1515. George Lord Rocheford to the Searchers at Dover and
To allow the bearer to pass beyond sea with 20 marks, to purchase
certain hawks for the writer. 11 Dec. 25 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
1516. Jean De Dinteville.
See Grants in December, No. 10.
Papers, II. 82.
1517. Charles V. to his Ambassador in France.
* We are writing to Cifuentes of the affair of the
queen of England, to solicit the execution of the sentence already given, and
the definition of the principal cause. * * * Monson,
12 Dec. 1533.
1518. Alex. Alesius to Geo. Spalatinus.
Asks him to obtain payment of the moiety of the prebend in Aldenburgh,
given to him by the elector of Saxony, at the desire of Doctors Martin
[Luther], Philip [Melanchthon], the Provost (Præpositus), and Pomeranus.
Is in great need and in debt. Thought the messenger he sent home would
have returned last summer. Wittenberg, postridie Damasi.
Lat. Add. : Geo. Spalatino, docenti evangelium in Aldemburg.
6,148, f. 5.
1519. Cranmer to Henry VIII.
The feigned revelations of the false Nun of St.Sepulchre's, now that they
are declared to the people, are had in great abomination, and every one seems
glad that they are exposed. I have examined the prior and convent of my
church, and find them as conformable as any. They greatly regret that any of
their congregation should have caused slander, and brought them under your
displeasure, when only a few consented to these revelations, almost all being
Dr. Bokkynge's novices. The prior, a man of great simplicity and void of
malice, has been touched by this matter, but I cannot find that he reported
it to any but my predecessor, who was his ordinary and your Grace's councillor.
He and the brethren are much dismayed, and have desired me to
mediate with you. Think they will offer 200l. or 300l. for their pardon.
The monastery is not "aforehand," but in debt, except the church ornaments
and plate. Canterbury, 13 Dec.
28,586, f. 70.
1520. The Divorce Cause at Rome.
"Lo que escrive el conde de Cifuentes a xiij. de Diciembre."
Without his speaking to the Pope about the English affair, the Pope
asked him, with great concern, what method should be employed in the
cause. Replied that the Pope knew by the Emperor's letters that he should
order the principal cause to be determined without delay, and allow the
sentence super attentatis to take effect. The Pope answered that he had not
troubled himself about the case since his arrival in Rome, but was very willing
to do justice to the Queen, as his deeds would show. To this [the Count] said
the Pope had not troubled himself about it, because he had only been two
days in Rome, and Capisucha had been left in France. The Pope replied
that if supplication were made, some one should be named in his place to
attend to the case at once, and that he could not think why the Count wished
for this haste, but for one of two reasons ; either that he feared the appeal
which the king of England makes to a future Council, or he wished to bring
about a crisis between the Emperor and the King (poner en necessidad a
V. M. con el dicho rey) ; in which case, as he said, the Emperor would
have to stop the commerce [of England] with Flanders and Spain, which
would be a means of bringing the King to some good understanding.
To the above paragraph there is a marginal note expressing approbation
of the Count's words, and surprise at Capisuccha's remaining in France, as
the case might be put into the hands of some one who did not regard the
Queen's right. If the Pope speaks about the commerce, he may say that the
Emperor has made the necessary arrangements in Flanders, and when the
time comes will not fail to do what is necessary. He must still urge the
Pope to complete the business.
The Pope told him that the French king had sent the bishop of Paris to
England to satisfy the King, who, he thought, was displeased at his not
having sent the power he demanded ; and to persuade him to obey the
sentence. He will assemble the lawyers, and make all possible haste to
determine the principal cause, and execute the sentence.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
1521. [Lord Lisle to Cromwell.]
I have this day, the 12th, received your letter, showing that you have
received the process of excommunication given out by the Pope, and delivered
it to the King, who thanks me for it ; also, that his pleasure is we
shall be provided with victuals and all things necessary for the town, which
I beg may be effected soon. I and the Council have written to the King of
the conduct of the captain and officers of Gravelines towards the baillies of
Marke and Oye, how they have used themselves on the King's ground, and
imprisoned two of the King's subjects.
There were no sluices opened as you write ; there were some shut, but
only for a time, to see what could be done, in case of need, with the fresh
water, which, notwithstanding the abundance of rain that fell before, would
serve nothing to the purpose. I think if they were shut 40 days in summer
it would do great harm, unless there fell abundance of rain for a long time
before. It is true I gave mandates for bringing in the wheat ; and I think in
my case you would have done the same ; for there were not 500 qrs. within
the town besides the garner, which was too musty to make bread of. I hope
his Highness will take it none otherwise than it was intended. "Mons. de
Lykes and Gravelines was victualled, and other towns of the borders."
I enclose news received today by my ordinary spies. Mons. de Lyckes is
gone to St. Omer's with bag and baggage. Gravelines and other towns of
the borders were well victualled before any such mandate was given out.
They have made in divers places "new double close turnpikes," never seen in
these parts before. Blont shall be sped, though his Highness has given out
divers patents, the rather for your sake. Calais, 13 Dec. 1533.
