653. Chapuys to Charles V.
The time did not suffer, and still less the quality of the bearer of my
letters of the 7th, to write at great length of the occurrences here. This
prevented me from making any mention of the entry of the King's lady into
this city and of her coronation, which was a cold, meagre, and uncomfortable
thing, to the great dissatisfaction, not only of the common people, but also of
the rest. And it seems that the indignation of everybody about this affair
has increased by a half since the coronation. As it would be disagreeable to
your Majesty to read the account of the said entry and coronation, I have
written to Granvelle, to whom your Majesty can refer if you have leisure to
waste. The King has ordered that the six ships which were already armed
last year shall be armed again and set in order. It is thought they are
wanted to escort other ships going to Iceland to fish, for fear of the Scots,
who, notwithstanding the truce said to have been made, take vessels every
day, and, even within the last three days, have taken a very fine one, in
which were killed more than 60 Englishmen ; also for fear of those of
Denmark and Hamburg, who last year treated the English ships badly. It
is said the King wished to send to Denmark and Hamburg a doctor, either
for the security of the said ships, or for some other matter, which I will try to
discover. The earl of Wiltshire said lately to an Italian servant of the King
that, besides the good intelligence that the king of France and they had in
Germany, they hoped, by means of the Pope, that in a few days Andrea
Doria and Genoa would be at the devotion of the king of France. The
Venetian ambassador told me that he has heard the same, having been much
in company with the French ambassador during these festivities, in which
they continually assisted. I write this, not because I believe it, for I think
it impossible, but to show you the simplicity of these Englishmen, and the
malice of the French in forging such stories.
There has been no change in the Queen's treatment, and I don't think
there will be until the return of the duke of Norfolk, which is expected
shortly, owing to the doubt of the Pope's coming to Nice. The Queen, ever
since the King informed her that she must keep house by herself, requested
the King to reduce her establishment somewhat (la vouloir reduire quelque
part), giving her only her confessor, physician, and apothecary, and three
women, and that he would support them, and take the rest of the rents
assigned to her. This she did principally, as I have understood, in order
that your Majesty, seeing her in such condition, might apply a remedy ; but
having remonstrated with her that it would injure her cause and her
possession as by conjugal right, she forebore such proposals, and accepted
my advice ; in the hope, nevertheless, that your Majesty would still seek
a remedy for her case, just as much as if she were the worst treated woman
in the world. Of this I assured her.
There has been here lately a French captain, named Pitoz, who, with a
well furnished galleon, is going to take a present from his master to the
king of Fez, from whom he will bring some Barbary horses. I know not if
the said captain has been thrown here by fortune, or has come expressly to
communicate his charge, containing perhaps some underhand practice with
the said king of Fez, seeing that those which had been begun with the
Turks have been without effect.
The Synod of the province of York has been lately assembled, by order of
the King, to decide in favor of the divorce, in which the bishop of Durham
opposed manfully the bishop of London, who was formerly ambassador with
your Majesty ; and, were it not that the King cannot find a man more
competent to govern the country adjoining Scotland, he would have been put
in prison, like the bishop of Rochester, who has not been at liberty till
within these three days, and this only at the intercession of Cromwell.
The good order taken by the queen [of Hungary] in Flanders, as to
treating English merchants as well or better than formerly, and the friendly
words I hear used towards them, have encouraged the said merchants to
send more merchandise than they have done for a long time. The Council
argue from this good treatment that it is not in your power to get the
Flemings to make war or interrupt the traffic ; and this they publish in
several places. London, 16 June 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. From a modern copy.
28,585, f. 278.
654. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
The difficulty about the briefs has ceased. Although the intimations
of the others are wanting, that of 1531 is here, with its intimations, by virtue
of which any prelate can declare the acts of the king of England to be null,
his kingdom interdicted, and himself excommunicated, with Anne, and all his
councillors and prelates who have favored him, who are deprived of all their
offices and dignities. This declaration was necessary, not only to console the
Queen, and to show the Church the King's iniquity, but also to encourage
those who favor her, and terrify the wicked. The Ambassador has sent
two briefs with their intimations to be declared in Flanders and England, and
has sent to England instruments of the inhibitions against proceeding there,
because the Queen and Ambassador wrote that after the King had attempted
to marry Anne, the archbishop of Canterbury, on pretence of being Legate
in England, cited the Queen and King to appear on May 9, at a certain abbey,
to determine if the former marriage of the Queen were valid or not. It is
necessary that the King's iniquity should be known to all the Church, and all
be excited against him, for a war with him will be no less holy than
against the Turks. The Count sent to the Emperor three copies of the
brief. Advises one to be sent to France, for publication at the Court, so that
Francis may fear to take the King's part ; another to Portugal ; and the third
for publication in the Imperial court.
