OF THE CITY IN JAMES THE FIRST'S TIME.
James the First, being proclaimed King of England at London, on
the 24th of March, 1602, at which time the plague raged exceedingly
there, so that 30,578 died of it, as well as here, where there died 3076,
ordered that there should be as little concourse of people as possible
on such occasions, least they should spread the infection, which same
wise course was taken by the magistrates here, though alderman
Gibson resisted it, and behaved so as he was disfranchised for it, but
afterwards on submission was restored.
Soon after he was seated on his throne, he granted a general pardon (fn. 1)
to the mayor, sheriffs, and commons, of this city, for all offences
whatever past, to the 20th of March in the 40th year of Queen
The infection caused such a scarcity in the city, that wheat was sold
for 10s. a bushel; rye for 6, and barley for 5.
In 1605, there was a quo warranto brought against the city, by the
dean and prebends of Christ Church, concerning the charging the
inhabitants in their precinct to the poor, with the rest of the city;
which contention lasted some time; for in 1614, the dean and prebends, wrote to the court, that they understood their tenant Stefenson,
who dwelt in the Popinjay was taxed to the maintenance of the city
poor, and they taking the house to be within the iimits of their liberties granted them by his Majesty, could not submit to it, but were
very willing to live at peace with the city, and so for clearing this
doubt, and avoiding this expense of suit, they would, if the city would,
consent to leave it to Mr. Richardson, the deputy steward of their
church, and Mr. Gwynne, recorder of Norwich, or else to the judges
of assize at the next circuit; and soon after it was made up, the
precinct being excepted from paying to the city poor, and obliged
wholly to maintain their own.
This year there was a petition to the parliament from the city ministers, and a bill drawn upon it; (fn. 2) the consequence of which we learn
from a letter directed to Tho. Sotherton, then mayor, from Sir John
Pettus at London dated March 6, 1606, in which he says, "as to the
minister's bill, which petitions for two shillings on the pound upon
every house, shop, &c. as they be now letten; there have not been
so many committees together upon any private bill since the beginning of the parliament, and the more part were for passing the bill,
had not Sir Henry Hobart [steward] given them to understand the
inconveniences that might grow thereupon. And the committees
then agreed to draw a new bill, but Sir John Pettus, by reason of
the inconvenience to the meaner sort of people, and to such as pay
great rents, and Mr. Fidell [the city's solicitor] perswaded Mr.
Batho [one of the ministers] to desist, upon promising him that
some good course should be taken by the magistrates to assess every
parish for the increase of the ministers wages."
Upon which the following order of council was directed,
"To our loving friends the mayor of the cittie of Norwich for the
time being, or to any three or more of the justices of peace of
that cittie, whereof the mayor always to be one.
"After our very hearty commendacions, whereas by petition expressed on the behalf of the preachers and ministers of the many
several parishes of the cittie of Norwich, and by the verbal testimonie of some of the aldermen at the counsell board, it appeareth
that the yearly mayntenance allowed the ministers, (consisting only
on the voluntary contributions of the people in general) is very
small and insufficient, to sustain them in their function and calling,
as becometh, wherein the inferior sorte are found most backward to
the ministers of their own parish, which we conceive to proceed,
either out of want of religious zeale towards the Gospel, or out of
their own corrupt disposition, to factious sectaries, and pretended
reformacion, whereby the ministers may be driven through necessity
into contempt and other inconveniences, and consequently their
profession much scandalized. The King's majesty (as matter
not little concerning him in honor and dignitie) have thought it
very expedient some good order be taken, for provision in the
cause, to be set down for the time to come, and therefore in his
princely wisdom (for the better advancement and propagation of
God's word, hath commaunded us seriously to confer of the matter, whereupon it is resolved and ordered, and accordingly in his
Majesties name, we do require you, by authoritie of these our letters, to take paynes forthwith to enter into the due consideration of
the estates and abilities of all the inhabitants of the said parishes,
and from time to time to set down a proportionable tax on every of
them, such as shall be competent for the maintenance of the said
ministers respectively, to be yearly paid them according to their
difference in guifts, sufficiency, and diligence in their function, as
in your good discrecions shall be meet and convenient, not doubting your care and circumspection in the indifference of such imposicions, that no party may have just cause to complain of any grevance
