Henry VIII
May 1545, 16-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: May 1545, 16-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 379-390. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80394 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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May 1545, 16-20

16 May.746. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 162.
Meeting at St. James's, 16 May. Present: Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Paget, Baker. Business:—Sir Ric. and Sir John Gresham and Sir Rowland Hill gave their opinion that the cloth already laden for Flanders should go, but that no more should be sent until doubts there were cleared; and it was decided to take order accordingly. Upon complaint by the Emperor's commissioners at the Diet that new impositions were used upon the Emperor's subjects at Gravesend and they were also constrained to unlade into lighters instead of at the wharf, the advice of the three aforesaid merchants was taken, to call the customers and searchers of London on Monday se'nnight to certify in writing the present usage and how long it has existed. Letter to mayor, &c., of Chester to release the ship of Sancheo Armathea, Spaniard, stayed for selling wines at Bewmaras without custom. Letter to vicechancellor, &c., of Cambridge "touching a certain tragedy lately played there and certain words spoken by one Scott touching the same, saying the said tragedy was poison." (fn. 1) Letter to Mr. Flemming, lieutenant of the Ordnance, to deliver——(blank) Welles a culverin and 4 slings for Rye. Letter to the Lord President of the North touching Robt. Cryplyng, condemned to pay costs of Ric. Bradshaw's repair to the commissioners for the examination of matters objected to Sir Leonard Bekwyth.
16 May.747. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O.London, 16 May 1545:—Business matters involving the names Mr. Coope, Briskett, Walter Lewesone, John Francys of Oundell, Harrysone, my sister your wife, and Mrs. Browne. "For news understand that the next term, commonly called Trinity Term, is rejourned until the Octave of Michaelmas by the King his Majestye proclamation, for all matters and courts saving only the Exchequer and the Court of the Tenths and First Fruits. The lord Maxfeld is at liberty and hath taken a new oath to the King, as I hear say, and shall into Scotland again with my lord Lieutenant, the earl of Hartford. The Lord give him grace to prove himself a false Scot, that is, to be true to England!"
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Calleis or Andwarpe. Endd.: answered at Andwerp le 22 in May and entered into journal.
16 May.748. Tokyngton Chapel.
R. O.Surrender by William Layton, keeper or chaplain of the free chapel of Tokyngton, Midd., of the said chapel and all its possessions in the town and parish of Harrowe, Midd., or elsewhere. 16 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 45.
16 May.749. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.Bearer is Mons. de Bueren's esquire, sent to present the King with the piece of ordnance so long spoken of. Bueren esteems him above a servant and will requite friendship shown to him; and therefore it may please Paget to appoint some gentleman to entertain him there. Begs Paget to write the Council's pleasure for the return of the English of Flanders, which upon a letter from Sir Richard and Sir John Gresham, await his command. Supposes that four or five of them are ready laden. We have received two books of doleances from the Emperor's commissaries, one general, the other particular, and have sent them as much. Mr. Secretary will write more at large. Callais, 16 May 1545.
Your "chest, sturgion and butes" are laden in a hoy of Andwarpe consigned to a friend of mine at Berlinges Gate, named Wm. Burninghill.
Hol, pp.2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
16 May.750. Ambrose Saunders to John Johnson.
R. O.Callais, 16 May 1545:—My master writes that you shall deliver 200l. st. of the money for his Kesten wool, and by exchange payable at Bartholomew tide. I hear nothing of your silk. "News we hear that yesterday Joonis of the bulwarke had xix. of his men slain with foolish adventuring near Aerd. The French camp was retired homewards, but it is thought they will approach near unto us ere they depart, for there is a great company more hath met them with boats and divers other munitions; so that men think that they intend to invade this Low Country. God send them evil hap!"
Hol, p. 1. Add.: At Andwerp. Endd.: Aunswerid le 20 of the [sam] e from Andwerp, etc.
