Henry VIII
December 1544, 1-10

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: December 1544, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2: August-December 1544 (1905), pp. 421-439. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80350 Date accessed: 31 August 2014.


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December 1544, 1-10

1 Dec.691. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 71.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 374.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches showing that the Scots come forward to Coldingham and the Wardens prepare to encounter them. Have advised the Wardens to hazard nothing for it, as the King can at all times recover Coldingham, but have not restrained them from doing what seems feasible. Darneton, 1 Dec. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
1 Dec.692. Sir Wm. Eure to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 173(2).
Heralds'
College.
Lodge, i. 81.
I sent Sir George Bowes and my son Henry, with the garrison, to conduct the King's servant Archan to Coldingham, "and was there all Sunday and come home at night." In Coldingham are Sir George's petty captain and a hundred men, with certain gunners of the town of Berwick, and 10 Irishmen with half hakes. Archan writes his advice to you, and both he and Sir George say that those in Coldingham will keep it forty hours if the Scots should bring two cannons. My son Sir Ralph came to me this morning and all those of his wardenry hasten to follow. There are come to Dunbar the Governor of Scotland, the earl Bothwell, the earl of Crayford, the earl of Glencarne, lord Ruffen, lord Seton, Sir George Douglas "and others, lordes and lardes." They say that upon the coming of the Cardinal and the earls of Angus and Argile they will then come to win Coldingham. "If they come over the Peithes at Donglas tomorrow my son and I shall set forwards towards them." I sent Sir Brian Layton this Monday, before day, to search Donglas Peithes for their coming; and likewise will send another company tonight. If they come not forward before Wednesday at noon, my son and I think that they will take some other purpose. Berwick, 1 Dec.
P.S.—My son sends a letter of news.
Copy, p. 1. Subscribed as addressed to Shrewsbury, as lieutenant general in the North Parts.
2 Dec.693. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 75.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 376.
The King has seen their sundry letters and mislikes not their device for sending gunners at Ferneherst's request and staying the horsemen. Where it appears that lord James, the King of Scots' bastard brother, desires assurance, he shall have it upon pledges for service, as others have, or for his immediate repair to the King (which his Majesty rather desires). The wardens are to make proclamation upon the Borders that as divers of the nobility and others of Scotland who are the King's prisoners, or who have laid hostages for other causes, are said to be repairing towards the Borders to annoy the King's subjects and others who are bound to him, it is to be known to all such that they shall forbear coming to the Borders at this time, and if already come shall immediately retire, upon pain of having their hostages put to death. In case any of them break this proclamation Shrewsbury shall order six of the best hostages of those who so transgress to be executed in such places as shall be most terror to the Scots; [the hostages of lord Flemyng and the master of Erskyn to be two, if they break the proclamation; and if they observe the proclamation two or three hostages of the others who break it shall suffer, provided that all hostages who are children shall be forborne]. (fn. 1) Shrewsbury shall write to the earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland to be ready, and the Bishopric, likewise, at an hour's warning. The King having heard that William Knokkes, Scottishman, falconer to the earl of Westmoreland, was lately in Scotland and knows the state of affairs, requires him sent up hither. Westm., 2 Dec. 1544.
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute to therle of Shrewesbury, ijo Decembris 1544.
Ib. f. 77.2. A later draft, with some additions, noted in Hamilton Papers, II. No. 377, to the effect that breakers of the proclamation shall be responsible for the extremity used to their hostages, and that the hostages are to be kept somewhat straiter and the proclamation declared to them, and they advised to write to their friends of it, and thus if the execution follow not (as indeed the King would have it forborne) it shall be a terror to the enemies.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 3. Endd.
2 Dec.694. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 73.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 375.
Enclose letters received from the Wardens of the East and West Marches, and one from Ferniherst and John Ogle to the Warden of the Middle Marches. John Ogle is appointed by the said Warden to be with Ferniherst with a small company of Englishmen. The platt of Coldingham which Archan mentions in his letters shall be sent to the King as soon as it arrives. Darneton, 2 Dec. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
[2 Dec.]695. Robert Scot of Wamfray to Wharton.
Shrewsb.MS.,
A., p. 177.
Heralds'
College.
Stevenson's
"Selections."
13.
(Maitl. Club.)
Angus and the lords of the West country came to Pebles on Saturday night last, (fn. 2) and on Sunday came a post from the Governor bidding him come to Coldingham in the Mers; "and they lap onne Sonday at nyght, at ane of the clok, and rayd furth of Pebles, ane thowsand men by (i.e. besides) cariages." Hears that the Cardinal abides in Edinburgh and comes not to the Borders. At Wamfray, this last Tuysday at night.
Copy, p. 1. Add. (copied): my lord Quhortoun, warden of the West Merche of Inglond anemtes Scotland.
2 Dec.696. D. B. to Sir William Wise.
R. O.This county is so destroyed with thefts and open robberies that you and other the King's farmers will not be able to pay the rents. On St. Katharine's Day Nicholas Fitz Tomas, William Fitz Sen Mantaze "wtt orderis kallyth the Kyngges hors men and karrentey toke and robbett" certain honest persons, whose names bearer can show, to pay 80 mks. which the lady Katteren owes, "saying that Morrys FzDave owtt hir for akan the said sum. Ye know this is nott the first, neder schall nott be the last. Hit wher to prolyxe to wryt whatt land and good is recewtt in kanys of which yow know sum. Merwellyng that my lord Depute do nott know whatt chase this pore countte is for lake off justis, and that we dar nott complayn. I will nott say that yow ar desendit from a Trojan callitt Kassandra which proficiett the truth and non belewtt. We haw onn which ever lyes and is well alowtt. God amend the fawttes." Waterford, 2 Dec.
Signed: DB.
P. 1. Add.
2 Dec.697. Charles V. to Juan de Vega.
Add. MS.
28,594, f. 33.
B. M.
* * * * *
(f. 39.) Sfrondrato afterwards asked about the matter of the King of England, since the King of France, being at war against him, one of the principal heretics (desviados de la fe), would not fail to seek aid of His Holiness, and, that having to be given, it would be impossible to aid so much against the Turk and the rest. It was answered that the difference between them was not because of the Faith, and that hitherto the principal inconvenience is upon what touches the remedy of the Turk and of Germany, and, the Emperor being bound to him (Henry) and to the King of France as well, there was no occasion to ask that question. * * *
Spanish, pp. 16. Modern copy from Simancas headed: Copia de la carta particular que se scribio a Juan de Vega, de Bruxelles, a ii. de Diciembre 1544. For a full abstract of the whole letter see Spanish Calendar VII., No. 258.
R. O.2. Another modern copy.
Spanish, pp. 10.
