Seven socmen of Earl Guert held 50 acres of land, and 8 of meadow,
with one carucate, but the soc of them belonged to the hundred; on
their deprivation it was in the Conqueror, and Godric took care of it
as his steward.—This town, with Pankesford, was one leuca long, and
half a leuca broad, and paid together 16d. gelt. (fn. 1)
This was granted from the Crown to the Bigots Earls of Norfolk,
and so came from the Bigots to Thomas de Brotherton Earl of Norfolk,
to the Mowbrays, and Howards Dukes of Norfolk, and so was sold
December 5, in the 2d year of King James I. by Henry Howard Earl
of Northampton, to Henry Holditch, Esq. with messuages, lands in
Panxford, Wood-Bastwick, &c. late possessions of Thomas Howard
Duke of Norfolk, attainted, by the ancient service of paying 8l. 7s.
&c. being parcel of the lordship of South Walsham.
He was a descendant of Richard de Holditch, lord of Dudlington
in Grimshoe hundred, in the 20th of Edward III. as may be there
seen. Robert Holditch, Esq. was supervisor of the Duke of Norfolk's estate in the 4th of Hen. VII.
John Holditch, Esq. was lord about the year 1500.
Elizabeth, widow of the above John, remarried Robert Felmingham, Gent. and by her will in 1522, requires to be buried by her husband John Holditch, in the church of Black Friars, in Norwich.
The aforesaid Elizabeth gives to Robert Holditch her son, 500
wethers sheep, going at Ranworth, and elsewhere in Norfolk. Robert
Felmingham her son, dying sans issue, she orders her messuages and
lands here, (fn. 2) and in South Walsham, and Panxford, to her son Robert
Holditch, (paying 100 marks to her 2 daughters, by 10 marks yearly)
with all her lands in Upton; and calls Ralph Berney her brother, and
John Berney her nephew, proved April 6, 1524
She had also a son, John Holditch, who in the 33d of Henry VIII.
lived at Donyngton in Suffolk, and was retained by the Duke of Norf.
Richard Holditch was living at Randworth in the 35th of Henry
VIII. and married Anne, eldest daughter and coheir of Thomas
Alverd, lord of the manor of Rendlesham in Suffolk.
In the 38th of Henry VIII. Robert Moneyman conveyed 2 messuages, 40 acres of land, 2 of meadow, 6 of pasture, in this town,
Upton, Fishley, and South Walsham, to Robert Holditch.
Robert Holditch, and Richard his son and heir, were living in the
3d and 4th of Philip and Mary; and Frances, daughter of Robert,
then married William Rookwood, son and heir of Firmine Rookwood,
Margaret Holditch of Randworth, widow, late wife of Robert
Holditch, Esq. in her will, dated June 13, 1559, mentions Robert
Holditch, Esq. and John her sons, her daughter Elianor, wife of
—Gourney, and Frances, wife of Rookwood; her sister, wife of
Sir Henry Sermingham,—and her niece his daughter.
In the 4th or 5th of Elizabeth, Miles Holditch, Esq. had livery of
this manor, &c. and John Holditch in —. Henry Holditch, Esq.
in 1600, who by Susan his wife, daughter of— Richers, or of
Denney, had Elizabeth his daughter and heir.
This Elizabeth brought it by marriage, with Didlington, &c. to Sir
Isaac Sidley, Barl. of Kent, and Sir John his son sold it to John
Houghton, Esq. the youngest son of Sir Robert Houghton, judge of
the King's Bench, by Mary his wife, daughter of Robert Richers of
Roctham in Kent, Esq. Sir Robert was son of John Houghton of
Gunthorp in Norfolk, and born there.
Extended into this town. Robert Fitz Roger de Corebrigg, in Northumberland, ancestor of the family of De Clavering was lord in
right of Margaret his wife, daughter and coheir of William de Cheney,
and relict of Hugh de Cressey. This Robert was the founder of
Langly abbey in this county, and gave this church to the said abbey,
sheriff of Norfolk in the reign of Richard I. and may be seen in
Horsford in Taverham hundred.
Peter de Musters held half a fee in the 20th of Henry III.
In the 20th of Henry III. the prior of Beeston held in this town,
and Wickhampton, part of a fee; and in the 15th of Edward I. claimed
view of frank pledge, the assise, &c. of his tenants, and in the 15th of
Edw. II. was returned to have a lordship.
This was given, as I take it, to that priory, by the fouundress,
Isabel de Cressey, daughter and coheir of Hubert de Rye.
Nicholas Bond aliened 2 messuages, 39 acres of land, 8 of heath,
with 57s rent in this town and South Walshhm, in the 3d of Richard II.
Their temporalities in 1428, were valued at 5l. 5s. 6d. and was
granted at the Dissolution, December 5, Ao. 37 Henry VIII. to Sir
Edmund Windham, of Frebridge.
Sir Henry Spelman says that the river Bure often overflows the low
grounds here, and surprising quantities of fish are taken, the neighbours assuring him that 120 bushels have been taken between the
drag of 2 nets, and that it was famous for perch. (fn. 3)
The temporalities of the abbot of Holm in this town and Panxford,
were 17s. 8d. ob. The tenths of Randworth and Pankesworth, were
4l. 5s. Deducted 6s. 8d.
The Church is dedicated to St. Helen and was valued at 15 marks,
and being appropriated to the abbey of Langley, a vicarage was settled, (valued at 5 marks) and the right of patronage to it, in the 3d of
Edward III. Peter-pence 6d. carvage 4d. ob.
In 1237, there was an exemplification of the assignment of this
vicarage, consisting of the altarage, small tithes of hay and turf, 20
acres of land belonging to the demean of the church, and a house on
the north side of the church.
