Or Reineham, as it is wrote in the book of Domesday; takes it
name from being seated near a running stream of water, or river; Rye
and Rey, signifying as much in the Saxon tongue; thus we find a
town in Essex, in the hundred of Chafferd, Rainham, on a river near
its falling into the Thames; and thus Braintre, in Essex, occurs in
Domesday by the name of Raine, being by a river. Thus the river
Rhine, and Reineburgh, a city in Germany, on that river.
At the grand survey, it is placed in the hundred of Brothercross, but
at this time (and for several centuries past) is accounted as a part of
the hundred of Gallow; and great part of this town was then one of
the lordships which the Conqueror bestowed on Hugh de Montfort,
one of his Norman chiefs and barons. Bond, a noble Saxon thane of
great possessions, held it in the Confessor's time, together with
lordships in Bodney, Langford, Stanford, Marhum, Islington,
Middleton, Bilney, West Geyton, Gately, Bodham, &c. of all
which he was deprived at the conquest, and succeeded therein by
It consisted of two carucates of land, held by 4 villains, 14 bordarers, and 4 servi, 2 carucates in demean, and one amongst the men,
paunage for 120 swine, 6 acres of meadow, 2 mills, a saltpit, &c. and
100 sheep, 2 bees-skeps, and 14 socmen held half a carucate of land,
and 15 bordarers had a carucate and an half, with 7 acres of meadow. (fn. 1) This was what belonged to that part of the town now called
East Rainham, and made up that parish, or lordship, as I take it,
called now Rainham-Magna.
South Rainham was then a beruite, that is, a less manor, and depending on this; wherein the aforesaid lord had a carucate of land, 5
bordarers, and 2 servi, one carucate in demean, one amongst the
men, &c. 5 acres of meadow, one mill, &c. and in Helgeton (Helloughton) one socman belonged to this manor, with half a carncate of
land, and 8 bordarers, with one carucate and 2 acres of meadow,
valued in Bond's time at 8l. per ann. afterwards at 60s. but at the
survey at 8l. 10s. to be paid under a great penalty. All South Reineham was 6 furlongs long, and 3 broad, and paid 10d. to the gelt.
This lordship, held by Hugh de Montfort, was afterwards divided,
and held by two different families, the Inglethorps, and the Scales.
Takes its name from its lords, who appear from ancient records to be
seized of it in the reign of King John and Henry III. a family of
great eminency in the county of Norfolk: the founder, and first that
we meet with of it, is Robert de Ingaldesthorp, as he is called in the
pedigree of the Sharnburns of Sharnburn, in Norfolk, published in
Sir Henry Spelman's works, but in the register of the priory of Windham, is called Robert de Snetesham, who lived in the reign of King
Stephen, and being enfeoffed in a manor at Snetesham, and in one at
Ingaldesthorpe, wrote himself sometimes de Snetesham, and sometimes
de Ingaldesthorpe; at this time, it was the custom for lords of manors
to assume their names from the towns they held, according to the
Norman practice, so was it also (as I find by ancient evidences) the
usual practice of those who held more than one lordship, to vary and
change their names, as they thought proper, to show their different
fees and tenures, and to pleasure their capital lords, as in the case of
this Robert; which has been cause of confusion in ascertaining ancient pedigrees.
Alan de Ingaldesthorp, or Yggulvesthorp, (as he is wrote,)
was the son of Robert, and married—, a daughter of Jeffrey de
Sharnebarne, by Etheldreda his wife, daughter of Robert de Dersingham; (fn. 2) in a grant of the prior of Lewes to him of the lordship of Kenwick, in Tilney, in the reign of Richard I. he is also called Alan de
Snetesham; and Donatus, prior of Windam, granted to this Alan, son
of Robert de Snetesham, 5 acres of the demeans of that priory in
Snetesham, and six acres there, which Cecily de Verlj gave to that
house, with one acre, which the said Alan purchased of the fee of
Roger de Paveley; all which Alan was to have for ever, paying 28d.
per ann. to the priory, by deed sans date; and in the reign of Henry
II. Richard, son of William Thomas, John and Geffrey de Ingaldesthorp were witnesses to a deed of Alan de Ingaldesthorp, son of
Robert de Snetesham, of lands given by him to the priory of Castleacre. In 1203, Philip de Mortimer, prior, and the convent of Acre,
grants by deed to Geffrey, son of Alan de Ingaldesthorp, and his
heirs, all their land at Otringheith, with the appertenances, paying
17s. for all services.
Sir Thomas de Ingaldesthorp was son and heir of Alan, and
is termed in old records the Red: he is mentioned in the Pipe Rolls
of the 8th year of King John, and in the 3d of Henry III. and was
sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, in or about the 8th or 9th of that
King; as was Hubert de Ingaldesthorp, in the 5th of the said King;
the aforesaid Thomas had a suit with Peter de Clay, about the right
of presentation to the church of Santon, in Norfolk: this Sir Thomas
was accessary in a murder in the 9th year of King John, as may be
seen in Inglethorp.
About this time, as I take it, or rather sooner, this family had an
interest in, and seems to be seized of, this lordship.—Richard, son
of William de Ingaldesthorp, by the advice and consent of Maud his
wife, granted by deed sans date, to the priory of Normansbergh, in
Reineham, two pieces of marsh land, one lying in Branches furlong,
between the marsh of Thomas, son of Richard, son of William, and
the marsh of Jeff de Reinham, and the homage, and service of William, son of Ralph de Gateley, for the tenement which he held of
him, with the appurtenances, with one capon per ann. Witnesses,
Alan son of John, Jeff. de Reinham, Bartholomew, son of William,
John Poor, &c. (fn. 3) It is probable this Richard might marry one of the
daughters and coheirs of Jeffrey de Lisewis, (fn. 4) or of his son William.
William de Lisewise (of whom I shall afterwards treat) was the founder
of the priory of Normansbergh, the name of his wife, and that of his
son Geffrey's, was Maud; the Lisewises, father and son, appear to have
held this manor, with that of Gateley, Islington, Clenchwarton, &c.
under Hugh de Montfort, the moieties of all which came about this
time to the Ingaldesthorps, and the Scales, who (as I conclude) might
marry another sister and coheir. Richard grants this at the request
of Maud his wife, who might have an affection for the abovementioned priory, as founded by her relations; and Richard, probably, dying without issue, left it to Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, Knt.
(son of Sir Thomas) who by deed sans date, gave 27 acres of land, in
Sharnburne, to the priory of Windham, as appears from the register
of that house: and in the 12th of Henry III. a fine was levied
between Thomas, son of Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and Robert de
Scales, querents, and Robert, prior of Acra, (whom Simon prior of
Normansbergh, called to warrant,) of the advowson of the churches
of Great and South Reinham, Ilsyngton, and a mediety of Wigenhale
St. Peter's, before Hugh, abbot of St. Edmund's, Martin de Pateshall,
archdeacon of Norfolk, Stephen de Segrave, &c. the King's justices,
when the said Thomas and Robert gave to the priory of Normansbergh, in pure alms, 40s. rent per ann. out of the mill of South
Reinham, with a clause, that if the mill shall fail, then to pay it out
of other lands. About the same time Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and
Robert de Scales, held lands and tenements in Reinham, PuddingNorton, Helgeton, Ilsyngton, and Gately, in Norfolk, by the service
of two knight's fees, and they held the same in the year 1233, when
an aid was granted to the King, on the marriage of his sister Isabel,
to the Emperor Frederick.
In 1235 a fine was levied between Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and
Hermerus de Bekeswell, of one carucate of land in Marham, Norfolk,
conveyed to Hermerus; by which it appears, that he married Sibilla,
relict of Peter de Bekeswell, brother to Hermerus, she being called
therein, "late wife of the said Thomas de Ingaldesthorp." In 1249,
Sir Thomas Ingaldesthorp was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk; he seems
to have married a second wife, Isabel, daughter of—Hamon; in
1255 she is called widow of Sir Thomas, and afterwards married
Roger de Well: (fn. 5) Sir Thomas died (it seems) in 1251, when Thomas his
son, was found to be of the age of 16 years.
In the pedigree of the family of the Jernegans Sir Hugh Jernegan
is said to have married to his second wife, Ela, or Hellen, a daughter
and coheir of Sir Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and to quarter the arms of
Ingaldesthorp, and might be a relation to the aforesaid Sir Thomas, if
not his daughter.
Thomas, son (as some make him) of the abovementioned Sir
Thomas, was also a knight, sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, in 1272, and
died soon after; Thomas de Ingaldesthorp Bishop of Rochester was one
of his sons, and Sir John de Ingaldesthorp was his son and heir; in
1275 he was found to hold the manor of Reinham in capite of the
King, paying 20s. per ann. to Dover castle-ward, as appears from
the rolls of the hundred of Brothercross, to which it then belonged.
Sir John died in or about the year 1282, and the King's eschaetor, in
1288, accounted for the rents of the late Sir John before the delivery
of them, to Thomas, his son and heir; Sir John had been summoned,
amongst the barons, to attend the King in the Welsh wars. Reinham manor then contained 200 acres of land, 20 of meadow, a windmill, advowson of the church of East Reinham, with other parcels of
land there, and the rent of assise, valued at 14l. per ann.
About this time, also, lived Sir Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, who married Joan, a daughter and coheir of Fulk de Beaufoe, lord of Hockwold, &c. in Norfolk, by whom he had John, his son and heir, and
Edmund de Ingaldesthorp, who held a lordship in Foulden in the 3d
of Edward I. and was father of Edmund, who married Alice, sister and
heir of John de la Rokeley, son and heir of Sir Ralph de la Rokeley
and Joan his wife. A quære may be made, if this Sir Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, was not the same with him abovementioned, who died in
or about 1272; it is probable that he was, and succeeded as a near
On the death of Sir John de Ingaldesthorp, in or about 1282, Thomas
was found to be his son and heir, aged 22. In the 13th of Edward
II. he appears to be a knight and a commissioner for the banks and
sewers of Marshland in Norfolk; in the 17th of that King, was lord
of Wimbotsham, and Beatrix was his wife. In 1326, the jury find
that it would not be to the King's loss if he granted license to Sir
Thomas, to enfeoff the manor of Reinham, which he held in capite, by
the service of paying 2s. per ann. to the honour of Haghley, in Suffolk,
and the rent of 6s. 8d. per ann. to Dover castle-ward, on John de
Ingaldesthorp, his son and heir, and Joan his wife, and their heirs;
and before this, in the 9th of the aforesaid King, he petitions, That
whereas he held the moieties of this manor, and that of Ilsyngton,
which hardly amounted to the value of 10 marks per ann. by the service of the moiety of a knight's fee, only of the honour of Hagheley,
and not of the Crown immediately, and believing that he had held
them of the Crown, had ignorantly done services in Scotland to the
King's father, and to him, desires to be exempted from them; on
which the King ordered his barons of the Exchequer to search
Doomesday Book, and other records of the Exchequer for the truth,
and accordingly to discharge him, or to continue the service. (fn. 6) He
died in or about 1327.
He was succeeded by his son Sir John, who married Joan, daughter of Sir William Weyland, and was found, on the death of his
father, to be aged 33 years. He seems to have lived at Reinham, and
the family before him, for many years. In 1330, he presented to the
church of Rainham St. Mary, by the name of Sir John de Ingaldesthorp, son of Sir Thomas, and died in 1335, leaving two sons, Sir
Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and William.