3 Dec.698. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 79.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 378.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches with one from Farnyherst and John Ogle to Sir Ralph Evers, and another from the laird of Bonjedwoorth to John Ogle; also one to Shrewsbury from Hugh Boyvell. Darneton, 3 Dec. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P.S.—Other letters (herewith) are arrived from Lord Wharton.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
3 Dec.699. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 227.
Not long after the Emperor's first answer to Henry's request of the commandry major of Alcantare for Don Gavrielle, the duke of Alberquerque's son, Don Lorenzo Emanuel, to whom the Emperor had given it, died, and Wotton showed the Emperor that the commandry was vacant again and reminded him of Henry's request. He answered that he remembered and was willing to do for Don Gavrielle, but his custom was, when old servants died, to provide for their children, and Don Lorenzo had left children. Told him that Don Lorenzo's children were young and other things would doubtless soon be void. He replied that Wotton saw his perplexity, but he would make answer within eight or ten days. Shortly after that arrived Hertford and Winchester, who, twice, diligently commended the matter to the Emperor. Since their departure a letter from the Council to them and Wotton has directed them to sue for final answer; whereupon Wotton went, first to Granvelle, and finally, on the 2nd inst., to the Emperor. Reminded the Emperor of his first answer and that other thiugs were now fallen with which he might provide for Don Lorenzo's children. He replied that he had provided something meet for Don Gavrielle, but not the commandry major, which he had not yet bestowed but was resolved how to bestow it. Told him he could not better bestow it than on Don Gavrielle, who was a toward gentleman, and the King much desired it, and that for services which the Emperor had been pleased to say that he accepted as done to himself. The Emperor answered plainly that he might not bestow the commandry, and that he had provided a meet thing for the Duke's son and would write to the Duke therein. Answered that his suit was not made at the Duke's request, but at the King's command. The Emperor persisted that he might not bestow the commandry now, but would give a thing worth 1,200 to 2,000 ducats. At an answer so far uuder his expectation Wotton stood still abashed, and the Emperor said "Il ne fault point que vous vous en courrouces." Replied that he neither did so, nor would it become him so to do. But although Wotton said that the thing offered was much under what Henry had asked for, and that, considering the amity between their Majesties, he thought the Emperor would have satisfied Henry's request, he could obtain no other answer. Seeing then no hope for the commandry major, asked at least for a commandry called Hornachiox; but in vain.
The Emperor and Regent rode that day to Alost, and this day to Gand, where they tarry three or four days, and so to Andwerpe for two or three days; and then, by Mechlin and Loveyn the Emperor goes towards Coloyn for Christmas, and thence to Wormes to the Diet. In the Court it is said that he then returns hither, and therefore leaves his armoury, ordnance and esquyrye here. The common people say this is for the duke of Orleans's marriage.
There are at Cambray certain of the Emperor's Council, as the Chancellor of the Order, Nigri, the earl of Lallain and others, and likewise certain of the French king's Council, as Mons. de Butrie, the president of Rouen, and others. Cannot learn their business. Within these three days 3,000 Spaniards have passed here towards Hungary. Mons. de Granvele goes into Burgundie, where he may, at will, secretly communicate with the Frenchmen, and rejoins the Emperor at Wormes. Don Francisco de Est, and, afterwards, the Viceroy, are gone home through France. The secretary of Duke Frederic Count Palatine has come to desire Wotton to offer Henry his master's services. King Christierne is alive yet, and suffered to have more liberty than he had. The secretary says that his master has not yet seen the whole treaty between the Emperor and King of Denmark, but only certain articles, and that the Emperor gives his nieces (fn. 3) of Denmark nothing but fair words and rather hinders their purposes. It begins to be said that the Bishop of Rome solicits the Emperor to make a league with the French king and him, thereby to force Henry to their opinions. Bruxelles, 3 Dec. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 5. Endd.
3 Dec.700. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Letters received from you and certain of my friends, by young Molembais, at Chasteau en Cambresis, showed what pains you had taken in a suit of mine to the King which my lord of Arundell and my cousin Medleye opened to you. I thank you as heartily as if I had obtained it; and although it was unreasonable it then seemed to me "not only equa et justa but also et plausibilis et vincibilis." I should have written hereof from Chasteau en Cambresis "yet my mind being then troubled with . . . . . . . . . and unfaithful change of the world, forgot to write . . . . . . . . . . . to have me excused."
The Nunce that has been with the Emperor a great while had leave to return, and was going into Spain where his benefice is ; but, on the day of his departure, arrived here another Nunce, named Franciscus Sfrondatus, now abp. of Malfet. He was a senator of Milan, learned in the laws, which he has professed and read in divers universities, and was last year sent privily to certain princes of Germany, being then but bishop elect of Sarno. "He hath b[rought] l'res [t]o the Nunce resident to remayne [here] tyll he ha[ve] contra[ry] commandement." Sfrondatus tarries not long, and comes to intreat of a General Council; but I am not made privy to the cause of his coming nor to anything else, "whereas in times past somewhat yet I should have learnt of them." The Bishop of Rome intends shortly to make two and twenty cardinals, whereof the Nunce resident trusts to be one and Mons. Darras another. Of late many letters came out of Spain to gentlemen of this Court, which the Emperor would not suffer to be delivered and has burnt. It is thought that their friends in Spain had written their discontent with this peace and its conditions.
I received your letter by Adam Yetswert and required Mons. de Granvele's favour accordingly, who gave me good words. "And forbycause that I had also before spoken with Monsr. Darras, who offered his assistance also in it with wordes bearing face of verye good affection towardes [it], he being present and heering this comm[unication] spake. . . . . . . . . . . . of it also." As Granvele meddles with no judicial matters, it was determined that a supplication must be made to the Emperor; which, by advice of learned counsel, was done; but for all our fair words could not be passed save "after a common sort." Sent then to an old acquaintance of the Privy Council, but still could not obtain it "otherwise then it was granted all redye, which was that the spirituall cowrte shulde remitte th'informacion or processe and absoyle the saide Adam for one monethe ad cautelam." Mons. Darras promises that if the process be not straight sent up the next command shall be by open letter, "which they must needs obey," the order here being in such cases to send two closed letters which (containing a clause nisi causam) "are not ever obeyed." After long tarrying here for this and other matters of his own, the said Adam is gone to execute the commandment upon the spiritual court. "And forbycause that I see theym heere . . . to be verye earnest and rigorouse yn all maters that soune towards enye thing that they calleth and take [for hereseye?]. . . . . . . . . . . .for the busynesse that of late hathe ben at And[war]pe yn . . . . . .and Coleyn, therfor I wolde wisshe the sayde Adam, being thus vexid onelye upon malyce, as well settelid yn Englande as he is at his owne howse; for I feare that this suite wyll be troubelouse to him, specyally at this present tyme; and this kinde of causes is suche as menne canne not well gette counsell for money."
Begs credence for his servant, Hugh Good, whom he lately sent home. Bruxelles, 3 Dec. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 3. Faded. Add. Endd.
