Manor, or in the Brakes.
This principal manor here was held by the King, who was lord of it
at the survey, and by a freeman, before the conquest, who had 260
sheep, 11 swine, 2 cows, 5 runci, or horses, with a carucate of land.
This, together with Southmere and Titchwell manor, then also possessed by the Conqueror, was valued before the conquest at 7l. and at
the time of the survey at 30l. per ann. and 4 socmen in King Edward's
time held 4 acres of land; but after the conquest, and after Roger received this manor, and held it of the King, Brom, the steward, or
bailiff of Roger Bigot, took them away from it, and Roger has them
now, and one socman with 60 acres, or half a carucate. (fn. 1)
This, as I conceive, remained in Bigot, till granted by King William
II. to William de Albini, ancestor of the Earls of Essex and Arundel,
of that name; this in a great measure appears from the grant of Richard, son of Robert de Scenges, of the church of St. Mary, of (this
town) Berwick, to the priory of Bokenham (fn. 2) (founded by William
de Albini aforesaid) in the reign of King Henry II and then confirmed
to that house, by William de Albini Earl of Sussex and Arundel, then
capital lord of the feee, of whom Richard then held it.
After this it came to the Calthorps, who were lords in the reign of
King Henry III. and held it in Edward the First's time, of the Lord
Tateshale, who inherited it by the marriage of an heiress of the Earl
of Arundel and Sussex.
William de Calthorp held in the 20th of Edward III. the fourth part
of a fee here and in Bermere, of the heirs of Tateshale, which Reginald de Calthorp, and Richard his brother formerly held.
At the same time, Roger Ive of Berwick, and his parceners, held
the 4th part of a fee, which Ivo de Berwick formerly held.
From the Calthorps it descended to the Parkers; and Sir William
Parker was lord in the 3d of Edw. VI. by the marriage of Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir Philip Calthorp; and Sir Philip Parker was lord in
the 32d of Elizabeth.
After this it came to the Townsends, Sir John Townsend dying seized
of it in the year 1603, as did Sir Roger Townsend in 1636/7.
From this family it came to Sir — Chaplain, Bart. and Mr.
Robert Glover was lord in 1757.
Berwick may be derived from Ber, as aforesaid, and Wick, a turn
of a river or stream.
Buckenham Priory Manor.
Besides the church of Berwick, given by Richard de Scenges, Hugh
de Albini, Earl of Arundel, gave to this house a messuage, and a windmill; what other benefactions they had here does not appear. Their
temporalities in 1428, were valued in this town at 67s. per ann.
This, with the rectory appropriated to the convent, its lands and
tenements, with the advowson of the vicarage, was granted by King
Henry VIII. in his 35th year, December 3, to Robert Townsend, serjeant at law, and Gyles Townsend, Esq. and they granted it to their
elder brother, Sir Roger Townsend, December 10 following, having the
King's license December 5. Sir Roger died possessed of it in 1552;
and Sir Roger Townsend, Bart, was found at his death, in 1637, seized
of the manor of Buckenham in Berwick.
In this town was also the manor of Curson's, or Thursbie's, but this
I take to belong to the manor of Stanhow, that extended here, and I
shall there treat of it.
The tenths were 3l. 10s. Deducted 10s.