Sir Thomas was aged 23 at his father's death, and died in 1337,
sans issue, (as I take it,) leaving William his brother and heir, aged
21, at his death. In 1303, Sir William de Ingaldesthorp, and Alianore
his wife, settled the manor of Wilby in Norfolk, on Sir Thomas de
Felton, Knt. during the life of the said Alianore, who seems to be
one of the daughters and coheirs of Miles, son of Philip de Hastings,
lord of Quidenham. In 1355, John de Herling purchased a third
part of the manor and advowson of Quidenham, of William de Furueaux, who had married one of the daughters and coheirs of the said
Miles; in 1362, he purchased another third part of Sir William Ingaldesthorp, and Alianore his wife; and in 1371, he purchased the
other third part of Thomas Caus, and James de Hegham. Sir William died in 1372, as appears from the eschaet rolls: she survived
him many years, and lived and died in the abbey and nunnery of
Marham, but as a pensioner, and not as a nun professed, as I am apt
to think. Amongst the mortuaries received by that convent after
the year 1401, and about the year 1407, (in which year she is said to
have died) I find this:—Received for the lady Alianore's mortuary,
late wife of Sir William Ingaldesthorp, a mantle furr'd with grey: and
she was buried in the said abbey, which had this privilege of receiving mortuaries, (granted by the Pope,) from all who died in the convent, or in the preeincts of it. Sir William, as heir to his brother,
paid 100s. relief to this manor, and that of Ilsington, 1341.
Beatrix occurs widow of Sir Thomas in 1346, and held Ingaldesthorp's manor in Srvetesham.
Sir John de Ingaldesthorp was son and heir of Sir William, and the
lady Alianore, aged 11 years, in 1372, and proved his age in the 7th
of Richard II. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John de
Burgh, of Burgh-Green, in Cambridgeshire, and sister and coheir of
Sir Thomas de Burgh, her brother; in 1403, was one of the executors
of Sir William de Elmham, Knt. and presented the said year to the
church of Westhorp in Suffolk. (fn. 7) His will is dated on Thursday after
All-Saints, in 1419; names Elizabeth his wife, Sir John Colvile, Sir
William Assenhall, Knts. and William Allington, Esq. his executors,
and was proved July 8, 1420. (fn. 8) He gave legacies to the churches of
Reinham, Tilney, Emreth, Ingaldesthorp, and Snetesham, in Norfolk;
to Swaffham-Bulbeck, Burgh, &c. in Cambridgeshire, and 20l. to the
chantry of Bergh; of all which manors he was possessed, with that
of Frenge in Norfolk, and Somerton in Suffolk, and was buried, according to his desire, in the chancel of Bergh in Cambridgeshire;
where, on the north side, he has a stately monument, with the statue
of himself (and lady) in complete armour. I have seen a note of Le
Neve's, Norroy at Arms, where he says:—"About his neck is a collar,
though more like a garter, with the buckle just pendant in the top
of his forehead, somewhat above, or at least his hair coming down
upon his forehead, above the garter."—This is an odd description
of Le Neve's, and seems rather to be a chaplet, as was usual in that
age. This will of Elizabeth, his lady, is dated on Thursday before
the feast of St. Edmund the King and Martyr, (dated at SwaffhamBulbeck, in Cambridgeshire,) 1421, proved February 12th following;
she appoints Sir Walter De la Pole, Sir John Colvile, Sir William
Assenhall, Knts. Thomas Ingaldesthorp, Henry Nottingham, Esqrs.
and John Green, her executors; bequeaths to Thomas, her son, a bed
of white and red; to Alianore, her daughter, a black mantle; to
Margaret Ingaldesthorp a testour; to the lady Margaret Zouch, her
sister, a gold chain; Dame Joan Assenhall, wife of Sir William, was
also her sister: she was buried by her husband at Bergh.
Thomas Ingaldesthorp was aged 19 at the death of his father Sir
John; the custody, or wardship of him was granted to his mother.
He married Margaret, daughter and heir of Sir Walter De la Pole,
lord of Sauston, in Cambridgeshire, of Meldreth and Trumpington,
nephew of Michael De la Pole Earl of Suffolk. This Thomas died
under age, in the 10th of Henry V. or 1st of Henry VI. His will
bears date, January 14th, in the said year, wherein he orders all his
goods to be disposed of by Sir Robert Clifton, and Sir Thomas Lovel,
Knts. and Thomas Sorrel, Esq. his executors, and was proved May
22, 1422, and buried in the church of Burgh. Margaret, his widow,
had in the said year the King's license to remarry, and also an
assignment of dower, and died soon after in 1426, seized of the 3d
part of this manor, and of Ingaldesthorp in Snetesham, and Bellasis
in Emneth, &c. leaving Edmund her son and heir, aged 5 years; she
had also her thirds in certain manors in Yorkshire; she brought a
great inheritance into this family, as heiress to De la Pole, Bradston,
lord of Winterburne, &c. On an inquisition taken at Berking in
Essex, July 19th, 1433, it was found that Sir Walter De la Pole died
on Friday after the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, last past, possessed of the manor of Alvethley, or Aveley, in Essex, with the manors
of Sauston and Derneford in Cambridgeshire, &c. and Edmund de Ingaldesthorp was found to be his heir, who married Joan, second daughter of John Tiptoft Lord Powis, and sister to John Earl of Worcester.
The will of Sir Edmund de Ingaldesthorp is dated August 4th, 1456;
he names Joan his wife, Sir John Prisot, Knt. chief justice of the
Common Pleas, Laurence Cheyney, Esq. and Thomas Lockton, his executors; gives to his wife the manors of Kenwick in Tilney, and of
Frenge in Norfolk, Burgh, Meldreth, and Alvitheley, for life; after to
Isabel his daughter, and for default of her issue, to John Earl of Worcester, Lord Tiptoft and Powis; and in default of her issue, to be sold,
to pray for the souls of Sir John Ingaldesthorp, Thomas Ingaldesthorp,
his own, and that of Sir Walter De la Pole. He died seized of this
manor, that of Frenge, Wimbotsham, Clenchwarton, Sauston, the patronage of the priory of Crabhouse, Dernford, Bergh, Trumpington,
Swaffham-Bulbeck, the patronage of St. Mary, Somerset, London, &c.
and an annuity of 500 marks per ann. payable out of the Exchequer
at Easter and St. Michael, which was granted by King Edward III.
to Thomas de Bradston, his ancestor, lord of Winterbourne in Gloucestershire, in 1338, the heiress of that family, Elizabeth, being married to Sir Walter De la Pole.
He was buried in the midst of the chancel of Burgh, where a
sumptuous monument was erected to his memory, with his portraiture
in brass, and in armour; his head (without an helmet) resting on a
bull's head, couped, in a coronet, (his crest, as I take it,) the inscription is, for the most part, broke off, and seems to have been in rude
rhyming verse, according to the taste of the age:
—Uxorem Comitis de Wyrceter ipse sororem,
Anno milleno quater X. C. X quoq; seno:
Ecce dies bina Septembris quando anima
Militis hujus erat - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .
By this it appears. that he died on the 2d of September 1456. In
1460, Sir John Prisot, one of his executors, had license, dated December 5, Ao. 39th Henry VI. to found a chantry in the church of
Burgh, for the said Sir Edmund, Sir Thomas his father, and Sir John
his grandfather, Sir John de Burgh, and Catherine his wife.
The lady Joan, his relict, married Thomas Grey, younger son of
John Lord Grey of Ruthyn, and brother to Edward Grey, the first
Earl of Kent: this Thomas was created Lord Grey of Rugemont in
Bedfordshire; and on the death of Edward Tiptoft Earl of Worcester,
who died a minor, in the 3d year of Richard III. she, with her two
sisters, Philippa, who married Thomas Lord Roos of Hamlake, and
Joyce, who married Edmund, eldest son of John Lord Dudley, were
found to be his aunts and coheirs; and dying on the 21st of June,
1494, was seized of the manors of Berklow in Cambridgeshire, and
Horkesley in Essex, &c,
Isabel, only daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Ingaldesthorp and
Joan his wife, was aged 15 on the death of her father: she married
John Nevill, created Marquis Montacute, (and Knight of the Garter,
second son of Richard Earl of Salisbury, and brother to Richard, the
great Earl of Warwick,) and afterwards on the attainder of the Earl of
Northumberland, had that honour also conferred on him by King Edward IV. which last title he was obliged soon after to resign, the attainder aforesaid being taken off.—This Marquis having raised 6000
men, and marching with them to join (as was pretended) the aforesaid
King, when he was come near to the place where the King was, declared to his soldiers,— "How he had been ill treated by him, in the
case of the earldom of Northumberland; and that the King, in
creating him Marquis Montacute, had (as Stow in his Annals expresses it) given him a pie's nest to maintain it withall; therefore he
would leave to serve him, and take part with the Earl of Warwick, his
brother." Upon this the King, who was then at Nottingham, fled
to Lynn, and thence beyond sea; and returning soon after, this Marquis, with his brother, the Earl of Warwick, were killed in the battle
at Barnet, April 14th 1471, fighting against King Edward IV. Stow
says, "He had privily agreed with the King, and had gotten on his
livery; but one of his brother's (the Earl of Warwick's) men espythis, fell upon him, and killed him."—Hall, in his Chronicle, observes, "That King Edward was not so jocund, nor so joyous, for the
destruction of the Earl of Warwick, but was more sorrowful and
dolorous for the death of the Marquiss, whom both he knew, and it
appeared to others, to be inwardly his faithful friend, and for whose
sake only he caused both their bodies to be, among their ancestors,
solemnly buried at the priory of Bisham in Berkshire."
The Lady Isabel afterwards married Sir William Norris of Ricot in
Oxfordshire, who, in 1479, presented to Raynham St. Mary's church,
in right of his late wife. By the Marquis, she had 2 sons and 5 daughters; John, the youngest son, died a minor, and was buried in 1480 at
Sauston in Cambridgeshire; George, the eldest, was created Duke of
Bedford by King Edward IV. Ao. 33, and on the 4th of December
1471, his mother had a grant from the King of the custody and government of him, then a minor: she died in 1475, and was buried in the priory of Bisham, where a tomb was ordered to be made for her; and the
Marquis, by the will of Elizabeth Lady Scroop, one of her daughters,
in the 4th of Henry VIII. leaving 20l. for the same. The Duke, her
son, was degraded in 1477, in the 17th of the said King, by act of
parliament, for want of maintenance (as was pretended) to support
so great honours, which might be justly said, for we are to observe,
that before this, on February 23d, in the 14th of the same reign, he
had been also deprived of an immense estate that he was heir to,
partly from the Earl of Warwick, his uncle, and his father the Marquis, and which was then given to Richard Duke of Gloucester, the
King's brother. This unfortunate nobleman died in the year 1485,
at Sheriff's Houton in Yorkshire, sans issue; and his five sisters and coheirs were; Ann, who married Sir Will. Stoner of Oxfordshire; Elizabeth, who married, 1st, Thomas Lord Scroop of Upsal and Massam,
and 2dly, Sir Henry Wentworth, of Nettlestead in Suffolk; Margaret,
who married, first, Sir John Mortimer of Essex, 2dly, Charles Brandan Duke of Suffolk, from whom she was divorced; (fn. 9) Lucy, married to
Sir Thomas Fitz-Williams of Aldwark in Yorkshire, and afterwards to
Sir Anthony Brown; and Isabella, (fn. 10) married to Sir William Huddleston.—Upon a division of the estate of the Ingaldesthorps, &c. which
was not till in or about the 11th of Henry VII. on the death of Joan
their grandmother, this manor of Rainham, with that of Wimbotsham
in Norfolk, Sauston, &c. in Cambridgeshire, came to Isabella aforesaid, who is said to have been relict of the Lord Dacres, before her
marriage with Huddleston, and after the death of Huddleston, to have
married William Smith, a third husband; and died November 12, in
the 9th of Henry VIII. seized of this manor of Rainham, with the advowson of the church of St. Mary, Wimbotsham manor and advowson,
with the manor of Snetesham in Norfolk, the manors of Sauston,
Dernford, with Berklow manor and advowson, in Cambridgeshire,
&c. and John Huddleston was her son and heir, aged 20, as appears
from an inquisition taken at Cambridge, August 8th, in the 9th of
the said King.