16 May.751. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. OSince his last, of the 3rd inst., Angelo Mariano, one of the King's captains, has arrived, and Harvel has allowed him eight captains, to make him equal with the Countye of Sanbonifacio and Ludovico de Larme. Sends herewith a note of these captains. Angelo said that he found Sor Loigi Gonsaga well disposed to serve the King, and exhorted Harvel to write him a thankful letter; and two days past Angelo departed to speak with Sor Loigi. Also the Countye Ludovico Rangon, who has credit with many good soldiers, desires to serve, as Angelo says. He has been "utterly ruinate by the Bishop, (fn. 2) who keepeth from him his fortress and possessions most injustly." By letters from Constantinople of 13 and 17 April, the Turk slacks to make expedition this year, contrary to former advertisements; but many suspect that he dissembles in order to find the Christians unprovided. His navy will not exceed 50 or 60 galleys, for defence. The French ambassador shall depart within few days to the Turk with a secretary of the Emperor's, who has not yet appeared; and some think that the Turk has already condescended to truce with them. The French galleys left Marcelles on 28 April. They will have an evil voyage. Frenchmen divulge that 20,000 footmen and 800 men of arms are departed for Scotland, but make no mention of the great number of their ships lately taken by Englishmen. Here is bruit of great motions in Germany, that the Langrave has slain 4,000 of the Duke of Pranswike's men and the League of Protestants is in arms with 25,000 footmen and 4,000 horsemen. The Bishop has sent money to the Emperor—to maintain his part against the Protestants, as is suspected.
After writing the above, received the enclosed letters from Sor Lois Gonsaga. (fn. 3) Would know what to answer, the matter being of no small importance, as Sor Lois is one of the most famous captains of Italy and has the best commodity of good fortresses, in which to assemble men, in these parts. Exhorts the King to take worthy account of this man's offer, as, for designs in Italy, such a man of authority is requisite; and Sor Loigi has as good places wherein to assemble men as the Mirandoila, who has often done so good service to the French king. Jeronimo Suardo, a gentleman of the best houses of Bergamo, under the Venetians, and reported to be of both courage and wit, was preparing to depart for England with certain good horses at his own expense; but Angelo Marian has persuaded him to remain here to assist in making horsemen if need be, for they are very scarce. He much desires to serve the King.
The Turks have taken and slain 3,000 horsemen, Hungars and Curvates, about Sagabria, a great damage to Ferdinando, The Turks there number 10,000 or 12,000 horse.
Sends herewith the copy of certain letters from the Emperor, the King of Remains and the Marquis of Guasto to the So Loigi Gonsaga, to whom he has returned the originals.
The Bishop of Rome has published a new bull to congregate all prelates to the Council, but the motions in Germany and refusal of the Protestants to come to Trent will frustrate it. The Emperor is suspected to be of the Bishop's part, for great sums of money which Cardinal Fernesy has commission to present. Cannot understand that the navy is departed from Marcelles "as to fore was said."
Venice, 16 May 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Endd.
R. O.2. "Capitani d'Angelo Mariano," viz.:— Signers Lunardo Arivaben and Giovandrea Ferraro and captains Girolumo di Stivoli, Oliver dalla Ca Biancha, Pasqual Amichino, Ser Aresta, Polider, and Giovandrea Gromo.
Ital. Small slip, p 1.
16 May.752. Edmond Harvel to Russell.
R. O.Received his letters of 24 March in favour of Sor Hannibal Caraciolo and Fernando Martini, who have declared the kindness of the King and Council and offer to serve the King before any other prince; else they must, being poor gentlemen, seek some other partito. Thanked them, saying that he had no free commission to accept any to the King's service, but would learn his Grace's pleasure. They are of honourable families of Naples, but banished from their country, and are esteemed good men of war. Also received Russell's letters of 2 April, delivered on the 4th inst. by Angelo Mariano, who shall not lack most friendly entertainment, being universally commended. Has allowed him eight captains, to make him equal with Countye Bernardo and Ludovico de Larme; and he is satisfied, although he expected more, having charge to make more horsemen than they.
