Henry VIII
July 1545, 21-25

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: July 1545, 21-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 1: January-July 1545 (1905), pp. 614-632. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80407 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1545, 21-25

21 July.1235. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 212.
Meeting at Portsmouth, 21 July. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to my lord Admiral that in sending forth row vessels he should take heed lest the galleys cut between them and home, and, if the Frenchmen continue landing men in the Isle and so disfurnish their galleys, he might essay some attempt against them. Letter to Anthony Anthony to send hither with all diligence, by land, 500 bows, 1,000 sheaf of arrows, 1,000 bills, a convenient number of bowstrings, 4 last serpentine powder, 2 sacres and 6 falcons and falconets "if he can furnish so many." Sir Ric. Lee had warrant to Williams for 68l 2s. 10d. disbursed in presting labourers to Boulogne. Letters to the earl of Arundel that the constable of Bosome hundred reported that the enemy with two boats sounded the haven of Chichestre. A Frenchman, taken at sea by a man of Rye, sent, with letters, to the lord Admiral for examination.
21 July.1236. Sir Francis Leek to Suffolk.
R. O.My lord Lieutenant has travailed with Sir Thos. Hylton for his farm at Tynmowthe, upon the letters of your Grace and others of the Council; but without conclusion, as his lordship presently writes, together with Mr. Hylton's request for recompense. Hylton in possession and harvest "now present," I have no corn or pasture for my house and not ground for one horse, and am forced to buy all things in the market. Also my lord Lieutenant knows not what wages to give me until I enter the farm, "and then my wages to be accordingly as the captain of Barwyke hath," but by whom paid he knows not. As to my only hope, I am bold to advertise your Grace of my indigence, begging to have some determinate order taken. Darntton, 21 July 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To the dukes grasse of Soffolke and to hys good grasse delyver [this?]."
21 July.1237. Lisle to Henry VIII.
Hatfield MS.
1, p. 35.
[Cal. of Cecil
MSS.
Pt. I., 185.]
Haynes'
St Papers, 51.
As required, through my lord of Surrey, writes a "purpose" suggested to him by a gale of wind from the west which they had for a while yesternight. The masters say that the French fleet ought to be able to ride out such a gale, even if it blew "too a corse and a bonett off," where they are, but if we came under sail towards them they must loose anchor and abide us under their small sails; and, once loosed, they could not with that strainable wind fetch the Wight again and would have "much ado to escape a danger called the Awers." Asks whether to try this, if such a wind chance; for, the King being so near, he will enterprise nothing without his Highness' privity, from whom he has learnt all he knows. "Being so near the fountain" it were little joy to die for thirst. In the Harry Grace a Dieu, 21 July, 8 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
21 July.1238. Chapuys to Van der Delft.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii. No. 100.
Received the enclosed letters from the Emperor this morning at Malines, but had to bring them hither to decipher. The journey has increased his gout. The draft sent before, together with the copy of the agreement with Paget, will serve as a basis for negociation for future security of navigation. Is glad that the Emperor consents to the release of the seizures in Spain. Wrote to Granvelle that Vander Delft would be much perplexed that the Emperor's former letters did not mention the subject. As to this fresh denial of the English ambassador that the King consented to the peace treaty, he knows what Chapuys said to the King and wrote in the memorandum sent from Gravelines. After the peace De Carrieres and Chapuys spoke of it three times and the King showed no annoyance. The argument that a verbal report of a subject cannot alter a solemnly executed treaty is further refuted by pointing out that the treaty allows, neither party to enter into negociations with the enemy without the other's consent, and yet the King was the first to listen to French overtures, and arranged certain conditions without ascertaining the Emperor's views thereon. This should be pressed lightly so as not to raise fresh disputes, as the Emperor wishes matters to be settled amicably. A declaration that no claim shall be made on account of last year's invasion of Guisnes seems unimportant, especially as the siege did not last. As to the demand that the Emperor should declare himself still at war with France and prohibit trade therewith, that point was so convincingly discussed that Paget made no difficulty in agreeing to trade. Louvain, 21 July 1545.
21 July.1239. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Wrote by his brother's servant of the receipt of Paget's letter of the 15th, from Portesmouth, the answer to which is that, this present hour, he has, in the English House, agreed with Marten Lopez and Fernando de Aza, the merchants of alum of whose dealing he has written many letters to the Council and Paget, that the King shall take 30,000 kyntalles of alum of Civita Vecha at 16s. 6d. st. the hundred, and they to take lead in payment thereof at 4l. 13s. 4d. st. the fodder. Has granted them until Magdaleyn Day to make resolute answer, because they have co-partners to consult and he would not seem over greedy. It will be a right honest bargain for the King, whereof the writer is both glad and proud. Awaits the King's pleasure as to the bargain with Jasper Dowche. Learns that, "onwards," Jasper Dowche has bargained with certain High Dowche banks here for 100,000l. Fl. at 10 per cent; and would know the King's pleasure with diligence, for mora trahit periculum. The city of London must be bound to James, the principal of the Fowkers, in sundry obligations, as Jasper Dowche lately wrote. Begs favour for Jasper Dowche and John Carolo in the restitution of certain " ballettes " of woad lately taken in the West country.
"The Turk besiegeth a town of Fernando's in Walachia, and is not in those terms to make truce with the Emperor as men guessed." The French king here seeks to take up 100,000 cr. upon surety of certain revenues and tolls of Madame de Vandome (copy herewith). The Lady Regent has granted that the King may remove his gunpowder from hence, secretly, by some merchant, so that the French king may not perceive it. If appointed to go higher into Dowchland "it will be to my danger, for Landenberghe threateneth me much;" but I will do as the King appoints. The Landisgrave's man (fn. 1) is almost paid his 5,500l. Fl.; and as yet here is no arrest of them that go to serve the King, "nor I think shall not." I pray God send you health and the King good fortune against these Frenchmen. Andwerp, 21 July, 4 p.m.
Remember the fee simple of my houses. As soon as I conclude with Martin Lopes and Fernando de Aza for the alum and lead I will write. Pray write my lord Chanceller what I have done if he be not at Court.
Pray deliver my letter to Nycasius your servant.
