1446. Katharine Of Arragon to Charles V.
Your Majesty's ambassador has sent me the articles shown to you by
the Pope's nuncio, concerning the King's affair and mine, and also his own
letter on the same subject.
I do not wish the cause to be heard except before the Pope, and in no
place except Rome. Nothing is intended but delay, from which I have
already suffered. If this woman whom the King keeps with him is pregnant
of a son, they will be encouraged in their obstinacy, being now as good as
If you knew as well as I the evil done by the talk at Bologna about the
place where the cause should be determined and the Legates, you would
have answered without waiting for my reply, unless you acted thus to please
the Pope. The carelessness shown at Bologna has brought the matter to
this pass. Your Majesty must not think I do not feel what you write, and
the good which would happen if the King would resume his obedience to
the Pope, but these practices will encourage him not to do so. The only
remedy is to finish the case, and I beg you to urge the Pope to give a
definitive sentence, which I hope will enlighten the King, and stop the
tongues which have brought him to this state, when they see themselves without
any hope. They say they think little of what the Pope has done and can do.
Begs again for the Emperor's help, instancing the evils to Christendom
and the growth of Lutheranism, which result from delay.
Would neither ask him for help, nor the Pope for justice, if it were not for
the offence to God, the discharge of her conscience, and the danger of the
souls of her household. 21 Nov.
Endd. : "De la reyna de Ynglaterra, 21 de Noviembre 1533, 8 de Hebrero
de 34. Respondidas de Toledo a — de Abril."
Sp., modern copy, pp. 4.
1447. The Papal Sentence.
"Exemplar sive transscriptum aut copia literarum apostolicarum
S.D.N. Clementis Papæ VII. sub plumbo expeditarum, executoralium sententiæ
per Sanctitatem suam nuper in favorem serenissimaæ Dominæ Catherinæ
Angliæ Reginæ, contra illustrissimum principem dominum Henricum VIII.
Angliæ Regem, ac quandam Annam dictam de Boland, nominatim et in specie
latæ, cum insinuatione seu notificatione illarum, et in eis contentorum, eisdem
Regi, Annæ, et certis aliis in illis contentis et comprehensis, per ædictum
facta." (fn. 1)
The bull is dated Rome 1533, 6 id. Aug., 10 pont. The notification was
by John Maquet de Binchio, notary, of the Emperor's Council of Brabant,
on Wednesday, 19 Nov. 1533, at the church of St. Eligius, Dunkirk, on
the doors of which an abstract of the sentence was nailed. On Friday,
Nov. 21, at St. Mary's church, Bruges.
Lat. No date of printing.
Le Glay, Analectes
2. "Procès-verbaux de deux publications faites à Dunkerque, de la bulle
du Pape Clément VII., contenant la sentence rendue contre le roi
d'Angleterre Henri VIII., au sujet de son divorce avec Catherine d'Aragon
et son mariage avec Anne de Boleyn.
La bulle à Rome, le 13 Aout 1533. Sa publication à Dunkerque, le
19 Novembre 1533."
1448. S. Vaughan to Cromwell.
Two days past I received a letter from you containing a licence from
the King for me to come home. I shall leave here in eight days. Sir
Marshal wrote me a letter that I should buy for you half a dozen chronicles
lately translated out of Almain into Latin. I can find none such. I know
the books you would have. Christopher (Mont) began in your house to
translate them. Four days past I sent, in company of Martin Caley, Henry
Ellington, some time servant to Abraam. He came here out of Scotland
with letters from Jas. Griffith Appowell to the queen of Hungary. These
letters, with other of his writings, I sent in my letters enclosed to you.
Antwerp, 21 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1449. Ric. Kyrton to Lady Lisle.
Thanks her for the kindness shown him by her and lord Lisle.
Mr. Marvyn gives him words of comfort touching lord Lisle's causes of
Chedder, saying that lord Lisle will make a feoffment and letter of attorney
to take possession. If "he" trouble any of the tenants, he shall have an
injunction to bring it before my Lord Chancellor. Is in doubt about her
letters to Mr. Hollte, who says he has no store of cloth. The "plattes" for
the town are sent home by the carrier, "and for the gilting, they must
dyscrye all the arms by the reason of colours." They ask 5l. for the doing
of it, and George Rollys has laid out 33s. 4d. till Candlemas, which Burye
then must pay him. Wm. Leke sends three yards, costing 2s. 6d., for the
hosen for which she wrote. Not knowing the size, has sent the cloth.
London, 21 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1450. Anthony Cotton to Cromwell.
I have been to you, but could not find you at leisure, for money due
to me for six acres of my land held by John Laurens, taken by the King.
There is another acre of land in the said park belonging to me, as appears
by a deed dated 4 Edw. III. Harfford Castle, 21 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1451. Edw. Lee, Archbishop of York, to Cromwell.
I have today received your kind letter dated 8 Nov. I shall be glad
to come to a reasonable and charitable communication in the controversy
between the Archdeacon and me, as the King wishes. Wrote yesterday to
the King, to you, and others, insinuating the same desire, and to my cousin
Baynton to move the King that the matter may be indifferently heard.
