Henry VIII
March 1545, 11-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: March 1545, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 153-165. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80383 Date accessed: 23 July 2014.


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March 1545, 11-15

11 March.336. Sir Thomas Cawarden, Master of the Revels.
Add. MS.
19,256, f. 1.
B. M.
Modern copy of his appointment. Westm, 11 March 36 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. See Grants in March, No. 28.
11 March.337. Chapuys and Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 24.
At noon yesterday received hers of the 8th inst. Her main reason for sending the special courier was to know if the English ambassadors sent theirs for the purpose they professed or if new seizures were made; but the Ambassadors appear to have acted straightforwardly, for after the Councillors had received Paget's despatch they came out in better spirits, and shortly sent their secretary to tell the writers that, as the Emperor seemed to make difficulty about the King's retaining the Spanish soldiers, he had, five or six days ago, sent a special post for the Emperor's final decision; he would dismiss them if the Emperor so wished, and lest the ships should sail without them he begged the writers to send a man with his officers to detain the ships until the Emperor's reply came and bear witness that they had not been seized. Sent the man this morning, but doubt that, with this favourable wind, the ships will have sailed. Can hear of no new seizure, unless it be a ship laden in Lisbon by Antonio de la Torre, a French ship which the English say that they found abandoned off Dieppe. To justify this the Council today sent the writers some letters and papers found in the ship. There seems to be a desire to make complete restitution, although the Council lately showed annoyance at complaints being made about the farmer seized at Calais and the sailors of Ostend and Antwerp who were taken. Think it best not to importune them therein, as the matter is not pressing and they are busy about Paget's mission, who has acted well hitherto. Are convinced that Paget's real object is to open negotiations for peace, which is very necessary for Christendom, and for this country especially, owing to the cost of the war and the scarcity of food.
As to the Scottish secretary mentioned in her letters of 23 Feb. Wotton's advices have satisfied the. King. The note handed to the English ministers should express more specifically what is meant by "since the commencement of the last war," whether since the King of France commenced war against the Emperor or since the Emperor and this King jointly waged war. If the former is meant the matters of the Burgos merchants and of the jewels would be included. Think that these affairs and that of Doulchy ought not to be submitted to a diet, as the parties have already lost heavily by the delay and the procedure of a diet is very dilatory; besides, no person in England would dare to decide against the King's contention. To the King alone, therefore, the demand for redress should be made; for a diet is likely to prove as inconclusive as that held about three (qu. thirteen?) years ago at Calais and Bourbourg for the purpose of improving intercourse. Suggest that a mutual indemnity for subjects of both sides might be stipulated for, and the monarchs bound to make good damage committed by their armed forces (even at sea), as force should only be committed to well conducted persons. It might also be stipulated that in equipping [ships?] one prince should give security not to offend subjects of the other. London, 11 March 1545.
11 March.338. Sir Michael Stanhope to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 198
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
II., No. 424.
Lately received letters from the vice-admiral of England and other of the King's "counseall of his mareyn" purporting that the owners of two ships, the Trynetie of Beverlay and the Trynety of Hull, should prepare and victual them for a month against 21 March. The Trinetye of Beverlay was then ready with 4 small vessels to "haile" out to sea against the King's enemies, but the master promised to return by the 21st March. On Wednesday last (fn. 1) she met with a topman of Leith of 60 tons which she took and sent into Skarbrough. She now lies with the four other ships awaiting four ships which are known to be in the Fyrthe ready to "haile" into France. Her owners beg the writer to make suit that she may serve upon their adventure all this summer, and in his opinion she would do best service that way. Hull, 11 March.
Hol., p. l. Add. Endd.: 1544.
11 March.339. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 195.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
II., No. 423.
Yesternight Sir Robert Bowes arrived and is placed as warden of the Middle Marches and keeper of Tyndale and Riddesdale. A meeter man could not have been chosen. Trust that within ten days the garrisons here will be as well furnished as before this late misfortune. Now that the account is made up, less than nine score men of all sorts are missing "that should be slain"; so that, if at least 400 men were slain, the more part must have been Scots. The young laird of Calder (Sir James Sandelande's son and heir), two gentlemen called Loganes and divers others of the Scottish party were slain; but, albeit Scottish women came daily to enquire for their husbands, children and friends, the Scots will not confess that any number of their party was slain. Our soldiers are almost all come home, but as they are without horses and harness and their captains remain prisoners, the writers are forced to replace them with new men out of Yorkshire, as appears by the enclosed schedule. To save expense, as many of the old garrisons as can furnish themselves with horse and harness within eight days are retained, to the number of 1,200 or 1,300, and as few men as possible are called out of Yorkshire, those of the Bishopric being sent home as fast as the Yorkshiremen arrive. Nevertheless money is lacking, and they beg the King to accelerate the sending of the sum which, as appears in the Council's letters by Mr. Bowes, is appointed hither; for the Benevolence of these parts will not be levied before Easter. Are directed by the said letters to provide victual out of Yorkshire, but there is no provision to be had there nearer than the parts where Mr. Stanhopp is appointed to provide and send hither, and here is great lack of grain, especially malt, which cannot be had nearer than Norfolk, and also of oats and beans for horsemeat, which must be supplied from Hull.