Suggests their being printed, and the censures declared by preachers, so
that the people may be animated to assist in chastising the King's schism
Cardinals Monte and Campeggio advise that a new commission should be
obtained against what the King has attempted ; but the count (Cifuentes)
has done well in not following this advice, so as not to embarrass the
Consistory with a new trial. In consequence of the delay caused by the
examination of the remissorias by Capisucio, does not think the sentence
will be given before the vacation.
As the Pope knows from the English ambassadors and his Nuncio what
the king of England has done, he has been requested to declare by a brief
that the King and kingdom have incurred the censures of the Church, as
the See cannot suffer such an ill in silence, in order that all previous briefs
may be confirmed ; that the people may not think that what the King has
done has been by the authority and dispensation of the Pope, and by
revocation of the previous briefs, and that Anna's issue may not be considered
legitimate. This brief is necessary to oppose the sin of schism and heresy, and
also that those who favor the King may see that they are deprived of their
bishoprics and offices, and fear to carry out his intention, while the better
part of the nation will be animated against them, in favor of the Queen.
Sends a copy of a minute which the Pope ordered to be drawn up. Asks
the Emperor to write to the Pope for its despatch, as it is remitted to cardinals
Monte, Campeggio, and Cesis, and he fears there will be delay.
The Ambassador in England writes that the servants of the Queen are
ordered to call her only widow of prince Arthur, and that Anne was to be
crowned on May 20.
Although it has been decided by four decrees that the King's excusator
cannot be heard, there have been appeals and reclamations, and last Friday it
was concluded in the negative.
On Wednesday next, 18 June, the auditor Capisucho, who is judge of
the case, will report on (refiera) the remissorias in the principal cause.
Asks for money. Rodrigo de Avalos has just arrived. Cifuentes does not
think it necessary to send the copies mentioned above. Rome, 16 June
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 274.
655. Count Of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Has heard news from Switzerland of negociations between the kings of
France and England and the dukes of Gueldres, Bavaria, and other German
powers, for a new league with the Suabian league. It is expected to
Has sent to queen Mary in Flanders the last brief about the King's separation
from Anna, and the inhibition of the judges to prevent the archbishop
of Canterbury from proceeding. Caused duplicates and instructions for
what has to be done there to be made. Ordered one to be sent to the
Imperial ambassador in England, and the other to remain with Su Alteza
If published in the neighbouring countries, it must come to the knowledge
of the King and his people that they are excommunicated and interdicted.
Thinks it will have little effect on the King's disobedience, but he wishes the
Queen to see that he thinks of her cause.
Does not hesitate to tell the Pope that the true remedy is a sentence.
Goes with the lawyers to inform the Cardinals. At one time the Pope gives
him good hopes, and at another says that the Emperor has never replied to his
letters on the subject. Continues to say to him that he is bound to execute
justice, and then the Emperor will do what is right.
Last Friday it was determined that the excusator should not be heard, and
that the principal cause should be examined in the first consistory.
The Pope tells him that the French king wishes to marry the sister of the
prince of Navarre to the Scotch king.
Has just received the Emperor's letter of 31 May, by Rodrigo Davalos.
Approves of his coming.
The Pope told him that the kings of England and Scotland were friendly.
Rome, 16 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 8. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 282.
656. Rodrigo Davalos to Charles V.
Arrived at Rome on Saturday, 14 June. After consultation with the
count of Cifuentes and the lawyers, went to the palace, and Sunday was
appointed for an audience. On that day, in the presence of the Count and
Dr. Ortiz, spoke to the Pope about the divorce, telling him that the blame of
the delay was imputed to him. He replied that he was blamed on both sides, by
the king of England and by the Emperor, and at last he said he should soon
attend to the case, and should not cease doing so. Asked him, on the part of
the Emperor, to settle it before the vacation. Today, Monday, we have been
with the lawyers before cardinals Monte, Campejo, and Cesaris, to whom the
cause is committed. On Wednesday the Consistory will hear the report
(relacion) of the principal cause ; and the whole report, as the lawyers say,
will be finished in two or three Consistories. All, however, think it will be
impossible to give sentence before the vacation, which begins on the 8th or
10th July. If not given by that time, business will not be resumed until the
end of September, and by that time the Pope will be absent ; and nothing
can be done in his absence.