Sir John Huddleston, her son and heir by Sir William, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Sutton Lord Dudley; and by an inquisition taken at Norwich April 30, in the 28th of Henry VII. it
appears that he died seized of the manor of Ingaldesthorp in Reinham,
had view of frank pledge, the advowson of the church of St. Mary,
held of the King, in capite, by the fourth part of a fee: (he died at
Sauston, some years before this, on October 6, in the 23d of the said
King) and John was his son and heir, aged 14 years; he was afterwards a knight, and in 1543, sold this manor to Sir Roger Townsend,
Knt. who had the King's license for that purpose.
This Sir John Huddlestone descended from the ancient family of
Millum-Castle, in Cumberland, and bore for his arms, gules, fretty,
argent; and, in right of his grandmother, the lady Isabella, who
brought this lordship into the family, he quartered these arms, gules,
a saltire argent, and a file of three points, of the 2d, and azure, Gobone-Nevill Marquis Montacute. Argent, three fusils in fess gules,
Montacute Earl of Salisbury. Or, an eagle displayed, vert, Monthermer
Earl of Gloucester. England in a bordure argent, Holland Earl of
Kent. Argent, a saltier ingrailed gules, Tiptoft Earl of Worcester
Gules, a cross ingrailed, argent, Ingaldesthorp. Argent, on a canton,
gules, a rose, or, Bradston. Or, a lion rampant, gules, Charleton
Lord Powis Azure, a fess between three leopards faces, or, De La
Pole. Argent, on a fess indented sable, three bezants, Burgh
This lordship thus being conveyed into the family of Townsend,
wherein it remains at this present time, 1764, it will be proper in
this place to treat of the same from ancient records, and authentick
It is undoubtedly a family of great antiquity in this county: Collins, in his history of the peerage, (fn. 11) says, that Lodowic, or Lewis, a
Norman, surnamed Townsend, soon after the conquest, married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Haywell, (rather Havile,) and
was succeeded by Sir Walter de Townsend, who took to wife Maud,
daughter of Sir Roger Scogan, Knt.—But this will appear to be a
great mistake. The family is wrote in old deeds, &c. Ad Exitum
Villæ.—William ad Exitum Villæ, that is Townsend, or Tunnesend,
held considerable lands of the prior of Norwich's lordship in Taverham,
in the reign of King John.—Stephen, son of Walter Atte Townsend,
lived in the reign of Henry III. and, with Agnes his wife, purchased
by fine of William de Denver, lord of Denver, and Maud his wife, a
messuage and lands, in Downham; and about the same time lived
Thomas Atte Townsend, of West Herling, possessed of a valuable
estate, &c. and sealed then with a chevron, between three escallops,
the arms of the family at this day. (fn. 12)
Thomas, son of William Atte Townsend, of Snoring Magna, lived
in the said town, settled all his estates in that town, Snoring Parva,
Thorpland, and Barsham, in Norfolk, on John his son and heir, by
deed dated July 11, 1377, wherein he mentions Roger his brother. John,
son of John aforesaid, was living at Snoring Magna in 1378 and
1396; he added much to the family estate, and held part of a fee in
Rainham Magna and Parva, of Roger Mortimer Earl of March, of
the honour of Clare, in 1398, and was the first of the family that
settled at Rainham, or had an interest therein.
About the year 1400, Sir Walter de Townsend was living, son of Sir
Lodowick de Townsend, whom Collins places at the head of this family, and says, that he married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of
Thomas Havile, and to have lived soon after the conquest: that Collins is mistaken, in respect of the time that Sir Lodowick lived in,
appears from this proof; Sir Walter aforesaid married Maud, daughter
of Sir Roger Scogan, Knt. by whom he had a son Roger.
Roger, son of Sir Walter, took to wife Catherine, daughter of John
Atterton, Esq. of Sussex, and was father of Sir Thomas Townsend,
whose wife Agnes was daughter of William Pain, Gent.
This Sir Thomas was buried in the choir of White-Friars church in
Fleet-street, London; (fn. 13) and on the first of April, 1421, letters of administration were granted to Agnes, relict of Sir Thomas Townsend;
and Roger Townsend, of Rainham, (son, as I take it, and heir, of Sir
Thomas,) of the goods of Thomas Payn, probably brother of Agnes;
(Collins says Eleanor,) which family held a lordship in Helloughton,
and sealed with a fess between three birds; and their estate came to
the Townsends. The said Roger Townsend, Esq. was a feoffee for the
manor of Welborn, in 1444, and married Elianor, daughter of Sir
Thomas Gigges, of Rollesby, who bore, sable, a frett ermine, and a chief
checquer, argent, and of the second.
In 1433, he, Sir William Oldhall, and John Briggs, Esq. were
feoffees of Edmund Eshall, for lands in Hempton, Pudding-Norton,
John, his son and heir, succeeded: Joan, his wife, was daughter
and heir of Sir Robert Lunsford of Rumford in Essex; his will is dated
in 1465, proved January 4th, 1466, and was buried in the middle of
the body of the church of St. Mary in Rainham, before the image of
the crucifix of our Lord; (fn. 14) appoints one secular priest to celebrate for
his soul, and that of Agnes his wife, for the space of 20 years, where
the body of the said Agnes lies; to John, son of John Blakeney, his
grandson, 20 marks; appoints Isabel his wife, and Roger Townsend
his son, executors; to Roger and his heirs, his manors of Havills and
Rouses, in Rainham, lands, &c. in Horningtoft, called Scarndels, lands,
&c. in Titleshale, called Caldewets, with the wood called Grinstons,
lands in Helloughton, with all his lands in Rainham and Willingham,
except those which he lately gave to John Blakeney, Esq. with his
daughter Joan, in marriage.
Roger Townsend, Esq. son and heir of John, and Joan his wife,
was entered a student of Lincoln's-Inn, elected a governour of that
society in the first year, &c. of King Edward IV. and Lent reader.
In 1461, the third part of the manor of Haviles in Rainham, by fine
levied, was conveyed to him by Henry Argenton, and Cecilia his wife;
in 1468, was a trustee for James Arblaster, in purchasing the lordship
a Wichingham St. Mary; in 1472, a feoffee for the Countess of Oxford's manor of Fersfield, and member of parliament for Calne, in
Wiltshire; and in 1476, purchased by fine of Roger Oliver of London,
Sherman, and Elizabeth his wife, their interest or part in Havile's lordship, so that the whole was now in this family; and about the same
time, a commissioner to settle the disputes between the priory and the
city of Norwich.
In the 17th of Edward IV. he was called to the degree of serjeant
at law; in 1480, summoned to be an assistant to the house of lords in
Parliament; in the 1st of Edward V. King's serjeant at law; and, in
the following year, was appointed a justice of the Common Pleas,
King Henry VII. renewed his patent, and knighted him, in his chamber at Worcester, on Whitsunday before his coronation.
He married Anne, daughter and coheiress of Sir William Brews of
Stinton-hall, in Norfolk, who brought him that manor, and a great
inheritance in land; (fn. 15) by this lady he had 6 sons and 6 daughters;—
Roger, John, Robert, George, Thomas, and Gyles;—of the daughters,
—Thomasine was wife of Sir Thomas Woodhouse, of Kimberley, Knight
of the Bath; —, to Anthony Castell, of Raveningham, Esq. Anne,
betrothed to Philip Cressener, of Attleburgh, Esq. Susan, wife of Sir
Edward Windham of Felbrigg; and Catherine, of Sir Henry Bedingfield, of Oxburgh.
Collins says, she died October 31, in the 5th of Henry VII.; the
will of the judge is dated August 14, Ao. 8th of Henry VII. in which
year he died, November 9; appoints his body (if he died at London
to be buried in the church of the White-friars, in Fleet-street, befor
the crucifix; but if at Rainham, in the chapel of St. Catherine, in St.
Mary's church; and makes Eleanor, his wife, sole executrix and
guardian, to Roger his eldest son. Eleanore survived the judge; her
will is dated, November 9, 1499, and proved October 8, 1500. She
orders her body to be buried by the high altar, before our Blessed
Lady, in the chancel of Rainham St. Mary, and a new tomb to be
made for her husband's and her bones; upon which tomb to be cunningly graven a sepulchre for Easter-day, if a chapel be not made at
her decease; and if a chapel be made, then she would be buried in the
same, and her husband's bones to be had home into the same chapel,
and the tomb to be made there: names Sir Robert Clere, Knt. her
Blomfield says, that Lady Anne (first wife of the judge) did not die
till in the year 1551; if so, she survived the judge about 60 years:
but it appears that the judge had a second wife Eleanore, who died in
1500, as aforesaid. I am inclined to think that the judge died at
London, and was not buried at Rainham.
Roger, eldest son of the judge, was bred to the law, and, among
other gentlemen of worth and dignity of this county, was appointed a
commissioner by act of parliament, for assessing, &c. a subsidy of one
hundred, sixty three thousand pounds, by a poll-tax, in the 5th of
Henry VIII. On the 20th of June, in the said year, Sir William Sydney of Walsingham, in Norfolk, to fulfil the will of the judge, his
father, delivered and confirmed to him, all the lands, tenements,
rents, and services of Scroby Rivet's manor, &c. in Spectashale, in Suffolk, which he held jointly with Sir Roger, the judge, William Gourney, Esq. &c. of the grant of John Hoo of Blithburgh, and Sir John
In the 10th of the said King, he covenanted to serve the King with
10 men at arms; was thrice sheriff of Norfolk; in 1525, received the
honour of knighthood; (Collins says, it was on the King's return from
Bulloign, Ao. 37th of Henry VIII.;) was one of the masters in the
Court of Requests, in 1529; and in the said year, one of the King's
council, with the Bishop of Lincoln; and a feoffee of the manor of
Kilverston, for the Duke of Norfolk, and had of the manor of Scales,
in Rainham, from the king. (fn. 16)
In 1548, he purchased of Sir John Hudleston, the lordship of Ingaldesthorp, in this town, and in the following year, in commission with
the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Surrey, and Earl of Sussex, Sir
Richard Southwell, Sir William Paston, &c. to raise a benevolence for
the King, and knight of that shire, in parliament, Ao. 33d of the said
King; and by a letter from the Duke of Somerset, dated at the Tower,
February 12thAo. 1st of Edward VI. required, with the Earl of Sussex,
Sir William Paston, &c. on the death of King Henry VIII. to take
care of the peace of the said county.
