William de Beaufort Bishop of Thetford had a grant in fee of
the greatest part of this town, of which 3 freemen were deprived, who
possessed it under the commendation only of Almar, (Bishop of
Elmham,) in the reign of the Confessor, and Helias held it under
Beaufoe, consisting of 46 acres of land, 4 acres of meadow, and
a carucate valued at 4s. Helias also had 60 acres of land, of which
one freeman under the protection of Bishop Almar, was deprived:
this Helias held freely, with 40 acres of free land that belong to a
church, and 7 acres of meadow; this belonged to a free woman, with
4 bordarers, and 2 more, who had also before the conquest a carucate
and an half of land, with a church endowed with 10 acres, valued at
10d. and besides 7 freemen under her protection only had 40 acres of
land, 3 of meadow, with a carucate valued at 12s. In the same town
2 freemen under the commendation of Bishop Almar, only, had 50
acres of land, one villain, 4 bordarers, 12 acres of meadow, with a carucate and a half, the moiety of a salt-work held by William de Noiers; this before the conquest was valued at 50d. at the survey it paid
19s. the said town was 10 furlongs long, 6 broad, and paid 20d. gelt. (fn. 1)
In Burlingham 15 freemen, under the commendation only of Bishop Almar, had 2 carucates of land, 9 bordarers, with 8 acres of
meadow, and 8 carucates, valued formerly at 20s. but at the survey at
26s. 8d.; there belonged to it a church, with 30 acres, valued at 2s.
8d. and William de Noiers held it of the Bishop at the survey.
Bishop Beaufoe gave the abovementioned fees to his successours,
the Bishops of Norwich, and several lordships arose out of these fees,
which lordships were in the see of Norwich, and held by the Bishops
The ancient family of De Caston were lords of a manor, held of the
see of Norwich, which probably came by the marriage of Egidia, a
daughter and coheir of Thomas de Bradeston, with John de Caston, in
the reign of Henry III. John de Cateston and Catherine his wife conveyed by fine in the 30th of Edward III. lands here to John de Well
and Alice his wife; from the Castons it came with the advowson of St.
Andrew's church in North Berlingham, to Sir Robert Carbonel, from
them to the Berneys, so to Sir James Edwards, Bart. and the heirs of
Sir Lambert Blackwell, Bart. possessed it, with the patronage of St.
Andrew's church, in 1740.—See in Bradeston.—It afterwards was purchased by Carteret Leaths, Esq. who presented as lord and patron to
the churches of St. Andrew's and St. Edmund in 1741 and 1751.
The Lords Bardolf, barons of Wirmegay, in Norfolk, were also enfeoffed of a lordship under the Bishops of Norwich; George de Felmingham was found in the 20th of Henry III. to hold half a fee of the
Lord Bardolf, and that lord of the Bishop; Christiana de Felmingham conveyed to Hamon, son of William de Felmingham, messuages
and lands in the 5th of Edward I.
Adam de Hindringham, and John Gernoun, possessed lands, &c. in
the 9th of Edward II. under the Lord Bardolf, and in the 14th of
that King, Greg. de Felmingham died seized of lands held by knight's
service of the said lord, and James Rightwyse was his heir, son of Catherine his sister, and coheir. This James in the 16th of Edward III.
granted it by fine to John and Robert his brothers.
In the 3d of Henry IV. Hugh Rightwise, and John Boole, &c. held
it of the aforesaid lord, by half a fee. Hugh died in the 13th of
Henry VI. and John his son and heir had livery. To this manor belonged the patronage of St. Peter's church.
In the 10th of Richard I. Thomas de Walcot was living, and had an
interest here; and in the 41st of Henry III. the advowson of the
church of North Burlingham, St. Andrew, was granted to Oliva de
Boyton, by Thomas de Walcote; Walter de Walcote claimed in the
14th of Edward I. view of frank pledge, the assise, &c. and Alexander de Walcot was lord in the 9th of Edward II. and 15th of Edward
John Browning of North Birlingham confirmed, in the 29th of
Edward III. to Robert de Yelverton this manor with its appertenances
in South Walsham, Fishley, Upton, &c. with courts, view of frank
pledge:—Witnesses; Sir John de Caston, Sir Edward Gerberge, Richard de Illey, William Clere, dated August 29. Browning sealed
with three lozenges. John Browning, son of John, released it to Robert Caly, and Cecil his wife; William Clere of Ormesby, and Cecil,
widow of Robert Caly, in the 9th of Richard II. enfeoffed Sir John
Wyche, &c. in trust, to enfeof Nicholas, son of John de Secheford, who
enjoyed it, and his son John also; which John, in the 12th of Henry
IV. enfeoffed John Lynge of Battisford, William Cavendish, Thomas
Roos, citizens and mercers of London, and Thomas Roos released it to
John Welles, &c. in 1426.—John Wells, in 1428, to William Cavendish, mercer of London, and Robert Cavendish of Suffolk; the said
William and Robert, for 40l. confirmed it to William Daubeny, and
Robert his brother, when it had the name of Daubeny's manor; Cavendish sealed with three bucks heads caboshed, the arms of the present
Duke of Devonshire.
