Henry VIII
May 1545, 21-25

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: May 1545, 21-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 390-402. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80395 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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May 1545, 21-25

21 May.782. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 165.
Meeting at Westm., 21 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Winchester, Gage, Baker. Business:—Warrant to Mr. Cofferer to deliver 53l. 6s. 8d. to Wm. Gervayse for conduct and coats of 200 men in Suffolk prepared to the sea. Warrant to Mr. Carew to deliver 1,200l. to Mr. Winter for sea affairs. Warrant to the Exchequer to deliver 3,000l. to Wm. Wynter; "which iiijm and ijmli." will despatch my lord Admiral and the rest now going to sea, and, by the estimate, 2,000 mks. more prepared within a month will suffice for their wages. Warrant to Mr. Carew to deliver 500l. for fortifications at Sandon Bay; also 800l. to Wm. Lynnden for fortifications at Portsmouth. Letter to the dean of Chichester to join Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Chaddreton with him in the employment of that 800l., and make a declaration to them of the bestowing of the rest; and like letters were written to Vaughan and Chaddreton. Warrant to Mr. Carew to deliver Mr. Chaloner 600l. for certain strangers repairing northwards. At the lord Admiral's request, a Scottishman serving on the sea at his own adventure to have a commission for victuals and necessaries. Sergeant Bekwyth, for killing a deer in Waltham Forest and striking and threatening Stowe, the keeper, and his son, committed to the Fleet. Warrant to Wymond Carew to deliver 200l. to Lyghtmaker, going northward with 150 horses. Warrant to Mr. Cofferer to deliver Winchester, Gage and Mr. Rither 1,000l. Upon a letter from the King touching one Gerles an answer was sent by Sir Ric. Sowthwell. The Emperor's ambassador's secretary, coming for certain writings pertaining to one Petwell which were sent hither from Flanders a year past, was answered that, as pertaining to a person then suspected to have fled to Pole, the King's pleasure must first be known therein, and also upon the said secretary's request for the release of one Thomson, a Scottish priest, lately taken at sea, for whose pardon the Council would willingly mediate; further, that Gueras was remitted to the Admiral's court and for Astodillo order would shortly be taken. Letter sent to Wm. Hawkins, of Plymouth, to repair up. Passport signed for Mons. de Bec, Navaroys, to return beyond sea, leaving here the horse wherewith he served last year at Boloyne.
*** Next entry is 24 May.
21 May.783. Naval Expenses.
R. O.The Council's warrant to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver in prest to bearer, Wm. Wynter, son to John Wynter, treasurer for sea matters, for sea affairs, 3,000l. st. Westm., 21 May, 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Gage and Bakere.
P. 1. Add.
21 May.784. Henry VIII. to the Council.
R. O.Giles Gering, overseer of certain of our white works, has "brabeled" much to us of his working, whereas our surveyor and others secretly reported that he has not been here past twice since Christmas last. Yea, and when our officers asked the cause of his being away so long, he answered that he would tell them nothing, but show it to the Council who had told him what to do; with many such brags. He alleges that you allowed him to be absent and that he has in times past shown you faults of divers of our officers, and is ready to charge them, saying "that if we knew all as ye do we would marvel thereat." Requires them to signify, 1st, whether they appointed the said Giles to any other place than Nonesuch and to show his doings only to them; 2nd, whether they allowed him his wages here notwithstanding his absence; and, finally, what he has disclosed to them "of any persons that should deceive us." Nonesuche, 21 May. Signed at the head.
P. 1. Add. Endd.:1545.
21 May.785. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.Send letters presently received from Lord Wharton, with others addressed from Cassillis to Sadler, who was lately instructed, by the Council's letters, to go to Alnewycke to meet a gentleman from Anguisshe, Cassillis, Glencarn, Marshall, George Dowglas and others: Now it appears that that purpose is changed and they would have a gentleman sent into Scotland to them. Desire instructions. Darneton, 21 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
21 May786. Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.Send letters from the Wardens of the West and Middle marches. Have spoken with Barnes, of whom they wrote in their last, who repeated, with some variation, much that he had declared to the Warden of the Middle Marches, and added the matter written in a schedule hereinclosed. Darneton, 21 May 1545.
P.S. in Sadler's hand.—The Spaniards, having been promised by us to be mustered and paid at my lord of Hertford's arrival, daily look for the same, and although they have had 1,000 mks. in prest since coming hither, seem much to complain of lack of money; and still lie at Newcastle, as was appointed, until Hertford's coming. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. [The schedule above referred to.]