The adversaries employ abundance of money and promises. Suggests
that the salaries of the Emperor's advocates should be paid.
The lawyers wish he had brought a letter from the Emperor to the Consistory
and the Cardinals, who have to hear the case. Has communicated with
the cardinal of Jaen. Rome, 16 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 284.
657. Cardinal Of Jaen to Charles V.
The Pope gave me to understand that he should try to take away the
hopes of the French about Italy ; they should be content with a good intelligence
with him and the Emperor, and could gain more, with greater ease,
in other kingdoms. I understand him to mean that he wished to set
them against the king of England (que los queria hechar sobrel rey de
Subsequently he opened this more clearly, saying that the king of England
deserved punishment for his sin, and proceedings might be taken against
him as a heretic. As the affair was of importance, he wished no one to
know of it till he had communicated with the Emperor. Replied only that
the king of England had deserved this and more, and that the king of
France ought to separate from him. If a hope of gain was held out (y que
dandole por aquellas partes ganancia), I thought all the French would attack
him, as they are naturally enemies of the English. The affair must be
managed with the greatest secrecy, so that the French might not suspect the
object was to detach them from the English. The practice should be begun
by the Pope, through some French person, who would start it, as if it was
his own idea (que lo tocase como de suyo). Said this to ensure secrecy,
and to prevent the Pope using this practice as a pretext for settling his visit
to Nice. He said he would think of a fit person, and seemed pleased with the
Asks for instructions. Thinks the project likely to succeed. Any plan
to punish the King will be well received by God and the world. Rome,
16 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 270.
2. Contemporary abstract of the letters of the cardinal of Jaen, dated
14 and 16 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
658. Thomas Prior Of Spalding to Cromwell.
I send you a poor present, and will hereafter remember you further.
Spalding, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
659. Sir A. Ughtred to Cromwell.
Be not discontented that you had not your fee before. I have wine
for you, which would have been spoiled if sent to Southampton. After
Michaelmas I will provide you with such as there is no better in England.
I will not trouble you now with the reparations of this castle. All is
quiet here. Castle of Jersey, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
660. N. Poyntz to Sir Will. Kingston.
On Saturday last I received your letter by my good master Mr. Cromwell,
to do no displeasure to your cousin John Barkeley at his now coming
down, as he is bound for the King's peace. I have endeavored to comply,
and, though he took dishonest advantage of me, I shall not meddle with him.
Sudbury, 16 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Sir William Kingston, knight, of the King's most hon.
661. [Cranmer] to Hawkyns.
Does not wish him to think that his labor in writing to him is lost.
After the Convocation had determined on the divorce according to the
consent of the universities, he was sent by the King and Council to
Dunstable, four miles from Amptell, where the lady Katharine keeps house,
to summon her before him to hear the final sentence. When cited by
Dr. Lee to appear, she refused, saying "that as her cause was before the
Pope, she would have none other judge." Nevertheless, on the 8th May,
according to the appointment, Cranmer came to Dunstable, with the bishop
of Lincoln as his assistant, and the bishop of Winchester, Drs. Bell, Claybroke,
Trygonnell, Hewis, Olyver, and Brytten, Mr. Bedell, and other
councillors in the law, for the King's part. They held a court there, and
Katharine, not appearing, was declared contumacious, and proceeded against
fifteen days. On the morrow after Ascension Day Cranmer gave final
sentence that the Pope could not license such marriages.
On their return the King prepared for the coronation of the Queen.
The Thursday before Pentecost all the crafts of London waited on the
King and Queen at Greenwich, and brought the Queen to the Tower in
great state. There on Friday night, the King made 18 knights of the Bath,
who attended the Queen on Saturday in her progress (which was about
half a mile in length) through the city to Westminster, where she banqueted,
and was conveyed thence in a barge to York Place. The King always went
before her in a barge secretly.
