6,148, f. 22b.
703. Cranmer to the Master Of Jesus College, Cambridge.
Sends a buck for the company in the college, and a noble towards
baking and seasoning it, from the master's purse, since he has more money
and less need at this season than Cranmer. Will repay the money when he
is as much beforehand as he is now behindhand. Croydon, 26 June.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book. Add.
6,148, f. 22b.
704. Cranmer to —.
At the instance of my friends, I have overcharged my house with
servants. Please keep your son W. at home with you until my business is
overpast. I can only dismiss such of my servants as have friends to go to.
I would "lether" be bold of friends than of strangers, who might take it
unkindly. I have spoken in your favor with Dr. Clyfton,* who has "taken
day with me to St. James' Day next," in order that he may ascertain what
the chapel of St. Marget is worth yearly. Croydon, 26 June.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
705. Friar Henry Elston to Thomas Sydynhame, Warden of
the Observant Friars in Greenwich.
Has received his letters. Desires him to write to the father warden,
asking him to provide for Elston, as he did for his brethren, and promising
to send to his convent, in recompense, "part of such things as God sendeth
you." Thinks the warden will take it for great kindness. Is much bounden
to him and all the brethren. Sends other letters, not long, because carriers
are often negligent. Antwerp, the feast of SS. John and Paul.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To Father Thomas Sydynhame, &c., at the Cross Keys
in St. Magnus' parish.
706. Cromwell to Lord Lisle.
Requires him to admit Barth. Petres to the room of surgeon within
the town of Calais, for which he has a bill signed by the King. Will do his
best to bring the matters to good effect, about which Lisle has written for the
town of Calais. London, 26 June. Signed.
Added in Cromwell's own hand : "I write to your Lordship for this bearer
by the King's express commandment."
Mutilated, p. 1. Add.
707. Francis I. to the Bailly Of Troyes.
Has received his letters of the 9th and 13th, stating that he had
received those of Francis of the 29th May, and had shown the king of
England the letters of cardinals Tournon and Grammont. Has noted Henry's
remarks on the said letter, and his reply to the request in favor of Caro, (fn. 1)
touching the collar of his order.
Has not heard anything about the declaration made on his behalf at Rome
against the Lutherans, which Henry mentioned. Does not suppose it to be
true, as the Cardinals had no such charge. Will take his advice about informing
the German princes that nothing prejudicial to them will be done at
the interview. The Bailly may tell him that Francis will not grant the Pope
anything he does not think reasonable, or that can prejudice either King.
Henry must be very ill-informed from Rome. There is no reason for the
interview, except what he has already heard. Desires him to thank the King
for his offers and advice. Is glad to hear from Henry, and the Bailly's
letter of the 13th, that the king of England has arranged a meeting of commissioners
at Newcastle to treat for truce with Scotland. Has heard a
rumour, but nothing certain, of the intended attack on Italy by the Turk,
which the Venetian ambassador mentioned to the king of England.
The Scotch ambassador is returned to Scotland. Encloses a copy of a
letter he has sent by him. Does not wish it to be shown, but if the King
asks questions he may say that Francis has written to James to persuade
him to make peace with England, and making certain offers concerning the
marriage which had been already proposed by Beauvais and Fleury. The
Ambassador was intending to go through England, or embark at Dieppe,
according to circumstances. Lyon, 26 June 1533.
708. Anne Lady Berkeley (fn. 2) to Cromwell.
One Anthony has made suit to Sir John Dawneye (Dauncy) for a
piece of land called Hampstalls, adjoining the castle of Berkeley, and boasts
that he shall have it. This will be a great hindrance to her and her husband.
She is willing to pay as much rent for it as another, and her father and
herself have hitherto held it without impediment. Begs he will speak to Sir
John Dawneye about it. Berkeley, 26 June.
Add. : Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most hon. Council.
709. Robert Hogan to Cromwell.
Begs his favor for the baily of Bongeay touching his obligations to
the King. He finds that he has a respite till Michaelmas term. I send my
servant Christopher to know your pleasure whether he shall wait upon
you this term or not. He is diseased, and can abide no winter journey.
He sends you by my servant 5 marks 6s. 8d. for two years' farm of Wissett
tithe. The whole farm amounts to 7 nobles a year, bating 20s. "for proksye
and seennage." Est Brodeham, Thursday after Midsummer Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Councillors. Sealed.
710. Lincolnshire Sewers.
Fines and amerciaments taken at Lawmford Brygges (Glanford
Bridge) in Lyndsey, co. Linc., 26 June 25 Hen. VIII., before Sir Will. Aiscough,
Edw. Forman, Nic. Gyrlyngton, Thos. Moigne, Vincent Grantham,
and Edm. Skerne, justices of sewers, "from the bridges called Byshoppe
Brygges, as the water of Ankholme runneth, and the gutters and streams
coming thereunto, unto the bridges called Ferybe Bryggez, unto the water
of Humber, as the same water of Ankholme and gutters and streams
thereunto coming doth run, or in the borders and confines of the same by
rage of the sea flowing and reflowing."
Of the abbot of Roche, for not scouring of 11 score roods, 110 marks. Of
the duke of Suffolk, for not "escoryng" and repairing 40 roods in Appleby,
6l. 13s. 4d. Of the "lorde" and township of Feriby, and of Thos. Medilton,
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
711. Sir John Dudley to Cromwell.
I perceive by Mr. Botton that you are willing to write to my lord
deputy of Calais about the matter between Mr. Hide and me. I doubt not
it will thus take good effect, and both I and Mr. Hide will be grateful.
Richmond, 27 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
712. Robert Huse to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letter, and have sent up my money by the
bearer, with a poor remembrance I beg you to accept. Linwodde, 27 June.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
713. Thomas Lord Lawarr to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness to me and my friend. I send you a
buck. At my poor house, 27 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my very special good friend, Mr. Cromwell. Endd.
714. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I sped the election at Burton, and the compromission is in me and
Mr. Strett to nominate one of the convent before 1 Aug. Burton, 27 June.
I tarry here at Lichfield till I hear of Malmesbury matters.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : My most entire friend. Endd.
715. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
I have received three letters from you since my coming to Lichfield
and Burton for the election of the abbot there. The cause has been compromitted
to me and Mr. Strett. I trust all things will proceed as I wrote
to you by Sir Piers Dutton, according to yours and the King's most gracious
pleasure, "whos native goodnesse is not to be exstemyd. As I here frome
you for Malmsbury, so shall be my return." We have till the 1st Aug. to
nominate the abbot. 27 June.
"At that time ye shall have the money for the bishopric of Lichfield ;
it is the longer for me in coming."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my most entire friend Mr. Thomas Cromwell.
716. Ric. Watkyns to Cromwell.
This day the monks of Burton-on-Trent compromitted the business
of their election to Rowland Lee and Ric. Strete, on condition of one of their
own body being chosen as abbot before the 1st Aug. The King has now the
election of the abbot. Burton-upon-Trent, 27 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
717. Cromwell's Accounts.
A declaration of moneys received by Thos. Crumwell, master of the
Jewels, from Mich. 24 Hen. VIII. to 28 June 25 Hen. VIII. ; viz., from
"suppressed lands," fines for appropriation of houses and restitutions of
temporalities, money received out of the Tower of London, farms and feefarms,
conduct money given to the King by the Merchants Adventurers for
wafters, fines for the knights, and money received of the prior of Worcester,
abbot of Borsley, and abbot of Pershore, for provisions. Total receipts with
arrears, 12,496l. 16s. 11¾d. ; whereof,—
Money paid to ambassadors and others for diets ; viz., to Dr. Lee, in full
payment of his diets in Denmark, for 92 days at 20s. a day, 32l. To Dytkyn
Rotlof, the king of Denmark's ambassador, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Humph. Wingfeld,
speaker of the Parliament, for his reward, 50l. To And. Botnykkes
and his fellows, servants to the duke of Bever (Bavaria?), 23l. 6s. 8d. To
Dr. Jas. Calchus, by way of reward, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Will. Heron, 20l. To
John Heron, 10l. To Edw. Leighton, 6l. 13s. 4d. To Dr. Nich. de Burgo,
6l. 13s. 4d. To the duke of Albany's secretary, 50 cr. of the sun = 11l. 13s. 4d.
