Henry VIII
January 1545, 11-25


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38


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'Henry VIII: January 1545, 11-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 20-38. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80374 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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January 1545, 11-25

11 Jan.42. The Privy Council to Vaughan.
R. O.The King has seen his letters of the 4th inst. addressed to me the lord Chancellor and grants Messire Jasper Dowches licence (herewith) to bring hither certain jewels free of custom unless sold here. As Dowche desires Vaughan's company, albeit he cannot well be spared thence "considering that the time for payment of sundry sums of money received there to his Majesty's use there, wherein you have been a principal minister, doth now approach very fast," yet, for Dowche's pleasure and the reasons stated in his letter, he shall accompany Dowche hither, first instructing — (blank) Lock of the state of the King's affairs touching the said payments, so that, in case Vaughan cannot return thither in time, Lock may execute all things.
Draft in Petre's hand, p. 1. Endd.: M. to Mr. Stephen Vaughan, xjo Januarii 1544.
11 Jan.43. Chapuys and Van der Delft to Charles V.
VIII., No. 7.
At daybreak on the 9th inst. the King sent begging them to come to Greenwich as he had an important communication to make. M. de Turquin arrived as they were starting, and in the barge declared to them his mission. The Councillors met them by saying that, instead of a minister being sent, as Hertford and Winchester were promised, to satisfy the King's claims, there was strange and scandalous news that the Emperor had arrested the ships and property of the King's subjects and even his own agents who were raising money for him at Antwerp; it was impossible to plead as reason for this that the King embargoed Flemish vessels here, for surely he could be trusted not to act without just cause, and in this case herrings were victual and therefore prohibited, and the other merchandise fraudulently shipped; and, besides, the King had already ordered the case to be tried by the whole Council, and yesterday instructed Hertford and Paget to tell the writers that the ships should be released. Replied in accordance with Turquin's instructions, reminding the Council that when two or three English ships were arrested in Flanders, when M. de Bossu came to despatch vessels for the expedition against the Turk, (fn. 1) a legitimate arrest, the King seized all Flemish ships in his ports; no part of the pretext alleged here for the stoppage of the vessels had yet been proved, and courtesy required that the King should have sent an envoy to the Emperor to intimate it, as the Emperor sent Turquin; there was no evidence that the information given to Hertford and Winchester at Dunkirk (that the French came to buy herrings) was true; the Flemings were complaining to the Emperor that they would rather have open war than continue thus. The Chancellor and Suffolk then went to report to the King, and on their return conferred with the rest of the Council. Dinner followed, and then the King sent for Turquin, saying that the writers might if they liked accompany him. Thought it best that he should go alone, and resumed the discussion with the Council until 4 p.m., when the Councillors went to the King and brought back the message contained in the note herewith, signed by Winchester and Paget, who came on the following day to write it. The draft of it which they brought was sufficiently punctilious and vain, and the note was not settled without altercation, as Turquin will report. Winchester and Paget said that the Deputy of Calais would remedy the excesses about Arras and that the King prayed the Emperor to forbid the French to convey victuals through his territory, as from Therouanne to Ardres, or else permit the English to do the like.
Think that the Emperor should proclaim that no victuals be conveyed into France even by sea and that no person cover with his name English or French merchandise, as this King proclaimed some years since when he was neutral. The step which the Emperor has taken has rendered these people tractable. The Councillors urged that the Emperor should order his officers not to give occasion to such scandals; for if the King's men commit offences, as men of war will, he will at once indemnify the sufferers and punish the delinquents. Winchester and Paget also said that as the French were boasting that they would invade Boulogne, Calais, and Guisnes, the King needed more troops; but before raising either Germans or Italians he must be assured of their passage through the Emperor's dominions, and therefore begged the writers to do their best to obtain this assurance. Expect that he will shortly endeavour to procure such passports, more for the purpose of proclaiming that he has them than of using them. Would know what answer to make. London, 11 Jan. 1545.
Docketed as rec. at Brussels 17 Jan.
11 Jan.44. Chapuys and Van Der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
VII, No. 6.
M. de Turquin, the bearer, and their letters to the Emperor report the answer made to her complaints. People here are annoyed at the embargo in the Netherlands, alleging that news of it arrived when Hertford and Paget were coming to say that her complaints should be redressed. Hope, however, that it will make these people more tractable. London, 11 Jan. 1545.
11 Jan.45. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.The saying is confirmed that the French king has been in danger of death "of a thing swollen up beneath in his belly where he hath, been cut once before," but he begins to amend. There has been much posting betwixt this and the French Court of late; and lastly Mons. Dandelo, the second esquire, and in good favour with the Emperor, is ridden thither. It is said that Orleans is looked for here shortly. Indeed the day comes on apace for the Emperor to declare his mind upon th'alternative, for it should be within nine or ten days; and yet there is no speaking here whereupon "th'Emperor will finally resolve himself." Cannot perceive that Alba is yet redelivered by the Frenchmen. In the restitution of Astenaye, where the French king should have only broken down the fortification by him made, he has beaten down what was made before by the Duke of Lorayne. Encloses a letter, (fn. 2) from Barow, from the governor's deputy of our merchants. Much begins to be spoken of the Turk's preparations for Hungary, "so as they of Vienne seem to be in great fear." Mons.de Granvele who is at Wormes is sent for, and will be here within six or seven days. The duke of Alberquerque's brother, Don Barptolemew de Cueva, is made cardinal; and also the new nuncio Spondrato (sic), who remains here; and the other nuncio (fn. 3) has left, nothing contented that he is not made cardinal. The ambassador of Ferrara tells of a report in Andwerpe that Ludovico Alarmo and the Conte de Sainctbonifacio and another (fn. 4) are gone to Italy to make men for the King. Thinks they might have sped better if it had been kept secret. The Duke of Cleves is looked for here within two or three days. Gant, 11 Jan. 1544. Signed.
Pp.2. Add. Endd.: "With a copie of the governor's deputies letter."
