Henry VIII
May 1533, 26-31

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James Gairdner (editor)

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1882

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'Henry VIII: May 1533, 26-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6: 1533 (1882), pp. 234-262. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77552 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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May 1533, 26-31

26 May.
R. O.
538. John Abbot of Oseney to Cromwell.
I thank you for sending my little present to the King, which by your means was well accepted. I beg you will help me to get out of the hands of the executors of Edw. Standysshe the money gathered by him in the King's service, part of which he paid and promised this bearer the remainder the day before he died. His executors have and make use of this money. Oseney, 26 May. Signed.
P. 1. Sealed. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
26 May.
R. O.
539. Calais.
Release and quit-claim by Ric. Davy, soldier of Calais, and Joan his wife, Jas. Thatcher, soldier of Calais, and Christiana his wife, to Rob. Baynam, alderman of Calais, of a piece of vacant land in Calais. Under the seals of the grantors and of the mayor of Calais (Thos. Tate). 26 May 25 Hen. VIII.
26 May.
Harl. MS. 6,989, f. 18. B. M.
540. Ghinucci to the Duke of Norfolk.
Will not repeat what he knows Benet has written. Desires credence for his nephew Augustin. Rome, 26 May 1533. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
26 May.
Vienna Archives.
541. Chapuys to Charles V.
The day before yesterday I received your Majesty's letters of the 6th ; since which time I hope your Majesty has received mine, showing how I have conducted myself hitherto in accordance with your instructions, especially in not embittering matters, or threatening anything like war or abatement of friendship. As often as the King or his Council have asked me whether your Majesty would make war for this case, I have always prayed and protested that they should not speak to me of such a matter, for I thought that they would on no account give you cause, and was sure "que aussy envy vouldroit vostre Majeste movoir guerre contre vostre Majeste que contre le roy des Romains," (?) for several reasons ; and since the King had put his cause to trial, there was no occasion to speak of war ; but it was to be hoped that, even now that the King had taken a new wife, he would not on that account contravene the determination of the Holy See ; and that if he had broken off the first marriage, bound with ties more firm than adamant, the last could be much more easily dissolved, which was tied with bands of leeks (feulles de pourreaulx), as a king of France actually did who got divorced from a daughter of Denmark, and afterwards took her again. By such means I disentangled myself from their warlike enquiries, justifying always the necessity of your Majesty demanding the execution of justice in the case at Rome, and not less for the sake of the King and all the realm than for that of the Queen. As to your command to advise the Queen, notwithstanding her bad treatment, to remain here, she has long since resolved so to do, if only the King do not cause her to be taken out of the realm by force ; which he would not dare to do. Your Majesty, therefore, may be at ease on that subject ; for, besides the wise reasons contained in your letters, the Queen thinks that by going away from here she will do some injury to her own cause, and that she would sin greatly in removing from the obedience of the King, whom she will always hold as her husband, and obey, however ill he treats her. Notwithstanding his conduct, the Queen shows him as much affection as ever, without having as yet used a single angry or quarrelsome word ; from which I am sure she will refrain, knowing your Majesty's wish.
The King, seeing that, notwithstanding the orders against it, people will speak of (against?) this marriage, has made a proclamation that those who inform against persons so speaking shall have a certain sum of money ; and, further, for fear of creating greater sedition, both religious men and others have been forbidden to preach without licence of the bishop of London, who, as one of the principal promoters of this divorce, allows whom he pleases to speak. Your Majesty will thus see the difficulty this King has in restraining his people. The treasurer of the King and of this Anne has an honest man, who reported to me that the King was very angry that some English merchants had withdrawn their goods from Flanders, which was a token of war, and would create suspicion. A gentleman arrived six days ago from the king of France only to hasten the departure of the duke of Norfolk, who, on his arrival, set his train in motion, and has this morning dislodged. I think the Duke was to come to this city to talk with him, and bid him farewell, but he has been so much pressed and hindered that scarcely anybody could speak to him. For this reason, and not to exhibit too great a curiosity about his mission, or any fear, I refrained from visiting him, but sent a servant ; to whom, notwithstanding that he was on the point of departure, and very busy, he held a long discourse, with a thousand courtesies and offers ; which to impress the better in his memory, he recalled the man twice, and repeated to him, and further bade him tell me that he was going to Nice to meet the Pope and the king of France, where some good thing would be treated, insinuating thereby that your Majesty would be persuaded to confirm this new marriage, and dissemble about it, and that the union between your Majesty and the King will continue. If the English intend to promote this last result, they will do well, in my opinion, not to discover it either to the Pope or the king of France ; who, if they thought such a union would ensue by the ratification or dissimulation of this marriage, would not use any great persuasions to your Majesty. The Pope, as I hear, pretends that the meeting is to treat of an enterprise against the Turk, the convocation of a Council, and the extirpation of Lutheranism. God grant that he has no further aim ! The Nuncio here told me, two months ago, several times, that he had seen letters of merchants, stating that there were proposals to marry the Pope's niece to the duke of Orleans, and let him have the duchy of Milan, giving the Duke in compensation the duchy of Bourbon, and the sister of the sieur d'Albret for wife. I know not from what quarter he received those news, which seemed to him probable, though I thought them very incredible.
A truce with the Scots is spoken of, and it is hoped that peace will follow, to treat of which the bishop of Durham is to go to Scotland, but he is not yet ready. I have long since warned the queen of Hungary to keep her eye upon the negotiations of this peace (a leur pescherie de ladicte paix), and I have no doubt she will be vigilant. Even if it were concluded on the Pope's proceeding to sentence and further measures, without which your Majesty cannot well attempt anything, the king of Scots might, without breach of faith, be the true instrument to redress matters here. And if your Majesty do not desire, for fear of kindling a greater fire in Christendom, to undertake this enterprise openly, the said King might be aided by money from the Pope, whom the matter touches, and also from your Majesty ; and you, by virtue of the Pope's commands, might forbid intercourse ; and no doubt the Irish, who profess to be subjects of the Holy See, would do in such a case all they could. No doubt it would be better if all this could be avoided, but there is no hope of a remedy by gentleness ; and even this people, who would suffer much if matters came to extremity, desire nothing better than that your Majesty should send an army hither. Your Majesty will doubtless judge of this by your immense prudence.
Nothing else has occurred since my last letters worth writing. London, 26 May 1533.
Fr., hol., pp. 6. From a modern copy.
27 May.
R. O. St P. VII. 460.
542. Sir Gregory Casale to Norfolk.
After he had written yesterday, heard from cardinal de Monte that the Imperialists were pressing the Pope to proceed. Details the objections which the Cardinal urged to the Pope. De Monte seemed to promise that nothing of moment should be done in the King's cause before the congress. Had an interview with the Pope, who replied, as usual, that he did not see how he could oppose the Imperialists ; on which Casale urged the arguments suggested by De Monte, insisting also that there could be no doubt about the fact of Catharine being known by prince Arthur. Advised him also not to take any new step, but, as he was going to Nice, to leave matters meanwhile as they were, and then make a satisfactory arrangement. When the Pope asserted that he was afraid he could do no good, Casale showed that he was deceived therein, in order to make him more anxious for the Congress. Has told all this to Benet. Rome, 27 May 1533. Signed.
Lat. Add.
27 May.
Theiner, 603.
543. Henry VIII. to Clement VII.
Recommends to his favorable consideration Guronus Bertanus, an Italian, who has spent some time in England, and is now returning to Italy upon some business of his own. Greenwich, 27 May 1533.
Lat.
27 May.
R. O.
544. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Came yesterday to York, where he will remain till the money arrive. The whole garrison of 2,500 men remains still upon the Borders ; so Cromwell must send money to pay them, for he will not go among the soldiers otherwise. No news, except that the Scots sometimes come in small companies into England "a brodding and steling ;" and it is said there are at Jedworth and Kelso 300 or 400 foot. The king of Scots, with his Council, is now at Edinburgh, and the Frenchmen also. Thanks him for the despatch of his servant, and begs him to remember his bill of articles and letter if war is to continue. Begs him to procure him the annuity of 10 mks. that Gilbert Green had. York, 27 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
27 May.
R. O.
545. Thomas (fn. 1) Abbot of Abingdon to Cromwell.
Has received his loving letters, desiring the advowson of Sonnyngwell for one Mr. Keytt. Does not think he could get it of the convent without much trouble. Most of the "vousons" he may give "be owt by my predecessors and by myself," and the convent have complained both of his giving them away, and of the ingratitude of the parsons presented, several of whom have put the house to trouble by refusing pensions. Refused this same benefice to my lady of Norfolk, promising her the next that should fall. Begs him to have patience till Botton comes, who will inform him how matters stand. Abenden, 27 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Thomas Cromwell.
27 May.
R. O.
546. Thomas Earl of Rutland to Cromwell.
I thank you for obtaining the King's letters concerning the abbot of Ryvax. Now I am bold to ask you to obtain a new letter to the abbot of Fountains, Dr. Marshall, and Dr. Palmes, to examine and do justice. The last letter was not executed, because my cousin, Dr. Lee, had no time to tarry. Endefyld, 27 May. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
27 May.
R. O.
547. Anthony Coope to Cromwell.
Since I left London I have taken pains with the sheriff to choose an indifferent or a favorable jury for the King to appear before the escheator, (fn. 2) and have moved it to two of the King's servants, honest men, viz., Gray of Meryden, and Rob. Acres, telling them that they may now do the King service and purchase his favor. As the King has few friends in the shire, I beg you will write six or seven lines to them. Mr. Rotherham, to whom you applied for his hawks, answered me that he would speak with you himself, but I have heard nothing. Move him to send me them to keep for you. It is a pity they should be marred by evil handling. If he lack a hawk for the partridge, I will send him one when he will. Hardewyke, 27 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromwell. Endd.
28 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 462.
548. Benet to Henry VIII.
A courier arrived on the 19th with the French king's answer to the Pope's brief of the 28th ult., touching the interview of which I wrote in my last. Francis will treat with the Pope on the 15th July, for the defence of Christendom against the Turks ; for a General Council ; and thirdly, for the extinction of Lutheranism. He will also agree to oppose the Turk, in order to remove any opinion that he intends to invade Italy. He insists that you shall be one of the members of the Council, and he trusted that in this Congress means might be found to settle your cause to the advantage of the Pope and yourself. Those letters were read in the Consistory on the 23rd, and on the 25th it was resolved by the Cardinals that these statements were too general, and that the Pope should write again for further particulars. They objected to the meeting being in July, as Nice is unhealthy at that time, and preferred September. The Pope was inclined to go, but out of regard to the Cardinals he resolved to send to France the bishop of Faenza, who would leave in two days. But though he professed to be satisfied with the 15th July, Benet thinks the Pope really felt otherwise, and it is generally thought the interview will be put off till September. The Emperor has written to say he will not oppose the interview, but begs the Pope to remember what he told him when at Bologna. No answer has come from him concerning the contempt or execution of censures against the King. Does not think anything of moment will be done in the King's cause before the Congress. The Imperialists urge that Capisuccha should make relation of the process as done before him. De Monte is the King's friend. The "young man" (Ravenna) has not sent the rest of his writings, whereof I have no little marvel. Rome, 28 May 1533. Signed.
In Bonner's hand. Add.
28 May.
R. O.
549. W. Benet to Cromwell.
Asks him to send the bearer back with the next despatch. Sends him with this, that the letters may come the quicker to the King's hands. If Cromwell has difficulty in getting the prebend for Benet's brother, let him get it for Benet himself, who will give up a small prebend he has in the same church. Rome, 28 May 1533.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
28 May.
Vesp. F. XIII. 203. B. M.
550. Princess Mary to Cromwell.
Desires him to excuse the father of her servant, Richard Wilbraham, from appearing to receive the order of knighthood. He is nearly fourscore years of age, and his dwelling-place is in Cheshire. Otford, 28 May. Signed at the head : Marye princesse.
P. 1. Add. : To Mr. Cromwell.
28 May.
R. O.
551. Henry Ellington to Cromwell.
Since I left Bristol, during mine imprisonment in the Tower I have sustained great wrongs and losses in the town of Bristol, of which I should be glad to inform you. I beseech you, therefore, to send some token to the lieutenant of the Tower, that he will license me to come unto you. The Tower, Wednesday, 28 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the King's wards.
ii. In Cromwell's hand, endorsed :—"Remembrances to be put into my book for things done in the Council." 1. The matter of Ireland discussed, and a device to be determined by the earl of Kildare and my lord Butler, &c. 2. Answer to lord Dacre's letter. 3. The supplication of the serjeant "for the rescus." 4. The bill against lord Darcy for the King's manor of Rowthwell, and the decay of 30 ploughs. 5. A supplication touching William Conyers and lord Conyers for wrongful imprisonment of the King's servants, and for lead embezzled from the King. 6. "Of the news out of Ireland touching O'Donoll to give his land."
28 May.
R. O.
552. Sir Henry Everyngham to Cromwell.
Whereas I desired you to write to Sir John Pullayn, justice of "coram," to return to the King's Bench a judgment of certain persons belonging to Henry Wetherald : since then, by the labour of worshipful men, I have been desired to refer the matter to arbiters, viz., Sir Will. Gascon, my father-in-law, and others, who have adjudged me to bear the whole charge of the said judgment. This will be a great expence without your help. Byrkyn, 28 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's hon. Council.
29 May.
R. O.
553. Lawson to Cromwell.
Has today received his letter stating that the King desires the garrisons on the Borders to be discharged.
Came to York hoping to receive money for the payment of the further wages of the whole garrison of 2,500 men, not knowing the former purport of Cromwell's letter. Encloses a letter from the earl of Northumberland, showing that the garrison cannot be discharged without 20 days' wages, beginning today. This will be 800l., and the conduct money 300l. Has only 200l. remaining. Has written to the earl of Northumberland about it, and desires Cromwell in the meantime to send money to York, for which Lawson will wait. Will do all he can to save money. York, 29 May.
Urges Cromwell to send the money quickly, for it will save money. There are many worshipful and honest persons of this country in London, who would be glad to bring it to York.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
29 May.
R. O.
554. Rob. Tomlynson, Alderman of Our Lady's Guild in Boston, to Cromwell.
It pleased you to show me the King's letters for preparing a present for him against the Queen's coronation. The letters came not to my knowledge, which I regret. I have endeavoured since to provide such wild fowl as I could get in these parts, i.e. six cranes, six bitterns, and three dozen godwits, all of which I send you by Thos. Chapman. Please let Geoffrey Chamber know what you will have done with them. Boston, 29 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
29 May.
Camusat, 128 b.
555. Francis I. to the Bailly of Troyes.
Since answering his letters, has had letters from the cardinals Tournon and Grammont, of the 18th, concerning the instance made by the Imperial agents at Rome to persuade the Pope to proceed against the King of England by censures, and his Holiness's honorable, virtuous, and prudent reply. Sends the letter of the Cardinals to be communicated to the king, and then returned. Arrived here three days ago. Intended to send the Grand Master to Provence to prepare for the interview on June 3 or 4, but has heard that Antony Doria has left the Pope's service. Does not know if this will delay the interview. Has, therefore, delayed the Grand Master till he hears again from the Cardinals ; and if Norfolk has not started, the Bailly must tell him to wait till he hears from Francis, though he sees nothing as yet to hinder the interview. Will send a courier immediately on receiving news from the Cardinals. Writes to Henry in favor of Maestre Carro, his grand escuyer (Sir Nic. Carew). Desires the Bailly to present the letter to the King, and to request him to comply with it ; and to tell Carro of its arrival. Lyons, 29 May 1533.
Fr.
29 May.
Vienna Archives.
556. Chapuys to Charles V.
The duke of Norfolk, who was to have left on the 26th, the date of my last letters, has, by the King's command, remained two days longer ; and this, I think, partly to negotiate with me on matters I shall report hereafter. The day before yesterday he sent to me, early in the morning, an honest man to desire that I would immediately send my most confidential servant to communicate with him on some matters ; and considering that on every account my own going would be better than sending any of my servants, I repaired to him immediately, but in disguise and secretly, for the consideration which, as I wrote, prevented me from going to bid him adieu.