by pareiallitie or otherwise. Wherein we also hold it fit, you intimate unto them in your proceeding to this business, the religious
forwardness of the straungers there inhabiting, and the backwardness of a natural subject in a cause of this nature, and likewise that
if a strict course be taken with them for the paiment of tenths proportionable to their true value and worth in substance, &c. it would
grow to be much more burthensome to them, than this voluntary
benevolence and contribution now required, whatsoever they may
pretend to the contrary: in your proceedings herein, if you shall
find any inhabitant obstinately wilfull, refusing to conform himself
to the payment of such rate or taxacion, as he shall be set down
by you, we thinke it requisite and necessary, for you to take bonds
of them to appear personally before us at the councell board, at a
day prefixed by you, to answer their contempt, and to give us
account for such their obstinacie and refusal, sending therewithall
your certificate that such further order may be taken with them as
shall appertain. And so eftsoones recommending the due execution hereof to your extraordinary paynes and diligence from time
to time as occasion shall be offered, we bid you heartily farewell.
From the court at Whitehall the 15th Feb. 1606.
"Your very loving friends,
R. Cant. Fellemere Canc. F. Dorset. Nottingham. F. Suffolke,
Exeter. Northampton. Salisbury. Zouche. Knowles. Wotton."
And thus the ministers wages used to be raised for some time, till
Matthew Wren Bishop of Norwich, in 1638, procured his Majesty
King Charles the First, to declare his royal pleasure under the great
seal of England, "That if any person within the said city of Norwich,
should refuse to pay according to the rate of two shillings the pound
in lieu of the tithes of houses, unto the minister of any parish within
the sayd city, that the same should be heard in the court of Chancery,
or in the consistory of the Bishop of Norwich, and that in such case
no prohibition should be granted against the said Bishop of Norwich,
their chancellors or commissioners, in the said courts of consistory." (fn. 3)
Which, by reason of the succeeding troubles, never took effect.
In 1608, Sir John Pettus, then mayor, built the fish-stalls by
Fybridge, and the next year the house over the spring by Bishopgates.
And the same year, in pursuance of the will of Tho. Pettus, Esq.
late alderman of Norwich, he paid 20l. to the court, as a stock to set
on work such as should be committed to Bridewell; and 100l. 50l.
of which was to be lent among the poor worsted weavers, and 50l.
among the poor dornix weavers, by 5l. or 10l each, giving security
for repayment, in the same manner as for Mr. Rogers's gift. And
also settled on the city 6 acres of land, belonging to Heigham manor,
lying just out of St. Giles's-gates, against the road leading to Eaton
west, and the way leading under the walls, and the land called AllSaints east, to the intent that 4l. 6s. 8d. of the rent be employed to
perform the gift of Rich. Rugg, late deceased, to whom the said Tho.
Pettus was executor, he ordering him to settle lands sufficient that
there should be divided yearly on Ash-Wednesday to the poor 4l.
and the mayor for his trouble to have 3s. 4d. and the sheriffs as
At this time, there were such violent inundations occasioned by
the high winds, that incredible damage both to houses, men, and
beasts, was done in many parts of England, and in several places of
this county, (fn. 4) to such a degree, that an act passed for the speedy
recovery of many thousand acres of marsh and other grounds, lately
overflown, &c. in the county of Norfolk, and for the prevention of
the like hereafter; (fn. 5) which sets forth, that a part of the sea shore lying
between the towns of great Yarmouth and Happisborrow (or Haseboro)
lying low, and being sand only, was lately broken down and washed
away by the violence of the tides, so that the sea broke in every tide,
and with every sea-wind came up the Norwich river into the very
body and heart of the county of Norfolk, drowning much hard
grounds, and many thousand acres of marsh, upon which great part
of the wealth of the county depends, being most rich grounds; and
without which, the uplands which are mostly dry and barren, cannot
be husbanded: and by means of the salt water, the fisheries between
Yarmouth and Norwich, as well in rivers as broads, were much damaged, so that the great plenty which used to maintain many poor
men, was gone, and the markets badly served with fresh fish; to
remedy which, there were appointed 18 commissioners, (fn. 6) who, according to the direction of the act, were to stop the breaches, it being to
be feared that in time to come, further mischief might follow by
other breaches, or enlarging of those already made, if speedy remedy
be not provided, and God of his mercy stop not the same. (fn. 7)
In 1609, the plague was here in the summer season, but did not
carry off many; the river was watched least they should bring stuff or
infected persons from Yarmouth.
