Henry VIII
April 1545, 1-10

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: April 1545, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 230-242. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80387 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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April 1545, 1-10

1 April.467. Stores for Calais and Boulogne.
R. O.Warrant to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the Exchequer, upon the strength of the Council's letter of 9 March 36 Hen. VIII., for payment (to 1,000l. st.) of bills signed by Winchester, Gage, Riche, Rous and Either towards the provision of Calais and Bullen, to deliver to John Whighted, of London, cooper, 25l. 8s. 4d., as well for the provision of "certen rafters, ponchions, pipe hopes, barrel hopes, tewigges, kymnell hopes, and other necessariis as for the caryge and wharfeage of the same staff, wt his wages, as apperethe by a bill of percelles for the furnytur of iij brewhouses delyvered at Bullen." Written 1 April 36 Hen. VIII. Signed by Winchester, Gage and Ryther.
P. 1. Add.
1 April.468. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 343.
Heralds'
College.
In answer to his several letters the King commands them to signify that such as lost weapons in the field shall, upon proof thereof, have like weapons delivered freely from the King's store; and for others lacking weapons he shall take such order " as I the duke of Suffolk did at my being there." Where Sir Robert Bowes writes that certain Scottishmen eftsoons sue for "continuance of the old assurance"; such of them as at this time showed themselves true to their promises shall be heard and the others who have falsely demeaned themselves annoyed." As for the Irishmen that be slain and their hosts unpaid," Shrewsbury shall take order for payment. The King takes in good part the advertisement sent of the state of the castles of Barwyk and Warke, and will signify his further pleasure at the despatch of Shrewsbury's servant. As the scarcity of grain and victuals on the Borders has sundry times been advertised hither, it is to be remembered to store the said castles of Berwyke and Warke with "a convenient proportion of victuals in all events, what furniture soever remain elsewhere." Westm., 1 April 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster, Gage, Wingfield and Petre.
In Petre's hand, pp. 2. Add.
1 April.469. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Having commodity of this messenger, signifies that all the French hostages departed home yesterday. The Regent is gone to Bynkes to keep the feast; the Emperor remaining here until the end of next week, when he takes his journey towards Wormes to the Diet." The Scottish ambassador hath not yet taken his leave; whereof I cannot but marvel, and like it nothing. I doubt some practice because of his lingering here." Pray show the King of the departure of the hostages. (fn. 1) I look hourly for the return of Francisco. Bruseles, 1 April, 1545.
Hol., p.1. Add. Endd.
1 April.470. Thomas Chamberlain to Henry VIII.
R. O.The lady Marques of Barghes, in whose town English merchants "in this troublous time" have received much favour, has written to him desiring to have this Pasche Marte kept at her town of Barghes, as it was wont to be. Has only answered that when the merchants are released, who are yet, causeless, stayed by the Emperor, convenient order should be taken for next Mart. So that, devising how to prevent such sudden changes as "this not yet finished," which, if Henry had not borne with the Emperor's ingratitude and provided redress, would have undone our merchants haunting these parts, and considering how they will on their release "come running immediately hither with great substance again, casting none adventures nor perils," suggests that as the privileges of these marts, "by special words, give assurance" to all haunting them to pass and repass freely without arrest "of body or goods, for debt or other cause," it might be alleged to such as would have the marts continued (which the merchants may declare as of themselves) how at this time they suddenly found themselves destitute of the Emperor's favor and the liberties granted to these marts; and they might ask the rulers of these mart towns to give as sureties the Bonvise and other substantial strangers in London. This assurance, the merchants might well obtain, as these rulers would give counterbond to the same Bonvise to save them harmless rather than their marts should be hindered "and their people unset a work, which in no small number do live only by dyeing and working our cloths in sundry other kinds." Merchants of Andwarpe have lately confessed to him how our traffic upholds a multitude there and at Makelyn and elsewhere in Holland; and some will say that if none of our commodities had been suffered to pass hither, which the Easterlings and Italians residing in London have brought during this time, to their great advantage and our merchants' extreme hindrance, the poor people would have rebelled for lack of work, who have imputed great fault to the rulers for not suing for the observance of the liberties of the mart. Begs to know what order he and the merchants shall take for continuing this next mart, either at Barghes or Andwarpe; for he cannot tell what these people may attempt hereafter, and our merchants have rashly, both at London and in Suffolk, laden much cloth to bring hither. Andwarpe, 1 April 1544.
Hol., pp.5. Add. Endd.: 1545.
1 April.471. Thomas Chamberlain to Wriothesley.
R. O.On the same subject. Has written to the King his opinion for preventing such unlocked for dangers as now happened. Desires Wriothesley to oversee and show it to His Highness; and signify what order he shall give for keeping the mart at Barghes or Andwarpe. As the lady Marques and her ministers in Barghes have shown our merchants much gentleness, "winking at the shifts they made doubting of the worst," please move the King to gratify the said lady with some gentle letter; for in Andwarpe "things have been straitlier looked unto." Andwarpe, 1 April 1544.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
1 April.472. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Epp. Reg.
Sc.. ii. 246.
