Henry VIII
September 1545, 11-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1907

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'Henry VIII: September 1545, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2: August-December 1545 (1907), pp. 153-170. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80418 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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September 1545, 11-15

11 Sept.344. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 242.
Meeting at Chobham, 11 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters addressed to my lord Admiral to haste from Portsmouth the shallops and other light vessels appointed to keep the passage of the Narrow Seas; and to the Lord Warden, at Dover, to haste them to the seas if they loitered. Anthony Macuello, Ant. Guarras, and other Spaniards, petitioning upon the spoil of their cloths by adventurers, had letters to the coast officers to search for cloths marked as in the margin of the letter.
*** Next entry is 13 Sept.
11 Sept.345. Sir Thomas Cheyney to Wriothesley.
R. O.Captain Salablanka with all his band were shipped yesternight and are this morning gone to Calais, and Mr. Southwell to Boulloyn. He has six or seven men of war to conduct him, "which is all that were here." Joskin was safe at Calais two days since. Sent Mr. Wingfeld, captain of Deale castle, to Sandwiche to warn the Spaniards there. Encloses their answer. Castle of Dovour, 11 Sept. Signed: T. Cheyne.
P. 1. Add. Endd., My lord Warden to my lord Chancellor.
11 Sept.346. Lisle, St. John, and Sir Thomas Seymour to Henry VIII
R. O.
St. P., i. 832.
Since arriving here, Lisle and Seymour have conferred with the lord Chamberlain, and also with Sir Thomas Clere, John Wynter and others of the council of the Admiralty, and perceive that plague reigns sore in this army, and that divers of the ships appointed to keep the Narrow Seas with Seymour are infected. Enclose a book of the "said ship's names, being noted with a prick against every of the said ships." As infected ships are not meet to be sent, because none will willingly enter them, and their mariners are not meet to be placed in other ships, the writers ask the King's pleasure therein. Respited the musters of the soldiers on shore for lack of money which is now arrived. As plague begins to be universal in the army, they will muster only those in ships not infected and try to preserve them; albeit there is no certainty, for they fall sick nightly, and some have died before the lord Chamberlain and Admiralty, "when they have comen to receive their money, full of the marks." The "clean" men will amount to few, compared with the number which the King wishes sent to Calice, and it is to be considered whether, coming out of this infection, they are meet to join the army at Calice.
Where the King appointed the great hulk that came last to be unladen and used,—her lading is copper and other merchandise of great value, and her captain answers that he dare not consent. There is no place to receive the merchandise nearer than Hampton, and, as the ship cannot come nigh the town, it will take a long time. Portesmothe, 11 Sept. 9 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.2. The book of ships above referred to, giving their names, tonnage and number of men. The ships are The New Hulk of Lubick, Jesus of Lubick, Christopher of Dansick, Pawncye (fn. 1) , An Galaunte, Murrey, Mary Hamburg (fn. 1) , Lesse Galey (fn. 1) , Swepestake, Pellycane (fn. 1) , Strikill of Dansk, Mynyon, Salamander (fn. 1) , Unyrorne (fn. 1) , Swalowe (fn. 1) , Jenett, Fawcone Lisle (fn. 1) , Christopher Benett, Evangelist Jud (fn. 1) , Lyone, Dragon, Mary Fortune, Phenyx (fn. 1) , Hynde, Marlion, Lesse Pynnes, Ronagers Pynnes, Greyhound, Fawcon, Roo, Sakre, George of Totnes (fn. 1) , Hare, and Unycorne of Poole, of which those indicated above by an asterisk ( (fn. 1) ) are noted with a dot in the margin, as infected.
Pp. 2. Headed: For the Narrow Sees.
11 Sept.347. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 513.
Upon Wednesday (fn. 1) at 2 p.m. I, the earl of Hertford, with the army, arrived at Kelso, and some of the Spaniards, without orders, immediately assaulted the abbey with hacquebuts. Seeing this to be purposeless, I caused them to retire, and summoned the house, wherein were about 100 persons, twelve of whom were monks. They foolishly refused to yield; and thereupon the ordnance made a breach by which the Spaniards entered and drove the Scots into the steeple, the assault of which had to be deferred until next morning. In the darkness of night about a dozen of the Scots escaped out of back windows by means of ropes; but when day came the steeple was won and the Scots remaining in it slain. Some of those who fled in the night were also taken. The Spaniards lost only three or four killed by Scottish hacquebuttiers at the first assault; and one or two Englishmen were hurt, including Harry Isam, servant to Sir Henry Knyvet. Spent yesterday in viewing the place and devising with the Italian fortifier who is here, Archam, and Mr. Mason of Berwik; but the buildings are so great that they can neither be removed nor enclosed in less time than four or five months, during which victuals must be fetched from Berwick and Warke and might be stopped by the water of Twede, which often rises suddenly—as it did on the day of our coming hither, when our rear ward could not cross but had to march on the other side and encamp over against us. The house is. moreover, commanded by a great hill called Maxwell Hughe, and the ground is unsuitable. It is resolved to raze the house and encamp here for five or six days, sending horsemen to burn Melrosse and Dryburghe and all the corn and villages in their way; and then march to Jedworth to burn it and overthrow the peels and stone houses of Tyvydale and burn the corn and villages. Hume castle has lately been fortified by the Frenchmen who keep it, and, standing upon a high rock, is very strong; but William Wodmansee, alias English William, who dwells with Lord Hume, has promised to come to me, and from him we shall learn its site and strength. Thus we have resolved to punish the untruth of the Scots against your Majesty, "trusting that God, of his justice, will assist us in the same." Since encamping here, our light horsemen have chased and captured 24 of the best prickers of Tyvydale, and to-day have taken ten more Scots beside Hume castle, into which they chased Gawayn Hume and certain Frenchmen, the said Gawayn being hurt. This afternoon I have viewed old Rockesburghe castle, within a quarter of a mile of Kelso, which is altogether ruined and is one of the strongest sites for a fortress that I have seen, and has been in the hands of your progenitors. If preparation were made, it might in the beginning of the year be fortified without levying any greater force than the garrisons, as, when called to your presence, I shall declare. Camp at Kelso, 11 Sept. 1545, at night. Signed: E. Hertford: H. Knyvet: Rafe Sadleyr: Robert Bowis: Phelyp Hoby.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
11 Sept.348. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 587.
Having "troubled and turmoiled" with Mons. Chapuis for the denial of licence for the pikes which John Tolorge sues for, Chapuis sent his secretary to-day, at 4 p.m., to tell me news (which in nowise he would have known to come from him) that the duke of Orlyaunce is dead. If it be true, "there hangeth thereof much." Pray advertise me of your Bollen and Cales feats, for here they talk of many of our men slain at Guynes, and ambassadors marvel that I can give them no news thereof. Bruxels, 11 Sept.