His will is dated July 31, 1550; he desires his body to be buried
in the chancel of East Rainham church; names George and Thomas,
his brothers, executors, and Sir Henry Bedingfield supervisor of it;
mentions his lordships, lands, &c. in East, South, and West-Rainham,
Helloughton and Barmere; lands, &c. in Over and Nether Geyst,
Twyford, Wood, Norton, Bintre, Brunsthorp, Tofts, North Barsham,
Shireford, and Saham; the rectory of Barwick; lands, &c. in Stanhow, Ryburgh Parva, and Oxwyk; constitutes Roger, son and heir of
Richard, son and heir of his brother John Townsend, Esq. his heir, and
dying S. P. November 30, 1551, his will was proved May 10, 1552.
Here it may be proper to mention what Leland the antiquary has
said, who lived in the time of King Henry VIII.—"The grandfather of
Townsend now living, (who was John Townsend, Esq. abovementioned, son and heir of Sir Thomas) was a mean man of substance;
the father of Townsend, now living, got about hunderith pound
of land by the yere, with much traveling yn the law.—Townsend
now being first by enclining to the law, and good husbandry at home,
hath encreased his lande to the sum of another hunderith pound;
and this Townsende, now lyving, by marriage of a daughter, heir
general to Hansard of Lincolnshire, had about 300 marks byside, of
landes and yerely rents: he hath had fair issue by this woman, so
that his sunne and heire, shaul be a man of a 600 markes of londe
by the yere, yet cam not all the londes of the Hanshards to Townsend, for there be yet left of the name. (fn. 17) "
In answer to this, it appears from unquestionable authority and
proof above, that John Townsend, Esq. grandfather of Sir Roger, then
living, was not a mean man of substance; he married Joan, daughter
and heir of Sir Robert Lunsford, and was son and heir of Sir Thomas
He died possessed of the lordships of Haviles and Rouses in Rainham, and of that of Helloughton; considerable lands in Horningtoft,
Wellingham, &c. married a daughter, Joan, to John Blakeney, Esq.;
the said John, on his death, appointed a secular priest to pray for
him, &c. for 20 years.
The father of Townsend then living, who got (as he expresses it) an
100l. per annum with much travelling in the law, was Sir Roger, a
person of great eminency and dignity, made judge of the Common
Pleas, by King Richard III. and in the reign of Henry VII.
Sir Roger Townsend, son of this judge, (whom Leland says,
now living,) was also a gentleman of great honour and worth, both at
home, and at court, where he had considerable posts, and was one of
the King's privy council, &c. as has been shown.
The judge, his father, married Anne, daughter and coheir of Sir
William Brews, a very ancient family, who held by descent a great
estate, and not a Hansard; her sister and coheir, Thomasine, married
Sir Thomas Hansard; so great and suprising is the mistake that Leland
has made relating to this family.
John Townsend, Esq. second son of the judge, lived mostly at
Brampton in Suffolk; by Eleanor his wife, daughter of Sir John Heydon of Baconsthorp, he had Richard, his eldest son. This John died
Angust 4, 1540, before his eldest brother Sir Roger.
Robert, the third son, married Alice, daughter and heir of Robert
Poppy, Esq. of Linconlnshire; was serjeant at law, a knight, justice
of Chester, steward of Pentney priory, had a pension on its dissolution, lord of South-hall in Overe, and Neither-Geist, of Wood-Norton
Twyford, and Foxleys, had the rectory of Geyst, and advowson of the
vicarage, seized also of the Augustine friary of Ludlow in Shropshire;
died in the 3d and 4th of Philip and Mary, leaving, Thomas his son
and heir, (as was found by an inquisition taken at Salop, August 11,
1556,) aged 22: from him descended the Townsends of Brakenash in
Norfolk, of Gloucestershire, and Shropshire.
George Townsend, Esq. was the fourth son, and married a
daughter of Sir Richard Thurston, sheriff of London, in 1516, and had
a son Gyles; George was executor to his brothers, Thomas and Giles,
and living in 1554.
Thomas, the fifth son, from whom descended the families at Testerton, Cranworth, and Wretham.
Giles was the sixth son; to him Sir Robert his brother, on December 3d, in the 35th of Henry VIII. then serjeant at law, granted the
rectories of Whitwell and Berwick, the manor of Geyste, the rectory
and manor of Ryburgh Parva, with the manor and rectory of Helgeton in Norfolk, their court-leets, in all which (except Whitwell)
they enfeoffed their brother Roger. (fn. 18)
Richard Townsend, Esq. son and heir of John Townsend, Esq.
(second son of the judge, Sir Roger, and brother to Sir Roger Townsend, who died in 1550,) was aged 22, at his father's death, in 1540;
he married Catherine, 3d daughter and coheir of Sir Humphrey Brown
of Ridley in Oxfordshire, a justice of the Common Pleas; died May
9, 1552, his will being dated July 20, 1551; (fn. 19) his wife survived him,
and remarried John Roper, Esq. of Eltham in Kent, master of the
King's Bench Office. Richard had by her, Elizabeth, married to
Thomas Godsalve, Esq. of Buckenham Ferry, and a son Roger, his
heir, and heir to his great uncle, Sir Roger, appointed by his will, in
1550. This Richard lived also, as his father, at Brampton.
This Roger, son and heir of Richard, was a minor at his father's
death, and proved his age in 1564: in the year 1588, we find him in
the English fleet, in the fight against the Spanish Armado; and on the
26th of July, in the said year, was knighted by the Lord High Admiral, Charles Howard, at sea, with the Lord Howards, Lord Sheffield,
John Hawkins, and Martin Frobisher; (fn. 20) and as the aforesaid lords
had a principal command in the said fleet and engagement, so no
doubt had this Roger, who is named next to them, and before Hawkins
and Frobisher. He died at Newington, by London, June 30, 1590,
and was buried in the church of St. Giles, Cripplegate, at London. (fn. 21)
By Jane his lady, youngest daughter of Sir Michael Stanhope of
Shelord in Nottinghamshire, (ancestor of the Earls of Chesterfield and
Stanhope,) he left John, his eldest son, and Robert, created a knight
1633; (fn. 22) and married Ann, daughter of William Lord Spencer, who
died, s. p. Sir Roger's lady surviving him, remarried Henry Lord
John Townsend, son and heir of Sir Roger, married Ann, daughter
and coheir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon of Stivekey, or Stukey, in Norfolk;
was lord of that town, of Langham and Merston; in a duel with Sir
Matthew Brown, died of his wounds on August 2d, 1603, leaving
Roger, his eldest son, and Stanhope, his 2d son, who died also of his
wounds, in a duel in the Low Countries, and unmarried. His lady
survived him many years, dying May 20th, 1630, and was buried at
Rainham. Ann, their daughter, married John Spilman, son and heir
of Sir Henry Spilman. In 1591, I find John Townsend, Esq. of Norfolk, to give the senior proctor's staff to the University of Cambridge,
of which he had been a member, in Trinity college; and probably
was this Sir John, who was knighted for his valour by the Earl of
Essex at Cales, in Spain, in 1596.
Roger, his son and heir, was a minor, aged 8 years, on his father's
death, created a baronet April 16th, 1617; on the 20th of May,
1620, he had license to travel for three years, with three servants, and
necessaries, but not to go to Rome, as appears by the council book. (fn. 23)
He built the present seat of Rainham-hall; of this, see Spilman. By
Mary his wife, daughter and coheir of Horatio Vere Lord Vere of
Tilbury, of the noble family of the Veres Earls of Oxford, he had
Roger and Horace, his two sons, and 5 daughters; Mary, married to
Thomas Lord Crew of Stene in Northamptonshire; Jane, to John
Windham, Esq. Anne, to William Cartwright of Aynhoe, in Northamptonshire; Elizabeth, who died single; and Vere, to Sir Ralph Hare,
Bart. of Stow Bardolf. He died January 1st, 1637/8, aged 41, having
granted three or four of his appropriations to the church.
By an inquisition taken at Thetford, June 8th, in 1637, he was found
to have died possessed of the following lordships, &c.—Ingaldesthorp
manor, in East-Rainham; Scales, in South-Rainham, held of the King,
in capite, by knight's service, of the manor or honour of Haughley in
Suffolk;—Sherborn's, in West-Rainham, held of Ingaldesthorp's manor
in soccage, and the rent of 3s. 4d. per ann. with the lordships of
Hall's, Mourehouse, and Pain's, in Rainham, held as aforesaid; —Hayvile's manor in West-Rainham, held of the King, as of his castle of
Norwich, in soccage;—Staple's manor in Rainham, held in soccage
of the manor of Haviles, paying 2s. per ann.;—a capital messuage,
called Le Upper-house, &c. in South-Rainham, and West-Rainham;
—divers lands and tenements in Normansbergh, South Rainham,
Willingham, and Tittleshale;—divers lands and a tenement, with 20
acres in Rainham, and Helloughton, lately belonging to Hempton priory,
held in capite;—the rectories of Helloughton, West-Rudham,— —
Kypton manor, held of the King, in capite;—messuages, lands, and
tenements, in Wesenham, containing 107 acres, with Fineham's tenement;
held in soccage of the manor of Wesenham, and paying 5s. per ann.—
Helloughton, St. Faith's manor, and Helloughton manor, held of the
King, in capite, by knight's service;—the manor of Pattesly;—divers
lands and tenements in Tofts, called Benson's, Odyham's, and Townsend's, held in soccage;—Stibberd manor, held in soccage of the manor
of Fakenham, and paying 13s. 4d. per ann.—Paywell's manor in Ry
borough, held of the manor of Sculthorpe, in free soccage;—St. Faith's
manor in Ryborough Parva;—Stinton-hall manor in Salle;—two hundred acres of land, called Serbrigg's park, with a wood, &c. in Causton, held of Causton manor, in free soccage; the manors of Langham
and Merston; the manor of Stewky, alias Stuky Tertevills, Irminglands
and Carlew, Knights, &c. East-hall, alias East's tenements, held of the
heirs of Simon de Penthorpe, with a moiety of the manors of Netherne
and Stowes, &c. held of the King, in capite;—West-Rudham, St.
Faith's manor;—East-Rudham manor, held of the King, in capite;—
Buckenham's manor in Barwick, with the rectory of Barwick, held of
the King, in capite;—Curson's, alias Thoresby's manor, held of the
King in free soccage, as of the hundred of Smithden;—the site of the
priory of Cokesford in Rudham, and divers lands and tenements, called
the Demeans there, held of the King, in capite;—the manor of Easthall, in Stanhow;—Shernborn's manor in Stanhow.—Beaufoe's manor
in South Creak;—a capital messuage, called Dainsdey's, alias Bolter's
in North and South Creak;—a foldage, &c. for sheep, in West-Rudham, called the Great Grounds;—the manor of Barmere, and divers
lands and tenements in Barmere, Barwick, and Bagthorp, held of the
manors of Stanhow and Bagthorp, in free soccage;—the manors of
Tilbury-hall, alias Tilbury-Mare, Clare, Nortofts, and Skeys, in Tilbury, Wivenhoe-park manor, with that of Much-Bentley in Essex,
which came by the heiress of Horace Lord Vere.—The Lady Mary,
his relict, married Mildmay Fane Earl of Westmoreland, by whom she
had Vere Fane Earl of Westmoreland, and dying in 1673, was buried
at Rainham, on the 22d of May.