Robert bishop of Rosse, commendatory of Ferne, wishes to cede this commenda to James Carnecors, clk., of Glasgow, for life, reserving the revenue and the regress. Will be glad if his Holiness will confirm this, who will learn more from the Cardinal of Carpu. Stirling (signed by Arran at Edinburgh), ad kal. April. 1545.
Lat.
1 April.473. Charles V. to Granvelle.
Granvelle
Papiers
d'Etat,
iii. 108.
The Queen of Hungary and Council here having considered the opinion of King Ferdinand and Granvelle that if the Turk were willing to make a truce he would make it with King Ferdinand's envoy, and, on the other hand, the necessity for that truce, and the detention of Ferdinand's man at Belgrade, the Emperor has finally resolved to write to his ambassador to thank the French king and tell him that the Emperor cannot well send to the Turk without a safeconduct; but if the French king will obtain him a safeconduct, he will send an envoy to join Ferdinand's and meet the French king's; trusting however that the French king will, when required, send the aid against the Turk accorded by last treaty. The Emperor thinks the secretary Maitre Girard suitable for this mission; also that Transylvania and the adjoining countries should be included in the truce.
* * * * *
The ambassador of Scotland, who is here to have that realm comprehended in last treaty of peace with the Most Christian king, having heard the answer made to the French ambassador before your departure, and that I would persist in it, was indignant that the said King had not fulfilled his promises, although the French ambassador has endeavoured to satisfy him. I have ordered that the Scots shall be encouraged with the best words possible; and, jointly, have caused him to be treated with upon the intercourse of subjects under safeconduct and letters of recognisance to prevent attacks upon each other at sea; for which he says he had no charge, because when he left Scotland the said comprehension was taken for certain. Nevertheless he advertises the Governor of Scotland, who, he hopes, will readily grant all that is convenient for the welfare of the subjects of both sides. Bruxelles, 1 April 1544, avant Pasques.
French.
1 April.474. Charles V. to M. de St. Mauris.
Granvelle
Papiers
d'Etat,
iii.106
Since Morette's departure, the King of the Romans and Granvelle have written their advice upon the French king's offer to practise a truce with the Turk. After considering the matter with the Queen of Hungary and the Council here, the Emperor has decided upon an answer to the French ambassador, to whom St. Mauris shall speak on the Emperor's behalf as in the copy herewith of letters to Granvelle; and he shall use like language to the King, and endeavour to learn the charge which will be given to the King's envoy, that the Emperor may despatch his accordingly. * * * * Bruxelles, 1 April 1544 avant Pasques.
French.
2 April.475. The Privy Council to St. Leger.
R. O.The King, in sending bearer, his chaplain Mr. Patrick Macmihuna, to Ireland, desires that, for his service "done here," he may have the next small bishopric that shall be vacant there.
Two drafts (one in Petre's hand] on the same paye, p.1. Endd.:M. to the lord Deputie of Ireland, ijo Aprilis 1545.
2 April.476. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P.. v. 423.
Send letters arrived here from the wardens of the East and Middle Marches, showing that the Scots' army is scaled and the Governor and other lords retired to Edenburgh, without making "attemptate or invasion," and also what exploits have been now done in Scotland. Darneton, 2 April. Signed.
In Sadler's hand, p.1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
2 April.477. Cassillis to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P.. v. 424.
Came hither on 29 March, and the same day passed to Metros to the Governor. On the morrow came Angus, Glencarn and others who were at the Borders to defend an expected invasion, and on the last of March all returned to this town, where they found the Cardinal and Earl Marshal. Showed them that he had communed with the King and would if they pleased declare the matter. The Governor, Cardinal and others said that they would not enter upon such great matters until the Queen, Argile and Huntly were here, and so appointed to convene here on 15 April. To Angus, Earl Marshal, Glencarn, George Douglas, and sheriff of Aer the writer declared that the King could be content with the peace and marriage, provided that lie might have security thereon. Finds that they will promote this, and, if opposed at the convention, they will signify to the King how best to come to that purpose. They will have a good number with them, for the gentlemen and commons are in favour of the marriage and peace, albeit divers great men are persuaded to the contrary by the Queen and the ambassadors of France, with promises of orders and pensions. Angus, perceiving the King's good mind to Scotland, has this da, "deschargit his office of liewtenantre." As for last business wherein the King's subjects got displeasure, (fn. 2) it seems that the King's warden forced Angus to fight or else take great shame. Begs that, until he may come to the King after the convention, the King's wardens may make no great inrasion on Scotland, for the coming of an army would unite those who would otherwise be of sundry opinions; but the King's armg should be ready to enforce his pleasure. On 1 April, saw writing from Lacroys, out of France, that Lorge Montgumry comes here by the West Seas this month with 6,000 men and much money and munitions. Begs to know before this convention what he may promise Angus and the others aforenamed if they promote the King's pleasure in the peace and marriage; for there are great persuasions to the contrary. Edinbrug, 2 April.