In 1611, the city received of Mr. Peter Wood 200 marks, given by
Mr. Augustine Wood, to be lent to poor tradesmen, by 20 nobles a
man, half in Berstreet ward, and half in Fibridge ward. And also
40l. to the prisoners in the castle.
This year there was a mutiny designed to be raised in the city, on
pretence, as in other places, of hindering new enclosures; and Tho.
Townesend and Tho. Harrison were sent for, and examined by the
privy council, who found vehement suspicion that they were guilty of
what they were charged with, and so ordered them to Norwich, to be
imprisoned there, but afterwards finding sureties for their good behaviour, they were discharged: the Earl of Northampton, in a letter
to the mayor, mentions the mutiny in Norwich very happily discovered and suppressed.
The privy council directed letters to the mayor and aldermen dated
Jan. 8, for quickening them earnestly to put in execution his Majesty's orders last year, for the keeping the ancient strictness and
severity of Lent.
Easter day being the King's coronation, the mayor and aldermen
sat in the Green Yard without a sermon, because the chancellor
would not have it there, but in the church, and having sat till the
sermon was done in the church, they departed having heard no
sermon. (fn. 8)
On the 18th of June, (it being the gild-day) a sumptuous pageant
was prepared at the new mayor's gate on Tombland, and certain fireworks, as had been usual, were fired off in the evening, some of which
breaking, frighted the people (who were very numerous) to such a
degree, that hurrying away in crowds for fear of hurt, there were no
less than 33 persons trodden down and pressed to death, as the register
of the parish of St. Simon and Jude declares.
"In 1611, June 19, Edmund Hall of Ludham, Margaret Dybald,
Anne Baglet, Rose Firman, Joan Bakon, Rebecka Love, buried the
same day and yeare, thes 6, and 27 more weare all slayne at the
fyer-works in Tumbland, Mr. Tho. Angwyshe [who founded the
Boys Hospital] then entering his mayoralty:" on which account, at
a court held the 22d of March following, it was ordered, in regard of
that lamentable mishap that fell at the last gild by reason of fireworks, that no more be used on any feast or gild-day, on penalty of
20l. to be levied by distress on them that use them.
Thomas Doughty of Norwich draper, by will dated 26 Aug. 1612,
gave to the poor of the parish he dwelt in 1l. to the poor of the 4
wards 2l. 10s. to 12 poor citizens a gown each. To every lazar-house
6s. To the court 100l. to be lent freely to 10 worsted weavers for 7
years, viz. 10l. each, they using the trade and giving good security
for the repayment &c. for ever. To Berstreet 50 chaldrons of coals.
To Mr. Furnice, Mr. Roberts, Mr. Galliard, Mr. Yates, Mr. Wells,
and Mr. Haylett, ministers, 4l. each. To the preacher at Berstreet
church, a house worth 60l. To the prisoners at the gild-hall 20s. and
at the castle 20s.
In 1618 Mr. Will. Doughty, alderman of Lyn, paid the legacies;
and in 1695, mention is made in the assembly book, of 250l. of Mr.