3 Dec.701. Carne to the Council.
R. O.Yesterday the Emperor departed hence towards Gaunt, Andwarp (where he will be on the 8th inst.), Malinges, and so to Germany. The lady Regent goes with him, leaving moat of her household behind as she returns hither in ten days. The Emperor intends to keep Christmas at Colone. Hereabouts lie 20 ensigns of Spaniards which the Emperor takes with him to Germany. Divers of the Council here are at Cambray, as Nigre, chancellor of the Order, the count Lalayne, the president of Artoys. They have been there about three weeks to treat with certain sent by the French king; but Carne cannot learn why, although Skyperus was sent to them last week. Hears an inkling that it is about goods and lands which were restored when the peace was made; before which the corn and grass and other fruits were gathered, whereas the tenants' rents were not due till Christmas. A common rumor is that the bp. of Colone is married and that his citizens will not suffer him to enter the city, although he has brought all the small towns of the territory to his opinion. The Emperor returns hither about Easter. Has obtained a passport for 60 lasts of powder and 1,000 hacquebutes, and sent it to Wm. Damesell at Andwarp. The Viceroy of Cecilia left for Italy 9 days ago, through France. The Frenchmen left with the Emperor as hostages remain here and go not to Germany with the Emperor. Bruxelles, 3 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
3 Dec.702. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Having advertised the Council of all he knows he need not double it, but may add a matter that happened to the Cardinal of Loren. The Cardinal took his journey homewards by Gaunt, Bryges and Caurtryght, and there his chief harbinger going to take up lodging in an honest house was shown all save the chamber wherein the goodman and his wife lay. The harbinger insisted on having that chamber, and, because the goodman would not open the door, the harbinger "out with his dagger and slew the goodman out of hand." Thereupon arose a clamor and the people shut the town gates and went to the Cardinal demanding if by his consent the man was killed. He answered that he knew nothing of it, and if any of his had killed a man they might do justice. They then sought out the harbinger and hewed him to pieces without other judgment, and the Cardinal departed thence in all haste. Bruxelles, 3 Dec.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
4 Dec.703. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 81.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 379.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches, with one from Robert Maxwell to Wharton. Darneton, 4 Dec. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Dec.704. The Same to the Same.
Ib. f. 83.
No. 380.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East and West Marches. Where Wharton writes that he will meet Shrewsbury on Friday next (fn. 4) at Morpeth; owing to this present business with the Scots, that journey is deferred and Wharton written to to remain upon his charge. Darneton, 4 Dec. Signed.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
4 Dec.705. Wharton to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
P., p. 175.
Heralds'
College.
Stevenson's
"Selections."
13.
(Maitl. Club.)
This afternoon, 4 Dec., came to Carlisle John Murray, Scottishman, whom the lord Tulybarne had before sent to his house of Tulybarne for necessaries. Afterwards Tulybarne came and showed me a letter from his wife containing many news of Scotland, the letter covering "every side of a whole sheet of paper except a part of a leaf of the 'baggersyd.'" We both thought the letter meet to be sent by post to the earl of Lynoux, to be shown to the King's Council. He said that sundry vain words might be rased out; which I advised him not to do, esteeming it "a wise letter convenient in all points to be seen." He seemed desirous that Lynoux should write to the Dowager of Scotland as suggested in the letter, which indicates "a countenance of favour" between the Dowager and the earl Bothwell. The said letter is, I think, enclosed in his sent herewith. Tulybarne said that his wife intended to be at Carlisle on Tuesday night next, 9th inst., and with her "a Frenchwoman, daughter to one Latushowe, now the King's Highness' prisoner, taken at Boleyn, as he saith, servant to the Dowager, who came with her at her coming to Scotland," to sue for her father's liberty. This being by the Dowager's appointment, I thought that she should remain at Cokpoole, with Patrike Murrey, Tulybarne's kinsman, until I knew from your Lordship what safe conduct to give to the Frenchwoman and how to treat them. I perceive by Tulybarne "that the Cardinal's cross, with other necessaries, are in Cokepoole, ready to be brought unto him to Carlisle; wherewith the laird is merry," for we have had sundry devices how to bring them "through that untrue country."
Sends a letter received from the laird of Wamfray. News was in Jedburgh and West Tyvidaile yesternight that they had won Coldingham. Castle of Carlisle, 4 Dec.
Copy, pp. 2. Add. (copied) at p. 182. Endd. by Shrewsbury: Fro the lord Wharton, off the iiijth of December 1544.
5 Dec.706. Otwell Johnson to his brother, John Johnson.
R. O.London, 5 Dec. 1544:—I trust that you received my letter by Atkyns, answering yours by him. I learnt at Mr. Edward Gryffyn's lodging in Lincolnes Inn that he was gone homeward two days before; and so I could not "heare of Mr. Norwch chaplayne." You may labour the matter in the country yourself. I certified you of Artewyke's answer, "who like a poor fool is like to be quit of his pension and benefice, for the new presented chaplain cometh not at him; but if he do he shall be showed of your lease, as much as may be to your commodity, if it will help." I have received a couple of bills for you of 40l. st. apiece payable in the Cold and Paesche marts. Write whether I shall send them to Robt. Tempest, and how to advise him concerning the 110l. I delivered to Ric. Caryll by exchange. Of my own fantasy I willed him to return it by exchange. Robert Tempest is coming over; but Walter Garway is sent thither, or else Nic. Wheler will answer in his absence. Out of Flanders are come the trifles that Robt. Androwe wrote you of, but not Mr. Cave's Rhenish wine nor "hoppes," whereat he is scantly content. Here is a chafer and a metal oven received with Mrs. Fyssher's andirons. What is to be done with them? "Mr. Mr." of Sandwich is come to this city with his son Peter whom he desires you to accept, making the date of his indenture to begin at Midsummer 1543, "which was the time of his coming unto you, albeit that since that time he hath been at his learning." Describes what money will be delivered with the lad and what is expected to be done for him. Mr. Cave begins "to take his rest well, so that I trust of his good amendment shortly."
Desires to know next week the price of his barras and Newcastell canvas, and also what he will send wool at, both "end and clifte." Sends by bearer the "trelles canvas and the plaine barras" (but the "pernnes" and other things shall go by Atkins), Mr. Stafford's saddle, Mr. Brudenell's runlet of muscadel and a bedstead made by Robert Joynner.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Glapthorne. Endd.
5 Dec.707. Shrewsbury and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 85.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 381.
Enclose letters from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches, showing that the Scots durst not abide the siege of Coldingham when the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches approached, who have shown great forwardness, and that Angus and George Douglas have now opened their untrue hearts to their perpetual shame. The King's condign thanks would comfort the wardeus; and the Scots of Tevydale who have become the King's servants seem to have deserved thanks too. Darneton, 5 Dec. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Dec.708. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 87.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 382.