After thanking me for the trouble I had taken in coming to him, he said he was going to this meeting of two as great princes as there were in Christendom, where, if it had pleased God that your Majesty had been present, he was sure it would not have been your fault if a most perfect peace and amity were not concluded ; of which matter he said your Majesty held the keys, and everything depended upon it, and that since there was no hope of your being personally present, the greatest good that could come would be by your sending ministers well inclined to union. And, either for a joke, or as an acknowledgment of my trouble, or, as the phrase goes, to offer a candle to the enemy, he was pleased to say that he would like much that I were one of the said ministers ; wishing also, but with better cause, that the Nuncio here were with his Holiness. To this I replied that it never was owing to your Majesty, nor would be, that Christendom was not perfectly united, declaring the intolerable labors and expenses you had sustained for that end, and that your Majesty desired nothing more than to increase the amity with the King his master, as all the world could easily see. And as it appeared that the union of which he spoke depended on the matter of this cursed marriage, he must not say that your Majesty held the key, but if the King his master would allow it to be determined by an impartial tribunal like the Pope [that would be sufficient]. For this cause he ought to desire that his master should be present at the interview in order that they might urge him to act in this manner, which was all that your Majesty demanded, and which could not be refused to the least person in the world. As to the ministers of your Majesty with his Holiness and the most Christian King, after I had declared their sufficiency, he was satisfied ; praying me, nevertheless, that I would write to them by all means to show themselves tractable and do their duty at the said meeting. He added, that he wished your Majesty would send again plenty of ambassadors thither, of whom some should be men of authority, as his master was sending thither many persons, and not among the least persons of the kingdom, and it would be necessary that some one should be there who knew the importance of the common interests of your Majesty's countries and this kingdom. The end of his talk was, that no one was more fit than De Praet, whose appointment he begged me to solicit ; and on my saying I did not think you would send more ambassadors without being desired by the Pope, and that I was astonished he had been so long in giving me notice, he answered as to the first that he fully believed that your Majesty had been long ago apprised by the Pope, who would not have dared to treat of this without your consent ; and as to not having informed me sooner, it was because the French king had requested his master to keep it as secret as possible, and to disclose it to no one but him and one other. This was about three months ago ; since which time the French king had renewed his request several times, that an ambassador should be nominated to go to the said meeting, which charge he desired to perform even at the loss of one of his fingers. He told me afterwards that the King his master had taken in very good part the warnings I had given to Cromwell to avoid occasions of irritating your Majesty ; that he had been very much grieved that the arms of the Queen had been not only taken from her barge, but also rather shamefully mutilated ; and that he had rather roughly rebuked the Lady's chamberlain, not only for having taken away the said arms, but for having seized the barge, which belonged only to the Queen, especially as there are in the river many others quite as suitable. I praised the King's goodwill touching the arms, and for the rest I said there was no need of excuse, for what belonged to the Queen was the King's still more ; adding that I was now encouraged to hope that the King would see to the honorable treatment of the Queen and Princess ; for, as I said to Cromwell, the pretence of a scruple of conscience could not extend to their treatment ; and if they were ill-used, besides the displeasure of God, he would incur blame from all the world, and greatly irritate your Majesty. On this he spoke as highly of both of them as could be, and said he was very sure your Majesty loved the Princess naturally, but that he thought he loved her more. He mentioned, among other virtues of the Queen, the great modesty and patience she had shown, not only during these troubles, but also before them, the King being continually inclined to amours. And as to the said treatment, he was sure the King would not diminish her dower, of about 24,000 ducats, assigned to her in the time of prince Arthur, if she would content herself with the state a widow princess ought to keep. To this I said I thought the King so wise and humane that, in consideration of the virtue of the Queen, the long and good service she had done him, and also of her kindred, he would not diminish anything of what she had had till then, and I begged him to use his influence to that effect. He swore by his faith "quil avoit bachier (?) plus de 10,000 escuz" that I had spoken to him on this subject ; for unless I had opened this door to him, he would not have dared to moot the question for all the gold in the world, but after our communications he would urge the affair to the end, and do his very best, in accordance with my suggestions to Cromwell. He said the King had also taken very well my suggestion that he should write a letter to your Majesty in defence of what he has done in this matter. I protested to him, as I had done to Cromwell, that what I had said was not as ambassador, but as one devoted to the service of the King, and anxious for peace ; and as to the said letter, if it did not produce all the effect that the King desired, I hoped he would not reproach me for having solicited it, as it pleased him once to tell me touching the mission of the earl of Wiltshire. Norfolk said there was no fear of this, and begged that I would communicate (fere tenir) the said letter to his Majesty's ambassador, which would be in a packet which he would send me for the said ambassador. This I promised. Nevertheless, I have not yet received the packet.
On this, not wishing to wait dinner, though he desired me, I returned with the intention of sending to him later a servant of mine, which I did. By him and also by Brian Tuke he sent to me to say that he had determined to come to me tomorrow early at my lodging ; but as his departure was to be so abrupt, the King would not let him move a step further from him in order to discuss the affairs of his charge, and therefore he begged me very urgently that I would go there, and that he hoped that we should do or at least begin some good work. Next morning I went secretly to see him in his chamber, when he replied to me, as to writing for the despatch of the persons above mentioned, that if your Majesty desired the peace and union to be accomplished, there was no excuse from the shortness of time, for you could receive my letters in 15 days ; and as the meeting was not to begin till about the 5th July people could leave Barcelona in time for it, and be there quite as soon as he. He therefore begged me diligently to write, although I put before him the reasons already alleged, and also to see that the King's packet for his ambassador should go along with mine. As to the treatment of the Queen, he said that the King by their laws was no longer bound to the Queen with respect to the dower she had by prince Arthur ; and moreover that by virtue of the Act passed in this last Parliament, as the Queen would not obey it, the King might use rigour and diminish even the dower she has. Nevertheless, for the reasons which I had mentioned on the previous day and for others, the King would treat her honorably, not indeed so liberally as when she was Queen, unless she would submit to the sentence of divorce which the archbishop of Canterbury [had given] ; and he thought I had so much influence with her that I might induce her to do so, by which I should acquire inestimable glory, and be the cause of as great a benefit as could be done not only to this kingdom but to Christendom, which remained disunited simply on this account ; also that this way would be more effectual than any other, for if your Majesty would enter into war on this account, it would be the greatest calamity to Christendom. Moreover that it was impossible to fly into this kingdom (que lon ne peult vouler dans ce royaulme), and that, being there, they would find people to talk to, and very difficult to subdue or even to injure ; and as to making war upon them by the sea, they, having the aid of France, of which they were as much assured as of their own people, would fear no power whatever. Further he ventured to affirm that if you attempted to make war upon this kingdom you would not be without anxiety to guard your own countries from their friends and allies, who were neither few nor unimportant. For, besides the king of France, who was most constant to them, they had the king of Scotland entirely at their command ; who, since the one year's truce made with the King, was anxious for nothing but the conclusion of a peace ; and he dared affirm that the Scotch king would come here before 10 months, when a marriage would be concluded between him and the daughter of the king of France. Moreover, they had the friendship of a great part of Germany, and Italy was not so well affected to your Majesty as you might think. He doubted not that the Spaniards, for their courage, and the sake of their reputation, and for the glory of previous victories, would stimulate your Majesty to war ; but he trusted your Majesty was too prudent and regardful of ancient friendship and good offices done to you and your predecessors to lend an ear to such advisers, especially considering the arrogance of the Spaniards, who for want of payment have lately mutinied against you.
I answered as to this last, that I knew nothing of it, and, if true, it was not of much importance, for it had happened to many valiant commanders. As to the rest, although there were sufficiently apparent reasons by which to answer him, and also about the injustice done to the Queen, yet as I had come to hear something else, and in order to let him understand that I did not make very much of the terrors which he wished to raise up, I said as little as possible, merely remarking by way of joke that your Majesty was much bound to those who had greater consideration for your injuries than for their own, and that all the world knew your Majesty would not make war, even against those from whom you had received no favor, without being compelled by a very just quarrel ; and that in such a case, with the help of God, in whom you placed your trust, you could manage your own affairs ; and, moreover, there was no prince in the world who, in my opinion, had better means of obtaining friendships. With this reply I should have left him in a sweat without going further, but I begged him that we might not speak as if war would take place, but rather how to avoid occasion of it ; which would never be given on the part of your Majesty. As to what he said of the justice of the Queen, since argument was to no purpose, I made no reply to him ; but as to the first point, if he wished me to induce the Queen to submit to the sentence of the archbishop of Canterbury, I denied that I had any influence over her ; and, to speak frankly, if I had I would not use it to that effect for all the gold in the world, unless your Majesty should command me ; and though I was sure you would never consent to anything except what justice would ordain, yet, to gratify the King, I would write to you about all this, and if perhaps I received your commandment to enter upon such a course, which I did not expect, I would show the King the desire I had to do him service, and help in the preservation of amity. On this the Duke swore by the faith he owed to God that I spoke like an honest man, and that he could not press me further, but begged me to do in this and all else the best I could. Your Majesty will see to what they are reduced when they address themselves to me, when they know very well, as the King once told me, and as I have written to your Majesty, that I have always been and am most devoted to the right of the Queen ; so that it must be said either that they are in very great fear, or think me mad, or are themselves altogether blind. And in order to play the part of a corsair among corsairs (pour jouer avec eulx de courssaire a courssaires), I have a little dissembled with the Duke about the treatment of the said ladies, in accordance with your Majesty's commands, awaiting your determination for the remedy of this matter. I have written the said conversations of the Duke in plain writing, because he uttered them in order that I might inform your Majesty ; and if, perhaps, he spoke them of himself without command of the King or his Council, I might have given greater faith to what he said to me of their friendships and intelligences, because by nature he is no great dissembler or inventer. And not to speak of the rest, as to the Scots, whatever confidence they have here to have the said Scots at their command, I know for certain that since the date the truce is said to have been concluded, the said Scots have taken several ships at different times, the last being not ten days ago, when they took seven very rich vessels. The Duke, as to what I had said, that the presence of his master would be very desirable at the said meeting, answered that it would be of no use ; for if the Pope, the king of France, and all the world were to attempt it, they could not persuade the King to take back the Queen,—such was the scruple of his conscience, joined to the despair of having issue by her ; and that it was in vain for the Pope to give sentence, for they will make no account of it or of his censures. No doubt it would give them some trouble, but for that they cared not ; and if, perhaps, by reason of the said censures, Spain and Flanders would cease intercourse with the English, the others would share in the injury, and they would send part of their merchandize to Flanders and the rest to Calais, where your subjects to their great inconvenience would be compelled to get their wools, which were indispensable to them, as he said. To this I made no reply, but smiled. After this he began to excuse himself that he had not been a promoter of this marriage, but had always dissuaded it ; and had it not been for him and her father, who pretended to be mad to have better means of opposing this marriage, it would have been done secretly a year ago ; on which account the Lady was very indignant against both of them. In confirmation of this, I have learned from a very good authority, and from one who was present, that eight days since, the Lady having put in a piece to enlarge her gown, as ladies do when in the family way, her father told her she ought to take it away, and thank God to find herself in such condition ; and she, in presence of Norfolk, Suffolk, and the treasurer of the household, replied by way of announcement, that she was in better condition than he would have desired. On departure, the Duke made me many gracious offers of his person and goods, recommending the sending of the said packet, and great care in writing to send personages to the said meeting, and above all to make his recommendations to your Majesty, to whom, after the King his master, he desires most to do service. This he said several times in the presence of the whole Council. I have not been with them since.
The Duke left two hours after I had returned, so that neither he nor his company, among which is the brother of the Lady, have delayed one day to see the triumph in which the Lady has today come from Greenwich to the Tower. She was accompanied by several bishops and lords, and innumerable people, in the form that other queens have been accustomed to be received ; and, whatever regret the King may have shown at the taking of the Queen's barge, the Lady has made use of it in this triumph, and appropriated it to herself. God grant she may content herself with the said barge and the jewels and husband of the Queen, without attempting anything, as I have heretofore written, against the persons of the Queen and Princess. The said triumph consisted entirely in the multitude of those who took part in it, but all the people showed themselves as sorry as though it had been a funeral. I am told their indignation increases daily, and that they live in hope your Majesty will interfere. On Saturday the Lady will pass all through London and go to the King's lodging, and on Sunday to Westminster, where the ceremony of the coronation will take place. London, 29 May 1533.
Fr., pp. 9. From a modern copy.
29 May.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 260. B. M.
557. Henry VIII.'s Divorce and Second Marriage.
"Relacion de las cartas del Embaxador de Roma, 29 de Maio."
Account of the audience given to cardinal Tournon in the Consistory on May 22.
Among other things, he said to the Cardinals in general that the king of France would back up the English cause, and he told the Pope how he intended to do it. When he and his Holiness met, he would beg him not to proceed against the king of England ; and the Pope would reply that as he has done such a base and disrespectful act, he must declare and deprive him. Francis would send this reply to the king of England, and give him to understand that as he knew he was excommunicated, he could not keep his oath of friendship to him against the Church. He believed the king of England would then consent to appear before the Pope, if his Holiness fixed some place free from danger and suspicion, and would meanwhile separate from Anne, and restore the Queen to the palace, though not to his bed.
To this the Ambassador said he replied to his Holiness that this answer of the King was not what he hoped, and as uncertain as the former, and, he thought, rather to the Queen's injury. He maintained that the French only sought this interview for their own profit. The Pope replied that he had discussed this method with the Emperor, who was not dissatisfied with it. The Ambassador suspects that it has been arranged with the knowledge of the king of England.
Further remarks about the interview, for which the Pope will not start until the first rain (agua) of August.
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy from Simancas.
30 May.
R. O.
558. Duke Of Norfolk to Henry VIII.
On his arrival here, the bearer, Portcolewse, brought him divers packets of letters ; one directed to your Highness, and the others to himself, Jerome, and Peter Van. Sends the King's letters and his own. Does not know what was in Benet's letter, as it was in cipher. Asks the King to send him the cipher that he may know what Benet writes to him. Asks whether he shall open letters for the King. "This last [Fryday of] May, at Calais, at viij. at nyght."
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd. : Last Friday of May, 25th year.