All in cipher, pp. 4. Endd.: Therle of Casselles to the Kinges Mate, ij" Aprilis in ciphring.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
Ib. 15.Pp.3. Endd.:The deciphring of therle of Cassells 1're.
2 April.478. G. Earl of Cassillis to Sir Thomas Pope.
R. O.
St. P., v. 424.
Sends a letter in cipher to be delivered and deciphered, and begs to have the answer with all diligence. Commendations to his wife and Capitan Borthik. Edr. (Edinburgh), 2 April. Signed in cipher.
P. 1. Add.: To my gud freind Sir Thomas Poip. Endd.: 1545.
2 April.479. Cassillis to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 426.
This 2 April, after the other writings, the master of Maxwald came to this town and, before Angus, has promised to further the King's purpose, as, shall be known at next convention. Angus and he both desire Cassillis to write that Lord Maxwald might repair to the Border with Sir Robert Bowis. Thinks himself that this would further the King's purpose, as for it Angus will do much more, and it will augment the suspicion of his "favour toward your Grace's affairs." Begs to know the King's pleasure before the convention on the 15th inst. Edinburgh, 2 April, at even. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
2 April.480. Cardinals Monte and Cervini to Pole.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 187.
Having already written him by joint letters and, expecting him shortly, cannot reply in words to his letter received by Mons. Mignanello. Nevertheless, in case Pole stays for the feasts in Rome, De Monte sends these four lines (quattro versi) to certify the receipt of his letter and testify still further how much all desire his coming. Trent, 2 April 1545.
Italian.
3 April.481. The Privy Council to Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., p. 347,
Heralds'
College.
Upon suit made for the bearer, Jasper Owen, the King grants "that John Hume, called English John, shall be delivered into Scotland in lieu of this said bearer." We pray you, my lord of Dyrham, to write in his favour to the executors of Sir Brian Layton, dec., having interest in the said Hume. Westm., 3 April 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Norfolk, Suffolk, Hertford, Winchester, Westminster and Gage.
P.1. Add.: To., &c., Shrewsbury, &c., "and to the rest of his Grace's Council there."
3 April.482. Suffolk to Shrewsbury.
Shrewsb. MS.
P., p. 85.
Herad's
College.
Thanks him for favour shown to Suffolk's friend Jasper Owen. Begs him to continue it. Westm. palace, 3 April.
P. 1. Add.: lieutenant general in the North.
3 April.483. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.Send letters which have arrived from Lenoux and Wharton, with a letter to Shrewsbury from Robert Maxwell, and other writings. Darneton, 3 April 1545.
P. S.—Certain men of Hull and Lynne have arrived, declaring that their ships, made out at their own adventure, have taken certain Dutch ships charged with victuals and Scotsmen's goods going into Scotland, and have brought them to Holy Eland; and that the Dutchmen and Scots in the said ships confess the same to be Scotsmen's goods, and also that 40 or 50 sail charged with "beer brewed, biscuit and meal ground" are coming from Denmarke and Pomerland to relieve the scarcity of victuals in Scotland. Have ordered the victuals now taken to be sold at Holie Eland, Barwycke and other places at prices reasonable, and the ships to be stayed until the King's pleasure be known. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
3 April.484. G. Earl of Cassillis to Wharton.
R. O.Pray see this letter conveyed with all diligence to the King, that I may have answer ere the convention here on 15 April. I wrote to you yesterday and advertised the bearer of the news here; "and as wderes occwres I sal adwertis zow, prayand zow to haist one lettres yt cumis to me to Patrek Mwrrey or ye lard of Closbwrn." Edinbrwgh, 3 April "at my departing haim."
Hol, p.1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
3 April.485. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Writes, very sorrowfully, that he hears that his wife is dead, although Petre writes the contrary. Begs him if she be dead to be good to his children and advise Mr. Wendy about his things; and, if she be alive, "go to her and comfort her in the King's name. I trust, though his Majesty knew it, he will not be displeased withal." Bruseles, 3 April 1546.
Hol., p.1. Add. Endd.