Their letters presently addressed to the King show that the siege of Coldingham is levied. Enclose a letter to Shrewsbury from Thos. Gower, who now occupies Mr. Shelley's place at Berwick without any allowance therefor, or for the artificers he writes of. Shelley had allowance for those he brought with him, whom he has taken again to London. Desire to know what allowance to make; and remind the Council that there is no money here. Darneton, 5 Dec. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
5 Dec.709. Wharton to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 185.
Heralds'
College.
This Friday night arrived a servant of the lord Somerville,—the same "foote felowe" that was with your Lordship at Darnton—bringing a letter and certain news written in a sheet of paper herewith. The fellow said he was commanded to come to me with the letter and the written credence, and had no more to do in this realm. I have despatched him with a letter of thanks so couched as to encourage his master to advance the King's affairs. The laird of Dummellzer, of whom Somervill writes as having married his daughter, is here prisoner, taken by the Armestronges. I wrote, on 21 Nov., of him and "others taken therewith." The said "laird Dumelzer, called Twede, is called a hardy man," and has, these two days, made suit to serve the King. I sent word to Somervill that I would show him gentleness. "I have also here the lord Carlill, a baron, and divers others good prisoners."
This night the laird of Tulibarne told me that a Scotsman was come to him from the lady Errell, sister to the earl of Lynouxe, with letters to the Earl; and asked me to give the man a letter and a safe-conduct to your Lordship, desiring your Lordship to give him post horses if he so desired. He intends to be at Darnton on Sunday night. I offered to despatch by post to Lynoux any letters that required haste, but Tulibarne answered that the man had divers credence to show his master. Tulibarne showed me a letter "from the said lady to her maltman (she calleth Tulibarne so)," showing her desire to have of Lynoux "a letter of assignation without date." Lady Errell and Tulibarne's wife "are now both much cherished with the Dowager of Scotland." Among other talk, "Tulibard" said that the earl Bothewell had vowed never to fight under the Governor's standard; also that Robert Maxwell would gladly speak with me and him. If he come into England for the same what shall I do?
Learns by intelligence that the Cardinal promised the Council, at their assembly, to cause all the chalices, silver gear and bells of the churches to be sold towards defence of the realm this winter, and, with bragging words, put all the lords out of doubt that ere summer come they shall have such aid from France as to be "able to beat Englishmen as dogs." Tulibarne told this for news without knowing that Wharton had intelligence thereof. Has 1,500 men, come this Friday night, lying at Carlisle ready for service. On the 4th inst. at night I "caused burn four onsettes" of the Bells in Anerdale and slew two of the Bells. The same night another company in Anerdale took Matho Yrwyn called Buttons, Scotsman, "who was the warner of the Scots at the road of Lokertbye where my son and divers the King's Majesty's subjects suffered displeasure." Buttons was servant to an Englishman and fled "'sitherisle' into Scotland for the same." Carlisle castle, 5 Dec.
Somervill's foot fellow said that Robert Maxwell took him at Dumfries, on suspicion of coming into England; and kept him two days, but saw not his writings.
Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: The copie of a l're sent from the lord Warden of the West Marchies, of the vth of Decembre 1544.
Lodge, i. 43.
(Ed 1791.)
2. Credence (fn. 5) sent from Scotland [on behalf of Lord Somerville] headed: —"Thus follows the credence ye shall show to the King's Majesty."
That George Douglas, after we all convened in Stirling to hold the Parliament for deprivation of the Governor, made a tryst between the Cardinal and Governor and agreed them, without advice of the Queen or any of the lords with her; and drew the Cardinal to Stirling and, next day, the Governor "in under-––––, and causit the exchanging of the all appoyntmen, the quhilk the Governor nor non of the lords are contentit thereof." That all would fain have peace with "his Majesty" except the Cardinal, who provokes the contrary; for divers great men are now content to enter their pledges for keeping of the peace and contract of marriage, viz., the earl Huntley, earl Marshal, earl Erroll, and others. That the Governor and Cardinal sent for me to solicit two or three months' "absence" (qu. abstinence?) and a safe conduct for ambassadors bringing reasonable offers for peace, alleging that I had most .credit with "your Majesty"; but I refused until I knew "his Majesty's" pleasure. That Angus has undertaken the lieutenantship "by the advice of his old friends" except Glencarn and George Douglas; "and George weills all hail the Governor and Cardinal." The greatest fear is the belief, put in the heads of the Scotch noblemen by the King's "unfrends," that if the peace and contract of marriage were concluded the King would destroy and put away all the noblemen and the old blood of Scotland; howbeit "I and many uder great men kenys the contrary." The King ought therefore, when he sends any army, "to garr they[m] mak proclamations" that it is only to cause the (fn. 6) contract of peace and marriage made by the consent of the Three Estates to be observed and to do no hurt to such as assist thereto. The King might send heralds to charge the prisoners of war "to have entrit ane day of their honour" with a good writing to each, mentioning that their past failures would be remitted and they used as noblemen prisoners, for I believe they fear that he would imprison them. To show the King how the laird Drumelzaer is lately taken, by whose absence I am greatly weakened, and that his son and heir, who has married my daughter, has been raided by the King's subjects of the West Borders. If the King would charge the Warden of the West (fn. 7) Marches to restore his goods, it would do me great pleasure, and I should cause the gentleman to serve the King; and Drumelzaer would enter a son of his [as pledge] to do service "as uder prisoners was tane in the same maner." To remind the King how I was, in his service, kept in ward three quarters of a year, and part of my lands taken from me by Parliament, and one of my castles betrayed and taken.
To show that a French ambassador is come, bringing only fair words, and saying that he brought no money because of the division between the Queen, Governor and Lords, "and says there will be great help in –––" as that they soon may join again, but the Lords give no credence thereto. (fn. 8) The King of France has taken the Queen's silver, of her own "leving" (i.e. living). That Mr. David Panter wrote to the Governor that the King of France wills the marriage of the Queen to the Dauphin's son, (fn. 9) and if that were not granted no help would come from France; whereat the lords and Governor were ill content. The French ambassador has not propounded that matter yet, finding the Lords not given thereto.
Printed by Lodge from "Howard Papers."
Shrews. MS.
A., p. 367.
Heralds'
College.
Stevenson's
"Selections,"
2.
(Maitl. Club.)
3. Paper headed "The names of the lords of the Council at Edenburghe," showing how the Governor [sat?] in the middle with the Cardinal, the bp. of Glasco, chancellor, the bps. of Murrei, Brehan and Dunbleane, the lord of St. John and the abbot of Cambusskenell on his right hand and the earls of Anguis, Bothewell, Crawfurthe, Castill, Glencarrn, and lords Bortike, Graie, Oglebe and Glames on his left; with Mr. James Folles, clerk of the registrarie, and the abbot of Pasle, "going after the Counsaill," before him; and, "standing before the bar, John of Cledisdell and Archebawd Beton." The Governor, Cardinal and French ambassador "spake long together in secret." It was showed "unto me" by some of the lords that the king of France could send no support because he thought the lords so "unconstant," but at the spring of the year he would send in so many "as should conquest Scottlande, seeing it was to be conquest, and besought every good Scottishman to stand at defence unto that time, and they that did otherwise they should be prey to France at their coming afore England."