R. O.
559. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
I am informed that the Queen intends to have a silkwoman to trim and furnish her Grace with such things as she shall wear. If you will recommend my wife to the place you will bind us both. You know what she can do. I suppose no woman can better trim her Grace. Your house at Canbery, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.

R. O.
560. Officers Of Arms.
"Remembrance to the Right honorable Master Norrys for the officers of arms."
1. That he would speak to the King for liveries for three kings-of-arms, seven heralds, and nine pursuivants, as usual.
2. For their coats of arms ; viz., three embroidered on velvet, seven beaten in gold upon damask, and nine beaten in gold upon sarcenet.
3. For their largesses ; viz., 50l. for the most honorable and joyous marriage, and 50l. for the coronation.
Mem.—The said officers remit to the King the 50l. for the marriage, because they were not present.
ii. Lists of the names of the kings-of-arms, heralds, and pursuivants, with the allowance of cloth to each ; viz., 12 yds. satin to each king-at-arms, 12 yds. damask to each herald, and 12 yds. camlet to each pursuivant.
Pp. 2. Endd.

Harl. MS. 41, f. 15. B. M.
561. Coronation Of Anne Boleyn.
The order in proceeding from the Tower to Westminster.
The King's messengers to ride foremost with their boxes, to stay when that time is, and to go when that time is, as they see the followers do pause.
The strangers that ride, and the Ambassadors' servants. Item, next the trumpets, the gentlemen ushers, the chaplains having no dignity, the squires for the Body, with pursuivants two and two on each side. The knights and challenger and defender with steryng horses. The aldermen of London. The great chaplains of dignity. Heralds, two and two on each side. The knights of the Bath, the "barenettes" [and abbots]. (fn. 3) The knights of the Garter, being no lords. The two Chief Judges and Master of the Rolls. Then all the Lords and Barons in order after their estates. The Bishops. The Earls and Ambassadors. The comptroller of Household. The treasurer of Household. The steward of Household. Two kings-of-arms. The King's chamberlain. The Lord Privy Seal. The Lord Admiral of England. The Great Chamberlain of England. The Archbishops and Ambassadors. The two esquires of honor, with robes of estate rolled and worn baldric wise about their necks, with caps of estate representing the duke of Normandy and the duke of Aquitain. The Lord Mayor and Garter. The Marshal, the Constable, the Treasurer, the Chancellor. The Serjeants-of-arms on both sides. Her Chancellor bareheaded. The Queen's grace. The Lord Chamberlain. The Master of the Horse leading a spare horse. Seven ladies in crimson velvet. Two chariots ; two ladies in the first, and four in the second, all of the greatest estates. Seven ladies in the same suit, their horses trapped to the pastron. The third chariot, wherein were six ladies with crimson velvet. The fourth chariot, with eight ladies in crimson velvet. Thirty gentlewomen, all in velvet and silk of the liveries of their ladies. The captain of the Guard. The King's guard in their rich coats.
Vellum, pp. 2.

