A view taken, 1 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII., by lord Lisle, deputy, &c.,
Sir Robt. Wyngefylde, Sir Ric. Whetell, knts., Wm. Sympson, under-marshall,
John Rugwoode, Esqs., Wm. Prysley, and John Massyngberd, aldermen of
the town of Calais, commissioners in this behalf, of such things as need
reparation and emendation for the sure defence of the same town, upon the
walls and in the towers of the same.
Becham tower.—Two doors are to be new made in the lowest vault. The
tower is somewhat too high and weak to bear ordnance on the top. The
highest floor under the leads needs repair. The mount of the tower should
be newly made or repaired.
The tower at Our Lady of the Wall.—A door by the ground is to be
repaired, with the vault over it. The tower is cloven in the top. There
lacks a door at the leads.
The tower next Our Lady of the Wall.—The mouth of the vault needs
repair. A door is lacking upon the floor.
The second tower from Our Lady of the Wall, called the Day-watch
tower.—Here is all well.
The east watch-house tower.—A new bridge of clean timber must be
Dublyn tower.—Is very weak, never a good floor in it, and the walls are
scarce able to bear a floor.
The third flat tower from Dublin tower.—The vault of the stair is broken,
and must be mended in haste. A door is lacking.
Pryncen tower and the next tower.—All well.
The third tower from Pryncen tower.—All the floors and the lead are
Northumberland tower.—The nether floor must be new made.
The tower next Northumberland tower.—The floor that the lead lies upon
must be mended. The middle floor must be new boarded. The joists of the
nether floor, and the floor itself, must be new made.
The second tower from Northumberland tower.—Neither floor, vault, nor
joists are good, but it is in a manner in ruin. A door is lacking.
Bolen gate.—The rails upon the walls and the stairs must be new made.
The corner tower by the Mount.—All well, but the mount must be new
The Under-marshal's tower.—All well.
The west watch-tower.—The floor of the entry must be repaired, and a
door is lacking. A hole in the wall into the castle ditch must be mended.
The timber-work of the loops is lacking in divers parts of the wall.
The tower against Old Calais.—A floor is fallen down.
Wodehouse tower, Watergate tower, and Mylgate tower.—All is well.
The vawte next the prison house.—Two doors are lacking on every side.
The vawte next St. John on the Wall.—A door is lacking.
The vawte next Lantern gate on the west side.—A door is lacking.
The tower next Lantern gate on the east side, called Rose tower.—The
gutter of the street has worn away the foundation of the wall.
The first mount next the Rose tower.—The joists, the stairs, and all the
principals must be new made.
The first tower from Lantern gate.—The walls of the vault within are of
old chalk, and worn away.
The sixth tower from Lantern gate.—The door wants a little repair.
ii. A view taken 2 August in the bulwarks.
The bulwark next Becham bulwark, toward Mylgate.—The platform must
The great outer bulwark against Mylgate.
The bulwark of Mylgate.—The town dyke, from the tower next to
Mylgate, upon the north side to Bullen gate, is to be cleansed.
Dublyn bulwark.—All is well. A little beyond Dublyn bulwark till
Pryncen bulwark, and thence to Bullen gate, is to be countermured. On he
south side of the south door, right against the Lord Deputy's tower of his
house, a cavall should be made to correspond with Dublyn bulwark eastward
and Pryncen yn bulwark westward.
Pryncen bulwark.—The two bridges leading over into the Brayes eastward
and westward must be mended. The bulwark is very weak. Two
walls must be made upon the east side, and another on the west side between
that and the doors.
At Bullen gate bulwark, Snayle bulwark, and the new bulwark on the
east side of the town, all is well. At Lovel's Bray, toward the southwest,
the footway for the Scowtewatche is to be mended. The buttress
of the castle postern joining the Braye wants mending. The countermure,
from the gate to the second tower eastward from the castle, is to be
mended, and thence to the water-gate to be new made. The Search tower
will fall unless the foundation is mended. The Search house must be new
made. Between the first and second tower from Lantern gate eastward, a
hole has fallen out in the foot of the wall.
iii. List of the ordnance now about the quarters of Calais. Brass : 2 culverins,
4 pestels, 3 Northenborough slanges, 7 fawcons, 7 serpentines, one
of which is called the Labecke, 2 robenettes, 9 hagbusshes, 9 fowlers.
Iron : 51 serpentines, 1 double serpentine, 16 fowlers with chambers, 147
hagbushes, 26 beame hagbusshes. In all, 284 pieces.
iv. Ordnance needful to be provided for defence of the town.
Becham tower.—Lechelad, quarter-master. 2 fowlers for the vault. 1 sacre
for the mount. 1 serpentine for the bulwark. 6 double serpentines for the
brayes. 1 demiculverin for the "murderer" there. 2 fowlers each for the
vaults under Our Lady in the Wall, under the two next towers, and under
the east watch-house.