To Hubaldyne, the Pope's ambassador, 46l. 13s. 4d. To the Grand Master
of France's gentlemen, 46l. 13s. 4d. To Mons. de Reustan (?), "the French
king's valet of his Chamber," 23l. 6s. 8d. To Sir Fras. Bryan, by way of
reward, 200l. To Gurrone Bartane, by way of reward, 70l. To Chr.
Mounte, "for translating of books," 6l. 13s. 4d. To little More, by way of
reward, 23l. 6s. 8d. To Augustine de Augustynes, by way of reward, 100l.
To Rowland Lee, 20l.
Also payments for ink, paper, parchment, and sealing-wax. To Benedict,
the King's tomb-maker, 21l. 9s. 10d. To Jasper Melyon (?), merchant of
the Steelyard, 21l. 10s. 10½d. for 23 cwt. 3 qr. 21 lb. of copper to be
employed on the said tomb.
Paid to the King's privy coffers, 1,000l. To Rowland Legh, LL.D., to be
conveyed to Sir Geo. Lawson, 3,000l. To Launcelot Colyns, to be conveyed
to Sir Geo. Lawson, 2,500l. To Thos. Alverd, to be employed on the King's
works at Westminster, 1,000l. To Mary Hemyngham, for her half-year's
pension, 5l. To Roger Basyng, for the wages of the mariners of the Mynyon
and the George Rose, 100l. To Edmund Pekham, the King's cofferer, "for
provision ;" viz., 10l. for the abbot of Pershore, 33l. 6s. 8d. for the prior of
Worcester, and 5l. for the abbot of Borsley. To John Rowlte, serjeant-at-arms,
in loan, 30l.
To various creditors of the Wardrobe named, 3,591l. 14s. 1d. To Cornelius
Hayes, the King's goldsmith, in part payment, 300l.
Large paper, pp. 6. In Cromwell's
718. Sir Fras. Bryan to Cromwell.
Today a courier arrived at Moleyns, and departed so suddenly that
the duke of Norfolk sent a post after him to bring him back that he might
bring his letters to England. He had no time to write to you. By letters
brought by the courier, I perceive that the French king intends to meet the
Duke at Ryon in Auvarne, instead of at Notre Dame de Piesse, and will
send a gentleman to conduct him through the country, who is expected at
Moleyns tonight or tomorrow night, and the Duke will leave when he
arrives. Today the French king left Lyons (in his pilgrimage to Notre
Dame de Piesse (fn. 3) ), and is going with all speed to Ryon, which is only
15 leagues from Moleyns. Afterwards he will go to Notre Dame de Payse.
Norfolk has been hitherto marvellously well treated, and I think his
treatment will be no worse, but every day better. Recommend me to my
friends in the Court, and to the King when you have leisure with him, if you
think it convenient. Moleyns, St. Peter's even. Signed.
Enclosed is a letter for Antony Denny.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council. Endd.
719. Oudart Du Bies to Lord Lisle.
It is some days since I arrived in this town. I intended the very
next day to send to you and learn how you were, and all the other news,
but I put off in the hope of obtaining a mule which I might send to you, but
they are rather difficult to get. I thank you for the handsome present you
have made me of the hackney, and Madame for the cramp-rings. Boulogne,
28 June. Signed.
Since writing I have received yours, with the handsome present of
venison, for which I thank you. The bearer will give you news of me
more at length. I intended to have sent him this day to you, but have
been prevented by business. I send some artichokes from my garden to
Fr., p. 1. Add.
720. Chapuys to Charles V.
Having received your Majesty's letters of 31 May, together with
those of the Queen, a duplicate of the instructions for Rome, and other copies
therein mentioned, and having deciphered those in cipher, and translated
into Spanish the said copies, I sent the whole to the Queen, which I thought
better than going to see her, both to avoid wasting days in seeking for leave
to do so, and to avert the suspicions of the King and his Council, which
would have impaired the influence which I think I have gained with them.
I feared also that if I asked leave to go there, the King would again have
asked me to endeavor to get the Queen to consent to the Archbishop's
sentence. The Queen has written to me of the inestimable consolation she
has received from the said despatch. I think she will write and thank your
Majesty. She has written that she was well advised not to send any one
here at present for the reasons mentioned in your letters, and that the time
for doing it will be when the sentence is given, as I have heretofore written.
And when it comes to this you will be pleased to consider that the greater
and more influential the embassy shall be, it will be both more powerful,
either with the King, if God should inspire him to any extent, or with the
people to put them in better hope, and preserve the incredible goodwill they
bear to your Majesty and the Queen. And it would be well if those that
come, if they perceive that special remonstrances made to the King are useless,
should have charge to propose the case in public (en oblie, qu. en public?)
even before Parliament, if by chance they be then assembled ; and if the
Queen would consent to this last point, viz., to lay it before Parliament,
"quil est bien a doubter tant plus se mectre il en la presumpcion de son
peuple," who, on the refusal of the King, would be all the more curious to
know the proposition which it was intended to make to them, and which on
that account might be all the more easily published.
As to the other points contained in the said instructions, the Queen has
written to me that it is a year since any of those who used to advise her
have dared to interfere, as I well knew, and that her sole refuge in the
management of her affairs was myself, for which reason she desired me to
consider the whole matter, and write to Rome. The whole contents of the
said instructions have been so wisely devised that nothing could be added
to them ; and certainly the way of justice that your Majesty wishes to follow
is the true right and the sentence of this matter. And this is what I have
always presupposed myself before coming to more rigorous remedies ; and I
held for certain, as your Majesty wrote to me on your last departure from
Bologna, that the Pope, as soon as he had returned to Rome, if the King
did not send a mandate (procure), would proceed to the declaration and
definitive sentence. And since this has not been done, yet there is no other
means to arrive at it shortly, as the exigency of the case demands, but that
proposed by your Majesty, to procure the intervention of the Princes to
whom you have written ; which, besides that it will excuse you somewhat
to the King, who says you alone of all the Queen's kindred oppose him, will
help to induce the Pope to shorten the business, and will also mollify the
King and encourage the Queen's friends, who are certainly the whole of this
kingdom, except, perhaps, a dozen. I think for these reasons it would be
well that the duke of Savoy were called upon, as the case touches him by
reason of his wife. (fn. 4) Also because the King has always fortified himself by
the consent of Parliament, it would be advisable that the Cortes of Aragon
and Castile, or at least the Grandees, should write to his Holiness, as this
King has made his own do ; and further to get them to make a request to
your Majesty by all means to remedy this case of the Queen ; and that out
of pity and consideration for the good and virtuous Queen, and for the
immortal memory of the King and Queen Catholic, they should offer their persons
and goods, as I think they will not refuse to do, giving them privately
an exemption from such an offer and promise ; which offer published here,
together with the other remedies, will be of inestimable service.
As to the favor of the king of France, there is little hope, seeing that,
notwithstanding all the favorable language he has held, he has shown himself
so partial to the King, and that he tries also to entertain the Lady, to whom
eight days ago he sent by the écuyer St. Julien a fine rich litter and three
mules, with their caparisons. He may, perhaps, pretend some excuse until
the sentence is given. What can be done at present is secretly to get his wife
to write in the matter.
The instructions being so well drawn, I should refrain from adding
anything, not to show my ignorance. Nevertheless, in obedience to your
Majesty's commands, I have written to the count of Cifuentes what your
Majesty will see by a copy enclosed ; and I say nothing more here, but to
remind you that it is very necessary that the sentence should be given before
the Lady is brought to bed ; for if a son be born, as I have written to the
Count, the King would immediately get fealty sworn to him as a prince, in
As to other news here, it is reported commonly that truce is made with
the Scots, both by sea and land, for one year beginning today. The King's
Council has of late been proposing to prohibit the great assemblies of armed
people which meet here on the eves of St. John and St. Peter, and this only
for fear of mutiny, of which they are more afraid than anything else. They
are also considering about increasing the dower lands that the Queen had of
prince Arthur, so that she may maintain her own household without the daily
allowance the King has hitherto given her. It would be very advisable that if
your Majesty send an embassy with the sentence, there should go in company
with them ambassadors from the Princes above mentioned, and from the
queens of France and Hungary, your sisters.