William Daubeny had, by Cecil his wife, a son Thomas, who was
father of Henry; and Cecil, remarried to Thomas Weston of Norwich,
Henry Daubeny, Gent. in the 30th of Henry VIII. sold it to Sir
Christopher Heydon, and in the said year he conveyed it to Richard
Gilbert of Birlingham, Gent. who was buried in the church of Birlingham, St. Andrew, in 1548. Thomas Gilbert, a descendant, was lord in
the 19th of James I. Thomas Holmes, junior, of Mundham, Gent.
and Mary his wife, John Wrongey, of —, and Abra his wife,
John Richman of Hetherset, Gent. and Anne his wife, daughters and
coheirs of Richard Gilbert, sold it in 1654, to William Berney, Esq. of
Elsing, and so came from them to Edwards, Blackwell, and Carteret
Leathes, Esq. as above.
William de St. Cleer, was one of the heirs of Nicholas le Butler, who held a manor in North Burlingham, and sold, in the 57th of
Henry III. by fine, all his right to William, son of William de Heveningham, in this town, and South Walsham. Adam, son of John de
Brancaster, the other heir, conveyed also his right to Guy de Botetourt.
In the 9th of Edward II. and the 20th of Edward III. John Stoneware had part of a fee of the Bishop. Sir John Fastolf possessed it
in the 3d of Henry IV. being the 10th part of a fee in North Birlingham, and in the 35th of Henry VIII. John Atkins and Margaret his
wife were querents, John Bishop and Elizabeth his wife, deforcients,
of the manor called Goodwyn's, a messuage, 60 acres of land, 40 of
pasture, 60s. rent in North and South Birlingham.
North Birlingham tenths were 3l. 15s.—Deducted 5s.
The Church of St. Andrew, in North Birlingham, was a rectory
valued at 12 marks; paid Peter-pence 11d. carvage 2d. The present
valor is 12l.
Richard de Runhale was rector in 10th of Richard I. as appears
from a fine then levied.
Richard de Griston occurs rector in the 14th of Edward I. and
Ralph de Caston, in the year 1326, and said to be blind with age.
1337, William Atteforth de Bergh was instituted, presented by Sir
John de Caston.
1348, John Copsy. Ditto.
1349, John de Swathyngs. Ditto.
1360, William Waryn. Ditto.
In 1361, the Lady Catherine de Caston presented, but no name occurs in the institution book.
1376, Thomas Atteker, by the Bishop, guardian of the heirs of Sir
Robert de Caston.
Robert Daubeneye occurs rector in 1429, and
William Nichol, in 1462.
William Dykson was rector in 1485.
1544, Matthew Parker, and resigned 1547, after Archbishop of
John Robinson rector.
John Hodgson, in 1612.
William Heath died rector of St. Andrew's and St. Edmund's, Birlingham, in 1741, and
George Dowdswell, then presented by Carteret Leaths, Esq.
1751, Isaac Battail. Ditto.
On a monument in the church:
=== Deo Trino, et Uni Sacrum.—Secundum Christi Redemptoris
adventum sub hoc tumulo expectat Gregorius Mileham, filius Roberti
Mileham de Birlingham, Gener. qui cum ex Anna uxore, charissima
filia Willi. Bayspool de Toft, Gener. unum filium filiamq; unam suscepisse pie in Christo obdormivit 8 die Apr. Ao. 1615, Ætatis suæ 64.
—Edw Mileham, filius mæstissimus patri optimo et charissimo, officiosæ
pietatis et memoriæ ergo hoc monumentum posuit.
In this town of North Birlingham was also the church of St. Peter,
a rectory valued at 6 marks; Peter-pence 6d. carvage 2d. the present
valor is 5l. and is discharged.
In the 4th of Edward I. Sir Step. de Strumpshale, Knt. and Margery his wife, sold the advowson to the Lord William Bardolf, and
Julian his wife, by fine; and the said lord gave it, in the 13th of that
King, with 3 acres of land, to the priory of Castleacre, in exchange
for the advowson of the church of Westbriggs, in Norfolk; Witnesses,
Sir Roger de Toftes, and Sir Richard de Belhouse, Sir John de Dunham, Sir Godfrey de Acra, Knts.
John de Essex occurs rector, in 1287.
1299, Richard of New-Market, presented by the prior, &c. of
1314, Ralph Benne. Ditto.
1343, William de Antingham, by papal provision.
1377, Jeff. le Brun. Ditto.
1377, William Fever, by the prior, &c.
1378, Hugh Tame. Ditto.
1389, Nicholas Young. Ditto.
1390, Phil. Waller. Ditto.
1395, John Fowke. Ditto.
1405, John Beele. Ditto.
William Byshop was rector in 1440, and 1448.
1449, William Den, by the prior, &c.
William Hardingham, rector in 1485.
Robert Talbot occurs rector in 1547.
Edward Slym, rector about 1600.
James Hucks, about 1620.
Robert Fawcet occurs 1695.
1727, Benjamin Paul, on James Dover's resignation, by John Anstis, Esq. Garter King at Arms.
1732, Brydges Thomas. Ditto.
1737, James Downes, by William Tayler, Esq. &c.
1737, John Gogill, by William Blackbourn, Esq. &c.
On the dissolution of Castleacre priory, it was conveyed by the
prior to King Henry VIII. in his 29th year; and in the said year, on
December 22, granted to the Duke of Norfolk.
Ralph Goodwyn of North Birlingham, buried in 1518, in this
church, gives to the repair of it 40s.—Lands in North Birlingham,
in the tenure of Richard Gilbert, lately belonging to Westacre priory,
granted July 1, to Ed. Spanye, and John Baspole.