P. 1.
5 Dec.710. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 173b.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 225.
The cathedral see of Dunkeld has been void nearly a year, for which she commended John abbot of Paisley, brother of the Governor, but reports have come that the expedition has been both deferred and split up, either of which is quite unusual. This must be due to the importunities of some to whom it is not enough that this realm is harassed by war without and factions within. All here are persuaded that under Pope Paul the privileges of the realm will remain inviolate as they have done till now when she is two years old. It would make for quiet if this John, a man of singular wisdom, were soon given as bishop to the rude and wild people among whom this see is situate, and burdened with no other pension than 1,000l. Scots assigned to a certain nobleman. Stirling, ad nonas Decemb. 1544. Signed by the Governor.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
5 Dec.711. Mary Queen of Scots to Cardinal Carpi.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 173b.
B.M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 227.
More than a year ago she asked His Holiness to confer Dunkeld bishopric on John abbot of Paisley, subject only to one pension of 1,000l. Now it is written from Rome that the expedition is protracted and several pensions deducted. Almost all the prelacies of this realm were founded by her ancestors, who had a year allowed by the Holy See in which to nominate to them, and she can hardly believe that His Holiness will permit that right to be diminished now when she is a Queen of two years old. Begs that the bishopric may be conferred with no other pension than the 1,000l. deducted and with retention of Paisley monastery. Edinburgh, ad non. Dec. 1544. Signed by the Governor.
Lat., copy, pp. 2.
[6 Dec.]712. Mary Queen of Scots to the Senate and People of Hamburg.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 174.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii., 228.
Desires justice for James Mowat, merchant, and his partners, who in July last stipulated with Asmus Lok, of Hamburg, for certain merchandise to be carried in his ship from Elsenur into Scotland, guaranteeing him from French and Scottish pirates while he guaranteed them from Imperialists and English. But Lok taking the ship a little out of the right course, was intercepted by the Holland fleet and brought to Amsterdam, where, the case being stated before the burgomaster, he was dismissed free and returned home instead of fulfilling the contract. Edinburgh, "ad sextum nonas (fn. 10) Decembris" 1544.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
7 Dec.713. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
R. O.
Add. MS.
32,656. f. 89.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 383.
Enclose letters from the Warden of the West Marches with a letter of credence to him and a credence in writing from Lord Somerville. Shrewsbury would know whether to grant passport into England to a Frenchwoman (fn. 11) who accompanied the laird of Tuyllibarne's wife to the West Borders. Have received two identical letters from the Council, of the 3rd and 4th inst., touching proclamations to be made on the Borders, &c., which, albeit the Scots are retired, Shrewsbury intends to publish. Think it will be a terror to the enemies to go about like attemptates. Darneton, 7 Dec. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Dec.714. Shrewsbury to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 91.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 384.
According to the King's commandment, signified by their letters of the 4th inst., sends up bearer, William Knockes, Scottishman, falconer to the earl of Westmoreland. Darneton, 7 Dec. 1544. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Dec.715. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Wrote yesterday by the hoy that carries Paget's trinkets and is departed to meet the King's ships which are arrived in Zelande. A captain of Spain, named Antonio de Mora, who served the King at the siege of Montrell and seems a tall and warlike man, says that he means eftsoons to offer to serve the King, and prays Vaughan to write to the lord Privy Seal that he will bring 300 Spaniards, soldaos viegios of the best; and desires to know the King's pleasure within 15 days "or else, he saith, his company will be gone." A captain of Italy named Angelo Marian, who was lieutenant to the viceroy of Cicil this year, also covets to serve the King and offers to bring 300 Italians, with light horse or on foot. He was "incommendyed" to Vaughan by John Carolo, a rich Italian merchant dwelling here. Promised to write for both; and both desire to know the King's pleasure soon.
Besides sending Paget's letter to Chr. Mount, Vaughan sent him another letter of his own by a friend who went since the departure of Paget's first letter. The other letter which Paget wishes to be returned will go by Francis the post, who arrived to-day without any letter to Vaughan. The French king makes great provision for the wars next year, both by sea and land.
Was lately bidden to dinner by a burgess of Antwerp, and met "the Emperor's ambassador that now is going into England to supply Chepuis' place, whose name is Francis de la Delfe. He is a burgess of Antwerp, a man in opinion of religion honest, and a man whom the King's Majesty's merchants have always found here very friendly above all that have been in this town many years." He seems "honestly learned," that is, "not of the subtle sort." (fn. 12) Will write again shortly by Francis. Andwerp, 7 (altered from 6) Dec.
P.S.— "The Frenchmen say here that their King intendeth to besiege Calles this next year." Pray let me know the King's pleasure concerning these two captains. "If you send your letter to London, there never lacketh one or other that still goeth from thence hither."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1544.
8 Dec.716. Wotton and Carne to the Council.
R. O.Have received the Council's letters of 15 Oct. concerning Thomas Poyntz, prisoner in this town. Last year, by the Council's command, Wotton laboured to Granvele for Poyntz's pardon; and what difficulty was then made Sir Francis Bryan, then ambassador with the Emperor, can declare; but, finally, President Shore, to whom Granvele referred the matter, said that Poyntz, upon first satisfying the "husshier" from whose custody he broke out of prison, and re-presenting himself prisoner, should have his pardon. Wotton wrote this to Pointz, advising him to use counsel in the matter; instead of which he never communicated with the usher or the President, but went about his business openly in Andwarpe and elsewhere, till the usher caused him to be apprehended again in the streets. "Whereby his matter is greatly 'appayred,' aswell forbecause he went not through with the matter when it was fresh in remembrance, and that some change of the world seemeth to have been sith that time, as also for because of this business of the heretics that of late hath been detected in Andwerpe, the which hath much exasperated th'Emperor and his Council against all that be anything suspect to have offended th'Emperor's statutes and ordinances concerning like matters, and also that he is now taken again and not come in of himself." Describe at great length proceedings taken in the matter from the time that, shortly after arriving here, Wotton went to the President; who made as though he had forgotten the case and required a new supplication to be made, which Wotton forwarded to him with a letter, requiring that Poyntz might not be charged with things publicly received in England, and reminding him that, before Wotton went to Germany, the prisoner's pardon had been promised, with the clauses inserted in the supplication. In reply the President wrote that the supplication was false, for the prisoner had otherwise offended and must confess all, so that it might be seen whether it was pardonable. Pointz, however, maintained that he had nothing more to confess, and Wotton was unable to get a sight of the evidence against him; and so the matter stood when the Council's letter arrived. Poyntz's friend who brought that letter thought that his advocate should be consulted, who has found that the usher demands much more money than before, and thinks it best to let the matter sleep awhile, seeing that Poyntz's wife and friends will not now pay so much as at first, and that, because of the heresies lately detected, for which some are executed and some remain in captivity, the Emperor and his Council are more vehement in matters taken for heresy. The advocate has learned secretly of the procuror general that, by Poyntz's own confession and the witnesses against him there appears more matter than is in supplication. Bruxelles, 8 Dec. 1544. Signed: Nicholas Wotton: Edward Carne, k.