Mylgate.—Matthew Alder, quartermaster. A double serpentine for the
mount by Dublyn tower. 2 fowlers for the vault under the tower. 3 serpentines
for three mounts on the walls between Dublyn tower and Prynce
Inne. 12 fowlers for six vaults between the same places. A serpentine and
a fawcon for the new bulwark, and also for the mount and loops between
that and the warde-house. 4 fawcons for the brayes from Mylgate to
Prynce Inne. A serpentine, a falcon, and 2 fowlers.
Prynce Inne.—Dudson, quartermaster. 6 fowlers for the bulwark. 3 serpentines
for the brayes to Bullen gate.
Bolen gate.—Kyrkebye, quartermaster. 3 double brass serpentines, and
3 more for the mount ; 1 for Maremayden tower, 1 for the Queen's tower
at Cheker Street end, and 4 for the brayes new made by Snayle tower. In
all, 70 pieces.
Pp. 20, small quarto. Not signed.
931. Jane Basset (fn. 1) to Lady Lisle.
I am moved from my sister Courtney because of sickness, and have
been at Womberlegh these 10 days. Now I ride to my brother Marys with
my sister Thomasine. Please grant me a lodging with her at Womberlegh
for a season with such stuff as is necessary, and the pasture of one cow in
the park. As soon as I hear from you I will return to Womberlegh.
Womberlegh, the morrow of St. Peter's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
932. John Mille to Cromwell.
Touching the matter of John Adyngton and his wife against my
neighbour Sampson Thomas, I have bound myself that Sampson shall abide
the decision of you and Mr. Russheton, of Yeldhall. At Bartholomewtide I
will be with you at London. Hampton, 2 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Worshipful.
933. John Lord Mordaunt to Cromwell.
Send me word when you will be at London. I have tarried here for
your coming since Wednesday last, and have many matters to speak with
you for. Remember my warrant for bucks. Venison is scant. If you send
me a buck by my servant it will be heartily welcome. 3 Aug.
John Gostwyk desires his remembrance.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
St. P. VII. 489.
934. Vaughan to [Cromwell].
Arrived at Antwerp on the 3rd, and immediately proceeded to learn
who were the authors and publishers of a book printed in Latin here against
the King's cause. I discovered by means of one George Gee, fled out of
England for the new learning, as they call it, some of the counsel of friar
Peto and others, which they would not for any treasure divulge. George
Gee (fn. 2) told me that a Dutchman in Antwerp, named Jodocus, your servant
Avery's schoolmaster, gave out that the book was written by the bishop of
Rochester, was delivered by him to two Spaniards in England, who finished
the draft, and that Peto and friar Elston, of Canterbury, are conveyers of
the same into England. If the Bishop's house be searched the first copy
will probably be found. More (Sir Thos.) has sent often books to Peto, in
Antwerp, viz., his Confutation of Tyndale, and Frith's opinion of the Sacrament,
Peto labors busily in setting forth his book, and never ceases running to
and from the court here. The King never had in his realm traitors like his
clergy. (fn. 3) Let him look well about him, for they seek to devour him. They
have blinded his Grace, [ (fn. 4) and made him devour and put to death and trouble
many an honest man while they themselves have secretly conspired the
destruction of his royal person.] If the friars taken in London before my
coming were put to the "brake," their plans would be discovered. Two
friars have been lately sent hence into England. Eighty of their books have
been sent to England, but they will put none abroad until they hear how
they are disposed of. Has got one of them through George Gee, (fn. 5) an honest
subject of the King, and would have told Cromwell of this ; [ (fn. 4) but he is
afraid to write, having been brought into the King's hatred. He gave
Vaughan a letter which he had written and durst not send.] The bishop of
London, Stokesley, has had a servant in Antwerp this fortnight. If you send
for Henry Pepwall, a stationer in Paul's Churchyard, who was often with
him, he will tell you his business. A friar comes from England every week
to Peto. The bishop of Rochester delivered his copy to the Spaniards, who
transcribed it in haste, unknown to the Bishop. Their book is intermingled
with Greek and Spanish, which is another of their counsels. Has been
compelled to tarry in Antwerp four days. The Council to be held at Augsburg
is prorogued to Michaelmas. Could have done the King service if he had
remained longer, and thinks that one person would have been sufficient for
the legation to the dukes of Saxony and Bavaria. Could do his legation
to the former, and return to Antwerp ; but if he is to stay in Germany, he
must have money, as the 40l. he has received will not pay his charges. Four
of the horses he brought out of London have already cost him 20l. Asks
that Hawlt, Tuke's servant, should pay his stipend to his father.
The Hollanders have prepared an army against the Easterlings. [ (fn. 6) The
merchants of England have not so good a sale for their cloths as he expected.