Add. MS. 21,116, f. 48. B. M.
562. Coronation Of Anne Boleyn.
"The appointment what number of officers and servitors that shall attend upon the Queen's grace, the Bishop and the ladies sitting at the Queen's board in the Great Hall at Westminster, the day of the coronation, as followeth :—
Carvers : Lord Montague for the Queen. Sir Edw. Seymour for the Bishop. Thos. Arundell for the ladies at the board.
Cupbearers : Lord William Howard for the Queen. Lord Clynton for the Bishop. Lord Audeley's son and heir for the board.
Sewers : Sir Edw. Nevill for the Queen. Percival Harte for the Bishop. Richard Verney for the board. Chief pantry, 1. Chief butler, 1. Chief sewer, 1. Almoners, 7. Servitors, knights, and gentlemen for three messes, 60. Sewers, 8. Servitors, 80. Yeomen, 16.
Knights of the Bath : Marquis of Dorset, earl of Derby, lords Clifford, Fitzwater, Hastings, Mountegle, and Vaux ; Mr. Parker, lord Morley's son ; Mr. Wynsor, lord Winsor's son ; John Mordant, lord Mordant's son ; Fras. Weston, Thos. Arundell, Mr. Corbet, Mr. Wyndham, John Barkeley, John Huddelston, Ric. Verney of Penley, Thos. Ponynges, Hen. Savile, John Germayne, Rob. Whitneye of Gloucestershire, Geo. Fitzwilliams, John Tyndall.
Knights and gentlemen to be servitors : Sir John St. John, Sir Michael Fisher, Sir Thos. Rotheram, Sir Geo. Somerset, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Antony Hungerford, Sir Ric. Graundfeild, Sir John Hamond, Sir Robt. Painton, Sir Giles Alington, Sir Thos. Elyot, Sir Rafe Langford, Sir John Fulford, Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir John Villers, Sir John Markham, Sir John Beryn, Sir Nic. Stirley, Sir Thos. Straung, Sir Fras. Lovell, Sir Edw. Chamberlen, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Sir Water Stoner, Sir Wm. Barentyne, Sir Wm. Newman, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Edm. Beningfeild, Sir Ant. Wingfeild, Sir Geo. Frogmerton, Sir John Russell of Worster, Sir Geo. Darcy, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Thos. Cornvell, Sir John Bridges, Sir Wm. Hussey, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Wm. Hault, Sir John Skott, Sir Ric. Clementes, Sir Wm. Kempe, Sir Edw. Cobham, Sir Wm. Fynch, Sir John Thymbleby, Sir Rob. Hussey, Sir Chr. Willughbie, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Wm. Askice, (fn. 4) Sir Jeffrey Poole, Sir Jas. Worsley, Sir Thos. Lysley, Sir John Talbot, Sir John Gifford, Sir Wm. Basset, Sir Ph. Dracote, Sir Henry Longe, Sir Ant. Lutterell, Sir John Sainctlowe, Sir Roger Copley, Sir Wm. Pellam, Sir Wm. Goring, Sir Walter Hungerford, John Hersley, George Lyne, Ric. Philips,—Yorke, Ric. Dodham, Rafe Mannering, John Seintler, Clement Harleston, John Turell, Humfrey Ferres, Geo. Grissley, Wm. Drurye, Wm. Cope, John St. John, Edm. Tame, Ric. Lygon, Leonard Poole, John Arnold, John Arden, Wm. Stafford, Chas. Herbert of Troy, Sir Wm. Paunder, Young Wingfeild, Holcrofte, Skipwith, Diar, Young Barkeley.
Sewers : Roger Banbricke, Antony Isley, Edm. Browne, John Cheyne, Wm. Morgan, Davy Morgan, Hen. Seymer, William Jones.
Yeomen ushers and yeomen appointed to attend upon the Queen at her Coronation : John Lane, Laurence Sendell, Robt. Griffith, Thos. Marshall, John Brygden, Davyd Philips, John Geffrey, Wm. Avenell, Ric. Ryder, Wm. Sendre, Hugh Troblefeild, John Ashton, John Smith, senior, John Robertes, John Perce, Antony Saunders, Walter Wagham, Thos. Coxe, Ric. Stone, Thos. Hawkins, Wm. Bond, Robt. Whitbrowe, Hugh Lewis, Thos. Gethens, Ric. Gilmyn, Rob. Gibbes, Ric. Rawneshaw, John Bromfeld, Robt. Langden, John Holcomb, Robt. Owen, Griffith ap Morice, Walter Menours, Wm. Jones, Robt. Mortoun, Edm. Stoner, John Gethens, Edw. Philips, John Wympe, Ric. Clerke, John Holland, John Alcock, Ric. Gilling, John Evanse, Lyonell Martyn, Fras. Coket, John Brathwet, John Cox, John Knotford, John Belson, John Byrte, John Node, Moris Apenevet, Michael Whiting, John Stevens, Hugh David, Lewis ap Watkyn, John Cowper, Edw. Johnson, Ric. Fowler, John Grymith, Symond Symmes, Robert Stonhouse, Edw. Aprichard, Hen. Holden.
Ibid., f. 50 b. ii. Officers appointed to attend on the Queen and the Bishop sitting at the Queen's board end, on the day of her coronation.
John Hancote, Thos. Berram, Roger Gerers, John Massye, John Colby, John Person Edw. Dickey, Ric. Estoune, Wm. Lawry, George Banckes, Thos. Massy, Ralfe Ball, John Gounter, Ric. Baker, John Thomas, Thos. Norton, Wm. Germaine, Thos. Toby, Richard Faice, Geo. Hodson. John Williams, Adam Holland, Robt. Bird, Robt. Gibson, Wm. Batty, Hugh Norres, Thos. Calfe, Wm. Paye.
Carvers : The earl of [Essex or] Rutland for the Queen ; Sir Edm. (Edward) Seymour for the Archbishop.
Cupbearers : Lord Derby for the Queen ; Sir John Dudley for the Archbishop.
Sewers : The earl of Sussex for the Queen ; Sir Thos. Arundell for the Archbishop.
Panters : Viscount Lisle, chief panter ; John Apricharde ; John Gislym.
[Butlers] : Earl of Arundell, chief butler ; Ric. Hill, Edm. Harvye. [Ewers] : Sir Henry [Thomas] Wyat, Jeffrey Villers, Henry Atkinson. Chief almoners for the Queen : Lord Bray, Sir Wm. Gascoyne. Almoners : Henry Wells, Thos. Mason. Edmond Pekham, cofferer. William Thynne. Thos. Hatclife, Edw. Weldon, for the Bishop, and the said Bishop to be served covered. Surveyors at the dressers : Thos. Weldon for the Queen ; Thos. Holden for the Bishop. Michael Wentworth, Henry Bricket, to see that nothing be embezzled.
Servitors from the dressers : For the Queen : Sir — Parker, Sir John St. John, Sir William Wynsor, Sir John Mordaunt, Sir Fras. Weston, Sir John Gifforte, Sir John Barkeley, Sir John Huddleston. Sir Ric. Verney, Sir Thos. Poninges, Sir Hen. Savell, Sir John Germayne, Sir Robt. Whetney, Sir Geo. Fitzwilliams, Sir John Tyndall, Sir Michael Fisher, Sir Tho. Rotheram, Sir Geo. Somerset, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Antony Hungerford, Sir Ric. Graundfeild, Sir John Shamond, (fn. 5) Sir Robt. Paynton, Sir Walter Stoner. For the Archbishop : Sir Thos. Elyot, Sir Rafe Langford, Sir John Fulford, Sir Thos. Dar[c]y. Sir John Villers, Sir John Markham, Sir John Berryn, Sir Nic. Stirley, Sir Thos. Straung, Sir Fras. Lovell, Sir Edw. Chamberlen, Sir Adryan Fortescue, Sir Hen. Longe, Sir Wm. Barington, Sir Wm. Newman, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Edw. Beningfeild, Sir Antony Wingfield, Sir Geo. Frogmerton, (fn. 6) Sir John Russell of Worcestershire, Sir George Dar[c]y, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Thos. Cornwall, Sir John Bridges.
Waferers : Rob. Leigh for the Queen and the Bishop. He must bring his wafers for both services to the Queen's cupboard, to be set (fn. 7) from thence by the sewers. Confectionery : Cutbert Blakden (fn. 8) for the Queen and Bishop, with similar orders.
Kitchen : For the Queen and Bishop : John Plume, Edw. Wilkinson, Ric. Currey, John Armstrong, Robt. Plume, child, Thos. Galepy, fryer.
Larder : Lord Burgenye, John Dale, Jas. Mitchell.
Sausery : John Richardson for the Queen and Bishop, remaining in the house.
Pastry : John Cuncle, Elister Shainc. Boilers : John White, [John Tayler].
Scullery : Wm. Richarde for the Queen ; Wm. Rawlyns for the Bishop, and to be served with gilt plate.
Marshals : Ric. Rede for the Queen ; Edw. Vaux for the Bishop ; Jesper Terrell ; John Stevens. Richard Chace to be supervisor that every man give his due attendance that shall wait in the hall beneath the bar.
[Lord Chamberlain : John earl of Oxford to give the King water.
The towel : Allen Asplonge, or his heirs, to give the Queen the towel before dinner.
The Queen's Champion : —.]
Officers appointed to attend on the Lords Spiritual and Temporal at the middle board on the right hand of the Queen. The first board to be 11 yards in length, and to be served with three services of a like fare, and 30 services of another fare.
Sewers : John Barney at the board, John Banbricke at the dresser. Panters : Thos. Bend, Ric. Holbroke, Ric. Madoxe, John Stoddard, Wm. Dennys, Pierce Barly. Buttery and cellar : Bryan Aunsley, William Abbot, Ric. Weckly, John Aman. Ewris : Allyn Matthew, Thos. Christmas, Robt. Clynton.
Almoners : Thos. Oldnall, Wm. Blakeden, Hugh Williams.
[Conveyers] : Thos. Child, Thos. Hinde, Wm. Berman. Surveyors at the dressers : Thos. Hall, Wm. Thynne. John Lane, to see that the yeomen give due attendance. [Servitors from the dresser] : Richard Gilmyn, Robt. Griffith, Thos. Marshall, John Brogden, David Phillip, John Geffrey, Wm. Avenell, Ric. Ryder, Robt. Gibes, Wm. Semerre, Hugh Troblefeild, John Ashton, John Smith the elder, John Robertes, John Perce, Antony Perce, Antony Saunders, Walter Vaughan, Thos. Coxe, Ric. Stone, Thos. Hawkins, Wm. Bonde. Robt. Whitbrowe, Hugh Lewis, Thos. Githens. Waferers : Robt. Lystar. Confectionery : John Amnesleye. Kitchen : Wm. Bolton, Robt. Forster, John Floy (fn. 9) , John Laurence, John Baker, child, Wm. Botte, (fn. 10) fryer. Larder : John Dale, Jas. Michell. Saulsery : John Richard, Symond Dudley. Pastry : John Connicle, Robt. Dauson, Ric. Byre. Boiler : John White. Scullery : Wm. Rice, Wm. Rawlins, Thos. Coke, child, John Worall, (fn. 11) conducte.
Marshals : Thos. Ward, Hen. Hokars. Huisshers : John Gilman, Thos. Myles.
Officers to attend upon Duchesses and other ladies at the middle board on the left hand of the Queen ; the first board 8 yards long. To be served with 3 services of like fare, 3 of another fare, and 30 of another fare.
Sewers : John Bonam, Ric. Sterkey.
Pantry : Thos. Skasley, John Markham, John Coxe, Thos. Hall. Conveyors of the bread to the panters : Richard Boxham, Geo. Forman. Buttery and cellar : Wm. Morrant, Ric. Lee, Ric. Parker, Thos. Trewth. (fn. 12)