11 Jan.46. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Takes advantage of a messenger now going to Calais although he has little to write. Yesterday the Emperor came first abroad since my coming to Gaunt, and has all his Council, both of these parts and of his Privy Council, before him, "but whereupon I cannot tell." Here is no speaking but of Englishmen, since the arrest at Andwarp and Baro. An ambassador is coming from Scotland, but is not yet come. Here were great complaints that soldiers of Guynes had made a raid up to Arras gates in Artoys, but the truth was that eight soldiers of Guynes, with Mr. Walop's licence, seeking their adventures in Picardy, brought a booty of sheep through Artoys, their native country, and one of them, tarrying to make merry with his friends in Artoys, was put in prison and likely to be hanged, whose father desired me to speak to the Lady Regent for his delivery. She answered me that she would send to the Governor of Arras to know how the matter stood, and thereupon do what she might. How gently the King's subjects in Andwarp and Baro are used by the Emperor's officers will be seen in Mr. Wotton's letters. "They say here that upon the answer that shalbe brought therehence by Monsr. Molyngbeys, that th'Emperor sent thither of late concerning the causes of the said arrest, dependeth the war and the peace with them here." I have yet no answer concerning the passport for the lymyners for Bolongne. "The Duke of Alberkyrke ys folks, being here with him, doth give little commendation of his rewards there, as I hear say." Gaunte, 11 Jan. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 Jan.47. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Since sealing his letter, has answer, concerning the passport for the lymyners, that the Lady Regent moved the Emperor in it yesterday, and further answer will be, made "upon the arrival of th'answer that cometh therhens about the causes of th'arrest by Mons. Molyngbeys." If they stick at so small a thing, what will they do in a greater? Gande, 11 Jan. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.

11 Jan.
48. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.After closing my other letter to your Highness herewith, I again talked with John Drommond, the Scot, and learnt that the two packets of letters from Poole, of which I wrote, are conveyed hence by a Scottish priest to Hanborugh, from whence they shall be sent to the cardinal of Scotland. The Scots have all their traffic of late in Hanborugh, from whence they go and come daily out of Scotland. If laid for that way, now and then messengers from France and Rome would be met with and the secret practises of Scotland learnt, "and specially of Pooles practices with the Car. of Scotlande and the clergy of the same." Friar Nelson, perceiving your merchants now holding their mart at Barrow, has placed an English friar in a house of Observants there to get knowledge of your realm and spy who goes and comes. Hic serpens callidior est cunctis animantibus terre. I hear that Poole has great affiance in Nelson. Andwerp, 11 Jan.
Hol.,pp.2. Add. Endd: 1544.
12 Jan.49. Payments by Stamp.
R. O.Commission to the Privy Council (names given), to make out warrants under the King's stamp for payments in the King's affairs. Also confirmation of all payments made heretofore upon letters of any of the Council since 1 April, 35 Hen. VIII. [altered to 28 Sept. last "in this present 37th (sic) year of our reign."] (fn. 5) Westm., 12 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 5. Endd.: Copie of a commission to the Counsail to pay money. See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 9.
Cart. Harl.,
83, H. 9.
B. M.
2. Original exemplification of the above with Great Seal in white wax (injured) appended.
12 Jan.50. Jasper Duchy.
R. O.Licence to bring into the realm jewels, &c. See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 11.
Modern copy, p. 1.
12 Jan.51. Money for Guisnes.
R. O.The Council's warrant to Sir John Baker to deliver to bearers, Mr. Browne and Mr. Chamberlayn, to be conveyed to Guisnez and delivered, by indenture, to Thomas Palmer, esquire, treasurer there, 3,000l. st., and for their costs in conveying it 20 mks. st. Grenewich, 12 Jan., 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Hertford, Gage and Petre.
P. 1. Add., in his absence, to the Receivers and Tellers of the King's Exchequer.
12 Jan.52. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury and Others.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 213.
The King, for considerations expressed in letters, commissions and instructions now addressed to all shires, has thought convenient, by commissioners, to treat with all his loving subjects to contribute a benevolence towards his great charges in their defence. As your lordship and those of the Council in those parts know best the gentlemen of the "shire" in your commission, we are commanded to send herewith letters, instructions and commissions with blanks for naming commissioners in the "shires" of your said commission. You shall divide yourselves into sundry parties, appoint in every shire gentlemen meet to assist you, and, by your and their "frank example in contribution," encourage the rest to strain themselves as the necessity of the time requires. Greenwich, 12 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Hertford, Gage and Petre.
P. S.—Where in some of the shires the names of the commissioners have been inserted here, they shall remain.
Further, the King having sent into divers shires letters and instructions for the order and watch of the beacons, commands a copy to be sent to you for the places in your commission.
Pp. 2. Add. to Shrewsbury, the abp. elect of York, the bp. of Durham, Sir Ralph Sadleyr "and others of the King's Majesty's Council there."
R. O.2. An instruction for the placing and firing of beacons. The chief points are, 1. "Below in the valleys" next the sea place three beacons where all three may be seen from the place of the next three. 2. On adjoining hills place two beacons visible both to seaward and landward. 3. Inland, in places where the beacons on the hills may be seen and the inner parts of the shire warned, set one beacon. 4. Appoint wise and vigilant persons to watch and keep the said beacons by turns. 5. Neither two nor three of the beacons in the valleys to be lighted except by the special persons in charge; and the watchers on the hills, both on the coast and inland, taking heed not to be deceived by other fires, to take warning, those inland from those on the coast and those on the coast from those in the valleys. 6. On the appearance of any number of ships one of the three beacons in the valleys shall be fired, and those in charge of other beacons in valleys shall thereupon each fire one of theirs. 7. If an army approach the coast within four miles, the keeper of the beacons in the valley next the place where a landing is likely shall fire two of his three beacons, and the watchers upon the hill next to that shall fire one of their two beacons; whereupon the men of that part of the shire shall resort to a place appointed by the lord lieutenant (altered by Wriothesley to "by such as the King's Majesty by his letters hath appointed to have the special charge of that shire till his Highness shall further determine his pleasure in that behalf"). 8. When the keepers of the three beacons in the valley see the enemy land in greater number than the men assembled there can resist they shall in haste fire all their three beacons; whereupon both beacons on the next hill must be fired and then one of each of the other pairs upon the coast hills and all the inland beacons; and every man shall resort towards the hill where the two beacons burn. 9. It must be foreseen that no beacons are fired upon the firing of beacons and assembling of people in "any other shire than before is expressed."
Draft, pp. 3. Endd.: Instructions for making and firing of beacons; and in a later hand June, 1554. Numbers not in original.
[12] Jan.53. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 119.
B. M.
II., No. 396.
The King has seen his several letters and the writings therewith. Where it appears that George Douglas has desired the laird of Bonjedwourth to sue for safeconduct for ambassadors from the Governor and lords of Scotland, he is to be answered that the King has lately made proclamation upon the frontiers for the entry of his prisoners, and unless they enter and relieve their pledges the King intends to grant no such safeconduct. If, however, they do enter, he will grant safeconduct to ambassadors (authorised by the Queen and Governor) to come to the earl of Shrewsbury and declare their charge. Bonjedworth and others who have promised service are to be assured that if such ambassadors come the King will in the treaty have respect to their safeguard. By Cassells' letters it appears that he means to make his entry. He is to be advertised that the King takes this well; and if he perform it his pledges are to be duly delivered. His servant is to be permitted to repair to his pledges, and hither if he so desires. The masters of the hoys laden with sea coal at Newcastle must be persuaded to carry it to Bulloyn (where there is a scarcity), and Englishmen put aboard to see that they do so; but they shall be gently used and promised a reasonable price. The King will send down his servant Petit to view the decay of Warke castle. The King takes in good part Lord Wharton's advertisements touching the order taken with the laird of Closborn and Oliver St. Clere. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Hertford, Essex, Gardiner, Thirlby and Gage.