Perceives that the Scots have small cause to glory in "that conflict," having twice as many slain as the Englishmen. The French and Romans in Italy brought 7,000 of our men to ruin, whom now, "by your lordship's letters, I have resuscitate again, and quenched the fables and lies of the adversaries." The French navy left Marcelles on 28 April, but their navigation will be long and difficult. The French give out that 20,000 footmen and 800 men of arms are departed for Scotland, but make no mention of the ships which our men have lately taken. The Turk has slain and taken about Sagabria in Hungary 3,000 good horsemen, Hungars and Crovates. The Turks are esteemed to be 10,000 or 12,000.
Herewith are letters to the King concerning the affairs of Sor Loigi Gonsaga. Please remember the early expedition of his cause. Venice, 16 May 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
753. Edmond Harvel to Russell.
R. O.Herewith are letters from the Countye Ludovico de Rangon to the King and others, delivered after the closing of my other letters. The Countye has "great seguito of soldiers in Lombardye" and is much esteemed both for his nobility and courage. "The Bishop hath utterly ruinate him, whereby he procureth to have occasion to annoy his enemy," and is apt for this as any of his degree in Lombardye. Herewith I send also a note of eight captains, received from Angelo Marian.
Hol, p. 1. Add.: To the right honorable lord Prevysele.
16 May.754. Count Ludovico Rangon to Henry VIII.
R. O.Having spoken at length with M. Agnolo Mariano, and afterwards with the King's ambassador, refers to them for the matter, and protests that no man in Italy or elsewhere has more desire to serve him. This has long been his wish, both for his desire to offend the Bp. of Rome and for his own interest. The King may command him both in Italy and elsewhere, and he himself will make no demands, being certain that the King will do more for him than if he should make demands befitting his rank; and he is sure that he can do the King service. As a pledge of faith he begs that he may place his son with the Prince. Venice, 16 May '45.
Ital. Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
17 May.755. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 163
Meeting at St. James's, 17 May. Present: Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Paget, Baker. Business:—Warrant to Tuke to deliver Knyvett and Fulwood 20l. in reward for conducting certain strangers northward. Order taken, in consideration of excessive prices demanded by the innholders of London from strangers coming hither for the King's service, that but 2½d. should be demanded for hay and litter and 16 groats for a quarter of oats. Warrant to the master of the Ordnance to deliver Alex. Welles 2 culverins and 3 sakers for Rye. Wm Overende of Lynne having taken 8 ships repairing towards Scotland, part whereof were thought to pertain to the Emperor's subjects and part to Scots, a commission was directed to the mayor and brethren of Lynne, Mr. Deram and Mr. Beningfelde to examine into it. Letter to my lord Deputy not to molest Skryven for his house, but be content with the house next the Exchequer or else lady Banester's. Letter to lord Poyninges to send over Harry Dudley with his 100, another captain with 100 hacquebuttes and Sir John Luttrell with his servants, to be at Depforde the 24th inst.
17 May.756. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O.Tykford, 17 May 1545:—Commercial matters. Has bargained with Grene of Wellyngbor for 4,000 fells at 4l. 10s. the hundred, and expects to conclude with Damporte for 3,000. Johnson "had need to sell our winter Londons for a good price when countrys, being not much better than winters, be bought here for 4l. 10s." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: at Callais. Endd.: "answeryd at Andwerp the last in the same, etc."
17 May.757. Guilds of Walsingham.
R. O.Account book of the Guild of St. Mary of Little Walsingham, Norfolk (from 32 Hen. VIII. onwards, of the united guilds of St. Mary, St. Anne and St. George) containing the yearly accounts of the aldermen; which are mostly in the same form and give first the receipts and payments, the names of officers and new members elected, and, finally, the list of stockholders with the amount in the hands of each and the name of his surety. The account for 32 Hen. VIII. (dated 8 June, whereas the others are dated Sunday after Ascension Day) gives first a list of inquisitors, among whom appear aldermen of guilds of St. George, Our Lady, Trinity, St. Anne, St. Michael, and St. John. To the accounts of 33 and 36 Hen. VIII. are attached bills of provisions expended at the guild feasts. In the margin of the last account are notes showing how the stock has been paid to the King's use or is despaired of, and what property remains in private hands. At the end of the book is a list of the aldermen and brotherhood in the year 1522, and a note that in 23 Hen. VIII. a spit "marked with a cross by the crank" was given to the Guild by Ele Clyfton, which spit with two other guild spits remained in 27 Hen. VIII. in custody of Nic. Calver. The aldermen who account are:—Dominus John Gyles 1516 to 1523, Oliver Reymes 1524 and 1525, Thomas Curtes, bailiff, 1526 to 1533, Richard Vowell, lord prior of the monastery of St. Mary, 1535 (no account for 1534) to 1539 (31 Hen. VIII), William Salman 1540 to 1545.