Wrote also to the archbp. of Canterbury, who has moved the Archdeacon,
and now writes that he partly inclines to my purpose. I have accordingly
written to him to perform the rest. No man will be gladder than I, for
I seek nothing but discharge of my conscience and the reformation of the
clergy of my province. How much it stands to my charge to do so, you
will perceive by the enclosed notes drawn out of old writers upon the law.
If the archbp. of Canterbury cannot perform what he has begun, I shall
ask you and the Chancellor to make an end thereof, calling in our counsels
learned in the spiritual law. If it come thereto I trust you will perceive
that neither custom nor composition can exclude me from examining all
clerks by me "ordered," notwithstanding the Archdeacon's examination.
Yesterday I prayed you, and now I pray you again, that the injunction
may be discharged.
I do not yet know the King's pleasure for the prebend of Northmuschame,
which I reserve for his clerk. I pray you that now I may have respite to
look after my poor chaplains. The King will be from time to time called
on, but your goodness may stop all. Cawod, 21 Nov. 1533.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
2. Extracts from the canonists, touching the respective rights of the bishop
and archdeacon in matters of ordination.
Inc. : "Ad hanc questionem, In quibus sollicitudo episcopalis debet relevari
per Archidiaconum, respondet Papa, Ad Archidiaconum etiam pertinet
examinatio clericorum si fuerint ad ordines promovendi, &c."
This passage is specially noted in the margin : "Est generaliter observatum
ut ad eum examinatio personæ pertineat ad quem impositio manus
Lat., pp. 5. Add. in the hand of Lee's clerk : "To the Rt. Honorable
my special good friend Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most honble.
1452. W. K[nighte] to Cromwell.
Great suit is made to my Lord Chancellor for dissolving the injunction
sent to my lord of York. Yesternight he said that he granted it at
your desire, and would this day show you a reason why it should be dissolved.
It was devised for the quietness of the King's subjects. Lord
Conyers and other gentlemen would have put up a supplication to the King,
which I send you. The injunction required him to use himself quietly towards
my jurisdiction, as his predecessors had done ; but he is now seeking for a
dissolution in order to continue his tyranny, and writes many letters to
honorable men. I should be glad to have some recompense for my archdeaconry,
though it were to my loss.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1453. Katharine Of Arragon to Chapuys.
Has received his letter by the lawyer, and the others which accompanied
it. They have caused her great pain by renewing what she had
passed through, seeing that she and her daughter are so miserable that they
cannot have the justice which is denied to no one. Does not ask his Holiness
(qu. Majesty?) (fn. 2) for war, and would rather die than be the cause of it.
Asks only for true justice, having appealed to the Vicar of Christ for six years.
The long delay has caused her the great evils which are manifest towards
all the world. Now that she is almost at the end, if the definitive sentence is
given, she is to begin (tengo de empeçar) with an agreement (partido)
proposed to her two years ago by the King and his Council. Being moved
by her conscience, refused it, feeling sure that it was a trick to prolong the
negotiation, and to overcome her by power which she could not resist. Since
then great troubles have followed. Cannot keep back her tears when writing,
to think of her innocence and her separation from the King, who left her at
Windsor (Unisor) without her knowing the reason, and has since married,
without any divorce except what he has arranged and ordered (sino el que
apunto y como el lo mando) while her case is before the Pope. Desires him
to write to the Emperor to order his ambassadors to solicit a definitive
sentence to be pronounced as soon as possible. There is no other remedy,
and this will save many souls which are now in danger. The practice at
Bologna was of no use, as it clearly encouraged them here to proceed with
this marriage (deste bueno de casamiento). Expects that she and her
daughter will be martyred at the next Parliament. Thanks for his trouble.
Hugdon (Bugden), 22 Nov.
Asks him to send on the letters as soon as possible, that so great an offence
to God may be averted, and because she has more fear of His chastisement
than of any troubles in this world, and to tell the Imperial agents at Rome
to press the case without waiting for the Emperor's answer (de su señor), as
it is her determined will, and the Emperor orders it. Desires him to write to
the Comendador Mayor of Leon, and to Granvela, to thank them for their
trouble, to ask for further aid, and excuse her for not writing.
Sp. From a modern copy, headed inaccurately 1532.
E. VI. 234.
Burnet, VI. 68.
1454. Cranmer to [Bonner].
You know I stand in dread lest the Pope make some process against
me and my church. I have, therefore, by advice of the King and his Council,
appealed to the General Council, and send herewith my appeal and procuracy
under my seal. You will take advice with my lord of Winchester how to
intimate the said provocation. Lambeth, 27 Nov. Signed.
St. P. IV. 664.
1455. James V. to Henry VIII.
Desires credence for Mr. Adam Otti[rburn, of Auld]hame, whom he
sends as one who has always been a promoter of peace between the two
realms. Couper, 22 Nov. 21 Jas. V. Signed.