Draft, (fn. 6) pp. 2. Endd.: M. to th'Erle of Shrewesbury, January 1544.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 120.
B. M.
II., No. 396(2).
2. (fn. 7) The King is also pleased to grant Thomas Gower's suit, commended by your letters, touching the gift of Cawe Mylles if he indeed fortify and use them as he promises. Hearing that many Scots, men, women and children, daily come into the realm, whereby victuals upon the frontier wax scarce and intelligence is conveyed, the King requires your Lordship to devise with the wardens for some remedy.
Draft in Petre's hand, p. 1.
12 [Jan.]54. The Privy Council to Wotton and Carne.
R. O.
St. P., x. 245.
The King has seen their several letters of sundry dates, and lastly that to "me the secretary" showing the arrest of his merchants there, upon occasion of the stay here of certain ships laden with victual for the enemy. The fact is that upon information that divers French merchants at Andwerp, Dunkerk and Newport had bought a great quantity of herring and other merchandise, which in passing towards France were intercepted by the King's men of war, they were taken as lawful prize, the goods because they belonged to the enemy and the ships because they carried the same; for in the King's demand for the Françoys of Diepe they (the Emperor's subjects) allege that, albeit the ship belong to Frenchmen, being their friends, yet, because it carried Scottish goods, being their enemies, it is taken as pertaining to enemies. Upon advertisement from Wotton and Carne, and information by their Ambassadors here, the morrow after New Year's Day, that the goods belonged to the Emperor's subjects, the King ordered the ships and merchandise, except munition and victual, to be delivered to the complainants. As for the victual, traffic in it being directly against the treaty, it was ordered to be sold. Now the Emperor has proceeded to a further extremity than can be justified by the treaty; and has sent Mons. de Turcoyn with letters of credence to declare that it is done at the importunity of his merchants, and yet in such honest and secret wise as to raise no scandal. The King answered Mons. de Turcoyn "more gravely, directly, sincerely and friendly" than can be written, that, having done nothing contrary to the treaty or to the detriment of the Emperor's subjects (it being the "common law of the world" to empeach the victualling of enemies and pay reasonably for the victuals if they belong to friends), he cannot but think unkindness in this arrest not only of his merchants but of his agents who were there for the discharge of his credit for such money as he took up there last year. As he and the Emperor are "not now made new friends," he cannot think that this strange dealing proceeded from the Emperor, but rather that some who ought to have informed the Emperor rightly of the state of his treaty have deceived him, or he would not, when the King expects him to do some notable thing against his enemy, give that enemy occasion of greater courage. It grieves the King the more that his old friend has taken such a course; for, even if the King had acted unjustly, the treaty requires that redress should be sought by first advertising the same in writing and demanding a day for the meeting of commissioners to determine the matter. The King had, of his gentleness, without delay, determined the matter, and it was in writing to have been sent to Wotton and Carne to declare, and "certain of us" were appointed to have gone to London to signify it to the ambassadors; and yet, perceiving by Mons. de Tourcoyn the Emperor's inclination to deal friendly, and imputing the matter rather to the importunity of the merchants "and the provocation of some others that be about him" than to any lack of good will, his Highness has agreed to the order sent herewith in writing. The only preventive of these piques is the salve ministered by the treaty, viz., to be enemy to enemy and to restrain traffic. The aid upon invasion appointed by the treaty is not due, because last year was the time of their common invasion; but the King expects the Emperor to declare himself enemy to enemy and forbid traffic, for upon that point the treaty is plain. Even if the Emperor's treaty with France had been made with Henry's consent (which he denies) and all three princes had been accorded peace, the French king has since invaded Henry's realm by sea and also his places on that side, which are expressly provided for in the treaty, so that the Emperor must needs declare himself enemy of the French king, as Henry trusts he "will do at the end of the time he hath taken for declaration of the same."
The above is the King's answer to Mons. de Tourcoyn, which Wotton is to declare to the Emperor and Carne to the Regent. In case the Emperor will not even now declare himself, Wotton shall, soon after the expiration of the delay, obtain audience; and, repeating briefly the cause of the coming of Hertford and Winchester and their proceedings, without mention of the King's consent or dissent, require him to declare himself enemy of the French king according to the King's letters to him which they delivered. In this Wotton shall use all good persuasions and report the answer with diligence.
Finally, the King has determined to entertain a number of Italians and Almains, who, to come to him, must pass through the Emperor's dominions; and Wotton shall now at his next access desire a general safe-conduct for them, whereby the Emperor will both gratify the King and show the world an argument of his friendship, and also "give the said strangers courage to come to his Majesty's service."
Draft corrected by Paget, pp. 32. Endd.: Mynute. [The Co]unsayl to Mr. [W]ootton, xijo [Januarii] 1544.
12 Jan.55. Sir John Gage and Others to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 345.
B. M.
Chr. Kene, the bearer, has provided seven shiploads of hay for the King and brought it to Cales, where the charge of one ship is already delivered to certain horsemen strangers. Find Kene's declaration of the charges so great (and also Wm. Marche writes that the hay is not worth half the money) that the King is like to be too great a loser unless it "be husbondly used in the utterance again"; and have therefore charged Kene to see to this, that he be not thought a negligent purveyor, and have committed to him the sale of the said hay and of the coal and brick which he provided therewith for ballast. Require Cobham to assist him as shall seem requisite; also to pay him the money due for the ship of hay sold to the strangers and for any portion of the hay already sold, so that he may make a full and perfect account of the whole provision. Grenewyche, 12 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed: John Gage: Anth. Rous: John Ryther.
Pp. 2. Add.: To, etc., the lord Debite of Cales and the marches of the same. Endd.
12 Jan.56. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.Wrote on the 3rd inst. This is only to signify that Sor Luys Gonsaga has required him to send the enclosed letter to John Salerno, Henry's servant, "for matters pertaining to the service of the same." Letters from Rome report that the Bishop is solicited to send 6,000 Italians into France and has promised the Emperor 12,000 men "going in person against the Turke." Here is great fame of Henry's mighty preparations against France and his great provision of money, by exchange, in Andwarpe, many Italians desiring to be in his "solde" and service. Of the Turk is nothing certain and all men marvel at the slackness of letters from Constantinople. Venice, 12 Jan. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Jan.57. Sale of Crown Lands.
Commission to pass bills. See GRANTS in JANUARY, No. 12.
14 Jan.58. Cables.
Add. MS.
5,752, f. 30.
