Henry VIII
July 1545, 6-10


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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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'Henry VIII: July 1545, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 551-570. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80404 Date accessed: 25 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1545, 6-10

6 July.1119. For Calais, Boulogne and Berwick.
R. O.Warrant to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer (in virtue of the Council's letter of 3 July 1545, for the delivery of 4,000l. under warrants signed by Winchester, Gage, Rytch, Rous and Ryther or any three of them) to pay Wm. Gyrlyng 200l. towards provision of wheat for Cales. London, 6 July 1545. Signed by Ryche, Rous and Ryther.
ii. Gyrlyng's receipt subscribed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: sol. p. Warner.
R. O.2. Like warrant to pay John Rowseley and Thomas Clerke 50l. towards provision of canvas for making bags to convey biscuit from London to Bullen. London, 6 July 1545. Signed by Ryche, Rous and Ryther.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Shelton.
R. O.3. Like warrant to pay Thomas Woodhous, towards provision of grain for Calais and Barwyke, 350l. London, 6 July 1545. Signed by Ryche, Rous and Ryther.
ii. Receipt by Thomas Wodhous subscribed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: sol. per Chaloner; and also: Dd. to Walter Cely, clerk to Mr. Rider.
R. O.4. Like warrant to pay Henry Smyth, of Wynchelsey, 250l. towards provision of wood for fuel for Bolen. London, 6 July 1545. Signed by Ryche, Rous and Ryther.
ii. Receipt by Henry Smythe subscribed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Shelton.
6 July.1120. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters addressed to Hertford from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches. The latter shows the expediency of repairing Harbotell castle; which is to be declared to the King, with the writers' opinion that, as owner of the said castle, Mr. Wymbushe should be commanded either to defray the cost, only 100l, or else dwell in it himself; but, as the repair is to be done at once, the cost should be defrayed out of the King's treasure here and repaid by Wymbushe. Dernton, 6 July 1545. Siqned.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 July.1121. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Is enforced by necessity to remind him of the college of Leysitar. With the King's favour therein, will not from henceforth be a craver. The college lands lying near his house in Wiltshire, it is more commodious for him than another of greater value. Daruntun, 6 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
6 July.1122. Thomas lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. OYesterday, received a letter from the King's Council directed to him and his fellows here showing that there is a report of oversight and negligence here, both with regard to the sick and needy and to the preservation of harnesses, victuals and other necessaries. Feels this much, and begs leave to discharge himself. First, touching the sick and poor, has, as money arrived, caused the soldiers and pioneers to be first paid and the rich to be last served. Has earnestly called for the despatch of the sick and given order as well for them as for the burial of the dead. As to the harness left here at the King's departure, has caused the captains then appointed to remain here to make a book of what was left with them, and sends it to the Council. It was not above 650 pair; and mostly so broken and disordered that, no armourers being here, it would not serve again. At the "leaveling" of Mons. du Bies when last here not above 150 armed men came to the field, as my lord Admiral can witness; and since that time they have not diminished. Long ago found the want of harness, and required Sir John Jenyns, at his last repair into England, to declare it; who reported, at his return, "that order was taken there, by my lord Chancellor and others of my lords of the Council, by your Grace's commandment, for the redress thereof." Has been most careful in preserving victuals, and none have perished that came hither good. True, some barrelled meal that was ill packed there was uttered here at a loss. Herrings also were in such quantity that all could not be spent in Lent, and now they are "so loathsome a dish to most men as there is likelihood of loss in them likewise." Requires pardon of his faults and, as he knows his errors, will endeavour to redubb them.
The enemies are this day encamped on the other side of the water, much as at their last being here, save that at the church on the hill over against Pounte Bridge they have encamped 2,000 Picards to keep the passage. Learns that their only enterprise is to make a fortress. Considering that they pass not 16,000 footmen and 600 or 700 horsemen, and are encamped wildly, the rearward at least three miles from the vauward, they might most easily be repulsed now, before their camps are fortified or other succour come to them. Bolloin, 6 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
6 July.1123. The Council at Boulogne to the Council.
R. O.In your letters of the 3rd inst. your Lordships marvel that, every soldier here being furnished with harness at the King's departure, now there are only 300 pairs of harness among the garrison. By examination of the captains, we find that not above 650 pairs were left (as appears by the schedule of particulars herewith) much of which is unmeet to be worn, specially for lack of armourers, and some is lost. And where you marvel that, knowing by late experience that naked men can do no service, we have not given advertisement of the lack, we assure you that at the removing of the last camp made by the Frenchmen beyond the water there were scarcely 200 pair of harness in the field, "whereof the chief part rested on the captains and petty captains in the fore ranks of the battle, being armed with corslets," and since that time (finding that harness could not be conveyed from Flanders) we "sent a remembrance for order to be taken therein, amongst other kind of munition," to the King and your Lordships by Sir John Jenyns, master of the ordnance here, who affirms that he left it with you. Touching victuals, whatsoever has been reported, none that arrived good has perished, herrings excepted, and even these are eatable "if the time of the year might bear with men's stomachs to receive it for their ordinary victual." By persuasion and force, a great number of those herrings are spent amongst us since Lent. If you knew of the quantities of ill meal sent hither in herring barrels, and lost by wet in the carriage, and the corrupt loathsomeness of much barrelled beef, "happening by mixture of the filthiness of a great number of coals laden in the vessels upon the same," besides 1,400 qr. wheat which arrived when Mr. Anthony Rows was here and was so ill that the brewers refused it for head corn, you "would have taken more pity to have the occupying of it adventured amongst these the King's Majesty's people than marvel of the whole losses thereof." Yet we have used such policy in mingling that corrupt wheat and meal with better corn and by washing and cleansing the beef that such thereof as may in anywise serve is in daily use; so that we think ourselves unjustly reported of by "those that (as it should seem) practise herein to burden us with the misuses happened by their negligence." We send, signed by Milward, the "expendit" of victuals in the month of June, reputing the preservation thereof as our chief care, and begging your remembrance to supply such victuals as, by our former letters, we seem to want. All men here are harmoniously bent to the preservation of these the King's pieces, and have been ready to relieve each other in times of sickness. Surely many people have died amongst us for lack of fresh meat, being driven to take "of the provision of the store" for want of money to buy other victual. Since the receipt of this last mass of 7,000l., the treasurer here has delivered money in prest to the more needy, and we trust that the sick, by the good oversight of their captains and others, shall be relieved. Since the departure of the King's commissioners of musters 211 sick persons have been despatched out of this garrison into England. There died of all sorts in the week ending the 4th inst. 167 persons. The garrison is in more danger by "this plague now following us" than by the Frenchmen, who are this day encamped beyond the water in like sort as they encamped at their last being here, but in great numbers both of horsemen and footmen. Mylward is sick of a fervent ague. Another meet man should be sent hither with speed, for he is not able alone to go through with the whole, as we have heretofore written; and while the Frenchmen are about this town we will have less time to oversee the order of the victuals. We desire you "to be our mean for the sending hither of money, men and munition." Boulloigne, 6 July 1545. Signed: Thomas Ponynges: John Bryggs s.: Rauff Ellerkar: Hugh Poulet: John Jenyns , Rychard Caundysshe: Thom's Palmer: A. F.: Tho. Wiatt.