1456. Sir Will. Parre to Cromwell.
I am credibly informed that I am appointed this year to be sheriff of
Northamptonshire. You know the great debt I am in to my lord of Richmond,
and my great charges, so that the office will be my undoing. As Sir
Thos. Griffyn, who can spend yearly 600 marks, is desirous of it, I might
be discharged, and he appointed. But if you desire that I should continue
still sheriff, I shall follow the King's pleasure. As Sir Francis Brian, when
sheriff of Buckinghamshire, held the office also of custos rotulorum, I beg I
may also have the same or appoint my deputy for this year, as I should be
sorry to lose it.
I perceive that this year the "tayles" shall be clearly struck out, and if I
shall continue sheriff I shall thereby lose 100l. Please remember the signing
of my nephew's bill. I shall be at London shortly after Christmas. Horton,
22 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council. Sealed.
1457. Dartmoor Forest.
Lease by Sir John Daunce and John Hales, surveyors of Crown lands,
to Thomas Crumwell, chancellor of the Exchequer, John Roo, serjeant-at-law,
John Uvedale, secretary to the Queen, Humph. Bonevyle, John Rastall,
Martin Pirry, John Braban, John Wheddon, John Bobiche, and Rob. Cowper,
of all the lead mines in Dartmore forest, Devonshire, for 21 years, at a rent
of a tenth part of the metal found. 22 Nov. 25 Hen. VIII. Signed by
Daunce and Hales.
On parchment, mutilated.
1458. William Elys to Cromwell.
I received your letter on St. Clement's Day by your servant Thos.
Borell, desiring me to surrender my patent of office. I sent you a letter by
Will. Bygott on that subject before the feast of St. Simon and Jude, and he
has since written to me that he could not find you at leisure. Till I know
your pleasure I can make no further answer, begging I may not lose my name
for a year or two. I and my wife were coming to London 14 days before
All Saints. Attylbrygge, St. Clement's Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd. : Baron Ellys.
1459. Lord Lisle to [Cromwell].
The creditors of the late lord Berners have shown us that he, in his
lifetime, made an assignment to them of a portion of his wages in satisfaction
of his claims. Such assignments have always been held good to every
assignee at the King's payment, but payment has hitherto been deferred, and
the creditors desire us to urge you for a commandment to the vice-treasurer,
Mr. Hastings. The bearer will give you particulars. It has always been the
custom in this town, used by many of the garrison, to make such assignments,
which is considered one of the greatest aids and reliefs to the King's servants.
Calais, 23 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Endd. : John Tollemelle, of Sangate, payes lycense for iiij. last.
1460. Chapuys to Charles V.
Besides the letter which the Queen wrote to you, she has expressly
begged me to supplicate you that, omitting all other devices, you would procure
a brief decision of the principal business ; and if this be done, the King
will listen to reason and return to the right way, notwithstanding the
bravado and obstinacy which he has hitherto shown, and that for this no
war will be required. As to this last point, however great the credit of
the Queen may be in England, I do not think there is any one who would
pledge himself for it, considering the great obstinacy and blindness of the
King, which increases every day, although every one believes that if you
forbade intercourse with Flanders they would be exposed to the worst war
they ever had, and the King would be compelled to submit. Their only
comfort is that the King persuades the people that it is not in the power of
your Majesty to do so.
The personage who was sent was not sent in hope that he could do any
good in persuading the King to take back the Queen or obey the sentence ;
for, as Norfolk had told me, if the Pope and you, and the king of France,
and all the princes of Christendom were assembled, they could not convert
the King ; but it might serve as a justification before God and the world, and
this people especially, who are much inclined to you, and the comfort of the
Queen and her party, which is nearly the whole kingdom.
Thinking yesterday to go to Court according to orders, the King sent to
excuse himself, from the multitude of his affairs, and that he would send for
me on the first opportunity. I think this has been occasioned by the late
news from Marseilles, and not from the King's affairs, although he and his
Council have been very busy, chiefly from their distrust of the king of France.
The old French ambassador was requested by the King to travel post.
Yesterday the Nun was placed upon a high scaffold before the cathedral
of this city, where she, two good and religious Observants, two — (fn. 3) , two
secular priests, and a respectable layman, (fn. 4) waited all the time of the sermon ;
and for their vituperation, the preacher, who was a monk lately made bishop
in order to support the Lady's party, (fn. 5) repeated all that the Chancellor had
said against them, further affirming that the Nun, by her feigned superstition,
had prevented the cardinal of York from proceeding to give sentence
for the divorce, as he had resolved ; and this had been one of the great
calamities of this kingdom, as much for the present as for the future. To
her other accomplices who were there the preacher imputed levity and
superstition for sticking to such things, and disloyalty for not revealing
them. He attributed to the two Observants especially, that, under the shadow
of the said superstition, they had suborned and seduced their companions to
maintain the false opinion and wicked quarrel of the Queen against the
King. And as the principal matter of his harangue, he confined the rest of
his discourse to a justification of the King's quarrel, impugning the first
marriage, exhorting the people with great vehemence never to listen to the
contrary. It is said, on the two next Sundays the Nun and the abovementioned
persons will play the same part, and that afterwards they will be
taken through all the towns in the kingdom to make a similar representation,
in order to efface the general impression of the Nun's sanctity, because this
people is peculiarly credulous, and is easily moved to insurrection by prophecies,
and in its present disposition is glad to hear any to the King's
disadvantage. The King has not yet prevailed on the judges to make the
oration against those who have practised against [him with] the said Nun
in the form that I last wrote. He is going to have the affair discussed with
them on Friday ; and although some of the principal judges would sooner die
than make the said declaration, yet, when the King comes to dispute, there
is no one who will dare contradict him unless he wishes to be reputed stupid
or disloyal (sil ne veult avoir de la beste ou du desloyal par la teste).