Since writing the above, the King's Council sent to ask me to come to
them, which I did very readily ; and they proposed on the King's part that,
as he had always found in me the most perfect inclination to peace and great
expertness in affairs, as they were pleased in mockery to say of me, he wished
to notify me that, having by the declaration of the Church taken a lawful wife,
and made her, as I might know, to be crowned as Queen of this kingdom, in
which there could not properly be two Queens, he intended that the Queen
henceforward should give up that title for various weighty considerations,
and for the same reason he would not make her the same allowance as he
had hitherto done ; but, considering her bounty and virtue, and the quality of
her kinsmen, he would treat her humanely, and partly in deference to my
advice, which was the reason why he had called me,—with other gracious
words of like import. I replied, after thanking the King for the opinion he
held of me, that they knew well enough that what the King had done, or the
archbishop of Canterbury either, could in no way prejudice the Queen's right,
the determination of which depended on the Pope's sentence, who was the
sole competent judge ; and although I had no charge to speak further on
these matters, yet, to show the affection I always had to the King's service,
since it pleased him to consult me, I would say two words. As regards the
Queen's name, it seemed to me that as the King acknowledged she had once
been lawful Queen, and that the Princess was born in lawful wedlock,
and as she had done nothing by which she merited to lose such a name, and
being come of royal blood,—seeing also that the name did not prejudice the
King, and that women commonly take pleasure in such titles, the said name
ought to be preserved to her as some solace and comfort,—all the more as
the duchess of Suffolk was commonly styled queen of France ; and the king
of France, who was in such close friendship with them, was not offended at
Henry taking the title of king of France.
Further, as I had told the duke of Norfolk and Cromwell before, since the
King put his divorce on a scruple of conscience, without which, as he said,
he would not for all the world change his Queen, what scruple could he
pretend to take from her the same title and illtreat her, or change in any
way her accustomed treatment, which was no great expence, at least to a
King so wealthy? And he might be well assured that the Queen would not
employ the goods he gave her to send them out of the country to your
Majesty or any other, or to build castles or fortresses, or raise armies against
the King, but would employ them all in maintaining gentlemen and marrying
gentlewomen, which the King himself would be bound to do. And as to
asking advice how he ought to treat the Queen, that was superfluous ; for he
being so courteous, prudent, liberal, and magnanimous, as it was a question
of the treatment of a royal person, no one could know better the requirements
of the case. And if the King asked how to treat her, he might be answered
as king Porus of India answered Alexander the Great, being his prisoner,
"Royally." And for my part I must refrain from meddling further as to
the moderation of the Queen's treatment, or persuading her to do anything
prejudicial to her right ; for my charge was chiefly for the preservation of
peace ; and, secondly, to do my best in the maintenance of the Queen's
rights ; and I thought the King so virtuous that he would not require me to
do anything that I ought not. Also I could not but thank him for his
courtesy in communicating these things to me, of which I would write to
your Majesty. On this they retired, and communicated together. After
which they praised the affection I had shown for peace, and for the King's
interests. And as to the above observations, and others, which for shortness I
have omitted, they knew not what to reply till they had reported them to the
King, and ascertained his will. So, after filling their ears with the good
intention with which I had solicited the treatment of the Queen, and made
them feel as favorable as possible, at least in seeming, I returned home.
On my return I met the French ambassador and the écuyer Julien, who
was returning from Greenwich, having presented the litter, which the Lady
immediately used to go three miles thence. I talked with them a good
while, but learned nothing worth writing.
The Princess has been a little unwell, but has recovered, and removed
yesterday from a house of the archbishop of Canterbury, where she had
been more than a year, to one belonging to the King, about forty miles from
this. Being thus indisposed, she asked leave of the King to have the Queen's
physician and apothecary, which the King was very well pleased to grant.
The Queen has sent to her as often as she pleased, and I think will not be
forbidden to do so. I have just heard that the duchess of Suffolk, late queen
of France, is dead ; by which the French King will gain 30,000 cr. a year
Is ashamed to ask for more favors of the Emperor, but necessity and his
own desire of greater power to do service embolden him to ask to be
considered at the first distribution of benefices. London, 28 June 1533.
Fr., hol., pp. 8. From a modern copy.
721. Henry VIII. and Clement VII.
Appeal of Henry the Eighth to a future General Council in case he
should be excommunicated by the Pope on account of his divorce from
Katharine of Arragon. Made before Edward archbishop of York, at Greenwich,
on the 29th June 1533, indiction 6, 10 Clement VII. Witnesses : Ric.
Sampson, LL.D., archdeacon of Suffolk, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, and Thos.
Two copies. Both endd. by Tunstall. Seal of the archbp. of York attached.
Calig. B. VII.
722. [Beauvais] to Henry VIII.
Has delayed to write in the hope of sending the resolution of all
things. Thinks propositions have been made without the King's knowledge.
On his arrival at Newcastle found the Scotch commissioners empowered to
make truce pure et simple ; but at the last moment the English insisted on
a new article, to which the Scotch would not agree, but proposed another.
Transmits both. Thinks the Scotch proposition reasonable. The garrison
of Berwick have taken some old houses in Scotland, not worth speaking of,
in which Angus and his brother have placed men. Desires him not to mistrust
the young Prince, but remove those that desire to make trouble ;
otherwise he will give him cause to think "that for nothing and a thing of
naught you would hold your foot upon his throat." Begs that the pain the
King his brother has taken may not be in vain ; "the case toucheth me as
him that hath procured all matters to be reduct and brought to a good
point." Hopes his efforts will not fail, now that he has brought the Scots to
Newcastle. They have leave to remain but five days. Newcastle, 30 June.
Pp. 2. Copy.
723. The Bailly Of Troyes to Francis I.
Wrote three days ago of the death of the queen Mary, duchess of
Suffolk, who was much beloved in the country and by the common people
of this town. Sends back the letters of the cardinals Tournon and Grammont,
having shown them to the King, who says that the Pope neither ought
to nor can say that he has done anything against God and reason, "et que si
vous vous mettez de sa part vous affectionnant pour luy, que ce n'est qu'avec le
droict et la raison." The King is very ill-pleased with the news from Rome
that the Pope has refused his excusator, a thing which he says concerns not
only him but Francis and all other Christian princes, whom the Pope will
treat similarly when there is occasion. He thanks Francis for De Beauvois'
letter, which the Bailly will send on. Beauvois writes that the King is
wrongly informed that the Scotch king has ships at sea. Expects Beauvois
is now at Newcastle (Neufchastel), where the commissioners for truce are
Has received the copy of Francis' letter to the treasurer Fitzwilliam. He
is very ready to do pleasure and service to the French. Has told the King
about Norfolk's journey. He had already heard of it, and thanks Francis
for the great honor he has done him. He said he had sent a post to bid him
go to seek Francis. Replied that Francis had arranged the shortest way for
him, and that he would have finished his journey to Puy and be returning
before the Duke was at Avignon. He replied that he wished the Duke at
all events to seek the King, as he had something to say which Henry was
very anxious for Francis to hear. The King has heard from his Ambassador
with the Emperor that since his arrival in Spain he has had trouble with his
soldiers for want of payment, and he has been obliged to pay them, and send
them back to Italy. Dated in the margin, 30 June 1533.
Fr. Headed : Lettres au Roy de M. le Bailly de Troyes, du dernier Juin
724. Hackett to Cromwell.
Wrote last on the 6 June. Has since received his letters by John Roo,
and will, according to his instructions, maintain "the sincerity, rightfulness,
and conscience" of the King's great matter ; "whose Grace is well armed
with his own device, Dieu et mon droit ; and this people here confondyth with
the devyse of his Hyghnys is garter, which is Hony soyt y quy mal y pence,
for they think ill where there is but good." You have made me no answer
to the article of my old arrears, which I intended to employ "in sylver
wassel" for the King's honor.