I thank you for your favor to my gossip Buke.
Draft, pp. 2.
1522. Katharine of Arragon.
"Letters and presents sent to the Princess Dowager in ao xxiij.,
xxiiij., and xxv. Hen. VIII."
23 Hen.VIII., 7 March, by Blaunche at the More, a present from the
lady Marquess [Exeter?].
Lady Mary, 15 March, by Margery to the Friars at Richmond. 20 March,
by the Princess Dowager to Charles at the More. 7 April, by Mrs. Blaunche
to the same. 9 April, by the same to Baker. 24 Hen. VIII. 27 April,
by the same to Charles there. 4 May, by the same to him.
7 May, by Madyson, a present from lady Salisbury. 9 May, by Mylles, a
present from the lady Marquesse.
Lady Mary, 31 May, by Blaunche to Charles, with letters at Oborne.
10 June, by Wheler, to Bawdwyn there, with letters. 21 June, by the
lord Cam (?) a present from the lady Marquess. 7 July, by Prince to
Chechester. 15th, by Blaunche to Bury. 3 Aug., by lady Darell, to Baker,
with letters. 17th, by the same to Symond Burton, at Hatfeld. 13 Sept.,
by Kempe to Preston there, with letters. 23rd, by the Chancellor to Bury.
3 Oct., by Blaunche to Bigges there.
29th Oct., by Tyrell, a present from the lady Marquess. 4 Nov., by
Blaunche to Charles at Hertford. 6 Nov., by Cooke, a letter from lord
Lady Mary, 12 Nov., by Blaunche to Bigges there. 18th, by the same to
him. 23rd, by Kempe to Charles at Hatfield. 4 Dec., by Blaunche to him
there. 23rd, by her to the same. 15 Jan. to Bawdwyn there.
12 Feb., by Kempe, a letter from lady Willoughby.
Lady Mary, ao xxv., 14 Feb., by Blaunche to Charles. 20th, by Wheler
to Bigges. 6 March, by Prince to Bawdwyn, and by Blaunche to Charles.
27 April, by Prince to Symondes Burton, at Ampthill. 1 May, by Kempe
to Grevile there. 12th, by Wheler to Baker. 20th, by Blaunche to
Chechester. 8 June, by the same to Charles.
Ao xxv., Lady Mary, 13 June, by Kempe to Bigges at Ampthill. 27th,
by Blaunche to Charles there. 30th, by lady Darell to Woodward, for
coming for the physician to Mrs. Baker. 16 July, by Kempe to Raynoldes
at Bugden. 19th, by Blaunche to Bigges there. 28th, by Elizabeth Atwell
to Charles. 2 Aug., by Kempe to Grevile. 12, by Blaunche to Bigges
there. 15th, by Kempe to Charles. 2 Sept., by Wheler to Charles. 22 Oct.,
by Blaunche to Charles. 7 Nov., by the same to him. 24th, by Kempe
to Charles. 1 Dec., by Blaunche to Charles. 8th, by Cooke to the same.
15th, by Kempe to Grevile at Bugden.
Pp. 2. Endd.
St. P. VII. 527.
1523. Hackett to [Henry VIII.]
Has from time to time advertised Cromwell of the news. Since
Vaughan left Antwerp, a messenger came to this court from one of your rebel
subjects, a gentleman of Wales. (fn. 1) He wrote to the Queen Regent for safeconduct,
saying he would do her and the Emperor great service against
you. The Council here answered that by the treaty of peace the Emperor
may not harbour any of your rebels. I am assured that the Queen never
spoke a word to the messenger. Further I told him that I had spoken with
the Regent, desiring her to consider what you had done for purging of
your conscience, the evil proceedings of the Pope, the advantage that your
subjects are to the Low Countries, and what damage would ensue if the
contrary should happen ; and she would do well to prevent the publication of
malicious papers. In reply to her remark that the Emperor was informed
that you wished the Pope to do justice according to your will, and not
according to right, he replied, "I can assure you at this very moment that
the Pope has given sentence according to his own will, and not according to
right." On her expressing her astonishment that the Pope should have
given unjust sentence, he replied, "I leave the dispute to those who are wiser
than I am, but I will venture to say that this tardy sentence has never been
given with any good intention, nor the utility of others, which all wise
princes ought to regard." She said that the Emperor and other sovereigns
understood well Katharine's rights, and were bound to assist her, and obey
the Pope's brief ; and to tell you the truth, Monsieur, the King your
master ought not to be dissatisfied with the Emperor, or with me, for maintaining
the just rights of our aunt, so far as justice will allow.
They are here obstinately abused by the Pope. I told my lord of Palermo
that they ought to forbear setting forward the Pope's briefs. He said it was
not their affair, but they are published by the Emperor's commandment,
and by way of justice. I find that the English may trade freely in these
countries, and they are afraid of any breach with you. Has written to
Cromwell. Brussels, 15 Dec.