P.S.—I hear that the King's commissaries are safely arrived in Almayne with the treasure. Chapuys's secretary said that the French ambassadors laboured to the Emperor to "let" their passage through his country and were "well answered."
Hol., p.1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
11 Sept.349. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.Is desired by John Tolorge, who has been long occupied in preparing pikes for the King's store, to signify that both Mr. Carne and Thirlby have sued for licence to have them hence, and Mr. Carne has answer that it cannot be given. Bruxels, 11 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
11 Sept.350. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Because my lord of Westminster despatches in haste to Calays, having no matter of importance but what I wrote to the King and you on the 9th to be forwarded by Mr. "Vaughan, I thought good to advertise you that news is come "that the Duke of Orleans should be dead of the plague." For two or three days past it has been said that he was sick of the plague. Bruxelles, 11 Sept. 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
11 Sept.351. Charles V. to Scepperus and Vander Delft.
Spanish
Calendar
viii., No. 133
Learns to-day from his Ambassador in France that Orleans died on The 9th inst., whereupon the King ordered all passages to be closed, and there was a rumour that on the following day Tournon and the Admiral were to leave hurriedly for Boulogne to be able to treat with the English there. As the parties have their forces mustered and might make some agreement to the Emperor's detriment, whose Flemish dominions could not resist them, Scepperus and Vander Delft must ascertain the probability of such an arrangement; and, if they find it in progress, tell the King confidentially that, now upon Orleans' death, the Emperor is disposed more than hitherto to do something effectual and trusts that the King will not consent to any French proposal to his detriment, but have due regard to the amity and their treaties. Use the fairest words, and note the expressions of King and Councillors, and send full information by this courier. They shall ascertain what route the King's troops about Confluence are to take; and, if it is through any corner of the Emperor's territory, point out the injury likely to be done to the Emperor's subjects, and that there are other routes into France; saying that the Emperor has full confidence that the King will not allow them to pass through his territory, but neither consenting to nor altogether refusing such passage. Brussels, 11 Sept. 1545.
11 Sept.352. Fane and Others to the Council.
R. O.Wrote on the 4th inst., from Collyn, to the King, under cover of a short letter to Mr. Secretary, Sir William Paget, and have since deferred writing, upon hope to have more certainty of their setting forward. On the evening of the 5th inst. we received a letter in Latin from Ryffynberge (enclosed, together with the translation of a Dutch letter directed to his scribe or clerk at the same time), and, accordingly, next morning despatched the said clerk from Collyn with 3,000 cr. The "same next day" arrived the Council's letters dated Otelonde, the last of last month, and one from Mr. Vaughan of the 4th inst. Monday, 7th Sept., we departed from Collyn "by bootedrawin uppe [the Ryne,and] aryvyd hyere att Andyrnaakyn on Tyeuxd[aye fo]llowinge towards the evenynge," being a walled town of the bp. of Collyn, three leagues from Covelyns and as near to Seane (the mustering place) as Covelyns is; and will remain here with the treasure, for Covelyns pertains to the bp. of Tryere, who is a Papist and favours the French. The lords of this town and of [B]onne, where we lay on the Monday night, upon seeing the general letters recommendatory, promised favour in anything not against the Emperor, the bp. of Collyn and the Protestants of this country. Ryffenberg's lieutenant sent two gentlemen to us at our arrival on Tuesday evening, and came himself next morning and took Fane and Halle through three or four villages where footmen lay, "and [Hydell] Woolffe and serteyn of hys bonde also, to an [inn?] wheere we dynyd, whyche Ryffynbergh had p[rep]aryd and ordeynyd for our lodgynge yf we, the commysyoners, schoold so thynkke yt myete." The men seemed warlike, and the lieutenant said that they were rejoiced to see us and that it was needful that some of us should be seen in the "leager," and that he looked for Ryfifynbergh to return from the Landegrave that night or next day, and that on Saturday next (the day appointed for our marching forward, as we wrote in last letters to the King) or Sunday 900 more horses should be at the camp or le[age]r. Hydyll Woolffe accompanied us home after dinner as far as the passage of the Ryne before Andyrnaakyn. Yesterday, Thursday, Hydyll Woolffe came and offered to make his musters to-day as before appointed; but, as Ryftynberg is not yet ready, we have ordained Hydyll Woolffe to return to-day "with the rolle of hys mustyrs, the artycle byeffe (fn. 2) that hys sowdyours be sworne unto and the accoumpte for conducte nionney for theym," and promised that he shall suffer no loss by being deferred to give his musters with Ryffynberg. Sent also yesterday to Ryffenberg's lieutenant that he or Ryffynberg should be with us this morning, so as to fix the day of musters. Hydyll Woolffe said yesterday that Ryffynberge had not yet above 160 horses of his 1,500, but would have 900 more by Saturday or Sunday next; also that, when the whole company assembled upon an alarm of men gathered by the bp. of Tryere, he perceived that Ryffynberg had 5,000 good footmen; and others daily resort to him. Our host here says that, before our coming, a French commissary was here, who is now in Covelyns, to hinder this enterprise; and yesterday came hither one who offered to serve as a spy and declared that Morrett was at B[a]ssyll (?) in Swyeserlonde levying Swesars for that purpose, and that 2,000 horse were about Lyons. If within two days we hear not from Dymmok we will make up 10,000 footmen here, without delaying our journey towards Boollyn or Callais; and even if Dymmok afterwards bring his 2,000 we have (making a rate for 2,000l. surplus for all events) written to Mr. Vawghan for 12,000l. Fl. Andernaakyn, after midnight, this Friday, 11 "Desember" 1545.