I send you a packet of letters received this day from the Emperor's postmaster
here, which he says came from Spain to my lord of Wiltshire. I have
written to his Lordship in the said packet that I have directed it to you. No
news but that yesterday the gentlemen of the Queen's household have
made a tourney on foot ;—four entrepreneurs against all assailants. The
Queen was pleased, especially as no one was hurt, except one gentleman, who
had got a crooked finger from a blow. Yesterday evening my lords of Burre,
Palermo, and others, came unwarned to collation with me. Yesterday I dined
with the duke of Arscot and other lords ; and today the seneschal of Henegow,
captain Ive, and others, came to dinner with me. So far as I see, they intend
nothing but well, and some who used their tongues freely before are now
more wary. Brussels, 30 June 1533.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
28,585, f. 296.
725. Rodrigo Davalos to the Comendador Mayor De Leon.
Last Friday the reference (relacion) of the principal cause was examined
in the Consistory. Tomorrow, Monday, the Pope has ordered those of
the Rota to examine the case and give their opinion to the Consistory. If
they decide that it is proved, it is enough, and I think the sentence will be
given before the vacation ; but I am not certain that our proof is as well
founded as it should be. If so, it is May's fault. All the remissorias are not
presented, as the time is short ; but the others will have to be presented
when there is time, which will be in two months or more, if the Pope goes
to meet the French king. This case has been managed as if it concerned
the poorest woman in the world. The advocates and others have not been
paid. Documents have to be written out, but I cannot pay for them. Money
would be very useful just now to prevent the lawyers taking up other cases.
I am sure the Pope will not make a declaration this week, and next week all
business stops. The Count and I shall ask the Pope to postpone the vacation,
though this is unusual, on account of the importance of the case. If the
theological points are entered on we shall not finish them in four months,
though Ortiz is well prepared. The count of Cifuentes is jealous of the
cardinal of Jaen. Rome, 30 June 1533.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
726. John Coke, clerk to the Merchant Adventurers at Antwerp,
Here at Antwerp are one friar Petowe and other friars of Greenwich,
Richmond, and Canterbury, who write books against the King's marriage
with queen Anne. I am making secret inquiry for their books, and have,
by policy, got hold of three letters (enclosed), which some of them gave to
an innocent person of Canterbury to be delivered in England. Antwerp,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
727. Nicholas Jakson to Cromwell.
You promised me the farm of Canne Hall, for which several persons
are making labour with the King. Make what haste you can, and let the
lease endure for 60 or 80 years. As I am the King's servant, I should have
it as well as another. Though it is called Canne Hall, there are no houses
on it, but two old barns and a little cottage. I trust the gentleman of
Gray's Inn is a suitor to you for me. Whatever he promises I will perform.
Harleston, 30 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Privy Council. Endd. On the back are the following
memoranda in Cromwell's hand : "In whose name the council in Wales shall
direct their letters and process from hence forwards. Item, Lutterell's bill
of Ireland. Item, for to remember to the justice sewers. Item, to remember
the pavilion of Nicholas Rusticus."
Titus, B. I.
728. Will. London to Lord Lisle.
Thanks lord and lady Lisle for the kindness shown to him and his
wife. The King is favorable to him in his suit touching the Staple Inn.
On St. Peter's Day (fn. 5) lord William was married in the King's chapel at
Westminster to Mrs. Gamage. Lord Thomas and Mr. Manars led her to
church. At two o'clock a carrack was prepared like a ship of war upon a
lighter of 40 tons, and three other lighters were made like the Turks' small
galleys with oars, to take the said carrack. Sir Umfrey Ratclyff was captain
of the carrack, which was well charged with ordnance, and well furnished
with men. Mr. Hen. Knevett was captain of the foists. Sir Chr. Mores
and many other gentlemen were with them in harness. They discharged
their ordnance, and assaulted each other marvellous well. With the shooting
one foist clave in the middle, and John Sandes was nearly lost. Two
gunners had their legs broken. When all was over, a gentleman named
Gates, being in harness, tried to leap into another boat, and fell short and
was drowned. "Men did not marvel greatly that knew him, of his misfortune,
because he was so great a swearer." After this lord Thomas,
Mr. Knevet, Mr. Parr, Mr. Barkley, Mr. Chamber, Parker and Vaughan,
and one other, ran at the tilt and brake staves very well, though they missed
and crossed more than they brake. London, 30 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais, at Calais.
18 B. VI. 19.
729. James V. to Francis I.
Has received his letters and credence from Guido à Fleuerere, and
perceived thereby "quanto studio a te elaboratum sit ut res nostræ nunquam
regni ad otium deducerentur." Will take a truce with the king of England
as Francis desires. Has spoken to the French ambassador about his marriage,
but the abbot of Arbrothe will declare more on the subject. Stirling, June
Copy, Lat., p. 1. This and other letters concerning marriage are marked
in the margin "γαμικα."
730. The Duke Of Milan.
Treaty for the marriage of the duke of Milan to Christierna, second
daughter of Christiern king of Denmark, as concluded between Los Covos
and Granvelle for the Emperor, and Francis Taberna and Thos. Galaratus
for the duke of Milan. Barcelona, — June 1533.
Lat., pp. 4.
Vit. B. XIV.
731. — (fn. 6) to [the Lords Of The Council?]
"My most noble ...
upon a doubtful ...
be the opposites a ...
with the cause. Th ...
whose little shoulder ...
to follow the wise men ...
and thus I will say that ...
if we may so call them, that is to say, one ...
in the Emperor's court. In the Emperor's court, war, and [in the court of]
Rome rigour of justice ; and as touching the war in f ...
nothing else but that most noble saying that was sp[oken by] the King's
Majesty, "If the Emperor will begin the war [he shall not] leave nor end
it when he would ;" and so me seemeth [his Grace] is puissant enough not
only to defend this realm [against the] Emperor, but against all the world
by mean of th[e] ... of the place and by strength of the people,
and by the ... of the heads and rulers of the same. And
touching th[at, no] man can deny it, for I remember not that I hav[e read
since] the time of Julius Cæsar that England was ever co[nquered by]
any strangers, but rather to have conquered oth[er nations] and kings, as
appeareth in the histories. Let us [speak without] offending, and then we
may say that our King is [rich both] in counsel and money, so that he is
able and [puissant to make] war out of his own realm against other
wt ... offended. I will speak nothing of the b ...
King, and ... his * * * *
desire war, then ...
t the Emperor in mine ... re
whereof all these ...
to intreat of. Now [as touching] ... [at the
co]urte of Rome, rigour of justice ...
[th]at is to say, first that the French ... sse tha[t]
this council or convention may ... [i]f his
Majesty would write to Rome after the opinion [of Sir Gre]gory, it were
best after my judgment that it were ... if anything be grievous
or displeasant to your lordships ... [su]che a letter should cause
that the King should shortly know [the Pope]s mind, whether he would
have this council or not ... [afte]rwards to determine whatsoever should
please his Majesty ... lye that our most noble King should
write to the Pope a [letter, and] also another to the whole consistory, which
letters should [neither] contain rigour, threatening, nor flattery, alleging
that [he had] done that which is done, not without cause nor unadvisedly,
[and n]ot only for one cause but for many causes, which if [his Holiness
will] he shall and may know of Gurone or of the King's [ambassad]ors,
and after that to write to such cardinals [as are] his Majesty's friends
some things which be rather ... [a]nd friendly than rigorous
or displeasant, always [remembering] the justice and equity of his
Majesty's cause ... all his
noble * * * me such a burd[en] ...
not as sent on th ...
for the declaration ...
counsayles and of ...
be done with all celery[ty] ...
shall arrive and ...