William Doughty's gift, to be lent by 25l. a man to 10 worsted
weavers for five years, and as much to 10 shop-keepers, also 100l. to 5
In 1613, on the 3d of May, 50l. was paid to the new elected mayor
of the gift of Sir John Pettus, for the yearly buying of coals for the
word beyond the water, which payment is to endure for ever, it being
given by his will, and was this year paid by Tho. Pettus, his son and
About this time, Peter Barker, alderman, gave 40l. to the city.
At this time also, there arose great disturbances between the citizens
and Dutch strangers, who began to attempt to exercise the ancient
trades of the city, contrary to their agreement at their admission, and
against the will of the Walloons, who lived peaceably, and aimed at
no such thing: and proceeded so far without knowledge of the city or
their countrymen, as to procure a charter from the King, dated
Feb. 6, Ao. reg. x. by which all strangers communicants of the
Dutch congregation were to come in, and use the trade of making
any particular stuff, knit stockings, dying, and all foreign draperies, &c. by which they became a company not depending on the
city, or their countrymen; but after much contest, George Cock,
mayor, got it cancelled by the privy council, on Nov. 13, 1613, to the
great satisfaction of the city and French congregation And it was
then determined, that the strangers, according to their first patent,
should not be assessed by the court to the ministers wages in their
parishes, for any thing but their houses and grounds, the payment for
their values and stocks being left to their own congregations; they
being to be governed by the bishop as to spirituals, by the city as to
temporals, and their own church by their elders and deacons. But in
1621, another dispute arose among themselves, many refusing to
serve as elders, withdrew, and went to their own parish churches, so
that the congregations applied to the privy council, who referred them
to the bishop, mayor, and justices. Upon which Dennis Larmett,
complained, that though he was a freeman, and duly frequented his
own parish church, and paid all duties to Mr. Fulk Roberts, minister
of St. Saviour's, and to that parish, yet the French congregation made
him pay to their minister, and frequent their congregation, and lately
elected him an elder, and he was obliged to serve, and pay as heretofore, and therefore afterwards, he refused to pay the minister of St.
Saviour's 20s, a year, "according to order from the counsell board
formerly established, and now lately by ther honourable letters of
the 30th of May last, commanded to be observed, since which submission and consent of the said Dennis Lermitt, he still refuseth to
pay to Mr. Foulke Roberts minister of St. Saviours parish, the
yearly some of xxs. by us reasonably and advisedly assessed and set
according to the yearly value of his house. And hath also associated himself unto Joel Deformeaux, and Samuel Camby, two
principal men of that congregation, who being rich in means, and
refractory in condition, have upon some displeasure misconceived
against Mr. Peter de Lawne, their minister, whom we know to be
a learned, grave, and discreet preacher, not only withheld from him
their usual contribution, but have withdrawn themselves from their
congregation and church, wherein they had formerly born several
offices, and continued members thereof ever since their baptism;
albey those personal differences have been heard and discussed by
their own synode more than two yeares since, and the same have
been often particularly ripped up and heard before the now Lord
Bishop of Norwich, and at other times before diverse justices of the
peace of this citty, at which hearing they have been worthily blamed
for their unjust calumpnies concerning their minister, and no just
cause found of their separacion." And so they were forced to pay
to, and be members of the French church, and pay to St. Saviour's
officers and minister for their houses only, as heretofore, by order of
council dated 10th Oct. 1621; and in 1622, upon a petition of his
Majesty's natural born subjects against strangers for using trades in
this realm, there came a letter to the city, signed by Tho. Coventry
and Robert Heath, two of the commissioners for ordering the business
about strangers, dated the 14th of June, ordering the names and professions of all strangers, born and such as are born of parents strangers,
to be returned them, by two or three strangers, to whom, on the part
of the rest, may be imparted the King's pleasure; and the like letters
were sent to all places where there were strangers inhabiting; and on