The coronation took place on Sunday [1 June], when there assembled
with Cranmer, at Westminster church, the bishops of York, London, Winchester,
Lincoln, Bath, and St. Asaph's, the abbot of Winchester, and ten or
twelve other abbots. They all proceeded to Westminster Hall, and received
the Queen ; who, supported by London and Winchester, came to Westminster
church, preceded by my lord of Suffolk with the crown, and two other lords
with the sceptre and a white rod. Cranmer crowned her, she sitting on a
scaffold between the high altar and the choir. The ceremony over, she returned
to the Hall, where a great solemn feast was kept all day, the order
of which was too long now to be written. This coronation was not before
her marriage, which took place about St. Paul's day last, "as the condition
thereof doth well appear, by reason she is now somewhat big with child."
The report that Cranmer married her is false, "for I myself knew not thereof
a fortnight after it was done. And many other things be also reported of
me, which be mere lies and tales."
One Fryth, who was imprisoned in the Tower, was appointed by the King
to be examined before Cranmer, the bishops of London and Winchester,
Suffolk, the Lord Chancellor, and Wiltshire. His opinion that there is no
corporeal presence of Christ in the host and sacrament (after the opinion of
Œcolampadius) is so notably erroneous, that they left him to his ordinary, the
bishop of London, who has delivered him to the secular power ; and he looks
every day to go to the fire. Although Cranmer sent for him three or four
times, he could not persuade him to leave his opinion. One Andrewe, a
tailor of London, is condemned with him for the self-same opinion.
In case he has not heard from the Ambassadors lately gone over, informs
him that Norfolk, Rochford, Paulet, Sir Francis Bryan, Sir Ant. Browne, &c.,
Drs. Gooderyche, Aldryche, and Thrylbey, have gone to the French king.
"I suppose they go from him to the Pope unto ..."
Many here wish Hawkyns to succeed his uncle (fn. 1) , and "a great sort" wish
otherwise ; but they will not prevent it by "such idle communication." Sends
a bill for the bank of 400 "duckes de largo," which he is not to use unless
he has need of it ; "for it is none of the King's money, nor his said Grace
knoweth nothing thereof, but alonely of my benevolence to serve your
purpose, in case (as I said) you should lack the same." Croydon, 17 June.
"A copy of a letter sent unto Master Hawkins, ambassador with the
Vesp. F. XIII.
662. Elizabeth Lady Worcester to Cromwell.
Thos. and Henry Stradling have untruly accused her husband's
officers of Glamorgan, and since her husband departed with the King they
intend to sue to Cromwell for the preferment of their suit. They have
always resisted the rulers in those parts, and live only by pillage and extortion.
They set upon her husband's deputy ; murdered one of his
servants, and maimed three or four more at Kerdif Castle. Begs him to give
no credence to them. Greenwich, 17 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most honourable
28,585, f. 288.
663. Count Of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Wrote yesterday by a courier sent by the viceroy of Naples. Did not
reply fully to Davalos's letter, as the courier was sent about the succour of
Coron, and the Count did not wish to detain him.
In the matter of England, will only write what he does not think the
Emperor will hear from Davalos.
The Pope relies most upon the cardinal of Monte in this affair, on account
of his authority and learning. He, with Cæsarino and Campeggio, assembled
yesterday, in the Pope's presence, to decide whether the principal cause was
to be referred in the Rota as well as in the Consistory. The Emperor's
lawyers thought it better that it should be referred only in the Consistory, to
save time. It seemed to me best that those of the Rota should take cognisance
of the matter in company with the Cardinals, as I am informed has been
sometimes done. The members of the Rota are lawyers, and there are very
few in the College of Cardinals, so that it is well for them to take advice
of the former. However, as the Emperor's advocate thought the other the
better course, we agreed to it ; and the Pope has decided that the matter
shall be heard in the Consistory without the Rota. Heard the same day
that cardinal Monte has obtained leave to go and take baths for an illness
which attacks him every year. This will prevent anything being done
before the vacation. Sent for a cousin of his, an archbishop of Naples
(del reyno), to persuade him not to go, but it was of no use. Will go
myself, and ask him to stay, on behalf of your Majesty.