Pp. 6. Add. Endd.
6 July.1124. Thirlby and Petre to Paget.
R. ONicholas the post brought us your letters on Saturday last (fn. 1) a little before our accustomed time of meeting; and, as the Emperor's courier had accompanied him hither, we thought good, before our common meeting, to see whether we could learn anything from Chapuis, and therefore told him apart of the matter of Jasper Duche. He said that he was very glad, and would write advising Antinory and Carlo and those who sue for the matter of the jewels to submit to the King's order rather than bring such matters to the Diet. He then said that he had cause to thank us for our good report of him to the King and that he had letters from the Emperor's ambassador in England enclosing a copy of his letters to the Emperor which contained the discourse of the King's words at his late access to his Majesty; and Chapuis repeated that discourse, the same in effect as the Council have written to Mr. Wotton, saying that he had advised the ambassador to write such discourses, "and yet as dulcely as he might, without judging anything upon the same, especiall if there be any lyke (sic) of extremities"; if the King had used fewer or fairer words he would mistrust more, but now, was there no way to temper things? We said we trusted that there was no such towardness of extremities. He said that the princes might agree that things shall be released of both sides generally, and then there would be no need of cautions or sureties, unless, indeed, they be Frenchmen's goods that be taken in England. We said little, only reminding him that he was a principal minister in this strait amity, that these general arrests were unkind manners of proceeding, &c. He seemed earnest to travail for a good quiet, and made the more haste as the Chancellor "tarried thereby," finally praying that our courier might tarry four or five hours and accompany theirs. We promised to stay our courier, but, the truth was, we must have stayed him for such letters and copies as we wished to send Mr. Wootton (to whom we sent a short instruction touching the matter of Burgos, copy herewith, and also the copies of all our articles and answers here). Chapuis told us that he "had written, et forsan audacius (said he) quam ros crederetis, I trust all shall be well." When he said that the matter of the jewels was a great matter in conscience for the King, we asked, seeing that the judges had declared those jewels confiscate, what conscience was "to be had thereof"? Finally, after declaring how pitiful a matter it was and how rigorous of the other side to make this confiscation, he said that he would advise the parties to submit themselves to the King. The ambassador had written for his advice whether to follow the Court in this progress, and he intended writing to the ambassador to take your advice.
We took occasion today in speaking of matters to be answered by Aphenryth, Broke, the waterbailiff and others at Callys, to move the Commissioners to go thither, but they answered that the place was unsafe because of the plague. We affirmed the contrary, but could not persuade them, remembering how sore the plague is at Graveling through the death of Eliottes son, "for not only the man, wife and others of the house where he lay be dead but of the sisters that came to him, and by occasion thereof the plage is also more spread." They allege no cause but the plague. Pray let us know what the King would have us do further therein. Burborough, 6 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Sealed (a head with motto "Felix, cavetto"). Endd.
6 July.1125. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Today a joiner of this town who formerly wrought work for the King in England, and now works here for an Italian, tells Vaughan that the said Italian has importuned him to seek service at Bulleyn, there to learn where the gunpowder lies and set it on fire, promising him 1,000 cr. He came to tell Vaughan, not as one seeking reward but as detesting so evil a counsel. Thus it seems that the French King despairs of getting Bulleyn except by treason. The Italian was, he said, also in hand with him to corrupt the gunners at Bulleyn. It is necessary to take heed what strangers are received in the King's fortresses on this side.
"Hitherto we have not been troubled, neither in our persons nor goods; ne, I think, shall not, our merchants' goods are so vanished away that they think it too late." A Spaniard has obtained of the Emperor a letter of marque against English goods, but the Court here seems to stay its execution, either because of the inconvenience which might follow or because the other Imperials have far more goods to be arrested in England. Jasper Dowche expects to be sent into England by the Queen concerning the taking of the Emperor's subjects' goods, "thinking that, albeit nothing could be brought to pass at the Diet, he should by some gentle means obtain that learned men by their tedious disputations could not bring to pass; but this is a secret matter and may not be uttered." Would write more if sure that the bearer might go through, but some say that the passage is stopped at Gravelyng. Andwerp, 6 July 1545.
P. S.—Sends herewith letters from Mr. Wotton, ambassador in Almayn with the Emperor.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
6 July.1126. Cardinal Betoun to Paul III.
Theiner, 616.Knowing the Pope's desire for frequent news of this realm, takes the opportunity of this messenger to write that things are far better than they were; for the quarrels of the nobility are appeased, and heretical opinions almost extinguished. It was necessary to repress the audacity of the English, and, therefore, when, in June last, the Most Christian king of the French sent 500 horse and about 2,500 foot under the Seigneur de Lorges, I procured that on 24 June the Governor and I, with all the rest of the nobility, met at Stirling where it was decreed that a great army should be assembled. Will promote this expedition both with counsels and person, and trusts that their army will carry off the victory. Litcho, pridie nonas Julii 1545.
6 July.1127. Cardinal Betoun to Paul III.
Theiner, 617.In return for his benefits, has laboured for the liberty of the Church, the dignity of the Holy See and the safety of this realm; but Gavin, abp. of Glasgow, has caused a scandal by having his cross borne and blessing the people while the writer was present in Glasgow, having gone thither with the Queen and Governor. Not to cause a tumult, refrained from punishing this audacity, but admonished the abp. to desist; who however, not observing his promise to the Governor not to bear the cross, made an attack with armed soldiers upon the writer in the church of Glasgow. For this and former misdeeds the Governor would have, there and then, punished the abp. but that the writer begged him to refer the matter to His Holiness. Appointed Robert bp. of Orkney and George abbot of Dumfermline to examine witnesses of the above and other crimes with which the Abp. is charged; and sends the depositions by bearer, that His Holiness may provide a remedy. Linlithgow, prid. non. Julii 1545.
Lat. Modern transcript from Rome, pp. 3.
7 July.1128. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 208.
Meeting at Nonesuche, 7 July. Present; Suffolk, Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Anthony Bonvixy, certifying that a Biscay ship charged with 972 baletts of woad, 20 tuns of wine and 1½ tun of "salet" oil was "interrupted by the men of war upon the seas," had letters for restitution of the goods taken away, as he had safeconduct for that ship.
7 July.1129. Game Preserving about Westminster.
Soc of Antiq.
Procl. ii. 154.