Commends Wm. Gresham, the governor. Had much trouble in changing his
money. I have told George Gee to advertise you in my absence whatever he
learns of Peto and his accomplices. Desires the post may be paid.] Another
larger book is printing at Antwerp against the King's cause. Leaves for
Cologne on 4 Aug., (fn. 7) where the King has an enemy that spoils his subjects.
[ (fn. 8) I beg you to cherish my wife, and help my brother Wm. Johanson to some
living. Be good to John Whalley, who is a true man.]
Peto is much helped out of England with money. Much rain has fallen
in these parts. [ (fn. 8) Help my wife to her business with the Queen, that she may
have her fee, or else she had better keep sheep for any gain she will have.]
Lilgrave is here. I know not his errand. Germany is not in such affliction
as they write. Antwerp, 3 Aug. (fn. 9)
The bishop of London's servant is one Docwraye, a notary public. Take
heed that friars do not leave England in laymen's clothes.
935. Ralph Lathum to Cromwell.
I have received your letter desiring me to forbear Mr. Bygott till
Martinmas. Whereas he has certified you that his day of payment was now
at Lammas : his money was due at Midsummer last. Such poor men as I
must occupy their money, for we have no other land to live upon. I shall,
however, follow your pleasure. London, 3 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
936. Lord Sandys to Lord Lisle.
I have received your letter showing the continuance of your goodness
that you have always extended to me. My brother sends, as you desired,
the copy of his patent to his deputy, Mr. Milner, who will wait on you with
it to show that my brother is baily both of the Scunage and of Colne. I
wonder what the late mayor means ; for when the King was last in Calais,
as he rode towards Boulogne, when he had passed outside the gates, he
called the mayor back, and said, "You may discharge you of your mace, for
now we be in Sir Richard Sandes' bailiwick." Moreover, my brother has
never been interrupted until this man. I thank you for the trouble you
have taken in the matter between Wynebanck and Marckes, and for visiting
my office at Guisnes in my absence, where I fear you had but poor cheer.
No news but that the King is by this time at Sir Ric. Weston's. Commend
me to my Lady. At the Vyne, 4 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais. Endd.
937. John Abbot Of St. Austin's, [Canterbury,] to
Has received his letter in favor of Geo. Goldwyn, for whom Cromwell
thinks the Abbot can in conscience do no less than his predecessor offered
to his father. Both he and his predecessor have been always more desirous
of quiet than of trouble. Has commoned with Goldwyn, and desired
Mr. Attorney to treat with him, but he persists in asking an unreasonable
sum, as if the Abbot were in his debt ; whereas really his father owed the
convent more than 100l. when he was last committed to ward. Thus he
claims release of his father's debt, and as much again, when by his father's
misdoing what was offered then is "double worse than it was." Yet for
Cromwell's sake is willing to give him somewhat, as he and Mr. Attorney
shall think good. St. Austin's, 4 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the King's jewels. Sealed.
938. Edw. Shelley to Cromwell.
I understand by the bearer that you intend to visit my poor house.
Let me know if there are any friends in this quarter whom you would like
to meet you. Don't forget your greyhounds, for I will be your guide unto
the east parts, through half a score of parks where I dare well say you will
be right heartily welcome. Slindenfold, 4 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
28,585, f. 330.
939. Count Of Cifuentes to Charles V.
The Pope has had an answer from the person he sent to England
about the Council, that the matter may be referred entirely to the French
King. He hears also that the Germans wish to choose some place in
Germany, and none of the places mentioned in Italy, and they wish the
Council to be held at once. The agent of the king of the Romans says
the same. The King thinks Lutheranism can only be remedied by arms,
especially when peace is made with the Turk. Rome, 5 Aug. 1533.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
28,585, f. 331.
940. Count Of Cifuentes to Charles V.
The sentence in the English case, which was given on July 11, has
not been procured in writing until now. A decree has been given fixing
the end of September as a term for the King, whatever process may have
been made in partibus, if there is any, and he wishes to use it (si lo ay del
The auditor, Paul Capisucha, has been commissioned to intimate the
sentence and term to the King, in Rome, at Bruges, and Drunguerg
(Dunkirk?). He will be bound thereby as if it were intimated personally
to him. The decree and commission were necessary, as without them the
sentence and term could not have been intimated.
As the time for an appeal is past, although the sentence of the Pope
could not be appealed against, we are asking for executorialles, which must
be decreed by the Pope in Consistory. None has been lately held, as his
Holiness is suffering from gout, but it is said there will be one on
I hear that there is a practice on the part of the English to relieve the
King from obeying this sentence for process super attemptatis, by proving
that he had married "la Anna" before the trial began. The Queen's party
will have a good answer to this.
Letters from the Ambassador in England have arrived today with the
sentence given by the archbp. of Canterbury, and a proclamation made in
London, of which I send a copy. The lawyers here advise the obtaining
of a brief to revoke this sentence, to forbid the Queen being forced to
desist from the cause, and to revoke any law or order of the King, his
council or prelates, touching the case.