Hol, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
21 July.1240. Fenix (Captain Borthwick) or the Duke of Suffolk or Paget.
R. O."Anuerpie, 21 Julii 1545:—Presentlye I have spokin wt Scottis men laitlye cum [o]f Scottland, quhilkis schawis at all the lordis of yat cuntre ar unit togedir and hes maid proclamation at all men have wittail for one monethe; and at Monsr. de Lorges, erl Bowchwel and lord Hwmme war passing to the [B]owrdours quhen they depertit, and intendes to invaid Ingland the 28 of yis [ins]tant. Thair is ane [v]iolent peste in Edinbourghe and Leyt. The ne[wis] of the Bischop of Rome [d]eyt is no gospel, for syne il liis the Devel deid in [a]ne dik. I beleiff it and [the gr]ytphon hed beyne departit at all the crannis [su]ld have soyt to the [gry]phonis nest, and at the gran at beildis in [the Nor]thwest suld have [fl]owin be thyre pertis. (fn. 2) . I wald glaidlie hed on[e fed]der of his wing, for [it] wald have serwit of sum relict. Now instant . . . . dres me to the King of Denmark for [m]in astrolok wenis at thair beiis one secreitt c[onjunc]tion betwix the King of Denmark and tht Papistes [in] the pertis of Gotia (Denmark) and Egipt (Scotlande). And the other of . . . . is th' Emperour and the Protestants ar in apposicion and the k. of Denmark is in conjunction wt the Protestants, for sec[ret]lie thay ar takin wp men [o]f warre in sundry pertis, and thair is Italiens and Ga[sc]ons cummyng to the French king. Thair is ane difference bot in Italie, in Dalphynie and Provence, and sum saijs thair is all reddy ane insurrextion in religione, for mo[n]y leiffis the griphon (Pope) and hir crannis (cardinalles) and obeijs to the pellicane (Christ). Bot this griphon (Pope) is ane tirant fwl and one blwdswking best, ane wald subject bot hevin and erd, and the pellican dissiris no thing bot the welth of hir birdis and for tham yffis hir blwde. Thus I am deliberit to follow the pellicane, and be on birde callit fenix, as salbe knawin be my subsequent subscripcions; for I have beyne brint all in has and of has returnit as I was. And nonbstant thair is bot one fenix in Arabia, zit the French king hes send my brother wt certan kynnismen of my nest to Egipt (Scotland), bot I think thay sall follow Moises and not Pharo. Quhen thair beiis other occurentes zour Grace salbe advert., quhom I beseik Jhesus to preserve. At Anverpe, 21 Julii.
Post scripta, quhen it sall pleiis zour Grace to send me ony 1'res addres to Dirik Broune. I estime him as zor Grace feytful serviteur.
Zour Grace obeisant s., Fenix."
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. The interpretation of the symbols used written over them in another hand. Add.: A Monseigneur Monsr le duk de Suffolk ou a Mons. le Secretair le seigneur Guill'e de Paiget, ch'l'r. Sealed. Endd.:Capitain Borthick to the Duke of Suff.
21 July,
1241. The Dues Claimed in the Poet of London.
Galba B.,
X, 228.
B.M.
Sohanz,
Englische Handelapolitik, II 366.
Depositions taken at the instance of Hen. van Duisborch, Jas. de Prieux, Nic. de [Weght], Louis Fraryn, and Laur. Borrekens, merchants dwelling in this city of Antwerp and having business in England, for themselves and others, 21 July 1545.
Hubert van Cortenaken, broker, of Antwerp, aged 63, remembers that in the year preceding the death of King Philip (in marg. 1505) his Majesty sent to England as ambassadors D. de Sempy and Chancellor Sauvage (then president of the Council of Flanders) on account of the great impositions established there to the detriment of his subjects; which ambassadors took with them for their instruction John Kiel, whose servant deponent then was, John Crul, Peter and John Tyman, Godfrey or Gerard van Derne and others, merchants of this city. Was present when the ambassadors communicated with the King's Council at Westminster touching the exactions, viz., "ancragiæ, balliagæ, sckavaigæ, cranaigæ, paccaigae, carriaigæ, grondagæ, hedmony, coquettmony" and many others; and because privileges were there claimed for the city of London the ambassadors, at the Council's request, sat in the city with the mayor, scribes and councillors, and were shown a certain great book which was said to contain the said privileges, and which proved that the merchants of this Province were bound to pay the aforenamed impositions. When diligently examined, the book was found to be false, as Gerardus van Dome first pointed out, in that Laur. van Swaervelde was therein said to have signed and consented to the said impositions, as ambassador of these regions, who was not yet born at the time when the book showed the privileges to have been agreed to, but was long afterwards sent to England about the said exactions. On perceiving the falsehood, the lord of Sempy pushed away the table on which the book lay, saying to the English "Vos omnes estis nebulones et falsarii, nam acta vestra innituntur falsitate: non potest invenire huic malo aliud remedium quarn quod scribatis in aliqua charta omnia quæ a nostri Principis subditis hic in Anglia extorquere et per ipsos solvi velitis, et quod vestrates atque Angli in Principis nostri regionibus eadem omnia teneantur solvere." Saying which, he went away in anger and would no more communicate with the English, although often requested to do so. But he sent Gerardus van Dorne and the rest of the merchants to the King's Council at Westminster, and the bp. of Winchester, (fn. 3) then head of the Council, cancelled in the said book the articles mentioning "bailliage, sckavage, ancrage," etc., to the number of 13 or 14 articles, leaving only those payments which pertained to the King of England. Deponent saw the articles expunged from the book. The said ambassadors and merchants then returned home. Afterwards, when Gerardus van Dome came again to London, he refused to pay carriage and balliage and was thrown into prison, where deponent often ate and drank with him. The mayor of London, called "My lord Maier," offered to be bail for him, but he refused, saying that he would await judgment; and afterwards a jury of twelve men acquitted him of paying the said impositions of "sckavaige and balleage." None of these exactions come to the use of the King, but to private persons, as the mayor of London and some others.
ii. Similar deposition taken 30 July, 1546 (sic) of Fernandus Dassa, Spanish merchant resident here in Antwerp, aged 65, that for four or five years after the embassy above mentioned the merchants of this province did not pay "bailluage" and "scavage." About the year 7 his father, Fernandus Dassa, was asked to pay package of blocks of tin and lead, and thereupon went to "Wambece" (in marg. Lambethe) at Westminster to the lord Chancellor, who condemned him to pay it; but, on his father replying "Ostende mihi acum qua sarcinantur et colliguntur dictæ massæ plombi et stanni," the Chancellor relented and revoked his sentence, saying that merchants were not bound to pay package for such merchandise; so that for five years after that it was not paid. During that time deponent remained there, and afterwards dealt there through his factors, whose accounts never showed that they paid package on tin and. lead.
Latin. Copy, pp. 4.