me thinketh it were convenyent [that they should write] also to the French
King, of whom I should als[o] ... either by mouth or
by writing, and if by letters th[ey will] write conformable to Gurone's
message to the Po[pe] ... and peradventure if (fn. 7) the French king
will [ask of me] what I shall say to the Pope's Holiness, I can not
[tell him] without your advice otherwise than it shall please [you to give]
me in commission. And now I will [rehearse (fn. 8) ] [unto] your lordships
what seemeth me most convenient [that I should say] to the Pope and the
whole Consistory. First, I say th ... Holy father and ye most reverend
cardinals ... remember, the xxiiij. day of August next co[ming it]
shall be two years sithens I was sent on the King's be[half and] his counsaile,
and finally by all the nobles an[d people] of the realm to beseech your
Holiness that the s[ame might ponder] justly the King's cause, alleging the
gratitud[es conferred by his] highness towards the same see, et (fn. 9) beseechin[g]
... of the realm, and chiefly of the * * *
without the realm ...
all such things coming ... er
things which to ... y
were well interpreted ...
and if he did ...
not to believe them. Now ... orne,
and but a poor man in regard [of your lordshi]ppes ; and forasmuch as I
do perceive that this [will b]e the last destruction of this See, I could do no
less [than su]pplie to your (fn. 10) Holiness that before such mischief [should]
happen, he (ye?) would suffer me, like one of your poor servants, [to she]w
mine opinion in such things as I knew, upon this ... ll was deliberately
determined, not because I am [taken] to be a wise man in his court, but
for that I am an Italian, [wherefo]re ye may the rather trust me. It was
determined [that I] should come to declare his Majesty's mind, and of his
[coun]sailors and whole realm, which is, that the matrimony [that] he hath
contracted with the most noble queen Anne [doth rema]ine holy and
irrevocable, considering that by so many [wise] men, and so many universities,
and his most sage parliament ... [fi]nally by his conscience, it
hath been approved ... [therefore this See supp ... (fn. 11) ]. He intendeth
not, therefore, ... [thi]s cause any longer in your court, [which
is ‡] [as he hath done] heretofore, which is unjust, as his Majesty
* * * in time and pl[ace convenient] ...
that ye reverend ... ye care not
nei[ther] ... hollie trusteth yo[urself] ...
at the one ear and ...
briefly make your discou[rse] ...
inhibitions and excommunications, he wh[olly] ...
whereunto I answer and declare the mind [of him and] his
nobles, which if it seem to your Holiness and to [these holy] fathers to be
expedient, then do what ye wil ... promise you that they shall
as much regard and care ... as you do care for my words and
much less ... I heard the King say, and all his councillors,
that [if your Holiness] would declare this matrimony to be firm it shou[ld
be a great comfort] to him and all his, and should be thought here i ...
other provinces a thing certain ; but for him and his ...
he is satisfied, and more it grieveth him that [you should lose] such a friend
as he was then all that ye can [do against] him.
"Most holy father, and all ye most reverend [fathers, I have] declared the
king of England's mind, and [the things which] I have spoken I know be
true. Now ... me I shall shew * * *
... er that this See was ... aces there
came thither ... Christendom and finally
... th that very few ...
ocyon of the people and ...
[t]rew ye may perceive it by the ... ym was thought to be
all devotion. Now ye [know b]etter than I how the matter goeth, if we
come to [German]ye, if not the whole yet the more part of them careth not
[what re]gardeth this See, therefore by the Hungarians ye have ...
your devotion with the other your obedience, and why for your [rigour]ousnes
and extremity which ye have used towards them ... ne sent
thither I can not tell what cardinals, which ... with rigorous disputations
and excommunications compel them ... affections, and so
by rigour ye have lost them. It is [a prov]erbe, he that desireth too much for
the most part hath [nothi]ng ; behold, therefore, seeing that ye have an
example [before] your eyes, lest ye fall into another error worse than the
[first], which should be if ye should lose the realm of [Englan]d, and so
consequently the realm of France, which [being b]oth lost, it were also to
be doubted of the most part [of Christendom]. Is there any man here or
in Rome that can show [any kindnes]s or pleasure that the Emperor hath
done for this [See?].
"... t the * * *
he hath done w ... I know well
... axe what the ...
known to every ...
is also known.
"I can not tell what A ... were no hurt if he
did write soun[dry things which had] been spoken to him by the King or by
the duke [of Norfolk].
Afterwards, if it shall be necessary, I will go [to all] the cardinals, or at
the least to the most part, ... crying and preaching the destruction
of the See, ax[eing them that no] new matter be innovate against the King.
I sh[all show] also by many arguments and persuasions that this ...
convention may succeed, not by the King's commyss[ion] ...
it would appear that it had been committed unto m[e] ... none other
remedy to be to please these ij.nobl[e] ... but only with this counsaile,
which undoubted[ly, if it be] not had, will be a great trouble and irritation
Many things might be explained and declar[ed] ... through mine
occasion in reasoning with these ... for I presuppose that
these imperials ... lyes, that is to say, that the lady
Kath[arine] ... folks, and that the * * *
... answered to these ...
[w]ise man but a ...
to judge of another ...
the course of nature ...
thing which may be such ... come not to Nysia he
shall not proceed ... sly against the King. And when the matter
is [settl]ed, as the proverb goeth, by pleading and lawing, [nough]t is acquired.
The lady Katharine is out of possession [and it] shall grieve more her and
the Emperor than the King and the Queen ... [I] might also say to
the Pope and the Cardinals that [the]y were causers of this matrimony, and
that by many [rea]sons which they cannot answer, for they be true. [B]ut
I suppose that his Majesty would that I should [pass]e those things in silence,
and that they should be spoken [by] some other man of greater authority,
and therefore I shall .. [a]bout these things as much as I can by other
means, as [best it] shall seem to his orators, to whose judgment I shall
[alway]es submit myself, that I may obtain the King's [purpose in p]arte if
not in all.
... of the knowledge of the truth as of th * * *
lordships ... speak mine
... say that th ...
it hath been ...
hath been good hol ...
that hath also been approbate by ...
it should not seem to be inconvenient for th ... if he
woll not come to this council, his Ma[jesty] ... that upon this
point his Holiness would deter[mine] ... But that that moveth me,
which I th[ink that the] French king will never suffer, that the Pope [should]
pronounce sentence there against the King, after ... willing this
thing not to be corroborate, doubt ... have nor obtain a contrary
sentence if he would not asse ... the Pope ever may find an excusation
with him ... (if he be not diabolic) in some thing serve
If the Pope would complain of such things ... on the King's
behalf, I will tell him th ... done shall be done if they
will not be * * * ...
your lordships to ... ce and accept ...
nce and fidelity which I profess ... the usage
of the prelates ... [kin]g's Majesty. I pray you also ...
my simplicity, for all men can not do all [thi]nges, and therefore it
shall be good that this my [lo]ng and tedious writing be castigate and
reformed [b]y some man."
Mutilated. Copy or translation.
Vit. B. XIV.
732. Ghinucci to [Cromwell].
"Venit responsum ...
juxta id quod in ...
lectis literis adivit ...
colloquium Sanctitas ejus habeba[t] ...
eundo his temporibus, sed pot ...
debebit cautior fieri, quod ea concluderetur in colloqu[io] ...
in ultimis literis et quod non habeat tractari de aliis particular ...
quod Pontifex ex ejus voluntate non curaret de temporibus calidis ...
regis Gallorum, sed posset fieri propter potentiam et auctoritatem
... maxime si Cæsar per se vel per suos annuerit pontifici
quæ sit s ... ut est verisimile, et ut habentur indicia, sed hæc
tantummo[do] ... ipsi autem secundum eorum prudentiam
Verum circa hoc, quod esset bonum si rex Gallorum ostenderet se
liberale[m] ... facere quum det, videlicet, consentiendo
dilationi ad minus periculosum te[mpus] ... augmentando
cautionem circa id quod habet tractari in colloquio ... velle
vel nolle, et si nolit non deficient modi satis colorati quibus ...
ea vero quæ superius dicta sunt non possunt nisi rem ubique facili ...
partim auferretur Cæsari et Cardinalibus occasio annihilandi colloqu[ium] ...