Book in original rellum cover containing 74 pages, of which about ten are blank and three torn.
17 May.758. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.Send herewith letters from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches with intelligence out of Scotland. Where the Warden of the Middle Marches writes of advertisements received of one Barnes, an Englishman, the writers have experience of Barnes, who heretofore proved a notable liar and was therefore put out of my lord of Suffolk's service. Suppose that he remains the same man, and that Wilson, having any secret practice in hand and making him privy to it, as the letters purport, will be deceived. Have, nevertheless, written to the Warden to send him hither. Darneton, 17 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
17 May.759. Thirlby and Others to the Council.
R. O.Since our meeting with the Emperor's commissioners for this Diet, of which we wrote to the King on the 11th inst., we have received from them articles both of their general griefs and particular complaints of divers persons, and have sent them ours (copies of all sent herewith to the King). [See Bourbourg Papers, § 1 i., iii., vii., xii.] Albeit their articles were already framed before our first meeting and ours for lack of instruction not ready, yet, to appear no less desirous of a short end than they, we delivered them ours, and the haste used in so doing was the cause that all are not put in such order as might have been. Amongst their articles are certain small exactions by officers at London of which we could get no information here nor before our coming thence, "although th'officers were by us desired and sent unto for the same." It would clear matters much if your Lordships caused the officers to declare why and for how long they have taken these payments, and whether any part goes to the King. We enclose a note of the said small exactions. [See Bourbourg Papers, § 5.] We shall have much ado to answer them in the matter of wrecks, the treaty being plain. We beg to know the King's pleasure as to Jasper Douche. Callys, 17 May, 1545. Signed by Thirlby, Petre, Carne, Vaughan and Chambrelain.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: The commissioners at Graveling.
17 May.760. Petre to Paget.
R. OOur common letters to the lords of the Council will show the forwardness of our charge here. "Those men that were appointed were not able to give us such instruction of their things as was necessary," and therefore, for haste, our articles are not all well framed, and yet if we had tarried we would have been thought to seek delays. At our first meeting "they" had their articles in order and made much haste, but since the sending of our articles we have not [heard] (fn. 4) from them, except that they must send to the Queen for the answer of some points. Pray help to excuse us if fault is found with the framing of the articles; and let us have a short answer as to the small exactions contained in the schedule within our common letters. Both they and our own merchants seem to be "exacted more now than they were within very few years at the hands of clerks, servants, and inferior officers, whereof no commodity groweth to the King's majesty." One complaint is that within this 100 years they paid no more than 3d. in the pound for all charges and now pay 23d., and in proof thereof they refer to our registers or records in England. If they desire earnestly to have a copy or a search made we would know what to [answer]; (fn. 5) and meanwhile we will insist that no more is exacted now than has been for 100 years, that it lies with them to prove the contrary, that by the laws we are not bound to show our records, etc. Another point is "that they desire to have a certain book made what is due for everything now, to th'intent no new imposition may be raised hereafter." Caleyce, 17 May.
P.S.—After writing these, we received a letter from the Emperor's commissioners that they will be with us here tomorrow.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
18 May.761. The Privy Council to Thirlby and Others.
Galba B.
x., 210.
B.M
Schanz,
Englisohe
Handelspolitik
II., 282.