De Bure, at dinner, said, that as long as he lived, his trust was that these
countries should never begin war with your Highness. 15 Dec. 1533.
1524. Hackett to Cromwell.
13 Dec. 1533.—Wrote on the 4th by Thos. Leygh, merchant of the
Staple, and last evening I received a letter from you, dated London, the
6th inst., from which it appeared that you had not received mine. When
you do, I think you will be satisfied as to the part about the King's
subjects. I debated the matter with my lord of Palermo before the Council,
who declared to me that neither the Emperor nor the Low Countries wished
to have war with England, that the English may freely come as they
have in times past, and that if any such thing should occur, the subjects
of both countries should have 40 days' notice to withdraw themselves and
their goods. For better security on this point, I have kept my chamber
this day, and written to my lord of Palermo, whose answer I enclose. As
to the Pope's unhappy briefs, I have made full answer in the King's letters
enclosed. I send a memorandum of my old arrears.
Today, the 15th, the Governor of our Merchants Adventurers told me that
he was charged by the Governor and Fellowship of London to obtain a safeconduct
for their persons and goods from the Queen Regent. I wondered
they tried to make a cause where there is no cause, as we have no war nor
likelihood of it ; but they desired me for their discharge to write to the
said fellowship,—which I have done, copy enclosed. You may encourage
them to come here freely ; and if they say they were troubled at the last
defiance of war, and had not the benefit of the 40 days, you may tell them
that the people here would not have begun the breach if we had not first
arrested the ships of the Emperor's subjects. The bishop of Brix arrived
here four days ago. My lord of Palermo is to remain chief president of
the Emperor's council in these countries. It is needless to importune the
Queen on any matter, for she does nothing without her Council. The
bishop of Brix is come to keep her company, and only comes to council
when sent for. He is but a young man, perhaps 25 or 26. I beg that
my arrears be paid to Mr. Bowyer or to Mr. Thos. Leygh. Brussels,
15 Dec. 1533.
Hol., pp. 4. Add.
1525. Thomas Page to Cromwell.
I have heard of your favor to me from Mr. Mylle, recorder of
Southampton. I have sent you, by the bearer, one fat ox for your household
this Christmas as a gift, beseeching you to be my good master, and
that I may have your favor in my reasonable causes. 15 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1526. St. James's Park.
Indenture, 15 Dec. 25 Hen. VIII., between Cromwell and Anthony
Cotton, whereby the latter bargains and sells to the King's use 6½ acres
of meadow in Lowesmede near the hospital of St. James's in the Fields,
within the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminster, which were late in the
tenure of John Lawrence, and are now enclosed in the King's park at
Draft on a paper roll.
1527. Oudart Du Bies to Lord Lisle.
As I have to leave on Wednesday next to go to the King (Francis),
I beg you to send back immediately my man with my mule. Boulogne,
15 Dec. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
1528. Chapuys to Charles V.
According to the determination come to by the King about the treatment
of the Princess and the bastard, of which I wrote in my last, the said
bastard was taken three days ago to a house 17 miles from here ; and
although there was a shorter and better road, yet for greater solemnity, and
to insinuate to the people that she is the true Princess, she was taken through
this town with the company which I wrote in my last ; and next day the
duke of Norfolk went to the Princess to tell her that her father desired her
to go to the Court and service of the said bastard, whom he named Princess.
The Princess answered that the title belonged to herself, and to no other ;
making many very wise remonstrances, that what had been proposed to her
was strange and dishonorable. (fn. 2) To which the Duke could not reply. After
much talk, he said he had not come there to dispute, but to accomplish the
King's will ; and the Princess, seeing that it was needless excusing herself,
demanded half-an-hour's respite to go to her chamber, where she remained
about that time,—to make, as I know, a protestation which I had sent her, in
order that, if compelled by force or fraud to renounce her rights or enter a
nunnery, it might not be to her prejudice. On returning from her chamber
she said to the Duke that since the King her father was so pleased, she
would not disobey him, begging him to intercede with the King for the
recompense of her servants, that they might have at least a year's wages.
She then asked what company she should bring. The Duke said it was not
necessary to bring much, for she would find plenty where she was going ;
and so she parted with a very small suite. Her gouvernante, (fn. 3) daughter of
the late duke of Clarence, and near kinswoman to the King, a lady of virtue
and honor, if there be one in England, has offered to follow and serve her at
her own expence, with an honorable train. But it was out of the question
that this would be accepted ; for in that case they would have no power over
the Princess, whom it is to be feared they mean to kill, either with grief or
otherwise, or make her renounce her right, or marry basely, or make her
stain her honor, to have grounds for disinheriting her,—since, notwithstanding
the remonstrances I have hitherto made touching the Princess, to which I
have had no reply, the King has proceeded to such excesses ; and, considering
that my words only served to irritate him, and make him more fierce and
obstinate, I have resolved not again to address to him a single word, except
he obliges me, without a command from the Queen. In order that the
mother may have no occasion to envy her daughter being visited on the
part of the King, certain persons, as I wrote to you, have gone to resolicit
the Queen to ratify the sentence of Canterbury, and revoke the interdict that
the Pope has so injuriously fulminated against the King and his kingdom.
