William Earl Warren was lord of this village, at the survey, which
was possessed by four freemen in King Edward's reign, who were
ejected; half a carucate of land belonged to them, and they had 4
bordarers, who had a carucate; here was also a church endowed with
one acre; the whole was valued then at 5s. per ann. at the survey at
3s.; it was 2 furlongs long and broad, and paid 4½d. gelt. (fn. 1)
The Britons called many rivers by the name on Anton, or Avon,
and it is probable that the river, by which this town stands, was also
so called; and the Saxons, retaining many of the said names, called
them by corruption, or contraction, An and Han; thus Hampshire,
in Domesday Book, is wrote Hantshire, and thus South Hampton, &c.
Roger de St. Martin was lord in the reign of Henry I.
The ancient family of St. Martin were enfeoffed of it by the Earl
Warren: Reginald de St. Martin, son of Richard de St. Martin, held
here and in Tofts, a quarter of a fee of the Earl, in the 3d of Henry
III.; Roger de St. Martin, son of Reginald, was lord in the 3d of
Edward I.; of this family was Juliana, daughter of Richard de St.
Martin, who married Richard, son of Eborard de Geist; and Richard
de St. Martin occurs lord in the reign of Edward II.
In the 3d of Edward III. Sir John Bardolf and his parceners were
found to hold one fee in this town, Waterden, Barsham, &c. In the
said reign, Thomas de Mileham is said to have bought a little manor
here, which by the marriage of his daughter and heir came to William Durant, Esq.
John de Wolterton of Barsham, &c. aliened in the first of
Richard II. the manor of Hempton, with lands in Waterden, to the
prior of Damsend, that is Hempton, so called, lying near to Fakenham
river, or mill-dam, to the value of 10 marks, with the King's license;
and the prior of Hempton was found in the 5th of Henry VI. to hold
it, formerly Sir John Bardolf's.
On the 9th of September, in the 37th of Henry VIII. that King
granted the prior's manor, with lands in Toftres, Sculthorpe, Fakenham, Pudding Norton, &c. to Sir William Farmer and the Lady
Catherine, his wife, Thomas Farmer, Esq. his nephew, held it in the
6th of Edward VI. in capite, and sold it to Mr. Richard Benson, together with the priory, as may be there seen, &c.
The temporalities of Castleacre, in a mill called Brigg-Mill, were
valued in 1428, at 42s. per ann.—The tenths were 2l. lete fee 6d.
A Church, dedicated to St. Andrew, was standing in the 12th of
Henry VII. and was a rectory appropriated to the priory, and granted
with the manor; it was valued at 5 marks, and paid Peter-pence 5d.
In the 4th of Edward I. Roger de St. Martin impleaded the prior
on account of the patronage of this church, and the prior pleaded,
that William de St. Martin gave it to the priory.
Was at first an hospital, and afterwards a priory, founded by Roger
de St. Martin, in the reign of King Henry I. for black canons of the
order of St. Austin, and dedicated to St. Stephen. In the 2d year of
King John, the archdeacon of Worcester (probably John de Brancaster)
gave a palfrey to the King, for a fair to be held yearly on Tuesday
in Whitsunday week, for the profit and use of the brethren of the
hospital of St. Stephen, (as then called,) by the causey of Fakenham;
which fair is held at this time on Hempton Green, and is a considerable one.
Simon was prior Ao. 12th of Henry II.
Richard occurs prior, in the 54th of Henry III.
In the 3d of Edward I. the prior had 2 marks per ann. rent, in
Norton, alias Pudding Norton; and in the 27th of that King,
Guy Ferret occurs prior, and had divers tenements in Fakenham
on the watercourse, down to the mill.
In 1301, Richard de Westacre, admitted prior.
Alan de Lenn, prior.
1339, Nicholas de Kettleston. Sir John Bardolfe of Maple Durham was patron of the priory in the reign of Edward III. and held
(as it is said) the gross, or great manor of Hempton, late Richard de
1386, John de Snoring, prior.
1393, John Pencthorp.
Robert Bernard of Sculthorp gave, about the 6th of Henry IV. to
the chapel of St. Stephen, and the brethren serving God, lands in
Sculthorpe, and they had the manor at Waterden.
John occurs prior in the 4th of Henry IV. and in 1428, their temporalities in this town were valued at 23s. 6d. per ann.
John occurs prior, about the 15th, and Richard occurs prior in the
17th and the 28th of Henry VI. when, on the feast-day of the conception of the blessed Virgin, he, with the convent, granted lands in
Toftrys, under the common seal of the priory, in the chapter-house;
which was of an oblong form, (of red wax,) as most religious seals,
and the image of St. Stephen, standing in an arch, between 2 tapers,
with this legend round it; Sigillum Commune Sancti Stephani de
Hempton: and under this, the prior in an arch, kneeling.
Stephen Wighton, a canon of Westacre, was elected prior in 1451,
and October 2d, confirmed by the Bishop.
By an indenture, made on Tuesday next after the feast of St. Peter
ad Vincula, in 1461, between Nicholas, prior of Castleacre, &c. on
one part, and Stephen, prior of the church of St. Stephen de Dammysende of Fakenham, on the other part.—Whereas the prior of Dammysende and his predecessors were seized of a water-mill, in Fakenham,
called Briggemill, in demean, as of fee and right, &c. for which they
paid to the prior of Castleacre, the yearly rent of 42s. it was agreed
that the prior of Dammysende and his successours, should only pay
the yearly rent of 20s.
In 1481, John de Lexham, alias Penton, admitted prior, and occurs
King Edward IV. is said to be patron of the priory, in right of
the dutchy of Lancaster, held by him.
William Fakenham, prior.
John Sambrook occurs prior in the 21st of Henry VIII. and the
priory then had lands at Upwell.
In 1534, Henry Salter occurs prior: he, with three canons, subscribed then, September 22, to the King's supremacy, and had a pension of 4l. per ann. and held it, 1553.
At the Dissolution it is said to be valued at 39l. 0s. 8d.; but in 1428,
it appears that their spiritualities were valued at 68s. 8d. and their
temporalities, at 29l. 2s. ob. per ann.—As Dugdale, valued at 32l. 14s.
8d. per ann.—As Speed, 39l. 0s. 9d.
Besides the fair abovementioned, another, on the vigil and feast of
St. Martin, belonged to them, still kept, and remarkable for the sale
of cattle,) and held in the 14th of Edward I. when the prior also
claimed a mercate on Tuesday, at Hempton.
The site of this priory, with the rectory appropriated, and the manor,
was granted (as abovementioned) by King Henry VIII. to Sir William Farmer, and the Lady Catherine his wife, and Thomas Farmer,
his nephew, conveyed them to Richard Benson, Gent. in the 14th of
Elizabeth, and Benson, to Matthew Gosnald, Gent. and he left it in
jointure to his wife. Henry Gosnald, his son, sold the reversion to Sir
Thomas Holland, of whom Nicholas Timperly, Gent. bought it.
The Lord Viscount Townsend is the present lord.