Mandate to the mayor and sheriffs of London to make proclamation that, whereas the King desires to keep "the games of hare, partridge, pheasant and heron preserved in and about his hono at his palace of Westminster for his own disport and pastime, that is tosay , from his said palace of Westminster to St. Gyles in the Feildes and from thence to Islington to our Lady of the Oke, to Highgate, to Hornsey Parke, to Hamsted Heath and from thence to his said Palace of Westminster," he commands that no person shall hunt or hawk within the said precinct. Westm., 7 July 37 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
7 July.1130. Thomas lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. OHas intelligence this morning that Millon is come to the French camp and that their only intent is to fortify. Millon would make their fortress upon the hill by the sea side, where they planted their ordnance when last here, but Mons. du Bies would have it built at Owtrewe church where he is now encamped. It will be an ill neighbour, but in neither place could annoy your haven. Wrote about three days past to lord Cobham for men, as already signified, and this morning 900 have come hither for the better furniture of these pieces. Bolloin, 7 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 July.1131. Chapuys to Van der Delft.
vii. No. 88.
Received his letter of the 2nd inst. and forwarded the courier to the Emperor the same day. He has handled the matter very prudently. As to following the King, no one can better advise him than Paget. If the journey is private the King will probably wish only his own people to be with him, but if he goes in state he should be glad of the ambassador's company. Is pleased that the King holds him (Chapuys) in such esteem; and he can well believe that Paget (to whom he begs remembrance) says a good word for him. Bourbourg, 7 July 1545.
7 July.1132. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. p., x. 504.
On the 29th ult. received Henry's letter to the Emperor, but could not get access till the 3rd inst., when he delivered it and declared the effect of the instructions sent by Paget. The Emperor answered that Wotton moved the "self matter" when last with him and he had written to his ambassador, from whom he expected answer before any invasion was made, and till that answer came he could not make any other answer; he perceived by the date of Henry's letters that his were not then come to his ambassador, but doubtless they were received ere this; whensoever bound by the treaty to send aid, he had six weeks after the invasion and intimation to do it in. Wotton trusted that, seeing the Frenchmen ready to invade, he would not only show himself faithful in sending the aid by the day appointed but friendly in sending it before. The Emperor said that although some of his subjects were in the French king's service it was against his express prohibition, and that, Almayne joining upon France, it was easy for men to go thither by stealth. When reminded that they went openly, he replied that, nevertheless, he had ordered that such should be taken and punished. He then said that, notwithstanding the late agreement at Bruxelles for free navigation, our men had taken a ship coming out of the Indies and other Spaniards' ships of great value. Wotton answered that, according to the agreement, Henry commanded his captains to treat the Emperor's subjects lovingly; yet (as the Emperor's men, when he had war against France and we none, did great wrongs which were said to be against the Emperor's mind) it is to be considered that men of war will sometimes do more than they should; and, when the Emperor said that such as did so were punished, Wotton told him that Henry likewise punished such as were proved offenders. As to the ship of the Indies, Wotton declared the matter as written in the Council's letters of 28 April, taking occasion to bring in the iniquity of the general arrest which ensued in Spain and the odious handling of our subjects there, who were rejected as heretics when they should be cherished as chief friends. The Emperor said that as soon as he heard of the arrest he commanded that if made by way of reprisal it should be dissolved and if by way of sequestration that everything should be kept safe; Reneger ought not to have departed with the ship and feathers but stood to the law in Spain. Asked why he should so stand for a French ship taken at sea, the Emperor said that it was a Spanish ship. Wotton answered that he was otherwise informed, but, in any case, seeing that Henry was ready to minister justice, and that Reneger took of the ship of Ynde only in recompense of the wrongs done him in Spain, it seemed strange to arrest all for one man's act. The Emperor said that it was not one act, for there were many other wrongs done, and, what with English and French men of war, his subjects were so molested that he must suffer them to arm in their own defence. He used no very sharp words, and showed a gentle countenance. Showed him the untruth of the French report of a notable victory by the Scots, and said that three of the gentlemen named in their bill were slain on the 27th Feb. The Emperor then willed him to speak with Granvele (apparently rather to get Granvele's consent than because it was necessary) and he was ready to depart when the Emperor "began to claw his ear and look up," saying that one thing he had forgotten, viz., that he was sorry to see Henry and the French king so set on war, the one determined to hold Boleyn and the other to have it again, and he much desired to bring them to peace if he could. Wotton reminded him that from the beginning Henry was ready to accept honorable conditions, and that, at Secretary Paget's last being with him at Bruxelles, he perceived Henry's mind therein; Boleyn had been bought dear. The Emperor protested his desire to do his best for a pacification, and prayed Wotton to write to Henry and learn whether he might meddle therein; adding that he would also speak of it with the French ambassadors.
On the 4th inst. sent to know when he might speak with Granvele; and did so next day. Granvele said that he had not spoken with the Emperor since Wotton was with him, but he was commanded to speak of two things and would begin with the most pleasant; the Emperor was sorry to see this continued war and would gladly help to procure an agreement, and had already written therein to Chapuis and to his ambassadors in England and France, and now would have Wotton write that if Henry would friendly declare his mind therein he would endeavour himself in it and let the French men know no more than pleased Henry; before Wotton's coming he had moved this matter to the French ambassadors, declaring how the Emperor is bound to Henry in it, and their answer was that they had no commission therein, but would gladly further a good peace. Wotton replied that the Emperor had declared the like, and he rejoiced thereat, not that he ever doubted the Emperor's good mind therein, but that now, when both sides are prepared to conflict, war might be avoided, for albeit we, having right on our side, might expect success, he found no reason to delight in war from last year's experience; Henry entered this league and war in order to bring peace to Christendom, and, when the Frenchmen during the common wars offered peace, was content to take reasonable conditions; and, lastly, Secretary Paget when at Bruxelles had commission to declare his mind therein to the Emperor; Wotton would at once advertise him hereof. Granvele said that the Emperor remembered well that to bring quietness in Christendom Henry entered into the war, and that the Emperor might the better labour in this matter he meant to bring this Diet to a conclusion or recess, as they call it. The other thing that he had to speak of was the daily robbery of the Emperor's subjects, even since the last agreement at Bruxelles. This he set forth "somewhat vehemently." Wotton replied that, upon the agreement at Bruxelles, strait command was given to the Lord Admiral and captains, and the Emperor's subjects passed daily without molestation; just as when the Emperor warred with France his men of war troubled Englishmen contrary to his mind, so now if Henry's men of war did the like it was against his mind; some of the Emperor s subjects had complained without cause; and here Wotton repeated Reneger's matter and the arrest in Spain which ensued, and also the matter of Le Sainct Esperit. Granvele answered that he who robbed the ship which came out of Ynde is a known pirate, and yet goes about the Court as though he had done well, and other merchants who have been shamefully spoiled can neither get the offenders punished nor recover their goods, but are "rejected to the Admiral's Court." Replied that the taking of the things out of the ship of Ynde was evidently no robbery, or the taker