And to do this they threaten her punishment, and by degrees will cut off her
train and her household.
You cannot imagine the grief of all the people at this abominable government.
They are so transported with indignation at what passes, that they
complain that your Majesty takes no steps in it ; and I am told by many
respectable people that they would be glad to see a fleet come hither in your
name to raise the people ; and if they had any chief among themselves who
dared raise his head, they would require no more. They refer to the case of
Warwick, who chased away king Edward, and of his father Richard ; and
they say you have a better title than the present King, who only claims by
his mother, who was declared by sentence of the bishop of Bath (Stillington)
a bastard, because Edward had espoused another wife before the mother of
Elizabeth of York. Wherefore, if you do not claim the title, they think that
forbidding intercourse with Flanders is the best course. The King is very
much afraid of that, as knowing he could not prevent a mutiny unless he
were willing for some time to subsidise those who live by making cloth, who
are considerably more than half the people of England ; and this he could not
do without double the money he has. This, however, would make him
popular ; but I think the sin into which he has fallen will not allow him to
do it, or anything else that he ought to do.
It is not to be thought that the King will be brought to the point by mild
treatment, for his sin carries him away, and he is bewitched by this cursed
woman in such a manner that he dares neither say nor do except as she commands
him. And thus there is another evil, that the more they dissemble
with him the more boldness he will take to do the worse, and will only stop
from lack of power from causing you, whom he regards as his enemy, many
Yesterday came a Scotch gentleman named Didam, a great authority with
his master, to show the King that their truce had not yet been concluded
after all. He was conducted to Court by Cromwell. The bishop of Paris
has not yet come, who, as the King and the Lady say, is bringing them a
sackful of lies and excuses. I am told that she exculpates the French, as
Brian Tuke has done since his return from Marseilles. The English are not
pleased at the coming of the Scotch gentleman, thinking it forebodes
some enterprise, and is done to deceive them. They are casting here certain
artillery. The governor of Ireland has not yet arrived, according to the
King's command, and I am told that the duke of Richmond is to go soon
with an army in the direction of Wales, possibly to pass over to Ireland.
The captain of Lubeck has been in consultation with the King's Council.
Certain Lutheran preachers are disseminating their tenets and preaching
against the Pope by command of the King. London, 16 Dec. 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 7.
1529. Norfolk to Lord Lisle.
After I had declared to the King the matters of credence you sent by
Risebank herald, he commanded me to write to you to have a vigilant eye
to the fashion of the Emperor's subjects in the Low Countries, and to signify
to him from time to time what you observe. Hampton Court, 16 Dec.
P. 1. Add. : Deputy of Calais. Endd.
1530. Victualling of Calais.
A register of cattle shipped from Hythe, Folkstone, and Dover,
evidently for the victualling of Calais, from 18 Aug. 24 to 16 Dec. 25 Hen. VIII.,
giving the names of the shipowners in whose vessels they were conveyed.
Some of the entries mention cattle for the use of lord Barnes and Sir Edw.
Ryngylay, the high marshal.
Pp. 7. Endd. : View of the customer's books touching victuals brought
to this town.
1531. Cranmer to Cromwell.
I have received by John Anthony, the bearer, your letters to my lord
elect of Chester and Mr. Bedill, stating that it is the King's pleasure that
my lord elect and Mr. Bedill should leave the parson of Aldington, Dering
the monk, and father Laurence behind them in ward. But as you wished
that they should be at liberty in their own houses I doubt which to do. The
parson of Aldington and Dering were, this Tuesday, delivered to me at
Forde. From my manor at Forde, 16 Dec. Signed.
Add. : Of the King's Council.
1532. The Prior of King's Langley to Cromwell.
I thank you for your help and counsel to Master Provincial, whereby
I may quietly serve God and keep my study and office without trouble. I
send you, for a poor friar's token, part of such as God hath sent me,—a poor
dish of apples and wardens with a box of trenchers. 16 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1533. Malmesbury Abbey.
See Grants in December, No. 15.
1534. Ric. Wharton to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letter to the bp. of Norwich on my behalf,
"which, for fear, he did obey," and would stand with me no longer in that
matter. I will tell you more when I come to London, which shall be before
All Hallows. I understand the Bishop intends privily to prevent you in
the benefice of Romborwho, Wyssett, and Holton. I am warned by a
friend about the Bishop, that he has written to my lord of Norfolk in the same.
"I had rather spend 40l. than the wretched priest should have his spiteful
desire." I hear you have "sentt owte a meleus inqerendum (sic) for soche
parsons as the shrev of Norff. owte to have sartefyde and ded not." There
are certain substantial gentlemen about me, whose names I enclose. Be good
to a poor neighbour of mine who has fallen into great debt, and whose
creditors would throw him into prison if they might come by him. He is
undone without the King's protection. I send you an ambling gelding and
a porpoise. Bungay, 17 Dec.
ii. Names enclosed : John Tasborwe has by his inheritance 50l., and by
his wife 40 marks yearly. Philip Bedyngfeld has above 40l. Thos. Gawdy,
of Harlstone has 100l. a year ; and Thos., his son, has 40l.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Right worshipful.