[without P.S]
The King has received their letters and approves their proceedings with the Emperor's commissioners. Albeit the other party should "bytimes" resort to Calays as they look for you to resort to Gravelyns, yet, in view of "their considerations," the King is pleased that after they have been once at Calays you shall remain at Gravelyns. In Jasper Douche's matter you shall determine as shall seem reasonable, showing yourself frank, as well because the King thinks there is conscience in the matter as because the man may be of service; and yet "you must remember that he is a Florentine, and so the Pre[sident] Scory showed to me, Sir William Paget, that he had made his demand too unreasonable." We will call in Hopkyns's account and send it to you if necessary. The King thinks you able to declare the matter of the ships of the Wight; and John Davye will ere this be with you with the Frenchman for whom you wrote. The matter of the jewels has passed in one of the King's ordinary courts and, in view of the inconvenience of questioning matters so ordered by law, the King thinks that they will be satisfied when you show them the process in authentic form. We doubt how they can prove "the capitage and other impost of iijd. at Gravesend, and their charge of lighterage," to be a novelty. We have talked with the merchants and customers therein; and, as the matter shall be set forth with you, we will make further enquiry. St. James's, 18 May 1545. Signed by Suffolk, Russell, Lisle and Paget.
P.S. in Mason's hand.—We send herewith complaints exhibited by divers men who intend not to follow them in person, fearing like success in this Diet as in their suits heretofore. We send them that you may have "somewhat at idle times to talk of and to molest the Emperor's commissioners withal." Part of them mention wrongs sustained in Spain, wherein Martyn Pol[lard], solicitor for Bristow, can say somewhat, of such as touch Bristow men.
Pp. 3. Add. to Thirlby, Petre, Carne "and the rest." Endd.
18 May.762. St. John's Hospital in Lynn.
R. O.Surrender by Robt. Bumpsted, gentleman, of his hospital of St. John Baptist of the town or borough of Lenn, Norf., with all its possessions in Lenn Regis and Lenn Episcopi, Hardwycke and Clenchwarton, Norf., or elsewhere. Dated 18 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Note by Sir Edw. North that this was acknowledged before him, 26 May 37 Hen. VIII.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 30.
18 May.763. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 448.
Send letters received from Wharton, with others, in cipher, from Cassilles, one of them being a letter to Cassillis from the Earl Marshal (cipher and decipher herewith). It appears that Cassilles, as soon as he can speak with Anguishe and George Douglas, will send one to Sadler; who will then repair to Alnewycke to commune with him according to instructions lately received from the Council. "The nature and practices of the Scots are very strange, and their proceedings hitherto with your Majesty full of dissimulation, whereof your Highness hath had good experience, and both can and will, we doubt not, weigh the same by your high wisdom accordingly." Darneton, 18 May. Signed.
In Sadler's hand, p. I. Add. Endd.: 1545.
18 May.764. Thirlby and Others to Paget.
R. O.This day have been with us at Callys the Chancellor Nigri, Hermes and the Secretary; but Chapuis has been sick ever since his coming to Graveling. As their commission was restrained to Graveling (whereas by agreement with you it should be either Callys, Marke or Graveling) they promised tomorrow to despatch to the Queen for a more general commission. We then communed of our manner of proceeding in examining complaints; and here again they found fault with Graveling, the Chancellor saying that if he had known that he should be appointed he would have sued for some other place. As for Callys they found the same faults as before, and eftsoons desired us to agree to St. Omer's, Burborough, Dunkirk or any adjoining town. Decided that at our meeting we should remain together for six or seven days, and they six or seven days with us, spending the one day upon complaints of the one side and next day upon those of the other. Because part of our articles touch new exactions they have promised to send "to Andwerpe to the tolners for their better instruction of the same," and we to send to London for like purpose. Their words continue as good as may be wished. Pray remind his Majesty to signify his pleasure touching Jasper Douche's matter, and also as to the place. We wrote yesterday to the Council; please help us to an answer. Callys, 18 May 1545. Signed by Thirlby, Petre, Carne, Vaughan and Chambrelain.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: The commissioners at Graveling.