B. M.
Indenture of receipt, 14 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII., by Ric. Howlet, keeper of the King's storehouse at Depford Strond, from Wm. Watson, of London, the King's merchant for Dansyk, of the following cordage, viz., 10 cables and 27 hawsers (weights given). Signed by Howlet.
P. 1. Sealed.
14 Jan.59. The Privy Council to Sir Philip Hobby.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 293.
B. M.
Understanding by his letters to Secretary Paget that the Spaniards were passed from Rye towards their country before his arrival, the King commands him to return hither without following them further; declaring to John de Hare that the King is pleased to grant him the leading of 200 Spaniards in these wars, for the gathering of whom he may pass over accordingly. As to the suit of Pedro Negro and other Spaniards for their abode in safety and offer of service, as contained in Hobby's letters, he shall signify to them that the King accepts their service and will reward it. Greenwich, 14 Jan. 1544. Signed by Russell, Essex, Wyngfeld and Petre.
P. 1. Add.: one of the gentlemen ushers of the King's Majesty's Privy Chamber.
14 Jan.60. Hospital of St. Giles of Kepire beside Durham.
Close Roll,
36 Hen. VIII.
p. 5, No. 30.
Rymer, xv. 67.
Surrender (by Wm. Frankeleyn, clk., master, and the fellows) of the hospital and all its possessions in the city of Durham and in Kepire, Gateshed, Wykham, Hunstanworth, Satley, Collierley, Awkland, Wasshington, Warmouth, Revehoper, Bolleyn, Cleuedon, Esyngton, Warrington, Chestre, Heighington, Raynton, Bradewood, Claxton, Fosterley, Knokden, Townfeld, Redlyuerhope, Ivestane, Spittells, Cracroke, Holmershe, Amerstane, Darnecroke, Eplinden, Braferton, Hurworth, Bromsheles, Boldon, Elmedon, Erington, Segefelde, Sunderland, Derlyngton and Houghton, Dham., and in co. Nthld., and elsewhere in England. 14 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Confirmed by the dean and chapter of Durham, 29 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Acknowledged, 26 Jan., before the King in Chancery at Westminster.
15 Jan.61. Perrenot, Bp. of Arras to Mons. De St. Mauris.
d'Etat, III. 44.
The Emperor is recovered, and leaves to-day for Brussels and thence to the Diet of Worms. * * * The ambassadors of France had audience of his Majesty yesterday and endeavoured to justify their demand of the comprehension of Scotland, the sieur de Cedan, and count Galeot de la Concordia. He referred them to me and they have today declared their arguments, which seem easily solveable, but I have deferred to answer them until I get his Majesty's consent. * * * * Ghent, 15 Jan. 1544.
16 Jan.62. The Augmentations.
Appointment of officers. See GRANTS in JANUARV, No. 14.
16 Jan.63. Anthony Rous to Lord Cobham and Sir Edward Wotton.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 347.
My lord Great Chamberlain (fn. 8) being now sent to visit the King's pieces on that side, and the state of victuals being one of the things which he will regard, you shall understand that, for the restoring of your staple of 500l., there is laded by George Rous and Bonde 100 wey of cheese, 50 barrels butter, 400 qr. wheat and 500 qr. malt, which will be with you as soon as God sends wind and weather, if not intercepted by enemies. My said lord may be assured of this. Bonde has promised me and my fellows to bring you 500 qr. malt at his own adventure, and likewise John Marshall, a neighbour of mine, has promised to bring another 500 qr. malt. But that malt cannot come yet, there being such small store that we had much ado to furnish the quantity now sent to Bolen. I wrote to your lordship, my lord Deputy, by Chr. Kene, to give John Marshall your letters as one appointed by you to bring victuals to that town. When he receives the letter he will not only bring the malt but other provisions. Robert Dunne will convey the letter. Grenewich, 16 Jan. 36 Henry VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To the right honorable my lorde debite of Cales and the marches therof, and to Syr Edward Wotton, knight, treasurer of the same.
16 Jan.64. Meeting at Cambray.
Convention made, 16 Jan. 1544, between deputies of the Emperor and French king, at Cambray, in pursuance of the treaty of Crespi, to settle the boundaries of France, Burgundy and the Low Countries.
The last article records that whereas, upon the question about Crevecœur, it was formerly agreed that if the four deputies then appointed could not agree, the King of England, being then a common ally, should appoint a fifth, which was done, and Francis sent his case (production) into England, where it still remains, the French deputies ask that the count of Bures, as original claimant, should send for it. The Emperor's deputies reply that they will willingly inform De Bures, but it will be found that the over-arbiter in England refused to decide and De Bures thereupon withdrew his bag (sac) and probably the French king's proctor did the like; so it will save time to seek the cases elsewhere, that they may be produced at the meeting appointed for the 24th inst.
French. Counterpart signed by De Lalain, P. Tingri, and G. Hangenart.
18 Jan.65. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O.On the 16th received theirs of the 12th, with the licence for Jasper Dowche, which he delivered, telling Dowche that it was evident that the King accepted his service, since the licence was in much more ample form than was asked, and that Vaughan was commanded to accompany him into England. He said that next day he would repair to Court for the Queen's licence to depart. Finds him somewhat fearful to go until certain how things stand between the Emperor and the King after this late arrest. "Much ado I shall have to bring forth so wily a fox; but yet I think to drive him thither." As to their command to instruct Thos. Lock, he cannot do so, as Lock is in England; and before he can instruct anyone he must learn from the Council "what sums of money are there paid to the Bonvix, John Girald and Vivald and what also to the merchants of England," that the merchants here "may be paid the just rest;" and he must also know how much he should receive of the Merchants Staplers and Adventurers. Since the arrest all merchants here remain "in a marvellous stay, the Bourse unhaunted, their hearts damped and made cold with the great fear that they had never to recover again such things as were taken upon the seas. All the inhabitants of this town shronke at it, fearing the utter decay of their traffic. Great numbers of fullers, shearmen, dyers and others thought their livings were utterly bereaved from them, so that if it had continued a little longer it would have brought a wonderful alteration of things here. This little arrest hath made many to confess to me that it were better for this country to have xx years wars with France than one with England, in so great fear they were of it." Merchants here have "exceedingly coloured" Frenchmen's goods, which will be hard to be known. None that laded herrings here thought to recover them, confessing them good prize, as they did all victual. Jasper Dowche, who is a "chief parler" against the taking of their ships, ever confessed that he judged victuals taken to be good prize. "And now they, hearing the contrary, not alone marvel thereat, but think the same rather extorted than justly granted unto." There is a Frenchman who dwells here "at the sign of the healm," now in England colouring Frenchmen's goods, as also are many Dowchemen. Thinks to bring Jasper Dowche within 12 or 14 days; and, therefore, desires them to send Thos. Locke or appoint some other with diligence. Andwerp, 18 Jan.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1544.