Since writing the premises we have received of Taphorne two of your lordships' letters dated 30th ult. the one commending Taphorne and Dyr[yck] Slommer, of Gorgham, the other delivered to Taphorne by the way, as found upon an Almain who was robbed and murdered betwixt Rochester and Canterbury. We will now write, according to your said letter, to Dymmok to leave his 2,000 men about Breams and repair to us. And where you write that, in lieu of these 2,000, we should take 2,000 under a notable captain "that Lyghtmaaker, bearer of the sayd l're ([as your] loordeschyps doo wryte) hathe gyvyn your [sa]yd loordeschyps to understond that he, the sayd Lyghtmaker, hathe putt in ordyr by the appoyntementt of Ryffynberge"; as we hear not but that Lyghtmaakar is still in England, we shall furnish the 10,000 footmen as afore written and hasten forward.
This morning came the bp. of Collyn's brother german, a count, (fn. 3) to represent the loss to his subjects by this assembly of men of war, for which Ryffynberge had promised them satisfaction, saying that for the King's service he was content that Ryffynberg should make his assembly here.
Had written thus far when Ryffynberg came, with his lieutenant, excusing his delay of the musters by the Landgrave's sending for him, and said that he concluded with the soldiers before he left to enter wages on Sunday last, as they had been together since 20 Aug. last, the day first appointed for the musters, and yet the soldiers only understand that they enter wages on Wednesday and have but 27 days for their first month, the other three days' wages going to satisfy the country where they have lain. Other two counts have come with like complaints to those of the bp. of Collyn's brother german, and have received like answer and thanks. Ryffynberg says that, complain as they will, they would be loth to displease the Landgrave. The brother of one of them is one of Ryffenberg's captains. Tomorrow Ryffynberg will "make and [s]ende unto us alle the pertycwler capteyns' m[ust]yr rolls, and lykewyse the artycle bryeffe th[a]t the sawdyours be swoorne apon, that we m[a]ye consydyr and apply the same wt the artyc[l]es of hys compacte; and on Sondaye he wyll [asse]mble alle the sawdyours togyddyr, [and so doi]nge (ij. of us the commyssioners att the leaste [bein]ge presentte) wyll cawse the sayd artyc[le] bryeffe and compacte to be redde unto theym and to (thereto?) wyll sweare theym wt holdynge up theyre hands (as the manner is) for the invyolable observacion of every artycle of the same accordyngly, for to sweare butt iiij. or vj. att oons accordynge to our instructyons wyll very hardly be doon in xiiijne dayis, and doo the b[es]t we can." On Monday next Ryffynberg has promised that his whole 8,000 footmen shall pass muster, and also his 1,500 horsemen and Hydyll Woolff's 500 on Tuesday. Buckhowlt's 500 shall pass muster by the way "on thys s[ide the Maas]e," as we advertised the King in last long letter. Ryffynberg says that all his soldiers may not be then fully weaponed, but upon the receipt of money every man would endeavour to furnish himself. "Wedynsday and [Thursdaye n]ext bien appoyntyd to paye the capt[eyns and] they theyre sowdyours, also for the conttent[acio]n and paymentte of the countre," and the putting all ready to set forward this day se'nnight. The taking of other 2,000 footmen to make up 10,000 will take more time. Ryffenberg said that hundreds of his band speak much villany of Taphorne who brought the Council's letters, and have sworn his death, (although he and his lieutenant knew nothing against the man, and we think it only because of his "near looking to their musters" last year) and that they will not be pacified "oonles the sayd Tappe Home woolde be purgyd by theyre custumary law, by whyche to be tryid the sayd Tappehorne offyrd hymsylffe very stowtly and honnestly yf we woold have condyssendyd unto the same also. W[ritten] as before, the xjth of September, thow[gh it will be?] now as to-morrow or thys ou[r letter] go hense, we have bien soo byssyid alle thys daye long wt complaynttes and consultynge wt the forsayd Ryffynberge and hys lyewtenaunte." Signed: R. Fane: Frauncys Ha[lle: T. Chamb'layn:] Th[omas Averey].
In Halle's hand, pp. 11. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: Mr. Fane, &c., to the Counsaill, xjo Sept. 1545.
11 Sept.353. Conrad Count of Teckelnburg to Henry VIII.
R. O.Captain Matthias Luchtemaker, of Hamburg, was with him on the 3rd Aug. last to have certain horsemen and footmen, and, although he needed men himself and other princes had asked him for men, he offered 100 horsemen and three ensigns of foot and agreed with Luchtemaker for them. Made such diligence that they were ready within ten days; but Luchtemaker did not return for them, and in his desire to serve Henry he has retained them at great expense, of which he begs consideration. Can always provide good men if it be not against the Empire or the Evangelical League, as the bearers, his captains, Arnolt Friesen, Johan fen Teckelnburg and Bernhardt von Houel, can tell. Linge, 11 Sept. '45. Subscribed (in the same hand) Chunradt Grave zu Teckelnburg, herre zu Linge und Rede, etc. Signed: Cort. m. h. (?).
German, pp. 4. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. French translation of the above.
Pp. 2.
12 Sept.354. Wriothesley to the Council.
R. O.Upon receipt of your letters of the 9th (?) inst. with those of my lord of Hertford and Mr. Woodhous, which I return to you, Mr. Secretary, the Council here have so travailed that we have ready to depart northward this day 5,000l., which will at least discharge the army and, with the 10,000l. sent before, make them even until the 1st of next month, "unless their things there be too much out of square." To Mr. Woodhous we despatched yesterday 300l. of relief, with request for a view showing what the month's wages amount to and till what day they shall be paid. Dracot, who brought the letters out of Ireland has received most of the 6,000l. "appointedthither"; and, if your Lordships remember his despatch from thence, he may yet pass with my lord of Lynoux; "for the passages at Chestre and those parts be not, for the more part, so ready but that he that cometh a sevennight after the warning may be as soon passed over as th'other that went before." Ely Place, 12 Sept.
"I beseech your Lordships to remember the Parliament."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd., 1545.
12 Sept.355. The Loan from Antwerp.
R. O.Agreement by Chr. Haller to take, in lieu of the obligations promised by Stephen Vaughan, letters of change of Messire Ant. Bonvysy, Ant. Vivaldy and Bart. Compaigne, each for 20,000 cr. of 6 soulz Fl., payable, in Antwerp, to Jehan Henry Herwart 40,000 and to Haller 20,000 at Whitsuntide fair 1546, on condition that the said letters be addressed to Messire Jehan Carlo deli Affaitatti, to Bonaventura Micheli and Jheronimo Arnolofini, to Balthazar Guinigi and Jehan Balbani and to Michael and Jheronimo Diodatti and accepted by them. Haller will thereupon furnish the money in pursuance of the contract of 30 July last. Antwerp, 12 Sept. 1545.