would not have delivered the parcels in writing, and the man's going about the Court openly was evidence that he could justify it; and, when Granvele said that the arrest of his ship in Spain was by public authority, Wotton argued that the man's private act was far more tolerable than that, by public authority, first his ship and then all other English ships and men were arrested for one man's act. No, said Granvele, it was for a great many; their ambassador had complained, even to Paget himself, but still the poor men were "remitted to the Admiral's Court, to their, undoing." "Mary," quoth Wotton, "that is the Court of justice where such causes must be heard." Granvele said that such evident robberies should be redressed incontinently without order of justice; the Spaniards had written that they would arm themselves, and the Emperor, in hope of redress, forbade it. Wotton retorted that the truth of complaints must be proved, and the Admiral's court ministered summary justice; Englishmen in Spain and the Low Countries had no refuge but the common courts (and God knew how they were ordered there) and yet the Emperor's subjects must be straight despatched by the King's Council; it were better between friends to let complaints be lawfully examined and not pick quarrels for every private matter; when the arrest was made in Flanders and now in Spain the whole multitude of merchants required the King to arrest the Emperor's subjects in England, but he would not break the treaty for private matters; such men of war as transgressed the King's commandment should be punished, and more than that could not reasonably be required. Granvele said that Wotton would fain make the best of it, but such matters must be otherwise looked to than they have been; and he prayed him to write earnestly therein and to believe that if Granvele seemed vehement in this it was because of his wish to conserve the amity. Was told by Granvele that there had been much speaking of the arrival in France of the French navy out of the Middleearthe sea, which the French ambassador had that morning signified to him, but he could not think it could do great hurt suddenly after this long journey. The Count Palatyn labours earnestly in the matter committed to him. Some think that he would have another colloquium of learned men of both sides as there was four or five years ago. The ambassador of Genua tells me that one of the nuncios showed him that Cardinal Farnese's request was that the Emperor would compel the Protestants to submit to the Council at Trent; and the Emperor answered that he would do his best, and therefore required the bishop of Rome to prorogue the said Council, who has written again that he can no longer prorogue it or the world will laugh him to scorn. The ambassador of Ferrara tells me that the French king is not content with the bishop of Rome's refusing him aid against your Majesty and seeking the amity of the Emperor and the Venetians, who, for their hatred of the Frenchmen, are fallen in love again with the Emperor. Wormes, 7 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 11. Add. Endd.
7 July.1133. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.I received your letter and copies by Francisco. As for the aid, I cannot tell what the Emperor means. You may have perceived somewhat by his ambassador. They still find great fault with the robbing and spoiling (as they call it) of their subjects, and our arrest in Spain is "no offence with them at all." I would wish no occasion given them to pick quarrels till we have leisure to reason with them. Marvels (fn. 2) at this sudden ostentation of amity in offering to labour for peace, suspecting that "there may peradventure some scorpion be hidden under the stone." Would trust them better if the peace made so much for their purpose as the dissension,—unless it be that they fear its being made without them. Yet their offer is not to be refused, and they may know more of the Frenchmen's mind than we are aware. If they mean it earnestly their other insolencies might be the better suffered for a time. King Ferdinand's daughter (fn. 3) who married the King of Pole's son is dead,—no very good news for King Ferdinand. Here is arrived (before the news) an ambassador of Pole who is said to be learned; and yet seems a great man, for he names himself Palatinum Russie. Knows not his errand. Wormes, 7 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 July.1134. Wotton to Paget.
R. O."There hath ben one with me named Jaques le Miewre, boren of Lisle yn Flanders, who shewid me that one Guillaume de Sainct Cassan, secretary to Mouluke, who was the French king's ambassadour at Venice and now is his ambassadour to the Turk sent thither yn compeny of Gerardus, secretary to the Emperor, is one that maye do and hathe goode wille to do the Kinges Majestye service, and, as the saide Jaques bearithe me yn hande, maye do verye goode service, giving advertysement of such secrecyes as he shall have knowledge of, which by the said Jaques sayeng, is very muche, as he hathe done heeretofore to th'Emperour's ambassadour yn Venice, to whome he hathe disclosidde menye maters of importance; but forbicause he didde rewarde hym but slenderlye, I suppose he cowde be content now to serve a better maisteR. Of this mater the saide Jaques, this berar, can better enfourme you." Being in doubt whether the King would be served by such an one, I have given him this letter to you. Wormes, 7 July 1545.
Hol., partly in cipher, p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of most of the ciphered passages above.
P. 1.
7 July.1135. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.The Protestants' ambassadors answer that in the cause depending between Henry and their masters they look daily for the answers of those who have not yet sent hither. Press them the more as this Diet will not last long. The King of Romanes and the Cardinal of August prepare to depart; and it is thought that the Emperor will shortly leave for the Low Countries, and (by some new injunction of peace and treaty for the judgment in the Chamber of the Empire) will patch up this Diet and indict another shortly at Ratisbone. There is not now much treating of the money gathered in the Empire; but men think that the Emperor, with his fair promises, will get it. He means to send 300 "centeiners" of gunpowder and many other munitions into the Duchy of Luxemburgh. Granvelle, talking with a gentleman on, the 3rd inst. "marvelled much that the Frenchmen be frustrate of their purpose by a nation that be ignorant and have no skill in feats of wars.'' The Palsgrave, at the suggestion of the Protestants, as it is said, labours that learned men of both parties may confer upon the controversies of religion against the next Diet or General Council, "and judgment of the same to be had after such form and fashion as the Protestants required, mentioned to your Majesty in our former letters." Whether the Emperor will condescend to this is uncertain, but, from their frequent consultations, it is thought that he is privy to all that the Palatine does. The bp. of Colleyne, last week, sent letters to the Emperor and the States of the Empire complaining of the clergy in the town of Colleyne, who rail upon him as a heretic and thus "diminish his fame and dignity of electorship unworthily." He desires the Emperor and States to prohibit this, and offers to purge himself before them if the clergy will lay aught against him for "such mutations as he hath made in religion, affirming constantly that nothing grieveth his conscience so much as that he hath so long deferred those emendations that, by the virtue of his office, he might and should long time before have brought to pass. Wormbs, 7 July. Signed.
Two passages in cipher (with contemporary deciphering interlined), pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 July.1136. Bucler and Mont to Paget.
R. O.Only late on the 2nd inst., received his letters of 30 May indicating what captains the King is to have, an indication which they have often asked by letter, as the Hessian commissaries and others affirmed that it was important for their affairs and ours to have certain knowledge who should assemble men here for the King. Through ignorance or negligence the letters were carried first to Strasburg. We at once signified your message (motionem) to the Landgrave, asking his opinion of those two men who are in terms with you; and we will send his answer as soon as it comes. We wrote to you on the 2nd inst. by the ordinary post. News came yesterday that Ferdinand's daughter, (fn. 4) married to the King of Poland's son, is dead. Worms, 7 July 1515
P.S. by Bucler.—"I most humbly desire you to accept these letters for both of us. I am very ill troubled with an ague." Signed.
Lat. In Mont's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 July.1137. Bucler to Paget.
