of Montferrate is dead ; and the marquis of Saluce, who claims
that estate, has taken two towns belonging to it. The citizens of Casale,
the head city, are in arms to defend their city both from the marquis of
Saluce and the marquis of Mantua, who claims it by right of his wife, until
the Emperor's pleasure be known. Five days ago Florianus, Campeggio's
secretary, died, leaving vacant a prebend in Salisbury. I would be much
bound to you if you would get it for my brother, seeing that you shall have
the advowson of Barnake for your friend, which I intended to have given to
my brother. When you shall see time, remember me to the King. Beside
you, I think I have few there that will speak for me. Rome, 18 May
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
502. Sir Gregory Casale to the Duke of Norfolk.
Wrote lately to Guronus, and informed the Duke of the Pope's going
to Nice, and why it was determined on. The Pope has now abandoned
that intention, from cowardice I believe. He would like a meeting very
much, both to satisfy Francis, and because it would be for his own honor ;
but the Emperor is opposed to it, thinking it would give the King an opportunity
of making just complaint. The Emperor is accustomed to treat with
the Pope separately. The more prudent cardinals are also against it, unless
they could be sure it would conduce to peace ; and how it should do so I
cannot see. I have communicated to Benet and the French cardinals all
that has occurred to me on this subject. I have no doubt, if the French are
prudent, the thing will take effect, but not before the end of August. Rome,
18 May 1533.
I beg you will get Guronus to bring, on his return, the despatch of the
favor granted me by the King.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd. : Letters sent to the duke of Norfolk
and the earl of Wiltshire.
503. Sir Piers Eggecombe to Cromwell.
By a letter enclosed, which came to me on the 17th May, you will
see the matter charged against John Mayow, of High Clekar. He denies
having spoken anything contrary to his duty to the King. Wishes to
know what is to be done with him. Has taken security for his appearance.
From my poor lodge of Cuthayll, 18 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
504. Thos. Solubriensis, Prior of Carswell, (fn. 5) to Lady Lisle.
Her servant Worth has been with him at a poor lodge, but would
not tarry. Was glad to hear that she was merry. Carswell, 18 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Lady Honor.
505. Serjeant Huxley to Cromwell.
I have received the King's letters to be at the crowning of the
Queen's grace. I do not know whether I should come with my lord Bishop
to London or tarry here. Please let me know. Dunstable, 18 May.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Sealed. Endd.
St. P. VII. 456.
506. Benet to Henry VIII.
Since the despatch of Francis the courier on the 5th a citation has
been issued against you, and executed against the bishop of Worcester and
myself, of which I send a copy. We went to the Pope, lamenting that he
should suffer such a thing, especially as the Congress was not yet fully
resolved on. He told me secretly that the Imperialists had earnestly urged
the process against you, saying that without it they despaired of obtaining
justice. He replied that the matter must not be precipitated, especially
with so honorable a member of Christendom as yourself, and that he would
not proceed to excommunication, which they urged, until the Emperor had
prepared an army, whereby your Highness, standing in contempt, might be
compelled to obey. He also insisted on your friendship with the king of
France, and therefore war with you would be impossible, and all Christendom
be troubled. He told them, therefore, that to proceed against you would be
very dangerous, and it would be better "to let pass this contempt" than
revenge the same. So the Pope told us he put off the Imperialists for the
time ; but we could not prevail upon him to stop the process. Are waiting
for the answer to the brief sent to the French king, as he wrote in his last.
Rome, 18 May 1533.
All in Boner's hand but the last sentence. Add.
ii. Copy of the citation referred to.
Le Grand, III.
507. Preaching in France.
Francis I. to the bishop of Senlis, M. Pierre de l'Estoile, Leonard de
la Givonniere, and Fras. Tabary.
Desires them to keep the result of their examination of the charges of
preaching and sedition brought against Dr. Gerard Roussel, Fras. Picquet,
bachelier, Frere Geoffroy, Thomas Cordelier, and Frere Louis le Sendrier,
Mathurin, until his return. Roussel is to be kept in custody by the queen
of Navarre. The others, as well as Dr. Beda, proctor of the faculty of
theology, are forbidden to come within 20 leagues of Paris. Moulins,
18 May 1533, 19 Fras. I.
508. Chapuys to Charles V.
Although the King's Council had promised me an answer to my letters
within three days, they delayed to call me for more than six. On Tuesday
last the duke of Norfolk and others invited me to dinner, which I thought it
right to decline under the circumstances, especially not to increase the
suspicion that your Majesty has consented to this detestable proceeding.