So that it seems as if he had made a total divorce not only from his wife,
but from good conscience, humanity, and gentleness, which he used to have.
The King has lately sent for those who have charge of his ships, and
ordered them to get all the vessels ready. This I know from one of those
who have received instructions in it, who has also told me that the duke of
Norfolk had sent orders into various places to make blockhouses and fortresses
in defence against sudden invasions. This shows they are beginning to be afraid.
By your Majesty's command, I wrote last time to the count of Cifuentes,
and so I do now in full, of the wish of the Queen. There is no other news
except that the duke of Richmond is to be married tomorrow to the duke of
Norfolk's daughter. London, 24 Nov. 1533.
Fr., hol., pp. 4. From a modern copy.
1461. James Hobson, Customer, to Lord Lisle.
Has his letter, stating that there is a great lack of wood in Calais, and
that ladings of wood had been discharged at Dunkirk. Has strict commands
that none shall discharge, except at Calais, without sufficient bonds. Sends
a list of those, 25 in all, who have taken cargoes at Winchelsea and Rye
from Michaelmas last to the 24th Nov. inst. Many have laden wood for
Calais in Lisle's name, which never came there.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais.
1462. Harry Huttoft to Lord Lisle.
Wrote lately to him of his ship. Has no further news of her, except
that she has been laden at Candy. Begs him to favor William Knyght, the
bearer, who was late married in London, and became surety for one
Calverley, and fled to Calais. He is a good craftsman.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Headed : London, 25 Nov. 1533.
1463. Sir Will. Parre to Cromwell.
I perceive by your letter, directed to the bearer, Will. Kente, that
he is complained of to the Council, I suppose by the malicious mind of one
Thos. Mallorie, lieutenant of the forest of Whittilwood. I beg you will be
good master to him for his upright conduct, as I believe he will clear himself
of all matters alleged against him, and Mallorie will prove himself to be a
person of light and remiss living. Horton, 25 Nov. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
Cleop. E. IV.
1464. [The Marchioness Of Exeter (?) to Henry VIII.]
Has received his gracious letter, dated Greenwich, 25th November
25 Hen. VIII., concerning her abuse, lightness, and indiscreet offences committed
in frequenting the conversation and company of that most unworthy,
subtle, and deceivable woman called the Holy Maid of Kent, and in giving
too much credence to the malicious and detestable proceedings of her and
her adherents, which are now manifest to all the world to have been
abominably compassed by sedition and malice against the King ; and also
containing his gracious remission of her offences. Reminds the King that
she is a woman, whose fragility and brittleness is easily seduced and brought
to abusion and light belief. Is now the most sorrowful and heavy creature
alive, that she has been so unfortunate as to offend the King and his laws, or
be in danger of his indignation or displeasure. Cannot excuse her offences
in listening to the seditious tales, blasphemies, and execrable and false
prophecies set forth by the said most unworthy person and her adherents.
Her lightness proceeded rather from not revealing them than from any
credence she gave to the false revelations. Thought them so full of folly
and untruth as to be unworthy to be revealed or believed. Protests that she
never acted from any "male opinion," malice, or grudge against the King, the
Queen, or their posterity. Begs the King to require her husband, who is
much displeased, to forgive her. Thanks the King for his goodness, and
expresses her obligations to him.
Pp. 3. Draft, with corrections in Cromwell's hand.
1465. Gertrude Marchioness Of Exeter to Cromwell.
I have this day received by my fellow Avery a letter from the King and
a pardon, which is much to my comfort. I received no comfort but this since
my sickness, and that was caused by my conceit that the King had been
heavy lord to me. I will receive my Maker that I never offended him even
in thought ; but if I have offended though simplicity and lack of knowledge,
I submit myself, accepting his gracious pardon. I write to you as my Lord's
very friend, that if the King speak of this matter you will answer for me
that he has no more obedient subject ; trusting he will remember that it is
much less marvel that I, being a woman, shall be thus deluded by such
pestilent hypocrites, seeing so many wise persons have been equally abused.
Horsley, Wednesday. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To Mr. Cromwell.
Cleop. E. IV. 75.
1466. [— to Cromwell.]