the 24th of July, came another letter to know what the English
citizens would have the commissioners take it into consideration for
them. The design of his Majesty being to give encouragement to
the English, and yet no just cause of complaint to the strangers. Upon
which the city returned such an answer, as the strangers remained
In 1614, the Lords of the privy council, by letters dated the 22d of
March, desired the city to given encouragement to a lottery, set on
foot for the benefit of the English Virginia plantation, wherein haply
they may be gainers, and whatsoever lost, shall be bestowed on so
good a work; and by another letter dated 21 Dec. 1617, they desired
them to assist Gabriel Barbor, &c. in the management of a running
lottery, to be by them kept in Norwich; Sir John Suckling sent a
letter for its encouragement, and the mayor was to apppoint two
persons to inspect the drawing of it, as well as the child to draw out
The Lords of the council, by letter dated the 14th of July, acquainted the city that the parliament late dissolved, not having
granted sufficient supplies to his Majesty, many of the lords out of
their affection, had given him plate, or money, or both; which example several gentlemen of the shires, cities, and burghs, had resolved
to follow, and that they designed the like from the city of Norwich,
desiring them to send a register of the names and gifts of every person to the King's jewel-house, which they did; but their presents
were not much liked; for the Earl of Suffolk, in a letter dated Feb. 17,
directed to the mayor and aldermen, tells them that he is displeased
with them for not having enlarged themselves in their free gift to his
Majesty, what they sent being unworthy, as he said, to come from
such a city, the second or third of the kingdom; assuring them, the
little town of Yarmouth had contributed a sum almost as great, telling
them, that their excuse of having formerly lent his Majesty money
by way of loan, was none at all, because all the kingdom had done
Nov. 12, Mrs. Anne Layer paid into court 50l. given to be lent out
to young tradesmen, by Mr. Tho. Layer, late alderman, her husband.
In 1615, so great were the inundations in Norfolk, that the sea
came 12 miles into land; and on St. Andrew's day there was such a
flood in the city, that it was as high as Candlemas flood within two
inches; it did much hurt in the churches, cellars, houses, tanners'
yards, &c. but no one lost their life. There began a snow and frost
the 20th of Jan. which continued 8 weeks, and when it brake up,
much damage was done here by a flood on the 15th of March. (fn. 9)
This same year, Tho. Tunstall, priest, was hanged drawn, and
quartered, at the gallows out of Magdalen-gates, his head was set on
a pole on St. Benedict's-gates, and his quarters hung on four other
gates; he confessed he was a Benedictine friar by vow, but not
In 1616, divers orders for the worsted-weavers, signed by the mayor
and Tho. Bedingfield Steward of the Dutchy of Lancaster, and confirmed by the Judges of Assize, were published for all of that business
in Norwich, Lyn, Yarmouth, Thetford, and elsewhere in Norfolk to
In 1617, farthing tokens of copper, were received by the mayor,
from the Duke of Lenox, to put forth and disperse in the city, paying 19s. for every 20s. put off. And in 1620, Tho. Garnet, one of
the patentees for the tokens, offered to give any officer the mayor
would appoint, either 6l. 13s. 4d. for his pains for one year, or 12d. in
At the assizes held on Monday the 14th of August, Sir Henry Montague, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and Sir John
Dodridge, Knt. being justices of assize for the city and county, came
in on Saturday night, and heard service on Sunday morning in the
cathedral, sitting in the seat where the Bishop sits in sermon time;
and after service ended, Mr. John Mingay, then mayor, with the
sheriffs and aldermen, according to custom, met with the judges at
the stair's feet, and accompanied them to the preaching place in the
Green Yard; Sir Austin Palgrave, Knt. then high sheriff of Norfolk,
went indiscreetly on the right hand of Mr. Mayor, and untruly informed the Lord Chief Justice, that it was his place to sit in the
chair in the preaching place, and Mr. Mayor on his left hand; upon
which, the Lord Chief Justice (never having been in the place before)
did sit down in the chair, which Mr. Mayor very discreetly and
stoutly challenged to be his seat, but his Lordship, by the high-sheriff's mis-information, opposed the same, till he was informed by the
steward of the city, the town-clerk, the sword-bearer, and others, of