18 May.765. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.This morning arrived the messenger I sent, with your letters, to the Bastard of Guelders and with him the bearer, Mr. Wutton's servant, also coming from the said Bastard. (fn. 6) Encloses "this letter" which he had no time to read as the passage was going. As many of our ships at Barghes as can be now laden by our merchants will be ready by Saturday next. Asks whether they shall take the seas or await conduct of the King's ships. Callais, 18 May 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 May.766. Hanibal Caracciolo to Russell.
R. O.Having arrived here, thanks him for his many courtesies, and offers to be at his command. As for the King's service, it was for that alone that he came into those parts, and he much desires opportunity to prove himself ready to run any risk for his Majesty's service; but if his Highness have no occasion to use his person, it will suffice to be counted one of the least of his servants. Venice, 18 May '45. signed.
Ital, p. 1. Add.: All' illmo et eccmo Sor, il Sor Priviseel, mio Sor ossermo, Alla Corte d' Ingleterra. Sealed.
18 May.767. Lorges to the Queen of Scotland.
R. O.
Balcarres MS.
Adv. Lib.
Edin, iii. 49.
Doubts not she has been long since informed of the succours Francis is sending her which is ready to embark here when weather permits. They are such that she and the country ought to be satisfied. Every man has the best will to the service of her and the Queen and country. Sends his lieutenant the Sieur de Moullins, for whom he desires credence. Brest, 18 May 1545.
Hearing she is ill supplied with wine, sends her some. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 May.768. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 164.
Meeting at St. James's, 19 May. Present: Privy Seal, Admiral, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Tuke to deliver John Portway 8s. reward for bringing certain "Forsares (fn. 7) from Dovor." Placard signed for Mr. Kelleway. servant to my lord of Hertford, despatched northward, for 3 horses at a penny a mile. Letter to my lord of Duresme advertising delivery here of Thomson, the Scottish priest. Warrant to the keeper of Nottingham castle to deliver Mr. Hobby 2 sakers, 12 fawcons, 4 fawconettes and 2,000 livery arrows.
19 May.769. Otwell Johnson to his Brother, John Johnson.
R. O.London, 19 May 1545:— On Sunday, by Hen. Fyssher's servant, received his of the 13th. May be unable to ride into the country these holydays as he must attend to the sale of certain Gascon wines which are coming from Plummothe for H. Garbrand, who is "called to other urgent and expedient affairs." Has sent John Johnson's wife 60l. by Mr. Bretain, his brother in law, and 20l. by Young Francys of Oundell, which should satisfy her and Harrysone until more can be sent. Today took 100l. of John Pate, fishmonger, upon bill payable three days after sight to John Henrikesone of Flissing "at 26.5." Paid Walter Lewsone, for Hen. Suthwyke, 60l. of this, and will send the other 40l. to Mr. Ant. Cave "per your uncle Sir Ambrose," tomorrow. Could dispose of "a case or two of Harlam and also Ley frisados" from Antwerp if "very excellent."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Andwarpe. Endd.: "answerid at Andwerp le last in the same and entrid into memoriall."
19 May.770. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O.Tykfford, 19 May 1545:—Commissions to bring home a quilted doublet, stockfish and French or Rhenish wine. Remember to appoint me such moneys as I should have of you about this time, for within a fortnight I intend to pay Welles 40l. and bargain with him for his fells of this year. Signed.
P. 1. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: "answerid from Callais le 7 in June, etc."
19 May.771. Chapuys to Bave.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 54.
The English have captured a galliot and driven a galley ashore near Boulogne. They also assert that they have captured the place of Ardellot and will keep it. If so, they will have to be more careful than about Guisnes, where they have suffered the French both to raid their cattle and to revictual Ardres. In the Diet we have as yet had only one meeting at Calais, which I could not attend, and one here; and although the English representatives may have full powers, the innumerable complaints they have brought forward indicate that they wish to prolong matters. Some of their claims have been already judged by law in Spain and elsewhere. They claim 30,000 ducats for the 1 per cent. tax imposed "at Calais" during the late wars. In the absence of important matter, does not trouble our patron (Granvelle) or M. d'Arras. Gravelines, 19 May 1545.