Sir Roger Townsend, Bart. son of Sir Roger aforesaid, was a
minor at his father's decease; and dying in his minority, was succeeded in honour and estate, by his brother, Sir Horace, a minor also, in
ward to the King, born in 1630, created Baron Townsend, of Lynn
Regis in Norfolk, April 20th, 1661, and Viscount Townsend of Rainham, December 11th, 1682, was in great favour with King Charles II.
who paid him a visit at Rainham in 1671; was made lord lieutenant
of the county of Norfolk, and city of Norwich, in 1660. He married in
1649 Mary, daughter and heir of Edward Lewknor, Esq. son and
heir of Sir Edward Lewknor of Denham, in Suffolk, Knt. who brought
nto the family that town, and other valuable estates. She died in
1673, without issue, and was buried at Rainham, on May 22d. His
second lady was Mary, daughter of Sir Joseph Ashe of Twickenham,
in Middlesex, Bart. by whom he had his son and successour, Charles,
and Roger Townsend, Esq. member of parliament for Yarmouth in
Norfolk, who died unmarried, May 22d, 1709, and was buried at
Rainham. His 3d son was Horace, member of parliament for Heytesbury in Wiltshire, and one of the commissioners of the Excise.
Charles Lord Viscount Townshend was born in 1675; King Charles,
and the Duke of York were his godfathers; was a nobleman of great
honour, worth, and ability, as the posts that were conferred on him
testify; a governour of the Charter-house, one of the privy council,
Knight of the Garter, sent ambassadour by Queen Anne to the
States General, captain of the yeomen of the guard, a commissioner
for the union, chose by King George I. one of the regency in his absence, principal secretary of state, appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland, which he declined; president of the council, and again secretary
of state, in which office he continued, till he resigned it in May 1730;
was also lord lieutenant, and custos rotulorum of the county of Norwich.
His first wife was Elizabeth, 2d daughter of Thomas Lord Pelham,
by whom he had 4 sons; Charles, who succeeded him; Thomas, member of parliament for the University of Cambridge, one of the tellers
of the Exchequer; William, aid-de-camp to King George I. member
of parliament for Yarmouth; Roger, member for Yarmouth on his
brother's death, and captain of a troop of horse; Elizabeth, the daughter, married the Lord Cornwallis. By Dorothy, his 2d wife, daughter
of Robert Walpole, Esq. of Houghton, and sister to Robert Walpole
Earl of Orford, he left George, lieutenant of a man of war; Augustus, captain of an East India ship; Horatio, commissioner of the victualling-office; and—Edward, rector of Pulham in Norfolk, deputy
clerk of the King's closet, D. D. prebendary of Westminster, and dean
of Norwich. This Lord died on June 21st, 1738. Dorothy, one of
his daughters by this lady, married Spencer Cooper, dean of Durham,
the other, Mary, married the Honourable Edward Cornwallis, Esq.
member for Westminster.
Charles, his eldest son and heir, was summoned to parliament, May
24th, 1723, as Lord Lynn, in the life of his father; was gentleman of
the bed-chamber to King George I. commissioner of trade and the
plantations, master of the Jewel-office;—died at Rainham, March
13th, 1764. He married Audrey, daughter and heiress of Edward
Harrison, Esq. Governour of Fort St. George in the East Indies, and
of Balls, in Hertfordshire; by whom he had, 1, George; 2, Charles,
who married the Honourable Countess of Dalkeith, relict of the Earl
of Dalkeith, son and heir to the Duke of Buccleugh, member for Yarmouth, paymaster of the King's forces; 3, Roger, a colonel, killed at
Ticonderago, in America; 4, Edward, died young; and Audrey, a
George, the eldest son of Charles, the present Lord Viscount Townshend, being bred to arms, was colonel of the 28th regiment of foot,
brigadier, and gained much honour on the taking of Quebec, when
the command of the army came to him; (fn. 24) was after, major-general,
and lieutenant-general of the ordnance, one of his Majesty's privy
council; and, before his father's death, representative of the county
of Norfolk in parliament. He married the Right Honourable Lady
Charlotte, (only daughter and heir of the Earl of Northampton,) and
Lady Baroness Ferrers of Chartley.
His lordship's arms are, azure, a chevron ermine, between three
escallops, argent, Townshend; and quarters; 1st, gules, a chevron,
between three flowers-de-lis, or, Havile, or Haywell;—2d, argent, a
lion rampant, and crusily of cross crosslets, gules, crowned, or, Brewse;
—3, sable, a cross ingrailed, or, Ufford;—4, gules, a cross, argent, in
a bordure, engrailed, or, Carbonel;—5, argent, a chevron, gules, between three cross crosslets, fitchée, azure, Shardelow;—6, gules, a
chevron, between three lions gambs, erect and erased, in a bordure,
argent, Brown;—7, per bend, sinister, or and sable, a lion rampant,
counterchanged, Francis;—8, quarterly, ermine and gules, Stanhope;
—9, gules, on a chief, argent, two mullets, sable, Bacon;—10, quarterly, gules and or, in 1st quarter, a mullet, argent, Vere;—11, azure,
three chevronels, argent, Lewknor:—crest, a buck passant, sable,
attired, or; supporters, on the dexter side, a buck, sable, on the sinister, a greyhound, argent.—Motto, Hæc generi, incrementa,
Another part or moiety of Hugh de Montfort's lordship came to the
family of Scales, (as I conceive, and have above observed,) by the
marriage of a daughter and coheir of Lisewise; and this family was
in possession of it in the reign of King John, and Henry III. this
moiety, or lordship, was that of South Reinham. Robert de Scales was
son of Roger de Scales, and left Maud his widow, in the 3d of Henry
III. she being then remarried to William de Beauchamp, a fine was
levied between her, and this Roger, her son, of the 3d part of 2 carucates of land, or the lordship of Middleton, and certain rents, as
parccl of her dower; and it is to be observed, that this lordship of
Middleton in Norfolk was also one of those which the aforesaid Hugh
de Montfort held at the survey. See there. In the 33d of Edward I.
this manor was found to consist of one capital messuage, 120 acres
of land, 14 of meadow, 17 of pasture, a water-mill, &c. in demean,
and was held of the honour of Haughley. In the 5th of Edward III.
it appears, that certain herbage belonged to it at Kipton. Inhams,
and South Wadhirne, let to Sir John de Ingaldesthorpe, with a fishery,
part let to Sir John Ingaldesthorp, at 12d. per ann. and part to Sir
— Havile, at 12d. and it paid 4s. 4d. per ann. castle-guard to
In a computus of the bailiff of this manor, Ao. 5°. Edward III. I
find wheat sold at 3s. 4d. per quarter, and about Lent at 8s. per quarter.— Barley at 3s. 4d.; pease at 6s. 8d.; oats at 4s. 6d.; a bushel of
hemp-seed 2s.; six long hurdles, (claiis) 6d.; a scot, (bought in to fat)
6s. 6d.; for the making of 12 capons, 1d.; for 10 geese 2s.; four
stone of cheese, 3s. 8d.; one bushel of salt, 4d.; paid for thrashing of
wheat, 3d. per quarter, barley, 1d. ob.; oals, 1d.; pease, 3d.; for the
fanning, or cleaning (ventilatione) of 9 quarters of corn, 2d.; for the
mowing 22 acres of pasture, 9s. 2d. per acre, 5d.
Paid a carpenter for 3 days work, 10d.; a shepherd's, or neatherd's
wages, (bercatoris,) for one year, 3s.; a carter's, 40d.; a swineherd's,
12d.; for the carriage of a swan, from this town to Wilton, by
Brandon, with, &c. 2d.
For the farm of 21 new milch cows, and their calves, for one year,
6l. 6s. every cow valued at 6s. and 10 calves were excepted of the
best for the lady of the manor, (Lady Scales;) and for the farm of 9
hens, 2s. 3d. each hen at 3d.
In this family of the Lord Scales it continued, till Elizabeth, the
only daughter and heir of Thomas Lord Scales, the last of that ancient
family, (fn. 25) brought it by marriage to Anthony Woodvile Earl Rivers, and
Lord Scales, who being attainted, and beheaded in the reign of King
Richard III. that King gave it, with many other lordships, (fn. 26) to his
great favourite, John Howard Duke of Norfolk; but on the accession
of Henry VII. to the crown, that Duke being attainted, it remained
in the Crown till granted in 29th of Henry VIII. to Sir Roger Townshend, and so continues, being united to the other lordships in this
Havile's, or Hauvil's Manor.
This was the next capital manor in this town; Ulviet held it in the
time of the Confessor, but at the survey it was in the hands of the
Conqueror, and Godric took care of it, or farmed it of him. In King
Edward's time, it consisted of two carucates of land, eleven bordarers,
two servi, and two carucates in demean, one carucate amongst the
men or tenants, paunage for ten swine, four acres of meadow, a mill,
&c. and 63 sheep. Helgetun was a beruite to it, of half a carucate of
land; and two bordarers here held half a carucate, and one servus,
one mill, an acre of meadow, a fishery, and a salt-work belonged to
it, &c. with 42 sheep. There belonged to this manor of Reinham,
also, 16 socmen, who held one carucate of land, and two carucates
and an half, &c. with six bordarers, paunage for four swine, and two
acres of meadow. In Helgetun, six socmen held half a carucate of
land, two bordarers, two carucates, &c. and two acres of meadow,
valued in King Edward's time at 40s. at the survey at 6l. per ann.—
Reinham was one leuca long, and three furlongs broad, and paid 20d.
gelt; and Helgeton was four furlongs long, and three furlongs broad,
and paid 10d. gelt. (fn. 27)
This lordship remained in the Crown many years, till King Stephen
gave it, with the manors of Hingham, Stow, Rackheith, Erleham, &c.
to William de Caineto, or Cheyney, in exchange for Moleham or Mileham; (fn. 28) on condition, that if he or his son should like Moleham better,
that they might renounce it, which Cheyney did soon after, and so
was again lodged in the Crown; and the said King granted it to the
Haviles. In 1196, Sir Ralph de Havile was lord of Erlham, by Norwich: he was a younger brother of Humphrey de Havile, (fn. 29) de Alta
Villa, or Hautville, as they styled themselves, and purchased this lordship of Humphrey, who probably was lord of this town. This Ralph
hereupon changed his name to that of De Erlham; the river here
appears by this to be called the Hier of Er.
In 1233, Henry de Havile was lord, and held it by grand serjeanty,
as falconer to the King, and paying 40s. per ann. to the King, fee-farm
rent. (fn. 30) He died in 1252, when the jury present, that he held this
manor in capite, and gave it to Thomas, his younger son, Ralph and
Henry being his two elder sons. This Thomas, and others, disseized
John, son of Matthew, of his free tenement in Reynham Magna, in
the 41st of King Henry III. At this time it appears, that the Haviles
were a spreading family, and several of them had interests in this
town. Alan, son of John de Havile, and Margery, lived at this time;
he was uncle to John, and Elias de Havile, and brother to William,
who had several sons; John, Roger, Ralph, Richard, and Geffrey.