Mr. Mayor's right to hold his place. So that the next morning,
the high-sheriff, upon better advice, did at the Judge's lodgings, before the mayor, sheriffs, aldermen, and many knights and gentlemen of
the county, confess that he had erred in his information: and in the
afternoon Mr. Mayor waited on their Lordships about another contention, concerning their going first to the Castle, it being affirmed that
both judges usually had gone first to the Gild-hall. Upon which
the judges coming out of their lodgings into their chamber of audience, sat down, and ordered the mayor to sit down by them, and the
said high sheriff standing bareheaded before them, the Lord Chief
Justice reprimanded him for his untrue information touching the seat;
and whereas the high-sheriff in the forenoon had with the sheriffs of
the city attended the Lord Chief Justice from the Castle Bridge to
the Gild-hall, in all which way Mr. Will. Browne, sheriff of the city,
took the upper hand of the high-sheriff of Norfolk, (which the county
would suffer no more,) it was decreed by the said judges, that for ever
hereafter the high-sheriff only should attend the judges when they
were about the county business; and the sheriff's of Norwich only and
not the high-sheriff of Norfolk, should attend them, when they go
about the city business, and thereupon the city sheriffs did presently
on horseback attend the Lord Chief Justice to the Gild-hall, and
the high-sheriff of Norfolk did in like manner attend the other judge
to the Castle. (fn. 10)
In 1618, Nathaniel de Lawne, son of Mr. Peter de Lawne, minister
of the French congregation, was sent from Norwich school to Bennet
college in Cambridge, as a Norwich scholar, who when he was bachelor of arts, translated Peter du Moulin's Elements of Logick, with
the author's approbation, and published it in 1624. (fn. 11)
In 1619, the King directed his letters, dated Apr. 26, by advice of
his privy council, to the mayor, &c. of the city, commanding them to
choose the senior alderman for their mayor year by year, to avoid all
contentions for the future in their elections, in like manner as was
observed in the city of London: and as their charters were interpreted before Sir Hen. Montague, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of the
King's Bench, and Sir John Dodridge, Knt. Justices of Assize for the
said city and county; but on May day, at the election of their
mayor, Rich. Wyth, Tho. Claxton, John Ling, and alderman Rosse,
opposed it, and were all bound over to appear before the privy council,
in 500l. a man, "for being disturbers of orders, and contemners of
the King's directions." And in 1620, Michael Parker, alderman,
Tho. Seaman, and Rog. Sedgewick, were bound over for the same
offence: but in 1621, the affair was settled, at an assembly held the
14th of August, before Ric. Tolye, mayor, Sir Hen. Montague, Knt.
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Sir John Dodridge, Knt. Sir
Rob. Houghton, Knt. Justices of the Common Pleas, Rich. Gwyne,
Esq. recorder, Will. Denney, Esq. steward, 9 justices for the city, the
2 sheriffs, 9 aldermen, and 48 of the common council, viz. that according to the King's letter, in order to avoid all future dissensions, it was
agreed, that the citizens should for ever nominate the 2 senior aldermen,
that have been sheriff's, not having been mayor before, or not having
been dispensed with at some assembly before the feast of St. Matthias
preceding the election, from bearing that office, and the mayor and
aldermen shall choose the ancientest in rank for mayor for the ensuing
year; and when an alderman is to be elected, the mayor and aldermen shall propose to the citizens of the ward, four persons of the ancientest rank, that have been sheriffs, and if there be not four, then
the present sheriffs; and the citizens shall choose those of most
ancient rank, the persons so elected standing free of all just exceptions, and the sheriffs to be elected as heretofore, "great circumspection and care being used to choose men sufficient in estate and
fit for government, as being afterwards to succeed to be aldermen
and mayors," and this form of election lasted many years. (fn. 12)
Mr. Henry Fawcet, alderman, by will dated May 14, 1619, gave
10l. to be distributed immediately. (fn. 13)
300l. to be lent by the mayor, aldermen, and the wardens of the
company of worsted-weavers, to the poorest worsted-weavers in Norwich, by 10l. a man, for three years together, on security given for
repayment, and no one that had it once is to have it again, by the
space of three years after; no interest is to be paid for any of the
money given by him to be lent out.
