OF THE CITY IN THE TIME OF THE USURPATION.
Soon after the murder of their Sovereign, the broad seal was altered,
and proclamation made, that no King should be proclaimed without
consent of Parliament; and I find the year
1649, is said to be the first year of the Keepers of the Liberty of
England, by authority of Parliament. Which style continued
till the 16th of Dec.
1653, the first year of his Highness Oliver (Cromwell) Lord
And 1658, is said to be the first year of his Highness Richard
(Cromwell, his son) Lord Protector.
1659, was a year of anarchy, and in
1660, was the restoration of King Charles the Second, being
the 12th year of his reign.
In April, 1649, the city petitioned the Parliament to be eased in.
their taxes, by reason of the great loss and decay of trade, and poverty of the city, wheat being 40s. a comb, rye 22s. barley 15s. and
all other provisions accordingly, and that care may be speedily taken
to open a trade at sea.
May 30, Alderman Andrews proclaimed the act for abolishing
In July they petitioned for a grant or commission for the justices of
Norwich to be justices of the peace in the precinct of Christ Church, (fn. 1)
and to have power to unite parishes, and provide for the ministers
thereof, out of the revenues of the cathedral.
Several young men and boys, clothed at the charge of the city, werecarried to London, bound apprentices, and sent to Virginia and NewEngland.
In 1650, Will. Tooke or Tucke of Lakenham, was chosen sheriff,
and kept his sheriffalty at Lakenham Wood-house.
The pulpit was taken out of the Green Yard, and placed in the
New-hall or Black-Friers Yard, and an exchange was begun to be
kept in that hall.
Many aldermen, &c. were discharged for not taking the covenant
June 26, Oliver Cromwell was made general of the English
forces, and on the 28th he advanced for Scotland. Oct. 7, an insurrection was intended in Norfolk, near Norwich, in favour of King
Charles II. but being discovered, several were apprehended, and three
judges were sent down to Norwich by the parliament, who sat at the
New-hall as a high court of justice on Friday Dec. 20, in great pomp,
with the sword, mace,&c. on Saturday they condemned six, who were
executed the Monday following, on a gallows erected between the
cross and the well in the market-place; (fn. 2) on Tuesday they condemned
six more: on Wednesday, being Christmas day, they passed sentence
on Mr. Cooper, a minister at Holt, who was hanged there. On Thursday the 26th, five more were condemned: on Friday, Col. Saul and
a shoemaker were condemned, and after hanged at Lyn. On Monday,
Dec. 30, Major Francis Roberts, and Lieutenant John Barber, and
two others were condemned; the two former were hanged on die
gallows in the market, and the other two at two several market towns;
one Mr. Will. Hobart, who gave witness against Mr. Cooper, was the
next day himself condemned, and hanged at Dearham.
In 1651, mackerel, good and fresh, were sold in the market at 17
for a penny; hops were 12l. a hundred, and wheal 20s. a comb.
In 1652, the long parliament having sat 20 years, the members were
turned out by Cromwell, the general of their army.
In 1653, General Cromwell was sworn Lord Protector, Dec. 16,
and on the 22d of the same month, was proclaimed at Norwich.
And it was now ordered by the Protector, that Norfolk county should
send 10 members to parliament, Norwich, Lyn, and Yarmouth, two
members each, and Thetford and Rising none at all, but should vote
in the county.
In 1654, on certain intelligence of "risings in several places in the
nation, against the publique government," whereby the disaffected are
like to be mutinous, a company of 120 well affected persons, such as
may be confided in, were listed, to be in readiness at any warning to
take up arms, to be aiding and assisting to the mayor and sheriffs, for
the appeasing of all turn alts in the city, and Mr. Buret was to be their
captain, Mr. Knights lieutenant, and Mr. Scolding ensign.
Many quakers in the city were imprisoned and tried at the city
June 24, this year, was the ordinance settled for an assessment for
six months, for the maintenance of the armies and navies of the
commonwealth, at the rate of 120,000l. a month for the first three
months, and 90,000l. for the last three months, towards which last sum
the county paid 4660l. a month, and Norwich city and county 240l.
a month. (fn. 3)
On August 29th was published the ordinance for the ejection of
scandalous, ignorant, and insufficient ministers and school-masters, (fn. 4) by
which, most of the ablest divines were ejected, and others, fit for the
purpose of those times, put in, by the sole power of a set of commissioners appointed in each county for that purpose; any five of which
had power to eject any man, if five of the ministers, assistants to the
commissioners, joined with them; the commissioners and assistants for
the counties of Norfolk and Norwich, were, Henry Lawrence, Lord
President of his Highness's counsel, Philip Skippon, Esq. Hezekiah
Haynes, Charles-George Cock of Norwich, Esq. Sir John Hobart, Knt.
and Bart. Sir Thomas Hogan of Great-Dunham, Robert Wood, Edw.
Wood, Tobias Fryer, Henry King, Edward Bulwer of Heydon, John
Reymes, Ralf Woolmer, Roger Harper, John Green, and Thomas Scot
of Lyn, Tho. Baret and Nic. Salter of Norwich, Isaac Preston of Yarmouth, Mr. Tho. Garret, and Tho. Russell of N. Basham, Esq. Edmund
Cremere of Snetesham, Esq. Martin Hastyngs of Hindringham, Esq.
and John Toft of Norwich.