The gentlemen of Westmoreland and Northumberland have so often been called to the Borders lately by the wardens that they could not go about the Benevolence; and now, with this late misfortune, the gentlemen of Northumberland are all prisoners in Scotland and cannot execute the commission; nor does it seem that they can do their duties in that behalf, considering the cost of their ransoms. Execution of the commission in these shires is therefore stayed until the King's further pleasure. Alnewycke, 11 March 1544. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
Ib. f. 197.2. [Schedule enclosed in the above.]
"These be the captains with their numbers appointed to lie now in garrison on the Borders in the lieu of such as be discharged," viz.:—Sir Robt. Stapleton with his own men and those sent by Sir Wm. Malory and Sir Roger Losselles, 100. Sir Robt. Constable with his own and his father's men, 100. Sir John Nevile with his own and Sir Henry Savile's, 100. Sir Wm. Vavasour with his own and Sir Nic. Fairfax's, 100. Lord Evers' tenants, 100. Thos. Gower 50. Sir Thos. Waterton with his own and those sent by the Dean and Chapter of York, Mr. Babthorp and Thos. Markenfelde, 100. Sir Wm. Gascoigne's men, 50. Thomas Clyfforde of Wallington with the earl of Cumberland's men, 100. Total 800.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1.
11 March.340. Tunstall to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 200.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
II., No. 425.
The captain of Norrham being dead and Tunstall having, as he wrote, appointed his (the captain's) brother Cuthbert, one of the King's pensioners and late of the House of St. John's, to occupy the captainship for the time, now encloses schedule of the names of gentlemen who seem most meet to occupy the room (during pleasure) and begs to know which of them the King thinks meetest to be captain. Alnwick, 11 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
Ib.2. Names of gentlemen thought meet to be captain at Norrham, viz.:—Sir George Bowes, Richard Norton, Richard Bowes, Cuthbert Layton, late of the Order of St. John's.
11 March.341. Lennox and Wharton to Shrewsbury.
Lodge, i. 95.
(Edit. 1791.)
John Edgar, Scotchman, prisoner to Wharton, came to Carlisle on 10 March, at night. Have sent him divers times to the Earl of Glencairn and Master of Glencairn to allure them into this realm; and he has now brought Lennox a letter from the Master of Glencairn and a credence (both sent herewith). As they reckon the credence, by their devices, to be of some importance, we send Edgar to show what he can say, being a special servant of the Earl of Glencairn,—and also because we think his coming to you will make many in Scotland conceive an ill opinion of them. Ask how to answer the credence. Carlisle, 11 March.
Beg him to give bearer good words, for he is very diligent.
Printed by Lodge from "Howard Papers."
11 March.342. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Bearer brings letters from the Queen of Navarre answering in some part to mine. Pray learn the King's pleasure whether he will himself hear his credence. Bruseles, 11 March, 5 a.m., 1544.
P.S.—Encloses an advertisement procured by De Musica, containing an answer made by the French ambassador in French, and translated into Latin, to Mons. De Granvele before his departure into Germany, upon his demand for the French king to satisfy the Emperor. Sends also a letter from Mons. de Bossu, the Grand Esquire, to Mr. Wootton, who desires you to be a means to the King in that behalf, "wherein you shall do well if things go well here, or else I would all were fish came to the net."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
11 March.343. Puiguillon to the Queen [Dowager] of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
III. 93.
Adv. Lib.,
Edin.
Arrived here 8 days ago from his house and found her letters sent by Jhan Alontot commanding him to see to her affairs. Offers every day to go to Court to solicit her pension, but has no commands and nothing is put in execution of what she wrote to him last year. Your son is well and will be quit of these debts in three years by the good order by your mother. He has agreed with Madame de Nemours as to her claim to the succession of the late Madame de Longueville at 1300 livres rent for the part of your son. The Marquis (fn. 2) would not agree for his part. You have lost two old servants this year, Reaulmur de Chateauregnault and Mons. de Saumery. Jinville, 11 March 1544. Signed: De Beauquere. To the left of the signature in the clerk's hand: Puiguillon.
