EAST - WINCH.
In the book of Domesday is called Winic, from Win, which in the
British language signifies water, and Ic or Ise, a general name, in
these parts for any stream or rivulet, the inhabitants of this part of
the Heptarchy, or East Angles, being called by the Romans the Iceni;
also Wininc, as seated in a wet meadow.
The principal lordship at the survey was in the Crown. Godric
farmed it, or had the care of it for the King. (fn. 1)
In King Edward's time it was a beruite to Sporle, (a considerable
lordship belonging to the Crown, in the hundred of South Greenhow,)
and contained 2 carucates of land, with 11 villains and 24 acres acres
of meadow, 2 carucates in demean, &c. and one amongst the tenants.
When Godric entered on it he found 24 sheep, 9 swine, &c. and a
fishery; 12 socmen belonged to it with 54 acres of land, and 8 acres
of meadow, and there was always one carucate and an half, with 10
acres of meadow; the whole was valued in Sporle, and was half a
leuca long, and 4 furlongs broad, and paid 8d. to a 20s. gelt.
This manor, with Sporle, which was royal demean, was given (as some
say) by King Edward to Ralph Waker or Gauder, Earl of Norfolk,
(but Dugdale more truly supposes him to be of Britany in France,
and to be made Earl by the Conqueror,) and was taken as a beruite or
lordship of Sporle.
On his rebellion, it is certain, if he ever was in possession of it,
(which does not clearly appear,) it was forfeited to the Conqueror, and
after the making the book of Domesday, was granted by the Conqueror to Alan, son of Flaald.
The first that I meet with upon record to have been lord after this,
is Sir Ralph Le Strange, who lived in the reign of Henry II. and
gave the rectory of this church to the priory of Carhow by Norwich,
which was after appropriated to that house, by Roger Sherwing,
Bishop of Norwich.
In the 4th of King John, Philip de Burnham and Emme his wife,
(one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Ralph) impleaded Fulk D'Eiry
and Maud his wife, another daughter and coheir of Sir Ralph, for a
moiety of this town, and messuages here, in Litcham and Ringsted.
Alan, son of Flaald, was lord of Mileham, and ancestor to the Earls
of Arundel, under whom the family of Le Strange held many lordships, and of these Earls: the Howards, afterwards lords of this manor,
were found to hold it.
Sir William de Calthorp, who married Cecilia, daughter of Philip de
Burnham, sister and coheir of William de Burnham, had a right
herein; and in the 45th of Henry III. they granted it by fine to William de Grancourt, and his heirs, to be held of them; and Walter de
Grancourt, son of William, was lord in the 14th of Edward I.
William Howard purchased it of Thomas de Grancourt, in the 26th
of that King; and in the 28th of the said reign, 2 messuages 4 carucates and 60 acres of land, 50 of meadow, with 6 marks per ann. rent,
in this town and Middleton, were settled by fine of Robert de Shuldham, in Easter term, on the aforesaid William, and Alice his wife.
This was Sir William Howard, the famous judge, founder of the
noble family of the Howards, ancestor to the Dukes of Norfolk, &c.
It appears that he resided here in the 34th of the aforesaid King, from
the accounts of the chamberlains of Lynn, in the said year, when several presents were sent to him and his lady, from the corporation,
for his good services, viz.
Item in uno carcos. bovis misso D'ne Alice Howard usq; Winch vi
sol.—It. in vino p. duas vices miss. D'no Willo. Howard cum duobus
carcos. vitul. et uno scuto apri xiii sol. viiid.—It. in duob; salmon.
miss. D'no. Willo. Howard vigil. pasche xi sol.
This Sir William was found to hold it by the fourth part of a fee,
of Richard Earl of Arundel.
He was an eminent lawyer, and before he was a judge, a counsellor retained by that corporation, with an annual pension.
In the 5th of Edward III. Sir John Howard, senior, was found to
hold of Hamon L'Estrange the manor of East Winch, by the fourth
part of a fee, valued at 30l. per ann. In the 20th of Richard II. Sir
John Howard resided here, and by Elizabeth daughter and sole heir
of John Howard, son and heir of Sir John Howard, it came by marriage to John Vere, Earl of Oxford, who had livery of it in 1437.