Quidam Cardinalis dixit oratorem Cæsareum fecisse practicam
cum eo ut c ... sub colore incolumitatis pontificis in quo
potest videri quod ea ... cum uno fecit, et cum aliis et hinc
potest comprehendi quod ... [col]loquium sed non vult
omnia simul facere nam s .. ll * * * *
odum ex domino Benet ple ...
[fun]damentum quod regia Majestas ...
rit sed instat super neg ...
quod Pontifex voluerit intelligi ...
[d]eclaratum quid sit paritura hæc ...
ejus vel quod Cæsareis magis verum ad propositum rem dif ...
utra ex his opinionibus sit verior, sed in quantum possum comprehen[dere] ...
is Pontificis Pontifici placet cum proponuntur ei res coloratæ
quæ ... [possunt] servire apud Cæsarem in excusationem. Alii addunt
quod Cæsarei ex ... [res]ponsum Cæsaris et interim citationibus
et contradictis, tenent rem vivam [si daret]ur occasio volui tentare quæ
esset intentio Pontificis super matri[monio nupe]r secuto, et inter sermocinandum
cum Pontifice visum est posse com ... quod Pontifex
vellet dissimulare circa processum propter matrimonium nuper [secutum,
sed] nescit invenire modum quo possit resistere Cæsareis quos arbitratur
non ... facere instantiam quod procederetur ad censuras sed eos
hanc rem pro ... moturos. Tandem hoc viso rogavi ejus Sanctitatem
quod bene consideraret hanc ... [qui]d ex ea posset succedere
si procederetur ad censuras contra regiam [Majestatem]. Pontifex respondit
quod necesse erat etiam considerare quid posset succedere ... unde
veni ad multas particularitates inconvenientium quæ possent [succedere.
Inter] quæ dixi quod ante omnia habebat considerare quod Cæsarei quere ...
erat videlicet interponere tantam discordiam inter
regiam [Majestatem] ... hoc ...
tem perpetuo * * * *
Dixi præterea quod d ...
cum negotium esset c ...
eum moveret faciend[um] ...
ut aiunt) plumbeo ...
censuras non facturas exec ...
terea quod omnia supradicta dixeram ...
plura alia ad hoc propositum quæ longum esset referre ... [Ponti]fex
Puto quod Cæsar capiet viam medii circa matrimonium nuper secut[um] ...
rem tutatus sit non potest facere quum et nunc defendat sed quia
non p ... regiæ Majestati nisi exponat magnam summam
pecuniarum quod nolet facere i ... ideo defendet causam
faciendo quod procedatur super negotio principali ... tradictis
ad tenendam rem vivam expectans partum temporis.
Tenet pro certo quod Cæsar difficillime impetrabit censuras a Ponti[fice].
Esset fortasse bo[num] ...
quereretur quod in ...
capitula de his q ...
ab eo quæritur et quod ...
et posset fieri quod Cardinali ...
se habere ordinem literas d ...
casu quo colloquium hoc facia ... proposit ...
Cum essem Bononiæ intellexi quod instando Cæsar apud Pont[ificem] ...
dixit se esse contentum si alii principes essent contenti et circa
hoc ... [in]ducias pro tribus annis, ego tenendo pro certissimo quod
Pontifex nolit ... etiam pro certo quod nollet treguam sive
inducias, et ideo verum quod Gal ... rent facere difficultatem."
Mutilated. Endd. : "Ex Wigornien[sis literis]."
733. Anne Boleyn.
Examination of Sir [Thomas] Gebons, priest, complainant, and Sir
Rauf Wendon, taken by Thos. Bedyl, clerk of the Council, on certain words
spoken by Wendon to Gebons at King's Sutton in Warwickshire, that the
Queen was a whore and a harlot, and that there was a prophecy that a many
should be burned in Smithfield, and he trusted it would be the end of queen
Anne. Said upon a Saturday, about St. George's Day, A.D. 1533.
Gebons asserted that he had declared this matter to the bishop of Exeter
about Whitsuntide last, on the 15 June.
ii. Affidavit by the bishop of Exeter that Gebons had never declared any
such words to him. Signed : Jo. Exon.
iii. Affirmation of Gebons that Thos. Gebons and Chr. Veysy were present
at the conversation with the bishop of Exeter ; which is denied by the
iv. Articles administered to Thos. Gebons (the younger).
v. Examination of Chr. Veysy, also denying the statement of Gebons the
2. Draft of the questions to be put to Christopher Veisy on the above
subject, viz., whether the bishop of Exeter said to him in his chapel that he
suspected him to be "a stirrer of this matter that Thomas Gebons moved
upon Sir Windon for words spoken by (i.e. against) the Queen's grace ;"
whether he replied, "that he would not at any time, for 40l., but he should
have done as he did ;" also, whether he told the accusation of Sir Windon
to his brother Richard Veisy, Humph. Gebons, Henry Arosmithe or others,
and what words he used, since it was told to my lord of Exeter. On what
occasion my Lord said, if Thos. Gebons moved such words as he had showed
him the night before, he, doubtless, would be cast into prison. Also, whether
there were any communication of Sir Windon when my said [Lord] had communication
with Gebons in his chapel of his going into Cornwall.
P. 1. Endd.
734. Nich. Hau[kins] to Rowland Bacchus.
I received your letters dated London, 6 May, on the 18 June. I desire
you to move my friends, and especially my curates, to promote my matters.
Touching the benefice of Snaylwell, I wrote to Dr. Thirlby to say I was content
you should have it for a year, if my cousin Meggis was content, leaving
him a part of the house. As for my official, I have written to Dr. Goderyke
desiring him to go to Mr. Cromwell, and offer him to put in the principal of
St. Nicholas' hostel, as he desired. I have written to my lord of Canterbury
concerning my visitation. You are to see that I do not take temporalia
but spiritualia in my visitation. I marvel what you mean to prevent him
holding the room who has hitherto held it under me. The indentures for
Diram were made from the old copy. I pray my nephews may lack nothing
as you promised, for I understand that one of them lacks bedding. Whenever
occasion serves, visit my aunt Meggis in my behalf, and likewise Mr.
Besteneye. Certify me how my kinsfolk do since my Lord's departing.
Thomson, the beer-brewer of Estdirham, is in trouble. I have written to
that effect to my lord of Wiltshire, that he may resort to my Lord and to my
lord of Canterbury for succour.
Pp. 3. With corrections and additions in Hawkins' own hand. Add. :
To Rowlande Bacchus be this delivered in Suapham (Swaffham) priory.
735. [Henry VIII.] to Dr. Higdon, Dean of York.
Understands that the dean of "our college" in Oxford has promised
the farm and parsonage of Elington, parcel of the prebend of Witwong, to
John God, Higdon's servant, and that John Acclom, Esq., late farmer, is
As Dr. Lee, (fn. 12) on resigning the said prebend, promised Mr. Trafford, late
incumbent, (fn. 13) that Acclom should enjoy the remainder of his lease, the King
has ordered the dean of his college to allow him to enjoy it, and orders
Higdon to cause his servant to leave it. Westm., — June. Not signed.
P. 1. Add.
736. Sir Brian Tuke to Cromwell.
Hearing of my lord of Suffolk's arrival at the Court, I send you a
book of the late French queen's debts, with other particulars.
P.S.—Touching the 1,000l. Sir Fras. Brian had, he asks allowance of most
part of it for money paid to a jeweller and other folks in Paris ; also to
certain learned men in Italy ; and 500 cr. delivered to Sir Greg. de Casalis,
which the latter pretends was a gift to him from the King. When I mentioned
it to the King he remembered it well enough. The direct way for
Suffolk to be discharged of the 1,000l. would be to get me a warrant to pay
to Fras. Brian 1,000l. upon a prest of money laid out for the King, and then
to deliver it to me, and for me to charge myself and give him an acquittance.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
737. Grants in June 1533.
1. Wm. Lye. Licence to import 100 tuns
of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad, in
vessels of Spain, France, Flanders, or
Brittany. Greenwich, 28 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 4 June.—P.S.