3 April.486. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 381.
After despatching their post, on 13 March, they repaired to Wormys to know what was done in the Diet. Enclose the substance of the proposition made by Ferdinando on 20 March, six days after his arrival, and of the responsion of the Protestants made this day. The bishops and papists refer all controversies of religion to the Council at Trent, trusting to have the Emperor, Ferdinando and the French king on their part, who have already sent ambassadors thither. The Emperor will be here after Easter. Ferdinando comes daily to a friar's sermon in the Cathedral who preaches up the bp. of Eome's authority "as artificiously as his eloquence will serve him." Grandvel, the Cardinal of Auguste, the bp. of Aras, and the Master of the Dutch Order are here with Ferdinando, but of the other princes of Germany only agents. In case any men are made for Henry in these parts, the Landgrare (fn. 3) desires to know it, in order that he and his friends may be out of suspicion that they are made for their adversaries. It is reported that 10,000 Swysers are gone to the French king, who has renewed his old leagues with them. The Turk has made five bridges over Danubius, to convey victuals to Hungary. Wormys, 3 April. Signed.
In Bucler's hand, pp.2. Add, Sealed. Endd.
R. O.2. Ferdinand's "proposition."
St. P., x. 382.[Giving first the articles dealt with, and, afterwards, a brief summary of the way they were dealt with.]
The articles were : —1. De controversa religione et ejusdem compositione. (To be referred to the Council at Trent.) 2. De justitia et pace conservanda. (The Emperor thinks the edicts he has already published are sufficient.) 3. De Camere assessoribus deligendis et alendis. (The States to agree as to the support of the Chamber; and, if they cannot agree upon the assessors, to leave the appointment of them to the Emperor.) 4. De bello contra Turcam suscipiendo. 5. De pensitationum vel censuum exequatione. 6. De corninuni per universum Imperium moneta. 7. De bona politia in Imperio. 8. De certamine sessionum et suffragiorum ferendorum ordine tollendo. 9. De Concilio. 10. De pace inter Cesaream Majestatem et Gallorum Kegem, in qua Imperii ordines comprehensi sunt. (An extract was communicated, from which it appeared that the Estates of the Empire are included in the peace and that the French king was bound to furnish certain aid against the Turk.)
Latin. In Mont's hand, pp. 2.
R. O.3. Response of the Protestants and their adherents.
St. P., x. 333.As the King of the Romans desires to have the opinion of each side in writing, that of the electors Palatine, Saxony, Brandenburg and Cologne, and all the other states of the Confession of Augsburg and of the Imperial and free cities, is that, as this Diet was indicted chiefly for the matter of religion, and their orators are instructed therefor, it should be dealt with, &c. There can be no lasting peace without reformation of the judgment, as approved by the whole Diet of Spires; and for this they are now prepared and instructed. If these two Articles, the peace and the judgment, are first settled, they will proceed with the rest. The sum of the extract referred to in the last proposition is that the Emperor's main reason for taking the peace with France was that the French king should assist the celebration of a General Council; and also the States of the Empire are included; and concerning the aid to be sent, as there mentioned.
Latin. In Mont's hand, pp.2.
3 April.487. Bugler and Mont to Paget or Petre.
R. O.
St. P., x. 385.
After reporting our proceedings in the King's affairs, we repaired hither to know what was done in the Diet. We have by way of "private friendship '' spoken with divers men of good experience who favour the King's affairs, who all wish, earnestly, that some way were devised to take conditions of peace between the King and the French king, "although they were not most pleasant, for divers respects, grounded upon discourse of things, which seemeth to have some weight." Of this, as rather counselling than advertising, we made no mention in our letters to the King, but write it to you and my lord Chancellor. Wormys, 3 April. Signed.
In Bucler's hand, p.1. Add. Endd.
4 April.488. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Petre.
R. O.Send letters arrived here from the Warden of the Middle Marches and Gilbert Swynho of Cornehil, that he may declare their effect to the King. Darneton, 4 April 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 April.489. Robert Maxwell to Wharton.
R. O.The earl of Cassillis gave me in Edinburcht two letters directed to the King and one to you, which you shall receive by bearer, with a letter of mine to the Lord Lieutenant and another to the lieutenant of the Tower, "quhilk I'res I desyr zor I. to caus to be convait quhar yai ar directit by post." At Drumfres, "yis ferd of eprele at evin." Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.: —— (blank) Aprilis 1545.
4 April.490. William Damesell to Wriothesley and Petre.
R. O.As the 1,000 barrels of powder and other the King's munition could not conveniently be laden in two ships he freighted one more, and these three ships, laden with powder, pikes and other munition specified in his former letter, lie in Zeeland in company with the King's ships sent to conduct them, waiting for a fair wind. As the value amounts to about 8,000l. st. and could not be so secretly laden but that it is known both to Frenchmen and others, he doubts "that there is some ships of war appointed to lie in wait for these said ships," and thinks two ships very few to waft so great a charge. Suggests that the Council might command other of the King's ships in the Narrow Seas to lie about Zeeland until these are passed out of danger. Concerning "the stay for the provision of any more powder," cannot conveniently do anything until these ships are gone, when he will, if possible, decline the receipt of any more. Andwerpe, 4 April 1545.