P. 5. Add. Endd.
8 Dec.717. Vaughan to Wriothesley.
R. O.After receipt of the letters from the Council by Ric. Donne, having occasion to talk with Jasper Dowche about the prolongation of the merchants' credit, the said Jasper said that he had 700 "ballettes" of woad (mark given in margin) taken by the King's ships in a French bottom called the Saynt John de Lus, master Mr. Martyn de Fornes, and he desired Vaughan to write to Wriothesley for its restoration. It had the Emperor's safeconduct and was laden in the name of John and Thomas Balbany, and lest it should be sold or distributed Jasper Dowche despatches this letter in post. Begs favour for him "the rather because he hath and doth honestly travail in the King's Majesty's matters here." Will tomorrow, by Francis the post, answer the letters brought by Donne: Andwerp, 8 Dec. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: lord Chancellor. Endd.
9 Dec.718. Sudbury College.
R. O.
Rymer, XV.
68.
Surrender of the college and all its possessions in cos. Suff., Essex and Midd., the city of London and elsewhere in England. Sudbury, 9 Dec. 1544, 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by Ric. Edon, custos, and Edm. Lyster, Thos. Legatt and Robt. Paternoster, chaplains [See Eighth Report of D. Keeper of Public Records App. II. 43].
Seal injured.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 5, no. 34] as acknowledged same day before the King in Chancery at Westm.
[9 Dec.]719. Henry VIII. to Wharton.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 195.
Heralds'
College.
Lodge, i. 94.
Halliwell's
Letters, i. 391.
The being there of the earl of Levenox should more advance our affairs than his lying here "to no purpose," and therefore, taking occasion "at a message" lately sent him by Anguishe (copy enclosed), we address him to Carlisle to remain with you (and, in his company, Sir Thomas Holcroft and Thomas Bisshop) to practise with the Scots, either to get the Young Princess into our hands or to "entre a jelou[sye] in the heades of the governours and others, and so to sow devision amonge them," or at least to get intelligence. He has a "memoriall of his proceedings" and will make Wharton and the Earl of Shrewsbury privy to them. He is a "gentle gentleman, wise and of good courage." Thanks for Wharton's proceedings, as reported by Shrewsbury. Sir Thomas Holcroft is to be made privy to all things concerning the proceedings of the said Earl or of Thomas Bishop.
Draft, p. 1. The last sentence in Paget's hand. Endd.: Copie of the Kinges l're to the lord Wharton.
R. O.
St. P., v. 400.
2. "A memorial touching th'earl of Lynoux proceedings now at his being in the North parts."
Instructing him to repair straight to Carlisle and communicate his charge to the earl of Shrewsbury, if he fortune to be in the way, and to lord Wharton, to whom he shall participate his doings in Scotland. If Angus do not shortly send to him to enter some practice according to the message lately sent by Sir John Penven, he shall take occasion of that message to send to Angus, asking where he may send a trusty messenger to him. If Angus desire to speak with himself upon Solowaysandes, Lynoux shall, having special regard to his own surety, speak with him. If Angus agree to commune with a messenger, Thos. Bishopp shall be sent. No purpose shall be entered with Angus of the King's affairs, but only of Lynoux's private affairs, how to "come to the rule of Governor and to depose him that now is"; but, if Angus break with him touching the King's affairs, he shall (as if out of regard for his honor, having married his daughter) charge him with his ingratitude to the King which all the world notes; and, if Angus offer that the marriage and peace shall be observed, Lynoux shall say he cannot move in that matter as they have so little regarded their promises, but if they wish to be trusted they should deliver the young Princess to the King, for he cannot trust hostages, since a great sort of them have already laid sons, brothers and nephews as hostages and little esteem their redemption. [It were well that Lynoux took with him letters from his wife to her father complaining of his unkindness to the King and her and her husband, and requiring him to redubbe the past.] (fn. 13) Lynoux shall from time to time advertise the King of his proceedings and news of Scotland.
Draft, pp. 11. Endd.
720. Henry VIII. to Lord Evers and Sir Ralph Evers.
Shrewsb. MS.
A, p. 183.
Heralds'
College.
Has seen by their letters to the earl of Shrewsbury, lieutenant in the North, their wise proceedings at all times against the Scots, and especially at this late enterprise of the Scots for the recovery of Coldingham, and gives them "hearty thanks."
Draft, p. 1. Headed: By the King. Endd.: Copie of the lord Evres and Sir Rafe Evres l'res.
9 Dec.721. Henry VIII. to Sir Ant. St. Leger.
Irish Pat.
Roll,
36 Hen. VIII.
m. 6d.
Directs him to deliver two goshawks and four greyhounds yearly to the marquis of Defarya, (fn. 14) who has married the daughter of the duke of Alberkyrke, of Spain, at whose suit the King grants this. West., 9 Dec., 36 Hen. VIII.
See Morrin's Calendar, p. 113.
9 Dec.722. The Queen's Auditor.
R. O.Copy of an agreement by William Kenyet to deliver to Anthony Bourchier all books and writings touching the Queen's possessions for the year ended Mich. 36 Hen. VIII. and preceding years, on or before 22 Dec. next; whereupon Bourchier shall acquit him of all moneys received by him, as his late master Thomas Twesel's deputy, before 9 Dec. And Kenyet agrees that Bourchier shall have the fourth part of all fees due within the "office of receipt of the said Mr. Pointz rec. for this said present year ended at Michaelmas la[st]."
Subscribed with a certificate by John Poyntz that it is the copy of the agreement made between Bourchier and Kenyet, at Clare, 9 Dec.
Slightly mutilated. P. 1. Add. (in Poyntz's hand): auditor to the Quenes Grace, dwelling in Colmanstrete.