This Earl was beheaded in 1460, and Elizabeth his widow settled it
(being her own inheritance) in trust, on Richard Duke of Gloucester,
for her and her heirs; and on the death of her grandson, John Vere,
the 14th Earl of Oxford, without issue, it was assigned to John Nevil
Lord Latimer, and to Sir Anthony Wingfeld, by the marriage of Dorothy and Elizabeth, two of the sisters and coheirs of the said Earl;
the Wingfelds parting with their moiety to the Nevils, Dorothy, a
daughter and coheir of John, Lord Latimer, who died in the year
1577, brought it by marriage, to Thomas Cecil Earl of Exeter, eldest
son to William Cecil, Lord Burleigh; and the said Thomas, and Sir
Richard Cecil, aliened it to William Barnes, Esq. in the 17th of King
James I. April 20, (son of Edward Barnes, Esq. of Soham in Cambridgeshire;) he married first Thomasine, one of the daughters of
Richard Hovell, Esq. of Hillington in Norfolk, and his 2d wife was Thomasine, daughter of Owen Shepherd, Esq. of Kirby Bedon in Norfolk,
by whom he had 2 sons, William Barnes, Esq. and Owen Barnes, town
clerk of Lynn, who died single, and was buried at East Winch, in
William, the eldest, died at East Winch, March, 16, 1661, and left
by Anne his wife, daughter of Thomas Coppin of Marketcell, in the
parish of Caddington in Bedfordshire, Tho. Barnes, Esq. who married
Mary, alias Isabella, daughter of Sir John Griffith of Tilbury Fort
in Essex, widow of Will. Langley, Esq. by whom she had children,
who dying in their infancy, the said Thomas Barnes gave it at his
death to his wife and to her son William Langley, Esq. 2d son of
William Langley, Esq. her first husband.
The said Thomas Barnes had a brother, Edward Barnes of East
Carleton in Norfolk, Gent. who married Lucy, daughter of Nicholas
Barber of Fressingfield in Suffolk.
William Langley, Esq. (father of William, who was lord of this
town by the grant of Thomas Barnes, Esq. (was eldest son of Sir Roger Langley, Bart. of Sheriff - Hutton in Yorkshire, and died before his
father in 1689, leaving by his wife aforesaid, daughter of Sir John
Griffith, several sons.
Roger, the eldest, succeeded his grandfather in 1698; William, the
2d son, was lord of this manor, and left by Margaret his wife, daughter of— Sutton of Barbadoes, Esq. an only daughter, and was
succeeded in this lordship by Thomas Langley, Esq. his younger brother; and in 1716, on the death of his eldest brother, Sir Roger was
heir to the honour, and a baronet. He married —, daughter of
Captain Robert Edgeworth, of Langwood in the county of Meath in
Ireland, and had issue 2 sons and 2 daughters, and was living in this
town in the year 1720, much reduced, and in a state of poverty.
After this, it was possessed by Mr. Cotton, of Cutler's Hall in London, attorney, and was mortgaged to Archibald Hutchingson, Esq.
whose widow possessing it in 1762, Sir John Tyrrell. Bart. of Essex,
(heir to the Cottons,) has obtained a decree in chancery for a redemption.
Another part or moiety of this manor of the King's, held by Godric,
came to Fulk d' Eiry, by Maud his wife, daughter and coheir (as I have
observed, of Sir Ralph L' Estrange, and was held by him in the fourth
of King John.
It was possessed by Jeffrey de Yry or D'Eiry, in the 6th of Henry
III. when a fine was levied before Hubert de Burgh, chief justice,
Martin de Pateshul, Stephen de Segrave, Thomas de Heydon, Hugh
Ruffus, and Fulk Baynard, the King's justices, between the said Jeffrey and Margaret, prioress of Blackburgh, about the course of a certain water here, which the prioress had diverted to the damage of Jeffrey's mill, being compromised on an agreement about opening the
sluices of the said mill.
About this time William de Bellomonte is said to hold a quarter of
a fee, and William Constable had also some interest in this town, as
appears from a pleading in the 34th of Henry III. His estate was
seized in the 49th of the said King, he having been in the battles of
Lewes and Evesham on the part of the barons, which was after restored to him.
In the 13th of Edward I. June 2, a grant of free warren in this
lordship, in Gedney and Wynesley in Lincolnshire, in Burton Constable, Pagle, and Holm in Yorkshire, was passed to Simon Constable.
Pentney Priory Manor.