Hoi., p. 1. Add. to Wriotheslcy, and, in his absence, to Petre. Endd.
5 April.491. Sir John Lowther to Shrewsbury.
R. O.Received his letter dated 2 April this Easter Even, the 4th, and, where accused of negligence "for lack of calling," explains that lord Wharton sent up to the Council for furniture of the town, castle and citadel more than a year ago and has yet no answer. Has reasoned with the gunners, who say that in the ordnance house, in Wharton's charge, of new ordnance received from Mr. Skewyngton. now dead, are 4 "sacars," 8 "facons," 4 "faconettes" and 12 "bacys"; and of pieces won at Solenmos, 4 "faconetes" and 8 small "bacys." All which the writer fears that Wharton will take for the defence of the town unless Shrewsbury assigns parcel of it to him. Half of it is little enough for defence of this house. The gunners think that for two "sacars" 200 iron shot is little enough, for four "facons" as much lead as will make 500 shot, and for four "faconetes" and twelve "bacys" as much lead as will make 1,000 shot; and for powder they say that three last is little enough. Of the old iron guns that remained in the house before, some lack chambers, some stocks and some are "hollyt throwght withe canker"; so that not many of them can be shot. Mr. Bowys and other wise men, at his last being here, thought eight or ten gunners "was as fewe as cowld applye thys house yf on seege dyd com, of wyche no moo here hys bot two, whareof ye on my lord hayse put to ye Langholme and ye oyer on werye zonge man to take on charge; wharefore, good my lord, lat me hayf on or two wyse guners. And, my lord, ye waymers (vaumures)takes grett harme for lak of cowering, and on lytell thing wold fenyse them, for the stonis his redy hwyn in the qwarell; and on lytell peyc of the ramper wher most qwasy wall his is unffyllid as zett." Of artillery my lord has above 9,000 bows, 1,000 sheaf of arrows, 180 bills, and 180 "morow spykes." Begs to have part of them for defence of this house. From the King's casfle of Carliell, this Easter Day. Sinned :John Lowther.
Pp.2. Add.To, etc., my lorde loyfftennant. Endd :Sir John Louther to therle of Shrewesbury, vo Aprilis 1545.
5 April.492. Carne to Petre.
R. O.There are few occurrents here. This day the Emperor came from his palace to the great church, — "his first coming forth since he entered into the diet." On Tuesday he intends to remove to the Vuren, two leagues hence, and thence on Saturday to Malines and on Monday to Andwarp, and thence after eight days to Mastricke, towards Germany; from whence he will go to Wormes, and the lady Eegent to Gelderland, Pryselande, and Holand, and back here at Midsummer. Then, or shortly after, the Emperor will return hither to solemnise the marriages of Orleans with the King of Romayns daughter and of the Emperor's daughter with the King of Romayns' second son. None of the Protestants are yet come to the Diet. An ambassador sent by the King of Romans to treat with the Turk for a truce is forbidden by the Turk to come further as the Turk refuses to treat and intends to come to Vienna with a marvellous puissant army. "The nobles of the citie of Vienna byne flede therhens levinge in the towne onlye the plebeyans." Can hear of no preparation to resist the Turk. Bruxelles, 5 April. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.:1545.
6 April.493. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., 427.
Send letters arrived here from the earl of Casselles addressed to the King and forwarded by Wharton, "with such others as they came open to our hands." Darneton, 6 April 1545.
P.S. — Enclose a letter from Sir John Lowther, captain of Carlisle castle, showing the lack of powder, shot and munition there, which "cannot be supplied in these parts." Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
6 April.494. Release of the Arrest.
R. O.
St. P., x. 388.
To remove the arrests, in Spain and other countries of the Emperor and in the countries under the King of England, of ships and goods of subjects of the two princes, and provide that subjects of both sides may be favourably treated, the following articles are accorded between Messrs. Loys de Schore, chlr., president of the Emperor's Councils in the Low Countries, Cornille Sceperus, also chlr. and Councillor, and Joes Bave, secretary of state, deputies of the Emperor, and Messrs. Guillaume Paget, chlr., Councillor and First Secretary, and Nic. Wotton, Councillor, ambassadors and deputies of the King of England, viz.: —
The articles given in § 2 with these differences, that in the 2nd the power is to hear the demands of the merchants of Bourges in Spain and all other complaints, that in the 5th the clause about traffic is omitted, and that a new article is inserted between the 4th and 5th, providing that the King of England shall suffer certain ships equipped in Zeland to conduct certain Spanish soldiers into Spain to go free.
Made at Brussels, 6 April 1545, apres Pasques. Signed by all the Deputies.
French, pp.3. Endd.:Articles for the discharge of th'arrest, etc.