Fr. Copy, p. 1.
12 Sept.356. Francis Halle to Thirlby.
R. O.I would be glad to write from our camp in the enemies' ground. We were promised at Coleyn that we should be ready to march to-day, though there was no likelihood of it. Now the musters begin on Monday next (fn. 4) and we are promised to set forward on the Friday after; praying for dry weather, after this long drought, until we are past the Ryne and Maase. We have even now received a letter from Dymmok, one of our colleagues, from Ham borrow, "who lay there and about Breams for 2,000 men, and brings never one with him." Thank Mr. Kerne and his bedfellow for the cheer they made me. Pray be our advocate in case of complaints. If the King entered war "for saving of" the Emperor's Low Countries, the Emperor is not so unkind as to be offended "if we should pass anything near or the borders of any piece of his Low Countries for saving but one peevish town that hath cost the King's Majesty so dear." Mr. Wotton and Mr. Parson of Merke will have departed from you. Andyrnaakyn upon the Ryne, 12 Sept. 1545.
Tell Mr. Kerne that I have never heard more of Albryth Buscoppe.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: ambassador resident with the Emperor. Endd.
13 Sept.357. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. p. c., 243.
Meeting at Windsor, 13 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters written to the Lord Chancellor to repair to Court on Wednesday or Thursday (fn. 5) , if his health permit, bringing with him the judges, attorney and solicitor. Mich. Davy had warrant to pay Lynoux (in prest for diets at 66s. 8d., as lieutenant of the band to enter the West of Scotland, from 1 Sept.), 300l., the bp. elect of the Isles 75l., Lord Maclane's brother 50l. and Patrick Colquen 25l. Letters written to lords Admiral and St. John at Portsmouth to signify what men may be had from thence and the Wight for levying the siege of Boulogne; also to send to London 20 calkers of ships, towards the rigging of which ships Ric. Howlet had warrant to Mich. Davy for 200l.
13 Sept.358. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O.Having even now received the Council's letters touching my repair to Court with the judges, attorney and solicitor on Wednesday or Thursday next I thought meet to advertise you that, as we shall not fail to be there on Thursday night, so, I would be glad to know if the King will have others of the Council here to repair thither with us. It were meet that some of them tarried, because we daily receive answers to our letters for money, and keep a register of them; but, "if both Mr. Baker and the Master of the Rolls come too, Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations and Mr. Moyle may supply till we shall eftsoons return hither." Yesternight the judges, attorney and solicitor came, and to-morrow we begin "to put somewhat in order against our coming." Ely Place, 13 Sept., at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd., 1545.
13 Sept.359. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St P., v. 517.
Yesterday Hertford received letters of the 9th from the Council showing that the impediments to fortification here at Kelso described in our last letters had already been weighed by the Council. We are of your opinion that Hume castle (if it may be won) and Duns would keep the whole Mershe in obedience; but they are too far off to subdue Tyvydale, which does most annoyance to England. Rockesburghe is surely the very place to keep both the Mershe and Tyvydale in subjection; and in the beginning of the year it might be fortified with much less cost than Kelso, as, at my access to your presence, I shall declare. Knyvet and Bowes yesterday burnt the abbey and town of Melrosse, almost 10 miles from hence, and in their return burnt Dryburghe abbey and 13 or 14 towns and villages, destroying much corn and doing such hurt as has not been in one raid this hundred years, except at last journey to Edinburgh. To-day and to-morrow they will not be idle, and on Tuesday (fn. 6) the whole army marches to Jedworth, thence to return to Warke on Thursday or Friday night. As the Governor is reported to be assembling a power, we shall be able to repulse them if they attempt to enter your frontiers; and if they think us retired and disperse their army, we will again invade the Mershe, and either assault Hume castle, being within four miles of Warke, or make as great burning in the Mershe as in these parts. The Frenchmen who have undertaken to keep Hume castle are said to have fortified it. Enclose letters received by Hertford from Lord Wharton. Camp at Kelso, 13 Sept. 1545. Signed: E. Hertford: H. Knyvet: Rafe Sadleyr: Robert Bowis: Phelyp Hoby.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
13 Sept360. Hertford and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., v. 519.
Since coming into Scotland, have received a cipher from Anguishe, Casselles and George Dowglas, written before they knew that the army was so near; but George Dowglas, in sending it by Sym Penango to another servant of his called Sandy Lawdre at Caw Mylles, bade the said Sandy tell Hertford that the Governor was gathering a power, which could not be great, and, although he and his friends came with the Governor, he would, when the armies appproached each other, give the onset upon the Governor and show himself the King's true subject. Whether this be true or not, Hertford will so trust thereto as to give them no advantage. A copy of his answer to George Dowglas is enclosed. Omitted the matter in their common letter as "the rest here are not of counsel in such cases."
Remind Paget that the 10,000l. sent will do no more than pay coat and conduct and a month's wages to the men called out of Yorkshire, Cheshire and Lancashire. With 2,000l. of it the English garrisons were paid, and the rest employed as far as it would go among the captains and soldiers, so that no money remains. Pay day is at hand, and the garrisons, Englishmen and strangers, and conduct money of the soldiers in going home, will take over 10,000l. Pray him to help to their supply in time. Camp at Kelso, 13 Sept. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
13 Sept.361. Maximilian d'Egmont [Comte de Buren] to Chamberlain.
R. O.I understand, by the Emperor's master of artillery, that you have mustered the assembly of men of arms and footmen made for the King of England. I beg you send me word by bearer what is the strength of the said assembly, where it will be led, and what exploit is intended, for you know that I favour you and desire the honor of the King of England. Bruxelles, 13 Sept. 1545. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.: The Countie de Buyren to Mr. Chambrelayn.