It has also been suggested to cite "la Anna," for the reasons given in
an enclosed memorial ; but the general opinion is that it would only cause
delay. Rome, 5 Aug.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
28,586, f. 94.
941. Anne Boleyn.
"Memorial tocante en la causa de la Serenisima Señora Reyna de
As soon as the news came that the king of England had married Anna, it
was considered whether she should be proceeded against (cometer la causa
contra), but it was determined not to do so, for fear of hindering the expedition
of the principal cause.
It is true the marriage of Anne could not be much hindrance to the
expedition of the cause, as it is notoriously invalid, and so the Pope determined
in Consistory, as appears by the sentence sent by Rodrigo Davalos.
Further reasons for and against the citation of Anne :—The principal cause
not being finished before the vacation ; the decision being that she should
not be cited, but the principal cause pressed, considering the good state in
which it now is, according to the instructions of Rodrigo d'Avalos.
Sp., pp. 5, modern copy.
942. [Lord Lisle] to Cromwell.
I have received yours of the 17th July by John Bartelet, mariner
and soldier of the retinue here, desiring me, with the assistance of the
Council, to proceed according to the letters of which I enclose a copy.
Although I had but recently received a letter from the duke of Suffolk, of
which I also enclose a copy, I and the Council summoned the mayor and his
brethren before us to answer Bartelet's allegations. As he took exception
to Will. Johnson, one of the aldermen, as not being English-born, and also
to John at the Well, one of the 12 burgesses, we called them before us.
The former showed a denization under the King's broad seal, the latter a
testimonial, dated 12 Aug. 17 Hen. VII., signed by Sir Ric. Nanfant, then
deputy, Sir Sampson Norton, then master porter, Will. Goodryke, then
lieut of the Staple, and Will. Yownge, then clerk of the Chequer, all being
the King's Commissioners for the same cause, showing that he was to be
taken as a mere Englishman. I also moved the mayor and his brethren, as
you desired, for a reward to the said Bartelet ; but they refuse it, saying that
he deserves large punishment for his untrue surmises, which have caused
them to spend 40l. already. "I would I had taken pain that you had
never meddled in it." Whenever such a bill shall come to you in my time
touching Calais, let me know ere it pass the King, and I will write how the
case stands, and whether it will be prejudicial to the town ; for one has got
a grant of the toll of Newenham Bridge, which all the country of Guisnes,
Mark and Oye, ery out on, that be victuallers of the town, and I am
troubled with them whenever I go into the marketplace. I have sent you
a book of a view taken of the town walls of Calais, with the towers and
bulwarks both within and without, by Geo. Brown, master of the ordnance
there, whom I beg you to inform of the King's pleasure. Calais, 5 Aug.
Copy, pp. 2. Begins : Mr. Crumwell. Endd. : The letters of the duke
of Suffolk and of Mr. Crumwell, and mine answer to the same, in the cause
of Jo. Bartelet against the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of Calais, for the
943. Hugh Abbot Of Reading to Cromwell.
I have received your letters concerning dan John Shirbourne, late prior
of this house. And whereas you require that the said Shirbourne shall be
restored ; it will appear by his letter herewith sent that this is clean contrary
to his mind. I have got him a benefice of 20 marks a year, which he has
utterly refused, as this bearer can show you. Reading, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
944. Gerald Fitzgerald, Earl Of Kildare, to the Earl Of
Sir Bartholomew Dillon, the King's chief justice, is dead. Asks him
to stay any suit for the place until he is advertised by the Council here,
especially if Patrick Fynglas, chief baron of the Exchequer, or Christopher
Delahide, secundarie justice of the King's Bench, make suit for it, for they
are both assured to the earl of Ossory as Dillon was to Wiltshire. Begs him
to make Ric. Delahide, chief justice of the Common Pleas, steward of his
lands here. Since Wiltshire sent Umfre Colys here, Delahide has done
as much for the advancement of his right as any learned man here. Has
given the office of chief "remembistre" of the Exchequer, void by Dillon's
death, to Thos. Houthe, whom Wiltshire knows, it being in his gift by his
patent of deputation. Maynothe, 5 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
945. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
Two priests accused of seditious words against the King remain,
the one in the Fleet, and the other in the sheriff ward in co. Bucks, till he
can find surety for his appearance before the Council. As the words spoken
sound "very unthriftily," has devised two commissions to make inquiry and
certify their finding into Chancery that it may be sent into the King's Bench.
As their confessions should be seen by the Commissioners, begs Cromwell to
deliver to the bearer, Mr. Daunce's servant, the accusation and confession
of the vicar of Thame. Brittens, 6 Aug. Signed : Thomas Audeley, k.,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Crumwell, Esquire, attending upon the
946. Thomas Crofte to Cromwell.
Thanks him for promising to speed his bill. Hopes he will not be
displeased that he did not take leave of him. Is in commission for a great
matter to be examined next St. Laurence's Day, of which he had no knowledge
till Monday last, 4 Aug. Leaves his servant to attend Cromwell's
leisure. Was at his place divers times, but always found him occupied.