1535. Gulielmo Peni[zon] to Cromwell.
The Pope, on his arrival at Genoa, dismissed the galleys of this
King (de questa Mta), and made use of Doria's. His arrival at Rome is now
announced. The King left on Friday to go through Burgundy ; he will
keep Christmas at Dijon, and then go on to Paris. The Legate has put off
my payment till the King comes to Paris ; and the bishop of Paris has written
to him and the Grand Master for my despatch, as M. de Chastillon has also
done, saying the King and the whole Court wondered at my long delay.
Lyons, 17 Dec. 1533.
Hol., Ital., p. 1. Add. Endd. : Italeon lettres and other matiers. In
anno xxvjo R. H. VIII.
1536. John Bishop of Carlisle to Lord Lisle.
Sir Roland, your servant, was with me today, and gave me your commendations,
expressing also your disappointment at not hearing from me in
answer to so many letters. Assures Lisle he has received, since they were
together, no letter from him, but only commendations in letters sent to
Mr. Kyngeston. Will be glad to have the barrels of herring Lisle has provided
for him. Carlisle Place, 17 Dec.
P.S. in his own hand.—Sir Will. Kyngeston and his wife send commendations.
Begs that his handwriting may be taken as an acknowledgment of
a letter just received "from your good honor's ladyship." Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1537. Anthoine Brusset to Lord Lisle.
I have received yours of the 15th by a falconer named Guillame
Atquin. According to your request, I have given him leave to buy hawks
for a friend of yours in Flanders, and on his return I will let him pass
without paying my dues. The bearer is the merchant of Lisle to whom the
wines belong that are detained at Sangate. I beg you to get them restored
to him, as you did the others, and as I did to your London merchants.
Gravelinghes, 18 Dec. 1533.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
1538. Thomas Mayhew to Cromwell.
I have to thank you for your favor when I was last before you with
Mr. Chambers, and also for your kindness showed to the King's Council
of this duchy touching the common of the King's tenants of the honor of
Bolingbroke, in which we are like to be troubled by the abbot of Kirkstead,
only that Mr. Chancellor and Mr. Attorney (fn. 4) are our good friends. We
have ever been accustomed yearly to ride and see all manner of banks about
our fen, as well the Abbot's as other commoners, and present defaulters at
the court leets ; which the Abbot would now prevent, and have them tried
before the King's justices of sewers. It shall be prejudicial to the King if
the homagers now lose this liberty. Bolingbroke, 18 Dec.
We send you a couple of fat swans for your Christmas. God send you
a merry Christmas.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
1539. Dr. Rowland Lee.
See Grants in December, No. 20.
1540. The Princess Mary's Household.
Account of Will. Cholmeley, cofferer of the household of the
princess Mary, for one year, ended 30 Sept. [25 Hen. VIII.] :—
i. Allowance made to him for victuals and stores remaining in the different offices of
the household, 1 Oct. 24 Hen. VIII., viz., with Fras. Fletcher and Ric. Englishe, yeomen
of the bakehouse ; Edm. Parker, yeoman of the pantry ; John Rokes, gentleman, and
Thos. Gent, yeoman of the buttery ; Mich. Walles, yeoman of the lardry ; Thos. Savage
and Will. Forde, yeomen of the acatry (emptor') ; Thos. Hughes, yeoman of the scullery ;
Ric. Homely, page of the salsaria ; John Butler, page of the hall ; and John Bury, clerk
of the stable.
ii. Received from Sir Brian Tuke, treasurer of the King's chamber, 18 Dec.
25 Hen. VIII., of the "superplusagium" of the said Will. Cholmeley, on determination
of his account for this 24th year, as appears by warrant of the above date, 158l. 10s. 8½d.
From the same, by portions, at 15 different times during the period of this account,
iii. Journal of daily expenditure in the different departments of the household, from
Tuesday, 1 Oct. , to Tuesday, 30 Sept. , showing also the place at which the
household was every day, which was as follows :—At Esthampsted from Tuesday, 1 Oct.,
to Wednesday, 16 Oct. On Thursday, 17th, to Chertsey to dinner, and the monastery of
Morton [Merton] to supper. On Friday, 18th, at Merton. On Saturday, 19th, there at
dinner, at Otford at supper. Sunday, 20 Oct. to 26 Nov., at Otford. On Saturday,
2 Nov., lady Dudley came to supper, and stayed till the 14th. At Knoll from Wednesday,
27 Nov., to Monday, 5 May. On Monday, 13 Jan., lady Burgevenny came to supper.
On Monday, 17 March, there came to dinner the marchioness of Dorset, lady Grey, and
others ; on Thursday, 10 April, lord Sandes and Sir Will. Fitzwilliam ; on Tuesday,