2. Wm. Morgan John, one of the sewers
of the Chamber. Grant of certain parcels
(about 60 acres) of land and pasture in Weelande,
in the parish of Petreston, commote
of Wentllong, marches of Wales, late in the
possession of Morgan Thomas, grandfather
of the said William ; with reservations ; parcel
of the lands of Edw. late duke of Buckingham,
now held by Eleanor, widow of the
said Edward, for life, by virtue of the act
14 & 15 Hen. VIII. ; on surrender, on account
of its invalidity, of a patent to the
same effect, under the seal of the chancery
of Newport, in the commote of Wentlong,
dated 1 March 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
5 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 34.
3. Richard Hoo of Meryden, Warw.
Pardon for having on 3 March 23 Hen. VIII.
abetted and entertained George Gooderich
of London, and Anthony Grey and Robert
Spencer of London, yeomen, knowing them
to have, on the day before, feloniously broken
and entered the parish church of St. Peter,
Aston, near Birmingham, and stolen therefrom
a silver-gilt cross and other valuables
belonging to the parishioners, and in the
custody of Wm. Rogers and Wm. Tilbens,
churchwardens ; as appears by two inquisitions
taken at Warwick, the first on Tuesday
after Easter 24 Hen. VIII., and the second
on Friday 19 June 24 Hen. VIII. Westm.,
31 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 6 June.—P.S.
Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
4. Sir John Gifford and the lady Elizabeth
his wife. Licence to depart out of the
realm on a pilgrimage to St. John at Amyas
in Picardy, with 12 persons and 6 horses in
their company, and with 60l. in money,
baggage, &c. Westm., 5 June 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. 6 June.—S.B.
5. Master Polidor Virgil, archdeacon of
Wells. Licence to go beyond the sea on
business, with 6 servants and 6 horses, baggage,
&c. Greenwich, 1 May 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 6 June.—S.B.
6. Ric. ap Jenkynns of Brecknoke,
marches of Wales, and Rob. Walboef, of the
same. Pardon for having assaulted and
robbed Alex. Wagge in the highway at
Welford, Staff., on 11 March 24 Hen. VIII.
Westm., 6 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
6 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
7. Inspeximus and exemplification of a
writ of certiorari, dated 30 May 25 Hen. VIII.,
to Thomas abp. of Canterbury, and the
return thereon, touching the sentence given
of the invalidity of the King's marriage
with Katharine, and of the validity of his
marriage with Anne, the queen consort.
The former sentence was given in the convent
church of the Augustine monastery of
Dunstable, Linc. dioc., on the 23 May 1533 ;
present, Gervase prior of St. Peter's, Dunstable,
master Simon Haynes, S.T.P., John
Newman, M.A., Ric. Watkyns, Tho. Neve,
and Ric. Marche, notaries public ; and is
authenticated by Wm. Potkyn, clk., of the
dioc. of Canterbury. The latter, concerning
the validity of the King's marriage with
Anne Boleyn, was given in a certain wellknown
high gallery in the manor of Lamhith,
on Wednesday, 28 May 1533 ; present,
Tho. Crumwell, Tho. Legh, LL.D., Tho.
Alverd, John Gooderick, and Henry Stokheth ;
and is authenticated by Tho. Argall,
of Winchester dioc., notary public. Dated
(as to the sealing thereof) in the manor of
Lamhith, 4 June 1533. Westm., 6 June.
—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8. Rym. XIV.
8. Guydo de Flewry, a servant of the
French king. Licence to depart the realm,
with his servants, baggage, &c. Greenwich,
8 June 25 Hen. VIII. Witnessed at Westm.,
9. Lord Sandys, the King's chamberlain,
lieutenant of Guysnes. Licence to export
yearly from the ports of Dover and Sandwich,
or any other port in England, sufficient
grain of any kind for the victualling of
the castle, town, and county of Guysnes, so
long as he is captain there. Westm., 6 June
25 Hen. VIII. Del. 9 June.—P.S.
10. Doctor Hilley, chancellor of the dioc.
of Salisbury. For letters patent to the justices
to assist him in reforming certain enormities
used in the monastery of Wilton, Wilts,
and all persons and officers belonging to the
same. Del. Westm., 14 June 25 Hen. VIII.
11. David ap Howell, of Belt, S. Wales.
Pardon for the murder of Roger Herbert
alias ... (mutilated) of Belt. Del.
Westm., 15 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Thos. earl of Wiltshire and Ormond.
Grant of a fair at the town of Blyklyng,
Norf., on St. John Baptist's Day and the
day following. T. R. Westm., 15 June
25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. John Turney. Licence to alienate
8 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 36 acres
of pasture, and 10 acres of wood in Wulverton
and Rode, Somers., to Alex. Longford,
Thos. Long, Will. Alyn, Will. Pyarde, and
Thos. Harvy. Westm., 15 June.—Pat.
25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
14. Edm. Knyvet. Livery of lands as
kinsman and heir of Sir Wm. Knyvet, viz.,
son and heir of Thomas, son of Edmund,
son of the said William, including reversions
on the death of Eleanor widow of the said
Edmund, in England, Wales, and Calais,
and lands of which Geo. earl of Shrewsbury,
Sir Rob. Radclyff, late ld. Fitzwater, now
earl of Sussex, Ric. Baynard and Tho. Man,
or any others, were seised to the use of the
said Thomas, Edmund, and William ; and
those of which Sir Edw. Knyvet, deceased,
was seised with reversion to the said
Wm. Knyvet, which reversion should descend
to the said Edmund as heir of the
said William, because the said Edward died
without heir of his body. Greenwich,
12 May 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm.,
16 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
15. John Tregonwell, clk., and William
Bryttayn, clk., LL.D., and Thomas Bedyll,
clk., the King's councillors. Commission
to proceed upon a cause brought before
the King in Chancery on the part of
Thomas Stanceby and Eliz. Lutton, for the
redress of certain grievances which they
allege themselves to have suffered at the
instance and persuasion of Wm. Clyff, LL.D.,
Tho. Lutton, layman, and Geo. Palmys,
from E. abp. of York. Westm., 17 June.—
Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43d.
16. Ric. Forster. To be one of the King's
serjeants-at-arms, vice Ambrose Bradman,
deceased ; with fees of 12d. a day from
16 April 24 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 13 June
25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 June.—
P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
17. Paul Creeke, a native of Britanny.
Denization. Greenwich, 8 June 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
18. For the Benedictine monastery of
Adelney. Assent to the election of Rob.
Hamlyn, a Benedictine monk, as abbot.
Del. Westm., 22 June 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
ii. Petition for the above, by the prior
and convent. 14 June.
19. Sir George Conyers, tenant of the
under-mentioned places. Inspeximus and
i. Charter 22 July 37 Hen. III., being a
grant of free warren to John de Cugneres
in his demesne lands in co. York.
ii. Patent 12 June 18 Hen. VI., inspecting
and confirming to Robert Conyers and his
heirs patent 17 April 51 Edw. III., inspecting
1. A charter of Hen. I., dated at Udestoc
(Woodstock), granting to Alan son
of Ragm' Belet the lands which his
father held of the King in chief on
the day of his death.
2. Another charter of Hen. I., dated at
Portsmouth, granting to Ragm' Belet
certain lands, &c. in Hotona, Prestitona,
and Ebustitona, with liberties. Westm.,
25 June.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1,
20. Thos. Treffry, one of the gentlemen
ushers of the Chamber. To be collector of
customs in the ports of Plymouth and Fowey,
with the usual fees. Del. Westm., 28 June
25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
21. Tho. Hall. Wardship and marriage
of Chr., son and heir of Wm. Goddall, deceased.
Greenwich, 26 June 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2,
22. Ric. Longe, one of the esquires of the
Stable. To be steward of the lordship of
Sharston, Wilts, with same fees as enjoyed
by Sir Rob. Poyntz or Sir Anth. Poyntz.
Greenwich, 23 June 25 Hen. VIII. Del.
Westm., 30 June.—P.S.