John Barnes says that Wilson prayed him to carry a letter to an Englishman, servant of lord Hume, called English William, which letter he delivered at Edenburgh upon a Wednesday; and English William told him that it spoke of a bushment for the getting of Hume castle, but there was an easier way to bring both lord Hume and the castle to the King's purpose, as he would tell if Barnes came to Hume castle, whither lord Hume was going on the Friday. Whereupon he came to Hume castle; where English William said that he had broken the matter to lord Hume, and that Wilson must come thither; and a safeconduct was sent, upon which Wilson came from Warke and talked with Lord Hume and English William for three hours, after which Barnes accompanied him for two or three miles towards Wark, and then, being prisoner in Scotland, returned to his entry. He has now got licence of Oliver St. Clere, who bought him of his taker, to come home, and, in passing Hume castle, spoke with lord Hume; who asked if Wilson were returned from the King, having promised to return within ten days. Barnes answered that it was impossible to come again so soon, and then Hume prayed him to speak to my lord Lieutenant to forbear him and his lands if Englishmen invaded Scotland, and he would forbear all Englishmen. English William told him that Hume longed for Wilson's return with the conditions which the King would require of him; and added that if Hume refused the articles he (English William) would so work that the King should have his purpose. Barnes thinks that Hume will come in upon such articles as the King will require, and deliver his castle, for he was so poor and his lands so harried and burnt by Englishmen, and yet could get no help from the lords of Scotland, that he must come to the King for refuge.
Pp. 2.
21 May.787. Robert Lewen to Tunstall and Sadler.
R. O.The Spaniards, 1,300 men, have remained here 22 days, and, according to my lord Lieutenant's command, the writer has shown them what favour he could by distributing 300l. (which he borrowed) among the poorest of his neighbours who lodge the Spaniards, to be repaid when the Spaniards pay for their charges. As most of the Spaniards would not take their victual from their hosts or hostesses, has taken order with his neighbours to lend them daily what they require; and they have bought their victuals in the market and had them dressed in their hosts' houses, without paying for the dressing or for fire, candle, salt or other requisites or for beds or washing. Has thus stayed both strangers and neighbours until Saturday next, 23 May, after which his neighbours, having about 600l. owing to them, say that they can lay forth no more money and will rather leave their houses. The captain of the Spaniards tells him that they cannot pay until they have their wages; nevertheless, they call for their necessaries, and, if not readily served, further inconvenience between the townsmen and them is likely. Begs to know by bearer how to act. Newcastell, 21 May.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd:1545.
21 May.788. [Thirlby and Others] to the Emperor's Commissioners.
R. O.As it is now the third day since our last meeting, although we have yet no answer to our letters sent into England the day after you left Calais, we have decided, so as not to waste time, to see and remain with you at Gravelines for three or four days or more; but as Whitsunday is at hand we defer this journey until Monday (fn. 1) next. 21 May.
Lat. Draft, p. 1. Endd.; M. to th'Emperour' commiss.. xxjo Maii 1545.
21 May.789. Ambrose Saunders. to John Johnson.
R. O.Callais, 21 May 1545:—Commercial and family matters. No news since your departure but that our men at Guynes have brought home from Aerd gates 36 cows. "Hardelawe castle is yet kept with Englishmen." The French king is at Diep shipping an army royal into Scotland and, it is said, "will bestow some more of his galleys to us Englishmen, for I trust he shall lose no less than he sendeth forth."
Hol,p. l. Add.: at Andwerpe. Endd.:"answeryd, Andwerpe le 24 of the same and entered into memoriall."
22 May.790. Bartholomew Hosse, Glover, to John Johnson.
R. O.Prays Johnson to send him the 20l. promised to be paid this Wytson holidays, and come shortly to see his fells. Melton, Friday afore Wytson Day.
Hol.,p.l. Add.: At Glapthorne. Endd.: " 1545. From Barthilmew Hose, Friday before Witsondaie at Melton, rec. by my wif who sent him xxl. according to his request in this l're, etc."
22 May.791. Charles V. to M. de St. Mauris.
Granvelle
Papiers
d'Etat,
iii. 145.