9 Dec.723. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O.On the 8th inst. received their letters by one Donne, with Bonvice's proxies and other bills of credence, which he delivered, and now the Welsar and the creditors are devising upon rendering their old bills to deliver new. Received also the bill of exchange exchanged with the Gresham, and will (as far as it will stretch) content Dowche and the other merchants. Six days before, Dowche could tell me that the Council had taken order for the satisfaction of his herring, and that that put him in hope, although it was but a small piece of money towards what they cost him. "Well, Senor Dowche, quoth I, ye have haply served the King's Majesty, which, weighing the same, gave you, and not rendered to you by way of satisfaction anything that was your own"; adding that no other merchant here would have recovered a penny of it, as the herrings were clearly a prize. He still said that he hoped to get the rest, but I talk with him dulcely "till I may obtain the things which without him are hard to come by." Now he begins a new suit, and, yesterday, extorted a letter from Vaughan to the lord Chancellor for restoration of 700 ballettes of woad which he said he had in a French ship named La Baptista of Sant Jehan de Lus, which was taken by the King's ships, the woad being laden in the name of John and Thomas Balbany (mark given in the margin). Despatches Francis with these letters lest the Council might give credit thereunto and make Dowche some promise of redelivery. Thinks that Dowche, perceiving the King to need his services, is colouring other men's goods; but told him that it would be hard to get restitution of his ballettes if taken by any of the King's subjects, for (as the King leaves the goods taken to them) "it" is by the mariners and soldiers straightway "drunk out, diced, carded out, spent upon raiment and other things impossible ever to be had again." Thinks that the Council might protract the time until he is through with this new credence of the merchants, in which he will use all speed. Dowche, when asked to come into England, makes excuse by the Emperor's affairs, the seas, and his own weakness. This matter of the woad may bring him; but he looks, "like a princely babe," to be accompanied by Vaughan. Signified John Carolo's answer lately. One thing is sure, with or without Jasper Dowche, if the Council "find means to get credence here" Vaughan can get them a million of crowns for reasonable interest. Jasper Dowche's other devices are but trifles. This is sure, "if your honors send hither Wynchecombe's 'carices' (kerseys) they will, with great gains, make great heaps of money; and, besides that, neither cloth, lead nor other thing will be trusted unto." Jasper Dowche has heard that the King has taken a ship laden with alum which he would buy. "It is a sweet merchandise and will be exceedingly well sold, and that for ready money." He has by the Emperor's grant the only sale of all alum here, and is "a man of that fineness that nothing can escape him." All here cry out upon him and would "eat him" if he had not the Emperor's favor.
The Emperor has discharged many Spaniards and provided eight hulks to convey them into Spain. They like not their payment, and some have come to Vaughan saying that they will never more serve the Emperor; and offering to serve the King, or else they will run into France. Some are gone to France already, although openly charged to return into Spain and serve no foreign prince. They are not men that can long tarry. Hears that "they be old soldiers, and of the flower of all the rout of those Spaniards that served the King's Majesty in his last wars." Yesterday, being Our Lady Day, I went to John Carolo, a merchant of Cremona, and in going in passed a "personage of honor." While John Carolo was reading the letter of credence that Vivald sent, I fell a talking with an Italian captain named Angelo Marian, of whose offer to serve the King with 300 Italian soldiers I lately advertised my lord Chancellor and Mr. Secretary. I asked who the personage was that walked in the house, and he said it was the Bp. of Rome's ambassador; whereupon "I would no farther wade with him, being, as I thought, a man unmeet to talk withal." Carolo, eight days ago, told me that such a one should lodge in his house and brought a fulmination against the King. So I said "Senor John Carolo, ye are a man (as I guess) that are not of so scrupulous a mind as doth greatly cleave to the b. of Rome, ne passeth upon the same; I pray you (quoth I) show me so much friendship as, learning what ye can of the said ambassador, concerning the causes of his coming hither, to make me participant in the knowledge thereof with you, which if you friendly do, doubt ye not but I shall make such report thereof to the King's Majesty, my master, as shall be to your great commodity." He promised to do this, and I purpose shortly to talk with him therein. Two days past one Frances de la Delft, a burgess of Andwerp, left for England to supply the place of Chepuys. He is honest and well learned, and has ever been friendly to the King's merchants here. The Scots make many voyages to Hanborughe, where they have bought 20 lasts of gunpowder and make all their provision. It were "an easy thing to lighten them by the way, either coming or going." Would not keep Francis here longer, as letters can always be sent by the merchants who go daily into England. Andwerp, 9 Dec. 1544.
Hol., pp. 6. Add. Endd.
9 Dec.724. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.By one Donne received his letter, Bonvyce's proxy, the letters of credence, and a letter from the Council, on the 8th inst. To secretly learn what sums of money are to be paid to our merchants next Cold Mart will be very hard. Will eftsoons seek for white damask, but fears that there is none very good. Will buy 50 or 60 ells of damask work table cloths and such towels and napkins as Paget writes for. Sent a "lict de campe" and bedding to the camp at Bulleyn, and was bold to entreat Paget to let one of his servants receive it. Begs that his folks at home may know where to fetch it.
"And now I am a suitor to you in matters of great counsel, which I would bestow upon few besides you. Whiles I am a widower, have a great household and especially children, young and without discretion to order themselves, and do want a sad trusty and womanly matron to look upon th'one and th'other, I am driven into many minds to marry with some honest woman, but not with one that had lost the mark in her mouth, ne yet that with some evil liking should bring nothing with her. If such a one come in your way as ye can find in your heart to think meet for me I pray you keep her in store for your friend. Sharp, foolish, drunken nor sluttish wives did I ever love. An honest mind I regard above all other things in a woman; without which I grant it is a pleasant thing to live, but the consideration of my continual shifting from my house, the lack of well nurturing my children, the waste and spoil of my things, draweth me to marry; which although I consider with myself to be meet for me, yet I do not so stiffly cleave to mine own will but I offer myself to be much trained and ruled by your advice and counsel." Trusts none in the world so much as Paget and the lord Chancellor. The Queen owes him about 360l. for labour and stuff of his wife's, wherein she spent her life, and has owed it since her first being Queen. As it is a great loss to lack it, begs Paget to remind Mr. Arondell, her Grace's chancellor, and Mr. Buckeler, her secretary, of it. In pursuance of Paget's letter from the camp at Bolleyn, left the money and papers remaining of the receipt of the credence money with John Dymock and Thomas Lock, who are both now in England. Greatly desires that they may be called to an account and himself discharged, as both he and they are mortal. It seems reason that when men honestly declare their accounts they should undelayedly have their discharge.
Describes how he wrote of certain Spaniards who desire to serve the King, and whose poverty will not suffer them to endure long. They are the flower of the Spaniards who served in the last war and, if not taken, will go into France. Captains of them come daily to pray Vaughan to advertise their offer into England, which they dare not make openly because the Emperor has forbidden them to serve any foreign prince.
"There is a very honest man (fn. 15) gone from hence into England to be ambassador for th'Emperor. A man of an honest opinion in religion and well learned." He has ever been a friend to English merchants here. Has all this morning sent about Andwerp for Paget's white damask, and can find none that is white and good. Andwerp, 9 Dec.
Pray tell Sir Richard Southwell that as yet I can provide him no honest cook, but will diligently search for one.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1544.