18 Jan.66. Vaughan to Wriothesley.
R. O.To the same effect as the preceding (but more brief) touching Jasper Dowche and the payment of the merchants. Andwerp, 18 Jan.
P.S.—"If Thomas Lock come not I will leave order with William Damoysell and instruct him accordingly."
Hol., p. 1. Add, Endd.; 1544.
18 Jan.67. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O."Herewith I do send you letters from Xpofer Mownt, which have been in my hands these vj. days, not knowing how to send them by mean of this arrest. Shortly I hope to see you and to bring with me Jasper Dowche." Andwerp, 18 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
19 Jan.68. Wye College.
R. O.
Rymer. xv. 67.
Surrender by Edward Bowdon, M.A., master or provost of the college of Wye, Kent, and the fellows or chaplains of the same, of the said college with all its possessions. Dated 19 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by Bowdon and by Wm. Doddyng and Thos. Sotheyby. Seal lost. Enrolled [CL Roll, p. 5, No. 18] without mem. of acknowledgment.
ii. Instructions for the commissioners "named in the commission hereunto annexed," viz.—1. To repair to Wye College and take surrender of the same from the dean and chapter. 2. To appoint the master, brethren and other ministers perpetual stipends or livings. 3. To take an inventory of ornaments, jewels, chattels, &c. 4. To enquire what debts are owing to or by the college. 5. To commit the custody of the college and its goods to Wm. Pownsett, by indenture.
iii. Certificate of John Burges and Wm. Pounsett, commissioners.
That no lead, bells or ornaments belong to the college of Wye other than appertain to the parish church. That they have taken the surrender and appointed the following pensions, viz., to Edw. Bowdon, master of the said house, 26l. 13s. 4d., to Wm. Dodding and Thos. Sotheby, fellows, 6l. each, and to Ric. Clyfton, master of the grammar school, 10l. That the debts owing to the college amount to 21l. 6s. 11¼ d. That the debts owing by the college are to the King, for the residue of their first fruits 42l. and for their tenth this year 9l. 6s. 2½d. That an inventory of the goods is annexed and the custody of the college remains at the appointment of the commissioners.
iv. Inventory of the goods of the late college of Wye, taken 19 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII., and appraised by Thos. Serles, Edw. Wood, Ric. Martyn, John Dryland and John May.
Parlour.—3 tables, 4 forms and 4 trestles, 2s. A "banker and two quysshins," 6d. A pair of andyrons and a fire fork, 2s. 4d. Hall.—A table with two trestles, 12d. A form and a cupboard with a lock, 12d. Hangings of old saye, red and green, and old painted cloths, 12d. Buttery.—A board with 2 trestles, 2 bins, a ship chest with a lock and a key and a hanging cage, 8d. Two basons of pewter with an ewer, 2s. Seven candlesticks, 20d. Eleven old torn table cloths, 16 towels and 6 table napkins, 2s. Low chamber.—An old feather bed with bolster, mattress and two fustian blankets, 3s. 4d. Old hangings of saye and a painted cloth, 16d. A low form and a bedstead, 8d. Two great chests, 2s. 8d. Kitchen.—Two great brass pots and three small, 8s. Two great old pans and three small, 20d. Two kettles, two chaffers with handles, two old chafing dishes, 14d. An old ladle of latten and a flesh fork, 2d. Two gridirons, 2 pair of old pot hooks, 2 little hooks, a colendre. a broken morter, 2 old trivetts, a fire fork, 3 hooks of iron with a bar in the chimney, and two frying pans. 4s. Four great spits and two small, 6s. Item 27 platters, 22 pewter dishes, 18 saucers. 17s. Two great iron racks, 20d. Two great tuns to put malt in, 2 "yeldyng " tuns, 9 "keters," a mashing tun, a kneading trough, and a moulding board with a cover, 10s. The chapel within the college.—A table of alabaster upon the altar (not priced). Two great chests with locks and keys (not priced). In stauro.—4 steers, 62s. 400 oaken boards, 6s. 8d. Total 7l. 22d.
Plate.—A silver salt with his cover, 18oz., 3l. Ten silver spoons, 8¼oz., 27s. 6d. Two old "massyers," 6s. 8d. Signed: Jhon Burges: Wyll'm Pounsett.
v. "A bill of debts now owing unto the late college of Wye in Kent." Giving the terms for which each debt has been owing. Twenty-eight debts, among which are those of Robt. Edolfe, clk., for the parsonage of Bramsett, behind for a year and a half ended at Christmas, 8l.; the parson of Hotfylde for his pension, five years behind, 50s.; the lord of Canterbury for the pension of Westwell, three years behind, 5l. Total, 21l. 6s. ll¼d. Signed: Jhon Bruges.
Five parchments stitched together. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II. 50,
19. Jan.69. John Beaumont to Shrewsbury.
P., p. 79.
My neighbour Mr. Prest shows me that information is given to your Lordship that he has had much money from London. I dare depose that he has not had 10l. of all his lands and debts. Many of the King's Council know that he is poor and has had two or three such chances that he cannot be rich. He has about 200 mks. land, &c. "My lord, I dare say his lands after the rate will be better to the King than his goods. He is a sore diseased man, and hath an honest and a good gentlewoman to his wife, which be evil entreated by that lu priest Webster." I beg you to favour them, for they are both friendly to my wife and me. 19 Jan. 35 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To, etc., the earl of Shrewesbury.
19 Jan.70. Carne to the Council.
R. O.On the 15th inst., at night, arrived at Gaunt Mr. Wotton's servant with the Council's letter, of the 12th, to Wotton and the writer; whereupon, next morning, he followed the lady Regent, who departed thence on the 15th "towards Brussels with the Emperor, where she arrived the xvijth of this, very late." Obtained audience next day at 4 p.m., and declared the whole process of the stay of the ships, according to the Council's letter, Perceiving him speak of that matter, she called President Score to hear. Her answer was that she knew that the Emperor made the arrest upon good ground, and doubtless their ambassadors had sufficiently answered as to the treaty, but, as touching the amity, which she knew well to be ancient, she would always be an aid to the continuance thereof; and, whereas the King requires the Emperor to declare himself enemy to the French king, &c., it concerned the Emperor, and Hertford and' Winchester when here had answer therein. To that Carne replied that the Emperor appointed them a certain time for the declaration, at which time the King expected it to be made according to the treaty. To that she made no answer but referred it to the Emperor; and, as to the King's answer to Mons. Turcoyn, that having done only what he might well do without offence of the treaty, &c., he might think unkindness of the arrest not only of his merchants but of his agents, she answered never a word, but only smiled, insomuch that Carne asked whether she understood. Besought her then that the arrest here might be discharged "according to the order made there (which I showed her in writing to th'intent she should pretend no ignorance of it and thereby take occasion to defer the matter)"; saying further that the stay of it should prejudice the English merchants at this mart. She answered that divers of these parts have goods in England and can get no remedy. "Yea, said the President, Jasper Doulz of Andwarpe had there taken from him to the value of 9,000 crowns and could have no remedy for it." Told her that was an old matter, not concerning this arrest, and Doulz might have justice in England by suing for it, as English merchants are driven to sue here for their goods. As for the discharge she said that she would consult the Emperor and then make answer. Moved her again for certain passports for liminers to pass, by Calais, to Boloyn, which matter was before deferred until answer came from England touching the arrests. The President said that liminers were very scant, so many having been lost in the last wars, and could not conveniently be spared. Told him that if he wonld send to Odonburgh Fair he would find more liminers than could be sold, and that this was a small matter, for the horses were bought and paid for. She said it would be answered when the answer was made concerning the arrests. She seems to have "no great pleasure to hear much of the treaty"; and, as Turcoyn arrived here on the 17th and nothing is yet done, and they proceed in it very coldly, Carne thinks good to advertise the Council.