R. O.2. Earlier draft of the preceding, in which the articles are as follows : — (1) That all arrests made since 20 June last shall be, at once, freely released; and if any goods have been sold or distributed, the owners shall be recompensed, on the understanding that if the English pretend that any of the goods are French, and therefore prize, the Princes shall appoint commissioners to determine that. (2) These commissioners shall have ample powers not only for this but to hear all other complaints of the subjects of both sides. (3) The Princes shall promise to accomplish what these commissioners shall determine. (4) The commissioners shall assemble on 1 May next at Calays or Marke and Gravelinghes. (5) The Emperor's subjects shall not carry any victuals or munitions of war to the French or other enemies of the King of England; nor traffic to the countries of such enemies with ships of greater portage than 120 tons. (fn. 4) (6) Subjects of both Princes shall at sea treat each other as friends. (7) Nothing in this shall derogate from existing treaties.
French. Draft, pp.3.
R. O.
St. P.,x. 389.
3. Supplemental agreement annexed to § 1 specifying the articles prohibited as munitions. The list (which alone is printed in the St. Papers) includes "harpoix, males et anthenes"; and exemption is made for Spanish and other sweet wines, and for spices and drugs. Headed as made in Brussels, 6 April 1545. Signed by all the Deputies.
French, pp.2. Endd.:Th'articles of the agreement for the discharge of the arrest in Flanders.
Add. MS.
2,103. f. 197.
B. M.
4. Copy of §§ 1 and 3 above.
French, pp.3. Headed in English:Articles agreed upon by Mr. Pagett at Bruxelles, the 6th of April anno 1545.
Galba B.
x., 163.
B. M.
5. Copy of §§ 1 and 3 above.
French. Modern copy, pp.4. Headed: Articles passez sur le traicte susdict (fn. 5) par le Sieur Paget, le vi. d' Avril, 1545.
Harl. MS.
4,592, f. 360.
b. m.
6. Another copy of §§ 1 and 3.
Fr: Modern copy, pp. 4. Headed : Articles accordez &C.
R. O.7. Another copy of § 1 (without signatures) and § 8 of the preceding, and of a "Compendium (fn. 6) eorum vectigalium, custumarum, et aliorum subsidiorum quae per mercatores extraneos hodie solvuntur," &c., signed by Alexander Chapman, Chr. Smyth, Win. Clyfton, John Stringfellowe, Wm. Warine and Ric. Heton.
French. Copy, pp. 5. Headed:Arles agreed upon by Master Paget at Bruxelles, the vjth of April 1545.
Lansd. MS.
154, f. 243.
b. m.
8. Another copy of §§1 and 3 and (at f. 246) of the "Compendium vectigalium."
Fr. Later copy, pp.7. Headed in English like § 4.
Earl. MS.
1,064, f. 72b.
B. M.
9. Another copy of § 6.
Fr. Modem copy, pp.5. With inaccurate heading: "Articles passez (&c. as in § 5) le 6 Avril, 1546"; in which heading, besides the wrong date of year, the word "susdict" makes the articles refer fco the treaty of Utrecht, 16 Jan. 1546, a copy of which immediately precedes.
Add. MS.10. Another copy of § 8.
30,662, f. 219.
b. m.
Fr. Modern copy, pp. 8. Headed : Articles passez par le Sieur Paget a Bruxelles, 1545.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii No. 32.
11. Draft of § 1 made, apparently, upon the form presented by Paget on the 20th March (see No. 406). Brussels, 6 April 1545.
*** Signed copies of this (see Sp. Cal. VIII., p.71n.) and of § 8 (Sp. Cal. VIII., No.89) are also in the Vienna Archives.
6 April.495. Paget and Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 385.
Repeated to the Emperor on Easter Day the effect of last letters from the Council, saying that they had already declared it to Schore and Skepperius. The Emperor answered that he had indeed heard it; and he minded not that his ships or subjects should serve against Henry, and would order the arrest to be discharged. As for the truce, if the French king was abused into thinking himself able to do anything against Henry this summer he would be loth to come to a truce, but the Emperor would do his best to make peace or truce; and here protested his affection to Henry with such gentle and loving words as the writers never heard before. Paget then asked what way he would take for the traffic with France; and he answered that he would forbid traffic with ships of more than 120 tons, until the French king should capitulate with him, and would give Henry a copy of the capitulation. Paget said that no doubt the French king would agree to truce as he could not this year besiege Boulloyn, and as for coming into England he might have a passport to land with 40,000 men; and as for joining the Scots and coming in that way, the country was so wasted and harried that they could do nothing. The Emperor confirmed Paget in all three points, and thought that there would be no difficulty in the matter of the truce, wherein he would inform Wotton of his proceedings. In talking of Scotland, Paget took occasion to say that he thought that the Scottish ambassador still here should have been sent away before the holydays. The Emperor answered "that they pretended still that they were comprised in the league between him and France, the which, he said, was not so"; the Emperor's indisposition and this holy time had prevented the Ambassador taking leave. In all this the Emperor's countenance and words were more gentle than Wotton remembers to have seen in him. The release of the arrest is sent to Antwerp and Berough and all the sea ports; and, the Emperor going hence tomorrow, Paget has taken leave, intending to depart homewards tomorrow or next day. Bruseles, 6 April 1545. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