13 Sept.362. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.On the 9th inst., as he sat at dinner in the English house, was sent for by the Margrave, the Emperor's chief officer of this town, and returned word that he would come after dinner. Half an hour later, the same messenger came again, praying him to be at the Margrave's house by one o'clock after dinner. Conjectured that this haste should be due to complaints of Chr. Haller for non-delivery of certain obligations for the emprunture of 52,000 cr. The Margrave said that he understood that Vaughan went about to undo this country by setting men to buy up all the valued gold and convey it into England to the King's mint, to be stamped into crowns which were not worth 31 stivers the piece; and, because he had signified this matter to the Emperor, he charged Vaughan in the Emperor's name to receive no more gold nor convey any hence until answer came from the Emperor. Gives his answer verbatim, viz. that the charge was unfounded, that he had indeed received great sums both in gold and in current and white money, and had paid still greater sums, that the Margrave knew how often the King's agents required his aid for conveyance hence of things bought here, and how, not four days past, Vaughan made suit for the passage of 300 horsemen, and how the King had, by the Emperor's licence, 20,000 Almayns now going to serve him, who required a heap of money, that it was evidently not known what infinite sums of money the King's agents paid for things bought here, but Vaughan could prove that the King had sent hither above 60,000l. in ready money, and that, as he was now charged with the payment of great sums, he begged not to be forbidden to receive money. The Margrave, however, "still rested upon his first saying." Went then to the Fowker, whom the Margrave had already charged to pay no more valued gold, and brought both the Fowker and Jasper Dowche to the Margrave's house, where the Fowker said that not to pay what he owed would bring the house of Fowkers to be noted bankrupt, and that he was not of counsel with the men to whom he paid money what they would do therewith. Between them the Margrave was so handled that he finally agreed to Vaughan's receiving the money, who has to-day appointed to take to his own custody the 46,000l. already received and left in the Fowker's house. Will receive the rest as fast as he can. The Fowker to-day offers 10,000l. or 12,000l. in angels at 10s. 4d. apiece, which is better even than valued gold.
Having kept this from the 9th to the 12th inst., found that that day he had received 58,254l. Fl., and that the Fowker was loth that any of it should be carried out of his doors until he had the obligations and the King's promise. Brought a notary to the Fowker's house and, in presence of Jasper Dowche, made a reckoning as follows, that the Fowker was bound to deliver Vaughan 100,000l. Fl, or 600,000 gilderns, of which sum he must deliver 524,000 gilderns in money, and his jewels for 60,000 gilderns. Vaughan has this day taken possession of 349,524 florins, and the Fowker pays Jasper Dowche 30,000 gilderns, or 5,000l. FL, in recompense for his herrings; and so remains to be paid 144,476 florins or gilderns, for the payment of which indelayedly the Fowker has delivered an obligation made by the said notary. The Fowker therewith delivered "the dagger of gold garnished with stones and pearls, the gargant garnished with stones and pearls, and the layre garnished with stones and pearls," which Peter Vanden Wales pronounced to be the same that ought to be delivered. The basin is still in the hands of the goldsmith, and to wait for it would disappoint the payments to the men of war, Mr. Damesell and others; and Vaughan has therefore taken the Fowker's obligation to deliver, within two months, "the said basin of gold with all his garniture of stones and pearls." Of the delivery of the basin and the rest of the money the King need have no doubt, for the Fowkers "ar the famust howse of marchauntes in all Xpendom."
Thus, all things being made clear, Vaughan delivered to the Fowker the King's promise and the obligations of London. Sent a messenger to Cullen on the 4th inst. to know what money the King's commissaries with Riffinberghes'band needed, but he is not yet returned. Is bound to deliver the Fowker another obligation of London for 9,880 gilderns of 20 stivers, together with the King's promise as before, for the payment of 2 per cent. "to be discharged for the paying of valued money." Begs that these may be sent speedily. Andwerp, 13 Sept., 2 p.m.
Hol., pp.8. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 Sept.363. Vaughan to Wriothesley.
R. O.Answers to Wriothesley's letter received by bearer, Nicholas the post, that, albeit he wrote before that he would not meddle with receipt of the Fowker's money until he saw the state of the jewels, he meant not but that he would have an eye to both; for the King's affairs here are enough to make him diligent, the Almain men of war having to be paid and Mr. Damesell requiring money for the things he continually buys and sends away. Has already received of the Fowker 349,524 gilderns, or 58,254l. Fl., which is as much as alone without help he could receive; for every man's fingers are not to be trusted, and he has had to answer Haller, make payments, and answer "other things here from the K's Mates ambassadors and other places whereof I never write word into England." For the rest of the Fowker's matter, refers to his letter to the King. Encloses Haller's device, who will take no other way but either to have Bonvyce, Vivald and Compaigne send their bills of exchange hither to be accepted, by the men first appointed to give the credit, for payment at Synxson Mart in 1546. Three sundry bills of exchange should be made to pay 6,000l. Fl. and in nowise to pay "by exchange," for that would by law involve paying two parts in valued gold and one part in valued silver, money which will then cost dear.
Your lordship has heard of the decease of the late provost of the Mint, whose wife dwells by Shordiche, not far from Vaughan's house at the Spittle. Seeing what occasions I have to marry, if she is such a wife as your lordship would counsel me to have, "then I would most humbly desire your Lordship to devise and take some way for me, without whose counsel I intend not to adventure upon so dangerous a matter. Mr. Secretary Paget, I doubt not, will also devise with your Lordship therein." Andwerp, 13 Sept.
"News here are none but that the Duke of Orleance is deceased."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 Sept.364. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.For the King's affairs, refers to his letter to the King. Writes briefly to the Lord Chancellor touching Haller's matter. Reminds Paget to send the obligation .of London and the King's promise for the 9,880 gilderns, to be paid to the Fowker for discharge of repaying valued gold.
I hear that the provost of the Mint is dead, leaving a widow, whom I never saw. If you and my lord Chancellor like her, please set some stay "that none other suitors prevent me." If, as I hear, she is "left substantial," it is the better. "You perceive what occasions I have to marry, seeing I leave my things in mine absence so rawly." By Nicholas, I send you 12 ells of the best gros greyn to make you a night gown. The tailors tell me that 10 ells of that breadth is too much; and Mr. Chamberleyn made one with 9 ells, "not fully of your length but he made it to the half leg with less than ix. ells."
If the obligation of London and the King's promise come soon, and order is taken with Haller, "I shall have no occasion to tarry any while." Andwerp, 13 Sept.
P.S. (on the outside).—If you write not to Wm. Damsell to tarry here it will disappoint the King's affairs here. Please tell my lord Chancellor so much. "He saith he woll be gone with speed."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 Sept.365. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 243.