Posts pass between this and France daily. Since this arrest, the Emperor sent thither Mons. Dandolo, of his Privy Chamber, who returned in 8 or 9 days, arriving here at midnight on the 16th. Yesternight arrived a gentlemen of the duke of Orleans and went, this morning, to the Emperor with Mons. Moret, the French ambassador. It will be seen from the answer which Wotton had of the Emperor this evening what answer Carne is likely to have touching the discharge of the arrest. It is said that proclamation shall be made that no victuals, "nor no kind of fish," be carried out of those parts. Bruxelles, 19 Jan. Signed.
Pp.4. Add. Endd.: 1544.
19 Jan.71. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Has nothing important to write but what will be seen in his letter to the Council. Here be great complaints of the ill handling of the Emperor's subjects there, as if a time had been "spied out" to have a more commodious end in their doleances of things past and (before the discharge of this arrest) to provide for them hereafter. "I would wish that there were an honorable end in it in time, for the Frenchmen stirreth apace here." Bruxells, 19 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.. 1544.
20 Jan.72. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St P x. 254.
By his physicians' advice, the Emperor removed from Gaunt towards Bruxelles on the 15th inst. Wotton tarried that day at Gaunt, and received letters from Henry's Council concerning the arrest of the ships. Then, following after the Emperor, he came to Bruxelles on the 17th, and required audience; but was put off from time to time until the evening of the 19th, when he declared his instructions. The Emperor replied that he desired to declare what moved him to the arrest, which was not done rashly but after good deliberation with his Council. Henry's men took all his ships that passed, whether going hence or coming, and whatever country they were of and whether they carried victuals or not, by twenty and thirty at once; so that his subjects came running to the Court, with great exclamations, requiring either to have Henry's ships arrested here or else to have leave to make reprisals, to which last way the Emperor would not consent in respect of the amity. He wrote to his ambassadors to sue for redress of the matter, but they could get none, and therefore he proceeded to this arrest, which should not be found strange seeing that, certain years past, there being like amity, for two or three English ships stayed here upon some occasion which he did not now remember, Henry caused all his subjects and their ships to be arrested in England for a great while. He intended no breach of amity; and, as for Henry's agents, he knew nothing of it, nor meant it so. Offered to deliver him a copy of the "accord for the relaxation of the arrests," but he said he had it, signed by Winchester, Paget and other of Henry's Council, and that it was too general, and he would deliberate with his Council thereupon. Wotton said he knew not how the ships were stayed, but doubtless it was upon reasonable suspicion of carrying victual and munition to Henry's enemies. The Emperor asked how those which came out of Spain or were empty could be so suspected; and "would not grant it to be unlawful to carry victuals to th'enemy unless it were to revictual any town upon the frontiers, as Arde or any other like." Told him that Henry had of himself ordered the restitution of the ships and goods when certified that they did not belong to enemies, but the Emperor had not tarried long enough to get an answer. He replied that he had tarried long enough, for his ambassadors required answer once or twice and could not get it; and the matter required haste, as it seemed that his subjects would not be suffered to pass that way, even to and from Spain. When Wotton said that there was now no reason to stay the relaxation of the arrest, "seeing that it was agreed what should be done on both sides," the Emperor answered that that was only a device of Henry's Council, for his ambassadors had no commission to make it, and were but as witnesses to it, the things which they would have put in it being put out again. Wotton said that, as it seemed reasonable, he marvelled that the Emperor did not execute it. The Emperor replied that it was not reasonable that his subjects should be compelled to sell their victuals at less than half-price and that Henry's subjects should be released freely and his conditionally; and, besides, there was no provision made in it for the future. Wotton answered that it was agreed that the victuals should be sold at prices reasonable, but the Emperor insisted that they were taxed at half their value. Further argument, in which the Emperor allowed that there were reasons why his subjects' goods should only be released conditionally, but would not agree to any delay in providing against the recurrence of such questions. Wotton said it was likely that, upon this agreement, Henry would release the Emperor's subjects, and if his own were not now released he would be deluded; but the Emperor persisted that he would confer first with his Council, intending to provide for the safety of his ships in future; so that Wotton fears that this relaxation will not be so shortly obtained here as he expected. Perceiving that the Emperor never touched the matter of his declaration against the French king, Wotton brought it in, and was answered that it was sufficiently debated when Hertford and Winchester were here, and that the Emperor had written to his ambassadors to learn Henry's pleasure "upon a certain thing," but they could get no answer, and until he had answer thereof he could not answer Wotton. Knows not what the thing is. Expects to get like answer when he moves the matter after the expiration of the ten weeks. As for the safe conduct, the Emperor said he would gladly do all that he was bound to do, but saw great difficulties; for Italians would have to pass through certain difficult straits, and if they came in small companies the villains of the countries they passed through would slay them, and if in great companies they would use intolerable violences, and Almains, although easier to be had, when once assembled would do inestimable hurt, as Landenburghes men did last year, but he would think over the matter and give a final answer by Granvele (who returned hither that same day).
Has not yet received that final answer. The Emperor's countenance was amiable enough, and he still says that he intends to conserve the amity. He still has gout in the arm, and much laments his loss of time by this sickness. He will hence as soon as he can travel, for the Turk prepares strongly to return into Hungary. Mons. Dandelo, the second esquire, who lately went in post to the French king, is returned. He is said to have gone to require longer day for the declaration of the Emperor's mind upon the alternative of the marriages, on the ground that sickness prevented the Emperor going into Germany to consult his brother and the states of the Empire. Still hears that the king of Romans comes down hither. Bruxelles, 20 Jan. 1544. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.73. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Sir, "this agreement sent me is taken here for no agreement, and therefore I cannot see that the relaxation here will ensue upon it. I cannot tell whether I may say aliquid monstri alunt." And, howbeit I have not yet the final answer, the which I must receive at Granvele's hands, yet I rather look to have it worse of him than better, for so it is most commonly wont to be. A servant of mine heard a Frenchman say that he had received letters that the French king did send an ambassador to the king of Danemarke. Mr. Vaughan has advertised me that there arrived of late in Zeland two ships out of Scotland; in the one came a gentleman, a Frenchman the other was laden with merchandises which they were suffered to sell there. The ambassador of Savoye showed me that he had letters out of Italye that the Bishop of Rome intended to send Poole as legate into France, to preach there the cross against us. The duke of Cleves hath sent Olisleger hither to despatch his business, so that he is not like to come hither now at this time himself." Bruxelles, 20 Jan. 1544.