In the 14th of Edward I. there was a suit among these, to enquire if
the aforesaid Alan, uncle of Elias de Hauvill, died seized in demean,
and in fee of one messuage, 44 acres of land, two acres and three roods
of meadow, 128 acres of pasture, with 9s. rent per ann. in Reinham.
In 1266, Thomas de Havile died seized of this manor, and that of
Dunton, and Kettleston, in 1275. Thomas his son (as I take it) claimed
the lete here, and in Dounton: in 1277, a fine was levied between
this Thomas and Henry de Havile, by which Thomas conveyed to him
10l. rent per ann. in Dunton and Ducton, and 3l. in Reynham and
Kettleston, with divers lands in Lincolnshire, released to Henry, together with a tenement, late Henry de Haviles, (grandfather of Thomas;)
this probably was by way of trust; for in 1286, that Thomas de Hauvile
held a certain lastage in Lynn, of the King, in capite, valued at 100s.
per ann. by the service of keeping a gerfalcon for the King; (fn. 31) and in
1296, Thomas de Hauvile gave 40s. relief to the King, for his lands,
tenements, &c. in Reynham, Helgeton, Tofts, Oxwyke, Patesley, Norton, Gateley, Horningtoft, and Stanfield, held in capite, by paying 40s.
per ann. castle-guard to Norwich.
In 1301, Thomas de Havile impleaded Thomas de Ingaldesthorp and
about 60 others, of Reynham, for pulling down a pillory newly erected
by him for the execution of justice, &c. Ingaldesthorp pleads, that
he, and Robert de Scales, were lords also of the said town, and had
view of frankpledge, &c. therein, and that Havile held only a third
manor or part in this town, and that Havile having erected the pillory on the common ground, and not on his own proper soil, they
pulled it down. (fn. 32)
In the said year Thomas de Havile died, (and Thomas was found to
be his son and heir,) seized of lands, tenements, rents, &c. here, held in
capite, paying 40s. per ann. blanch-farm to Norwich castle, the whole
then valued at 6l. 4s. 9d. per ann. This Thomas paid to the King 40s.
relief in 1306, for this manor, and held also the lordships of Tofts,
Oxwyk, Pattesley, Norton, Gately, Horningtoft, and Stanfield. In
1316, Thomas, son of Thomas de Hauvill, held by his father's enfeoffment, the manors of Dunton and Reynham, with the advowson of the
church of Reynham St. Margaret, paying for Dunton 18s. per ann.
(as it was then found,) and keeping the King's gerfalcon, at the King's
costs, and paying 40s. per ann. (as above) into the sheriff of Norfolk's
hands: and in the said year, he gave to the priory of Miremound the
patronage of the aforesaid church, with one acre of land. In 1318,
this manor was settled by John de Havill, and Joan his wife, on themselves, by fine; by this it appears, that this lordship was about this
time divided; for in the year 1329, Maud, late wife of Thomas de Hauvill, paid 10 marks to the King, for license to keep to herself and her
heirs, the manors of Reynham and Dunton; (fn. 33) and before this, in 1326,
it was found that it would not be to the loss of the King if he
granted to Thomas de Havile leave to infeof, in the manors of Reynham and Dunton, Maud his wife, and his heirs, together with the advowson of the churches of Reynham, Dunton, and Doketon: the manor
of Dunton is then said to be worth 9l. per ann. and that of Reynham
40s. and no more; because (as it is expressed) though it was held for a
manor, yet no profit was from it but the rent of the assise.
In 1330, James de Hauvile gave the King 10 marks, for license to
have a fine to grant to Robert Tiffour and Maud his wife the manors
of Reynham and Dunton, and that they might regrant them to the
said James and Anne, daughter of James Wace, and the heirs of James
and Anne; and in 1345, Sir James Havile was lord; and in 1354,
Roger de Caston, who was rector of Rainham St. Mary, was found to
hold it, in trust, as I take it.
Soon after, this lordship of Rainham Haviles came into the family
of the Townsends, by the marriage of Elizabeth, daughter and heir of
Sir Thomas de Haywell, or Havile, Knt. to Lewis de Townsend; as
Collins, in his Peerage, observes; but this does not appear from any
records or evidences that I have met with; and if an heiress of Havile
was married, (as is above observed,) only some part or portion of this
manor came to the Townsends, by that marriage.
The Scoggans, a family of good account, were about this time
possessed of the principal part of this lordship, and had their residence here; Robert Scoggan of Reynham was a witness to a deed of
Sir Thomas de la Rivere, Knt. lord of Sporle, in 1361: Thomas Scoggan, Esq. was in the retinue of the great Norfolk commander, Sir
Robert Knolles, in 1378, and attended John King of Castile and Leon,
and Duke of Lancaster, in his expedition into Spain. (fn. 34)
John Scoggan of East Reynham, clerk, was lord of Haviles in
1379, and manumised Godwyn Werp of Pudding-Norton, and John his
son, his villains, as appears by this deed,—"Omnib; Xti. fidelib;
ad quos psentis. lre. pvenint. Johes. Scoggan, de Est Reynhm. saltm.
in dno. Novitis me manumisse et ad libum. statum redigisse Godwynum Werp, de Puddyngnorton, et Johem. fil. ejus cu. omnib; sequelis.
eor. tam pcreatis. quam pcreand. ita qd. nec ego pdcus. Johes. Scoggan, nec aliquis hed. meor. nec aliquis nomine meo aliqd. juris vel
clamej nativitatis seu villenagij in pdcis. Godewyno et Johe. fil. ejus
nec in eor. sequel. pcreatis. nec pcreand. here. exigere vl. vendicare
potim. in futuru. tn. cuj. rei testimin. psenti. scripto manumissionis
sigillu. meu. apposui. Dat. apud Puddynorton, primo die Maij anno
regni Regis Rici. scdi. post conquestu. quinto." The seal is of redwax.—Two bendlets lozengy,—which hereby appears to be the
true arms of these Scoggans.
In 1391, John Scoggan (capellane) aforesaid died seized of the
manor of Haviles, and Henry his brother was found to be his heir,
(as is proved by the eschaet-rolls,) aged 30; and the said Henry occurs lord in 1395, and held it by the service of paying 40s. per ann.
to Norwich castle, at the feasts of Easter and St. Michael, by equal
portions: this Henry died seized of it in 1407, and Robert was his son
and heir aged 19 years. This was, as I presume, that Henry Scoggan,
famous for his wit and humour in the time of King Henry IV. who
wrote a ballad directed (as Stow informs us (fn. 35) ) to Prince Henry, the
King's son, Thomas Duke of Bedford, and Humphrey Duke of Glou
cester, at supper with the merchants of London; an author out of
whom the said historian (as he tells us) gathered materials, and was
buried in the cloisters of Westminster abbey. Robert Scoggan abovementioned was lord of Haviles in 1409, and Rouses manor in Rainham, with a toft called Wards; and in 1414, released to Henry
Maupas, clerk, &c. all his right in all his manors, lands and tenements
here and elsewhere, in Norfolk, which formerly belonged to John
Scoggan his uncle, and Henry his father. (fn. 36)
In 1420, William Champneys of Oxwyk confirmed to William Marchall, Esq. of East Reinham, Thomas Scoggan, &c. several lands in
East Reinham field, and Oxwyk.—Witnesses, John Soper of East Reinham, John Barker and William Brown of East Reinham, &c.
About this time lived Walter de Townsend, who is said to have
married Maud, daughter of Sir Roger Scoggan, who probably brought
with her all Scoggan's right in this manor; after this I find no mention made of any of that family, as lords here; but in Edward the
Fourth's reign, lived John Scoggan, descended most probably from
this family, a celebrated poet: Bale says, he was by nature a jocose
and a witty man, profited so much in philosophy, and other liberal
arts, that he was A. M. at Oxford, and was so greatly esteemed for
his smart and witty expressions, that he was sent for by King Edward
IV. to court; where, as another Democritus, he turned all into jokes,
mirth, and laughter; published certain comedies, and a book Ad Proceres Curiœ, &c. Sir Richard Baker, also, mentions him as a learned
gentleman, and a student sometime at Oxford: (fn. 37) from him came the
proverb, What says Scogane?
John Townsend, Esq. who lived in the reign of Henry VI. was
undoubtedly lord of the manor of Haviles, died seized of it in 1465,
from which time it has remained united to that of Ingaldesthorp, &c.
Bigot's, or Sherbourn's Manor.
Roger Bigot had also at the survey a small lordship here, which one
freeman held in King Edward's time of the fee of Stigand, the Archbishop of Canterbury, consisting of one carucate of land, and Edwin
held it under Bigot; there belonged to it 4 servi, with one carrucate,
&c. 2 acres of meadow, valued in King Edward's time at 10s. at the
survey at 5s. per annum; and in South Reinham, one freeman held 20
acres of land, held by Aitard, and one bordarer, and half a carucate always belonged to it, with one acre of meadow, valued before
at 5s. now at 3s. (fn. 38)
This Roger Bigot was a principal commander under King William
I. and attended him in his expedition into England, and was ancestor
to the Earls of Norfolk, of that name; but on the marriage of his
daughter Maud, with William de Albiney, the King's chief butler,
ancestor to the Earls of Arundel, it came to the said William and
seems to be held of the Albineys, by the ancient family of Raineham,
who took their name from this town; of this family was William, son
of Bartholomew de Reynham, who in 1232, was summoned to make
answer to the prior of Castleacre, in a plea of a certain debt of 69s. in
arrear, for an annual rent of 3s. due to him, which Godfrey le Pover
of Reynham Magna, by his deed granted to the said prior, out of a
tenement of the said Godfrey, in the said village, called Scortheldelond, and out of a tenement which Roger Gos and Thomas le Carpenter held there, of the said Godfrey, and into whatever hands the
said tenements should hereafter fall; (fn. 39) and the said William, for 23 years
then last past, being possessed thereof, had detained the same: the
prior on producing Godfrey's deed, and proving possession to be in
William, recovered the said debt.
In 1249, Bartholomew de Reynham gave lands here, to Geffrey his
son; and about the said time, Reginald and Hugh de Sprouton were
found to hold lands, and tenements here, and in Kypton, &c. by the
service of a knight's fee, of Robert de Tateshale, who was one of the
heirs of the Earl of Arundel; and in 1268, Peter son of Roger de
Reinham, had lands here, conveyed to him by fine, from Elfrid, of
Oliva, late wife of Thomas, son of Giles de Reynham St. Margaret,
sued Roger de Vaux for the third part of a messuage, 18 acres of
land, 3 of meadow, and 10s. rent, with appertenances in that parish,
for her dower; (fn. 40) and in the said year, 1291, an assise was brought to
know if Alan, son of John de Reinham, uncle of Elias de Havile, was
seized of lands and rents in the 3 Reinhams, of which Thomas, son of
Richard de Snetterton, William, son of Bartholomew de Reinham,
Thomas de Ingaldesthorp, and Robert de Scales, held parcels, (John
Fitz Richard, brother of Alan, being heir to Alan,) before William de
Giselham, and H. de Cressingham, the King's justices, at Norwich.