9. Dec.725. Henry Suthwike to John Johnson.
R. O.At Andwerpe, le 9 jour Decembr. ao 1544:—Since coming hither yesterday, I perceive that Robt. Tempest has agreed with Jo. Fitz William for the 32l. 9s. 0d. st. at 26s. 6d. Fl. the pound, and so I have written Wm. Horne to send over the money to Wm. Smithe and 10l. more "in part of the two potes (pockets?) of Mrs. Fayre's mark sold to Ghererd van Volden; for, reckonyng that I most have of you for Ambros Sanders his hanse (?) for harnes pd to Xpofer Haye for geldynges bought to make up on the said ptes of Mrs. Fayres, etc., I recken ther shall not moche more then 10l. comme to you." I found in my compter at Calles a bill due to you by Ric. Whethill of 53l. 6s. 8d. st. which Robt. Tempest has here set to your account. It was for "5 potes yong cottes sold to the said Ryc.," of Edm. Wilmot's mark. Exchange goes at 27s. Fl. the pound at sight. The Emperor will be here to-morrow and go shortly to Spyres. "Of peace betwixt us and France we hear no mention, but rather the contrary." God send the King our master victory over his enemies.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his singular good friend, John Johnson, merchant of the Staple, at Calles, be this dd. Endd.: Answered the 4th Jan. from Tickford, and entered into journal.
10 Dec.726. Dr. R. Cox to Paget.
R. O."Humaniss. Guliel., salus ipsa te sospitem servet. I thank you heartily for your letters and good news. Deus opt. max. victoriae n'rae felicitatem fac[iat] esse perpetuam; sed vereor, et merito vereor, ne scelera n'ra quae nusquam exundant et crescunt iram Dei provocaverint. O hominum immisericordiam . . . inedia pauperes pupillos et viduas devorat imbecilliores v . . . . or jam cedit ut in grege taurus ut inquit ille. The King's [Majesty] bestoweth an honorable alms by the year. I would God [it] might stand with his pleasure to 'point some certain sum monthly to be dealt among the miserable whereas the Prince's Grace doth sojourn." Suggests that part of the 20l. which the King bestows monthly in privy alms might be employed here until God send aid and provision othenvays.
"Sir, as concerning my lord and dear scholar, (fn. 16) it is kindly done of you to desire so gently to hear from him and of his proceedings in his valiant conquests. We can never render God thanks sufficiently that He hath prospered the King's Majesty in his travails at Bullayn, and surely (like thanks unto God) my lord is not much behind in his feats (?). He hath expugned and utterly conquered a great number (?) of the captains of ignorance. The eight parts of speech he hath made them his subjects and servants, and can decline any manner Latin noun and conjugate a verb perfectly unless it be anomalum. These parts thus beaten down and conquered he beginneth to build them up again and frame them after his purpose with due order of construction, like as the King's Majesty framed up Bullayn when he had beaten it down. He understandeth and can frame well his iij concords of grammar and hath made already xl. or 1. pretty Latins and can answer well favouredly to the parts, and is now ready to enter into Cato, to some proper and profitable fables of Esope, and other wholesome and godly lessons that shall be devised for him. Every day in the mass time he readeth a portion of Salomon's proverbs for the exercise of his reading, wherein he delighteth much and learneth there how good it is to give ear unto discipline, to fear God, to keep God's commandments, to beware of strange and wanton women, to be obedient to father and mother, to be thankful to them that telleth him of his faults, &c." Describes, similarly, how, before they left Sutton, he obtained the victory over Captain Will and now trusts by exercise to chase away Captain Oblivion. The Prince is "a vessel apt to receive all goodness and learning, witty, sharp and pleasant. This other day D. Byll, his physician (talking of . . . the fox) desired him that he might have the fox that was most . . . . him in conditions in all his house. His Grace answered D[oc]to[r I] know what ye mean well enough, I see by you ye would have . . . yourself, &c." Suggests that the writer's godson Henry (fn. 17) might be here to be brought up with the Prince, "as others be," and supposes that the King would grant it; but refers that to Paget, as his natural father.
Begs Paget to continue good master to John Goodwyn and so "train him from his lewdness and win his father again."
"Sir, I understand by Mr. Robertson that the King's Majesty is fully purposed to have another preacher in my room. Robertson would very fain be disburdened also. The King's Majesty hath ij very meet, Redman and Rydley; and if there be but one I would wish Ridley, who is a sincere honest man per omnia. D'n's Jes. te diutiss. servet incolumem hero et reip. optime consulentem, with most hearty commendations to my lady my gossip. Nefas est omittere Deneium et Hermanum. From Asshruge x. Decemb. Your own, R. Cox."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.. 1544.
10 Dec.727. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 231.
Since his last of 30 Nov. letters from the Turk's Court signify that the Turk was come to Andrinopoly with unusual pomp, and had mustered 50,000 of his most valiant men and delivered 1,000,000 ducats to the soldiers to put themselves in order, which is evidence that he intends expedition this summer. Of his truce with Ferdinando is no further mention. Barbarossa, on arriving at Constantinople, sent the Turk a present of 800 slaves, 100 women and as many boys, with 40,000 ducats. To the Venetian orator the Turk shows singular favor. From the continual messages between them it is thought that the Turk and French King have secret intelligence. Don John de Vega, the Emperor's orator, lately arrived in Rome and makes hot suit for the General Council. It seems determined that it shall be at Trent and shall begin next March unless hindered by the machinations of the Bishop in moving dissensions among the Christian princes. It is noised that the Bishop will make 6,000 soldiers, either for his own presidy or to be sent to the French King against Henry; also that Cardinal Pole should go into France, who is one of the eight cardinals deputed to go to Trent. These are mere brags to show that the Roman clergy is nothing fearful of the Council, whereas they are in great perturbation. Great secret practices continue between this Signory and the Bishop, who both mistrust the Emperor. These men provide money studiously. Venice, 10 Dec. 1544.
Hol., pp. 2. Fly leaf with address lost.

Footnotes

1 This portion appears to be cancelled.
2 Nov. 29th.
3 Dorothy, wife of Frederic, Count Palatine, and Christina, formerly duchess of Milan, wife of the new duke of Lorraine. Francis, who had just succeeded.
4 The 5th.
5 This paper as printed in Illust. of Brit. Hist. is evidently full of misreadings, besides blanks representing illegible words, and is rendered still more unintelligible by a passage being printed out of its proper place.
6 A passage is evidently transposed here. The reading should be carried on from "cause the" in the middle of p. 44 to "contract" at the beginning of p. 45.
7 Here the reading goes back to the place on p. 44, where the transposed passage begins.
8 End of transposed passage.
9 Francis, afterwards King Francis II.
10 Sic. Perhaps the nonas was inserted by accident.
11 Called, by Wharton, Latushowe in No. 705.
12 The part of the letter represented by this paragraph, down to this point is printed in St. P x., 210.
13 Cancelled.
14 Pedro Fernandez de Castro, marquis of Sarria.
15 Francis van der Delft See No 723.
16 Prince Edward.
17 Henry Paget, Sir William's eldest son.