R. O.Yesterday, when he expected the post to leave, was so troubled with fever that he could only subscribe Mr. Doctor's letter, but today he is amended and hopes that the worst is past. We are grieved to have no answer as yet in the matter between the King and the Protestants, knowing that the King desires a responsion; but we are promised it shortly. To the points of your letters Mr Dr. Mont answers particularly. I beg to be commended to my lady your wife. The slowness of the Diet here is sufficiently mentioned in our letters to the King. To obtain the money gathered for the public aid against the Turk, the Emperor will dissemble his other intentions until a more commodious time. Wormbs, 7 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.. 1545.
7 July.1138. Philip Landgrave of Hesse to Bugler and Mont.
R. O.
St. P., x. 523.
Has read their two letters and thanks the King for the notes by which to know and assist those who are levying men for him here. Frederic a Reiffenberg is a good captain of footmen, but the writer cannot say whether he can bring 20 standard of foot and 1,000 horse. The Count ab Altenberg can also do somewhat, but 15,000 footmen is an immense number. In his opinion the Count can make 5,000 or 6,000. Cannot pronounce upon their fidelity, as he knows neither; but thinks that his Majesty should first make sure where the men are and by what way they may come to him.
As to their desire in the other letters that he should promote the cause therein mentioned, has already commended it to his commissaries at Worms. They must press it upon the other confederates. Cassel, 7 July.
Latin translation in Mont's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: The Landgraves l'res to Mr. Buckler and Mr. Mount turned into Latin.
R. O.2. The original letter of which the above is the translation. Cassel, 7 July '45. Signed. Countersigned:
German, pp. 3. Add.: at Wormbs.
R. O.3. Brief note by the Secretary urging them to keep the writing secret for the sake of both their masters.
German, small paper, p. 1.
1139. Reiffenberg's Men.
R. O."Sums of money to be paid now out of hand to Frederick van Riffenberg for the conducting of 8,000 footmen and 1,500 horsemen to the place of musters, which shall be about Confluence upon the river of Rhene, which shall be about two and forty days hence," viz.:—Conduct of the footmen at "a jocdal" (fn. 5) each, 8,960 florins. Half month's wages (15 days) for the horsemen, their waggons and other things, 16,437fl. Standards and banners 500fl. Total 25,897fl.
"Sums of money to be paid at the day of musters, as well to Frederik as to Aytel Woolf and Buckolt," viz.:—Half month's wages of the footmen and 400 pioneers, 30,300fl. For conduct of the 1,500 horsemen, because it is uncertain from what places they shall come, your commissioners must have the more money, which must be at least, for that and for 8 falcons, with powder and munitions and for the pioneers' tools, 26,000fl. Half month's wages of the 1,000 horsemen of Buckolt and Aytel Woolf 10,958fl.; and for their two standards 60fl. Total 66,418fl.
In Paget's hand, p. 1.
8 July.1140. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 208.
Meeting at Horsley, 8 July. Present: Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Edmund Finche, in the Marshalsie for slanderous words towards Sir Thomas Cheney, sent to the sheriff of Kent to be set on the pillory on two market days, one at Crambroke and the other at Dartford, "with a paper on his head written in great letters For slanderous words of the Kinges Counsail."
8 July.1141. Victualling of Calais and Boulogne.
R. O.Warrant, similar to No. 1119, to pay bearer, John Cheyne, deputy to Robt. Preston, dec., 21l. 2s. 8d. for provision of 30 qR. Of wheat now delivered to Poynetell, of the Lymehouse, to make biscuit for Bulloign. Written 8 July 1545. Siyned by Winchester and Ryther.
ii. Subscribed with a mark (for receipt).
P. 1. Add. Endd.. sol. per Shelton.
R. O.2. Like warrant to pay Jerome Myghell, merchant stranger, for the price of 85 butts of malmesey 504l., being 6l. the butt with 9l. abated in the whole, for the victualling of Caleys and Bollen. London, 8 July 1545. Signed by Winchester and Ryther.
ii. Receipt dated 16 Oct. 1545, and signed "per me, Jeronymum Michaele," subscribed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Shelton.
8 July.1142. Grain for Calais.
Add. MS.
5,753. f. 18.
B. M.
Indenture, made 18 June 37 Henry VIII., of receipt from Thos. Wodhous of Waxham, Norf., by Wm. Gybson, master of the William "of Mr. Borowghes in Yarmowth," of 193 qr. malt, to be conveyed with speed to Callesse and there delivered to my lord Deputy; payment to be made to Wodhous for the said grain, as the Council has ordered. Md. 10d. a qr. to be allowed for freight. Not signed or sealed.
ii. Endorsed with note of receipt, 1 July 1545, by Thos. Boys, Thos. Copland and Hugh Gillis of 180 qR. Of the above, including 1 qR. Of "swepeinge," and payment of the freight, 8l. 10d.
Pp. 2.
Ib. f 19.2. Similar indenture, made 20 June 37 Hen. VIII., with Wm. Fowller, master of the Jhesus of Yarmouth for 113 qr. wheat. Freight 12d. a qr.
ii. Endorsement of receipt 8 July 1545 of 112 qr. 6 bu.
8 July.1143. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.The Chancellor's secret practices have so altered men here, and the Fowkers are so moved by the Emperor's proceedings in Almeyn, that neither they nor the Spaniards, (fn. 6) who were almost at a point for their alum, will meddle further. Jasper Dowche told Vaughan yesterday that the Fowker would see things between the King and the Emperor clearer before proceeding in the matter "wherein we before were largely entered." Almost all the English merchants are departed homewards. Jasper Dowche said that the bishop of Rome has made an exchange of 150,000 ducats for the Emperor, to be used against the Turk or, if the Turk come not, "pour le servir en aultre chose que je ne diray pas; consider you what that may be." He said also that the French king wished an exchange here for 400,000 cr., on security of Parys, Lyons, Towers, Roan and other towns, but it was neither made nor likely to be made, for the Emperor, not knowing what need of money he may have shortly, prevented it. "So that all things are here very suspicious, and I exceeding sorry to see that the malice of the time will not suffer me to do the King's Majesty any better service." Andwerp, 8 July 1545.
P.S.—Money from the Fowker could not have been had till after Michaelmas. Has little hope of doing anything. Merchants here who feared that their goods were arrested in England should be relieved by the arrival yesterday of a hoy out of London. Please let me know what to do.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd. Below the address Vaughan has written "Herewith I send you Musikes discourse."
9 July.1144. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 209.
Meeting at Horsley, 9 July. Present: Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letters written to Anthony Husey to order delivery of 800 baletts of woad, stayed in a Spanish ship by Gregory Carye, to Roger de Prat, upon surety for restitution if they prove good prize. Francis Loopes, Spaniard, had warrant to——(blank) for 601. for 60 hagbutes delivered at Calais.