Meeting at Windsor, 14 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Winchester, Gage, Paget, Petre. Business:—John Baptista de St. Vitores, factor to John de Quintenaduenas, Spaniard, had letters to John Stowell for 22 fardels of linen cloth. De Grossovan, Frenchman, who came hither to offer service, had passport to return.
[14 Sept.]366. Wriothesley to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., i. 830.
This morning, between 4 and 5 o'clock, I received your letters of yesternight, signifying the levying of 4,300 new men, and desiring preparation of money for their coats, conduct, &c., and my coming to Court at my time appointed, or before. If my horses were here I would be with you this night; but I will set forward on Wednesday morning. As to the money, I trust you consider what is done already. This year and last year the King has spent about l,300,000l., his subsidy and benevolence ministering scant 300,000l.; and, the lands being consumed and the plate of the realm molten and coined, I lament the danger of the time to come. There is to be repaid in Flanders as much and more than all the rest. The scarcity of corn is such that, except in Norfolk, wheat is at 20s. the qr., and little of it to be bad. Though the King might have a greater grant than the realm could bear, it would do little to the continuance of these charges this winter, most of the subsidy being paid, the revenues received beforehand, and more borrowed from the Mint than will be repaid these four or five months; and yet "you write to me still pay, pay, prepare for this and for that." Reminds them that it is their part also to ponder how things may be continued, and that he has himself done nothing alone, they being all privy to the state of affairs both before and after the King came to Portesmouth. This matter is of such importance that it must be considered in season, and he will himself do his utmost. Ely Place, "in haste which craveth pardon, this Monday morning."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 Sept.367. Fresh Musters.
R. O.Letters missive to sheriffs and commissioners of musters signifying that the King has determined to advance an army royal to remove the Frenchmen who mean to encamp beside his town of Boloyn, and will levy "within that shire"–––––(blank) men, whereof-––––(blank) to be archers or hacquebutiers, and the rest billmen or pickers; and requiring the persons addressed to muster and send the men to Dover by the last of this present month of September. Windesor, 14 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII.
Draft, pp. 2.
14 Sept.368. Lisle and St. John to the Council.
R. O.
St. P., i. 833.
Upon the Council's last letters, dated Wyndesore, 13th inst., considering that by musters taken on the 12th and 13th inst. only 8,488 men remain in health, of whom are discharged, for their fishing, 152 in the boats of Rye and 200 of Suffolk and Norfolk, set to keep the King's ships 266, gone with the ships of Bristow 324 and of the West 198, and taken from infected ships 903, leaving but 6,445. Of these 4,784 are appointed for the army upon the sea, 524 for the ships of London with Sir Thomas Seymour, and 432 for the Narrow Seas; leaving 705, which are few enough to make good the said able men for the sea when they shall set out, "for the men fall daily sick." Of the garrison in Wight cannot be had above 500, and of that of Portsmouth none, for all there are "infect with agues and sickness." Mr. Belingham's commission as lieutenant of the Isle of Wight expires on Wednesday next, and the King's pleasure should be known touching the garrison there and Belyngham's abode there or return to the King, with the gentlemen in his company. The lord Chamberlain would know the King's pleasure for the garrison of Portsmouth, who are "full of sickness." The difficulty of setting forth the hulk that last came into the haven was such that Sir Thomas Semour has chosen the Mathew Gonston instead of her. Portesmotbe, 14 Sept., 4 p.m. Signed.
P. S.There came back with the lord Admiral from the burning of Treport, as mustered on 4 Sept., 12,000 men, sick and whole. As there was then no money to pay the army, new musters were taken on the 13th and showed 8,488 "whole" men; so that between the musters 3,512 were "sick, dead or dismissed by passport." Advertised the King that nine ships were infected with plague, but now trust that only four are with plague, as Mr. Seymour writes to Mr. Secretary, who has replaced them with others and would know whether to victual the ships.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 Sept.369. Lisle, St. John and Sir Thomas Seymour to Paget and Petre.
R. O.After our packet was closed we received your letters of the 13th inst., showing that the French fleet is upon the seas and fourteen galleys now stop the passage of the Narrow Seas; and desiring to know the readiness of the King's fleet, "which doth appear in our letter now written to my Lords." With the Isle of Wight, Portesmouth and the shires, I, the lord Chamberlain, will act as ordered heretofore; but an answer seems necessary touching Mr. Bellingham and the garrisons. In the Narrow Seas are already five ships, and the other six appointed by the King, of which you last wrote, are going. The rest of the fleet is ready to victual and set forth when commanded; and our opinion is that the passage and the Narrow Seas cannot be kept clear without the fleet. Mr. Seymours opinion is to set forth other ships to "inforce" the eleven already appointed, and the rest to remain until there seem further cause. Portesmouth, 14 Sept. Signed.
P.S. (in St. John's hand?):—"And where my Lords wrote to us for xx. caulkers we have sent x., which byn as many as may be spared. The rest may be had in Temmes."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd., 1545.
14 Sept.370. Lisle and St. John to Paget.
R. O.Forgot in their other letters to ask what the captain of the last hulk shall do with his ship and goods, seeing he is not now "occupied." He "thinketh himself greatly hurted and hindered, and will not satisfy with a great reward as it appeareth." Portismouth, 14 Sept. Signed.
Further, he has caused to be declared to the lord Admiral that he will be the King's servant and serve him with this ship next spring, and with two or three others as good or better.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
14 Sept.371. Surrey and Others to the Council.
R. O.
Nott's
Howard, 174.
Bearer, Richard Songar, of Dover, on the 9th inst., brought hither a pinnace of 25 tons, freighted with muttons and other provision; which being discharged behind the Old Man, the vessel was driven on land by certain French galleys who afterwards took it away. Beg them to be a mean to the King for the poor man's recompense in encouragement of others to adventure their goods for the relief of this garrison. Bolloin, 14 Sept. 1545. Signed: H. Surrey: John Bryggys: Tho. Wiatt: Hugh Poulet: Thom's Palmer.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Boloyn.
14 Sept.372. The Same to the Same.
R. O.
Nott's
Howard, 172
The like in favour of Thos. Narwiche, of London, whose crayer of 25 tons was lost at the same time. Bolloigne, 14 Sept. 1545. Signed by Surrey, Bryggys, Sir Ralph Ellerker, Palmer and Wiatt.