Fr. p. 1. Add.: A la Rene en Escosse. Endd.: M. de Puisguillon.
11 March.344. Pole to Cardinal Cervini.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 184.
Thanks him for reporting what he has learnt of the movements of Ludovico and company, of which nothing more has been heard here since Cervini's departure. Late last night the Pope instructed him to set out for Trent, which he will do with speed. Commendations to Cardinal de Monti. Rome, 11 March 1545.
12 March.345. Chapuys and Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 25.
Detained their letters written yesterday because the Secretary of the Council brought word that this morning at eight Hertford and Winchester would come to communicate something. These thanked the writers for sending a man to the ships which brought the Spanish soldiers and said that they brought Mr. Philip Aubyn (Hoby), of the King's Chamber, to declare all that had happened. He thereupon told how the King, hearing that the ships had arrived in the Downs short of provisions, sent him to order the ports in the West to relieve them. At Plymouth one of them had run aground, but he got her off and sent her after the others, which he found in Falmouth. The soldiers were dying daily from exposure and starvation, but he caused the country people to treat them kindly and lodge the sick. He told them that the King had sent him to succour them, and to give some money if two or three of them should wish to serve here; which led the soldiers to say that their provisions were all consumed and the fortnight's wages given to carry them from the Spanish port to their homes all spent, and that they were dismissed without any obligation to the Emperor's service. The writers extolled the Kings kindness and begged Hertford and Winchester to thank him. Hertford then said, as of himself, that, at Boulogne and Calais, and more recently in London, he heard that the King of France had over 400 Spaniards, and therefore reason would that the Emperor should allow this King to retain such of these Spanish soldiers as would serve. Replied, also unofficially, that they had indeed heard that some Spanish soldiers, a much smaller number than that named, who fell sick in going home through France had been very kindly treated and cured in Paris and elsewhere and could not without ingratitude decline the French king's service; but most of them were men whom the Emperor did not wish to retain, and they were dismissed before he knew of the surprise of Los Gelves by the Turks and the preparations of Barbarossa, which necessitated providing for La Goletta and the forts in Barbary, Sicily, Sardinia, Majorca, Minorca and other islands and the whole Spanish seaboard; and although these Spanish soldiers said that they were dismissed home, soldiers in want of money would say anything, and indeed the Emperor was not so bad a manager as to pay wages before he wanted the men; they were sent home to be ready at his call, and the treaty which allowed this King to engage the Emperor's subjects certainly did not authorise the taking of such men; since his peace with France the Emperor had raised no objection to this King's retaining Spaniards, and had instructed M. de Buren to remain as long as required, and he would certainly prefer the Spaniards in the French service to be on the English side, but his treaty with France did not enable him to recall rebels as that with England did. Hertford and Winchester only remarked that the King might well be offended if it subsequently appeared that these soldiers were not used in Spain for the purposes alleged. The writers replied that they could only hope to God that the necessity for doing so would not arise, but,' in view of current rumors about the Turk, the Emperor must make provision.
Hertford and Winchester then said that yesterday the King told them how Paget wrote that the Council of Flanders asserted that, when they went to the Emperor to request the declaration against France, they were unable to answer the arguments opposed to them and would have given way if they had had powers to do so. This, they said, was charging them with ignorance and unfaithfulness, for they thought that they had justified their demand, and felt certain, from the answer given them in their lodging by Granvelle, and afterwards before the Emperor, that the Emperor would make the declaration after the expiry of the ten weeks. Replied that any such saying by a member of the Flemish Council was probably unauthorized, for the Emperor instructed the writers to repeat the said arguments, not doubting but that the King would be convinced; Paget, who does not understand French very well, must have mistaken what was said. Winchester then began the old contentions about the declaration (arguments detailed), insisting that the treaty (reserved in the Emperor's peace with France) was broken, both by the Dauphin's attempt on Boulogne and by Card, du Bellay's statement that he would not negotiate until Boulogne was surrendered, that the King's word about his consent was better than that of Arras, and that the Emperor's alleged necessity was not probable. Winchester let slip a thing which must be reported, viz., that when Arras returned to the Emperor peace was already made. Refuted this sharply and requested him to refrain from saying things so injurious to the Emperor's honor. He attempted to explain it away so ineffectually that, even Hertford begged him to keep clear of such matters. When the writers said that since the King's consent was given no new state of war had arisen to call for the said declaration, the others could only answer that by the same rule the Emperor might have revoked his declaration against Scotland, whereas the continuance of his war with the Scots proved the continued validity of the treaty of friendship.