Roger Bigot had the grant of a lordship, in this village, from the
Conqueror which Guerd, a freeman, King Harold's brother, possessed
in the days of the Confessor containing 60 acres of land, and 11 of
meadow, with 6 villains, 3 borderers, and 2 carucates valued formerly
at 40s. at the survey at 60s. and Robert de Vaux held it of Bigot. (fn. 2)
Roger Bigot was ancestor of the Bigots Earls of Norfolk; and
Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk gave it to William de Hastings, steward
to King Henry II. (fn. 3) on his marriage with Margery his daughter, who
then became the capital lord; and was granted about the year 1250,
with the consent of Sir Nicholas de Hastings, to the priory of Pentney,
by William, or John de Vaux; and in the 16th of Edward I. John de
Vaux was found to die seized of one fee here and in Geyton Thorp,
held of him by the prior of Pentney. See in Geyton Thorp.
In 1428, the temporalities of this convent were valued at 8l. 18s.
2½d. q. per ann. King Henry VIII. at the Dissolution, granted it
February 14, in his 29th year, for a certain term of years, to Thomas
Earl of Rutland, and John Dethick, Gent. farmed it of the said Earl,
at 10l. 2s. 5d. per ann. King Edward VI. in his fourth year, April 11,
gave it to the see of Norwich, and it is held at this time by lease, of
It is said to be called in the grant of King Edward VI. Grancourt's
manor, lately belonging to the priory of Pentney, but without any
reason, as far as I have seen, and was leased to Queen Elizabeth, in
1588 for 80 years, by Dr. Scambler, Bishop of Norwich, at 10l. 7s. 6d.
Ralph de Tony had also two socmen, who held 8 acres. (fn. 4)
In the 12th of Edward II. Alicia, widow of Henry, son of Hugh de
Narburgh, conveyed messuages and lands here to John de Acre and
Ellen, his wife, by fine.
Hermerus de Ferrarijs had seized on two freemen, who had 30 acres,
and Bordin held it of Hermerus, with half a carucate, and 2 acres of
meadow, valued at 15d. and of these he had not the protection, or
commendation: Stigand the Archbishop had the soc. (fn. 5)
Hermerus was lord of Wirmegay, and ancestor of the Lords Bardolf:
Margaret Atte-Drove, and her parceners, held lands here, in the reign
of Edward III. as appears from a roll of the honour of Wirmegay.
The temporalities of Flitcham priory were valued in 1428, at 11s.
per ann. and of Sporle at 16s.
The tenths were 3l. 13s. 4d. and the town in old writings is sometimes called Pedders Winch.
The Church is dedicated to All-Saints.
In the chancel east window are the arms of Vere Earl of Oxford,
of Howard, Vere and Howard impaled, also p. pale, or, and gules, a
lion passant, argent, Plaiz.
In memory of Mr. Edward Smith, vicar 24 years, who died June 16.
1715, Ao. œtat. 66.
In memory of Catherine and Mary, daughters of Edward Smith,
vicar, and Catherine his wife: Mary died July 27, 1709, œt. 9: Catherine, July 31, 1709, œt. 13.
O mihi post nullos Julj memorande sodales.
In memory of Edmund Dey, sometime patron of the vicarage of this
place, here interred, 1667,
Against the north wall is a mural monument of marble, with the
arms of Barns, argent, two bars, counterembattled sable, in chief,
Here lyeth under the foot of this wall, the body of Owen Barns, Gent.
third son of William Barns, the elder, of this place, Esq; after he had
lived the space of 52 years; changed this life for a better, 1670.
Quis sim, nosce cujus caro putrida, nil nisi vermis,
Quisquis, es, hoc de me sit tibi scire satis.
On the north side of this chancel, is the old chapel and burialplace of the Howards, dedicated to St. Mary, as appears from the
will of Sir Robert Howard who died in 1388, and was here buried
according to his desire; in Weaver's time his enarched monument
against the south wall of the said chapel, with some of the escutcheons
wherewith it was ornamented, were to be distinguished, and this part
of the epitaph remained:
=== a'iab; Dni. Robti. Howard, et Margarete, uxoris sue, (fn. 6)
But this part of the epitaph, with the shields and arms, is defaced,
and great part of the monument itself destroyed many years past;
also the two grave-stones mentioned by him, and the effigies of one
of the Howard family, in the east window, (the founder of the chapel)
have met with the same fate.
