OF THE CITY IN THE TIME OF QUEEN ANNE.
Anne Queen of England, &c. was proclaimed at London, March 8,
1701, being Sunday, about 3 o'clock in the afternoon; King William
dying that day about 8 in the morning; and on the 12th following,
at this city: and was crowned April 23, 1702, which day was
celebrated here with extraordinary expressions of joy.
May 23, war was proclaimed here against the French and Spaniards.
At an assembly held on St. Matthias's day, the exchange was
voted down, and was shut up the 15th of March following.
In 1703, Hardley cross, the utmost limits of the jurisdiction of
the city upon the river, was new repaired by the city.
Nov. 25, in the night, was a great tempest; and on the 26th a most
prodigious hurricane of wind, which did abundance of damage both
in town and country, by blowing down houses, chimneys, &c.
In 1704, there were great disputes about electing an alderman in
the room of Augustine Briggs, Esq. deceased, for the great ward of
Conisford and Berstreet, the court swore Benjamin Austin, who
displaced in 1706, by Thomas Dunch, who had the majority at the
election, and obtained a mandamus to be sworn in Austin's place.
Waller Bacon, John Chambers, Tho. Blofieid, and Tho. Palgrace,
Esqrs. were candidates for members of parliament; the two first had
an evident majority, but not being freemen, the sheriffs made a
double return, but after a full hearing, the two first were declared
duly elected, it being alleged that whether cives meant freemen only,
or no, it mattered not, because the citizens electing them made them
About this time, Will. Blithe, Esq. mayor, was committed by the
parliament to the custody of a serjeant at arms, for irregular proceedings in the late election.
In 1705, the Weaver's Hall was broke open, and the books burnt,
since which time, there hath been no scaling of stuff, &c. used in this
In 1706, in November, were two great floods.
In 1708, Oct. 28, died Prince Geore of Denmark, royal consort
to the Queen, aged 55.
The Shire-house on the Castle-hill was altered, and made in the present form.
In 1709, the market cross was repaired, and the new mills built.
Wheat was sold at 40s. a comb.
Peter Seaman, Esq. who had been mayor, and was now colonel of
the city company, was made high-sheriff of Norfolk.
In 1710, the small-pox raged, and carried off great numbers.
On the 5th of Dec. at noon, was a great tempest of thunder and
lightning, with a storm of hail; the lightning entered a pantry joining to a house just out of the walls by St. Austin's-gates, melted part
of a pewter bason, and parts of four or five plates, but did no other
In 1711, on the 18th of April, from 9 to 11 in the morning, was a
violent tempest of thunder, lightning, and hail.
An address was presented to her Majesty, by Justice Blithe and
Justice Peter Seaman, the last of which had the honour of knighthood conferred upon him.
Oct. 3, 20 persons were drowned on Braydon, in a wherry coming
This year was an act passed, to erect work-houses, and a court
of guardians to take care of the poor: by this act, the whole county
of the city of Norwich was made one parish as to the poor, which
are maintained and provided for in the work-houses in the city, one of
which is at the New-hall, another in the remains of the Duke's
palace, and the third, commonly called the Infirmary, is on the right
hand of the road out of St. Austin's-gates.
The act took place on the first of May, 1712, by which the mayor,
recorder, steward, justices of the peace, sheriffs, and aldermen of the
city for the time being, and 32 other persons, chosen out of the most
honest, discreet, and charitable inhabitants of the said city and
county, and liberties thereof, in the four great wards of the said city,
viz. eight out of each of the great wards, to be elected every 3d of
May, or three days after, at an assembly of the said city for that
purpose to be held, (fn. 1) by the votes of the mayor, sheriffs, citizens, and
commonalty, or the major part of them then present, and such other
charitable persons as shall give 50l. or more towards the work-houses,
all which may be elected guardians, over and above the 32 persons
aforesaid, at any court where 33 members are present, so that the
majority of them approve thereof, are constituted a corporation and
body politick for ever to endure, by the name of the governour, deputy
governour, assistants, and guardians of the poor in the city and county
of Norwich, and liberties of the same. By which name they may sue
and be sued, and without license in mortmain, may purchase, take, or
receive, any lands, tenements, or hereditaments, and any goods and
chattels whatever, for the use and benefit of the said corporation
The guardians, or the majority of them, are to appoint a clerk to
attend their courts at the cost of the corporation, and to provide books
for such clerk to enter all their choices in.