In the way hither received his letters of 29 April, and since arriving here those of the 11th inst.; and they need no answer as regards the charge of Secretary L'Aubespine, affair of the Duke of Alboucquerque, that of the Duke of Arschot conducted by the secretary of the Lady of Estampes, cessation of the suit for new lettres d'Esteney, the coming of the Almain captains, sending of horsemen into Scotland, enterprise against England, distrust of the Duke of Savoy, levy of men by the Venetians, words of Captain Salcedo, defeat of the English in Scotland, state of finances there (in France), discontent in Paris, proposition of error at the process of Poyet, news of the Turk, going of the King into Normandy, revictualment of Ardres, audit of accounts of the treasurers of Piedmont, quarrel of Paulin with Strossy, sending to the Council, illness of la Grant Seneschalle, (fn. 2) creation of 'the said' Chancellor, (fn. 3) appointment with the English, defeat of the Lutherans (fn. 4) by Paulin, what has passed between the lady of Estampes and the sieur du Val, and other particulars.
* * *
Secretary Maître Gerard leaves to-day for Venice to meet the King's ambassador that they may go together to the Turk to procure the truce. Wormes, 22 May 1545.
French.
22 May.792. Charles V.
Lanz, ii., 435.Instructions to his secretary "Gerard Weltewych," whom he sends to negociate with the Emperor of Turkey, dated Worms 22 May 1545.
French.
Ib. 439.2. Secret instructions to the said "Gerard Veltwyck" given at the same time.
* * * You must understand that the said king of France practised with the said Turk for the said truce without our knowledge; and you know that the Turk's preparations for war have revived since the French king's man, after bringing hope of the said truce, departed towards him, which, by several advertisements, was "pour non presser a ladicte tresve et a deffault dicelle afin que ledict Turcq fut prest a la guerre." Others reckon that the Turk thinks to deceive us with this practice, by the French king's counsel, in order to take us and our brother unprovided. Others again who think least ill, reckon that the king of France desires this truce in order to be excused delivering the aid, which he promised by the last treaty of peace, against the Turk, and especially as he is troubled enough in the war of England. * * * Wormes, 22 May 1545.
French.
23 May.793. St. John's Chapel in Great Baddow.
R. O.Surrender by Thomas Tunbrige (Tunbrydge in signature), gentleman, of his free chapel of St. John Baptist of Badowe Magna, Essex, with all its possessions. Dated 23 May 37 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
Note by Sir Edw. North, that this was acknowledged before him, 27 June 37 Hen. VIII.
Parchment. See Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 8.
23 May.794. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.By a letter of Paget's to Sir Wm. Peter, perceives that he is to go to Andwerp and will know the reason by next letters. Reminds him of "the broker (fn. 5) that discovered the matter of the French king's" and was promised an honest reward, which Vaughan, going thither, will not be able to avoid paying. My lord Chancellor and my lord of Herfford, who examined the prisoner in the Tower, where he still lies, said that the broker deserved an honest reward, and men will be loth to discover like matters if not "gently remembered." By that discovery I won the King 500l. worth of canvas. "I would it might like his Majesty, therefore, to grant me the fee simple of a few houses that his Majesty gave to me and mine heirs males in London." Calles, 23 Mav.
Hol.,p. l. Add. Endd.: 1545.
23 May.795. A. Saunders to John Johnson.
R. O.Callais, 23 May, 1545:—Commercial matters involving these names, Mrs. Fayrey, Hen. Sowthweke, Mr. Oflei, Mrs. Baynam, Mr. Heliard, Mr. Wogan, Robt. Tempest, John Garwaye, the Hollanders and Mr. Wheathill. "News here is that the French king in person accompanied with 40,000 men will tomorrow besiege Bullen; but whether he will or not he hath sent such word per a herald both to my lord Poynynges and Sir Thomas Palmer. They sent him word again that they feared he would never do them so much honour." Mrs. Baynam, the widow, and all other your friends are well.
Hol.,p. l. Add.: at Andwerpe. Endd.: aunswerid from Andwerpe le 27 of the same, and entrid into memoriall.
23 May.796. Thomas Lord Poynings to the Council.
R. O.Upon their letters of the 17th inst., has sent over Sir John Luttrell with the servants he brought, Mr. Duddeley and his band of "hagubusers" and Mr. Bygges with 100 hagubusers; which is a great disfurniture of this garrison, as they were the best gunners here. Trusts that, if need arise, they will be sent back, or else replaced by others of like experience. At the King's appointment of Salerne to be colonel of the Italians both captains and soldiers grudge, and Captain Bastian, a good man of war and of honest conditions, makes earnest suit to go into England to get the King to discharge him from Salerne. Unless the King send either for Salerne or Bastian (whom of all the strangers here the writer "would be the lothest to depart with") the Italians will by no means be satisfied. Boulloigne, 23 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
23 May.797. Francis I.
R. O.Instructions for the calling out of the ban et arriereban, their service, arms, pay, &c. Chasteaudun, 23 May 1545. Countersigned: Laubespine.