Sends him a bill enclosed of particulars. More than 100 have been slain in
the marches of Wales since the bishop of Exeter was president there, "and
not one of them punished." Begs that Cromwell will get him justice from the
Bishop in a matter depending before him these four years. "My neighbour
th'abbot of Wigmore were bound to pray for you, if ye would write unto
him to reform himself and his brothers ; for in my conscience there is no
worse rule kept within England nor Wales than is there kept there (sic) of
all hands." London, 6 Aug.
P.S.—If Cromwell would write to the abbot to give Crofte a corrody out
of the abbey, he would be glad to do it. It is but 4 marks a year.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Of the Council.
947. Thos. Fouler to Mr. Fouler, Vice-treasurer of Calais.
I commend me to you and to my master.
I hear no word of Mons. de Vaux, nor his coming. Mr. Whethyll is mayor
of Calais, being chosen alderman and mayor in one day. He has the whole
revenues. The Lord Deputy commends himself to you. He has made
Henry Mountesey a reasonable answer. He has seen all the ordnance on
the walls, and there lacketh many stocks to be made of elm timber. We have
written to Mr. Lambert to send over some which the King has in Kent.
Mr. Massingberd, Sir Ric. Mighell, Felypes bedfellow, and Mrs. Aberley
commend themselves to you. They were sorry for your misfortune, and
would gladly see you here. I have received from Robt. Candeler your mail,
with part of your raiment, according to Thos. Tymme's bill. The Lord
Deputy has written to the King about the lack of ordnance, and George
Broune brings over a book concerning it. Calais, 6 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
948. Sir John Russell to Lord Lisle.
I am glad to hear how you are beloved, and how well you use
yourself there. I would like to know how you like the air there. I never
saw the King merrier than he is now, and there is the best pastime in
hunting red deer. Never was better cheer than at my lord of Exeter's,
Mr. Treasurer's, and Mr. Weston's. The King intended to go to Farnham,
from thence to East Hampstead, and so to Windsor ; but in consequence of
the sweat, he was fain to remove from Guildford to Sutton, Mr. Weston's
house. And now within these eight days he cometh again to Windsor, and
soon after the Queen removes thence to Greenwich to take her chamber.
At your departing you promised to provide me three tuns of wine. Please
send me one tun of French wine to Bridewell, to one Gayes, skinner, for I can
get none in London for any money. My lord of Carlisle has been very sick,
and sent for Mr. Kingston, thinking he should not have escaped, but he is
well amended. Sutton, 6 Aug.
Commend me to my Lady. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais. Endd.
949. Sir John Russell to Lord Lisle.
I commend me to you and my Lady. At your departure you promised
me three tuns of French wine. Please send me one tun to Bridewell,
to one Gayes, that keeps the house there. I purpose to be at court in three
P. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais. Endd.
950. H. Marquis Of Exeter to Lord Lisle.
Begs he will grant to the bearer, Uryen, the room of 8d. a day, as the
writer had requested before Lisle's departure to Calais. Horseley, 7 Aug.
P. 1. Add. : My lord Lysley. Endd.
951. Richard Hilley to Cromwell.
On the 24th July I received your confirmation of the election of the
abbot of Malmesbury, which was done on the 5 Aug. Next day he was
blessed, and departed homewards to be installed at his pleasure. On the 2nd
I received the King's commands to stay the revenues of this bishopric till his
further pleasure be known, and notified it to the receivers ; but as the
Bishop's palace, manors, and houses are in such decay that the reparation
cannot be delayed without utter ruin, I have proceeded to repair them where
it was most required. Dr. Powell, whom you willed me to send to you, had
ridden forth before I could speak to him. I told him your pleasure on his
return, and he said that in consequence of a disease in his leg, which a surgeon
had promised to cure in 15 days, he could not conveniently ride, but will
be with you on the 18th. I showed you at London how the sheriff of
Middlesex hath, contrary to law, let to bail one John Gardiner, of the company
of the Nevills, late of Wilton. Gardiner and Will. Nevel were at
Wilton, and by their resort the nuns there are the more out of good frame.
When Gardiner was required by the priests to avoid the church for stopping
Divine service because he was excommunicated, he refused to go. I forbear
to execute the King's writ, because of your letters directed to me upon the
complaint of such as pretend to be thrust out of their farms wrongfully by
me. This letter was shown about to my discredit. Sarum, 7 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : High councillor.
952. — to [the Mayor Of Dover.]