15 Sept.373. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 244.
Meeting at Windsor, 15 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Winchester, Gage, Paget, Petre. Business: Letters written to Deputy of Calais to release the Clevoys who struck a carter in the gate. Skeperus had passport, "placard for 8 post horses and for transportation."
15 Sept.374. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O.Thanks for your letters received this morning. I send letters "even now" received from Mr. Vaughan, by Nicholas, whom I sent to him for the matter of Haller, with my letter also. To-morrow night "the judges and I will lie at Hounslo towards the Court." Ely Place, 15 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Sept.375. Henry VIII. to Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 135.
Has entrusted to D'Eick, the Emperor's special envoy, the declaration of certain important suggestions. Windsor, 15 Sept. 1545.
15 Sept.376. The Privy Council to Thirlby.
R. O.
St. P., x. 591.
The Emperor's ambassadors came to Court and had audience on Thursday last. (fn. 7) Their message was to declare the French king's answer touching peace, viz., that without Bulloyn he would come to no conformity, but if he received it he would recompense the King's expenses thereon as the Emperor should award, continue the pension and pay the arrearages (by instalments to be moderated by the Emperor); and, as for the Scots, he could conclude no peace without comprehending them. The ambassadors opened this without any great persuasions to accept it, saying that the Emperor desired this peace, as necessary for Christendom, but would not press the King therein otherwise than should stand with his (the King's) pleasure. In reply, the King thanked the Emperor, and said that, although he had not yet consulted his Council, his opinion was that peace was so necessary for Christendom that he would refuse no honourable overtures, but it was evident, by these small offers, that the French king meant not to have Bulloyn (and he himself was not sorry, for he meant not so to leave it) and, as for the pension and arrearages, the French king had formerly offered to pay the half in hand and give hostages for the rest, so that, coming now with such a meagre answer, it was evident that he meant no honorable peace. The matter of the Scots, the King added, nowise concerned the French king, and the same personages (except the Cardinal) who made the confederation with France under which the French king should comprehend them made a former confederation with the King by which they abandoned France.
Yesterday the ambassadors had audience again, after dinner, and the King gave them a direct answer that the French king must first make two or three honorable offers of recompense for Boloyn; and, as for the matter of arrears and pension, since the French king was the disturber of Christendom and the King only sought quietly to enjoy his own, he trusted that the Emperor would show the French king that, unless he comes to more reasonable offers, he can no longer defer to take part against him as the treaty of perpetual amity requires. As to the Scots, the King answered to the same effect as before.
Draft, pp. 7. Endd.: M. to the bishop of Westm., xvo Septembr. 1545.
15 Sept.377. Van der Delft to Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar.
viii. No. 134.
M. d'Eick, who, at the King's pressing request, is returning thither, will fully report affairs. Yesterday the Council told them that the reply to their representations about negociation with France would be given by the King himself after dinner, but the principal point at issue was the aid to be furnished by the Emperor, the period being already past by which the contingent should be here; was there no news of its coming? As this was no part of D'Eick's mission, the writer replied that, hearing from the Emperor what had passed with the English ambassador thereupon at Worms, he had discussed the matter with the King and declared the conditions upon which the Emperor consented to furnish the aid, one being that the King should confirm the Emperor's treaty with France: that the King had said that he did not know which treaty was referred to, but anything he was required to do or approve should be put in writing and he would answer it. And that the writer had reported this to the Emperor on the 17th Aug. but had received as yet no reply,—nor did he expect one, as the discussion of this other matter had changed the appearance of affairs. But the Council would not have the question thus shelved, saying that the only conditions were those contained in the treaty of alliance, and since they had decided to pursue their enemy who had invaded them, the Emperor had no excuse for not furnishing the aid until after the expiry of the four months. And they offered to show the treaty. Undertook to submit the matter to the Emperor. Meanwhile the courier who brought the Emperor's letters of the 11th, touching the death of Orleans, is detained in order that the writer may with speed notify any change which may occur. Windsor, 15 Sept. 1545.
15 Sept.378. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.The bringer, Theotonius Moniz, a Portugale, knows important matters touching a treason against the King's affairs, and has desired safety to go into England and declare it. Has promised that he shall go and return safe if he can do as he says and will go thither for that matter only; and begs Paget to get the King's acceptance of this. Bruxels, 15 (fn. 8) Sept. 1545.
Hol., p. 1, with corrections. Endd.: The copie of a letter written to Mr. Paget. There is also an official endorsement, as if the copy had been sent instead of the letter.
15 Sept.379. Carne to Paget.
R. O.The Emperor and his Council, now upon the death of the Duke of Orleaunce and return of Mons. Barbanson from the French king, have concluded to fortify Ivoyes and Luxumburgh and those frontiers. It is thought that the last peace cannot endure long, seeing that the ground it worked upon is taken away. Barbanson, who only departed to the French king on the 9th, was back with the Emperor by 9 a.m. on the 12th. Some say "th'Emperor liketh nothing the death of the said Duke." The Duke of Guise is also said to be dead. On the 14th arrived here Mons. Landelo, of the Privy Chamber, with tidings from Rome that the Duke of Cameryn has two sons at one birth by the Emperor's base daughter, and that the Bishop of Roome has given his son the cities of Parma and Placentia, "which they say here he gave to these two children now born at their birth." Bruxells, 15 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Sept.380. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Yesternight, about 9 p.m., the Margrave of Andwerp sent word that he had answer from the Queen and prayed Vaughan to come to him in the morning. Went, accordingly, to his house, and he read the Queen's letter, stating that the Emperor was informed that Vaughan intended to send valued gold, received of the Fowker, into England to be stamped into the King's new coins of gold, to suffer which would destroy the Base Countries, and commanding him (the Margrave) to arrest it in Vaughan's hands. Vaughan anwered that he marvelled at the Queen's unkindness in not suffering the King's agents to do as commanded with his money, when the vilest merchants use their money as they think best; all knew that the King's agents here bestowed huge sums of money to the enriching of the inhabitants, and the Fowker was not the man to emprunt money without honest interest, so that to convey such money into England to be stamped were rather loss than gain; the King had now nearly 20,000 Almeyns going out of Almayn towards Bulleyn, and his agents were daily transporting things out of these parts, why should he find such unkindness here? If the Margrave had any such charge, let him show it, that Vaughan might signify it to the King. The Margrave then showed the Queen's letter, praying pardon as he was an officer bound to obey his prince; and he gently advised Vaughan to repair to Court and sue for discharge. Purposes to do so to-morrow. If he might take angels at 10s. 4d. Fl. for some part of the money it would be more profitable than valued money. Wrote by Nicholas the post that he had already "received of the Fowker 58,000l. and his gargant, his dagger and his layre, and the rest should shortly receive." Andwerp, 15 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Sept.381. Bucler and Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 588.