Fr. Copy, headed as taken from a proclamation published at Paris, on Monday 8 June 1545, pp. 5. Endd. [See further under 8 June.]
23 May.798. Sir Giovanni Antonio Venier and Francesco Venier, Venetian Ambassadors at Rome, to the Council of Ten.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown), v.,
No. 339.
As instructed by the Council's letter of the 15th, spoke with the Pope yesterday touching Ludovico da l'Armi. His Holiness repeated his earnest wish that the Signory should so act that nothing sinister might befall either himself or Cardinal Pole; and he was greatly pleased with the Council's expressions of good will. Rome, 23 May 1545.
24 May.799. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
a.p.c. 167.
Meeting at Greenwich, 24 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Baker. Business:—Sir Ric. Lee had warrant to Sir John Williams for 500l. for fortifications of Quinborough castle and the isles of Sheppy and Grayne. Letters addressed to certain persons who have been remiss in paying the Benevolence. Warrant to Peckham to deliver:—Sir Peter Mewtes' servant, Hen. Mannyng, 120/. for Sir Peter, in reward; Simon Galling, servant to Sir Ph. Hobby, 160/. for conduct and wages of 100 footmen appointed to serve under Hobby northward; Alonso Padilio, wages (specified) for himself and two other Spaniards, Don Andreas Carrillio and Peter Narango; Albert Bishop, conduct and wages of 100 horsemen out of Base Allemaigne; Ant. Aucher in prest for making certain galleys 200l. Letter to Mr. Bowlkely, keeper of Bawmarres castle, to certify the state of the castle. Passport for Albert Bishopp. Letter to Sir Peter Mewtes, captain of Guernsey, signifying receipt of his letter of the 10th inst. and that the King sends him 120 cr. reward. Letter to my lord of Duresme and Mr. Sadlair that they should receive 10,000l. As the sending to sea of 500 men out of Essex and Suffolk, appointed to meet at Coln on the 24th inst., is deferred 9 or 10 days, a letter was written to Robt. Legge, comptroller of the ships, to plant them nigh the sea side and make shift for 10 days' land wages for them.
24 May.800. Albert Bishop.
Harl. ms.
283, f. 375.
B. M.
Passport for Albert Bishopp's repair beyond sea to bring 100 horsemen to the King's service. Greenwich, 24 May 37 Henry VIII. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Lisle, Winchester, Gage, Wyngfeld, Paget and Bakere.
P.1.
R. O.2. Offer of Albrecht Biscop to bring 300 horsemen to Calais within a month provided that the passport of the Emperor and Queen can be obtained.
Fr. pp. 3.
* * * The above two documents have been calendared, wrongly, in the year 1544, Vol. XIX., Pt. i., No. 568 (1, 2). See Notes and Errata at the end of Vol. XIX. Pt. ii.
24 May.801. Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters which have arrived here from the Wardens of the East, West and Middle Marches; praying him, upon opportunity, to declare their effect to the King. Darneton, 24 May 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
24 May.802. Victor Meawve to John Johnson.
R. O.Commercial matters touching Woulter Blase and Mr. Cave. Brugghe, 24 May 1545.
Dutch. HoL, pp. 2. Add.: te Andtwerpen.
25 May.803. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
a. p.c., 169.
Meeting at Greenwich, 25 May. Present: Chancellor, Suffolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Paget, Baker. Business:—Fras. Flemming had warrant to Tuke for 40l. towards making the ordnance house in the Tower; and Robt. Williamson, servant to John Portinary, for 30l. in prest to his master, serving in the Isle of Wight, for wages (specified). Warrant to Sir John Williams to deliver Sir Ant. Knevet, lieutenant of the Tower (to be issued upon warrants of Sir Ric. Southwell, Sir Thos. Arundell and Sir Robt. Tirwhit) for the ordnance, l,000l. Passport for Alfonse Padilo, Andrea Carrillio, Peter Narango and other Spaniards to return to serve at Guisnes. Letter to Sir Clement Harleston's son and heir to restore to Ric. Hartlepole, "who had charge of the payments of the carriages before Boloyne," 30l. delivered Sir Clement to pay the poor men under him, "which he had done as was informed." Letters to officers of the ports westward and the Deputy of Calais for such as were lately attending Sir Geo. Carew and withdrew with, prizes to bring all things in safe custody and advertise their proceedings. Upon complaint of the Emperor's subjects (signified by the King's commissioners at the Diet) touching new impositions, articles were delivered to the customers and searchers which they are to answer tomorrow.