15 April, the marchioness of Dorset, lady Matravers and her two sisters, with others.
At Otforde from Tuesday, 6 May, to Wednesday, 2 July. On Thursday, 15 May, there
came to dinner Sir Will. Ascue, Sir And. Billisbe, and Sir Rice Mauncell ; on Thursday,
5 June, lords Montague and Hastings, Sir Geoff. Pale (Pole), Sir Will. Huse, and
Sir John Beryn ; on Monday, 9 June, the marquis of Dorset, his mother and sister ; on
Tuesday, 24 June, lord Montague and the Lord Chief Baron (? "dominus et baro") of
the Exchequer. On Thursday, 9 July, at Berking. From Friday, 4 July, to Tuesday,
30 Sept., at Beaulieu. On Monday, 7 July, there came to dinner 30 women from
Chelmesford ; on Thursday, 10 July, the earls of Oxford and Sussex, and Sir Giles
Capell ; on Sunday, 13 July, 12 women of Boreham ; on Monday, 21 July, 30 women of
Writele ; on Wednesday, 23 July, 60 women of Chelmesford and elsewhere ; on Saturday,
26 July, [Sir] Giles Capell and other gentlemen ; on Thursday, 7 Aug., lord
Mountjoye ; and on Saturday, 16 Aug., the countess of Essex, lady Boucher, lady Browne,
and others, who remained till Monday following. On Sunday, 17 Aug., there came to
dinner the earl of Essex, Mr. Parr, and others, 30 in all, who remained till next day after
dinner. On Thursday, 28 Aug., came to dinner the countesses of Sussex and Derby, with
their servants. On Tuesday, 2 Sept., came to supper Sir Giles and Henry Capell, and
their wives and servants, who remained two days. On Tuesday, 9 Sept., came to supper
the countess of Oxford and lady Kingston, who remained till Thursday after dinner.
Each page of this account contains a week's expences, totalled at the bottom. The
expences for a whole week vary from 41l. 4s. 5¾d. to 101l. 3s. 7¾d., which latter is the
amount for Christmas week.
iv. "Præstita et remanentia," viz., prices of the store of victuals, wine, and other
articles remaining, 1 Oct. 25 Hen. VIII., with which the cofferer will be charged in his
next account. Total, 84l. 3s. 9¾d.
Lat., pp. 56. A vellum book, with title on cover.
Otho, C. X.
1541. Duke of Suffolk and others to Henry VIII.
On Wednesday last, after dinner, we declared your pleasure to the
Princess Dowager in her great chamber before all the servants of the house.
She protested with open voice that she was your Queen, and would
rather be hewn in pieces than depart from this assertion. She refuses the
name of Princess Dowager, and resists her removal to Somersham because
of her health ; and for all the persuasions that could be made by us or
lord Mountjoy, or Dymock, her almoner, who urged her to remove, however
she might order herself in her cause, she refuses to take any person into
her service sworn to her as Princess Dowager. Her servants are loth to
take the new oath, as they were sworn to her as Queen, and they think the
second oath would be perjury ; and they continued stiffly in this opinion
until we had gotten with difficulty from them that they had that knowledge
from Abel and Barker, her chaplains. We examined them, and found them
stiffly standing in their conscience that she was your Queen, and no man
sworn to serve her as Queen might change that oath without perjury. As
they persist in that opinion, we have committed them to the porter's ward,
there to remain without speaking with any one till your pleasure be known.
After some exhortations, we have induced some of the servants to comply.
Some we have changed. The bishop of Llandaff (John de Atequa, a
Spaniard), whom you have appointed to depart, we have suffered to remain
for the present, as she has no confessor, if he and Abel depart, that can
speak Spanish, in which language she has always confessed. He is the
man of most simplicity, and will do little harm. Wish to know the King's
pleasure, as she will not remove to Somersham, against all humanity and
reason, unless we were to bind her with ropes. She also refuses the service
of those men sworn to her as Princess Dowager, and by her wilfulness may
feign herself sick, and keep her bed, or refuse to put on her clothes, or otherwise
order herself by some imagination that we cannot now call to remembrance.
Bugden, Friday, 19 Dec.
Have not put the oath to the Bishop and the rest of her chaplains,
because they think they would refuse it. Signed : [Charlys Soffolke],
Robt. Sussex, [William Poulet, Richard Sampson.]
283, f. 102.
2. Later copy of the above, made before the mutilation of the original.
St. P. I. 418.
1542. Suffolk and others to Norfolk.
Refer him to their letters to the King.
Find Katharine the most obstinate woman that may be. There is no
other remedy but to convey her by force to Somersham. Wish for immediate
instructions. Had great difficulty in inducing the servants to be
sworn. Understand that he has taken [Ric.] Tomeo, the clerk comptroller,
to serve my lady Princess, and discharged Wilbraham. Beg that he may be
sent back again. Want money for the household and provisions, of which
a docket has been sent to Cromwell, that the two gentlemen now in charge
may not be unfurnished. Bugden, Friday, 19 Dec.