He gave also 30l. to be lent to dornix weavers by 5l. a man.
20l. to be lent in like manner to the poorest of the trade and company of shoemakers by 5l. a man.
10l. to two poor smiths, 5l. each, and the same sum to two poor
joiners, by the mayor, &c. and wardens of the said trades.
40l. to be yearly lent by the mayor, &c. to some man who will in
winter undertake to prepare stones out of the mines fit to be worked,
whereby the poor masons may be set on work in winter time.
35l. 6s. 8d. to be laid out by the church-wardens and overseers of
the five following parishes yearly, by the appointment of the mayor
and aldermen, in sea-coals, to be delivered to the poor at the price
they cost, viz. St. Paul's 10l. St. James and Pockthorp 10l. St. Clement's 5l. St. Edmund's 5l. and St. Saviour's 5 marks.
He gave a tenement in St. Paul's, and another in St. Austin's,
which he purchased of Eliz. Wright, widow; and another in St.
George's Colgate, which he purchased of Albert Austin, and a close
behind the Cock in Magdalen-street, to the mayor, &c. "for ever to
maynteyne and kepe in the hospytall of St. Gyles or God's-house
in Norwich, two poor old worsted weavers, to be chosen out of the
ward of Fibrigge, by the appointment of his nephew John Fawcet
for life, and afterwards of the said mayor and aldermen, with consent of the wardens of the worsted weavers for the time beying."
He gave also towards the maintenance "of the New Hospital
erected by Tho. Anguish late alderman, (viz. the Boys Hospital)
To every lazer-house in the liberties of Norwich 10s.
Also 5 chaldrons of coals to the prisoners in the castle and the same
quantity to the prisoners in the Gild-hall; and
10l. to be yearly laid out in coals by the church-wardens and overseers of St. Michael at Coslany, and to be sold to the poor there in
winter, as they are bought in, in summer, and so the stock to remain
To the Dutch poor 20l. and the same to the French poor.
He settled on his nephew aforesaid, and his heirs, two houses in
St. Martyn's at the Oak, part whereof are called the Stag, and a tenement it St. Laurence's parish, on condition that he and the future
owners for ever shall pay to every preacher that shall preach at the
common place in the Green Yard in Norwich every Sunday throughout the year for ever, 5s. each, and to the minister of the parish of
St. Michael's of Coslany 20s. for a sermon by him there to be made
yearly upon New-Year's day for ever, and to the parish clerk there
yearly for ever 3s. 4d. In 1663, Mr. Rich. Fawcet, who then owned
the houses, refused to pay the preacher, alleging it not to be due, as
there were no sermons in the common place in the Green Yard, as the
will appointed, but in the cathedral; however the commissioners of
chritable uses passed a decree against him, Dec. 13, 1664.
Feb. 12, 1620, the city, to express their affections to the King and
his only daughter Elizabeth, married to Frederick Count Palatine
of the Rhine, sent by way of loan for the defence of the Palatinate,
the sum of 326l. 6s. 8d.; but yet in 1622, another letter came desiring
a further voluntary contribution for that purpose, the parliament not
having yielded a speedy supply, as was necessary to enable his
Majesty by force of arms to recover the patrimony of his children in
In 1622, Mr. Edw. Hobard, executor to Mrs. Barney, sent 50l of
her gift to be divided among the city poor.
In 1623, one Bloome was hung in chains at Mile-Cross, for murdering a man.
Mr. Rob. Cock gave 40l. which was paid by Mr. George and
Francis Cock, aldermen, his brothers, to be put out on security by
10l. a man, and Mr. John Humfry of St. Saviour's comber, had 10l.
of it, and gave security to repay it without interest at one year's end,
and in the mean time to set such poor on work as should be sent to
him by the court or by the aldermen of the great ward beyond the
water, or any of them.