25 May.804. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.Has intelligence today that 8,000 Italians are already come into France, sent from the Bp. of Rome, and that the Frenchmen now assemble 12,000 Pycardes and Normandes and 8,000 Paricyans (besides a great number of Gascoignes appointed to the seas) to besiege this town. They will be here by the 20th of next month. Boulloigne, 25 May 1545. Signed.
P 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
25 May.805. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. p., x. 435.
On the 8th inst. received the Council's letters of the 4th, and next day required audience; but was desired, as the Emperor had none of his Council about him, to defer it till he came to Wormes; which was on the 16th inst., but Wotton got no audience until the 22nd, when he declared the effect of the Council's letters. The Emperor answered that, on the way hither, the Queen asked him about the French galleys lying at Dunkirk and he told her that they should only seek refuge in his havens and depart as soon as weather would serve, taking no victuals there but for their present necessity. As to the passports, President Schore had spoken of the matter (but not as Wotton declared it) and Granvele would make answer therein. The causes of the ambassador of Scotland's coming had been declared to Paget, viz. for restitution of the Order and to have Scotland comprised in the peace with France, and we knew the answer. There was no other practice, and he heard from the Queen that the ambassador was already departed. As to preparing his aid he thought that the Frenchmen would not do so much as they boasted, and he would do all that his amity and treaty with Henry required. The credit given to Mons. Darras had been often enough reasoned of. The Emperor also (in answer to Wotton) said that care would be taken that the French did not tarry longer in his havens than necessary, that the Scottish ambassador, who received answer before Easter, tarried so long afterwards because loath to depart with it, and that, as to showing expressly what aid Henry might trust to (as the invasion was imminent), he might trust that the Emperor would faithfully do as he was bounden.
On the morrow was with Granvele about the passports, who said that the Emperor expected to need many hackbuts against the Turks, and peradventure, the heretics and Anabaptists, as might be seen by the bp. of Munster and the other bishop (of Coleyn, as Wotton takes it) and could ill spare any; nevertheless, if Wotton would give him a remembrance the Queen should be written to to see to it. Delivered a remembrance of the passports required by Paget and himself for the provision made by Chr. de Charchano. As to the ambassador of Scotland he affirmed as the Emperor did, and added that the ambassador departed, nothing pleased, with a final request to the Queen "to have respect to the poor widow and the pupille his mistresses" and an offer to renew the amity straiter than it had ever been. As to the aid Granvele pointed out the Frenchmen's disposition to boast and "crake" and said, as a secret, that the Scots would have little aid out of France to embolden them to invade, and the French king only went about to revictual Arde and perhaps attempt something about Boulogne; but if there were any invasion the Emperor would do as he was bounden, and more he would not say.
Both the Emperor and Granvele used such loving words as, if he had not heard the like before, would persuade him that the Emperor was well affectioned to Henry.
Cardinal Farnese arrived on Monday evening, 18th inst., the King of the Romans and many of the Court riding forth to welcome him. On the morrow the bp. of Aras and Master of the Horses brought him to the Emperor, who came forth to the last chamber to meet him, cap in hand. This solemn reception makes men muse. Granvele says (and all men think) that his coming is about the war with the Turk and the Council; but "these Italians" suspect also that the Bp. of Rome, fearing for his children if he should die without the Emperor's favour, labours to be reconciled both with the Emperor and the house of Columna, and to make a marriage between Victoria, his son's daughter, and Fabricio Columna, Ascanio's son. The Emperor seems pleased with his coming, and he will tarry till the end of the Diet. The voice goes that the French ambassador to the states of the Empire came at the Emperor's request; but Granvele says No, and that it is to require that the duke of Lorayne take not the duchy of Bar as of the Empire, which is under the crown of France. The Duke is fallen sick, for the third time lately. As to what "some said that the Scottish ambassador went about" (fn. 6) Wotton can yet learn nothing. Has seen, but could not obtain, a copy of the Declaration upon the Alternative, written in Spanish. The effect of it is:—Whereas by the treaty of peace the Emperor should declare his mind upon the alternative, &c. (Gives a very full and correct résumé except that he puts the 7th article before the 6th and makes it refer to the Emperor's "servants" not "subjects." See No. 464). The whole, although couched very craftily in loving words, finds so many faults that it might as well "be called doleances as a declaration." Wormes, 25,May 1545. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the ciphered portions of the above.