[Ewers] : Geo. Fitzgeffrey, John Morgan, John Dixe. [Almoners] : John Stanbanck, Edw. Garret, Thos. Inde, Thos. Walker, Geo. Bond, Wm. Kedle, Thos. Turner. Surveyor at the dresser without, Thos. Hatcliffe ; at the dresser within, Thos. Horden. John Powes to see that the yeomen give due attendance. Servitors from the dresser : Ric. Rainshawe, John Kinge, John Wellet, John Aprice, Ric. Saidell, Wm. Tolley, John Strymyn, Rafe Tykill, Thos. Jones, John Sydnam, Leonard Barowes, John Dorset, Thos. Lewis, Jas. (fn. 13) Stanley, John Tompson, John Smothen, Edw. Deckey, Ric. Eston, Wm. Laury, Geo. Bankes, Thos. Massie, Rafe Baiely, John Gaunter. Wafe[...] Robt. Lyster. Confectioner : John Amnesley. Kitchen : John Dale, George Benson, Rafe Iswell, Wm. Maie, Philip Yarow, child, Ric. Rede, fryer. Larder : Thos. English. Boiler : John Tailour. Saulsery : John Richard, John Ringros. Pastry : Elize Shaunce, Wm. Andreson, conducte. Scullery : Wm. Wells, John Awmorer, conduct, Silvester Glossope.
Marshals : Nic. Sainctes, (fn. 14) Thos. Braken. Huishers : John Towe, Nic. Ashfeild.
Officers to attend upon the Barons of the Cinque Ports, at the side board on the Queen's right hand, next the wall. The first board to be 8 yards long, and to be served with 3 services of like fare, and 30 services of another fare.
Sewers : Ant. Isley, John Cheyne. Panters : Wm. Cowper, John Bartlet, John Whitstall, Wm. Sotherne, conveyers of bread. Buttery and cellar : John Burnell, Robt. Gardener, Matthew Hanmer, Thos. Stanbridge. (fn. 15) Ewry : Edw. Myller, (fn. 16) Thos. Colbeck, Robt. Maxton. (fn. 17) Almoners : Willm. Cressell, Wm. Breredge, Ric. Valentyne, Thos. Reding, and John Downslowe ; John Davie and Robt. Rendon, (fn. 18) conveyers.
Surveyors at the dressers : Edw. Welden, Jas. Sutton. Servitors from the dresser : Laurence Serle, overseer, John Bromfeld, Robt. Lamdon, John Holcombe, Robt. Owen, Griffith Myres, Wm. Jones, Rob. Orton, Edm. Stone, John Githons, Edw. Philips, John Umpe, Ric. Clerke, John Holland, John Alcocke, Ric. Gilling, John Evans, Lymerell Martyn, Fras. Socket, (fn. 19) John Brewet, John Coxe, John Knotfort, John Bilson, (fn. 20) John Birte. Waferer : Robt. Lyster. Confectionery : John Amnsley. Kitchen : Laurence Thexted, Ric. Townsend, Roger Brosse, John Coke, Rafe Hogan, child, Wm. More, fryer. Larder : Hen. Groves. (fn. 21) Boiler : John Tailour. Saulserie : John Richardson, Matthew White. Pastry : Matthew White, child, Roger Brynge, conducte. Scullery : Wm. Phillip, Wm. Hamhider. Marshal : Ric. Wales. Huishers : John Fisher, Jas. Aleasley.
Officers to attend upon the Mayor of London, sitting at the board next the wall on the left hand of the Queen. The first board to be 9 yards long, and to be served with 5 services of like fare, and 30 of another.
Sewers : Edw. Browne, Wm. Jones. Panters : Thos. Pulfort, Hugh Mynours, John Tryce, Robt. Hylston. Buttery and cellar : Thos. Mynours, Wm. Corffale, caker, John Throughgood, Wm. Agre. Ewry : Edw. Bird, Geo. Smert, Wm. Cheke. Almoners : John Fisher, John Rowland, Wm. Blike, Wm. Willkinson, and Hen. Hungreford ; Adam Faulcet, Hen. Wilkinson, conveyers of bread.
Surveyors at the dressers : John Mery, Robt. Pagman. Servitors from the dresser : Henry Bird to superintend, John Wode, Moris Apdenevet, Michael Whiting, John Stevens, Hugh David, Lewis ap Watkin, John West, John Burton, Robert Fleminge, Edw. Clayton, Lewis Appowell, John Cowper, Edw. Johnson, Ric. Fuller, John Treveth, Simmosune Symes, Robt. Stonehouse, Hen. Holden, John Hancocke, Thos. Boram, Roger Meres, John Massye, John Colby. Waferers : Robt. Lyster, John Amnsley. Kitchen : William Snowball, John Sterne, John Crane, John Mathew, Thos. Borrey, child, Peter Child, fryer. Larder : Ric. Mathewe. Boilers : John White, John Tailour. Saulsery : John Richardson, Thos. Nash. Pastry : Thos. Dover, (fn. 22) Ric. Wilkinson. Scullery : Thos. More, Robt. Cellye. Marshals : Thos. Greves, Wm. Bellingham. Huisshers : Thos. Croftes, Wm. Bate.
The hall must be served with plate, as spoons, salts, pots, and bowls.
The Queen's Lord Chamberlain and Vice-chamberlain and two gentlemen must attend upon the Queen.
Officers appointed for serving the waste. Panter : Wm. Wilkinson. Clerk : Jas. Harington. Cook : John Hautcliffe. Larderer : John Dauson. Cooks for the "Worchouses" : (fn. 23) John Birket, Ric. Parker, John Stevens, John Johnson, Steven God, Wm. Whitfeild.
Noblemen admitted to do service according to the tenure of their lands, and for the trial of their fees and profits unto the morrow of St. John Baptist's Day : Earl of Arundel, chief butler ; Viscount of Lisle, chief panter ; earl of Oxford, chief chamberlain ; Sir Hen. Wyat, chief ewre ; earl of Shrewsbury to support the Queen's right arm and bear the sceptre ; sixteen Barons of the Cinque Ports to bear the canopy over her ; lord Burgeine, chief larderer ; Sir Giles Alington to bear the first cup to the Queen ; earl of Sussex, chief sewer ; the Mayor of London to bear a cup of gold to the Queen at her void.
Pp. 23.
Add. MS. 6,113, f. 34. B. M. 2. "Officers and servitors which did service the same day of coronation, being the first of June."
A list similar to (fn. 20) ii., but with a few additions and variations, of which the more important have been noted.
Pp. 18.
31 May.
MS. L. f. 1. Coll. of Arms.
563. Anne Boleyn.
On Thursday, 29 May 1533, 25 Hen. VIII., the lady Anne marchioness of Pembroke was received at Greenwich, and conveyed to the Tower of London, and thence to Westminster, where she was crowned queen of England.
Order was taken by the King and his Council for all the Lords spiritual and temporal to be in the barge before Greenwich at 3 p.m., and give their attendance till the Queen took her barge. The mayor of London, Stephen Pecocke, haberdasher, had 48 barges in attendance richly decked with arras, hung with banners and with pennons of the arms of the crafts in fine gold, and having in them trumpets, shallands, and minstrels ; also every barge decked with ordnance of guns, "the won to heill the other troumfettly as the tyme dyd require." Also there was the bachelor's barge sumptuously decked, and divers foists with great shot of ordnance, which went before all the barges. Order given that when her Grace's barge came "anontes" Wapping mills, knowledge should be given to the Tower to begin to shoot their ordnance. Commandment given to Sir Will. Vinstonne (Kingston), constable of the Tower, and Sir Edw. Wallsyngham, lieutenant of the Tower, to keep a space free for her landing. It was marvellous sight how the barges kept such good order and space between them that every man could see the decking and garnishing of each, "and how the banars and penanntes of armis of their craftes, the which were beaten of fyne gould, yllastring so goodly agaynste the sonne, and allso the standardes, stremares of the conisaunsys and devisis ventylyng with the wynd, allso the trompettes blowyng, shallmes and mistrielles playng, the which war a ryght symtivis and a tryhumfantt syght to se and to heare all the way as they paste upon the water, to her the sayd marvelles swett armone of the sayd ynstermentes, the which soundes to be a thinge of a nother world. This and this order hir Grace pasyng till she came a nontt Rattlyffe."
The Queen was "hallsyd with gones forth of the shippes" on every side, which could not well be numbered, especially at Ratcliffe. When she came over against Wapping mills the Tower "lousyd their ordinaunce" most triumphantly, shooting four guns at once.
At her landing, a long lane was made among the people to the King's bridge at the entrance of the Tower. She was received on coming out of her barge by Sir Edw. Walsingham, lieutenant of the Tower, and Sir Will. Kinston, constable of the Tower. The officers of arms gave their attendance ; viz., Sir Thos. Writhe, Garter king-of-arms, Clarencieux and Norroy kings-of-arms, Carlisle, Richmond, Windsor, Lancaster, York, and Chester heralds ; the old duchess of Norfolk bearing her train ; the lord Borworth (sic), chamberlain to her Grace, supporting it, &c. A little further on she was received by lord Sandes, the King's chamberlain, lord Hause (Hussey), chamberlain with the Princess, the lord Windsor, the lord Nordunt (Mordaunt?), and others ; afterwards by the bishops of Winchester and London, the earl of Oxford, chamberlain of England, lord Will. Haworth, marshal of England, as deputy to his brother Thos. duke of Norfolk, the earl of Essex, &c.
Somewhat within the Tower she was received by the King, who laid his hands on both her sides, kissing her with great reverence and a joyful countenance, and led her to her chamber, the officers of arms going before. After which every man went to his lodging, except certain noblemen and officers in waiting. The King and Queen went to supper, and "after super ther was sumptuus void."
On Friday, 30 May, all noblemen, &c. repaired to Court, and in a long chamber within the Tower were ordained 18 "baynes," in which were 18 noblemen all that night, who received the order of knighthood on Saturday, Whitsun eve. Also there were 63 knights made with the sword in honor of the coronation. Then all the nobles, knights, squires, and gentlemen were warned to attend on horseback, on the Tower Hill on Saturday next, to accompany her Grace to Westminster, to do service at the coronation.
Pp. 6. Early copy.
31 May.
R. MS. 18, A. LXIV. B. M.
564. Queen Anne Boleyn.
Verses composed by Nic. Udall, and spoken at the pageants in Cornhill, Leadenhall, and Cheapside, at queen Anne's procession through the city.
"Hereafter ensueth a copy of divers and sundry verses, as well in Latin as in English, (fn. 24) devised and made partly by John Leland, and partly by Nicholas Vuedale, whereof some were set up and some other were spoken and pronounced unto the most high and excellent Queen the lady Anne, wife unto our sovereign lord king Henry the Eight, in many goodly and costely pageants exhibited and showed by the mayor and citizens of the famous city of London at such time as her Grace rode from the Tower of London through the said city to her most glorious coronation at the monastery of Westminster, on Whitson eve in the xxvth year of the reign of our said sovereign lord." Latin and English, pp. 29. Endorsement pasted on : Versis and dities made at the coronation of Quene Anne.

Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 117. B. M.
565. Queen Anne Boleyn.
Carmen Ricardi Coxi in coronacionem Annæ Augustissimæ Anglorum Reginæ.
Incip. : Læticiam promat Anglica gaudia fundat, Jam diadema gerit nobilis Anna sacrum.
Expl. : De pleno cornu promitur omne penus. Augustus sileat, sileant spectacula.
Pp. 8, 119 lines.

R. O.
566. Michael Berger, Goldsmith and carver of stones, (fn. 25) to Cromwell.
Begs his help towards setting two stones in gold, delivered to his mastership for the King and the Queen, or to pay him for the same. Had a doublet of black velvet taken from him, and if it is not reclaimed on Monday next, it will be forfeited. The serjeants acted cruelly, taking him to sundry taverns, where he had to lay out his money in wine for them, so that now he is without a penny.
If Cromwell wishes to have the stone made for the King's seal which he saw when he was last at Calais, the petitioner will [set the sa]me against Christmas next.
P. 1. Broad sheet. Headed : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
31 May.
R. O.
567. Shipping Of Ordnance To Ireland.
Examination of Anthony Butyn of Lisle in Flanders, merchant, and Thos. Whyte of Waterford, before the Lord Chancellor and others of the King's council in Ireland, on two articles proposed by Ric. Langton, (fn. 26) viz. :—
1. That as they be merchants of ships coming to Ireland, they should declare how many they be masters of, and what ports they come to ; what ordnance, gunpowder, arms, &c. they know of that comes in the said ships, and how much they have sold of it, and to whom they have promised any, and who caused them to bring it ; and what has become of two barrels of gunpowder put on board at Waterford by Whyte.
2. What merchandise Edmund Sexton, servant to the earl of Kildare, bought in Flanders, and whose ship did convey it, and to what port ; and of whom the said Sexton procured so large a stock, and for whose behoof it was bought.
The said Anthony deposes before the Lord Chancellor and Chr. Delahyd, second justice of the King's Bench, that he and Whyte are factors of two ships, the one called — (blank), of 60 tons, already arrived at Waterford, the other at Droughday, called the Kateryn, of 100 tons ; and of three ships coming, one to Limerick, the second to Waterford, and the third to Dublin ; in all which he knows of no more ordnance than 30 hand-guns, two barrels of gunpowder, and 11 haberjons, which he brought to Droughda, where he sold 20 of the hand-guns to the mayor, and the rest to the merchants there. He has promised the 11 haberjons to Thos. Jurden for his money before any other man. The gunpowder he will sell to the mayor, or where he can lawfully. No man of this country caused him to bring the said guns, gunpowder, and haberjons but his master, and it was for no other object but merchandise.
Edmund Sexton had in Flanders upon the said Anthony's master to the value of six lasts of hides. What merchandise he bought he knows not. The goods bought will come to Limerick, where they must receive the said hides with others. The said goods come upon adventure of the merchants in Flanders, and he is to receive none of them before he delivers the six lasts. Signed : G. Armachan—Cristofor Delahyd, justice.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
31 May.
Add. MS. 28,585, f. 264. B. M.
568. Council Of Charles V.
"Lo que se consulto con su Majestad sobre la causa matrimonial de Ynglaterra para despachar a Rodrigo Davalos que partio de Barcelona a postrero de Mayo de DXXXIIJ."
The points to be considered, now that the King has annulled his marriage with the Queen, and married Anna de Bulans publicly, are as follows :—
First. The King having lived in undisputed marriage with the Queen for about 18 years, and having by her the Princess, who ought to succeed him, procured six years ago a commission from the Pope to cardinals Campeggio and York to proceed to a divorce, but the Queen appealed to Rome. The King, however, persisted in the case being tried out of Italy, in some place where he could appear in person. This point was debated, and finally the Consistory determined that the King's excusator could not be admitted without a mandate. The Emperor has continually commended the matter to the Pope, by ambassadors and letters, and at their interview at Bologna. Briefs have been obtained to prevent the King from marrying, but he has nevertheless done so, and has forbidden Katharine to be called Queen.
(fn. 27) In considering what course the Emperor should take, the following points are proposed : 1. The prosecution of justice. 2. Force. 3. Force, together with the said justice.
In each of these there is difficulty.
The first seems to be suitable, as the trial has already commenced ; the matter is spiritual, and concerns conscience, and some settlement is necessary for the preservation of the rights of the Queen and Princess. There are two difficulties :—(1.) The King will not obey, especially considering the late proclamation (pregmatica) in England. (2.) The Pope is very cold and dilatory (respectivo) in matters concerning the king of England, and it is likely that during the proceedings the Queen and Princess would suffer.
The second method, force, is dangerous on account of present circumstances, and the assistance which the King might have. All Christendom would be imperilled, but principally the Emperor's dominions. It must be considered that although the King has married the said Anna de Bulans, he has not proceeded against the Queen by force or violence, and he has committed no act against the Emperor which the latter could allege to be an infraction of the treaty of Cambray, which was made after the divorce was commenced, during the proceedings at Rome. Though the Emperor is bound to the Queen, this is a private matter, and public considerations must be taken into account.
As to the third method, of joining force with justice : this can only be done by waiting for the Pope to give sentence, and invoke the secular arm, when all princes and good Christians are equally bound to help his Holiness, who should act as head of the enterprise. It must be considered whether an ambassador should be sent expressly about a matter of such importance, or whether instructions shall be sent to the count of Cifuentes. Whether the Queen's counsel should propose the prosecution of the principal matter, or persist in the revocation of what has been done during the progress of the case and her restitution to marriage rights.
If it is thought advisable to prosecute the determination of the matter, whether it would be better to execute the briefs and interdict ; or, as this would probably cause a war, or at least a rupture of the commerce between England and the Emperor's dominions, whether it would be better only to insist on the increase of ecclesiastical censures and multiplication of penalties, as far as to deprive the King of his crown, and all rights, titles, and privileges conferred on him by the Church.
Whether a new protestation should be made in Rome that the Queen and Princess cannot do anything to the prejudice of their rights, and especially that the King's new marriage shall not prejudice the Princess. Whether the Queen's counsel shall make a summary and public requisition to the Pope and Consistory, that, in consideration of the long time the case has lasted, and the King's course of conduct, both to the Church and herself, his Holiness and the Consistory will declare the justice of her cause, and provide some remedy ; and whether protestation should be made against all that has been done in England to prejudice the case by the archbishop of Canterbury and other ecclesiastical and secular judges.
Whether the kings of the Romans and of Portugal should be desired to write or send to the Pope in the Queen's favor, being her relatives.
Whether the king of the Romans should cause the electors and princes of the empire to write to the Pope in her favor, as all the electors, princes, and estates of Germany, even the heretics (desviados), abhor the pretended divorce.
If the Pope persist in his desire to know what the Emperor will do towards the execution of the sentence, as he has already inquired of the count of Cifuentes, shall an affirmative answer be given to him ; or will it be sufficient to say to his Holiness that he ought to do what justice demands, and assert his ecclesiastical authority, before invoking the secular arm ; that he ought to do his duty without expecting secular help, but he may trust to the Emperor's acting like an obedient son of the Church? [To give a promise] before sentence is pronounced, would cause the other side to suspect that the execution of the sentence had been arranged, before it was itself certain.
Whether the Queen shall be advised to remain in England, and keep the affection of the people as much as possible. This may be of importance in bringing back the King, who may feel remorse for his sin, weariness of Anna, and fear of his subjects. If the Queen leaves the kingdom, dissimulation will no longer be possible, and the Emperor, king of the Romans, and her other relatives must act with vigor. On the other hand, the Queen may be in danger if she remains in England. It must be considered what she will do if the King makes Anna queen of England.
Whether it is necessary to send or write to the Ambassador in England to see what demonstrations should be made in favor of the Queen, and to provide for the security of her and the Princess, lest she fall into Anna's hands, of which the Ambassador expresses doubts in his letters ; or whether it will be enough to write to the Ambassador, and inform him, "de lo que se avra resoluto cerca de lo susodicho para ... al dicho rey por virtud de las cartas de creencia que se ..."
Whether it will be necessary to send or write expressly to the French king, and whether it will be enough to write to the Ambassador there to speak to the King and Queen, who, being a near relative of the queen of England, might persuade her husband to act in her favor.
How the queen of Hungary, regent of Flanders, is to act towards the king of England and his subjects, and what must be written thereon to the queen of England and the Ambassador.
Sp., pp. 12. Modern copy.

R. T. 145 No. 5. § 44.
569. Charles V. to his Ambassador at Rome.
Informs him of what has been discussed in his Council, in order that the same points may be laid before an assembly of councillors and advocates of the Queen. The best method of executing prompt justice was also to be discussed. Wishes the interdict to be the extreme penalty, as the people of England would not dare to observe it, and most of the people are opposed to the divorce, and should not suffer. Then again his subjects in the Netherlands would be injured, as no commerce is allowed with a people under interdict.
Pp. 2. From a French catalogue of papers now lost, formerly at Brussels.

Granvelle Papers, II. 33.
570. Charles V.
Instructions to Cifuentes and Rodrigo d'Avalos.
They are aware of the divorce of the king of England after he had lived with his wife 20 years on the best terms, and having had a daughter by their marriage ; also that after having put away his Queen he has begun to live in concubinage with a lady of his court named Anne Boleyn. Cifuentes has written of the report spread in Rome that he had married Anne before the decision of the Holy See upon his divorce, despising the papal censures. Notwithstanding a similar rumor reported from France, refused to believe this till it was confirmed by a letter from the Ambassador in England three days ago, with the further information that Katharine had been forbidden to take the title of Queen, besides a number of other particulars. The king of England, according to his own statement, has been encouraged to this by the delays in the decision of the cause. Justice must now be insisted on ; and though we have perfect confidence that you, Cifuentes, neglect no opportunity, we have joined don Rodrigo d'Avalos with you. You [Rodrigo] must therefore proceed to Rome as quickly as possible, and take counsel with the Queen's advocates, and others, on the best means to be employed to preserve the rights of the Queen, and annul the marriage with Anne Boleyn. You shall consider whether it will be best to insist on the determination already taken, provided it can be supported by proofs, or to demand, singly or together, that the Queen be restored to her rights. You shall also consult on the best means of forcing the king of England to put away his concubine, and, if possible, getting his Holiness to deprive him of his kingdom, which he holds of the Holy See, as the Acts lately passed in England against the authority of the Holy See give cause to fear that the King and Anne Boleyn will care little for an interdict, which in fact the people could not observe, although the majority of Henry's subjects are pained at his marriage with Anne. Moreover, the publication of censures would disturb intercourse with Spain and Flanders. If, therefore, an interdict be resorted to, it should be limited to one diocese, or to the place where the King dwells. We write also to our Ambassador in England, to let you know his opinion, and whether he thinks it desirable to protest against all acts done by the Queen and Princess to their own prejudice, seeing that they are under constraint ; but, above all, to declare illegitimate any children that Anne may have. You are to take all possible advice on the matter, as it is so important.
As the Pope, on being pressed to accelerate the judgment in the principal cause, wished to know what we would do to ensure execution of the sentence, you must reply, if he recurs to this, that he must do his duty, from which nothing can relieve him, and that the publication of the sentence, and of the penalties it will inflict, must precede the recourse had to the secular arm. He may, however, depend upon it, that the Emperor will not fail to give effect to it. We have consulted whether the Queen ought to leave England, or remain there to preserve the affection of the people. Thinks this might help to bring the King back to a sense of duty ; whereas any attempt on her part to quit the kingdom would have to be backed up by some demonstration on the part of the Emperor and the king of the Romans. All things considered, this question is put aside for the present. We have been informed by our Ambassador in France that Francis has expressed great displeasure at Henry's marriage with his concubine, and had endeavored to dissuade him from it. We have accordingly written to him to increase his feeling on this subject, and at least not to yield any point to the king of England which might interfere with justice. We are writing to queen Mary in Flanders of all that we have decided in this matter. We have also considered whether we shall send a special agent into England, to visit the Queen and console her ; but, considering the language used by the King to our Ambassador, he might be still more insolent to the person we should send. We have written, however, to our Ambassador on this subject.
Sp.

R. O.
571. Katharine Of Arragon.
"Commissions for the Princess Dowager."
1. For Rice ap Howell to provide flour, &c. 2. For Will. Shaw to provide oxen, sheep, and the like. 3. For John Stone to provide capons, hens, wildfowl, butter, and eggs. 4. For John Reynolds to provide hay and litter for the Princess's stable. 5. For Geo. Hill to provide fresh and sea fish, &c. 6. For John Turnour, yeoman porter, to provide carts and horses at the removal of the Princess.
P. 1.

R. O.
572. Dr. Hyberdyne.
"The saying of Mr. Hyberdyne in the pulpit within the town of Bristol, from Easter eve till Little Easter Sunday," 24 Hen. VIII., inferring among other things from the text Data est mihi potestas in cœlo et in terra, "that the Pope is king and prince of all the world," &c. Various other passages in the sermon are also noted.
Ends : "Item, that he brought in a parable at St. Thomas' church under a colour of the nightingale and the crow ; which property of the crow, he said, was that whether the King came by, or the mayor, or any other honest man, that he called them 'Knaves! Knaves!'"
ii. Dr. Powell's saying in the pulpit in Bristol on St. Mark's Day, and the Sunday following, 25 Hen. VIII.
iii. Deposition against Mr. John Floke, dean of Bristol, by Thos. Smyth, coroner there, for commanding the curates of Henbury not to pray for the King and the Queen. Made 10 May 25 Hen. VIII.
iv. Sayings of Hyberdyne which he preached in Bristol upon Ascension Day and the Sunday following, 25 Hen. VIII. In the form of a petition of certain burgesses of the town to the mayor and corporation.
P. 8.

Harl. 422, f. 88. B. M. Strype's Eccl. Mem, I. II. 175. Latimer's Remains, 317.
573. [Latimer?] to Hubbardine. (fn. 28)
Brotherly love compels me to admonish you of the blasphemies you uttered here on Ascension Day. You said that the new learning was not the truth, and that the professors lived naughtily. These are blasphemies ; for the new learning is the Scripture. If you say it is not the Scripture that you call new, but other books lately put in English, I answer that the Scripture was the first which you and yours condemned, and that the others speak nothing but that which is manifest in the Scriptures. This is your first lie. —Speaks much of the antiquity of the Scriptures.—But you say you condemn not the Scripture, but Tyndal's translation ; in which you show yourself contrary to your own words.—Condemns Hubbardine for saying that before the coming of Anti-Christ there shall be a departure from the Pope. As to your saying that they persecute priests, I would gladly hear of one priest who was so much as once imprisoned for his faith, except by yourself. Do you not remember the honest priest that last year was martyred by you in Kent ? Do you not hold Nicholson, Smyth, Patmore, and Philips, with many others, in prison at this hour?
Corrected draft, not in Latimer's handwriting. Imperfect.