The Secretary of the Council has just come to complain that a Scottish ship captured by one of the King's captains (fn. 3) is detained at Flushing and his captain insulted by the people there. London, 12 March 1545.
12 March.346. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 323.
Heralds'
College.
The King desires to know with what numbers the castles of Barwike and Warke "have been furnished continually all this year past," and how they are guarded now. Some wise and trusty person is to be sent to each secretly upon some other errand and his report signified to the King with diligence. Westm., 12 March 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Westminster, Wingfield and Petre.
P. 1. Add.
12 March.347. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 317.
Heralds'
College.
Bearer, Mr. Patrick Maclane, servant to the earl of the Isles of Scotland, who lately repaired hither from the earl of Lynoux, returns with a general letter (copy herewith). Please take order for his passage to Lynoux, at Carlisle. Westm, 12 March 1544. Signed by Cranmer, Wriothesley, Norfolk, Westminster, Wingfield, Petre and Ryche.
P.S.—By the copy of our said letters to Lynoux you will see the King's determination to give 800 cr. to the lord of the Isles; which please deliver when Lynoux sends for it.
P. 1. Add.
348. The Privy Council to Lennox.
Shrewsb. MS.,
A., p. 319.
Heralds'
College.
The King, perceiving (amongst your other travails to attain friends in Scotland), as well by the letters addressed to you by the lord of the Isles and other gentlemen of those parts as by report of this bearer, (fn. 4) the said lord's "good mind and inclination," has caused bearer to be told that, doing anything for the advancement of the King's affairs, his master shall have cause to think the service well employed, and has rewarded him (bearer) with 100 cr. You shall despatch him to his master with letters to the above effect.
P.S.—The King gives the lord of the Isles 800 cr. by way of reward, and leaves it to your discretion either to send it now or to signify in your letters that you have it ready to be sent. Advertise him that, as he shall do service, he shall receive further consideration. Order is taken with my lord Lieutenant for you to have the 800 cr. when you send for it.
Draft, p. 1. Headed: Copy of the l're to th'erle of Lynoux.
12 March.349. Cumberland.
Add. Ch.
17,161.
B. M.
Particulars certified by Martin Eyre, deputy of Hugh Fuller, auditor, and by David Clayton, as to the manor and rectory of Brumfeld or Bromfeld, Cumb., parcel of the late mon. of St. Mary's, York, for Henry Thomson. 12 March 36 Hen. VIII.
Long parchment written on the one side only.
12 March.350. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 338.
Arrived at Cassels, 5 March, and signified their business; and on the morrow the Landgrave returned home very early and gave them audience at 8 a.m. Delivered Henry's letters of credence and message (as in the instructions, No. 91) as to the offer of soldiers, the league with the Protestants and the marriage with the king of Denmark's brother; adding (to the notice that the Bishop of Rome found "no small princes" glad to give ear to him) that the Vicechancellor Naves has for this half year striven to break the Protestant League (by dissevering the cities from the princes) but not entering into the matter of religion. After consulting his Council and conferring three or four times with the writers, the Landgrave resolved as follows:—
That, for his love to Henry and hope of more perfect conformity in religion, he much desired that Henry, Denmark and the states mentioned might enter into a league (he himself meaning not to enter unless Henry went through with him for his men) and would therefore send an apt man in embassade to the king of Denmark and duke of Hoist and to Breame to solicit it (but not to Lubeck, where were many Papists and secrecy could not be kept) and the King of Denmark could best deal with Hamborough. It would be hard to bring the cities to the league of invasion, but only of defension. As to the returning of his ambassadors and theirs into England directly, he insisted that they must first confer among themselves; but he would send to Denmark and Breame with all haste and certify "their responsion" to the writers at Francford. As to the matrimony he would travail in the way proposed. As to the men of war, seeing the danger of the French king and of the displeasure of his confederates he must have some sure reciproke for his own safeguard, and, therefore, if he sent 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen to Henry's service he would require 200,000 cr., which their hire for four months would cost him; and if the Emperor would not let them pass through the Low Countries they must come by ships from the cities above mentioned, in which case (that way being ill for horsemen) there might be more footmen. As to whether he himself or some other nobleman should lead them, he would answer at the final determination.
