There are several towns here adjoining of the name of Burnham,
so called from a neighbouring stream, or brook. Toke, a great Saxon
thane, was lord of it in the reign of the Confessor, and was, at the conquest, deprived of it, and many more considerable lordships, when
this was granted to William Earl Warren, and is placed in Domesday
book, under the hundred of Gallow, and not in Brothercross. Walter
then was infeoffed of it, by the aforesaid Earl.
In Toke's time it contained 2 carucates of land, 10 villains, and 29
bordarers, with 3 servi; there were 2 carucates in demean, 5 amongst
the tenants, &c. 1 acre of meadow, the 3d part of a mill, 2 runce, 1
ass, 4 cows, &c. and 345 sheep: 9 socmen belonged to it, with one
carucate of land, &c. a church, then endowed with 80 acres, the whole
then valued at 60s. at the survey at 4l. per annum, was 1 leuca long
and an half, and 1 leuca broad, and paid 3s. to a 20s. gelt, whoever
may possess it. (fn. 1)
Walter, who held it at the survey, under the Earl, seems to be
the ancestor of the family of de Burnham; Philip de Burnham was
lord, in the reign of King Stephen, (fn. 2) and had 2 sons, William and
Reginald; William had a son Philip, who was lord in the 30th of
Henry II. and one of the same name in Richard I; but William de
Burnham dying without issue in the reign of Henry III. this lordship
came to Sir William de Calthorp, by the marriage of his sister and
heir, Cecilia, as may be seen in Harpley.
Some make the Burnhams to descend from a cousin-german of
Hamelin Plantaginet Earl Warren and Surry, but as that Earl lived
in the reigh of Henry II. and Richard I. and as the Burnhams were
lords long before their reigns, it is more probable that Walter was
In the 55th of Henry III. Sir William de Calthorp and Cecilia his
wife had a charter for a fair at Burnham, on the vigil, the day, and
the day after, of St. Peter ad vincula, and a weekly mercate on Saturday, dated at Westminster, July 24th. William de Grancourt had
also an interest here, and in the 45th of the aforesaid King, released
by fine to Sir William de Calthorp, and Cecilia, 2 carucates of land,
and to the abbot of Creke, his right in 15 acres, and 2 parts of a mill,
and in the 14th of Edward I. Walter, son of William de Grancourt,
confirmed the same.
In the Calthorp family it remained till Elizabeth, daughter of Sir
Philip, and sister and heir to Philip Calthorp, Esq. brought it, by
marriage, to Sir Henry Parker of Erwarton in Suffolk, who had livery
of it, in the 3d of Edward VI. and Sir Calthorp Parker dying seized
of it in the 13th of James I. Philip was found his son and heir, aged
17, and Sir Philip Parker presented to the church, as lord, in 1681,
and Peter Lombard, Esq. in 1715.
On the death of Peter Lombard, Esq. it came to the honourable
Horace Walpole, Esq. by the marriage of —, one of the
daughters and coheirs of the said Peter, and is called Burnham Thorpe
manor, cum membris, viz. Coldham's and Hayward's.
Windham Manor Priory.
In the 18th of Edward I. the prior impleaded William de Calthorpe,
for breaking his fold, when it was found that he had no liberty of
foldage, from the middle of March to the feast of St. John Baptist.
This, on the dissolution of that house, came to the Crown, and was
granted, February 12, in the 4th and 5th of Philip and Mary, to
John Cajus, doctor of physick, who gave it to Cajus college of Cambridge, of which he was master, and in this society it remains.
The tenths were 3l. 10s.—Deducted 1l.—Burnham Thorp lete fee
to the lord of the hundred, was 2s.
William, son of Philip de Candos, confirmed by deed sans date, (fn. 3)
all the gifts which Philip his father made to the monks of Castleacre,
and in particular the land that William Pulchard held here.
Another lordship in this town was, at the survey, in the possession of
Robert de Verley, held by Godwin in King Edward's time, and after,
by Ralph Earl of Norfolk, who on his rebellion in the reign of the
Conqueror, had forfeited it: one carucate of land belonged to it, eight
bordarers, and one servus; there was then one carucate in demean,
and one among the men, &c. two freemen resided on this carucate,
valued then at 40s. at the survey at 30s. per annum. (fn. 4)
Robert de Verley held also at the survey a manor at West
Herling, in the hundred of Gilcross, Dulling manor in North Greenhow hundred, and Tunstal in the hundred of Walesham.
From Robert de Verley this lordship came to the Earl Warren, and
by a branch of that family to the Bardolfs; Robert gave by deed,
sans dated, to the monks of Castleacre, the whole fee and service,
which spring in hold of him, in Burnham.
William de Riseby held half a fee here, when an aid was
granted in the reign of King Henry III. on the marriage of his sister
to the Emperor of Germany, of the honour of Wirmegey; and Robert
Crow was possessed then of half a fee of the heirs of Virley, held of
the Earl Warren, as it is said.
By the eschaet rolls in the 3d of Edward III. Philip Virley appears
to have died seized of two fees in this town, Euston, Herling, &c. belonging to the Lord Bardolf; James de Pinkeney had the moiety of
a fee in the 20th of Edward III. and at the same time William, de
Calthorp held half a fee, lately held by Robert Crowe, of the heirs of
Virley, and they of the honour of Wirmegey; and that of the Earl Warren; and Sir William Calthorpe was lord of a whole fee in the 1st of
Henry IV. held as before-mentioned; so that this lordship became
united to that of Burnham Thorp, and passed with that, as is there
The Church is dedicated to All-Saints, and is a rectory; the present valor is 19l. 10s.—It contains a chancel, have with two isles,
covered with lead, and a lower with one bell.