21 July.1242. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Having despatched Nicholas the Courier within these two days, I have little to write save that the King of Romans, sending his vicechancellor to desire my presence at the exequies of his daughter, I could not honestly refuse. After the Emperor and King of Romans were gone out of the church (for the ambassadors neither came in nor went out with them) Mons. de Grignan suggested (words given) that they might talk together although their masters were at war, and I answered that kings' hearts were in God's hands, and that when this war had continued seven or eight years our masters might begin to look in their purses and remember that peace is as profitable as war. "Well, said Grignam, I trust they may be as well friends as they have been." The other French ambassador, Menaiges, whom Morette left behind, sought many occasions to talk with me. His communication was only of common things, but they used gentle words. Yesterday I received letters from my lord of Westminster and Mr. Secretary Peter and perceive how that matter (fn. 4) is ended "with much good words, as I have had here." The Frenchmen make every day new news, both of Scotland and this side, and unless you often certify how things pass we shall be daily outfaced by them; and there is no tale so foolish but some believe it. Wormes, 21 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
21 July.1243. Bugler to Paget.
R. O.On the 16th inst., by my servant, and on the 19th, by Nicholas, we wrote at large of our proceedings, etc., and since then has been nothing worth writing. We daily expect the promised answer in the matter between the King and the Protestants. The Marquis of Guasto came hither on the 18th, and yesterday, about 4 p.m., went through the town accompanied by 100 gentlemen on horseback to the Court, to the Emperor. Wormbs, 21 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
22 July.1244. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 213.
Meeting at Portsmouth, 22 July. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letters addressed to Chas. Bulkeley and the other captains of Wiltshire at Lymyngton to send Mr. Bodenham and Mr. Grene hither with 1,500 of the best men, "with money for their reliefes according to th'ordre," Mr. Bulkeley and Mr. Clifford remaining there with the other 1,500 and sending home for victuals. A Frenchman saved in a ship sunk by Blakye of Rye sent to my lord Admiral to be examined, with copy of his examination here. Letter to my lord of Arondell to send lord La Ware to defend the sea coast in Sussex and repair hither where the King, having sent many to the Isle of Wight, was not duly furnished. Letter to Parson Levett to send hither 300 cannon shot, 200 culverin shot, 300 saker shot and 300 fawcon shot, or as many as he had ready, and forward copy of this letter to Anthony Anthony that he might supply the rest. Letter to Mr. Vicechamberlain to send 120 likely men hither from the camp. Letters addressed to James Rufforthe, keeper of Westminster Palace, to send hither 150 harnesses "ready trussed to have been sent to Bolloyne" and 400 hacquebutes bought of an Italian. The sheriffs and gentlemen appointed to lead the men of Oxfordshire, Berks and Surrey ordered by letter to bring the power of those shires to Portsmouth and have victuals sent after them.
[22 July?]1245. Edward Gawge to the Justices of Kent.
R. O.This Mary Mawdelayn Day (fn. 5) at sunrise came twelve score sails of French ships into Seeford bay and at 10 o'clock landed men there. There are six galleys and above 20,000 men, if every ship carry his full freight; wherefore, all Kent must repair hither for their repulse. "From Seeford town, this present day at x. of the clock." Signed.
P. 1. Add: "To the justyces of pece of the shyre of Kent. Hast, hast, post hast, for thy lyff, hast."
22 July.1246. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 474.
Send letters addressed to Hertford from the Wardens of the East and West Marches with news of Scotland. As the Scots intend to keep their day of assembly at Roslyn More and repair towards the frontiers, "for what purpose I know not," I will repair to Newcastle and draw all the strangers, both horsemen and footmen, towards the Borders, which I have hitherto forborne so as not to waste the victuals. A number of men of the Bishopric and Northumberland, with part of the strangers, are ready to be put suddenly into Berwike if necessary; and Warke is sufficiently furnished. In case the enemies make a main invasion, an army must be raised for their repulse; but if they merely make a frontier raid, the levying of an army would be a great charge to no purpose. And yet to forbear calling an army until it appear what the enemy intend would give them time to do much harm in the frontiers. Desire instructions therein. Dernton, 22 July 1545.
P. S.—Hertford has received a letter of the Council from Portsmouth telling what number of French ships and galleys were seen before Portsmouth. "I" have thereupon resolved to make the more speed to Newcastle. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
22 July.1247. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.The bruit goes that the French navy departed out of France towards the Isle of Wight, the 16th inst. At their setting forth arose discord between the Italians and the French captains, so that part of them are either returned or go "evil agreed." Five or six prothonotaries are gone with them. Sends a letter of Dyrik Bourn's for my lord of Suffolk. Awaits, "gladly," answer to his late letters concerning the matters of Jasper Dowche and the merchants of alum. Andwerp, 22 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
22 July.1248. William Damesell to Wriothesley.
R. O.Since coming hither, has been in Gelderland attending the Lady Regent, to obtain passport for these 50 lasts of gunpowder remaining of the King's provision. She and her Council gently put him off from day to day for 10 or 12 days, and have now sent one of her secretaries with him to Andwarpe to command the customers to pass the barrels without search, requiring the writer to lade them secretly because the French king has lately been denied like passport and has accused those here of permitting England to obtain munitions. Thinks that nevertheless the Frenchmen are no less holpen. Can now no longer delay to pay the merchants for this powder, directing the bills of exchange to Sir Richard and Sir John Gresham. The sum, as he said when last with Wriothesley, is 4,000l. st., of which, at coming from thence, he received a bill of exchange of Sir Ric. and Sir John Gresham for 1,000l. Andwerp, 22 July 1545.
Hol, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
22 July.1249. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 535.
Yesterday, the Emperor and the King of Romans being at supper with the Count Palatyn, a post brought news that the Princess of Spain is delivered of a son. (fn. 6) The day before, the Emperor and his brother sang requiem for the death of the Princess of Poole (fn. 7) , and now they sing Te Deum for the birth of the Princess of Spain's son; but men think that the Duke of Orleans has no cause to rejoice thereat, although I cannot see why it should alter anything, unless the Emperor intends to marry his daughter with one of his brother's sons and give them Milan. It is said that the Princess of Poole was beloved of her father-in-law and hated of her mother-in-law, who moved her husband not to regard her as he should. Her mother-in-law is a Milanese di casa Sphorcesca and comes of the house of Naples. Men say that she caused the Princess to be poisoned, two of whose gentlewomen and a servant died almost at the same time. The Queen of Hungary at the news of her daughter's death fell down, and is yet dangerously sick. The King of Romans will go to her as soon as possible. The Prince of Poole may now marry the French king's daughter. About the Duke of Cleves' country are assembled 8,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, who have banners without crosses therein as yet, and say that they serve the King's Majesty; but men suspect them rather to be for the Duke of Bruynswyke or some other. Wormes, 22 July, 1545. Signed.
P.I. Add. Endd.
22 July.1250. Bugler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.On the 21st inst., at night, a post brought news from Spain that the Emperor's son's wife "was brought abed of with a son," (fn. 8) to his great joy. It is here believed that the Queen of Pole, Ferdinando's daughter (whose dirige and masses were kept here on the 20th and 21st) was poisoned by her mother-in-law, a Neapolitan born, of the house of Millane. Her two chamberers and cook died in like manner, which confirms the rumor. Yesterday the ambassador of Pole was with the Emperor, Ferdinando and his two sons, and Grandvell. Yesterday the Protestants desired the Emperor that certain men of war (made here for the Duke of Brunswick but naming themselves to be for your Majesty) might be stayed, and not compel the Protestants to make men to resist them. The Emperor said he thought they were for you, adding that men of war were passing through his Low Countries "which did nothing content him."