Could see that unless the Emperor be neuter the Landgrave dare do little, and he enquired diligently whether the amity was likely to continue. The decree that no soldier should serve out of the Empire could not, he said, let his men; but the Emperor might by commandment stop the passages and that would let them. He desired much that Henry and the French king were friends, in order that the Turk might be resisted. He said that the question whether the Emperor's declaring against Henry would let the sending of the men could not be hastily answered, for much might be done by means of other men. He said that he lately had two letters from a chief gentleman of the French king persuading him to excuse himself for the Empire's help given to the Emperor against the French king and to send the French king some captains; which letters he had not answered, because he was already in communication with Mont and would rather join friendship with Henry. He desires to know Henry's pleasure with speed; and he will, they fear, defer to certify them of his ambassadors' proceedings with Denmark and Breame until then.
Grandvellus has been at Woormes at the Diet these eight days, and Ferdinando is looked for there shortly. The Princes of Germany are not yet come; and, unless the Emperor comes in person, few of them will be there. Franckfurde, 12 March. Signed.
Pp.6. All in cipher except the last paragraph. Add. Endd.: 1544.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
Pp. 10. Endd.: The deciphring of Mr. Buckler's l're to the Kinges Mate, xijo Marcii 1544.
12 March.351. Walter Bucler to Paget.
R. O.We have accomplished our business, although in all points not with such success as we would desire, as we have written at large to the King; "the which if it be no more pleasant to you in the deciphering than it was to me in ciphering, I doubt not but you will deliver me from any more such pastimes." At Wormes my Frenchman who has served me faithfully these seven years (and therefore I made him denizen) ran away from me with 134l. st. For fear of letting the King's affairs, I neglected my private loss (having, with my letters and writings, 60l. which was enough for Mr. Mount and me). Now at our return to Francford we learn that privy friends whom we entrusted with the search have taken him with about half the money. Grandvell has been at the Diet at Wormes these eight days. The King of Romans is looked for shortly. The princes of Germany are not yet come. Men reckon that, unless the Emperor comes, little will be done. The Turk is at Andrynople; and it is uncertain whether he will come towards Austria.
To my lord Chancellor, my lord Privy Seal and Mr. Denny, has only written the fact of his loss by his servant; and he begs Paget to provide, if it may conveniently be, that he may not bear it. Mr. Mount shall be surely and shortly paid. Francford, 12 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
13 March.352. The Privy Council to Paget and [Wotton].
R. O.
St. P., x. 344.
The King thanks them for their letters of the —— (blank) inst. and the articles sent therewith; which would be answered now, but that his Grace is troubled with a rheum and cough. Contrary to the hope here conceived, from their letters, that matters would grow to a friendly end (and Paget knows at what cost the King keeps a navy upon the Narrow Seas straitly charged to use the Emperor's subjects as friends, and what diligence has been used in restitutions here, even when there was great appearance of their being just prize) the King, this day, learns by Sir Robert Stafford, who was captain of the Nue Barke, that, having taken a Scottish ship between Suffolk and Flanders, he and his prize were driven by tempest into the road before Myddelburg in Zeland, where the viceadmiral's officers arrested him and three English crayers, one of which was bringing him biscuit, and his prize which was driven into Flushing was also arrested. Certain pieces of ordnance were also shot from the land at him. This agrees worse with the treaty than all that was done before, and if the King had so treated the Spaniards that were sent to Spain all would have died of hunger. It is to be shown to the Emperor and his Council, with a plain request that, if they mind the observation of the treaty, they will deliver the ship and use in deeds the friendship which they pretend in words. The King marvels that he hears nothing of that Court, how they stand with France and with Germany and what news there is of other princes.
P.S.—The King perceives, by your letters received today, that when you press them with the treaty they come to that extremity that they ask whether you will charge them with breach of the treaty, &c. If like talk happen hereafter, you shall answer that you mind not to charge them with breach of the treaty, but to show the treaty to them, to the intent that, howsoever things have passed, they may hereafter be used according to the treaty.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 3. Endd: M. to Mr. Secretary Mr. Paget, etc., xxiijo Marcii 1544.
13 March.353. Chapuys to the Secretary of the Emperor's Council.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 26.