23. Adrian Richardson of Canterbury,
shoemaker, a native of Delf, in Holland, in the
dominions of Charles the emperor. Denization.
Greenwich, 17 June 25 Hen. VIII.
Del. Westm., 30 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1,
24. James seigneur de St. Julian, servant
of the French king. Licence to leave the
realm, with his servants, ten horses, and
baggage. Greenwich, the last day of June
25 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
738. The King's Marriage.
"There be, I think, in this realm that be not in their minds full
pleased and contented that our Sovereign hath married as he hath done, some
bearing their favor to the lady Katheryn princess dowager, some to the lady
Mary, some because the Pope's authority was not therein. And for this
they lay the blame alonely in some of the prelates. And albeit that the
prelates have none otherwise done in this matter but as it became them, and
according to the very law of God, yet many of the inconstant commons be
not therewith satisfied. And though they forbear to speak at large for fear
of punishment, yet they mutter together secretly ; which muttering and
secret grudge within this realm, I think, doth not a little embolden the
King's adversaries without the realm." And as this muttering is not
against the King (for every one says he is the most geutle and upright prince
that ever reigned), but only against some of the prelates, especially the archbishop
of Canterbury, I think he ought to show that he has done nothing but
according to the very law of God. And though the suspicions and muttering
against him are untrue, he should endeavour to pluck it out of their
heads by loving manner. Also if the Pope be excluded out of this realm,
the Archbishop must be chief of the clergy here ; which will be lightly
accepted in the people's hearts, because it has been so long otherwise,
unless the people find themselves by the alteration in better case than
they were before. I think therefore the Archbishop should make out a
book, not over long, to declare that what he has done is not only according
to the law of God, but for the wealth and quietness of the realm. It
should be addressed to all the clergy of the realm, exhorting them, especially
those in high authority, as bishops, abbots, &c., to remember that they
are not called to those rooms for their own sakes, but for the people, and that
they should not seek lucre or ease, but labor to ease the people of their
burthens. "For woe to us, let him say, if we do not thus. And let him
thunder out here and there the vehement exclamations of prophets, and
specially of Jeremie, against spiritual pastors," and persuade the clergy to avoid
all pomp, pride, and vainglory, and especially covetousness, that has been the
cause of so much evil in the church of Christ. "Let them avoid all ambition,
all delicate fare, and to be ready with heart and mind to depart and
dispose among the people of this realm lands, goods, money, and whatsoever
other thing they now possess superfluously ; and that they never hereafter
seek for the riches or lordship of this world, but diligently to seek for the
kingdom of Heaven, and there to make their treasure." He should exhort
his brethren to this effect, adding, "If you, most dear bretheren, will
gladly go with me this way at my loving exhortation, ye shall greatly merit
for your obedience ; but in case ye will not, I will compel you by the law
of God thus to do ; and then ye shall lose your merit of obedience."
If he would set out such a little book, though he never brought his
purpose about, he would thus greatly content the people's minds, and make
them think that they be happy thus to be rid of the Pope's oppression ; and
that the Archbishop is a perfect and a good bishop, who did nothing so
much to win promotion as for truth's sake, seeing he pretendeth to stamp
under foot all pleasure. For it has always been my mind that the King
should not be seen to be most busy to defend his righteous cause himself, but
to let the clergy do it. But if there be any so stubborn that he will not
believe the truth, let the King punish him according to the laws in that case
provided. "For I wot well, if it come to the hearing of the Pope and the
Emperor, that the whole clergy of England is fully bent to defend our
Sovereign lord the King's cause to the very death, they will not meddle
Pp. 6. In the hand of one of Cromwell's clerks. Endd. in a later
hand : "Reasons to clear the clergy for condescending to the King's second
marriage, and for abolishing the Pope's supremacy."
739. Dr. John London to Thomas Bedell.
I thank you for your intercession with my honorable master. (fn. 14) I was
with him yesterday before supper. He mentioned to me the complaint
of my kinsman, which is utterly untrue. I hope my master considers what
I have written in defence of this matrimony. I was the second person who
took a corporal oath in Oxford before my lord of Lincoln and the mayor,
then commissioners, to maintain it. [I] would not be so unwise as to say to
this young man anything contrary to my oath, and I hope my credit and his
words will not be considered of equal weight. My master is, as he ought to
be, a strait examiner in the King's matter, yet I do not mistrust his wisdom.
Though my kinsman is, I am sure, set on by him that laboreth for my farm
in Hornchurch, I shall be never the worse to him, but if my master so
command me, will yet help him to further learning if he return thereto. I
am bound to my master as much as to all men in the world ; but I must
find means to free myself of suspicion. I will make suit to him to be taken
into the King's service, merely that I may obtain favor, not promotion. I
have often told you sincerely that I would leave the best part of my living ;
but if my master think, at your motion, I am worthy to serve the King,
I shall be ready at all times to do my best, though I may not have the wit,
learning, and experience of others. To be frank, I have no mind to be a
daily waiter. "I may spend little beside my college, which I must then
needs depart from." I mean only to be a chaplain. I pray you move the
matter if you do not think it will be accounted presumption in me.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Mr. Thomas Bedell, one of the King's grace's most
honorable Council. Sealed. Endd.
740. [Instructions To An Ambassador In France.]
"It hath been offered heretofore, if the King's highness would condescend
(fn. 15) to make a proxy and grant the Pope's jurisdiction, that the Pope
would then 'a made a commission to two cardinals, whereof the one should
be cardinal de Monte, to determine the cause at Cambray, which place is
much more propyce and tute and sure for the King than Avynyon."
As to the proxy, what need is there to send one when the French king has
several times promised to be proctor himself at this interview?
As the French king and all his council acknowledge the King's cause to
be just, how can they deny that it is honorable for the Pope to give sentence
in the principal cause?
As to the innovations, the King has always kept his promise to innovate
nothing so long as the Pope did the same. All that the King has done has
been because the Pope not only received "witness" out of Spain and
published the same, but suffered unlawful process against his Highness to
be sent secretly into Flanders, without punishing the procurers thereof at
Rome, as he afterwards promised to do. This compelled the King to
The French king says, "Or I go, I will make sure that cannot be done
now shall be done another time," which shall always be his condition with
the Pope, and that "he had liever than 15,000 ducats he had never concluded
this marriage." But it seems the Pope never thought to do anything
in the King's matter at the French king's request, justice standing with the
King when the process at Rome was abandoned on which he was to have
given sentence ; so it is clear the Pope mocks with the French king. And
as to the marriage Francis promised, not only at Calais but several times
since by his ambassadors, that if the Pope would not give sentence for the
King, he would never conclude any marriage with the Pope.
"Touching the winning of the Princess Dowager's proctor who confessed
to the Great Master that the dispensation was naught, that matter would
be practised to see if he might be induced to confess the same by writing."
Although Francis said "he would have a brief in his hand what the end
should be hereafter," it may be expected the Pope will hereafter "discent"
from any such brief, as he has heretofore "discentyd" from his decretal and
many other promises.
"As touching the prorogation of the censures, that the King's highness
should for any fear desire or require them, the (fn. 16) hath made a marvellous
good answer thereunto."
To remember specially the Pope's words at Ancona touching the justness
of the King's cause in the principal matter, when he acknowledged it to
the cardinal of Ravenna, Gregory, and others.
"Item, to provoke as may be the General Council, which will more fear the
Pope than all other thing."
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, pp. 3.
741. Edward Hall (fn. 17) to Cromwell.
I beg you will ask the King to grant me some venison at my reading
the week after Lammas.
P.S.—I send you a map of Hungary and a picture of Andrew Doria.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
742. Cromwell's "Remembrances."
"Woolf, his wife, Gerrard, Stanley, Westall.—Murder and felony
committed upon Jeronimo George. (fn. 18) The 100l. ppid (sic) money coming
out of France, from John H. Johachyn. Touching the freres, (fn. 19) and what I
have done therein. Touching the Staple, and what I have done therein.
Touching the devise for the bochers in London, and to consult upon the
same. Item, to remember Edward Hall for a buck and a stag."
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.