When Rodrigo Davalos and I went to the Pope, and read him the letter
of credence and part of the cipher from the ambassador in England, he
expressed his desire to do justice shortly, and informed us of certain things
which he had settled with your Majesty ; but while Davalos was there, he
said nothing of what he had formerly said to me, that I should write to
your Majesty about the execution of the sentence ; and therefore we said
nothing about it either, as your Majesty had ordered. After Davalos had
left to attend to other business, he asked me if your Majesty had sent any
answer to his request that I should write touching the execution of justice.
Replied that you had, but Davalos had taken it with him. He asked what
it was. I promised to bring it or send it, as I had not committed it to memory.
I mean to insist that your Majesty has declared yourself in such wise that
his Holiness may well give sentence.
I have heard since that Jacobo Salviati advised the Pope to give sentence,
and his Holiness replied that he wished to do so, but feared, as it was the
first (por ser el el primero). I have heard also from the archbishop of Capua
that the king of England presses for the case to be delayed till after the
interviews, saying that he will then find some way of settling it (algun
medio). I have used all possible diligence, and asked the Pope to let me
know if he hears anything from England. He told me a person had come
from the King, but he had not yet seen him. I hear now that he brought
news of the coronation of "la amiga Anna." * * * Rome, 17 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.
Ibid., f. 286.
2. Contemporary abstract, with marginal notes.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
664. The Scotch Borders.
Account of Sir Geo. Lawson, kt., of moneys received for coats,
conduct, and wages of the garrisons on the Borders against Scotland, from
14 Sept. 24 Hen. VIII. to 17 June following.
Receipts.—From the abbot of St. Mary's, York, by warrant dated 2 Sept.
24 Hen. VIII. From Master Cromwell : 6 Dec., by John Gostwyk ; 6 Jan.,
by Ric. Cromwell ; 20 Jan., by Thos. Barton ; 31 Jan., by Ric. Cromwell ;
20 Feb., by Sir Rauf Ellercar ; 15 March, by the abbot of St. Mary's ;
11 April, by the same ; 11 April, by Tristram Teshe ; 6 May, by Dr. Lee ;
11 June, by Lancelot Colyns, treasurer of York. Total, 23,368l.
Payments.—For coats and conduct money, and the wages of 2,500 men in
garrison, with their captains and petty captains, and Lawson's own wages,
21,179l. 15s. 2d. To Lord Dacre, 500l. Horse hire for ordnance for divers
"rodes" in Scotland, and labourers' wages, 32l. 0s. 10d. Wages of bowyers
and fletchers at Newcastle, 11l. 5s. 2d. Corn at Berwick, Alnmouth, and
Newcastle, 760l. 2s. 6d. Wheat and malt lost in Robt. Doxford's ship,
which was taken by the Scotch last Easter eve, near Scarborough, 30l.
Freight of ships with corn from Norfolk, Marshland, Yorkshire, and
Holderness, to Berwick, Aylemouth, and Newcastle, 78l. 10s. 9½d. Wages
of carpenters, smiths, slaters, &c. at Berwick, 79l. 2s. 8d. Oak timber,
wood, and coals, 30l. Portage of money from York to Berwick and the
Borders, 15l. 16s. 8d. Total, 22,716l. 13s. 9½d.
Pp. 3. Endd.
665. Anne Basset to Lady Lisle.
Is glad to hear of the arrival of my Lord. If she is to pass the
winter in France begs she may have an every-day robe. Regrets she costs
her so much, but cannot help it, as she must have many little trifles that she
would not have required in England. Has received the shoes and the hose,
which are too small for her, and begs to have others. Pont-de-remy, the 17th
of this month.
Begs on second thoughts to be recommended to her father.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
666. Charles Duke Of Suffolk to Lord Lisle.
The King's Council have ordered that the mayor, aldermen, &c. of
Calais shall have the passage from thence to Dover, or elsewhere, as they
have done, until their grant and Bertelet's letters patent shall be tried before
my Lord Chancellor which of them be more sufficient. London, 17 June.
P. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais. Endd.
667. Jaques De Coucy [Sieur De Vervins] to the Deputy Of
I have received by your servant, Jehan du Moucheau, the rings you
have sent, and thank you for them. The Seneschal (fn. 2) is not at present at
Boulogne, but I expect him at the end of the week, and you will afterwards
be such near neighbours that you will hear frequently from each other.