6 April.496. Paget to Petre.
R. O.You will partly perceive our proceedings by our letters to the King, and the rest I will declare at my coming. This melancholy matter of the arrest is now at a point. I have sent the Governor with the relaxation to Andwerpe and Barow even now; and tomorrow depart homewards towards my sorrowful house "where I shall not find that I left behind me at my departing, but a sort of poor miserable infants weeping and lamenting their inestimable loss of their mother, my most obedient, wise, gentle and chaste wife, the remembrance of whom sitteth so deep in my heart that it inaketh the same well near to burst for pain and anguish." I thought to have had a fortunate journey (and touching the common affairs it is so) but, to me, it is the most grievous that ever I had, and, were it not for the goodness of my master and my desire to serve him and my country, I would desire no longer to live. Bruseles, 6 April 1545.
In the term munition they have agreed to the restraint of pitch and tar, masts and sails; and they have made like inhibition for all the Emperor's countries, saving that Spain may carry spices and bastard, having no other merchandise.
P.S.— Here is news of peace between the King and France, and that the King has "withdrawn his forces from the seas and stayed the provisions of victuals; and wagers laid in Andwerpe upon the same. I pray God it be true."
Hol., p.1. Adii Sealed. Endd.
7 April.497. Shrewsbury to Petre.
R. O.Sends letters arrived here from the Warden of the West Marches, with others addressed to the said Warden and Sir Thos. Pope from the earl of Casselles. Despatches them to him the rather because one of those to Pope is all in cipher. Darneton, 7 April 1545. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
7 April.498. Flemish Trade with France.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 41.
Certificate by Schore and Scepperus that, on 7 April 1545, Paget acknowledged to them that, 5 March 1545, he declared to the Queen of Hungary, in presence of M. de Sempy, Schore and Scepperus that his master would connive at the Emperor's subjects trading with France provided that they did not convey thither victuals or munitions of war.
8 April.499. The Privy Council to Lord Poynings.
R. O.
St. P., x. 39O.
The King has seen his letters and heard the credence declared by Sir Thos. Palmer touching things opened to him by Madame Destampes' servant. He shall answer that, having signified the matter to the Council here, he has answer from the lord Chancellor and Great Master that, understanding the disposition of Madame de Estampes, the Admiral and Mons. Longovale to restore the amity between the King and their master, we will willingly help therein, but think that their demand hitherto to have Bulloyn is not the way to get amity, as it seems to indicate more care for the thing demanded than for the amity; and Bulloyn is not the first hold that the King has won from France, who in the first wars took both Turney and Turwyn, keeping the one and destroying the other, neither of which were delivered at the conclusion of peace. The King might better challenge the whole crown of France, besides sundry matters of pensions and other things, whereupon, if he stood precisely as they stick for Bulloyn, how long should it be before the Princes were brought to perfect amity ? He holds Bulloyn by just title of conquest, whereas his progenitors were defeated of their inheritance, not by conquest but, on a colourable pretence only, "by a bare praginatic made amongst themselves there." (fn. 7) We, the Chancellor and Great Master, think that ways should be sought "to clear the titles and part of the pensions, to devise for honorable recompense for the same, th' arrearages to be paid out of hand as they were offered at Bulloyn, to take away also all other 'bogges' that in any wise might be occasion of rupture of th' amity between them hereafter." The world has lately been full of practices, and things have been proposed only to get intelligence, and therefore if their master would treat (leaving Bulloyn apart) and send commissioners hither ("if ye can possibly so persuade") or to Bulloyn, we will move the King to treat so that, unless they are unreasonable, friendship will indelayedly ensue.
Having given this answer he shall, familiarly, as of himself, tell the messenger that the King knows of the preparations in France and their bruit of an invasion by Scotland and of exploits in England, and will be found a Prince who has wisely foreseen what they can do, and who will prove that they were evil Counsellors who first advised these enterprises; to avoid which extremities we, the Chancellor and Great Master, will travail, "so that we may see a frankness of their side towards the same."
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 10. Endd.: A mynute [to the] lord Poyninges, viijo Aprilis 1545.
8 April.500. Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler to Petre.
R. O.Send letters arrived here from the Warden of the Middle Marches that he may declare their effect to the King. Darneton, 8 April, 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 April.501. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., X. 393.