At Guildford, the same day. Business:—Upon advertisement of the French galleys, letters written to Sir Thomas Cheney, and in his absence Sir Thos. Seymour, to warn the fleet which went last out to keep in surety in their passage to Portsmouth.
*** Next entry is 13 July.
9 July.1145. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.I perceive by your letters of the 9th (sic) inst., that being occupied with melancholy matters, you forbore to meddle with mine. I trust that ere this you have found opportunity for it. As to your melancholy matters, where you desire my opinion secretly of your intention "to borrow some of the plate in all the churches," I think it the readiest way of relief and the least chargeable to the King's subjects; "for God's service, which consisteth not in jewels, plate, or ornaments of gold or silver, cannot thereby be anything diminished, and those things better employed for the weal and defence of the realm; which being well persuaded to the people shall satisfy them. The worst that I see in it is, a bruit may arise thereof that the King's Majesty is driven to shift for money; which nevertheless I think is as much suspected and spoken of already in other parts." But I refer my opinion to you and others who can more deeply weigh things. I have done your errand to Mr. Sadelar, who "remaineth yours after the old manner." If you send the Portingall physician of whom you write, I will place him here. Daruntun, 9 July.
Hol. pp. 2. Add. Endd.: ixo Junii (sic), 1545.
9 July.1146. Thomas lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.The enemies are not yet more than mentioned in his former letters, and their horsemen are very few; so that if footmen were sent hither speedily he would trust to put the enemies once again to flight, or else give them such an overthrow as to deter them from "coming hither again for any such purpose." On Monday last, "their horsemen offering the skirmish," the writer sent out certain men to them; and he learns from such as came hither from their camp that night that a great many of their horsemen and footmen were hurt. Their fear was such that they put their camp in order of battle and merchantmen trussed up their wares to go away. Has twice found occasion to send to Mons. du Bies, but his trumpet was not permitted to come to the hill top; "whereby it should appear that their force is not great or else that their fear is much." Boulloigne, 9 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 July.1147. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Yesterday came news that the French were encamped a league from Bulleyn and the writer obtained copy (enclosed) of a letter written from Roan by a Spaniard (fn. 7) . Perceives that Jasper Dowche rather hinders than sets forth the matter of the Fowker, and that he dare do nothing without the Queen's licence. Andwerp, 9 July.
Hol., p.l. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 July.1148. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
R. O.Begs credence for his ambassador resident, Messire Francoys Vander Dilft, to whom he writes touching his desire to employ himself for the pacification of the differences between Henry and the Most Christian King. Wormes, 9 July 1545. Signed.
Fr. Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
9 July.1149. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 89.
Received his letters of the 12th and 13th ult., and heard what he wrote to Granvelle about the claims of Spanish merchants whose ships are still detained. On the English ambassador saying that an invasion of England by the French and Scots was imminent, and therefore the King desired that the aid which he pretends that the Emperor is bound in that event to supply should be put ready, the Emperor replied that he intended to justify himself with regard to that aid, but thought it strange that at such a time his merchants were illtreated, in utter violation of the treaty, and begged that it might be more closely observed. The Ambassador tried to throw the blame on the Emperor's subjects, and was answered with the same arguments as Vander Delft used. Vander Delft shall therefore persist in demanding redress, speak of the aid in accordance with former instructions, consult Chapuys by letter upon any point which may arise, and write often to the Emperor and his sister. Paget has no reason to be annoyed at the Emperor's refusal of licence to export war munitions. His master should consider that the French are continually complaining of the favour shown him, and explanations have already been given to Paget and the English ambassador on this side. About the Queen of England's secretary negociating with the Protestants nothing can be discovered. The withdrawal of English property from the Netherlands and prohibition of exports from England was reported from another quarter also, and the Emperor's sister will act as seems best.
Told the English ambassador how earnestly he desired to forward some arrangement between England and France; and promised to write to Vander Delft to address the King therein. Has also written to his ambassador in France and spoken to the French ambassadors here. Expects thus to extricate himself from this Diet and be able to return to Flanders for so good a work. Sends a letter of credence; and desires him to inform Chapuys and the Emperor's sister of the King's wishes in the matter. Worms, 9 July 1545.
ii. Draft of the letter of credence (No. 1148).
9 July.1150. Charles V. to Chapuys.
viii, No. 90.
Has received his letters and heard from Granvelle the advice he gave to his successor in England upon the despatches sent through him touching the aid. Begs him to continue to advise the Ambassador and write frankly what he thinks should be done for the future. Also highly approves what he wrote to Granvelle about endeavouring to make peace between England and France, which the Emperor really desires. Gets nothing but general words from the French and English ambassadors here. Chapuys will be guided by what is now written to the ambassador in England. Worms, 9 July 1545.
9 July.1151. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 10.Meeting at Linlithgow, 29 (fn. 8) July. [Presence not given.] Gilbert Scot, of Dieppe, producing his letter of marque (abstract only given) from the French king, authorised to sell a Portuguese ship laden with sugar which he had taken.
10 July.1152. Hurley Priory.
Add. Ch.
b. m.
Receipt by Leonard Chamberleyn, of Woodstock, on 10 July 37 Hen. VIII. between 2 and 3 o'clock p.m. at the font in St. Paul's. Cathedral, London, from John Lovelace, of 550l. in full payment of l,150l. for purchase of Hurley priory, and other lands specified in a pair of indentures dated 29 May 36 Hen. VIII. Signed,
Parchment. Seal appended.
10 July.1153. Paget to Lord Cobham.
Harl. ms.
283. f. 315.
b. m.
As the galleys of Marcelles (whereof yesternight we wrote to Mr. Treasurer, at Dover, to warn you) are arrived at Newhaven, the King, doubting lest the enemies would enterprise some exploit upon you, would have you place your ordnance below towards the sea to "keep them short" if they would be busy by water. As to the shot and the money borrowed of the Staplers, order shall be given to your contentation. As to the munition, the King would know when it shall be delivered, and also have patterns sent hither beforehand. Guldeforde, 10 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais. Endd.: "Declaring the restitution of the one thousand pound borrowed of the Staplers and the sending of munition."