Since closing the letters to the Queen, recollects that Winchester seemed to lay stress on the King's consent to the peace with France being conditional upon his being satisfied therewith in accordance with the conditions which he had written to his ambassador. We answered that there was never any question of such a reservation; for the King never sent his ambassador authority to treat, and Arras intimated that there could be no more delay or reference; nor could the reservation which the Emperor put in his treaty with France be alleged by this King, who refused to acknowledge or even read that treaty. Thus there was no reservation operative in the King's favour and the King's consent was unconditional. London, 13 March 1545.
13 March.354. William Lord Seint John to the Deputy, Treasurer and Controller of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 182.
B. M.
As desired, has written to the Commissioners of Kent to favour Cobham's provisions, albeit my lord of Winchester and other commissioners joined with him make great provision for Cobham and for the Marches, and order is taken for nothing to leave the ports without their warrant or the writer's, so that Bulloine, Calice and the Marches and the realm may be served, which "will hardly be done as the scarcity is now at this present." Is glad that he has four ships of Newcastle coal. If more is needed he should warn them to repair again or else write to St. John. Is sorry that his corn is so long in the ship. Marvels at his price of 20s. the qr.; however, if the corn is very good it may well enough be borne. If he considers the charge of the coal and the freight with regard to the adventure, now in war time, he will have "the repair very thankful and diligent." Perceives that he has received but 114 qr. 3 bu. of wheat, 84½ qu. of malt and 55 qr. of pease of Mr. Sutton's provision for the Staple. The rest he shall have immediately. The lack of recourse out of Flanders and Picardy shall be provided for. Purveyors having the warrant of my lord of Winchester and the commissioners shall come to you "for parcel of your aid," and your butchers shall have all favour. Mr. Sutton shall write you your prices, and as to your certificates "it is best ye keep your accustomed manner therein." Has a letter from Newcastle that the owners come at their own adventure; and therefore Cobham should reasonably agree with them and encourage them to come again. You write that your short carts and their horses and men are decayed by going to Boloine and by lack of beans, oats and hay, which is no marvel "considering the army lay so long with you; but, as I remember, oats and beans ye had great plenty of the King's, which were better spent than kept, and if they be gone write again and ye may have more." Wood is appointed to come to you daily and will follow apace this fair weather. Written 13 March. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To, etc., my lord Debite of Calice, Mr. Treasewrer and Mr. Comptroller of the same towne. Endd.: 1544.
13 March.355. Gilbert Swynhoo to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 209.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 426(2).
The Governor and Angus are in Edinburgh.Bodwell, Setoun, Yester, Bortyk, Hume and other gentlemen on this side Forth sat Monday and Tuesday and "agreed all parties on pleas of prisoners," commanding that all gentlemen (fn. 5) be kept for the present. They shall loose the pledges laid for those taken at Salom Mosse. Sesfurth and Buckclooghe are agreed, under penalties. Mark Carr and Buckclooghe are content that Robin Carr "go to the horn for the slaughter of the Rotherfurthez." The Governor gives free remission for all things past. Adam Kyrton, Fernyhist's sister's son, is now in Edinburgh for him, where the laird of Boone Jedwoorthe is chief of George Dowglass's council, who has devised that George Carr of Gaytshad shall seek assurance in England (for Dowglass's business there) and that the laird of Moye shall have his steading in Ettryke Forest that he may be thought to be out of favour in Scotland. "The laird of Buckcloughe, Mark Carr and Dand Car of Lytyldean his son, the Humes of Wetherburne, the Governor's household men, the earl of Angus and his household, was principal slayers after the field was won, as it is reported in Edinburgh at this time." Mr. Basfurth and John Rotherfurth of Eggerston, Scottishman, fought best when my lord Warden was slain, and were themselves slain beside him. As the lairdof Brunston came forth with George Dowglas his horse fell and hurt his arm, and he got the Governor's licence to tarry at Lawdre. The "person" shows me that the laird of Fyvehee was there. Hume, Sesfurth and Buckclooghe get wages for 1,000 men to lie in the Marse and Tyvydale; and the Cardinal has sent to know how their wages shall be paid, for no aid is yet come out of France. Argile and Huntlee are holden busy with the Isles and came not to Edinburgh. Ships have been seen on the sea, but it is not yet known who they are. Cornhill, 13 March.
Hol, pp. 2. Add. Endd.: l544.