Since his last of 29 March, are appeared letters from Andrinople, of 5 and 9 March, mentioning that the Turk was ready with a great number of men, and would probably go in person to Hungary. His naval power does not exceed 80 galleys, besides "fustes of corsars," of which 18 are already come into this gulf. Ferdinando's ambassador makes suit for truce, but cannot get resolute answer until letters come out of France. Cardinal Pole lately came to Trent by post, and many bishops are sent thither from Rome; "but I hear of nothing that the Cardinals doth there, except that they go daily at hunting." Piero Stroci is at Rome procuring the 5,000 men promised by the Bishop; which not obtaining, he will conduce some men into France with his own money. The French navy will leave Marcelles "by all the present month,' being 20 galleys and 40 ships, Buskains (Biscayans), Genevois and French. Captain Polin is general of them, a "man of small experience in the naval things." The Frenchmen divulge the loss of 4,000 or 5,000 Englishmen in Scotland. Hopes that the report is untrue or exaggerated; and that, having already ruinate the one half of Scotland, Henry will subdue "the rest of that most perfidious, ingrateful and barbarous nation." Here lately arrived, out of France, Captain Frangiotto, a Lukais, who has long served the French king in Turkey and elsewhere. He is nephew to Capt. Philippo Pini, Henry's servant, who caused him secretly to show Harvel that Captain Polin "had him greatly against the stomach," refusing to accept him with 500 soldiers granted him by the French king, and saying that this year they would have no Italians. He seeks to serve Henry, and is active and experienced. Venice, 9 April 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 April.502. The Privy Council to Cassillis.
R. O.
St. P., v. 431.
The King has seen his letters, both those in cipher and the others, desiring answer to some points before next convention of the 15th inst. Need not remind him how former promises touching the peace and marriage were observed, and what cause was given to seek revenge. Nevertheless the King has been content to come to such honorable means of unity as were here declared to Cassillis; and if the noblemen and Council there will make suit for them, he remains in the same good disposition, notwithstanding that occasions have since been ministered to the contrary, the revenge whereof he defers for a season. But if things do not now out of hand proceed to a good conclusion, they shall shortly have no cause to rejoice of the death of his late warden at Melrose, who, being forced to enter that journey for defence of persons who had submitted to the King, may not be judged to have sought "that chance"; but in wars fortune is not always one. As to Angus, what occasion he had to serve the King and what diversity has been between doings and sayings need not be repeated, but Cassillis may be witness that the King is always more glad of the amendment of things to come than desirous of revenge for things past; and if Angus, George Douglas and the rest set forward his Majesty's affairs he will both forget the past and well reward their service. As for Maxwell, whose home coming both Angus and Cassillis desire, it is notorious in that realm how disloyally he demeaned himself, to the great hindrance of the King's affairs; and therefore the King thinks that his despatch from hence would embolden others to do the like. His Majesty will, however, deliberate, and take further order for him as occasion shall be ministered at next convention.
Draft, pp. 8. Endd.: M. to therle of Cassells, xo Aprilis 1545.
10 April.503. Mary of Hungary to Chapuys and Van der Delft.
Spanish
Calendar,
VIII., No. 42.
Since her letters of the 8th ult. and receipt of theirs of the 11th, 12th and 15th, Paget complained of the arrest of an English ship at Sluys and asked whether the Emperor would in future observe the treaty. Details the sequel as given in the "draft reply" (No. 388) and subsequent negociations ending in the agreements (copies enclosed). When Paget had seen the orders given for the release he departed in apparent contentment. Morette, on going hence with the declaration of the marriage alternatives, promised to speak with his King about a truce. The ambassadors must report the wrongs and grievances of the Emperor's subjects in England, for the instruction of the commissioners who are to be sent to the arbitration court on the 1st May. As to what Paget wrote of some Councillors here having said that Hertford and Winchester could not reply to arguments used here against the declaration; what was really said was that if the King persisted in the request we must repeat the arguments used, with which, as the King had not given his decision, it had been supposed that he was satisfied. Hertford and Winchester must have ill understood what was said if they expected the declaration to be made at the expiry- of the ten weeks.
The Scottish ambassador is still here, and has had no answer beyond what was communicated to you; as you may assure the King if he mentions it. Informs them, in confidence, that she means so to deal with the ambassador as to keep relations with Scotland from growing worse and to secure subjects here from molestation by Scots. Report if the English are offended with the ambassador's stay here. Brussels, 10 April 1545.

Footnotes

1 French hostages laid for the fulfilment of certain provisions of the treaty of Crèpi.
2 The battle of Auorum Muir
3 In cipher
4 This last clause is added in another hand on a separate leaf.
5 This refers not to the papers which immediately precede it in the Volume, but to the treaty of 11 Feb. 1543, the articles of which are given further back. See Vol. XVIII. Part i. No. 144 (3).
6 This "Compendium" has been printed by Schanz, Englische Handelspolitik, n. 370, from another copy which will be noticed later among Bourbourg Papers (§ xzzv.) .
7 The lands held by King John of the crown of France were declared confiscated fiefs by Philip II. in 1203.