R. O.
574. Henry VIII. to —.
Directs him to summon the graziers of "that shire," and order them to sell beef, mutton, and veal to the butchers at such a price that the latter can obey the statute of the last session of Parliament for selling meat by weight (24 Hen. VIII. c. 3.) The butchers complain of their inability to purchase meat without paying such a high price that they could not bear the loss, and divers of them have been compelled to leave the trade. Empowers him to take up and sell, according to the rate of the said Act, as many beefs, muttons, and veals as will suffice for the sustentation of the people in that shire, distributing to the mayors and bailiffs of the towns, and the rulers and officers of other places, what will suffice for their necessity. As the city of London is partly supplied from that shire, he must order the dealers to continue their supply, and, if not, he must provide for the city after the proportion and rate they have been used to have. Stamped.
Pp. 2.

R. O.
575. Sir Thomas Elyot to [Cromwell].
On the King's writ delivered to me for summoning such as are able to receive the order of knighthood, I have sent my under-sheriff into the country, who returned me a list, in which one Wawton was named. Since then some worshipful men have assured me that he is not worth 40l. yearly in land. By great diligence he sends many sons to school. He has many daughters to marry, "which, as ye well know, be great corrosives of a little substance." Begs, therefore, that he may be excused.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
576. John Godsalve to Eustace, Clerk of the Works at Hampton Court.
Send me as many golden balls as you can conveniently procure, and such fanes (vanes?) and other things at your pleasure. Help the bearer into the spicery, to have an antique which I left there ; of which he has the key. Send me also the head under the stair, and whatsoever other things your gentle heart can lovingly depart from. London, Wednesday.
Though I have not deserved half you have bestowed upon me, I trust you shall think your gentleness in this behalf very well recompensed.
Hol., p. 1. Add.