13 March.356. Henry Suthwyke to John Johnson.
R. O.Calles, 13 March 1544:—Two days past I received yours of the 5th inst. with a copy of Mr. Cave's of the 1st, the original whereof "I never heard of; so that it is surely in Flanders and shall be returned at leisure or peradventure never." Mr. Cave will have 100l. of his money (he writes not whether st. or Fl.) retained here, and the rest employed as you advise. I am promised it tomorrow in Flemish gold "for I can get no promes of angelles; yt were good therffore you made yt wt Hasbrow men or somme other thear to be pd here." As you advise, I have sent four "specialtes" (names Walt. Van Mershe, Martin Johnson and John Percivell, and other particulars given, total 308l. 10s.) to Robert Tempest. Mr. Cave's "specialte" of 50l. shall be made nomine Benedic Caprian. Writes of "your bill" to Mr. Coope and Mr. Cave's to Mr. Wylkes. This day Thos. Offley, jun., brings word from Markes Backlier and Peter Carpentier "that they will, upon their honesties (which is but little) clear the most part of their due within these x. days at Andwerpe." Cornelys Ban's best offer for your fells is 15 nobles, Pashe and Synckson days of payment for the half; but, as they have bought Boston fells, which are scarce so good at 15½ nobles, I intend to have more or else keep them awhile. Mr. Brudnell's excuse will little prevail. "My master would fain be excused likewise, and that not without good cause, but I think it will not be; for lawful excuses will scant be heard in these days." Although the King has given us the Staple Inn again we have as yet no general letter thereof, "so that no man here knoweth what we may do therein." If possible I will accomplish Mr. Cave's desire for his chamber, yours and Mr. Chester's. Mrs. Baynam and I thank you for two barrels of beer received by Spender.
Hol, pp. 2. Add.: at Mr. Cave's in Lymestret, at London. Endd. as answered from London on the 18th.
14 March.357. Archbishopric of York.
See Grants in March, No. 39.
14 March.358. For Calais and Boulogne.
R. O.Warrant to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer (upon the strength of the Council's letter of 18 Feb. 36 Hen. VIII. for payment of bills signed by Winchester, Gage, Riche, Rouse and Rither, towards the provision of Calais and Bullen), to deliver John Rowseley, yeoman purveyor, 140l. st. in prest towards "the provision of certain necessaries and payments of carriage and portage of grain and other provisions." 14 March 36 Hen. VIII.(Part of Winchester's signature only left, the lower quarter of the leaf beiny lost.)
P. 1.Add.
14 March.359. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 203.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 426.
Send several letters received from Lenoux and Wharton, one of which (with credence enclosed) reports messages brought by one Edger, Scottishman, from Glencarn and his son, the master of Kilmaures, and that the latter offers, upon safeconduct, to come to Lenoux at Carlisle. As Lenoux and Wharton were instructed to get Kilmaures to Carlisle without safeconduct, the writers will grant none; and they refer that and the rest to the King. Edgar, who was sent hither with the letters, declared no more than is in the credence. The other letters, from Wharton alone, show his opinion of Cassillis's going into Scotland; but, as the writers are commanded not to stay him, they have written to Wharton to permit his departure. His going can be no great prejudice to the King's affairs. Have received and deciphered a letter to the King from Bromston (letter and decipher herewith). Perceive by letters from the Council that Sir Richard Lee should see to the repairs needful at Barwycke. Beg that Sir Richard (who will now be come to the King's presence) or some other skilful man may be sent hither; for in these parts is no expert man but Forman, master mason of Barwycke, who cannot be spared from Tynmowth, as appears by John Brende's letter enclosed. Perceive that 700 Spaniards are appointed to reinforce the Border garrisons. Are they to be in addition to the number of the present garrison, which is now again completed by men called out of Yorkshire? The Spaniards, being all hacquebutiers, will consume much gunpowder, and there is here great lack of corn powder, matches and spears. Have already written to the Council for provision thereof, and it has been promised but has not yet come. Barwycke, Carlisle and all the Border holds are very slenderly furnished with powder.Darneton, 14 March 1544.
P.S. —Send a letter from Gilbert Swynhoo of intelligence out of Scotland. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
14 March.360. John Brende to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 206.
B.M.
Hamilton Papers,
ii., No. 426(1).
This day came a letter, in the name (as I could read it) of the Lord Evers, to John Forman, mason, to repair to your Lordship. As the King appointed him to these fortifications, and none other here is able to do anything, I thought good, rather than stay the work, to signify this and let Forman remain here until your further pleasure. Tynmowthe, 14 March.
Hol, p. 1, Add. Endd.: 1544.
14 March.361. The Bastard of Gueldres to Henry VIII.
R. O.Sends this captain with one who has charge of his men ofarms, who will report everything touching his departure, the ships, mariners and soldiers. All will gladly serve, and the writer will come himself and trusts to give a great overthrow to the French king. All the soldiers are ready. Campen, 14 March 1545 devant Pasques. Signed.