And by a fine levied in 1306, it was agreed, that Robert de Reinham
should hold certain tenements, and lands in Reinham St. Margaret,
of Richard de Gemeston, and Alice his wife, by the rent of 20d. per
annum for all services. Edmund de Reynham, Knt. was living in 1379.
After this I find no mention of the family of Reinham, in this town.
In 1345, Thomas Neel, and Catherine his mother, (who probably
might be of that family) were found to hold lands and tenements here,
and in Kypton, by the service of half a fee, of the heirs of Robert de
Tateshale, which Hugh de Sproustone formerly held; and in 1407,
Henry Scoggan held a messuage, called Rainham-Wards, with lands
here; and Robert his son, in 1409, held a messuage, formerly Edmund
de Reinham's, &c. but the manor of Rainham was before this, in the family of Sherborne, who gave their name to it: Henry, son and heir of
John Sherborne, conveyed it by fine, in 1495, to Thomas Gygges, and
Thomas Curson, with the manors of Hedenham and Kelling.
In the reign of Henry VI. it came (as I take it) into the family of
Townsend, Sir John Townsend held it in Queen Elizabeth's time,
and was found to die seized of it in 1603; it being called in the inquisition post mortem, the manor of Sherborn's, in West Rainham,
held of the manor of Ingaldesthorp, in soccage, and paying 3s. 4d.
rent per annum.—and it remains united with the other manors in the
The Earl of Clare's Fee.
Rainald, son of Ivo, had also a lordship given him by the Conqueror,
which Bond was a lord of in the Confessor's time, and Boteric held it
under Rainald; it consisted of 4 freemen, one of them was claimed
by Herold, but Rainald held him, who had half a carucate of land;
there always belonged to this one carucate, 3 acres of meadow, formerly valued at 10s. at the survey at 5s. per annum; the sheriff laid
claim to Herold's man, as belonging to the lordship of Fakenham, and
the hundred witnessed that it did belong to it. (fn. 41)
In 1176, Pope Alexander III. by his bull, confirmed to John Bishop
of Norwich, the lands which William Fitz Buteri, gave to him in
West Rainham; (fn. 42) and in the reign of Henry III. when an aid was
granted on the marriage of that King's sister to the Emperor, the heirs
of William Boteri were found to hold half a fee, in Reinham Parva,
of the honour of Clare.
William de Brunne was found, in 1314, to hold in this town,
Wyveton, Snyterle, Cley Wichingham, Stiveky, and Grimstone, lands
of the aforesaid honour; and in 1345, the tenants of the fee of Gloucester held one quarter of a fee here, of the Earl of Gloucester; and
in 1398, John Atte Townsend was found to hold it of Roger Mortimer
Earl of March; and in the family of Townsend it appears to be, in the
years 1424 and 1459, and remains so at this time, being united to the
Besides these lordships which were at the time of the conquest,
there were also some other little ones, or free tenements, which arose
afterwards out of these principal ones; viz. Hall's, Pains and Morehouse, found on the death of Sir Roger Townsend, Bart. to be held of
the manor of Ingaldesthorp; Staple's manor in Rainham, held of the
manor of Paviles, by soccage, and paying 2s. per annum.
Here was also the manor of Rouse's: in 1357, Richard Gallows of
East Reinham confirmed lands to Roger Barker, at Talbots, in the
said town, by the lands of John Champneys, and John Rouses; to
which John le Rous, Robert Scogan, &c. were witnesses. In 1407, it
was possessed by Henry Scogan; and in 1409, Robert Scogan enfeoffed certain persons in the manors of Rouses, and Haviles, and afterwards came to the Townsends, together with Haviles; and John Townsend, Esq. died seized of them in 1465.
The township of East Rainham was taxed for tenths, &c. at 6l.
per annum deducting 20s. remained payable 5l.—West Rainham 5l.
10s. remain 3l. 10s. 2l. being deducted.—South Rainham 3l. 5s.
deduct 15s. remain 2l. 10s.; these deductions were on account of lands
of the religious, and were paid by them.
East Rainham lete fee to the lord of the hundred, was 2s. 6d.
At a place so called in South-Rainham, William de Lisewise founded
a little priory, about 1160, (fn. 43) for the health of his own soul, that of
Maud his wife, and Godfrey his son, dedicating it to the Blessed
Virgin, and St. John the Evangelist; appointing it for a cell to the
priory of Castleacre, endowing it with land, called Middeles, and Franscheshoe, with the hermitage of Wigenhale, &c.—Witnesses, Alan de
Tilneia, and Adam, his son, Simon Norreis, Walter and Seman,
Hugh Cook, William de Lechesham, William Waleis, and Geffrey de
Godfrey his son, with the consent of Maud his wife, William his
son and heir, and all his children, confirmed the donation and grant
of his father William, of this cell on his land or lordship, and all that
he had given, viz. 60 acres of land, and 10 acres, which his father afterwards had added to his first grant; all the land at Middele and
Franscheshoe, with all the land lying between the croft of Seliva, and
the land of Richard de Boit, in South-Reinham, and half an acre of
land by Medeles, and the hermitage of Wigenhale, (fn. 44) which John, the
hermit, held, with all its appertenances, and the third part of a certain turbary, which Alfric, son of Kideman held, which is by the said
hermitage; all which the said priory was to hold freely in pure alms
without any demand, custom, or secular service, for the health of his
own soul, his wife's, and all his children's, and for the soul of his father,
the souls of all his ancestors and successours; and for this grant he
retains, or reserves nothing to himself, or his heirs, but the prayers
that shall be in the monastery of Acra, and in the church of St. John
de Normansberch; and on this condition, that the monks of Acre
shall make divine service to be celebrated at Normansberch, by three
monks at least; to whose sustenance and support the said Godfrey
adds, and gives the church of South-Reinham, with all its appertenances, and 9 acres of land in Gerdel; Richard, the herdsman, or
shepherd, with all his family and goods, and John le Frere, with all
his family and goods, and the tenement which he held of him; and
warrants the same grant against the King, and all men, free from all
service whatever:—witnesses, William, prior of Lewes, Richard Coleman, Alexander, the prior's notary, Philip de Mortemer, his socii, (that
is, his monks,) William de Lechesham, Eustace, the clerk, John and Godfrey de Helet, Seman Cook, and Hamon, the Earl's servant, sans date. (fn. 45)
From this it appears, 1st, That Godfrey had a lordship in SouthReynham, and by this grant gave part of it to this priory, which became also a lordship: 2dly, we may have some knowledge of the
time of this grant; Philip de Mortimer, who was at this time one of
the chief monks of Lewes, was after prior of Castleacre, and occurs so
in 1203, so that it is probable it was in the time of King Henry II.
3dly, it is likely Hamon, the Earl's servant here mentioned, was servant to the Earl Warren, whose ancestors founded the priories of
Lewes and Castleacre. It is probable, that the family of Lisewise
might hold some fees, or lands, under the Earl Warren. William,
the founder of this priory, gave to the priory of Castleacre all the
tithe of his woods, and assarts at Gateley, and of his demean lands
there, as in Castleacre may be seen. It is certain that Gateley, and
part of this town, was held by Hugh de Montefort; and as William
de Lisewise appears to have a lordship there and here, it is highly
reasonable to conclude, that he held a part of this under Hugh's
family, and descendants, and came from the Lisewyses, by two daughters and coheirs, to the Ingaldesthorps and Scales.
By another deed, the said Godfrey granted to the priory of Castleacre 13 acres and one rood of land, 8 acres and a rood of which was
called Caldewelleil, and 5 acres of which lay in the field of East-Gisdele in South-Rainham, and all the liberties which they had to their
cell of Normansberch; also a foldcourse in all the land belonging to
the church of St. John of Normansberch, which are the lands beyond
the water towards the south; and all the lands, tenements, and
liberties which William, his father, granted to them: witnesses,
Gerard, the priest of Barsham, Roger, priest, his brother, Richard de
Fulden, William de Lechesham, Roger de Sengham, Simon Mareschal, &c.
Whether this Godfrey was of the family of Dodo de Lysures, Lord
Lysures de Fletborough, who had a daughter and heir, Albredge, first
married to Richard Fitz-Eustace, lord of Halton, and constable of
Chester, of whom descended the Lacies Earls of Lincoln, and afterwards married Sir William Fitz-William, of whom descended William
Fitz-William Earl of Southampton. and Sir William Fitz-William, Knt.
&c. I cannot say; but this I may observe, that the Fitz-Williams were
afterwards patrons of the hermitage, or (priory and nunnery of
Crabhouse, as it was afterwards called, and converted into,) in Wigenhale, above mentioned. This Dodo lived in the time of King Stephen,
and bore, or, a chief, azure. About the said time, in the reign of King
Henry II. lived Fulco de Lysures, who married Alice, daughter
of —, and sister of William de Aubervill, who was a widow in 1183,
aged 30; and holding lands in capite, was de donatione Regis, that is,
could not marry without the King's license and consent; (fn. 46) and had
then two sons, who were knights, and three other sons, and six daughters, married and unmarried, which last were in the ward of their
mother, who held Glapthorp and Abington in Northamptonshire, valued
at 14l. per ann.
Godfrey also gave, with the consent of Maud his wife, to the said
priory, 12d. per ann. rent, due from Gilbert Pauvere: (fn. 47) Witnesses,
Ivo, Capellane, William de Bec, William de Lechesham, Godfrey de
Cambridge, John de Hellet, &c.
In 1199, a fine was levied between Godfrey de Lisewyz, and Gilbert
Pauperem, (Poor, or Le Pouvre,) of lands, customs, and services in
Reynham, granted to Gilbert, who gave 6 marks of silver to Godfrey,
one talent to Maud his wife, and another to Maud his mother, and a
third to William, son of Godfrey; by this it appears, that six marks
of silver were more than one talent.
Aveline, daughter of Richard de Hoxewic, by deed sans date, granted
to the said priory of Normansberch one penny rent, per ann. which
Richard, son of Godefrid, Dean of Hoxewic, owed to her, and all her
right in a tenement, which the said Richard holds of the fee of the
priory of Normansberch: Witnesses, Sir Peter Buzun, Sir Ralph de
Patesle, Hamon, his son, Godfrey, son of Hugh de Hoxewic, Richard,
son of Thomas de Croft, Geff. de Croft, Richard Wade of Hoxewic,
Adam Buzun, Robert Sparwe, Adam, his son, Robert de Hardele, Roger
de Patesle, &c.
John Gunnild, by deed sans date, granted to Ralph, son of Osbert,
and to his daughters, Agnes and Joan, of Suth-Reynham, a piece of
ground there, paying yearly to the priory 1d. Roger, son of Giles de
Patesley, chaplain, by deed, sans date, released to the priory his right
in a tenement which he held of the priory in Godewic; viz. the tenement which Manser le Paumer of Brecham held: Witnesses, Sir
Hamon Burt, Geffery de Longvil, Ralph de Herlam, William FitzRalph de Hoxewic, Richard his son, William, son of Edrick de Titleshale, Giles de Patesle, Adam Buzun Wissenset.
Jeffrey de Longvile, brother of Roger de Lonvile, by deed, sans date,
confirmed to this priory all the land which Roger, his eldest brother,
gave them; viz. six acres and a rood of land in Godewic, lying at
Gatewong, and an acre and half at Stiwong: Witnesses, Geff. de
Medlers, Roger de St. Denyns, Reimer de Dunton, Roger le Strange,
Wymer de Bradeham.