This chapel, in Weaver's time, was much defaced, the lead that covered it being taken off and sold, but was then repairing by Thomas
Howard Earl of Arundel and Surry, and at this time is in a worse
state than in Weaver's.
Sir Robert Howard, abovementioned, married Margaret, daughter
and coheir of Robert Lord Scales, who was buried by her husband:
they resided, and died in this town, and it is probable that this chapel
was erected by Sir William Howard, the judge, who (as I have observed) was lord, and resided here with his family, where it is likely,
he and others of the family were interred.
On the west wall of this chapel is a neat monument of marble, with
the arms of Barns, impaling Shepherd, argent, on a chief, gules, three
Danish hatchets, or; and Barns impaling Hovell, sable, a crescent, or.
Near unto this place lyeth the body of William Barns, Esq. son of
Edward Barns, of Soham in Cambridgeshire, Esq. who first married
Thomasine, daughter of Richard Hovell, of Hillington, Esq. by whom
he had 5 daughters, after whose death he took to wife Thomasine, the
daughter of Owen Shepherd, of Kirby, in this county, Esq. and (removed
his seat to this place) had by her 5 sons and 8 daughters, and did for
many years, with great prudence and fidelity, serve his king and countrey,
in the office of justice of the peace, at length, such was the iniquity of the
times, that loyalty was esteemed a crime, when not allurements, or threats,
from him who usurped the highest power, could seduce him from his constant adherance to his abandoned prince, and the persecuted church of
England; he retired to a private life, devoting himself wholly to the service of God and religion, and peaceably departed hence in the 77th year
of his age, 1657, expecting a joyful resurrection. To whose memory
Frances Stanton, his second daughter, out of her tender love and dutiful
affection, erected this monument. Semper Idem.
The church was anciently a rectory, valued at 10 marks, and 3s. 4d.
and paid Peter-pence 11d. but being granted to the priory of Carhow,
and appropriated to that house, (as is abovementioned,) by Roger
Skerwing Bishop of Norwich, a vicarage was then settled and endowed
in the patronage of the said priory, valued at 40s. per ann. the prior
of Sporle had also a portion of tithes valued at 16s. per ann.
The present valor of this vicarage is 8l. 3s. 9d. and is discharged of
first fruits, &c.
1313, Martin de Sandringham, instituted vicar, presented by the
prioress, &c. of Carhow.
1323, Walter de Claver. Ditto.
1323, Martin de Sandringham. Ditto.
1338, William de Oky. Ditto.
1338, Reyner de Eastwynch. Ditto.
1349, Robert Pratta. Ditto.
1349, Henry Fleye. Ditto.
1354, William de Blickling. Ditto.
1360, Thomas Hannok. Ditto.
Robert occurs, Ao. 9 Richard II.
1423, John Bishop. Ditto.
1462, John Cappe. Ditto.
1466, William Bathcome. Ditto.
1467, John Cappe. Ditto.
Thomas Boteler, vicar.
1494, John Furnes. Ditto.
1506, Thomas Quarles.
1520, Thomas Purriance. Ditto.
John Moor, vicar.
1557, Reginald Fawet, by Anthony Guybon, Gent.
At the dissolution the impropriate rectory, with the patronage of
the vicarage, was granted in the 30th of Henry VIII. to Sir John
Shelton, and by Richard Catlyn and Ursula his wife, was conveyed
by fine to Anthony Guybon, Gent. with a foldcourse thereto belonging, in the 6th of Edward VI. and Anthony had license to alienate it,
in the 21st of Elizabeth, with 6 messuages, &c. to William Guybon,
and John Smith.
In 1561, John Grene, presented by Anthony Guybon.
1566, John Balsham. Ditto.
1566, Martin Harrison. Ditto.
1576, Edward Wells, by the Queen, by lapse.
1586, Edmund Wells, by William Guybon, Esq.
1588, Nicholas Brice. Ditto.
1588, Thomas Hopes. Ditto.
1590, Thomas Hopes. Ditto.
1592, Sampson Hopes, by Robert Astyn, Gent.
169-, Edward Smith, who died, 1715.
1716, James Everard, collated by the Bishop, a lapse.
1722, George Shuckburgh, died vicar 1733.
1733, John Lloyd by John Cotton, Esq.
1733, Henry Burgh. Ditto.