Desires him, upon the death of the master of the hospital named
Masondue [Dover], in the King's gift, who is sick and not likely to recover,
and being a religious man cannot dispose of his goods by testament, to take
charge of all the money, plate, goods, corn, and cattle that belonged to him.
Nothing is to be taken away except what is necessary for his funeral and
keeping the hospital in its accustomed fashion, and a book is to be made
thereof. If any meddle with the goods otherwise, his name is to be sent,
and short remedy shall be provided.
P. 1. Endd : "Mynute of a letter."
2. Account of the election at the hospital of Maison Dieu, Dover.
On the Thursday before the Feast of St. Lawrence, 7 Aug., the Master
being sick, sent for Mr. Dyryng of the castle, and Mr. Cramforthe, who,
after dining with the brethren, went to him in his chamber. He said he
thought he should not recover, and they advised him to resign his power to
one of his brethren, as it was most likely none of them would have it on his
death, "for it is named very rich." The next day he sent for the brethren,
and told them he intended to resign for the safety of his house, though he
had never thought of doing so before. The King's charter was read to him,
and he then told them to go to the chapter-house the next Monday before
service, and elect one of their number. They chose first Sir Harry Wodde,
the eldest of them, and then Mr. Wreke, both of whom he refused. They
finally elected Sir John Burnell, with whom the Master was well pleased,
but insisted on having surety for himself, which Burnell obtained from his
friend Mr. Edw. Monynges, that he should be allowed his chamber, his
keeper, and his kitchen during life. Mr. Lawrence, scribe to Master
Official of Canterbury, was then sent for to make the obligation, but he
advised them first to obtain the favor of some great man in the matter, lest
the King should refuse to admit Burnell, and thought the Master should
recall his resignation, and say it was only done to see whom the brethren
would elect at his death. The Master accordingly sent for the brethren on
the next day, told them what Lawrence had said, and said he would take
respite for two or three days. He told them also that if any one asked about
the resignation they must say there was none, but that one was chosen to
govern the house under him ; "and thus you shall stop their speech."
R. T. 145,
No. 5, § 39.
953. Clement VII.
Bull commanding Henry to restore Catherine and put away Anne in
10 days on pain of excommunication. In case of disobedience, calls on
Charles V., all other Christian princes, and Henry's own subjects, to assist in
the execution of the bull by force of arms. Dated 8 Aug. 1533.
P. 1. From an abstract in a French catalogue of papers now lost. (fn. 10)
St. P. VII. 493.
954. Henry VIII. to Norfolk [and Rochford].
Had written to him by lord Rochford what arguments he should use
to dissuade the French king from meeting the Pope. Suggests further to the
same effect that he should urge the inconsistency of the French king's doing
so, as he promised that if the Pope took any new steps against his brother
he would not meet him. If he denies he made such a promise you shall
lament your misfortune in having told us that he had. If he admits it,
but thinks this is no innovation, you shall exclaim, "How hard it is that one
of my age and place should be invited to your interview with the Pope, and
yet 'understand such matter' whereupon neither my master's honor nor
my heart will allow me to be present. Occasion will rather be given by my
departure to blow abroad the small appearance of friendship between the two
Crowns. Irreparable injury will ensue by this meeting, and the opinion
of the world, often stronger than truth, will be lost." If he urges that princes
must use policy, and pretends that what he is doing is for our benefit, you shall
urge that the Pope has treated us with great injustice, that what we have
done has been with the French king's advice, and that the Pope has injured
us both ; that his citation of us to Rome is a manifest wrong to all princes,
in which he still perseveres, notwithstanding the remonstrance of the Cardinals
sent by the French king. On consulting him by you lord Rochford
how to disclose our marriage, he advised us to knit the nobles of our
realm in one accord, and then divulge it ; and as there was no other way so
firm to knit them as by Parliament, "all other knots being loose and slippery,
this knot of act and statute is by authority thereof permanent and durable,
and he ought to be contented now that it is a sure knot, and that we have
attempted no innovation of which he was not the substantial author." Therefore,
if the Pope persists in proceeding against us, no good can come from
his interview with the French king.
To all his attempts to revoke what is done here, we shall say Nay, in such
a sort that the world shall hear and the Pope shall feel it. We therefore put
our trust in him, and think it would be dishonorable in him to see decay a
thing that was of his own foundation, most so to us who have now come to
harvest, and trust shortly to see the fruit of our marriage. You shall further
say that you know that our determination is fixed, and that we will not
allow our marriage, the sentence of the archbishop of Canterbury, the
statutes of our realm, or our late proclamation to be touched. Therefore
let him make no promise to the Pope in these matters. If he would tell
the Pope that unless he make us amends he can have no further amity
with him, this will be an honorable course, and induce him and other princes
to make our cause their own. If, to remove all suspicion of our amity, he
brake off the appointed meeting with the Emperor, there is much greater
reason to break off this meeting with the Pope. If you can persuade him to
this you are to tarry with him, and consult by what ways and means we can
best annoy the Pope. If you cannot, and he urges that it is important for
him to have the Duchess in his hands, you shall tell him that you remember
he once said he would never conclude that marriage except to do us good,
but you cannot prevent him, and therefore only lament the necessity of your
returning to England, for you cannot look patiently on your master's enemy.