The assistant ministers were, Mr. Will. Bridges, John Brinsley
of Yarmouth, John Martin of Edgefield, John Money of Wimondham,
Timothy Armitage of Norwich, Charles Frank of Thetford, Nat.
Brewster of Aldby, Edm. Broome of Southreppes, Mr. Breviter, Sam.
Smith of Sidestrond or Sistern, Ric. Wells of Fakenham, Mr. Harmer
of Saxlingham, Israël Shipdham of Swaffham, Tho. Thorowgood, Mr.
Johnson, Mr. Hogan of Lyn, Edw. Corbet, Mr. Collings of Norwich,
Mr. Peck of Hingham, John Newton of Great-Dunham, and Will.
Hall of Eveningham.
In 1656, on Sunday, July 20, about five in the evening, was a most
terrible tempest of thunder and lightning, with hail stones as big as
pullets eggs, which did great hurt to the corn, glass windows, &c. to
the value of 3000l. in the city and adjacent country. The late Lord
Bishop Hall deceased, gave 20l. to the city poor.
In 1657, the Lord Protector Cromwell being proclaimed in London
with great solemnity on July 1, on the 10th following he was proclaimed here, the mayor justices and aldermen, riding in scarlet gowns,
and the sheriffs in violet gowns, attended by two trumpeters, and two
companies of volunteers, and the city waits; the whole company were
gallantly entertained at the mayor's.
In 1658, Sept. 3, the grand Usurper died, on which day the wind was
so very high, that much damage was clone in many places: and on the
7th of the same instant, the mayor received letters intimating his
death, and ordering,
Richard Cromwell, his eldest son, to be proclaimed Protector
of England, Scotland, and Ireland; upon which the court
assembled at 2 in the afternoon, in scarlet, and attended by the sheriffs
and two companies of the militia, proclaimed him according to the
form prescribed by the council.
Nov. 23, the Usurper's funeral was celebrated with greater pomp
than was commonly used for the best of kings.
24 Dec. Christ. Pooley came into court, and openly declared, that
the Lord's day is not to be sanctified or kept holy, but that the Saturday is the Sabbath, and ought to be kept, calling the Lord's day an
idol day, and openly charged the justices on the bench, of injustice,
&c. and in like manner did several others, calling the rulers of the
nation Antichristians, and the magistrates of the city, limbs of the
In 1659, Apr. 7, Richard Cromwell's party deserting him, his parliament dissolved, and he was laid aside, and Oct. 13, the rump
parliament was kicked out by the army.
An order was sent to the city goaler, to deliver the goods of Mary
Oliver, who was executed for witchcraft, to be sold for the city's use.
Dec. 14, the necessities of the poor were allowed by the court to be
so great for lack of work, sicknesses, and diseases, occasioned by want,
and the severity of the season, that they were forced to gather at all
the church doors for their support every time there was service; to
such misery had these unhappy divisions brought not only this place
but the greatest part of the kingdom.
Dec. 26, the rump sat again, and on Jan. 2, voted "an oath of
"RENUNCIATION of the title of his Majesty and the whole line of
Feb. 2, the secluded members were restored by General Monk.
March 16, the rump parliament was dissolved,, and a new parliament
summoned, which was held April 25.
In 1630, the peers took their places by virtue of their ancient dignities
April 25. by order of General George Monk, Capt. Drake's
company or Evelin's regiment were sent and quartered at Norwich till
May 1, his Majesty's declaration was read in parliament, and a
present ordered to be sent him.
May 8, his Majesty was most solemnly proclaimed in London;
and on the 29th, being his birth-day, he arrived at White-hall,
with incredible demonstrations of joy, for his miraculous restoration.
Mayors And Sheriffs.
|1649, Robert Baron, died
Aug. 1.||Alexander Peckover died suddenly
Nov. 7, in the council chamber,
Sam. Brewster chosen the same
day, John Man.|
|John Rawley or Rayley,
chosen Aug. 3.||Erasmus Earl, Serjeant at law, recorder.|
|1650, Mathew Lindsey, died
Jan. 23.||Will. Tooke or Tuck, Nehemiah
|Thomas Baret, chosen
|1651, Bernard Church.||Tho. Johnson, John Knights.|
|1652, Will. Barnham.||Clement Parnell, who dwelt in
Norfolk county, Rog. Whistler of Catton.|
|1653, John Man.||Christ Jay, Rog. Mingay.|
|1654, Tho. Toft.||John Andrews, Joseph Paine.|
|1655, John Salter.||Hen. Wood, Ric. Coldham.|
|1656,Sam. Puckle.||Robert Powle or Powel, James
|1657, Christ. Jay.||Rob. Gooch, Will. Heyward or
|1658, Rog. Mingay.||Roger Hawys or Hawes, Math.
|1659, Will. Davy.||Tho. Wisse, John Lawrence.|
Burgesses In Parliament.
1649, Ric. Harman, (fn. 5) Ric. Catlyn, Esqrs. members
in the long parliament.
1656, August 20. Bernard Church, alderman, John Hobart,
Esq. of St. Giles's.
1658, Jan. John Hobart, Esq. Will. Barnham.