French, p. 1. Faded and illegible. Add. Endd.: The bastard of [Gelders] to the Kinges Ma[jesty xiiijo] Marcii 1544.
*** A modern copy is attached.
14 March.362. Vargas to Covos.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 27.
The Pope shows little goodwill, fearing the discussion of religious matters at the Council and, still more, at the Diet. The King of France threatens that unless the 6000 footmen promised for the war against England are forthcoming he will confiscate all Church property. Brussels, 14 March 1545.
14 March.363. King Ferdinand and the Diet of Worms.
Granvelle
Papiers
d'Etat, iii. 93.
"Instructions du Chancelier de Granvelle a son fils Hiérome Perrenot, sieur de Champagney, par lui envoyé auprès du Roi des Remains, allant a la Diéte de Worms. Worms 14 Mars 1545."
He shall take occasion to tell the King in strict confidence as follows:—When the Emperor was in France, about to retire and the peace already, as it were, made, Mons. de Mayance and the Count Palatine wrote letters in order to intervene (pour soy mesler de la paix); and we know that they resented its being made without their intervention. Soon after the Emperor's arrival in Flanders the Count Palatine required him to declare war against the duke of Holstein, who calls himself king of Denmark, on the plea that by the Count Palatine's marriage treaty the Emperor was bound to deliver him the realms of Denmark and Sweden. His Maître d' Hotel and his secretary Hubreist were answered that the Emperor, and especially the Low Countries, were impoverished by the war, the expedition against the Turk must be attended to, the peace was not yet settled as regards England, and the Emperor was not bound by the Count's marriage treaty to cause the said realms to be restored although he would gladly that the Count had them and would therein do what he could. With this answer the Count and his wife showed themselves very indignant; and as Hubreist always reports things at their worst, and often untruly, he reported to them that Granvelle had said that the Count had no right to the said realms by the treaty. Granvelle has it from a personage of quality, and in great secrecy, that the Count moved the three Electors upon the Rhine to assemble at Wesel, where they treated a union to oppose the Emperor's wishes in Germany. It is not known whether that treaty is passed; but the Count's men said that neither the Emperor nor the King cared for aught but their own profit, and that Granvelle's coming was not for the good of Germany. Granvelle, dissembling, sent his son of Arras and Vice-Chancellor Naves to invite the Count to accompany the Emperor to the Diet; which he agreed to do, but complained to Naves apart of some points in the treaty (fn. 6) passed at Speir last year.
The King, being forewarned, may assure the Count of the [good] will of the Emperor and remind him of his obligations, Granvelle's object being that the Count may not do harm in this Diet as his ministers have done, and especially his Maître d' Hôtel, hitherto, as the King's ministers know.
French.
15 March.364. Wotton's Diets.
R. O.Acknowledgment of receipt 15 March 36 Hen. VIII, by Ant. Huse, factor and agent to Mr. Nicholas Wutton, dean of Canterbury, the King's ambassador with the Emperor, from Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, for Wutton's diets from 11 Feb. last to 28 July next at 40s. 168 days, 336l. st. Signed.
P 1.
15 March.365. Chapuys and Van Der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 29.
Wrote in previous letters of a ship from Portugal laden with merchandise belonging to certain Burgalese which the Councillors said was found derelict. Find that allegation false; yet the Council have allowed the goods to be sold and refuse to hear the agent of the owners, even going so far as to say that the writers exceed their duty in supporting his claim. This is a poor augury for the future,—evidently no ship will be allowed to pass without molestation. The merchandise was worth 8,000 ducats and is sold for less than half that sum, and as the capture was made by a fisherman who has no property the merchants would hardly recover anything if it was adjudged illegal.Jasper Doulchy's ship laden with woad belonging to him and Antenori is not released. We pray you to see these merchants indemnified, now that we have a counterbalance in hand. London, 15 March 1545.
15 March.366. Charles V. to Covos.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 28.
The enlistment of French soldiers about Bayonne may be to fight the English, but it is advisable to furnish our frontiers—taking care not to arouse French suspicions. Brussels, 15 March 1545.

Footnotes

1 March 4.
2 The Marquis of Rothelin.
3 Sir Robert Stafford. See No. 352.
4 Patrick Maclean.
5 English gentlemen taken at Ancrum Muir .
6 The treaty with Christian III of Denmark. See Vol. XIX, Pt. i., No. 567.