According to your commandment I have put the articles of communication
between me and Mr. Ryche (fn. 6) in writing, and, as he says, you have
them in writing before. As I heard things worthy to be noted, I wrote
them on the margin of my book in Dutch and French that he might not
understand my purpose ; but I did not believe such tales, which he calls
revelations, for I have learned the gospel, "Attendite a falsis prophetis."
If I had remembered as well another commandment, "Non concupisces rem
proximi tui," with the saying of Cato, "Cum bonis ambula," I should not have
fallen into this misery. I remember 30 or 31 of those tales, which cannot
be set forth in writing, so that their intent should be known, and I suppose
20 sheets of paper will not write them at length. I have therefore written
the name of the story, so that, if it be as he says, the whole story will be in
your remembrance. 1. Of an angel who bade the Nun go to the King, that
infidel prince of England, and command him to amend his life, to take none
of the Pope's right, to destroy these new folks of opinion and the works of
their new learning ; and that if he married Anne, the vengeance of God
should plague him. She saith she showed this to the King. 2. Two or
three months after, the angel bade her go again to the King, and say that,
since her last being with him, he had more highly studied to bring his
purpose to pass ; and that she saw in spirit the King, the Queen, and the
earl of Wiltshire in a garden devising how to bring the matter to pass, and
by no means it would not be. At last a little devil stood beside the Queen,
and put it into her mind to propose sending her father to the Emperor with
money to have his good will. The angel told her to show the King this
tale and privy token, and bid him take his old wife again, or else, &c. "It
is so naughty a matter that my hand shaketh to write it, and something
better unwritten than written." 3. That when the King was at Calais, she
saw the host taken from the priest with the blessed blood, and angels
brought it to her to receive, &c. 4. She was charged to go to the Cardinal
when he was in his prosperity, and tell him of three swords that he had in
his hand,—one of the spiritualty, one of the temporalty, and the third of the
King's marriage,—a long matter. The bishop of Canterbury and Bocking to
be remembered. 5. At another time the angel commanded her to go to the
Cardinal and show him of his fall, and that he had not done as she commanded
him by the will of God. 6. Since he died she saw the disputation
of the devils for his soul. She was three times lift up, and could not see
him, either in heaven, hell, or purgatory, where she saw him at last, and
that he was brought into heaven by her penance, and what souls she saw
fly through purgatory. 7. The angel warned her to tell a certain abbot to
take three of his brethren by name, for they were purposed to have run
away with three men's wives. 8. Of another that had beaten himself so
with rods that his stamell was bloody, which he thought to have buried in
the garden ; and she, by command of the angel, met him, &c.,—a high matter
for penance. 9. Of two other monks who had taken shipping to go to
Tyndale, but by her prayer the ship had no power to leave the haven.
10. The angel commanded her to tell a monk to burn an English New
Testament which he had. 11. The warning that the angel gave her of a
woman who came to St. Thomas of Canterbury. 12. The angel told her
that the embassy of the Pope was at Canterbury, and how she sent by him
the message of God to the Pope, that he should be scourged of God for two
causes. 13. That she spoke by the commandment of God at London with
another, and bade him write the message of God to the Pope, to which she
set her hand. 14. How the old bishop of Canterbury promised to marry
the King, and of the warning by the angel of God. 15. That she showed
Dr. Bokyng the hour of his death ; and since, she heard the disputation
of angels and devils for his soul. 16. She saw him when he went unto
heaven, with the words that he spoke, and how St. Thomas was there
present, and accompanied him. 17. Of the going and return of the earl of
Wiltshire to Spain, with the receiving of the King's letters there, and the
answer of the Emperor. 18. Her vision that if the King should have
married at Calais, the Queen should have had great shame. 19. Of the
persons whom the angel has appointed to be at her death, when she shall
receive the crown of martyrdom, and the time and place. 20. Of the devils
appearing to her. 21. Of a vision which Gold's (fn. 7) wife had on St. Catherine's
Day. 22. How, at Corteup streyte, when Mr. Gold (fn. 8) went to mass, the other
Gold's wife asked her to pray to know the state of the Princess Dowager,
of two other women, and of two friars, Riche (fn. 9) and Risby. (fn. 10) As soon as the
priest began Confiteor she fell in a trance, and of her wonderful answer.
23. Of a gentleman dwelling near Canterbury, who had long been tempted
to drown himself by the sprite of a woman whom he had kept in his wife's
days, who is damned. 24. Of the visions seen by her sister, and how she
took the blood of our Lord's side in a chalice, and how she saw the plague
for the city of London. 25. Of the words the Nun spake to Mr. Richards. (fn. 11)
How the angel asked for his faith, with certain privy tokens that she showed
him that he had in his memento, with divers other things in your house,
which causeth them all to muse, &c. 26. How the angel commanded her
to say that all are but illusions, for the time is not come that God will put
forth the work. 27. Of 9. 9. 9. the reign of the King, how long he shall
reign, as saith a prophesy, which agrees with her saying. 28. Of three letters,
A. F. G. by a prophesy in the hands of Holy Richard. If you send to me
John Gooddolphyn, your servant, I can cause him to find him by enquiry at
the Temple. 29. Of a golden letter that Mary Magdalen sent, and how
the angel commanded her to counterfeit another, because the people should
have power upon her body, &c. with money that was hid, &c. 30. Six days
before Riche was taken, he went to a man that hath a prophecy, and with
him Nesywycke the Observant, who showed them wondrous things, pens and
inkhorns, letters of prophesy, and of all their trouble at Powlys crosse.