This year, watch and ward was appointed at all the city gates, and
great rejoicings were made for the return of Prince Charles from
Spain, where he had inconsiderately gone to solicit his match personally with the Infanta, to the great uneasiness of the people, who
feared the King of Spain would hinder his return. And on Dec. 31,
a petition signed by above 300 citizens was delivered to the mayor at
court, desiring that the Bishop might be moved "for restoring the
morning exercises on the Sabbath dayes."
At the assizes held here, Tho. Scot, bachelor of divinity, preached a
sermon, which was published in quarto at London, entitled, The Projector, teaching a direct, sure, and ready way, to restore the decays
of the church and state, both in honour and revenue.
Dec. 1, 1624, Sir Charles Cornwalleis and Sir Henry Bedingfield,
two of the deputy lieutenants of the county, sent their warrant to the
mayor, to press 100 men out of the city, and the aldermen in their
several wards walked all night, and took up 127 in all; and the next
day 100 being chosen out of them, they were conducted to Dover to
be embarked there; and a few days after, 500 men were brought to
the city by the deputy lieutenants, whereupon a letter was written to
the Earl-Marshal, to signify the fear and terrour the city was in by
reason of such a number of soldiers, and therefore they hoped he
would order his deputy lieutenants to withdraw them; the messenger
found him at Cambridge, and he agreed to their desire, to the great
satisfaction of the city.
On the 27th of March, 1625, James the First died of an ague at
Theobald's, and was afterwards buried at Westminster.
Mayors And Sheriffs.
|1603, Tho. Lane.||Edw. Nutting, John Simonds.|
|Mr. Serjeant Rob. Houghton,
|Mr. Serjeant Henry Hobart,
|Mr. John Silver, deputy recorder.|
|1604, Tho. Hirne or Herne,||George Birch, George Cock.|
|1605, Tho. Sotherton.||Michael Aldrich, Francis Smallpiece.|
|1606, Joshua Culley or Cully.||Tho. Blosse, John Shovell.|
|1607, George Downing.||Rob. Craske, James Allen.|
|1608, Sir John Pettus, Knt.||Rob. Hernsey, Henry Fawcett.|
|1609, Sir Tho. Herne, Knt. 2.||Bassingbourn Throckmorton, Tho.
|1610, Roger Ramsey.||Peter Gleane, Rich. Goldman.|
|1611, Tho. Anguish.||Ric. Rosse, Simon Davy.|
|1612, Tho. Blosse.||Will. Bussey, John Norris.
Rice Gwynne, Esq. recorder.|
|1613, George Cocke.||Lionel Claxton, Michael Parker.|
|1614, Tho. Pettus.||Tho. Spendlove, Mat. Peckover.|
|1615, Peter Gleane.||Christopher Baret, Francis Cock.|
|1616, Sir Tho. Herne, Knt. 3.||Will. Brown, Tho. Cory.|
|1617, John Mingay.||Alex. Anguish, Edm. Cock.|
|1618, Rich. Rosse.||John Anguish, John Ward.|
|Will. Denny, Esq. steward.|
|1619, Roger Gaywood.||Nat. Remington, (fn. 14) Lucian Laws.|
|1620, Rich. Tolye or Tooley.||Tho. Shipdam, Tho. Baker.|
|1621, George Birch.||John Ramsey, John Lyng.|
|1622, Francis Smallpiece.||Nic. Emms, Rob. Sumpter.|
|1623, Rob. Craske.||Will. Green, Rob. Sedgewick.|
|1624, Rob. Debney.||John Loveland, Rob. Powle.|
|1625, Michael Parker.||Nic. Osborn, Steph. Leverington.|
Burgesses In Parliament.
1 Jac. I. Parl. at Westm. Sir Henry Hobart, Knt. John Pettus, Esq.
12 Ditto. Sir Thomas Hyrne, Knt. Rice Gwynne, Esq.
18 Ditto. Sir Ric. Rosse, Knt. Will. Denny, Esq.
21 Ditto. Sir Tho. Hyrne, Knt. Will. Denny, Esq.