P. 1.
25 May.806. Wotton to Wriothesley.
R. O.Two days after the Emperor, Cardinal Farnese arrived here; whose coming was so pleasant to the Emperor that he sent King Ferdinand and almost all of both their courts to receive the Cardinal, and himself came forth two or three chambers to meet him. Besides the public causes of his coming, viz., the Council and resistance against the Turk, Italian ambassadors reckon that his chief errand is to reconcile the Emperor and the Bishop. The Emperor earnestly procures to induce the Protestants to allow the determinations of this Council; and in communication apart with the Catholics "asketh their advice whether he be bounden to keep truces or peace any longer to the Protestants, seeing that he hath only promised them to keep the said peace till there were a General Council, the which he saith is now begun." I understand no Greek but think these things likely to have some great sequel which, by St. Mary! it were well to provide for. The Emperor has used very good words to me of his affection towards the King and the observation of the league, but I doubt how these proceedings of his can finally stand therewith. The Protestants are perplexed whether to deliver the money demanded by the Emperor against the Turks, lest they themselves "be made the Turks," and have much secret communication with the French ambassadors. "I suppose they would fain make themselves strong, they cared not much with whom; but whether the French king will give ear unto them at this present time, standing in this hope of Milan, I doubt much." They fear the more because they believe that truce shall be made with the Turk; "for there departed hence within these two days certain in post who, as it is bruited, are sent from the Emperor to the Turk." I hear that it is the Emperor's secretary Gerardus, and that the French king sends another. "These that call themself Catholics" seem to conceive good hope, for they begin to behave far more boldly. No Protestant princes are yet here, and I suppose that few will come.
Rejoices at the news that the King has called Wriothesley to the high order of the Garter and has named his son at his christening. Mr. Boucler, the Queen's secretary, coming today from a sermon (fn. 7) made at Court by a Sicilian Grey Friar, in presence of the Emperor, his brother, Cardinal Farnese and all the Court, says that "it was the vehementes and terriblest thing that ever he herde; whereof I suppose himselfe will gyve larger advertysement, for it is meete the fashyon of it be knowne." Wormes, 25 May 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
25 May;807. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Has been, as of himself, again in hand with the Emperor to license the passage of men of war to the King's service. The Emperor's manner was encouraging (although he made no direct answer), but Granvele, to whom the matter was remitted, would not have them pass through the Emperor's countries, even in small companies of five or six, or three or four, still persisting that the Emperor will wink at their going by sea. Their going to the Frenchmen, said Granvele, would not be winked at, and he had sent a servant into Lorayne and the frontiers to stop such as would pass, and had caused the Emperor's prohibition to serve out of the Empire to be published on the frontiers of France but not on the other side"; and he alleged his usual reasons against granting passport or safeconduct. Told him that no prohibition could prevent men of war going to France, and they evidently "forced not whether th'Emperor did wink at them or not, for they gathered together, even to the sight of all the world, in great routs and companies and ran daily thitherward"; nor could any winking serve us as ships could only be prepared for companies and no company dare gather; for some had been beaten, and such as undertook to gather men for the King were threatened to be hanged (as President Schore "had said by Peter of Gelders"). Granvele said that there went not so many to the Frenchmen as Wotton thought; Schore must have spoken hastily, and letters should be written to the Queen and him to dissemble in that matter. Granvele affirmed the Emperor to be the King's true friend, and himself unfeignedly addict to the King's service. "I had not a litle to do to keepe my countenance when he sayd that I mighte trust and beleeve him for was (sic) gospel that he sayde." Granvele said that he had received a letter from Paget, and was sorry not to have been at Court when Paget was there, who should not then have stayed so long for an answer: also that the Emperor's ambassador with the French king is instructed to labour for peace or truce between England and France if opportunity arises, but not to make too much of it lest the French think us driven to seek peace.