Signed as before. Add.
1543. Suffolk and others to Cromwell.
We find this woman more obstinate than we can express, as you will
see by our letters to the King, and have had such difficulty in inducing the
servants to take the new oath that once we were in despair of having any
one of them sworn ; but now many have sworn to accomplish the King's
pleasure. As there is no help for it but to convey the woman by force,
which is not in our instructions, we desire to know the King's pleasure.
"And os ye know for the schortnes off the tym iff that we have not knowleg
by Sonday at night, the tym schull not serve that sche may be removed
before the feste." (fn. 5)
Moreover we understand that Tomeo, who was appointed clerk controller
here, is now commanded to serve in the same room with my lady Princess ;
so that this house is now clearly disordered, for the steward cannot do without
him. Wylbrayme, who was discharged from my lady Princess, must
be sent to furnish that room here. We also beg that money be sent with
diligence, for here there is no more than enough to pay the debts. Meanwhile
we have [made] provision (an advance?) of 100l. Commissions must
also be sent hither with diligence, of which we send you the docket, "that this
house now in the beginning may be furnished of things necessary both to
the King's honor and to the relief of these two gentlemen to whom the
King's highness hath committed the charge." Bugden, 19 Dec.
Signed : Charlys Soffolke—Robert Sussex—William Poulet—Rich. Sampson.
In Sampson's hand, pp. 2. Add. : To Master Cromwell.
1544. Sir John FitzJames to Cromwell.
This day I received your letter with the King's command to examine
whether Collis, late of Devon, were killed of his own assault, or by the
malice of his enemies. At the last assize at Exeter Sir Will. Courtney,
Sir Thos. Denys, my fellow Schelley, and myself examined this matter ;
and as the woman who promoted the suit had not her witness ready, we
determined to respite it. What has been done since I know not, but will
inquire. I am not able to ride to that country before next term, nor will
the woman have her witness ready. I am assured that those appointed to
examine it have done their duty. Redlinche, 19 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
1545. Humphrey and Dion[i]se Fitzherbert to [Cromwell].
I received your letters, 12 Nov., and understand that Thos. Warner and
John Halfhede, of Brackyng, have complained of wrongs done by me to them
respecting a bargain of wood. I was indebted to Ric. Gresham, of London,
mercer, in 200l., the last payment of which was due unto him 10 Nov. anno 23.
My lord of Essex's audit, whose officer I have been 25 years, begins on
St. Luke's Day, and I told Warner and Halfhede that I would leave the
money with Ric. Brooke, of Pokeriche.—Enters into the details of the
dispute, respecting which his servant has made a deposition before my lord
of Essex.—My wife desired me to apply to Gresham to remit payment for
one week, which she did ; and as she could not obtain the money, she came to
London, and desired further respite,—which Gresham refused, as his charges
this year were great because of his office of sheriff. The matter has been in
suit two years, and therefore I desire your assistance. Gives an unfavorable
character of Halfhede and Warner, and their threats. Uphall, Friday,
19 Dec. Signed.
6,148, f. 38.
1546. Cranmer to Archdeacon Hawkyns.
About eight years ago there was wrought a great miracle upon a
maid, by Our Lady of Courteupstret, and ever since there has been a pilgrimage
to that devout foresaid lady of Courte of Strett.
The miracle was this : The maid had a severe illness, during which she
had trances and revelations of heaven, hell, purgatory, and the state of souls
departed. In one of these she was warned to go to Our Lady of Courte of
Strett ; "and when she was brought thither, and laid before the image of
Our Lady, her face was wonderfully disfigured, her tongue hanging out, and
her eyes being in a manner plucked out, and laid upon her cheeks, and so
greatly disordered. Then was there heard a voice speaking within her belly
as it had been in a tun." This continued three hours, the voice speaking
sweetly of heaven and terribly of hell. After a long time she came to
herself, and was perfectly whole. The miracle was solemnly rung, and a book
of it was afterwards printed and sold. She then had a command from God
in a vision to become a nun, and has been in the nunnery of St. Sepulchre's,
Canterbury, ever since.
And then she chose a monk of Christchurch, a doctor in divinity, as her
ghostly father ; and, having trances every week or fortnight, she was visited
by great numbers of people, high and low, especially clerical, who communed
with her concerning the King's marriage, and the heresies and schisms in the
realm. Her visions were so many that her ghostly father could scarcely
write them on three or four quires of paper. Thinks she marvellously
hindered the King's marriage, for she wrote to the Pope charging him to
stop it. "She had also communication with my lord Cardinal and with my
lord of Canterbury, my predecessor, in the matter ; and [in] mine opinion,
with her feigned visions and godly threatenings, she stayed them very much
in the matter."
Of divers matters she had secret knowledge, which she pretended came
from Heaven, and even wrote letters purporting to come from Heaven to
earthly creatures. About Midsummer last I sent for this holy maid to
examine her, and afterwards she went before Mr. Cromewell. And now she
hath confessed that she never had a vision in her life, but feigned them all.