P.S.—Our men are daily arrested, as many as pass through this country. I wrote a letter to you on the 11th inst. and "would be glad to know whether you received it, for now I suspect ever and stand in doubt whether the messengers be stayed."
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.74. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Bearer, Lawrence of Shwalbach, born by Francforde, one of Landenberge's captains that had both horsemen and footmen and whose horsemen served the King at Boloyn, shows me that the French king has required his services, and he has the money offered him in his house, but, having once served the King's Majesty, he is first going into England to offer to serve with 400 or 500 horsemen and as many footmen as the King will appoint. He has desired Wotton to write this. Bruxelles, 20 Jan. 1544.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.75. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.The bearer, Cesar de Enzynas, a Spaniard, desires a letter of recommendation to some personage in Court by whom he might be brought to offer his service to the King. If the King will have a troop of old soldiers of that nation, he says that he can bring such a number out of Italy as were hard to find elsewhere. "The man neither in his face, manners ne modesty seeming to be a Spaniard, and therefore somewhat the more liking me," moves me to entreat you for him. Apparently he will be pleased with the common solde, although not of the common sort. "As yet we remain under the Emperor's arrest. What leisure he hath to release us I know not, but they say he is very sick. Here is a hot bruit of the Turk's coming into Hungary with a far stronger power than ever. The French king minding to help the Emperor of his gout proveth whether the sudden bruit of the Turk's coming will put away the anguish thereof, and whether it will drive Milane and Flanders into his house, as was promised."
Thanks for your good news of my return home. This day Jasper Dowche returns from Brussels and I shall know whether he will go into England. "If he will go, I shall be fain to go with him or else he will never be driven thither." Andwerp, 20 Jan.
Pray tell my lord Chancellor that certain English merchants offer to pay me money for the King, but I know not how much to receive from each. My lord writes that much money is delivered both to strangers and English merchants, but not the particulars.
Hol. pp. 2. Add. (in French). Sealed. Endd.: 1544.
21 Jan.76. Paget to Lord Cobham.
283. f. 295.
B. M.
The King, having last week despatched a post to his ambassadors with the Emperor and hearing nothing again, supposes that the passages out of Flanders are stopped, and requires you to learn the truth at Gravelinges and advertise hither with all possible diligence. Westm., 21 Jan. 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais. Hast post, hast, hast for thy life, for thy life, for thy life, from Westm., 21 Jan. at 10 p.m.
22 Jan.77. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
A., p. 235.
Lodge, i. 57.
In answer to his sundry letters, with others from the Wardens of the Marches, the King commands them to signify:—1. Such Irishmen as are "impotent for age" or are "boys and children" Shrewsbury may dismiss home, taking order for their conveyance to the next port (West-chestre as the writers think) and paying them conduct money and suitable rewards. 2. He shall repay the five marks which Sir Ralph Eure has laid out "for the compassing of sundry exploits and intelligences"; and also other sums which Sir Ralph may likewise employ. 3. Where the wardens complain of the entertainment of the hostages, and indeed it were meeter to keep them further within the realm, Shrewsbury shall take order for their keeping by noblemen and gentlemen in the inner country. 4. The King is much displeased with the handling of —— (blank) Carre in Scotland and takes well "the like entreating of the lord Mowe and others by the lord Wharton." Others that fall in captivity shall be likewise entertained until word come of Carre's better handling; and if Carre be put to death both Mowe and all others that come to Wharton's hands shall be served likewise. 5. The King would wish the practice for the getting in of the lord of Kilmaurs "handsomely brought to pass," foreseeing that no assurance is given him. If induced to come in he is to be incontinently sent hither. 6. The device for sowing suspicion between the lords of Scotland and Anguishe is to go forward. 7. The hackney may be sent to Lady Dunlanerike. 8. As the King is informed that part of the wall of Warcke is fallen, Arcan shall repair thither to amend it. 9. Since the laird Tulibarne lying upon the Borders cannot serve to much purpose and thinks that he may do service within Scotland, offering to lay hostages, he may depart. 10. Concerning Langholme answer has been made once or twice, and lately "an express man is sent to the Borders for that purpose." Baynardes Castell, 22 Jan. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Gage, Paget and Bakere.
Pp. 2. Add.: lieutenant general in the North.
22 Jan.78. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewab. ms.
a., p. 239.
Lodge, i. 96.
Bearers, Thos. Scarden and John Stoddar, the King's bowyer and fletcher, who now repair into the North to put in order the bows and arrows at Berwike and other places, have with them three other bowyers and five fletchers, and are paid for one month to begin at their arrival there, themselves at 12d. a day and the rest at 8d. These wages shall be continued to them afterwards. Baynerdscastell, 22 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Westminster and Paget.
P. 1. Add, Endd.: Rec. the second of Februar 1544.
22 Jan.79. Border Garrisons.
R. O.Indenture witnessing receipt, 22 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII., by Sir Ralph Sadler, high treasurer of the wars, from Sir Brian Layton, of 5,000l., sent by the Privy Council, for garrisons on the Borders and other affairs in the North. Signed: By me Bryan Layton.
Small paper, indented, p. 1. Sealed.
22 Jan.80. Chr. Mont to Paget.
R. O.Yesterday arrived letters from the Landgrave to that citizen who gave Mont letters of commendation when he went to him. Those letters were dated 7 Jan. and written to the Landgrave by Pontanus (by far the chief counsellor of the Elector of Saxony) signifying that he would report our cause to the Elector on the following day. This is the 32nd day since Mont parted from the Landgrave, and this hurtful delay is due to the distance from Hesse and the negligence of the posts. "Scriptum quoddam Romani Episcopi ad Cesarem, imperiosum satis, hie apud nos circumfertur, cui propediem dignum co-operculum cudetur." (fn. 9) Count William a Furstenberg will shortly be here, for half the money for his redemption, viz., 15,000 cr., has been collected by his family and brought to Nancy in Lorraine, where the French king sets him free, leaving the rest to be paid at months. The Diet proceeds the slower because the Emperor is absent. Letters are come from Poland of the vast preparation of the Turk to subdue the rest of Hungary; and it is affirmed that the Turk has enjoined the King of Poland not to help the Emperor, for the Emperor is said to have asked him for certain light horse. Desires commendations to Paget's colleague, Dr Peter; also to know if his last letters to the King, of 5 Jan., are received, which he wrote from Spires on his return from the Landgrave (Hessus). Strasburg, 22 Jan. 1545.