10 July.1154. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii. No. 91.
Since his last, of the 2nd inst., some of the merchants have appealed to members of the Council, and received answer that, if they would give bail to the full value of the property (which should be appraised) against all claims of the King, the embargoes should be raised. This is substantially the answer which Van der Delft refused to accept, as it is meant to secure release of the seizures in Spain; but he allowed the merchants to proceed and some of their property has been appraised. One of them, however, who went to present his bail, was told by the Chancellor that all together must give it. The Scots asked Hertford for an abstinence, to confer among themselves about coming to an agreement; but the English thought this only a subterfuge. A feud between a Scottish archbishop (fn. 9) and the Cardinal causes much trouble, and there is scarcity of food in the country where the English have planted themselves, according to the Spaniards who arrive here daily. If the English make the besieging of Boulogne ground for speaking of the aid, the writer will depend specially upon the point that Boulogne is not covered by the treaty. Preparations here against invasion are excellent. The King left on Saturday to visit his ports. Thought it polite to offer his company, and Paget replied that he should be welcome. Departs, therefore, tomorrow, to join the King at Portsmouth; who is to be there on the 15th and stay ten or twelve days inspecting his fleet. The Venetian ambassador avers that an Italian captain, named Ypolitus Mazinus, prisoner here, having gone for his ransom, recently returned with overtures of peace from Madame d'Etampes; but, as the first point was restitution of Boulogne, the English declined to proceed with him. When the King said lately that if he chose to do a certain thing he could extricate himself from his annoyances he may have referred to this, or perhaps to the mission of a French gentleman who has been several times to Boulogne. Certain captains, (fn. 10) subjects of the Landgrave of Hesse, were with the Council, offering horse and foot for the King's service to come to Calais through Hainault or annoy the French from that side. Their prompt despatch raises suspicion of some understanding between the King and the Protestants, which is greatly to be distrusted for the sake of religion. Merchants here, both English and foreign, fear an imminent rupture of friendly relations, and English merchants who trade at Antwerp are returning hither, ten or twelve at a time, while all Flemish ships are here arrested. Sent about it to the Chancellor, who remains in London, and who replied that the ships were detained to carry over troops against the French when opportunity served, and the coming away of the merchants was not to be wondered at when the Chancellor of Brabant was enquiring the value of their merchandise and held an order for its seizure. He made great complaints that their property was constantly being seized in direct violation of the treaty, and said that the King was never so well disposed to be friendly, but he looked for some reciprocity; when the Emperor learnt what the King had recently said to Van der Delft he would doubtless do what justice demanded for the ending of this bitterness and the maintenance of the treaty, and if not they must make the best of it.
This practically agrees with what he wrote before, and he can only imagine that they so persist in wanting to know whether the Emperor will keep the treaty, or not, in order to be guided thereby in negociations with the French; but he can get no positive intelligence of any negotiation. London, 10 July 1545.
P.S.—At closing this, learnt that the passage was stopped, to prevent the French getting news, and had to send to Court for the courier's passport. Endd. as rec. at Worms, 22 July 1545.
10 July.1155. Van Dee delft to Mary or Hungary.
Ib. No. 92.To the same effect as the preceding.
10 July.1156. Van der Delft to Paget.
R. O.Being about to follow the King, and thinking to despatch a courier whom the Queen lately sent me, I learn that the passage by Dover is closed, and that the merchants who have sent to the Lord Chancellor for passage for one of their couriers have answer that it is not his office to grant it. I beg you to send instructions for the passage of my man, by this bearer, who is sent by the merchants, to whom also pray give like licence. Commendations to Madame. London, 10 July 1545. Signed: Francoys Vander Dilft.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
ii. On a slip of paper attached to the above are the following names (of the merchants?), viz., Stasi Touket, Francesco Casade Portugese, Jaques Ballync, Jaques Duren, Adrian Mostart, Pieter van Dalle.
10 July.1157. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O.Bearer, Robert Cripling, exhibited to the King at Detford "a supplication touching oppressions to be administered to him by th'arch-bishop of York." Doubtless you remember it and the communication between you and me for that matter. Pray procure the Council's letter to the bishop to "permit the poor man quietly to dwell by him," or else a letter to the Council in those parts. Barbican, 10 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545
10 July.1158. Otwell Johnson to John Johnson.
R. O.London, 10 July 1545. Yours from Tykeford I received within two days after your departure thence home to your wife, who I trust is well again. Within these three days many English merchants are come out of Flanders by stealth for fear of a new arrest, expected this day at Andwarpe and Barrowe, although the Diet is not ended and the Commissioners not yet separated. In the Temmes and elsewhere all ships are arrested, as well those laden for Flanders as others—to what end is uncertain. The Emperor is still at Worines and draws to no thorough agreement with the Protestants, "by reason of the develish suggestion of the great and abominable harlot of Babylon, and daily feeding of him and his papistical prelates with great abundance of extortioned Roman ducats, as I hear of honest men that come last from Andwarpe; so that the subjects of that country do not shrink to speak thereof openly. The living Lord transform him into a more Christian mind when His godly pleasure is, that His only glory may be more generally sought for than it now many years past hath been." On the other side news has been all this week that 30,000 or 40,000 Frenchmen are come to besiege Boullen, and indeed there are encamped beyond the water ("where Mons. de Bies and his company was raised by the earl of Hartford") about half that number, and it is reported that a like number has approached the place where the Master of the Horse lay when the King besieged the town. Our men skirmish with them. There is no news from the sea as yet; but the King is informed that on the 5th inst. the French navy was ready to start, and "I suppose all shall not escape our English navy. The Lord's will be done in every thing and place; for the Council of this realm do give men much warning of Flanders as well as they do provide against Frenchmen."
I will fulfil your letter when Mr. Cave appoints carriage for his wine and Mr. Thomas Cave's malmsey. "Sturgeon I delivered to my master, but quails cannot be had. My said master doth thank Mr. Cave very much, and hath straitly commanded me to write for none to Calleis." Briskett's hounds come not hither as yet. Appoint the sending of them now when you are at Tykeford, or else he shall be deceived as hitherto. Your books and writings shall be sent by bearer, Sir Evank, "if his mastership will take pams to carry them well, for at the writing hereof I was uncertain of his pleasure. A like gentleman unto this, the first letter of whose name is Nicholas Walker, is come to London and yesterday put up a supplication against you unto my lord Chancellor, Mr. Croke, your uncle, being retained of his counsel, but he, not being 'ware that you were any party of tbe same, for the crafty child Nicol Walk-a-knave hath left out of the said supplication your dwelling at Glapthorne, your being a gentleman, merchant, farmer or husbandman of the country, and saith singly one John Johnsone, of no place, faculty nor occupation, but a man that is rich and greatly friended, hath done and doth great wrong about the farm of the parsonage of Cotterstoke (not once naming Glapthorne) unto one A.B.C. (for I know not his name), now pa son of the same and successor to Edward Artewyke, clerk, etc."; requiring process against you in Chancery because unable to contend with you at the common law, and also against Artewyke, to appear and answer interrogatories. Yesterday I repaired to Mr. Croke with Artewyke and declared you to be the party, and that the matter was in the hands of Mr. Thomas Brudenell and Mr. Edw. Griffyn to be ended ere this. Hearing this Mr. Crooke was very sorry that he was of counsel against you, and promised that you should at least have time to cause the gentlemen aforenamed to end the matter in the country, and that he would try to procure my lord Chancellor's injunction to Walker not to busy himself therein until then. You should write to Mr. Crooke what Mr. Brudenell and Mr. Griffyn have done since your last riding home and what is the stay of their agreement.
* * * *
Fragment, pp. 2.