Enclose the Emperor's final answer to the Protestants upon the articles of peace and judgment, turned into Latin. "We are by promise in daily expectation of answer to the matter depending between ionr majestie and the Protestants. The most part of theim show theimselves as sorrie as we be for the long protracting of it." Wormbs, 22 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. The Emperor's last answer to the Protestants, as to the proposed colloquy and the articles of peace and judgment.
Lat., pp. 2.Begins: Scriptum novissimum statuum Augustane confessionis quantum ad propositum colloquium. Endd.
22 July.1251. Bucler to Paget.
R. O.We write to the King of occurrents since our last letters, and of our doings we advertised his Majesty at large by one of my servants sent from hence on the 16th inst. We continually expect the promised answer in the matter between the King and the Protestants. Wormbs, 22 July. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand: "Mr. Mont commend hym humble to you."
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
23 July.1252. The Privy Council.
Dasent's a.p.c., 214.Meeting at Portsmouth, 23 July. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:— Letters to the mayor and aldermen of London to send to Portsmouth 2,000 able men. The captain of the Isle of Wight, by letter, warned that the enemy will attempt Sandoun castle with a camisado, and land horses there. Letters addressed to Anthony Anthony to send hither all cannons, demi-cannons, culverins and demi-culverins remaining in the Tower, together with shot, powder and munitions. Letter to my lord Deputy of Calais and my lord Graye, jointly, to allow soldiers labouring at Hampnes and Calais, as at Guisnes, 3d. a day above their ordinary wages. John Pointz had warrant to Williams for 200l. for fortifications of East and West Tylberye. Letter to the mayor of Hull, Wm. Angle and John Evans to deliver a ship and certain goods therein to Harman Bowske, taking his oath that they are his. Warrant to Michael David to deliver, of money received out of the Exchequer, to my lord Chamberlain 400l. for victuals (Marginal note that 400l. was delivered to Lyghtmaker by my lord Chancellor's order when the King was at Horsley). Letter to Lord Graye to send hither Hans, an armourer, who had forsaken his master, Edw. Vaughan, and fled to Guisnes, serving there under Sir Henry Palmer.
23 July.1253. Van Der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 102
Since his last of the 10th inst., has received letters from the Emperor with a credence for this King. The copies herewith show what has passed thereupon. Sends this through Chapuys, for whom he had no time to make separate copies; and, as the Emperor must be informed about the assistance demanded by the English as soon as the English ambassador, the writer's man will forward this to Chapuys from Dunkirk if he be still at Bourbourg or Gravelines, or else from Brussels if he be gone to Louvain. Thinks that this King desires peace and the Emperor's intervention; which would be advisable for many reasons. While war lasts the Emperor's subjects will be robbed at sea by both sides; and some of them here already complain as much of the French as of the English. Portsmouth, 23 July 1545.
23 July.1254. Russell to the Council.
R. O.Has received their two letters of the 19th inst. at 2 p.m. and 5 p.m. on the same day, and thanks them for moving the King concerning the things of which he wrote. Also thanks them for sending letters of thanks to Mr. Archdeacon and Mr. Edgecombe. Will be at Dartemouthe on Saturday (fn. 9) and declare their letters. Is glad that the King has given the Adventurers' ships leave to go abroad upon putting in sureties. The enclosed copy, received yesternight, indicates that there is an original which never came to Russell's hands. Understands that the posts have given copies to all the ports westwards. If the effect thereof is to be "tendered," will hasten them towards the King's fleet, and meanwhile they shall prepare; but they are too small to encounter men of war, their usage being to keep along shore and meddle only with merchants. An estimate shall be sent for the labourers' payment at Portland and Weymouthe. Will shortly send for powder, not without great need. Trefrye's house has "great miss of that ordnance that was taken away." Perceives that the matter of the two ships "laden with linclothe bathe ben hotely called upon by the Imperialles; so that they make all things to be theirs which is taken." An Adventurer has brought in two ships laden with salt and wine, who confess that [at] Burdewx are 16 or 17 Spaniards laden with wines for the French army by sea in Normandy, which if taken will be coloured to be Spaniards' goods. The goods which the Spaniards claim in the two ships remain whole. Has sent a copy of the depositions of the Spaniards; and will send the original from Dartemouthe, and also the charter parties and the masters of the ships.
Perceives by their other letter that two miles on this side of Saint Elines point are arrived a great number of galleys and ships, among which the Lord Admiral intends shortly to be. Prays for his victory. Mr. Bryan and the writer have viewed all the coasts from beyond the Mownte, and set order for their defence.
From Bodnam, 23 July:—Gentlemen and commoners here are all diligent for the defence of the country. It is marvellous what a number of bulwarks, ditches and trenches they have made and furnished with ordnance. The weakest places are Waymouth and Plummouth, but Mr. Edgecombe does his utmost to strengthen Plummouth. As for Waimouth, knows not what to do for its defence, as the landing place is exceedingly fair and more than three miles long. Although earthen bulwarks might be made there is no ordnance to furnish them. Signed.
Pp.5. Add. Ennd.: 1545.
23 July.1255. Russell to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i, 793.
Thanks for his letters received yesternight, dated 19th inst. at Portesmouthe. Perceives thereby that by advice of my lord Great Master the beacons and other marks which may lead into Temmys are plucked down, which advice is "surely right good." Also that the Emperor's "ambassadors" have been with the King and Council "for the treaty of such injuries as they suppose their subjects to have received at Englishmen's hands." Approves the order taken therein, and will endeavour to follow it. Also that the "ambassador" had access to the King to declare the Emperor's commission for mediation between the King and French king. The thing has been long in doing, and Russell prays God that "it may be well performed at the last." Laments the unhappy chance of the Mary Rose, with such rashness and negligence cast away; which is a great loss of the men and the ship, although Paget gives some hope of the ship's being recovered. Understands also that eight score sail are come to St. Ellen's point, and my lord Admiral is to give them battle; seventeen of the galleys having, at the writing of Paget's letters, come out to fight, one of which was sunk and the ships began to retire. Believes they will not come again.
Begs that Mr. Bryan, who, if Russell should be sick, is the meetest man here to do the affairs of this country, may in future put his hand to such letters as Russell sends to the King and Council. Bodnam, 23 July. Signed.
pp 2. Add. Endd.