19 May.772. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.Despatches bearer with letters just received from Mr. Bucler, the Queen's secretary, and begs Paget to see him paid 10 cr. which the writer promised him for the more expedition of them. Sent letters by a servant lately to know the King's pleasure concerning payment for the gunpowder and receipt of "this rest of the powder." These men daily call for payment and he begs that his said servant may have answer. Has laden in certain English crayers above 1,200 hacquebutes; and, as Sir John Gresham writes that they must not depart without commandment, desires to know whether they may go hence now, seeing that this coast is reported clear of Frenchmen and the wind very fair. Trusts that 2,000 staves for Northern men's staves are now in England, and intends to send the other 2,000 with speed. Andwerpe, 19 May 1545.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 May.773. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 164.
Meeting at St. James's, 20 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Tuke to deliver Mr. Wye and Mr. Elmes 20l. for their conduct of a band of strangers northward. Commission to all mayors, sheriffs, &c., and to all innholders and victuallers to charge the strangers only such prices as Wye and Elmes, with the head officer of the place, think reasonable. Letter to my lord Deputy of Calais for Medeline to remain still in prison and Mr. Wingfelde to provide 30 horses for the scowt of Newenham Brydge.
20 May.774. Lord St. John.
R. O.Acknowledgment of receipt, 20 May 37 Hen. VIII., by lord St. John from Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, of 2.078l. 8s. 4d. in full purchase of the manor of Gedney and soke of Holbeche, Line., by the King. Written and signed by St. John.
P. 1. Sealed.
20 May.775. Christchurch Cathedral, Oxford.
R. O.Surrender by Robert, the bishop, Ric. Cox, S.T.P., the dean, and the chapter of the cathedral church of Oxford, of the said cathedral and episcopal see with all its possessions. Dated 20 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed: Ro. Oxon': Ric. Cox, deane: Alexander Belsyr: Thomas Daye: Will'mus Haynes: Richarde Beseley: John Dyer: Jervase Lynche. Two seals appended.
Endorsed with note that the said bp. etc., delivered this to Sir Thomas Legh, one of the masters of Chancery, with request that it might be enrolled; present Ric. Croke, S.T.P., Wm. Weston, S.T.B., Robt. Everdon, and Wm. Gough and others (not named), on the day above written.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II. 36.
20 May.776. King Henry VIII's College, Oxford.
R. O.Surrender by John Olyver, doctor of law, dean, and the chapter of the college of Henry VIII. within the University of Oxford, of the said college and all its possessions. Dated 20 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed: Joannes Olyver: Henricus Williams: Richardus Crocus: Owinus Oglethorpe: Joannes Lelandes: Joannes Robyns. Seal appended.
Endorsed with note that the said dean and chapter delivered this to Sir Thomas Legh, one of the masters of chancery, with request that it might be enrolled; present Walter Wright, archd. of Oxford, Robt. Morwent, president of Corpus Christi College, Wm. Chadsaye, S.T.B., Jas. Curtopp, M.A., Robt. Paret, notary public, John Patis, John Reding, Ric. Curson and others (not named), on the day above written.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records. App. II. 37.
20 May.777. Ely Cathedral.
Close Roll.
37 Hen. VIII.
p. 4, No. 69.
Surrender, by Robert Stewarde, dean of Ely cathedral, and the chapter of the same, of the lordship and manor and advowson of the rectory of Berugham, Suff., and a pension of 20s. out of that rectory. Made in consideration that the King, by pat. 10 Sept. 33 Hen. VIII., founded the said cathedral and granted to the said dean and chapter certain lands, appointing them to maintain four students of theology in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge (in universitate Oxan. et Cant.) at an annual cost of 6l. 13s. 4d., of which charge the King is now to absolve the said dean and chapter. Dated 20 May 37 Hen. VIII.
Enrolled as acknowledged, 17 July, before Wm. Coke, by virtue of the King's commission.