Hieronymo Adormo, Ferdinand's envoy, died of pestilence before speaking with the Turk, who afterwards treated his men well, but sent to see his writings, the most secret of which were, however, "conveyed away before." The ambassador of Venice has news that the Turk will only send his "basshas" to Hungary, so that the tidings of the Turk's coming wax colder. The Emperor sends Secretary Gerardus in post to Venice, where one Morluch (as the Italians say, but Wotton thinks it should be Marillac that was in England), from the French king, awaits him and they go together to the Great Turk. The King of Romans sends, through Hungary, Nicholo Secco, a secretary to the cardinal of Trent. So that there is hope of truces with the Turk; and the Protestants fear that the Emperor will then be doing with them, especially as this Cardinal Farnese is said to bring 100,000 cr. to be spent against the infidels, with promise of as much more as the Bp. of Rome may spare. The Protestants seem like the hare that fled out of the wood at the proclamation for all beasts with horns "to avoid." The French ambassador to the Empire (called M. de Grignan, governor of Provence) has with him others of authority, as l'Abbé de Bassefontaine and Mons. d'Allain, who are so often in communication with the commissioners of the Protestants that some doubt whether they have secret matters in hand. Among the Catholics are no commissioners for the Count Palatin or the elector of Brandeburgh, wherefore the Catholics suspect the Palatin. Duke Hanz of Symmern suffers the Gospel to be preached in his country. The Frenchmen wish the Council removed to Metz, and would induce the Protestants to require this; "but the Protestants abhor more the Council itself than the place of it." One of the Evangelical doctrine has preached these 10 or 12 years at the Black Friars here, where is lodged the Emperor's confessor, a friar of that Order, by whose means the Emperor two or three days ago commanded the magistrates of this town to forbid the said preacher to preach again, and the Spaniards cast out of the church certain stools that the people used at sermon time. Yesterday the people brought in the stools again and the preacher preached as before. An acquaintance "delyverid me a letter (fn. 8) written in Italien, the which yow shal receyve heerewith," found in the highway "where a poste had be passidd by." Doubts whether it is of any importance, but, because "it maketh mencion of Englande," thinks best to send it. With it was "fownde an other letter written from the thr[ee] cardinalles that ar at Trent to the Nonce by the Emperor, but of no importance, for they saye that they have receyved his letters and hym (sic) for his deligence, and as for newes they seye they write none, for that the Cardynal Farnese shal shortelye telle him all by mowth. Would have sent it too, "but he that fownde it will not delyver theym, fearing least it mighte by chaunce be knowne that he hadde fownd theym and openid theym.'
Sends also a letter from the Bp. of Rome to the Emperor "with gloses addidde to it," being doubtful whether Paget has seen it; also a letter which Wotton would have sent him from Bonne but that Nicholas, this bearer, said that the post would not depart till next day, who departed that night. Wormes, 25 May 1545. Not signed.
In the hand of Wotton's clerk, pp. 4. Partly in cipher. Add. Endd. Mr. Wootton.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the ciphered portions of the above.
P. 1.
25 May.808. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. p., x. 441
Upon sight of his Council's letters dated St. James's, 12th inst., repaired to the chancellors of the Duke of Saxony and the Landgrave and Mr. James Sturmius of Argentyne, and declared that, having written to the King their communication of 3 May, answer was received that the King thanked them for their communication concerning the Bishop of Rome's proceedings for the Council at Trent, which he, having (upon the ground of the Word of God) rejected the Bishop's usurped authority, took as, to all intents and purposes, void; and, as to their overture that the Protestants, who agreed with him in refusing the Council and the Bishop of Rome's authority, desired a league with him, he would know what aid they would look for if invaded or would give if he was invaded, with the other conditions, and the names of all the princes, states and towns to whom he should be bound, who must all put their signs and seals to the instrument; the premises known, he would give commission to conclude thoroughly. They replied that they would communicate with the rest of the Protestants' ambassadors and with speed write to know their masters' minds, and, as for some towns and small states, which were distant and had no agents here, it mattered not, as they would follow the rest.
Spoke here with the Landgrave's council, who were privy to proceedings with him, and showed his Chancellor and Secretary apart that they had commission to show him the above concerning the Council of Trent at their repair to him. The Chancellor and Secretary said that they would write all their proceedings here in one letter, declaring that Bucler and Mont here awaited his pleasure.