23 July.1256. T. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.As he wrote from Bruges, is come hither to learn, of Mr. Vaughan, the new charge committed to him, of which Mr. Peter wrote to him from Callais. Vaughan knows of no other than the receipt of 4,000l. by exchange for payment of certain Almains, which is already attended to. This morning came Arent Van Dale and other creditors of Mr. Forman, of London, alderman, requiring to see the books of one Petwell, who was Foreman's servant; the Emperor's ambassador having written that the lords of the Council had sent the said books to Chamberlain, who by reason of his sudden departure from the Diet has not yet received them. Desires instructions therein, fearing that they may by force of law take the books from him and so hinder Forman's right, the books being false and forged as some think, and as he, from his knowledge of Petwell, dare depose. Wrote from Bruges that he had bought Paget a very fair mare and colt, and had given commission to buy another, intending to be "carried with them unto Callais in a wagon." Has sent them to Madame de Sarte's castle beside Bruxelles, where they will cost nothing until he renews Paget's passport or gets another. Asks whether to sue to the President for a passport. A Florentine friend is told by a foot post who left Roan on the 14th inst. that the French fleet was not then gone to sea, and that the French king's great carrack, lying between Humflet and Havra Nueff, with 300 pieces of ordnance in her, "was clean burnt, no man wotteth how." Andwarpe, 23 July 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Fly leaf with address lost. Endd.: Mr. Chamberlayn to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget.
23 July.1257. Mont to Paget.
R. O.Has twice lately written of the matter of peace making. There is in Lower Germany a great concourse of soldiers out of Upper Germany, conscribed partly for the King of England, partly for the Duke of Brunswick. Perhaps the cunning duke, seeing men called to the King's service, thought to commend himself to them; but wise men recognise by the two rates of pay that there are two armies, and the wretchedly paid men are the Duke's. This explains why the Landgrave has been so anxious to know who was raising men for the King. Today Peter Suavenius, ambassador of the King of Denmark, told me that in his last letters he advised his King to labour for a truce or peace between England and the King of France, "Cesarem enim in hac causa noxiam moram adhibere." 23 July '45.
Lat. Hol, p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 July.1258. Fotheringhay College.
Close Boll.
38 Hen.VIIL, p.l Nos.2&3.
Sale by the Crown to Fotheringhey College, Ntht., of the manor and parsonage and church of Great Wilburghame, Camb., which belonged to St. John's of Jerusalem, and the manor of Hemyngforde Abbottes, Hunts, which belonged to Ramsey abbey, with the advowson of the parsonage there, and fishing there in tenure of Roger Temple, a pension of 40s. out of the parsonage, and all appurtenances (including "all boundmen, nyefes and vyllaynes"); in exchange for the manors of Aubury alias Avebury, Wynterbourne and Charlton, Wilts, and other lands in Wiltshire. Dated 24 July 37 Hen. VIII.
In English.
24 July.1259. Archbishop Cranmer.
R. O.Sir Edward North's warrant to Sir John Williams, treasurer of Augmentations, to pay John Comberforde, the bearer, for the abp. of Canterbury, 240l. st., in recompense of the overplus of lands lately exchanged with the King. London, 24 July 37 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P.1.
24 July.1260. The Privy Council
Dasent's
a.p.c., 215.
Meeting at Portsmouth, 24 July. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, St. John, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:— Letters written to my lord Privy Seal to despatch the Raven of Lubec, as bond was taken by the Lord Chancellor for the value of the French wares; and to satisfy Quintanaduenas with 100 ducats for 5 great pieces of artillery and 100 of powder, "and permit him to pass with the ship at liberty." The dean of Chichestre had letters to Michael Davyd for 1,000l. for the works at Portsmouth. Thos. Broke had letters to Sir John Williams for 543l 10s. for works at Dover. Letters written to Deputy of Calais and Lord Graye to commit Barth. de Keyres to ward and give his men to others if he did not order himself well hereafter, but not despatch him lest he should go to the enemy. Letters to London for the stay of certain fair hulks reported to be arrived there. Letter to Michael David to deliver Win. Watson 27l. 3s. 4d. disbursed in freighting 300 fother of lead" to be conveyed Eastward."
24 July.1261. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O.
.St P., x. 537.
By your letters of the 15th inst. the King perceives the answers made by the Emperor and Granvele, but has now ceased to marvel at such answers. Whensoever you shall talk with them of these matters, viz., that he consented to their peace with France only conditionally, that the. Frenchmen invading any place mentioned in the treaty ought to be taken for enemies even though he had consented, and that the King's staying at Boulloyn and Monstreull was justified, and their objection of his not going to Paris vain, you shall be plain with them according to your instructions heretofore; and when my lord of Westminster comes (whose despatch to replace you we send to Callays tomorrow) you shall inform him of your behaviour in those points. The Emperor's ambassador has been with the King, and afterwards with us, for redress of the restraint of their ships, contrary, as he says, to the agreement made at Brussels, and to declare that the Emperor desires to mediate an appointment between the King and the French king. He was answered that the continual colouring of Frenchmen's goods by their merchants gave great cause of suspicion, and agreed that it was reasonable that our men should board them to see what they carried and detain such as were suspect; and he thought that his master would be in the wrong if he did not think the same (which point you must keep to yourself lest it turn the ambassador to displeasure). As to the other point, albeit the Emperor has had better occasion since the being there of me, the Secretary, and the enemy has invaded some of the King's pieces beyond sea, and also on this side, with his whole power, bruited by themselves to be 30,000 men, so that to consent to any mediation might touch the King's honour; yet, being loth to be thought bent on war where peace may be had, he is content that the Emperor travail for the same, not doubting that the Emperor will think it meet that he should have his pension and arrearages, and recompense of his charges (the greater because he is now left alone); as for Boulloyn the King means not to leave it without some "reciproque honorable."
The above is the substance of the answer to be declared to the Emperor or Granvele. If they speak of any abstinence you shall say that the enemy having done their worst, an abstinence will now be prejudicial to the King; nevertheless, if the French king agree upon the sending of commissioners with conditions of peace, the King will be content therewithal for a time.
Whereas the King lately wrote to the Emperor for his aid to be sent when you should advertise him that the enemies invaded with such number as specified in the treaty, you shall declare to the Emperor that the enemies have invaded the Isle of Wight, mentioned in the treaty, and intend to invade other places of this realm, and therefore the King requires him to send the aid whereunto he is bound, like as the King has given him an example heretofore, whether in men or money, as the Emperor will.
Draft, corrected by Paget, pp. 7. Endd.: Mynute to Mr. Wootton, xxiiijo Julii 1545.
24 July.1262. Paget to Bucler and Mont.
R. O.
St. P., x. 540.
The King has received your letters, and also your others privately written to me, and desires you as soon as you can get an answer of them there to advertise it and all occurents, for here is news that the Emperor levies men in Almain, Italy and Flanders, and has sent for his Spaniards out of Hungary, "some say to invade the Landgrave, some for the guard of the duchy of Lorayn, and some suspect otherwise." As to Sturmius's practice for a peace between the King and the French king, whereof the Protestants desire to be mediators, the King thanks them, but wills you to answer that the enemy, having invaded with all his power by sea,30,000 men, evidently means not to make peace, and the King's honor might be touched if he now consented to any mediation; yet, being loath that the world should judge him obstinately bent for war, he is content that they travail therein, not doubting that they think meet that he should be paid his pension and arrears and some recompense of his charges (the greater as fie is now left alone); and as for Boulloyn he means not to leave it unless the enemy offer some reasonable reciproque.