20 May.778. Sabyne Johnson to her Husband, John Johnson.
R. O.Glapthorne, 20 May 1545:—Has received his letter of the 6th, and 20l. from his brother Otwell. When Wm. Lawrans comes she will use Haryson's advice in dealing with him. The [parso]n has sold the tithe milk already and 6 or 7 tithe calves. Was at Mr. Brudenell's on Monday. "Upon Sounday my brother Laurance dyd praytche at Polbrocke, the wch sarmon if you had hard you wold have lyked well. Our good vycker that was wont to praytch is departed, on hoyes soll (on whose soul) God have marcy." By yours of the 9th I perceive that you arrived safely in Callais, and that the plague is well ceased. I trust that you shall be home by midsummer, against which time I will provide you a horse. Richard Haryson is busy with wools and shall go to Melton on Monday next. "Your two little maidens be in health. Charyte is weaned and is come home." Forget not my sugar or you are like to have sour sauce. Mrs. Brudenell desires you to buy her ½ lb. "of whyte therd (?) [of iij] or iiij sowerth."
Hol, p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: at Andwarp. Endd. as answered at Callais, 7 June.
20 May.779. Gloucester Cathedral.
Close Roll,
37 Hen. VIII.
p. 4, No. 23.
Bymer, xv. 70.
Confirmation to the Crown, by the Dean and Chapter of Gloucester Cathedral, of the lordship and manors of Lynkynholte and Lyttleton, Hants, the wood called Westwoodes (60 ac.) in Lynkynholte, and the manor of Walloppe, Hants, in tenure of Wm. lord Sandes. Dated in their chapter house, 20 May 37 Hen. VIII.
20 May.780. Petre to Paget.
R. O.Thanks for gentle letters received by Petre's servant this morning. Has done his commendations to my lord of Westminster and to Messrs. Kerne, Vaughan and Chamberlayn. Prays Paget to continue advising him, as he knows that, without language or experience, he is unmeet for this service. Have as yet done no more than they wrote. Yesterday the lord Deputy said that a man had brought 400 handguns into this port, and asked whether to stay them. Knowing how difficult it is to have any from Flanders, advised him to do so; and this morning the master of the Ordnance here reports that he likes them, and that "the price is xs. the piece, with their horns, bags and other appurtenances," they to be shot off and any that break refused. If this bargain be liked the man will bring 300 or 400 more, but cannot get passage for any great number. Asks instructions. The Council here desire to have part of them. Calice, 20 May.
Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
20 May.781. Arran to Paul III.
R. O.
Theiner, 616.
Doubts not that the fame of the doings here has reached the Pope, but thinks it his duty to indicate the state of this realm. When, on the last of February, the English king's army was wiped out at Jedburgh, spies were sent to learn the counsels of the enemy; and it is now known that the English king has appointed to lead all his forces in the beginning of August, to wipe out the race and name of the Scots, prompted thereto by the ancient hatred of the Scots and their fidelity to Holy See. Hope to resist this by their own bravery, if the expenses of the war are provided by His Holiness.
Lately, when he held assemblies at the archiepiscopal city of Glasgow, Gavin Dunbar, the abp., in whose palace they were, raised such tumults as should have been severely punished but for the writer's reverence for the ecclesiastical order. The Pope will learn more of this by the letters of the Cardinal Legate, to whom is due no small part of the praise for liberty preserved and heresies extinguished. Begs him not to suffer such audacity to go unpunished, lest it give an evil example to others and compel the writer to harsher counsels. Linlithgow, 13 kal. Junii 1545.
Lat. Modern transcript from Rome, pp. 3.

Footnotes

1 This letter touching the playing of a tragedy called Pammachius is printed in Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, and also the correspondence with Gardiner as Chancellor, which led to it, viz.:—1. Gardiner to the Vice-Chancellor, 27 March. 2. Matt. Parker, Vice-Chancellor, to Gardiner, Good Friday [3 April]. 3. Gardiner to the Vice-Chancellor, 23 April. 4. M. Parker to Gardiner, 8 May. 6. Gardiner to the Vice-Chancellor, 12 May.
2 Of Rome.
3 See No. 729.
4 Word omitted?
5 Word omitted?
6 For the sending of these messengers, Henry Maye and Henry Kinge, see Nos. 550, 663, and 693.
7 That is "forçats" or galley slaves, no doubt from the galleys mentioned in No, 771.