Lat. Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
23 Jan.81. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. ms.
a., p. 241.
Bearer, Jan Gheerson, born in Gelderland, repairs into Scotland, by the King's licence, to sue for restitution of certain ships taken by the Scots. Baynerdes Castell, 23 Jan. 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, and Paget.
P. 1. Add.
23 Jan.82. Border Garrisons.
R. O.Acknowledgment of receipt 23 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII., by John Uvedale, undertreasurer of the King's wars against Scotland, from Sir Ralph Sadlar, high treasurer of the said wars, for wages of the garrisons and other affairs, 1,170l. st. Signed and sealed. Signed also by Francis earl of Shrewsbury.
P. 1. Endd.:—"liiij."
24 Jan.83. Mariners and Soldiers.
Harl. ms
442, f. 215.
Proclamation that no mariner, soldier or other person, serving or prest to serve in the King's ships, land from the same without a testimonial signed by their captain. The preamble states that mariners and soldiers use to depart from their ships to land without licence of their admiral or captain, whereby the enemies have done hurt and the King's ships for want of men must lie in harbours and docks. Westm., 24 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
Soc. of
Procl. ii. 146.
Harl. ms.
442. f. 216.
B. M.
2. Another modern copy.
Pp. 2.
3. Proclamation raising the wages of mariners in the King's ships from 5s. to 6s. 8d. a month; and commanding all who are meet to serve to resort immediately to Debtford Strand, Portsmouth, Dover, Cowle (sic)and other places where the King's ships are. Westrn., 24 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p.1.
Soc. of
ii. 147.
4. Another modern copy of § 3.
P. 1.
24 Jan.84. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.We remain under the arrest and (although we hear that the Emperor has taken order to discharge it) were not discharged at 4 p.m. to-day. "Here went a bruit that there should be a motion made unto th'Emperor out of Scotland for one of Fernando's sons to marry with the daughter there; but I think he will not place him in so hot a country." Four days past I heard of the arrival of four hoys out of England with cheese, flesh powdered and beer. If true (and I heard it from one who came in one of the hoys), unless the King licensed it, "it is very evil seen unto by the searchers." I look this evening for Jasper Dowche's return from Court. "If he find there all well he will surely haste into England; if otherwise he will be slow." Before leaving I should know to whom to commit the charge in my absence of the payments of the merchants, and how much ye have delivered to every man. Andwerp, 24 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
25 Jan.85. Sir Anthony Browne to the Council.
R. O.Yesterday afternoon received theirs of the 19th with a book of the hundreds of Tanrydge and Reygate, within this county of Surrey, for him to "peruse" after the despatch of the part already allotted to him. These parts which he has now in charge will take yet 5 or 6 days; the inhabitants whereof, though the country is barren and themselves poor, have so willingly and largely contributed towards this Benevolence that he can do no less than report it. Keeping the rate taxed at the Subsidy, the least pays 12d. in the pound. Divers assessed at 60l. in goods pay 5 mks., 4l. or 5l., those rated at 40l. pay 50s. or 4 mks. and commonly of 30l. 40s. and of 20l. 26s. 8d. Without the experience of it, would have thought it hard to bring them to so good a point. Intended to return to Court upon his despatch here, but will now finish these two hundreds first, and send the books to Sir Chr. Moore, "who is appointed to make the whole perfect." Byflete, 25 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.:1544.
25 Jan.86. Queen's College, Cambridge.
7,048. f. 24.
"The plate and impliments belonging to the chapel" [of Queen's Coll., Camb.] A.D. 1544, viz.:—
"Imprimis, a cross silver and gilt with two images of our Lady and Saint John gilded, and a pillow to lay it upon. Item, 2 silver censers." And sixty-two other items of plate, vestments, altar cloths &c. including "a bible in English," "2 rector's stools" and a "sanctilog.";
ii. "The plate and other stuff belonging to the buttery of the Queen's College, 25 Januar. an. D'ni mcccccxliiij.", viz.:—
" Imprimis, a round silver salt all gilt with a cover" and twenty other items of spoons, cups, candlesticks &c.
Modern copy from the college, register, pp. 2.
25 Jan.87. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.Wrote on the 12th inst. Sor Ludovico de Larmy, your Majesty's servant, has since appeared with letters from your Council to me, to help him in your service. Before his coming was a rumor that you designed to make men in Italy, but it is now more confirmed. He pretends great devotion to you, but here I have observed him to have great familiarity with the Bishop's legate and others of the French faction. I esteem this as done for some policy, but must report it. He warned me of his visiting the Legate, his old friend, to see if he could learn anything, "but Legate, as he showed me afterwards, had him in great suspicion." Divers notable captains are with me to offer to serve you with bands of the choicest men of Italy; but, if you will have Italians, I know none more apt than Sor Luis Gonsaga, "howbeit I know not his intention." The Sor John Maria Sanzsecundo designs, as it is bruited, to make 6,000 Italians for the French king. Letters from Rome report that the Bishop had begun to give money to set forward the 6,000 men he promised the French king; and they would march at the beginning of Lent, "and Pole should also depart." The French king required seven ships of the Genevois, to send with his galleys from Marcelles against you; and was answered that the Commonwealth had none of their own, but would license private men to serve. "Howbeit men think that none will serve him, not only for fear of payment but also of evil entreating." Visiting this Signory lately to declare your late success in taking the enemy's ships and goods, they read me their letters of 4 Dec., from Andrinopoly, signifying that "news of the peace between th'Emperor and the Turke (sic) came very late to the Turk's knowledge; whereof he made small account and rested not to go a solace and hunting as much as tofore," and made great preparations of war, divulging openly that he will make expedition. He has put out of authority two of his chief bassas for debates between them in the Court and for robberies and other crimes. It is thought that the French king still entertains the Turk's amity, as men go between them continually. Delights to understand Henry's great preparations by land and water. As the dominion of the seas is the most important he exhorts him "to convert his chief care and study to the naval power," especially as the Frenchmen design to pass into Scotland and join the Scots in invading England. Venice, 25 Jan. 1544.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.


1 In the year 1539.
2 See No.34.
3 Poggio.
4 Filippo Pini.
5 An alteration made for the draft of a similar commission in 37 Hen. VIII.
6 The finished and signed letter having been corrected by Petre.
7 Perhaps intended to form part of the letter of which §1 is the draft.
8 The Earl of Hertford.
9 See Vol. XIX., Pt. II., No, 135.