In making this answer my advice is that you declare what you advertised into England and how well the King accepted Sturmius's affection; and then come to this point that, albeit moved to the contrary, the King has such trust in their friendship that, in this matter, wherein others also desire to be doers, he would wish the honor thereof to be theirs (which, you may say, will be "the greater the sooner that they do it"). If they speak of an abstinence, you may say that, if the French king offer to treat, the King will doubtless be content with an abstinence for a time. Thus I would forbear to speak of pension, arrearages or Bullen until they begin to ask the conditions; but you must do as you think convenient. I write the news to Mr. Wootton, to whom you will do well to communicate this letter.
12402 2R
Draft, with corrections and last paragraph in Paget's hand, pp.4. Endd. Mynute to Mr. Buckler and Mr. Mount, xxiiijo Julii 1545. Many passages underlined as though to be put in cipher.
24 July.1263. Van Der Delft to Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar,
vii. No. 101.
Wrote on the 10th that he was setting out to follow the King. On the 14th the Chancellor and he passed the night in the same village; and he so arranged that next morning the Chancellor overtook him and they rode together all day. Conversation turned upon redress and peace negociations. As to the first, nothing will be granted unless the seizures in Spain are released. As to the second, in spite of the writer's assurances of the Emperor's desire to see the adversaries reconciled, the Chancellor still showed some annoyance that the Emperor had not intervened otherwise than with words. Supped with him, and afterwards, upon the arrival of a courier, took leave. Found bearer at his lodging with the Emperor's letters of the 9th and a credence to express the Emperor's displeasure at the continuance of the war. These came so appositely that next morning he informed the Chancellor of them, who expressed great pleasure. They then parted, the Chancellor to visit some places of his, and the writer towards Portsmouth, where he arrived on the 17th and sent to Secretary Paget for audience. Was answered that if the matter was important he might come at any time, but the King would prefer Sunday. (fn. 10) Inferred that the Chancellor had reported his mission. Meanwhile the Queen's Chancellor (fn. 11) showed him the fleet and the flagship called the (Great Harry; and the Admiral asked him to dinner on the following day, when he was handsomely entertained, with three or four knights of the Garter. The fleet did not exceed 80 sail, but 40 of them were large and beautiful and 60 more were expected from the West. After dinner the Admiral said that the King would rather see him that afternoon, (fn. 12) as next day his Majesty was to visit the ships and dine on the flagship. Describes interview. The King at once fell to the old complaints. The writer persisted for redress and, reiterating the Emperor's desire for peace, suggested that the King should give a lead for opening negociations. The King replied that the lead should not come from him; if he would surrender Boulogne he could dictate his own terms; the Emperor ought not to trust the French so much. This makes the writer suspect some negociation with France; and he thinks, therefore, that the Emperor should move actively in the interests of peace, lest the King become better friends with France than with the Emperor. Answered that the Emperor was willing to send an embassy into France to forward the negociations. The King asked, rather tartly, whether the embassy should go only to France. Replied that he did not know, but supposed that it should come hither also. As the King still declined to suggest anything, Vander Delft asked leave to give his private opinion; and, having enlarged "upon the injury to Christendom by the war, and reminded the King of his magnanimous liberality in formerly giving such important towns as Tournai, asked him to consider if Boulogne was worth fighting for. The King answered that in the cases of Tournai and Therouanne he had not acted as Vander Delft seemed to think; he held Tournai for three years after peace was made. Concludes therefore that the King might be induced to surrender Boulogne if he could safeguard his prestige by keeping it for a time. The King asked about Secretary Veltwyck's mission from the Emperor to the Turk with the French ambassador; and, when the writer maintained that Veltwyck went as representative of the King of the Romans, replied that the ambassadors themselves declared as he asserted to the Signory of Venice. The King dismissed him more amiably than ever before.
Went then to the Council, who were indignant at the letters of reprisal granted in Spain, of which they offered to show copies, and the orders sent to the Chancellor of Brabant. In reply, showed that on Paget's bare word all seizures at Antwerp were released, whereas the agreement he made was not yet fulfilled with regard to a ship belonging to merchants of Burgos whose property was sold at Rye. Finally they asked for a written statement of the remaining claims, promising satisfaction and begging him to get the seizures in Spain released. As to peace, they said that the Emperer left them alone in the war, and his peace with France was overridden by the treaty of alliance, as itself showed by recognising the Emperor's obligation to the King. Replied that the King's consent annulled all objections, as had been demonstrated at Brussels, but he had no copy of the treaty with France. They offered to lend him a copy; and they suggested that the Emperor should send "the two personages" to both princes to request the cessation of hostilities, showing the King of France the terms of the alliance with England. Replied that such a course was not desirable, but that he thought they should recognise the Emperor's treaty with France, in order to avail themselves of the arbitration clause. They rebutted this view, and ended by saying that they would talk again with the King.
Next day, Sunday (fn. 13) while the King was at dinner on the flagship, the French fleet appeared. The King hurriedly left the flagship and the English sailed to encounter the French, shooting at the galleys, of which five had entered the harbour while the English could not get out for want of wind. Towards evening the ship (fn. 14) of Viceadmiral George Carew foundered, all the 500 men on board being drowned save about 25 or 30 servants, sailors and the like. Was told by a Fleming among the survivors that when she heeled over with the wind the water entered by the lowest row of gun ports which had been left open after firing. They expect to recover the ship and guns. On Monday firing on both sides lasted all day and at nightfall one of the French galleys was damaged. The French had over 300 sail, besides 27 galleys; but the English seem determined to give battle when they get their ships together and the wind is favourable. On Tuesday (fn. 15) the French landed in the Isle of Wight and burnt 10 or 12 small houses; but they were ultimately driven to take refuge in a small earthwork fort, and a large force, 8,000, is now opposed to them. Yesterday, Wednesday, and the previous night, nothing could be heard but artillery firing, and it was rumored that the French would land elsewhere. Asked for audience of the Council; and they appointed today, at 9 o'clock, to give me the King's answer.