After dinner I went to them ; and there, for innumerable reasons, they wished
to persuade me that I ought not to interfere with the jurisdiction of the
archbishop of Canterbury, both on account of their late law, and also for the
insufficiency of my power, against which they raised several objections.
Having fully replied to them on these matters, they, instead of answering
me, begged me to consider the little good, and, on the other hand, the danger,
that would arise from what it was proposed to do. I showed them again the
utility of it, and the necessity which compelled me to proceed according to
my charge ; and both on this and on the other matters we had a long conversation,
of which it is needless to report the tenth part, as all the points
depended one upon another.
As I have already informed your Majesty, my obstinacy in this course has
not been with a view to execute what I threatened, for no good could arise
from it, but only to have occasion to show them a number of things, and to
obtain some influence with the King and his Council by gratifying them in
this ; and thereby at last to secure somewhat better treatment of the Queen
and Princess, of whose ill-usage no one here dare speak a word for fear of the
Lady, and if I had proceeded as above they would have made it worse. The
Queen has also strongly approved of this course. On the said Tuesday, after
having discussed the whole matter, nothing came of it but that I intended
to proceed to the execution of my charge, unless the King made me an
answer by writing to the aforesaid letters with more urgent reasons than they
had alleged ; and if they hesitated to make this report to the King, I would
write to him again ; and thereupon, they having undertaken to do so, I came
away. On Wednesday evening I sent to ask Cromwell to come and speak
with me next morning ; to which he consented very readily ; but having at
the same time informed the King, who wished to speak to him first, he sent
to excuse himself for that day. Yesterday morning he came to me, and
declared the said cause of his delay ; and after much talk I gave him to
understand the good service I had always done to maintain peace between
your Majesty and the King his master, and that he was no good servant either
of the one or the other who did not do all in his power to that effect ; and,
considering the disorder of this new marriage, hoping that in time the King
his master would remedy it himself when his passion had cooled and he had
discovered the truth, I would not embitter matters and throw oil instead of
water on the fire. For this reason, considering that the execution of my
charge would irritate the King, and for other reasons which I forbore to
explain, to testify my desire for the preservation of the amity, I intended
not to proceed until I saw some new complication in the affairs of the Queen,
or received some new command from your Majesty, and that the King and
his Council, having made such disorder, ought to forbear to irritate your
Majesty by little things, such as the maltreatment of the Queen in changing
her name and diminishing her attendance, and taking away her arms from
her barge, and those which were engraved in stone in the gate of the great
hall of Westminster,—ignominies which have not hitherto been used except
towards those attainted of treason. Cromwell praised my goodwill towards
his master, and thanked me for those last suggestions about the arms, of
which he said he had heard nothing, adding that he firmly believed the King
had not been informed of it, and would be displeased at it. As to the Queen's
household, so far as he was informed, the King had no intention to diminish
it. I told him I thought he was so much inclined to the said amity that I
believed he had done good service in this matter, and would continue to do so ;
for the principal affair, which the King would cover under pretence of conscientious
scruple and to leave male successors, would discover itself by these
petty iniquities and annoyances. This I protested, I said to him, more as a
servant of the King his master in that matter than of your Majesty or the
Queen. He appeared to take it all in good part. He then began to recount
the great benefits the King his master had conferred not only on you but on
the emperor Maximilian and the late King Catholic, and he thought your
Majesty was so great a prince that though the Spaniards, being very
courageous and not mindful of his honor, wished to stimulate him to war
against the King, the memory of those favors and the common good of both
countries would restrain you, besides that the English would not allow themselves
to be beaten without resistance. He afterwards attempted to excuse
what the King had done so precipitately, that it was only because they knew
the Pope would not do him justice ; and with this he uttered two or three
taunts against his Holiness, and exalted very much the learning of his master,
by which he had found that he had been able to do what he had done, and
having thereby satisfied his conscience, he thought no one had a right to blame
him, although he confessed that neither the King nor all Christian princes,
nor even the preachers, could persuade the world that the King had not been
influenced by passion ; but, as already remarked, it was enough that he
satisfied his own conscience. I asked him, as I had also asked others, of the
time, place, and witnesses of this new marriage, but could get no particulars.