And you shall further signify that we have commissioned Sir Fras. Brian
and Sir John Wallop to repair with him to the interview, provided they never
present themselves to the Pope. In taking leave of him you shall say that if
he will needs meet the Pope he can do nothing so acceptable to you as to
persuade the Pope to pronounce the marriage of the lady Katharine null and
In Derby's hand. Headed : Copy of the King's [letter] to my lord of
Norfolk, the 8th day of August. Endd.
Vit. B. XIV.
955. Friar Paulus Parmensis, General of the Franciscans, to
"Quanto cum s ...
vestræ Angliæ ...
sceptro quam si ...
serenissime Rex ...
apostolicum studuere ...
ficare, propterea ego qua ...
ne amplius tuus per tres ...
nolle tuam serenissimam Majestatem ... supp ...
rectæ rationis compotum causa in totum Franciscanum ...
devotus est, percitum iri. Commendo quantum possum ...
tuæ bonæ gratiæ, quam Christus bene sospitet. D ...
die 8 Augusti MD[XXXIII.]" (fn. 11)
956. William Appowell, one of the Marshals of the King's Hall,
Mr. Mayor, with the consent of your friends and the council of this
town of Bristol, have chosen you to be their recorder, with a fee of 19l. 6s. 8d.,
as my Lord Chief Justice had. The labor is not much. Bristol, 8 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
957. Wm. Fynche, Prior of Bromer, to Cromwell.
Proffers of service. If there is anything in their poor house to
pleasure Cromwell, it shall be at his commandment. Bromer, 8 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Sealed.
958. Prior Of Ivychurch to Lady Lisle.
I have received your letter dated Calais, 25 July, asking how I speed
with Mr. Parys, upon my lord of Winchester's letter sent to him. I have
not yet spoken to him, but I hope to do so at his next coming to Downton
to keep the said Lord's law day at Michaelmas. As to Walter Semer, I have
no friend who can do any good with him touching the farm of Witheton
during your absence. Thanks for your wine. I would beg of my Lord some
venison from Claringdon Park, for my Lord Chief Baron's rewards are very
thin of venison. I am sorry to see by your letter that there is some displeasure
growing between you and my Lord Chief Baron. I trust my Lord
and you are so constant that light-wagging tongues disposed to make
variance shall have but dull hearing. Though you may take no displeasure
by losing the friendship of a wise man in good authority, some lovers of
yours perchance may fall in need of the help of such an one. I will be in
hand with him next time I can speak with him, and I expect to find him
conformable to reason. Ivychurche, 8 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : This letter be delivered at Sabbis Key, in Temstrete, and
fro thence to Calice, to his right honourable good lady, my lady Lisle.
959. Thomas Gilbert to Lady Lisle.
John Tym has brought her wishes to the lady abbess of St. Mary's and
to the prior of Hyde. "As for Master Norton, (fn. 12) the visitation of Almighty
God is there." John Tym defers to Master John Basset's pleasure, and will
be even more ready to gratify her Ladyship ere long if she will send him a
letter. My Master Parson has written to the prior of Southwycke for the
vicarage of Porchester, vacant by the death of the vicar, in my good Lord's
behalf and yours. Begs she will thank him. The prior will make the
writer no grant until he hears from his kinsman in Oxford. If he will not
take it, thinks he himself will have a good chance. Begs her favor for
Wm. Rose, the bearer. The reason of his departure is that "his wife will
not suffer him in ease no manner of way ; where that he came to my master
with weeping tears, for because she is so unreasonable a woman. She is
more liker a woman of Bedlam." Begs her to remember him of such things
as he shall pray for her. Bishop's Waltham, 8 Aug. Signed : Thomas
Gylbert, curat there.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
960. Ric. Phelypps to Cromwell.
I beg your favor for the abbot of Cerne, collector of the clerical subsidy
late granted to the King in Dorsetshire. As the Commission was long
in coming, most of the French priests who were liable to it fled ; also some of
the priest's stipendiaries are dead, others have fled. He will therefore lose
a great sum in the collection without your consideration. I thank you for
your great goodness shown to my son Thomas in his late troubles and unjust
handling. Charborow, 9 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : One of the King's councillors. Endd.
961. Jerome Previdellus to Sir Gregory Casale.
Has studied diligently the case of the King's second marriage, and will
be ready to prove its validity so long as no declaration has been made of the
validity of the former one. Is anxious to point out the Pope's errors, and
desires his recommendations to Benet. Bologna, 9 Aug. 1533.
[9 Aug.] (fn. 13)
Vit. B. XIV.