The Council at once gave their message, viz., that assurances of the Emperor's wish to reconcile the Princes now at war had been made before, and now that things had been allowed to go so far the King was determined to see what Fortune might bring him; but, as the writer had pressed for some opening towards peace negociations, he should know, in confidence, that if the overdue pensions were paid and future payments assured and the cost of the war reimbursed (at the Emperor's arbitration) the King would negociate; as for Boulogne it must be sought by other means than force. The Council added that, as the enemy was now in England, the King was dispatching to his ambassador with the Emperor to demand the aid. Replied that these terms seemed no improvement upon those mentioned by the King, and he was bound to say that he thought Boulogne not worth the war, and his effort to obtain an opening for negociations frustrated. To this the Council made no answer, and did not even mention the proposal to send envoys. As to the aid, told them that he saw difficulties which had better be discussed here; the Emperor had reason first to require redress for his subjects, and the war was being waged solely for Boulogne, a place not comprised in the treaty; if the Emperor did think fit to give the aid, what form ought it to take ? They answered that there was nothing to discuss; the King was determined to know one way or the other; they would release all goods claimed by the Emperor's subjects upon security being given for the value of merchandise suspected to be French, but first the King desired to have the Emperor's reply about the aid.
Returned to draft this letter, as his courier must go with theirs, the ports being closed. Will tomorrow discuss matters with Paget, who is in the highest favour and seems best inclined to settle things justly; and then if the couriers are gone he must send another specially. Portsmouth, 23 July 1545.
P'.S.— Has had time to speak with Paget early this morning, opening the conversation by asking how to assure the Emperor that his subjects should be recompensed when all ships were still detained. Paget replied that, as for redress, they only wanted leisure to settle it, and as to the ships he would tell in confidence that in the event of the English being defeated by the French the King intended to use them. Remarked then that he understood Winchester to say yesterday that the King required the aid in the form of money; of course the Emperor would not re-commence war with France, after making peace with their consent, or even interdict trade. Paget said he had no instructions as to Winchester's mention of pecuniary aid, and he hoped that the Emperor would not desert them; the King would never withdraw from what he had once agreed to. It seems as if all they demand is the assistance, which the writer has always held in suspense and they have always made sure of obtaining. Paget was then summoned to the King. Later in the day, sent him this bearer's name to be inserted in their courier's passport, and he said that he had reported this morning's conversation to the King, who left the Emperor to decide whether assistance should be in men or money, and as for trade with France what he said this morning was clear enough. The fleets face each other still; but on the flagships coming nearer together the French flagship and fleet drew away. The wind has always been in favour of the French, who say they have 500 light horse aboard. 24 July 1545.
P.S.— The English assert that they have sunk a French galley and that Chevalier D'Aux of Provence was killed in Wight.
Ennd. as rec. at. at Worms, 31 July 1545.
24 July.1264. Lord Poynings to Henry VIII.
R. O.As he has heretofore signified, the enemies so advance their fortress that it will shortly be difficult to win even with a great army; but if, within ten days or sooner, Henry send hither 5,000 footmen and 200 or 300 horsemen, the writer can put their whole army to flight and win their fortress. In his opinion, if those here were forced to retire, their whole enterprise were at an end; and they are said to be in such fear that they "put themselves in battle" at every low water. This day they began a new fortress on the top of Pawlet Hill, hard by the sea side. Mons. de Brissacke came to their camp three or four days ago and is joined in commission with Mons. du Bies. Boulloign, 24 July 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
24 July.1265. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Has bought for him, of Fernando de Assa and Martin Lopes, merchants of Spain and burgesses of Andwerp, 30,000 or 31,000 kyntalles of alum of Civita Vecha, at 16s. 8d. the cwt., to .be delivered either in Hampton or London before Easter next, and to be paid for, as delivered, by lead at 4l. 13s. 4d. the fodder, they paying customs of both alum and lead like other merchants strangers. In their signed bargain, sent herewith, they desire two years' day of payment of the custom, and to be discharged against the mayor and sheriffs of London for scavage and balluage, and also ask for 500 fodder of lead beforehand; but, rather than fail, they are ready to forego all these requests. The King may either sign their bill and return it, or, if he mislike their requests, make a new bill for them to subscribe. Has bargained with Jasper Dowche for 300,000 ducats at 10 per cent, for one year, on condition that the King takes the Fowkers' jewels in part payment, as lately valued by Peter Vanden Wale, and that Jasper Dowche is satisfied for his herring, as appears Jasper's late letters to Paget. For the repayment of this is desired a certain obligation of the city of London ratified by the King. If it please the King to take this, Vaughan must know in what kind of money to receive it, and how to keep it from such as lately complained at the Diet of the taking of their goods by the King's ships. Haste is necessary, as Jasper Dowche cannot long stay this money. Andwerp, 24 July.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.2. English translation of the bargain with Fernando de Aza and Martin Lopez above referred to.
In Vauyhan's hand, pp.3.
24 July.1266. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Herewith sends his letter to the King, signifying the bargain with Fernando Dassa and Marten Lopez, Spaniards, for alum; also their bill thereof subscribed and his translation of it. Upon the return of a new bill "(if theirs like not)" signed by the King, the bargain will be concluded. "Gladly" abides the King's answer concerning Jasper Dowche's last letters to Paget for the emprunture of 300,000 ducats. The money is ready and Jasper Dowche cannot keep it long without great loss. The obligations must be made to James Fugger. The kind of money must be considered, according to the use to be made of it, whether two parts of valued gold and one part of silver or white money or otherwise. It is also to be doubted that the merchants who could get no satisfaction in this Diet at Burborow, when they hear that the King has such a heap of money, will seek to arrest it.
Frederic Van Ryffenberg, the Landgrave's captain, for whom the King lately exchanged hither, by Bonvyce and Salvage, 5,5001. Fl., abides here to know what speed to make in his charge. "It shall be exceeding necessary he hear from you with all possible diligence." Here is a saying that the Bastard of Gelders' men were come into Gelderland hitherwards and the Queen forbade them to pass through these countries; also that a carrack of the French king's containing 300 pieces of ordnance is lately burnt, and that certain great ships which the French king hired of the Jenovoys are arrived at Cadiz "all evil apparelled, evil furnished, old, and out of frame."
Sends these letters to Calles for my lord Deputy to forward with all possible diligence, for these matters, especially Jasper Dowche's, cannot tarry. If any of the 300,000 ducats is to be conveyed to England, a way must be provided, "or else they will here have an eye thereunto."
Pray remember the fee simple of my "pilde" houses which the King gave me and my heirs male. They are old and costly. Andwerp, 24 July 1545.
Hol., pp. 8. Add. Endd.
24 July.1267. The Queen of Hungary to M. De St. Mauris.
Granvelle
Papiers d'
tat, iii. 163.
Answers his letters of the 12th and 21st. * * * As to the men of war who, the King (Francis) says, pass through the Emperor's countries, a gentleman of the King came to us at Campen with letters requiring us to refuse passage to the men of war, especially to the footmen whom the King of England had levied in Oistlande, who were then in the county of Benthem on the frontier of these countries, without, however having declared that they were in the English service. We answered that we did not intend to consent to the said passage, but with all our power to hinder it. The said footmen have since separated after having lived upon the country about Munster for two months, without [anyone] knowing why. Whereas the King complained that men of war were daily passing through Brabant to the English service; in our absence we could not provide against their passing secretly by tens and dozens, like merchants, without notice of the officers, as they did no hurt to the peasants. You shall advertise the Council there of this and say that on our return we will take better order therein and do all that pertains to the preservation of good amity. Utrecht, 24 July 1545.