The duke of Norfolk told me that he was not present at it, but that there
could be no doubt it was done, for there were men in the Council who had
witnessed it ; but he would not tell me who, nor anything else, although I
told him, to draw him out, that it was incredible, seeing that they would not
publish the form, and that it would be very strange that such a prince with
such loyal subjects did such an act in a corner (soub la cheminee), which
would make the world all the more suspect and speak of it. On my asking
their news from Rome, Cromwell told me, I know not whether by dissimulation,
that the Pope, being informed of this affair by the King's ambassadors,
was very much grieved and a little angry, saying he would find a
remedy. He told me he did not know when the duke of Norfolk was to
As I was reading your Majesty's letter of the 25th ult., reporting your
prosperous arrival in Spain, for which all your subjects and even all true
Christians ought to thank God, Cromwell entered my chamber, and I showed
him the charge I had to notify to the King his master, which I begged him
to do for me, as I did not think it becoming, under present circumstances, to
go to the King. He accepted it willingly. I showed him also the article touching
the offers of the count of Tenda on the part of the French king, and
added a few words of my own about the prospect of friendship continuing in
that quarter. Cromwell assented to my words, but showed no great joy at
the news, and took leave, promising to do his best to prevent cause of offence
being given to your Majesty. If I can, by this or other means, prevent them
from doing anything more to the Queen and Princess, it will be the utmost
that any one can do here. Although I have said that I meant to pass over
the arguments that I used to the King's Council, I think your Majesty ought
to understand that having proved to them by several reasons that the statute
made against the Queen was of no validity, because by old alliances it is
unlawful either for your Majesty or the King to make laws to the prejudice
of each other's subjects, and, moreover, it was in direct contravention of the
last treaty of peace, and although the Queen was here a subject, as they wished
to affirm, still her natural subjection could not be abolished by the accidental,
and that if for an injustice done to a poor seaman, or for the stealing of a
horse on foreign territory by consent of one of the Princes, peace would be
violated, it would be still more so in this case, the injury being so great, and
the person to whom it is done more than a subject. To this and the confirmations
which I adduced they knew not what to reply. I have thought
right to inform you of this, that if the Pope would not do his duty touching
the delay of the affair, your Majesty may consider if you cannot take the
remedy into your own hands without infringing the treaties, which the English
have already violated.
You cannot imagine the great desire of all this people that your Majesty
should send men here. Every day I have been applied to about it by
Englishmen of rank, wit, and learning, who give me to understand that the
last king Richard was never so much hated by his people as this King.
Nevertheless, he was chased out by two or three thousand Frenchmen, their
leader being not only not so much loved as your Majesty, but hardly known ;
and, moreover, he had not the favor of a Queen and Princess and their
adherents, who comprehend nearly the whole kingdom ; but it was impossible,
without the aid of foreigners, that they should dare to declare themselves, and
that if you wish to strengthen yourself with the favor of the Scots and of this
people also, it would be necessary to set agoing the rumour that your Majesty
desired the marriage of the king of Scots. I had not intended to enter so
much into this matter, seeing that I have already written more than became
me, but for the importunity of several persons.
Tomorrow the duke of Norfolk's horses and some of his company will leave
this. He himself will follow in six days, to be at Nice at the beginning of
July. As for news, the Pope's agent, who was here about the convocation of
the Council, was referred from the court of France to this court for an
answer to this charge, and the English have sent him back to the said court,
remitting everything to the will of the French king. The King's Council
say that the Pope is only trifling in this matter, and has no more wish for a
Council than they have. The Pope's agent has been very well received with
a present of 300 cr. They made court some days to the Nuncio to give the
people to understand the intelligence they had with the Pope. They had
the Nuncio here resident for this and other matters quite at their command,
and he has done very poor service in the Queen's affair. Nothing is known
yet to have been done by the French ambassador, who has gone to Scotland
for the peace. Since he left here, he has received many letters from his own
court ; which, I suspect, is owing to the urgency of the English, who desire
peace very much. There have been here, for eight days, two young Frenchmen,
who, the day before yesterday, returning from court, where one was
made a knight, came to visit me with the French ambassador. They are
sent hither by the grand master and admiral of France to be installed in the
Chapel of the Order of the Garter at Windsor, in the name of those lords.
The Londoners wish to make all the inhabitants contribute to the costs of
the coronation, which will be a charge to them of about 5,000 ducats, of
which 3,000 are for a present to the Lady, and the rest for the ceremonial.