Wrote on 5 Aug. from Wormbs, by Honinges, Mr. Wootton's servant, and sent the capitulations delivered by the Protestants' ambassadors concerning the league to be made between Henry and the Protestants. Of late was a great concourse of soldiers towards Confluence upon the Rhene, who were rumored to be for Henry, or for the bp. of Collyne, or for the French king. To learn the truth, Mont went to Confluence and there saw Riffenbergh, Henry's captain, whom he accompanied hither to Franckforde. Riffenbergh bought at the fair here 1,200 pikes, 3 centeniers of gunpowder and 600 harness, but could get no more. The writers went with him to the magistrates for the obtaining of 8 "faukennettes" of brass; but they could not be had, and he then, on the 9th inst., returned to his soldiers, as he expected Henry's commissioners from Collyn. Sturmius writes to Mont, from Argentine, that the marshal of the Landgrave of Hesse and Johannes Sleidanus, of Argentine, went thence on 28 Aug. towards Mettes to meet two other ambassadors (fn. 9) and Johannes Sturmius, appointed to go to the French king and proceed thence together, the first two to Henry and the other three to the French king. In the bpric. of Pherden are 6,000 or 7,000 men of war of the Duke of Brunswick, who have taken some small towns. The Duke himself and his two sons are at the Duke of Cleves' town of Rorort, the magistrates of Collyne having refused him longer safeconduct and seized munitions of war procured by him in Collyne. A French ambassador, named Mons. Rangone, and the French ambassador at Confluence have moved the Duke of Brunswick to disperse Henry's lanceknechts. The Protestants, about the beginning of October, will have a private Diet here or in the country of Hesse. The French ambassador at Confluence has been with the bps. of Mence, Trier and Collyne and with the Palsgrave, desiring them not to suffer men of war to pass through their countries against the French king; whereupon the Palsgrave has turned back some, and Riffenbergh has written to desire him not to stop them. The said ambassador has written to the Landgrave for the same purpose. The bp. of Collyne is cited by the Bishop of Rome to appear at Rome within 60 days; and is also commanded within 30 days to appear before the Emperor at Bruxels, to answer complaints of his clergy against him. The bp. of Collyne has thereupon complained to the Protestants of the Emperor's citing an elector to a court without the Empire, and will probably be at the Diet of the Protestants. Franckforde, 15 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Sept.382. Bucler to Wriothesley.
R. O.On the 6th (sic) August we sent from Wormbs, by young Honinges, letters to the King and writings concerning such affairs as we have travailed in here, but have never since heard of their delivery or how to proceed further concerning those affairs, and therefore despatch this post. Commendations to Lady Wriothesley. Franckforde, 15 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Sept.383. Bucler to Paget.
R. O.On 5 August we sent from Wormbs, by young Honinges, servant to Mr. Wootton, the ambassador, all occurrents and also the writings mentioned in our letters to the King; but have heard nothing of his arrival or how to proceed further, and therefore despatch this bearer. Here is no conveyance of letters but by special messenger to Antwerpe. Please return my servant in post, for I have great need of him. Commendations to Lady Pagett. Franckforde, 15 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.; 1545.
15 Sept.384. Mont to Wriothesley.
R. O.The clergy of Cologne, to preserve the Bishop of Rome's authority and their own pride, implore the Emperor's aid; who has thereupon promulgated, against the bp. of Cologne, an inhibition of change in church ceremonies, fortified with which the clergy harass and calumniate the good old man. Of the future Colloquy nothing more is heard, save that the Roman bishop has said that he approves the Colloquy conceded by the Emperor without authority, provided that nothing therein touches his own dignity. "Hoc nimirum est sapere, ac religionem et ecclesiæ reformationem velle Lesbiæ regulaæ assimilare." The Council of Trent is now passed into oblivion and all minds are fixed upon the appointed Colloquy; although the time is so brief as to be scarcely enough for settling a single article, and it is to be feared that the Colloquy is only indicted to give time for preparation to suppress the Protestants. Francfort, 15 Sept. 1545.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Sept.385. Mont to Paget.
R. O.Our letters to the King mention the assembly of soldiers at Confluence, and doubtless the Commissaries will write of it. John Sturmius, before setting out for France, wrote to me that he desired opportunity (the embassy to be sent by the Protestants seen) to go to you before the treating of peace begins, to declare to you how far the King of France will go. I send the letter that you may see how earnestly he commends Sleydanus. I lately sent you a letter from Confluence by the King's commissaries. We write the rest to the King. Commend me to Mr. Peter your colleague. Francfort, 15 Sept. 1545.
After John Sturmius, together with Dr. Chelius, returned out of France, Chelius, passing by Francfort towards the Landgrave, to report the success of the embassy, left a letter there for us, who were still detained at Worms by Dueler's illness. Sends it. W7e met at his return from the Landgrave; which Landgrave alone was the first mover of the sending of the ambassadors.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add.
386. News sent from Flanders by Don Luis de Avila.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii. No. 136.
When the French fleet had left Boulogne, the investing army arranged with M. Dampierre, governor of Guisnes, for the garrison of Ardres to draw out those of Guisnes into an ambush to be laid by the French from before Boulogne; but, as the latter arrived too late, Dampierre was killed and his men driven into Ardres. The English returning in triumph were then met and worsted by the troops from Boulogne. Meanwhile the English in Boulogne made a sortie, entered the trenches of the French fortress now constructing, killed the sappers and 300 Swiss and Germans, and nearly captured the fortress itself. The English fleet is still master of these waters and has burnt some French villages and sixteen French vessels.

Footnotes

1 Sept. 9th
2 'The article brief" was intended, for so it is called later.
3 Frederic Count of Wied.
4 Sept. 14th.
5 Sept. 16th or 17th.
6 Sept. 15th,
7 Sept. 10th.
8 Perhaps "xv." is an error for "xxv." See No. 442.
9 Christopher von Fenningen and Hans Bruno. See No. 48.