THE HUNDRED OF HENSTEDE.
The hundred of Henstede, anciently called Hénesteda, or
Heinestede, in Domesday Book, takes its name from the Saxon words
[hine], a husbandman, and [steda] a place or mansion; and so signifies
the place or dwelling for the husbandmen, which shows as if this part
was cultivated before the adjacent part of the country, which is no
wonder, if we consider that the old Roman Castrum or Castre is in it,
which was a defence for them against all invaders.
In the Confessor's time, the Abbot of St. Bennet at the Holm had
a freeman, who held 5 acres, &c. (fn. 1) the rest of the hundred being the
King's, at both the Confessor's and Conqueror's Surveys, all the
churches were valued in their several manors. The fee of the hundred
is, and always was in the Crown, and have in different ages been
leased out to divers persons, as in 1327, John to de Clavering, lord of
Horseford, and it continued with that honour some time; it was then
worth 8l. per annum, "without oppressing the country," (as the words
of the records say) and the Earl-Marshal, by his bailiff, held pleas
De vetito Namio (withernam) and had free-warren in all his demeans
in the hundred: the town of Amringhale was exempt from the hundred, as belonging to the Prior of Norwich; as also, the towns of
Trous and Newton, on the same account: King James I. demised it
to Sir Charles Cornwaleis, Knt. Charles, eldest son of Sir William
Cornwaleis, Knt. and Thomas Cornwaleis, second son of Sir Charles,
for their lives, and the longest liver of them, with all its rights, court
letes, felons goods, &c. at the yearly rent of six pounds and nine pence
halfpenny farthing, or 10l. increased rent for the whole hundred,
which paid yearly, clear of all deductions, 56l. 9s. 2d. to every tenth,
and is all in the deanery of Brook, and archdeaconry of Norfolk.
The annual payment of each
town in this hundred to the land
tax, at 4s. in the pound.
|Castor St. Edmund||80||0||0|
|Great and Little Poringland||85||6||8|
|Saxlingham - Nethergate||136||13||4|
|Shottisham St. Mary,
St. Martin, and St.
|Trowse with Newton||112||0||0|
The quarterly payment for each
town, for quarterage, vagrant-money, &c. for a 600l. levy each