And that all persons qualified for guardians may in their turns have
opportunity to be chosen, the first four persons, for each great ward
entered in the books, shall yearly be declared off, and four others
chosen in their rooms; the first four persons so declared off being
capable of being rechosen the next year, if the majority of the assembly shall do so, and they will accept it, and not otherwise. On the
7th of May, or any other convenient time, this corporation must meet
in the Gild-hall, and elect out of and from among themselves, one
governour, one deputy governour, one treasurer, and 20 assistants, to
continue in their offices one year, and no longer; and in case of
death or removal, to meet and constitùte others in the vacant rooms
for the rest of the year: the majority of the corporation having power
at all times to remove any officers, and put others in their rooms; any
person chosen governour, and refusing to serve, is to be fined any sum
not exceeding 20l. nor less than 10l.; every deputy governour's fine is
not to exceed 15l. nor be less than 7l.; every treasurer 20l. not less
than 10l.; and every assistant and guardian, not exceeding 10l. nor
less than 5l.; such fines to be set by the majority then present, and to
be applied to the use of the corporation.
The governour, deputy governour, or, in their default, four assistants,
are enjoined to hold a court the first Tuesday in every kalendar month,
of 21 of the said guardians at least; the governour to hold it between
two and three in the afternoon; and in his default, the deputy governour or four assistants, after three; to which court the members must
be warned at least two days before, and in case of any emergency,
20 of the guardians signifying it to the governour under their hands,
that they desire a special court, the governour shall be obliged to hold
it at such a time as the 20 guardians shall so desire, and if he refuses,
the deputy governour, and if he refuses, any four assistants shall and
may hold it: at which special court, every member of the corporation
must appear, and not depart without license of the court, or the major
part of them, under penalty of being fined any sum not exceeding
10s. a man.
They have power to summon any of the inhabitants of the said city
and county, to answer to all matters relating to the corporation, upon
oath to be administered by any justice of the peace, or alderman of
the city, and to fine every person so summoned, any sum for nonappearance, not exceeding 10s.
They have power to have a common seal or seals, and to ordain
by-laws, rules, and ordinances, for the better government of the corporation, and the poor, or any trade or business that shall be set on
foot by the corporation for employing the poor, with power to purchase, buy, or erect, any hospital or hospitals, work-house or workhouses, house or houses of correction, in the said city or county; and to
provide all convenient necessaries to set on work, and employ the poor
of what age or sex soever they be, with full power and authority to
compel idle or lazy poor people, begging or seeking relief; or any
other poor who receive collection money of their respective parishes,
to dwell, inhabit, or to work in such work-houses; and to set all persons sent to such houses of correction, at work, and to detain and keep
at work in the service of the corporation till they be 16 years of age,
all poor children of the said city and county, begging relief, or which
ought to be provied for by any parish, with power to bind them out at
16 or before, by indenture under their common seal, for any term
not exceeding seven years; with power to punish and correct all
such poor persons in the work-houses, &c. that shall not conform to
the established rules and ordinances of those houses, or shall misbehave themselves in the same.
They had power to raise 5000l. the first year, and to set mulcts on
every parish for the perpetual maintenance of the poor, to the payment of which all persons are to be rated in every parish for all lands,
houses, tenements, tithes impropriate or appropriate, stocks and personal estates, in the city and county, or liberties of the same, or having
money out at interest, in equal proportion as near as may be, according to their several and respective values and estates.
With power to distrain for non-payment of such moneys so assessed, and it there be no distress, to commit their persons to prison,
which assessments are to be made by the church-wardens and overseers of the poor of each parish, or such other person or persons, as
the said guardians shall appoint in every respective parish, by warrant
under their hands and seals, and if any be unequally taxed, they may
appeal to the justices of the peace at the general quarter sessions, or
any adjournment thereof, who have power to redress any errour, and
do what to them shall seem reasonable, and if the officers refuse to
gather, they forfeit 40s. for every such offence;
With power to hinder all persons not legally settled, from residing
in the city, and to take up all rogues, vagrants, sturdy beggars, idle,
lazy, or disorderly persons, and commit them to any work-house or
house of correction, and there make them work any time not exceeding three years; and any constable refusing to serve any warrant to
take up any such, forfeits 10s. for each offence.