Divers religious men are now in trouble for consenting to her feigned visions,
which contained perilous sedition and treason.
She said the King would not continue King a month after his marriage, but
would be destroyed in six months in a plague of unheard-of severity. She
showed the state of souls departed, as of my lord Cardinal.
Dr. Salcott, the abbot of Hydde, is bishop elect of Bangor ; and Dr. Lee,
the lawyer, of Chester. As yet there is no elect of Ely, but you will know
at your coming home. Parliament is prorogued till 15 Jan. The Queen
was brought to bed, about 13 or 14 Sept., of a Princess. I was godfather ;
the old duchess of Norfolk and the lady marquess of Dorset, godmothers.
The duke of Richmond has married lady Mary, daughter of the duke of
Norfolk. Lamethe, 20 Dec. ao 25 Reg.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book.
1547. Henry Ellyngton to Cromwell.
On the 1 Dec. I came to Brussels, where my lady Mary is, and
delivered my letter to the bishop of Palermo, her chancellor, who delivered
it to the Queen, and brought me an answer from her that she thanked
Jas. Greffythe, whom she called my master, for his goodwill to the Emperor
and his offers, which you shall further know when I come home. For the
ship he has written for, she can send him none without the Emperor's commandment,
for they have nothing adoing against England or Ireland, but
if he came there he shall be welcome. I left Brussels, 5 Dec, for Antwerp ;
and on the morrow, which was Sunday, (fn. 6) went to mass, and met a Scotchman
that came over from Scotland in the same ship with me. He loves James well,
and his business is in Louvain and Brussels. He has made great inquiries
for me amongst the English, when I was gone to England ; but seeing
me there, he laid wait for me, and brought me before the skowtte, saying I
had brought letters out of Scotland to my lady Mary, had been in England
and showed the letters to the King. I was brought to the Pynbanke
"whereon they wolde apullyd me," on which I confessed that I had shown
the letters to the Council, as I was compelled by reason of my oath, and in
order to come quietly into the realm to live with my wife and my children as I
did, and that this traitor carried me out of Ireland into Scotland against my
will. For this they have kept me in prison 16 days, and have sent to my
lady Mary to know her pleasure, and I have written to Mr. Hakett. I beg
you not to change your favor because I have failed in this business. The
matter could not be kept close, for Griffith communicated the letter to all the
crew. If the King will let me have a ship I will deliver Griffith to him.
All the Scotch ships are here. Antwerp, 20 Dec. 1533.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed.
1548. Henry Ellyngton to Stephen Vaughan.
The cause of my leaving England was that I was a prisoner in the
Tower for Jas. Greffythe a Powell, and after my liberty I visited him in
Wales to obtain restitution for my charges. He promised me 40 pieces of
Welsh friese, which he would deliver me in a month's time, if I would stay
with him. In that time he sent me twice to London concerning the hunting
of Will. Vaghan of Kylgarson. At my last coming home I bade him send
me there no more, but go himself with his payments. Two or three days
after he came to me, saying he would not go, for if he should go with part of
his money, and not with the whole, he was afraid he would be put in prison.
He then asked me if I knew Ireland ; and on my saying I did, he asked where
the best horses could be procured. I said in Dredathe (Drogheda). He said he
would buy one for the King, another for the Queen, another for Mr. Cromwell,
and another for Sir Edw. Baynton ; and on his asking me, I consented to go
with him. So I left for Uphill, 15 miles from Bristol, where he freighted a
pinnace, and we sailed on Monday s'ennight after Whitsunday, and landed in
Youghal on Corpus Christi Day, when we left for Dredathe. On coming
there he said to me, "Will you go with me to Scotland?" I refused, saying
I would not have more trouble for him, nor leave my wife and children. He
then asked the master of the boat and the crew, and they refused. Then he
called me, and bade me get me and the master and his company under
hatches, and took from me 8l. which I thought to spend in Ireland. Then the
crew, for fear, agreed to go with him, and I also. Then "a wrechyd fellowe
that is his sarvant, whos name is Davy, bad the said Jamys, 'Lat us kell
them, and throwe them over bowrde ;' but the sayd Jamys wold not agre."
On Midsummer eve, landed at Whithorn in Scotland, where the King
was, where he fell acquainted with the lord Fleming, which showed the King
of him. Thereupon I wrote his letters to the King for him, and when I
come before the Council in England I will show them the contents of the
letters. There came lately a man from Flanders to Scotland, and met with
the said James in Leith, saying he had been at the court of my lady Mary
queen of Hungary, and had heard much goodness of the said James, and that
she was told he was a great lord banished out of England for taking part
with the old Queen ; and she wished to have him with her, as she had
heard he might do much in Wales. On this he caused me to write to her,
and sent me with the letters. But hearing that you, Mr. Vaughan, were there
as the King's servant, I inform you that if the King will furnish me with a
ship, I will bring the said James into his hands.
Hol., pp. 3. Endd. : To S. Vaghan from Henry Elington.