French.
25 July.1268. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C. 216.
Meeting at Portsmouth, 25 July. Present: Chancellor, Essex, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:— The lord Privy Seal ordered by letter to hasten the Western fleet to Portsmouth. Letters addressed to Sir Edw. Wotton, Thos. Carewe and Fras. Hawle to cause John Husee and John Broke to pay for hire of pastures, garners, &c., used by the King last year, "according to three books," 768l. 6s. 8d. out of money received by Wotton from Ant. Brikes. John Wotton, appointed treasurer at Guisnez in lieu of Sir Thos. Palmer, had letters to Palmer to deliver him the remainder of victuals and money and make three books of the state of the office, one to be retained, one delivered to Wotton and the third sent to the Council. John Wynter had warrant to Michael Davy for 4,000l. for sea matters. Two several letters to the Duke of Norfolk and Earl of Hertford signifying the departure of the French navy eastwards. Letter to the conductors of 2,000 men at London to "return" them. Letter to certain gentlemen of Worcestershire to return the men of that country "which upon an error were coming forward."
25 July.1269. Henry VIII. to Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar,
VIII., No. 103.
Sends the bp. of Westminster to replace Wotton as ambassador. Portsmouth, 25 July 1545.
25 July.1270. Lead.
Add. MS.
11,041,
f. 92-113.
B. M
Account of lead from dissolved monasteries delivered to various persons (named) to be conveyed to Bristol; with some memoranda in another hand of the receipt of lead from persons named, at various dates from 23 Jan. 36 Hen. VIII. to 25 July next following.
Narrow paper, pp. 36.
25 July.1271. Sir Brian Tuke to Wriothesley.
R. O.Andrew Bernes, of the Stiliarde, procurator for a knight in Almayn named Sir Bernard de Mela, to whom the King has given a yearly pension, coming for the pension, has shown me a letter in Dutch of which he declared a clause, desiring that the King might be advertised of it. I prayed him to translate it into Latin; and I send it herewith, having written beneath it the style of the said Sir Bernard. I have ordered the posts between London and Portesmouthe to be furnished with more horses in this busy time, according to the Council's letters received today. London, 25 July 1545.
Since the King's departure hence I have received little or no money; so that, considering what great sums I have to pay, you "may facilly conject what is of the clock with me at this time."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
R. O.2. [The clause above referred to.]
Begs him to show the Treasurer that whereas last year the King retained certain horsemen in Germany at great expense, the writer is prepared to collect an army hereabouts at much less cost. * * *
Lat. Extract subscribed by Tuke as from letters to Andrew Berndes from Sir Bernardus a Mila, lieutenant in Brunswick of the Elector of Saxony and the Evangelic League.
25 July.1272. Russell to the Council.
R. O.The Adventurers' ships in these parts speedily prepare towards Portesmouthe, saying that they have the Council's command so to do, although nothing has come to Russell except a copy which he sent up three days ago. Most of them are but of 30 or 40 ton. "But forasmuch as yesterday [was] seen . . . ships sailing eastwards, and this day xij, they, suspecting the same to be Frenchmen an[d] doubting also whether there be more of them there abroad, doth stand in doubt what they may do." Asks the Council's pleasure therein. Will be at Dartemouthe to-morrow. Madborowe, 8 miles from Dartemouthe, 25 July, at 6 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
25 July.1273. John Dymocke to Paget.
R. O.Arrived at Hamborow on 24 July, and on the 25th delivered the King's letter and message, which the lords lovingly received, promising answer in writing in three days. Does not ship the 2,000 footmen because they were dispersed and Petter van Gelder not come to Breame, as he promised Dymocke at Antwerp, but arrested at Lynge by the earl of Tayckelborowe and only released upon promise to pay the earl 2,000 angels by a certain day. The said Petter is now at Breame and offers to make a new gathering of men; but the writer has no commission for that, and also thinks the said Petter unfit to serve. Could here get 6,000 or 8,000 footmen of the "flower of men," with one Courte Penynck as their collonell, a dweller in Hamborow for whom the lords of the town have spoken. Desires to know the King's pleasure with all haste possible. Had to ride out of Breame with 40 horse, to escape the lansknechts, as he wrote in his former letter by Elarde Lietmaker. Captain Matthew Lietmaker has with those that are in England already 1,100 horsemen. They are of the best gentlemen of the bpric. of Breame, but Lightmaker lacks money and wished Dymocke to advance 3001. Fl., who could not do so without commission. If Dymocke had not come Lightmaker would have brought l,600 horsemen; and it seems a pity that they should lack money and so discredit the King here. Written in haste, by Hugh Brynkelow, 25 July 1545, at Hamborow.
"And this Hugh Bryncklowe is the bringer of this letter and therefore so did I put in his name." Four or five of the townsmen have just desired me to write in their favour concerning a ship that has been in the King's service this year. The suitors in that matter are Hans Barnis and Jerom Snepell. Pray see them honestly satisfied, for those here are ready to gratify the King in everything.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
25 July.1274. Privy Council of Scotland.
Regist., 12,Meeting at Linlithgow, 25 July. Present: Queen, Governor, Cardinal, bishop of Orkney, earls of Bothwell and Rothes, abbots of Paisley and Dumfermling, lord Flemyng, Secretary, Clerk Register. Business:—Protests by my lord Cardinal and my lord of Paisley (for tenants of Halyrudhous) to preserve rights affected by the Queen's letters of summons to the army on the Borders against the English. Robert master of Erskin showed a letter from Thomas Quartom, warden of the West Marches of England, desiring him, as the King of England's prisoner, to enter again in Carhill; and as he had the King of England's written remission, and it was not expedient that he should enter at this time, he was commanded neither to enter nor to send or receive writings without licence.
Ib. 13.[Undated meeting.] Present: the above, except the Queen and lord Flemyng. Business:—Proclamation to be made against committing of spoils by the army

Footnotes

1 Meaning, "if the gryphon (the Pope) had been departed, that all the cranes (Cardinals) should have sought to the gryphon's nest (Rome); and that the crane that builds in the Northwest (Beton) should have flown by these parts."
2 Reiffenberg
3 Richard Fox.
4 The Diet at Bourbourg.
5 St. Mary Magdalen's day is the 22 July. But the writer seems to have been out in his reckoning, as his letter, forwarded with speed, was only received on the 26th. See Nos. 1277, 1297.
6 Don Carlos.
7 See No. 1133.
8 Don Carlos.
9 July 25th
10 July 19th.
11 Sir Thomas Arundel
12 Saturday the 18th, a3 appears afterwards,
13 July 19th.
14 The Marry Rose.
15 July 21st.