This man dwells two miles from Bugdeane. His name is Handford.
Hol., pp. 7.
2. Modern copy.
Cleop. E. VI.
1467. — to [Cromwell].
"The phrase of Master More's letter I have utterly, as knoweth
God, forgotten, for I read it only superficially." Perceived no hurt
therein. Desired Golde and the woman to keep it safe for More's discharge.
Conjectured that More, after he left Syon, had heard something concerning
her being with the King, and her revelation touching this laudable marriage,
which moved him to write that letter. In the said letter he thanked her
for her familiar communication, desiring her to be a testimonial that he
never moved anything pertaining to the Prince when he was with her. He
desired her no otherwise to disdain his counsel than Moses, who had all the
revelations, did the counsel of Jethro. His counsel was not to show her
revelations to every one, but to the spiritual and godly persons ; not to
worldly men, "who receive (as the other hony and weeke) poyson of every
thynge." He referred to the duke of Buckingham, who had much displeasure
by resorting to a monk of Hynton. Does not remember why he
mentioned this. At the end of his letter he desired to be numbered as
one most desirous of her prayers ; and such pleasure as he might do, it should
always be ready.
This is all he can remember. Begs [Cromwell] ("your mastership") to
use him mercifully in all other things which he has deserved by the folly
of foolish and rash youth. Trusts he has not so swerved, but [Cromwell]
being favorable, he may make compensation. Without his favor, counts
himself utterly cast away. "For Christ's sake pluck me from the rock to
the land. Suffer me not with a fresh flood utterly to perish. I cannot but
amend when all is done."
Hol., pp. 2.
1468. Elizabeth Barton.
The Nun has confessed that she showed the revelation concerning
the King's reign, that he shall not be king a month after he married the
Queen's grace, to Dr. Bocking, her ghostly father, the bishop of Rochester,
Dr. Adsone, his chaplain, Master Hen. Goolde, Mr. Thwaytes, Ric. Master,
parson of Aldington, Father Ryche, Father Riseby, and Father Laurance.
Hugh Riche, friar Observant, hath showed the revelations concerning the
King and his reign to the Princess Dowager, lady Mary, my lady of Salisbury,
lord and lady Husse, the lady marques of Exeter, the bishop of Rochester, lady
Dareby (Derby), Sir Thos. More, Mr. Abell, two priests in the country, whose
names he has not showed ; Mr. Whyte, Mr. Dawbney, Mr. Percy, Mr. Nele
and his wife, merchants of London ; the recorder of London, Hugh Fawkner
and his wife, Mr. Semer and his wife, the confessor of Sion, lady Kingston,
and some other ladies there ; the abbess of Sion, the prior of Shene, the
proctors, Brother William, the sexton, Father Viccar, the brethren of the
convent of Richmond, and divers brothers of the Holy religion, whose names
he has not showed ; Henry Goold, priest ; Thos. Goold and his wife ; a
priest of Windsor ; two priests of St. Alban's, whose names he has not
showed ; the abbess of Burnam ; Mr. Dering, monk ; lady Belingham,
Sir Thos. Arundell, John Arundell, Sir John (fn. 12) Carewe and his brother ;
Mrs. Katharine Champer, his brother's wife, and somewhat to his brother.
Father Riseby has showed the revelations concerning the King's reign to
the lady marques of Exeter, the bishop of Rochester, Mr. More,
Mr. Delphe, (fn. 13) an Observant, but a lay brother at Hampton ; Father Ryche
of Rychemond ; Father Lewes Wilkinson, Friar Robt. Rufford, Friar John
Kebill, and Friar Thos. Roche of Canterbury ; Wm. Ho, of the Charterhouse
John Dering, monk, showed the revelations concerning the King's reign
to Mr. Crispyn, chaplain to the marques of Exeter.
Mr. Richard Mayster showed the revelations and declaration concerning
the King's reign to Oliver Wilkinson, his priest at Aldington ; Sir Wm.,
priest of Our Lady chapel of Courte of Streate ; to John Clark, the
revelation, but not the declaration. John Huggyn of Ester (fn. 14) knoweth
Dr. Bocking has shown the revelation and declaration concerning the
King's reign to Mr. Goold, the parson of Aldington, Friar Risby, Observant
of Canterbury, Mr. Thwayts. The bishop of Rochester would have seen
the great book of the Nun's revelations, if Dr. Bocking would have brought
them to him.
He has showed the revelation, without the declaration, to the priors of
Leeds and Horeton.