In the middle of the church lies a grave-stone ornamented with a
rim of brass, thus inscribed,
Will. Calthorp Miles, quondam Dnus Manerii et Patronus Ecclie.
de Brunham omn. Scor. Com. Norff. filius Oliveri Calthorp Militis, et
Sibille Uxoris ejus filie - - - - - - - - sub hoc marmore in Ecclia. predicta
requiescent obiit xx. quarto die Decembris Anno Dni. m.cccc.xx.
quor. animabus propitietur Deus, Amen.
At the upper end of the said stone, are (in two shields) the arms of
Calthorpe, and St. Omer;—azure, a fess between six crosslets, or. The
arms of Sibilla, his 2d wife, daughter and heir of Sir Edmund de St.
Omer; under each shield is a bird standing on a mount with this label,
Pensey de Fyner; below is the effigies of Sir William in armour,
between two fillets of brass; on that on his right side,—Quisquis eris
qui transieris, sta, p. lege, p. lora. The fillet on the left side is reaved,
whereon, no doubt was, Sum quod eris, fueramq; quod es, pro me precor ora.—A grave stone in memory of Frances Paston, daughter of
Sir William Cornwalleys the younger, by his wife Catherine, daughter
of Sir Philip Parker, the relict of Thomas Paston, Esq. and 2d son of
Sir Edmund Paston, Knt. who died November 6, in her 73d year, and
in 1675, with the arms of Paston impaling Cornwalleys. Also,
Hic positæ sunt Exuviæ sanctissimi Viri Philippi Cornwaleys hujus
Ecclesiæ quondam rectoris Gulielmi Cornwalleys Militis, filii natu
minimi, qui obiit Decemb. 30, 1688.
This on a stone with a brass plate.
One in memory of Peter Lombard, son of Peter, who died January 1,
1717, aged 19. Here are two penons with the arms of Lombard,
argent a chevron between three lions heads erased, azure.
A grave-stone in memory of Francis, wife of Samuel Richardson,
clerk, daughter of Thomas Cornwaleys, Esq. who died January 24,
1684; and one for Catherine Hoo, daughter of Philip Russel, Gent.
who died March 9, 1604, wife of Clement Hoo, Gent.
It appears, that in the reign of Edward I. there was also another
church in Burnham Thorp, dedicated to St. Peter, but at that time
consolidated to Burnham All-Saints.—Walter de Grancourt gave to
the monks of Lewes these two churches; and in 1229, sentence was
given in favour of that prior, for an annual pension of 20s. to be paid
by the rector of All-Saints, formerly called St. Mary's: the said
Walter also gave them a chapel, which stood before his court or
Philip de Candos gave to the monks of Castleacre the tithes of
his lordship here. In the 9th of King Stephen, Walter, son of Philip,
presented. In the 9th of Richard 1. Philip de Burnham recovered
his right of patronage against the prior of Lewes, it being found that
Walter, son of Philip de Burnham, presented in the time of King
It was anciently valued at thirty marks, Peter-pence 1d. ob.
Ralph de Cidisterne occurs rector in 1229.
1314, William de Horseford, presented by Sir Walter de Calthorp.
1317, Alan de Marham. Ditto.
1330, John de Kyskington, by William, son of Walter, &c.
1334, Thomas Mathew, by Sir Walter, &c.
1337, Edmund de Walpole, by Sir William Calthorp.
1357, John de Cambridge. Ditto.
1364, Edmund de Calthorp, by Sir Oliver de Calthorp; he was instiuted into the church of All-Saints, with that of St. Peter in the said
1378, William de Ingoldesthorp.
William de Rudham occurs rector, 1379.
1398, Richard Prat, by Sir William Calthorp.
1418, Ralph Wolman, alias Harpley, to All-Saints. Ditto
1427, John Maundevile, by the King on the minority of the heir of
1441, Richard Ferrour, by William Calthorp, Esq. and Elizabeth
1467, Richard Kegyll. Ditto.
1483, John Dussyng. Ditto.
1506, John Hedge, by Sir Philip Calthorp.
1510, Robert Dussing. Ditto.
1540, William Wingfield, (fn. 5) by Philip Calthorp, Esq.
1554, Peter Stanclyffe by Sir William Woodhouse, and Elizabeth
his wife, daughter of Sir Philip Calthorp.
1563, Hugh Hely. Ditto
1586, Thomas Stafford, by the Queen, a lapse.
1587, Herbert Warde, by Sir Philip Parker.
1643, Philip Cornwallis. Ditto.
1681, John Beardmore, by Sir Pilip Parker, Bart.
1715, Francis Osborne, by Peter Lombard, Esq.
1716, Samuel Maclanburgh, by Peter Lombard, Esq.
1720, Thomas Smithson, by Peter Lombard, Esq.
1755, Edmund Nelson, A. M. by Hor. Walpole, Esq. on Smithson's
death, and to St. Albert's rectory, with the medieties of St. Margaret,
Here were the gilds of St. John Baptist, and Allhallows.