Before this, it appears from the register of Langley abbey, that
there was a contest about the church of Pankford's being a chapel
belonging to the church of Randworth.
One of the witnesses deposed that he had heard it said from more
ancient times, (fn. 4) that there were two powerful sisters, who enjoyed
Randworth and Pankford, and they quarrelled who should take place
in Randworth church; that being then the church for both townships,
upon which one of the sisters built a wooden oratory in Pankford,
(where now is the stone church) but the rector of Ranworth had all the
profit thereof; at length, (as the neighbours said) a woman named
Elswyd, having the right of the said church and oratory, married
Ralph, chaplain or curate of Stokesby, to whom she gave the said
church and oratory; by Elswyd he had a son Hermer, who enjoyed
Another witnessed, that Mr. Adam de Crelyngham succeeded Hermer in the rectory, on the presentation of Robert Fitz-Roger, who
had the right by his wife Margery de Cressy, and then was the chapel
separated from the said church, by Alexander de Dunham, senescal
of Robert Fitz Roger, who gave the chapel to Reginald his son.
By the said register it appears that Ralph de Stokesby was instituted by Bishop Everard, in the reign of Henry I. and Elswyd before
mentioned; after this Hermer her son, by Ralph the chaplain, Hermer being instituted by William Turbe, Bishop of Norwich.
After the death of Elswyd, the manor and advowson of Ranworth,
came as an escheat to William de Cheney, chief lord of the fee, and
from William to Margaret his daughter and coheir, married to Hugh
de Cressy, by whom she had Roger de Cressy; but after the death of
the said Hugh, she married Robert Fitz-Roger.
On the death of Hermer, the parson, Robert Fitz-Roger and Margery his wife, presented Adam de Denys, and was instituted by John
Bishop of Norwich.
After this, the Lady Margery gave this manor and advowson to her
son, Sir Roger de Cressy, and he gave it to the abbey and convent of
Langley, is perpetual alms, John Bishop of Norwich confirming it,
to their proper use.
On the decease of Adam the rector, the abbot and convent presented Pandalf the Bishop, Mr. John de Ferentine, but Sir Roger de
Cressy gave 2 parts or the manor to his banner or standard bearer,
Peter de Musters, and the 3d part to Richard La Veile, his valet;
from this arose two lordships.
Henry de Veile released by fine in the 3d of Henry III. his right
in the advowson, to the abbot of Langley; and in 1235, the abbot of
St. Bennet released to the abbot of Langley, all his right in the church
of St. Helen of Ranworth.
William de Westwick, vicar, was succeeded in 1342, by John de Fulford, collated by the Bishop.
1349, Roger de Fakenham, presented by the abbot, &c. of Langley.
1349, John Cobb, by the Bishop, the abbot, &c. refusing to present
on the Bishop's nomination.
1391, Roger Asketil, presented by the abbot, &c. on the Bishop's
Barth. Fuller, vicar.
1415, William Laceby, collated by the Bishop, pleno jure.
1449, Thomas Rodeland, by the Bishop.
Miles Holditch was lord, and farmed the rectory, as John his son
did in Queen Elizabeth's reign.
Thomas Wright was vicar about the year 1600; the present valor o
the vicarage is 4l. and is discharged; the patronage is in the see of
Ely, as is the appropriated rectory.
William Mackay died vicar, in 1752, and George Kenrich was presented by the Bishop of Ely.
Mr. John Gogill, vicar, presented by the Bishop, on Mr. Kenrick's
Robert Felmingham, Gent. buried in the church 1506.
The history abovementioned of Ralph, the chaplain's marriage, and
his wife's presenting him to this rectory, is a piece of antiquity highly
valuable, as it fully and plainly proves, that in the year 1174, when
Turbut, the Bishop of Norwich died, that the church of Rome, allowed
of the marriage of their clergy, and their sons succeeding them in
their church preferments; and that there was no positive law, either
canon or civil, to hinder it, as their own records, and the register of
Langley testify. And it is further to be observed that one of the witnesses in this cause deposed that he knew Ringolf the grandfather,
Ralph the son, and Hermerus the grandson, all rectors successively of
the church of Ranworth, with Panxford chapel annexed, and the
same thing was also deposed by Ralph, chaplain of Ranworth, son of
Sir Robert Houghton's eldest son, Robert, died s. p. Francis his second son lived at Shelton, and had issue by Helen his wife; the daughters of Sir Robert, were Elie, married to Thomas Doughty of Aylshom;
Margaret, to William Doughty of Hanworth; Alice to John Marshall
of Norwich, and Cecily, to Richard Tharlow of Burnham.
John his youngest son, lord of this town, by Doughty his wife, had
Robert his son and heir, (and Elizabeth a daughter married to John
Tothill of Upminster in Essex,) he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir
John Corbet, and sister and coheir of Sir Thomas Corbet, baronets of
Sprouston, and was father of John Houghton, Esq. and of 3 daughters,
Elizabeth, married to Sir Nevile Catlyn, Knt. of Kirkby Caam; Lydia
to John Say, of Holveston, Gent. son of Suckling Say, and Mary, who
died single; this John was also lord of Randworth, and having the
lordship of Bramerton given to him, by the will of Thomas Corie, Esq.
about 1682, settled at Bramerton, he married Mary, daughter of Richard Chamberlain of Astley Castle in Warwickshire, Esq. by whom he
had John Houghton, Esq. who married—, one of the daughters
and coheirs of John Baron, D.D dean of Norwich, lord in 1750.
The town takes its name of Worth, from its site between two rivers,
and one of the rivers is the Rand, or Raven: Rangworth in Glouces
tershire; Ravensworth in Yorkshire, and Ranfield.