Boulogne, 18 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
668. Christopher Jenney to Lord Lisle.
At Lisle's request has written a special letter to Sir Philip Booythe since
the last term, but the vacation between terms was so short he had no time to
ride to him himself. Mr. Boothe returned answer that he was not perfectly
remembered about the two obligations in which he was bound to Mr. Dudeley
or to Sir Henry Guldeford, for which he was sued by Thos. Jenyns,
deceased, and could give no answer till he should speak with Jennye this
summer. Will not fail to see him in the summer, and write again in the
beginning of Michaelmas term. My cousin Graynfeeld has taken great
pains both with my Lord his master, (fn. 3) and Adyngton, for the stay of his suit
against you. I want a man to keep a goshawk, and, if I might be so bold,
would be glad to have a young man of your Lordship's, called Richard
Gyllam. Your gift of 20l., "whereof I have great need," cannot be to me
so great a pleasure as that. 18 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
669. Peter Vannes to Cromwell.
What he has written in his other letters about the meeting of the
Pope and the French king was derived from conjecture and common
report. Has since heard from Morette that letters of the 13th inst. have
come from the French court to Humyeres, saying that the bishop of Faenza had
arrived to decline the postponement of the meeting, and to say that it should
be held at the time fixed. He says that it is a false report about the 4,000
Spaniards whom Andrew Doria was said to have brought from Spain. We
shall go towards Lyons tomorrow, but it is uncertain whether we shall find
the King there, or at Avignon. The Admiral will meet the duke (Norfolk)
halfway ; and, Morette says, wishes him to turn aside into Burgundy, as he
can entertain him better where he governs. The King meanwhile may
have finished his journey to Toulouse, by the time the Duke can return to
Lyons and Avignon. Hears that the Duke prefers to go straight to Lyons,
and meet the King as soon as possible. The Duke treats the French with
great honor and courtesy, and receives those who seem to be at the head of
affairs with prudent and weighty talk. In return they venerate him.
Desires to be recommended to the King. Paris, 18 June 1533.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
670. Sir Gregory Casale to Cromwell.
Begs his intercession with the Queen in a matter which Gurone will
explain. Fears she has conceived an unfavorable opinion of him, but trusts
she will not wrongfully condemn such an old and faithful servant. Assuredly
since the beginning of this cause he has devoted all his energies to her
service, as is well known to many in this court, and may be to the King.
What he has written in the days of Wolsey and since shows clearly
that he has never failed to discharge what was committed to him, "et di
ricordare quello era necessario et si poteva fare, et che si fusse fatto, la
Mta del Re havrebbe havuto l'intento suo et noi saressimo stati fuora
Thinks it very strange, therefore, that the Queen should now suspect him,
especially as he is entirely dependent on her, and looks to no one else. Is in
disfavor with the Pope and others for being too zealous in her Majesty's
service, and regrets that she is unaware of what is known to all the world.
If Cromwell were to give him 100,000 scudi, he would not do him a greater
favor than to restore him to her good graces. Thanks him for the favor
(gratia) lately granted to him by his means, and begs him to see that it may
not come to an end, because, if Gurone were to return hither without it,
he would incur great displeasure and loss. Rome, "alli xviij." (fn. 4) 1533.
Ital., pp. 2. Add.
671. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Robert Doxford, fishmonger of London, lost a ship of the King's
taken by the Scots on Easter eve last, with corn, to the value of 30l. st.
Understands he has put his supplication to the King, which is referred to
Cromwell. Hopes he may have some help. Warkworth, 18 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
672. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Owes so much to Cromwell's goodness that he dislikes to trouble
him further, even for the recovery of his right, without which he cannot
recompense him. Has devised a letter to my Lord Chancellor, which he
sends by the bearer, to be presented only if Cromwell thinks it expedient.
Wade, 19 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his most singular friend Mr. Crumwell. Endd.