Vesp. F. I. 32. B. M.
577. Hungary.
After the king of Poland and George duke of Saxony had in vain sent their Ambassadors last year to Posnau to make peace between king Ferdinand and John Sepus, called the Veivode, both parties were so weakened that they made a truce for three months, and wished to prolong it for a year. Sepus sent Jerome Laski to the Turk at Constantinople to ask his consent. During the cessation of arms, both Princes placed two castles in Hungary in the possession of the king of Poland and the duke of Saxony. Towards the close of the year, which commenced on May 1, Laski went to Ferdinand in Germany to treat for peace, but said he had no written commission, though his master would ratify all that he did. Seeing that the King gave him but little credit, he asked to be sent on to the Emperor ; which the King refused, but allowed him to write. The Emperor answered kindly, proposing a meeting at Passaw in Bavaria, where his Ambassadors, and those of his brother and the duke of Saxony, waited five weeks for the Ambassadors of the king of Poland and the Veivode, who did not even send word of their intention to come. The others, therefore, returned without doing anything. Nothing was left but to prepare for war. The Turk sent Lewis Gritti with a band of cavalry and 400 ships, called Nassarœ, to put a garrison into Buda, as much against Sepuse, some think, as against Ferdinand. Sepuse, hearing of it, sent orders to the governor of Buda not to admit him into the castle, for he knew that he was ambitious of obtaining the kingdom of Hungary. One proof of this was that after the siege of Buda he told Laski, who was staying at his house at Constantinople, that the Turk intended to remove Sepuse to Turkey, and make one of his satraps king ; which Gritti had always opposed, and had obtained from the Turk that Sepuse should enjoy the kingdom, and Gritti succeed at his death, while Laski should now have Transylvania, and, at Sepuse's death, both the Valachias, which the Turk had meanwhile granted to Gritti. Laski pretended to be pleased at this, and Gritti went on to make inquiries about Sepuse's health, offering him his own physician, as he was an invalid. On his return, Laski told Sepuse of this, and warned him to be careful of Gritti. Sepuse, wishing to show Gritti that his plans were known, without making him suspect Laski, induced Statilius bishop of Transylvania to write to the prince of the Valachians that he heard that Gritti was aiming at the rule of Valachia and Hungary, and he feared that he might attempt the lives of the two Princes, and desiring the Prince to send ambassadors to warn Sepuse. He immediately did so, and the Ambassadors declared their charge before the assembled nobles, most of whom were intimate with Gritti. Sepuse expressed his wonder at the rumor, and his confidence in Gritti's faith, whose partisans wrote to apprise him of what had occurred. Since this he has not returned to Hungary, and Laski has not dared to return to Constantinople. The writer heard this from a friend.
Lat., pp. 4. Headed : "De Rebus Hungaricis." Endd.
May./Grants. 578. Grants in May 1533.
1. Receipt [to be given] to Francis I. for 32,000 florins paid at Calais, according to an obligation dated Bordeaux, 10 June 1530. Westm., 1 May 1533.—S.B.
2. Receipt [to be given] to Francis I. for 5,000 cr. of gold of the sun, paid at Calais for the pension of salt, according to the treaty of Hampton Court. Westm., 1 May 1533.—S.B.
3. Receipt [to be given] to Francis I. for 47,368 cr. of g. of the sun, 16 sous, paid at Calais according to certain bonds, &c. Westm., 1 May 1533.—S.B.
4. John Olyver, LL.D., the King's chaplain. Grant of the deanery of the collegiate church of the Holy Trinity, St. Mary and St. Frediswide, of the free chapel called King Henry the Eighth's college, in Oxford. Greenwich, 22 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 May 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
5. Ric. Pley of Lyme Regis, Dorset, merchant. Reversal of outlawry in co. Devon, on two several suits de eo quod reddat brought against him by John Coolyn and Joan Coobley, executrix of Rob. Cobley, deceased, respectively, before Sir Rob. Brudenell and his fellows, justices of Common Pleas ; the said Richard having surrendered to the Flete prison as certified by Rob. Norwyche, C. J. of C. P. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
6. John Pley of Lyme, Dorset, merchant. Reversal of outlawry in cos. Dorset and Devon on three several suits, viz., on the suit of Ric. Pollard de eo quod reddat before Sir Rob. Norwyche and his associates, justices of Common Pleas ; on the suit of Henry Heynall de eo quod reddat before Sir Rob. Brudenell and his associates, justices of the Common Pleas ; and on the suit of John Tyrlyng and John Dolbeare of Colyton, Devon, merchants, before the same Sir Rob. Brudenell and his associates ; the said John Pley having surrendered to the Flete prison, as certified by Sir Rob. Norwiche, C. J. of C. P. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
7. Thomas abp. of Canterbury. To have the issues of the temporalities of Christ Church cathedral, Canterbury, (his election by the prior and convent having been confirmed by pope Clement VII., the temporalities of the see were restored on the 19 April 24 Hen. VIII.,) during voidance, in the same way as William, late abp., and his predecessors, enjoyed such issues when the see was full. Also pardon to the said Thomas, late archdeacon of Taunton, of all trespasses and offences against the statutes of provisors and præmunire, &c. Del. Westm., 2 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28. Rym. XIV. 457.
8. Hen. Sturges, chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of Roydon-juxta-Disse, Norf., vice John Cooke, resigned ; in the King's gift by the minority of Eliz. Lovell. Greenwich, 22 April 24 Hen. VIII. (sic). Del. Westm., 2 May 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
9. Sibron Rinkinson or Rekynson, a native of Friesland, in the dominions of the Emperor. Denization. Greenwich, 20 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 May [25] Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
10. John Tregunwell, LL.D., one of the King's counsellors. Annuity of 40l. for life. Greenwich, 22 April 24 Hen. VIII. (sic). Del. Westm., 5 May 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
11. Ric. Tate. Custody of the manor of Tirrock, Bucks, seven messuages in Waddynton, two messuages in Belcheford, Linc., and certain lands and tenements in Kydmyster and Moreton Underhill, Worc., of the annual value of 6l. 15s., late of John Bewfo, deceased, during the minority of John Bewfo, s. and h. of the said John ; with the wardship and marriage of the said John. Greenwich, 2 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 May.—P.S.
12. Sir Ric. Sandes and John Sandes, his son. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of bailiff of the Skivinage of the town of Calais, and the island of Colne, in the marches of Calais, in the same way as Sir Humph. Banaster or Walter Culpeper held the office ; on surrender of patent 23 June 13 Hen. VIII., granting the office to the said Richard. Del. ... 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
13. John Bolton, alias John Abolton, of Watton, alias of Beverley, York, blacksmith. Pardon for the murder of one William Marrey, alias Wm. Hayton, of Beverley. Greenwich, 23 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May. — P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
14. Thomas Makyn, rector of Bebton (Bepton), Sussex. Licence to be the King's chaplain, and to absent himself from his rectory, notwithstanding the Act 21 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 1 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
15. John Bryket, master cook pro ore. To be coroner of the lordship of Holderness, York, vice Ralph Warberton, deceased. Greenwich, 16 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
16. Thomas earl of Rutland. Custody of the possessions of Ralph Batty and Mary his wife, both deceased, in co. York, during the minority of Eliz. Batty, daughter and heir of the said Ralph and Mary ; with the wardship and marriage of the said Elizabeth. Del. Westm., 7 May 25 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
17. Wm. Burdon, clerk. Custody of the possessions of Percival Thornton, deceased, in co. York, or elsewhere in England, during the minority of Wm. Thornton, son and heir of the said Percival ; with the wardship and marriage of the said William. Del. Westm., 7 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
18. Wm. Morant, clerk. To have the pension which the abbot of Westminster is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination till he is promoted to a competent benefice. Greenwich, 27 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 May.—P.S.
19. Monastery of St. John, Colchester. Congé d'élire to the prior and convent, vice Thos. Barton, last abbot, deceased. Del. Westm., 8 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
20. Sir Walter Hungerford. Inspeximus and exemplification, at his request, of the inrolments of—
i. Pat. 3 Feb. 3 Ric. II., being a pardon to Thos. de Hungerford, sen., for the acquisition, without licence, of the custody of Selwode forest, Wilts, from Roger de Stourton and John his son.
ii. A charter, dated the feast of St. Nicholas the bishop, 8 Hen. VI., endorsed on Close Roll, whereby John Stafford, bishop of Bath and Wells, and others, grant a reversion of the manor of Upton Escudemour, Wilts, to Sir Walter Hungerford, lord of Haytisbury and Homet, and others, during his life, and the heirs male of his body. Westm., 8 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
21. Nich. Danyell of Exeter, merchant, a native of Venice. Denization. Greenwich, 5 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May. —P.S.
22. Venice. Confirmation, for the satisfaction of the Venetian ambassador and merchants, of patent, 12 March 21 Hen. VIII., granting the said merchants a licence for five years to buy wool and tin in England, and export the same from the ports of London, Southampton, and Sandwich, notwithstanding the Acts 3 Hen. VII. and 4 Hen. VII., from the enjoyment of which privileges the said merchants are debarred by statute 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
23. Robert earl of Sussex. Next presentation to a canonry and prebend in the chapel of St. Stephen, Westm. Greenwich, 2 May 25 Hen. VIII. T. Westm., 9 May. —P.S.
24. Thomas Alvard, one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's chamber. Grant in reversion of all the messuages, houses, &c. belonging to the King in Westminster palace ; the mansion-houses called Paradyse and Hell, in Westminster Hall ; the lands and tenements which Wm. Fryes lately held ; another house or mansion, called Purgatory, in the said Hall ; a house called "Potans Hous," under the Exchequer ; the tower and house called "le Grenelettys," which John Catesby held and occupied ; which premises are now held by William Butler, one of the serjeants-at-arms, by virtue of patent 3 June 6 Hen. VIII. granting the same to James Ap Jenkyn, now deceased, and the said William. Greenwich, 5 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
25. Thomas Alvard, one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's Chamber. To be keeper of the New Park near Westminster, with the custody of the King's lodges in the same park, keeper of the "tenys plays" and "bowlynge aleys" near the said park ; and bailiff or receiver of the rents, issues, and profits of the messuages, lands, and tenements near Charyngcrosse, lately acquired by the King from the abbot and convent of Westminster, and others in Westminster. Greenwich, 23 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
26. Wm. Kaye, chaplain. Presentation to the second chantry in the free chapel of St. Mary, on the bridge of Wakefield, (fn. 29) vice Wm. Joyse, resigned. Greenwich, 5 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
27. Ric. Dychar, goldsmith, of London. Pardon for harbouring and assisting Will. Danger of London, vintner, knowing that the said William had broken into the church of the Crutched Friars in Tower ward, London, and stolen from the vestry certain plate, the property of John Driver, the prior. Greenwich, 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 9 May.—P.S.
28. Ric. Bowles, the master, Rob. Cornelis alias Haukyn, and John Plomer, the wardens, and the brethren and sisters of the fraternity or guild of Jesus, in the church of St. Mary Baldok. Inspeximus and confirmation of patent 25 July 37 Hen. VI., being a licence to found and endow the said guild. Westm., 10 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 10.
29. Tho. Tayler, clk. Presentation to the church of All Saints, Northcerney, Worc. dioc., vice Tho. Baschurche, clk., last rector, resigned. Greenwich, 9 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 May. — P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
30. Ric. Pygot, clk. Presentation to a canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of Tamworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc., vice Thos. Wescote, resigned ; in the King's gift by the voidance of the see. Greenwich, 24 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 May.—P.S.
31. John Dyer. To be clerk of the peace and of the Crown in co. Somerset, with custody of the Rolls in the said county, in the same manner as enjoyed by Cuthbert Clavelshey and John Cuffe. Eltham, 8 June 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 May 25 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
32. Mons. deUbaldinis, the Pope's nuncio. Licence to depart out of the realm with six horses, his servants and baggage. Greenwich, 14 May 25 Hen. VIII. T. 15 May.— S.B.
33. Ric. Longe, one of the equerries of the King's stable. To the keeper of "le Gawle above the Wood," in Dean forest, Glouc., vice Philip Cachemay, deceased ; and to be riding forester and "alecumner" in the said forest. Greenwich, 3 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 May.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
34. John Compton. To be comptroller of the customs and subsidies in the port of Briggewater. Westm., 15 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 29.
35. John Staveley. Livery of lands as son and heir of Geo. Staveley, late of Bygnell, Oxon, deceased. Greenwich, 11 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 May. —P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 2.
36. Geo. Babyngton and Helen his wife, one of the four kinswomen and heirs of dame Genovefa Say, deceased, formerly wife of Sir Wm. Say, deceased, viz., daughter and heir of Elizabeth, one of the three daughters and heirs of Joan, one of the daughters and heirs of John Chayne of Pynne, son and heir of Elizabeth, sister of John Hille of Spaxton, Somers., father of the said Genovefe. Livery of lands of the said Will. Say and Genovefa in England, Calais, and Wales, which should fall to the said Helen. Greenwich, 11 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 1.
37. Margaret Lewkenor, widow. Wardship and marriage of Edw. Lewkenor, son and heir of Edw. Lewkenor, deceased. Del. Westm., 17 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
38. Andrew Nowell. Appointment as feodary of all lands belonging to the King in counties Northt. and Rutland ; with authority to take into the King's hands the persons of all heirs under age in the said counties, and deliver them to Sir Tho. Inglefeld, one of the justices of Common Pleas, and Sir Wm. Poulett, guardians or masters of such heirs. Westm., 17 May.— Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
39. Tho. Burneby, kinsman and heir of Eustace Burneby, deceased, viz., son and heir of Geo. Burneby, son and heir of the said Eustace ; and Sir Edw. Ferrers and Eustace Burneby, and any other person seised to the use of the said Eustace Burneby, sen., George and Thomas. Livery of a third part of the manor of Watford called Burnebyes manor, Northt., and all other possessions in England whereof the said Eustace Burneby, sen., and Geo. Burneby, &c., were seized. Greenwich, 11 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
40. Wm. Stewkeley. Livery of lands, as son and heir of Gerard Stewkeley, deceased, and Joan, late his wife, and afterwards wife of Peter Felding, deceased. Greenwich, 11 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
41. Will. Blakenall. Lease of 16½ ac. of meadow called "le Northmede," late in the tenure of Rob. Baker, 7 ac. of land, and the herbage and pannage of 1 ac. of underwood called Dawson Croftis, herbage and pannage of 50 ac. of wood and pasture, and 24 ac. called "lez Saies," which Morgan Johens lately held, in the manor of Waynsted, Essex, parcel of the land acquired by Henry VII. of Sir Ralph Hastings ; with reservations ; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 9l. 10s., and 2s. of increase ; on surrender by the said William of pat. 19 July 9 Hen. VIII., granting a similar lease to Nic. Rawson, now deceased, who demised his interest to Oliver Maufeld, who did the same to Charles duke of Suffolk, and the said Duke to the said William. Westm., 19 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43.
42. Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset, and earl of Nottingham. Grant of three fairs at the town of Burne, Linc., viz., the first on the eve and day of St. Matthew the Apostle, the second on the eve and day of the name of Jesus, and the third on the eve and day of St. Edward the King and Confessor. Westm., 21 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43.
43. Margaret Maxeborne of London, spinster. Pardon for having entered the house of Thos. Bentley, M.D., in the parish of St. Botulph without Aldrichgate, London, and stolen certain articles of plate. Greenwich, 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 May.—P.S.
44. Eliz. Spycer of Westm. Pardon for having stolen certain goods and money belonging to John Smyth, stock-fishmonger, from Margaret his wife, in the parish of St. Magnus, London, Bridge ward ; also for having, along with Will. Spycer of Westm., chapman, husband of the said Elizabeth, in the parish of All Saints, in the ward of Bread Street, London, stolen certain plate, &c. belonging to Joan Veysey, spinster. Greenwich, 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 May.—P.S.
45. Ric. Watkyns, LL.B. To be the King's prothonotary, with power to appoint notaries to act in his place on their taking an oath of office. Greenwich, 28 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 May.— P.S.
46. Henry ld. Stafford and John Corbet, of Legh, Salop. Inspeximus and innotescimus of—
i. A judgment given on the 12 May last, by Sir Thos. Audeley, the chancellor, Sir John Fitz James, chief justice of the King's Bench, and Sir Wm. Shelley, one of the justices of Common Pleas, between the said lord Stafford and John Corbet, concerning the right of certain property in the manor of Hamelett of Hope, Salop, which was held by one of the ancestors of the said John Corbet on a lease of 12 years, which has long since expired, and since held by the said John and his ancestors by sufferance of the said lord Stafford and his ancestors ; and to which premises the said John has of late pretended title, and caused an office to be found by the verdict of 12 men after the death of Edward late duke of Buckingham, father of the said lord Stafford, that the said Duke was seised in his demesne as of fee of 25s. 6d. annual rent issuing from the said manor of Hamelett of Hope. The said judges award the said lord Stafford possession of the said manor, &c. ; and the said John Corbet, at the feast of Purification next, in the Lady Chapel of the monastery of St. Thomas near Stafford, shall pay the said lord Stafford 12l. 15s. for the issues of the premises ; and the said lord Stafford, before the feast of Pentecost next, shall cause an indenture to be enrolled in one of the Courts of Record at Westminster, between the said lord and lady Ursula his wife, on the one part, and the said John Corbet on the other, granting the said John a 10 years' lease of the said premises at the annual rent of 4 marks.
ii. Indenture made 20 May 25 Hen. VIII. between the said lord and lady and the said John, according to the above terms, with reservations specified, viz., "a wood called Hope's wood, wayffe, straye, pannage, tak of swyne, kyddes, hennes, and other profyttes of the tenantes of Bromley, and medowe Downe Courtes there to be kepte," &c.
Westm., 23 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27-8.
47. Alice Atkynson, of Stebynhith, spinster. Pardon for having stolen certain money and wearing apparel belonging to Nic. Wilcokes, at Stebynhith. Greenwich, 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 May. —P.S.
48. John Burnell of Stratford at Bowe, yeoman. Pardon for stealing two grey geldings worth 4l., the property of Hen. Lodisman, at Isyldon, Middx. Greenwich, 6 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 24 May.— P.S.
49. Cumberland : Commission to Cuthbert Hutton, Edw. Aglanby, and John Skelton, of Braunthwayt, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Cuthbert Musgrave. Westm., 26 May.
Northumberland : Similar commission to Sir Will. Heron, Sir Rob. Wythryngton, and Rob. Colyngwode, on the lands and heir of Nic. Thornton. Westm., 26 May.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26d.
50. Thomas duke of Norfolk. Grant, in tail male, of the name, style, title, &c. of Earl Marshal of England, with an annuity of 20l. out of the issues of the Hanaper of Chancery, on surrender of patent 4 July 15 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Charles duke of Suffolk in reversion on the death of Thomas late duke of Norfolk, deceased. Del. Westm., 28 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
51. Sir Tho. Clyfford. Annuity of 20l. issuing from the possessions in co. Northumb. and the liberty of Norham, late of Sir Edw. Grey, deceased, during the minority of Ralph Grey, son and heir of the said Edward ; with the wardship and marriage of the said Ralph. Del. Westm., 28 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
52. Sir Tho. Clyfford. Annuity of 20l. issuing from the manors of Slodewiche and Hommeleton, in the bishopric of Durham, and certain lands and tenements in Middelton in Barnecastell, and in the lordship of Bayvell, Northumb., and from the manor of Manvall, near Eton and Wyndessour, Bucks, lately belonging to Ralph Menvell, deceased, during the minority of Anthony Menvell, son and heir of the said Ralph ; with the wardship and marriage of the said Anthony. Del. Westm., 28 May 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
53. Wm. Portman. Custody of the possessions of Nich. Tose, deceased, in co. Somers., during the minority of John Tose, son and heir of the said Nicholas, with the wardship and marriage of the said John. Del. Westm., 28 May 25 Hen. VIII.— S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
54. John Newton, of Estharptre, Somers., Margaret his wife, and Henry his son. Licence to leave the kingdom, going towards France and Flanders, with four servants and four horses. Greenwich, 27 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 May.—

R. O.
579. For John Antony Negro alias Nigro, Venetian Merchant.
Protection as being of the retinue of Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.

R. O.
580. Robert Justys to Lady Lisle.
The woman was brought to bed, the same night that lady Lisle went away, of a woman child, which was so weak that they were fain to christen it at home.
Hol., p. 1. Add.

Footnotes

1 Thomas Pentecost or Rowland.
2 See Coope's letter of 5 Feb., No. 128.
3 Struck out
4 Askue?
5 Hamonde in § 2.
6 Throggemorton.
7 Sic : fet?
8 Vaughan.
9 Sloye.
10 Abbott.
11 Morall.
12 Strewth.
13 John.
14 Synce.
15 Skarbridge.
16 Myllett.
17 Napton
18 Bendon.
19 Cockett.
20 Bason.
21 Greves.
22 Wever.
23 Marchawses"(?)in § 2.
24 Several of the English verses are printed by Arber in his "English Garner," ii. 52.
25 Seal engraver.
26 "Lawghton" in an endorsement.
27 An abstract of part of this document, beginning at this place, is contained in a French catalogue of papers formerly at Brussels, in the Rymer Transcripts in R.O., Vol. 145, No. 5, § 43.
28 This letter in the MS. bears a modern heading, "Latymer to Hubbardine," and a note in the top margin, which is certainly erroneous, "This is Latimer's hand, if I mistake not." But it is distinctly addressed to Hubbardine, whose name occurs in the beginning.
29 "super Pontem de Wakefeld," in P.S. ; but "super montem" on the Roll.