He showed the revelation and declaration to the vicar of St. Paul's,
Canterbury, Master Barnes, dean of the Ellimosinary at Christ Church,
Canterbury, the "Ancore" in Canterbury, Mr. Officiall, Mr. Nele, merchant ;
Robt. Hewyt, (fn. 15) merchant (fn. 16) ; Thos. Wilford, John Warham, Thos. Beket.
The Nun told him that she had showed the bishop of Rochester of the
revelation [ (fn. 17) concerning the King].
Henry Goold, priest, has showed the revelation, &c. to Mr. Recorder of
London, Mr. Nele, Thos. White, Robt. Dawbney, Thos. Perecy ; Thos.
Goold and his wife ; Mr. Laurance, of Canterbury ; Fathers Riche, Riseby, and
Laurance, Observants ; Fathers Michaell, Mann, and Brother William Howe,
of Shene ; the Abbess, Father Confessor, Mr. Raynold, and lady Kingeston,
of Sion ; Dr. Bocking and Master Dering, monks of Christ Church, Canterbury ;
Mr. Langford, of Gelingham ; [ (fn. 17) Mr. Stephyns, with my lord marquis
of Exeter, and others of his servants. Dr. Bocking, Goold, and Dering have
read the letter sent by Master More to the Nun, and Friar Riche has heard
of it.] The Nun also confesses the said letter.
Pp. 5. Endd.
2. Another copy of the same. In the second paragraph Sir Thos.
More's name is inserted by Cromwell in place of the following sentence,
which has been struck out : "He confesseth that he hath showed other
revelations to Sir Thos. More, but none concerning the King, for he would
not hear them." The words, "but nothing of the King's matter," are added
to the names of Mr. Semer and his wife, and the abbess of Syon, and are
struck out in both cases.
3. Draft of a portion of the same.
Pp. 2. Endd. : T. G. Denton, of the Temple ... [b]edfelow.
4. Draft of the remainder. The names of Thos. Wilford, John Warham,
and Thos. Beket are not mentioned.
P. 1. Endd. : Concerning the Nun, Bocking, and their affinity.
5. Further depositions.
Headed : "Ihesus." "De Sacramento."
She showed these revelations to Sir Thos. More divers times. The first time
he little regarded them, but finally greatly rejoiced to hear of them, and gave
much faith to them. The bishop of Rochester wept for joy on hearing of
them, saying that he gave them the more credence because she had been
with the King divers times, and reproved him for his sins.
She showed me at Canterbury that the King offered to make her abbess
of —, (fn. 18) but she refused, and the King was greatly displeased. "My
lord of Wylschyre sent to the Emperor, how the Queen would have had her
to remain in the court, and my Lady, her mother, did desire her to wait
upon her daughter. Father Riche told me that all the time the King was
at Canterbury he neither visited Christ Church nor St. Augustins ; and the
Nun told him the King "was so abominable [in] the sight of God, that he
was no[t] worthy to tread on hallowed ground." Mrs. Gold showed me at
the feast of Pentecost that the King was not married, but he did feign himself
to be married, and that only to prove the hearts of his commons ; notwithstanding,
she said that he would be married in short time after, with high
solemnity and great triumph. I asked the Nun what danger the King
should be in if he did marry. She answered that he should not live six
months after ; whereof she said she had sure knowledge by revelation. She
said, moreover, that the King would have been married beyond sea if she
had not let it. The miracle of the bird and of the gentlewoman, of Master
Recorder, of the two monks of Christ's Church.
The said Nun had a revelation of Father Rytche, which she said was
showed to her by Our Lady. To affirm the said miracle to be true, "she
did send him word by Mrs. Golde that he did say mass for her, which was
told to her by Our Lady, and also the hour and the time, adding thereto
that Our Lady did show her that she was so confirmed in grace that she had
no need of prayer, and that God did distribute the merit of the said mass
to the comfort of them that were in sin."
6. "Elizabethæ virginis spiritualis gratiæ libri secundi prologus."
Gives a short account of Elizabeth [Barton], a nun in the convent of
St. Sepulchre, Kent, under the rule of the prioress Philippa. During her
second year in the monastery, A.D. 1524, being 18 years of age, she saw
visions and spoke divine words, which she neither learnt from others, nor
could have invented herself, being unlearned. The present book contains
what she declared to a holy man of the order of St. Benedict, a doctor of
Lat., p. 1.
7. The confession of Dame Elizabeth Barton. (fn. 19)
That two of my lady Marchioness's (fn. 20) servants came for her to Syon on
Friday after Midsummer last, to repair to the said Lady to Horseley, in
Surrey. That they asked the Abbess to send the said Dame Elizabeth, and
gave the latter a little book in form of a pair of tables with blank leaves.
The Abbess advised her to go, saying that she was an honorable woman.