This act does not extend to give this corporation any power over
any alms-house or hospital, or any other charitable gift or usage in
the said city or county, already given, used, settled or erected. The
treasurer and all other officers, are to account at all times on reasonable warning given them by the governour or deputy governovr, or
corporation, and if they refuse so to do they may be committed to
goal by the mayor, or any two of the said aldermen, being justices of
the peace, there to remain without bail, till they pass a true account,
and pay all that remain overplus in their hands, or give such security
for it, as the majority of this corporation approves of.
No poor child who doth not legally belong to the city or county,
shall be taken apprentice by any journey-man weaver inhabiting in
the said city or county, without the consent of the governour or deputy
governour, and two assistants, and all indentures to the contrary are
void, and the mayor or justices of peace may by order remove all such
persons to the last place of their legal settlement, notwithstanding
No person is to be chosen guardian, unless he be rated at 12d. a week
at least, to the relief of the poor, or dwell in a tenement of the yearly
rent of 10l. or give 50l. to the benefit of the corporation. If the mayor
or his deputy do not at any time call a court in 14 days time after it
be demanded by the major part of the guardians, in order to elect any
guardians or officers, in case of death or removal, then the major part
of the guardians may hold such court, and do all things as well as the
mayor or his deputy.
The mayor, sheriffs, citizens, and commonalty of Norwich, in council
assembled, may convey and assure, for so long lime as they shall
think fit, all the Town-close, or any part thereof, as a security for any
sums of money that they shall borrow at any time, for, and towards
the charge of setting the poor at work.
Nothing in the act is to extend to the limits of the palace of the
Bishop of Norwich, or any of the precincts of the cathedral church,
and it is to be taken as a publick act, and all judges and justices are
to take notice of it without pleading the same.
The act is not to extend to, or charge any of the present members
of the Walloon, French, and Dutch congregations in the said city or
county, or such alians as shall hereafter become members thereof, with
any charge other than, and except to the poor of the respective
parishes, where they respectively dwell, and that for the houses and
grounds they occupy only, provided the said congregations for ever
hereafter, do with their stocks, estates, and values, provide for their
own poor as formerly.
1713, May 11, peace was proclaimed with much pomp and great
joy, between Great Britain and France.
The Duke of Ormond was made Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk and
Norwich, and the Lord Viscount Townshend displaced.
Feb. 15, a violent wind (though it lasted not long) did great damage by sea and land, as did such another storm on the 23d.
March 8, peace was proclaimed here between Great Britain and
In 1714, Aug. 1, about seven in the morning died the gracious and
pious Queen Anne, in the 50th year of her age, and 13th of her
reign, to the great sorrow of all her good subjects.
To save her country, twice she try'd,
First she fought and then she dy'd. (fn. 2)
Mayors and Sheriffs.
|1702, John Atkinson.||Nic Helwys, John Goose.|
|1703, John Freeman.||Edw. Bayspool, Will. Cockman.|
|Steph. Gardiner, Esq. recorder,
on Davy's death,|
|Aruthur Branthwait resigned his
place of steward.|
|Rich. Berney. Esq. chosen in
|1704, William Blithe.||John Riseborough, Ben Austin.|
|1705, Peter Thacker.||Will. Brereton, John Norman.|
|1706, Will. Cook.||Peter Attlesey, anth. Parmenter.|
|1707, Peter Seaman, Esq.||Rob. Chickering, James Daniel.|
|1708, Tho. Havers.||Tho. Monsey, Will Rogers.|
|1709, Mat. Nall.||George Vertue, Thomas Bubbin.|
|1710, Rob. Bene.||Hen. Shardelow, George Gobbet.|
|1711, Will. Cockman.||Anthony Ransom, Rich. Manby.|
|1712, John Goose.||Joseph Wasey, Jehosaphat Postle.|
|1713, Nic. Helwys.||† Tho. Vere, † Tho. Harwood. (fn. 3) |
|1714, John Norman.||Joseph Burton, Rich. Lubbock.|
Burgesses in Parliament.
1702, Parl. at Westm. Rob. Davy, Esq. recorder. Tho. Blofield,
1703, Ditto. At Davy's death Tho. Palgrave, Esq. elected.
1704, Ditto. Waller Bacon of Earlham, Esq.
John Chambers of Norwich, Esq.
Tho. Blofield, Esq.
Tho. Palgrave, Esq. Double return. The two first served.
1707, Ditto. The two last members rechosen.
1710, Ditto. Robert Bene, mayor, Richard Berney, Esq.
1713, Ditto. Rechosen.