962. [Andrea Doria (fn. 13) ] to —
"Poi che ...
e le ... tant ..
... al v ...
... che ...
... dentro ...
... molti f ...
... rassimo et ...
... loro et ne fe ...
passorno diverg ... maxime
a homini ... camino et passati
che fu ... appresso di noi et per esse[r]
pon .. no ... ta che se conveniva et essendo un
miglio ... il vento ne manco di tal sorte che le nave
ref ... et como fussero quelle el forte di ma armata me
... per proda delle nave che restavano piu vicine ...
... conducessimo sotto Corone excepto due che se ...
sieme et tutte le galere Turchesche le arrivor ... presto ne
abbaterno una su la quale montorno ... l'altra si diffesse
tanto che le galere nostre furno ... posto le altre nave in salvo,
et la major parte ... di loro, per il che le galere delli Turchi
scorssero ... nave prese et le nostre le seguitorno et li resero lo
... leria che ne havevano fatto prima. Benche lo ...
assai de signale, et poi che le hebbiono cacciate ... ssamo et parte
de noi torno a la recuperation[e] ... nostre, la una dellequale si
recupero subito p ... anchor finita di perdersoi. L'altra per
trova ... gianicari in difessa se sostenne non poco, et ...
con molto major lordanno dio ne fece gratia ... nave et
galere tornassimo a Corone con poch ... morti. Non vi
potrei dire la miseria in la ... questa terra, et maxime li
Greci et Alban[i] ... si e datto heri sera et hoggi ratione
per ... vite, como fussimo jonti di levo lo ca ...
... e hoggi si he fermato discosto ... meza
notte le loro gal[ere] *** stuaglie et munitione ...
... uaglio de heri si he fatt ... tanto
che in pochi giorni ... fare et per le diverse
... suplire voi et manda ...
... da xxv. in xxx. Janicari ...
... i heri sera arrivorno dicono ... tanto
che possiamo judicare ... lamno."
963. — to [Lisle?]
Thanks him for his news. Hopes God will continue him in health.
You will doubtless learn the news here from your servants and friends. I
hope the truce between the English and Scotch will soon be concluded,
although there seems to be some difficulty about it. The King and Queen
are in very good health. London, 9 Aug.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Begins : Monsieur.
llis, 1 Ser.
964. E. Earl Of Derby and Sir Henry Farryngton to
Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of your house, lately directed his
several letters to us for the arrest of a lewd and naughty priest inhabiting these
parts, who has spoken slanderous words about your Highness and the Queen's
grace, and to examine those who were present when he uttered them. We
accordingly called before us at Ley, in Lancashire, 10 Aug. 25 Hen. VIII.,
the persons hereafter mentioned, in presence of Sir Ric. Hoghton, Sir Will.
Leylond, and Thos. Howcroft, and others of the earl of Derby's Council ;
and Sir Henry has attached the priest, and sent him up to you.
Sir Ric. Clerke, vicar of Leegh, says that on 20 July last he read a
proclamation at Crofton, in the house of John Blackeston's, concerning
lady Katharine, princess dowager, which Sir Jas. Harrison, priest,
hearing, said, "that queen Katharine was queen, and that Nan Bullen
should not be queen, nor the King to be no king but on his bearing."
Sir John Haworth, the priest, says he heard Sir James say "that queen
Katharine should be queen ; and as for Nan Bullen, who the devil made her
queen? And as for the King, should not be king but on his bearing."
Will. Dalton reports the words used as "I will take none for queen but
queen Katharine. Who the devil made Nan Bullen, that whore, queen?"
&c. John Dalton the elder, Thos. Lathom, and Jas. Woddes give similar
testimony. Adam Banaster heard Sir James use like words in the house
of Thos. Gravesyns ; and Ric. Sumner and John Clayton say that on the
way from Perbalt to Eccleston Sir James said to them, "This is a marvellous
world. The King will put down the order of priests, and destroy the
sacrament ; but it will be as Thomas Dykenson said, that it cannot reign
long, for he saith that York will be London hastily." Signed.
965. Sir Will. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
As I am informed, Master Vice-Chamberlain departed from the King
in such a sort as I am sorry to hear, and as he reported to Kingston the
King licensed him to depart home ; "and so [he] took his leave of him with
the water standing in his eyes." I beg you will remember the old friendship
between him and you, and that kindness is to be shown between friends,
especially in time of necessity. I beg you will induce him to return to court
within a fortnight. Be a means for obtaining the King's favor and bringing
him into his former room. Windsor Great Park, Sunday, 10 Aug.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
966. Sir Will. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
I have spoken to Master Vice-Chamberlain, and find him more disposed
to serve God than the world. There is so much honesty in him that
I dare warrant that, next God, he loves the King above all things. Whatever
you advise he will follow. Charsay, this Friday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Master Cromwell.