Richard, son of William de Ingaldesthorpe, by the advice and consent of Maud his wife, grants to this priory 2 pieces of marsh-land,
one lying in Branches furlong, between the marsh of Thomas, son of
Richard, son of William, and the marsh of Jeff. de Reinham, and the
homage and service of William, son of Ralph de Gateley, for the tenemen which he held of him, with the appertenances, with the rent of
one capon per ann: Witnesses, Alan, son of John, Jeff. de Reinham,
Barthol. son of William, John Poor, &c. sans date.
This deed, in some measure, confirms what I have observed, that
the manor of East and South Reinham came to the Ingaldesthorpes
and Scales, by the heiresses of Lisewise. Here we find Maud to be
the wife of Richard de Ingaldesthorpe, and to grant this at the request
of his wife, being related to the founder, most probably, and daughter
of William de Lisewise, grandson to the founder, whose mother's and
grandmother's name was also Maud.
Gowline, son of Richard Derebout, granted by deed, sans date, land
in South Reinham:—Witnesses, Sir Robert de Eschalers, (or Scales,)
Sir Jeff. de Medlers, &c.
Roger occurs prior in Henry the Second's time, (fn. 48) and styles himself
as below.—Hugh, prior, occurs 1204.
Simon, prior of Normansberch, occurs, 1227, with the assent of his
brethren, grants to Philip de Longvil, (by deed, sans date,) rector of
the church of Godewic, for his homage, &c. 4 acres and a half of
land in the fields of Godewic, of the gift of Pagan de Longvill, paying 12d. per ann.—Witnesses, Sir Thomas Burt, Sir Gilbert de Fransham, Sir Richard de Butellers, Hamon de Patesle, Ralph de Erlham,
Richard, son of Walter de Tittleshale, &c.—Gervase, prior.
Roger, prior of Normansberch, styles himself in the Pope's language
and style, Rogerus, servus servorum Dei, prior humilie de Reynham.—
They had no spiritualities, as it is said. The temporalities of this
house, in 1428, in Reinham St. Mary, were 3s. 6d. per ann.; in St.
Martin's, 4l. 14s. 4d. and all their temporalities in Norfolk then were
valued at 6l. 0s. 10d. per ann. The Duke of Norfolk had a grant of
it at the Dissolution, and in 1554, on March 4th, died seized of it;
but in the 33d of Henry VIII. it was in the King's hand, and farmed
of the King, called the manor of Lewsewis; afterwards it came to the
Townsends, and in 1564, Roger Townsend held all those, late the Duke
of Norfolk's, called Normansburgh, and had livery of them in that
Rainham St. Mary's Church.
In this town were 3 churches, of which this was the chief, called also
East-Rainham, and is a rectory valued, in the reign of King Edward
I. at 20 marks; paid Peter-pence 10d. ob. The present valor is 18l.
13s. 4d. and pays first-fruits, and tenths.
It consists of a nave, with two isles, and a chancel covered with
lead, and has a four-square tower, and four bells; on the south side
of it is a curious large dial, with a clock, erected at the charge of the
late Charles Lord Viscount Townsend, and on the north side of the
church and chancel, a dormitory, but no monuments.
Against the north-east part of the chancel is a very fair tomb, but
without any inscription, erected to the memory of Sir Roger Townsend, the judge, agreeable to the will of the Lady Elianore his wife,
as is abovementioned, with a canopy, &c. of stone work. On it were
the arms of Townsend; azure, a chevron, ermin, between three escallops, argent. and that of Havile's, quarterly; gules, a chevron, or,
between three de-lis, argent,—impaling, quarterly, azure, a chevron,
between three boars heads, couped, or, Lunsford;—and argent, three
chevronels, gules, a file in chief of three points, azure,—Barrington.
On a marble grave-stone;—
Orate p. aiâ. Johs. Townsend, filii Rogeri et Elianore, qui obiit iiii.
die Octob, Ao. Dni. M. CCCC.LXV.
Orate p. aiâ. Georgii Townsend, filii Rogeri Townsend, Armigeri.
Orate p. aiâ. Magistri Robti. Godfrey, Clici. in Legibus Bacularii.
quoda. rectoris de Reynham. Sce. Marie, qi. obiit xxiii. die mens. Apr.
Ao. Dni. mo. vc. xxiio.
Gulielmus Prestland, hujus ecclesiœ rector, obiit die Novemb. 13°.
Orate p. aiâ. Dni. Willi. Silvester, alias vocati Candeler, quodam.
Capellani istius ecclie. qi. obiit vicesimo die mens. Septemb. Ao. Dni.
m. cccco. lxxio.
Orate p. aiâ. Joh. Cresner, Generosi.
Robert Wolvey of Reynham Magna, buried here in 1524, gave by
will to the repair of this church 3l. and a cross of silver of the price
of 10l. and makes his special, and most trusty master, Sir Roger Townsend, supervisor of his will. (fn. 49)
On the windows of the south isle are the arms of the Lords Scales,
—Ingaldesthorp,—Townsend, and Havile, impaling gules, three falcons, beaked and jessed, or,—Atterton;—also in the west window,
Townsend and Havile impaling azure, a fess, wavy, or; and in a north
window was — a fess, counterembattled between three trefoils.
In 1227, John occurs rector, as appears by a fine, wherein Osbert
grants a tenement, in Reynham Magna, to John, and his successours.
1320, William de Hackford, presented by Sir John, son of Sir Thomas de Ingaldesthorp.
Roger de Caston occurs in the 22d of Edward III.
1361, William Burghard, by Sir William de Ingaldesthorp.
1380, John de Tyveteshale, by the King, on the minority of the son
and heir of Sir William.
1423, Gregory Whery, by the King.
1479, Thomas Smyth, L.L. B. by Sir William Norye, Knt. in right
of his late wife.
1496, John Clyff, by the Lady Elianor Townsend, widow of Sir
1522, Robert Godfrey.
1581, Samuel Gardiner.
1600, Samuel Gardiner, by the Lady Berkeley.
1622, William Armstead occurs rector.
1634, Samuel Clerk.
1638, John Easton.
1681, William Prestland.
1721, Thomas Cole, D. D. by Lord Townsend, afterwards Dean of
1730, Edward Franklin, by ditto.
In this church was St. Mary's guild.
In 1553, Laur. Maptid, late chantry priest in Rainham, had a pension of 6l. per ann.
The prior of Fakenham-dam had temporalities in this parish, a mill,
and land valued in 1428, at 27s. per ann.
The prior of St. Faith's (of Horsham) temporalities, valued at 12d.
Rainham St. Margaret, or West-Rainham.
This church has a nave, and a north isle, covered with lead, and a
chancel with tiles.
Its ancient valor was 18 marks; paid Peter-pence, 10d. ob.—the
present valor is 13l. 6s. 8d. pays first-fruits, &c.
On the screen, between the church and chancel were painted the
arms of Townsend and Havile impaling Gigges, as aforesaid; Townsend and Havile impaling Brews, argent, a lion rampant, and crusily
of crosslets, gules, lion crowned, or.
The patronage was anciently in the manor of Haviles, and was
given by Sir Thomas Havile, with one acre of land to the priory of
Miremond, in the isle of Ely, by fine, in 1316.
In 1322, Richard de Walton, rector, presented by the prior of Mirmound.
1327, Henry de Gysych. Ditto.
1339, Nicholas Taterford, by the King.
1349, George de Mylham, by the prior.
1364, William Cressingham occurs rector of Rainham.
1375, William Vechey, by the prior.
1391, Robert Newman. Ditto.
1391, John de Lenne. Ditto.
1417, Ralf Grys. Ditto.
1449, John Fincham. Ditto.
1458, John Wastell, by Sir Thomas Todenham, the prior's assignee.
1497, Mr. John Scarlet, Decret. Dr. by the Lady Eleanore Townsend, widow.
1508, Robert Bradshaw occurs rector.
John Baldwin, rector.
1616, Samuel Gardiner.
1633, Thomas Ramsey.
Charles Roderick, D. D. he was provost of King's college, Cambridge, and Dean of Ely, and died 1712.
1721, Thomas Cole, D. D. by the death of William Prestland, by
the Lord Townsend, Dean of Norwich.
1730, Edward Franklin. Ditto.
The prior of Westacre had lands in this parish, valued at 101s. and
3d. per ann. In 1428, by an agreement between them, and the priory
of Castleacre, sans date, exchanged them.
King Henry VIII. in his 36th year, granted to Thomas Broke and
John Williams, lands, pastures, and sheep-walks, in West-Rainham,
and Kypton, late belonging to Castleacre priory, in the tenure of Sir
Roger Townsend; and in the said year, October 28th, he granted to
Sir Thomas Wriothesly, and Jane his wife, messuages, lands, &c. late
belonging to Westacre priory.
Rainham St. Martin, or South-Rainham.
William de Lek was rector in the time of John Grey, Bishop of Norwich, and was granted by Godfrey de Lisewis to his priory of Normansbergh, and appropriated thereto by the said Bishop, and confirmed
by Hubert Archbishop of Canterbury; and after granted by Robert,
prior of Castleacre, (Normansbergh being a cell to that house,) and
Simon, prior of Normansbergh to Robert Lord Scales, in 1227, and
given by him, at the request of his son, to the priory of Blackburgh,
and appropriated to it, by Walter Bishop of Norwich, in 1257, and a
vicarage appointed, valued at 40s. the rectory at 15 marks; Peterpence 10d. ob.
1325, Hugh, occurs vicar.
1326, John de Helmingham, presented by the prioress of Blackburgh.
1335, John Lefts. Ditto.
1350, Henry de Grafton, by the Bishop of Norwich.
1374, Simon Austin.
1382, Thomas Oxley, by the prioress.
1397, John de Leicester. Ditto.
1399, William Cocket. Ditto.
1400, John Lomnour. Ditto.
John de Gwillis, vicar.
1426, William Corby. Ditto.
1431, John Bulle. Ditto.
1441, John Whetele. Ditto.
1449, Thomas Nory. Ditto.
1458, Thomas Frarewell. Ditto.
On the dissolution of Blackburgh priory, the rectory, and advowson
of the vicarage were granted May 5, Ao. 3° of Edward VI. to Sir
Soon after this it became a rectory again, and
Henry Baldwin was rector. Edward Hampton, rector. Richard
Ketwell, rector, and Elias Bate, rector, about 1635.
Mr. — Cushion died rector in 1740.
1740, Thomas Scot, rector, presented by Lord Townsend.
1742, William Miles. Ditto.
1748, Charles Allen. Ditto.
It is now a rectory, valued at 6l. and discharged.
In the church were formerly the lights of St. Martin, and of Cor
On the 3d of April Ao. 7°. of King Richard II. the prior and convent of Bynham demised for ever, in fee farm, to the prior and convent
of Lewes, in Sussex, all the fruits and profits of their portions of tithes,
in Reynham, Norton, Tofts, and Shireford, for the yearly pension of
24s. payable on the feast of St. Andrew.
King Edward VI. on July 1, Ao. 7°, granted to Thomas Spany, and
John Baspoole, 30 acres and 10 roods of land, in East, West, and
South Rainham, belonging to Thetford priory.