Formerly there was no opposition to the said contribution ; now they compel
even foreigners to contribute ; but I hear they will have the decency in this
case to exempt the Spaniards. The Easterlings, as being subjects of your
Majesty, would like to be excused, but the great privileges they enjoy here
prevent them from objecting. London, 18 May 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 6. From a modern copy.
509. Will. Popley to Cromwell.
I have written to you about my cousin dane Water Bristoll, cosyner
(cuisinier?) of Malmesbury. If you wish my services please write to my
brother. My wife's father, Giles Bassett of Yoley, Glouc., being possessed
of 40l. lands, is warned by the sheriff to be at the court on Ascension Day (fn. 6)
next to take up knighthood. My father is aged, and has so hurt himself by
a knife that he is not able to travel. Ciscetour, 19 May.
I have written to one Pymme, of the Exchequer, who has married another
of my father's daughters, to produce evidence of this statement. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
510. Edw. Lord Stourton to Cromwell.
On the 17th day of this month M[ay] (fn. 7) there was delivered to me
by a friend of mine, one of the monks of the Charterhouse of Wytham,
Somersetshire, named Dan Peter Watts, who deposed that the prior of the
Charterhouse, Henton, came in time past to the prior of Wytham in Lent,
and said that the night before he had a marvellous vision ; that he saw a
stage ry[all where]upon stood all the nobles of the realm, who by one consent
drew up into the stage the Queen that now is, as he thought, by a line ; to
which he put his hand, and so suddenly came again unto his remembrance,
and sore repented his folly that he had so much done in prejudice of the
law of God and Holy Church ; and further he said, striking himself upon
the breast, God defend that ever I should consent to so unjust and unlawful
a deed. The said Peter says he has other secrets concerning the
King and Queen, which he reserves for their ears. I send him up to you.
Bonnam, 19th of the month aforesaid.
I beg your favor for the prior of Sherborne. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
Titus, B. IX.
Statutes of the Irish Parliament, 19 May 25 Hen. VIII., as in the
printed edition, I. 62.
512. Richard Lyst, Lay Brother among the Freres, to Cromwell,
I think I shall not be delivered out of my troubles so long as I am
among the friars. They arose, as I wrote to you, on the death of brother
Ravynscrofte. I am fearfully troubled various ways in the night, and can
get no rest. I think, therefore, I must change my state, for I think I shall
serve God and save my soul better than I now do. I trust that the King
and Queen will be gracious unto me, and you also, if I chance to need support.
Father Forest, your little friend and less lover and mine, for all his
great cracks, is now far enough away. The copy of the long epistle that
I sent you concerning Forest was read and expounded before our new
minister and all the fathers, and laid to Forest's charge, and so he was
deposed and sent to another convent in the North. I have compounded
three glasses with waters, and sent two to the Queen for a poor token. I
send you the third. I was formerly my lord Cardinal's servant, and also
dwelled in Cheapside, London, eight years, and made many waters for
him, hypocras also, and served him with spice, being a grocer and an
apothecary. These waters will keep their virtue two years. I beg you
will recommend me to the Queen, and beg her to remember my poor mother.
Greenwich, 20 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd. : Nil valent, 6 July 1613.
15,387, f. 253.
St. P. VII. 459.
513. Henry VIII. to Clement VII.
Ubaldini, the nuncio, has delivered the Pope's brief. The King
praises his desire for the good of Christendom, but will take counsel of the
king of France before he makes any decision in so weighty a matter. Greenwich,
20 May 1533.
Lat. Modern copy.
Vit. B. XIV.
2. Draft of the same letter, so far as can be judged from what remains
of it. [Gren]wici, 18 May M[DXXXIII].
Lat. Vellum. Mutilated. Add.
514. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
Mr. Thos. Vernon desires to be excused from being knight. He lives
in Wales, and his lands are barely worth 40l. a year. He has besides six
children, which is a sufficient excuse for him. I have to wait upon you in
another matter ; "but if it please you to put your mule out of her direct
way of Westminster towards Gray's Inn, I will be at your commandment."
Gray's Inn, Martis ante festum Ascensionis.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
515. Thomas Emson.
The answer of Thos. Emson to the certificate of Sir John Clerke,
Ric. Cave, Will. Saunders, and Maurice Osborn, acting under the King's
commission dated 20 May 25 Hen. VIII., touching the condition of the
manors of Eston, Hulcote, Lychebaro, &c.
ii. The answer of Thos. Emson to the demands of Ric. Fermer.
Pp. 9. Endd.