10 July.1159. Russell to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., [ILL]. 792.
Beg them to allow Mr. Hugh Stuycklye, sheriff of Devon, for conduct and prest money laid out for such mariners as he took up for Portesmouthe. Has, in the little time that he has been in the country, noted Stuyckley's good service, who has been every day these eight days riding to and fro to see the bulwarks and fortresses, "some already on making, some newly devised, some fallen in decay," repaired. To give him thanks (although he expects none) would encourage others. Will tonight be at Plymowthe for its sure fortification, and thence journeys along the coast towards the Mownte. In this shire are many Frenchmen and Bretons, who, for the trouble of keeping them, should have been sent home again; but Russell staid them, and desires to know the Council's pleasure therein. Darte-mouthe, 10 [July]. Signed.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: xo Julii 1545.
10 July.1160. Thomas Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.The enemies yesterday drew a platte of a fortress which they intend to make on the hill top over against the Old Man, hard by the sea; for which they have already 6,000 pioneers and look for 4,000 more. When that is guardable they will come on this side the water, and Myllon undertakes "to win the Old Man by force of pioneers." Last night also they set up maunds "on the other side of the water upon the 'fawling' on the hill on this side the stony windmill, over against the new bulwark of stone that is making on the south west part of Bace Bolloyn," to beat the workmen from the bulwark and the ships. By espials and deserters learns that they have only 500 horse and 12,000 or 13,000 foot. At Callice, Guisnes and thereabouts are 600 horse, and 400 can be made here, so that no horsemen need be sent over; "and in case we might be here in like strength to answer their footmen we would trust in God to level their camp in such sort as they should have the less lust to attempt anything against your Majesty whiles they lived." Has this morning viewed the pioneers at the Old Man, who pass not a hundred, and the work is far from finished. Begs that more labourers may be sent for that work, and to help Rogers in making up the stone bulwark at Bace Bolloin. Bolloin, 10 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 July1161. Thirlby and Petre to Henry VIII.
R. O.Two days past we received of the Emperor's commissaries a replication to our former answer touching the matter of Burgos, and this morning we answered it again (copies of both herewith). (fn. 11) Today, before our common meeting, Chapuis, who has lately pretended great desire to serve your Majesty, discoursed of Jasper Duche, the jewels and Burgos, but mostly of the matter of Burgos, offering to prove that the goods belong to these merchants who now claim them, and that the other Spaniards were only factors, although, because of the war, they laded the goods in their own names. The proofs, he said, were as plain as could be shown in any merchant's cause, and it was no new thing for a merchant to lade another's goods in his own name; the matter was important, and the good ending of it would bind the Emperor to show like gratuity. We answered that we had, since our first meeting, advertised you of his good devotion, and knew that you had the same opinion of him before our coming out of England; the matter of Jasper Duche was taken from the Diet by the party and submitted to you; that of the jewels was ended by judgment in England; and in this matter of Burgos we had our own answer written, but, if it could be proved so evident as he said, your pleasure was that we should assent to such things as were fully proved. Chapuis answered that there was full proof and (as princes esteem their honor above all things, and you are a prince of such magnanimity and courage) he had a device of which the parties knew nothing, but would doubtless conform to, viz., "the King's Majesty, for the Emperor's sake, to lend so much money to these merchants as their right shall appear to amount unto, to be repaid to his Highness again in certain years, for the repayment whereof his Majesty may have good and sufficient sureties, and, rather than fail, to pay some part of the same in lead. This clemency his Majesty hath showed in times past to many, and lately to Anthony Guydot; and by these means the Emperor shall take it for done for his sake, the parties satisfied and his Majesty gain in time the valor of the whole goods." He had, he said, written to the Emperor more earnestly than we would think, and had sent the copy of his letter to the Emperor's ambassador in England to show you; and he would be sorry if we made no good conclusion. The above is the effect of his whole talk, wherein he was the shorter because Chancellor Nigri and the other commissioners stood in the chamber abiding the end of our talk. Burborough, 10 July. Signed: Tho Westm.: Will'm [Petre].
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
10 July.1162. Thirlby and Petre to Paget.
R. O.Our private talk with Chapuis this morning shall appear by our letter to the King. These men say that we tarry very long here. If the proofs be as affirmed, this offer of Chapuis' seems not unreasonable. They assure themselves that this matter is manifest, and offer "to stand to any indifferent judges." We have yet granted little, as appears by our duplication. Chapuis used such protestations as "(if you would ever give credit to Chapuis) you would have said he meant good faith at this time. I think the report from England that the King's Majesty accounteth him well affected causeth him to forget his accustomed colour. He told us today, friendly (as it were), that this Diet was assented unto upon hope to have these things reformed, Jasper Duch and of Burgos, and now, to see that neither in them nor the jewels anything is here concluded, what shall the world judge?" This offer was his device, and he trusted that it would speed better than other devices of his heretofore, for he once moved "the sending of a commissioner to the Emperor, instructed touching the peace and of a meeting of the King's Majesty and the Emperor, and one or two such other things." As to the jewels, he only said that it had been no great matter, at the Emperor's desire, to hear again the grounds of the judgment given therein. We answered that there was no man here to declare our laws, and to expound it by theirs were unreasonable. He sent his hearty commendations to you, who should find him "amicum deditissimum, et serritorem, these were his words." Burbarough, 10 July. Signed.
P.S.—As we were about to despatch these letters, a young man reported to me that which I have put in writing herewith.
In Petrc's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.2. xo Julii ao 1535 (sic):—Roger Chamberlayn, servant to Wm. Burning-hill, of London, says that Ric. Payn, Englishman, dwelling at Myddelburgh in Zeland, told him yesterday at Brudges that four ships of the burthen of 120, and two of 80, are preparing for war, 26 oxen being killed already for their furniture and as many more to be killed today. The lord of Campher and other lords of Zeland have sat three days in council at Flushing; where they fortify the town walls and make bulwarks with much diligence. The rentmaster of Myddelburgh has made search throughout Zeland for Englishmen's goods. Payn heard the above of one of the best men of that country.
In Petre's hand, p. 1.
10 July.1163. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 10.Meeting at Linlithgow, 10 July. Present: Governor, Cardinal, bp. of Orkney, abbots of Paisley and Culross, Secretary, Clerk Register. Business:—The new English groat called "the grote with the braid face" (as these groats are not silver and are mostly false) forbidden. As John lord Erskin and Alexander lord Levingstoun have the keeping of our Sovereign Lady in Stirling castle, and must have "substantious friends" with them, exemption of them and their friends (named, 17 of Erskin's and 12 of Levingstoun's) from passing to the army against the English.


1 July 4th.
2 From this point the letter is printed in St. P. x., p. 514.
3 Elizabeth wife of Sigismund Augustus, afterwards King of Poland.
4 See note to No. 1133.
5 Joachimsthaler.
6 Assa and Lopez.
7 See No, 1101,
8 Apparently a misprint for "9" July, as the entry is placed before that of 10 July.
9 Of Glasgow.
10 Reiffenberg and others.
11 See Bourbourg Papers, No. 1202.