673. King's College, Oxford, to Cromwell.
We have received a letter from Mr. Leghton, partly to our discomfort,
as he says that you had espied great enormities in us for the absence of so
many of the college this Whitsuntide, and our contention with Mr. Carter,
to whom Leghton referred, only for seniority. Such a fault is untrue to
surmise. In the absence of so many of us, "our joy was so great to see the
effect of the truth for which we had so earnestly labored that any one of us
all could and did refrain himself from the sight of the same." We were
comforted because you commanded us to survey and keep courts in all the
lands assigned to us by the King ; but as we cannot receive the rents without
due warrants, we beg they may be sent to our treasurer's, or to such as
shall be appointed by Mr. Dean. Oxford, 19 June.
Pp. 2. Add. : Councillor.
Cleop. E. IV.
674. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I have received your letters dated 15th inst., stating that the King
wishes me to bring the election at Malmesbury to a compromise. Went
thither on Tuesday, and persuaded the convent to do so, trusting next day to
find them agreeable. Finally had an answer from those who were of the
"cosynner's" party and himself, that they would not consent, as they had
the King's licence for a free election, and would stand to it. They desired
that the licence might be read in the chapter-house, and they would then go
to the election per modum scrutinii. Wednesday and today I have done my
best, but it will not help. The "cosyner's" party number more than
double your friends ; and if they could have got the congé d'élire into their
hands, would have made the election at their own mind, and deluded your
expectation. I, therefore, after consultation with the chamberer's friends,
prorogued the election till 17 July, and further till I know your mind and
the King's commands. The Lord Chancellor is the great doer for the
"cosyner." I have sent you secretly a book sent me by the abbot of
Gloucester, late visitor of this house, by which you will see the unthrifty
and naughty fashion of the "cosynner," and his apostacy, whereby he is
infamis, and "infamibus non dantur dignitates." If this is shown to the
Lord Chancellor, it will stop their mouths, and make them ashamed of
meddling. As you have gone so far, it will not stand with your worship to
let it pass. When you read the process and the "compertes" of the visitation,
mark the hand set by me, and that is the "cosyner" and his fellow.
If you will call my cousin Doctor to you, he will take out all the matter for
your information. Send the King's letters of credence for me to the prior
and convent. I am going today to Burton-on-Trent until I hear again
from you. I wish you would also write to me at Burton, that they may
know the King's pleasure. The Lord Chancellor asked me to write letters of
commendation to you for the "cosynner," but I cannot dissemble with you.
However, you need not tell him that you had this information about him
from me. Though I name the "chamber" to you, there is no one will
understand that I mean him more than another. Malmesbury, Thursday,
After writing the above, when I was a mile from the town, the Prior came
after me, and asked for the congé d'élire. I fear they have some mischievous
counsel ; and perhaps, as they know the licence is granted, they will attempt
to do without it, which would be a great contempt. I suppose they will
wait for the Lord Chancellor's answer.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Mr. Thos. Cromwell. Endd.
Commission of James V. to Sir Jas. Colvile, of Estwemys, director
of our Chancery, Sir John Campbell, of Lundy, and Master Adam Ottirburne,
of Auldhame, our advocate, to treat for peace with Henry VIII. Signed.
Mutilated. Great Seal of James V. attached.
676. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
After my former I received letters from the chamberer's friend,
stating that the prior of Malmesbury and the cosyner, Dan Walter
Bristow, are advised by Mr. Key to stand in this business, and as I will
not deliver them the congé they will petition the King. I send you the
names of the brethren. As the comperts in the book of visitation touch the
chamberer's friends as well as the friends of the other, and as I would not
hurt them that be of the chamberer's part, I have made a cross against their
names. Cisiter, 20 June.
Let me know your pleasure by the bearer, my cousin.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : My most entire friend Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
677. The Duke Of Richmond.
A steward's account of the duke [of Richmond's] lands.
Oaks felled in Chesthunt woods during five years, ... "Rough catall"
in ty[mber] squared to the manor or place called B ... 1,200 cart-loads,
felled, squared, and delivered under the superintendence of Hen. Smyth,
then clerk of the works to our Sovereign Lord.
Arrears of the rents of Nomanslands, 21-24 Hen. VIII., at 26s. 2¾d. per
annum. Rents chargeable on Sir Edw. Bray, farmer of the demesne lands
of Mechyng and John Blake, provost of Brighthelmeston.
The accountant is charged with various sums received "de domino Duce"
and his debtors at different times, the last date being 20 June 25 Hen. VIII.,
partly for the use of the new buildings at his manor of Sheffield.
Large paper, pp. 2.