The Emperor arrived on the 16th inst. about 6 p.m. Ferdinando met and dined with him 3 leagues hence, and they, with Ferdinando's two sons, came in together, accompanied by all the states of the Empire here present. Cardinal Phernesius arrived on the morrow, being met by the King of the Romans and his two sons, and all the Catholics save the Emperor, half a league out. The Emperor came forth of two chambers to receive him; and, when he comes to the Emperor, Grandvell and the greatest personages, with the Emperor's body guard, always accompany him. Yesterday the Emperor sent Gerardus (who was in Henry's court with the ambassador of Polonia) (fn. 9) to Venys, thence to accompany a French ambassador named Moreloch, or more likely Marinack, to the Turk; Ferdinando also sending one (fn. 10) that was secretary to the bishop of Trent. Rumor is constant that the French king takes up Dutchmen from hence, at Sanderforde in the bp. of Mets's dominion, 4 leagues from Mettes, to muster at Saint Fytes. (fn. 11) Phernesius has taken up, by bank, here, 100,000 ducats. The bruit is that he gives them to the Emperor. Enclose the proposition made by the Emperor's ambassador to the Bishop of Rome's ambassadors, and their answer; also Naves's proposition in the Emperor's presence, to the Protestants, and their responsion.
The names of those whom the chancellors of Saxony and the Landgrave and Mr. James Sturmius, with the principal Protestant ambassadors here, think that this league should be treated with are: The King of Denmark, Duke of Saxony, Landgrave, Dukes of Wyrtemberg, Lunenburg and Pomerania, Prince of Anholdt, Hamburg, Bremen, Lunenburgum, Magdeburgum, Augusta, Argentina and Ulma.
Have, as commanded, communicated all their proceedings here to Mr. Wotton, ambassador with the Emperor. Wormbs, 25 May. Signed.
Partly in cipher, pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the ciphered portions of the above.
Pp. 5. Endd.: Mr. Bucler and Mr. Mount to the Kinges Mate, xxvo Maii 1545.
25 May.809. Bucler to Paget.
R. O.Rejoices that my lady, Paget's wife, is restored from desperate sickness. Thanks for procuring a new warrant and despatching the writer's servant. Occurrents here are written at large to the King. Commendations to my lady. Wormbs, 25 May. Signed.
The Lantgrave's letters mentioned in those to the King, being accidentally left behind, were sent by a merchant's post immediately after my servant's departure. They were only in favour of a Dutch henchman of the King's.
P.S. (fn. 12) — Has just been to Court, where the Emperor and Ferdinando came to church together preceded by Ferdinand's eldest son and followed by Card. Phernesius and the Cardinal of August "with all the states of the Catholics." The Cardinal of August gave the book, after the Gospel, to the Emperor and Ferdinando; and at the offertory a Sicilian friar made a sermon (fn. 13) exhorting Caesar and Ferdinando now to take sword in hand and kill those rebellious to the Church of Rome, for such was the will of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost (the fore part of his sermon was of the Trinity). He alleged texts and histories most eloquently, with tears running down his cheeks. Would never have believed that such a seditious sermon would be suffered in such audience, though they were papists. Haste makes me omit notable things of it. They that willingly hear "such set sermons" declare their own minds.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
25 May.810. Mont to Paget.
R. O.Thanks for the royal warrant newly procured for them, and also for the joyful news (pro letorum que apud cos contigerunt novorum adscriptione), which they have communicated to friends who have England's prosperity at heart no less than their own: for all know that the common enemy, Antichrist, adds oil and flames to this war. Bands of German soldiery are frequently going into France, and money is daily offered for more. But the wish and prayer of the best men is that this war may be settled by the mediation of sounder and more upright men than those by whose procuration it was first begun; "regia enim res est promittere multa, at servare fidem rusticitatis opus." Begs to be commended to the Chancellor of England; and to Lady Paget, upon whose recovery from desperate illness he sends congratulations. Worms, 25 May 1545.
Lat. Hol,,. p 1. Add. Endd.

Footnotes

1 Whit Monday the 25th May.
2 Diana of Poitiers.
3 Oliver.
4 The Vaudois.
5 See Nos. 240, 241, 267.
6 A marriage of Mary Queen of Scots with one of King Ferdinand's sons See No. 652
7 See No. 809.
8 No doubt No 599.
9 An ambassador of Poland, whose name was Sir John Coziesky, visited England in the summer of 1540. See Vol. XV. Nos. 817, 848; Vol. XVIII, Pt. ii., p. 125.
10 Nicolo Secco.
11 St. Vitus' day, 15 June.
12 Printed in St. P., X., p. 444.
13 This sermon is also mentioned briefly in Sleidan's History.