She according went to Horseley, and the next morning spake with the
Marchioness in a chamber apart. She thanked Dame Elizabeth for her
pains taken in coming, said that she had heard many good and virtuous
reports of her. The chief cause why she sent for her was that she had had
children who lived not after their birth ; and, supposing herself to be with
child again, she desired Dame Elizabeth to pray to Our Lady, that she might
have issue that would live. During the conversation, Dame Elizabeth said
that there might be war ; and the Marchioness asked her to pray for her
husband, that if he went over he might return safely, and if possible might
not go himself but send. She much lamented her husband's sickness at the
time of the Queen's coronation, and said that though her person was there,
her heart was at home with her husband. The said lady gave her in reward
20s. "And further she saith that Sir Thos. Arondell spake with her at
Pp. 2. On a separate sheet are written the following names : "Mr. Maisters,
parson of Aldington ; Dr. Bocking, selerer of Cristes Churche in Canterbury ;
Mr. Bernes, Mr. of the Elemosynary of Cristes Church ; Mr. Dan Hadley,
monke of Cristes Churche ; Mr. Collyn, officiall of Caunterbury."
8. Henry Ball to Elizabeth Barton.
Praises her virtue and supernatural gifts, though he knows she loves better
to be dispraised than lauded. Has little profited by withdrawing from the
world, and begs her prayers to help him. Signed : Henry Ball, a Shene
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Cleop. E. IV.
1469. [Convent Of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Henry VIII.]
Would have had intolerable sorrow and despair but for the common
fame of the King's benignity. Implore his forgiveness ; and though the
demerits of their miserable brother dan Edward Bocking, D.D., be so
heinous, if the King will extend his goodness to him, he will have a thousand
times more cause to love and pray for him than those who never offended.
His temerity and furious zeal led him to slander the King's present marriage ;
of which the writers desire to be purged, as no other among them has impugned
it, though it is true that some of them, especially of the younger
sort, were informed by the said Doctor of the counterfeit revelations of the
Nun late of St. Sepulcre's in Canterbury. Would not be so presumptuous as
to impugn the archbishop of Canterbury's sentence, and the opinions of the
most famous clerks in Christendom.
Cleop. E. IV.
1470. Thos. Prior Of Christchurch, Canterbury, to [Cromwell].
The following are what I have heard of Eliz. Barton the nun's revelations.
At the beginning thereof, about seven or eight years ago, archbishop
Warham sent his controller, Thos. Walle, to Canterbury, and made me send
two of my brethren, Dr. Bocking, the cellarer, and dompne Will. Hadley, B.D.,
to Courthopestrete, to see this woman and her trances. They went thither,
I suppose, at first, somewhat against their minds and against mine, but for
the obedience I owed my lord of Canterbury. The cellarer received the
Archbishop's licence to be her ghostly father, and has continued so ever since,
resorting to her when he would by my lord of Canterbury's licence, and
generally not by mine. I have not been acquainted with her more than two
years. Father Risby, now warden of the Observant Friars of Canterbury, was
the cause of my being acquainted with her, for my mind was not to be
familiarly acquainted with women. He said she was a person much in the
favor of God, and that I should have much comfort in her speaking. Since
then she has been with me six or seven times at the utmost, and she said she
had revelations touching my lord of Canterbury that was, my lord Cardinal,
and the King ; and that if the King married another woman he should not
reign one month after ; and that she had been with the King, and shown him
thereof twice. She also said she had shown the same to Warham,—as I
suppose she did, for she was often with him ; and that if God suffered the
King to reign, He would not accept him as King ; also that when the King
was at Calais, a priest being there at mass, the sacrament was taken from the
altar and brought to her, and she received it. The cellarer also said she had
revelations concerning the Pope ; that if the Pope gave sentence against
the Queen that then was, God would plague him for it. Never read the
books written by the cellarer, nor saw them, except when they were delivered,
one to Mr. Attorney and one to John Antony. The cellarer only showed
me a quire of paper relating to several persons that were dead ; one of them
the cellarer's uncle, Master Benet, the other a servant of our house, called
Stephen Villers. In that paper the Nun was desired to pray for them, and
to know in what case they were ; and, as he wrote, it was revealed to her that
they were in pain, and for what offences they were there, and what good
deeds should be done to deliver them. It was also shown in the said paper
that she was often troubled with her ghostly enemy, who moved her to incontinency.
Was never present at any of her trances at Courthopestrete
or elsewhere ; but the nuns report she has for six or seven years been
usually sick about the Conception of Our Lady, and lain three or four days
without meat or drink. Last year when she lay so, I was called to see her,
but she only spoke like any other sick person. Signed.
Cleop. E. IV.
84 (fn. 21) .
1471. Wm. Hawkherst, Monk of St. Austyns, to Chr. Hales.
Thanks him for his great goodness in his last trouble, which he is
unable to recompense. Has received his letter, and accordingly has sent
the two letters which domp John Deryng wrote to Dame Elsabeth Berton.
Hales says that as he remembers Hawkherst wrote them ; but on his faith he
never said that he wrote them, but that he had them, and that Dame Elsabeth
asked him to write an answer.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Chr. Hales, attorney to the King's grace.